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University of Southern Philippines Foundation
Introductory Concepts A. LABOR LAWS, SOCIAL LEGISLATION AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
1. Definition 2. Principle of Social Justice 3. Labor Legislation vs Social Legislation
B. INTERPRETATION AND CONSTRUCTION OF LABOR STANDARDS
Art. 4 (Labor Code) Acuna vs CA G&M Phils. Inc. vs Cuambot Eureka vs NLRC Continental Steel Mfg. vs Montano Penaflor vs Outdoor Clothing Mfg. Corp.
For the Employer’s Side: - Cebu Metal Corp. vs Saliling - Saracom vs Interorient Maritime Ent., Inc. - NS Transportation Employees Assoc. vs NSTS Inc.
C. MANAGEMENT PREROGATIVE VS LABOR RIGHTS (REFER TO AZUCENA VOL. II)
1. Management Prerogatives Inherent Nature of Management Prerogatives Phil. Industrial Security Agency Corp. vs Aguinaldo Mendoza vs Rural Bank of Lucban Placido Urbanes vs CA Phil. Am Life & Gen Insurance Co. vs Gramaje St. Michael’s Institute vs Santos Industrial Timber Corp. vs Ababon First Dominion Resources Corp. vs Penaranda
2. Limitations on Exercise of Management Prerogatives 1. Hire R.A. 7610 R.A. 9231
Leonardo vs NLRC . 136(a) Labor Code Art. 7277 “Yellow Dog” Contract R. Inc. vs CA Floren Hotel vs NLRC Effects of Refusal by Emplyee .O. Demote Nature . 04 Series of 1999 2. Endico vs Quantum Food Distribution Center Limits Mendoza vs Rural Bank of Lucban Benguet Electric Cooperative vs Fianza Dusit Hotel Nikko vs NUWHRAIN Allied Banking Corp.A.O. Promote Defined . vs NLRC Mendoza vs Rural Bank of Lucban Benguet Electric Cooperative vs Fianza Tecson vs Glaxxo Wellcom Phils. 3.Fuerte vs Aquino Due Process .Erasmo vs HIG Corp. 7877 (applicability to MP’s) Art. SMC vs Pontillas Norkis Trading vs Gnillo Aguanza vs Asian Terminal Inc.A. Transfer Sentinel Security Agency vs NLRC OSS Security & Allied Services Inc.Floren Hotel vs NLRC 4.Millares vs Subido Does not mean salary increase .PTT Corp. 64-04 Series of 2004 D. 130 Labor Code R.A.R. 9208 D. vs CA Employee’s refusal to be promoted .
5.. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS OF WORKERS IN LABOR STANDARDS 1. vs NAFLU Isabelo vs NLRC Phimco Industries Inc. 16. Civil Code G. 442 (BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND) 1. 4. Doctrine of Incorporation . 2. Equal Protection Clause Due Process Clause Prohibition Against Involuntary Servitude Non-Impairment Clause Requirement of Publication . PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. vs NLRC Benguet Electric Cooperative vs Fianza PAL vs NLRC 5. Art.D. vs CA Brew Master Intl.Sec. 442 (11/01/74) . Significance . Humane Conditions of Work . Social Justice and Human Rights Provision . Security of Tenure 2. II. 2. vs NLRC Sobrepena.R. Jr.Art. Discipline 6.PASEI vs Drillon 2.Sec. 1987 Constitution 3. 1987 Constitution F. Management 7. II. 2.A. LIMITATIONS IN THE ENACTMENT OF LABOR LAWS (REFER TO 1987 CONSTITUTION) 1. vs CA Related Cases Phil-Singapore Transport Services Inc.P. Dismiss D.Allied Banking Corp. Art. 3. 6715 (03/21/98) E. BASIS FOR THE ENACTMENT OF LABOR LAWS 1.Benguet Electric Cooperative vs Fianza . Jr. Police Power . vs NLRC Palomares vs NLRC Arellano.
Servidad vs NLRC . Employee (Art. XIII. vs Margallo I. Payment of Wages 3. Inc. Living Wage 4. vs Galera (GR# 169207 – 03/25/10) Galera vs WPP Mtg. Art. Comm. Comm.Executive Secretary vs CA . Right To Hire 2. Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995 (R. Control over the conduct of work - CRC Agricultural Trading vs NLRC (GR# 177664 – 12/23/09) Dealco Farms Inc.Grandteq Industrial Steel Products Inc. LABOR CODE APPLICABILITY . Co-determination . and other Benefits Jurisdiction over Disciplinary Actions of OFW’s Liability of Local Recruitment Agency and Foreign Principal Entities Authorized to Engage in Recruitment and Placement Country Team Approach 2. 8042) Constitutionality . vs Madjos (GR# 185094 – 11/25/09) Main Concepts A.Austria vs NLRC J. 212(f) Labor Code) 3. Power of Dismissal 4. Inc.V. 3. Angeles Construction vs NLRC . Death Benefits. Just Share in the Fruits of Production 5. LABOR CONTRACTS AND INTERPRETATION . 1987 Constitution H. DEFINITION 1.J. 212(e) Labor Code) 2. Effect of Absence of Consideration .3.People vs Chowdury Jurisdiction of Money Claims. RECRUITMENT AND PLACEMENT OF WORKERS 1.Sec. Test to Determine the Existence of Employer-Employee Relationship FOUR-FOLD TEST 1. Employer (Art. vs NLRC (GR# 153192 – 01/30/09) WPP Mtg.A. (GR# 169239 – 03/25/10) Gomez vs PDMC (GR# 174044 – 11/27/09) Tomaquin vs PLDT (GR# 185251 – 10/02/09) Masonic Contractor Inc.Gonzales vs NLRC .
Procedure in Fixing the Minimum Wage Regionalized (through RTWPB) vs Legislated Wage Fixing Factors in Determination of Minimum Wage Fixing Wage Order and Appeal Effectivity of Wage Order . Wage Distortion Definition Elements of Wage Distortion .. Illegal Recruitment Definition Elements of Illegal Recruitment Economic Sabotage Prescriptive Period for Illegal Recruitment and Economic Sabotage Liabilities (Civil. WAGES 1. Criminal. Commission c. Basic Concept and Principles Characteristics of Wages Wage vs Salary Non-Diminution of Benefits TSPIC Corp. vs TSPIC Employees Union Millares vs NLRC Int’l School Alliance of Educators vs Quisumbing Aklan Electric Cooperative vs NLRC Methods of Fixing Compensation a. and Administrative) People vs BULI-E People vs Baytic People vs Corpus People vs Crispin Billaber People vs Flor Gutierrez People vs Ramon Dujua People vs Leticia Sagayaga People vs Mario Alzona Rodolfo vs People B. Mayon Hotel & Restaurant vs Adana 3. Task 2. Inc. Facilities and Supplements Mabeza vs NLRC Cebu Autobus Co. vs United Cebu Autobus Employees Assoc. Time Spent b.Jaguar Security & Investigation Agency vs Sales 4. State Marine Cooperation vs Cebu Seamen’s Assoc.People vs Piedra 3.
5. 01 Series of 1996 . vs Prudential Bank Bankard Employees Union vs NLRC P.Joy Brothers Inc. 102 Labor Code • ATM Guidelines . CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES . 25. Rule III. vs NUWHRAIN-APL-IUF Alberta Yanson vs Sec. . How to Resolve Wage Distortion (Organized and Unorganized Establishments) Prubankers Assoc. of Labor People’s Broadcasting vs Sec.I.UST vs SM . Mfg.RCPI vs NLRC . 98 Labor Code NWPC Guidelines No. Hoteliers Inc. Inc. 1996 • Payment by Check or Money Order . of Labor Phil. vs NWPC Norkis Free & Independent Workers Union vs Norkis Trading Co. 128-129) . Exemption from Minimum Wage Law Art.Protacio vs Laya Mananghaya & Co. IRR • Payment Through a Bank Place of Payment Time of Payment Whom to Pay? Valid Deductions Prohibitions Regarding Wages Penalty for Non-Compliance of Wage Order Allowances Tips Bonus .Lepanto Ceramics Inc.Balladares vs Peak Ventures Corp. vs TSPIC-EU Metrobank Inc.Sec. vs Sec. 2. Administration and Enforcement of Wage Orders (Art. .Art. Jethro Intelligence & Security Corp. of Labor C.Labor Advisory – Nov.UST 7. vs Lepanto Ceramics Employees Assoc. vs NWPC 6. Wages Form of Payment . vs PIMSFA TSPIC Corp.
Regular vs Casual Employees SMC vs Teodosio PLDT vs Arceo ABS-CBN vs Nazareno Poseidon Fishing vs NLRC Big AA Mfg. Project Ronilo Sorreda vs Cambridge Electronics Corp. Art. Abesco vs Ramirez Samson vs NLRC ABS-CBN vs Nazareno Poseidon Fishing vs NLRC PLDT vs Ylagan Bahia Shipping Services vs Chua Virgilio Sapio vs Castro 4. Pajarillo Liner Inc. Hours of Work Defined Principles and Concepts .V. Construction Corp.Hacienda Fatima vs NFSWF 3.Labor Congress of the Phils vs NLRC . 83) 5. vs Cloco. Meal Break . Overtime Pay Performed in an Ordinary Day Performed on a Rest Day or on a Special Day Performed on a Rest Day which falls on a Special Day .PAL vs NLRC 4. Rest Period 3. 2. Jr.Navarro vs P. vs Antonio Paguio vs NLRC 2. Labor Union Dusit Hotel Nikko vs Gatbonton Mercado vs AMA Computer D. Willam Uy Construction Corp.Lambo vs NLRC 5. HOURS OF WORK 1.1. Probationary Cebu Marine Beach Resort vs NLRC Rodin Alcira vs NLRC Mistubishi Motors vs Chrysler Phils. Seasonal . Workweek (Case of Hospital Personnel.E. vs Trinidad Rosita Pangilinan vs GMC C. Piece Rate .
Trans-Asia Employees Assoc.Clarion Printing House Inc.SMC vs CA . vs NLRC Auto Bus Transport System Inc. 13th Month Pay Who are entitled to 13th Month Pay? .A. 9177 (11/13/02) Application of Principle of “No Work. Service Incentive Leave Imbuido vs NLRC Integrated Contractor & Plumbing Works Inc. vs NLRC . No Pay” Effects of Absences during successive Regular Holidays Rule in case Two(2) Regular Holidays falling on the same day. vs CA Application of Muslim Holiday to Non-Muslims .Arellano Univ. Promotions vs CA . Night-Shift Pay Where Night Shift (10pm to 6am) Work is Regular Work Where Night Shift (10pm to 6am) Work is Overtime Work 10.Asian Transmission Corp. Holiday Pay Definition Eleven(11) Regular Holidays and Two (2) Special Days under R. Performed overtime work on a Regular Day Performed on a Rest Day which falls on a Regular Holiday .PAL vs PALEA Employers exempted from 13th Month Pay Law Tax Exemption . . vs NLRC . Premium Pay Premium pay on a Rest Day Work Premium on Sunday when it is the Employee’s Rest Day Premium Pay on Sunday’s and Holidays when Employee has no Regular Workdays and No Scheduled Regular Rest Day Premium Pay for work performed on Special Holidays (now Special Days) which fall on an Employee’s Scheduled Rest Day Premium Pay for work performed during Special Day 7. vs Bautista ARCO Metal Products vs Samahan ng Manggagawa sa ARCO 9.Damasco vs NLRC Circumstances when an employee will be compelled to render overtime and consequences of refusal 6.JPL Mktg. EE’s and Workers Union vs CA 8.
. 6. Effects and DOLE D. No. APPEARANCE OF LAWYERS AND NON-LAWYERS IN LABOR CASES .Sevilla Trading Co. vs Liceo De Cagayan Univ. vs A. Art. Inc.DBP vs Sec. vs Gamo Iligan Cement Corp.V. 18-02 Series of 2002) RELEVANT CASES: Filipinas vs NLRC Lapanday vs CA Security & Credit Investigation vs NLRC Esparwa Security & Janitorial Services Inc.DOLE vs Maceda . Inc.O. 106 2. Tomas E.Service Charges 12. Effects .Tiangco vs Uniwide Sales Warehouse Club Inc. vs Andales 3. . vs IEWU-SPFL Mandaue Galleon Trade Inc.Singo vs Shangri-La’s Mactan Island Resort Labor-Only Contracting. Receivership on Monetary Claims of Workers.Penaranda vs Baganga Plywood Corp. JOB CONTRACTING AND LABOR-ONLY CONTRACTING 1. No. The phrase “Its Equivalent” in the 13th Month Pay Law RELEVANT CASE: . In-House Agency (Sec.Aliviado vs Procter & Gamble Phils. Art.O. 18-02 Series of 2002 Coca-Cola Bottlers vs Agito Coca-Cola Bottlers vs Dela Cruz South Davao Dev’t.A. 110 Labor Code) . of Labor . F. Semana 11. G.DBP vs NLRC 2. DOLE D.Exemptions . 109 Legitimate Job Contracting . E. PREFERENCE OF WAGES 1. Rehabilitation. In case of Bankruptcy or in Judicial Proceedings (Art. Acevedo vs Advanstar Co.
1698 Civil Code) Employment of Minor as Househelper 7. 143 Labor Code R. Handicaps (R. 7323 Sec. Alien Employees Requisites in Hiring Alien Employees Art.Rizada vs NLRC . 130 (Nightwork Prohibition) Exceptions to Nightwork Prohibition Required facilities for women Acts of Discrimination against women prohibited under R. 41. IRR Employer-Employee Relationship 6.A.A. 1694. Domestic or Household Service Workers Art. 150 Labor Code and Art. 7277) Definition of Terms: Handicap. 302 of the Civil Code Art. 42 of the Labor Code Limitations in hiring of alien employees I. 14. 6725 5. Learners Who is a learner? Requisites in hiring a learner Wage of a learner 4.A.A. 80 – 81 Labor Code) Handicapped vs Disabled Employees 3. 40. 147. Apprentices What is an apprenticeship agreement? Who is an apprentice? Wage of an apprentice Qualifications of an apprentice Limitations in hiring of an apprentice Regularization of an apprentice 2. Student Workers R. SSS.H. Book 3. SPECIAL TYPES OF WORKERS 1. Art. 7655 Rights of a Househelper (Wage. 148. Women Workers Art. disabled and impaired Handicapped worker and His/Her rights (Art. 145. Rule X. QUITCLAIMS .
vs Latag Magbanua vs UY Catholic Vicariate vs Sto. IRR) Grounds Duration Extension JRS Business Corp. 277(b) Labor Code) a. vs NLRC Chona Torres vs NLRC K. II.T. SECURITY OF TENURE 1. Rule 23. Constructive Dismissal vs Illegal Dismissal Fernando Go vs CA Unicorn Safety Glass Inc. Corp. vs NLRC Oscar Garcia vs NLRC Bacolod-Talisay Realty & Dev’t Corp. Constitution. vs NLRC Gandara Supply vs NLRC Atlas Fertilizer Corp. vs Basarte Artiaga vs Siliman University Merck Sharp and Dohme vs Robles Penaflor vs Outdoor Clothing Mfg. vs PCMC ACD Investigation Security Agency vs Daquera R & E Transport Inc.Fujitsu vs CA . TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT 1. Inc. Mining Services Corp. 3. vs Dela Cruz .. vs NLRC Malinaw vs NLRC PNCC vs NLRC Phil.- Lambo vs NLRC C & A Construction Co. Preventive Suspension (Sec. Art. Tomas J. 1. Substantial Evidence Salvador vs Phil. Requisites for a Valid Dismissal (Sec. Art. Corp. Due Process (Notice Requirement) Shoppes Manila Inc. Book V. 8-9. Scope .PLDT vs Tolentino . Int’s Corp Millares vs PLDT Philtread Tire & Rubber Corp. Sevillana vs I. Carpet Exporters Assoc. vs Alberto Vicente b.Condo Suite Club Travel Inc. vs NLRC Valiao vs CA King of Kings Transport vs Mamac Uniwide Sales Warehouse Club vs NLRC Placido vs NLRC Technol Eight Phils. vs NLRC 2.
Gross and Habitual Neglect Tres Reyes vs Maxim’s Tea House Golden Thread Knitting vs NLRC Jo vs NLRC Icawat vs NLRC R.PT&T vs NLRC 3. vs NLRC . Authorized Causes (Art. Burden of Proof . Commission of a Crime against Employer e. Serious Misconduct or Willful Disobedience Oscar Garcia vs Malayan Insurance Bughaw vs Treasure Island Citibank vs NLRC Tomada Sr.Asian Alchohol Corp.Phil. Transport Corp. 282 Labor Code) a. Installation of Labor Saving Devices .Mantle Trading Services Inc. 283 Labor Code) a. vs RFM Corp Reno Foods Inc.Almira vs BF Goodrich . vs Atienza Cosmos Bottling Corp. Inc.Tipteo vs CA 2. vs NLRC RP Dinglasan Construction Inc. Principle of Discretionary Justice . Fraud or Willful Breach of Trust/Loss of Confidence Nokom vs NLRC Delos Santos vs NLRC PLDT vs Tolentino Charles Ramos vs CA Adelino Felix vs NLRC Rolando Aromin vs NLRC d. Other Analogous Cases .Cathedral School of Technology vs NLRC .Dole Phils. Redundancy: Requisites . Vs NLRC .c. vs Ejandra Union Motor Corp. vs NLRC .Serrano vs NLRC b. Just Causes for Termination of Employment (Art. vs Nagrama c. Veterans Bank vs NLRC d.VH Mfg. vs NLRC . vs NLM-Katipunan PLDT vs Berbano Plantation Bay Resort vs Dubrico Baron vs NLRC - b.
Sec. Closure or Cessation of Operation due to Serious Business Losses North Davao Mining vs NLRC Cama vs Joni’s Food Services Inc. Hotel Enterprises of the Phils. vs Antonio Kimberly-Clark Phils. Inc. Manatad vs PT&T Brizuela vs Dingle Anabe vs Asian Const. Disease (Art. vs Dimayuga Januaria Rivera vs United Laboratories Inc. Cement Corp. 284 Labor Code) . 6. vs NLRC Nasipit Lumber Co. Retirement Divina Lopez vs Nat’l Steel Corp.Twin Notice Requirement 4. 2.Azcor Mfg.ATCI Overseas Corp. 285 Labor Code) . Corp.- Golden Thread Knitting vs NLRC Witshire File Co. vs NLRC Bonifacio Asufrin vs CA c. vs NLRC Mandaue Dinhow Dimsum House vs NLRC Solidbank Corp. 283 Labor Code . Inc. Resignation (Art.Alfaro vs CA .Mobile Protective & Detective Agency vs Ompad . Rule 23. Inc. CBL Transit Inc. vs CA 5. Book V.Maya Farms vs NLRC . Retrenchment to Prevent Losses EMCO Plywood Corp. vs SAMASAH-NUWHRAIN Mendros vs Mitsubishi Motors Phils. vs NLRC Dole Phils.Capitol Wireless vs Confessor f. R&E Transport vs Latag Eastern Shippin Lines Inc. Criteria in Termination of Employees under Authorized Causes (except Closure) . vs Ablegas PLDT vs NLRC Cajucom VII vs TPI Phils. vs NLRC e. Inc.Cruz vs NLRC . FASAP vs PAL Talam vs NLRC - d. vs NLRC . IRR . Procedural Requirement under Art.
1 yr from Cause of . Of Labor Union Virgilio Sapio vs Undaloc Construction Celebes Japan Foods Corp. Journalist Inc. vs Belen Javellana. vs NLRC Phil.Dumago vs PAL 2. Jr.Kar Asia Inc. Money Claims Action Accrued . Inc. 1146 Civil Code) of Action Accrued 2. Reinstatement (Art. . CONSEQUENCES OF ILLEGAL DISMISSAL 1. vs NLRC 4.Phil. Jr. vs Ananias Dy 3.PCI Bank vs Abad . Inc. vs Paramlo Armando David vs Nat’l Fed. vs Corona .Golden Ace Builders vs Talde 2.4 yrs from Cause . 279 Labor Code) 1.PLDT vs NLRC (Discerning Compassion Doctrine) . Genesis Transport Services Inc. Unfair Labor Practice Action Accrued 3. vs Alicia Bautista . Jr. Attorney’s Fees (Art.Sagrasso Construction & Dev’t Corp. Commercial Int’l Bank vs Abad .3 yrs from Cause of . vs Mosqueda Mitsubishi Motors Phils. vs Chrysler Phils Labor Union Sime Darby Pilipinas Inc. Backwages Jenny Agabon vs NLRC Chronicles Securities Corp. 111 Labor Code) M. Fe La Rosa vs Ambasador Hotel DAMAGES Colegio de San Juan vs Villas Cruz vs NLRC Mayon & Hotel Restaurant Phil.L. Nature . vs Arguilla Javellana. PRESCRIPTIVE PERIOD 1.Manila Diamond Hotel EU vs CA .Cabigting vs San Miguel Foods Inc. vs Michaelmar Phils. Corp. Separation Pay . For Illegal Dismissal (Art.Diversified Sec. vs UMMGT Hilton Heavy Equipment Corp. vs Javellana Farms Inc. Employ Services & Resources Inc. Instances when Reinstatement is not Possible . vs Yermo Bernardo Jose.
.Texon Mfg. vs Millena .
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