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Betrayal of East Pakistan, on the war of 1971

Betrayal of East Pakistan, on the war of 1971

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Published by Adnan
The presentation on the Urdu version of Betrayal of East Pakistan written by Gen. Niazi commander of East command of Pak Army in 1971. Book review given in the Hailey College of Banking and Finance, university of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
The presentation on the Urdu version of Betrayal of East Pakistan written by Gen. Niazi commander of East command of Pak Army in 1971. Book review given in the Hailey College of Banking and Finance, university of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

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Published by: Adnan on Jul 19, 2010
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11/11/2013

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Betrayal of East Pakistan

By: Lieutenant General A. A. K. Niazi

Presented by: Adnan Ijaz Aqdus Javed M08MBA071 M08MBA075

About the Author

Lt. Gen. Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi
(1915 - 2 February 2004)

About t e Aut or
‡ ‡ ‡ Born to a family in the Punjab Province. Enlisted in Indian Army as Junior Officer. He was given a nickname ³Tiger´ during the second World War. He joined Pakistani Army after partition.

‡

1965 W r

1965 War of Badiyana, Niazi commanding the 14 Para Brigade

About t e Aut or
He was awarded: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Military Cross Hilal-e-Jurat twice Sitara-e-Pakistan Sitara-e-Khidmat Total 24 medals

Relation between East and west Pakistan

Sheikh Mujeeb

Bhutoo

Relation between East and west Pakistan
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Religion, the only common thing Geographical and Cultural differences Influence of Hindus National Language dispute Flood in East Pakistan

Relation between East and west Pakistan
‡ ‡ ‡ Election of 1970 Delay in National Assembly Session Killing of thousands of West Pakistani¶s in Dhaka

Relation between East and west Pakistan
‡ ‡ ‡ 23 March, Mujeeb flagged the Bangladesh flag 25 March, Military operation Mukti Bahni

Mukti Ba ni
‡ It was the aggregate of those people who started the Liberation War of Bangladesh It¶s total strength was 287,000 50,000 Indian Army soldiers They had full guidance and support of Indian Army Guerrilla attacks of them were proved very destructive for Pak Army

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Niazi as a commander of East Pakistan

Niazi as a commander of East Pakistan
‡ ‡ He took charge on 10 April, 1971 The mission was to not allow India and traitors to declare any area of East Pakistan as Bangladesh Pakistan army attacked Mukti Bahni, they start running India Indian regrouped Mukti Bahni Indian Army was also fighting with them

‡

‡ ‡

Eastern Command
‡ ‡ ‡ Total 3 division 2 were not equipped with tank and artillery Total strength was 45,000 including civil armed forces, police and mujahedeen One squadron of Air force was available at Dhaka 4 ships of Pak Navy which had to secure 500 kilometers area of rivers and sea.

‡ ‡

War Plan
‡ Overall war plan was that ³the War of east Pakistan will be fought in West Pakistan´ The Eastern Pak Army had to defend only Both strategies failed due to rough attitude of GHQ and political leadership including president Army fights was continue from 8 months and promised to send fresh troops was not fulfilled by GHQ

‡ ‡

‡

Ei D
‡

I

i

Att c

On 21st November 1971, Indian Army attacked East Pakistan. It was the day of Eid and Pakistan Army was also expecting an attack due to intelligence reports. Misconception among writers about the date of war Niazi raised question, why West Command did not attaked India

‡ ‡

Pakistan Attack on India
‡ ‡ ‡ On the 3rd of December, Pakistan High Command passed order to attack on India. India declared the attack as a full scale war and respond with full power. The situation become critical for Eastern Command which did not have large air force and navy to absorb the Indian full power attacks. GHQ gave another mission to Eastern Command which was to keep as much troops of enemy busy as possible to stop them moving from East to West front.

‡

Main attles of East Pakistan

Main attles of East Pakistan

Main attles of East Pakistan

Main attles of East Pakistan

Major Mohammad Akram Shaheed
‡ He was awarded Nishan-e-Haider due to his braveness in Hili area.

Major Mohammad Akram Shaheed

Destruction of Submarine Gazi
‡ According to Niazi, it went to deep sea for attack and failed to return upward.

Pakistan's PNS Ghazi

Protesting Against Pak Army

During 1971 War

Separation of East Pakistan
‡ ‡ ‡ Blame on Bhutoo Wrong use of authority by Governar¶s advisor (Maj. Farman) 10 Dec. was the worse day in Pak history when Farman send message to united nation without any approval. On 10th Dec. Niazi also received message from COAS, regarding lay down the arms. On 13th Dec. Niazi send message to GHQ and told them his strategy ³Last man, last round´ Niazi received message on the same day, even within some hours by COAS that he should obey the orders and do took all necessary steps to stop the war.

‡ ‡ ‡

Separation of East Pakistan
‡ ‡ Gen. Niazi¶s letter to Indian chief Indian Army chief replied to surrender

Surrender

Surrender

Return to Pakistan
‡ Niazi and others spent 28 months in Indian jail, they came back to Pakistan on 30th April 1974 through train on Wahga station, Lahore. They were hundred and thousands of people were there to receive Niazi

‡

Hamdur-Rehman Commission
‡ ‡ Background of Hamd-u-Rehman Commission Criticism by Niazi on commission ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Under Bhutoo¶s influence No independent judiciary Many important events are missed GHQ didn¶t give assistance to Niazi

Hamdur-Re man Commission
‡ Main queries raised by Commission 1. Why he didn¶t transferred his army to Burma 2. Separate analysis of East and West war sector 3. Commission wrong estimates 4. Protecting Tikka and Bhutoo 5. According to commission poor deployment in East Pakistan 6. Allegation put on Niazi by commission regarding surrender

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