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13K views

33 upvotes00 downvotes

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Warm Up

Generate ordered pairs for the function

y = x + 3 for x = –2, –1, 0, 1, and 2.

Find the y values, and put them together as

an ordered pairs as (x,y)

x y (x,y)

-1 2 (–1, 2) y=x+3 = -1 + 3 =2

0 3 (0, 3) y=x+3 =0+3 =3

1 4 (1, 4) y=x+3 =1+3 =4

2 5 (2, 5) y=x+3 =2+3 =5

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Objectives

Identify functions.

Find the domain and range of relations and

functions.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Re pre sen tat io ns o f

Re la tio ns

Example 1:

Express the relation {(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}:

1. as a table,

2. as a graph,

3. and as a mapping diagram.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

x y x y x y

Table

x y Write all x-values under “x”

2 3

and write all y-values under “y”.

4 7

6 8

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}

Graph

(6,8)

(4,7)

Use the x- and y-values to

plot the ordered pairs.

(2,3)

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

3. Rep res en t as Ma pp ing

Dia gram:

{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}

Mapping Diagram

all y-values under “y”. Draw an

2 3 arrow from each x-value to its

corresponding y-value.

4 7

6 8

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Express the relation {(1, 3), (2, 4), (3, 5)} as a

table, as a graph, and as a mapping diagram.

Table Graph Mapping Diagram

x y

x y

1 3 1 3

2 4 2 4

3 5 3 5

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

of first coordinates (or x-values) of

the ordered pairs.

of second coordinates (or y-values)

of the ordered pairs.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

y Range

my EX WIFE is a DR.

X Domain

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Give the domain and range of the relation.

6

Domain: {6, 5, 2, 1}

5 –4

Range: {–4, –1, 0}

–1

2

0

1

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

x y Domain: {1, 4, 8}

1 1 Range: {1, 4}

4 4

8 1

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

that pairs each domain value with

exactly one range value.

Notes:

If it is a function, then none of x

(domain) value should be repeated

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell

whether the relation is a function. Explain.

does not have exactly one range value.

The domain value 3 is repeated, paired with the

range values –2 and 1.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell

whether the relation is a function. Explain.

2

–8

1

4

5

paired with exactly one range value.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell

whether the relation is a function. Explain.

(-3,1) the domain and range

values

(-3,-2)

Check out the points

that the line cut

through the plane

values have more than one range value.

Holt Algebra 1

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