gplvtj

sazogadoebrivi gazeTi

dekemberi 2009, #1 (243)

demokratiuli
eqsperimenti
dedaqalaqisTvis;
Tbilisi meris
asarCevad emzadeba

gv. 2
`me, rom
saqarTveloSi
mecxovra, sicocxles
TviTmkvlelobiT
davasrulebdi~

gv. 8

tkivilis fasad
dabrunebuli
bedniereba

gv. 9

vin gaazarmaca konfliqtis zonaSi
mcxovrebi mosaxleoba?
`Cven am daxmarebiT adamianebs xeli ki ar
SevuwyveT, piriqiT _ gavazarmaceT isini~ gv.
monatrebuli
osuri xabizgina anu
kedlis dasangrevad
gadadgmuli
pirveli nabijebi

sazRvargareT
wasvla _ warmatebis
garanti?!

gv. 12

3

viri da stafilo

gv. 3

`sibrZne~ qarTuli
gamatareT, me ufro
xmamaRla SemiZlia!

gv. 14

gza
marTvis
mowmobamde

gazeTs erTvis saJurnalo damateba `Art
`Artfokusi~
fokusi~

gv. 15

NEWS fokusi
arasaparlamento opozicia
prezidentis mier wardgenil
kandidatebs undoblobas
ucxadebs
arasaparlamento opoziciis warmomadgenlebma, prezidentis mier ceskos
Tavmjdomareobis kandidatebis wardgena gaaprotestes. konservatiuli
partiis ofisSi gamarTul preskonferenciaze gakeTebuli gancxadebebis
mixedviT, ceskos Tavmjdomare unda
yofiliyo neitraluri piri.
zurab xaratiSvili da oTar siWinava opozicionerebma “xelisuflebasTan daaxloebul pirebad”, da
gamoucdel
kandidatebad
miiCnies.
xolo moqmedi Tavmjdomaris, levan
TarxniSvilis kandidatura saerTod
ugulebelyves.

“aliansi saqarTvelosaTvis”
prezidentis iniciativas
kritikulad Sexvda
“aliansi saqarTvelosTvis” ganaTlebasTan dakavSirebiT prezidentis,
mixeil saakaSvilis, iniciativas kritikulad Sexvda.
“aliansi saqarTvelosTvis” warmomadgenlebis azriT, kargia, roca
xelisufleba Secdomebs aRiarebs.
Tumca, cota gaugebaria, rogor mivida prezidenti am daskvnamde, maSin
roca, igi mTel Tavis saxelisuflo
gundTan erTad, wlebis ganmavlobaSi,
ganaTlebis reformas saqarTveloSi
yvelaze warmatebul proeqtad miiCnevda.
manana naWyebias gancxadebiT, prezidentis iniciativa kargia, magram
amave dros, SemaSfoTebeli da damafiqrebelic. aseTma naCqarevma gadawyvetilebam ganaTlebis sistema kidev
erTxel ar aqcios warumateblobis
poligonad.

leiboristebi sawvavze fasis
momatebas aprotesteben
leiboristebi saakaSvils navTobkompaniebis monopoliaSi adanaSauleben. Salva naTelaSvilis partiis
wevrebma aqcia visolis benzingasamarT
sadgurTan gamarTes. Lleiboristebis
TqmiT, msoflio bazarze bareli navTobis fasma 144-dan 70 dolaramde
daiklo, rac saqarTveloze ar aisaxa.
Ees ki maTi azriT,= imiTaa gamowveuli,
rom ZiriTadi navTobkompaniebi saakaSvilis xelSia. leiboristebi fiqroben,
rom sawvavis minimaluri fasi 95 TeTri unda iyos.

konservatorebi ceskos
Tavmjdomareobis kandidatebs mxars
ar uWeren
praimeris
iniciatori
partiebi
ceskos Tavmjdomareobis arCevnebs
boikots ucxadeben. konservatorebi
ceskos Tavmjdomareobis arc erT
kandidats mxars ar dauWeren. amis
Sesaxeb, praimeris iniciatori partiebis erTobliv brifingze, kaxa kukavam ganacxada. misi TqmiT, siWinava
da xaratiSvili gamoucdeli kadrebi
arian, odiozuri figuraa TarxniSvili, romelic bolo ori wlis manZilze qveyanaSi mimdinare politikuri krizisis mTavari mizezi gaxda.
praimeris iniciatori partiebi ceskos
wevrebis arCevis faqts gayalbebisken
gadadgmul kidev erT nabijs uwodeben. “samarTliani saqarTvelosTvis”
lideris zurab noRaidelis TqmiT
ki, arCevnebis kidev erTxel gayalbeba saxalxo ajanyebiT damTavrdeba.
Ppreskonferencias zviad ZiZiguri da
“xalxis partiis” wevri aleqsandre
SalamberiZec eswrebodnen.

2

polit fokusi

demokratiuli eqsperimenti
dedaqalaqisTvis

redaqtoris sveti

Tamar svaniZe
dedaqalaqis meris moaxloebul arCevnebTan dakavSirebiT qarTul sazogadoebasa da politikur speqtrs gansakuTrebuli molodinebi aqvs, radgan es
pirdapiri wesiT arCevis pirveli precedentia. arCevnebisTvis ukve momzadda
da damtkicda cvlilebebi saarCevno kodeqsSi, romelic parlamentma 28 dekembers mesame, saboloo mosmeniT daamtkica.
rogorc centralur saarCevno komisiaSi acxadeben,
axali kanonproeqtiT, 2010
wlis 15 ianvridan 1 ivnisamde
TbilisSi axaldaregistrirebul moqalaqeebze gaicema
droebiTi mowmobebi. maT
arCevnebSi
monawileobis
ufleba ar eqnebaT. Tumca,
darCebaT SesaZlebloba Zveli sacxovrebeli adgilis
mixedviT miscen xma.
garda amisa, partiebs eqnebaT ufleba da Sesabamisi

saxelmwifo
dafinansebac
gamoeyofaT, raTa arCevnebamde 4 TviT adre moaxdinon siebis gadamowmeba. am
procesSi monawile partiebi
dafinansebas Tanabrad gadainawileben. siebis gadamowmeba arasamTavrobo organizaciebsac SeeZlebaT.
mesame mosmenis win, kodeqsSi aseve Sevida cvlileba, romlis mixedviTac
saubno komisia 2/3-iT iRebs
gadawyvetilebas
ubnis
Sedegebis gauqmebaze, aseve
biuletenebis da specialuri konvertebis xelaxla
gadaTvlaze. amasTan, miRebuli cvlilebebis Tanaxmad,
sainiciativo jgufebs aRar
eqnebaT ufleba daasaxelon
maJoritari
kandidatebi.
kodeqsis axali redaqciiT,
meri pirdapiri wesiT, 30%iani barieriT airCeva da
ara 45-50%-iT, rogorc amas
arasaparlamento
opozicia daJinebiT iTxovda. Tu
xmaTa 30% ver moagrova
vercerTma kandidatma, Catardeba II turi - monawileobas miiRebs 2 saukeTeso
Sedegis mqone kandidati.
II
turSi gamarjvebulad
CaiTvleba is kandidati, romelic met xmas daagrovebs.
amasTan, Tbilisis 50 wevrian
sakrebuloSi 25 wevri, ubarierod airCeva erTmandatiani
maJoritaruli
saarCevno
olqidan, 25 ki, proporciuli
wesiT. am wesiT mandatebi
ganawildeba im saarCevno
subieqtebze, romlebic 4%ian bariers gadalaxaven.
cvlilebebis
Tanaxmad,
opozicias saarCevno ubnebSi mdivnis daniSvnis ufleba mieca, magram Tu gadawyvetileba ver iqna miRebuli,
mdivans wardgenili kandidaturebidan irCevs komisia.
amasTan, gasaCivrebis vada
zemdgom saarCevno komisiasa
da sasamarTloSi ganisazRvra 48 saaTiT, nacvlad 1
dRisa. saarCevno kodeqsSi
teqnikuri cvlilebebic Sevida saarCevno registraciis vadebTan da kenWisyris
procedurebTan
dakavSirebiT. gamkacrda sanqcia Semajamebel oqmSi monacemTa
gadasworebisaTvisac.
cvlilebebis Tanaxmad, e.w. specubnebSi policiis TanamSromlebs ar eqnebaT ufleba
xma miscen maJoritar kandidatebs, Tu es ubani maTi

mudmivi sacxovreblis olqSi ar aris.
aRniSnul
cvlilebebSi
yvelaze meti uTanxmoeba
da dapirispireba saarCevno
barierma gamoiwvia. uTanxmoeba, ZiriTadad, “aliansi
saqarTvelosTvis” da mmarTvel partias Soris arsebobs.
xelisuflebisTvis
princi pulia 30% barieris
arseboba. “aliansi saqarTvelosTvis” ki iTxovs 50%ian bariers, romlis mixedviTac II turi xdeba saWiro,
Tu verc erTi kandidati ver
iRebs xmebis 50%-ze mets
pirvel turSi.
am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT mosazreba aqvs politolog malxaz macaberiZes.
„barieris daweseba emyareba Tbilisis mosaxleobis
eleqtoralur kvlevas. I
turSi vercerTi kandidati
xmebis 50% ver daagrovebs.
amitom opozicia Tvlida,
rom
erTiani
kandidatis
gamovlenis kargi gza iyo II
turi, radgan vinc yvelaze
met xmas daagrovebda, is
iqneboda oponentis mTavari
mowinaaRmdege. II turamde
misvla ki, rogorc sazogadad iTvleba, xelisuflebisTvis wamgebiania, radganac
ver SeZlo I turSi gamarjveba. rac Seexeba 30% bariers, gamokvlevebi aCvenebs,
rom opoziciis gaTiSulobis
SemTxvevaSi
xelisuflebis kandidati SeZlebs
upiratesobis
mopovebas“.
Tumca, sabolood parla-

mentma saarCevno barierad
30% daamtkica.
rac Seexeba merobis kandidatebs, gancxadeba ramdenime partiam gaakeTa. “nacmoZraobis” kandidati gigi
ugulava iqneba. amis Sesaxeb
maWavarianma Jurnalistebs
parlamentis biuros sxdomis dasrulebis Semdeg ganucxada.
qristian-demokratebisa
da saparlamento umciresobis liderma giorgi TargamaZem ganacxada, rom ”didi
albaTobiT” maTi kandidatura Tbilisis meris arCevnebSi navTobis korporaciis
yofili xelmZRvaneli gia
Wanturia iqneba.
konservatiulma partiam
merobis kandidatad daasaxela partiis lideri zviad
ZiZiguri. is miiRebs monawileobas Sida opoziciur winaswar arCevnebSi, e.w. ”praimerSi”, romelic 2010 wlis
dagegmilia 31 martisTvis.
”Cveni kandidati aucileblad miiRebs im politikur proeqtSi monawileobas,
romelsac winaswari arCevnebis gziT opoziciuri erTobis dafiqsireba hqvia da
Cven aucileblad mivaRwevT
imas, rom erTiani kandidati
gamoikveTos,” - ganacxada
zviad ZiZigurma.
“aliansma saqarTvelosTvis” merobis kandidatad
irakli alasania daasaxela.
aseve arCevnebSi sakuTari

kandidatura
warmoadgina
xalxis partiis liderma
koba daviTaSvilma. man ganacxada, rom jer ”praimerSi” miiRebs monawileobas,
romelic ”aucileblad Catardeba”.
demokratiuli
partiis liderma, deputatma gia
TorTlaZem merobis kandidatad daviT iakobiZe daasaxela. iakobiZes, romelic
amJamad demokratiuli partiis
wevria, SevardnaZis
mmarTvelobis dros finansTa ministris Tanamdeboba
ekava.
arCevnebSi monawileobaze
uars acxadebs parlamentis
yofili Tavmjdomare nino
burjanaZe. is „princi pulad
miuReblad“ Tvlis adgilobriv arCevnebSi monawileobas da sxva opoziciur partiebsac mouwodebs daafiqsiron pozicia am sakiTxTze.
”miuxedavad amisa, ramdenime
opoziciur partias mainc
sjera xelisuflebis da ratomRac cdilobs, winaswar
wagebul TamaSSi CarTvas. im
TamaSSi, sadac mTavari msaji
saqarTvelos prezidenti da
Sinagan saqmeTa ministria.
arCevnebSi monawileobis
azrs ver xedaven erovnuli
forumis warmomadgenlebic.
meris
arCevnebTan
dakavSirebiT
sawinaaRmdego
pozicia aqvs xelisuflebas.
vice-spikeris, mixeil maWavarianis TqmiT, saarCevno
kodeqsSi Setanili cvlilebebi, romelic ”Zalian rTuli Sromis produqtia”,”didi
nabijia” imisken, rom saqarTveloSi Catardes ”Tavisufali arCevnebi”.
politolog
eqspertebs
miaCniaT, rom meris arCevnebi erTgvari demokratiuli
eqsperimentia
dedaqalaqisTvis. arCeuli meri daniSnulze metad damoukidebeli
politikuri figura iqneba.
mas ufro meti pasuxismgebloba ekisreba.Sesabamisad,
moqmedebis ufro meti Tavisufleba eZleva.
politolog malxaz macaberiZis TqmiT, „mniSvnelovania, risTvis verTvebiT am
arCevnebSi da ra datvirTva eZleva Tbilisis meris
posts. warsulSi da dResac
trialebs es azri qarTul
politikur speqtrSi, rom
Tbilisis meri vinc gaxdeba,
is mniSvnelovan upiratesobas moi povebs sxva politikur figurebze da radgan
Tbilisis mosaxleoba saqarTvelos mTeli mosaxleobis mesameds Seadgens, SesaZloa, meris postze qveynis
momavali prezidentic vixiloT. aseTi azria qarTul
sazogadoebaSi
da
amas
politikosebi garkveul angariSs uweven. opozicia gansakuTrebul
mniSvnelobas
aniWebs swored TbilisSi
gamarjvebis mopovebas. Sesabamisad, xelisuflebac did
yuradRebas
aqcevs
meris
postis
SenarCunebas.
es
yvelaferi damatebiT daZabulobas sZens am arCevnebs.“
daZabuloba ki meris arCevnebis moaxloebasTan dakavSirebiT sul ufro matulobs, rogorc politikosebSi, aseve moqalaqeebSi - am
ukanasknelT pirvelad eZlevaT Sansi sakuTari survilisamebr airCion qalaqis
Tavi. es ki, did pasuxismgeblobas ukavSirdeba.

oTxi welia, bejiTad
vizuTxavT frazebs, sxvadasxva
saxelmZRvanelodan JurnalistTa
obieqturobis, miukerZoeblobis,
faqtisa da komentaris
erTmaneTisgan gamijvnis
aucileblobaze.
isic viciT, rom e. w. mza recepti
ar asebobs, rogor unda akeTo
wignebSi amokiTxuli idealuri
Jurnalitika.
Cven vcdilobT, davsvaT
kiTxvebi da bevrisgan gansxvavebiT
davelodoT da movisminT pasuxebi.
droa, Teoriuli codna praqtikaSi
gamoviyenoT da gavakeToT is, rasac
swavlis periodSi bevr Cvenze
gamocdil Jurnalists vuwunebdiT,
radgan sulac ar iyo iseTi, Cven rom
gvaswavlidnen.
gazeTi “fokusi” sazogadoebrivpolitikuri, studenturi gamocemaa.
vecadeT, wina planze wamogvewia is
Temebi, romelTa kiTxvis saSualebac
sazogadoebas TiTqmis ar aqvs.
gvsurda Tqvenamde mogvetana
sakiTxebi, romelic erTnairad
saintereso iqneboda, rogorc
studentebisTvis, ise maTTvis, vinc es
periodi didi xania ukan moitova.
amitom, Cvens obieqtivSi movaqcieT
da fokusi gavasworeT konfliqtis
zonazec, karaleTis gazarmacebul
dazaralebulebsa da marTvis
mowmobis aRebis sirTuleebzec.
studentTa axal wamowyebasa da
SezRuduli unarebis mqone pirTa
problemebze.
gverdi davuTmeT gloseebsa
da saavtoro svetebsac, aseve
“fiCersuliFstilis” masalebs,
konkretul adamianur istoriebs
- romelTa gacnoba da swavla
mxolod dasavluri Jurnalistikis
magaliTebze gviwevda.
ratom “fokusi”? albaT, imitom,
rom realobas obieqtivSi swored
fokusi asworebs da gadmogcems
iseTs, rogoric aris.
mTeli semestris manZilze
muSaobiT mivxvdiT, rom
yvelanairi obieqturoba
subieqturia, radgan faqtebisa
Tu Temebis SerCeva subiqturad
xdeba. amitom vcdilobdiT ara
sruli obieqturobis, aramed
miukerZoeblobis miRwevas.
gTavazobT imas, rac Cven
movi poveT, davamuSaveT da Tqven
gadmogcemT.

mTavari redaqtori:
ana daviTaSvili;
redaqtori:
qeTi gersamia;
nomerze muSaobdnen:
Tamar svaniZe
mano bazuaSvili
maia gulisaSvili
salome aCba
elene maxarobliSvili
margo jafariZe
lali aleliSvili
qeTi Todua
sofo baCilava
mariam dedabriSvili
mariam spanderaSvili,
Sorena laSxia
londa beria
nino gogliCiZe
gazeTi aiwyo da dakabadonda Tsu soc. da pol.
mecnierebaTa fakultetis
laboratoriaSi.
kompiuteruli uzrunvelyofa:
Tamar pirvelaSvili
gazeTis xelmZRvaneli:
dali osefaSvili;

mesame gverdi

daxmarebis imedad darCenili mosaxleoba
mano bazuaSvili
,,omis dasrulebidan, daaxloebiT sami Tvis Semdeg davbrundiT karaleTSi. saxli mTlianad ganadgurebuli dagvxvda. droebiT naTesavTan davbinavdiT. xelisufleba gvpirdeboda, rom saxls aRgvidgenda. Tumca, mogvianebiT, maT programaSi CarTva SemogvTavazes. nelnela, etapobrivad, SegikeTebT saxls sami wlis ganmavlobaSio. aravin icoda, miiyvandnen
Tu ara dawyebul saqmes bolomde.”
Tengo
suxitaSvili
karaleTis dasawyisSi cxovrobs. omis
dros man ojaxTan erTad Tbilisis erT-erT sajaro skolas Seafara Tavi. samxedro moqmedebebis
dasrulebis Semdeg ki mSobliur
sofelSi dabrunda. samwlian proeqts 15 000 lari arCia da saxlis
SekeTebas Seudga.
“mcire Tanxaa, fuli mxolod
kedlebis asaSeneblad aRmoCnda
sakmarisi. SesaZloa, erTi oTaxis
gakeTebac SevZloT, rom SevideT
da vicxovroT. droTa ganmavlobaSi sakuTari saxsrebiT vecdebi gavagrZelo mSenebloba.”
2008 wlis agvistoSi, omis dros,
goris raionSi 300-ze meti saxli
daiwva. karaleTSi _ 30-35. rogorc
soflis mkvidrni ixseneben, omis
dros sofelSi ZiriTadad moxucebi iyvnen. okupantebma, TiTqmis

daewvaT, imave ezoebSi, mcire zomis kotejebi auSenes. xelisuflebam ki, TiToeul ojaxs 15 000 lari
gamouyo saxlebis aRsadgenad. mosaxleoba miRebuli TanxiT ver
asrulebs saremonto samuSaoebs
da daxmarebas xelisuflebisgan
uSedegod iTxovs.
“15 000 lari ar aris patara
Tanxa. goris raionis nebismier
sofelSi, maT Soris karaleTSic,
orsarTulian, kapitalur saxls
iyidiT. kar-midamoTi da xilis
baRiT. garda xelisuflebis daxmarebisa, maT miiRes damatebiT
800 dolari arasamTavrobo organizaciebisgan. SesaZloa, zogs
ZviradRirebuli
saxli
daewva.
xelisuflebas erTmaneTisgan ar
ganurCevia, yvelas erTnairad daexmara.” acxadebs Ggoris municipalitetis aparatis ufrosi kaxa

mTels mosaxleobas, ZiriTadi Semosavlis wyaro _ venaxebi gaunadgures.
arasamTavrobo organizaciebma
im adamianebs, romlebsac saxlebi

toliaSvili.
sabrZolo moqmedebebis dasrulebidan weliwadnaxevris Semdeg karaleTSi mcxovrebTaTvis
problema materialuri gaWirvebaa.

qeTino beraSvili: ,,ojaxis arc
erTi wevri ar muSaobs. Cveni Semosavlis ZiriTadi wyaro bostneuli
da xilia. omis dros Cems baRTan
rusi jariskacebi axlos iyvnen dabanakebulebi, ramac Cveni mosavali
TiTqis sruliad gaandgura da nakveTic daazarala.
wina welTan SedarebiT, wels
ukeTesi mosavali iyo.
Cveni ojaxis Semosavlis damatebiTi wyaroa sasursaTo maRazia. Tumca, mainc Zalian gviWirs Tavis gatana. am wlis gazafxulamde
sursaTiT gvexmarebodnen xolme.
Tumca es daxmarebis programebi
Sewyda. 2008 wlis zamTarSi xelisuflebam SeSac dagviriga, wels
ki zogierTi soflis mosaxleobas
dauriges, zogierTisas ki _ aRar.
kargi iqneba, Tu welsac dagvexmarebian.”
karaleTSi glexis Semosavlis
mTavari wyaro agraruli seqtoria.
xalxi ZiriTadad miwis dauSavebiT
irCens Tavs.
omis Sedegad mosaxleobam dakarga mosavali, nawili jarebma
da sabrZolo teqnikam gaanadgura,
nawili ki droulad ver daabinaves
da dalpa. aman mosaxleoba kidev
ufro mZime mdgomareobaSi Caagdo.
2008 wlis agvistodan 2009 wlis
maisamde dabombili soflebis mosaxleobas, saerTaSoriso
organizaciebi sursaTiT exmarebodnen.
2009 wlis zamTrisTvis xelisufleba soflis mosaxleobas SeSiTac daexmara. 2010 wlisTvis ki maT
yvelanairi daxmareba SeuwydaT,
ramac xalxSi didi ukmayofileba
gamoiwvia.
kaxa toliaSvili: “ZiriTadad
glexs fuli raSic exarjeba, es
aris: zeTi, Saqari, marili da a. S.
ris moyvanasac ver axerxebs. Semosavlis wyaros dakargvis gamo,
xalxs SeSis yidvis SesaZleblobac gauqra. amitom darigda SeSa
soflebSi wina zamTars. 2009 wels
ki es proeqtebi Sewyda, radgan
am wels konfliqtis Sedegad
dazaralebul mosaxleobas ufasod mouxnes miwebi, dauTeses da
xilis Sesawamlad gadasces Sxamqimikatebi. zogierTs, visac nakveTebi gadauwves, baRebis Tavidan

gasaSeneblad namyenebic gadasces
usasyidlod. arasamTavroebi da
xelisuflebis
warmomadgenlebi
xalxs mTeli cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi ufasod ver daexmarebian,
yvelafers aqvs Tavisi sazRvari.
saWiroa, mosaxleobamac gaanZrios
xeli da imuSaos. damoukideblad
unda hqondeT maT imis saSualeba,
rom iyidon SeSa da sxva saWiro
nivTebi, rogorc
amas
omamde
akeTebdnen.”

daxmarebas iRebs mxolod is mosaxleoba, visi baR-venaxebic sepa-

ratistuli mxaris kontrolqveS
aRmoCnda.
goris munici palitetis Sromis, janmrTelobisa da socialuri
dacvis veteranTa, ltolvilTa da
iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa
saqmeebis samsaxuris ufrosi koba
tlaSaZe: ,,Cven am daxmarebebiT adamianebs xeli ki ar SevuwyeT, aramed
piriqiT, isini gavazarmaceT. sxvisi
Semyureebi gaxdnen. Zalian vwuxvar,
amis Tqma rom miwevs, magram es samwuxaro realobaa. ukeTesi iqneboda, mosaxleobas dasaqmebaSi davxmarebodiT, magram qveyanaSi amis saSualeba namdvilad ar aris. gazafxulze bevri adamiani soflis
birJaze idga da elodeboda, romelime ucxouri organizacia rodis miitanda daxmarebas.B”birJaze”
usaqmod dgomas, sjobda sakuTar
baRebSi emuSavaT da mosavlis
moyvanaze ezrunaT. ukve droa, es
omi, SeZlebisdagvarad, warsuls
CavabaroT. saWiroa daubrundes es
xalxi omamdeli cxovrebis ritms da Tavadve izrunon ojaxebis
Senaxvaze.”
karaleTis mosaxleobis didi
nawili mZime socialur pirobebSi
cxovrobs. maT xelisuflebis uyuradReboba awuxebT. aRarc arasamTavrobo
organizaciebi
iCenen
interss maT mimarT. mZime pirobebis miuxedavad, isini ganagrZoben
cxovrebas da damoukideblad cdiloben mixedon sakuTar cxovrebas.

monatrebuli osuri xabizgina
anu kedlis dasangrevad gadadgmuli pirveli nabijebi
maia gulisaSvili
sul raRac ori wlis win tyviavi ibombeboda, adgilobrivi mcxovreblebi SiSisagan sardafebSi imalebodnen, mSobliur saxls tovebdnen
da Tavis gadarCenas cdilobdnen. axla dangreuli saxlebi TandaTan
remontdeba. Tumca, omis dros miRebuli ,,Wrilobebi” jer isev mouSuSebelia. stkivaT Tavs damtydari ubedureba, daRupuli Svilebi, dakarguli saxli, dakarguli teritoriebi da dakarguli ,,mezoblobac”.
amboben, rom omis dros Secdomebi orive mxarem dauSva. imasac amboben,
rom omis dros qarTvelebis mimarT yvelaze didi agresia osebis mxridan modioda. axsnas Tavadve pouloben _ omi omia, omis dros adamiani
gonebiT ar moqmedebs, iqceva ise, rogorc eubnebian an rogor ideologiasac CasCiCineben.
,,osebi agresiulebi iynen. wvavdnen saxlebs da xalxs aSinebdnen.
AqarTvelebis mxridan agresia, ra
Tqma unda, iyo da aris kidec. visac
Svili moukles an rame dauSaees,
agresiuli iqneba aba ra. agresiulebi arian osebic, radgan iqac
arian Svilmkvdari dedebi. msxverpli orive mxaresaa da saerTo enac
orive mxarem erTad unda gamoZebnos. axla, SeiZleba, xalxs survili
hqondes, magram SiSia da Caketili
sazRvrebic xels gviSlis.”–ambobs
tyviavSi mcxovrebi Tamar razmaZe.
qalbatoni Tamaris azrs bevri
iziarebs. wuxan imis gamo, rom osebTan urTierToba am etapze gaCerebulia. qarTvelebsa da osebs
Soris mkacrad gakontrolebuli
kedelia aRmarTuli da erTmaneTTan mimosvlac SeuZlebelia.
osis saCuqari – oqros jvari
,,erTma
osma, Cven
sofelSi
mcxovreb bavSvs, sakuTari oqros
jvari aCuqa, yelidan moixsna da

aCuqa. es bavSvi obolia, mSoblebi
didi xania daeRupa da oblad izrdeba. imasac Sehpirda, omi rogorc
ki damTavrdeba, Camoval saqarTveloSi da Seni naTlia gavxdebio.
rogorc gavigeT, is kaci daiRupa.”
kiTxvaze, Tu
rogor
unda
mogvardes konfliqti, daufiqreblad gvpasuxoben:
,,konfliqtis mogvareba isevdaisev mSvidobiani gziT unda moxdes. vaWroba unda aRdges, maTTan
misvla-mosvla.
omamde
osebTan
mSvenieri urTierToba gvqonda. mimovdiodiT erTmaneTTan, saqonels
vyididiT erTmaneTSi, axla ki vaSli saxlSi gvilpeba. osebTan urTierTobis aRdgena Tu gvinda, isev
vaWrobis gziT Tu movaxerxebT.
situacias isic arTulebs, rom
sazRvari mkacradaa gakontrolebuli da erTmaneTTan mimosvlaze
saubaric ki zedmetia.”
tyviavis saSualo skolis direqtoris, TinaTin biZinaSvilis
azriT, zviad gamsaxurdiam dauS-

va sabediswero Secdoma. agvistos omma ki ufro gaamZafra mdgomareoba. ,,osebTan saerTo enis
gamonaxva am etapze gagviWirdeba.
Tumca, iyo dro, roca maTTan urTierToba ase Tu ise damTbari da
perspeqtiuli Canda. es is droa,
roca ergneTis bazroba jer kidev
arsebobda. qarTvelebma am SemTxvevaSic Secdoma davuSviT, ergneTi
ar unda CaeketaT. amis saWiroeba
namdvilad ar iyo. gakontroleba Tu undodaT, uSiSroebas unda
emuSava
kargad, ekontrolebina
situacia. vaWrobas konfliqtis

rodnen, aba, qarTvelebo, amodiT da mokrifeT axla vaSlio.…
dagvcinodnen da gvaginebdnen. magram yvela osi erTnairi ar aris.
ramdenime
SemTxvevis
mixedviT
mTlianad erze xelis Caqneva ar
SeiZleba. mova dro da qarTveli
da osi erTad icxovrebs. Tu rusi
isev gaagrZelebs osebisaTvis TiTis daqnevas, araferi gamova. konfliqtSi monawile mxarea ruseTic,
verc “nato” gviSvelis da verc
veravin, Tu Tavad ruseTi ar Secvlis politikas.” - ambobs qalbatoni TinaTini.

mogvareba SeeZlo”.qalbatoni TinaTini tyviavis
skolaSi sofel guguTianTkaridan
dadis. es sofeli e.w. samxreT oseTis sazRvarzea da rogorc Tavad
ambobs, mosazRvre osebs yoveldRe
xedavs.
,,guSin osebi sazRvarze gadmodgnen da mTeli xmiT yvi-

ratom
atom krZalavs qarTuli
policia mandarinis Setanas
qalbatoni Tamaris azrs umetesoba iziarebs da osebis agresias
ruseTis politikis gavleniT xsnis. rogorc adgilobrivebi amboben, rom ara xelisuflebaTa dapirispireba, osebsa da qarTvelebs
Soris urTierToba didi xnis
mogvarebuli iqneboda.
,,qarTvelebic
bevr
rameSi
vcdebiT. magaliTad, amas winaT,
osebis kontrorilebad teritoriasTan mdebare sofel flavSi
qarTulma policiam qarTvelebs
mandarini ar Seatanina, amas Tqven
osebs gadautanTo. raRacnairad ar
mesiamovna. ra moxda, rom gadaetanaT. mTavrobaSi Tu raRaca xdeba,
es ra xalxis bralia? ar SeiZleba,
ramdenime adamianis gamo mTeli
eri gadakido erTmaneTs.”-ambobs

qalbatoni Tamar razmaZe.
tyviavSi osebi aRar cxovroben.
ZiriTadad pirveli konfliqtis
dros gadasaxldnen. vinc saqarTveloSi darCa,
qarTuli ojaxi
SeinarCuna da sakuTar Tavs ukve
qarTvelebad Tvlian. guli stkivaT qarTul-osuri konfliqtis
gamo da uWirT imis Tqma, vin aris
marTali da vin mtyuani.
,,omis
dros, saqarTvelodan
bevri osi wavida, magram Cemnairad,
vinc darCa, aseTic Zalian bevria.
7 welia aq vcxovrob da wasvlas
arsad vapireb. ra Tqma unda, osi
naTesavebic myavs da vici, rom qarTvelebis mimarT agresiuli ganwyoba ar aqvT”-ambobs tyviavSi
mcxovrebi osi qalbatoni:,,-msxverpli orive mxaresaa da agresia
Tu iqneba, es bunebrivicaa. albaT,
wlebi Tavisas izams da osi da qarTvelic erTad icxovrebs”
agvistos omis dros, roca cxinvalidan qarTvelebs asaxlebdnen
da iZulebulebs xdidnen saxlkari daetovebinaT, bevri osic maT
Soris moxvda. axla isini saqarTvelos teritoriaze cxovroben da
momavals imedis TvaliT Sehyureben. sazRvarze gadasvlas ki verc
axerxeben da SiSis gamo verc bedaven.
eqspertis azriT
eqsperti usafrTxoebis sakiTxebSi, irakli sesiaSvili miiCnevs,
rom omis dros, osebis agresia,

gagrZeleba me-4 gv.

3

konfliqtis zona
dasawyisi me-3 gv.
fsiqologiuri faqtori iyo,
romelic yvela
omisTvisaa damaxasiaTebeli da gamonaklisi arc
osur-qarTuli konfliqtia.
,,osebis agresia saomari moqmedebebis dros, ar
aris sakmarisi imis saTqmelad, rom isini, Cvens
mimarT saerTod agresiulad arian ganwyobilni
da urTierTobis aRdgena SeuZlebelia. es omis
fsiqologiaa, rac sxvadasxva ideologiur, ekonomikur Tu pirad mosazrebebs emyareba. omi, es
aris Zaladobrivi gavlena. am dros aris momentebi, roca situacias goneba ar akontrolebs da
ZiriTadad meqanikuria. asea osebisa Tu qarTvelebis agresiis SemTxvevaSic”rogorc eqsperti ambobs, ,,aucilebelia, qveyana
gavaerTianoT, fexze davayenoT da davamyaroT demokratia. magram, aq gvaqvs eTnikuri konfliqti,
romelic namdvilad arsebobs da es eTnikuri konfliqti warmoiSva ara mxolod eTnikur safuZvelze, aramed, geopolitikamac Seewyo xeli da
erebs Soris konfliqtad Camoyalibda.
amis gamo, erebs Soris, bunebrivia, yalibdeba
zizRi da cudi damokidebuleba. ,,Wrilobebis”
moSuSeba Znelia. konfliqtis mogvarebas sWirdeba, maRali kulturuli Segneba, rac axalgazrda
saxelmwifoSi sasurvel doneze ver aris.
irakli sesiaSvils miaCnia, rom mTavaria
usafrTxoebis axali arqiteqtura Camoyalibdes.
qveyanas unda hqondes gansazRvruli mimarTuleba,
romelsac im SemTxvevisTvis gamoyenebs, Tu meore
mxare, am SemTxvevaSi ruseTi, sxvadasxva intrigiTa
da ZaliT ecdeba SuRli gaaRvios erebs Soris.
konfliqtis Seqmnaa martivi, misi mogvareba
Zalze rTulia. mTavaria, rom omi aRar aris. konfliqtis ganeitraleba SeiZleba. mTavaria, mas

swori ganviTareba mivceT” -ambobs irakli sesiaSvili.
eqsperti tyviavSi mcxovreblebis msgavsad,
ergneTis bazrobas osebsa da qarTvelebs Soris
urTierTobis placdarmad miiCnevs. Tumca, imasac
ambobs, rom konfliqtis mogvarebis saSualebad
ar gamodgeboda, radgan ruseTma misi arseboba im
donemde dauSva, ra donemdec Tavad awyobda. im
SemTxvevaSi ki, Tu ergneTis bazroba konfliqtis
mogvarebis saSualebad gadaiqceoda, ruseTi Tavad mospobda mas.
ruseTis erT-erTi mizani osebsa da qarTvelebs Soris SuRlis Camogdebaa, amis miRwevas ki
yvelanairad cdilobs. 1992 wels wamowyebuli
omis msgavsad, agvistos movlenebic arasasikeTod
da, uxeSad rom vTqvaT, arasaxarbielo aRmoCnda.
faqtia - osebsa da qarTvelebs Soris kedeli
aRimarTa da miuxedavad imisa, xalxs surs erTmaneTTan urTierTobis aRdgena Tu ara, mTavari,
mainc ruseTi da misi interesebia.igi miiCnevs, rom
xelis SemSleli faqtorebi yovelTvis iqneba.
Dmiuxedavad amisa, unda veZeboT sxvadasxva saSualebebi, rogoricaa: jandacva, kulturuli memkvidreoba, ganaTleba, biznesi da a.S. saWiroa osebTan
da afxazebTan saerTo interesebi gamoikveTos da
eTnikuri jgufebic daaxlovdnen, raTa geopolitikuri konfliqtis mogvarebis SemTxvevaSi maTTan Tanacxovreba SevZloT.
axali strategia
ramdenime dRea, rac reintegraciis saministrom okupirebuli teritoriebis mimarT axali
saxelmwifo strategia SeimuSava. misi mTavari
lozungia-,,CarTuloba TanamSromlobis gziT”.
dokumentSi naTqvamia, rom konfliqtis mogvareba
mxolod mSvidobiani gziTaa SesaZlebeli da ara
omiT. wina planze afxazeTi da cxinvalis regionia, radgan strategiis mixedviT swored maTTvis
unda gaxdes naTeli, Tu ra sargeblis motana SeuZlia saqarTvelos maTTvis.
mizani afxazeTisa da cxinvalis regionis
sruli deokupacia, ruseTis mier am teritoriebis
aneqsiis Sewyveta da aq mcxovrebi xalxis mSvidobiani gziT, saqarTvelos konstituciis qveS
dabrunebaa.
strategiis mTavari punqtebia: gamyofi xazebiT
erTmaneTisagan gancalkevebul Temebs Soris ekonomikuri urTierTobebis xelSewyoba, infrastruqturis ganviTareba, adamianis uflebebis dacva,
maT Soris
aRmsareblobis Tavisufleba, omis
Sedegad dazaralebuli adamianebisaTvis jandacvis xarisxis gaumjobeseba, saerTo interesebis
gansazRvra, kulturuli memkvidreobisa da TviTSegnebis SenarCuneba, urTierTobisa da TanamSromlobis gaZliereba da im iuridiuli meqanizmebis
moZieba, rac zemoT CamoTvlili punqtebis ganxorcielebas uzrunvelyofs da konfliqtis mogvarebis mSvidobian saSualebas iZleva.
P.S. tyviavidan wamosvlamde erT-erTma qarTulma ojaxma Segvi patiJa da tradiciuladac
gagvimaspinZlda. yvelaze metad iman gagvaxara,
rom qarTvelma diasaxlisma mwvadebTan erTad
osuri xabizginebi mogvarTva da isic daamata,
osebis momzadebuls araferi Seedrebao. imedia,
konfliqti male mogvardeba, saqarTvelo kuTvnil
teritoriebs daibrunebs da osis mier gamocxobil xabizginebsac osebi da qarTvelebi erTad
davagemovnebT.

4

NEWS fokusi

ucxouri media

ras weren Cvenze...
lali aleliSvili
dasavleTis interesi, saqarTvelos mimarT, gansakuTrebiT agvistos omis Semdeg gaizarda.
sainteresoa, axla riT i pyrobs saqarTvelo evropisa da, maT Soris, ruseTis yuradRebas da ras
da rogor aSuqebs ucxouri media.

yovelkvireuli
gazeTi,
“Christian Science Monitor”, 21
dekembris nomerSi, aqveynebs
statis saTauriT “moZrao-

ba natosken: ruseTi apirebs axali xelSekrulebis
dadebas evropasTan”. statiaSi
vkiTxulobT, rom
am axali xelSekrulebis
dadebiT, ruseTi
Seamcirebs natos gafarToebas
Tavis sazRvrebamde, kerZod
ki saqarTvelomde. “ruseTs
ar surs xeli Seuwyos
natosTan
urTierTobebis
gaumjobesebas” _ ambobs
viqtor kremeniuki, moskovSi
amerika-kanadis institutis
direqtoris moadgile. “mas
surs ufro meti Tanasworoba da imis garantia,
rom misi Tvalsazrisi gaTvaliswinebuli iqneba nebismier sakiTxTan mimarTebiT.”
sainformacio
saagento
“Associated Press” (22 dekemberi) avrcelebs informacias _ “kanonmdebeli natos mouwodebs ganixilos
saqarTvelos gadaiaraRebis
sakiTxi”, sadac saubaria respublikeli senatoris, riCard lugaris moxsenebaze.
senatoris TqmiT, “ruseTsa
da
saqarTvelos
Soris
mzardi daZabulobis fonze,
saqarTvelos
samxedro
daucvelobas
SesaZloa
mTeli kavkasiis regionis
destabilizacia
mohyves.”
is obamas administracias
mouwodebs, Secvalos natos
SigniT strategiis koordinireba, raTa saqarTvelos
usafrTxoebis interesebisa
da nato-ruseTis urTierTobis dabalanseba moxdes.

senator lugaris moxsenebasTan
erTad
gavrcelda werili, romelSic
naTqvamia, rom
“aliansma
unda Seignos, rom momdevno
wlebis manZilze saqarTvelos uSiSroebis sferoSi
dasWirdeba amerikisa da
evropuli qveynebis daxmarebis koordinireba.”
riCard lugari saqarTvelos sahaero Tavdacvazec
amaxvilebs
yuradRebas
da aRniSnavs, rom “saqarTvelos sahaero Tavdacvisunarianobis ganadgurebis
Semdeg, qvyeana SesaZlo samomavlo samxedro ieriSisagan daucvelia da, amdenad,
mas arc sahaero sivrcis
darRvevis dafiqsireba SeuZlia.”
senator lugaris moxsenebas ukavSirdeba “Yahoo
News”_is, 22 dekembris, informaciac, sadac vkiTxulobT, rom lugaris Stabis moxseneba afrTxilebs
evropas, rom saqarTvelos
samxedro
daucvelobam

SeiZleba
destabilizacia
gamoiwvios kavkasiaSi. is
daJinebiT sTxovs administracias,
koordinireba
gauwios natos strategias
saqarTvelosTan
mimarTebiT.
natos TemasTan dakavSirebiT, sainteresoa, Jurnal “Der Spiegel”_Si (27
dekemberi)
gamoqveynebuli
interviu saqarTvelos yofil
prezident
eduard
SevardnaZesTan.
interviu,
ZiriTadad, berlinis kedlis dangrevas da germaniis

gaerTianebas exeba. Tumca,
SevardnaZe natos gafarToebasa da cxinvalis regionSi
ruseTis qmedebebzec saubrobs.
statiaSi
vkiTxulobT,
rom Tavis droze germaniis
yofili sagareo ministri
eduard SevardnaZes dapirebia, rom nato aRmosavleTisken ar gafarTovdeboda.
Jurnalistis kiTxvaze, Tu
ratom ar daadebines natos es piroba werilobiT,
SevardnaZe pasuxobs: “maSin sxva dro iyo, ver warmogvedgina, rom varSavis
xelSekruleba daiSleboda.
amis warmodgena, ubralod,
ar SegveZlo. baltiispireTis sami respublika, romlebic axla natos wevrebi
arian, maSin jer kidev sabWoTa kavSiris respublikebi
iyvnen. bolos SevTanxmdiT,
rom germania natos erTi pirobiT SeuerTdeboda _ Tu
misi jari 370 000 wevramde
davidoda da germanias ar
eqneboda birTvuli iaraRis
qonis ufleba. natos germaniis gareT gafarToeba
arc ki ganixileboda.”
maSin, roca dasavleTi
ZiriTad yuradRebas natosa da ruseT-saqarTvelos
urTierTobebs
uTmobs,
rusul
mediaSi
saqarTvelosTan
dakavSirebuli
mTavari Tema _ quTaisSi
afeTqebuli memorialia.
“Московский
Комсомолец”
quTaisSi momxdar tragedias or statias uZRvnis.
20 dekembris nomerSi gamoqveynda statia “sisxliani
saCuqari saakaSvils”, sadac
weria, rom didebis memorialis afeTqebisas quTaisSi

deda-Svili daiRupa. aqve
aRniSnulia, rom “memorialis afeTqeba saakaSvilis
dabadebis dRisTvis _ 21 dekembrisTvis iyo dagegmili.”
meore
statiaSi
_
“afeTqeba, romelic ar yo-

fila” _ Jurnalisti cdilobs pasuxi gasces, Tu
ratom sdums dasavleTis
masmedia quTaisSi momxdar
tragediasTan dakavSirebiT.
“SegiZliaT
warmoidginoT, rogori
qariSxali
atydeboda
presaSi,
Tu
xalxi daiRupeboda qarTuli memorialis afeTqebisas
“putinis samSobloSi”? magram tragedia moxda “saakaSvilis samSobloSi”; sxvaTa Soris es Zegli iyo
simbolo
Cveni
saerTo
gamarjvebisa,” _ vkiTxulobT statiaSi.
aqve xazgasmulia, rom
“msoflios masobrivi informaciis
saSualebebis
umravlesobam
bolomde
gaukeTa ignorireba momxdars, an saerTod gadamala
TavianTi saitebis siRrmeSi.”
rusuli “Газэта” (24 dekemberi) ki avrcelebs informacias, rom vladimer putinis mxardaWeriT didebis
memorials moskovSi, zurab
wereTeli aRadgens. “putinma madloba gadauxada memorialis avtors, cnobil
qarTvel moqandakes, merab
berZeniSvils, imisTvis, rom
man saxalxod dauWira mxari mis aRdgenas,” _ vkiTxulobT statiaSi.

“Газэта” _s cnobiT, mTavrobam gadawyvita es monumenti moskovSi yvelasTvis
uwmindes adgilas _ “Tayvaniscemis mTaze” _ aRmarTos.
statiaSi aseve naTqvamia,
rom ruseTis mxatvarTa kavSirma gamoaqveyna mimarTva,
romelSic ganacxades, rom
“yvela
mxatvari
TanaugrZnobs
Tanamedroveobis
gamoCenil moqandakes, merab
berZeniSvils”; momxdari ki
“velur barbarosobad” Seafases.
garda didebis memorialis
afeTqebisa, rusul
medias uyuradRebod arc
zurab
noRaidelis
moskovSi viziti dautovebia.
“Газэта.Ru” avrcelebs statias saTauriT _ ,,eZinnaia
rasiam” iSova Zmobili saqarTveloSi”, sadac
weria,
rom partiebi “eZinnaia rasia” da “samarTliani saqarTvelosTvis”
TanamSromlobaze xels moaweren. am
Temaze gancxadeba boris
grizlovma da zurab noRaidelma gaakeTes. politologebi Tvlian, rom es
kavSiri SeiZleba orive partiisaTvis momgebiani iyos.
“ruseTi
eZebs
Tavis
partniorebs
qarTvel
politikosebs
Soris”
_
uTxra “Газэта.Ru”_s politikuri teqnologiebis centris vece-prezidentma sergei mixaevma. misive TqmiT,
noRaideli
seriozulad
riskavs. ”darwmunebuli var,
rom mas moskovSi vizitis
gamo sayveduroben da moRalatesa da ruseTis jaSuSs
eZaxian” _ xazi gausva mixaevma.
rogorc Cans, drois erTsa da imave monakveTSi rusuli da dasavluri media,
saqarTvelosTan mimarTebiT,
sxvadasxva Temebze amaxvileben yuradRebas.

ukrainaSi saprezidento
arCevnebi 2010 wlis 17
ianvars Catardeba
ukrainis prezidentis arCevnebi 2010 wlis 17 ianvars
aris
daniSnuli.
erTmaneTs
sami mTavari kandidati upirispirdeba, eseni arian: moqmdeui
prezidenti
viqtor
ouSenko,
premier-ministris iulia timoSenko da opoziciuri partiis
,,regionebis” lideri viqtor
ianukoviCi. wlevandeli saprezidento arCevnebis casatareblad saxelmwifos biujetidan
120 milioni dolari gamoiyo. Ppolitologi eqspertebi
varaudoben, rom saWiro gaxdeba
arCevnebis meore turis daniSvnac, sadac viqtor iuSenko da
iulia timoSenko erTmaneTis
pirisopir aRmoCndebia. maTi
prognoziT, ukrainis axali prezidenti am oridan erT-erTi
iqneba.

berluskoni samsaxurs
daubrunda
italiis premier ministri,
silvio berluskoni samsaxurebrivi movaleobis Sesrulebas
milanSi momxdari incindentidan erTi Tvis Semdeg Seudga.
73 wlis berluskoni romSi Tavisi saxlTan Sekrebil
momxreebs aivnidan miesalma da
Tavis saxeze miuTiTa, niSnad
imisa, rom Wriloba formaluri
iyo.
13 dekembers premiers sazogadoebrivi TavSeyris adgilas
erT-erTma pirma milanis kaTedralis maketi esrola da cxviri da ori kbili dauziana.
berluskonim oTxi dRe hospitalSi gaatara.
momxreebs xelSi eWiraT banerebi warweriT“ keTili iyos
Seni dabruneba.” rogorc gamokiTxvebidan Cans, Tadasxmis Semdeg berluskonis popularoba
kidev ufro gaizarda.
“patara Wriloba miviRe, magram daganaxebT, rom Zlieri
kunTebi
maqvs,”ganacxada
italiis premierma.
TavdasxmaSi eWvmitanili masimo tartaglia kvlav dapatimrebulia.
www.bbc.com

2010 wels ekonomikuri
mdgomareoba gaumjobesdeba
ekonomikuri
ganviTarebisa
da TanamSromlobis organizaciis (OECD) prognoziT, 2010
wels msoflios yvela regionSi
ekonomikuri mdgomareobis gaumjobeseba aris mosalodneli.
organizaciis wevri 30 qveynidan mdidari qveynebi, SeerTebul
Statebi da didi britaneTi
gaormagebaze mets miaRwevs da
ekonomikuri maCvenebeli (axlandeni 0.7%) am wlis bolos
1.9%-s gautoldeba.
amasTanave, organizacia afrTxilebs ganviTarebul erebs,
rom winsvla ar iqneba martivad misaRwevi: zogjer winsvla
mizerulic iqneba. saerTo ekonomikuri aRmavlobiT aSS iaponias, germaniasa da did britanets ajobebs.
www.bbc.com

qimiuri Tavdasxma
hong-kongSi
kidev erTi ucnauri qimiuri
Tavdasxma moxda. am kviras hongkongSi. gasul welTan erTad, es
meeqvse SemTxvevaa.
samizne xalxmravali quCaa,
Tavdasxmis iaraRi ki qimiuri
xsnariT savse plastmasis boTlia. Tavdamsxmeli (an Tavdamsxmelebi) boTls Senobis maRali
sarTulidan
an
saxuravidan
agdeben. qimiurxsnarianma boTlebma CineTis xalxmraval
quCebSi ukve 100 adamiani daaziana. policias araviTari eWvi
ar aqvs, Tu vin SeiZleba iyvnen
Tavdamsxmelebi an ra motiviT
SeiZleba, akeTebdnen amas. damnaSavis mpovnels 40 000 dolari
gadaecema. imedovneben, rom fuladi jildo xalxs stimuls
miscems, iTanamSromlon policiasTan.
www.cnn.com

NEWS fokusi

biznes fokusi

uvsj{njt!hbowjUbsfcjt!bybmj!hfhnfcj
qeTi Todua
`milionnaxevari – es rekorduli cifria bolo wlebSi saqarTveloSi Camosuli damsveneblebis. ase Seajama saqarTvelos turizmisa da kurortebis departamentma gasuli, 2009 weli da samomavlo gegmebi gaacno Jurnalistebs. organizacia momaval wels
optimisturad uyurebs da imedovnebs, rom turistTa raodenoba
gasul sezonTan SedarebiT gaizrdeba.
ruseT-saqarTvelos
omis
gamo, 2009 wlis zamTari warumatebeli aRmoCnda. msoflios
sxvadasxva qveynis moqalaqeebi,
saqarTveloSi
Camosvlisagan
Tavs ikavebdnen, radgan mas saxifaTo da arastablur qveynad
miiCnevdnen. zamTrisgan gansaxvavebiT warmatebuli iyo zafxuli. sezonze saqarTvelos
zRvispireTi da maRalmTianeTi turistTa raodenobas ar
uCioda.
rogorc turizmisa da kurortebis
departamentis
ufrosis moadgilem, beqa jayelma aRniSna, sul gasul wels
saqarTvelos milion naxevarze
meti damsvenebeli ewvia. ,,2003
wlidan moyolebuli saqarTveloSi Camosuli turistebis
raodenoba imatebs. ase iyo
gasul welsac. maSin milionnaxevramde turisti Camovida
Cvens qveyanaSi. zafxulSi _
200 aTasze meti.
yvelaze bevri damTvalierebeli saqarTvelos mosazRvre
TurqeTidan hyavs, mas mosdeven
somxeTi da azerbaijani. xolo,
mas Semdeg, rac saqarTvelom
gaauqma savizo reJimi evropis
qveynebTan, vizitorebis ricxvi
76% -iT gaizarda,” – aRniSna
jayelma.
milionnaxevarSi qarTvelebic igulisxmebian. turistis
definicia moicavs yvela adamians, vinc qveyanaSi mogzaurobs garda saelCos TanamSromlebisa,
di plomatebisa,
samxedro pirebisa da im adamianebisa, romlebic qveyanaSi
muSaoben da iReben anazRaurebas.
2010 wels didi yuradReba
qveynis reklamirebas mieqceva. specialurad CCN-is eTerisTvis mozaddeba sareklamo
rgolebi. gadaiReben dokumenturi filmsac saqarTvelos
Sesaxeb. garda amisa, turizmisa
da kurortebis departamenti
apirebs presturebis mowyobas.

ucxoeli Jurnalistebi ewvevian saqarTvelos da sakuTari
TvaliT naxaven, rom qveyanaSi
turistebisaTvis
aranairi
safrTxe ar arsebobs.
turizmis
departamentis
ufrosma, zaal abazaZem warmoadgina 2010 wlis gegmebi,
romelic saqarTveloSi turizmis ganviTarebas Seuwyobs
xels.
gegmaSi 2010 wlisaTvis dagegmilia saerTaSoriso
turistuli
gamofena-

bazrobebSi monawileoba, vebgverdis
optimizacia
da
reklamireba,
saqarTveloSi
arsebuli turistuli infrastruqturis monacemTa bazisa
da eleqtronuli ruqis Seqmna,
Sida turizmis popularizacia
da ganviTarebis stimulireba,
turizmis sferoSi adamianuri
resursebis ganviTareba, marketinguli kvlevebi da sxva.
saqarTvelo
monawileobas
miiRebs
SanxaiSi
dagegmil
“expo 2010”–Sic” es aris saerTaSoriso gamofena, romelic xuT
weliwadSi erTxel sxvadasxva
qveyanaSi imarTeba. gamofenaze
sxvadasxva qveynebs SeuZliaT waradginon sakuTari Tavi,

rogorc turistTaTvis mimzidveli zona.
CineTis
iniciativiT,
ganviTarebadi
qveynebi “expo 2010“–Si monawileobisaTvis garkveuli
raodenobis
Tanxas miiReben. Cinuri Tanadafinanseba saqarTvelosac ergeba.
turizmis ganviTareba, TavisTavad,
gamoiwvevs qveynis ekonomikis ganviTarebas.
ase miiCnevs turizmisa da
kurortebis
departamentis
xelmZRvanelis moadgile, nata
farcxalaZe. ,,mTavaria rom
qveyanaSi bevri turisti Camovides. isini xarjaven fuls da
es dadebiTad aisaxeba qveynis

ekonomikaze. amitom, mniSvneloba ar aqvs ra mizniT Camodis
vizitori qveyanaSi. mTavaria
is, rom man Camosvla gadawyvita” – aRniSna farcxalaZem.
Camosulebs fulis daxarjva blomad uwevT. saqarTveloSi, zafxulisa Tu zamTris kurortebze, fasebi sakmaod maRalia. qveynis moqalaqeebisaTvis
SeRavaTebi ar arsebobs, amitom
ucxoel da qarTvel turists dasasveneblad, daaxloebiT, erTi da imave raodenobis
Tanxa exarjebaT.
rogorc wesi, turistul sezonze kurortebze fasebi izrdeba. amaSi adgilobrovi mosaxleobis ,,wvlilic” didia.

damsveneblebisaTvis
fasebs
isini erTi-orad zrdian. am
procesis SesaCereblad aranairi berketi ar arsebobs.
saxelmwifo kerZo mewarmeebs
ver akontrolebs.
,,baTumSi yovel wels visveneb. wels gansakuTrebuli
siZvire iyo. maRaziaSi arc
erT produqts fasi ar aweria.
gamyidvels
ramdensac
moundeba, imdens gaxdevinebs.
rogorc wesi, Casuli damsveneblebisaTvis fasi ormagia.
me TviTon Sevswrebivar, magaliTad, Tbilisels sxva fass
rom eubnebian, da baTumels
– sxvas, ufro iafs. ucxoeli
turistebisTvis,
savaraudod,
yvelaferi ufro Zviria,” – ganacxada ana baramiZem.
turizmis ganviTarebis gegmas ukavSirdeba axali avtomagistralis mSeneblobac. centraluri
avtomagistralze
dasvenebisa da momsaxurebis
obieqtebi moewyoba.
Tanamedrove Cqarosnuli avtomagistralebi momsaxurebisa
da dasvenebis obieqtebis gareSe warmoudgenelia. saqarTveloSi aseTi kompleqsebi
yoveli saaTis savalze aSendeba. aseve gakeTdeba avtogasamarTi
sadgurebi.
ucxoeli
mZRolebisaTvis iqneba terminalebi, mosasvenebeli oTaxebi.
aseve igegmeba swrafi kvebis
obieqtebis gakeTeba, sainformacio centrebis gaxsna. ramdenime adgilas, SesaZloa, iyos
turistuli gasarTobi centrebic.
turistebisaTvis qveyana wlidan wlamde ufro komfortuli da Tanamedrove xdeba.



rusTavelis gamzirze, “cisferi galereis” SesasvlelSi, ori kviraa,
gaCnda abra warweriT “ganaxlebuli erovnuli galerea.” qaSueTis
eklesiasa da sagamofeno darbazs Soris ki baneri, romelzec cnobili
mxatvrebis, popularuli tiloebis reproduqciebia dabeWdili. SenobaSi xaraCoebi, bevri rkina, betoni da uamravi muSa. faqtia, baneri momavlisaa da ara awmyosi.
ganaxlebuli erovnuli galerea
momxre iyo mxatvari gia buRaZec.
5 wliani pauzis Semdeg, 2010 wels misi azriT, saxelmwifo muzeumi
gaixsneba. saremonto samuSaoebi
xels unda uwyobdes mxatvrebis
ukve mimdinareobs da savaraudod, popularizacias. mxolod kerZo
agvistoSi dasruldeba.
galereebi amas ver moaxrxeben. mx“erovnuli galereis gaxsnaze
atvari or ZiriTad problemas xebevri ram aris damokidebuli, Tadavs: xelovans xSiradusaxsrobis
namedrove
xelovnebis
galeram
gamo ver awyobs gamofenas, audiTbilisSi Tavi unda mouyaros, toria ki kerZo galereas gacilemsoflio
donis
namuSevrebs, biT naklebi hyavs vidre
romelTa sanaxavad uamravi tursaxelmwifo sagamofeno
isti dadis sxvadsxva qveyanaSi.” darbazs.
fiqrobs nino kalandaZe, erovnuli
“xuTwlianma
daxumuzeumis koleqciebis marTvisa
rulma sivrcem, migvida restavraciis departamentis
yvana iqmde, rom
Cven
ufrosi.
vkargavT Taobebs. axproeqti 2007 wlidan daiwyo.
algazrdebs ar aqvT
daigegma 4 safexurad. pirveli
saSualeba Tavi sadme
Senobis mdgomareobis kvleva iyo.
warmoaCinon, ara marto
gauZlebda Tu ara is saremonto
axallgazrdebs, Cvenc,
samuSaoebs. meore etapi darCenili SedarebiT Zveli TaonivTebis evakuacia, rac moicavda
bis
warmomadgenlebs.
TiToeuli nivTis gawmendis da
faqti erTia, is dargi,
damuSavebis arcTu martiv proceromelic
gemovnebis
duras, Semdeg iyo proeqtireba da sakiTxs exeba, yvelaze
bolos restavracia.
metadaa dakninebuli. es
jer ucnobia, rodis moewyo- iyo strategiuli Secba pirveli gamofena da vis nadoma, romlmac didi dartyma mimuSevrebs ixilavs damTvaliereayena mxatvrobas da Cveni sazogabeli.
doebis
damokidenulebas
mxat“cisferi galerea” 2004 wlidan vrebis mimarT.”
aRar funqcionirebs. periodulad
erovnuli galereis
gaxsna,
mxatvrebi misi gaxsnis iniciativ- pirvel rigSi mxatvrebs axarebT.
iT gamodiodnen. galereis gaxsnis
gamofenebis
mowyoba
maTTis

mTavari
problemaa.
yovelTvis
garkveuli raodenobis TanxasTanaa dakavSirebuli da rogorc wesi,
danaxarji gacilebiT didia vidre,
Semosavali.
mxatvaris asmaT alanias azriT,
dRes rTulia iyo saSualo donis
mxatvari Tu ar gaqvs piari. aseT
dros yvelafris organizeba sakuTar Tavze unda aiRo. “kerZo
galereebs dReSi samas laramde
unda gadauxado. Tu naxats gayidi,
cxadia procenti galereasac miaqvs, Tanxa imdenad mizeruli rCeba,
rom ar Rirs gamofenis gakeTeba.”

mxatvari gia xuciSvili miiCnevs,
rom aucilebelia qveyanaSi ganviTarebuli iyos, rogorc kerZo,
aseve saxelmwifo sagamofeno darbazebis seqtori.
“erovnul galereaSi Catarebuli personaluri da jgufuri

2010 wlis biujetSi sagareo valebis dasafarad 152 mln 410 aTasi
laria gaTvaliswinebuli. amis Sesaxeb finansTa saministros sabiujeto
departamentma
ganacxada.
cnobisTvis, 2009 wlis 11 noembris
monacemebiT, saqarTvelos sagareo
valdebuleba 3 mlrd 400 mln aSS
dolars Seadgens.
yvelaze meti sagareo vali
saqarTvelos msoflio bankisa da
savaluto fondis mimarT gaaCnia.
amasTan, bolo ori wlis ganmavlobaSi qveynis davalianeba germaniis da safrangeTis mimarTac
mniSvnelovnad gaizarda.

`yazbegi~ ganaCenis
molodinSi

siaxle
ana daviTaSvili

sagareo valebi
iklebs

gamofenebi,
yovelTvis
gansazRvravda qveynis kulturuli ganviTarebis dones. xalxi, am sferoSi, metad ganaTlebuli iyo. did
sagamofeno darbazSi naxati sxvanairad Cans Tavis minusebiTa da
plusebiT.”
xuTwliani pauza, misi azriT,
didi droa, amitom ganaxlebuli
galerea gaaTmagebuli enTuziazmiT unda Seudges qveynis kulturul gamoRviZebas.
zaira
bereliZe,
galerea
“vernisaJis” xelmZRvaneli: “erovnuli galerea, mxolod da mxolod
daexmareba sagamofeno bizness, Cven
amaSi konkurencias ver vxedeavT.
es iqneba urTierTTanamSromlobis
axali etapi. maT bevri ram unda
aiRon Cvengan, pirdapiri da arapirdapiri mniSvnelobiT.”
,,cisferi galereis” centraluri Senobis ukan aSendeba, SuSis
axali
nageboba. iqneba 7 sagamofeno sivrce da Tanamedrove
xelovnebis galerea.
ganaxlebul darbazebSi mudmivmoqmedi
gamofenebi ar iqneba, eqspoziciebi
xSirad Seicvleba da ufro met
mxatvars eqneba SesaZlebloba gaxdes cnobili da warmatebuli.
erovnuli muzeumis koleqciebis
marTvisa da restavraciis departamentis ufrosis nino kalandaZis
TqmiT, saqarTveloSi bevri niWieri
mxatvaria, romlebsac saxelmwifos Tanadgoma sWirdebaT, axali
galerea ki, swored maTTvis keTdeba.

kompania “yazbegi” sagadasaxado samsaxuris “davebis sabWos”
“ganaCens” elodeba. gasul wels
“yazbegis” saqmesTan dakavSirebiT
ramdenime ganxilva gaimarTa, magram “davebis sabWos” konkretuli
gadawyvetileba ar miuRia. rogorc
kompaniaSi acxadeben, saqmis ganxilva finansTa saministros “davebis sabWoSi” isev unda gagrZeldes, magram TariRi maTTvis ucnobia. gogi TofaZis kompaniis jarima am droisTvis 7 mln 700 aTas
lars Seadgens. kerZod, rusTavis
sawarmos, romelic Tavdapirvelad
sagadasaxado samsaxurma 3.5 mln
lariT daajarima, sauravebi daericxa da gadasaxdelma Tanxam 7
mln lari Seadgina. rac Seexeba
Tbilisis sawarmos, sauravebi masac daericxa da 300 aTaslariani
jarima 700 aTasamde gaizarda.

`yazbegi~ ganaCenis
molodinSi
2010 wlis ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis
indeqsis
Tanaxmad,
saqarTvelo 183 qveyanas Soris
26-e poziciazea. rogorc saqarTvelos sagareo saqmeTa saministros gancxadebiT 2010 wlis “ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis indeqsis”
Tanaxmad, saqarTvelom wina wlis
indeqsis monacemebTan SedarebiT
(32-e poziciaze iyo), 6 poziciiT
win waiwia da 183 qveyanas Soris
26-e adgili daikava. amasTan, saministros informaciiT, 2010 wlis
monacemebiT, ruseTi 143 poziciazea.
“ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis indeqss” “The Heritage Foundation” da “Wall
Street Journal” erToblivad yovelwliurad 1995 wlidan aqveyneben. misi
mizani sxvadasxva qveynis ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis xarisxis dadgenaa. “ekonomikuri Tavisuflebis
indeqsi” yoveli wlis dasawyisSi
wina wlis monacemebze dayrdnobiT qveyndeba.

i poTekuri sesxebis
moculoba izrdeba
i poTekiT gacemuli sesxebis
moculoba SesaZloa gaizardos
saxelmwifo da sagadasaxado
i poTekis gaTanabrebiT bankebis
mier i poTekiT gacemuli sesxebis
moculoba 25 procentiT gaizrdeba. amis Sesaxeb bankebis asociaciis prezidentma zurab gvasaliam
ganacxada. misi ganmartebiT, garda sesxebis zrdisa, am sakiTxis
mogvarebas winaswari gaTvlebiT,
SesaZloa, kreditebze saprocento
ganakveTis 2-3 procentiT kleba mohyves. “roca qoneba banksac aqvs
i poTekiT datvirTuli da saxelmwifosac aqvs masze sagadasaxado
giravnoba datvirTuli, misi realizacia rTulia. vinaidan Tu saxelmwifo hyidis, mas mihyveba bankis
i poTeka, xolo Tu banki hyidis,
mihyveba sagadasaxado giravnoba.
Sesabamisad, msgavs valdebulebian
qonebas aravin yidulobda~, - ganacxada gvasaliam.
problemis mogvareba aucilebelia. raTa riskebi Semcirdes da
sabanko seqtorma sesxebis gacema
i poTekiT ufro Tavisuflad SeZlos. am etapze mTlianad sabanko
seqtoris sakredito portfelis
40 procenti i poTekiTaa datvirTuli, problemis mogvarebis SemTxvevaSi i poTekiT gacemuli sesxebis mTliani moculoba, savaraudod, 25 procentiT gaizrdeba.
sagadasaxado giravnobisa da
sabanko i poTekis urTierTqmedebis
sakiTxze
mTavrobis kancelariaSi, premier-ministrisa da sabanko
sferos warmomadgenlebis Sexvedrazec isaubres. es sakiTxi sagadasaxado
kodeqsSi
cvlilebas
saWiroebs, Tumca ra saxiT ganxorcieldeba cvlilebebi, amaze saboloo SeTanxmeba jer ar arsebobs.

5

safrTxe

SLOT CLUB – Tanamedrove daavadeba
lali aleliSvili

SeiZleba dRes ar Sevide,
magram zustad vici, roca
fuli meqneba, aucileblad
viTamaSeb. roca “pokerebs”
TvalismomWreli da Zvi- daviwye, gadavwyvite, pirveli
gavuvli, cdunebas ver vuZradRirebuli
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ufaso bari. avtomobilebi damexarja. maTac mirCies, jer Tavs...
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vxvdebi, rom ase gagrZeleaqvs. zogi fulis mosagebad ar gamimarTla, magram imedi ba aRar SeiZleba, magram gaSedis, zogic _ ubralod, gas- ar damikargavs. vifiqre, dRes mosavalsac ver vpoulob...”
arTobad... Tumca, iq Sesuli Tu ara xval aucileblad
kanonis mixedviT, 18 wlamde
xedavs, rom bevri Tu agebs, movigeb- meTqi da im dRi- asakis pirisaTvis saTamaSo
aparatebTan TamaSi akrZalulia. “azartuli TamaSobebis
organizatori
valdebulia
uzrunvelyos piradobis damadasturebeli
dokumentis
meSveobiT moTamaSeTa asakis
Semowmeba.”
Tumca, rogorc Cemi respondenti aRniSnavs, misTvis
piradobis mowmoba arasodes
mouTxoviaT. “wlebia, vTamaSob da ar maxsovs, karebSi
vinme damxvedrodes, piradoba
manaxeo. bevr klubSi 15-16
wlis bavSvebic ki minaxavs,
skolidan gamoparulebi.”
Tbilisis
sakrebulos
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ibdeba.
dRes Tu cota Tanxas movigeb, lari daawesa. manamde, aRniSgiorgi ukve 5 welia dadis meore dRes sammags vtoveb.
nuli misakrebeli 600-dan
“pokerebis” saTamaSod da
es daavadebaa... bevrjer ga- 1200 laramde Tanxas Seadxvdeba, rom am sens ukve ve- davwyvite Tavi damenebebina, genda. ase, rom axla saTamaSo
Rar moereva.
“muSaoba rom magram ukve Cveulebad meqca. klubis mflobels TiToeul

saxelmwifos mxridan gadasaxadebis gazrdis miuxedavad,
Tbilisis quCebSi saTamaSo klubebis ricxvi TandaTan izrdeba.

aparatze weliwadSi minimum 2400 laris nacvlad 3400
laris gadaxda uwevs. Tumca,
gadasaxadebis zrdas am biznesze ar umoqmedia da sa-

mTel msoflioSi iyeneben.
Tumca, CvenTan zedmeti mosdiT da aparatebs ise aprogrameben, rom Zalian cotas
agebineben.” miuxedavad imisa,

TamaSo aparatebis ricxvi ar
Semcirebula.
„rogorc amboben, saqarTveloSi Camotanil saTamaSo
aparatebs Semdeg specialurad aprogrameben ise, rom
mogebulTa ricxvi maqsimalurad Semcirdes. saqarTveloSi ki ara, am meTods

rom giorgim, rogorc TviTon
ambobs, es yvelaferi kargad
icis, Tavs verafers uxerxebs.
“erTaderTi survili maqvs,
saTamaSo klubebi saerTod
daxuron. albaT, maSin Tu davaRwev Tavs TamaSis cdunebas...”

ras Secvlis azartul TamaSebze kanonis
gamkacreba?
margo jafariZe
parlamentSi muSaoben axal kanonproeqtze, romlis
mixedviTac, azartul TamaSebis mowyobaze nebarTvebis
gacema finansTa saministros Semosavlebis samsaxuris
prerogativa iqneba.
SeTanxmeba miRweulia. Sesworeba ZalaSi 2010 wlis
ianvarSi Seva. azartuli da
momgebiani TamaSobebis nebarTvis gacemasa da gauqmebas, maTSi cvlilebebis Setanas, uwyebriv sanebarTvo
reestrSi gatarebas, finansTa
saministros
Semosavlebis
samsaxuri
ganaxorcielebs.
dRes moqmedi kanonmdeblobiT,
es ufleba zogadad, finansTa
saministros aqvs.
Semosavlebis
samsaxuri
uflebamosili iqneba, gadaamowmos nebarTvis maZieblis
mier
nebarTvis
misaRebad
warmodgenili dokumentebis
utyuaroba.
masve, SeeZleba
daawesos kontroli sanebarTvo pirobebis SesrulebisTvis.
Semowmebis wesi ki, finansTa
da Sinagan saqmeTa ministrebma erToblivi brZanebiT unda
gansazRvron.
kanonSi arsebuli ganmartebiT, azartuli TamaSobebi
aris
TamaSobebi, romelTa
Sedegi mTlianad an nawilobriv damokidebulia SemTxveviTobaze da tardeba banqos
dastis, kamaTlis, saTamaSo
borblis, saTamaSo aparatis an
sxva saTamaSo invetaris meS-

6

veobiT. momgebian TamaSebad
ki iTvleba bingo, loto, totalizatori da wamaxalisebeli gaTamaSeba.
wamaxalisebeli TamaSebis
mowyobasTan
dakavSirebiT
sruliad
axali
regulireba wesdeba. kerZod, mTavrobis iniciativis gaTvaliswinebiT,
wamaxalisebeli
TamaSis mowyobis nebarTvis
misaRebad
dainteresebulma
pirma unda mimarTos finansTa
saministros
momsaxureobis
saagentos, romelic moamzadebs daskvnas, Tu ramdenad
Seesabameba TamaSis pirobebi
saministros mier dadgenil
normebs. amisTvis dainteresebul pirs 10 aTasi laris
gadaxda uwevs.
aqamde aRniSnuli sakanonmdeblo norma ar arsebobda.
am cvlilebas ki daviT kezeraSvils saxels ukavSireben.
mas opozicia kompania “saqarTvelos latariis” monopolizebaSi sdebs brals.
finansTa ministris moadgilis, irakli RvalaZis TqmiT,
kezeraSvils am kompaniasTan
araviTari samarTlebrivi kavSiri ar aqvs, xolo rac Seexeba monopolizebas, man nebarT-

va saerTaSoroso tenderSi
gamarjvebiT miiRo.
kanoni latariebis, azartuli da sxva momgebiani TamaSobebis mowyobis Sesaxeb 2005
wlis 25 marts Sevida ZalaSi, magram dRemde grZeldeba
saubari am sferoSi arsebul
darRvevebze. xSirad irRveva
muxli msgavs TamaSebSi aras-

asakis pirisaTvis saTamaSo
aparatebTan TamaSi. arasrulwlovanebi piradobis damadasturebeli mowmobis gareSe
deben fsons totalizatorSi,
rac agreTve, kanonis uxeSi
darRvevaa da iTvaliswinebs
jarimas
dawesebulebisTvis
aTasidan 7 aTasi laris odenobiT.
gaTvaliswinebulia

rulwlovanTa monawileobasTan
dakavSirebiT.
kerZod,
kanoniT
gaTvaliswinebuli
normis mixedviT, akrZalulia
21 wlamde asakis pirisaTvis
samorineSi, xolo 18 wlamde

jarima arasrulwlovanTaTvisac asakis gangeb dafarvis
SemTxvevaSi.
ramdenime dRis win qarTul
kazinoebsa da kanonSi mimdinare cvlilebebs reportaJi

miuZRvna britanuli telekompania BBC-is reportiorma
tom eselmontma. misi TqmiT,
umuSevrobis problema kidev
ufro amZafrebs mosaxleobis
damokidebulebas
azartul
TamaSebsa da narkotikebze.
Tuki
licenziis
safasuri
daiwevs, rac
axali
proeqtiT
gasaTvaliswinebelia.
TbilisSi
kazinoebi
kidev
ufro momravldeba, rac kidev
ufro uaryofiTad aisaxeba
mosaxleobaze da azartuli
TamaSebisaken midrekili adamianebis cxovrebaze. man siuJetSi xazi gausva im faqts,
rom narkomania da azartuli
TamaSebi xSirad asocirdeba
erTmaneTTan
da
kazinoebi
aseTi kategoriis xalxisTvis
TavSeyris
saukeTeso adgilad iqceva xolme. amitom
dedaqalaqSi aseTi dawesebulebebis Tavmoyra saxifaTodac miaCnia.
dasavlur
qveynebSi
kazinoebi qalaqis centridan
gareubnebSi gadaaqvT, aSeneben
specialurad maTTvis gamoyofil ubnebs. xolo bevr qveyanaSi socialuri pirobebis
gauaresebis gamo, saerTod
aukrZales adgilobriv mosaxleobas kazinoebiT sargebloba da saTamaSod mxolod
ucxoelebi daiSvebian. bolo
dros aseTi gadawyvetileba
miiRes ukrainaSic.

dilema

!jtfw!njejbo
emigrantTa mateba anu Turme ratom mravldeba
samSeneblo masalebis maRaziebi quTaisSi
margo jafariZe
bavSvi avad gaxda.
erTi wlis uSedego
mkurnalobis
Semdeg swori diagnozi
dausves: fenilketonuri, anu Warbi cila
tvinis
ujredebze,
rac adamianis gonebriv
SesaZleblobas aqveiTebs. Turme
Sxami yofila dedis
rZe erTi weli rom
asvamda deda. Sedegi
gardatexis
asakis
gadalaxvis
Semdeg
gamoCndeboda,
manmade ki unda eWama
specialuri
sakvebi,
romelic
ucxoeTidan SemohqondaT da
erTi kviris ulufa
samocdaaTi dolari
Rirda. ojaxSi rom
aRaraferi darCa gasayidi, mamam gadawyvita,
saberZneTSi
wasuliyo
samuSaod,
miTumetes, rom debi
ukve welgamarTulni
iyvnen iq. sakvebi gaiafda, mere ufasodac

las: saSineli sanaxavia imereTis erT-erTi sofeli, didvela,
mouvleli moxucebiTa da udedmamo bavSvebiT.
quTaisSi WavWavaZis
gamzirze rom gaiaroT TvalSi gecemaT
uamravi “ofisi” (romelic wasulebs, wasvis msurvelebsa da
aq darCenilebs emsaxureba) da samSeneblo
maRaziebi. Aaxla mivxvdi, ratom aris samSeneblo
masalebis
maRazia
momgebiani
biznesi quTaisSi. imitom, rom yvela emigranti saxls iSenebs,
imereTSi ki TiTo
ojaxSi
saSualod
TiTo emigrantia.
amaswinad
gadavwyvite, saberZneTSi avtobusiT wavsuliyavi
da kargi Tanxac damezoga: asi dolari
jdeba Tbilisi-aTenis avtobusis bile-

erTi kviris win
me da irmam videoTvaliT visaubreT. mSvidobiT Cavida: ventilacia droze met
xans iyo gamorTuli
xangrZlivi
Semowmebis gamo, magram gadaurCnen. Ees araferia
im mgzavrobasTan SedarebiT, adre rom
iyo xolme: misma naTesavebma
muxlebze
daCoqilebma
iares
RamiT tyeSi, dRisiT
eSinodaT, vinmes ar
SeemCniaT, samagierod
RamiT ar epuebodnen
mglebs, sul axlodan
rom esmodaT ymuili.
dRes bevri “ofisia”
ara mxolod quTaisSi, aramed TbilisSic,
centralur avtosadgomze, ramdenic gindaT imdeni, ixvewebian
avtobusis bileTs as
dolarad, oTxmocadac iSoviT Tu ar
daizarebT da ramdenimes estumrebiT.

akeTeben aq qarTvelebi”- miTxra irmam“ras aRar! rom ukvdebaT “bebiebi” da “babuebi”, ezrdebaT “Svilobilebi”, umuSevrebi rCebian. iq calke
ojaxebi aqvT: isini
da maTi sayvarlebi,
erTad cxovroben, erTad arian yvelgan da
arc ki scxveniaT iq
myofi axloblebis”.
Eeridebian ucnob qarTvelebs: mamakacebis
samsaxuri Wirs, albaT, cota qarTveli
Tu
warmogvidgenia
mebaRe, sarwyaviT an
damtareblad picebiT
xelSi. Aamitom zogierTi samsaxurs ver
egueba da ojaxebs
qurdobiT arCens.
gamartivda droebiTi moqalaqis sabuTis
aReba.
amitomEemigrantebs ufro civilizebuli
formiT
uwevT cxovreba. aRar

rigdeboda. mama mainc
ar dabrunda. rekavda saxlSi, agzvnida
fuls, cotas. erTxelac irmas mulebma
daurekes, saqme cudadaa, Camodi, Torem
ojaxi dagengrevao.
yovel
zafxuls
Cavdiodi
irmasTan
da
ver
vgrZnobdi
soflis sicarieles,
imitom, rom iq cxovrobda sami axalgazrda deda: irma, baTia
da lika, da bavSvebi,
romlebTan erTadac
me bevri sasiamovno
zafxuli
gamitarebia. irma ukve wavida,
likac igive mizeziT
midis qmarTan. wels
aRar vapireb iq Casv-

Ti, roca TviTmfrinaviT mgzavroba oras
ormocdaaTidan samas
ormocdaaT evromde
meryeobs. Mmere gavige,
Turme am avtobusebiT
mgzavrobdnen
aralegalebic, romlebsac
savarZlis
qveS
specialurad
gakeTebul sivrceSi
malaven. Aam bileTis
sanacvlod samiaTas
evros ixdian. warmoidgineT, ra grZnobaa, roca Seni savarZlis qveS viRac Zlivs
sunTqavs. Zlivs, imitom, rom sabaJoebze
gadasvlisas
ventilacias gaTiSaven da
SesaZloa, uhaerobam
gagudos.

aravin
interesdeba,
realurad ras saqmianoben aseTi turistuli ofisebi. Uufro swored, yvelam
icis risTvis arseboben isini, magram amaze
aravin saubrobs.
2006 wlis dauzustebeli monacemebiT
sazRvargareT
milionze meti emigranti
cxovrobs. Ada vin
icis zustad, ramdeni
wavida kidev da ramdeni dabrunda. Tumca
ar aris sakamaTo, rom
yovelwliurad
sxvadasxva ganzraxviT
ufro meti adamiani
tovebs qveyanas, vidre
ukan brundeba.
“rom icode rebs

eSiniaT quCaSi siarulis, Camodian axloblebis sanaxavad da
mere ukan brundebian.
Aaxla irmas Svilebi cal-calke cxovroben: erTi dedasTan, meorebebiasTan. is sanam Camova,
bavSvebi gaizrdebian,
aba, meore sarTulis
mowyoba-garemontebas
cota dro unda?! manmade ki dampirda, rom
gamomigzavnis
axal
kappa-s CanTas, naRdi
ALL STAR-is kedebs,
ZARA-sa da MANGO-s
zedebs, iq centebad
rom yria.

sxvis saxlSi
mariam dedabriSvili
ukve 17 welia, rac maT sakuTari miwa datoves.
axla sxvis saxlebSi Sekedlebulebi ucdian im
dros, roca TavianT miwa-wyals daubrundebian.
afxazeTidan devnilebi Tbilisis sxvadasxva ubanSi,
sxvadasxva dawesebulebis SenobebSi cxovroben.
pirobebi, romelSic maT uwevT yofna xSirad mZime
da zogjer gausaZlisia.
mzia jaiani uznaZis quCaze,
kardeologiuri saavadmyofos
SenobaSi, qmarTan da SvilTan
erTad cxovrobs. aq, maT garda,
kidev sami ojaxia. Senoba Zveli
da avariulia. wvimis dros wyali Camodis.
Weri derefanSic Camongreulia, magram didi xania ukve asea,

ZiriTadi mimarTulebiT, 19921993 wlebis, aseve 2008 wels
agvistos movlenebis Sedegad
iZulebiT gadadgilebul pirTa
dasaxmareblad.
proeqti
miznad
isaxavs:
Caataros, saqarTvelos masStabiT, arsebuli koleqtiuri centrebis kvleva: kerZo seqtorSi

aq mcxovrebTa mTavari mizani
jer
oTaxebis Weris SekeTebaa. sapirfareSo da saabazano
oTxive ojaxs saerTo aqvs. esec
SekeTebelia.
,,rodesac Weri dazianda da
garemonteba iyo saWiro, Cven
saavadmyofos xelmZRvnelobas
mivmarTeT. Mmagram daxmarebaze
uari miviReT, radgan saSualeba
ar aqvT. bolos mainc Cveni ZalebiT mogvixda SekeTeba.”- ambobs q-ni mzia.
samive ojaxis wevri cxovrobs patara oTaxSi sadac sami
sawoli da sxva sayofacxovrebo nivTebi dgas. oTaxSi siviwrovea, magram aq mcxovreblebis TqmiT, amas SeCveulebi
arian, radgan ukve 15 welia aq
cxovroben. maTi TqmiT, aravin
dainteresebula am adamianebis
yofiT da aravis ucdia maTTvis
sacxovrebeli pirobebi gaeumjobesebinaT.
devnilebi
saavadmyofos
meore sarTulze cxovroben.
maT bevri ram aerTianebT. saerTo derefani, saerTo aivani, sadac yvela erTad ikribeba, cudi
sacxovrebeli pirobebi, mZime
ekonomikuri mdgomareoba
da
rac yvelaze mTavaria, sakuTar
saxlebSi dabrunebis, jer kidev
ausrulebeli ocneba.
mzia jaianis ojaxs soxumSi
didi saxli hqonda, magram misi
datoveba mouwiaT. verafris
wamoReba moaxerxes da usaxsrod darCnen. ojaxis arcerTi

mcxovrebi devnilebis kvleva;
devnilis stastusi mianiWos
2008 wlis agvistos konfliqtis
Sedegad
iZulebiT
gadadgilebul pirebs; xeli Seuwyos
saministros
axladgaCenili
devnilebis saWiroebebis ukeT
dakmayofilebaSi.
saministroSi
Seqmnilia
devnilTa sakiTxebis departamenti. misi kompetenciis sferos
ganekuTvneba Semdegi sakiTxebis
ganxilva/ganxorcieleba: droebiTi
sacxovrebeli
farTis
gamoyofa da dakanoneba; srulwlovan
da
arasrulwlovan
devnilTaTvis statusis miniWeba. Semweobis Tanxebis da zogadad, socialuri daxmarebebis
gacema. devnilTaTvis droebiTi sacxovrebeli farTebis
moZieba da maTi sacxovrebeli
pirobebis da socialuri mdgomareobis gaumjobeseba.
devnilebma
ukve bevrjer
miiRes dapireba mTavrobisgan,
rom afxazeTSi dabrundebian,
magram amis perspeqtiva jer ar
Cans. yvelaferTan erTad, afxazeTidan devnilebs axla ukve
agvistos omis Sedegad, Sida qarTlidan devnilebi daematnen
da mTavrobasac meti sazrunavi
gauCnda da amocanebic erTiorad gaurTulda.
,,mzad var fexSiSveli Cavide soxumSi , oRondac amis
SesaZlebloba momeces. zogierTi Cveni naTesavi da mezobeli
daTanxmda rusuli pasportebis

wevri ar muSaobs da mxolod
daxmarebis da pensiis imedze
arian. Qq-ni mzias TqmiT, eduard SevardnaZis prezidentobis dros, daxmarebis saxiT, sxvadasxva produqtsac iRebdnen.
Tumca, axalma mTavrobam es daxmareba Seuwyvita, im argumentiT,
rom dRevandel saqarTveloSi
amis saWiroeba aRar arsebobs.
ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis
saministros
informaciiT,
mimdinare
proeqtis
mizania,
saqmianoba
warmarTos
oTxi

aRebas da SesaZlebloba mieca
dabrunebuliyo. maTgan vigebT
informacias, Tu ra xdeba afxazeTSi. Cveni saxli ar dangreula da isev dgas. ramdenime
weli viRac afxazi cxovrobda
iq axla ki mitovebulia. Tumca,
gaZarcvulia. araferi
dagvitoves. magram CvenTvis mTavaria sakuTar miwaze davbrundeT
da albaT, erTiani ZalisxmeviT
SevZlebT
Tavidan
daviwyoT
cxovreba”- ambobs mzia jaiani.

7

sazogadoeba

bybmj!hfhnb!Tf{Svevmj!Tftb[mfcmpcjt!
nrpof!qjsUb!joufhsbdjjtUwjt
elene maxarobliSvili
,,me, rom saqarTveloSi mecxovra, sicocxles TviTmkvleobiT
davasrulebdi” - es sityvebi ekuTvnis im adamians, romelic
ukve 10 welia safrangeTSi cxovrobs Dda sul ramdenime Tvis
win, saqarTveloSi Camosulma, pirvelad igrZno, rom igi sxvebs
ar hgavs...
dReisaTvis
saqarTveloSi
140 000 SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone piria registrirebuli. Tu gaviTvaliswinebT,
rom msoflioSi amgvar pirTa
gradacia saSualod 7-dan 10%mdea, maSin es ricxvi 200 000-mde
aRwevs.
2009 wlis 10 ivniss saqarTvelos mTavrobam xeli moawera
,,SezRuduli
SesaZleblobis
mqone pirTa dacvis gaeros konvencias”. rac SSm pirTaTvis Sesabamisi infrastruqturis Seqmnas iTvaliswinebs.
ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis
saministroSi ganmartaven, rom
gaeros konvenciis me-9 da me20 muxlebis amoqmedeba (infrastruqturis Sesabamisobis
moTxovna) mniSvnelovan xarjebTanaa
dakavSirebuli
da
naklebad savaraudoa, uaxloes
xanebSi maTi Sesruleba moxerxdes.
erTi wlis win saxalxo damcvelis aparatSi
SezRuduli
SesaZleblobebis
mqone
pirTa uflebebis dacvis centri
Seiqmna. rogorc
aparatSi
ganmartaven, am centris Seqmnis
aucilebloba
saqarTveloSi
dRes arsebulma mdgomareobam
warmoSva. ,,xelmisawvdomi garemo, xmovani gadasasvlelebi, _
am mxriv mdgomareoba, SeiZleba
iTqvas, gamosworda. Tumca, kvlav mwvave problemad rCeba
adaptirebuli asasvlelebi im
pirTaTvis, romlebic etliT
gadaadgildebian.
sainformacio sivrcis xelmisawvdomoba,
es iqneba interneti, usinaTloTaTvis specialuri sinTezatori Tu sxva saxis saSualeba
_ problemebia, romelTa gamosworeba arc did Zalisxmevas

da arc kolosalur Tanxebs
saWiroebs ”- aRniSna saxalxo
damcvelis aparatSi SSm pirTa uflebebis dacvis centris
xelmZRvanelma vaxtang menabdem.
arasamTavrobo
organizaciis, ,,koalicia
damoukidebeli cxovrebisaTvis”
wevri,
giorgi
ZnelaZe
miiCnevs, rom satendero
winadadebaSi
unda
Caidos moTxovna
Senobis
adaptirebis Sesaxeb.
“mSenebeli mainc
asrulebs samuSaos da kibesTan
erTad
panduss
gaakeTebs Tu ara,
ra mniSvneloba
aqvs
misTvis?
CvenTvis ki,
es
aucilebelia.”
2009
wlis
pirveli naxevris angariSi, saxalxo damcvelma
aRniSnul problemas
dauTmo.
2008 wlis 2 dekembers saqarTvelos parlamentma miiRo SSmM
pirTa socialuri integraciis
saxelmwifo koncefcia, romlis
Tanaxmadac, 2009 wlis 1 seqtembramde mTavrobas daevala SeemuSavebina da parlamentisTvis
waredgina saxelmwifo samoqmedo strategiuli gegma ,,SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone
pirTa socialuri integraciis
koncefciis” princi pebis gaTvaliswinebiT. G
gegmaze muSaoba dagvianebiT daiwyo, parlamentis dadgenili vadis
das-

rulebamde 3 TviT adre. koncefciis Tanaxmad, samoqmedo gegmis
SemuSavebaSi monawileoba unda
mieRoT samoqalaqo seqtoris
warmomadgenlebs.
saxalxo
damcvelis
ofisis monitoringma
gegmis SemuSavebis procesTan dakavSirebiT, iseve, rogorc Tavad gegmam,
cxadi gaxada, rom samoqmedo
gegmaSi samoqalaqo seqtoris
monawileoba araqmediTi iyo.

2009 wlis 5 marts ombudsmenma rekomendaciiT mimarTa
saqarTvelos premier-ministrs.
saxalxo
damcveli
Tanxebis
gamoyofas iTxovda mTavrobis
sarezervo fondidan. 150-mde
SSm pirTa, umetesad ki bavSvebis, socialuri reabilitaciis dRis centrebis saxelmwifo
programaSi CarTvisTvis. 150mde moqalaqe, romelic manamde
am programaSi iyo CarTulni,
garkveuli mizezebis gamo, mom-

saxurebis gareSe darCa.
saqarTvelos Sromis, janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis
saministrom amasTan dakavSirebiT ganacxada, rom gasul wels
programis monawileTaAricxvi
120 adamianiT gaizarda. rogor
darCa programis gareT 150 adamiani? am kiTxvaze pasuxs saministro ar iZleva.
SSm pirTaAerT-erT problema
drouli, swrafi da xelmisawvdomi
samedicino momsaxurebis
ararsebobaa. am mdgomareobidan gamosavali ki janmrTelobis
dazRvevis
polisia, romelsac
saxelmwifo
mxolod
siRaribis
zRvars qvemoT myof
pirebs aZlevs.
saxalxo damcvelis aparatSi
amboben, rom maTTan
xSirad midian adamianebi, romelTac
garkveuli
medikamentebi esaWiroebaT.
Tu pacienti wamals
ver miiRebs, mis sicocxles safrTxe
daemuqreba. problemis mosagvareblad,
maT mimarTes saqarTvelos
Sromis,
janmrTelobisa da
socialuri dacvis
saministros, aseve qalaqis merias. pasuxi orive SemTxvevaSi
uari iyo.
`SezRuduli
SesaZleblobebis mqone pirTa socialuri
dacvis Sesaxeb” saqarTvelos
kanonis 24-e muxlis me-4 qvepunqti avaldebulebs saxelmwifos,
uzrunvelyos SSm pirTa samkurnalo momsaxureba ufasod
an SeRavaTian fasebSi.
”saxelmwifom yvelas Tanabari piroba unda Seuqmnas. Tu

man ar gaiTvaliswina valdebuleba da SSm pirs dabrkolebaSeuqmna, magaliTad, Tavisuflad
gadaadgilebis ufleba SeuzRuda, valdebulia kompensacia
gadauxados mas. swored es aris
am sistemis amosavali da Tu ki
es mdgomareoba Seicvleba, saxelmwifos Seumcirdeba socialuri daxmarebebisTvis gasacemi
Tanxa.
Tuki saxelmwifo Seasrulebs
Tavis funqcias, mas kompensaciis
gadaxda ar mouwevs, magram Tuki
ar asrulebs am funqcias, maSin
valdebulia, es kompensacia gadaixados” –ganacxada centris
xelmZRvanelma vaxtang menabdem
dResdReobiT meore jgufis
invalidebs kompensaciis saxiT
saxelmwifo aZlevs 65 lars yovelTviurad, xolo mesame jgufis
invalidebs 75-s, omSi dazaralebul pirebs damatebiT 22 lars.
SSm pirTa centrs 3 wliani
samoqmedo gegma aqvs. “TumcaRa,A
raRac aspeqtebSi vfiqrobT, rom
is ar aris srulyofili da mimdinareobs muSaoba”- aRniSna
centris xelmZRvanelma. ,,Cven
vmuSaobT, imisTvis, rom xeli
SevuwyoT gegmis praqtikulad
ganxorcielebas., sazogadoebis
informirebas da ganaTleba am
sferoSi. imarTeba seminarebi da
treningebi.
Cven gvinda fasilitatoris
roli viTamaSoT samoqalaqo
sazogadoebasa da saxelmwifos
Soris”.
4 dekembers Seraton metexi
palasSi ombudsmenis aparatis
SSm pirTa dacvis centrma gamarTa konferencia, warmoadgines
momavali wlis TanamSromlobis
samoqmedo gegma.
Sexvedras daeswrnen rogorc
xelisuflebis, aseve samoqalaqo
sazogadoebis, saerTaSoriso da
adgilobrivi
arasamTavrobo
organizaciebis warmomadgenlebic.

tb{phbepfcb!eb!Tf{Svevmj!vobsfcjt!
nrpof!bebnjbofcj
salome aCba
samyaro mravalferovnebis princi pzea damyarebuli. Aadamianebi TavianTi individualuri unarebis mixedviT, arasodes yofilan Tanasworni. fsiqologiuri Tu
fizikuri Tanasworobis miuxedavad, yvela adamianis iseTad miReba, rogoric aris,
maTTvis Tanabari SesaZleblobebisa da pirobebis Seqmna, erT-erTi umTavresi zogadsakacobrio Rirebulebaa. sazogadoebis civilurobis mTavari indikatoric, isaa
Tu rogor eqcevian am sazogadoebaSi SezRuduli unaris mqone adamianebs. Kkacobriobis dasabamidan dRemde, ar arsebobs sazogadoeba, romelSic SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone adamianebi ar yofilan. Sesabamisad, urTierToba sazogadoebasa
da amgvar adamianebs Soris, uxsovari droidan yalibdeba.
saqarTvelos mosaxleobis daaxloebiT 5 procenti, SezRuduli unaris mqonea. aravin icis, ra codnasa da potencials flobs TiToeuli maTgani. maTi
umravlesoba moklebulia pirovnuli realizebisa da srulfasovani cxovrebis
SesaZleblobas, ris gamoc, isini Tavs ar
Tvlian sazogadoebis damoukidebel da
srulyofil wevrebad, ar arian CarTulni
qveynis
sazogadoebriv da politikur
cxovrebaSi. Aam kuTxiT, saxelmwifosac
eqmneba problema _ SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone adamianebi ver erTvebian qveynis ekonomikur cxovrebaSi, xolo
maTi materialuri moTxovnilebebis dakmayofileba, saxelmifo biujetis xarjze xdeba, arada, am problemis mogvareba,
advilad SeiZleba, amgvari adamianebis
inteleqtualuri
potencialis
gamoyenebiTa da dasaqmebiT. es meTodi mraval
qveyanaSi dainerga da realuri Sedegic
gamoiRo. Aam kuTxiT, saqarTveloSi pirveli nabiji ramdenime wlis win gadaidga,
roca sajaro reestris erovnulma saagentom, SezRuduli unaris mqone 15 adamiani
distanciurad daasaqma. isini satelefono momsaxurebis centrebSi moqalaqeebs,
saregistracio sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT,
konsultacias uweven. ra sakvirvelia, es
faqti pozitiurad unda Sefasdes, Tumca,
dameTanxmebiT, mxolod 15 adamianis dasaqeba, problemas ver gadaWris. Eevropis mraval qveyanaSi moqmedebs kanoni, romlis
mixedviTac, dasaqmebuli
mosaxleobis

8

daaxloebiT 10 procenti, SezRuduli
SesaZleblobis mqone unda iyos. amgvar
qveyanaSi xelisufleba Tavad gamohyofs
saxsrebs. imisTvis, rom
mewarmem
adaptirebuli samuSao pirobebi
Seqmnas. aseT SemTxvevaSi, saxelmwifo socialuri
problemisgan Tavisufldeba da
SezRuduli
SesaZleblobebis
mqone adamianebic dasaqmebulni
arian. Tumca, sakiTxissadmi amgvarma midgomam SesaZloa, iZulebis
saxe miiRos, rac TavisTavad, arasaxarbieloa.
umjobesia, Tu
sxvadasxva
saxelmwifo
struqturebi,
kerZo mewarmeebi, Tavad
gamoiCenen keTil nebas da magaliTs sajaro reestris erovnuli saagentosgan
aiReben.
Tumca manam, sanam SezRuduli unaris
mqone adamianebi dasaqmdebian, aucilebelia
maT inkluziuri ganaTlebis misaRebad, xelsayreli pirobebi SeeqmnaT.
sityva “inkluzia” , qarTulad “CarTulobas” niSnavs. swored CarTuloba, integraciaa is, rac amgvar adamianebs yvelaze
ufro sWirdebaT, sazogadoebisgan. saqarTveloSi, am KkuTxiT, nabijebi 3 wlis win

gadaidga. Seiqmna e.w. samodelo sajaro
skolebi, romelSic “ti puri” bavSvebis
gverdiT, SezRuduli unaris mqone bavSvebi swavloben. TbilisSi dRes 11 skolaa,
sadac 120-mde msgavsi problemis mqone
bavSvi swavlobs. Cven erT-erT maTgans,
180-e skolas vestumreT. aq yvela pirobaa
Seqmnili imisTvis rom nebismierma bavSva
Tavi komfortulad igrZnos- Aadaptirebuli Senoba, Tbili da keTilganwyobili
garemo . “Cvens skolas, inkluziuri ganaTlebis saqmeSi daaxloebiT aT wliani
gamocdileba aqvs. roca es proeqti iwyeboda, SevxvdiT sakmaod
did winaaRmdegobas, gansakuTrebiT tpuri bavSvebis mSoblebis mxridan.
maTi umetesoba, moiTxovda SezRuduli unaris
mqone bavSvebis skolidan
garicxvas, bolo ramdenime welia, am mxriv, problema ar Segvqmnia, mSoblebi gagebiT ekidebian im
faqts, rom nebismir bavSvs
aqvs ganaTlebis miRebis
ufleba, fizikuri Tu sxva
saxis SezRudvebis miuxedad”madona
mumlaZe
(180-skolis direqtori)
samwuxarod, am mxriv,
regionebSi jer araferi
gakeTebula, arada iq mcxovreb SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone bavSvebsac,
iseve sWirdebaT Tanadgoma da Tanabari
pirobebis Seqmna, rogorc dedaqalaqSi
mcxovrebT.
Yyvelaze mTavari problema SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone adamianebisa da sazogadoebis urTierTobaSi, is
damokidebulebaa, romelic xalxSi arsebobs, amgvari adamianebis mimarT. sazogadoebis erTi nawili aratolerantulad,

ufro metic, agresiuladaa ganwyobili
maTdami. Mmizezi martivia- sazogadoebas ar uyvars adamianebi, romlebic mas
ar hgavs. Mmeore nawili ki piriqiT, gadametebul yuradRebasa da mzrunvelobas
iCens, rac aranakleb gaRizianebas iwvevs
SezRuduli unaris mqone adamianebSi. maT
xom Tanadgoma sWirdebaT da ara TanagrZnoba.
kidev erTi problema, sazogadoebaSi swori informaciis ararsebobaa
_
“roca Cemi gogona saskolo asakis gaxda,
gadavwyvite sajaro skolaSi mimeyvana.
sxva bavSvebis mSoblebi ukmayofilebas
gamoTqvamdnen, moiTxovdnen bavSvis sxva
skolaSi gadayvanas. zogma isic ki miTxra,
rom Cemi Svilis SezRuduli SesaZleblobebi gadamdebi iyo. iZulebuli gavxdi
bavSvi specialur skolaSi gadameyvana”nona qebulaZe.
Yyvelaze kargad, sazogadoebis damokidebuleba SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis
mqone adamianebis mimarT, Cveni qalaqebisa
Tu soflebis quCebSi , savaWro, sacxovrebel, gasarTob Tu momsaxurebis sxva obieqtebSi Cans. maTi sruli umravlesoba,
gankuTvnilia unarSeuzRudavi adamianebisTvis, xolo sazogadoebis im nawilis
uflebebi da saWiroebebi, romlebsac damoukideblad gadaadgileba ar SeuZliaT, absoluturad ignorirebulia.
did
problemas qmnis pandusebis, specialuri
liftebisa Tu adaptirebui transportis ararseboba. aseTi winaaRmdegobebi,
TavisTavad, izolaciaSi aqcevs amgvari
adamianebs. sazogadoeba, romelsac pretenzia aqvs civilurobaze, und qmnides
Tanabar pirobes misi yvela wevrisTvis,
raTa , nebismier adamians, fizikuri Tu
gonebrivi Sezudvebis miuxedavad, mieces
ufleba da saSualeba, icxovros ise rogorc danarCenebi cxovroben. Ebolos da
bolos, es xom maTi uflebaa.

sazogadoeba

jolmv{jvsj!txbwmfcb!tbrbsUwfmpTj
mariam spanderaSvili
gio rusTavi 2-is sabavSo sainformacio programis Jurnalistia. klasSi didi popularobiT sargeblobs da yvelas
uyvars. patara Jurnalists didi gegmebi aqvs, momavalSi
mecnierobas apirebs. miznis misaRwevad ki arafers iSurebs,
cdilobs Seasrulos maswavleblis davalebebi da ar CamorCes
klaselebs. amisTvis 180-e skolaSi yvela pirobaa Seqmnili.
180-e skola erT-erTia im
aTidan, sadac
inkluziuri
swavleba
mimdinareobs.
am
proeqtis ganxorcieleba sakmaod rTuli iyo da dResac
daxvewis procesSia. mSobelTa
skeptikuri damokidebuleba ki
faqtiurad, mTavari barieri
iyo im problemaTa Soris. zogi mSobeli ubralod ketavda
Svilebs saxlSi da srul
izolaciaSi amyofebda. «verc
ki vifiqrebdi, qalaqSi Tu
amdeni etliani bavSvi iyo»
ambobs
inkluziuri
ganaTlebis koordinatori 180-e skolaSi nino qumsiaSvili. specialuri saWiroebebis mqone
axalgazrdebis TanaklaselTa
mSoblebsac ar surdaT TavianT Svilebs aseT bavSvebTan erTad eswavlaT. am problemaTa moxsnis mizniT ganaTlebis
saministrosa
da

sxva arasamTavrebo organizaciebis mier xSirad tardeba
treningebi, konferenciebii.
TbilisSi aTiode sapilote skolaa, sadac inkluziuri
ganaTlebis
procesi
mimdinareobs.
TiToeuli
maTgani
aRWurvilia
Sesabamisi
infrastruqturiT. damontaJebulia
liftebi,
pandusebi,
specialuri
sapirfareSoebi
da resurs oTaxebi, sadac
dasvenebis
saSualeba
aqvT.
patarebi,maTi SesaZleblobebis
mixedviT,
CarTulebi arian
saskolo procesSi.
gios msgavsad specialuri
saWiroebebis mqone bavSvebis
umetesoba
skolaSi
Tavs
kargad grZnobs. TaTia rva
wlisaa, skolaSi sul axlaxans
Sevida da misi cxovreba ukve
Mtlianad Seicvala. Tu manamde
bgerebis warmoTqmac uWirda,

axla megobrebTan laparaks
cdilobs.
patara
oTikoc
etlSi zis. mosawyenad dro
ar aqvs, radgan megobrebi amis
saSualebas ar aZleven. MmaTTan
TamaSSic ebmeba da mis dawyebas
sastveniT atyobinebs. klasSi
yvelas
uyvars.
dasvenebaze
cdiloben, rom sul masTan
iyvnen da oTikos wakiTxul
leqsebsac didi gulisyuriT
mousminon.
ganaTlebis saministros iniciativiT inkluziuri ganaTlebis proeqtma 2008 wlidan
regionebSic
gadainacvla.
TbilissTan SedarebiT, iq gacilebiT rTuli situaciaa.
inkluziuri ganaTlebis koordinatori,
TaTia
paWkoria
acxadebs:
“regionebSi
meti muSaoba iqneba saWiro.
proeqtis mixedviT moxdeba
maswavlebelTa
gadamzadeba,
rom ukeT SeZlon specialuri
saWiroebebis mqone bavSvebTan
urTierToba. skolebi aRWurvili iqneba specialri infrastruqturiT. Tumca unda aRiniSnos, rom
yvela
skola
erTnairad valdebulia mii-

Ros rogorc jamrTeli,
aseve
garkveuli problemebis
mqone
bavSvebi, radgan
saqarTvelos konstituciis
mixedviT
yvelas
aqvs ganaTlebis
miRebis ufleba”
regionebSi
am
programis
f o r m i r e b a
2011 wels dasruldeba.
pararelurad Tbilisis
skolebSic
mimdinareobs misi
daxvewa,
radgan,
aq
jer kidev
bevri problemaa.
ar arsebobs specialuri
saswavlo programa specialuri
saWiroebebis mqone bavSvebis
pedagogTaTvis. mswavleblebs
Tavad
uwevT
moifiqron
bavSvebis
SesaZleblobis
Sesaferisi davalebebi.
Tu aqamde bavSvebi yvelasgan
izolirebulni
da

gariyulni iyvnen, es programa
swored
sazogadoebaSi maT
integracias
uzrunvelyofs,
es saskolo procesSi,
misi
damTavrebis Semdeg ki maTi
momavali gaurkvevelia.

tkivilis fasad dabrunebuli bedniereba
maia gulisaSvili
`mkurnalobis dawyeba, ra Tqma unda, gamiWirda. sawyis etapze rwmenis faqtori
Zalze dabalia. CemSi SiSi iyo dabudebuli. meSinoda momavlis. mqonda danaSaulis gancda warsulis mimarT, rac winsvlis saSualebas ar maZlevda. miuxedavad am yvelafrisa, me SevZeli gankurneba. Cemi es nabiji bevrma dadebiTad Seafasa da daxmarebis xelic bevrma gamomiwoda.”
niko beliaSvilma narkotiki pirvelad
15 wlis asakSi, interesis gamo, miiRo da
male masze damokidebulic gaxda. 8 wlis
win, israelSi yofnisas, mkurnalobis sruli kursi Caitara. mas Semdeg cxovrebas
wamlis gareSe ganagrZobs. warsuli cudad axsendeba. ambobs, rom narkotikma
saukeTeso wlebi da axlobebi daakargvina, ojaxi ki daRupvis piras miiyvana.
mkurnalobac amitom gadawyvita. sruli
kursis Catarebis Semdeg, dokumenturi
filmi _ ,,Cveni Taoba da dakarguli samyaro” gadaiRo. saqarTveloSi dabrunebulma, arasamTavrobo organizaciebTan erTad, mkurnalobis axali meTodebis danergvaSi miiRo monawileoba.
niko amJamad arasamTavrobo organizacia
,,bemonTan”
urTierTobs
da
klinikis TanamSromlebTan erTad narkotikis momxmareblebs gamojanmrTele-

baSi exmareba.
klinikaSi 7 palataa. TiToeul maTganSi ori pacientia. mkurnalobis kursi
minimum erT Tves grZeldeba. xangrZlivoba, avadmyofis mdgomareobazea damokidebuli. sareabilitacio kursi or etapad
mimdinareobs: stacionaruli (10-21 dRe)
da ambulatoruli (1 Tve).
I etapis, e.w. ”lomkis moxsnis” Semdeg,
paciantebTan muSaobas fsiqologebi iw-

yeben. mimdinareobs individualuri da
jgufuri fsiqoTerapia, lazeroTerapia,
fizioTerapia, samkurnalo fizkultura
(trenaJorebi, auzi, masaJi).
10-14 dRis Semdeg pacients narkotikisadmi damokidebuleba mTlianad exsneba.
Tumca xelmeored damokidebulebisagan
Tavdasacavad is klinikasTan urTierTobas garkveuli periodis ganmavlobaSi
inarCunebs. mkurnalobis sruli kursis
Catareba 2 500-dan 3 300-mde laramde meryeobs da pacientis mdgomareobis simZimezea damokidebuli.
klinikaSi samkurnalod misulebi Sinaganawess emorCilebian. pacientebs gareT
gasvlas ukrZalaven. mnaxvelebis miReba
ki kviraSi erTxel, personalis TandaswrebiTaa nebadarTuli.
samzareulo erTia -kveba samjeradi.
maTi cxovreba, Cveulebrivad grZlede-

ba: alageben oTaxebs, akeTeben saWmels,
asufTaveben samzareulos da garTobiTac
erTad, saerTo misaReb oTaxSi erTobian.
rogorc klinikis fsiqologi, qalbatoni maia javaxiSvili ambobs, samkurnalod, ZiriTadad, mamakacebi midian. asaki
20 wlidan iwyeba. rac Seexeba arasrulwlovnebs, marTalia, samkurnalod arasodes misulan, Tumca konsultaciebze maT
simcires namdvilad ar uCivian.

maia javaxiSvili: ,,narkomanis mkurnaloba Sedegiani rom iyos, saWiroa, Tavad
gaacnobieros problemis arsi, rodesac
adamiani narkotikis miRebas iwyebs, hgonia,
masze damokidebuli arasdros gaxdeba
da roca moundeba, wamals Tavs daanebebs.
UraRac periodis mere xvdeba, rom is damokidebulia. amis Semdeg cdilobs, problema sakuTari ZaliT moagvaros. Tumca
es Zalze rTulia”.
giorgi (36 wlis): ,,mkurnaloba Cemi
surviliT gadavwyvite. albaT, Tavmoyvareobis gamo. gankurnebis imedic namdvilad maqvs da SemarTebac. megobrebisa da
ojaxis siyvarulis gamo yvelafrisaTvis
mzad var. mkurnalobis kursi adrec Cavitare da vici, narkotikis gareSe cxovreba
ras niSnavs. vfiqrob, amis miRweva CemTvis.
rTuli ar iqneba.”
Tamazi (38 wlis): ,davinaxe, rom axloblebsa da adamianebs, romlebsac Cemianebad vTvlidi, vkargavdi. ra Tqma unda,
mkurnaloba rTulia, albaT, imis gamo,
rom narkotikze damokidebuli did xans
viyavi. momavlis imedi namdvilad maqvs.
vfiqrob, fxizlad cxovrebis SemTxvevaSi
im adamianebis Cemken Semobrunebas movaxerxeb, romlebmac zurgi Semaqcies da
vis azrsac pativs vcem.”
daTo (36 wlis): ,,-mkurnalobis Catareba ojaxis Seqmnisa da janmrTelobis
gamo gadavwyvite. fsiqologiurad Zalze
rTulia, patara tkivilic ki Zneli asatania. Tumca, amJamad SemarTebiT var ganwyobili. narkotikis gemo arasdros damaviwydeba, magaram ojaxisa da sakuTari Tavmoyvareobis gamo masTaN brZola, Tundac
tkivilebis fasad, namdvilad Rirs.”
rogorc fsiqologi, maia javaxiSvili
ambobs, mkurnalobis kursis Catareba imis
garanti ver iqneba, rom pacienti narkotikis momxmarebeli aRar gaxdeba. es Tavad
pacientzea
damokidebuli. narkomanad
Camoyalibeba klinikidan gasul pacients
iseve emuqreba, rogorc nebismier sxva
adamians. didi Sansia, narkotikisken aRar
gaixedos, magram msgavsad qronikuli daavadebebisa, Zalian advilia, daavadeba Tavidan ganviTardes.
pacientebTan
urTierToba
gansakuTrebiT pirvel etapzea rTuli. aris
SemTxvevebi, roca
mkurnalobas
ver
uZleben da klinikidan midian, Tumca
aseTi SemTxvevebi Zalze cotaa. ZiriTadad, mkurnalobas bolomde itareben da
Sedegic dadebiTia.
imis gamo, rom narkotikis momxmareblis
mimarT, Tundac ukve gankurnebuli iyos,
sazogadoebis damokidebuleba arasworia,
maTi dasaqmebac eWvqveS dgeba. kiTxvaze,
aqvT Tu ara mkurnalobis Semdeg samsaxuris Sovnis imedi, pasuxisagan, ZiriTadad
Tavs ikaveben.
maia javaxiSvili: ,,rogorc wesi, klini-

kidan gasvlis Semdeg, pacients socialuri muSaki, sazogadoebasTan urTioerTobis aRdgenasa da samsaxuris SovnaSi
unda exmarebodes. am SemTxvevaSi pacienti
wamalze xelmeored damokidebulebisagan
ufro metad daculia da axali cxovrebis
dasawyebad motivaciac sakmarisad aqvs.
SeiZleba iTqvas, rom mkurnalobis Sedegianoba swored socialur rebilitaciazea damokidebuli, rac saqarTvelos SemTxvevaSi saerTod ar gvxvdeba”.

evrokavSiris finansuli mxardaWeriT,
samxreT kavkasiis antinarkotikuli programis farglebSi sazogadoebrivi gaerTianeba `bemonis~ mier Catarebuli kvlevebis Tanaxmad kavkasiaSi narkomania
gadauWrel problemad rCeba.
niko beliaSvili: ,,kanoni unda Seicvalos, gaizardos samkurnalo-sareabilitacio cxentrebis raodenoba. skolebSi
sainformacio da prevenciuli samuSaoebi unda Catardes. Ppirvel rigSi ki Tavad sazogadoebis damokidebuleba unda
Seicvalos.”
batoni nikos azrs pacientebic iziareben da fiqroben, rom Tu sazogadoebisa da saxelmwifos damokidebuleba
narkomaniis mimarT ar Seicvleba, problema yovelTvis mougvarebeli darCeba.
narkomaniasTan brZola ki bavSvebisaTvis
meti informaciis miwodebis gziT unda
moxdes, radgan umetesad, swored am dros
xdeba adamiani narkotikis momxmarebeli.
mizezi sxvadasxvagvaria: interesi, wre,
socialuri problemebi da TviTdamkvidrebis survilic ki. sazogadoebam unda
gaacnobieros, rom narkomania danaSauli
ki ara, qronikuli daavadebis erT-erTi
saxeobaa. misi gankurneba ki mxolod
urTierT TanadgomiTa da daxmarebiTaa
SesaZlebeli.
daTo (pacienti.): ,,-yvela ojaxma individualurad unda imuSaos bavSvTan. auxsnas, ra aris narkomania, aCvenos misi Sedegebi da mgoni, gamova raRac. narkomania, es
is aqlemia, romelic adre Tu gvian yvela
ojaxTan daiCoqebs.~

9

jandacva

jandacvis axali
strategia
qeTi Todua

ana daviTaSvili

evrokavSiris “pirveladi jandacvis reformis xelSewyobis proeqtis” farglebSi saqarTvelos Sromis, janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis saministrom SeimuSava
2010-2015 wlebisTvis saqarTvelos mosaxleobis janmrTelobis xelSewyobis strategiis proeqti.
am proeqtis SesamuSave- marebis kontroli, jansaRi
blad saministrosa da evro- kvebisa da fizikuri aqtivokavSiris warmomadgenlebs bis xelSewyoba, travmatizintensiuri konsultaciebi mis Semcireba, infeqciebis
hqondaT saerTaSoriso da kontroli, gul-sisxlZarRvadgilobriv
eqspertebTan, Ta daavadebebisa da kibos
jandacvis
seqtorSi
sx- adreuli gamovlenis mizniT
vadasxva arasamTavrobo da samedicino
Semowmebis
donor organizaciebTan.
programebSi
mosaxleobis
,,pirveladi jandacvis re- monawileobis
waxaliseformis xelSewyobis pro- ba,” – aRniSna parlamentsi
eqtSi” gansazRvrulia yvela vice-spikerma, janmrTelobis
is nabiji, rac moqalaqeebis dacvis komitetis xelmZ-

janmrTelobis
gaumjobesebis saSualebas miscems.
proeqtSi mniSvnelovani adgili samoqalaqo seqtoris
gaaqtiurebas ukavia. rogorc strategiaSi gansazRvrulia,
aucilebelia
janmrTelobis
aqtualur
sakiTxebze moqalaqeebis informirebulobis amaRleba.
mniSvnelovania
masmediis
roli. media saSualebebiTa
da individualuri saubrebiT SesaZlebeli gaxdeba
mosaxleobam gaacnobieros
mavne CvevebTan dakavSirebuli riskebi da moxdes qcevis Secvlis waxaliseba.
saqarTvelos mosaxleobis didi nawili mcire yuradRebas uTmobs sakuTar
janmrTelobaze zrunvas: naklebad varjiSobs, arasworad ikvebeba, didia im adamianebis raodenobac, romlebic sigarets ewevian da
alkohols etanebian. aseve
maRalia narkotikebis moxmarebis, sqesobrivi gziT
gadamdebi
infeqciebisa
da travmebiT gamowveuli
sikvdilianobis maCveneblebi. am maCveneblebis Semcirebisaken aris mimarTuli
strategiiT gaTvaliswinebuli RonisZiebebi.
,,axali strategiiT ganisazRvra 8 prioritetuli
mimarTuleba, romelebisTvisac yuradRebis miqceva
pirvel rigSia aucilebeli.
es mimarTulebebia: Tambaqos,
alkoholisa da narkotikuli
saSualebebis
mox-

10

Roris gri pis gamo,
sabavSvo baRebSi bavSvebis
raodenoba ganaxevrda

samoqalaqo seqtoris gaaqtiurebiT jandacvis sferoSi mdgomareobis gamosworeba rTuli warmosadgenia. jandacvis msoflio
organizaciis
SefasebiT,
saqarTveloSi am sferos
dafinanseba sakmaod mcirea. 2010 wlis biujetSi am
sferosaTvis 350 milioni
laria gamoyofili. saerTaSoriso organizaciaSi ki
miiCneven, rom mdgomareobis
gamosasworeblad jandacvis dafinanseba mTliani
Sida produqtis 4-5 procenti unda iyos.
saqarTvelos
Sromis,
janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis saministro ki
sakuTari muSaobiT kmayofilia. noembris Sua ricxvebSi maT warmoadgines angariSi, Tu ra gakeTda bolo
ori
wlis
ganmavlobaSi
jandacvis sferoSi.
“es dokumenti jandacvis
saministrom msoflio jandacvis organizaciasa da
msoflio bankTan erTad
moamzada. angariSSi yvela
is dadebiTi da uaryofiTi maCvenebelia aRniSnuli,
rac Cven gvaqvs. aseve aris
konkretuli rekomendaciebi,
Tu ra unda gakeTdes, rom
jandacvis sistemam gamarTulad imuSaos da maqsimalurad
daakmayofilos
mosaxleobis moTxovnebi.” –
Rvanelma, gigi wereTelma aRniSna saqarTvelos Sroaxal strategiasTan dakav- mis, janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis ministrma
SirebiT.
`pirveladi jandacvis re- aleqsandre kvitaSvilma.
angariSSi naTqvamia, rom
formis xelSewyobis proeqtSi” aseve gansazRvrulia 2000 wlis Semdeg saqarTiseTi garemos Camoyalibeba, velos mosaxleobis mdgoromelic xels Seuwyobs mo- mareoba jandacvis kuTxiT
ganviTarda
saxleobis
janmrTelobis gaumjobesda.
sistema
da
gaumjobesebas. am mizniT sadazRvevo
dagegmilia sxvadasxva pro- pirveladi jandacva. aseve
fesiis adamianebis momzadeba aRniSnulia, rom umweo mojanmrTelobis xelSewyobis saxleobisaTvis samedicino
Temebze. maT Soris, samedi- momsaxureba xelmisawvdomia,
cino personalis, mSoblebis, rasac janmrTelobis dazaRmzrdelebis,
skolebisa Rvevis programebi uzrunve-

da universitetebis profesor-maswavleblebisa.
strategiiT gansazRvruli
RonisZiebebis
ganxorcielebis
xelSesawyobad saWiroa sakanonmdeblo garemos srulyofa da
kanonaRsrulebis sistemis
gaZliereba. Tumca, mxolod

lyofs. amis damadasturebelia is, rom mosaxleobis
janmrTelobis
dazRveviT
mocva 750 000 mde gaizarda,
xolo siRaribis zRvars
qvemoT myofTa dazRvevam
2007 welTan SedarebiT, 2008
wels – 12%-iT moimata.

bolo ori kviraa Tbilisis quCebSi saaxalwlo morTulobebisa da pirbadiani xalxis raodenoba erTnairi warmatebiT
izrdeba. sabavSvo baRebSi ki bavSvebis raodenoba sul ufro
iklebs.
eqimebi mSoblebs sifrTxilisken mouwodeben. baRis direqtorebi ki cdiloben samedicino kontroli gaamkacron.
208-e baRSi xmauria. holSi
dganan patarebi da elodebian
ZiZebi rodis Seiyvanen jgufSi.
miuxedavad imisa, rom bavSvTa
saerTo raodenobis 40 %-c ar

aris dRes, sabavSvo baRSi mainc
qaosia. yovelTvis ase ar xdeba.
lodini aqamde aravis uwevda.
es gamkacrebulma kontrolma
gamoiwvia.
ZiZas ramdenime, sami-oTxi,
bavSvi erTdroulad Sehyavs
eqTnis kabinetSi. bolo ramdenime kviraa bavSvebs yels umowmeben da sicxes uzomaven. Tu
maT axvelebT, yeli aqvT gawiTlebuli an maRali, Tundac
37 gradusi aqvT temperatura,
mSoblebs ukan mihyavT.
ase cdiloben 208-e sabavSvo
baRSi Tavi daizRvion. amiT
kmayofili rCeba imis mSobelic, vis Svilsac jgufSi toveben, maswavlebelic dazRveulia,
xolo gaciebuli bavSvis deda
adreve igebs Svilis avadmyofobis ambavs. met yuradRebas
dauTmobs visruss, raTa Tavidan aicilos raime saxis garTuleba.
misaRebSi isev xmauria, bavSvebi Tavs saTamaSoebiTa da
erTmaneTTan kinklaobiT irToben. erTi saxlSi midis. ar unda
megobrebis datoveba, magram
eqTanma ase urCia: “yeli aqvs
gawiTlebuli da axvelebs. ukeTesi iqneba Tu ramdenime dRes
saxlSi gaatarebs. maT dabali
imuniteti aqvT da nebismieri
gacieba SeiZleba gaurTuldeT,
aseve didi riskia sxva bavSvebsac gadaedoT Tu es mxolod
gacieba ar aris da raime virusia.”
bavSvebis raodenobam mas
Semdeg iklo, rac televiziiT
gadaica informacia, rom H1N1
saqarTveloSic laboratoriulad dadasturda. am dRidan
moyolebuli TiTqmis yoveldRe
raodenoba
naxevrdeba
jgufebSi.
izrdeba panikac. Tu yovelTviuri dezinfeqcia, romelsac
saneped sadguri atarebs, aqamde SeumCneveli iyo mSoblebisTvis. morigma proceduram, romelic ar gansxvavdeboda aqamde araerTxel Catarebulisgan, mSoblebSi panika, ubanSi ki
miTqma-moTqma gamoiwvia.
“hgoniaT, rom baRSi gri pia.
Cven ki, Segnebulad vmalavT,
raTa baRma muSaoba ar SeaCeros. es tyuilia. mSoblebi
bavSvebs Tavisi iniciativiT
ar uSveben da es maTi uflebaa. magram Woris gavrceleba,
vfiqrob, danaSaulia. isedac
SeSinebul xalxs aRar unda
tyuili”.
oficialurad qveyanaSi epidemia ar gamocxadebula. Sesabamisad, yvela dawesebuleba,
maT Soris saswavloc, Seuferxeblad funqcionirebs. isini
mxolod im SemTxvevaSi Sewyveten muSaobas Tu amis Sesaxeb gamova dadgenileba.
saxelmwifo
epidemias
im
SemTxvevaSi gamoacxadebs Tu
daavadebulTa ricxvi 100 000

mosaxlidan 1 100 iqneba anu
yoveli
meaTe
laboratoriulad gamocxaddeba virusis
matareblad.
amJamad, jandacvis saministrosa da daavadebaTa
kontrilos erovnuli centris
informaciiT, dainficirebulia
asi aTasi mosaxlidan 800, anu
yoveli merve adamiani.
sabavSvo baRebi ar gamoricxaven, rom gaxSirdes sadezinfeqcio samuSaoebi. Tu aqamde
TveSi erTxel mimarTavdnen am
proceduras, axla TveSi orjer
Catardes.
maTe dRes baRSi ar wasula, arc wina dRes iyo da arc
xval wava. saxlSi mimofantul
saTamaSoebs aqeT-iqiT yris da
Semdeg, oTaxSi borials iwyebs.
icis, baRSi Roris gri pia da imitom ar dadis. iq rom mivides,
gadaedeba.
dedis TqmiT ki, gri pis arc
erTi SemTxveva baRSi ar gamovlenila.
virusi
laboratoriulad ar dadasturebula.
bavSvebis raodenobam ki iklo.
yvela gaciebulia da maRali
sicxe aqvs. “televiziiT yoveldRe viRebT informacias, rom

daavadebulTa raodenoba dRiTi dRe izrdeba. ase amboben,
“iaSvilSi” adgili aRar ariso.
Tavdacvis mizniT, xelebi xSirad daibaneTo. baRSi ar vici,
amas ramdenad uzrunvelyofen.
saxlSic ar var dazRveuli,
bavSvia da ar ici, pirSi ras
Caidebs, magram ufro met yuradRebas mivaqcev, vfiqrob.”
ubnis eqimebi mSoblebs urCeven,
Tavi Seikavon bavSvis
baRSi gaSvebisgan im SemTxvevaSic ki, Tu mas ubralod surdo
aqvs. “gacieba ramdenime dReSi
ikurneba, magram es mxolod vizualurad, anu pacients aRar
aqvs mkveTrad gamoxatuli niSnebi. rac ar niSnavs mis saboloo gankurnebas. es SedegTan brZolis efeqtia. mTavaria
brZola mizezTan anu kerasTan
am yovelivesi.
bavSvis
gareT
gaSveba
aucileblad
gamoiwvevs
miZinebuli keris gaRviveebas,
rasac SesaZloa garTuleba mohyves”.
eqimebi mSoblebs urCeven,
dabali sicxils SemTxvevaSic
ki, miakiTxon adgilobriv poliklinikebs.
Seqmnili situaciidan gamomdinare, Tbilisis sakrebulom
da meriam miiRo gadawyvetileba baRebis muSaoba erTi TviT,
25 dekembridan 25 ianvramde Sewyvitos. skolebisgan gansxvavebiT, baRis ardadegebi, rogorc
wesi, 5-6 dRes grZeldeba.
iaSvilis saxelobis klinikaSi
virusiT
daavadebulTa raodenoba izrdeba. am
droisTvis savadmyofos 42-ma
pacientma mimarTa. jandacvis
saministros informaciiT ki,
amJamad klinikaSi 32 pacienti
wevs, maTgan 22-s “tamifluTi”
mkurnaloben. Tumca H1N1 virusi mxolod 13 bavSvs aqvs.
9 bavSvs ki diagnozSi uweria:
“mkveTrad
gamoxatuli
niSnebiT”.

janmrTeloba

SOS _ janmrTelobisTvis mavne

Sorena laSxia
sursaTis uvneblobis Sesaxeb kanonis amoqmedeba
isev gadaido. es kanoni 2005 wels miiRes, magram
srulyofilad ar aumoqmedebiaT. 2006 wels saerTod
SeaCeres. xelisuflebis dapirebiT, is kanoni 2010 wlis
iavnvidan unda Sesuliyo ZalaSi, magram amjeradac 2015
wlisaTvis gadaido.
2001 wlidan dRemde sakvebiT
intoqsikacia
mniSvnelovnad
gaizarda.
kontrolis
daavadebaTa
erovnuli centris statistikur monacemebze dayrdnobiT,
2002 wels sakvebi produqtiT
mowamvlis 383 SemTxveva dafiqsirda, 2003 wels – 449 SemTxveva,
2004 wels – 408, 2005 wels – 761
2006 wels – 1288, 2007 wels
ki _ 2075 SemTxveva.
am
monacemebiT,
aSkarad
TvalSisacemia mowamvlis SemTxvevaTa zrdis dinamika.
is, rom ZexvSi kardons ureven,
Woris doneze, yvelas gaugia,
arc is warmoadgens saidumlos, rom aromatis da feris
misacemad mas emulgatorebs
da saRebavebs umateben. Sebolili produqcia ki Sebolvis
nacvlad, specialur bolis esenciiT mzaddeba. postsabWour
qveynebSi orasze meti emulgatori da sakvebi danamatia
akrZaluli, saqarTveloSi ki
mxolod xuTi.
irRveva sursaTis Senaxvis
pirobebic. magaliTad bazrobis daxlebze sicxeSi dayrili
Zexveuli an supermarketebSi,
macivrebSi
Senaxuli
kvercxi, romelsac arc gamoSvebis

TariRi aweria da arc Senaxvis
pirobebi. realurad, 10 dReze
met xans kvercxis Senaxva ar

SeiZleba. maRaziebSi ki is TveobiT rCeba.
albaT, yvelas Sexvedria pomidori, romelsac mwvane guli
aqvs. mwife pomidori transportirebas ver uZlebs, amitom
mkvaxe SemoaqvT, Semdeg ki specialur dasamwifebel Srats
asxamen, rac kans wiTel Seferilobas aZlevs.
SeiZleba bevrma arc icis,
rom Tevzis genian pomidorTan erTad iyideba virTagvas
geniani kombosto da ZaRlis
geniani badrijani. aseve genmodificirebuli
Tambaqo,
soio da soioTi damzadebuli
produqtebi, kartofili, brinji,
maionezi, tomati da Tevzi.
_ ra aris genmodificirebuli produqti?
_ genuri inJineriiT miRebuli organizmi, romelSic sxva
organizmis genebia damatebuli. am axali, revoluciuri teqnologiiT SesaZlebeli gaxda,
gverdi aevloT bunebrivi barierebisaTvis da mcenarisa da
cxovelis genebi SeerTebinaT.
magaliTad, iseT
mcenareebs,
romlebic sicives ver uZleben,
daumates TeTri daTvis geni.
specialistTa nawili amtkicebs, rom
genmodificirebuli produqtebi
sruliad
usafrTxoa.
misi
gamoyenebis
momxreebi amboben, rom genuri
inJineriis gareSe kacobrioba
ver iarsebebda.
dedamiwis mosaxleobis
raodenobis
matebam
gazarda
sakvebze
moTxovnac,
genmodificirebul mcenareebs
ki SedarebiT meti mosavlis mocema SeuZliaT.
mecnierTa
meore
nawili
im garTulebebze alaparakda,

rac amgvari produqtebis xangrZlivma gamoyenebam SeiZleba
gamoiwvios.
mwvaneTa moZraoba wlebia
rac saqarTveloSi gmo produqciis akrZalvas an markirebas
iTxovs.
saqarTvelos mwvaneTa moZraobis wevris giorgi maRraZis
gancxadebiT,
genmodificirebuli sakvebi uamrav daavadebas iwvevs. Tavdapirvelad is
mxolod alergiiT vlindeba,
Semdeg mosdevs kuW-nawlavis
traqtis moSliloba, imunitetis daqveiTeba, RviZlis funqciebis darRveva.
misi TqmiT, mecnieruli kvlevebiT dadasturebulia amgvari
profuqtis uaryofiTi gavlena
orsul qalebze. kvleva Catarda mdedr virTagvebze, romlebsac genmodificirebuli simindiT da soioTi kvebavdnen.
Sedegad, maTi naSierebi dRenaklulebi daibadnen da maleve
daiRupnen.
genmodificirebuli sakvebis
garCeva Cveulebrivisagan TiTq-

qalbatonebis pirveli mteri
mariam dedabriSvili
Tu msoflioSi ZuZus kibos wamyvani adgili ukavia, magram
mexuTe adgilzea sikvdilis gamomwvevi kibos ti pebs Soris,
saqarTvelo am daavadebis gavrcelebis mixedviT pirvel
adgilzea.
medikosebis
informaciiT,
saqarTveloSi ZuZus kibos diagnostika, rogorc wesi gvian
da ukurnebel stadiaze xdeba.
amis mizezi mosaxleobaSi am
daavadebis Sesaxeb codnis deficitia.
simsivne viTardeba maSin, roca organizmis an misi nawilis
ujredebi izrdebian ukontrolod. simsivnis ujredebi dnmis dazianebis gamo viTardebian.
umetes SemTxvevaSi, roca dnm
ziandeba, organizmi aRadgens
mas. simsivnis SemTxvevaSi ki, dnm
ar aRdgeba.
kibo Cveulebriv formirdeba,
rogorc gamoberiloba. Tumc,a
es yvelas ar axasiaTebs. qalTa
umetesobisTvis kibos pirvel
simptoms simagreebis warmoqmna
warmoadgens.
Tbilisis onkologiuri saavadmyofos mamologiuri centris xelmZRvanelis, profesor
gia nemsaZis TqmiT, saqarTveloSi yovel 100 000 qalze ZuZus
avTvisebiani simsivnis 50-60 SemTxveva modis. Kkibos kibos dadgena mas Semdeg aris SesaZlebeli, rac warmonaqmnis zoma 1sm-s
miaRwevs. kibo warmoqmnisTanave

avTvisebiania.
,,kibos
gamomwvevi
mizezi
mravali SeiZleba iyos. ro-

gorc Sinagani, ise garegani faqtorebi. garegani faqtorebia:
iradiacia, gamosxiveba, sakvebi,

romelic bevr momwamvlel nivTierebas Seicavs. Sinagani faqtori SeiZleba iyos: hormonaluri procesebi, bevri aborti,
cota Svilis gaCena da a.S. ar
aris gamoricxuli genetikuri
faqtori. Mmas SemTxvevebis mxolod 10% ukavia. Tumca, rodesac arsebobs es geni adamianis

organizmSi, didi
albaTobaa,
rom gaCndes ZuZus kibo,”- ambobs gia nemsaZe.

mis SeuZlebelia. amisaTvis
saWiroa specialuri laboratoriebi.
ukrainaSi ukve miiRes kanoni
am poduqtebis markirebis Sesaxeb. msgavs produqcias etiketze miTiTebuli aqvs, rom is
genmodificirebulia da myidvels saSualeba eZleva arCevani gaakeTos SedarebiT Zvir,
magram ekologiurad sufTa
produqciasa da iaf genmodificirebul
nawarms
Soris.
aTi kanoni ukve 2004 wlidan
moqmedebs evropaSic.
saqarTvelos
parlamentSi
sakmaod didi xani bWobdnen
mieRoT TuUara es kanoni. xelisufleba am produqtis importSi problemas ver xedavs.
maTi TqmiT, mecnierulad dadgenili ar aris mavnebelia Tu
ara
adamianis janmrTelobisTvis es produqcia.
qveyanaSi Seqmnili ekonomikuri krizisis gamo, saqarTvelos mTavrobam genmodificirebuli organizmebis akrZalvaze uari Tqva. qveynis biusaqarTveloSi
ZuZus
kibo
yvelaze xSiri 35-60 wlis asakSia. gansakuTrebiT intensiurad
ki, 40 wlidan.
,,im SemTxvevaSi Tu pacienti
droulad mimarTavs eqims da
misi daavadeba pirvel stadiaSia, maSin SesaZlebelia kibos
srulad gankurneba. 99.9% ase
xdeba”- ambobs batoni gia.
kibos erTi stadiidan meoreSi gadasvlis periodi yvela
adamianisTvis individualuria.
es damokidebulia imaze ra siZlieriT
ebrZvis
organizmi
davadebas an ramdenad didia
TviTon daavadebis potencia. kibosTan brZola organizmisTvis
xelSewyobiT da swori kvebiTac aris SesaZlebeli.
gia nemsaZis TqmiT, bevri ramea
damokidebuli
adamianis
fsiqoemociur sistemazec. didi
mniSvneloba aqvs imas, rom avadmyofi ar danebdes daavadebas
da fsiqologiuradac SeebrZolos mas.
kibos mkurnaloba kompleqsuria, kombinirebuli. mkurnalobis sxvadasxva meTodi arsebobs: qirurgiuli, sxivuri, qimioTerapiuli, imunoTerapiuli,
hormonoTerapiuli. gia nemsaZe
ambobs, rom yvela meTods aqvs
gverdiTi movlenebi, magram es
araferia maT efeqturobasTan
SedarebiT.
eqimebis rCeviT, 40 wlamde
asakis
batonebma
weliwadSi
erTxel ultrabgeriTi gamokvleva unda Caitaron. xolo 40
wels zeviT - mamografia.

jeti importirebuli saqonlidan Semosul gadasaxadebzea
damokidebuli.
mTavrobis wevrebis TqmiT,
genmodificirebuli
sakvebis
bazridan amoReba sxva produqciis gaZvirebas gamoiwvevs.
“mwvaneTa moZraoba”
xelisuflebas garkveuli kompanebis lobirebaSi adanaSaulebs. isini Tvlian, rom genmodificirebuli produqtebis
Semotana
mTavrobis mxridan
zurggamagrebuli kompaniebis
interesSi Sedis, radgan ukontrolo garemoSi saqmis warmoeba ufro advilia.
mwvaneTa moZraobis TqmiT,
genuri inJineriiT
miRebuli
uamravi produqti
gvxvdeba
bazarze: mzesumzira, simindi,
bamba, Saqris Warxali, xorbali, pomidori, brinji, kartofili, Cai, Ci psi, soio, romelic
farTod
gamoiyeneba
naxevarfabrikatebis, maionezis,
orcxobilebis da samarxvo
produqtis warmoebaSi.
am
produqciis
importi
xels
uwyobs
adgilobrivi
jiSebis gaqrobas. maT Zalian
iafad yiduloben da SedarebiT Zvirad yidian qarTul bazarze. erTdaderTi niSani, riTic genmodificirebuli xili
da bostneuli ekologiurad
sufTa produqciisagan gansxvavdeba, misi zomaa.
“gamosavali erTia, miuxedavad
genmodificirebuli
produqtis siiafisa da Cveni
gaWirvebisa, uari unda vTqvaT
maT gamoyenebaze. vimedovnebT,
xelisufleba
am
sakiTxs
met yuradRebas miaqcevs da
gaatarebs qmediT RonisZiebebs,
raTa Cveni soflis meurneoba
naturaluri produqtebis warmoebis gziT ganviTardes, rac
SeiZleba qveynis ekonomikuri
ganviTarebis mZlavr berketad iqces, radgan msoflioSi
ekologiurad
sufTa
produqtebze moTxovna sul
ufro da ufro izrdeba” _ es
sityvebi
saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis saaRdgomo
epistoledanaa.

6-7 wlis win sandra rulovsma daarsa saqvelmqmedo organizacia ,,SOCOO”. Mmravalmxrivi
saqvelmoqmedo saqmianobis garda, organizacia kidev erT mniSvnelovan problemaze muSaobs.
es aris daavadebis profilaqtika, romelic 30%-iT amcirebs
mkerdis kibos gaCenis albaTobas. Tumca, es programa mxolod
Tbilisis masStabiT vrceldeba
da diagnostika ufasoa.
rac Seexeba qirurgiul Carevas, Tbilisis onkologiur
centrSi acxadeben, rom analizebianad 1000-1200 lari Rirs
saxelmwifo struqturaSi. aqvea
kerZo ganyofilebac, sadac momsaxurebis xarisxi gacilebiT
maRalia da momsaxureba 1800
lari Rirs.

11

ganaTleba

sazRvargareT swavla _
warmatebis garanti?!
mano bazuaSvili
qarTvel studentebSi sazRvargareT ganaTlebis miRebis survili
dRiTi dRe izrdeba. saqarTvelos umaRles saswavleblebSi bakalavriatis damTavrebis Semdeg studentTa umravlesoba cdilobs gacvliTi
programebiT an grantis mopovebiT magistraturis swavla msoflios
wamyvan universitetebSi gaagrZelos.
saqarTvelos prezidentis mixeil saakaSvilis iniciativiT, 2004
wels daarsda sajaro samarTlis
iuridiuli piri ,,ganviTarebisa da
reformebis fondi”. A am fonds
aqvs ramdenime funqcia, Tumca maTgan erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovania saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi axalgarzdebisTvis msoflios wamyvan
universitetebSi ganaTlebis miRebaSi daxmareba, rac, prezidentis
iniciativiT, 2005 wlidan xorcieldeba. Ffondi ZiriTadad samagistro programebs afinansebs. am
mimarTulebiT misi mTavari mizania, ucxoeTSi samagistro programebis dafinansebiT saqraTvelos
grZelvadiani ganviTareba da qveynis konkurentunarianobis uzrunvelyofa. Ggrantis mosapoveblad
konkursSi monawileobis miReba
SeuZlia
umaRlesi
ganaTlebis
mqonde saqarTvelos moqalaqes,
romlis asakic ar aRemateba 40
wels da romelic magistris akademiuri xarisxis mosapoveblad
Cairicxeba
ucxoeTis
umaRles
saganmanaTleblo
daweswebulebaSi. Ffondi qarTvels studentebs msoflios daaxloebiT 60
wamyvan
universitetSi
swavlis
gagrZelebis saSualebas aZlevs.
es universitetebi msoflios reitingis mixedviT irCeva, aseve iTvaliswineben imasac, romel saswavleblebs
aniWeben
qarTveli
studentebi upiratesobas, Tumca am
siaSi Sedian iseTi unversitetebic,
romlebic Zalian cnobilebi ar
arian, radgan am SemTxvevaSi xdeba
fondisa da ama Tu im umaRlesi
saswavleblis ganvlili TanamSromlobis gaTvaliwineba.
ganaTlebis
sferoSi
fonds
aqvs arCeuli oTxi prioritetuli
sfero: inJineria, teqnologiebi da
zusti mecnierebebi; biznesis administrireba; socialuri da humanitaruli mecnierebebi da samarTali. Aam programis ganxorcielebis
dawyebidan anu 2005 wlidan 2009
wlis CaTvliT qarTveli studentebis mier teqnikur sagnebTan SedarebiT humanitaruli mecnierebebi ufro moTxovnadia. sul dafinansebuli 331 adamianidan zusti
mecnierebebi airCia mxolod aTma
kacma. Ffondi ki dainteresebulia
imiT, rom qarTvel studentebSi am

sferoSi ufro meti adamiani dakavdes.
sazRvargareT swavlis msurveli saqarTvelos moqalaqe fondisgan sruliad damoukideblad ukavSirdeba ama Tu im ucxour universitets da onlain reJimSi iRebs
informacias, Tu ra unda gaakeTos
imisTvis, rom Cairicxos sasurvel
universitetSi. ganviTarebisa da
reformebis fonds bakalavriatdamTavrebuli studenti mas Semdeg ukavSirdeba da avsebs saitze
ganTavsebul saaplikacio formas,
rac sazRvargareTis universitetidan mouva Caricxvis damadasturebeli dokumenti. Tumca mxolod
am dokumentis qona ar niSnavs
imas, rom studenti avtomaturad
miiRebs saxelmwifos biujetidan
dafinansebas. ,,ganviTarebisa da
reformebis fondis” komunikaciis koordinatoris guranda darCiZis gancxadebiT, ,,sazRvargareT
swavlis msurvelTa raodenoba
yovelwliurad izrdeba, saxelmwifos biujetidan CvenTvis gamoyofili Tanxa ki yvela aplikantis
dafinansebis SesaZleblobas ar
gvaZlevs, amitom studentebi rom-

lebic Cairicxnen sazRvargareTis
universitetebSi da akmayofileben
maT moTxovnebs, fonds isini Seyavs gansaxilvel kandidatTa siaSi.
sabuTebis miRebis dasrulebis Semdeg sakonkurso komisia, romelSic
fondis sameurveo sabWos (mTavrobis warmomadgenlebi) wevrebi
Sedian, gaesaubreba aplikantebs.
Ggasaubrebisas kargad Cans, Tu ramdenad individualuri, motivirebuli da damoukidebelia studenti
da ramdenad aris dajildovebuli
lideris TvisebebiT, mxolod amis
Semdeg wyvets sakonkurso komisia,

Tu vin imsaxurebs dafinansebas.”
fondi ZiriTadad afinansebs
erTwlian samagistro programebs.
im SemTxvevaSi ki qarTvelma studentma Caabara orwlian samagistro programaze, fondi afinansebs
mxolod misi swavlebis pirvel
wels, studentma meore wlis grantis mosapoveblad xelmeored unda
miiRos konkursSi monawileoba.
igi Sevsebul saaplikacio formas
urTavs aseve sazRvargareTis universitetSi akademiuri moswrebisa
da niSnebis furcels, aseve iqauri
profesor-maswavleblebis rekomendaciebs. Tu studentma ganvlili
erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi kargad
iswavla, Sesabamisac igi sakonkurso komisiisgan avtomaturad miiRebs meore wlis dafinansebasac.
fondis mier dafinansebul studentTa raodenoba yovelwliurad izrdeba. Sesabamisad izrdeba
saxelmwifos mier biujetidan am
programisTvis gamoyofili Tanxa.
Ffondma winswar ar icis Tu ra
raodenobis Tanxa gamoiyofa, es
imis mixedviT xdeba, Tu ramdenad
moTxovnadia es programa. jerjerobiT ucnobia, Tu ramdeni milioni lari gamoiyofa 2010-2011 wlis
sagagistro programis dasafinanseblad da ramdeni studenti gaemgzavreba sazrRvargareT saswavleblad. 2005 wlidan 2009 wlis
CaTvliT saxelmwifos mier magistrantTa dasafinanseblad gamoyofili Tanxa TandaTan gaizarda.
,,ganviTarebisa da reformebis
fondi” samagistro programis dasrulebis Semdeg saqarTveloSi dabrunebuli studentis dasaqmebs
ar uzrunvelyofs. Tumca imis
gamo, rom rom es aris prezidentTan arsebuli fondi da ase Tu
ise Sexeba aqvs saxelmwifo struqturebTan, Tu romelime saxelmwifo organoSi gamoCnda vakansia
da maT Sesabamisi kadris mosaZieblad mimarTes fonds, maSin fondi
gadaxedavs sti pendiantTa sias da
Tu aRmoCda iseTi adamiani, romelic saxelmwifo struqturis
mier wamoyenebul moTxovnebs akmayofilebs, fondi damsaqmebelsa
da kursamTavrebuls erTmaneTTan
akavSirebs Tumca, igi pasuximgeblobas sakuTar Tavze ar iRebs,

rom mis mier wargzavnili kadri
iqneba saukeTeso.
Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis kursdamTavrebulma daviT Carkvianma swored am fondis
dafinanasebiT miiRo sazRvargareT ganaTleba. Mman 1995 wels

daamTavra Tbilsiis saxelwifo
universitetis saerTaSoriso urTieTobebisa
da
saerTaSoriso
samarTlis fakulteti. 2007 wlis
seqtembridan 2008 wlis oqtombramde ki swavlobda did britaneTSi, lankasteris universitetis
menejmentis skolaSi biznesis marTvis erTwlian samagasitro programaze. samSobloSi dabrunebis
Semdeg
muSaobda
saqarTvelos
ekonomikuri ganviTarebis saministros sagareo vaWrobisa da saerTaSoriso ekonomikur urTierTobaTa departamentis moadgiled.
amJamad ki muSaobs oqsfam didi
britaneTis mier dafinansebuli
proeqtis menejerad, romlis mizanicaa, gamoikvlios saqarTvelos
soflis meurneobis kreditebisa
da dazRvevis sferoSi arsebuli
mdgomareoba da samomavlo perpeqtivebi. daviT Carkviani Tvlis, rom
sazRvargareT ganaTlebis miReba
adamianebs warmatebuli karieris
SeqmnaSi exmareba: ,,ganaTlebaSi
investirebas uaRresad didi mniSvneloba aqvs qveynis ganviTarebisTvis da swored es aris samagistro sti pendiebis programis Seqmnis mizani. samagistro programis

arseboba uaRsad mniSvnelovania,
radgan asobiT qarTveli studenti, maT Soris mec, ver SevZlebdiT
ganaTlebis miRebas fondis dafinansebis gareSe. aqve minda davZino,
rom ganaTlebis miRebis didi survili warmatebis mTavari sawindaria. evropisa da amerikis universitetebSi
swavla pirvel rigSi
aris brwyinvale sasualeba SeiZino an
gaiRrmavo codna sasurvel
specialobaSi, SeiZino saerTaSoriso
gamocdileba da Sexedo
sakuTar specialobas,
SesaZleblobebs
da
qveyanas saerTaSoriso perspeqtivaSi. es
amavdroulad zrdis
qveynis konkurentunarianobasac,
rac
Cveni qveynis ganviTarebis erT-erTi mTavari winapirobaa.”
`ganviTarebisa
da reformebis fondis”
komunikaciis
koordinatori guranda darCiZe, fondis
xuTwlian
muSaobas
dadebiTad afasebs: ,,statistika Zalian kargad aCvenebs am programis
warmatebas. Ffondma ukve
bevri
studenti daafinansa da qarTveli
studentebis mier moTxovna am programaze dRiTidRe izrdeba. Cven
axla vakeTebT statistikas imasTan dakavSirebiT, Tu ra warmateba
miaRwies Cven mier dafinansebulma
studentebma saqarTveloSi dabrunebis Semdeg.”
2010-2011 wlis samagistro programaSi monawileobis misaRebad
fondma ganacxadebis miReba ukve
daiwyo. am droisTvis ,,ganviTarebisa da reformebis fondis” saitze
ukve 1058 aplikantia daregistrirebuli. registraciis bolo vada
2010 wlis 1 ivnisia. Ffondis warmomadgenlebi darwmunebulni arian imaSi, rom ganacxadebis miRebis
vadis amowurvamde sazRvargareT
swavlis msurvelTa ricxvi seriozulad gaizrdeba. jerjerobiT
ucnobia, Tu ra raodenobis Tanxa
gamoiyofa saxelmwifos biujetidan da ramdeni studenti dafinansdeba momavali saswavlo wlis
ganmavlobaSi.

`Semodgomis legenda _ aRmoaCine iyalTo SenSi~
maia gulisaSvili
literaturulma konkursma ,,aRmoaCine iyalTo SenSi” _ starti 1 oqtombers aiRo da
27 noembramde gastana. idea iyalToSi daibada, Semdeg ki iv. javaxiSvilis saxelobis
Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetisa da jeoselis ZalisxmeviT, realobad iqca.
universitetis studentebs sakuTari nimeore turi 23-24 oqtombers iyalTos
Wis gamovlenis saSualeba miecaT. konkursi samonastro kompleqsSi Catarda. konkursi
ori etapisagan Sedgeboda. miznad damwyebi
imiTac gamoirCeoda, rom monawileebs erTmwerlebis aRmoCenasa da waxalisebas isaxmaneTis kargad gacnobis saSualeba miecaT.
avda.
23 oqtombers avtobusiT ocive monawile
ideis dabadebamde safuZveli saukunis Telavisaken daiZra. eqskursia sakmaod mxiaproeqts Caeyara. weliwad-naxevaria, rac je- ruli da emociebiT datvirTuli gamodga.
oselis dafinansebiT uZvelesi qarTuli samsaaTiani mgzavrobis Semdeg oceuli or
xuroTmoZRvruli Zeglis, iyalTos rekon- jgufad gaiyo da Ramis gasaTevad sxvadasxstruqcia mimdinareobs. Catarda arqeologi- va saxlebSi ganTavsda.
uri gaTxrebi, napovnia vercxlisa da brinkaxelebis guluxvi maspinZlobisa da
jaos monetebi, aseve uZvelesi marani.
dasvenebis Semdeg konkursantebs Jiuris
iyalTos samonastro kompleqsis da- wevrebi: laSa baqraZe da daTo turaSvili
arseba ukavSirdeba 13 asurel mamaTagan Sexvdnen. guliTadi saubris Semdeg Jiuris
erTerTs, zenons. monastris ezoSi samebis, wevrebma monawileebs II turis Tema ,,paefericvalebisa da yovladwmidas eklesiebia manic” gaacnes da momdevno dRemde daemSSemorCenili. gadmocemiT, XI-XII s. arsen
vidobnen.
iyalToels aq iyalTos akademia dauarseliteraturulma konkursma starti dilibia. akademia cnobilia imiTac, rom SoTa danve aiRo. konkursis monawileebma JiurTan
rusTavelma Tavisi cxovrebis garkveuli pe- erTad jer iyalTos samonastro kompleqsi
riodi swored aq gaatara.
daaTvalieres, eklesiaSi sanTlebi aanTes
improvizaciuli konkursi ,,Semodgomis da alaverdis mitropolitis locva-kurTxlegenda-aRmoaCine iyalTo SenSi” qarTuli evis Semdeg monastris ezoSi mimofantul
Zeglebis popularizacias emsaxureboda.
uzarmazar baliSebze mokalaTdnen. dro
konkursi ori etapisagan Sedgeboda. sakmaod hqondaT, 6 saaTi. im SemTxvevaSi Tu
pirveli etapi ,,Semodgomis legenda” 1-dan
moSivdebodaT, gareT gasvla da organiza15 oqtombramde grZeldeboda da saukeTeso torebis mier gaSlil sufraze molxenac
monawileebis meore etapze gadayvanas iT- SeeZloT.
valiswinebda. 86 konkursants Soris saxelmII turi sakmaod mxiaruli aRmoCnda.
wifo universitetis Jiurim Sida SesarCev iyalToSi miRebuli STabeWdilebebis gavturSi 20 saukeTeso nawarmoebi gamoavlina. leniT ideebis naklebobas arcerTi konkurTema Tavisufali iyo da studentebs miTiTe- santi ar uCioda. es Tavad jiuris wevrma,
bul safosto misamarTze im Canaxatisa Tu
rostom CxeiZemac aRniSna: ,,-literaturuli
nawarmoebis gadagzavna SeeZloT, rac Tavad
konkursis CatarebisaTvis dro da adgili
surdaT.
zustad iyo SerCeuli. es konkursantebisT-

12

visac saintereso aRmoCnda. rac saboloo
jamSi maT nawerebzec aisaxa. maT saSualeba
hqondaT, sakuTari SesaZleblobebi maqsimalurad gamoevlinaT.”
konkursantebis Sesafaseblada da gamarjvebulebis gamosavlenad
Jiurs 3 kvira
mieca. Jiuris wevrebi iyvnen: laSa buRaZe,
daTo turaSvili, kritikosi rostom CxeiZe
da istorikosi laSa baqraZe.
finaluri etapi 27 noembers ,,Ti-bi-si
bankis” saTao ofisSi gaimarTa. gamarjvebulebis vinaobac swored aq dasaxelda.
gamarjvebul sameuls saCuqrebi universitetis reqtorma, batonma gia xubuam gadasca. Jiurim I adgilis mflobelad socialur
da politikur mecnierebaTa fakultetis
fsiqologiis specialobis IV kursis studenti, salome mxeiZe daasaxela nawarmoebiT
_,,ra surT qalebs, anu ori xanmokle paemani”
da fuladi jildo 1000 laric gadasca.
salome mxeiZe: ,, azrze ver movdivar...
konkursi marTlac Zalian kargi iyo ideisa
da organizebis mxriv, bavSvebze aRarafers
vambob. es CemTvis pirveli gamarjvebaa, ise ki
meored gavriske literaturul konkursze
nawarmoebis gagzavna. gamarjvebas namdvilad
ar velodi. mesame adgils kidev warmovidgendi, pirvels ki namdvilad ara. es imitom
rom, Tavad ar momwonda naweri. ara cudi
ar iyo. ubralod iseTi ar iyo, Cemi Tavisagan rom movelodi. nawarmoebi vinc waikiTxa,
mekiTxebian, Sen Tavze dawero? es mixaria,
radgan Tu marTla ase fiqroben, e. i. kargad,
gulwrfelad damiweria. ise ki ar miyvars,
avtoris nawers mkiTxveli aucileblad mis
cxovrebasTan rom aigivebs. is, rom avtori
pirvel pirSi wers, ar niSnavs, aucileblad
sakuTar Tavze unda werdes. ra Tqma unda,
yvela nawerSi aris raRac realuri da ra-

Rac SeTxzuli, aseva Cemic.”
II adgili da 700 lari aseve socialur
da politikur mecnierebaTa fakultetis
studentma, daviT gorgilaZem moi pova nawarmoebisaTvis, ,,xose da ufskrulisferTmiani gogona”, xolo III adgili xvda mariam
tabaRuas, nawarmoebiT _ ,,lilianebi”.
sakuTari favoritebi kompania jeoselma,
Tbilisis meriam da universitetis TviTmmarTvelobamac gamoavlina. jeoselis simpatia II adgilze gasuli daviT gorgilaZe
aRmoCnda. xolo TviTmmarTvelobis favoritad giorgi oxanaSvili dasaxelda.
danarCen konkursantebs organizatorebma
serTifikatebi gadasces konkursSi monawileobisa da IetapSi mopovebuli gamarjvebisaTvis. 10 saukeTeso nawarmoebisagan
ki, broSura daibeWdeba da wlis bolomde
gamova.
organizatorebis TqmiT, literaturuli
konkursi yovelwliur xasiaTs miiRebs da
yovel Semodgomaze gaimarTeba. Tumca savaraudod sul sxva adgilas.

media fokusi

axalgazrda JurnalistTa klubi
ana daviTaSvili
udavoa, rom saqmis dawyebas fuli sWirdeba, fuls ki
gonivrulad gankargva. iv. javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis
saxelmwifo universitetis studentebma axali preqtis
dasafinanseblad granti miiRo, axla fulis gonivrulad
gamoyenebas cdilobs.
studenturi TviTmmarTvelobis oTaxSi xmauria. yvela raRacas ambobs da erTmaneTs aravin usmens. cdiloben yvelaze
xmamaRali da dasamaxsovrebeli
maTi fraza iyos. viRac axerxebs,
viRac-vera. es ar aris mxolod
xmauri. es auditoriiis dawynarebis mcdelobaa, jerjerobiT uSedego.
grZel
magidaze, romelic
TiTqmis oTaxis mTels sigrZes
ikavebs bevri furceli, kalami
da sakancelario nivTia mimofantuli.
“kargiT, davsxdeT! ra ubedurebaa, ase verasdros daviwyebT da Sesabamisad verc verasdros davamTavrebT, rasac
ar daiwyeb imas rogorRa daamTavreb” xma aimaRla TviTmarTvelobis kulturis samsaxuris
xelmZRvanelma daCi gubaZem.
yvela
gaCumda.
alag-alag
ismis CurCuli,,ise rom, Znelia
gaigo vin laparakobs.
studenturi TviTmmarTveloba axali proeqtis gansaxilvelad
emzadeba.
“axalgazrda
JurnalistTa klubi” gasul
kviras daafinanses da axla
konkretuli samoqmedo gegmaa
dasaweri.
“zile,” nu cancareb, proeqtis piarze Sen
izruneb”.
“zilem” igive giorgi laliaSvilma unda moifiqros, rogor
SeiZleba daaintereso studenti,
gaerTiandes axlad dafuZnebul
arasamTavrobo
organizaciaSi,
romelic yoveli Tvis bolos
Jurnals gamoscems, miscems studentebs saSualebas praqtika
gaiaron studentur gamocemaSi,
magram sanacvlod ver SesaTavazebs honorars.
oTaxSi isev xmauria, daCi:
“ase ver SevTanxmdebiT, Tema ar

wamogviwevia win da ukve vCxubobT. muSaobis sxva xerxi movifiqroT. cota ufro seriozulad moekidoT am yvelafers.
daviwyoT, davweroT, rdis iqneba
prezentacia
studentebisTvis
da rodis sxvebisTvis. yvelam
TavisTvis daweros da mere
SevajamebT.”
proeqti “axalgazrda Jurnalistebi” “samoqalaqo institucionalizmis
ganviTarebis
fondma” gasul kviras ganixila
da daafinansa 10 000 lariT.
granti
erTjeradia, amowurvis Semdeg organizaciam Tavad
unda izrunos axali sponsoris
mosaZiebisTvis. ukve arsebuli
dafinansebiT Jurnalis 3 nomeri
gamoicema, anu proeqti 3 Tves
iarsebebs, Tu sxva damfinansebels ar i povnis.
“axalgazrda Jurnalistebs”
Tanxa mas Semdeg gadaecema, rac
oficialurad
daregistirdeba,
rogorc
arasamTavrobo
organizacia. rodesac yvela
procdeuras notariuli aqtiT
daamowmeben, organizacia SeZlebs proeqtis praqtikul ganxorcielebas.
yovelkvireulad,
klubis
wevrebi studentTaTvis gamarTaven Ria debatebs, romelSic
monawileobas miiReben profesor- maswavleblebic.
daCi gubaZe (erT-erTi damfuZnebeli, studenturi TviTmarTvelobis wevri): “vfiqrob, gadamwyveti roli II, III kurselisTvis
ar unda Seasrulos iman, rom
Cven ar SegviZlia SevTavazoT
mas xelfasi. maT unda hqodeT
ambicia da survili, kargi Jurnalistebi iyvnen. es ki praqtikis gareSe SeuZlebelia. vnaxoT,
ra gamova. Cven didi imeds vamyarebT proeqtze. cxadia, misi

warmateba damokidebulia studentTa daintersebaze.”
Temebis SerCevisas studentebs ar eqnebaT SezRudva. maT
SeuZliaT weron yvelaferze.
garda
Jurnalistikis
mimarTulebis studentebisa, praqtikuli samuSao eqnebaT sociologiis mimarTulebis studentebsac. isini yovel kviras

korpusSi gamouyofs oTaxs, sadac ganTavsdeba “student JurnalistTa klubi.”
sakiTxi jerjerobiT mougvarebelia, radgan farTi Jurnalistebs, JurnalistTa korpusSi
surT.
natalia sxuluxia (proeqtis
direqtori): “yvelafris dawyeba Znelia. miTumetes, rodesac

Caatareben gamokiTxvas, romlis
mixedviTac SeirCeva Tema debatebisTvis.
TviTmarTvelobis
oTaxSi
isev xmauria. axla sxva Tema
wamoiWra. sad iqneba ofisi, vin
izrunebs inventarizaciaze.
oTaxis sakiTxi jer kidev
gadauWrelia. inventariT TviTmarTveloba daexmareba organizacias. uzrunvelyofs ori
kompiuteriT da ori printeriT,
saofise avejiT.
proeqtis mixedviT, “iv. javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis
TviTmarTvelobis
moTxovniT,
administracia, organizacias III

amis gamocdileba ar gaqvs, magram saintereso is aris, rac
ar ici. rac ici, is arasdros
dagainteresebs. ratom ar SiZleba iyos axalgazrda JurnalistTa klubi, Tu arsebobs,
ekonomistTa, sociologTa da
sxva mimarTulebebis gaerTianebebi. vfiqrob, studentebi amiT
dainteresdebian. ar mgonia universiteti maT praqtikas uzrunvelyofdes. ramdenadac vici,
maTi muSaoba semestrSi erTxel
gadaRebuli siuJeti da ramdenime statiaa, romelsac wlis bolos beWdaven Tavissave daarsebul erTjerad gamocemaSi.”
Jurnals reklamis damkveTi

ukve gamouCnda. muxedavad imisa,
rom perioduli gamocema jer
mxolod gegmis doneze arsebobs,
energetikuli
sasmeli
“XL”
mzadaa gadaixados garkveuli
Tanxa, Tu yovel gverdze misi
logo daibeWdeba.
xmauri Cawynarda. yvela Tavdaxrilia. weren. 10 wuTSi erTmaneTs warudgegen azrebs, Tu
rogor da vis SeeZleba gawevriandes aRniSnul organizaciaSi.
TaTbiris ramdenime monawile
mzadaa. ramdenime amTqnarebs,
ramdenimec
magidis
qvemoT
Caweuli xeliT wers mokle teqstur Setyobinebas.
klubSi gawevrianeba SeeZleba yvelas, vinc swavlobs akreditirebul umaRles saswavlebelSi, socialur da politikur
mecnierebaTa fakultetze.
is gaecnoba organizaciis
wesdebas da Tavad daafiqsirebs
xelmoweriT, mzadaa Tu ara Seasrulos moTxovnebi da valdebulebebi, romelic mas, rogorc
wevrs, xelmoweris Semdeg daekisreba.
klubis wevrs uflebamosileba moexsneba piradi gancxadebis
safuZvelze.
studentis
statusis Sewyvetis SemTxvevaSi,
Tu mas ar eqneba Jurnalistis
di plomi.
sxva debulebebze jer isev
kamaToben.
xmauri, SeZaxilSemoZaxili ar cxreba. erTi
SexedviT, isev xmamaRal saubarSi Sejibrs hgavs, magram saqmec
keTdeba.
maT axla zustad ician, rom
surT Camoayalibon arasamTavrobo oganizacia, romelic ara
erTjerad grantze, aramed mudmiv dafinasebaze iqneba da sxva
msgavs gaerTianebebs tols ar
daudebs.

media kritika

Cveni gadacema Tqvensas jobia
anu vin ukeT atirebs mayurebels
londa beria
imedis eTerSi, nanuka JorJolianis Sous
promo rom gamoCnda, vifiqre, sul male
Cvenc gveyoleboda qarTveli eleni.
“elenis Sou” amerikaSi erT-erTi
yvelaze popularuli da warmatebuli
proeqtia. amitomac, sulac ar
gamikvirdeboda, qarTvelebs amdeni
braziliur-meqsikuri serialis yidvis
Semdeg, am Sous formatic SeeZinaT. raRac
periodis Semdeg mainc gakvirvebuli davrCi,
radgan es is ar iyo, rac me vifiqre (es
Cems mier naxsenebi laTinuri warmoSobis
cecxlovani serialebis safirmo frazaa)
qarTvelebi niWieri xalxi varT,
magram xelmokled vcxovbrobT, amitom
fantazias marjve xelebs vaxmarT da
proeqtebic Cndeba. ra moxda, Tu msoflios
finansur gigant amerikaSic gamoerevian
Cvennairi niWieri adamianebi da ufro
adre gaakeTeben msgavss gadacemas?
nanukam gamosavali martivad moZebna da
ramdenjerme gausva xazi imas, rom is ar
baZavs elenis Sous. (gviyvars qarTvelebs
individualuroba mainc).
Tavidanve iTqva, rom gadacema unda
yofiliyo Zalian Tavisufali stilis,
iseve rogorc wamyvanis Cacmuloba da
metyvelebis manera. studia moawyves naTel
da Wrel ferebSi, xolo stumrebs unda
esaubraT sakuTar Tavebze, gulaxdilad da
megobrulad.
elenis Sou aris Tavisufali stilis,
iseve rogorc wamyvanis Cacmuloba da
metyvelebis manera. studia mowyobilia
naTel da Wrel ferebSi, xolo stumrebi
saubroben sakuTar Tavebze, gulaxdilad
da megobrulad (momiteveT, amdeni
tavtologia)
gadacemis dasawyisSi nanuka mcire
monologs kiTxulobs, vimeoreb, kiTxulobs
(xandaxan araswori intonaciebiT. mTavaria,
ar ibneva) am 2 wuTiani saubar-msjelobis
mTavari mizani stumris gamocxadebamde
logikurad misvlaa. SigadaSig alogikur
winadadebebsac vismenT. “roca pirveli mis
saqarTvelo Catarda (da asaxelebs wels)
me 5 wlis viyavi” _ es gulaxdilobis

magaliTia Tu ubralod, ubralod, ubralod
monologi, ar vici.
elens ar uTqvams, ra asakSi iyo, roca
mis amerika airCies, magram mainc yovel
jerze mgonia, rom am qalbatons sasaubro
Tema aRar darCa Semdegi gadacemisTvis.
saqme isaa, rom mis monologs gamoyofili
aqvs daaxloebiT 5 wuTi da xumrobs
minimum 5 aqtualur Temaze. stumars
acxadebs grZeli Sesavlebis gareSe da
esaubreba mokled, daaxloebiT 10 wuTi.
aba, is ra qarTvelia, mezobels an
Soreul naTesavs Tu grZlad ar moikiTxavs,
ojaxianad? da axla warmoidgineT gadacema,
sadac yvelam Tavi ise unda igrZnos,
rogorc sakuTar saxlSi da isaubros
yvelaferze gulaxdilad. “maspinZeli’
zogjer Cais sTavazobs mas, xan saCuqars
hpirdeba sanacvlod, cota xumrobac araa
cudi da bolos isev sentimentalur da
mtkivneul Temamde mivdivarT. rogor
gviyvars qarTvelebs yvelafris dramad
qceva. imis gageba, Tu ras grZnobs
Svilmkvdari deda (esec qarTuli
telesivrcis realuri margalitia) rogori

iyo lika qavJaraZis depresia, ra aklia maka
asaTians mamis gardacvalebis Semdeg… aseT
momentebSi nanukas Sous “kolega” gadacema
maxsendeba yovelTvis da mikvirs, amdeni
mwvane vaSlis nacvlad ratom ar devs

magidaze erTjeradi cxvirsaxocebis dasta.
lika qavJaraZe da maka asaTiani vaxsene,
imasac gagaxsenebT, rom studiaSi mis
saqarTvelos monawileebic iyvnen, kidev
bevri lamazmani da nanuka yovelTvis
usvams xazs, rom Tu qali kargad
gamoiyureba mas kargi, saintereso cxovreba
aqvs (Seuxedavebi ki plastikur operacias
ikeTeben, an, Tu magdensac ver xvdebian,
sxedan da wignebs kiTxuloben). elensac
uyvars lamazi qalebi, zogadad, qalebi
uyvars Zalian, nanukas ki, ra mniSvneloba

aqvs, ratom moswons, mTavaria, gadacema
mSvenieri susti sqesis warmomadgenlebiT
ufro kargi sanaxavia.
radgan stumrebze vsaubrobT, imasac
vityvi, rom isini isev is saxeebi arian,
romlebsac yvela Sousa Tu tok-SouSi
iwveven. mTavaria is, rom wamyvani maTTan
erTad raime gansxvavebuls da sanaxaobrivs
akeTebs. magaliTad, rTavs naZvis xes, mReris,
cekvavs. cekvisas, eleniviT, damswreTa
rigebs Soris ar dadis, arc mis msgavsad,
roialTan jdeba da ukravs, magram xma
masaviT kargi aqvs. roca elenma raian
goslings sTxova, salsa eswavlebina
da studiaSi icekves, ukve nanaxi mqonda
nanukas mcdeloba, iliko suxiSvilisTvis
aewyo fexi. maSin vifiqre, rom Cveni nanuka
elens namdvilad sjobs.
elens axali sezonis pirvel gadacemaSi
miwveuli yavda jenifer enistoni, Semdeg
barak obama da jon makkeini. bolo or

pirovnebas amerikis dRevandeli dRe abaria,
ai lela kakulias ki, romelic pirveli
ewvia nanukas Sous, momavlis ganWvreta
SeuZlia. kidev erTxel, Cveni gadacema
Tqvensas erTi nabijiT sjobs, amerikelebo!
mokled, Cven ukeTesi proeqti movifiqreT
da gavakeTeT kidec. mere ra, rom amdeni
msgavsebaa? qera wamyvanebi, romelTac
acviaT sportulad: kedebi, Sarvlebi,
stumrebs esalmebian gadakocniT (xelis
CamorTmeva komunisturi gadmonaSTia),
romelic studiaSia
da sxvadasxva modur
musikas usadagebs yvela
situacias, saCuqrebi,
romelTac wamyvani da
gadacemis sponsorebi ar
iSureben stumrebisTvis,
cekva, simRera, xumroba.
imis xazgasamelad,
rom nanukas Sou
damoukidebeli proeqtia,
gansxavebebic saxezea:
ar gvyavs karikaturisti,
yvavilebis nacvlad
magidaze mwvane vaSlebia (da Cemi varianti
cxvirsaxocebze ufro gausvamda xazs
gadacemis individualizms) kidev is,
rom elenis mTeli dialogi stumarTan
aris absoluturad daugegmavi da
spontanuri, mTlianad agebuli iumorze,
araviTari dramatuli momentebi. Cven ki
mowesrigebuli gadacema gvaqvs, kiTxvebi
umetesad winaswar gamzadebulia, saubari
dagegmili, Rimiliani da xandaxan mlaSe.
albaT jobda, es gansxvavebebic ar
yofiliyo.
rodesac televizia yidulobs
gadacemis formats, mas ar aqvs mcire
cvlilebis Setanis uflebac ki. detalebSi
gansxvavebis miuxedavad, eleni aucileblad
icnobda Tavis gadacemas, magram Cven
vrCebiT imis imedad, rom wamyvani “nanukas
Sous” Canawers arsad waawydeba.

13

saavtoro sveti

mosazreba

saavtoro sveti

`sibrZne~ qarTuli

ana daviTaSvili

warmatebas SeiZleba bevrnairad
miaRwio. radgan Cven, qarTvelebs,
xSirad gvaintersebs _ ra? da ara
rogor? amitom didi mniSvneloba ar
aqvs, rogori iqneba aqamde misasvleli gza.
rac mTavaria, cnobili saxe gaxdebi. mere “feisbuqze” Seni postebi
gapiardeba, dagimegobrdebian viRac
ti pebi, profil fotoze warweriT“me var mama buasili” da a.S.
ramdenime rCeva maT, visac unda
gaxdes yvelaze... yvelaze...
1. arasdros aravis araferSi daeTanxmoT! Tavi sxvis tolad ar miiCnioT. Tqven yvelaze ganaTlebuli,
bevris momswre da mnaxveli brZandebiT.

qarTvelebs
bevri
tradicia gvaqvs da erTmaneTze “ukeTesia” yvela.
yovel SemTxvevaSi, Cven
es viciT da arafers viSurebT, rom amaSi, sxvac
davarwmunoT.
giyvars
yvelafris
zar-zeimiT
aRniSvna.
gvjera da gvwams, rom
“zemoT” bednierebi da
madlierebi arian, rodesac, eris samadlobel
zeims uyureben.
qarTvelebs ocneba da
natvra gviyvars. amaSic
ki erTmaneTs vejibrebiT.
natvram, zogjer, uxerxuli situaciidanac SeiZleba gamogviyvanos. Tu
gakvirvebuli
ucxoeli
mova da gvkiTxavs, ratom
aris xeebi daxunZluli,
polieTilenis nairnairi
feris parkebiTo? niSnis
mogebiT, mivugebT - natvris xea. mere
ra, rom
aseTia
yoveli
meore
xe.
qarTvelebi
bevrs
vnatrobT... Tanac, aseTi
parkebs, maRaziaSi ufa-

ra... egeni gvbombavdnen...
ratomRac,
arasdros
vambobT, rom rusuli ar
viciT, marTlac mere ra,
rom ar vicodeT?
yovelTvis,
agresiiT
vpasuxobT: “ra valdebuli var rom vicode!”
viciT, rogor gadaviweroT marjvena xeli pirjvari, marcxena, gverdze
momimavals, CanTaSi an
jibeSi CavuyoT da rame
amovacaloT.
gvgonia, rom diasaxlisi profesiaa, vasko da
gama Zmebi iyvnen.
gviyvars, rodesac vinme
gvlanZRavs, Tavi popularulad migvaCnia, e. i.
SurT.
mogvwons, rodesac dasavleTSi
Cvens
gamo
SfoTdebian.
gvjera, rom
asmaTs
tarieli ZmasaviT uyvarda.
avTandilis fatmanTan
urTierToba,
TinaTinis
Ralati ki ara, tarielis
daxmareba iyo.

gvgonia, yvelaferi imitom keTdeba, rom vakritikoT.
ar viciT, vin aris kulturisti qali, filarmoniis win rom dgas.
mogvwons, rom gvgonia,
masas ar vekuTvniT.
gvgonia, wigni ar unda
wavikiTxoT
Tu
amaze
xmamaRla laparaki da
Tavis mowoneba arsad
mogviwevs.
gviyvars wiTelze gavla, gzaze gadarbena, rac
ufro swrafad mohqris
manqana, meti adrenalinia.
ar vreagirebT imave manqanis mZRolis ginebaze,
Cven ar gvaginebs.
gvgonia, rom salaro
aparatebi
avtobusebSi
sxvebisTvis dadges.
viciT,
rom
SoTa
rusTavelis
Zegli
“makdonaldsTanaa”.
23
noemberi ki revoluciis
dRea.
vxvdebiT, rom
seqsi
sabWoTa kavSirSic iyo,
radgan me amas vwer, Tqven

sod gvaZleven.
yvelaferi
SegviZlia
davyaroT
quCaSi.
aba,
saxlSi xom ar waviRebT,
“binZurebi” ki ar varT!
bunkerSi
Cagdeba?
oh,
axla ugulavas Camotanili mwvane yuTebi maZebnine! iqve iyo? gamovcdi
da xom ar mivbrundebi,
an momdevnomde xelSi
meWiros es nagavi? yvela
Zirs yris da Cemi dagdebuli ra gaxda, sadac erTi,
iqac ori! ---- ase gvjera
Cven! isic viciT, rom es
yvelaferi am mTavrobis
bralia da droze unda
gadadges prezidenti!
saocari unari gvaqvs
movlenebis erTmaneTTan
dakavSirebis.
viciT dedis pativiscema, Tu vinmem Segvagina,
saflavs Tavisi xeliT
gavaTxrevinebT. mere “Cemi
dedas” ginebiT sakuTari
simarTles davamtkicebT.
gviyvars
sxvisTvis
Wkuis darigeba da ar
gviyvars, rodesac Cven
gvarigeben.
gviyvars
samSoblos
siyvaruli ufro, vidre
samSoblo.
gviyvars
kiTxva
da
viciT tetCerma“qarwaRebulni”, dostoievskim
“kretini” dawera...
Tu vinmem raRac ver
gaigo, gviyvars rom davciniT, mere ra, rom verc
Cven gavigeT.
mogvwons felini,.Tumca ar gvaqvs nanaxi.
Tu
rame
rusulad
Tqves da ver gavigeT, mera

ganaTleba da “progresuli azrovneba” gvgonia, rodesac vinmes an
rames lafSi vsvriT. imdens ver vxdebiT, Cvenc
rom vitalaxianebT xelebs.
gviyvars qelexebsa da
panaSvidebze gamopranWva.
gvgonia, rom es is dro da
adgilia, sadac didi xnis
monatrebuli naTesavebi
unda vnaxoT.
gvjera, rom eqimi hausi
kaxeli, toto kutunio
kaspelia.
ar gviyvars dabana da
arc
ki
davfiqrdebiT
imaze, rom SeiZleba sxva
Sewuxdes,
tranportSi
mainc, Tu ojaxSi ara.
Tu froidisken wagvicda yuri, an Tvali, maSinve
mivayriT qoqolas mis
“avadmyofur” kvlevebsa
da varaudebs, mere wuxandel sizmars gadavamowmebT gulisyuriT.
Tu romelime films,
an wigns ver gavigebT,
davaskvniT: “genialuria!”
gviyvars, roca vambobT:
keTili SuriT mSurs da
gulze vskdebiT.
gvjera, Cven ki ar
davagvianeT, leqtori movida adre
gviyvars, rodesac sxvas sjera sityva- “momitaca”
gviyvars, rodesac vambobT: kritikas miviReb, me
amiT vizrdebi da vswavlob! sinamdvileSi
ki,
mzad varT kritikosi miwidan ramdenime metriT
qvemoT vixiloT.

ki kiTxulobT.
ver vxvdebiT, ratom
unda CavideT miwisqveSa
gadasasvlelSi, Tu bunebrivi
moTxovnilebebis
dakmayofileba ar gvinda.
rZal-dedamTiliani
mezoblis kedlis miRma
gaTamaSebuli scena gvgonia. garToba da dros
tareba _ TefSze Zili, Tu
diliT araferi gaxsovs
e. i. magrad gaerTe.
vtiriT, luis marios
dakargul
siyvarulze,
sakuTarze _ giJi ar iyo...
dedamisi mainc anCxli
da alqajia _ mazlis
coli mouwesrigebeli, da
aucileblad Cvenze maxinji.
viciT, Tu qali papiross moswevs, sxva ramesac
ikadrebs.
viciT, rom
araferi
viciT, magram gvjera, rom
yvelaferi viciT.!
gviyvars,
rodesac
sizarmaces, zemoT, ukve
dawerili bediT vamarTlebT. mosaxdeni mainc
moxdeba, ratom gavisarjoT!
gvgonia, rom sirenaCarTul saswrafos unda
davewioT da gavuswroT.
gviyvars, cidan Camofrenili reitingebi, sadac mowinave poziciebs
vikavebT,
imitom
rom
rusebs eSlebaT nervebi.
gvjera, rom amas isinic
naxuloben.
da vgiJdebiT, ise gviyvars, rodesac gvgonia,
rom es yvelaferi Cven ar
gvexeba!

2. xSirad “izmukuneT,” gamoeciT
uazro bgerebi raime faqtze komentaris gakeTebisas. sityvebs Soris, sasurvelia didi pauza, viTom
fiqrobT. aCveneT sazogadoebas, rom
Tqven es SegiZliaT (moaCveneT mainc,
arc esaa sagangaSo);
3. xSirad SeSfoTdiT! es, vizualurad kargad SefuTeT da ise gadmoeciT. saWiro fraza: “arsad, civilizebul samyaroSi, amis msgavsi ar
xdeba”. amiT xazs Tqvens “civilizebulobas” da TanamoqalaqeTa “tyiurobas” usvamT;
4. arasdros waikiTxoT, arc sxvas
urCioT, rusi klasikosebi. es saxelmwifoebriobis ngrevis tolfasia;
5. xSirad ixmareT nacvalsaxeli
“Cven,” amiT qmniT STabeWdilebas, rom
bevrni xarT;
6. rac SeiZleba, xSirad dagmeT
eklesia da dascineT mRvdlebs;
7. miuloceT erTmaneTs axali Sadrevnebis, skverebisa da parkebis gaxsna;
8. ar daindoT “uvici” leqtorebi,
romlebic bedaven da Tavi Tqvenze
Wkviani hgoniaT! arasdros misceT
ufleba, Wkua dagarigon. ar “daaCagvrinoT” Tavi! erTs getyviT? aTi
uTxariT!
gaakritikeT isini sajaro sivrceSi: forumebze, “feisbuqze”... lanZReT,
moioxeT guli. gaxsovdeT, es sityvisa da misi Tavisuflad gamoTqmis
konstituciuri uflebaa!
9. kargad damaleT, rom “odnoklasnikebzec” xarT daregistrirebuli.
lustraciis SemTxvevaSi es xels
SeuSlis Tqvens karierul winsvlas!
10. ilaparakeT, rac SeiZleba bevri. ecadeT, gaugebrad. ixmareT iseTi
sityvebi, rom ganmartebiTi leqsinokis motana dasWirdes msmenels an
mkiTxvels. damerwmuneT, daezarebaT
da CaTvlian, imdenad genialuria, rom
ver gaiges.
gaxsovdeT: kanoni “sensitiuria,”
daxmareba, aucileblad, “urgentuli”!
win warmatebisken...

14

ana daviTaSvili

viri da
stafilo
sofo baCilava
saqarTvelos rom natoSi Sesvla
unda, es axali aravisTvisaa. ager
ukve ra xania vcdilobT rogorme
gavwevriandeT
Crdilo-atlantikur
aliansSi, nato ki zrdilobian, magram
mainc, uars gveubneba da dapirebebiT
Semoifargleba. Cven ki, aba risi
qarTvelebi
varT, Tu
far-xmals
davyriT da ase advilad davnebdebiT,
xoda vakakunebT da vakakunebT natos
karebze. iqidan xan sxeferi gamoixedavs
xan rasmuseni, xan amerika Segvaqebs da
mogviwonebs saqciels, “magram amiTi
araferi Seicvala ra” gamoxedva gamoxedvad da mowoneba mowonebad rCeba.
Cven ki natoSi Sesvlis imediT, amjerad
avRaneTSi vagzavniT biWebs, vagzavniT
ki ara gavagzavneT ukve erTi aseuli,
romelic safrangeTis, kontingentTan
erTad imsaxurebs 6 Tvis ganmavlobaSi.
swored im safrangeTis avRaneTSi
damatebiTi Zalebis gagzavnaze uari
rom ganacxada,Tumca magas ra enaRvleba,
natoSia ukve. Cven ki Zalebi ar unda
daviSuroT da omgadatanil qveyanam
gazafxulze kidev erTi batalioni
unda gavagzavnoT avRaneTSi. rogorc
Cans, mTavarsardals daaviwyda, rom
erTi wlis win omi gadavitaneT da
avRaneTSi
qarTveli
samxedroebis
gagzavnas maT sabrZolo naTlobas
uwodebs da aRlumze saCvenebeli jari
ar gvWirdebao, ambobs.DTu ase guluxvad
vagzavneT sakuTari biWebi msoflios
erTerT yvelaze saxifaTo adgilas,
saeWvoa, rom saerTod dagvrCes jari
saaRlumod.
Cvenma Tavdadebulma nabijma kvlav
daimsaxura Seqeba aSS-s da natos
mxridan. briuselSi aSS-is saxelmwifo
mdivanma
kidev
erTxel
gamoxata
madliereba im gasaocari wvlilisTvis
rac saqarTvels Seaqvs avRaneTis
sakiTxSi.
ise, mgoni, ar gvimxelen da ukve
natoSi varT, rasmuseni ase mowonebiT
rom ambobs nato 5000 jariskacs
damatebiT gagzavnis avRaneTSio Cveni
31-e batalionis biWebic (750jariskaci),
miuTvlia zed.
romelTa wasvlac
momavali wlis TebervalSi igegmeba.
Aanu unda vivaraudoT, rom gaisad
natoSi SevalT.
asea Tu ise, eZiebde da hpovebdeo
naTqvamia. Tumca, hpovebde imas, rasac
eZeb da ara morig dapirebas. vici, zogi
ityvis, rom vardi ueklod ar ikrifebao.
magram mainc
sakiTxavia gviRirs ki

rasmusens an obamas morigi Seqeba
Tundac erTi jariskacis sicocxled?
p.s ginaxavT datvirTul marxilSi
Sebmuli viri? rom ar gajiutdes,
cxvirwin stafilo ukidia da im imediT,
rom morig nabijze mainc miwvdeba
gemriel bostneuls da miiwevs win.
stafilosa da virs Soris manZili ki
ara da ar icvleba (magram viria da ras
mixvdeba). bolos
saxlamde misuls
ki aZleven stafilos, magram sawyal,
gadaRlil virs aRar aqvs Wamis Tavi.

avto fokusi

gza marTvis mowmobamde
qeTi Todua
,,rusTavis gzas ukve veRar vitandi. TiTqmis, sami Tvis
ganmavlobaSi yovel xuTSabaTs am gzas gavdiodi. ukve
yvela patruli mcnobda. rom daminaxavdnen, saxeliT da
gvariT mommarTavdnen. gamocda rom Cavabare, Cemze metad,
mgoni, maT gauxardaT.”
komentari, albaT, bevrs ecno.
ara imitom, rom ninos icnoben, an
sxvaganac waukiTxavT amis Sesaxeb,
ufro imitom, rom msgavs situaciaSi bevri aRmoCenila.
nino 22 wlis: ,,CemsaviT marTvis mowmobis aReba, mgoni, aravis gasWirvebia. orjer Cavabare
Teoruli gamocda, xolo praqtikuli – aTjer. Teoriis Cabareba
ar miWirda, sagamocdo bileTebi
advilad viswavle. praqtikuli gamocda ufro rTuli aRmoCna CemTvis. cxrajer CaviWeri da meaTe
cdaze Zlivs SevZeli yvela manevris Cabareba.“
saqarTveloSi marTvis mowmobis asaRebad ori etapis gavlaa
saWiro. Tavdapirvelad, Teoriuli
gamocda bardeba. marTvis mowmobis aRebis msurvels gamocdisTvis 30 wuTi aqvT da am droSi 30
kiTxvas unda gasces pasuxi. aqedan
ocdaSvids mainc sworad. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, Teoriis Cabareba
Tavidan mouwevs.
am etapis warmatebiT daZlevis
Semdeg praqtikuli gamocda tardeba _ avtomobiliT eqvsi manevri
unda Sesruldes: pirveli manqanis
avtofarexSi ukusvliT Seyenebaa,
meore – zigzagSi gavla. mesame
manevrs ezoSi mobrunebas uwodeben. ezos Semdeg rvianSi unda gaiaroT. mexuTe manevri avtomobil-

toSi bardeba da fasiania. Teoriuli nawili 40 lari Rirs, marTvis
mowmobis safasuri ki – 10 laria.
Tu Teoriul nawilSi CaiWeriT,
momaval gamocdaze 40 lari Tavidan unda gadaixadoT. praqtikuli
gamocda ufasoa da xuTjer CaWris
ufleba gaqvT. Tu xuT cdaSi ver
CaabareT, maSin Teoriuli nawilis
Tavidan Cabareba mogiwevT. yovel
momdevno gamocdaze kandidatebi 8
dRis intervaliT daiSvebian.
gamocdaSi monawileobis misaRebad
garkveuli
sabuTebia
saWiro. amis Sesaxeb informaciis
miReba Sinagan saqmeTa saministos
saitidanac aris SesaZlebeli.
ramdenime wlis win aucilebeli iyo avtoskolis damTavreba da
msurvelebs mxolod amis Semdeg
eZleodaT ufleba marTvis mowmobis gamocdaze gasuliyvnen. axla
aseTi wesi aRar arsebobs. avtoskolaSi siaruli TiToeuli adamianis survilzea damokidebuli.
gamocdaze gasvla axla nebismier
msurvels SeuZlia, Tundac Teoriuli nawili Tavad hqondes naswavli.
avtoskolis maswavleblebi miiCneven, rom Teoriuli gamocdis
Cabareba ufro advilia, Tu specialuri gakveTilebi gaqvs gavlili. amitom, Teoriuli gamocdis
Cabarebis ufro meti Sansi aqvT

is aRmarTze daZvraa, bolo, meeqvse
manevrs ki ,,paralelur parkings”
eZaxian. manqana parkirebis adgilas erTi zolidan meoreSi ukusvliT unda gaaCeroT.
marTvis mowmobis gamocda qalaq rusTavSi, Sinagan saqmeTa
saministros momsaxurebis saagen-

maT, vinc avtoskolaSi dadioda:
,,Teoriuli
sakiTxebis
swavla
sagamocdo
bileTebis
wigniT
da sxvadasxva saitis daxmarebiT aris SesaZlebeli. wignSic
da saitebzec bevri Secdomaa da
Tu mecadineobisas es Secdomebi aravin gagisworaT, araswo-

rad daimaxsovrebT. avtoskolaSi
yvelafers
gixsnian. magaliTad,
romel situaciaSi romeli avtomobili Tmobs gzas, romels aqvs
upiratesoba da ase Semdeg. roca
SeniT mecadineob, amas meqanikurad
izepireb. roca manqana geyoleba,
ver mixvdebi msgavs situaciaSi
rogor unda moiqce,” – aRniSna
avtoskolis erT-erTma maswavlebelma.
avtoskolaSi siaruli fasiania.
erT Tviani kursis saSualo safasuri samoci laria.
praqtikuli gamocda adre ,,opel
astraze” bardeboda. daaxloebiT,
erTi welia manqanebi Secvales da
“opeli” “Skoda fabiam” Caanacvla.
tarebis gakveTilebis safasuri
manqanasTan erTad Seicvala. “opel
astraze” erTi gakveTili, erTi
saaTi 15 lari Rirda, ,,Skodaze” ki
45 wuTi 20 lari Rirs. savaldebulo arc praqtikul mecadineobaSia momzadeba. esec surviliTaa.
sazogadoebaSi arsebobs stereoti puli azri, rom manqanas
mamakacebi ukeTesad marTaven. Sesabamisad, marTvis mowmobis aReba
maT ufro uadvildebaT. es rom
ase ar aris, amas Cveni respondentis magaliTzec mixvdebiT.
irakli:
,,biWebs
Teoriuli
nawilis Cabareba ufro gviWirs.
mecadineoba gvezareba da bileTebs kargad ar vswavlobT. me
meoTxe cdaze Cavabare Teoriuli
gamocda. praqtikaSi megona saerTod ar CaviWrebodi, magram ase ar
moxda. es nawilic gamiWirda. arada, manqanas aTi wlidan vmarTav.
praqtikaSi 4-jerve bolo, meeqvs
manevrze viWrebodi. mexuTe cdaze
Zlivs davayene manqana parkingze
uSecdomod.”
gamocdebis Cabareba yvelas ar
uwevs ramdenjerme. arian iseTebic,
romlebic Teoriul da praqtikul

nawilsac pirvelsave cdaze abareben. es eka beniZemac moaxerxa. eka:
,,marTvis mowmobis gamocdaze rom
gadian, yvela Zalian nerviulobs.
Cemi azriT, nerviuloba mxolod
xelis SemSlelia. me saerTod ar
vnerviulobdi. Teoriuli nawili
xuT wuTSi Cavabare da Secdoma
saerTod ar damiSvia. praqtikuli
nawilic pirvelive cdaze waratebiT davZlie.”
Tormetjer gamocdaze gasvla
rekordi namdvilad araa. samxreT
koreis 68 wlis moqalaqem marTvis
mowmobis aReba 950-e cdaze SeZlo.
2005 wlis aprilidan moyolebuli,
koreeli qalbatoni, faqtobrivad,
yoveldRe midioda marTvis mowmobis Teoriuli nawilis Casabareblad, magram yovel jerze
iWreboda. sabolood, Cxe sa sunim
mimdinare wlis oqtomberSi marTvis mowmobis Teoriul nawilSi
gamocda Caabara da 100 qulidan 60
qula aiRo. Tumca, mas praqtikuli
gamocda aqvs Casabareli. marTvis
mowmobis aRebis 950 mcdeloba koreel qalbaton 5 milioni voni anu
4,2 aTasi aSS dolari daujda.
am SemTxvevam nino Zalian gaaxara. is daamSvida im informaciam,
rom sxvebs masze metad gauWirdaT
marTvis mowmobis aReba: ,,ramdenime
dRis win teleizorSi axal ambebs
vuyurebdi da maSin gavige viRam
koreelma 950-e cdaze Caabara Teoriuli gamocdao. Zalian gamixarda,
rom Tormeti gamocda, Turme arc
ise bevria. warmomidgenia, rogor
gauxardeba am adamians marTvis
mowmobas rom aiRebs. me es momenti
arasodes damaviwydeba. mowmoba
rom momces. megona, Cemze magari da
Cemze bednieri aravin iyo. yvela
nacnobs siamayiT vaCvenebdi. axla,
imaze vfiqrob, raT mindoda amdeni
rom viwvale tyuilad. manqana jer
kidev ar myavs.“

mwvane oqro
londa beria
XXI saukuneSi mZRolebs ver gavakvirvebT imiT,
rom niva yvelagan miva. ai, Tu nivas Zravas Saqris
sirofidan miRebuli sawvavi moiyvans moZraobaSi,
es ukve sxva saqmea.
msoflio
ekonomikuri
krizisisa
da
navTobis
fasebis mkveTri zrdis pirobebSi Saqris lerwmisa
Tu simindis sawvavad gamoyenebis azri ise imedianad
moeCvena yvelas, rogorc
zRvaSi
gadmogdebuli
maSveli rgoli. bevri avtomwarmoebelic mondomebiT CaeWida am erTi SexedviT ekonomiur da ekologiurad usafrTxo saSualebas. Tumca, maleve mecnierebma gaakeTes daskvna,
rom es maSveli rgoli ver
migviyvanda napiramde, sadac sufTa haeri da dazogili fuli gveguleba.
amJamad benzinis `mwvane”
alternativis saxiT bioeTanoli, igive eTilis spirti, gamoiyeneba, romelic sxvadasxva sasoflo-sameurneo mcenareebisgan miiReba.
marTalia, mcenareebis gamoyeneba sawvavis misaRebad
siaxle ar aris _ navTobic
xom droTa ganmavlobaSi
wiaRiseulad gardaqmnili
mcenareebisgan iqmneba, magram simindidan mWadis ma-

givrad energiis “gamocxoba” SedarebiT axali ideaa
nakarnaxevi ekonomikuri da
ekologiuri saWiroebebiT.
qarTuli sazogadoebisTvis dRes, albaT, Zneli
warmosadgenia, rom
simindi SeiZleba aRar
Camoataron
qobuleTis
plaJze da dasamuSaveblad
qarxanaSi waiRon “saqarTveloSi arc msgavsi ti pis
manqanebia jer da arc qarxnebi auSenebiaT. bioeTanolis transportireba Zalian Zviri jdeba, iseve rogorc misi miReba. specialuri qarxnebis mSeneblobas,
kvalificiur muSa xels da
kidev uamrav saWiro process didi Tanxebi sWirdeba, amitom, savaraudod,
saqarTveloSi
es
kidev
didxans ar moxdeba” _
gviTxra gamocdilma avtomoyvarulma, `drive.ge”_s
Jurnalistma baCo nozaZem.
Saqris lerwamisgan bioeTanolis miReba ufro martivia, vidre sxva mcenareebisgan. Tumca, mTel dedamiwaze romc movaSenoT, misgan

mainc ver miviRebT imden
sawvavs, romelic mTeli
mosaxleobis moTxovnilebas daakmayofilebs. rac
Seexeba navTobs, misTvis ar
gvWirdeba xe-tyis gaCexva,
niadagSi aTasgvari sasuqis
Seyvana da glexebsac Tavisuflad SeuZliaT TavianT miwaze SeuzRudavad
daTeson kitri an pomido-

Tumca, Tu navTobis alternativis SemuSaveba ver
moxerxdeba, msoflio darCeba mwvave problemebis
winaSe: Savi oqrosTvis gaCaRebuli omebi da milionobiT manqanis gamoyofili
namwvi, romelic, mravali
mecnieris daskvniT, erTerTi gamomwvevi mizezia
kabaluri klimatiuri cv-

ri. am SemTxvevaSi sakvebis
msoflio maragsac araferi
daakldeba da gaiafebuli sawvavis fasad xalxs
ar mouwevs gaZvirebuli
produqtebis yidva.

lilebebisa.
magram arc
biosawvavi gamodga organizmisa da garemosTvis
usafrTxo.
bioeTanoli
verc ekonomiurobiT daikvexnis, vainadan warmoebis

zrdis kvalad matulobs
misi fasic.
minesoteli mecnierebis
daskvniT, biosawvavi organizmze cudad moqmedebs.
marTalia, benzinisa
Tu
dizelisgan
gansxvavebiT,
is wvis Sedegad cota naxSirorJangs gamoyofs, magram samagierod mas warmoebis procesSi gamodevnis
didi
raodenobiT.
mcenareuli
nedleulis
mosayvanad niadagSi azotovani sasuqi SehyavT. es
sasuqi atmosferoSi gamohyofs amiakis damuxtul
nawilakebs, romelTac mtveri ekvris da momcro
koltebs warmoqmnis. maTi
dasaxlebul
teritoriaze moxvedris SemTxvevaSi
adamianebs sasunTqi gzebis
problemebi daewyebaT.
amasTan, zogierTi mkvlevaris SexedulebiT, bioeTanoli
safrTxes
uqmnis
sakvebi produqtis maragsa
da tyeebs, romlebic iCexeba organuli produqtebis
dasaTesad. Tumca, ukeTesi
alternativa jerjerobiT
ar Cans, xolo manqanebidan
gamonabolqvi airebis wyalobiT globaluri daTbobis tempi ganagrZobs matebas.

sasacilo
kanonebi
qeTi gersamia
texasis StatSi Tu moxvdebiT,
fexze damdgari miyolebiT sam
ylup luds mainc da mainc nu dalevT, aman SeiZleba janmrTelobas
ara magram Tqvens jibes namdvilad
avnos, nurc sastumros meore sarTulidan dauwyebT kameCebs srolas da Tu darwmunebuli ar xarT
Tqvens siyvarulSi arc megobrebs
warudginoT 3-jer erTi da igive
qali, radgan amis Semdeg is Tqvens
oficialur colad CaiTvleba. SeiZleba erTxelac `cvrian balaxze~
fexSiSvels mogindes gavla, magram
Tu specialuri nebarTva ar gaqvs,
romelic 5 dolari Rirs araferi
gamogiva.
aSS-Si kanoniT, damnaSave valdebulia msxverpls danaSaulis Cadenamde 24 saaTiT adre Seatyobinos
amis Sesaxeb.
floridaSi gauTxovar qalebs
paraSutiT xtoma ekrZalebaT aseve
ar SeiZleba sacurao kostumiT
simRera, Sxapis gaSiSvlebul mdgomareobaSi miReba da dReSi 3 ze
meti TefSis gatexva.
saxlSi, romelic iwvis danaSaulad iTvleba saWmlis Wama.
kenkutSi Tu gzaze gamosuli,
sacurao kostumSi gamowyobili
40-dan 90 kg-mde qali SemogxvdaT,
romelsac arc 2 policieli moacilebs da xelSi arc niCabi uWiravs
SegiZliaT
policiaSi
uCivloT,
radgan aseT mdgobareobaSi marto
siaruli akrZalulia.
amerikelebma
ZaRlebs
sqesobrivi aqti, skolebTan, eklesiebTan
da sazogadoebis TavSeyris adgilebSi aukrZales. vinc higienasTan
mwyralad xarT, SegiZliaT indianas miaSuroT, iq oqtombridan martamde abazanis miReba akrZalulia.
Aaseve ar SeiZleba manqanebis gayidva kviraobiT, xolo Tu manqanaSi
gadawyvet 17 wlamde asakis mgzavri Caisva, yovel SemTxvevaSi Tan
windebic unda ataro, radgan Tu
manqanaSi windebis gareSe gizis
arasrulwlovani mgzavri, gaupatiurebis braldebiT dagiWeren.
xolo Tu xatvisa muza mogawvaT, nu
moindomebT, frinvelebisa da kurdRlebis SeRebvas, es akrZalulia.
denverSi akrZalulia mtversasrulis Txoveba, alabamSi qmars SeuZlia colis cema, Tu joxis diametri ceris diametrs ar aRemateba,
los anjelesSi qamari colze 12
sm-ze metad ar unda iyos maRali.
arkanzasSi ki ceme Tu coli Tanaxmaa, oRond TveSi erTxel
alabmaSi ikrZaleba saabazanoSi
viris arkanzasSi ki niangis Seyvana.
luizianaSi isjeba adamianis kbena,
xolo Tu proTezi damatebiTi iaraRia, es kidev ufro amZimebs situacias. alabamaSi ar unda marTo
manqana Tvalebaxveulma, niu-iorkSi
saxuravidan gadmoxtomis gamo dagsjian, Tu ukve dasjili ar daxvdi,
minesotaSi ki dagapatimreben, Tu
Sens saxlSic ki SiSveli daiZineb.
aidahoSi kvira dRes akrZalulia karuselze qanaoba, aseve akrZalulia aqlemze Semjdari Tevzaoba.
ilonisSi 1000 dolariT ajarimeben
im adamianis vinc Tagvs beisbolis
burTiT cems.
mamakacebo, moi parseT ulvaSebi,
Torem ilinosis StatSi qalebis
kocna agekrZalebaT. dakotaSi danaSaulia CeqmebiT Zili, merilendSi
TeatrSi lomTan erTad misvla ,
atlantaSi ki Jirafis telefonis
boZze mibma.
sent luisSi xidze jdoma da
ludis daleva ar SeiZleba. niu
jersSi katebma zarebi unda gamoiban, raTa Citebma maTi miaxloeba
gaigonon.
oklahomaSi ki 3-ze meti ZaRls
Sekrebis ufleba meriis nebarTvis
gareSe ar aqvs.
safrangeTSi akrZalulia rkinigzis liandagze xvevna-kocna, aseve
dapatimreba ar agcdeba, Tu Rors
napaleons daarqmev, maSinac ki Tu
mezoblis Rors kutozovi erqmeva.
inglisSi dResacaa kanoni, romelic inglisels uflebas aZlevs
Sotlandiels esrolos, mxolod
ara kviras, am dRes qristianma unda
daisvenos. 10 wlamde bavSvma ki SiSvel manekens ar unda uyuros.
daniaSi avtomobilma mxolod
anTebul farebiT unda imoZraos,
raTa fexiT mosiarulem garCios
gaCerebuli avtomobili moZravisagan. aseve manqanis daZvramde unda
Seamowmon, xom ar aris mis qveS
bavSvi.
kanadaSi dauSvebelia samedicino plastiris sxeulidan saxalxod
aZroba, italiaSi, kerZod sienaSi ki
prostitucia akrZalulia maTTvis,
visac mari hqvia.

15

BRAND fokusi

yvelaze
yvelaze popularuli
popularuli brendebi
brendebi
nino gogliCiZe
CocaCola, IBM, Microsoft, GE, Nokia,
MCdonalds, Google,
Google, TOYOTA, Intel, Disney,
– es
saukeTeso
aTeulia
saukeTeso
brendebis.
2009
wels popularulma veb-gverdma www. Interbrand.com gamoaqveyna wlis yvelaze popularuli
brendebis sia. firmebi, kapitalis yovelwliuri sabazro
brunvis, mogebisa da saerTaSoriso bazarze produqciis
gavrcelebis
kriteriumebis
mixedviT SeirCa.
brendis cneba, moicavs saxelis, simbolosa da dizainis
erTobliobas, romelic axasiaTebs garkveul produqts
da mas sxvebisagan gamoarCevs.
maRali konkurenciis pirobebSi, brendis popularulobis
SesanarCuneblad, metad mniSvnelovania, produqtis piari,
rac misi gayidvebis maRal
maCveneblebs
uzrunvelyofs.
msoflios yvelaze popularul
brendebs
Soris
sxvadasxva
gamokiTxvebiT lideroben: CocaCola, IBM, Microsoft, GE, Nokia, MCdonalds, Google, TOYOTA, Intel, Disney,
– es
saukeTeso
aTeulia
saukeTeso brendebis.
CocaCola – gamagrilebeli
sasmeli “koka-kola” gamoigona amerikelma, farmacevtma da
armiis gadamdgarma oficerma,

beli, transnacionaluri kompaniaa. Microsoft-i 1975 wels stud-

lurji samarko niSnis gamo,
“lurj gigants” uwodeben.
2004 wlis monacemebiT “IBM”s msoflios 170 qveynis filialSi 329 aTasi TanamSromeli
hyavda. 2009 wlis monacemebiT,
“IBM”
msoflios saukeTeso
brendebis aseulSi, meore adgilzea.
“Microsoft Corporation”- personaluri kompiuterebisa da misTvis saWiro sxvadasxva aqsesuarebis, (mausebis, klaviaturisa
da a.S.) gamomTvleli manqanebis,
programuli
uzrunvelyofis,
saTamaSo avtomatebis mwarmoe-

16

nesSi ramodenime sxva mimarTulebiTac muSaobs. warmatebas XX saukunis 60-ian wlebSi
miaRwia, rodesac
manqanebis
eqsporti amerikis kontinentze
daiwyo. 2009 wels kompanias
iRbalma umtyuna da finansuri
danakargebi ganicada, 1950 wlis
Semdeg es pirveli SemTxveva
iyo.

“General Electric” (GE)-amerikuli
manqanaTmSeneblobis
kompania,

ert noisma da robert murma,
maT maleve SeuerTdaT endi
gruovi.
kompanias
“inteli”
uwodes da pirvelma warmatebamac ar daayovna: 1971 wels
iaponurma firmam 12 mikroprocesori SeukveTa da ase Seiqmna
“intel” 4004, romelmac namdvili gadatrialeba moaxdina
bazarze. 1990 wlidan kompania
personaluri
kompiuterebisa
da procesorebis umsxviles
mwarmoeblad iqca. “inteli”
udides Tanxebs debs ganaTlebaSi yvela im qveyanaSi, sadac
ofisi aqvs. kompaniis aqciebis
TiTqmis 100% bazarze Tavisufal brunvaSia.

mravali

saxeobis, umsxvilesi mwarmoebeli _ maT Soris; energetikuli danadgarebis, lokomotivebis, gazis turbinebis, saaviacio Zravebis, samedicino
xelsawyoebis,
gasanaTebeli
teqnikis, plastmasisa da hermetikis. Stab bina mdebareobs
a.S.S.-Si qalaq ferfildSi. finansur krizisamde kompaniis
TanamSromelTa ricxvi 315 000
–s aRwevda.
“Nokia”- msoflios erT-erTi
lideri,
transnacionaluri,
finuri, kompania. sayovelTaod
cnobilia
mobiluri
telefonebisa
da
smartfonebis
warmoebiT. kompania 1865 wels
frederik
idestma
daaarsa.

man qaRaldis patara fabrika
SeiZina, 1871 wels ki saxeli

2010 wels ,,Samsung” da ,,Sony
ericsson”
sazogadoebas
axal
telefonebs
warudnenens
.
,,Sony ericsson”-i
momxmarebels
SesTavazebs aparats, romelic
aRWurvili iqneba 12.1 megapiqseliani kameriT. meore kompaniis
mier warmoebul axal telefons ki 12 megapiqseliani kamera eqneba.

“Intel Corporation”- amerikuli
korporacia, romelic
awarmoebs eleqtronul mowyobilobaTa farTo speqtrs, mikroprocesorebs, kompiuterebis
komponentebs da sxva. kompania 1968 wels daaarses rob-

netebma bil geitsisma da pol
alenma daaarses. Kkompaniis
saxelwodeba misi inglisuri
formis MICROcomputer SOFTware –
is SemoklebiTaa miRebuli, qarTulad
mikrokompiuterebis
programuli
uzrunvelyofas
niSnavs. msoflios umdidresi
adamiani, bil geiTsi kompaniis
yvelaze msxvili aqcioneria. is
aqciaTa paketis 8,7% -s flobs.

msoflioSi, teqnikis
jon steit pembertonma, 1886
wels.
sasmels saxeli pembertonis
buRalterma, frenk robinsonma
daarqva. dizani endu uarhols
ekuTvnis. ualkoholo sasmelis
dapatentebis Semdeg, is
afTiaqebSi iyideboda, rogorc
nervuli aSlilobis sawinaaRmdego wamali. aRsaniSnavia, rom
ingredientebis nusxaSi, Sedioda kokaini, rac im periodisaTvis narkotikul nivTierebad
ar iyo miCneuli.
1892 wels biznesmenma kendlerma, daaarsa kompania “The CocaCola Company”, romelic dRemde
awarmoebs sasmels.
“IBM”-gamomTvleli teqnikis,
periferiuli mowyobilobebis,
programuli uzrunvelyofisa
da konsaltingis mwarmoebeli,
umsxvilesi transnacionaluri
kompaniaa msoflioSi. “IBM”
1911 wels daaarses. kompanias, warmatebuli biznesisa da

gadaarqva da “Nokia Ab” uwoda.
msoflioSi mobiluri telefonebis
bazarze
“nokias”
wili sxvadasxva monacemebiT
40% utoldeboda. 2006 wels
“nokia” da “simensi” telesakomunikacio mowyobilobaTa warmoebis mizniT gaerTianda da
Seiqmna kompania— Nokia Siemens
Networks.
“McDonald’s Corporation”- swrafi

2010 wlis
telefonebi

kvebis obieqtebis msoflios
umsxvilesi qselis mflobeli
kompania. McDonald’s-i 1940 Zmebma,
dik da mak donaldsebma daareses. 1948 wels kompaniam pirvelad SeimuSava swrafi kvebis
obieqtebis koncefciis principebi. kompaniis aqciaTa TiTqmis
100% -i bazarze Tavisufal mimoqcevaSia. 2009 wlis monacemebiT misi kapitali 64,2 miliard
dolars utoldeba.
“Google”- amerikuli kompania,
romelic flobs msoflioSi
yvelaze popularul internet saZiebo sistemas. statistikis mixedviT sistema TveSi,
saSualod, 41 miliard 345 milion saZiebo sityvas amuSavebs.
gamokiTxvebis
mixedviT,

“google”-s upiratesobas gamokiTxulTa TiTqmis 78 %-i aniWebs. bazarze misi wili 62,4%
-ia. saZiebo sistemaze dafuZnebulia msoflioSi umsxvilesi onlain-reklamis sistema
Google AdWords. 2009 wels 100
saukeTeso globalur brends
Soris “Google”-ma meSvide adgili daikava.
“Toyota Motor Corporation”- avtomanqanebis mwarmoebeli umsxvilesi iaponuri kompania, biz-

“The Walt Disney Company”- gasarTobi industriis umsxvilesi kompania msoflioSi. kompania 1923 wels Zmebma volt da
roe disneebma daarses. patara
animaciuri studia, dReisaTvis

,,Samsung” W 880 AMOLED 12Ms aqvs sammagi optikuri zumi,
,,xenon”-is ganaTeba da moZravi
obieqtivi. telefons aqvs rogorc GSM, ise CDMA qselebis
mxardaWera.
W 880 ar aris, smartphone.
mas aqvs sensoruli ekrani.
telefonis Sida mexsiereba 4
gegabaitia. garda amisa, SegiZliaT gamoiyenos Micro SD barTi, 32 gegabaitiani maxsovrobiT.
`Samsung” W 880 AMOLED 12M,
savaraudod, gayidvaSi oqtomberSi gamova. misi fasi jerjerobiT ucnobia.
,,Sony ericsson” ,,Satio” ,,iPhone”is konkurentadac ki moiazreba.
telefons aqvs ,,xenon” ganaTeba,
12x zumi. rogorc amboben, kompaniam am telefonSi gaaerTiana
yvelaferi saukeTeso, rac aqamde ,,Sony ericsson”-is telefonebSi iyo.
,,Satio” gayidvaSi, savaraudod,
TebervalSi gamova.
W 880-s ,,Satio”-sgan gansxvavebiT ar aqvs Wi-Fi kavSiri, rasac
am telefonis erT-erT mTavar
naklad miiCneven.
,,Samsung” Tavis axal telefons ,,Sony ericsson”-is axali telefonis konkurentad ar miiCnevs.

,,Skype””
,,Skype
televizorebSi

holivudis udidesi studiaa. K
kompania flobs 11 gasarTob
parks da or akvaparks. teleradio mauwyeblobis ramdenime
arxs _ maT Soris: “ABC-sac”
1955 wlamde kompaniis mTavar
mimarTuleba
kinematografia
iyo. dRes, ramdenime animaciur
studiasac flobs.
rac Seexeba wamyvani brendebis
saqmianobis
sferoebs,
saukeTeso aseulSi, saavtomobilo biznesiT dakavebuli
12 kompaniaa
warmodgenili.
aseulSi Sevida modis brendebisa da fufunebis sagnebis
mwarmoebeli TerTmeti kompania. “Best Global Brands”- is siaSia
aseve Sesulia 10 umsxvilesi
kompania, finansuri servisis
sferodan.
brendebis Seqmnis mixedviT
erTpirovnul liderad aSS
gvevlineba. msoflios saukeTeso brendebis aseulSi 51 adgili amerikul kompaniebs ekuTvnis. saukeTesoTa aTeulSi
ki toiotasa da nokias garda
yvela kompania amerikulia, rac
qveynis ekonomikur keTildReobaze metyvelebs. albaT, aRaravis gaakvirvebs im qveynis zesaxelmwifod moxsenieba, sadac
biznesi imdenadaa ganviTarebuli, rom msoflio globaluri
brendebis naxevarze meti am
erT saxelmwifoze modis..

televizorebis
warmoebi
orma liderma ,,Panasonic-ma” da
,,LG-im”, gaakeTa gancxadeba, rom
erTobliv produqts Seqmnian.
maT erTobliv televizorSi
sakmaod saintereso siaxle iqneba _ ufaso darekvis servisi
,,skype”.
im xalxs, vinc iyidis aseT
televizorebs, vebkameriT da
mikrofoniT, SeeZleba ufasod
daukavSirdes megobrebsa Tu
naTesavebs rogorc video, ise
Cveulebrivi zariT.
mecnierebi miiCneven, rom male yvela televizori aRWur-

vili iqneba Wi-Fi kavSiriT, vebkamerebiT da mikrofonebiT.
,,skype”-s muSaobis princi pi
televizorebSi iseTive iqneba,
rogorc es servisi kompiuterebSi muSaobs. Tumca, iqneba
ramdenime SezRudva. satelevizio programa SeCerdeba maSin, roca zari Semova, an Tavad
gadawyvetT vinmesTan darekvas.
jerjerobiT
televizorebis
procesorebi ar aris imdenad
Zlieri, rom momxmarebels saSualeba hqondes erTdroulad
,,iCaTaos” da gadacemebsac uyuros.
jerjerobiT ucnobia, rodis
gamova axali televzorebi gayidvaSi.

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