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Bapatla Engineering College:: Bapatla
Department of Physics ::I/IV B.Tech. Physics Lab Post-Lab & Pre-Lab Model viva-voce Questionnaire. I. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Field along the axis of a circular coil. What is Magnetic Meridian What is H and give it’s numerical value. What is biot-savert’s law? Give the formula for magnetic field on the axial line of a circular coil. What is the relation between gauss and tesla. What is your observation about variation of magnetic field along axial line? What is the use of commutator in the circuit? Can derive formula B=H Tan Ө. why should one put Tangent galvanometer along magnetic meridian before starting the experiment 10. Write the shape of lines of magnetic field due to flow of current in the circular coil. II. 1. 2. 3. 4. Sonometer Give the expression for the frequency of a stretched string. Define frequency and time period. What type of waves is produced in a stretched string? Give the expression for the velocity of transverse wave in stretched string. (longitudinal/transverse) 5. What is meant by fundamental mode of vibration? 6. What are forced vibrations? 7. What are S.I and C.G.S units of tension? 8. What is meant by linear density of a wire. 9. What physical instrument is used to find radius of a wire. 10. What are your observations from sonometer experiment? III. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Compound Pendulum. What is difference between C.P and simple pendulum. Is oscillation of c.p or s.p is perfectly simple harmonic motion? Why. Is frequency of oscillation of c.p depends on amplitude. Why should one kept minimum amplitude, while oscillating the C.P. What is accurate method among c.p and s.p to find g-value? Why What are C.G.S and S.I units of g? What is relation between g and G. Why Moon has less g Value than earth.

2 9. Which planet has highest g value in universe? 10. What is g value determined by you by C.P experiment. IV. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Torsional Pendulum. What is the difference between oscillation made by C.P and T.P. How can you compare the restoring force existed in C.P and T.P. What is hook’s law? Define rigidity modulus. Give the expression for rigidity modulus by T.P experiment. What physical instrument is used to find radius of a cylinder. Were the oscillations of T.P are simple harmonic? Why What is the C.G.S unit of rigidity modulus? Can you give the relation between young’s modulus Y, bulk K rigidity modulus η. 10. What is the η value obtained by you during the experiment and which material you find this? Dispersive Power. 1. Define refractive index. 2. What is the µ value of water? 3. Which color has highest angle minimum deviation? 4. Give procedure to put prism in minimum deviation position. 5. What are the essential adjustments made to spectrometer to start experiment? 6. What is the least count of given spectrometer to you? 7. Give the expression for the dispersive power. 8. Give the expression for refractive index in terms of velocity of light. 9. Can we find dispersive power using sodium vapor lamp why? 10. What is the value of dispersive power determined by you by this experiment? VI. Newton’s Rings. 1. Define interference 2. Why interference fringes are circular in this experiment. 3. What is cosine law? 4. Why should we kept a glass plate at 450to the incident beam 5. What happened to fringe pattern if we use composite white light from Mercury Vapor lamp instead sodium vapor lamp. 6. What is purpose of black paper in this experiment? 7. How do you modify this experiment to find the refractive index of a given Transparent liquid? 8. What is meant by radius of curvature of a Plano convex lens? 9. What is the least count of a given traveling microscope? 10. What is the value of R obtained by you by experiment?

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VII.

Photo Cell. What is photoelectric effect? Define stopping potential. Explain Einstein photoelectric equation. Define work function How can we modify the photo cell experiment to find planck’s constant Can we find ionization potential of a given metal by this experiment? How? 7. What is the range of photo current during your experiment? 8. What is the value of photo current at stopping potential? Why ? 9. Define electron volt? 10. What is the value of velocity of photoelectron by you experiment? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

VIII. Cathode Ray Oscilloscope. What is the use of CRO? What is cathode ray tube? In CRO electrons are emitted by which method. What is the shape of a.c signal you use to compare the voltage and frequency? 5. What is the significance of X-palte and Y-plate in CRO? 6. What is the use of function generator? 7. Can we get d.c voltage from function generator? 8. Give the names of other experiments, where you use function generator. 9. What is the range of current and voltage in your experiment? 10. What is the result of your experiment? IX. Diffraction Grating. 1. What is diffraction of light? 2. How can you put grating in normal incidence position? 3. What is grating element? 4. Explain order of spectrum? 5. Define resolving power of grating 6. Which color has lowest wavelength as per your observation by the experiment? 7. Give formula for the wavelength of different spectral lines for this experiment. 8. Which color in your spectrum has highest diffraction angle? 9. Why X-rays never undergo diffraction through grating 10. Can LASER light from ruby laser undergo diffraction through grating? X. Hall Effect. 1. What is Hall effect? 2. Define specific resistance ρ . 1. 2. 3. 4.

4 3. What is meant by conductivity σ. 4. What are the applications Hall effect? 5. Give the expression for the Hall coefficient. 6. What is the value of magnetic field strength used in your experiment? 7. What are the dimensions of Hall probe in your experiment? 8. What is the range Hall voltage and applied current in your experiment? 9. What is the material of Hall Probe used in your experiment? 10. Give the value of those physical quantities determined in this experiment. XI. Ultrasonic Interferometer. 1. define ultrasonic 2. What are the types of waves formed in this interferometer? 3. What is the basic principle used in interferometer to produce and detect ultrasonic. 4. What is the aim of your experiment? 5. What is the range of current produced in this method? 6. What is the least count for interferometer? 7. Which medium has highest velocity of ultrasonic among solid, liquid and gasses. 8. What are other methods to produce and detect ultrasonic. 9. What are the parameters affecting velocity of ultrasonic in your experiment. 10. What is the result of your experiment? XII. Solar Cell.

1. what is solar cell 2. what is the basic principle in Solar cell 3. What is the circuit symbol of solar cell. 4. What is meant by fill-factor? 5. Define ISC AND Voc in solar cell experiment. 6. What is the shape of I-V graph in your experiment? 7. What is the range of power delivered to resistor in your experiment? 8. What is the range of current and voltage in your experiment? 9. Why solar energy is said to be environment-friendly. 10. What is the result of your experiment? XIII. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. L.C.R Circuit.

Define impedance of series A.C L.C.R circuit. What about current and voltage at resonance. Give the values of L, C, and R in your experiment. What is meant by inductive and capacitive reactance? What about inductive reactance and capacitive reactance at resonance frequency. 6. What happened to resonance current if R is replaced by 2R?

5 7. Give theoretical formula for resonance frequency in series LCR circuit. 8. What is the shape of voltage versus frequency graph in your experiment? 9. What the use of series LCR circuit. 10. What is the result of your experiment? XIV. Platinum Resistance Thermometer. 1. What is the balancing condition of Whetstone’s Bridge with PQRS Resistances at gaps. 2. What is the unit of resistance? 3. Define temperature coefficient of a thermister. Give it’s formula. 4. Give the formula for room temperature by PRT experiment. 5. What is the purpose of galvanometer? 6. Give the formula for resistance in this experiment and explain the terms. 7. What is the shape of resistance versus temperature graph in this experiment? 8. Why one should stir the water in water bath, while heating? 9. What is the significance of Y-intercept in R-T graph? 10. What is the result of your experiment? XV. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Air-Wedge. What is principle of superposition of light? Why interference fringes are parallel in this experiment? Give the formula to find thickness of wire by this experiment. What is meant by constructive interference and destructive interference? What is meant by length of air wedge? What is meant by backlash error? If length of wedge ‘l’ is increased what happened to fringe width? What is the value of wavelength of monochromatic light in nm in you experiment. 9. What are the other applications of traveling microscope other than NR and AW experiments? 10. What is value of thickness of wire by your experiment?

XVI. Geiger-Muller Counter. 1. What is radioactivity? 2. What is the shape of count rate v/s. voltage graph in GM counter experiment? 3. What is meant by β-particle? 4. What is the source used to produce β-particle in GM counter experiment. 5. What is the use of finding operating voltage? 6. What is meant by half-life period? 7. What is the structure of GM tube? 8. What is meant by threshold voltage in GM counter experiment? 9. Which nuclear radiation can be detected by GM counter? 10. What is the result of your experiment? Compiled & Prepared by Dr. Ch. Anjaneyulu, Dept. Physics, BEC, Bapatla.