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:ii`·i·ii·i (·i·ii·ii:i·ii :i·ii·i·i, ~ii`·ii`·i·i-i :¤zs ·i·i ·iiºi z (iºi (s::¤zz :i, “rtªt-·t-ªt·t--t
-tt·t·-t-tt--t·t· ¹tºtºt¢ªt” ·i· :ªii·i -iº .ii`·i:ªiii`-i·i
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:ii`·i·ii·i (·i·ii·ii:i·ii :i·ii·i·i, ~ii`·ii`·i·i-i :¤zs ·i·i ·iiºi z (iºi (s::¤zz :i, “ºi−· ·i·i ··i··ii”
·i· :ªii·i -iº .ii`·i:ªiii`-i·i
THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

PREAMBLE

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly
resolved to constitute India into a
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[SOVEREIGN
SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith
and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the
individual and the
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[unity and integrity of the
Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this
twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY
ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES
THIS CONSTITUTION.


3
Subs. by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976, s. 2, for “SOVEREIGN
DEMOCRAIC REPUBLIC” (w.e.f. 3-1-1977).
4
Subs. by s. 2., ibid., for “unity of the Nation” (w.e.f. 3-1-1977).