SRT ® Pyrolysis Furnace Module

Overview

The SRT® Short Residence Time pyrolysis furnace module from Lummus Technology was developed in the mid-1960s as a response to growing ethylene demand and the need for selectivity to olefins, consistent with long run lengths and high on-stream time. Since the first SRT I was developed, the design has evolved, culminating in the SRT VI design. It features a unique 2-pass radiant coil design that is mechanically simple and easy to operate. Olefin yields are consistently high for all feedstocks. Plants that use SRT technology currently represent about 40% of worldwide ethylene capacity. In the last decade, Lummus has built and commissioned more ethylene cracking furnaces

than any other process licensor. The SRT technology consistently achieves designed capacity, meets yield guarantees, and operates for long run lengths (greater than 50 days) between coil decokings. The furnace module features a single-stage transferline exchanger designed for high capacity, low pressure drop, and maximum thermal efficiency. This patented “Quick Quencher” design has no tube sheet and provides long run times between mechanical cleanings. Many designs feature gas turbine integration with the furnace to significantly improve the plant energy balance. Recent projects are equipped with low NOx burners or catalytic DENOX to improve emissions.

Advantages

Process Features
Radiant coil design:
■ ■

Client Benefits

Small inlet tubes Large outlet tubes

Higher selectivity to olefins ■ high capacity per coil long run length ■ simple mechanical design

Quick Quencher Transferline Exchanger Simple tube hanging system Venturi flow control Floor firing Low NOx burners BASF on-line decoking Gas turbine integration Heavy oil processing system (HOPS)

No tube sheet ■ low residence time ■ low cost ■ long runs Lower cost ■ reliable operation Improves conversion control ■ evens flow distribution Fewer burners ■ lower cost Reduces emissions Less maintenance ■ longer tube life ■ reduces emissions Significant energy improvement Provides capability to crack heavy NGL

Performance Characteristics

Pyrolysis yields wt % Hydrogen Methane Acetylene Ethylene Ethane MAPD Propylene Propane C4 s C5+ TOTAL

Ethane 3.93 3.82 0.43 53.00 35.00 0.06 0.89 0.17 1.59 1.11 100.00

Propane 1.56 25.30 0.64 39.04 3.94 0.53 11.34 5.00 5.39 7.26 100.00

Full Range Naphtha 0.91 15.70 0.78 30.80 3.30 1.00 14.00 0.28 8.70 24.53 100.00

Light AGO 0.63 11.20 0.47 26.50 3.40 0.80 13.40 0.25 8.80 34.55 100.00

lummus. Process Description Pyrolysis Heater Configuration. To control the superheater outlet temperature. The effluent from recycle cracking is not quenched. This approach has been used in designs since 1978. After the water injection.com 11/01/07 . NJ 07003-3096 USA Tel. please contact: Lummus Technology 1515 Broad Street. The feedstock is distributed to the parallel tubes in the first pass of the radiant coil via critical flow venturis.SRT ® Pyrolysis Furnace Module The feedstock is first heated in the convection section under flow control to each coil. maintenance and capacity advantages over conventional TLE hydrojetting. The total mix is further heated in the convection section before entering the radiant section. and Quick Quencher Pyrolysis Heater Configuration Convection Section BFW SRT VI Coil Configuration Feed Dilution Steam Steam Radiant Section Quenched Raw Product Quick Quencher For further information. On-line decoking of the TLE offers several mechanical. the coil design allows for boiler feedwater injection into the partially superheated steam. SRT Coil Configuration. The decoking design includes steam-air decoking of the radiant coil and air-only decoking of the TLE. The fresh feed TLE effluents are oil quenched with individual quench fittings at the TLE outlets. 1-973-893-1515 Fax. 1-973-893-2000 e-mail: lummus. The TLEs generate super-high-pressure steam via a thermosyphon system connected to a common steam drum for each heater. Bloomfield. The gas turbine drives an electrical generator and is fired by methane offgas. The effluent from the radiant coils is sent to the TLEs. The steam generated is superheated in a superheater coil integrated with the convection section of the heater. The source of combustion oxygen for the cracking heaters is a combination of ambient air and gas turbine exhaust. the steam is returned to the convection section for final superheating to the desired temperature. and additional heat is recovered in a secondary TLE. The boiler feedwater to the steam drum is preheated in the convection section of the cracking heater.com Website: www. Dilution steam is then added to each coil on flow control such that a constant steam-to-oil ratio is maintained. Decoking effluent is sent directly to the firebox for combustion.cbi.tech@CBI.

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