Project No: Global Industries A/P Pte Ltd

Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual

GLOBAL INDUSTRIES A/P PTE LTD

NDT Inspection Manual
SI-P-MA-00011
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 INTRODUCTION / OVERVIEW & OUTLINE SCOPES OF WORK 1.1 Purpose & Scope 1.1.1 Description 1.1.2 Purpose 1.1.3 Scope Inspection Activities 1.2.1 Anomaly Actions 1.2.2 Remedial Actions 1.2.3 Data Recording & Reporting Personnel 1.3.1 Company Authorised Representative 1.3.2 Inspection Controller 1.3.3 Inspection Diver 1.3.4 Personnel Qualifications Techniques, Equipment & Procedures 1.4.1 Documentation 1.4.2 Technical Responsibility & Lines of Communication Work Scopes & Task Specifications 1.5.1 Task Codes 1.5.2 Specification Sheet Format 1.5.3 Application of Specification Sheets Offshore Structural Inspection 1.6.1 Major Platform Inspection 1.6.2 Post Installation Inspection 1.6.3 Offshore Pipeline Inspection 1.6.4 Export Facilities Inspection 1.6.5 Special Survey

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

2.0

GENERAL VISUAL INSPECTION TASKS 2.1 Component Check 2.2 Support Check 2.3 Anode Wastage Check 2.4 Scour Check 2.5 Obstruction Check 2.6 Marine Growth Check 2.7 Coatings Check 2.8 Function Check 2.9 Misc. Operations Logging 2.10 Debris Check
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VI-OK VI-SUP VI-ANO VI-SCR VI-OBS VI-MGI VI-CTG OP-CHK OP-LOG VI-OK
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Attachments : GVI Task Data Sheets 3.0 MEASUREMENT & CLOSE INSPECTION TASKS 3.1 Close Visual Inspection (CVI) 3.2 Support Detailed Inspection 3.3 Anode Wastage Measurement 3.4 Scour Measurement 3.5 Marine Growth Measurement 3.6 Coatings Inspection 3.7 Corrosion Inspection 3.8 Cathodic Potential Measurement 3.9 Ultrasonic Wall Thickness Measurement 3.10 Dimensional & Alignment Survey 3.11 Span Measurement Attachments : Measurement & CVI Data Sheets 4.0 SPECIALIST INTERVENTION TASKS 4.1 Crack Detection & Reduction 4.2 Flooded Member Detection Attachments : Specialist Intervention Task Data Sheets 5.0 CLEANING, PREPARATORY & CALIBRATION TASKS 5.1 Cleaning For Inspection 5.2 Bulk Marine Growth Removal 5.3 CP Probe Calibration 5.4 WT Meter Calibration Attachments : Cleaning, Preparatory & Calibration Data Sheets 6.0 IMAGE CAPTURE TASKS 6.1 Video Recording 6.2 Still & Digital Photography 6.3 Drawing & Sketching Attachments : Image Capture Data Sheets 7.0 ANOMALY CODES & ACTIONS AND REMEDIAL ACTIVITIES 7.1 Anomaly Codes 7.2 Anomaly Definitions & Actions Sheets
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CU-CVI CU-SUP ME-ANO ME-SCR ME-MGI CU-CTG CU-COR CP-CON WT-DIG ME-ITM ME-SPN

CU-CDR FM-DET

CL-INS CL-MGR CP-CAL WT-CAL

VD-REC PH-OTO VI-DRG

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7.3

Remedial Activities Attachments : Anomaly & Remedial Actions Data Sheets

8.0

DATA-RECORDING & REPORTING SYSTEMS 8.1 Overview 8.2 Nomenclature Systems 8.3 Routine Data-recording 8.4 Anomaly Reporting 8.5 Media Numbering & Labelling 8.6 Media Cataloguing & Transmittal 8.7 Final Reporting Attachments : Media Catalogue Data Sheets

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1.0 1.1

PURPOSE & SCOPE Description

This document presents the minimum standards and procedures for the performance and documentation of underwater maintenance work on Global Industries A/P Pte Ltd NDT Projects, whether by diver or by remotely operated vehicle (ROV) intervention. The document also sets out the objectives of the work, the controls which Global wish to exercise over the work, and the format for recording and presentation of the data which results from performing the work. Any procedures or reporting systems will be in accordance with this document. 1.1.2 Purpose

The purpose of this document is to set out the standards and procedures by which the company will perform underwater inspection to best meet the criteria set by the majority of Clients for the physical inspection of offshore assets and the proper collation of relevant data whereby the Client can be assured of the integrity or otherwise of such assets. 1.1.3 Scope

The scope of this document covers all standard NDT activities and additional activities which may be required to repair defects which affect the integrity of the BSP asset. The HSE and diving procedural standards applicable to these activities are covered within the relevant Global Industries A/P manual set and are not considered within the scope of this document. Global documents to be referred to are as follows :SI-S-MA-001 SI-S-MA-002 SI-S-MA-003 SI-S-MA-004 SI-S-MA-009 ROV Operational Procedures Manual Air Diving Safety Manual General Safety Manual Safety Management Systems Manual Saturation Diving Safety Manual

This standard covers the activities listed on the following pages. Inspection activities are presented first, as commonly, inspection work will precede other work in order of execution. Note that the standard relates only to the technical performance & documentation of the work. The scheduling, safety and management of the work, and the analysis & communication of final results are outside of the scope of this document.

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1.2

Inspection Activities

The majority of routine Underwater Inspection and Maintenance activities on structures, pipelines and export facilities are carried out under one of the following standard Scopes of Work or as identified under the individual task sheets contained in Section Two of this manual. Each inspection activity comprises a number of basic tasks. These are more fully specified in subsequent sections, but are summarised as follows: a) General Visual Inspection Tasks which do not require prior removal of marine fouling, and can be performed adequately by diver or observation-class ROV; Tasks which require a degree of dexterity and/or close-up observation, and which require diver or ROV manipulative capability; Tasks which may require dedicated tooling or skills, and are suited better to specialist diver or custom-tooled, workclass ROV intervention; Tasks required in preparation for certain inspection activities; Optional support tasks which may better illustrate routine or anomalous findings.

b)

Measurement & Close Inspection

-

c)

Specialist Intervention

-

d) e)

Cleaning, Preparatory & Calibration Tasks Image Capture Tasks -

1.2.1

Anomaly Actions

Should inspection work reveal anomalies, such as structural damage or unacceptable data values, then possible courses of action are recommended. Dependent on the type of anomaly and the resources available, these actions may comprise more detailed inspection reporting, immediate remedial work, or fuller analysis of the anomaly by the Client prior to further work. Anomaly types are classified & coded to assist in identification and analysis. 1.2.2 Remedial Activities

A number of activities are defined which may be performed without incident-specific procedure or specialist project management, provided that the requirements of this standard are adhered to. 1.2.3 Data-Recording & Reporting

The minimum requirements for capturing and presenting the results of maintenance work are given with each procedure sheet(s). A distinction is made between anomalous data which requires more immediate reporting, and routine data, which is presented within a final report format.
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1.3 1.3.1

Personnel Company Authorised Representative

For most underwater maintenance operations performed for a Client, a Company Site Representative (CSR) will be present at the work site. The CSR should be GIAP's primary work site contact in all matters relating to the performance of the work scope. The CSR should be responsible for ensuring that all work is performed in accordance with this standard and in accordance with the approved procedures. 1.3.2 Inspection Controller

For underwater maintenance programs where significant inspection data is to be collected, an Underwater Inspection Controller shall be present at the work site. The Inspection Controller may be provided by GIAP or by a third party. 1.3.3 Inspection Diver

For underwater maintenance projects incorporating diving activities, adequate inspection divers with an approved qualification, per 1.3.4 below will be required to perform the inspection components of the work scope in accordance with this standard and the approved procedures. 1.3.4 Personnel Qualifications

All personnel performing NDT Inspection work must be qualified for that work. The minimum qualifications are normally specified in the contract document. In summary, the minimum level of qualification required for an Inspection Controller or Data Recorder should be CSWIP 3.4U, and for an inspection diver, CSWIP 3.1U, or equivalent qualifications & expertise acceptable to the Client. Specific data recording tasks may be delegated to inspection divers, as detailed in the relevant sections of this standard. In the event that specialist work is required within a work scope, then personnel performing this work may be required to pass qualification tests prior to their acceptance.

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1.4

Techniques, Equipment & Procedures

The minimum equipment requirements are normally specified in the contract document, however, for inspection activities, GIAP may propose any technique or procedure to satisfy the inspection task objectives and measurement accuracy as presented in this document. This will require approval by the Client prior to commencement of the work. In the event that unconventional work methods & techniques are proposed, e.g. measurement by laser ranging, then a qualification test of the technique and the required equipment may be required prior to commencement. 1.4.1 Documentation

Client generated work scopes should contain drawings and technical data sufficient to define the work areas and parameters, however, the actual reporting documentation, or system, which allows the results of the work to be logged and data to be captured, are provided by GIAP as provided for in this document. The reporting system should be in accordance with the procedure and lay out approved by the Client prior to implementation at the work site. The minimum requirements for, and also guidance on the preparation of a reporting system, are given in Section Eight. The basic / standard templates required for data acquisition are included with each procedure incorporated into Section Two. It shall be noted that for inspection work, there are two categories of results expected, i.e. routine data and anomalous data. The identification and reporting of anomalous data shall take priority over routine reporting. Again details are given in Section Eight. 1.4.2 Technical Responsibilities & Lines of Communication

The technical responsibilities & lines of communication where significant inspection data is to be collected are as follows :a) The Inspection Diver (or ROV pilot) shall be briefed by and report to the Inspection Controller. b) The Inspection Controller shall direct & data-log all inspection activities in accordance with these procedures. c) The Inspection Controller should present routine data to the CSR on a regular basis for the CSR's appraisal of quality and content. d) The Inspection Controller shall report anomalous or potentially anomalous findings to the CSR immediately they are found. e) The CSR shall assess the anomalous findings and report them to the onshore Client Inspection/Facilities Holder Department at the earliest opportunity (& within 24 hours), for further distribution to, and analysis by the appropriate Client Departments. The CSR may request that remedial works be performed immediately, provided that Client controls, approvals & available resources permit.
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f) Additional work, possibly as a result of anomalies, shall only be performed on authority of the CSR in writing, and shall be reported upon by the Inspection Controller in the same format as the initial works cope data. g) The Inspection Controller shall prepare a final report as soon as possible after completion of a platform's work scope, in accordance with Section Eight of this standard. The operational responsibilities will normally be more fully detailed in both the contract document and within Global documentation. These are out with the scope of this manual. 1.5 Work Scopes & Task Specifications

The maintenance activities likely to be requested by Clients have been broken down into basic, repeatable tasks. Most work scopes, in their basic form, comprise of a listing of these standard tasks against the various structures & structural components on which the tasks are to be performed. For each such task, this standard presents a single "Task Specification Sheet", which states the objectives of the task, and specifies the data to be recorded as the task is performed. These 'Spec. Sheets' are individually numbered and coded and are appended to each procedure held within this manual. The Spec. Sheets cover a range of tasks. Only a few may apply to any particular work scope. More Spec. Sheets may be added from time to time to cover specialist work. Should new work be included in, or ad hoc work be added to a work scope by the Client for which no task-specific Spec. Sheet is currently available, then general controls & data-recording requirements are covered by Spec. Sheet "Misc. Operations Logging". 1.5.1 Task Codes

The codes used to identify tasks and their respective Spec. Sheets take the form "ME-SCR', where the first two characters identify the generic maintenance type, and the latter characters identify the specific task. Examples of the codes in use are: Maintenance Type General Visual Inspection Close Up Inspection Cathodic Potential Measurement Measurement (misc.) Remedial Work Results Functional Operations Check Operation
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Typical Code VI-SCR CU-CDR CP-CON ME-SCR RW-LOG CP-CHK

Task Description Scour Check Crack Detection & Reduction Contact CP Measurement Scour Measurement Log Remedial Work Steps & Test or Monitor a Function or

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Note that there are degrees of inspection recognised within the Spec. Sheets, e.g. VI-SCR requires visual estimation of scour whereas ME-SCR requires dedicated measurement. 1.5.2 Specification Sheet Format

The Task Specification Sheets included in Section Two are based on the requirements and standards set by Global Industries A/P Pte Ltd. When planning and executing an inspection programme, the relevant specification task sheet should be consulted in order to both meet the required standards and to provide a standard format & appearance. The specifications dictate the quality and presentation of the following information: a) b) c) Task Title, Code & Specification Sheet No. Task Objectives Application & Controls explains what the maintenance task is intended to detect, identify or quantify. states the conditions & quality controls for the task, e.g. minimum personnel qualifications & any preparatory or calibration controls. specifies precisely what data is to be recorded, the format for the data, e.g. 'alphanumeric' or 'integer', the expected accuracy of measurement, and the acceptable result range. states the minimum actions to be taken in the event of detecting an anomaly. An anomaly includes any data value outside of the acceptable result range, as above. Any other actions require authorisation by the on-site CSR. gives advice on, or examples of, typical inspection findings, and explanations of any special terminology to be used. GIAP may offer further 'Notes' for consideration in revision of any Spec. Sheets, by way of a Final Report subsection. Guidance is given in Section Eight.

d)

Data Requirements

-

e)

Anomaly Actions

-

f)

Guidance/Notes

-

Note that although the Data Requirements section is in the form of a table, It Is not Intended to Illustrate the layout for a data-recording form. GIAP have produced data recording forms as found appended to each procedure held within this manual 1.5.3 Application of Specification Sheets

Although the Task Sheets relate primarily to the underwater maintenance of Fixed Offshore Platforms, they can be applied to any underwater maintenance work. For pipeline work specifically, the following guidance notes are additional to those given on the Specification Sheets.
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a)

"Location / site" data for any task shall be taken to include Kilometre Post (KP), Lat./Long. Co-ordinates) or Range/Bearing data. The data shall be accurate to at least +/-5m, absolute. The datum or reference system must be given. A "Substructure ID" may also be a pipeline identification number ("PID"). A single PID is allocated to a pipeline and its risers and shall be used in all relevant reporting documentation. Where defects are reported, the orientation of each defect shall be given, with reference to the pipeline axis. The compass orientation of the pipeline shall also be given. Where pipeline work is performed remote from, or independently of a platform work scope, then any non-relevant "Platform ID" data may be omitted from reporting documentation. Offshore Structural Inspection Major Platform Inspection

b)

c) d)

1.6 1.6.1

The Major Platform inspection is the primary method of determining the condition and degree of deterioration of offshore structures. The standard scope of work will normally include the following : a) Above-water Jacket Configuration Photographs and Topside Condition Take above-water configuration photographs of all jacket faces and record the date and time of each photograph. If access permits, visually inspect the condition of the above water structural members at the splash zone area. Take photographs to illustrate any defects found. b) Splash Zone Corrosion i) Carry out a detailed splash zone coating inspection on all surface-breaking structural members (legs and Vertical Diagonal member (VDMs) as close to MSL as sea conditions permit. Take at least one (1) wall thickness measurement and one (1) CP measurement on each splash zone piercing member. Refer to 7.1.1 ( viii ) for inspection requirements for risers.

ii) iii) c)

Marine Growth Inspection i) Measurements are normally to be taken at specified Marine Growth Survey Positions on any two selected legs on selected structures only. ii) Three (3) circumferential measurements are normally to be taken at 5m depth increments down the leg from MSL to (-) 30m and at 10m increments thereafter.

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d)

Marine Growth Photography i) ii) Normally to be taken on the selected legs only. Normally to be taken at each depth increment down the leg from MSL.

e)

Debris Removal A debris removal program may be carried out on the structure and surrounding seabed, up to 18m out from the mud brace members. The requirement for debris removal is normally an on site confirmation by the CSR . Base Level Survey i) Scour Measure the distance from the underside of the mud braces to the seabed at all piles and at the center point on all primary horizontal perimeter members. Measure the depth of burial from the seabed to the top of the members if the member is buried. If the member is partially buried, report the percentage burial. ii) Exposed Piles Where piles are exposed, additional inspection including C.P. measurements, ultrasonic wall thickness measurements and stand-off photography should be carried out. Seabed stabilisation may be required on piles exposed by >1.0m. The requirement for stabilisation is normally confirmed by the CSR unless part of the original work scope.

f)

g)

Attachments i) Boat Fenders Inspect the condition of all boat fender braces, ladders, clamps and bolts. Take sufficient topside photographs to show the general condition of the boat landing and attachments. Instructions may be given by the CSR to water blast clean all attachments to jacket legs and structural braces sufficiently to verify the security of clamps, bolts and welds . If the boat fender is connected directly to the jacket leg(s) with welded stubs, check for any signs of deformation of the jacket legs. If any evidence of deformation is present grit-blast clean the attachment weld and carry out close visual inspection as well as Magnetic Particle Inspection of the weld(s). ii) Sump Pipe and Caissons a) Verify the location and diameter. b) Record the depth of termination . c) Take stand-off photographs of the termination. d) Clean and/or and inspect all sump /caisson connections to the jacket. Note : Activities (a) and (b) are normally to be carried on new structures or installations only.

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iii) Conductor Survey a) Take one (1) wall thickness and one (1) CP measurement on each conductor just above the nominated jacket level. b) Carry out a general visual inspection of the conductor and conductor guide frame assemblies at each jacket level, noting areas of damage or movement. iv) Flood Valves Verify from previous installation acceptance / inspection reports the status of flood valve closure. If the flood valves have not been closed/sealed on previous inspection, close the valves. If the valve cannot be operated it should be plugged with "splashtron" compound (or equivalent) or some form of bung closure device fitted h) Contact Cathodic Potential Measuring ii) ii) Contact C.P. measurements are normally required at specified Cathodic Potential Survey Positions . It is unlikely that Remote CP measurements will be acceptable. In cases of anomalies (measurements more positive than -800mV or more negative than -1200mV) further contact C.P. measurements are required (preferably using a diver hand-held bathycorrometer) at additional locations to determine the extent of the C.P. anomaly and the optimal maintenance solution.

i)

Inspection of Risers and Pipelines i) If cleaning is required as part of the work scope, water blast to remove marine growth BUT NOT COATING from a strip 75 mm in width from MSL down to (-) 15m and record the condition of the riser. Record the depth of termination and the condition of typical riser coatings i.e. splashtron, neoprene, epoxy, bitumen or concrete . Water blast the clamps and check the condition of bolts, nuts and liners. Take photographs of the clamps .

ii)

iii) Take C.P. measurements on the riser, riser clamp and jacket member at each jacket level using a hand held bathycorrometer. CP Measurements on pipelines should be taken at the riser elbow, at field joints and all other areas of exposed bare metal. iv) After ensuring that the riser's impressed current system (if present) is switched "ON", take Swain Ammeter (or equivalent) current flow measurements (4 x "normal", 4 x "reversed") on each riser at two locations, Report the current flow (and direction) in Amps. a) above plan level II. b) on the riser elbow / pipeline departure from the jacket. v) Take elevation and profile measurements to define the riser orientation relative to the closest structural member and jacket leg.

vi) Take riser elbow wall thickness measurements 150mm apart at the four cardinal clock positions. The number of measurements taken depends on the size of the riser elbow. Excavation and/or removal of riser elbow supports may be required to
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obtain a complete set of measurements, especially on the outside of the riser bend (6 o'clock position). vii) Take measurements from the legs to both ends of the riser beam (if any) at each jacket plan level. viii) Inspect all pipelines within 50 meters of the footprint area of the platform (or to such lesser distance where the pipeline becomes completely buried). Note: j) Activities (i) and (vii) are normally to be carried out on new structures, new installations or when damage is suspected.

Structural Damage Stills Photographs of all discovered damage are required. Take sufficient measurements to determine accurate dimensions of, and to precisely locate the defect. Carry out tautwire out-of-straightness measurements (in two planes at 90 degrees) on all significantly damaged structural members, risers and pipelines. Measure the depth and orientation of all dents or other structural defects. Use a straight-edge to determine the depth of localised defects.

k)

Specified Welds For Detailed Inspection Detailed weld inspection includes water-jet cleaning, Grit blast cleaning, Stand-off Photography, Close-up Photography, Close Visual Inspection, Alternating Current Field Measurement (ACFM) Magnetic Particle Inspection, Ultrasonic Wall-thickness measurement and Cathodic Potential measurement . An Eddy Current Flaw Detection or Alternating Current Field Measurement (ACFM) or equivalent system will normally be required whenever visual cracks or indications are present. The system is used to determine the defect depth prior to remedial grinding. Cathodic potential measurement and Ultrasonic wall-thickness measurements should normally be taken at 12, 03, 08 and 09 o'clock positions on major and minor members. Stand-off photographs are normally required at each of the above cardinal clock positions. Note : Selection of welds for detailed inspection will normally be specified by the Client in the scope of work .

l)

Flooded Member Detection Flooded member detection may be required on selected braces (usually vertical diagonal members, horizontal perimeter members and primary horizontal diagonal members). If members are flooded, an additional general visual inspection is required to determine the cause of flooding. If through-thickness cracking of the nodal welds at the ends of the flooded member is suspected to be the cause of the flooding, then detailed inspection of these nodal welds is required.

m)

Maintenance Tasks (If part of the Scope of Work) i) Remove and recover all significant debris , within the capabilities of the spread, from the structure and up to at least 18 m away from structural members and pipelines and report any damage caused by debris as well as all debris that for
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any reason cannot be recovered to the surface or removed. Remove or cut all wire ropes crossing the pipeline. ii) The Client may require removal of any riser elbow supports that prevent access for riser elbow wall thickness measurements. When replacing the supports removed, do so to the preferred distance of three (3) meters along the pipeline from the lower riser elbow butt-weld. Support all free spans that exceed the allowable length. Refer to the supplied Client pipeline data for details of allowable free spans PRIOR to the inspection. Secure all loose attachments on the boat landing if any. Insert missing neoprene liners in the riser clamps unless the risers are designed to be in electrical continuity with the platform. Remove any neoprene liners from riser clamps where the riser is designed to be in electrical contact with the platform.

iii) iv) v)

Confirm the pipelines cathodic protection status from the Client pipeline data PRIOR to the inspection and rectification . vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi) xii) xiii) Tighten all loose riser clamp bolts . Remove redundant riser clamps and replace damaged clamps. Secure all loose anode mountings. Replace missing anodes. Replace all depleted (>90% depleted) anodes. Remove all riser knee braces. Clean and remove obstructions from the sump and caisson intakes. All open flood valves should be closed or otherwise sealed. If the valves are jammed open some form of bung closure should be inserted, OR the valve sealed using "splashtron" compound (or equivalent). All Maintenance tasks are to be carried out ONLY after specific written instructions by the CSR.

Note:

ROV Platform Inspection The results of the ROV visual inspection are normally the basis for planning diver remedial works during the subsequent Major Platform Inspection. The standard scope of work includes the followings : a) Structure i) Carry out a general visual inspection of the structure and attachments. Report all areas of damage, corrosion or debris items present on the structure. Stills Photographs of all areas of damage or significant defects are normally required. Take sufficient photographs to assess the size of, and to accurately locate, the defect.
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ii)

Take contact or proximity C.P. measurements at the specified Cathodic Potential Survey Positions, dependant on the approved method of such measurement . Verify the presence, condition and security of attachment of all anodes. Estimate the percentage depletion of each anode as accurately as the extent of marine growth present permits. Carry out a general visual inspection of the conductor/conductor guide frame assemblies at each jacket level noting areas of damage or signs of movement. Carry out a full base level survey including measurements of scoring at the specified locations (underside of perimeter mud braces at mid-point and all piles). Where piles are exposed, take CP measurements and stand-off photographs. Where it is cost effective and/or part of the ROV Scope of Work, carry-out weld Inspection including water-jet cleaning, grit blast cleaning, stand-off photography, close-up photography and Alternating Current Field Measurement (ACFM).

iii)

iv) v)

vi)

b)

Debris Survey Carry out a debris survey on the structure and surrounding seabed to a distance of 18 meters out from the perimeter mud brace members and report:i) ii) iii) iv) Any damage caused by debris. The type, size and location of ail significant debris items present. Photographs should be taken of all such large debris items which may require special provision of cutting or lifting equipment for safe debris removal. A scale diagram should be produced to identify and locate all significant debris items.

c)

Risers and Pipelines Risers and Pipelines will normally be inspected from MSL out to a distance of 50 metres from the riser elbow. Reporting should consist of :i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) vii) ix) Damage to risers or pipelines or coatings. Dented, bent, kinked or buckled pipe. Corroded or leaking pipe. Unsupported spans). Pipeline crossing(s) . Pipe support device(s). Major debris on or near the pipeline. Valves. tie-ins and protection cages. Expansion joints.
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x) xi) xii) xiii) 1.6.2

Buckle arrestors. Temporary or permanent repair clamps. Riser and clamp defects. Pad-eyes and other facilities.

Post-Installation Inspection

A post installation survey is basically a complete general visual inspection of the entire structure, but may contain additional tasks in order to allow the Client to confirm platform integrity prior to final acceptance from the Contractor . The standard scope of work normally includes all or most of the following elements :Topside Jacket Configuration Photographs a) b) Take above water configuration photographs of all jacket faces and record the date and time of each photograph. ROV General Visual Inspection of Jacket Structure i) Carry out an ROV general visual inspection of the structure and attachments. Confirm the as-installed jacket structural configuration. Report all areas of damage, wire-scars or debris items present on the structure. Stills Photographs are required of all areas of damage or significant defects. Take sufficient photographs to assess the size of, and to accurately locate all defects. ii) Take C.P. measurements at the specified Cathodic Potential Survey Positions in order to determine the cathodic protection status of the new structure. CP measurements should always be taken on completion of welding-out of piles. Verify the presence, condition and security of attachment of all anodes. Carry out a general visual inspection of the conductor/conductor guide frame assemblies at each jacket level noting areas of damage or signs of movement. Carry out a full base-level survey including measurements of scouring at the specified locations (underside of perimeter mud braces at mid-point and all piles). Where piles are exposed, take CP measurements and stand-off photographs. It is of vital importance that the entire ROV inspection be recorded and the video tapes handed over to the Client for acceptance of the installation.

iii) iv) v)

Note: c)

Risers and Pipelines Survey all installed Risers and Pipelines and report :i) ii) Damage to risers or pipelines or coatings. Dented, bent, kinked or buckled pipe.
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iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) xi) xii) xiii) d)

Corroded or leaking pipe. Unsupported span(s). Pipeline crossing(s) Pipe support device(s). Describe debris found. Valves, tie-ins and protection cages. Expansion joints. Buckle arrestors. Temporary or permanent repair clamps. Riser and damp defects. Pad-eyes, Riser Kneebraces and all other attachments.

Boat Fenders Inspect the condition of all boat fender braces, ladders, clamps and bolts. Take sufficient topside photographs to show the general condition of the boat landing and attachments. Verify the integrity of all clamps, bolts and welds.

e)

Sump Pipe and Caisson i) Verify the location and diameter. ii) Record the depth of termination . iii) Confirm that the termination is unobstructed by internal debris. iv) Confirm the integrity of all sump/caisson connections to the jacket.

f)

ROV Debris Survey Carry out a debris survey on the structure and surrounding seabed to a distance of 18 meters outboard of the combined platform and barge footprints and report:i) ii) iii) iv) Any damage caused by debris. The type, size and location of all significant debris items present. Photographs should be taken of all such large debris items which may require special provision of cutting or lifting equipment for safe debris removal. Produce a scale diagram to locate all significant debris items for removal.

1.6.3

Offshore Pipeline Inspection 1.6.3.1 ROV Pipeline Inspection ROV Pipeline Inspection is carried out in order to determine the condition of the pipeline and obtain "fix" locations of all areas of interest.

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The standard scope of work will normally include the following : a) Above Water Inspection If Vessel access permits describe the presence and condition of any isolation flange (if fitted). b) Riser Splashzone Coating Comment on the general condition and photograph defects or areas of corrosion. The exact location, size (both longitudinally and transversely) and depth of defects must be recorded. c) Riser Condition Describe the general condition of the riser and coating (if coated). Photograph all areas of damage or corrosion. Record the exact locations and depth of all such areas. d) Riser Clamps Describe the condition of the clamps. If marine growth permits, list all clamp defects such as loose/missing bolts, misalignment or signs of riser movement. Photograph each riser clamp. e) Riser Elbow Record the KP of each riser elbow and describe the extent of burial/suspension of the riser elbow and whether a knee brace is present. f) Physical Damage Record the location (KP) and describe the dimensions of the defect . g) Free spans Record the location (start and stop KP) and describe length, maximum height and profile of the free span. h) Bends Obtain a fix (KP) at each location where the pipeline orientation changes. i) Corrosion Record the KP and take a contact CP measurement at all areas of pipeline corrosion. j) Pipeline Crossings Record the KP and identify which pipelines are involved. k) Pipeline Supports Describe the location (KP), dimensions and type of supports present. l) Field Joints Note the presence of any joints. If field joint defects are present , record the KP and describe the defects.
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m)

Pipeline Anodes Note anode presence and location (KP) and where possible describe their condition. Monitor anode activity using a C.P. profiler. At selected anodes, attempt to estimate the dimensions of the anode .

n)

Stabilisation Mats/Weights Record the location (KP), dimensions, condition and method of attachment to the pipeline of all such items. Assess whether the mat/weight contributes towards pipeline stability.

o)

Tie-in Record the location (KP) and condition of the tie-in and protective equipment. Photograph all tie-in components.

p)

Repair Clamps Record the location (KP) and clamp condition and take photographs as required.

q)

Padeyes / Lifting Davit Clamps Record the location (KP) and type, dimensions and condition of the padeye/lifting-clamp .

r)

Bare Metal Exposure Record the KP and describe the dimensions, orientation and KP of the area of bare metal exposure. Take contact CP measurements.

s)

Signs of Pipeline Movement Inspect for possible causes of movement, anchor dragging etc .

t)

Major Seabed Features Record the KP, dimensions, orientations and type of features present.

u)

Major debris Items Record the KP, dimensions, orientation and type of debris item.

1.6.3.2 Side-scan Sonar Survey Side-scan Sonar Survey is carried out in order to locate major defects (bends, anchor damage, pipeline movements and major free spans) which may have occurred. The standard scope of work will normally include the following :a) b) c) d) A complete side-scan sonar survey of the entire line. Plot the pipeline position and compare with previous survey plots to determine whether any pipeline movement has occurred. Identify the start and stop positions and height of all free spans. Locate all point and line targets indicating seabed features such as .i) anchor-drag scars ii) blow-out craters
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iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) e) f) g)

coral outcrops seabed gas leaks scouring near the pipeline shipwrecks major debris items any other features which could affect the integrity of the pipeline

Locate ail pipeline crossings and identify the other pipelines involved. Identify all changes in pipeline direction, whether gradual bends, kinks, buckles or intentional features such as expansion loops. Provide information on pipeline burial and trenching where applicable.

1.6.4 Export Facilities Inspection 1.6.4.1 Single Buoy Mooring (S.B.M) Routine Inspection The routine underwater inspection is carried out to determine the condition, integrity and degree of deterioration of the SBM and its associated components e.g. buoy, hoses, pipeline end manifold (PLEM) etc. The standard scope of work will normally include the following :a) Floating Hose Condition and Configuration i) Take photographs to show the configuration of the hoses. ii) Check the condition of the hoses and the tightness of the bolted connections. Any damage identified will normally be subject to a detailed inspection and photography.

b)

Sub-Sea Hose Inspection i) ii) iii) Check the condition of the hoses and the tightness of the bolted connections. Check the condition of the hose connections to the PLEM . Produce isometric views to show the configuration of sub sea hoses.

c)

Buoy Assembly Inspection i) Carry out a visual inspection of the buoy for damage, dents, holes etc. photographs, drawings and dent measurements are required if damage is present. Take wall thickness measurement at the same locations cleaned for CP measurements .

ii) d)

Anchor Chain Inspection and Measurement i) Measure and record the chain angles and adjust to within approved tolerances by tensioning or releasing the chain .
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ii) iii)

Visually inspect all anchor chains at the stoppers. Link wear measurement (all chains). Measure four successive accessible links, immediately below the chain stopper, across the combined link throats at the contact point .

e)

Cathodic Protection Inspection and Maintenance i) ii) Count the number and record the locations of the anodes on the buoy . Take one CP measurement at four locations (North, South, East, West) around the buoy perimeter. (To be taken before and after anode replacement). Check all the mountings of the anodes . Replace all completely depleted anodes . Secure all loose anodes. Take post anode-replacement CP measurement on all chains at three locations : a) Chainstopper b) Mid-water ci) Seabed Take post anode-replacement CP measurements on the pipeline ends, spool pieces, pipeline anchor clamps and the piles.

iii) iv) v) vi)

vii) f)

Pipeline End-Manifold (PLEM) Inspection i) ii) Check the condition of the PLEM. Take CP measurements on the PLEM(s) and on each PLEM pile.

g)

ROV General Visual Survey i) ii) Carry out an ROV survey on the sub-sea hoses and PLEM(s). Survey the anchor chains (if the visibility permits).

g)

Serial Number identification Identify and record the serial numbers of all the floating and sub sea hoses. Do not clean and inspect for determination of serial numbers if no hoses have been changed out since the last inspection.

1.6.4.2 Floating Production Storage Offloading (FPSO) Facility Inspection FPSO inspection includes the underwater part of the hull, coatings, sea-chests and anodes. Inspection should include, but not be limited to the following activities :a) b) Inspect the hull protective coating to determine damage to, or deterioration of the protection. Inspect seawater inlets and outlets for signs of blockage by marine growth or
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deterioration due to erosion. Excessive marine growth around sea water inlets to be removed by waterblasting and/or manual wire brush. c) d) inspect the hull structure and record all evidence of damage caused by docking of shuttle tankers or tug boats. Determine the extent and type of marine growth present on the structure. Remove marine growth in specific areas as required for inspection purposes.

e) Inspect anodes, confirm the integrity of mountings and determine depletion status. 1.6.5 Special Survey 1.6.5.1 Platform / Facility Damage Inspection Platform/Facility Damage inspection is carried out when damage is suspected. The following provides a base scope of work for platform damage assessment. As the inspection progresses it is expected that the scope will be augmented / superseded by the Client with more detailed requirements once the extent of damage is determined. 1.6.5.1.1 Jacket Structure Carry out a general visual inspection on all areas of the structures and those attachments that may have been damaged. Report all areas of damage, corrosion or debris items present on the structure. Verify the presence, condition and security of attachment of anodes Stills Photographs are required of all areas of damage or significant defects. Take sufficient photographs to assess the size of and to accurately locate each defect. 1.6.5.1.2 Debris Survey Carry out a debris survey of the structure; and surrounding seabed to a distance of 18 meters out from the perimeter mud brace members and report:a) b) c) Any damage caused by debris. The type, size and location of all significant debris items present. Photographs should be taken of all such large debris items which may require special provision of cutting or lifting equipment for its safe removal from the structure. A scale diagram should be produced to identify and locate all significant debris .

d)

1.6.5.1.3 Risers and Pipelines Survey portions of the Risers and Pipelines which may have been damaged and report:a) b) Damage to risers or pipelines or coatings. Dented, bent, kinked or buckled pipe.
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c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) I)

Corroded or leaking pipe. Unsupported span(s). Pipeline crossing(s). Pipe support device(s). Major debris on or near the pipeline. Valves, tie-ins and protection cages. Expansion joints. Buckle arrestors. Temporary or permanent repair damps. Riser and clamp defects.

1.6.5.1.4 Flooded Member Detection Flooded member detection (FMD) may be specified for structural members that are suspected of having sustained damage. 1.6.5.1.5 Selected Weld Inspection Welds may be selected for detailed inspection if preliminary inspection data indicates the possibility of weld damage. 1.6.5.1.6 Dimensional Verification Carry out taut-wire out-of-straightness measurements (in two planes @ 90 deg) on all significantly damaged structural members. Measure the depth and orientation of all dents or other defects. Use a straight-edge to determine the depth of localized defects. 1.6.5.2 Pipelines & Riser Damage Survey

The following provides a base scope of work for pipeline damage assessment. As the inspection progresses it is expected that the scope will be augmented/superseded by the Client with more detailed requirements once the extent of damage is determined. It is intended that the majority of the base work scope be performed using the ROV. However, should significant damage exist then diver intervention will be required. 1.6.5.2.1 Risers and Pipelines Survey portions of the Risers and Pipelines which may have been damaged and report:a) b) c) d) e) f) Damage to risers or pipelines or coatings. Dented, bent, kinked or buckled pipe. Corroded or leaking pipe. Unsupported span(s). Pipeline crossing(s). Pipe support device(s).
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g) h) i) j) k) I)

Major debris on or near the pipeline. Valves, tie-ins and protection cages. Expansion joints. Buckle arrestors. Temporary or permanent repair clamps. Riser and clamp defects.

1.6.5.3 Barge / Rig Move Seabed Debris Survey Seabed Debris Survey may be required before a barge/rig takes up location or on completion of its works at that location. Such inspections are used to quantify the amount of debris deposited on the seabed by the barge/rig. The standard scope of work will normally include the following :a) Debris/Damage To The Structure and Pipelines

Visually inspect the structure and pipelines to determine the presence of any debris or damage caused by debris, the barge, or mooring lines. Record the exact location of each item of debris or area of damage and take stills photographs to show the extent of the damage/debris. b) Seabed Debris

Visually inspect a rectangular area covering the combined seabed footprints of the rig/barge and offshore structure/wellhead, but extending a minimum of 50 meters outboard from the barge footprint. Report all significant debris items present. Produce a scale diagram to locate and identify all significant debris items found. c) Seabed Condition Survey

The grid of inspection "passes" using the ROV (or alternative survey techniques if carried out by divers) shall be based on the prevailing conditions at the time of inspection. Seabed "passes" should be at a maximum of 3 meters separation (where visibility and sonar accuracy permits). Produce drawing detailing the ROV stages (including seabed passes) used and mark the locations of all items of interest reported. 1.6.5.4. Seabed Survey (Including Seabed Gas Seepage Survey) Seabed survey may be required for many different reasons. The standard scope of work will normally be as follows : a) Visually inspect the area required using a grid search pattern of "passes" at a maximum separation of 3 meters (where visibility and sonar accuracy permits). Report all unusual seabed features or other items of interest. Stills photographs and a concise summarized video record of all items of interest are normally required. Produce a scale diagram to locate and identify all items of interest present
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within the survey area. If the survey location is remote from structures and pipelines use GPS or company-supplied navigation package to determine the coordinates of the survey area and any items of interest reported. b) If the survey location is adjacent to a structure then relate the locations of all items of interest to the platform center co-ordinates and / or specified jacket legs at seabed level. If the survey location is remote from offshore structures, but adjacent (within 50m) to a pipeline, record the KP of the closest point of the pipeline as well as the GPS coordinates.

c)

1.6.5.5 Seabed Gas Leak Monitoring Depending on the location and on a number of safety considerations it is probable that the preferred resource for gas leak sampling will be the ROV, although diver intervention may be required under certain circumstances.

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INSPECTION PROCEDURES SECTION TWO DETAILS OF INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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2.0

GENERAL VISUAL INSPECTION TASKS
The tasks grouped within this section are those that normally can be performed without special tools or Intervention, i.e. 'observation & detection' tasks. The tasks may be performed by ROV Inspection Controller or by diver, and a number of the tasks can be performed concurrently, or at least within the same dive. The tasks generally relate to 'global' inspection, i.e. covering many parts of, or all of a structure and commonly require layout drawings of the structure to be available both for reference and for first-hand mark-up of any findings. The tasks included are:

Spec. Sheet No. Task Code 2.1 2.2 SUP 2.3 ANO 2.4 SCR 2.5 OBS 2.6 2.7 CTG 2.8 CHK 2.9 LOG
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Task Title

COMPONENT CHECK SUPPORT CHECK

VI-OK VI-

ANODE WASTAGE CHECK

VI-

SCOUR CHECK

VI-

OBSTRUCTION CHECK

VI-

MARINE GROWTH CHECK COATINGS CHECK

VI-MGI VI-

FUNCTION CHECK

OP-

MISC. OPERATIONS LOGGING

OP-

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2.1

Component Check
SUBJECT

VI-OK
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 To detect the following without prior cleaning :a) b) c) d) Gross damage to, defect in, or deformation of a component or sub component, including leaks & obvious corrosion Signs of unintentional movement including subsistence, and signs of restriction to intended movement Obvious variations from given information & drawings, including unidentified & missing attachments and supports Other obvious, potential risks to structural & pressure integrity. above

2.0 a) To routinely log obvious debris, and the presence of any of the anomalies b) To further describe and code any of the above anomalies

3.0 To identify and log any debris items in close proximity (< 50m) to the platform structure both internally and externally. 4.0 To identify and log any debris items and/or scour in the path of a "jack-up" rig spud can position. Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 2.1.1 VI-OK Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience None (No Cleaning Required) Subsea Video Equipment Stills Camera Stand Off & Close Up Lenses Ident. Board & Accessories Relevant Standards Task Procedure No specific standard Consult drawings of structure during inspection Combine where possible, other visual work scope tasks for concurrent operation. Annotate drawing with each anomaly location and/or debris item Minimum Inspection Coverage is as follows :-

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Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual : Upper 30% of circ. (full)

Report on condition, marine growth, anomalies including missing coating, dents, damage, missing bracings, etc b) Legs : Outer 75% of circ. (full) Report on condition, marine growth, anomalies including missing coating, dents, damage, etc. c) Verticals, Caissons, Conductors : 50% of circ. (full) Report on condition, marine growth, anomalies including loose or damaged supports, loose clamps, dents, damage, bell mouth debris, etc. d) Nodes, Supports, Critical Areas : 75% of surface area Report on condition, marine growth, anomalies including, damage.. e) Guide Frames : 75% of upper surface Report on condition, marine growth, anomalies including missing coating, dents, damage, missing bracings, etc. f) Risers : 75% of circ. (full) Report on condition, marine growth, anomalies including missing coating, dents, damage, loose or damaged clamps, etc. g) Pipelines : Upper 60% of circ. : + 2m either side Report on condition, anode condition, anomalies including missing coating, dents, damage, etc.

Jacket Internal Seabed Debris Survey. Assess the extent of any metallic debris in contact with the structure. A diver Visual inspection and cathodic potential measurements may be required where such contact exists and the debris is deemed by the Client Site Representatjve to be excessive or likely to pose problems for the structure's cathodic protection system. Photographs should be taken of all significant debris items in contact with the structure. Inspect the point of contact for damage or corrosion. Seabed survey can be carried out either by divers or by the ROV. If carried out using an ROV, all inspection is to be recorded on video whereas with divers, video recording is required only if anomalies are located. If metallic debris is located inside the jacket or in contact with the structure or pipelines it should be recovered to the surface. If the debris cannot be recovered to surface it should be moved to a specified location outside the structure (and at least 1 m from structural members and pipelines). If the debris cannot be moved due to non-availability of divers, then the location and dimensions of each item shall be recorded.

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Task Procedure

Jacket External Seabed Debris Survey Assess the extent of any metallic debris in contact with the structure or pipelines and on the surrounding seabed. Carry out a close Visual inspection where such contact exists. The seabed should be surveyed (along each 3 m. interval ) to a distance of 18 m out from the external jacket members and photographs taken of significant debris items present. The survey can be carried out by any resource, AIR, SAT or ROV. With ROV surveys, all inspections shall be recorded on video. Diver survey normally only requires video recording when anomalies are located . Seabed Condition Survey Report the exact location of the area surveyed. Describe all seabed features, debris items or other items of interest found. Debris Coding - (blank) No obvious debris 1 Minor, non metallic debris 2 Minor wire/hose/rope <2m description) 3 Minor metal/scaffold/pipe <2m anchor) 4 Wire/hose/rope >2m (desc.) 5 Metal/scaffold/pipe >2m Anomaly Found Provide a brief description and position of each anomlay or item of debris observed. Complete a detailed anomaly report. If no debris or anomaly is observed, no data is required for this task. 6 7 8 9 10 Gas bottle/pressure vessel Fishing net/line Area debris (brief Large metallic item (e.g. Other significant debris

Safety Considerations

No special requirements

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2.2

Support Check
SUBJECT

VI-SUP
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 For any support, such as a clamp, guide or fabricated support, to attempt to detect the following without prior cleaning :a) Obvious failure of the support device b) Missing bolts, studs or nuts c) Missing or existing liner, which is at variance with the spec. d) Obvious signs of relative movement of the support or supported item. e) Obvious signs of misalignment, including unintended or non uniform gaps between component parts of the support. 2.0 3.0 To determine that all intended supports as per the specification or drawing are actually in place. a) To routinely as found log bolt, liner & alignment status, any remedial work and the presence of any anomalies. b) To further describe and code any of the above anomalies

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 2.2.1 VI-SUP Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience Confirm the Cathodic Protection Specification, (je. whether the support is designed to be in electrical contact with the structure/riser/attachment) Subsea Video Equipment Stills Camera Stand Off & Close Up Lenses Ident. Board & Accessories No specific standards 1. Consult the drawings of the structure during inspection. 2. Annotate the drawing with each anomaly location. 3. Confirm the cathodic protection specification in advance of the inspection to determine whether insulating liners are required or whether an impressed current system is present (risers). Identify the clamp type. 4. Inspect and report bolt condtion and tension, clamp type, the presence and condition of the neoprene insulation liner (if fitted), all clamps including riser-clamps , adjustable arms should be cleaned and inspected.

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

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Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual Report all areas of damage, paint condition if the clamp is coated. Bolt status should be reported as follows :NNI-INN BI-INN BWI-IWN 2 nuts, then clamp flanges, then 2 nuts bolt head, then clamp flanges, then 2 nuts bolt head, washer, flanges, washer, then single nut

5. Badly corroded/damaged or missing clamps should be reported to the CSR so that replacement can be authorised while the vessel is still on location. Riser clamps should be identified where possible using standard Riser Clamp terminology for "Support Type" 1 to 7.

Safety Considerations

No special requirements

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2.3

Anode Wastage Check
SUBJECT

VI-ANO

Objectives

DETAIL 1.0 To estimate & record the wastage of an anode without dedicated cleaning. 2.0 To record any variance between as-found & as-specified anode positions (if not identified during other inspection tasks).

Supporting Procedures

SI-D-PR-00001Anode Inspection Procedures Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Detail Sheet No. 2.3.1 VI-ANO Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience None unless specified by Client. Minimal marine growth may be removed to allow an estimate of wastage. Video Stills Camera Stand Off & Close Up Lenses Ident Board & Accessories Wire Brush, Hand Scraper

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standards 1. Confirm the presence and security of each anode on the structure. 2. Reference each anode to the as-built drawing. Anode unique identifiers are to be used to complete the Data Capture sheets 2. Estimate its percentage depletion as accurately as marine growth cover permits. (See Data Sheet No. 2.3.1) 3. If anode is totally obscured by marine growth, list wastage as "0" and complete an anomaly report coded MG = Marine Growth Anomaly. 4. If an anomaly is detected, notify the CSR immediately so that he can specify further action if required while the team is on location. Raise and complete an anomaly report for every anomaly reported.

Safety Considerations

No special requirements

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2.3.1

Anode Integrity Check

VI-ANO
DETAIL

SUBJECT Objectives 1.0 2.0 Supporting Procedures

To record any variance between as-found & as-specified anode positions (if not identified during other inspection tasks). To identify the condition of each anode and its supporting brackets

SI-D-PR-00001 Anode Inspection Procedures Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required

Detail Sheet No. 2.4.1 VI-ANI Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience Ensure that the transformer / rectifier's power supply is switched OFF. No cleaning should be required for a working impressed current anode. Cleaning the anode may damage the Platinum or Niobium layer. Nil No specific standards Client dependant

Equipment Required Relevant Standards

Task Procedure

Confirm the structural integrity of the anode and its support bracket. Report on the condition of the anode material (usually Platinum or Niobium). Should anomalies be found additional tasks may be required. Ensure that the impressed current power supply is switched off and isolated prior to diver inspection of the impressed current anode.

Safety Considerations

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2.4

Scour Check

VI-SCR
DETAIL 1.0 2.0 3.0 To detect evidence of erosion of the sea floor from around near-sea bed or sea bed penetrating components excluding pipelines. To estimate the distance between a fixed and obvious structural datum and the sea floor. To record sufficient information to allow basic plotting of scour profile along perimeter members, or around legs/piles.

SUBJECT Objectives

Supporting Procedures

SI-D-PR-00002 Scour Survey Procedures Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Detail Sheet No. 2.4.1 VI-SCR Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience None Measuring stick / tape-measure / ROV. No specific standards Measure the distance between the component (either the underside of the mud mat or underside of bottom elevation horizontal) and the seabed at the locations specified in the work scope. Where the component is a horizontal, record the compass direction of the centre line. Where the component is buried record the depth of burial. Report all piles exposed by >1.0 m and areas of localised scouring. Refer to previous reports to determine whether there is a significant change to the seabed profile. If scour is determined, even if not appreciable, create a drawing using anomaly report code "VS" - Variation to Specification. If build up is noted to be greater than 1m above last reported seabed level, report and code as "BU" - Burial/Partial Burial Anomaly. Take one (1) CP measurement and two (2) wall thickness measurements on each exposed pile. Photograph the exposed piles if visibility permits. On instruction from the Client, protect piles exposed by >1.0 metres from further scouring either using sand-bags, cement-bags or grout-bags or gravel-dumps.

Safety Considerations Document No: SI-P-MA-00011 Date: 25 August 1998

No specific requirements Revision: A Page: 39 of 120

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Project No: Global Industries A/P Pte Ltd 2.5 Obstruction Check VI-OBS SUBJECT Objectives 1.0 2.0 3.0 Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required DETAIL

Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual

To detect any obvious obstruction to inlets or outlets, such as pump or sump caisson ends. To detect obvious obstacles to intended movement (e.g.) debris wedged within guides. To detect potential obstacles to deployment or installation of sub sea plant or pipelines.

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 2.5.1 VI-OBS Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience Nil Video Stills Camera c/w Stand Off Lens

Relevant Standards

No specific standards BSP dependant

Task Procedure

Identify and log any obstacle that may be outside the criteria of the objectives (above). Measure the depth of each sump/caisson mouth inspected Take measurements of any obstruction thought to be in the way of deployment or installation of planned attachments. Complete an anomaly form for each obstruction identified Should anomalies be found additional tasks may be required on the authorisation of BSP to remove the obstacles.

Safety Considerations

Ensure that all sumps and caissons in the area are closed down, including fire pump risers. Divers to confirm no discharge from sumps prior to approaching. Fire pump risers to be inspected in a predetermined sequence such that they can be "locked out" in turn prior to the diver or ROV inspecting. Divers and/or ROV to ensure a clear route of egress from the platform.

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2.6

Marine Growth Check
SUBJECT

VI-MGI
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 To estimate the coverage and thickness of marine growth on a component, without the need to measure or photograph the growth 2.0 3.0 To detect obvious growth pattern anomalies (e.g.) growth far in excess of norm, or a total absence of growth where it is expected. To record sufficient information for a structure, such that a basic plot of growth cover & thickness against depth can be generated.

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 2.6.1 VI-MGI Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience None 50 mm wide tape-measure or calibrated band, Marine growth photographic ident, Stand-off camera. Divers should be able to discriminate between soft and hard groups of marine fouling organisms and provide an estimate of percentage cover for each group. The task should normally be performed concurrently with the Component Status Check All checks are to be conducted on the main horizontal face members and leg sections as specified by the Client. Report the following :Soft Growth %age Cover Soft Growth Average Thickness Soft Growth Type Hard Growth %age Cover Hard Growth Average Thickness Hard Growth Type

Where soft growth hinders the ability to visually estimate the underlying hard growth, use any nearby area where soft growth has been abraded or cleared to provide the estimate. At specified intervals (WOR), check the accuracy of visual estimation by using a graduated probe adjacent to the edge of the growth. Safety Considerations No specific requirements

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2.7

Coatings Check
SUBJECT

VI-CTG
DETAIL 1.0 To identify the presence or absence of a coating, and where possible, the condition of the coating, but without prior removal of marine growth.

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 2.7.1 VI-CTG Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience None Video Stand-off camera. Ident. Board

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standards At locations specified by the Client, report on the condition of the coating(s). Do not remove or damage coating unless instructed by the CSR. Report the presence of blisters and/or the nature of other visible deterioration. Approximate the "Area Checked (m2)" and report. The minimum area considered acceptable for an accurate assessment is 100mm x 100mm (0.01 m2). In any survey area where damage or absence of coating is reported, complete an anomaly report.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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2.8

Function Check
SUBJECT

OP-CHK
DETAIL 1.0 To confirm or quantify the results of an operation (e.g.) the stroking of a sub sea valve, or the setting of an anchor, and where necessary, to monitor or periodically check the status or result of an operation (e.g.) the serviceability of operating equipment or the gradual pressurisation of a hose.

Objectives

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 2.8.1 VI-CHK Diver or ROV Activity : Client approval based on experience Data logging : "Inspection Controller" with a minimum of a CSWIP 3.1U unless dispensation or other approvals are accepted by BSP.

Preparation Required Equipment Required

None Video Stand-off camera. Ident. Board

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standards At locations specified by the Client, conduct the task according to the work scope. Identify each "check" or "function" performed with a unique identifier. Log each step of a function check with accurate time measurement (e.g.) "Valve begins opening" to the nearest second. In any survey area where damage or anomaly is reported, complete an anomaly report.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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2.9

Misc. Operations Logging
SUBJECT

OP-LOG
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0

To log any inspection tasks or operations for which no more specific data requirements have yet been developed in a format consistent with other inspection reporting.

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 2.9.1 OP-LOG Diver or ROV Activity : Client approval based on experience Data logging : "Inspection Controller" with a minimum of a CSWIP 3.1U unless dispensation or other approvals are accepted by the Client.

Preparation Required Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

None Task specific Client dependent standard Task specific Raise and complete an anomaly report for all identified anomalies.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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2.10

Debris Check
SUBJECT

VI-OK
DETAIL 1.0 2.0 To identify and log any debris items in close proximity (< 50m) to the platform structure both internally and externally. To identify and log any debris items and/or scour in the path of a "jack-up" rig spud can position.

Objectives

Supporting Procedures

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions SI-D-PR-00002 SI-D-PR-00003 Debris Survey Procedures Scour Survey Procedures

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions VI-OK Diver or ROV Client approval based on specification and/or experience. None. ROV or Diver Hat Mounted Inspection Video Camera. No specific standards Jacket Internal Seabed Debris Survey. Assess the extent of any metallic debris in contact with the structure. A diver visual inspection and cathodic potential measurements may be required where such contact exists and the debris is deemed by the CSR to be excessive or likely to pose problems for the structure's cathodic protection system. Photographs should be taken of all significant debris items in contact with the structure. Inspect the point of contact for damage or corrosion. Seabed survey can be carried out either by divers or by the ROV. If carried out using an ROV, all inspection is to be recorded on video whereas with divers, video recording is required only if anomalies are located. If metallic debris is located inside the jacket or in contact with the structure or pipelines it should be recovered to the surface. If the debris cannot be recovered to surface it should be moved to a specified location outside the structure (and at least 1 m from structural members and pipelines). If the debris cannot be moved due to non-availability of divers, then the location and dimensions of each item shall be recorded. Jacket External Seabed Debris Survey Assess the extent of any metallic debris in contact with the structure or pipelines and on the surrounding seabed. Carry out a dose Visual inspection where such contact exists.

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Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual The seabed should be surveyed (along each 3 m. interval ) to a distance of 18 m out from the external jacket members and photographs taken of significant debris items present. The survey can be carried out by any resource, AIR, SAT or ROV. With ROV surveys, all inspections shall be recorded on video. Diver survey normally only requires video recording when anomalies are located. The survey may be carried out by the ROV on an area of seabed covering the combined seabed foot prints of the rig/barge and offshore structure / wellhead, but extending a minimum of 50 metres outboard from the barge / rig footprint. Report all significant debris items present. Produce a scale diagram to locate and identify all significant debris or other items of interest. A pre-rig-move survey should be recorded an video and should report any major metallic debris, coral heads, boulders, seabed depressions or other items which might obstruct spud can penetration. 3-meter inspection passes is the minimum requirement. Sandbagging around the spud can may be required in the event of insufficient penetration of the spud can into the seabed. This is carried out to prevent scouring around the spud can. Debris removal by the diver may also be required (especially in the area of spud can penetration) before the rig moves into location. Seabed Condition Survey Report the exact location of the area surveyed. Describe all seabed features, debris items or other items of interest found.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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3.0

MEASUREMENT & CLOSE INSPECTION TASKS The tasks grouped within this section are those that normally can be performed with the aid of simple measurement tools such as tapes, pit gauges & scales, although more sophisticated tools can be used. These tasks also require various degrees of cleaning, from bulk growth removal, to grit blasting standard. The tasks will most readily be performed by diver, however, some may be performed by ROV with a manipulator and specialist tooling. The choice of intervention, diver or ROV, will normally be left to GIAP after consulting with the Client, provided that the objectives and data recording accuracy of the individual Spec. Sheets can be complied with. The tasks generally relate to intervention at specified sites on a structure, and commonly require localised detail drawings of the structure to be available both for reference and for firsthand mark-up of any findings. General layout drawings may also be required for dive route planning. The tasks included are:

Spec. Sheet No. Code
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9

Task Title

Task

CLOSE VISUAL INSPECTION (CVI) SUPPORT DETAILED INSPECTION ANODE WASTAGE MEASUREMENT SCOUR MEASUREMENT MARINE GROWTH MEASUREMENT COATINGS INSPECTION CORROSION INSPECTION CATHODIC POTENTIAL MEASUREMENT

CU-CVI CU-SUP ME-ANO ME-SCR ME-MGI CU-CTG CU-COR CP-CON

ULTRASONIC WALL THICKNESS MEASUREMENT WT-DIG

3.10 3.11 3.12

DIMENSIONAL & ALIGNMENT SURVEY PIPELINE TRIANGULATION SPAN MEASUREMENT
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ME-ITM ME-SPN ME-SPN
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3.13 3.14

SWAIN METER OPERATIONS MOULD CASTING

ME-CFM ME-MLC

3.1

Close Visual Inspection (CVI)
SUBJECT

CU-CVI
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 After necessary cleaning and with close attention to detail :a) To fully describe the area or item being inspected, with dimensions & any other appropriate reference systems. b) To detect and quantify damage & defects, including cracks & corrosion, with smallest dimension > 2-3mm. c) To identify any restrictions to the specific inspection, such as obscuring attachments. d) To identify signs of previous inspection or remedial work, inclusive of datum marks, grinding areas and defect end points. 2.0 3.0 To report the inspection findings in unambiguous and uncluttered format, adopting standard terminology & using tables & appropriate scaled drawings. By comparison with any available, previous inspection reports, to identify any changes in the condition of the inspected item, and in particular to identify any extension of crack like defects.

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions
Detail Sheet No. 3.1.1 CU-CVI Diver C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U minimum and Client approval based on experience. Grit-cleaning, possibly preceded by water jet cleaning. Tape-measure, pit-gauge, centre-punch & hammer, paint-stick. Video Stills Camera with Stand Off & Close Up lenses Ident. Board

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Establish datum and mark with three punch-marks at 12 O'clock top dead centre position. Close Visual Inspection is carried out on selected welds or on areas of damage or inservice defects Revision: A Page: 48 of 120

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Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual 1. Ensure preparatory cleaning is sufficient to identify all defects on the component; including the weld or heat affected zone (HAZs). If necessary, carry out further cleaning. Remember, the inspection will normally be deemed unacceptable if traces of marine growth or coatings are visible on the photographs.

Task Procedure

2. Establish zero datum and record its position. If applicable, mark the datum point with three punch marks above the NODE side toe at the edge of the HAZ. 3 Establish a millimeter graduated tape measure around the weld (on the MEMBER side) so as not to obscure the weld, the heat affected zones or to prevent the identification of any possible defects 4 Report the length to 3 o'clock, to o'clock 9 o'clock and total weld length in mm. 5. Begin the Inspection from datum working either clockwise left to right or top to bottom dependant on the weld configuration. The area to be Inspected includes both heat affected zones, the weld toes and weld cap. 6. For weld CVI clearly identify the Chord, Chord Toe, Weld Cap, Brace Toe & Brace areas on the drawing produced and use these as identifying features in the Data Capture form. 7. Mark any areas of interest of defects clearly with paint stick 8. If any corrosion pitting is observed, CP measurement shall be performed in accordance with Task CP-CON a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. Areas of previous MPI grinding Presence of weld stubs or dogs (from fabrication) Presence of all additional welds (e.g.) seam welds Undercut greater than or equal to 2 mm depth Missing weldment or lack of reinforcement greater than or equal to 2 mm depth Corrosion pitting greater than or equal to 2 mm in depth Record the longitudinal and transverse dimensions of the pits as well as depth of pitting All cracks or crack-like indications All denting or other mechanical damage Porosity, blow-holes, slag inclusions, gouges or other fabrication defects greater than 2 mm in depth.

9. The following defects should be reported :-

Record the start and stop positions of each feature in millimeters from datum, its position relative to the weld under inspection, its width, breadth and height if applicable, plus any other information which may be useful 10. Make additional sketches where necessary 11. The following are to be reported as anomalies:a. Crack like indications - Feature Code CLI b. Physical Damage - Feature Code PD c. Pitting greater than 25% of inspected (C/P or C/Z > 25%) Document No: SI-P-MA-00011 Date: 25 August 1998 Revision: A Page: 49 of 120

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Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual Increase in size or coverage of previously reported defect - "Extension" = "Y"

No specific requirements

3.2

Support Detailed Inspection CU-SUP
SUBJECT DETAIL 1.0 For any support device, such as a clamp, guide or fabricated span support, and after necessary cleaning :a) b) c) d) e) 2.0 To check the general integrity of the support component parts, including its attachment to the structure. To check the presence & tightness of each stud or bolt & its nuts, individually. To determine which parts of the support have liners fitted, if any. To check for & measure any evidence of support misalignment, such as irregular gaps between clamp flanges. To check for & measure signs of relative movement between support parts and/or supported items.

Objectives

To report the inspection findings and to log any remedial work in an unambiguous and uncluttered format, using tables, and if necessary, drawings.

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 3..2.1 CU-SUP Diver C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Water-jet cleaning where necessary. 10,000 psi water-blaster. Tape measure Video Stills Camera c/w Stand Off Lens

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standard The inspection relates to any support device, including span rectification supports. Ensure as-built drawings are studied prior to commencement and during the execution of the inspection to determine conformance.

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Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual Clean the device to be inspected only to the degree necessary to adequately carry out the inspection.

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SUBJECT Task Procedure Check the following (if present) :-

DETAIL : : : : : : : : Clamp Type Clamp Alignment Bolt Presence Bolt Tightness Lining (if shown on as built) Clamp Movement Irregular Clamp Gaps Security of component held in or on support.

Any variation, including such data as clamp type, to the as-built drawing requires the completion of an anomaly report under code "VS" Variation to Specification. Any anomaly report in this category will require a dimensioned sketch. Notes : Any bolt head under flush with nut constitutes an anomaly Identify riser clamps according to Standard format (1 – 7) Bolt Status Reporting :"-|-|-“ format

e.g. NNI-INN = 2 nuts, then clamp flange, then 2 nuts BI-INN = bolt head, then clamp flanges, then 2 nuts

BWI-IWN = bolt head, washer, flanges, washer, then single nut

Safety Considerations

Divers should ensure that the water blaster is safely rigged since cleaning supports may involve considerable movement. Water-blasters are potentially lethal. NEVER TIE-OFF THE TRIGGER. Impressed Current Cathodic protection voltages and amperages on supports are normally too low to pose a safety risk to divers.

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3.3

Anode Wastage Measurement
SUBJECT

ME-ANO
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0

On a selected anode and with prior cleaning :a) To record the anode's average dimensions for calculation of the anode wastage. b) To record the nature and pattern of the anode's sacrificial corrosion.

2.0

To compare the anode's wastage and condition before and after cleaning, such that its status can be used to calibrate other less intensive anode assessments (i.e.) VIANO

Supporting Procedures

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions SI-D-PR-00001 Anode Inspection Procedures

Supporting Documents

Detail Sheet No. 3..3.1 Detail Sheet No. 3.3.2 - Cleaning for Inspection (CL-INS)

Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required

ME-ANO Diver C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Removal of marine growth from the anode, immediate supports & non sacrificial core by water blaster, hydraulic brush or hand scraper/ brush. Removal of soft corrosion products from the anode as above.

Equipment Required

Water-blaster Stand-off camera Ruler/ tape-measure. Nil Ensure the as-built drawing is referred to. annotate the drawing to confirm the location of the selected anode. Estimate wastage & take a stand-off photograph of the anode prior to any anode cleaning. Assess the wastage according to the procedure VI-ANO. Remove marine growth as detailed above Take measurements of the anode length and circumference/side and record. Calculate wastage %age as follows := (1 - (Calc. volume / Orig. volume)) x 100 = (1 - (side2 x length/[orig. Length x Breadth x Width])) x 100 "side" = Circumf/4) If an anomaly is reported, complete an Anomaly Report and inform the CAR.

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Safety Considerations Document No: SI-P-MA-00011 Date: 25 August 1998

Safety considerations during high-pressure water-jet cleaning operations. Revision: A Page: 53 of 120

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3.4

Scour Measurement
SUBJECT

ME-SCR
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 2.0 3.0 3.0

To detect evidence of and quantify erosion of the sea floor from around near-sea bed or sea bed penetrating components excluding pipelines. To estimate the distance between a fixed and obvious structural datum and the sea floor To describe the composition of the sea floor at the scour measurement site. To record sufficient scour measurements to allow plotting of the scour profile along perimeter members, or around the legs/piles of a structure.

Supporting Procedures

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions SI-D-PR-00003 Scour Survey Procedures

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Detail Sheet No. 2.4.1 ME-SCR Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience None DIVER : Measuring stick / tape-measure Pneumofathometer ROV : Acoustic ranging device Profiling sonar device

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standards Measure the distance between the component (either the underside of the mud mat or underside of bottom elevation horizontal) and the seabed at the locations specified in the work scope in sufficient detail to map abrupt changes along or around a component. Where the component is a horizontal, record the compass direction of the centre line. Each site requires the capture of the seabed profile over a 6m X-section at 90 0 to the site/member to indicate contour. Report the seabed composition (e.g.) "soft sand/silt - easily stirred up" Where the component is buried record the depth of burial. Report all piles exposed by >1.0 m and areas of localised scouring. Refer to previous reports to determine whether there is a significant change to the seabed profile. If scour is determined, even if not appreciable, create a drawing using anomaly report code "VS" - Variation to Specification.

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SUBJECT Task Procedure

DETAIL If build up is noted to be greater than 1m above last reported seabed level, report and code as "BU" - Burial/Partial Burial Anomaly. For reports requiring more than one record on a single component, ensure each is identified uniquely by reference to a fixed horizontal reference point (e.g.) node weld. On instruction from the Client, protect piles exposed by >1.0 metres from further scouring either using sand-bags, cement-bags or grout-bags or gravel-dumps .

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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3.5

Marine Growth Measurement
SUBJECT

ME-MGI
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 In general terms :a) To collect more accurate data with which to calibrate the general Marine Growth Checks (VI-MGI) b) In conjunction with those checks, to allow a representative profile of growth thickness against depth to be generated for a structure (for retrospective engineering analysis of static and dynamic loadings). c) To identify potential trends in growth distribution and growth rate. 2.0 More specifically, on a selected component basis, and at specified depth increments :a) To measure the effective growth thickness b) To determine predominant types of growth, both hard and soft, and their distribution. c) To determine whether the orientation of a surface has influence on the growth rate and pattern. d) To detect localised growth pattern anomalies (e.g.) absence of growth or growth obviously in excess of the norm.

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions
Detail Sheet No. 4.2.5 ME-MGI Diver or ROV C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Removal of growth (typically 150mm sq.) from each site to determine accurate thickness measurements for underlying growth. DIVER : Hand scraper / wire brush 50 mm wide tape-measure or calibrated band Marine growth photographic ident Stand-off camera. ROV : Acoustic/laser/stereo devices Water blaster

Relevant Standards

Divers should be able to discriminate between hard and soft growth marine fouling organisms and provide an estimate of percentage cover for each group. Revision: A Page: 56 of 120

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SUBJECT Task Procedure

DETAIL All checks are typically conducted on a selected leg at 5m intervals between 0m and 50m. or as specified by the Client. At each specified location take (3) circumferential measurements around the jacket leg (or other specified component) including the marine growth. The three (3) measurements should be taken at 0.5 m depth separations using the 50 mm wide tape-measure. Effective Thickness should be calculated for each depth increment as follows. EFFECTIVE THICKNESS (E.T) = Where P and O.D. = = ½(P - O. D.) pi

the mean circumference measurement (mm) the nominal pipe outside diameter (mm)

Measurement of marine growth depth/density are taken at the four cardinal points (i.e.) Jacket N, S, E, W using a graduated probe/ruler. Stand-off and profile photography and video recording is required at each depth increment and each measurement point. Report the following : : : : : Safety Considerations Depth/Position/Orientation Soft Growth %age Cover Soft Growth Thickness (ave) Hard Growth %age Cover Hard Growth Thickness (ave)

On certain platforms there may be marine growth that produces severe dermatoid reaction. Such reactions have been known to cause skin burns that require hospitalisation. Ensure that gloves are worn at all times, with barrier creams around the wrists and neck. Where such growth is suspected, wear full dry suit protection and use barrier cream to ensure safety.

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3.6

Coatings Inspection
SUBJECT

CU-CTG
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 Where marine fouling has first been removed :a) To identify the presence or absence of a coating, and where possible, the generic type (eg) bitumastic wrap. b) To describe the condition of the coating and to quantify the deterioration (e.g.) "blisters/10%/burst". Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 3.6.1 CU-CTG Diver or ROV C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Cleaning with wire brush or low pressure water jetting. Area to be cleaned at each identified location : 300mm sq. Note : If area cannot be cleaned without damaging coating, complete an anomaly report under code "CD" Coating Damage Hydraulic / Handraulic Wire Brush (or LP Water Blaster) Video Stand-off camera. Ident. Board No specific standard At locations specified by BSP, report on the condition of the coating(s). Report the presence of blisters and/or the nature of other visible deterioration. Blistering should be reported with Blister % and Blister Burst %.over the inspection area. Approximate the "Cleaned Area (mm2)" and report. The minimum area considered acceptable for an accurate assessment is 300mm x 300mm Take Stand Off Photogrpahs of the area cleaned prior to any remedial work or further cleaning. Do not remove or damage coating unless instructed by BSP CAR. If so instructed, remove damaged areas of coating and report on the presence of underlying deterioration and/or pitting. If corrosion pitting is present, further cleaning will be required in accordance with CU-COR and CP Readings taken in accordance with CU-CON. Photographs will be required of such anomalies. In any survey area where damage, extensive pitting or absence of coating is reported, complete an anomaly report. No specific requirements Revision: A Page: 58 of 120

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required

Equipment Required

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

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3.7

Corrosion Inspection
SUBJECT

CU-COR
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 After removal of marine fouling, surface deposits and all coatings to bright or white metal, to closely examine the metal surface and to quantify pitting or other corrosion related defects. Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 3.7.1 CU-COR Diver C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Cleaning by high pressure water blaster with grit entrainment Area to be cleaned, unless otherwise specified to be 300mm sq.

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required

Equipment Required

HP Water Blaster Pit Gauge Video Stand-off Camera. Ident. Board

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standard At locations specified by BSP, clean the object to bright or white metal using a high pressure water jet with grit entrainment and in accordance with 4.4.1 - Cleaning for Inspection (CL-INS) Approximate the "Cleaned Area (mm2)" and report. The minimum area considered acceptable for an accurate assessment is 300mm x 300mm Take Stand Off Photographs of the area cleaned prior to any remedial work or further cleaning. If corrosion pitting is present, CP Readings are to be taken and accurate "pit gauge" measurements obtained. BSP may require a mould casting to be taken. Refer to the appropriate procedure. In any survey area where damage, extensive pitting is reported, complete an anomaly report.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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3.8

Cathodic Potential Measurement
SUBJECT

CP-CON
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 2.0

To verify the correct operation & full coverage of a structure's cathodic protection system. To measure the cathodic protection potential (CP) at specified locations on a structure.

Supporting Procedures

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions SI-D-PR-00004 Cathodic Protection & Calibration Procedures

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Detail Sheet No. .3.8.1 CP-CON Diver or ROV fitted with Contact Probe C.S.W.I.P. 3. 1U Spot cleaning to bare metal. Hand-scraper, Roxby Bathycorrometer (Diver Method) Topside Display Calomel Reference Electrodes Zinc Calibration Block Manipulator - mounted contact C.P. probe (ROV Method) Pre- and Post-Calibration of meters must be within the range -1025 mV to - 1050 mV on pure zinc. Report all measurements less negative than -825 mV. All C.P. measurements more negative than -1200 mV should be reported because over protection can cause hydrogen embrittlement.

Relevant Standards

Task Procedure

Carry out pre- and post-calibrations. Ensure that the meter or half-cell has been soaked in clean seawater for at least 60 minutes prior to use (or 6 hours if not used within the preceding 10 days). Calibration measurements should be within the range -1025 mV to -1050 mV on pure zinc. For contact C.P. measurements clean the surface to be inspected sufficiently to allow the probe-tip to contact bare metal. Ensure that the meter has stabilised prior to reporting the C.P. measurement. For any reading outside the acceptable range, two further readings will be recorded in that location. Should the reading continue to be outside limits, readings are to be taken from points immediately adjacent to the area, working outward until acceptable readings are obtained.

Safety Considerations

Divers should be aware of the locations of impressed current anodes or other areas of high impressed currents and should avoid contact with them. Revision: A Page: 60 of 120

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3.9

Ultrasonic Wall Thickness Measurement WT-DIG
SUBJECT DETAIL 1.0 To determine the wall thickness of pipe or plate by digital readout ultrasonic equipment. Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 3.9.1 CP-CON Diver or ROV fitted with UT meter C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Spot Hand-cleaning . Hnad Wire Brush Cygnus UT Meter Calibration Block

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Relevant Standards

Section No. 4.4.4 WT Probe Calibration (WT-CAL) Section No. 4.4.1 Cleaning for Inspection (CL-INS)

Task Procedure

Take pre-and post-calibration measurements on the step-block. Calibration measurements should be within +/- 0.2 mm for each calibration range (5.0mm, 10.0mm, 20.0mm, 30.0mm and 50.0mm). After hand-cleaning to remove all coating from the area to be measured, place the wall thickness meter's probe flat against the member. The reading must be steady and should be compared with the nominal wall thickness. Two individual readings are to be taken at each location. If the second reading varies by more than 1mm, repeat and record the lowest of the three readings. Use the calibration curve to obtain the corrected minimum thickness. If the measurement obtained is less than 70% or greater than 105% of the nominal wall thickness specification it should be repeated. If the repeated reading is still less than 70% it should be recorded as an ANOMALY . For excessively thick pipe a figure of 105% of the specified is also regarded as an anomaly. Any such anomalous readings should be subject to an extensive grid survey based on 50mm increments. All such readings should be marked up on a grid reference drawing.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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3.10 Dimensional & Alignment Survey
SUBJECT Objectives Supporting Procedures 1.0

ME-ITM
DETAIL

To determine the position, dimensions, orientation and/or straightness of an item or surface.

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Detail Sheet No. 3.10.1 ME-ITM Diver or ROV CSWIP 3.1U Minimum and BSP approval based on experience. Cleaning by Hand, Waterjet or Grit-blasting dependant on work scope and item being measured. 300 mm and 1.0 metre steel rulers, 30 m tape-measures Thorpe or Welding institute approved pit gauges Centre-punch, hammer Taut-wire 10 - 30 m with clamps and stands Straight-edge, calipers, profile gauge, paint-stick Depth-gauge Chain angle measuring devices (for SBM).

Relevant Standards

All inspection measurements should be in "System Internationale" (SI.) Units. The only normal exception to this METRIC-ONLY rule is the classification of certain standard pipe-diameters in inches (e.g. 6", 8", 10", 12" etc.) However, all MEASUREMENTS of pipe diameter or circumference should be in metric Please note that a given pipe can be classified as (say) 14" but is measured metres and milimeters Measurement tasks include damage surveys, dimensional verification for construction purposes and quantification of items of interest.

Task Procedure

All positional measurements are to be referenced to a datum point which must be an obvious and permanent structural feature. The datum must be suitable for re-use during future inspections. All measurements must be in metres and millimetres. A table of specified or expected measurements should be prepared in advance so that discrepancies are detected immediately and further confirmatory measurements taken if required. The Diver should report any factors which might adversely affect the accuracy of the survey. Linear Measurements

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Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual Fibre-glass type reel tape-measures are to be used for the majority of dimensional verification tasks. The tapes should be zeroed at the datum position. For general dimensional verification tasks such as measurement of anode or riser-clamp position only minimal hand-cleaning will be required unless marine growth obstructs the tape-measure Measurements should be as accurate as possible and divers should report any factors which might adversely affect the accuracy of the survey Detailed Survey For detailed measurements the area will require prior cleaning either by HP waterjet or by grit-blasting. Detailed measurements are normally only required on welds, areas of damage / corrosion or other anomalies. When required the datum point should be permanently marked using a centre-punch. Taut wire measurements are generally required on areas of damage to structural members and are usually specifically requested by site instruction. The taut-wire should be set up along the member with the wire ends set as close as possible to the end nodes. The taut wire should be installed along an area clear of obstructions and in a position such that the wire is not in contact with any attachments. Whenever possible, the 12:00, 03:00, 06:00 or 09:00 positions should be used. Ensure that both ends of the wire have exactly the same orientation. The exact location of the wire datum positions (where the wire leaves the stand-off frame) should be measured and recorded prior to the inspection. Stand off measurements along structural members should be taken every 0.5 m with additional measurements in areas of deformation (or other special interest) as required. Taut wire measurements should be carried out in two planes at 90 degrees to each other. Dent Measurements A straight edge should be used along the longitudinal axis of the damaged component to determine the depth of damage. A grid should be drawn ove the damaged area to assist the diver in locating the measurement points as accurately as possible. The straight edge should be sufficiently long to cover the entire area of deformation. The spacing of measurements should be determined once the extent of damage is known and should be related to the possible structural importance of the defect. Wall Thickness Measurements Refer to the relevant task procedure for details of ultrasonic thickness measurements

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements.

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3.11 Pipeline Triangulation
SUBJECT Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

ME-SPN
DETAIL

1.0 To determine the position, dimensions, orientation and/or straightness of a pipeline Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 3.11.1 ME-ITM Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience Unless pipeline movement is suspected, repeated pipeline triangulation is not required. Equipment Required : 1) ROV or diver-held sonar transponders and position fixing equipment. 2) 2 x 50m tape-measures (Diver only)

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standards 1) ROV / Diver plot the pipeline position using DGPS or equivalent and sonar at the intervals specified in the work scope. Produce a scaled pipeline drawing from the fixes thus obtained. If no position-fixing equipment is available, the diver should measure out 3meter increments along the pipeline and mark these with paint-stick or similar. Affix two (2) 50m tape-measures to datum points at both sides of the pipeline (usual datum points are the comer jacket legs). Record the tape-measurements at each 3 metre position on the pipeline starting at the lower (pipeline) riser elbow butt-weld.

2)

Prepare a draft pipeline triangulation drawing using graph-paper and compasses as each measurement is recorded. For both ROV and Diver pipeline triangulation, record details of pipeline burial / exposure as the pipeline is surveyed. Safety Considerations No specific requirements

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3.12 Span Measurement
SUBJECT Objectives 1.0

ME-SPN
DETAIL

To provide sufficient information on the nature of the span, such that a retrospective engineering assessment of its cause and criticality can be made onshore. a) To measure the distance between touch down points on a free spanning section of pipeline. b) To record the absolute position of the span with reference to some permanent pipeline or seabed feature, or position reference system. c) To estimate the average & maximum span heights (i.e. line bottom to seabed directly underneath) d) To determine the typical cross sectional profile for the span (e.g.) within trench/depression or on level seabed. e) To describe the nature of the touch down points support (e.g.) soft sand, hard rock, sand bagged support or line cross over.

2.0 More specifically :-

Supporting Procedures

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions SI-D-PR-00006 Free Span Correction Procedures SI-D-PR-00007 Pipeline Support Installation ROV Procedures

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Detail Sheet No. .2.12.1 ME-SPN Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience Nil Equipment Required : 1) ROV or diver-held profiling sonar devices and position fixing equipment. (DGPS or Short Base Line Nav Systems) and/or acoustic ranging devices or a combination of these. 2) 2 x 50m tape-measures (Diver only) 3) Pneumofathometer

Relevant Standards

Support may be required due to free spans exceeding the safe unsupported length of pipeline or to provide further support should engineering calculations show the bend radii to be exceeded with a single mid point support. Typical free span maximum unsupported lengths are 30 x the line nominal diameter.

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SUBJECT Task Procedure

DETAIL On identification of a free span location and prior to commencement of free span correction operations, a full ROV or diver survey should be undertaken as follows :1. The ROV or diver shall carry out an inspection of the pipe line to provide data on length of span, height along the route of the free span, seabed condition and midpoint position of the free span 2. The free span inspection is to be carried out by a combination of visual (i.e.) camera / video which will be taped, and sonar references. Height above seabed, taken at 1 metre intervals is taken by reference to an object of known height, or if preferred, by graduated measuring device held in the manipulator jaw or by diver held measuring probe. 3. It is normal that all measurements be referenced to field joint numbers. (i.e.) distance from touch down, distance of free span, etc. are all written as distances from specific field joint(s). 4. The ROV or diver will commence from a touch down point if possible. Measurements of free spans are normally taken at 1 meter intervals. The Observer/Data Recorder will note all data on the inspection report form He will report the distance from the underside of the pipeline to the seabed and report on the bottom conditions (i.e.) firm or soft. If a particularly soft or uneven bottom profile is found, it may be necessary to create a partial base of cement bags or similar 5. Seabed softness shall be determined within rough estimate by means of a colour coded probe fastened to the ROV and by subsequent observation by the pilot/technician. Actual conditions shall be confirmed by the diver when on bottom. 6. Dependant on the method of ROV deployment and the type of vessel employed, the survey may continue over several field joints or be done in stages. Considerations for the type of survey carried out must be made based on the relevant sections of the Manuals regarding ROV operations from D.P. Vessels or anchored vessels. 7. Cross Profile is reported as follows : 1 = Level seabed below pipe 2 = Symmetrical scour, trench or depression below/around pipe 3 = Asymetric seabed profile (eg) scour one side, level other (Note : this finding requires an anomaly report) 4 = Other irregular, unusual or potentially unstable profile (Note : this finding requires an anomaly report) 8. If an existing support is found, report as found condition.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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Project No: Global Industries A/P Pte Ltd 3.13 SWAIN Meter Operations SUBJECT Objectives Supporting Procedures 1.0 ME-CFM DETAIL

Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual

To measure the strength of cathodic potential current flow through an anode stub, pipeline or other structural item.

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions "Swain" Meter Calibration Procedures "Swain" Meter Operator's Hand Book

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications

Nil ME-CFM Diver SWAIN Meter Operator Course Certificate Client approval based on experience.

Preparation Required

Hand-cleaning of the anode bar, stubs, pipeline, or other component sufficient to fit the Swain Ammeter Sea Clip. Note : Anode material (Zn, Al, etc) should not be cleaned prior to carrying out SWAIN measurements as this increases anode activity.

Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

W.H. Swain Ammeter (D.C. AMP Clip). Refer to "OPERATING INSTRUCTlONS FOR DC AMP CLIP". Operating Procedure for Swain Meter Current flow measurements. a) c) Connect up the umbilical, meter and appropriate "sea-clip". Run the "clip" to the work site. b) Check the meter is initially set to zero. d) Diver holds the clip stationary about 2-3 meters away from any anodes or steelwork. e) f) Switch on the meter and use the right hand zero knob to zero it. Clean the anode bar, stub, riser, pipeline or other specified component sufficiently to fit the clamp (which is delicate and never to be used for scraping marine growth).

g) Place the "sea-clip" around the anode bar, riser, pipeline or other specified component, and hold it stationary. h) Starting on the maximum range (100A) work down through the meter ranges until a reading is obtained an the meter.

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SUBJECT Task Procedure Take measurements as follows :1) 2) 3) 4)

DETAIL

Take measurements at four (4) clock positions evenly spaced around the component. Reverse the clip and take measurements at a further four (4) clock positions (use the reverse polarity switch on the topside meter to obtain readings). For anode current output measurements repeat both sets of measurements on the other anode stub. Report the total anode current output (both stubs). For riser / pipeline SWAIN measurements report the direction of current flow (i.e. polarity) as per "Preliminary Operating Instructions for DC AMP CLIP".

Note : A steady reading must be obtained at each position. Mean current output measurements are calculated for each anode stub. The output of an anode is the sum of the current output from all the anode stubs. Safety Considerations No specific requirements

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3.14 Mould Casting
SUBJECT Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

ME-MLC
DETAIL

1.0 To take a mould of a damaged area, such as structural member, boat landing. Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Nil CU-MLC Diver Client approval based on experience Cleaning by HP water-jet and grit-blasting Mould-casting materials, such as injected peelable silicon compounds, plasticine, "Splashzone" or other approved material. No specific standards Place the moulding material on the area to be cast. Ensure that a datum point eg. punch-marks or weld distance idents are present in the area to be cast. Once the mould has cured, carefully remove it and place it in a suitable protective container for recovery to surface On deck, a Plaster of Paris cast of the mould may be required. If large casts are required (e.g. of long lengths of weld), the casting should be carried out in a number of smaller sections. If multiple casts are required, ensure that sufficient overlap is present to enable detailed study of every part of the component.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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4.0

SPECIALIST INTERVENTION TASKS The tasks grouped within this section are those which normally require specialist tools and operator/inspector skills. The tasks will most readily be performed by diver, however, some may be performed by working-class ROV and specialist tooling. The choice of intervention, diver or customised ROV, may be left to GIAP after consultation with the Client, provided the objectives and data recording accuracy of the individual Spec. Sheets can be complied with. The tasks generally relate to intervention at specified sites on a structure, and commonly require localised detail drawings of the structure to be available both for reference and for firsthand mark-up of any findings. The tasks included are: Spec. Sheet No. Task Title 4.1 4.2 CRACK DETECTION & REDUCTION FLOODED MEMBER DETECTION Task Code CU-CDR FM-DET

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4.1

Crack Detection & Reduction CU-CDR
SUBJECT DETAIL OVERALL OBJECTIVE 1.0 After necessary cleaning and with the aid of NDT :a) To detect and quantify surface breaking or near surface, crack like features, with lengths greater than 10mm. b) To compare the positions and dimensions of such defects with known defects, and in particular to note any extensions. 2.0 3.0 4.0 MPI 1.0 2.0 To verify the integrity of a weld or node by close visual inspection using MPI techniques. More specifically to :a) To verify the presence or absence of cracks in a weld b) To verify the presence or absence of cracks in any member c) To verify the integrity of the weld EDDY CURRENT/ ACFM 1.0 2.0 To determine by eddy current wave generation the presence or absence of flaws in any steel object. To determine the presence or absence of lamination in any steel object To report the inspection findings in an unambiguous & uncluttered format, adopting standard terminology, and using tables & appropriately scaled drawings. Unless instructed otherwise, to attempt to remove such crack like features by controlled & limited surface grinding. To unambiguously, obviously and permanently identify the current "as left" end points of any defect.

Objectives

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Detail Sheet No. 4.1.1 CU-CDR Diver GENERAL/CVI/MPI CSWIP 3.2U minimum EDDY CURRENT Topside Operator C.S.W.I.P. Eddy Current Operator Sub sea Operator C.S.W.I.P. Eddy Current Operator or C.S.W.I.P 3.2U with adequate instruction by the topside operator.

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SUBJECT Personnel Qualifications ACFM Topside Operator Sub sea Operator

DETAIL

C.S.W.I.P. ACFM Current Operator C.S.W.I.P. ACFM Operator or C.S.W.I.P 3.2U with adequate instruction by the topside operator.

REMEDIAL GRINDING CSWIP 3.2U minimum and Client approval based on experience. Note that any diver carrying out remedial grinding may be required to complete a prequalification trial prior to commencing the remedial work. Preparation Required GENERAL/MPI HP Water-jet and/or grit blast cleaning to remove all coatings back to bright metal. EDDY CURRENT/ACFM Water-jet cleaning , Grit-blast cleaning , General Visual Inspection , Close Visual Inspection and (possibly) Magnetic Particle Inspection REMEDIAL GRINDING Water-jet and grit-blast cleaning Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI) Eddy Current/ACFM Flaw Detection Close-up mosaic photography. Determine from past inspection records whether the weld has been ground previously. Equipment Required GENERAL HP Water Jet with Grit Entrainment Stand Off Camera Ident Board Hydraulic power-pack, umbilical and hydraulic pencil grinder MPI OSEL or O.I.S MPI-Unit c/w ( Ink Pump, Ultra-violet Light, Sutherland Flask and Lux Meter, Coils, yoke assembly and 2 x 20 kg pull permanent magnets. Magnaglo 14A Ink (nocturnal MPI) Dayglo ink (day light MPI). EDDY CURRENT Eddy Current Probes Eddy Current Detection and Interpretation Equipment (Surface Monitoring) Cable and relay system Calibration blocks

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SUBJECT Equipment Required ACFM ACFM Probes

DETAIL

ACFM Detection and Interpretation Equipment (Surface Monitoring) Cable and relay system REMEDIAL GRINDING Peanut grinder with tungsten carbide spherical and "x-mas tree" burrs of the appropriate dimensions for the indication, node orientation and final profile' required. Thorpe or Welding Institute-approved pit-gauge / weld gauge. Relevant Standards MPI Flexible Cable Technique Using Coils. Flexible coils up to 8 m long should be used The coils are to be wrapped around the member close to the weld A magnetising force of 30 Oersteds is required. The current output must be variable in order to produce the optimum magnetic flux strength. NOTE : Refer to BS 6072 par. 10 & 17 for further details of current flow technique.

Permanent Magnets Magnets should only be used where coils cannot be used. The area of magnetic polarisation by permanent magnets is considered to be only that between the poles. All permanent magnets used must of more than 20 kg pull. All magnets must be tested prior to inspecton to ensure that they exert the required pull. Ink Magnaglo 14A ink under UV light is to be used whenever possible. Daylight inks (such as "Dayglo") are to be used only for MPI photography or if daylight MPI is required for operational reasons. All inks should be freshly mixed immediately prior to use because storage of mixed ink results in separation of the flourescent ink form the magnetic particles. The ink should be mixed to the manufacturer's specified concentration for the task and method of application. Wetting agents are permissible. Sensitivity Field strength, ink sensitivity and illumination shall be checked "on site" by the use of a type 1 Burmah Castrol test strip or alternative flux measuring device. Checks should be made before, during and after the inspection, at the 4 major cardinal clock positions. The type 1 strip requires a field strength of 28 Oersteds to display "3 lines". This is considered the minimum acceptable flux strength. The intensity of the U.V. light should be confirmed using a calibrated black light meter placed at the inspection surface. U.V. intensity should be greater than 55 lux.

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SUBJECT Relevant Standards Reporting

DETAIL

All indications should be reported to the Client. EDDY Current Flaw Detection should be used to confirm the indication and provide an indication of defect depth for all Indications in order to determine whether the defect can be removed by remedial grinding to 85% (remaining) effective wall thickness. Remedial Grinding Refer to remedial grinding task procedures. All indications are to be assessed in terms of remaining effective wall-thickness as described in procedure grinding carried out on the specific instruction of the Client. MPI Photography Refer to MPI procedure for details of MPI photographic techniques. EDDY CURRENT / ACFM The instrument should be set up so that the defect indicator responds to any defect equivalent to or greater than the 0.5 mm calibration slot. REMEDIAL GRINDING Refer to the procedure (Remedial Grinding) Task Procedure MPI Refer to past inspections with special reference to previous indications and areas of prior remedial grinding. 1. Ensure that preparatory cleaning is sufficient to Identify any defects in the weld or either of the heat affected zones. If necessary carry out further cleaning. 2. Establish zero datum and record its position. If applicable, mark the datum point with three punch marks above the NODE side toe on the parent metal outside the heat affected zone 3. Establish a millimeter graduated tape measure around the weld (on the MEMBER side) so as not to obscure the weld details or prevent the identification of defects 4. Report the total weld length in millimeters 5. Commence the inspection at datum and work either clockwise, left to right or top to bottom, depending on the weld configuration. The area to be inspected includes both heat affected zones, the weld toes and weld cap 6. Mark any defects or areas of interest clearly using a paint stick so that they will be easily identified Permanent magnets should be used only when coils are impractical (e.g. on anode stubs and gusset plates, seam welds, where access is difficult or on seam welds where coil restraint is a problem). Electromagnetic yokes are preferable to permanent magnets, however "prods" are not normally approved as they cause damage to the structure. Coils should be set-up to give a minimum magnetising force of 30 Oersteds.

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SUBJECT Task Procedure

DETAIL Permanent magnets should be used only when coils are impractical (e.g. on anode stubs and gusset plates, seam welds, where access is difficult or on seam welds where coil restraint is a problem). Electromagnetic yokes are preferable to permanent magnets, however "prods" are not normally approved as they cause damage to the structure. Coils should be set-up to give a minimum magnetising force of 30 Oersteds. Set up the coils close to the weld. Use the (pre-calculated) required number of coil turns and adjust the current to give a minimum flux density of 30 Oersted (= 3 indications on type 1 Burmah Castrol Strip Carry out MPI at night under U.V light using Magnaglo 14A Ink whenever possible. MPI may be carried out during daylight only if poor visibility and depth provide sufficient darkness. Daylight MPI requires Dayglo ink as per MPI photography. Daylight ink is not nearly as sensitive as Magnaglo 14A and Daylight MPI should only be carried out for the purposes of MPI photography or under Client Site Instruction for operational reasons EDDY CURRENT/ACFM Set up the equipment for the coating thickness present and scan the surface to be inspected using the manufacturers recommended technique and choice of probes. The component is to be scanned in lengths not exceeding 300 mm If defects are recorded then location, orientation, length and depth are to be recorded. The scanning of the work area is to be monitored using a Video camera All defects found using the inspection techniques may be compared against the results obtained using the other technique. Eddy current/ACFM may be specified as a first-pass weld-screening technique (with less rigorous cleaning requirements than for MPI). Alternatively, eddy current is used to obtain an indication of defect depth prior to MPI grinding. REMEDIAL GRINDING This procedure is intended to provide unambiguous instructions for remedial grinding in order to permit removal of certain defects. The approach i.e. calculation of Effective Wall Thickness will be provide a reproduceable means of assessing whether any given weld should have remedial grinding carried out. It is essential to ensure that excessive grinding does not occur. The "bottom-line" of the procedure is that a minimum of 85% of effective wall thickness must remain after grinding, otherwise the defect must be referred for an engineering assessment. No grinding is normally permitted deeper than 4.0mm (2.0mm of defect + 2.0mm of undercut, previous grinding or other defect such as Lack of Weldment). The use of Eddy Current Flaw detection to determine the depth of the defect prior to (and at intervals during) grinding is an integral part of the procedure.

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SUBJECT Task Procedure

DETAIL SOME PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS a) MPIG WITH UNDERCUT PRESENT Review of most crack defects clearly shows that most defects have initiated in existing undercut (typically 1.0 to 2.0mm deep) in the weld toes. In order to reach the start of the defect to carry out remedial grinding it is therefore necessary first to profile-grind the undercut. The existing undercut is a stress-raising defect which has already effectively reduced the ember wall thickness and contributed towards initiation of the defect. b) DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVE WALL THICKNESS Given that defects are present together with undercut, it follows that the Effective Wall Thickness remaining after profile grinding of undercut should be clearly established before proceeding with remedial grinding. Only in this way can the overall percentage of wall thickness reduction be calculated. A minimum of 12 pairs of wall thickness measurements and weld-gauge Undercut depth measurement is required at each "clock position" around the weld. Additional pairs of measurements are required if, as in the examples shown, the defect is located between clock positions. c) PROFILE GRINDING OF UNDERCUT PRIOR TO CRK DEFECT ASSESSMENT It is important to grind the areas of undercut containing defects to a smooth profile. Weld profiles and access constraints make it difficult to produce definitive profiling procedures that are applicable to all nodal welds. However, the diver should :Minimise member wall penetration. Use the appropriate grinding burr. Dress the edges of the ground area to provide a smooth transition to the adjacent unground member/leg and weldment surfaces. EXCLUSIONS 1. This procedure applies only to nodal welds, fillet welds are excluded. 2. This procedure applies only to member wall thickness greater than or equal to 0.322" (8.2mm.). REMEDIAL GRINDING PROCEDURE - WHEN TO GRIND On finding a crack defect :CASE 1. If the defect is a visual crack (width >= 1.0mm) or a toe weld :Carry out EDDY CURRENT flaw detection to establish the depth of the defect. Carry out MPI to establish the length of the defect. At each of the 12 clock positions around the weld use a weld gauge placed along the longitudinal axis of the member/leg to measure the depth of any existing undercut (or previous grinding).

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SUBJECT Task Procedure

DETAIL Take wall thickness measurements at the same 12 clock positions on the member/leg parent metal as close to the weld toe containing the defect as access permits. Subtract the above weld gauge measurement from the wall thickness reading to obtain a set of "Effective Wall Thicknesses" for comparison with specified wall thickness during subsequent crack propagation analysis. Issue an Anomaly Report and DO NOT carry out remedial grinding unless with the specific instruction of the Client . CASE 2 If the defect is an MPI indication, a hairline crack (width <= 1.0mm) or a feathered fatigue crack :At each of the 12 clock positions around the weld use a weld gauge placed along the longitudinal axis of the member/leg and record the depth of any existing undercut (or previous grinding). Take wall thickness measurements at the same 12 dock positions on the member/leg parent metal as close to the weld toe containing the defect as access permits. Subtract the above weld gauge measurement from the wall thickness reading to obtain a set of "Effective Wall Thicknesses" for comparison with specified wall thickness during remedial grinding. If any of the defects present are located between the above 12 clock position measurements take an additional pair of wail thickness and weld gauge measurements at the mid-point of the defect. Profile grind the undercut to the above measured depth tie. to the start of the indication). Carry out EDDY CURRENT flaw detection (after profile grinding of the undercut to ensure that EDDY CURRENT measures only the defect and not the undercut) and determine the depth of the defect. Carry out Magnetic Particle inspection to determine the length of the defect. Effective wall thickness remaining should be calculated as the "Mean of measured wall thickness minus measured undercut depth, divided by the specified wall thickness" prior to commencement of MPIG remedial grinding. If the defect depth is confirmed by EDDY CURRENT to be not greater than 2.0mm, AND if the Effective Wall Thickness remaining prior to commencement of remedial grinding is greater than8S%, proceed with remedial grinding in 0.5mm steps to a maximum of 2.0mm (excluding the previously-ground undercut). Recalculate Effective Wall Thickness as remedial grinding progresses and ensure that the total effective wall thickness remaining (after both undercut profile grinding and remedial grinding) exceeds 85% of the specified nominal wall thickness. In all cases the combined depth of undercut-profiling and remedial grinding must not exceed 4.0mm (measured by weld gauge along the longitudinal axis of the member or leg adjacent to the weld toe containing the defect) without referral for further grinding.

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SUBJECT Task Procedure

DETAIL CASE 3 If the defect is not removed by remedial grinding as per CASE 2. above : Document the remaining MPI indication on reaching 85% effective wall thickness. Issue an Anomaly Report that fully describes the extent, location and depth of grinding carried out and refer the defect for crack propagation analysis and further action. CASE 4 If authorisation is given to grind to more than 85% effective wall thickness.

All grinding deeper than the 85% restriction should be the subject of a written instruction based on structural engineering input and should be preceded and succeeded by profile-gauge measurement and photography. Safety Considerations Refer to GRINDING procedure for details of safety considerations associated with the use of sub sea hydraulic grinders Ensure the grinder is fitted with a proper guard and that no loose webbing or rigging is within reach of the grinder UNDER NO CURCUMSTANCES SHOULD THE TRIGGER BE TIED-OFF DURING GRINDING OPERATlONS. PAST INCIDENTS DEMONSTRATE THAT THIS ACT CAN HAVE FATAL CONSEQUENCES

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4.2

Flooded Member Detection
SUBJECT

FM-DET
DETAIL

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

1.0 To determine whether a closed tubular or component is flooded and to what extent.

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions
Detail Sheet No. 4.2.1 FM-DET Diver or ROV C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Hand-cleaning or water-jet cleaning. Confirm member diameter. Gascosonic Flooded Member Detector or similar for diver operations. ROV probe Flooded member Detector for ROV operations.

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Nil After water-jet cleaning to remove hard and soft marine growth from a 0.5 m x 0.5 m area. align the ultrasonic probe with the member to be inspected. The diver should attach the magnetised ultrasonic probe assembly to the member and adjust the alignment under instructions from the topside operator. When satisfactory alignment has been achieved, the topside operator should initiate the ultrasonic test of the member and report whether it is dry or flooded. If flooded, further visual inspection is to be carried out to determine the cause of flooding. Additional cleaning and detailed NDT inspection to determine the cause of flooding may be required if GVI proves unable to determine the cause of flooding Refer to the manufacturer’s operator manual for details of Flooded Member Detector's screen displays for typical flooded and dry members.

Safety Considerations

No special requirements

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4.3

Bolt Tensioning
SUBJECT DETAIL 1.0 To provide guidance for the use of bolt tensioners Manufacturer's Hand Book Manufacturer's Procedures Hand Book

Objectives Supporting Procedures

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required

Nil Nil Diver Client approval based on experience Task dependant. Clean the flange faces to remove marine growth, rust, coatings etc. which could interfere with nut / flange seating

Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Appropriate sizes of Hydratight Sea Serpent (or equivalent) jacks, plus auxiliary whips, down line, hydraulic pump etc. Project Dependant Install the bolt-tensioning jack over each bolt to be tensioned and retain using a reaction nut. connect together all the jacks into an hydraulic manifold. Link the manifold to the hydraulic pump using the hydraulic down line. Use the air-driven pump to pressurise the hydraulic system to the required jack pressure. This simultaneously tensions all of the bolts in a single smooth operation. Retain the bolt extension by tightening down the (slack) nuts using a tommy-bar Repeat the tensioning operation (total of 3 cycles) to overcome any losses due to embedment, imperfections, grit on component faces, etc. Refer to the detailed work scope for details of hydraulic pressure tensioning sequence and bolt tensions. Refer to the manufacturer's operator manual for details of back pressure areas etc used to determine the required hydraulic pressure On completion of tensioning recover the tools and manifold (or for 50% tensioning sequence transfer them to the adjacent bolts).

Safety Considerations

Hydraulic bolt tensioners operate at extremely high pressures and apply floange closing forces which can cause sudden failure of defective components. Operators should exercise caution and take all possible precautions against bursting hydraulics and sudden flange failures.

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4.4

Riser Inspections
SUBJECT

RI-INS
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0 To conduct an inspection of a riser to determine :a) Damage b) Cathodic protection c) Clamp condition and security

Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions Nil RI-INS Diver or ROV C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Water-jet cleaning 2,000 psi to 10,000 psi water-blaster. No specific standards Topside Riser Inspection (MSL to level I) Although Topside (Level) riser clamp inspection is not part of the underwater inspection scope of work, inspect and report on the condition of the riser between level 1 and MSL in as much detail as resources and sea conditions permit. Subsea Riser Inspection (MSL to -15m) Hand-clean or water-jet clean (to remove marine growth but NOT coatings) a strip of riser 75mm wide from MSL to -15m (the riser should also be cleaned at each clamp). If pitting is present, further cleaning , inspection, measurement of depth of pitting and photography will be required. Report all pitting deeper than 2mm as an anomaly. Record the depth of termination of all coatings. Report all areas of defective coating, corrosion or damage

Safety Considerations

Divers should ensure that the water-blaster is safely rigged since cleaning a vertical strip down a riser involves considerable movement. Water-blasters are potentially lethal. NEVER TIE-OFF THE TRIGGER. Impressed Current Cathodic protection voltages and amperages on are normally too low to pose a safety risk to divers.

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5.0

CLEANING, PREPARATORY & CALIBRATION TASKS The tasks grouped within this section are not inspection tasks, but tasks required in support of inspection work. Some tasks, such as cleaning work, are required to prepare a job site for inspection, whereas others, such as CP probe calibration, may be performed on surface before or after a dive. These tasks will most readily be performed by diver, or Inspection Controller if topside, however, some may be performed by customised or work class ROV with specialist tooling. The choice of intervention, diver or customised ROV, may be left to GIAP after consultation with the Client, provided the objectives and data recording accuracy of the
individual Spec. Sheets can be complied with.

The tasks included are:

Spec. Sheet No.Task Title Code 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 CLEANING FOR INSPECTION

Task

CL-INS

BULK MARINE GROWTH REMOVAL CL-MGR CP PROBE CALIBRATION WT METER CALIBRATION CP-CAL WT-CAL

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5.1

Cleaning For Inspection
SUBJECT

CL-INS
DETAIL

Objectives

1.0

To remove marine growth, corrosion products, defective coatings and any other coverings from a surface, such that inspection or NDT can be performed successfully.

Supporting Procedures

Section 7 Anomaly Codes & Actions

Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

Detail Sheet No. 5.1.1 CL-INS Diver or ROV Client approval based on experience Possibly prior Water-jet cleaning or hand-cleaning to remove thick marine growth. a. Air-entrained grit supply of adequate pressure and volume for the working depth b. 20,000 psi H. P. water-jet with slurry entrainment.

Relevant Standards

Selected welds : Remove all marine growth and coatings to a minimum of 75 mm out from each weld toe Ultrasonic Flaw Detection Remove all coating and marine growth to a minimum of 150 mm out from the area to be inspected. Preparation The only acceptable grit types to be used are silica sand, garnet, ceramic or plastic grit. Metallic grit shall not be used. If water blasting is used to clear thick growth, the nozzle tip shall be such that the metal cannot be damaged under normal conditions.

Task Procedure

Remove all traces of marine growth and coating from the area to be inspected. Weld inspections are normally be deemed invalid if marine growth is apparent in photographs . 1. Grit Blaster 2. Water Blaster Refer to HSE Manual for Safety Precautions

Safety Considerations

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5.3

CP Probe Calibration
SUBJECT

CP-CAL
DETAIL

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

1.0

To ensure that any cathodic potential (CP) measurement probe or system is functional & accurate throughout its period of use for BSP.

Cathodic Protection & Calibration Procedures
Detail Sheet No. 5.3.1 CP-CAL Diver or ROV CSWIP 3.1U Nil Cygnus CP Meter Calomel Electrodes for Probe Calibration (ROV Stab / Proximity Half Cell)

Relevant Standards Task Procedure Safety Considerations

Nil See "Supporting Procedures" (above) for reference to detailed procedure No specific safety requirements.

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5.4

UT Meter Calibration
SUBJECT

WT-CAL
DETAIL

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

1.0 To ensure that any digital readout, ultrasonic wall thickness (WT) measurement probe or system is functional & accurate throughout its period of use for BSP. Manufacturer's Calibration Procedures Detail Sheet. 5.4.1 WT-CAL Diver CSWIP 3.1U Nil Roxby Bathycorrometer Step Wedge for Calibration

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Nil

Safety Considerations

No specific safety requirements.

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6.0

IMAGE CAPTURE TASKS The tasks grouped in this section relate to the pictorial illustration of findings from other inspection tasks. They should not be considered as inspection tasks in their own right, and will not be the primary means of logging data. The content and quality of images must always be designed to satisfy the objectives of an inspection task, and not necessarily to maximise resolution or color fidelity. Commonly, image capture & video recording tasks are be required to illustrate anomalous fmdings. Video (media) numbering & cataloguing requirements are given in the relevant Spec. Sheets. The Drawing & Sketching task specification applies both to presentation of inspection fmdings and to prior preparation of drawings as part of any reporting system. The tasks included are:

Spec. Sheet No. Task Code 6.1 6.2 6.3 VIDEO RECORDING STILL & DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY DRAWING & SKETCHING

Task Title VD-REC PH-OTO VI-DRG

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6.1

Video Recording
SUBJECT

VD-REC
DETAIL

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

1.0

To provide accurate, well defined and unambiguous close up photography of any item.

Manufacturer's set up and operating instructions Detail Sheet No. 6.1.1 PH-OTO Diver Client approval based on experience. Job dependant . Scoones MD 600 underwater housing with close-up probes. Olympus OM 1N camera and 50 mm lens pre-set to 0.45 m. Olympus Auto Winder II. Subatec 5-100 underwater flash. Kodacolor Gold 100 ASA film. NOTE : These photographic procedures are based on the "industry Standard" Scoones housing.

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Only photographs which are properly composed, exposed and focused will normally be acceptable. All photographs must have the correct idents. Close-up photographs are typically taken of the following subjects. a) Weld inspection (full mosaics required) b) Abrasion/wire scars (partial mosaics if large area) c) Corrosion (mosaics) d) Anomalies (full mosaic depending on damage) e) MPI indications Close-up photographs are taken using distance probes (prods) to keep the subject in the plane of focus. A flash is required to provide sufficient light to maximise depth of field. A reference tape or set of reference idents must be included in every photograph, showing its location relative to datum. An "ident shot" showing a complete set of location idents should be taken first at each site. Mosaic photographs should overlap by 25% to 50% to ensure that no subject matter is missed. ALL PHOTOGRAPHS MUST HAVE THE CORRECT PHOTOGRAPHIC IDENTS

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6.2

Still & Digital Photography
DETAIL Settings :

PH-OTO

SUBJECT Task Procedure

1) The Olympus camera should be set to 1/60 sec shutter speed for flash synchronisation. 2) The camera should be set to f16 to produce the maximum depth of field and the exposure adjusted by use of different flash power settings or adjustment of flash to subject distance. 3) The 50 mm lens should be set to 0.45 m. 4) 1/4 power should be used with Subatec strobes for subjects of the same reflectivity as cleaned welds. Uncleaned subjects should be taken at 1/2 power. Flash to subject distance is approximately 300 mm. 5) Use an opaque diffuser over the front of the flash to reduce flare. 6) The Olmpus Auto Winder II should be set to single-frame only. NOTE: These settings are only a guide for subjects of "cleaned weld reflectivity". Flash settings, flash to subject distance or aperture may have to be modified for lessreflective subjects. Extremely reflective subjects should be photographed with a polarising filter over the camera lens. If a polarising filter is used, the exposure should be corrected by increasing the flash power 4 x (2 f-stops) or by opening the aperture accordingly. Safety Considerations No specific requirements

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6.2

Still & Digital Photography
SUBJECT

PH-OTO
DETAIL

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

1.0 To provide accurate, well defined and unambiguous close up photography of any item. Manufacturer's set up and operating instructions Detail Sheet No. 6.2.1 PH-OTO Diver Client approval based on experience. Task dependant. Scoones MD 600 underwater housing, Olympus OM1 camera and 21 mm lens, Olympus Auto Winder II, Subatec underwater flash. NOTE : These photographic procedures are based on the "industry Standard" Scoones housing.

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standards 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) The camera should be set to 1/60 sec shutter-speed for flash synchronisation. The camera should be set to the minimum possible aperture (refer to (5) below) to maximise depth of field. The camera should be set to the required stand-off distance (1 meter is the most commonly used setting). The Auto Winder II should be set to single-frame only. Exposure is adjusted by changing the flash power settings. The correct exposure is calculated as follows:-

f-stop = Guide Number divided by the flash to subject distance. Note: The Subatec S100 flash has a (full power) guide number of 16 meters for 100 ASA film. (= 11 meters for 50 asa, = 32 meters for 400 asa) 6) Use of an opaque diffuser over the strobe is required to spread the illumination evenly over the full picture area of the 21mm lens. Please note that accurate strobe positioning is the key to successful underwater flash photography. If the strobe position is adjustable check it before every shot. Try to keep about a 45" angle between the lens axis and the strobe axis to minimise back-scatter. 7) Note that all inspection photographs must have the correct ident including a scale. Note : The photograph should be composed such that the component (clamp, weld, etc.) is the primary subject, not the ident board. Document No: SI-P-MA-00011 Date: 25 August 1998 Revision: A Page: 89 of 120

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6.2

Still & Digital Photography
DETAIL 8) Weld Photograph

PH-OTO

SUBJECT Task Procedure

Welds are to be photographed at 12, 03, 06 and 09 O'clock. The close-up weld idents should still be in placed on the weld. 9) Riser Clamps Photograph the riser clamps from the 12, 03, 08 and 09 O'clock positions . Ensure full coverage of the riser clamp. Photographs are also required of the member clamp and adjustable arm clamp(s). One representative photograph of each riser clamp should be included in the report. 10) Anodes Photograph the anode from an oblique side / end View to show both the attachment stubs and the anode material. 11) Marine Growth Marine growth stand-off photographs should cover the whole jacket leg (or other specified component) at the selected elevation. The ident board should be parallel to the film-plane of the camera and graduated to act as a reference scale for the marine growth thickness. 12) Topside Stand-off Photography During routine platform inspection, a number of topside subjects may require standoff photography Safety Considerations No specific requirements

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6.2

Still & Digital Photography
SUBJECT

PH-OTO
DETAIL

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required

1.0

To provide accurate, well defined and unambiguous photography of MPI inspection results

Manufacturer's set up and operating instructions Detail Sheet No. 6..2.1 PH-OTO Diver C.S.W.I.P 3.2U and Client approval based on experience. Water-jet cleaning , Grit-blast cleaning , Close Visual Inspection , Magnetic Particle Inspection and possibly Eddy Current Flaw Detection and remedial grinding . Scoones MD 800 Housing c/w Olympus OM-1, 50 mm lens. Subatec S-100 flash. 400 ASA Kodakcolor Film (methods A and B) 100 asa (method C). 1 x Woods Filter/ 2x polorising fitters / camera clamping device. NOTE: These photographic procedures are based on the "industry Standard" Scoones housing.

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

No specific standards On completion of conventional MPI and/or remedial grinding , mark the extent of the indication to be photographed. Switch off the coils and clean the indication using a wire-brush to remove the Magnaglo 14A ink. Re-magnetise and if necessary increase the flux density by increasing the current or by substitution of a pair of 20 kg pull permanent magnets instead of the coils. Apply "Dayglo" ink until the indication is clearly visible. Wipe off any excess ink from the surrounding area. When satisfied that the indication is highly visible, carry out MPI photography using one of the four methods below. Method A Fluorescent Flash MPIP Attach Woods filters securely over the front of each of two Subatec S-100 strobes flash such that no white light escapes around the edges. Mount the flashes so that they are pointing at 45 degrees to the indication and are 200 mm (8") from the centre of the line joining the prod tips. Use 400 ASA film; 1/60 sec; f5.6 on full power with two SUBATEC 5-100 strobes. On completion of conventional MPI and/or remedial grinding , mark the extent of the indication to be photographed. Switch off the coils and clean the indication using a wire-brush to remove the Magnaglo 14A ink. Re-magnetise and if necessary increase the flux density by increasing the current or by substitution of a pair of 20 kg pull permanent magnets instead of the coils.

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Apply "Dayglo" ink until the indication is clearly visible. Wipe off any excess ink from the surrounding area. When satisfied that the indication is highly visible, carry out MPI photography using one of the four methods below. Method B Long-Exposure Fluorescent-MPIP If weld orientation, photographic conditions and time permits, the camera may be securely attached to the weld using some sort of damping device, the aperture closed down to F16 and a long exposure usually around one minute) taken. Take additional exposures of 30 seconds and 2 minutes to bracket the exposure. During such long exposures the weld should be illuminated solely by the MPI light with no strobes used. This procedure is totally dependant on secure clamping of the camera. Method C Crossed Polarising Filters Place one (1) 49 mm diameter linear polarising fitter over the camera lens with the alignment mark at the top. Place a second, 77 mm diameter polarising filter on the flash and secure it in position so that the alignment mark is at 90 degrees to the filter on the camera lens. Try to allow some adjustment of orientation for the diver since the relative orientation has to be plus or minus about 5 degrees. Use 400 ASA film; 1600 sec; f16 on full power with a SUBATEC S-100 strobe. Method D Normal Close-Up Photography Set up the camera for normal close-up phography and photograph the indication using "Dayglo" ink. Use 100 asa film 1/60 sec, f18, 1/4 power with SU BATEC S-100 strobe. This method is quite reliable, but can only produce results for strong indjcations it should be used first since close-up cameras should be immediately available on site. Method A provides greatest contrast but is unreliable. Method B produces excellent results if a suitable clamping device is available, but is difficult to set-up. If the camera is not fixed securely the results are hopelessly blurred. Method C provides good depth of field and clear weld details but is notoriously unreliable. Method D is most reliable but is only effective on strong indications. Whichever method is used, it is essential to process the film immediately as "reshoots" are frequently required

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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6.2

Still & Digital Photography
SUBJECT

PH-OTO
DETAIL

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

1.0

To provide accurate, well defined and unambiguous photography of weld grinding results

Manufacturer's set up and operating instructions Detail Sheet No. 6.2.1 PH-OTO Diver C.S.W.I.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Water-jet cleaning or grit blast cleaning , Close Visual Inspection , Magnetic Particle inspection and MPI grinding. Close-up camera , Profile gauge (needle-gauge), Profile gauge ident c/w 5mm grid. No specific standards The profile gauge is set up at 90 degrees to the weld axis over the area to be ground and the profile needles depressed to the bottom of the defect. The profile gauge must extend at least 20mm onto the adjacent chord/brace walls in order to define the weld geometry. The gauge is then carefully placed into a profile frame and photographed using the close-up camera. The profile frame contains a set of indents and a background scale (5mm squares grid) to aid in taking measurements from the profile photograph. The close-up camera should be loaded with 100 ASA film, set at closest focus, f:6 and 1160 sec. Profile gauge spacing should be at intervals of 1/10 of the crack length, (subject to a minimum spacing of 20mm and a maximum spacing of 50mm). The locations of each profile should be marked using a centre-punch in case the profile needs to be repeated leg. for MPI Grinding). Ensure the gauge is placed on the weld at the correct node/member orientation.

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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6.2

Still & Digital Photography
SUBJECT

PH-OTO
DETAIL

Objectives Supporting Procedures Supporting Documents Data Capture Performed By Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required -Equipment Required

1.0 To provide accurate, well defined and unambiguous stereo photogrammetry Manufacturer's set up and operating instructions Detail Sheet No. 4.5.2 PH-OTO Diver C.S.W.1.P. 3.1U and Client approval based on experience. Subject dependant. Photogrammetry is a specialist task which is only utilised where detailed measurements are required. The preferred equipment for the task is therefore a twinmedium-format camera system such as UMEL or CAMEL C17070 (or equivalent) cameras, fitted with Reseau Plates etched with Fiducial Marks. The cameras must be calibrated before use on an accurately-constructed Test Target as approved by the Camera manufacturer. Photogrammetric accuracy is improved by the use of accurately-machined scale-bars attached to the surface of the subject. No specific standards The photographs required for Stereo Photogrammetry are taken as easily as normal underwater photographs. The same guidelines apply for determining exposure and no special training is required to operate the cameras. However, a specific procedure will be issued for each photogrammetric survey, in order to define the exact photographic requirements, overlaps and scare-bar positions. This procedure will be generated by the photogrammetric survey company which will carry out the stereo analysis. Stereo fields of view normally range from 350 x 500mm to 1400 x 1700mm and accuracy of measurement range from 1:1000 to 1:5000 (dependant on the type of subject and prevailing water conditions). Stereo Photogrammetry includes analysis of the photographic images using an Analytical Stereoplotter, Analogue Stereoplotter or Stereocomparator. Measurement results are produced faster and with enhanced operator control using an Analytical Stereoplotter. If required, the data file can be utjlised by an interactive graphics computer and interpolated contours and isometrics produced.

Relevant Standards Task Procedure

Safety Considerations

No specific requirements

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Oxy-Arc Cutting
SUBJECT Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Client approval based on experience Possibly Water-jet cleaning, Hand-cleaning and Measurement. Welding power supply and umbilical, Oxygen supply, "BROCO/SEACUT" cutting torch and rods. Relevant Standards Refer to the Global General Safety Manual details of oxy-are cutting standards and procedures. If the job is more complex than chopping off damaged bolts, removing ribs or making debris ready for recovery, a written PROCEDURE should be agreed by the Client before undertaking the work. Task Procedure Cut the steelwork to the specifications in the work scope Use a burning-guide whenever possible to ensure a neat cut. Refer to the manufacturers specifications for oxygen pressure and welding current. Cut adequate vent-holes to prevent gas build-up in voids Check correct grounding of the welding generator. Avoid stray arcs from poorly-insulated burning umbilicals. Ensure correct positioning of the earth clamp to avoid the risk of the diver receiving unacceptable current flow by "shorting" from the gun (-)ve to earth (+)ve. Ensure adequate rigging is deployed to prevent falling steelwork on completion of the cut DETAIL

Safety Considerations

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Debris Clearance
SUBJECT Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure DETAIL Client approval based on experience. None No specific requirements No specific standards All significant debris should be recovered to the surface whenever practicable. Soft non-hazardous debris can be left in place unless it poses a hazard All large metallic debris, or other debris items which could interfere with safe diver or ROV operations, should be recovered to the DSV where practicable. If debris recovery is not practicable then the debris should be removed outside the jacket to a minimum distance of 1 m from members or pipelines. Ensure that all ropes (especially wire ropes) which cannot be removed from pipelines are cut so as not to interfere with pipeline lifting: should the requirement arise Report all damage caused by debris in contact with structures or pipelines Safety Considerations Divers should be aware of the dangers of recovering debris items, including falling debris and snagging of hoses during crane operations. Use a properly constructed debris basket wherever possible to minimise the risk of falling debris

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Gas Leak Sampling
SUBJECT Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Client approval based on experience Completely fill the sampling pressure Vessel with fresh potable water. Close the pressure-vessel's 1/4-turn valve and fit the upended funnel to the ROV. Open the funnel vent 1/4-turn (or invert the funnel) to permit the volume of the funnel to be vented until gas sampling commences. Gas sampling pressure-vessel and gas sampling funnel, Inspection class ROV with manipulator arm. No specific standards Position the ROV close to the source of leakage (close the funnel vent valve if fitted) open the pressure vessel 1/4-turn value and fill the sampling bottle with gas. Record the start time of the gas sampling operation. Filling time, volume and depth should be noted so that a flow rate can be calculated as follows :Ambient Pressure Volume of Sample-Bottle Rate of Leakage = (Bars Absolute) x (Litres) (litres/Minute) Time taken to fill the Sample-Bottle (minutes) Safety Considerations This inspection is usually carried out by ROV as diving close to a gas leak is potentially hazardous. DETAIL

Equipment Required Relevant Standards Task Procedure

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Stud Friction Welding
SUBJECT Personnel Qualifications Preparation Required Equipment Required DETAIL Client approval based specification and/or experience. Localized cleaning to remove marine growth and coatings. Ramstud S1004 STUD FRICTION WELDER and auxilliary equipment. The minimum size of air hose is 1" I/D with a safe working pressure of 200 psig. Couplings fitted to this hose must be full-bore, and of recommended pattern. Regulators should be a minimum of 1 1/2" of approved manufacture. Relevant Standards Client approved weld procedure qualification. Ramstud S1004 Operating Procedures Manual. Task Procedure Air supply / pressure from compressor, is regulated to machine pressure and volume and fed to the machine through the lubricator. During machine operations, care must be taken to ensure that the oil fog lubricator does not run dry. Motor Ready To Start The stud welder is connected the compressed air supply with the main valve operating handle in the "OFF" position. Air will not pass to the motor. As the 5 Port switch is in the "OFF" position air will pass through the regulator to the back of the piston, maintaining the piston in the "reverse ram" position. Air will be vented from the other side of the piston via the 5 Port switch, thus ensuring that the system is maintained in equilibrium. Depression of the main valve operating handle to the "ON" position, allows compressed air to pass via the cut off valve, to the motor rotor, causing the motor to commence running up to speed. As the 5 Port switch is still in the "OFF" position, the piston will be maintained in the reverse ram position by full ram air pressure. Motor Running - Ram Operating (Weld Phase) With the main Valve operating handle depressed, motor running at full operating speed: the 5 Port switch is moved to the "ON" position. Immediately full ram air pressure will pass to the top side of the piston through the 5 Port switch, and air on the reverse side of the piston vents to atmosphere. This causes the piston carrying the chuck and work piece (stud) to be driven forwards to touch down the main work area. Friction heating commences. After a predetermined stud burn-off, the air supply is cut off from the motor rotor by movement of the piston operating the cut off valve.

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3.35 STUD FRICTION WELDING Cont'd
SUBJECT Task Procedure DETAIL Ram Fully Forward, Motor Cut Off (Weld Completion) With the full ram air pressure maintained, speed of the motor under the flywheel energy and inertial farce rapidly slow to zero, and the forge phase commences. Operating Handle Release - Pressure Still on Ram (Forge Phase) The operating handle is released, removing air supply to the cutoff Valve which will still be closed because of the ram position. Full ram air pressure is still being maintained through the 5 Port switch to hold the ram and work piece (stud) in the forward position during the forge phase. The forge pressure must be maintained for a minimum of 5 seconds to complete the welding !forging process. Pressure Released, Ram Retracting (Cycle Complete) Movement of the 5 Port switch from the "ON" (operating) position back to the "OFF" : position will now switch the ram air pressure to the reverse ram side of the piston, withdrawing the check from the stud, air from the forward side of the piston being vented to atmosphere. At the same time, movement of the piston will open the cut off valve in readiness for the next motor operation when operating handle is pressed. Weld Quality Surface Finish The S1004 friction stud welding system is very tolerant to rust, paint and irregularities of the surface finish. Care must be taken, however, to ensure that the thickness of the surface contaminants is not such that it will increase the stand off of the machine to such a point that the burn-off is reduced to a figure below that acceptable for the materials in use. When using magnetic clamping methods, there is a limit to the gap allowable between the poles of the magnet and the effective surface of the substrate. Provided this is not exceeded, the magnet will provide sufficient resistive force to produce a satisfactory weld. As with other surface contaminants, the R1004 is tolerant of oil or grease on the surface of the substrate. SPECIAL NOTE When using ferrous materials, only non-free-cutting steels are suitable for friction welding, i.e. sulphur content must be below 0.03%. If continued problems are experienced when all machine / weld parameters are correct, a check of sulphur content may be made quite simply by means of the "acid-test". A sample of the offending material must be polished to a fine finish using wet and dry carborundum paper. This sample is then dipped in a 10% solution of sulphuric acid, and the polished surface placed onto a piece of photographic paper for one minute. A brown imprint on the paper indicates the revel of sulphur in the steel.

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Anything more than a very pale imprint is unacceptable far friction welding. Regulator and Lubricator Specification a. Regulator required in Martonair p/n B15 F-3, with 1-1/2" ports. b. These components were carefully selected for the lack of now loss under operational conditions. Lubrication a. The S1004 machine operates at high speed, and particularly when used in harsh environments, requires a constant flow of lubricant through the motor and bearings. b. Oils specified for use with the system are listed below. These oils have superior lubrication and cleansing properties, avoiding gummy deposits, and are compatible with all materials used in the construction of the R1004. CAUTION - These lubricants are toxic. Avoid ingestion, inhalation and prolonged contact with the skin. c. Before and after use the machine must be blown through by pouring oil directly into the air line, then running the machine. It is recommended that, particularly if the machine is being used underwater, it is stored, immersed in lubricant. d. Steps must be taken to ensure that the oil fog lubricator does not run dry during operations. e. In addition to the above, ensure that the regulator water-trap is drained at regular intervals, or fit the optional automatic drain valve available through Martonair Limited.

Safety Considerations

The lubricants specified for use with the Ramstud S1004 are toxic. Avoid ingestion, inhalation and prolonged contact with the skin.

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7.0 7.1 Anomaly Codes

To allow retrospective analysis of anomalous findings, each anomaly shall be allocated a two character code according to its generic anomaly type. Each Anomaly Report arising from an inspection work scope shall have at least one such code, and possibly several if the initial anomaly also has apparent causes and effects. The codes are listed below. Certain anomalies should prompt the inspector to make a more intensive inspection, e.g. abrasions on a member may imply structural damage, or debris on or about the member. Other anomalous findings may prompt for minor remedial work, e.g. missing clamp nuts should be replaced, or blocked inlets/outlets, cleared. The following two pages of this section tabulate the anomaly criteria and possible remedial actions to be discussed with and to be authorised by the CSR. The more common remedial and repair actions are discussed further in Section 6.
ANOMALY CODE AB AW BL BO BU CD CN CP CR DB JS LK MG PD RM RP SC SP VS WD WT XX Document No: SI-P-MA-00011 Date: 25 August 1998 SUMMARY DESCRIPTION Abrasion, including obvious removal of marine growth Excessive or untypical anode wastage Bolt/stud/nut anomaly Blockage or obstruction Unexpected burial or partial burial Coating damage or deterioration Unintended clearance or gap Low or high cathodic potential reading Corrosion pitting or flaking Significant debris Job safety hazard Leak Excessive or untypical marine growth coverage Physical damage Unintended relative movement Repair performed Scour Excessive spanning Variation to specification (or given information) Weld defect Low wall thickness Extra information (not necessarily anomalies) Revision: A Page: 101 of 120

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Anom

Anomaly Description & Criteria

Initiating Tasks2

Potential Actions1 (require authorisation)

Check also for Anomalies

Initiati ng

Poten tial Actio n Check also for Code & Criteri a Tasks

(requi re autho risatio n) Anom alies

. -.

AB Abrasi on VI-OK 1 Dimen sioned drawin g (VIDRG)

Abrasion - bare metal visible - obvious removal of marine growth

VI-OK

1. Dimensioned drawing (VI-DRG) 2. Clean & CVI (CL-INS & CU-CVI) 3. Measure wall thickness (WT-DIG)

DB, CD

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Anom Anomaly Description & Criteria Initiating Tasks2

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Potential Actions1 (require authorisation) Check also for Anomalies

Initiati ng

Poten tial Actio n Check also for Code & Criteri a Tasks

(requi re autho risatio n) Anom alies

. -.

DB,C D AW Anode wastage anomaly - >50% wastage - untypical wastage for structure Bolt anomaly - damaged or missing bolts/studs/nuts Blockage or obstruction - Inlet/outlet reduced I size by >25% - Free movement restricted - Function impaired Burial or partial burial VI-ANO 1. Clean & measure (CL-INS & ME-ANO) 2. Replace wasted anode (RW-LOG) 1. More detailed support insp. (CU-SUP) 2. Replace bolts/nuts (ANOM or RW-LOG) 1. Clear obstruction (ANOM or RW-LOG) 2. Clean off bulk marine fouling (CL-MFR) CP, DB, PD

BL

VI-SUP VI-OK VI-OBS VI-OK

CN

BO

DB,MG

BU

VI-SCR

1. Measure &/or map depths (ME-SCR)

SC

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Anom Anomaly Description & Criteria Initiating Tasks2

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Potential Actions1 (require authorisation) Check also for Anomalies

Initiati ng

Poten tial Actio n Check also for Code & Criteri a Tasks

(requi re autho risatio n) Anom alies

. -.

- untypical seabed contour - significant change from given data - function or purpose of item affected CD Coating damage - bare metal visible - obvious deterioration of coating Clearance or gap - unintended clearance between items - non parallel flange gap - lack of support (eg span support)

VI-OK

CU-CTG VI-OK VI-SUP VI-OK

1. Clean & inspect (CL-INS & CU-CTG)

AB

CN

1. Measure accurately (CU-SUP) 2. Dimensioned drawing (VI-DRG) 3. Remedy (ANOM or RW-LOG) 1. Clean site & retry CP (CL-INS & CP-CON) 2. CP mapping (CP-CON) 3. Clean & corrosion insp (CL-INS, CU-COR) 1. CP-CON (required if pitting >25%) 2. Extend clean & insp (CL-INS & CU-COR)

PD, BL

CP

Low or high cathodic potential reading CP-CON - outside of range –850mV to –1100mV on steel - >50mV difference between ‘connected’ items Corrosion - any visible pitting or flaking CU-COR CU-CTG

CR, AW, DB

CR

CP

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Potential Actions1 (require authorisation) Check also for Anomalies

Initiati ng

Poten tial Actio n Check also for Code & Criteri a Tasks

(requi re autho risatio n) Anom alies

. -.

CU-CVI

3. Measure wall thickness (WT-DIG) 4. Light grinding (ANOM & WT-DIG) 5. Moulding of surface (ANOM & CU-COR) 1. Remove AB, PD, CP

DB

Significant debris VI-OK - debris codes >5 (see Spec Sheet VI-OK) Job safety hazard VI-OBS - - prevents work scope task execution VIOK - - hazard cannot be avoided or made acceptable - - unforeseen & arises during execution of work Leak - passage of fluid where not intended VI-OK

JS

1. Stop task ! 2. Remove/mitigate hazard (OP-LOG) 3. Re-schedule work 4. Remove task from scope (CAR to sign)

VS, RM

LK

1. Find source (CL-INS or OP-LOG) 2. Clean & inspect area (CL-INS & CU-CVI)

PD, CR

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Potential Actions1 (require authorisation) Check also for Anomalies

Initiati ng

Poten tial Actio n Check also for Code & Criteri a Tasks

(requi re autho risatio n) Anom alies

. -.

- gas bubbles observed MG Marine growth anomaly VI-OK - soft cover >200mm thick over >25% of surface - hard cover >50mm thick over >25% of surface - hard cover >100mm thick anywhere - untypical marine growth coverage

3. Repair (RW-LOG) 1. Stepped growth checks (VI-MGI) 2. Stepped growth measurements (ME-MGI) AB

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Anom

Anomaly Description & Criteria

Initiating Tasks2

Potential Actions1 (require authorisation)

Check also for Anomalies

Initiati ng

Potent ial Action Check also for Code & Criteri a Tasks

(requi re author isatio n) Anom alies

. -.

PD Abrasi on VI-OK 1 Dimen sioned drawin g (VIDRG)

Physical damage - Damage to structure or attachments - Crack (if not weld, ie. If not a WD)

VI-OK VI-SUP

1. Clean & CVI (CL-INS & CU-CVI) 2. Measurement/quantify (ME-ITM) 3. Dimensioned drawing (VI-DRG) 4. Crack detect (CL-INS & CU-CDR) 5. Repair (RW-LOG)

AB, LK, VS

DB,CD

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RM Relative movement VI-SUP - Signs of unintended movement between parts VI-OK Repair performed CU-SUP - non work scope repair work performed - unexpected repair work performed Scour VI-SCR - Untypical scour for particular structure VI-OK - Scour >1m (between intended & actual level) Excessive spanning ME-SPN - Span length greater than specified, or - Span length >30 x diam (if not specified) Variation to specification VI-OK - Item or configuration not as shown on drawings - Dimension or position not as given VI-ANO - Substitute item chosen VI-SUP Weld defect - Crack like defect or indication - Weld physical damage - >25% weld area with corrosion pitting - other weld defect which has extended CU-CVI CU-CDR

Prepared: D. Brighouse Approved: C. Broussard NDT Inspection Manual
1. Clear marine growth (CL-MGR) 2. Measure (CU-SUP, CU-CVI or ME-ITM) 3. Dimensioned drawing (VI-DRG) 4. Remedy (RW-LOG) 1. Log details (RW-LOG) 2. Re-inspect (CU-CVI) CN, BL, JS, PD

RP

XX

SC

1. Stepped scour checks (VI-SCR) 2. Stepped scour measures (ME-SCR) 3. Detailed drawing (VI-DRG) 1. Remedy (ANOM &/or RW-LOG)

SP

VS

1. Measure/survey (CU-CVI or ME-ITM) 2. Dimensioned drawing (VI-DRG) 3. Remedy (RW-LOG or CU-SUP) (eg. Remove clamp liner) 1. Further clean/insp (CL-INS & CU-COR 2. Further crack detect/reduction (CU-CDR) 3. Profile moulding (CU-COR or OP-LOG) 4. Other NDT technique (CU-CDR) 1. WT Mapping of area (WT-DRG) 2. Light grinding (OP-LOG & WT-DIG) 3. Moulding of surface (CU-COR or OP-LOG) 1. Consider other tasks (OP-LOG, VI-OK,etc)

RP

WD

CR, CP

WT

Wall thickness reduction WT-DIG - Thickness less than specified CU-COR - Thickness outside 70%-105% given thickness Extra information VI-OK - When task databox is inadequate/too small - When no other Anomaly Code fits

VS

XX

Notes :

1. The CSR shall be informed of all anomalies as & when they are found. Video coverage (VDREC) and photography or image capture (PH-OTO) should be considered as possible immediate actions. All other actions or remedies require authorisation from the CSR.

2. “Initiating Tasks” are the tasks most likely to be in progress when a particular anomaly is
discovered. If an anomaly is discovered at some other time, e.g. While travelling to or from a dive site, or during some other inspection, then adding an “initiating task” to the work scope may be considered, if it will give extra information relating to the anomaly or its general location.

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7.3

REMEDIAL ACTIVITIES 7.3.1 Common Requirements The following subsections give guidance on typical remedial works that may be required. The UNDERWATER REMEDIAL TASK SPECIFICATION SHEET (Spec. Sheet 7.3) attached to this section covers the minimum controls & data-recording requirements for all such remedial works. For significant repair operations, e.g. pipeline repairs or member replacement, then prequalification tests and job specific procedures will normally be required. Such operations are outside the scope of this document. 7.3.2 a) Anode Remedial Work Broken anode-to-bracket connections and broken, loose or missing anode cables (on mud line shear frames), may be repaired by wet welding to non-structural, non-critical steelwork, provided that the welding complies with subsection 7.3.8, below. Wasted anodes (exceeding Client allowances) may also be removed by cutting the supporting core rods at their bracket connection, provided the cutting procedure and equipment have had prior approval from the Client, and there is minimal risk of damage to structural components or other attachments. Clamp Remedial Work

b)

7.3.3 a)

Missing bolts, studs & nuts may be replaced provided the replacements are of the same specification as the remaining fastenings. Nuts must be tightened by approved tools and procedures, which allow control of torque or bolt tension. Clamp liners may be installed where these are missing, e.g. between clamps and risers, provided that the compliance & thickness of the new liner does not prevent a uniform contact between the clamp shells and the enclosed riser or component, provided that the liner provides total electrical insulation between the clamp and the enclosed component, and provided that replacement studs/bolts/nuts are installed per item a) above. Inappropriate liners, e.g. between clamp parts which should be in the same electrical path for cathodic protection, can be removed, provided that the clamp shells and enclosed component are cleaned to bare metal, provided that the bare clamp shells will uniformly support the enclosed riser or component without the clamp flanges first coming into contact, and provided that replacement studs/bolts/nuts are installed per item a) above. Where the 'clamp' is in fact a guide, with allowance for some relative movement, then such movement allowance or clearance must be maintained.

b)

c)

d)

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7.3.4 Coating Repairs Where coating damage, which reveals bare metal, is apparent in the splash zone, and where the component is not always submerged, and therefore protected by cathodic protection systems, the damage can be repaired, provided that the damaged area can be totally cleaned to bare metal and prevailing conditions allow application of an approved splash zone coating. The cleaning standard shall be in accordance with the particular coating's application instructions. Coatings which are always submerged do not normally require to be repaired. 7.3.5 Leak Repairs

Where a leak is not in production or pressurised pipe work, and where safe to do so, then an attempt may be made to plug or patch the leak via mechanical means, provided that the procedure and materials are approved by the Client. Leaks that may be remedied in this way are generally restricted to small & localised holes or punctures in tubulars, legs sections, conductors and utility caissons where pressure differentials are unlikely to exceed 5psi against the plugging direction. Possible plugging/patch techniques are mechanically expanded bungs, magnetic patches, 'puttylike' substances or saddle/bandage devices. Where the leak is in pressurised pipe work, or otherwise deemed significant, then job-specific procedures, which are acceptable to & scheduled by the Client need to be developed, prior to repair work. 7.3.6 Riser Knee-brace Removal Where riser bottom bend knee-braces have been left in place after riser-to-pipeline tie-ins, these may be removed by unbolting the clamps or by cutting the braces clear of welded clamps. a) In the case of bolted clamps, the procedure should be approved by the Client, and the removed components shall be recovered to surface. Additionally, the opportunity shall be taken to perform a coating inspection, per Spec. Sheet CU-CTG at the site of both removed clamps. In the case of welded attachment of the brace, the cutting procedure and tools must be approved by the Client, the cuts shall be at least 5Omm from the welded attachments to riser, and there shall be minimal risk of damage to the riser. Additionally, photographs or other captured images shall be obtained to fully illustrate the size and condition of the cut-off stubs remaining.

b)

7.3.7 Span Rectification Where span lengths approach the acceptable limits, or where the existing span supports are considered inadequate (unsupported pipeline crossing, transient support, stress raising, etc.), then additional pipeline supports can be installed, provided that the support mechanism & installation procedures have been approved. The location for a new support must be approved by the CSR and shall be selected to provide best support for the longest period of time, e.g. not necessarily under a riser bend where structure subsidence may conflict with support and where span length increases can be at the opposite end only. If previous span reports are available for the intended span rectification sites, then the
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historical movement of the pipeline relative to level seabed away from the line should be checked, such that line self-burial conditions are not hampered by inappropriate support installation. Consideration should also be given to the adequacy of the supporting mechanism. Small contactsurface supports in soft or transient seabed conditions are not advisable. Also, as one of the failure mechanisms for unsupported pipe is fatigue caused by line vibration, supports should be designed to partially cradle the line to prevent oscillation In both horizontal and vertical planes. The location of new supports shall be recorded unambiguously, but additionally shall include span longitudinal & cross profile sketches to illustrate the support position relative to fixed datum's, and to illustrate adequacy of support. 7.3.8 Wet Welding Under normal circumstances, wet welding will not be performed on any structural member, riser or pipeline. Wet welding repairs may be carried out, however, on non structural, non-critical components, such as anode attachment brackets, existing pad-eyes, and clamp parts, without specific written approval, but only provided that the welding procedures have been approved by the Client.

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8.0 8.1

DATA REPORTING & RECORDING Overview It is necessary to generate the data-recording and reporting systems for all work scopes. This section specifies the minimum requirements and templates for these systems. Examples of data recording proformae and data content to illustrate this section are included in the Attachments. For any underwater maintenance reporting there are essentially six areas of data presentation to consider. a) b) c) d)
e) f)

Work site operational reporting, e.g. dive logs, ROV logs & timesheets; Project progress reporting, i.e. the 'daily progress report"; Work site technical data-recording, e.g. data sheets, video logs & anomaly reports; Media labelling & cataloguing, e.g. video cassette labels & work site video tape register; Final project reporting at or after job completion, to present the findings; Feedback comments from the contractor to promote improved performance.

It is necessary that the data-recording and reporting systems address all six areas. The format and content of the first item, the spread logs, are not covered in this document, in that Global have established formats for these, all of which should be acceptable to the Client. Also, the 2nd item, the Daily Progress Report, is not covered, in that its format is specified elsewhere The remaining four items are covered in subsections 8.3 to 8.7. Subsection 7.2, following, introduces some common nomenclature systems. 8.2 Nomenclature Systems There are standard naming & numbering conventions applicable across all presentation documentation, as follows. 8.2.1 Field & Platform Identification

The full identification for a platform is an alphanumeric code of up to 8~characters, comprising a 2-character Field identifier, a 2-character platform function identifier, and a unique number.

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8.2.2 Substructure & Component Identification a) Substructures & Substructure Groups

The underwater sections of fixed platforms, such as legs, frames. Pipe work systems and other 'common-function' areas, often require to be categorised into "Substructures' for convenient generation of work scopes and for summary of inspection results. Those substructures which form the basic support framework are collectively termed the jacket "Primary Structure'. The substructures which depend on the primary structure for support (excluding risers) are collectively termed the 'Secondary Structure'. Unless more specific terminology is given In a particular work scope, then the following substructure terminology has been adopted.
BASIC SUBSTRUCTURE NOMENCLATURE Substructure Type Primary Structure : Frame Row Line Leg Level Mudmat MSF PSA Pile (Jacket (Node Welds Description Any convenient planar group of tubulars Vertical frame numbered A, B, C etc. but excluding main Legs & Line non supporting legs. Vertical frame numbered 1, 2, 3, etc. excluding main Legs but including non supporting legs. The Jacket main supporting legs, normally at the corners only. Horizontal frame numbered 1, 2, 3, etc. (top down) Jacket support on seabed (until piles are installed). Mudline shear frame and its jacket attachment clamps. Pile Sleeve Assembly at the base of a Leg for piles clustered around the leg (but not a minor pile guide). Any pile type (insert cluster or MSF) The jacket overall can be classed as a “substructure” if convenient for work scope & report generation purposes.) Critical items of common type, such as node welds, can be grouped together as a ‘substructure’ if convenient for work scope & report generation purposes.)

Secondary Structure : Caisson Utility system pipe work (sumps & pumps) including supports Conductor Well fluids pipe work, including isolated supports/guides Guide frame Multiple-guide framework or lattice for pipe work (normally conductors). Boat landing Boat landing and its jacket attachment clamps. Fender Boat bumper, riser protection cage, etc. Miscellaneous Substructures : Seabed Sea floor within & to 10m out from any other substructure. (Splash zone Splash zone components/areas can be grouped together as a ‘substructure’ for works copes & report generation purposes.) Pipeline Substructures : Riser Production system pipe work including supports, bottom tube turn (900 bend), flanges, valves, etc. Pipeline Approach Pipeline from riser tube turn out to 50m, inc. supports, etc. (Pipeline A pipeline overall can be classed as a ‘substructure’ if convenient for work scope & report generation purposes.)

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b)

Component Identification Smaller component parts of a platform commonly need to be categorised by 'Component Type', for convenience of task allocation & analysis of results. Common types are as follows:
TYPICAL COMPONENT TYPES Member H, V, HD or VD Leg Section (LS) Node (N) Weld Clamp Guide Anode Pipe Section Flange Hose Splash Zone Any structural tubular Horizontal, vertical, horiz. Diagonal or vert. Diagonal tubular Leg Section between two structural Levels Junction of two or more tubulars (Normally only) node or nozzle weld Bolted and fully restraining support Support allowing some movement, normally longitudinal Any cathodic protection system anode Any part of a riser or caisson, & normally between supports, flanges or valves. Flanged connection, normally including both halves Flexible connection pipe ‘Part’ of any substructure which is at MSL +/- 3m

Where a unique identification or tag number is not provided by BSP, then individual components will have to be identified, where possible, by specifying their Component Type, as above, plus a unique identity. The unique identity should be based on a generic Row/Line/Level ("RoLLe') grid numbering system for the platform. As an example, a Horizontal on Row B between Line 1, Level 2, and Line 2, Level 2, would be designated "H-B1L2/B2L2', whereas a Vertical Diagonal between Row A, Line 2, Level 2 and Row B, Line 2, Level 3 would be designated "VD-A2L2/B2L3'. This numbering system is illustrated further, below. Component Identification using 'RoLLe' (Row/Line/Level) grid system:

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A riser or secondary substructure component can often be identified by its depth or Level range, e.g. Riser #1 between Levels 2 & 3 = R1-L23. In addition to identifying a component in this way, its position should always be illustrated on a drawing accompanying the particular work scope or report. For components or sub-components which cannot be simply coded, then more detailed illustration is required, possibly with sequential numbering, e.g. for anodes along a member, or bolts around a flange. 8.2.3 Work Pack, Report & Media Numbering System

Unless instructed otherwise, for any reports submitted, the "Report Number" shall be a combination of both the platform identity ("Platform ID") and the work pack number, e.g.
Report No : FAGP-4 - 97/014

Each report must also have a concise and unambiguous title. In the event that a report relates to work away from any platform, and therefore, a platform identity cannot be included meaningfully in the Report Number, then the title must specify the work location clearly. Any data sheets, logs, Anomaly Reports, drawings, video tapes, films, or attachments to a Report must also be identified by the Report number + a sequential number, per type of attachment, for
example. Datasheets Drawing Anomaly Reports Video Tapes FAGP- 4 FAG P- 4 FAG P- 4 FAGP- 4 971014 - 001 to 008, 971014 - 001, 971014 - 001 & 002, 971014 - 001, 003 & 006.

Provided that the title of a report, or the title box of an attachment, already contains the Report No (Platform + Work Pack), then the Platform name & Work Pack No. need not be repeated within the lesser subsections/data tables of that document. Note that the attachment type does not require a specific identifier such as 'V' for video, "F' for film, etc., as the type of an attachment should normally be obvious by its appearance or title box, and if not obvious, then it must always be labelled unambiguously. This numbering system is reinforced in the individual Spec. Sheets relating to Drawing, Anomaly Reporting, Media Numbering, etc. 8.3 Routine Data-recording

For every inspection task performed, the data to be recorded is tightly specified in the relevant task's Spec. Sheet (Chapters 4 & 6).

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The collective term for all such data-capture pro formae or screens is 'Databox'. There is some flexibility In how the various task databoxes are customised and combined with drawings for convenient handling at the work site. As identified in the Spec. Sheets, each databox should have some 'Header' information, which is common across most tasks, and a "Data Record" for capturing the task specific details, perhaps repeatedly. A simple listing of data records down a page, with a single common header, e.g. for listing photographs in a film, is termed a 'Log". A combination of task databoxes or logs on one sheet is termed a "Datasheet'. The following are basic rules for, and guidelines on, the layout of logs, datasheets & drawings. Examples (for a paperwork system) are given in Attachment A3. 8.3.1 Logs

When a task requires repeated data records, but the header information remains virtually the same, then it is sometimes convenient to use a log format to record the data. e.g. for film & video coverage details, or out-of-straightness measurements along a member's length. The basic requirements are :
LOG SHEET REQUIREMENTS a) The log Header must include the following task databox information :• Platform identifier (e.g. FAGP-4) • Work Pack No. (97/014) • Task or Log Title (e.g. Video Log, or Marine Growth Log) • Log sheet number (001, 002, etc.) Page number (of n pages

• b)

Additionally, if the log is a list of references to video, photographic or other non hard copy data, then the format or medium of that data must be stated, eg. • Format (video = PAL/NTSC, film = neg/slide, image = *ipg, etc.) The Data Records section of the Log must have a simple column/row format. Any (simple) reference drawing should be incorporated into the log sheet in preference to attachment of a separate drawing page. The log sheet can be viewed or copied in black & white at A4 size with all data remaining legible.

c) d) e)

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8.3.2 Datasheets Any number of task databoxes can be combined on a single datasheet, provided that the following rules are adhered to:
DATASHEET REQUIREMENTS a) b) c) The tasks included on any one datasheet are associated either by inspection type, intervention mode, or area of the structure. Riser & Pipeline related databoxes are not combined with Jacket related databoxes. For simplicity of layout, the data requirements common to each databox header are extracted and entered in a single datasheet header. Commonly this will be : • • • • • d) • • e) Platform identifier (e.g. FAGP-4) Workpack No. (e.g. 97/014) Substructure Identification (e.g. Line 4) Data Recorder Name Date Title box (e.g. General Visual Inspection) Datasheet No (e.g. 001)

The datasheet’s header also includes the datasheet specific information

The data requirements common to each databox record are not unnecessarily duplicated, e.g. Anomaly Report No & Code data may be included once only. Where tasks are included which could be performed on different dates, e.g. CU-CVI, then CU-CDR, the date of completion is required for each task. Where possible, any reference drawing is incorporated into the datasheet in preference to attachment of a separate page. The datasheet can be viewed or copied in black & white at A4 size with all data remaining legible.

f)

g) h)

Where databoxes & drawings can be incorporated on datasheets which comply with the categories & areas of inspection in a final report (see 7.7 following), e.g. 'Defects, Damage, Corrosion & Debris – Boat landings, or "Corrosion Protection", this can make the report presentation more coherent.

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8.3.3 Drawings When a drawing is created independently of a Datasheet, Log or Anomaly Report, the drawing needs to be formatted and have a title box, in accordance with Spec. Sheet 4.5.3 - Drawing or Sketching (VI-DRG). When incorporated within a datasheet, log, etc., then the primary drawing title box details are already covered. A drawing may be generated prior to an inspection as part of a datasheet, ready for results to be marked up, or it may be generated at the work site in response to findings. 8.4 Anomaly Reporting Requirements Whenever an anomaly or anomalous data is encountered, the details & circumstances must be reported separately, and in addition to, routine data in the form of an Anomaly Report. The standard data requirements for all Anomaly Reports are specified on the ANOMALY REPORTING TASK SPECIFICATION SHEET. An example Anomaly Report proforma is given in Attachment A3. A completed example is given in Attachment A4. The details of the anomaly or anomalous data are normally presented as a textual description. but should include tables, drawings, photographs or digitised images, as required to fully illustrate the findings. 8.5 Media Numbering & Labelling Commonly, video tapes & photographic films will be generated as a result of an inspection programme. Occasionally, other data or materials will also be collected, e.g. marine growth samples, data disks, etc. The term "media' is taken to cover all such data or material types, which cannot be bound, photocopied and filed as part of a conventional hard copy report. The term 'label" covers any description or identification attached to or marked on an item of media, e.g. a film wallet cover-sheet, video cassette label, or computer disk label. To ensure that all media are consistently labelled, clearly cross-referenced to conventional data, and presented in a format acceptable to the Client, basic rules and guidelines have been established. These are presented on the following sheet.

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8.6

Media Cataloguing & Transmittal A media 'catalogue' is a list of media. Note the difference between a media catalogue, such as a register of all films taken, and a specific media, such as a film log (per Spec. 4.5.2). If several media items, e.g. video cassettes, are accumulated for a particular contract, then the relevant catalogue section shall be included as an attachment to any final reports presented for that contract. To ensure that media are consistently catalogued and managed in their transmittal between work site and onshore, basic rules and guidelines have been established. These are presented on the following sheet. A media catalogue shall be maintained for each type of media used, one for videocassettes, one for film, etc.

8.7

Final Reporting The aim of a final report is to present all the significant findings of a work programme in a concise and end-user-friendly format. The completed data-recording pro formae used to specify and capture data become of secondary importance, for inclusion as report appendices. 8.7.1 Report Structure

To ensure that the final report aims are met for the BSP end-user, the following report 'Contents List' shall be used as a template. The sections not applicable to a particular report should be omitted. Guidelines on individual section contents are given on the following pages. Special, oneoff project reports may be customised to their specific subjects. 8.7.2 A) Report Content

Excerpt

This should be a single A4 page which summarises the report's more significant information. The main topics are... B) Introduction

The "Scope of Report' shall be a simple reference to the original work scope document by name or Work Pack Number, a summary of its main components, cg. 'General Visual Inspection & Scour Survey, and details of any omissions or additions to that scope, e.g. reduction in scour measurements, added weld inspection, new technique testing, etc. The 'Operational Summary' shall state the contractor's name, vessel name. methods of intervention, e.g. ROV & air-range diver, and dates of work. It shall also summarise the sequence of operations, including significant interruptions.

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c)

Inspection Findings

The conventional- inspection findings shall be categorised by type and structural area into five sections (2.1 to 2.5) and dependent subsections. On occasions, specialist Inspection or survey work may require additional sections (2.6.... ). For each subsection identified in the Contents List (2. 1. 1.... 2.5.1..), where feasible, data shall be extracted from the original data-capture system and presented according to the following pattern. A single sentence or paragraph may suffice for each topic. An illustration, e.g. photo, digitised image or sketch, should be included directly in the text, in preference to making reference to appendices. D) Remedial & Preventative Maintenance Work A summary of any significant maintenance actions shall be included, divided into three subsections The main work steps and the as-left status of items on which work has been performed shall be noted, along with the reasons for any incomplete work. Such incomplete work shall be clearly itemised as a list of outstanding maintenance tasks. Minor and routine maintenance work, i.e. removal of small debris, bolt replacement & tightening and clearance of inlets/outlets, shall have been summarised briefly in the relevant Inspection Findings subsections, and therefore shall not warrant mention in this section. E) Technique Appraisal

This section shall be used, when appropriate, to document any Contractor (or executor) comments on maintenance & inspection techniques or procedures, including data-recording methods. In particular, if the "Guidance Notes" section of a task Specification Sheet can be improved or tuned, or a new Specification Sheet is recommended, then comments to this effect shall be included. F) Appendices

Finalised drawings & sketches, logs & data sheets, and Anomaly Reports resulting from a project shall be submitted as appendices to the report. They shall have been checked for accuracy & correct cross-referencing. They should be typed or printed. If data are captured via a computerised system, then the data shall be supplied to the Client on disk or other media. The media shall be properly catalogued and labelled in accordance with Spec. Sheets 7.5.1 & 7.6. 1, and the catalogue shall be inclu5ed in Appendix IV. Hard copy printout of the data shall also be supplied per the requirements of Appendices I to Ill. The appendices may be bound separately, if they are substantial.

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