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Present Continuous

Present Continuous

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A worksheet with activities contrasting use of Present Simple and Present Continuous
A worksheet with activities contrasting use of Present Simple and Present Continuous

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Published by: Jimena Espinoza Briceño on Jul 26, 2010
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TENSE Simple Present POSITIVE NEGATIVE QUESTION USE They don't (do I play tennis on Does she know Habitual activities not) work in New Mondays. him? - States York. He's (is) working at the moment. I'll (will) be cooking dinner when you arrive. They aren't (are not) coming this evening. They won't (will not) be living in Paris this time next year. Actions happening at the present moment. Near future intention and scheduling. Future action at a specific moment in the future.

Present Continuous

What are you doing?

Future Continuous

What will you be doing next week at this time?

Forming the present continuous tense
This tense is formed using two components: the verb BE (in the present tense), and the -ING form of a verb. Here are the rules, using the example verb "sing":

Subjec BE -ING FORM t
I You He She It We They am are is is is are are singing singing singing singing singing singing singing

How to make the -ING form
With many verbs, you can simply add -ING to the end of the verb. However, with some verbs, you need to change the ending a little. Here are the rules:

Verb ending in...
1 vowel + 1 consonant

How to make the -ING form


Double the consonant, then add -ING swim - swimming hit - hitting get - getting 1 vowel + 1 consonant + E Remove E, then add -ING come - coming lose - losing live - living [anything else] Add -ING say - saying go - going


walk - walking We use the Present Continuous, in the following cases. a) When an action is happening now. Ej: Harry is studying Math right now. Claudia is painting a picture now. When an action is happening in a near future. Ej: I’m going to visit my brother tomorrow. Susan is having her car fixed tomorrow. When is a fixed characteristic that always happens. Ej: My dad is always reading the headlines. Margaret is always washing her glasses.



BE CAREFUL! Some verbs are not used in the continuous form - see below. The verbs in the list below are normally used in the simple form, because they refer to states, rather than actions or processes: Senses / Perception feel*, hear, see*, smell, taste Opinion assume, believe, consider, doubt, feel (= think), find (= consider), suppose, think* Mental states forget, imagine, know, mean, notice, recognize, remember, understand Emotions / desires envy, fear, dislike, hate, hope, like, love, mind, prefer, regret, want, wish Measurement contain, cost, hold, measure, weigh Others look (=resemble), seem, be (in most cases), have (when it means to possess)* I. Make sentences using the Present Continuous. 1. She / wear / earrings____________________________________________ 2. It / rain / today_________________________________________________ 3. I / have / good time_____________________________________________ 4. They / wait / train______________________________________________ 5. I / draw a picture_______________________________________________ 6. The rabbit / eats a carrot_________________________________________ 7. Mike / clean / the house / ________________________________________ 8. He / cook / an omelette / for dinner_________________________________


9. Mike / smile at / me ____________________________________________ 10. He / run / to catch / the bus ______________________________________ 11. Mike / dance/ in / a / disco _______________________________________ 12. He / yawn____________________________________________________


Change the following sentences from Simple Present into Present Continuous or vice versa. Andrew makes muffins._______________________________________ You cut the grass.___________________________________________ Simon is writing a letter for his uncle.___________________________ We are cleaning our room.____________________________________ Kathy dances with Bob._______________________________________ Jack and Colin save money for a book.___________________________ I’m studying for the test.______________________________________ My mother is cooking some cookies.____________________________ Jack plays with the dog._______________________________________ Pedro is praying at the Temple._________________________________ Write sentences about what these people are doing tomorrow.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. III. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Charles / call his grandmother._________________________________ Sally / watch T.V.___________________________________________ Joe /run / marathon__________________________________________ Mr. and Mrs. Gordon / the house_______________________________ I / celebrating / birthday.______________________________________ Bob / give / French exam._____________________________________


Present Simple or Present Continuous? Introduction
The simple present tense is often confused with the present continuous tense. This page will explain when to use each one.

The simple present tense
The simple present tense is used for two main types of action: Habits States Actions which happen regularly (every day, every week, etc.) Things which do not often change (opinions, conditions, etc.)

Some examples will help to make this clearer: Type of action Habit Examples Young-Mi goes to class every day. It rains a lot in Vancouver. Santos always talks about his family. Jerry spends Christmas with his parents. Bianca lives in Florida. Jean-Paul has red hair. Martin likes chocolate. Anna believes in God. Explanations "Every day" is a habit. This means that it rains often. "Always" means this is a habit. This implies that he spends Christmas with his parents every year. This is a state, because it doesn't change. Someone's hair colour doesn't usually change. When we like something, usually we will always like it. Beliefs and opinions are states. They don't often change.


The present continuous tense
The present continuous tense is used for two main types of action: A temporary action happening now A definite plan for the future Something which is going on right now (but it will stop in the future) Something we intend to do, usually in the near future


Here are some examples: Type of action Temporary action happening right now Examples John is winning the game. It's raining outside. Soraya's working in the library. Sihol is spending Christmas with his family. I'm playing soccer tomorrow. Sarah's leaving for San Francisco on Friday. The Olympics are taking place here next year. I'm having a party next week. Explanations Right now, John is winning, but the game isn't finished yet. It's raining right now (but it may stop soon). She's working there right now. He's spending Christmas with his family right now, this year. (Maybe next year he won't.) This plan is already arranged and definite. She has probably already bought her ticket. This is already certain. All the plans have been made.

Definite plan for the future

Simple Present or Present Continuous?
Put the verb in brackets in the correct form (present simple or present continuous). Next week, my friends and I ___________ (go) camping in the woods. I _______________ (organize) the food, because I ______________ (like) cooking. Dave _____________ (have) a big car with a trailer, so he ______________ (plan) the transportation. Sam ____________ (bring) the tent -- he __________ (go) camping every year, so he _____________ (have) a great tent and lots of other equipment. My wife ____________ (think) we're crazy. She _________ (like) holidays in comfortable hotels, so she _________ (take) a trip to Paris instead.


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