ASSIGNMENT ON

ISO 14000 with Special Reference To “K.C.S. ENGINEERING”

SUBMITTED TO:
Prof. Yogesh Jadav

SUBMITTED BY:
Archita Garg Anshul Khandelwal Anuja Sharma Arwind Warke Ballendra Shekhar Pandey Bherosingh

DATE OF SUBMISSION:
30\1\09

GROUP NO: 2

Table Of Contents

ISO 14000 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT..............................................................3 DIFFERENT TYPES OF ISO-14000.............................................................................4 ISO 14000: Costs, Benefits and Other Issues..........................................................8 Benefits of Implementing ISO 14000 EMS....................................................10 Gap Analysis....................................................................................13 INTRODUCTION TO THE COMPANY...........................................................................17 Manufacturing Process Of the Company...............................................................18 Method Of Data Collection.......................................................................................20 Questionnaire: .............................................................................20

Findings And Observations.......................................................................................25 Annexure and Reference..........................................................................................27

ISO 14000 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
What is ISO 14000
ISO 14000 is a series of international standards on environmental management. It provides a framework for the development of an environmental management system and the supporting audit programme. The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organizations minimize how their operations negatively affect the environment (cause adverse changes to air, water, or land) and comply with applicable laws and regulations.
ISO 14001 is the international specification for an environmental management system (EMS). It specifies requirements for establishing an environmental policy, determining environmental aspects and impacts of products/activities/services, planning environmental objectives and measurable targets, implementation and operation of programs to meet objectives and targets, checking and corrective action, and management review. ISO 14000 is similar to ISO 9000 quality management in that both pertain to the process (the comprehensive outcome of how a product is produced) rather than to the product itself. The overall idea is to establish an organized approach to systematically reduce the impact of the environmental aspects which an organization can control. Effective tools for the analysis of environmental aspects of an organization and for the generation of options for improvement are provided by the concept of Cleaner Production. The main thrust for its development came as a result of the Rio Summit on the Environment held in 1992.

History of Development
The ISO 14000 series emerged primarily as a result of the Uruguay round of the GATT negotiations and the Rio Summit on the Environment held in 1992. While GATT concentrates on the need to reduce non-tariff barriers to trade, the Rio Summit generated a commitment to protection of the environment across the world. The environmental field has seen a steady growth of national and regional standards. The British Standards Institution has BS 7750, the Canadian Standards Association has environmental management, auditing, eco-labeling and other standards, the European Union has all of these plus the eco-management and audit regulations, and many other countries (e.g. USA, Germany and Japan) have introduced ecolabeling programs.

After the rapid acceptance of ISO 9000, and the increase of environmental standards around the world, ISO assessed the need for international environmental management standards. They formed the Strategic Advisory Group on the Environment (SAGE) in 1991, to consider whether such standards could serve to:

• • •

Promote a common approach to environmental management similar to quality management Enhance organizations' ability to attain and measure improvements in environmental performance. Facilitate trade and remove trade barriers.

In 1992, SAGE's recommendations created a new committee, TC 207, for international environmental management standards. The committee, and its sub-committees include representatives from industry, standards organizations, government and environmental organizations from many countries. The new series of ISO14000 standards are designed to cover: • • • • • • environmental management systems environmental auditing environmental performance evaluation environmental labeling life-cycle assessment environmental aspects in product standards

DIFFERENT TYPES OF ISO-14000
Standard Title / Description Guide to Environmental Management Techniques Principles, Systems and Supporting

14000

14001 14010

Environmental Management Systems - Specification with Guidance for Use Guidelines for Environmental Auditing - General Principles of Environmental Auditing Guidelines for Environmental Auditing - Audit Procedures-Part 1: Auditing of Environmental Management Systems Guidelines for Environmental Auditing - Qualification Criteria for Environmental Auditors Guidelines for Environmental Auditing - Audit Programmes, Reviews & Assessments Environmental Labeling Environmental Labeling - Practitioner Programs - Guiding Principles, Practices and

14011

14012

14013/15 14020/23 14024

Certification Procedures of Multiple Criteria Programs 14031/32 14040/43 14050 14060 Guidelines on Environmental Performance Evaluation Life Cycle Assessment General Principles and Practices Glossary Guide for the Inclusion of Environmental Aspects in Product Standards

ISO 14001 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ISO 14001 was first published in 1996 and specifies the actual requirements for an environmental management system. It applies to those environmental aspects which the organization has control and over which it can be expected to have an influence. ISO 14001 is often seen as the corner stone standard of the ISO 14000 series. However, it is not only the most well known, but is the only ISO 14000 standard against which it is currently possible to be certified by an external certification authority. Having stated this, it does not itself state specific environmental performance criteria. This standard is applicable to any organization that wishes to:
• • • • • •

implement, maintain and improve an environmental management system assure itself of its conformance with its own stated environmental policy (those policy commitments of course must be made) demonstrate conformance ensure compliance with environmental laws and regulations seek certification of its environmental management system by an external third party organization make a self-determination of conformance

ISO 14001 is the only standard intended for registration by third parties. All the others are for guidance. ISO 14001 is a management standard, it is not a performance or product standard. The underlying purpose of ISO 14001 is that companies will improve their environmental performance by implementing ISO 14001, but there are no standards for performance or the level of improvement. It is a process for managing company activities that impact the environment.

Some unique and important characteristics of ISO 14001 are:

• • •

It is comprehensive: all members of the Organization participate in environmental protection, the environmental management system considers all stakeholders, and there are processes to identify all environmental impacts. It is proactive: it focuses on forward thinking and action instead of reacting to command and control policies. It is a systems approach: it stresses improving environmental protection by using a single environmental management system across all functions of the Organization.

ISO 14004 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ISO 14004 provides guidance on the development and implementation of environmental management systems and principles... and their co-ordination with other management systems. The guidelines in this document are intended applicable to any organization that is interested in developing, implementing and/or improving an environmental management system, regardless of size. They are intended for use as a voluntary, internal management tool and not certification or registration.

ISO 14010 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ISO 14010 provides general principles of environmental auditing that are applicable to all types of environmental audit reviews. This component of the ISO 14000 series has recently been superseded by ISO 19011 which embraces a range of audit related functions.

ISO 14011 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ISO 14011 establishes audit procedures that provide for the planning and conduct of an audit of an environmental management system. This component of the ISO 14000 series has recently been superseded by ISO 19011 which embraces a range of audit related functions.

ISO 14012 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

ISO 14012 provides guidance on qualification criteria for environmental auditors and lead auditors. This component of the ISO 14000 series has recently been superseded by ISO 19011 which embraces a range of audit related functions.

Why have these standards ?
A set of international standards brings a world-wide focus to the environment, encouraging a cleaner, safer, healthier world for us all. The existence of the standards allows organizations to focus environmental efforts against an internationally accepted criteria. At present many countries and regional groupings are generating their own requirements for environmentla issues, and these vary between the groups. A single standard will ensure that there are no conflicts between regional interpretations of good environmental pactice. The fact that companies may need environmental management certification to compete in the global marketplace could easily overshadow all ethical reasons for environmental management. Within Europe, many organizations gained ISO9000 Registration primarily to meet growing demands from customers. ISO 9000 quality registration has become necessary to do business in many areas of commerce. Similarly, the ISO 14000 management system registration may become the primary requirement for doing business in many regions or industries.

Who do the standards apply to ?
The standards apply to all types and sizes of organizations and are designed to encompass diverse geographical, cultural and social conditions. For ISO14001, except for committing to continual improvement and compliance with applicable legislation and regulations, the standard does not establish absolute requirements for environmental performance. Many organizations, engaged in similar activities, may have widely different environmental management systems and performance, and may all comply with ISO14001.

What do the standards apply to ?
This is primarily for the company to decide, and to clearly document the extent of coverage. However, limiting coverage to a small [inconsequential] area may provide competitors with an ideal marketing opportunity!. There does not appear to be a limit to the coverage of the environmental management system in that it can include the organization's products, services, activities, operations, facilities, transportation, etc. From a slightly different viewpoint, all of the elements in the previous sentence should

be considered for environmental impact resulting from current practices, past practices and future practices, and should further be reviewed for their impact under normal, abnormal and emergency conditions.

ISO 14000: Costs, Benefits and Other Issues.
The Benefits of ISO 14000 certification.
The benefits of acquiring ISO certification go beyond the satisfaction of doing a good deed. Adhering to the standard may result in better conformance to environmental regulations, greater marketability, better use of resources, higher quality goods and services, increased levels of safety, improved image and increased profits.

The environmental awareness and the documentation that are required by the ISO 14000 standards assist a company in conforming to environmental regulations. This means that a company, by diligently adhering to the standard, is less likely to violate envir onmental regulations and is always ready for inspection by a regulatory agency. In addition, the certification and documentation may aid a company in acquiring capital, in defending itself during environmental litigation and in receiving insurance or per mits. A wider market for a company's goods and services may result from certification. Many corporations and governments will be looking for suppliers that are ISO 14000 certified in order to maintain their own certification and environment-friendly image. Al though the European Union claims that ISO 9000 certification is not required to do business in Europe, that was the message received by many non-European firms and lead to the amazing success of that standard. If ISO 14000 is similarly successful, the co mpanies who are already ISO 14000 certified will have an advantage in global markets. Also, producers of consumer goods may find that many consumers not only try to purchase goods from environment-friendly companies, but will spend a little more if they feel they are helping the environment. In order to reap this benefit, a company must make their environmental efforts known through advertising and labeling. The process analyses that go along with ISO 14000 certification may result in streamlining processes and more efficient use of resources and raw materials and subsequently reduce a company's costs. Finding ways to capture emissions or recycle the product s may, in the long run, reduce the amount of raw materials and utilities used. Reducing the amount of potentially dangerous substances in an end product may result in less use of dangerous chemicals in a plant. This leads to a safer internal environment for employees and the possibility of reduced insurance premiums. Improved employee morale may result when employees feel that the workplace is safer and they are contributing to the environmental effort.

The Costs of ISO 14000 certification.
Critics of the ISO 9000 series complain that the certification was expensive and ISO 14000 will prove to be no less expensive. Additional costs occur due to the administrative costs, increased variable and fixed operating costs. A possible non-tangible c ost is the negative publicity that

could occur if undesirable or hazardous situations are brought to light during the certification attempt.

Companies that have sought ISO 9000 certification have complained that the extensive documentation introduces more bureaucracy into a company. Some say that ISO 14000 will build on top of ISO 9000 registration, but others point out that the ISO 14000 doc umentation requirements will only compound the already burdensome task and that the extra administrative costs will reduce profit margin. ISO 14000 requires not only additional personnel to take care of the documentation, but requires knowledgeable perso nnel with expertise in the technical processes of an organization and the effect they have on the environment Investment in fixed capital may rise if a company must implement pollution reduction equipment. Other costs may rise if more environmentally friendly materials and processes lead to higher production costs. If a company passes the increase on to custome rs, it could result in reducing it's share of the market if competitors do not do the same. A potential hazard of the certification process is the uncovering of potentially harmful current practices. If the analysis of the company reveals environmental risks, the ability of the company to attain capital, insurance and permits may be compromise d.

Other issues.
It has been several years since ISO 9000 was published and in that time, some concerns have come to light regarding international quality standards. These have to do with the quality of process rather than product, multiple registration schemes, the cost vs. the benefits of certification, and the business of third party certification.

Implicit behind ISO 14000 and ISO 9000 is the assumption that a quality process will lead to quality products and a clean environment. However, both the ISO 9000 and the ISO 14000 standards focus on the management processes behind the product. There is no guarantee that a quality process will yield a quality product or a better environment. Additionally, despite the claims that these standards will help to reduce costs, there is no guarantee that certification in either or both will result in increased profits for a company. The intent of an international standard is to avoid diverse and sometimes replicating standards. But the publication of international standards for quality assurance has not eliminated multiple standards. For example, the big three auto makers have impo sed QS 9000 standards on their suppliers. QS 9000 standards use ISO 9000 as a starting point but require even more extensive documentation on a wider set of processes. Now along comes ISO 14000 which is stricter than ISO 9000 in not only it's documentati on requirements but the number of people with technical and regulatory skills that will be required to analyze and maintain certification. This is leading some to ask when this onslaught of standardization will end. Bob Garvey, a chairman and CEO of Bi rmingham

Steel who has been through both ISO 9000 and QS 9000 has been quoted as saying "I don't wish [QS 9000] on anyone." And Beryl Spiers of Stelco Fasteners says that they are "getting fed up with the whole standards process" and won't consider ISO 1 4000 certification "unless our customer base says so." (Both in Mullin, Rick and Sissel, Kara "Merging business and environment." Chemical Week. Oct 9, 1996 v158 n37 p52.) The problem of multiple registration schemes is not limited to the United States. Antonio Silva Mendes, quality chief of the European Union Directorate-General III has also voiced concern over multiple registration schemes (Zuckerman, Amy "Stanching the flow of new quality standards." New Steel. Sep 1996 v12 n9 p82.). Despite this, there is already a movement underway for the development of international occupational health and safety standards on top of ISO 9000 and ISO 14000. The whole question of third party certification does not sit well with many US companies. Some are complaining that third party assessment does not distinguish between barely meeting the standard and fully meeting or surpassing it. Others note that ISO 1 4000 certification does not currently reduce any customer or regulatory requirements. (However, the EPA is investigating how ISO 14000 standards can be linked to environmental regulations.) Then there is the question of who certifies the third party as sessment auditors. Standard certification has become a big business and some critics are now calling for standardization of the certification process. Finally, many complain that the ISO standards do not reflect the variety of businesses in the world. For example, small businesses have difficult time dealing with the expense of certification and fear that they will not be able to compete internationall y. On the other extreme, some multinational companies which are highly decentralized and diverse complain that the standards do not coincide with the realities of the ways these companies function. Under the ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards, multisite r egistration of subsidiaries is permitted only if there is a common management and central control of each site. This violates the autonomous and decentralized approach taken by many multinational companies. The general consensus is that organizations are being cautious before jumping on the ISO 14000 bandwagon. Many already have environmental management systems in place and, after experience with ISO 9000 certification, are adopting a wait-and-see attitude towards ISO 14000.

Benefits of Implementing ISO 14000 EMS
Environmental Management Systems (EMS) are the foundation of the ISO 14000 group of international environmental management standards. An EMS can be registered as meeting the ISO 14001 EMS standard. Since the ISO 14001 EMS includes everyone in the Organization and all aspects of the Organization that affect the environment, it can improve an organization's environmental

performance in many ways. This improved performance comes at a cost to the Organization, a cost that can be recovered by aggressively seeking benefits. The benefits of an EMS and registration of the EMS to ISO 14000 are organized into the following categories: • • • • • Increased Profits Operations Marketing Regulatory Compliance Social

The benefits gained in each category are briefly described below.

Increased Profits • • • • • • • • Implementing ISO 14001 today can provide a basis for implementing the other standards in the ISO 14000 series. This incremental approach can reduce overall costs to implement ISO 14000 because of lessons learned in each phase. The quantity of materials and energy required for manufacturing a product may be reduced, thereby reducing the cost of the product, material handling costs, and waste disposal costs. Some companies have found that it costs more to run a compliance-driven system than an EMS An EMS can help reduce incidents of pollution and the associated expense of recovery. Recycling manufacturing waste and unused inputs could increase revenues. Recycling need not be within the same facility, but with another one that can use the waste as input to their production. Employee health and safety can be improved, thereby improving productivity, decreasing sick days, and reducing insurable risk. Insurance claims may be reduced, thus reducing the costs of coverage and settlements. Meeting the standards of different countries can be expensive. ISO 14000 can reduce this effort by providing one standard.

Operations • • • • The EMS standards can define "best practices" and create a foundation for the next level of improvement. An EMS integrated with all other business systems improves management's ability to understand what is going on in their Organization, determine the effect on the company, and provide leadership. The standards build consensus throughout the world that a common terminology for environmental management systems is needed. A common terminology for all locations of a multinational Organization will increase efficiency of communication and improve results. An EMS can identify instances of

• •

• • • •

redundancy in day-to-day efforts for regulatory compliance. These can be eliminated, thus making the Organization more efficient. An EMS includes procedures and metrics for measuring and evaluating wastes and the costs of environmental emissions. This information can help organizations implement the best practices and determine their results. The environmental staff can help employees and management understand and use environmental systems to improve organizational performance and benefits. A management system can lead to more reliable and predictable environmental performance, which can reduce or limit the severity of incidents. ISO 14000 requires a common terminology, which improves the communication of goals, procedures, impacts, and solutions. Improved communications can mean greater efficiency in decision making. For example, the severity of an environmental impact can increase with time, so an efficient notification system can reduce the time it takes to respond, and thus the impact, risk and liability to the Organization. ISO 14000 provides feedback on the operations of the Organization that can be used for daily action and to determine the appropriateness of pollution prevention strategies. Problems that could be expensive to resolve and damaging to the environment can be identified earlier. Early management awareness of problems would offer the best opportunity for efficient resolution. Management awareness of environmental impacts provides the opportunity for planning to reduce negative impacts. As ISO 14000 is accepted internationally, organizations will need to meet only one standard, thus simplifying environmental management. A unified approach to environmental management provides the opportunity for sharing ideas among facilities. This can increase the efficiency and benefits of an EMS. Spreading environmental responsibility throughout the Organization places it with those directly associated with environmental impacts and pollution prevention. This improves the effectiveness and efficiency of pollution prevention programs.

Marketing • When environmental risks are reduced, the company becomes a more attractive investment to potential and current stockholders. Three factors contribute; corporate environmental management, environmental performance, and environmental communications. Establishing a strong environmental image can help attract environmentally conscious customers and create pressure on competitors. This image must be carefully marketed to receive these benefits. Employees see ISO 14000 as good for their Organization and for them personally. Companies can receive credit for existing systems and accomplishments. Customers might favor companies with an EMS. These customers could be the ultimate consumer or industrial customers. As large, multinational manufacturers register to ISO 14000, they may favor suppliers with ISO 14000 registration. Community support for a facility could be increased by demonstrating concern for the local environment through an EMS. Workers may be attracted to a company with a plan to protect the immediate work environment and the surrounding community. A company's products may appeal to customers seeking green products.

• • • • • •

ISO 14000 registration demonstrates that the EMS meets international standards. Since registration requires third party auditing, it validates the EMS and the claims made by the Organization.

Regulatory Compliance

ISO 14000 requires evidence of working processes to maintain compliance with laws and regulations. These processes can help companies identify where they are out of compliance and take action. Regulators may favor organizations with a ISO 14000 registered EMS. Improved compliance with legislative and regulatory requirements could reduce penalties and redemption costs. An ISO 14000 EMS demonstrates to regulatory agencies that the organization is proactive about reducing pollution and committed to continual improvement.

Social ISO 14000 helps create: • • • • • A common language and way of thinking about environmental aspects which can help companies, communities, governments, and organizations communicate and work together. Cleaner air, waters, and soils. Longer resource life through reduced usage. Progress toward a sustainable culture. Less waste in land fills.

In conclusion: Protecting the environment by coming into compliance or, ideally, going beyond compliance reduces waste and reduces costs and inefficiencies. It preserves natural resources and reduces the cost of finding new and more resources. It makes greater use of materials already purchased and reduces purchasing costs. It makes for cleaner emissions and reduces the severity of spills, leaks, and other accidents. Reducing these events reduces permitting costs, remediation costs, worker comp costs, insurance costs, lawsuit costs and fines, and many other costs and fees. Protecting the environment involves purchasing smaller amounts of materials or purchasing less toxic materials.

Gap Analysis
1: Environmental Policy An environmental policy has been defined by top management that includes the following:

• • • • • • •

It is appropriate for the nature, scale and environmental impacts of the company's activities, products, and services. It includes a commitment to continual improvement in the prevention of pollution. It includes a commitment to comply with relevant environmental legislation, regulations, and requirements. It provides a framework for setting and reviewing environmental objectives and targets. It is documented, implemented, and maintained. It has been communicated to all employees. It is available to the public.

2: Environmental Aspects • • • A procedure exists to identify environmental aspects and determine which have significant impacts on the environment. Significant aspects are considered when setting environmental objectives. This information is kept up-to-date.

3: Legal and Other Requirements • A procedure exists to identify and have access to legal and other requirements pertaining to the environmental aspects.

4: Objectives and Targets • • • • • • • These have been established at each relevant function and level. Legal and other requirements were considered in establishing them. Significant environmental impacts were considered in establishing them. Technological options were considered in establishing them. Financial, operational and business requirements were considered in establishing them. The views of interested parties were considered in establishing them. They are consistent with the environmental policy.

5: Environmental Management Programs An environmental management program for achieving objectives and targets has been established and includes: • • Designation of responsibility for achieving objectives and targets at each relevant function and level of the company. The means and time-frame for accomplishment.

The program applies to new developments, new or modified activities, products, and services.

6: Structure and Responsibility • • • • • Roles, responsibilities, and authorities are defined, documented, and communicated. Resources are provided that are essential to the implementation and operation of the environmental management system. A specific management representative (one or more) has been appointed by top management with defined roles, responsibility, and authority for: Establishing, implementing, and maintaining the EMS. Reporting on the performance of the EMS to top management.

7: Training, Awareness, and Competence • • • Training needs are identified and all personnel whose work may create a significant impact upon the environment have received appropriate training.

Procedures are established and maintained to make appropriate employees aware of: The importance of conformance with environmental policy and procedures and the requirements of the EMS. • The significant environmental impacts of their work activities and environmental benefits of improved personal performance. • • • Their roles and responsibilities in achieving: conformance with environmental policy, procedures, and EMS. The potential consequences of departure from specified operating procedures. Personnel performing tasks which can cause significant environmental impacts are competent.

Statement 8: Communication The company has established and maintains procedures for: • • Internal communications among levels and functions. Receiving, documenting, and responding to relevant communication from external interested parties. The company has considered processes for external communication on its significant environmental aspects and recorded its decision.

9: EMS Documentation • • Information describing the core elements of the EMS and their interaction has been established and maintained. Information providing directions to related documentation has been established and maintained.

Statement 10: Document Control A procedure has been established and maintained for controlling documents to ensure that: • • • • • • • They can be located. They are periodically reviewed, revised, and approved by authorized personnel. Current versions are available at all appropriate locations. Obsolete documents are promptly removed. Obsolete documents retained for preservation purposes are identified as such. Documents are legible, dated, readily identifiable, maintained, and retained. Procedures exist and are maintained for creation and modification of documents.

Statement 11: Emergency Preparedness and Response • • • • There are procedures for identifying the potential for and response to accidents and emergency situations. There are procedures for preventing and mitigating the environmental impacts that may be associated with emergencies. These are reviewed and revised as necessary. Procedures are periodically tested where practicable.

Statement 12: Monitoring and Measurement • • • • Procedures exist and are documented to regularly monitor and measure the key characteristics of operations having a significant impact on the environment. This includes recording information to track performance, relevant operations controls, and conformance with objectives and targets. Monitoring equipment is calibrated and maintained and records of the process retained. A procedure exists for periodically evaluating compliance with legislation and regulations.

Statement 13: Nonconformance and Corrective and Preventive Action • • • Procedures exist and are maintained for defining responsibility and authority for handling and investigating nonconformance and taking appropriate action. Corrective or preventive action is appropriate. Changes in procedures resulting from corrective and preventive action are

documented.

Statement 14: Records • • • • • Procedures are established and maintained for the identification, maintenance,and disposition of environmental records. These include training and audit results. Records are legible, identifiable, and traceable to the activity, product, or service involved. Records are easily retrievable and protected from damage, deterioration, or loss. Retention times are established and recorded. Records demonstrate conformance to the standard.

Statement 15: EMS Audit • • • • • • A program and procedures for periodic EMS audits is established and maintained. The audits determine: Whether the EMS conforms to the ISO 14001 standard. Whether it has been properly implemented and maintained. The program provides information on the results of audits to management. Procedures cover the audit scope, frequency, and methods, and responsibilities and requirements for conducting audits and reporting results.

Statement 16: Management Review • • • Top management regularly reviews the EMS to ensure its suitability, adequacy, and effectiveness. The review is documented. Information necessary for management to do this is collected. The review shall consider the need for changes to policy, objectives, and other elements of the EMS resulting from audit results, changing conditions, and the commitment to continual improvement.

INTRODUCTION TO THE COMPANY
KCS ENGINEERING

KCS Engineering was established in the year 1962.It is located in PLOT No- 5, Industrial Estate, Govindpura Bhopal. The company was established by Mr. B.S. Sharma. It has an Ancillary of BHEL, Eicher, VATECH, Crompton Greaves, and Railways. The company basically deals in nuts-bolts, industrial fasteners, Machine Components, Bright Bars. The raw materials involve in the manufacturing process includes Stainless Steel, Brass, Iron and Copper. The company aims in delivering the best quality product in the market & rendering best services to the society. The company also wants to have a high quality check in its manufacturing and wants to manufacture products that are compatible with the environment.

Manufacturing Process Of the Company

1.Drawing :-

The very first step in the manufacturing process of the company is the drawing of raw metal bars into different sizes. These raw metal bars are cut into small pieces with the help of the machine known as Power Hex Saw Machine. The size in which the metal bars are to be cut depends upon the type of product to be made such as Nuts, Bright Steel Bars etc..

2. Centering Operation :-

In this step, two holes are made on both the sides of the small pieces. This step is also important as it enhance the gripping capability of these pieces, so that It can be gripped by other machines very easily.

3. Heat Treatment :The treatment process is a optional process. It is done if the customer wants any specific property of the metal. There are two furnaces set up in the factory where the pieces are treated at a particular heat level so that the desired property of the metal can be achieved.

4. Forging :This is considered as the most important step in the whole manufacturing process as in this step the small pieces are converted into desired shape. This is done by first heating the metal upto a high level and then putting them into the dye of the required shape.

5. Head Greasing and Lathing :Here the small metal pieces which are now casted into desired shape is now given a final touch where the uneven surface of the product is made smooth and shiny.

6. Threading :When the product made is screws or bolts, then the product after lathing goes for threading where threads are made on surface of the product. This is done by either of the three machines depending upon at what pace the work has to be done. These machines are Hydraulic Machine, Duplex and die hard. The distance between two rings of the thread is same for all the screws as there is a standard set for it.

Method Of Data Collection
Questionnaire:

AN EYE TOWARDS ENVIRONMENT
As we all are living in this society, we are because of this society and want to live in healthy environment, it’s the need of today. So we should be fully aware about our own environment and we need to be care full about by which we are able to live. And we can asses our self that we are really working in that manner by which we can say that yes we are good and doing that which will not result negative for our own environment. Conducting business in an environmentally pro active manner can create many benefits for the company and its stakeholders. And these benefits include competitive advantage such as cost saving and improved efficiency and also saving the waste is essential. So let’s try to match our self with the standard of “ISO 14000” and check what it suggests so that we can be much better than earlier. Name of Organization:

Address:

Chairman Of The Organization:

♣ ISO 14000 certified

1 Yes

2 No

♣ Business of Company
___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 1. What are the different products your company is manufacturing? 1 ________________________________ 2 ________________________________ 3 ________________________________ 4 ________________________________

2. Are the products which are developed in your company requires the use of non renewable resources in their manufacturing?

Yes

No

3. What is the estimated monthly production of your product? _______________________________________________

4. Does your company have any environmental policy? Meet none of the intent Meet some of the intent Meet full intent

0

1

2

3

4

5

5. If yes than does your company’s plan includes all the environmental aspects?

Yes

No

6. Does the location of your company in according to the environmental norms & considerations?

Yes

No

7. What are the changes which your organization product creates in the environment?

Positive

Negative

8. Does the policy guides the responsible person towards the selection of best available technology & management practices?

Yes

No

9. Who decides these environmental plans in your company?

1. Upper management 2. Any special team 3. Employees 4. Others 10. Do you review your environmental policy on yearly basis?

Yes

No

11. Do you have any records/documents related to environmental working in your organization?

Yes

No

12. Have you made any changes in your product according to your environmental policy?

Yes

No

13. Have you found any change in your organization after implication of environmental policy?

 

Yes

 

No

14. Do you conduct any staff meeting related to environmental application?

Yes

No

15. Do your employees actively participate in giving suggestions related to your environmental policies?

Yes

No

16. Do you have any quality check by any recognized authorities?

Yes

No

17. Do you have any waste reduction plan?

Yes

No

18. What type of waste disposal method you adopt? ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________

19. Are your employees aware of waste production and reuse plans?

Yes

No

Findings And Observations

1. Environmental policy:According to ISO 14000 first company should look after the environment policy. Does manufacturing process effect to the environment or not then they decides how we will cope up with it. By analyzing the company and on the basis of questions we come to know that company is not having its long term policy but they works small period.

2. Organization is aware about climate change

By given questions it was observed that company has is not unaware about the climate change because they have an eye that’s why they have planned for environment policy

3. Follow-up of the environmental norms & considerations

The organization is following the norms and conditions of environment because we have seen it in by asking some questions related to the allocation of the company as company is located in the area which is declared as an industrial area by the govt. and also the thinks fulfill its other social responsibility.

4. No negative impact on the environment

By asking certain questions we come to know that company’ s manufacturing process does not create any negative impact on environment and also its waste is resold. So there is not the problem of waste that can effect the environment.

5. Decisions regarding environment plans

The company involves all the upper management in handling the decisions related to environment policies. But the company is not efficient in maintaining the records of the policy & also lack in reviewing the policies. Also the involment of staff in the policy decisions regarding environment is not present in the company.

6. Quality check measures.

To have a sustainable product the company is making some changes according to the environment i.e. to manufacture those products which are compatible with the environment. But the company lack in any quality assessment done through any quality checking or regulatory organization.

7. Waste Disposal:
The waste produced as a result of the manufacturing activities of the company is sold off as a scrap as it’s a metal and thus can be recycled and can be used for other purposes.

Annexure and Reference

Annexure:
• • Filled Questionnaire:Workshop Images: -

Reference:
• Mr. Nitin Sharma, M.D., KCS Engineering.

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