# Tutorial 1 1. A silicon fiber with a core dia.

Large enough to consider by ray theory analysis has a core refractive index of 1.49 and cladding refractive index of 1.47. Determine a. The critical angle at core cladding interface b. The NA for the fiber c. The acceptance angle for the fiber in the air 2. A typical refractive index difference for an optical fiber designed for long distance transmission is 1%. Estimate the NA and the solid acceptance angle in air for the fiber when the core index is 1.46. Further calculate the critical angle at the core cladding interface within the fiber. It may be assumed that the concepts of geometric optics hold for fiber. (for small angles solid acceptance angle in air in given by ) 3. Calculate the number of modes for a graded index optical fiber if its core diameter, d=62.5, its numerical aperture NA = 0.275 and is operating at wavelength 1300nm. 4. The numerical aperture of an optical fiber is 0.3. calculate a. The acceptance angle for the meridional rays b. Also that for the skew rays which changes direction by 90° at each reflection (assume na=1)

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