4-2 Relations and Functions

Warm Up
Generate ordered pairs for the function y = x + 3 for x = –2, –1, 0, 1, and 2. Find the y values, and put them together as an ordered pairs as (x,y)
x -2 -1 0 1 2
Holt Algebra 1

y 1 2 3 4 5

(x,y) (–2, 1) (–1, 2) (0, 3) (1, 4) (2, 5) y=x+3 y=x+3 y=x+3 y=x+3 y=x+3 =-2 + 3 = -1 + 3 =0+3 =1+3 =2+3 =1 =2 =3 =4 =5

4-2 Relations and Functions

Objectives
Identify functions. Find the domain and range of relations and functions.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Sho wing Mul ti ple Re pre sen tat io ns o f Re la tio ns
Example 1: Express the relation {(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)}: 1. as a table, 2. as a graph, 3. and as a mapping diagram.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

1. Rep res en t as Tab le :
x y x y x y

{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)} Table

x
2 4 6
Holt Algebra 1

y
3 7 8

Write all x-values under “x” and write all y-values under “y”.

4-2 Relations and Functions

2. Rep res en t as Graph :
{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)} Graph
(4,7) (6,8)

Use the x- and y-values to plot the ordered pairs.

(2,3)

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

3. Rep res en t as Ma pp ing Dia gram:
{(2, 3), (4, 7), (6, 8)} Mapping Diagram x 2 4 6 y 3 7 8 Write all x-values under “x” and all y-values under “y”. Draw an arrow from each x-value to its corresponding y-value.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions
Your turn to try it!!! PRACTICES Express the relation {(1, 3), (2, 4), (3, 5)} as a table, as a graph, and as a mapping diagram. Table Graph

x
1 2 3

y
3 4 5

Mapping Diagram y x 1 2 3 3 4 5

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

The domain of a relation is the set of first coordinates (or x-values) of the ordered pairs. The range of a relation is the set of second coordinates (or y-values) of the ordered pairs.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions

Remember this way: y Range

my EX WIFE is a DR. X Domain

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions
Check It Out! Example 2a Give the domain and range of the relation. 6 5 2 1 –4 –1 0

Domain: {6, 5, 2, 1} Range: {–4, –1, 0}

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions
Check It Out! Example 2b Give the domain and range of the relation.

x
1 4 8

y
1 4 1

Domain: {1, 4, 8} Range: {1, 4}

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions A function is a special type of relation that pairs each domain value with exactly one range value. Notes: If it is a function, then none of x (domain) value should be repeated

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions
Example 3A: Identifying Functions Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell whether the relation is a function. Explain. {(3, –2), (5, –1), (4, 0), (3, 1)}

The relation is not a function. Each domain value does not have exactly one range value. The domain value 3 is repeated, paired with the range values –2 and 1.

Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions
Example 3B: Identifying Functions Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell whether the relation is a function. Explain. –4 –8 4 5 2 1 {(-4, 2), (-8, 2), (4, 1), (5, 1)}

This relation is a function. Each domain value is paired with exactly one range value.
Holt Algebra 1

4-2 Relations and Functions
Example 3C: Identifying Functions Give the domain and range of the relation. Tell whether the relation is a function. Explain. (-3,1) (-3,-2) Draw in lines to see the domain and range values Check out the points that the line cut through the plane

The relation is not a function. Nearly all domain values have more than one range value.
Holt Algebra 1