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Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Modern Mathematics
A collection of 50 very important formulae for Quantitative Ability Section of CAT from the pioneers of online CAT training
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For two numbers a and b,
3. Percentage Change
For two successive changes of a% and b%,
Amount = Principal + Interest © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. 1
A.5. P’ = population after n years. S. r% = rate of annual depreciation] 7. G. = Compound Annual Growth Rate] 8. Depreciation Formula [Here. P = original value. = Average Annual Growth Rate and C. R. A. A. G. 2 . G. A. P’ = final value after n years. P = Original population. Profit and Loss Profit = SP − CP Loss = CP − SP © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. = Simple Annual Growth Rate. r% = rate of annual change] 6. R. All rights reserved. Growth Absolute Growth = Final Value – Initial Value [Here. Ltd. R. Population Formula [Here.
False Weights If an item is claimed to be sold at cost price.9. All rights reserved. 3 . Ratios If a : b = c : d. using false weights. then a : b = c : d = (a + c) : (b + d) If a < b. then for a positive quantity x. Ltd. x are bought and articles worth Rs. then the discount is equal to y and discount percentage is given by Successive Discounts When a discount of a% is followed by another discount of b%. then 11. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. y are obtained free along with x articles. Discount Discount = Marked Price − Selling Price Buy x and Get y Free If articles worth Rs. then the overall percentage profit is given by 10.
then for a positive quantity x. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. Successive Replacement Where x is the original quantity. y is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the replacement process is carried out. All rights reserved. 4 .If a > b. 12. Proportions 13.
14. Alligation Rule The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture. 5 . Average Speed If the distance is constant. Time. Alligation Cross: 15. then average speed is given by harmonic mean of two speeds: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Ltd. Speed and Distance Important Conversion Factors: 16.
is the H. of (x − r1).F.F.C.F.M. y and z) + r 21. H. The smallest natural number that is divisible by x. Ltd. All rights reserved. of Fractions © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.C. then average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds: 17. Application of H.C.C. Application of L. y and z leaving the same remainder r in each case is the L. (y − r2) and (z − r3) 20. r2 and r3.M. Time and Work 19.C.M.If the time is constant. y and z leaving remainders r1. respectively. of (x. and L. 6 . The greatest natural number that will divide x. Relative Speed For Trains For Boats and Streams 18.C.
then © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. 7 . Properties of Surds 23. Laws of Indices If a and b are non-zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers.22. All rights reserved.
Laws of Logarithms 25. 8 . Roots of Quadratic Equation The two roots of the quadratic equation. Ltd. Binomial Theorem If n is a natural number that is greater than or equal to 2. All rights reserved.24. ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given by: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. then according to the binomial theorem: 26.
27. Algebraic Formulae (a + b) (a − b) = a2 − b2 (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 (a − b)2 = a2 − 2ab + b2 (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3 (a − b)3 = a3 − 3a2b + 3ab2 − b3 a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 − ab + b2) a3 − b3 = (a − b)(a2 + ab + b2) 28. Arithmetic Progression 29. All rights reserved. 9 . Ltd. Harmonic Progression © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Geometric Progression 30.
All rights reserved.31. Ltd. Factorial n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × (n − 1) × n n! = n × (n − 1)! 33. Combinations Important Properties: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Permutations 34. Sum of Important Series Sum of first n natural numbers Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers 32. 10 .
All rights reserved. 11 .35. Probability 37. Pythagoras Theorem For right triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. Partition Rule Number of ways of distributing n identical things among r persons when each person may get any number of things = 36.
Ltd.For acute triangle ABC For obtuse triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 12 . All rights reserved.
All rights reserved. Ltd. Area of Triangle When lengths of the sides are given When lengths of the base and altitude are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 13 .38.
14 .When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given For Equilateral Triangle © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Ltd.
Ltd. then: AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2) © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Apollonius Theorem If AD is the median.For Isosceles Triangle 39. 15 .
Angle Bisector Theorem If AD is the angle bisector for angle A. 16 . All rights reserved. Area of Quadrilateral For Cyclic Quadrilateral If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd.40. then: 41.
If lengths of two diagonals and the included angle are given For Trapezium For Parallelogram © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. 17 . All rights reserved.
Ltd. 18 . All rights reserved.For Rhombus For Rectangle For Square © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.
Polygons Number of Diagonals The sum of all the interior angles The sum of all the exterior angles 43. Area of Regular Hexagon © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 19 .42. Ltd. All rights reserved.
20 .44. All rights reserved. Perimeter of Sector © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Circle Circumference Area Length of Arc Area of Sector Or. Ltd.
45. Ellipse If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b. H is the length of hypotenuse and © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 21 . For a right triangle. Perimeter of the ellipse Area of the ellipse 46. Ltd. if P is the length of perpendicular. B is the length of base. All rights reserved. Trigonometric Ratios is the angle between base and hypotenuse.
) = Perimeter of base × height Total Surface Area (T.A. All rights reserved. + 2 × Area of base Volume (V) = Area of base × height © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. y2) is given by 48. Right Prism Lateral Surface Area (L. 22 . y1) and B (x2.S. Ltd.S.A.S. Distance between Points Distance between two points A (x1.A.47.) = L.
A. 23 .S.A.S.S.A. Ltd.Cuboid L. = 2(lh + bh) T. = 6a2 Volume (V) = a3 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.A. All rights reserved. = 2(lh + bh + lb) Volume (V) = lbh Cube L. = 4a2 T.S.
) = 2πrh T.S.S. + Area of base © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.Cylinder Curved Surface Area (C. 24 . = 2πrh + 2πr2 Volume (V) = πr2h 49.S.A. Ltd. = L.A. Right Pyramid T.A.S.A. All rights reserved.
A. 25 . = πrl T. = πrl + πr2 Frustum of a cone © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Ltd.Cone C.S.S.A.
50.A. = 4πr2 Hemisphere C. Sphere C.A.S.S.A. 26 . = 4πr2 T.A. All rights reserved. = 2πr2 T. = 3πr2 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd.S.S.
com .Personalised Online CAT preparation EASY Prepare at your own pace – don’t be constrained by the pace of the class Prepare at your convenience – don’t be bothered by unsuitable classroom timings. speed. by a team that created international award winning internet-based educational products PERSONALISED Study the concepts YOU need to with Personalised Study Guides Practice the concepts YOU are weak in with Personalised Post-Assessment Tests Improve YOUR accuracy. Ltd. travel difficulties. 27 email: contact@testfunda. anywhere.com phone: 022-666 00 000 website: www.TestFunda.no installation required EFFECTIVE 16 National Online Mock CATs. hectic work schedule Anytime. Instant access to your national percentile Comprehensive study material – 95 lessons with solved examples Detailed solution for every question in the tests and practice exercises Effective instructional strategy for the CAT aspirant. All rights reserved. question selection with Detailed Analysis Reports Personalised help from content experts – Ask a Doubt © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. on any computer .
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