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RES342 / RES 342 / Week 4 - E-Text Assignments PART 2 OF 2

RES342 / RES 342 / Week 4 - E-Text Assignments PART 2 OF 2

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Assignments from the E-Text
Complete and submit the following problem set solutions from Chapter 15 of the e-text, Applied Statistics in Business and Economics, to your personal folder: Chapter 15 – Chapter Exercises 15.18, 15.22, 15.24, and 15.28 Note: Methods of computation could include the usage of Excel®, SPSS®, Lotus®, SAS®, MINITAB®, or by hand computation. You must show your work or the excel command tp get full credit.
Assignments from the E-Text
Complete and submit the following problem set solutions from Chapter 15 of the e-text, Applied Statistics in Business and Economics, to your personal folder: Chapter 15 – Chapter Exercises 15.18, 15.22, 15.24, and 15.28 Note: Methods of computation could include the usage of Excel®, SPSS®, Lotus®, SAS®, MINITAB®, or by hand computation. You must show your work or the excel command tp get full credit.

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15.

18 Sixty-four students in an introductory college economics class were asked how many credits they had earned in college, and how certain they were about their choice of major. Research question: At a= .01, is the degree of certainty independent of credits earned? Credits Earned Row Total 0-9 10-59 60 or more Col Total 12 8 1 21 Very Uncertain 8 4 7 19 Somewhat Certain Very Certain 3 10 11 24 23 22 19 64

0-9 21824 60 > Total

Observed Expected Observed Expected Observed Expected Observed Expected

Very Uncertain 12 7.55 8 7.22 1 6.23 21 21.00

Somewhat Certain 8 6.83 4 6.53 7 5.64 19 19.00

Very Certain 3 8.63 10 8.25 11 7.13 24 24.00

Total 23 23.00 22 22.00 19 19.00 64 64.00

14.76 chi-square 4 df 0.0052 p-value Test figure = 14.76 p-value = 0.0052 which is below our alpha of 0.01 therefore we turn down the null theory and state that there is a variation in the sum of credits earned and the assurance of selecting a major.

Research question: At a= .0172 which is below our alpha of 0.05. Alicia Morais.53 chi-square 12 df 0.15. and Greg Corda. Steve Olson. One hundred vehicles were examined in each location.0172 p-value p-value = 0.22 A student team examined parked cars in four different suburban shopping malls.05 therefore we turn down the null theory and state that there is a variation in car types found at every mall. .) Vehicle Type Car Minivan Full-sized Van SUV Truck Col Total 19 14 100 Somerset 44 21 2 27 6 100 Oakland 49 15 3 26 17 100 Great Lakes Jamestown Row Total 36 18 3 12 9 100 64 13 2 84 46 400 193 67 10 Somerset Car Minivan Full-sized Van SUV Truck Total 44 21 2 19 14 100 Oakland 49 15 3 27 6 100 Great Lakes 36 18 3 26 17 100 Jamestow n 64 13 2 12 9 100 Total 193 67 10 84 46 400 24. does vehicle type vary by mall location? (Data are from a project by MBA students Steve Bennett.

15.0044 p-value p-value = 0. A Boeing 727 co-pilot collected 61 noise observations using a handheld sound meter. .) Noise Level Low Medium High Col Total Climb 6 18 1 25 Cruise 2 3 3 8 Decent 6 8 14 28 14 29 18 61 Row Total Climb Low Medium High Total 6 18 1 25 Cruise 2 3 3 8 Descen t 6 8 14 28 Total 14 29 18 61 15. Cruise. Hartl. "Medium" (88 to 91 decibels). particularly.05. Descent).0044 which is below our alpha of 0.24 High levels of cockpit noise in an aircraft can damage the hearing of pilots who are exposed to this hazard for many hours. is the cockpit noise level independent of flight phase? (Data are from Capt. retired. Research question: At a= . Noise level is defined as "Low" (under 88 decibels). or "High"(92 decibels or more). There are three flight phases (Climb.05 therefore we turn down the null theory and state that there is freedom between groups. Robert E.16 chi-square 4 df 0. the intensity of noise does vary by the part of the flight.

with the results shown below.3043 p (as decimal) 14/46 p (as fraction) 14 X .4282 p-value Hypothesis test for two independent proportions p 1 # # # p2 0. 519. Research question: At a = .15. Pepsi.2593 7/27 7 pc 0.05. is the correctness of the prediction different for the two types of cola drinkers? Could you identify your favorite brand in this kind of test? Since it is a 2 x 2 table. Which test do you prefer? Why? (Data are from Consumer Reports 56. 8 [August 1991].63 chi-square 1 df 0.28 Can people really identify their favorite brand of cola? Volunteers tasted Coca-Cola Classic. Diet Coke.) Correct? Yes. and Diet Pepsi. got it wrong Col Total Regular Cola 7 12 19 Diet Cola 7 20 27 Row Total 14 32 46 Chi-square Contingency Table Test for Independence Regular Diet Total Yes 7 7 14 No 12 20 32 Total 19 27 46 0. got it right No. try also a two-tailed two-sample z test for p1 = p2 (see Chapter 10) and verify that z2 is the same as your chi-square statistic. p. no.

05 so we can NOT turn down the null theory. not sufficient proof with this sample size that correct assumptions between diet and regular are better than possibility only. error z p-value (two-tailed) p-value = 0. Therefore once more.1092 0 0.1378 0. the diverse right assumptions aren’t more than what we'd anticipate from possibility alone. which is the same as we obtained with the Chi-Square test. I favor using the z-test on the variation in ratios as the calculation is a bit straighter forward.4282 46 n difference hypothesized difference std.# 27 0. There isn’t enough proof for us to state there is freedom between groups. p-value of 0.428. . particularly.79 0. Both tests have restrictions for small samples.428 which is more than our alpha of 0.

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