Castles of Grief
- Castra Doloris Chapter 1- 25 -
Castles of Grief
- Castra Doloris Chapter 1- 25 -
Published by Lulu
-2010 - 2013-
© 2010-2013 by Joannes Richter published by Lulu www.lulu.com All Rights Reserved ISBN: xxx-x-yyyy-zzzz-z
1 Castles of Grief....................................................................5 2 An uncontrolled immersion heater ......................................7 3 From Oil Spell to Oil Spill.................................................11 4 The wolf's den in the swamps............................................15 5 The mausoleum of segregation..........................................19 6 The Temple of Corruption..................................................21 7 The Summit of Foolishness................................................24 8 The incomplete Mausoleum...............................................27 9 A Sarcophagus in a Jewel's Harbor....................................30 10 The Mausoleum of Love..................................................34 11 Adam's Mausoleum..........................................................38 12 A Mausoleum for the Empire...........................................40 13 The Mausoleum at Doorstep............................................45 14 The Tombstone for Accuracy...........................................49 15 A Tomb for the Red, White & Blue..................................51 16 Mausoleum for a devil's workshop ................................55 17 An Epitaph for a Lost Paradise........................................57 18 A Castrum Doloris for Justice..........................................60 19 Castrum Doloris for a Prince's poet.................................63 20 Memorial for an Incomplete Youth..................................66 21 Amanda’s Mausoleum......................................................70 22 In the end, people will understand...................................74 23 The Villar of IOU.............................................................78 24 The Federal Reserve.........................................................82 25 A 100 anniversary at Jekyll Island...................................89
1 Castles of Grief
Castrum Doloris (Latin for Castle of grief) is a name for the structure and decorations sheltering or accompanying the catafalque or bier that signifies the prestige or high estate of the deceased. A Castrum Doloris might feature an elaborate baldachin and would include candles, possibly flowers, and in most cases coats of arms, epitaphs and possibly allegorical statues. Many extensive castra doloris can be traced to the customs of 17th century and 18th century or even earlier, since Pope Sixtus V's funeral arrangements included a castrum doloris in the mid-14th Century.
Fig. 1: Example of a Castrum Doloris Catafalque for William I. of Orange at the New Church at Delft Artist: Dirck van Delen (1605-1671)
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - Wikipedia Commons
But we may remember all mausoleums, sarcophagi, graves or tombstones reminding us of the magnificence of the deceased will be torn down some day. And in fact most of the brightest human activities will end up in an explosion, which often requires a sarcophagus as a landmark for Ground Zero at the focus of this event. Most of the following Castles of Grief had been published as short stories in the German manuscript Castra Doloris - Auf Den Punkt Gebracht and I decided to translate some of these tales as a Chautauqua - “an old-time series of popular talks intended to edify and entertain, to improve the mind and bring culture and enlightenment to the audience and the mind.” The tales will be concatenated by highlighted keywords marked in yellow. This will merge all human activities into a single story. There will be some tales of joy, but most of history is a sad chain of catastrophes. You can't tell these catastrophes in a straightforward way. You must hide the truth as long as you can – polite enough not to disturb the mind of the sensitive readers. The truth itself is unbearable and it is better to tell a nonsensical tale carrying a sacred spark of truth hidden within ....
Please visit the Google-Maps documenting all Castles of Grief to check the thesis most of these mausoleums have been erected at the northern hemisphere...
2 An uncontrolled immersion heater
Early in the beautiful morning of the 30th of April 1986 the Swabian mechanical engineer Henry Gearloose sharpened his scythe and started mowing the grass bed along his house. Scything the grass at springtime unfolds myriads of tingling herbal scents ripened in the sun and exploding into the air by the blow of the swinging blade. At the first cutting moves Henry smelled the intensive odors reminding him of alpine mountains in summertime. It was going to be a nice sunny day and Henry took his gathered haystacks with his bare arms to carry them to his dustbin at the backside of his garden. As soon as he had picked up the hay he felt an irritating prickling of the grass on his arms. It just felt like a honeymoon palsy, but he just considered the possibility of an allergic reaction, which would have to be cured as soon as he would finish his job. Later he observed the appearance of strange red pimples on his skin which were to vanish within a few days. As a mechanical engineer Henry guessed the grass blades were defending themselves against the mower and his scythe by unfolding allergic substances, but as soon as he had opened the newspaper he supposed his body must have been detecting nuclear radiation, resulting in the irritating prickles in his arms. In classical theory the human body will only provide us with five senses. The traditional five senses are sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste, a classification attributed to Aristotle.
Humans are considered to have at least five additional senses that include: nociception (pain); equilibrioception (balance); proprioception and kinaesthesia (joint motion and acceleration); sense of time; thermoception (temperature differences); and possibly an additional weak magnetoception (direction). Now Henry considered to add another type of sensor to this list: the human sensor for nuclear radiation. The pervading secrecy of the responsible authorities led to strange rumors in the newspapers and television. Of course the main responsible party, the Soviet government, ignored all accusations and reported a minor breakdown of an electric power plant. German authorities gave out warnings not to consume any crops from the fields exposed to rain. Most people felt misinformed, but the truth seemed seemed to be elusive. Nobody had any equipment for detecting hazards and families started buying hundreds of bottles of uncontaminated water... From rumors Henry learned the minor breakdown must have occurred at a nuclear reactor in a rather unknown area called Chernobyl, where an explosion might have spread an amount of nuclear material called Cesium-137. The accident had taken place the 26th of April 1986 but it had been presented as a minor incident. Now the reporters described the problem as a nuclear catastrophe, caused by operator negligence in conducting an unscheduled, dangerous experiment on the reactor, combined with an improper shutdown system leading to a power excursion that subsequently caused a meltdown, completely disturbing reactor block #4. This however had not been the first of a series of severe breakdowns.
Block #1 had been completed in 1977 and within a couple of years, on September 1st, 1982 an operator error destroyed a central fuel bundle through overheating. A vast output of nuclear material caused considerable exposure of the Prypiat-area to nuclear radiation. A number of laborers received a massive exposure to high levels of nuclear radiation. Block #2 had been completed 1978. On 11 October 1991 a hydrogen explosion caused fire in the turbine hall. The roof partially collapsed and caused considerable damage to one of the generators. The operators managed to halt the system manually and saved the area from exposure to nuclear radiation. Basically the four nuclear reactors of the Chernobyl plant are not more than simple immersion heaters feeding conventional steam turbines for electric generators. A complex series of development errors, sloppiness, bad documentation, ignorance and secrecy resulted in a catastrophe of 1986. Large volumes of nuclear debris were allowed to escape into the atmosphere. Especially the volatile isotopes Iodine-131 and Cesium-137 mutated to hazardous aerosols to be spread by clouds over thousands of kilometers around the world, where they disappeared as raindrops in the topsoil. Somehow the half-life for Cesium-137 (30 years) corresponds more or less to the half-life of human beings, which accentuates the harmful affect of exposure for human beings. These nucleotides probably had been causing skin disorder of the 45-year old engineer. From the very beginning of the incident to the end of 1987 the Soviet administration ordered 200.000 laborers as “liquidators” to clear the area of debris. 9
Around 1000 of these victims received the severe up to deadly doses of nuclear radiation between 2 and 20 Gray, but they luckily managed to cap the damaged reactor and created an improvisatory sarcophagus. On the inside of the catafalque the catastrophe has been conserved in a heated state. Around 150-180 tons of the original 190 tons of nuclear material have been enclosed as molten core elements, in which uranium, plutonium, graphite ashes, dust and sand have been mixed to a gigantic “elephant foot”. Chernobyl has been the most important nuclear environmental catastrophe, comparable with the nuclear incident at the plant of Majak 1957. These kinds of sarcophagi1 are the fleshconsuming Castles of Grief which still have to be built as a monument for the “peaceful” application of nuclear energy. The new protective monument has been designed to be 257 meters long, 150 meters wide and reaches an altitude of 108 meters. The order to build this structure has been committed to the Consortium Novarka at the 17th of September 2007. It will be erected at a distance of 200 meters and then be shifted over the old sarcophagus. Whenever you are making hay and you are feeling stitches into your arms or legs, you are wisely advised to immediately take your loved ones and take cover in your cellar with a large amount of bottled drinking water, as one of these antediluvian immersion heaters may once again have had a minor breakdown....
The word "sarcophagus" comes from the Greek σαρξ sarx meaning "flesh", and φαγειν phagein meaning "to eat", hence sarkophagus means "flesheating".
3 From Oil Spell to Oil Spill2
A few weeks ago the platform was a relatively new, massive floating, dynamically positioned platform that had been designed to operate in waters up to 8,000 feet (2,400 m) deep and drill down to 30,000 feet (9,100 m). Still this hightechnology full of highly paid skilled workers initiated an environmental catastrophe by erroneous decisions of greedy management. During March and early April, several platform workers and supervisors already expressed concerns with well control. At approximately 9:45 pm CDT on April 20, high pressurized methane gas shot all the way up from the well and out of the drill column, expanded towards the platform, and then ignited and exploded. Fire engulfed the platform. Most of the workers were evacuated by lifeboats or were airlifted out by helicopter, but eleven workers were never found despite a three-day Coast Guard search operation, and are presumed to have died in the explosion. Efforts by multiple ships to douse the flames were unsuccessful. After burning furiously for approximately 36 hours, the platform sank on the morning of April 22. As a result, the drilling riser running from the wellhead on the ocean floor up to the oil rig had been cut off, but of course the automatic shutdown device was thought to be protecting the system from environmental catastrophes...
This information has been found at the Wikipedia entry: Deepwater Horizon oil spill
The oil company announced that it was deploying a remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROV) to the site to assess whether oil was flowing from the well.
Fig. 2: Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling unit on fire 2010
Anchor-handling tugboats battle the blazing remnants of the off shore oil rig Deepwater Horizon. A Coast Guard MH-65C dolphin rescue helicopter and crew document the fire aboard the mobile offshore drilling unit Deepwater Horizon, while searching for survivors. Multiple Coast Guard helicopters, planes and cutters responded to rescue the Deepwater Horizon's 126 person crew.
On April 23, a ROV reportedly found no oil leaking from the sunken rig and no oil flowing from the well. The Coast Guard Rear Admiral expressed cautious optimism of zero environmental impact, stating that no oil was emanating from either the wellhead or the broken pipes and that oil spilled from the explosion and sinking was being contained. The following day, April 24, the admiral however announced that a damaged wellhead was indeed leaking oil into the Gulf and described it as "a very serious spill". The oil company has not given a cause for the explosion. According to the US-Congressional investigation the rig's blowout preventer, a fail-safe device fitted at the base of the well, had a hydraulic leak and a failed battery, and therefore failed. Investigations have focused on the cementing procedure and the blowout preventer, which failed to fully engage. A number of significant problems have been identified with the blowout preventer: there was a leak in the hydraulic system that provides power to the shear rams. The underwater control panel had been disconnected from the bore ram, and instead connected to a test hydraulic ram. The blowout preventer schematic drawings, do not correspond to the structure that is on the ocean bottom. The shear rams are not designed to function on the joints where the drill pipes are screwed together or on tools that are passed through the blowout preventer during well construction. The explosion may have severed the communication line between the rig and the sub-surface blowout preventer control unit such that the blowout preventer would have never received the instruction to engage.
Before the backup dead man's switch could engage, communications, power and hydraulic lines must all be severed, but it is possible hydraulic lines were intact after the explosion. Of the two control pods for the deadman switch, the one that has been inspected so far had a dead battery. An employee told the BBC on June 21 that a leak was spotted on a crucial piece of equipment in the oil rig's blowout preventer weeks before the accident, and that responsible departments have been informed by email about it. The House Energy and Commerce Committee is investigating the incident. In a statement made in June they noted that in a number of cases leading up to the explosion, the oil company appears to have chosen riskier procedures to save time or money, sometimes against the advice of its staff or contractors. Whenever I see one of these massive floating, dynamically positioned drilling rigs I cannot help to consider these tools as hazardous toys in the hands of irresponsible engineers on their way to destroying this planet earth. The Deepwater Horizon catastrophe may be comparable to the Ixtoc I oil spill, which has been spilling approximately the same amount of oil for 10 months in 1980 as compared to the Deepwater Horizon in 2 months. The Deepwater Horizon catastrophe will probably follow the same procedure and scenario as has been used in the Ixtoc I oil spill3.
The history of the Ixtoc I oil spill has been documented in details in Wikipedia at Ixtoc I oil spill.
4 The wolf's den in the swamps
Whenever you plan to get to the hearth of something you are advised to search for the mausoleum or the erected sarcophagus. You are not going to find anything worthwhile in the cradle. Instead mankind buries its epitomes and monsters in castles of grief, where the idea's essences condensate to deceased remains in a gaseous state of matter. Normally a mausoleum will be planned during the lifetime of a mighty man as an impressive monument for his importance and power. Inside the sarcophagus the flesh is transformed into methane gas, black liquids, some white bones and yellow teeth, releasing evil spirits in the dark forests and nebulous swamps. This is the wolf's den in the swamps, which is still being visited by sinister individuals. Any sensitive soul may even hear their silent howling from inside the catacombs.... The wolf's den had been designed as a improvisatory camp to be used for merely 6 months. These calculations had to be based upon the concept of a 4 week campaign to reach the enemy's capital city within a month. Of course the calculation and the design soon proved to be illusory. The camp soon had to be expanded at intervals of weeks and months. The soldiers erected the wolf's den in a sacred and 100 years old oak forest located in the swamps, where the inhabitants were soon to be tortured by the mosquitoes. That's why they ridiculed the location as the Mosquito's Home, where Master Wolf relaxed by leading his German Shepherd Dog4 Blondie over a 2m high wooden log for training.
GSD, also known as an Alsatian
Fig. 3: Ruins of the Wolf's Den (“Wolfsschanze”)
This photograph has been uploaded by Buschaot into de.wikipedia at Creative Commons-Licences Namensnennung-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 2.0 US-amerikanisch (nicht portiert)
Of the remaining three and a half years of the campaign Mister Wolf was to vegetate for more than 800 nights at this lonely site. He left the den at the sound of nearby gun fire. On November 20th, 1944 the all-time Greatest General leaves his secret bunker by a special train heading westward. General K. orders to destroy the Wolf's den with 10-12 tons of TNT. Two days later the Russian troops enter the Rastenburg area on January 27th, 1945, where they need 10 years to deactivate approximately 54.000 mines. In 1959 the location has been opened as Masuria's attraction for 200.000 tourists. The main buildings are 25-60 Meters long, 25-40 Meter wide and 9-12 Meter high. Allied forces knew the exact location of the Wolf's den, but they never ordered a bomb attack. The ceilings had been designed to withstand any conventional bombing of those days and we may wonder what kind of psyche feels safe in an isolated bunker protected by 8 meters of solid concrete. The front had been designed more solid than the rear and the remains look like Potemkin villages. The guards for the Wolf's den were not too effective and at least three intruders were reported. In August 1943 a Polish woman managed to enter the area from the east and walk along the railroad tracks to the other end of the camp. She was taken into custody on the western boundaries of the area. The Rastenburg swamps are still discharging methane gases, discharging in the will-o'-the-wisp of the deceased flickering at the location where the greatest campaign of all times has been planned.
Sometimes ruin #13 in the middle of the Rastenburg swamps ejects a special toxic cocktail, which may also be called a cock's tail for its rusty brown color. At these events the swamps are breeding a new generation of cyclone-mosquitoes with a most poisonous secrete, causing painful and extremely slowly healing infections and resulting in stubborn, large wheals. The victim may only hope to leave the place as soon as possible as no medicine will cure these irritating wounds on his face and limbs...
5 The mausoleum of segregation
The first century of our time a mosquito-contaminated hill at the outskirts of ancient Rome at the west-bank of the Tiber river was located across the Marsfield covered with public buildings. Caligula decided to raise a circus at the hill and Nero additionally erected a palace and a bridge to cross the river. The legend teaches us how Simon Peter has been crucified topdown and buried at Caligula's circus at the autumn of the year 64. In honor of this sacred location Constantine the Great decided to build a church at this burial place. One of the bridge-builders considered the 1200 years old basilica at a mosquito-contaminated hill as a non-representative monument for his own grave and in the end ordered to build a complete new mausoleum. On April18th, 1506 the first stone marked the foundation of a new mausoleum at the storage location for the most valuable reliquary: the legendary Veil of Veronica or Sudarium5. The monumental building had to be paid by a Peter's pence and the increased volume of indulgences to be sold to the people. These indulgences however caused a massive opposition resulting in the reformation movement, which did split the Church into 1,25 billions of Catholics and 600 millions of protestants. For this catastrophe the newly created mausoleum may really be named the mausoleum of dissidence. St. Peter's is famous as a place of pilgrimage, for its liturgical functions and for its historical associations. It is associated with the papacy, with the Counter-reformation and with numerous artists, most significantly Michelangelo.
Latin for sweat-cloth
As a work of architecture, it is regarded as the greatest building of its age. Contrary to popular misconception, Saint Peter's is not a cathedral, as it is not the seat of a bishop. It is properly termed a papal basilica. The Basilica of St. Peter is one of four papal basilicas or major basilicas of Rome the others being the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Santa Maria Maggiore and St. Paul outside the Walls. It is the most prominent building in the Vatican City. Its dome is a dominant feature of the skyline of Rome. Probably the largest church in Christianity, it covers an area of 2.3 hectares (5.7 acres) and has a capacity of over 60,000 people. One of the holiest sites of Christendom in the Catholic Tradition it is a magnificent and gigantic temple, although it has cost the schism of the congregation ....
6 The Temple of Corruption
The rich Temple of the Peace Palace 6, situated in The Hague, Netherlands, is often called the seat of international law because it houses the International Court of Justice. In 1903 Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919) agreed to donate the US$1.5 million needed for a Peace Temple that would house the PCA7 as well as to endow it with a library of international law. The beautiful Palace is filled with many marvelous gifts of the different nations who attended the Second Hague Conference8 as a sign of their support. Among the gifts are a 3.2-tonne vase from Russia, doors from Belgium, marble from Italy, a fountain from Denmark, wall carpets from Japan, the clock for the clock tower from Switzerland, Persian rugs from Iran and wood from Indonesia and the United States of America. The palace also features a number of statues, busts and portraits of prominent peace campaigners from around the world and of all eras. Only a few visitors however realize the money for the building has been earned by poor laborers working under the worst possible conditions such as a 84 hours week for the philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. Born as a child of a poor weaver Carnegie became one of the most famous leaders of industry of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He had little or no experience at all in manufacturing steel, but he was an expert in gifts of money, that “alter the behavior of the recipient”.
Dutch: Vredespaleis The PCA is the Permanent Court of Arbitration 8 in 1907
In the History of the Great American Fortunes Gustavus Myers describes exactly how the Great American Fortunes have been made: by an endless chain of illegal manipulations, such as bribery, blackmail, etc. Myers merely needs to quote the USAmerican law-protocols to document the methods applied in all eras up to publication date. There is no doubt the System did continue business as usual after publication. Myers' work has been ignored anyway as the Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Bigotry9 and Human Rights closed in 2009, demonstrating the power of American “power-players”: “In 2009 we take pride in 25 years of continuous operation of the Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Bigotry and Human Rights! We are saddened, however, that the Myers Center has closed down due to lack of funds.” Often the big players preferred to gift a minimal portion of the stolen money to some noble institution such as the Peace Palace or other institutes selected for the quality of good propaganda. In fact the methods described sound extremely modern. There is a lot of “investment”-money being shifted to and fro. Myers' books also documents how public property may easily be stolen by buying property (railroads, water systems, etc.), plundering the values and reselling the worthless skeletons back to the government.
A bigot is a person obstinately or intolerantly devoted to his or her own opinions and prejudices.
To me the Peace Palace, paid by the Dollars earned from corrupted business methods documented by Gustavus Myers, is just another symptom of corruption and should be renamed to Temple of Corruption to remind the people of the basic methods with which great fortunes are earned.
7 The Summit of Foolishness
Thinking about summits we remind the Sherpa Tenzing Norgay standing upright at the top of the world, overseeing the whole wide world at his feet... The time is melting and the waiting body is growing cold. Climbing these mountains is just too easy. The climbers are too many and most of these seem to be too foolish, hiring a Sherpa to carry their tents and sleeping bags for money. Ever since the 1980's the number of ascents has been exploding. Anybody may start climbing a summit, but merely one in three is allowed to mount the top of this mountain. Maybe you will have to postpone the descent or not manage to descent at all. Anyway you will risk an amputation if you are lucky. Yes it's quite an adventure to survive this trip. Thinking – yes, it never has been easy enough, but right now in this stress and pain and blackness of a blank mind, blocked by the missing oxygen? I remember to have invested some years and 65.000 US Dollars; yes, but these sacrifices... The tracks at these altitudes have been marked by the corpses of hundreds of victims. Medical aid or a removal of the dead bodies may often be too dangerous or costly for the survivors. From a respectful altitude we do not regard these victims as memorials any more. As soon as the brain has been narrowed down to a black line we merely observe the white footsteps leading upwards to the sky...
Problems culminated in 1996. At both sides of the Everest twelve climbers lost their lives in extremely bad weather conditions as described by Jon Krakauer („Into Thin Air“) and Anatoli Bukrejew („The Climb “). Ever since the discovery in 1852 the 8850 meters elevated Everest peak required 21 victims and 101 years to be mounted. Up to 2009 a total of 4109 expeditions had been organized. 221 climbers did not manage to return after they crashed at the slopes, were frozen to death, exhausted, suffering from acute mountain sickness (AMS) or lost in avalanches. At the 22th of May 2003, a total of 116 visitors has been recorded at the summit. This type of mass tourism however results in a special type of environmental pollution. One third of the climbing masses belongs to commercial expeditions. Most of the members of these expeditions will use oxygen masks as expeditions without artificial oxygen reveal a much higher failure rate and a double lethal risk as the standard tour with oxygen masks. Tents, oxygen flasks, cans and medicines may be found as road markers. Each and every expedition is forced to pay a pollution fee, which will be repaid only if all materials including even the faeces have been removed from the mountain. From time to time special expeditions have to be organized to remove the garbage the camps at high altitudes. The Japanese climber Ken Noguchi is reported to have removed nine tons of garbage in as much as 5 expeditions. A Sherpa named Appa is said to have reached the summit of the world 19 times (May 2009) and the youngest member of any expedition has been the Nepalese Temba Tsheri, who climbed the peak 22th May of 2001 at the age of 15.
In contrast the eldest climber aged 76 and 341 days is said to be the Nepalese Min Bahadur Sherchan, reaching the top of the world at the 25th of May 2008. Yes, it's true: Age does not protect against folly. And by how much the nearer they approach to this old age, by so much they grow backward into the likeness of children, until like them they pass from life to death, without any weariness of the one, or sense of the other. The quickest ascent has been attributed to Sherpa Pemba Dorjee, who succeeded to climb the top from the base camp to the summit in 8:10 hours at 21 May 2004. All right, climbing a summit is quite an experience. Usually an acute mountain sickness (AMS) ejects an overdose of endorphins raising our brains in a semi-dormant status. We soon loose our senses and feel subconscious anyway – that's a good time for closing your eyes and rest a while.... Too bad if from time to time a Sherpa will enter your tent and carries the subconscious frozen body from the Summit of Foolishness down to the Valley of Ignorance and Boring Life...
8 The incomplete Mausoleum
Originally the Great Mogul planned to erect another version of the monument – made of black marble – at the opposite bank of the river Yamuna. With the discovery of Mahtab Bagh or "Moonlight Garden" on the other side of the Yamuna, the interpretation of the Archaeological Survey of India is that the Yamuna river itself was incorporated into the Mughal garden's design and was meant to be seen as one of the rivers of Paradise. Soon after completion Shah Jahan however was deposed by his son Aurangzeb and put under house arrest at nearby Agra Fort. Upon Shah Jahan's death 1666, Aurangzeb buried him in the mausoleum next to his wife. His cenotaph is bigger than his wife's, but reflects the same elements: a larger casket on slightly taller base, again decorated with astonishing precision with lapidary and calligraphy that identifies him. On the lid of this casket is a traditional sculpture of a small pen box. The pen box and writing tablet were traditional Mughal funerary icons decorating men's and women's caskets respectively. The Ninety Nine Names of God are to be found as calligraphic inscriptions on the sides of the actual tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, The asymmetry of the building has been interpreted as the proof for an equivalent design for his own cenotaph at a symmetrical location to his wife's monument. Due to familiar difficulties the Great Mogul merely managed to erect the "crown of buildings" for his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died during the birth of their fourteenth child. The mausoleum covers a marble platform of 100 m x 100 m.
The principal mausoleum has been erected between 1631 and 1648. The surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later.
Fig. 4: Mumtaz Mahal c. 17th - 18th Ct. In the immediate aftermath of his bereavement, the emperor was reportedly inconsolable. Apparently after her death, Shah Jahan went into secluded mourning for a year. When he appeared again, his hair had turned white, his back was bent, and his face worn.
The Taj Mahal attracts from 2 to 4 million visitors annually, with more than 200,000 from overseas. Most tourists visit in the cooler months of October, November and February. Polluting traffic is not allowed near the complex and tourists must either walk from parking lots or catch an electric bus. More recent threats have come from environmental pollution on the banks of Yamuna River including acid rain due to the Mathura Oil Refinery, which was opposed by Supreme Court of India directives. The pollution has been turning the Taj Mahal yellow. To help control the pollution, the Indian government has set up the Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ), a 10,400 square kilometer (4,015 square mile) area around the monument where strict emissions standards are in place. Eventually the pollution may result in a gray colored building, symbolizing the merged complex of white and black cenotaphs which the Great Mogul had designated as his wife's and his own mausoleums.
9 A Sarcophagus in a Jewel's Harbor
The first wave was to be the primary attack, while the second wave was to finish whatever tasks remained. The first wave contained the bulk of the weapons to attack capital ships, mainly specially adapted aerial torpedoes which were designed with an anti-roll mechanism and a rudder extension that let them operate in shallow water. The aircrews were ordered to select the highest value targets or, if either were not present, any other high value ships. Dive bombers were to attack ground targets. Fighters were ordered to strafe and destroy as many parked aircraft as possible to ensure they did not get into the air to counterattack the bombers, especially in the first wave. As the first wave approached the island a SCR-270 radar at Opana Point near the island's northern tip (a post not yet operational, having been in training mode for months) detected them and called in a warning. Although the operators reported a target echo larger than anything they had ever seen, an untrained officer at the new and only partially activated Intercept Center presumed the scheduled arrival of six bombers was the source. Men aboard attacked ships awoke to the sounds of alarms, bombs exploding, and gunfire, prompting bleary-eyed men into dressing as they ran to General Quarters stations. The defenders were very unprepared. Ammunition lockers were locked, aircraft parked wingtip to wingtip in the open to deter sabotage, guns unmanned.
Ninety minutes after it began, the attack was over. 2,386 Americans died, a further 1,139 wounded. Eighteen ships were sunk or run aground, including five battleships. Of the American fatalities, nearly half of the total were due to the explosion of Arizona's forward magazine after it was hit by a modified 40 cm (16 in.) shell. Already damaged by a torpedo and on fire forward, Nevada attempted to exit the harbor. She was targeted by many Japanese bombers as she got under way, sustaining more hits from 250 lb (113 kg) bombs, and she was deliberately beached to avoid blocking the harbor entrance. California was hit by two bombs and two torpedoes. The crew might have kept her afloat, but were ordered to abandon ship just as they were raising power for the pumps. Burning oil from Arizona and West Virginia drifted down on her, and probably made the situation look worse than it was. The disarmed target ship Utah was holed twice by torpedoes. West Virginia was hit by seven torpedoes, the seventh tearing away her rudder. Oklahoma was hit by four torpedoes, the last two above her belt armor, which caused her to capsize.
After a systematic search for survivors, formal salvage operations began. Within six months, five battleships and two cruisers were patched or refloated so they could be sent to shipyards in Pearl and on the mainland for extensive repair. Intensive salvage operations continued for another year, a total of some 20,000 man–hours under water. Oklahoma, while successfully raised, was never repaired.
Arizona and the target ship Utah were too heavily damaged for salvage, though much of their armament and equipment was removed and put to use aboard other vessels. Today, the two hulks remain where they were sunk, with Arizona becoming a war memorial.
Fig. 5: USS Arizona Memorial, with the wreck visible below.
The wreck of Arizona remains at Pearl Harbor, a memorial to the men of her crew lost that December morning in 1941. On 7 March 1950, Admiral Arthur W. Radford, Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet at that time, instituted the raising of red, blue and white colors over her remains. A memorial was built across the ship's sunken remains, including a shrine room listing the names of the lost crewmembers on a marble wall.
While the superstructure and two of the four main turrets were removed, the barbette of one of the turrets remains visible above the water. Memorial services are regularly held in the shrine, with an ever-smaller number of Arizona survivors attending over the years. Warships of the Japan Maritime SelfDefense Force and other navies routinely salute Arizona when passing through Pearl Harbor. As of 2010, 69 years after the explosion that destroyed Arizona, oil leaks from the hull still rise to the surface of the water. Like a father mourning over his lost sons the USS Arizona continues to weep about a quart (0.95 L) of oil per day into the harbor. Survivors from the crew say that the oil will continue to leak until the last survivor dies. The total amount of oil inside the hull however amounts to more than 2,000,000 liters of oil, which will need 200 millenniums to drain as tears into the harbor.
10 The Mausoleum of Love
At first sight the undecorated chamber was found to be in a state of "organized chaos". The room was filled with approximately 700 objects amongst which were three funeral beds, plates in shape of Hippopotamus, of lion and cattle. Perhaps the most remarkable item in this room were the components, stacked, of four chariots of which one was probably used for hunting, one for "war" and another two for parades. But this was only an antechamber to the tomb itself... Inside the king's body was placed within three mummiform coffins, the outer two made of gilded wood while the innermost was composed of 110.4 kg of pure gold. The mummy itself was adorned with a gold mask, mummy bands and other funerary items. The funerary mask was made of gold, inlaid with lapis lazuli, carnelian, quartz, obsidian, turquoise and glass and faience and weighed 11 kg. I tried to imagine how the high priests and the royal family may have said goodbye to their deceased king who had just been promoted to a God. Three collars of flowers had been laid down at the chest area of the inner sarcophagus as she took a last glimpse of her beloved husband's resting place. An image of Ankhesenamun handing over these flowers to Tutankhamun has been found on the lid of a box in Tut's tomb. She must have observed the arrows and the bow, the tiny throne, the chariot and the other hunting equipment at the antechamber. His dearest dagger, his golden sandals and his garments had been located nearest to his mummified, but now eternal body. Then she said goodbye and left the Valley of Kings...
The flowers must have been gathered in the month of April 1323 before Christ. To make the collars, a piece of papyrus had to be cut into the shape of a collar and this served as the base. It was trimmed around the throat edge with linen, which also allowed it to be tied about the neck. Then, using thin strips of a palm leaf, the individual pieces of plant material were sewn onto the papyrus in rows, one above the other. The green leaves of the persea (Mimusops laurifolia), the olive tree (Olea europaea), the Egyptian willow (Salix subserrata), the purple-red pomegrnate (Punica granatum) and presumably the wild celery (Apium graveolens) were all used, along with the colorful flower heads or deep blue petals of the cornflower (Centaurea depressa), the bitterweed (Picris asplenioides), the blue lotus (Nymphaea coerulea). These arrangements were then adorned with red berries from the indigenous withania nightshade (Withania somnifera) and blue, disk-shaped faience beads. The practice of providing the mummy of the deceased with a fresh garland of flowers developed at the beginning of the New Kingdom. The floral collar found on the mummy of Tutankhamun is the only extant example of these. However, from that collar, we can surmise that the method of manufacture and the plant material incorporated within the collar is very similar to those used at banquets. It rested on the chest area of the innermost of his three coffins.
As a prince he was known as Tutankhwaten. He ascended to the throne in 1333 BC, at the age of nine, taking the reign name of Tutankhaten. When he became king, he married his half sister, Ankhesenepatan, who later changed her name to Ankhesenamun. They had two daughters, both stillborn. He was slight of build, and was roughly 170 cm (5 ft 7 in) tall. He had large front incisors and the overbite characteristic of the Thutmosid royal line to which he belonged. He also had a pronounced dolichocephalic (elongated) skull, although it was within normal bounds and highly unlikely to have been pathological. Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb that was small relative to his status. His death may have occurred unexpectedly, before the completion of a grander royal tomb, so that his mummy was buried in a tomb intended for someone else. This would preserve the observance of the customary seventy days between death and burial. King Tutankhamun still rests in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings. November 4, 2007, 85 years to the day after Carter's discovery, the 19-year-old pharaoh went on display in his underground tomb at Luxor, when the linen-wrapped mummy was removed from its golden sarcophagus to a climatecontrolled glass box. The most touching burial gifts Carter identified in the tomb have been documented as these tiny collars of flowers devoted to a beloved husband by his young widow.
The collars of tropical laurel are exposed at 62% humidity and 84 degrees in a shrine of glass at the Cairo museum. These poor and wilted lightweight flowers with their fading colors as a last loving goodbye do not fail to evoke emotions. In their contrast to the overwhelming wealth and heavy, golden luxury these laurels are powerful enough to transform this tomb into a mausoleum of love.
11 Adam's Mausoleum
In 125 BC the Celts in southern France near Marseille disturb the trading routes of the Roman military forces. They kill a few soldiers, decapitate their corpses and nail the skulls to the walls of their temples. The very next year a Roman task force, commanded by Consul Gaius Sextius Calvinus, destroys both the Celtic capital city Entremont and the sanctuary Roquepertuse by using long-range artillery with heavy catapults, hurling 6 kg stone projectiles. The Romans devastate both centers completely and Consul Calvinus does not allow the Celts to rebuild them again, but instead he founds Colonia Aquae Sextia, the modern city Aix en Provence. Structures and buildings in Roquepertuse are set afire and collapse. They will be left abandoned and unnoticed for centuries, soon covered by layers of dust and brushwood. Rediscovery however starts 1860, followed by main excavations in 1923 by Henri de Gérin-Ricard, unveiling columns with some cavities for human skulls, two Buddha-like statues, a big bird, fallen apart into 24 pieces and a bi-faced, androgynous sculpture. Gérin-Ricard interpreted the strange, bi-faced sculpture as equivalent to a Greek deity. He calls it Hermes as an equivalent to the bi-faced Hermes-statues and Roman Termini. Other French archaeologists point out a 7 % difference in size between both heads and claim the statue to be a male-female portrait, in which a bird’s beak may be interfering. The statue is interpreted as a medium for some kind of a burial ceremony. The faces originally were painted red, the eyes and the hair being indicated by black color. 38
Fig. 6: Hermes of Roquepertuse Several other androgynous and single sculls have been found in Celtic towns like Entremont, Mouriès, Nages and Noves, indicating the head as a center of venerability. Sometimes a human-like hand is resting on the top of the head, while the eyes may be shut or swollen like the eyes of a newly born baby. The Celtic temple at Roquepertuse may symbolize the mausoleum for an androgynous Adam, created by an androgynous sky God Dyæus10 and split up in a man and a woman. In this case the sanctuary at Roquepertuse is one of the remaining Adam's mausoleums of the Celts.
see The Sky-God Dyaeus and The Hermetic Codex
12 A Mausoleum for the Empire
Once upon a time there was a mighty empire, where the sun never set. In 1821, the Caledonian Mercury wrote11 of the Empire, which covered a quart (37 Millions of km²) and one third of the global population (ca. 500 Millions): "On her dominions the sun never sets; before his evening rays leave the spires of Quebec, his morning beams have shone three hours on Port Jackson, and while sinking from the waters of Lake Superior, his eye opens upon the Mouth of the Ganges." In this colonial globalization English became the most important communication language. The idea of a great „British Empire“ has been created by John Dee, an astrologist, alchemist and mathematician to queen Elisabeth I. The British effectively applied the ancient Roman trick “Divide et Impera” or “divide and rule”, destroying the old structures and resulting in evil “hassles” at Northern Ireland, India, Simbabwe, Sudan, Uganda and Iraq. A typical hassle has been documented in the Mau-Mau-revolt in Kenia between 1952 and 1957, in which a minor revolt resulted in a bloody civil war. At the end of the war 100 whites had been killed, whereas the indigenous victims ranged from 18.000 to 30.000. The last revival of British imperial activity has been identified in the Falkland-battle between the Empire and Argentine between April and June of 1982.
The empire on which the sun never sets
Although the British forces managed to apply a counterstrike we must admit that the number of victims on both sides has been surpassed by the number of suicides amongst the veterans of the war. The Falkland-war clearly demonstrates the destructive power of politicians, who are willing to spend roughly 1000 young men as victims in a battle for a tiny rock at the other side of the world.
Fig. 7: Heathrow Hassle at Heathrow Airport The Empire culminated around 1921, but where is it right now? In the meantime the society has been dismantled by a government specialized in managing their allowance forms. 41
The City of London is an overpaid area, responsible for the intermittent global financial collapses and suffering from bomb alerts and incompetent traffic systems. The symbolic mausoleum for the bankrupt Empire is the famous Terminal 5 as a monumental center for the Heathrow Hassles, in which at intervals the imperial breakdown is to be commemorated. The highlight of these commemorations has been identified at the 27th of March 2008 at the inauguration of Terminal 5, for which hundreds of flights have been canceled. At a Heathrow Hassle EU-regulations automatically allow the airlines to ignore passenger rights at any disturbance caused by an Act of God. In a traveling report12 a Swiss passenger Hartwig T. documents how BA-employees refuse to help helpless passengers and leave them to their fate. In his document the Swiss programmer confirms how Imperial Airways refuses its obligations to feed stranded passengers and adds: “these idiotic measures to forbid the transport of any beverages probably kills more people than terrorism”. Obviously he does not even know how easily an Act of God may deprive passengers from their Rights in case of Hassles. The airline is free to let them starve or dehydrate ad lib. The airline avoids the waste of resources by complete absence of the staff, by minimizing any information in the loudspeakers and of course in failing to provide any meals and beverages. In the course of the day an IA-employee approaches Hartwig T. and offers him an option for a flight for the early morning of the next Saturday.
"Imperial Airways in a storm! – and anticipating bankruptcy?” - Source for these details in German language: Diary of a Swiss Passenger.pdf
The option however costs additionally £320, as the flight merely provides some seats in the Business Class. That would reduce the problems to simply finding an adequate hotel room. To meet his order to find the cheapest available hotel room the guest winds up in a hotel room at the Sheraton Heathrow hotel for £203 (515 Swiss Francs!) including a bus-ticket. The very next day he is invited to pay an overcharge of 810 Francs for a Business Class ticket. Having paid the charge he is informed “that his re-booking had been a virtual booking”. The flight he had re-booked, previously had been canceled. He would not be able to fly back to Zurich that day. Now Hartwig T. suggests to check other destinations, such as Geneva, Basel, Paris, Frankfurt, Munich. These airports would allow him to easily travel to Zurich by train. He now definitely wishes to get rid of these uninformative, greedy and avaricious English people! Luckily a sympathetic Indian looking employee at a ticket desk is able to help him. She manages to book Hartwig T. in Business Class to a Lufthansa-flight to Munich and from Munich to Zurich that same evening. That very evening Hartwig T. will be able to take a full breath of fresh air in freedom! Nothing has been done to improve the passengers' situation in the past years. At Delhi airport, after the volcanic activities at Iceland, dozens of stranded BA passengers queued for several hours in intense heat for only a handful of seats.
Some are said13 to be running out of medicines for chronic illnesses while the most desperate are sleeping on terminal floors in an effort to get the first available seats home. Instead of allowing their passengers to re-book their flight BA now has increased the price of long-haul tickets following the volcanic eruption in Iceland, selling these to other travelers for as much as £4,700. Stranded passengers experience extreme difficulties accessing tickets because of reservation phonelines taking three hours to connect and problems with accessing the BA website from airports. Just like years ago passengers are unable to contact any BA-station to re-book their flights14. So if you ever eagerly wish to feel the sensation of being treated the old colonial way just book a BA-flight at any of these Hassle-times and you will experience how the coolies must have been feeling. Enjoy your holidays in the symbolic mausoleum for the bankrupt Empire.
Stranded Britons attack British Airways after hike in seat prices. BA denies profiteering by selling seats at high premium, saying move is aimed at putting off new customers 14 Compare these documents to the following report: The Heathrow Hassle and the Heathrow Hysteria
13 The Mausoleum at Doorstep15
Five or six days a week are likely to be rainy, and there are only about eight or ten clear days a year. The rest of the time, even if rain is not falling, fog of varying density is the rule. There are about 40 inches (or equivalent 1m) of annual rainfall & other precipitation. High winds occur occasionally. The island is in a maritime climate zone. As of 1982 the only significant trees on the island were those planted by the soldiers at a chapel constructed after the 1943 battle was over. Today's population of the island16 is 20 inhabitants, all at the Attu Station. Attu is the doorstep to the Americas, where the first people may have used this volcanic pathway as a passage to the new continent thousands of years ago. Some of the native inhabitants must have preferred to live at the doorstep and June 7, 1942 a total of 45 natives lived on the island. None of them or their offspring is living at their Heimat today. Obviously it is quite dangerous to choose a living place at the doorstep to another continent... In response to Japanese aggression in the Pacific in the Middle of World War II, territorial authorities conducted a mandatory evacuation of about 880 natives from villages elsewhere in the neighboring islands. These people were interned in civilian camps in the Alaska Panhandle, where about 75 of them died of various infectious diseases over the two years.
Most of the information has been used from the Wikipedia entry Attu Island and other Wikipedia sources 16 as of the 2000 census
However, the village at the doorstep to America had not yet been evacuated when the Japanese forces attacked. At that time, Attu’s population consisted of 45 native inhabitants and two other Americans, Charles Foster Jones, 60, a radio technician, originally from St. Paris, Ohio and his wife Etta, a schoolteacher, originally from Vineland, New Jersey. The village consisted of several houses around Chichagof Harbor. The 42 inhabitants who survived the Japanese invasion were taken to a prison camp near Otaru, Hokkaidō. Sixteen of them died while they were imprisoned. On May 11, 1943, the operation to recapture of the island began. A shortage of landing craft, unsuitable beaches, and equipment that failed to operate in the appalling weather caused great difficulties in projecting any force against the Japanese. Many soldiers suffered from frostbite – because essential supplies could not be landed, or having been landed, could not be moved to where they were needed. Army vehicles would not work on the tundra. The Japanese defenders did not contest the landings, but rather they dug in on high ground away from the shore. This resulted in bloody fighting: there were 3,929 U.S. casualties: 580 were killed, 1148 were injured, 1200 had severe cold injuries, 614 succumbed to infectious diseases, and 318 died of miscellaneous causes – largely from Japanese booby traps and from friendly fire. The Japanese were defeated in Massacre Valley (with some soldiers led by Sergeant Morgan Sinclair). The death count for the Japanese was 2035. On May 29, the last of the Japanese forces suddenly attacked near Massacre Bay in one of the largest banzai charges of the Pacific campaign. The charge penetrated U.S. lines far enough to encounter shocked rear-echelon units of the American force. 46
After furious, brutal, close-quarter, and often hand-to-hand combat, the Japanese force was killed almost to the last man: only 28 prisoners were taken, none of them officers. U.S. burial teams counted 2,351 Japanese dead, but it was presumed that hundreds more had been buried by naval, air, and artillery bombardments over the course of the battle. The Attucampaign was of virtually no strategic value to either combatant and was fought as much to maintain national honor as for any other reason. After the war, the survivors of the Otaru prison camp were shipped to other Aleutian islands or to the mainland of Alaska, and the United States government decided to construct a LORAN station17 on the southern tip of Attu, at Theodore Point. In 1960, the station was moved to Massacre Bay. The installation is currently manned by 20 people of the United States Coast Guard, but the LORAN-station will discontinue operation soon18. The battlefield area and subsequent military sites were declared a National Historic Landmark in 1985. As soon as the LORAN-station has been dismantled the Attustation will be a useless military location at the doorstep to America. Even the military cemeteries have already been abandoned. During the campaign, two cemeteries were established on Attu to bury those killed in action: Little Fall Cemetery, located at the foot of Gilbert Ridge, and Holtz Bay Cemetery, which held the graves of Northern Landing Forces.
LORAN-C operates between 90 to 110 kHz. See the list of LORAN-C transmitters The station at the doorstep of America is located at 52°49′44.134″N 173°10′49.528″E 18 Effective 2000 UTC 8 Feb 2010, the United States Coast Guard will begin the termination of all operation. broadcast of LORAN-C signals in the USA. Some international LORAN-C operations will be continued temporarily. All domestic operations will cease by 1 October 2010.
After the war, the frozen tundra began to take back the cemeteries, so in 1946 all American remains were relocated as directed by the soldier's family or to Fort Richardson near Anchorage, Alaska. Some of the old, native graves and the Russian Orthodox church however remind us of the ancient population, who had made a living here until someone in Berlin, Germany decided to start World War II. These forgotten graves near the ancient church are marking the Mausoleum at doorstep to the Americas, where the native Americans may have entered the New World.
Fig. 8: Graves at the Russian Orthodox church at Attu (1938)
public domain from Wikipedia Commons - March 1938
14 The Tombstone for Accuracy
Anyone suffering from problem with tolerances is advised to use another approach. In a flat building located at the Institute for Creation Research (ICR) including a 4,000-square-foot Museum of Creation And Earth History a miraculous law may be observed, in which physical tolerances have been reduced to infinitesimal values virtually approaching Zero-values. As a matter of fact the leading professor of geology explains the universe is not as old as 15 billions of years, but has been created exactly 4121 years BC (± 49,7 years)., and that Noah's Ark rescued the exact number of 7877 couples19.... According to statistical analysis 48% of the US-population believes in the literal interpretation of the biblical Book Genesis. A majority of 70% even believes the Creation-theory and Evolution-theory should be taught in parallel at schools. In order to prevent false theories schools in Kentucky spread books in which the pages describing the Big Bang-theory have been glued together. A few years ago Florida's schools taught the Genesis-legend for weeks as an objective fact. In the Great Canyon a creationist has been observed to analyze the rocks in order to prove facts for Creationism. The Ark's parameters have been defined as20: 411 tons of Bio-materials, 1,990 tons of dry fodder, 21,800 cubic meters of hay, 7060 cubic meters of sunflower seeds and 4,07 millions of liters sweet water. The Ark is said to have produced 12 tons of excrement each day.
Info: Geo Wissen, Heft September 1998, ISSN: 0933-9736 see calculations in: How Could Noah Have Built the Ark All by Himself? and A Visual Presentation of Creation
It is quite amazing how many scientific facts and exact numbers may be derived from professional research of the Bible. The results are sufficient to promote the ICR as a Mausoleum of Accuracy. Nobody ever reached equivalent accuracies in scientific work. The ICR-institute received the following Seals: • • • Independent Charities Seal of Excellence ECFA-Membership (Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability) Four Stars from the Charity Navigator
ICR-online provides us with hundreds of scientific studies with research material. Strange enough so much scientific power and zero tolerances in calculations do not guarantee a first place in the Google-search results for ICR-documents. The lack of tolerances in their calculations may even suggest the name “Mausoleum of Intolerances”, but the name may be misunderstood, so I decided to name the ICR the Tombstone for Accuracy.
Licensed by Author: Ashcraft "GNU
Fig. 9: ICR-Building in Santee, CA Free Documentation License".
15 A Tomb for the Red, White & Blue
The hands have not been folded, but are resting at the bodies. The count is wearing a green overcoat and a blue robe over a red garment covering a white under-dress. The countess is wearing a brown overcoat and white garments. The count's green overcoat will only be seen from the side of the monument. All clothing have been decorated with golden borders. Just like in the modern Dutch flag the main colors are red, white and blue.
Fig. 10: Monumental grave at Roermond (ca. 1240)
The tomb however does not restrict red and blue for the upper part of the grave's body. The pedestal of the grave, the lower part of the garments (for both the grave Gerard and his wife Margaretha) and the pedestal have been painted in red, blue and golden as well.
Fig. 11: pedestal of the tomb in red & blue The famous monumental grave in the ancient 21 church for the abbey at Roermond (Netherlands) is said to depict count Gerard of Gelre and his wife Margaretha of Brabant. The couple has been sculptured as semi-dormant. The monument is the oldest undamaged matrimonial mausoleum in Europe.
founded 1224 by count Gerard III of Gelre
Fig. 12: Lower part of the garments in red, blue and golden Of course red, blue and white have been used as religious symbols22 for long centuries before. Icons are well known to use a standard coloring scheme using red and blue. As a standard scheme Jesus and Maria have been depicted in red and blue in medieval paintings. As a remarkable fact often a small white border may be identified at a collar or some other location of the garments. We may also observe a similar white piece of garment at the sculptured body of Gerard of Gelre at Roermond23.
See references to biblical Books Exodus and Chronicles in: The Sky-God Dyæus
See the details in : Blue and Red in Roermond
There may even have been a relation between the colors found in the tomb of the count of Gelre in Roermond, which had been flourishing for trading and manufacturing red & blue dyed textiles at the time of the burial ceremony. Between the 10th and the 15th century the red-dyers and bluedyers have been manufacturing precious textiles in Flanders and the neighboring countries. The chemical processes required two separate guilds for these dyers: the red-dyers and bluedyers. Manufacturing some of the most important colored textiles (purple and black) required a partnership between both concurrent guilds for the red-dyers and blue-dyers, which have been related to the alchemical matrimony between the sun-king and the moon-queen. The cooperation between red-dyers and blue-dyers may have been symbolized in the medieval Dutch word “ paars” (“pairs”) as the color purple. Most of the symbolism of red-dyers and blue-dyers has been lost at the end of the Middle Age, ruining the manufacturing sites by introducing new, alternative dyes and opened new markets for the textile-trading. Gerard of Gelre and his wife Margaretha seem to have been buried in the textiles, which had been produced at their city of Roermond, which they had founded a few years earlier. The tomb revealing the red & blue robes at their funeral day suggest to identify the grave as the mausoleum of the religious symbolism in red, white and blue.
16 Mausoleum for a devil's workshop
In central India at the 3rd of December 1984 the alchemical Devil arose from his bed and ignited a new kind of hell, blazing several tons of poison into the atmosphere. This event marked the most frightening environmental catastrophe worldwide up to now. A leak of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas and other chemicals ejected from the plant resulted in the exposure of an extremely densely populated area: 100.000 people lived inside a 1kmradius around the plant. Thousands of people had succumbed by the morning hours. There were mass funerals and mass cremations as well as disposal of bodies in the Narmada river. 170,000 people were treated at hospitals and temporary dispensaries. 2,000 buffalo, goats, and other animals were collected and buried. Within a few days, leaves on trees yellowed and fell off. Supplies, including food, became scarce owing to suppliers' safety fears. Fishing was prohibited as well, which caused further supply shortages. The acute symptoms were burning in the respiratory tract and eyes, blepharospasm, breathlessness, stomach pains and vomiting. The causes of deaths were choking, reflexogenic circulatory collapse and pulmonary oedema. Findings during autopsies revealed changes not only in the lungs but also cerebral oedema, tubular necrosis of the kidneys, fatty degeneration of the liver and necrotising enteritis. The stillbirth rate increased by up to 300% and neonatal mortality rate by 200%.
A total of 36 wards were marked by the authorities as being "gas affected", affecting a population of 520,000. Of these, 200,000 were below 15 years of age, and 3,000 were pregnant women. In 1991, 3,928 deaths had been certified. Independent organizations recorded 8,000 dead in the first days. Other estimations vary between 10,000 and 30,000. Another 100,000 to 200,000 people are estimated to have permanent injuries of different degrees. Greenpeace asserts that as the pesticides' company's CEO, knew about a 1982 safety audit of the Bhopal plant, which identified 30 major hazards and that they were not fixed in Bhopal but were fixed at the company's identical plant in the US. In June 2010, seven ex-employees, including a former chairman, were convicted in Bhopal of causing death by negligence and sentenced to two years imprisonment and a fine of about $2,000 each, the maximum punishment allowed by law. Chemicals (~390 tons) have been abandoned at the plant continue to leak and pollute the groundwater. Whether the chemicals pose a health hazard is disputed. The area around the plant was used as a dumping area for hazardous chemicals. In 1982 tubewells in the vicinity of the UCC factory had to be abandoned. Laboratory tests in 1989 revealed that soil and water samples collected from near the factory and inside the plant were toxic to fish. Several other studies have reported of polluted soil and groundwater in the area24. Yes indeed, this plant is a Mausoleum for the Devil's Workshop.
Data have been documented in Wikipedia's Bhopal disaster
17 An Epitaph for a Lost Paradise
The discoverer, who encountered the triangular island on Easter Sunday 1722, reported that it was exceptionally fertile 25. "Fowls are the only animals they keep. They cultivate bananas, sugar cane, and above all sweet potatoes." In 1786 JeanFrançois de La Pérouse visited the island and his gardener declared that "three days' work a year" would be enough to support the population. According to oral traditions recorded by the missionaries in the 1860s, the island originally had a very clear class system, with an ariki, high chief, wielding great power over nine other clans and their respective chiefs. The high chief was the eldest descendent through firstborn lines of the island's legendary founder, Hotu Matu'a. The most visible element in the culture was the production of massive statues called moai that represented deified ancestors. European accounts from 1722 and 1770 mention standing statues, but Cook's expedition, which visited the island in 1774, noted that several moai were lying face down, having been toppled in warfare. As the island became increasingly overpopulated and resources diminished, warriors known as matatoa gained more power and the Ancestor Cult ended, making way for the Bird Man Cult. This cult maintained that, although the ancestors still provided for their descendants, the medium through which the living could contact the dead was no longer statues, but human beings chosen through a competition.
Info from: Easter Island
Competitions for Bird Man26 started around 1760, after the arrival of the first Europeans, and ended in 1878, with the construction of the first church by Roman Catholic missionaries at their arrival in 1864. According to Diamond and Heyerdahl's version of the island's history, the huri mo'ai – "statue-toppling" – continued into the 1830s as a part of fierce internal wars. By 1838 the only standing moai were on the slopes of Rano Raraku, in Hoa Hakananai'a in Orongo, and Ariki Paro in Ahu Te Pito Kura. However, there is very little archaeological evidence of preEuropean societal collapse. A series of devastating events killed or removed almost the entire population of Easter Island in the 1860s. In December 1862, Peruvian slave raiders struck Easter Island. Violent abductions continued for several months, eventually capturing around 1500 men and women, half of the island's population. When the slave raiders were forced to repatriate the people they had kidnapped in several Polynesian islands, they knowingly disembarked carriers of smallpox together with a few survivors on each of the islands, creating devastating epidemics from Easter Island all the way to the Marquesas islands. Easter Island's population was reduced to the point where some of the dead were not even buried. Tuberculosis, introduced by whalers in the mid 1800s, had already killed several islanders when the first Christian missionary, died from this disease in 1867. About a quarter of the island's population succumbed along with him.
Rapanui: tangata manu
Until the 1960s, the surviving Rapanui were confined to the settlement of Hanga Roa while the rest of the island was “rented” to the Williamson-Balfour Company as a sheep farm until 1953. The island was then managed by the Chilean Navy until 1966, at which point the island was reopened in its entirety. In 1966, the Rapanui were given Chilean citizenship. On July 30, 2007, a constitutional reform gave Easter Island and the Juan Fernández Islands (a.k.a Robinson Crusoe Island) the status of special territories of Chile. Pending the enactment of a special charter, the island will continue to be governed as a province of the V Region of Valparaíso. Ethnographers and archaeologists now argue that the introduction of diseases carried by European colonizers and the slave raiding that devastated the population in the 1800s had a much greater social than environmental impact. The very best name for the island seems to be “An Epitaph for a Lost Paradise”.
18 A Castrum Doloris for Justice
After the second fence the secondary asphalt road degrades and turns into a third degree chuckhole-road. The taxi-driver curses at each and every pothole, jamming on the brakes at the beat of the Caribbean music. A bus-driver barely manages to control his air-conditioned vehicle in avoiding the potholes and the battle-dressed marines, who are crossing the road, greeting the irritated car-drivers. The eastern part – around 40 kilometers from the town's border - is the hottest spot of the island. In this devilish atmosphere a botanist identifies several seldom forms of succulents, but also some rare forms of justice and political nightmares. The road to the village passes a checkpoint in which your passport needs a check to travel on. A visitors' center with a viewpoint over the bay area has been erected at the Hotel Caimanera. A tiny museum documents photographs of soldiers demonstrating their buttocks and their weapons to the cameras. A salt plain dominates the Caimanera. The village is an Off Limits zone, but up to the revolution it used to be a real Sodom & Gomorra for the soldiers, who were eager to visit the local bars, casinos and the brothels. Of course they were looking to commit any sin, that had been forbidden at their home towns. Another viewpoint is located at Mirador Malonesat at the eastern cape of the bay near Boqueron. At this location the visitors are invited to observe the enemy by powerful telescopes and to admire the vultures while they are gliding over the barren landscape...
Visitors may easily identify the winding roads, the big white tanks and ocean beyond the bay area. You will need excellent eyes to identify the US-camp, but the restaurant's employees, who are working for the local military " Gaviota"-group, will be glad to help you in operating the telescopes "made in the USA". During the Spanish-American War, the U.S. fleet attacking Santiago retreated to Guantánamo's excellent harbor to ride out the summer hurricane season of 189827. The Marines landed with naval support, requiring Cuban scouts to push off Spanish resistance that increased as they moved inland. This area became the location of U.S. Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, which covers about 45 square miles (116 km²) and is sometimes abbreviated as "GTMO" or "Gitmo". By the war's end, the U.S. government had obtained control of all of Cuba from Spain. A perpetual lease for the area around Guantánamo Bay was offered February 23, 1903, from Tomás Estrada Palma, an American citizen, who became the first President of Cuba. The Cuban-American Treaty gave, among other things, the Republic of Cuba ultimate sovereignty over Guantánamo Bay while granting the United States "complete jurisdiction and control" of the area for coaling and naval stations. Until the 1953-59 revolution, thousands of Cubans commuted daily from outside the base to jobs within. In mid-1958, vehicular traffic was stopped; workers were required to walk through the base's several gates. On January 22, 2009, President Obama signed executive orders directing the CIA to shut what remains of its network of "secret" prisons and ordering the closing of the Guantánamo detention camp within a year.
Info from: Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
However, as he continued most of the successful counterterrorism policies of the Bush years, he postponed for at least six months difficult decisions on the details. As of July 2010, Obama has yet to close the detention camp. For this reason Guantánamo Bay Naval Base may just as well be considered as the Castrum doloris of US-democratic Justice.
19 Castrum Doloris for a Prince's poet
The pilot of fighter squadron 200 identified the French national emblem at the plane. Then he flew a curve, positioned his aircraft behind the enemy and shot down the poet: “It happened near Toulon. He was flying below me. I was flying a reconnaissance mission over the Mediterranean sea”. At an age of 44 the French fighter pilot already had served his active duty and officially left service after an accident in 1943. His fame however allowed him to continue a limited number of reconnaissance missions. He started his first flights from Sardinia, which at the time already had been liberated by American Forces, and then started missions from the liberated island of Corsica. He had made several emergency landings at different planets and he reported to have rescued a number of emergency landing pilots. After all he felt himself as a pilot who happened to moonlight writing poetry and other stories. So now he felt to visit the tiny prince who once rambled from an asteroid to planet Earth to discuss a rose, a Baobab and a snake, who had swallowed an elephant... In retrospect the testament of the poet reveals a desperate controversial struggle over the situation in a fettered French nation, his discomfort over the utilitarian pattern of America and his remorse for his wife, who had to be left behind in the occupied zone of France and has been symbolized by the Rose in “The Little Prince”.
At the 31st of July 1944 Saint-Exupéry started his last flight from Bastia (Corsica) in a Lockheed P-38 Lightning, heading for Grenoble. He did not return from this flight and was to be reported as “missing”. In the course of time several causes have been suggested: a shot down, a technical failure, but also suicide – this would have been his last flight and his last letters revealed a depressive state of mind. In 1998, a fisherman named Jean-Claude Bianco found, east of Riou Island and south of Marseille, a silver identity bracelet bearing the names of Saint-Exupéry and his wife Consuelo and his publishers, Reynal & Hitchcock, hooked to a piece of fabric, presumably from his flight suit.
Fig. 13: Bracelet of Saint-Exupéry found in 1998.
public domain , Wikimedia Commons 2009, by Fredriga
In 2000, a diver found a P-38 Lightning crashed in the seabed off the coast of Marseille, near where the bracelet was found. The remains of the aircraft were recovered in October 2003. On 7 April 2004, investigators from the French Underwater Archaeological Department confirmed that the plane was, indeed, Saint-Exupéry's F-5B reconnaissance variant.
The location of the crash site and the bracelet are less than 80 km by sea from where the unidentified French soldier was found in Carqueiranne, and it remains plausible, but has not been confirmed, that the body was carried there by ocean currents after the crash over the course of several days. No marks or holes attributable to gunfire were found, however this was not considered significant as only a small portion of the aircraft was recovered. In June 2004, the fragments were given to the Museum of Air and Space in Le Bourget. Anyway the Lockheed P-38 Lightning carrying the registry number 42-68223 at the bottom of the sea near Île de Riou at Marseille is to be considered as the Castrum Doloris for the Prince's poet.
20 Memorial for an Incomplete Youth
In panic people hurried around and packed their luggage. In this chaotic scene a man greeted me and presented himself as Otto Frank, a former officer of the military reserve force. I asked him how long they had been hiding in the place and Frank responded: “for 25 months”. In front of the disbelieving Viennese policeman Frank took a girl by the arm who was standing next to him. He positioned her at the doorpost, which had been marked at several heights to identify her growth in the last series of months. With an admiring glance at the girl the officer responded to Frank: “You really have a lovely daughter!”. It cannot be traced who gave the hint, but as a matter of fact the NS-people arrived around 10 o'clock at the 4th of August 1944 at the Prinsengracht after the Gestapo had received a phone call. The helping crew couldn't do anything to prevent what was going to happen now and they had to uncover the hiding place to Karl Josef Silberbauer from Austria. Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman were arrested and jailed at the penal camp for enemies of the regime at Amersfoort. Kleiman was released after seven weeks, but Kugler was held in various work camps until the war's end. Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl were questioned and threatened by the Security Police but were not detained. They returned to the Achterhuis the following day, and found Anne's papers strewn on the floor. They collected them, as well as several family photograph albums, and Gies resolved to return them to Anne after the war.
On 7 August 1944, Gies attempted to facilitate the release of the prisoners by confronting Silberbauer and offering him money to intervene, but he refused. On September 3, the group was deported on what would be the last transport from Westerbork to the Auschwitz concentration camp, and arrived after a three-day journey. Of the 1,019 passengers, 549—including all children younger than fifteen— were sent directly to the gas chambers. Anne had turned fifteen three months earlier and was one of the youngest people to be spared from her transport. By day, the women were used as slave labor and Anne was forced to haul rocks and dig rolls of sod; by night, they were crammed into overcrowded barracks. Disease was rampant and before long, Anne's skin became badly infected by scabies. She and Margot were moved into an infirmary, which was in a state of constant darkness, and infested with rats and mice. On 28 October, selections began for women to be relocated to Bergen-Belsen. More than 8,000 women, including Anne and Margot Frank and Auguste van Pels, were transported, but Edith Frank was left behind and later died from starvation. In March 1945, a typhus epidemic spread through the camp and killed approximately 17,000 prisoners. Witnesses later testified Margot fell from her bunk in her weakened state and was killed by the shock, and a few days later Anne died. They state this occurred a few weeks before the camp was liberated by British troops on 15 April 1945, although the exact dates were not recorded. After liberation, the camp was burned in an effort to prevent further spread of disease, and Anne and Margot were buried in a mass grave, the exact whereabouts of which is unknown.
Otto Frank survived his internment in Auschwitz. After the war ended, he returned to Amsterdam where he was sheltered by Jan and Miep Gies, as he attempted to locate his family. He learned of the death of his wife, Edith, in Auschwitz, but he remained hopeful that his daughters had survived. After several weeks, he discovered Margot and Anne had also died. Anne's diary began as a private expression of her thoughts and she wrote several times that she would never allow anyone to read it. She candidly described her life, her family and companions, and their situation, while beginning to recognize her ambition to write fiction for publication. In March 1944, she heard a radio broadcast by Gerrit Bolkestein — a member of the Dutch government in exile — who said that when the war ended, he would create a public record of the Dutch people's oppression under German occupation. He mentioned the publication of letters and diaries, and Anne decided to submit her work when the time came. She began editing her writing, removing sections and rewriting others, with the view to publication. Her original notebook was supplemented by additional notebooks and loose-leaf sheets of paper. She created pseudonyms for the members of the household and the helpers. In this edited version, she also addressed each entry to "Kitty," a fictional character in Cissy van Marxveldt's Joop ter Heul novels that Anne enjoyed reading. Otto Frank used her original diary, known as "version A", and her edited version, known as "version B", to produce the first version for publication. He removed certain passages, most notably those in which Anne is critical of her parents (especially her mother), and sections that discussed Anne's growing sexuality.
The diary was first published in Germany and France in 1950, and in the United Kingdom and in the USA in 1952. It was successful in France, Germany and the United States. Its most noteworthy success was in Japan where it received critical acclaim and sold more than 100,000 copies in its first edition. In Japan, Anne Frank quickly became identified as an important cultural figure who represented the destruction of youth during the war.
Fig. 14: Page of Anne Frank's diary Annelies Marie Frank has been buried in a mass grave at Bergen-Belsen. A memorial tombstone for Margot and Anne Frank has been erected at the graveyard, but I prefer the red & white diary to her imaginary girlfriend Kitty as a magnificent Memorial for her Incomplete Youth.
21 Amanda’s Mausoleum28
As I heard his greatest poem Te Recuerdo Amanda29 for the first time I felt like hearing a ballad to a lover, and it took quite a while to understand he must have dedicated this poem to his mother... The poet was born in the locality of Lonquén, near the city of Santiago, to poor peasants. His father, Manuel, was illiterate and wanted his children to work as soon as they could rather than get an education, so by the age of 6, Victor was already working on the land. Manuel was unable to extract a livelihood from the earnings as a peasant in the Ruiz-Tagle estate nor did he find stable work to support his large family. He took to drinking and became violent. His relationship with his wife deteriorated, and Manuel left the family when Víctor was still a child to look for work elsewhere. Amanda persevered in raising Víctor and his siblings by herself, insisting that all of them should receive a good education. Amanda, a mestiza with deep Araucanian roots in the south of Chile, was not illiterate, she was autodidactic; played the guitar, the piano and was a singer in her town, singing traditional folk songs at local functions like wedding and funerals for the locals. Victor's mother died when he was 15, leaving him to make his own way thereafter. He began to study to be an accountant, but soon moved into a seminary instead, studying to become a priest. After a couple of years, however, he became disillusioned with the Church and left the seminary.
Information from Wikipedia’s entry at Victor "I Remember You Amanda"
Subsequently he spent several years in the army before returning to his home town to pursue interests in folk music and theatre. He supported the Unidad Popular ("Popular Unity") coalition candidate for the presidency of Chile, taking part in campaigning, volunteer political work, and playing free concerts. His songs were drawn from a combination of traditional folk music and left-wing political activism. From this period, some of his most renowned songs are Plegaria a un labrador30, Comandante Che Guevara and Te Recuerdo Amanda. The president’s campaign was successful and the candidate was elected president of Chile. However, the Warlords who opposed the president’s socialist politics, staged a coup on September 11, 1973, in the course of which Allende has been killed. At the moment of the coup, Victor Jara was on the way to the Technical University (today Universidad de Santiago), where he was a teacher. That night he slept at the university along with other teachers and students, and sang to raise morale. On the morning of September 12, Jara was taken, along with thousands of others, as a prisoner to the Chile Stadium 31. In the hours and days that followed, many of those detained in the stadium were tortured and killed there by the military forces. The poet was repeatedly beaten and tortured; the bones in his hands were broken as were his ribs. Fellow political prisoners have testified that his captors mockingly suggested that he play guitar for them as he lay on the ground with broken hands.
"Prayer to a Worker" renamed the Estadio Víctor Jara in September 2003
Defiantly, he sang part of "Venceremos" (We Will Win), a song supporting the Popular Unity coalition. After further beatings, Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez was machine-gunned on September 16, his body dumped on a road on the outskirts of Santiago and then taken to a city morgue. Jara's wife Joan was allowed to come and retrieve his body from the site and was able to confirm the physical damage he had endured. After holding a funeral for her husband, Joan Jara fled the country in secret.
Fig. 15: Víctor Jara's grave in the Cemetery of Santiago
Published by Lion Hirth (User:Prissantenbär) for Public Domain
Joan Turner Jara currently lives in Chile and runs the Víctor Jara Foundation. The Chile Stadium has been renamed to the Víctor Jara Stadium. Before his death, Jara wrote a poem about the conditions of the prisoners in the stadium, the poem was written on a paper that was hidden inside a shoe of a friend. The poem was never named, but is commonly known as Estadio Chile. This all happened decades ago in 1973, when I was a student at a university and I remember the protest songs as powerful as ever and the impact the poetry had as a weapon against the warlords and yes,... "As long as we sing his songs, as long as his courage can inspire us to greater courage, Victor Jara will never die." - Pete Seeger
22 In the end, people will understand.
A worst possible sudden turn cannot be foreseen. It will happen all of a sudden.“32
The village was spared from devastation following the gigantic Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami thanks to a 15.5-meter (51 ft) floodgate that protected the town. The floodgate was built between 1967 and 1984 at a cost of ¥3.56 billion (approximately US$30 million in 2011) under the administration of a courageous mayor. Derided as a waste of public funds, the floodgate at the 11th of March 2011 protected the village and the inner cove from the worst of the tsunami waves33. At his retirement 1987 the mayor stood before village employees to bid farewell: "Even if you encounter opposition, have conviction and finish what you start. In the end, people will understand." According to Dürrenmatts theses mayor Wamura managed to read the tsunami's historical story till the bitter end. He accurately studied the archives and road-marks for evidence of the highest tsunamis and for his town he managed to order an adequate gigantic 15,5 meters tall seawall to protect the village against the flood.
The first four of 21 notes to the comedy The Physicists (1961) Info from Wikipedia's Fudai (普代村 Fudai-mura) and Hosaka, Tomoko A. (13 May 2011). . Seattle Post-Intelligencer. AP. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
In the sense of Dürrenmatt's Laws he has been considered as a “fool”, who nullified public warnings for extensive costs, but completed the floodgate including the high protection wall. He retired 1987 and died 1997 at the age of 88 years. Since the tsunami Fudai's residents are visiting his grave to honor his decisions. In contrast other mayors of surrounding towns had been praised for erecting much cheaper protection walls. The town of Taro had chosen for a 10-meter-tall protective seawall spanning 1.6 miles (2.5 kilometers) across a bay, but the wall easily has been overcome by the tsunami at the 11 th of March 2011. It had been the Swiss author Friedrich Dürrenmatt, who in The Physicists clearly describes the pathological contradictions in human behavior. Dürrenmatt's favorite style has been based on alienation, in which he displays the “normal” (in his case an irresponsible) Physicist as a paranoid man and the “foolish, abnormal” patients as responsible citizens. According to Dürrenmatt modern society in a paradox consists of a great number of irresponsible citizens and only a few responsible citizens, which may only be understood in a parody. In modern world the blame for catastrophes usually will be hushed up by transposing responsibility to other originators or alien origins such as Acts of God, etc. Identifying the pathological irresponsibility in our societies Dürrenmatt saw this behavior may only be revealed successfully by describing it in a grotesque.
The list of laws at the Physicists' appendix (1962) already has been identified as a guideline to modern engineering for dangerous technological methods, respectively facilities (such as gen-technology, chemical plants and nuclear reactors)34. Dürrenmatt's Laws however cannot be considered as a proof for Dürrenmatt's prophetic insight in engineering's failures unless we may identify a Japanese leader who initially had been considered as a fool and later became a heroic savior of his home town. This hero has been identified as Fudai's mayor Kotaku Wamura, who convinced his fellow citizens to build a 15,5 m tall seawall and saved the town from destruction in a recent tsunami. In the seventies the mayor gravely had been accused for irresponsible financial management. In contrast the neighboring town Taro decided to choose for a much cheaper 10-meter-tall protective seawall, which 2011 failed to withstand the tsunami. Mayor Kotaku Wamura had been elected in office from shortly after WW II up till 1987. He accurately studied the district's archives and road-marks for evidence of the highest tsunamis and decided his town needed a gigantic 15,5 meters tall seawall to protect the village against the flood. At his retirement, mayor Wamura stood before village employees to bid farewell: "Even if you encounter opposition, have conviction and finish what you start. In the end, people will understand."
Dürrenmatt's Laws (Designing Nuclear Plants according to Dürrenmatt's Laws)
This prophetic utterance definitely identifies Wamura's responsibility in Dürrenmatt's sense: in his studies he did read the story down to the bitter end. In Dürrenmatt's sense Fudai's citizens considered their mayor as a “fool”, who withstood the public opinion consequently and acted according to his responsibility. In contrast the mayors of neighboring counties had been admired for their cheaper solutions, which failed to resist the flood's powers. Of course Dürrenmatt, who died 1990, might have written a new screenplay encapsulating the tragedies of the Fukushimaand Fudai-events to illustrate the irrational behavior of modern man. Unfortunately I feel unable to dramatize these tragedies and I can only express the admiration for Dürrenmatt's insight respectively the foresight of mayor Kotaku Wamura, who in the seventies may have feared his deselection, abdication – or, in one of Dürrenmatt's grotesques: his admittance into an asylum... Unfortunately Kotaku Wamura has only be made responsible for the tiny fisher-town Fudai and not for the Fukushimadistrict, which definitely would have needed a similar hero, who would have been able to read a story to the bitter end. But there is one thing the Japanese Fishermen must have learned from Kotaku Wamura: the relevance of foresight in leadership.
Remarks: The Fukushima- and Fudai-locations have been marked a the Google Map Castra Doloris and other Mausoleums of the Mind , although the Fukushima tragedy may only be documented after the story has terminated the worst possible sudden turn.
23 The Villar of IOU
It was Gertrude Stein who described the passing of wisdom from generation to generation in The Making of Americans. The size of The Making of Americans is impressive, but largely misunderstood. Miss Stein's writing has been accused of being monotonous and repetitious. Some publishers35 even shortened the book, probably without the author's support. In fact Gertrude Stein needed repetitions and simplicities for special purposes36. In fact The Making of Americans is a book describing time, about history and especially American history. However she removes all historical events and heroes, which must be considered as spurious harmonic37 noise in the “higher frequencies” of the Fourier series. Stein describes time as a passing of generations in which wisdom is to be accumulated. It is the repetition of “what has been said” that makes time and history. The impact of this retelling of familiar wisdom is immense in the long account of the story's families and that what makes the book 925 pages long. In fact the book represents the “minutes of meeting” of American Society and “its primary effect is that of the Old Testament, if the wars and the visitations were omitted.”
“B.L. Reid maintains (in Art by Subtraction, 1958) that the shorter version edited by Bernard Fay for Harcourt, Brace (1934) was better than the original and that Miss Stein had therefore no sense of proportion.” (page 152) 36 The Ruining of Americans - Notes to Gertrude Stein's "The Making of Americans" 37 As an engineer I was struck by the idea of applying the Fourier analysis on historical analysis. 78
I considered the idea of repeating creation legends (for the world and for nations) from generation to generation – and yes, of course in the end of the process, after a series of generations the story (or to be more precise: the history) may be adapted again and again, until is is believed by most of the core people. And yes, in the end society will exclude the unbelievers from their core society as the misfits. Ms. Stein's thesis of passing words from generation to generation also explains one of these intriguing fundamental waves, which I identified in some etymological categories. Of course words are mechanisms to pass ideas and relevance from people to people – that is from generation to generation and from neighbor to neighbors.
The Alps as a safe storage for words
In the remote valleys of the Swiss Alps the process of altering names and words seems to slow down. In these valleys the “winds of change” cannot be as effective as elsewhere in the plains. The shadowing effect of these remote areas results in a much slower process of verbal evolution. In effect the Alpine languages may reveal some of the details to the pace and the roots of Indo-European languages and customs. Some of the oldest pronouns (ieu, iou and iau) and the most ancient names (Dieu, Diou and Diau) seem to have been preserved in in the remotest villages of the Alpine regions 38. Probably these are not the original words, which may remain stored in other remote areas along the coastlines.
The Hieroglyphs in the Ego-Pronoun
Hidden in the Alpine valleys a treasure is waiting to be discovered, containing hieroglyphs stored in the words of the Indoeuropean population. These words may have been stored for millenniums and have been sleeping here in the quietness of the rural environment. The miraculous storage is to be identified in the Ego-pronoun39. A Google maps will display the relevant locations at the European map “The EgoPronouns”. The inhabitants of the small village Villar-St-Pancrace in the West Alpes between Grenoble and Torino near Briançon are using a strange Ego-pronoun iòu më, respectively m’ iòu 40. Simultaneously they are using a Creator God's name Diòu41. It is easy to identify the remarkable inclusion of the Egopronoun iòu inside the Creator God's name Diòu. The local dialect of the 1500 villagers, who name themselves Viarans or Vialan, however cannot be considered as an etymological island and must be seen as a special variant of the Occitan, French or just any other Indoeuropean language. In this village in the West Alpes the divine name Diòu and the first man's name Iòu have been preserved as a major component of the fundamental wave, that is ruling our lives.
The Ego-Pronoun will be defined as the personal pronoun of the 1st person singular (In English: I)
Patois of Villar-St-Pancrace : Personal pronouns: Cas sujet Cas régime atone tonique direct indirect Sg. 1°p a (l’) iòu më, m’ iòu 2°p tü, t’ të, t’ tü 3°p M u(l), al ei(l) së lu ei F eilo la eilo N o, ul, la - lu - Pl. 1°p nû* nû* 2°p òû* vû* vû* 3°p M î(z) së lû* iè F eilâ (eilaz) lâ* eilâ 41 See the dialect's lexicon : Lexique de mots en patois
The Mausoleums for the pronouns
In fact Villar-St-Pancrace is one of the Alpine mausoleums for the ancient pronouns, where the original religious symbolism has been preserved in the words. Other Alpine locations are Surselva, on the western bank of the Rhine. The region belongs to Vorderrhein (Rain anteriur). The population uses the Ego-Pronoun „jeu“ and a divine name „Deus“. Another location is the Hinterrhein (Rain posteriur, Sutselva). The population uses the Ego-Pronoun „jou“ and a divine name „Deus“. The Ego-Pronoun „jou“ may also relate to the Latin deity*IOU -piter or Jupiter. A third area is the Engadine valley (Engiadina Bassa) and the Val Müstair. The population uses the Ego-Pronoun „eu“ and a divine name „Deus“. In Jauer dialect the population uses the Ego-Pronoun „jau“. A full overview of these mausoleums has been documented in The Hieroglyphs in the Ego-Pronoun.
24 The Federal Reserve
Democracy is inflation-driven. In the USA the dollar lost 86% of its value since 1965. At this devaluing rate US-citizens would need 7 dollars to buy a former one-dollar article. To compensate for these losses the buyer might need an interest rate of annually 4.3%. Where is the black hole swallowing this gigantic amount of money? Where is the energy in which savings are disappearing and dissipating? Looking for answers to this enigma I found some uncomfortable answers. “The important thing is not whether a doctrine is orthodox or the latest fashion, but whether it is true or false. And although the conclusion to which my investigations lead, that expansion of credit cannot form a substitute for capital, may well be a conclusion that some may find uncomfortable, yet I do not believe that any logical disproof of it can be brought forward”42. It is easy to prove that creating wealth out of nothing by inflation and credit expansion does not work by considering the drastic thought experiment that the Fed might “print a 1099 US$-bill”, which would allow us to pay all debts, buy the hole world and all its contents including the existing amounts of gold and future findings up till 1099 years. Creating such imaginary constructs would perfectly suit modern economists/politicians and definitely proves the surrealistic world of monetary politics.
The Theory of Money and Credit - by Ludwig von Mises (Vienna 1934, page 22)
Having identified43 most of the Noble Prize winners in Economics as ignorant dilettantes, who caused the current financial crisis instead of avoiding such catastrophes I started a search for more realistic theories. In the beginning however I doubted if any theory would exist. Looking for serious economic theories, which may have predicted the coming financial disaster I merely found the Austrian Business Cycle Theory (ABCT), represented by Ludwig von Mises. At the time von Mises published his book The Theory of Money and Credit the Europeans were just preparing for the first world war and von Mises may have identified the empowering force for warfare: “WHEN the first edition of this book was published twelve years ago, the nations and their governments were just preparing for the tragic enterprise of the Great War. They were preparing, not merely by piling up arms and munitions in their arsenals, but much more by the proclamation and zealous propagation of the ideology of war. The most important economic element in this war ideology was inflationism.44”. Even if Mises' theories do contain a lot of short-comings I liked his idea of sound money with no inflation. I did study more of his ideas in the Wikipedia site Ludwig von Mises. A few of the statements however seem to be controversial or even wrong. A century ago Mises seems to have considered the bankruptcy of a state as a virtually impossible event, which actually has been proven as erroneous in the situation of Greece (and eventually by some other EU-nations...).
The Monetary Crisis XX - Separating the M1- And M3-Circuits The Theory of Money and Credit - by Ludwig von Mises (page 23, from the preface to the 2nd German edition - 1924)
“The great inflations of our age are not acts of God. They are man-made or, to say it bluntly, government-made. They are the off-shoots of doctrines that ascribe to governments the magic power of creating wealth out of nothing and of making people happy by raising the 'national income'.”45 Inflation-driven states have been analyzed before46 and it may be observed how well they fit into the von Mises theory that inflationism is the most important economic parameter for warfare. This observation has been made in any historical era, from the Graeco-Roman up to modern times. Of course we know from historical annals how badly the Roman Empire had been suffering from financial crises as well. As today warfare had to be paid by inflation, which may be proven from the following numbers: Between Augustus (31-14 BCE, with 95% silver coins) and Caracalla (211-217, with 50% silver coins) the denarius halved its silver contents. But within 50 years (by 268AD) the denarius' silver contents had dropped to only 0.5 %, whereas prices rose to 1,000 per cent. This is the type of hyperinflation which will quickly ruin any monetary base. “At that time the only people who were getting paid in gold were the barbarian troops hired by the emperors. The barbarians were so barbarous that they would only accept gold in payment for their services.”47
The Theory of Money and Credit Intro by Ludwig von Mises (1953 reprint) 46 Inflation and the Fall of the Roman Empire by Professor Joseph Peden in a Seminar on Money and Government in Houston, Texas on October 27, 1984 47 Inflation and the Fall of the Roman Empire by Professor Joseph Peden
They were not barbarians, but realistic and did not allow them to be fooled by the foolish and incompetent Romans. The prudent barbarians merely returned to the gold standard. In 284 Diocletian tried to raise the weight of gold coinage and restore its image “by naming it Aureus” (“golden coin”). Ten years later he also issued a new silver coin Argenteus, struck at 96 coins to the pound of silver. The naming convention of Aureus and Argenteus may be compared to the “Certificates” of criminal bankers, who disguised worthless papers within “certified” hulls... Still inflation of Diocletian's currencies reached a level of 100% within in a few years: In Diocletian's time (301AD) 50,000 denarii equaled one pound of gold. Ten years later it had risen to 120,000. Within 23 years (in 324 AD) it devalued from 50,000 to 300,000. In 337, the year of Constantine's death, a pound of gold brought 20,000,000 denarii. The Roman state paid in devaluing coins, but ordered citizens to pay taxes in bullion gold48. The best method seems to have been found by Constantine, who paid his government-salaried employees with new gold coins (the “Solidus”). These coins were also required to pay taxes, but had to be bought from state's employees in exchange for worthless fiat money. Thus the state had found a way to protect itself and its servants from the unwholesome effects of its own earlier inflationary cycle...49
Under Diocletian and Constantine, the government refused to accept its own gold coins in payment of taxes, but insisted instead on gold bullion. 49 Inflation and the Fall of the Roman Empire by Professor Joseph Peden
That's a great idea, which seemed to be unknown to modern politicians. Recently a message announced: Utah law treats gold and silver coins as legal tender - Mar. 29, 2011 , which allows you to pay taxes with gold coins.
Calculating the Gold-price
The monetary history of the Roman Empire may be used to analyze our currency system. What is to be learned from the Roman Empire? The most striking parallel is the reason for inflation as the most important economic parameter in warfare. In analogy to von Mises in The Theory of Money and Credit Professor Joseph Peden concludes: “What were the causes of this inflation? First of all, war.”50 In fact old Roman scripture even allows us to calculate an inflation corrected gold-price: Shortly after Augustus a private soldier was paid 240 Denarii per year or (equivalent) 9.6 Aureus, that is 8 grams of gold per year → 2.47 oz troy of gold per year. In the US-army an equivalent E3 (Private first class) earns a base pay of $23,400 per year. If paid in gold at the same rate as a Roman era soldier, gold would have to be worth $9,474/oz!!51
Inflation and the Fall of the Roman Empire by Professor Joseph Peden Source: The truth about what gold and silver were worth in Roman times (Posted on April 16, 2011 by Slartibartfast)
To protect the fiat currencies gold however artificially is being kept at a 20% level of this intrinsic value. But how did the Roman soldiers manage to keep their wages at an acceptable level? The mechanism was rather simple: “When one Roman emperor refused to pay a donative on his accession — this was a bonus given to the soldiers on the accession of the emperor — he was simply murdered by his troops.” It is the same trick bankers are using to refuse a job if the bonuses are not billion-like – to be paid in bullion gold. In the Roman Empire however citizens of course were unable to protect themselves against inflation. Instead their taxes were raised, extended and expanded ad lib.
Some of von Mises theses seem to be quite prophetic. Creating wealth out of nothing by inflation and credit expansion does not work - neither in capitalism nor in socialism. His "Capitalism has been as unmistakable a success as socialism has been a failure” is to be replaced by: "Without a gold standard Capitalism has been as unmistakable a failure as well as socialism.” Mises' diagnosis of military war as a driving power for inflation has been traceable back for centuries in historical records. War is the Father of All; and the Mother of Taxes and Inflation. Any advocate for peace should therefore consider to 87
invest his savings in gold instead of loosing the inflationary component of his assets to contributions of warfare. As for the fiat money-based systems circulation credit will result, as Mises explained, in a complete collapse in the monetary and economic system. This seems to be a rather precise description what is going to happen in the near future. “There is no means of avoiding this final collapse”. To fulfill the utopia of a market economy we either individually need an amount of physical gold or in a community we need a reliable gold standard to protect ourselves against incompetent politicians and greedy bankers. Although Von Mises work is not completely as valuable as his prophetic words he seems to have been the only economist who foresaw the impact of inflation and unlimited debt. He may not have foreseen a state's bankruptcy, which today seems as common as a thunderstorm at the end of any summer's day. In its role of the global currency base the Federal Reserve System is the mother of all debts and the source for global inflations, entitled to carry the name of "mausoleum of global debts and hyperinflation".
25 A 100 anniversary at Jekyll Island
It had been designed to secure Dr. Jekyll's monetary system's stability, but it turned out as Mr. Hyde's deceit & theft mafia to rob the US-citizens and ultimately the global population. It all began at a conference at Jekyll Island in 1910 52. At the 100 anniversary the Fed even decided to celebrate the robbery53! The celebration had been titled: "A Return to Jekyll Island: The Origins, History, and Future of the Federal Reserve," As if the organization had not caused enough trouble and pain” As is the Fed would still have a future! The banking system's profit however is still intact. There is nothing to be feared at the Vulcan’s top, which has been reaching eruptive phases.
A scientific (!) currency system
The conference had been held at 5 and 6 November, to be organized in the same building in which U.S. Senator Nelson W. Aldrich, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Department, A.P. Andrews and other famous bankers had been locked up at Jekyll Island, out of the rest of the world, until they had evolved and compiled a scientific currency system for the United States, the real birth of the present Federal Reserve System – Planning of the Federal Reserve System.
Jekyll Island - the documentary by Bill Still The Federal Reserve Is Holding a Conference On Jekyll Island
The trip to Jekyll Island had been taken place in a private train54. The participants had been instructed to use first names and in some cases secret nicknames55. For this reason it is clear Jekyll eiland belongs to the most impressive Castra Doloris of humanity.
Planning of the Federal Reserve System he was to keep them locked up at Jekyll Island, out of the rest of the world, until they had evolved and compiled a scientific currency system for the United States, the real birth of the present Federal Reserve System – Planning of the Federal Reserve System