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Statistics and Probability > Probability and Counting Techniques

Statistics and Probability > Probability and Counting Techniques

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Statistics and Probability
Date: July 28, 2010 Topic: Probability and Counting Techniques

Probability Counting Techniques Fundamental Principle of Counting (FPC) 2 techniques of counting 1. Permutation 2. Combination Problems related to permutation / combination

Probability Probable Chance

50% - Can Happen 50% - Cannot Happen A Study of random and nondeterministic events/conditions. Experiments outcome y Toss a coin o Head o Tail Picking a card o 52 playing cards Rolling a die/dice Outcomes H
Statistics and Probability
Date: July 28, 2010 Topic: Probability and Counting Techniques

Probability Counting Techniques Fundamental Principle of Counting (FPC) 2 techniques of counting 1. Permutation 2. Combination Problems related to permutation / combination

Probability Probable Chance

50% - Can Happen 50% - Cannot Happen A Study of random and nondeterministic events/conditions. Experiments outcome y Toss a coin o Head o Tail Picking a card o 52 playing cards Rolling a die/dice Outcomes H

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Published by: Elvin Joseph Pualengco Mendoza on Jul 28, 2010
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03/18/2013

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Statistics and Probability

Date: July 28, 2010
Topic: Probability and Counting Techniques


Probability
Counting Techniques
Fundamental Principle of Counting (FPC)
2 techniques of counting
1. Permutation
2. Combination
Problems related to permutation / combination

Probability
Probable ʹ ͞Chance͟
50% - Can Happen
50% - Cannot Happen
A Study of random and nondeterministic events/conditions.
͞Experiments͟ outcome
y Toss a coin
o Head
o Tail
y Picking a card
o 52 playing cards
y Rolling a die/dice
Experiment Outcomes Sample Space (S)
1. Toss a coin Head
Tail
S = {H,T} or 2 outcomes
S = 2
2. Toass a die 1 2 3 4 5 6 S = {1,2,3,4,5,6}
S = 6
3. Pick a card deck of 52
cards
52 playing cards S = 52

3 types of Probability
Statistics and Probability
Date: July 28, 2010
Topic: Probability and Counting Techniques


y Subjective Probability
o Personal
o Guesses, instincts, intuition
y Empirical Probability
o Based on previous knowledge, events, etc.
y Classical Approach to Probability
o E = event E
o ܲሺܧሻ ൌ
௡ሺாሻ
௡ሺௌሻ

௡௢Ǥ௢௙ ௢௨௧௖௢௠௘௦ ௜௡ ா
௧௢௧௔௟ ௡௢Ǥ௢௙ ௢௨௧௖௢௠௘௦ ௢௙ ௌ

o Find the prob that a no.2 i s picked form a roll of a die
o E = event that a No.2 is picked.
o P(E)=1/6 or 0
o Find the prob. That a face card is jacked from a deck of 52 playing cards.
o E = events that a face card is picked.
o ܲሺܧሻ ൌ
௡ሺாሻ
௡ሺௌሻ

o ൌ
ଵଶ
ହଶ

o ܧ ൌ ݁ݒ݁݊ݐ ݐ݄ܽݐ ܽ ݊ݑܾ݉݁ݎ݁݀ ܿܽݎ݀ ݅ݏ ݌݅ܿ݇݁݀
o ܲሺܧሻ ൌ
௡ሺாሻ
௡ሺௌሻ

ସ଴
ହଶ
݋ݎ ͲǤ

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