Job Portal

BE Semester –VIII
Prepared at

ISO 9001:2008 ISO 27001:2005

Bhaskracharya Institute for Space Applications & GeoInformatics
Govt. of Gujarat, Science & Technology Gandhinagar Prepared By

Gajera Jimesh G. Der Vipul L.
ID No. 6020

Patel Pritesh R.
ID No. 6025 ID No. 6033

Guided By: Prof. B. B. Prajapati Dept. of Information Technology Faculty of Technology Shantilal Shah Engineering College

External Guide Rajiv Kanzaria Project Scientist BISAG, Gandhinagar

Sidsar Campus,

Sidsar Road, Bhavnagar-364060

Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-informatics
Department of Science & Technology Government of Gujarat
Phone: 079 - 23213090/23213081/23213082 ISO 9001:2008 ISO 27001:2005 Fax: 23213091 E-mail: info@bisag.gujarat.gov.in, website: www.bisag.gujarat.gov.in

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project report compiled by Gajera Jimesh G., Patel Pritesh R., Der Vipul L. students of 8th Semester B. E. (IT) from Shantilal Shah Engineering College, have completed their final semester project satisfactorily. To the best of our knowledge this is an original and bonafide work done by them. They have worked on web-based application “Job Portal”, starting from January 1st ,2010 to April 13th,2010. During their tenure at this Institute, they were found to be sincere and meticulous in their work. We appreciate their enthusiasm & dedication towards the work assigned to them. We wish them every success.

Rajiv Kanzaria Project Scientist, BISAG, Gandhinagar Date:

Dr J.G.Pandya Manager, BISAG, Gandhinagar Date:

ABSTRACT
1. WHAT CONTRIBUTION WOULD THE PROJECT MAKE:The project would help in effective and systematic record keeping that is storing and retrieving of useful data. Project will be able to give the report so that management can make decisions on the basis of those reports.

2. SCOPE OF STUDY:The main Scope of study: 1. 2.

It should contain all the information of the client and company. It should contain all the information of Job Seeker from Naukri.com, Monstor’s.com etc.

3. It should process and evaluate jobs registered by companies.
4.

It should contain information related to re registration.

5. It should have Administrator for scheduling administrative work of site.

3. OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT:Computerized on Line Job Search System is developed to facilitate the General administration system to manage the various information of the Job Seeker and Job Provider and the processes involved in a placement company. So, that organization can access accurate information quickly and easily as and when required, thereby improving its operational efficiency & effectiveness.

In today’s competitive environment, where Everybody wants to be on the top, Information plays very crucial role. As fast as information is accessed and processed, it can give good results. Today Internet is the fast way of transferring Data and Information over wide area, hence I have used internet as a way for exchanging information. Computerized system helps to fulfill these goals. Computerization of the official works will help in doing lot of manual work quickly. It will help in easy storage and access of all information, in short period of time.

4. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE OF THE SITE:Objective of doing this project is to enhance my knowledge in the field of E-com technology using ASP.Net as a language. Some of the client requirement and objectives of this site is as under:• To increase the business of Client. • To make it Global. • To facilitate job search. • To facilitate company so that it can search for best candidates available.

To act as a middle men connecting Job seeker and Provider. So these are some of the objectives which we have to accomplish.

5. FEATURES OF SITE:It has the features of providing all the information online (through the net) about our site.

• This web site built on 3 Tier Architecture. • The site also includes the electronic mail facility for the users who have registered themselves. • The site acts as a middle-ware for the Job Seeker and Job Provider. • The site has the facility to inform the Seeker and Company about the job and candidate. • Employer also inform the Job Seeker via telephone.

COMPANY PROFILE
1.

BACKGROUND:-

The applications of space technologies and geo-informatics contribute significantly towards socio-economic development of the society. Recognizing the importance and need of Space technology and geo-informatics for developmental planning purposes, the Government of Gujarat established the Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-informatics (BISAG) in the year 1997, as the State nodal agency to utilize space technology and geoinformatics for various developmental activities of the State. Since its foundation, the Institute has experienced extensive growth in the spheres of space technology and geo-informatics. The objective with which BISAG was established is manifested in the extent of services its renders to almost all departments of the State. Year after year the institute has been endeavoring to increase its outreach to disseminate the use of geo-informatics up to grassroots level. In this span of eleven years, BISAG has assumed multi-dimensional roles and achieved several milestones to become an integral part of the development process of the Gujarat State.

2.

PROFILE:BISAG’s Roles
Service Provider Capacity Building

Technology Development Research & Development in Geoinformatics Applications

Academic Activities

SATCOM Facility Transfer of Technology

BISAG’s has strengthened its role as a facility provider, a technology developer and as a facilitator for transferring technology to the grass root level. Further reinforcing its functions, BISAG has achieved ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 27001:2005 certifications for quality management and security management services respectively. This has led to an organized and systematic development of its services and outputs.

3.

ACTIVITIES OF BISAG:-

BISAG’s activities are multi-fold and have expanded in a big way and focused on the following:

Satellite Communication Remote Sensing

Promoting and facilitating the use of satellite broadcasting networks for distant interactive training, education and extensions Inventory mapping, developmental planning and monitoring of natural and man-made resources

Geo-informatics System

Conceptualizing, creating and organizing multipurpose common geo-spatial database for sectoral and thematic applications for various users

Photogrammetry characteristics, Resource planning,etc.

Creation of Digital Elevation Model, Terrain

Global Navigation engineering applications and research Satellite System

Location based services, geo-referencing,

Software well as web-based geo-informatics applications to users for Development wider usage.

For providing low-cost Decision Support Systems, desktop as

For preparing geo-spatial information to provide necessary inputs to the Government to assess and mitigate extent of damage in the event of a disaster

Disaster Management

For providing education, research and training Education, facilities to promote number of end users through Research and the Academy for Geo-informatics. Training

Value Added Services Technology Transfer

For providing services which can be customized as per the needs of the users.

Transferring technology to a large number of end users.

4.

UNITS OF BISAG:-

BISAG initially set up to carry out Space Technology applications, has evolved into an Academic Institute, a Centre for Research and Technology Innovations, a Facility Provider, a Technology Developer and a Facilitator for transferring technology to the grass root level. BISAG is the first such State Centre having such multifarious activities with ISO certification. BISAG has gradually progressed over the years and has grown into several units. Each unit focuses on specific functions and objectives to ensure efficiency in over all activities of the institute. Gujarat Satellite Communication Network (GUJSAT): SATCOM facilitates the promotion and facilitation of the use of broadcast and teleconferencing networks for distant interactive training, education and extension.
SATCOM SATCOM

ACADEMY OF ACADEMY OF GEOGEOINFORMATICS INFORMATICS SCHOOL OF SCHOOL OF SUSTAINABLE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT STUDIES STUDIES

BISAG

CENTRE FOR CENTRE FOR GEOGEOINFORMATICS INFORMATICS DISASTER DISASTER MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT INFORMATION INFORMATION CELL CELL

SOFTWARE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT

Centre for Geo-Informatics Applications: The Centre for Geo-informatics provides services for the developmental and planning activities pertaining to

Agriculture, Land and Water Resources Management, Wasteland/ Watershed development, Forestry, Disaster Management, and Infrastructure etc.

Software Development: For wider usage of geo-spatial applications, customized software are developed by the Software Development Team. The institute has provided many indigenous software solutions in the field of Geographic Information Systems, Decision Support Systems and Image Processing. Academy of Geo-informatics: The Academy for Geo-informatics carries out Education, Research and Training activities. Disaster Management Information cell: BISAG works closely with the Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA), for assessment of existing situation through integrated analysis and for planning appropriate preventive and preparatory measures, providing necessary support through data generation and analysis.

5.

INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT:-

The growth and progress of any institute is gauged by the infrastructure it develops and possesses. BISAG has a sound infrastructure setup that has developed in tandem with the growth of the institute. Having started with one building, there are now dedicated facilities for different units.

The laboratories are equipped with state-of the art technology with latest Hardware and Software required for executing its activities. BISAG also has a rich satellite data archive, which includes Satellite data of different spatial, spectral and temporal resolutions.

6.

COLLABORATIONS OF BISAG…Creating A Sense Of Ownership:-

BISAG works with almost all Government Departments and Organizations. Each of these Departments/Organization contributes in preparation of the respective projects. With strong Government support and proactive efforts on part of the staff of BISAG, the list of Collaborators is expanding and increasing.

COLLABORATORS OF BISAG

GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS

PUBLIC SECTOR

Rural Development Panchayats Revenue Urban Development Agriculture Narmada & Water Resource Forest and Environment Industries and mines Ports and Fisheries Health & Family Welfare Education Planning Labour

NATIONAL INTER-

SSNNL GSDMA GWSSB GIIC GUDM GPCB GMB BAOU GWRDC GIDC GSHSEB

NATIONAL

Department of Space Census Operations IGNOU CPCB Salt Commissionerat e

WHO World Bank UNDP UNICEF

Through User Departments

Partnerships and Collaborations by BISAG ……… 7. Creating a sense of OWNERSHIP

INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING:-

BISAG has achieved institutional strengthening through:  Reinforcement of Decision Support Systems Developing customized solutions as per user requirements through partnerships and collaborations, which are affordable and easy to use. Areas of natural and manmade resources, socio-economic parameters, are being effectively addressed with the help of Geo-informatics.

 Establishing Linkage between Government and People through GUJSAT GUJSAT facility is being constantly employed for the promotion and facilitation of the use of teleconferencing networks for distant interactive training, education and extension. Experts, leaders, specialists and professionals can conduct their programs from a central location reaching out to remote areas through two-way audio-video channel making them interactive and meaningful.

 Developing Innovative Education Programmes Innovative educational programmes are conducted regularly through GUJSAT, allowing people residing in remote areas to have an access to good quality educational and awareness programmes.

 Solving real life problems through Human Resource Development

The institute has a young multi-disciplinary team of professionals and a continuing induction programme. Multi-nationals and IT agencies pick up the trained staff that in turn is replaced by new people. This results in availability of more and more trained manpower in the realm of space applications. Every year BISAG provides training to about 300 students in the field of Geo-informatics.

Creation of the multipurpose sectoral comprehensive databases for the entire state of Gujarat

The institute has made efforts towards conceptualization, creation and organization of multi-purpose common digital database for sectoral / integrated decision support systems. This has provided impetus to planning and developmental activities at grass root level as well as monitoring and management potential in various disciplines like water resources, land resources, disaster management, infrastructure, urban management.

PROJECT PROFILE

Project Title: Project Aim: Project Description: Project Duration: Operating system: Front end tools: Back end tools:

Job Portal To allow Employee to check client and Call the client for interview. Project provides information about Job seekers and Call the client for interview. 98 days Microsoft Windows Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 (ASP.NET 3.5) SQL Server 2005

Name of organization: Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics. Developed by: Gajera Jimesh, Patel Pritesh, Der Vipul

SYSTEM REQUIREMENT

1. HARDWARE CONFIGURATION:-

Processor

:

Intel Pentium 4 CPU, 2.66GHz

 Memory
 RAM  Hard Disk  

:

256 MB DDR : 40 GB SATA

Mouse Keyboard Supported) Drive Printer

: Quantum : Samsung (Multimedia : : CD-RW, Floppy drive HP-Laser printer

 

2. HARDWARE REQUIREMENT FOR IMPLEMENTATION:-

 Processor:

Minimum

:

568 MHz Pentium Processor

 Memory:
 

RAM Hard Disk

: : : : :

64 MB 4 GB 1024 * 768, True Type Color-32 Bit Any Normal Mouse. Any window Supported Keyboard.

 

Display Mouse Keyboard

3.

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT:SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION:-

Operating System Front End Back End

: : :

Windows XP Professional Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 SQL Server 2005

SYSTEM ANALYSIS

1.

EXISTING SYSTEM:-

When the requirement of this system is putted before the team they was willing to know that how the employee of the company is working. Then the study is done it gives the result that all the work is done manually and there is nothing that help the employee to save the time and do the work with the system. All the documentation is done by the employee of the company. A lot of works have to be done before the candidates are placed in an organization. All that the company needs to store about the job seekers must be written on the paper. Some times it is very difficult to know about some special highlights of the job seeker, because the information is stored on the paper and it is not clear that due to human error or by some other means this paper is lost and the information is now not in the hands of the company. At the time of hiring the companies policy says that the only those companies can hire who are registered with SEEKJOB. So it is critical task to find out the registered employer, when the company has so many employers. There is extra requirement of employee who have to check that the requesting person is an registered employer. This seams a critical task.

2. LIMITATIONS:-

The current system have all the problems which generally in count in the manual system such as wastage of time, wastage of money, more efforts to work etc. if the responsible person wants the full information of the total sale of various models of the vehicles at various center at the evening then he/she can not get it. Because the current system work manually and it is very slow same as if he/she wants the total production then it take time. The current system can not give the fast response as needed. It also does not keep records of grievances of the faults in the vehicles in various parts of the country. If he/she wants the information regarding the total stock at various warehouses at his\her office then using current system he\she can not get it. He\she can not get the full information on time. It may be late and this process is time consuming and generally the administrators receive the relevant information next day which is the major limitation of existing system.

3. PROPOSED SYSTEM:-

This site is an attempt to make the task of administrator as well as jobseekers easier. The administrator has the right to know everything. He has the right to know the details of the jobseekers, has the right to change any service that the jobsite is currently providing or can add services which are not being provided currently. Even the customer’s passwords and hidden details are accessible by the administrator. Now Employee are able to apply online also. Through this system all works are done through computer so it results in fast service provider. The Employee can also contact the company officials through email or his contact numbers but first they have to register themselves as a member by filling up a registration form which can be filled online. Once registered, Employee can access this jobsite and register for any services being provided by Jobportal.com, that too online by sitting at home within a fraction of a second by a flick of a button. Aim of this project is to provide an environment helpful for administrator and jobseekers as well, so that, they find it easy to implement it without any harassment for the jobseekers also. This project is developed after a study of the existing manual system & the jobseekers requirements. Requirement analysis is concerned with identifying the basic function of software component in a hardware & software system.

4. FEATURES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM:-

The features of the proposed system are as follows:•
• •

Provide the full information of employees/employer at various places at Provide the full information of total client at various places at one site. Provide the full information of total companies at various places at one Helps the management to find out the current trend in industries as well as

one site.

site. • current manpower pool.

5. FEASIBILITY STUDY:A feasibility study is conducted to select the best system that meets performance requirement. This entails an identification description, an evaluation of candidate system and the selection of best system for he job. The system required performance is defined by a statement of constraints, the identification of specific system objective and a description of outputs.

The key consideration in feasibility analysis are:”Economic feasibility” The proposed system is economically feasible because the cost involved in

purchasing the hardware and the software are within approachable. The personal cost like salaries of employees hired are also nominal, because working in this system need not required a highly qualified professional. The operatingenvironment costs are marginal. The less time involved also helped in its economical feasibility. • The benefits of this project include four types: 1.Cost – saving benefits This project reduces the administrative and operational cost. Because of the reduction in the use of paper, use of labors the cost also reduces. 2.Improve-service-level benefits

Proposed system improves the system’s performance because the current system is based on manual processing while the proposed system is based on computer processing. 3.Improve-information-level benefits It provides better information in the stipulated space and time for decisionmaking. 4.Time-saving-benefits It saves lots of time and provides the same result in a far lesser period of time.

6. BEHAVIORAL FEASIBILITY:Employees of the company are habitual of working with manual system and don’t have the knowledge of working in a computer application based environment that is used in their intranet and are generally resistant to make changes in their working attitude. People are inherently resistant to change and computers have been known to facilitate changes. An estimate should be made of how strong a reaction the staffs are likely to have towards the development of an online computerized system because now this may lead to expulsion of some of the staffs from their jobs. So a system has to be chosen which will provide them much more facilities and less mental disturbance to check weather correct entry is entered and that too at its right place. The System will provide them automatic reporting and checks on entries while storing as well as entering. So the front end has been made user friendly for both the administrator and the employees.

7. MODULES OF PROJECT:The project can be divided in to three main modules. • Registration module • Job Employer section

Job Administration section Module 1: Registration module, which is further sub-divided into:• Job Employer Registration. • Change Password Job Employer. • Change Password Administrator. • Forget Password Job Employer. • Forget Password Administrator. • Login for both Job Employer and Administrator. Module 2: Job Employer section, which is further sub-divided into – • Call for a interview date • Call for a interview time

• Call for a asking Job Seeker want to go for a interview? • Call for a asking Job Seeker about feedback of interview facing? • Check the status true if selecting in the job. Module 3: Job Administration section, which is further sub-divided into four subsections: • Check the status true if call back from the company. • Also check the status false if Job Seeker is rejected.

SYSTEM DESIGN

1. DATA FLOW DIAGRAMS: DFD1:-

DFD2:-

DFD3:-

2.

BASIC COMPONENTS OF USE CASE DIAGRAM:-

Actor – Symbol

Actor1 An Actor, as mentioned, is a user the system, and is depicted using Stick figure. The role of the user is written beneath the icon. Actors are not limited to humans. If a system Communicates with another Application, and expects input or Delivers output. Then that Application can also be considered an actor. Use Case – Symbol
UseCase 1

A use Case is functionality provided by the system, typically Described as verb object (e.g. Register car, Delete User). Use Cases are depicted with an ellipse. The name of the use case is written within the ellipse.

Associations are used to link actors with Use cases, and indicate that an actor Participates in the use case in some form. Associations are depicted by a line connecting The actor and the use case.

3. USE CASE DIAGRAM:-

SYSTEM

INSERT DATA

UPDATE DATA

Actor

DELETE DATA CALL THE INTERVIEW ER

Admin

CALL IN THE COMPANY

SNAPSHOTS

HOME PAGE:-

SIGNUP PAGE:-

FORGOT PASSWORD PAGE:-

FORGOT PASSWORD 1 PAGE:

PROFILE PAGE:

YESTERDAY’S FOLLOW UP PAGE:

DETAILS PAGE:

NEW DETAILS PAGE:

ADMIN FEEDBACK PAGE:

EMPLOYEE FEEDBACK PAGE:

DATABASE DESIGN:In our data flow diagram, we give names to data flows, processes and data stores. Although the names are descriptive of data, they do not dive details .So following DFD, our interest is to build some details of the contents of data flows, processes and data store. A data dictionary is a structured repository of data about data .It is a set of rigorous definitions of all DFD data elements and data structures .The data dictionary for the current system has been given as under: Tables for Project: signup: This table maintains details of Employee.

urgentcall : This table maintains details of clients.

company: This table maintains detail of company.

selected: This table stores and maintains selected person list.

notselected: This table stores and maintains notselected person list.

feedback: This table stores and maintains feedback of the client.

IMPLEMENTATION
System implementation is the stage when the user has thoroughly tested the system and approves all the features provided by the system. The various tests are performed and the system is approved only after all the requirements are met and the user is satisfied. The new system may be totally new; replacing an existing manual or automated system, or it may a major modification to an existing system. In the either case, proper implementation is essential to provide a reliable system to meet organization requirements .successful implementation may not guarantee improvement in the organization using the new system (that is a design question) ,but improper will prevent it. Implementation is the process of having systems personal cheek out and put new equipment to use, train users, install the new application and construct any files of data needed to use it. This phase is less creative than system design. Depending on the size of the organization that will be involve in using the application and the risk involved in its use, system developer may choose to test the operation in only one area of the firm with only one or two persons. Some times, they will run both old and new system in parallel way to compare the results. In steel other situations, system developers stop using the old systems one day and start using the new one the next. The implementation of the web based or LAN base network project has some extra steps at the time of implementation. We need to configure the system according the requirement of the software. For the project we need to install and configure weblogicserver8.1, database server and deployment directory for the project.

Aspects of implementation:The two aspects of implementation are: • Training Personnel • Conversion Procedures Training:Even well designed and technically elegant systems can succeed or fail because of the way they are used. Therefore the quality of the training received by the personnel involved with the stem in various ways helps or hinders, and may event prevent, the successful implementation of an information system. Since

MAINTENANCE
Software maintenance is the last phase in the software Engineering process that eliminates errors in the working system during its work span and to tune the system to any variations in its working environment. The system requires maintenance as there may be changes and requirements in the organizational needs, government policies, hardware and software environment etc. often small system deficiencies are found as a system is brought into operation and changes are made to remove them. System requirements may be revised as a result of system usage or changing operational needs. Perhaps oversight that occurred during the development process needs to be corrected. Often the maintenance need arises to capture additional data for storage in a database or in transaction files or perhaps it may be necessary to add error detection features to prevent system users from in adversely taking an unwanted action. Maintenance of the system after it is installed is concerned with an additional factor in hardware. Once the system is delivered and installed there is a brief warranty period during which time the vendor is responsible for maintenance. This is a typically a 90 day period after that time the purchaser has the option of acquiring maintenance from various sources. Maintenance source excepting vendor is also available from

companies specializing in providing the service, called third party maintenance companies. When the system is installed, it is generally used for long period. The average life of system is 4-6 years, with the eldest applications often is used for over 10 years. The need for debugging and correcting errors or failure on an emergency basic is comparatively low: less than 20% of the task of correction. System and organization are in constant state of flux; therefore the maintenance of the system also involved adoptions for earlier version of software. Approximately 20% of all maintenance work is performed to accommodate changes in report, files and database. The greatest amount of maintenance work is for user enhancement, improved documentation and recording system components or greater efficiency. About 60% of all maintenance is for this purposed. Following table summarized the broad classes of maintenance found in development of sekkjob.com

CATEGORY
 

ACTIVITY Emergency fixes, routine debugging. Accommodation of changes to data and to hardware and software, Changes in the external environment. User enhancement, improved documentation recording of computational efficiency, user recommendations for new capabilities.

Corrective Adaptive Pre effective

Preventive

Routine service of cleaning and adjusting the equipment to prevent breakdowns, future maintainability reliability enhancement, recovering design information to improve the overall quality.

Maintainable Design The points to reduce the needs for maintenance are:  More accurately defining the user’s requirements

during the system development assembling better system documentation.  Using more effective methods for designing process logic and communicating it to project team members.  Making better the use of existing tools and techniques.  Managing system engineering process effectively. The maintenance for Integrated Advertising System was performed with the above-mentioned points as the underlying principles and according to the demands of the users.

CONCLUSION
This is a well defined job of our team that has taken six weeks to analyze the situation in which this project will work and the environment of the company that will use this project. It was a good experience for us to work in a company that has a very friendly environment and learning atmosphere. I am very thankful to Mr. Mohd Gurfan khan. Who gave a lot of good programming skills and so many company related skills that will help me in the future? I am also thankful to all my friends and team members.

FUTURE SCOPE OF THIS PROJECT • In future this project can be treated as product according to specification and needs of any organization. • Since Jobseeker plays key role in any organization; thus, success over a long period of time and reliance of organization over recruitment is going to be one of the most considered topic for any organization. Therefore Jobs seeker Process will be of great help in carrying out recruitment process smoothly and effectively. • At present days every organization is using web technology for their proper functioning, so this web based project is all in all important from market aspects. • Furthermore if this project will be uploaded, it can be used as Jobs site and any organization can register their self on the site to carry out their recruitment process making this site as Jobs seeker.

LIMITATIONS Since, every system has some limitations so our proposed system is also not untouchable in this regard. Although it includes every kind of features but it can’t be used in a huge organization where number of networks are very large, because the data base used in this system is an average one. Also it doesn’t have different kind of access feature for different users. SOFTWARE SCOPE • Reusability: Reusability is possible as and when we require in this application. We can update it next version. Reusable software reduces design, coding and testing cost by amortizing effort over several designs. Reducing the amount of

code also simplifies understanding, which increases the likelihood that the code is correct. We follow up both types of reusability: Sharing of newly written code within a project and reuse of previously written code on new projects. • Extensibility: This software is extended in ways that its original developers may not expect. The following principles enhance extensibility like Hide data structure, avoid traversing multiple links or methods, Avoid case statements on object type and distinguish public and private operations.

Robustness: Its method is robust if it does not fail even if it receives improper parameters. There are some facilities like Protect against errors, Optimize after the program runs, validating arguments and Avoid predefined limits.

Understandability: A method is understandable if someone other than the creator of the method can understand the code (as well as the creator after a time lapse). We use the method, which small and coherent helps to accomplish this.

• Cost-effectiveness: Its cost is under the budget and make within given time period. It is desirable to aim for a system with a minimum cost subject to the condition that it must satisfy all the requirements.

Scope of this document is to put down the requirements, clearly identifying the information needed by the user, the source of the information and outputs expected from the system.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

SITES REFERRED:
1. www.codeproject.com 2. www.c#dotnet.com 3. www.c#corner.com 4. www.codeproject.com 5. www.msdn.microsoft.com 6. www.csharp.com 7. www.gotdotnet.com 8. www.aspnextgen.com 9. www.andymcm.com/dotnetfaq.htm 10. www.pacestar.com 11. www.123aspx.com 12. www.411asp.net 13. www.dotnetwire.com 14. www.ibuyspy.com

BOOKS:
1) Software Engineering-R.P.Ppress. 2) Information System Analysis & Design-Penn

APPENDIX-B
MICROSOFT.NET FRAMEWORK The .NET Framework is a new computing platform that simplifies application development in the highly distributed environment of the Internet. The .NET Framework is designed to fulfill the following objectives:

• • •

To provide a consistent object-oriented programming environment whether object code is stored and executed locally, executed locally but Internet distributed, or executed remotely. To provide a code-execution environment that minimizes software deployment and versioning conflicts. To provide a code execution environment that guarantees safe execution of code, including code created by an unknown or semitrusted third party. To provide a code-execution environment that eliminates the performance problems of scripted or interpreted environments.

To make the developer experience consistent across widely varying types of applications, such as Windows-based applications and Webbased applications. To build all communication on industry standards to ensure that code based on the .NET Framework can integrate with any other code.

The .NET Framework has two main components: the common language runtime and the .NET Framework class library. The common language runtime is the foundation of the .NET Framework. You can think of the runtime as an agent that manages code at execution time, providing core services such as memory management, thread management, and remoting, while also enforcing strict type safety and other forms of code accuracy that ensure security and robustness. In fact, the concept of code management is a fundamental principle of the runtime. Code that targets the runtime is known as managed code, while code that does not target the runtime is known as unmanaged code. The class library, the other main component of the .NET Framework, is a comprehensive, objectoriented collection of reusable types that you can use to develop applications ranging from traditional command-line or graphical user interface (GUI) applications to applications based on the latest innovations provided by ASP.NET, such as Web Forms and XML Web services. The .NET Framework can be hosted by unmanaged components that load the common language runtime into their processes and initiate the execution of managed code, thereby creating a software environment that can exploit both managed and unmanaged features. The .NET Framework not only provides several runtime hosts, but also supports the development of third-party runtime hosts. For example, ASP.NET hosts the runtime to provide a scalable, server-side environment for managed code. ASP.NET works directly with the runtime to enable Web Forms applications and XML Web services. Internet Explorer is an example of an unmanaged application that hosts the runtime (in the form of a MIME type extension). Using Internet Explorer to host the runtime enables you to embed managed components or Windows Forms controls in HTML documents. Hosting the runtime in this way makes managed mobile code (similar to Microsoft® ActiveX® controls) possible, but with significant improvements that only managed code can offer, such as semi-trusted execution and secure isolated file storage.

THE COMMON LANGUAGE RUNTIME The common language runtime manages memory, thread execution, code execution, code safety verification, compilation, and other system services. These features are intrinsic to the managed code that runs on the common language runtime. The runtime enforces code access security. For example, users can trust that an executable embedded in a Web page can play an animation on screen or sing a song, but cannot access their personal data, file system, or network. The security features of the runtime thus enable legitimate Internet-deployed software to be exceptionally feature rich. The runtime also enforces code robustness by implementing a strict typeand code-verification infrastructure called the common type system (CTS). The CTS ensures that all managed code is self describing. The various Microsoft and third-party language compilers Generate managed code that conforms to the CTS. This means that managed code can consume other managed types and instances, while strictly enforcing type fidelity and type safety. In addition, the managed environment of the runtime eliminates many common software issues. For example, the runtime automatically handles object layout and manages references to objects, releasing them when they are no longer being used. This automatic memory management resolves the two most common application errors, memory leaks and invalid memory references. The runtime also accelerates developer productivity. For example, programmers can write applications in their development language of choice, yet take full advantage of the runtime, the class library, and components written in other languages by other developers. Any compiler vendor who chooses to target the runtime can do so. While the runtime is designed for the software of the future, it also supports software of today and yesterday. Interoperability between managed and unmanaged code enables developers to continue to use necessary COM components and DLLs.

A feature called just-in time (JIT) compiling enables all managed code to run in the native machine language of the system on which it is executing. Meanwhile, the memory manager removes the possibilities of fragmented memory and increases memory locality-of-reference to further increase performance. Finally, the runtime can be hosted by high-performance, server-side applications, such as Microsoft® SQL Server™ and Internet Information Services (IIS). This infrastructure enables you to use managed code to write your business logic, while still enjoying the superior performance of the industry's best enterprise servers that support runtime hosting. .NET FRAMEWORK CLASS LIBRARY The .NET Framework class library is a collection of reusable types that tightly integrate with the common language runtime. The class library is object oriented, providing types from which your own managed code can derive functionality. This makes the .NET Framework types easy to use, reduces the time associated with learning new features of the .NET Framework. For example, the .NET Framework collection classes implement a set of interfaces that you can use to develop your own collection classes. Your collection classes will blend seamlessly with the classes in the .NET Framework. As you would expect from an object-oriented class library, the .NET Framework types enable you to accomplish a range of common programming tasks, including tasks such as string management, data collection, database connectivity, and file access. In addition, you can use the .NET Framework to develop the following types of applications and services: • • • • • Console applications. Windows GUI applications (Windows Forms). ASP.NET applications. XML Web services. Windows services.

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