Fall

08

SAP Solution Manager
System Landscape Directory
Overview of SLD

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Sap SLD ­ Overview

Table of Contents
Author Bio.................................................................................................................3 What is SLD?.............................................................................................................4 Who use SLD?...........................................................................................................4 SLD Strategy.............................................................................................................4 Access to the SLD......................................................................................................4 Create Landscape......................................................................................................5 Create your Product/Software ..................................................................................7 Create Technical System ..........................................................................................9 View Systems..........................................................................................................11 Delete Systems.......................................................................................................12 View Content Information........................................................................................13 Replicate SLD..........................................................................................................16 Define new Data Suppliers......................................................................................16 Cleanup old systems...............................................................................................18 SLD In Solution Manager.........................................................................................21 View and Change the Configuration.....................................................................21 User Maintenance................................................................................................22 Check the SLD Connection...................................................................................23 Reading Multiple SLD...........................................................................................24 Add User the SLD..............................................................................................24

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Author Bio
My name is Wenceslao Lacaze and I’ve been working as a SAP basis Administrator and Solution Manager Consultant for the last 8 years. I’m a Techno-Functional SAP Solution Manager Subject Matter Expert (SME), I Design, Build and Implement the product using “Run Sap” Methodology. I have developed a very extended experience with medium and large scaled SAP installations in several (multi)national environments. I am based in Argentina, but work all around the World. I work directly for clients or via an agency. I do speak Spanish, Italian and English fluently. You can contact me at: Email: wlacaze@gmail.com http://www.linkedin.com/in/solutionmanager

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Sap SLD ­ Overview

What is SLD?
SLD is the acronym of “System Landscape Directory». Is a Java Application running in all the Sap Java Systems. Is used like Central Information repository of all your system Landscape. SLD use the Common Information Model (CIM), this is a standard object oriented modeling DB.

Who use SLD?
SLD is used by: • Process Integration. PI/XI use SLD like the repository of all the Business Systems definitions, without this service PI/XI doesn’t run. • Solution Manager SM Read the Information from the SLD and refresh the technical definition on SMSY. • Portal Used by the JCO Destination. • NWDI Identify the role of the system and the Name reservation • .SLM Software Lifecycle Management is the tool provide by SAP to make the pacification of you Landscape. • NWA In SLD you can create Groups used by NWA to administrate more efficiently the Landscape. • ACC To know all the Systems in your Landsace.

SLD Strategy
The strategy for the SLD is very important, you need to decide in witch way you want administrate the SLD Information, there are several way and key points(Important, Version, Etc). You can check in https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/nw-sld the SLD paper to develop your strategy. (My recommendation is read the Planing Guide for SLD).

Access to the SLD
To access to the SLD you can run the transaction SLDHTMLGUI or Goto http://<SLD_HOSTNAME>:5<Sysnr>00/SLD

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Create Landscape
The Landscape definition are used by different applications, Is the best way to group your systems to Administrate better. You can create Landscape to: • Administration which is created for administration purposes, for example, for common monitoring. • General which can contain all types of application systems. • NWDI Systems that contains servers of the NWDI • Scenario is created for a specific business scenario. Scenario landscapes are used in the Software Lifecycle Manager of SAP Netweaver. • Transport is created for transport purposes. For example, all SAP Web AS systems that are connected by an ABAP transport path distributing the ABAP development. • Web Service is created to collect systems offering Web services and their clients. The hierarchy of these landscapes defines the Web service that is most appropriate for a given client. To create one Landscape go to SLD Main Screen. Goto Landscapes

click in “New Landscape”

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Complete with the Name and Landscape Type and Create

You can add new Systems to this landscape clicking in “Add System to Landscape..”.

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Create your Product/Software
During the implementation phase, you need to define all the technical systems who interact with you project, to do this you need to create you System/Product/Software definitions. To create you Product definition Goto the SLD Main ScreenProducts.

Click in “New Product Version”..

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Complete the information and Click in “Create”

Complete with the Software Unit Name and “Create”.

Complete the component Name and Status and “Create”.

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Create Technical System
Is recommendable to create the System in Automatic way using RZ70 in Abap, SLD Data Supplier in Java or sldreg in other instances types. If you want you to create manually you need to go to SLD main Screen and click in Technical System.

Click in New Technical System.

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Select Third-Party and Next.

Complete with the System Name and Hostname

Select the Installed Product and the Software component and then click in Finish button. You can create you own product definition, check the previous chapter.

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Now you can see the System in defined in the technical Systems Screen.

View Systems
Goto the SLD Main Screen and click in Technical Systems.

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Select one system and in the bottom of the screen you ca see all the technical details for the system selected

Delete Systems
If you want to delete system, Goto the SLD main screen and click in Technical Systems

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Select the System to delete and click in Remove.

View Content Information
If you want to check the Content of SLD, you can go inside the SLDAdministration  Content Maintenance

Select the Subset “All With Instances” and BC Systems (our sample).

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Now we see the list of all BC Systems defined in this SLD You can check the Last Modified date to control how updated is the information. Click over one system to see the details.

You can see all the related information about this instance(You can update this information but remember that is preferable use automatic update)

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If you click in Associated Instances you can see all the relationship with this instance.

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Replicate SLD
Is mandatory to understand and create a Policy/Strategy for the SLD in your company. SLD have different synchronization mechanics: • Fully automatic synchronization Only provide in NW 7.1 or higher. • Automatic Message Forwarding Using Data Suppliers. • Data Export/Import. Manually-Not recommended. • Using CTS. In NW7.0 and complex.

Define new Data Suppliers
If you want to update the SLD Information between 2 SLD, you can use the SLD Data supplier. In http:<SLD_HOST>:5<SysNr>00/SLD , AdministrationData Suppliers

Click in Add SLD..

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Add the Connection parameter and Save

Now you can see the new SLD connection.

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You can check in the SLD Log if the new connection start the replication process.(In this sample don’t work because we use difference CIM Version ;-)).

Cleanup old systems
Every system in the landscape send all the technical Information to the SLD every 720 minutes, this is the standard time defined by sap. If you don’t charge manually information in SLD is a good practice clean the SLD Information to control the status of the updates in SLD. Logon to SLD and list all the system, sort by Last Update. You can see few system with old data.

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Goto AdministrationAutomatically Updated Data:

Select “Date” and “time” to filter to the report. Select all the Data older and Click in Remove.

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Accept the warning and then the SLD clean the db.

If you go to HomeTechnical Systems you don’t found any more the old information.

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SLD In Solution Manager
View and Change the Configuration
To view the current SLD Configuration in Solution Manager, run the transaction SMSY_SETUP or in the transaction SMSY Menu: GotoSetup System Landscape Maintenance

If you go to expert Settings (Menu: Edit Expert Settings ) you can change the parameters of the SLD Data Transfer.(Depend of witch Version you are running you can Generate the Business Partners and the Systems form OSS). If you use more than 1 SLD you leave the parameter SLD Host and Port blank.

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User Maintenance
To Control the User Maintenance you Goto: SMSY_SETUP Menu: GotoSLD User Maintenance or run the transaction SLDAPICUST.

Here you can modify the User and password of the SLD Connection.

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Check the SLD Connection
To check the SLD Connection you can use the transaction SLDCHECK. This checks all the properties and open the SLD Html Gui Page.

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Reading Multiple SLD
You can use more than 1 SLD, to add a new SLD you need to run the Transaction LCRSERVADDR and add the new Server.

Add new SLD

Add User the SLD
Goto: SMSY_SETUP Menu: GotoSLD User Maintenance or run the transaction SLDAPICUST.

Here you can add the new User/password for the SLD Connection.

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