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**Form 4: Chapter 1 Functions
**

4. (a) gf : x → x2 + 6x + 2

gf (x) = x2 + 6x + 2

g(x + 4) = x2 + 6x + 2

Paper 1

1. The relation in the given graph can be represented

using the following arrow diagram.

A

Let x + 4 = u

x=u–4

B

1

10

2

20

3

30

4

40

g(u) = (u – 4)2 + 6(u – 4) + 2

= u2 – 8u + 16 + 6u – 24 + 2

= u2 – 2u – 6

∴ g(x) = x2 – 2x – 6

[

**Based on the above arrow diagram,
**

(a) the object of 40 is 3,

(b) the type of the relation is many-to-many

relation.

(b) fg(4) = f 42 – 2(4) – 6

= f(2)

=2+4

=6

2.

5. Let g–1(x) = y

g(y) = x

3y + k = x

x–k

y=

3

1

k

y = x–

3

3

1

k

∴ g–1(x) = x –

3

3

–4

–3

–2

2

3

4

16

9

4

**(a) The above relation is a many-to-one relation.
**

(b) The function which represents the above

relation is f(x) = x2.

It is given that g–1(x) = mx –

5

6

Hence, by comparison,

1

k

5

5

m = and – = – ⇒ k =

3

3

6

2

3. f 2 (x) = ff (x)

= f (px + q)

= p (px + q) + q

= p2 x + pq + q

It is given that f 2 (x) = 4x + 9

By comparison,

p2 = 4

pq + q

p =–2

–2q + q

–q

q

]

=9

=9

=9

= –9

The question

requires p < 0.

1

Paper 2

2. (a) Let f –1(x)

f(y)

y

–2

2

y

2

y

y

∴ f –1(x)

∴ f –1(3)

hx

x–3

hx

f(x) =

x–3

1. (a) f : x →

Let f –1(x)

f(y)

hy

y–3

hy

hy

3x

3x

=y

=x

=x

= 2(x + 2)

= 2x + 4

= 2x + 4

= 2(3) + 4 = 10

Hence, by comparison,

2k + 4 = –4

2k = –8

k = –4

kx

, x ≠ 2.

x–2

Hence, by comparison, h = 2 and k = 3.

[

(c) hf(x) : x → 9x – 3

h[f(x)] = 9x – 3

x

h – 2 = 9x – 3

2

x

Let

–2 =u

2

x

=u+2

2

x = 2u + 4

]

gf –1(x) = g f –1(x)

3x

=g

x–2

1

3x

x–2

x–2

=

3x

gf –1(x) = –5x

x–2

= –5x

3x

x – 2 = –15x2

2

15x + x – 2 = 0

(3x – 1)(5x + 2) = 0

1

2

x = or –

3

5

(

=x+2

**But it is given that
**

f –1g : x → 6x – 4

f –1g (x) = 6x – 4

But it is given that f –1(x) =

=

=x

(b) f –1g(x) = f –1[g(x)]

= f –1(3x + k)

= 2(3x + k) + 4

= 6x + 2k + 4

= x (y – 3)

= xy – 3x

= xy – hy

= y(x – h)

3x

y=

x–h

3x

∴ f –1 (x) =

x–h

(b)

=y

=x

)

h(u) = 9(2u + 4) – 3

= 18u + 33

∴ h : x → 18x + 33

2

SPM Zoom-In

Form 4: Chapter 2 Quadratic Equations

Paper 1

1.

4. x2 + 2x – 1 + k(2x + k) = 0

x2 + 2x – 1 + 2kx + k2= 0

x2 + 2x + 2kx + k2 – 1= 0

x2 + (2 + 2k)x + k2 – 1 = 0

12x2 – 5x(2x – 1) = 2(3x + 2)

12x2 – 10x2 + 5x = 6x + 4

2

12x – 10x2 + 5x – 6x – 4 = 0

2x2 – x – 4 = 0

x=

–b

x=

–(–1)

a = 1, b = 2 + 2k, c = k2 – 1

b2 – 4ac

2a

**If a quadratic equation has two real and distinct
**

roots, then b2 – 4ac > 0.

(–1)2 – 4(2)(–4)

2(2)

b2 – 4ac > 0

(2 + 2k) – 4(1)(k2 – 1) > 0

4 + 8k + 4k2 – 4k2 + 4 > 0

8k + 8 > 0

8k > –8

k > –1

2

1 33

4

x = 1.6861 or –1.1861

x=

Product of roots = – 2 – 3 = 2

3

5

5

2. Sum of roots = – 2 + – 3 = – 19

3

5

15

5.

a = 3, b = –2m, c = 12

**The required quadratic equation is
**

x2 + 19 x + 2 = 0

15

5

**If a quadratic equation has equal roots, then
**

b2 – 4ac = 0.

b2 – 4ac = 0

(–2m) – 4(3)(12) = 0

4m2 – 144 = 0

4m2 = 144

m2 = 36

m = ±6

x2 – (sum of roots)x + (product of roots) = 0

2

15x2 + 19x + 6 = 0

3. 3x2 + 4p + 2x = 0

3x2 + 2x + 4p = 0

a = 3, b = 2, c = 4p

If a quadratic equation does not have real roots,

then b2 – 4ac < 0.

<0

<0

<0

< –4

p > –4

–48

p> 1

12

b2 – 4ac

2 – 4(3)(4p)

4 – 48p

–48p

2

3(x2 + 4) = 2mx

3x2 + 12 = 2mx

2

3x – 2mx + 12 = 0

3

6. x2 + 2x – 8 = 0

a = 1, b = 2, c = –8

7. x2 – (k + 2)x + 2k = 0

a = 1, b = –(k + 2), c = 2k

If one of the roots is α, then the other root is 2α.

**The roots are p and q.
**

Sum of roots = – b

a

p + q = –2

1

p + q = –2

Sum of roots = – b

a

α + 2α = – –(k + 2)

1

3α = k + 2

α = k+2 …

3

Product of roots = c

a

pq = – 8

1

1

Product of roots = c

a

2α2 = 2k

1

pq = –8

The new roots are 2p and 2q.

Sum of new roots

= 2p + 2q

= 2(p + q)

= 2(–2)

= –4

α2 = k …

1

Substituting

k +3 2

2

**Product of new roots
**

= (2p)(2q)

= 4pq

= 4(–8)

= –32

(k + 2)2

9

(k + 2)2

k2 + 4k + 4

k2 – 5k + 4

(k – 1)(k – 4)

k

**The quadratic equation that has the roots 2p and
**

2q is x2 + 4x – 32 = 0.

4

into

2

=k

=k

= 9k

= 9k

=0

=0

= 1 or 4

2

:

<0 <0 < –49 49 k <– 8 1 k < –6 8 When b2 – 4ac 2 (–1) – 4(2)(–6 – k) 1 + 48 + 8k 8k 1 Product of roots = c a m(2m) = 8m 2 2m2 = 4m m2 = 2m 2 m – 2m = 0 m(m – 2) = 0 m = 0 or 2 m = 0 is not accepted. ∴m =2 5 . (2x – 1)(x + 3) = 2x – 3 – k 2x2 + 6x – x – 3 = 2x – 3 – k 2x2 + 3x + k = 0 a = 2. b = –1. Sum of roots = – b a m + 2m = – 3 – k 2 6m = k – 3 … If the quadratic equation does not have real roots. c = –6 – k 2 The roots are m and 2m. then b2 – 4ac < 0. 6(2) = k – 3 k = 12 + 3 k = 15 1. c = 8m (b) 2x2 – x – 6 = k 2x – x – 6 – k = 0 a = 2. (a) 2x2 + px + q = 0 a = 2. c = k 3.Paper 2 From 1 : When m = 2. 2x2 + (3 – k)x + 8m = 0 a = 2. b = p. < 0. 2 Sum of roots = – b a p –3 +2 =– 2 2 1 =– p 2 2 p = –1 Product of roots = c a –2p = k 2 Product of roots = c a –2 1 = k 2 2 k = –2 q – 3 2= 2 2 q = –6 2. b = 3 – k. c = q The roots are –2 and p. b = 3. Sum of roots = – b a –2 + p = – 3 2 –p = – 3 + 2 2 p = 1 2 The roots are – 3 and 2.

h). 4. From f(x) = – (x – 4)2 + h. 18 (2 + p)(6 – p) < 7 12 + 4p – p2 – 7 < 0 –p2 + 4p + 5 < 0 p2 – 4p – 5 > 0 (p + 1)(p – 5) > 0 –16 0 k Hence. 6 . (a) k = 4 (b) h = 9 (c) The equation of the tangent to the curve at its maximum point is y = 9. f(x) = 2x2 + 8x + 6 = 2(x2 + 4x + 3) 4 2 4 = 2 x2 + 4x + – 2 2 = 2(x2 + 4x + 22 – 22 + 3) = 2[(x + 2)2 – 1] = 2(x + 2)2 – 2 ∴ a = 2. g(x) = (2 – 3k)x2 + (4 – k)x + 2 a = 2 – 3k. 3). q = –2 [ –1 + 3] 2 p 5 Hence. b2 – 4ac < 0 2 h – 4(3) (27) < 0 h2 – 324 < 0 (h + 18)(h – 18) < 0 2. then b2 – 4ac > 0 2 (4 – k) – 4(2 – 3k)(2) > 0 16 – 8k + k2 – 16 + 24k > 0 k2 + 16k > 0 k(k + 16) > 0 (b) When m = –1 and n = 2. h –18 3. But it is given that the coordinates of the maximum point are (k. the required range of values of p is p < –1 or p > 5. the required range of values of k is k < –16 or k > 0. ∴ m = –1 Hence. ∴ 3 = (0 – 1)2 + n n =2 If a quadratic curve intersects the x-axis at two distinct points. Hence. we can state that the coordinates of the maximum point are (4. the point is (0. the required range of values of h is –18 < h < 18. 2). 6. 9). y = (x – 1)2 + n Since the y-intercept is 3. y = (x – 1)2 + 2 Hence. b = h.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 3 Quadratic Functions Paper 1 1. the minimum point is (1. (a) y = (x + m)2 + n The axis of symmetry is x = –m. c = 27 If a quadratic equation does not have real roots. 5. c = 2 When m = –1. p = 2. 3x2 + hx + 27 = 0 a = 3. b = 4 – k. by comparison. But it is given that the axis of symmetry is x = 1.

y = –12 ∴ (0. p = –4(2) = –8 (Not accepted) When q = –2. then b2 – 4ac < 0 2 (–3h) – 4(2) (h2 + 8) < 0 9h2 –8h2 – 64 < 0 h2 – 64 < 0 (h + 8)(h – 8) < 0 1 . –4) (b) (i) Minimum value = 32 25 – + k = 32 2 89 k = 2 (ii) –12 3. When x = 0. b = –3h.Paper 2 (b) g(x) = –2x2 + 8x – 12 = –2(x – 2)2 – 4 2 5 = 4 (a) f(x) = 2x2 + 10x + k k = 2 x2 + 5x + 2 25 25 k = 2 x2 + 5x + – + 4 4 2 5 2 25 k =2 x+ – + 2 4 2 2 5 25 =2 x+ – +k 2 2 [ 1 2 25 The maximum point is (2. p = – 4q … 1 and –12 –2q2 q2 q x –8 = –2q2 – 4 = –8 =4 = ±2 8 h Hence. 32 . the required range of values of h is –8 < h < 8. y = h – 2x… 1 y2 + xy + 8 = 0 … b2 – 4ac 2 10 – 4(2)(k) 100 – 8k – 8k <0 <0 <0 < –100 –100 k> –8 25 k > 2 (c) Minimum point is –2 2 Substituting 1 into 2 : (h – 2x)2 + x(h – 2x) + 8 = 0 h2 – 4hx + 4x2 + hx – 2x2 + 8 = 0 2x2 – 3hx + h2 + 8 = 0 a = 2. From 1 : When q = 2. –4). y ] O (2. 2 2. p = –4(–2) = 8 (Accepted) because p > 0 and q < 0) 7 . –12) The graph of the function g(x) is as shown below. c = h2 + 8 If a straight line does not meet a curve. (a) g(x) = –2x2 + px – 12 = –2(x + q)2 – 4 –2x2 + px – 12 = –2(x2 + 2qx + q2) – 4 = –2x2 – 4qx – 2q2 – 4 By comparison.

70156.70156. x = 2+3 2 ( 76 ) = 16 (b) When k = 8. y = 24. the points of intersection are 2 . other than (16. 2. –6). x = 4(2) + 8 = 16 When y = –6. then 4 x = 16 and y = m satisfy both the equations.80624 1 From : 2 + 3y x= … 3 2 Substituting 3 into 2 Hence. the other point of intersection. –2).70156) = –0. y = 2 – 4(–5. 4x + y = 2 … 1 x2 + x – y = 2 … 1 : y = 2 – 4x… 2 =0 =0 = 16 =8 1 y2 + 8y – x – 4 = 0 … From 1 : 4y = x – 8 x = 4y + 8 … 3 . =0 =0 =0 =0 =0 6 y= or –2 7 From 3 When y = –2. 1 y= x–2… 4 7 2 + 3(–2) = –2 2 2 6 Hence.70156. the solutions are x = 0. 2 3 Substituting 3 into y2 + 8y – (4y + 8) – 4 y2 + 8y – 4y – 8 – 4 y2 + 4y – 12 (y – 2)(y + 6) y 2 Substituting 3 into x2 + x – (2 – 4x) = 2 x2 + 5x – 4 = 0 x = –5 ± m2 + km – 16 – 4 22 + k(2) – 16 – 4 2k k : 6 When y = .70156.70156 Hence.70156 or –5. x = 4(–6) + 8 = –16 52 – 4(1)(–4) 2(1) = –5 ± 41 2 = 0. x = 7 From Therefore. : 2 +23y – y 2 +23y + y – 4 = 0 2 2 (2 + 3y)2 – y(2 + 3y) + y2 – 4 4 2 (2 + 3y)2 – 2y(2 + 3y) + 4y2 – 16 4 + 12y + 9y2 – 4y – 6y2 + 4y2 – 16 7y2 + 8y – 12 (7y – 6)(y + 2) 3.70156) = 24.80624 1 2 When x = –5. y = –0.80624 or x = –5. 8 . 2). =0 =0 =0 =0 = 2 or –6 From 3 : When y = 2. 1 m = (16) – 2 = 2 and 4 2 . is (–16. When x = 0.80624 (correct to five decimal places). m) is a point of intersection of 1 y = x – 2 and y2 + ky – x – 4 = 0. (a) Since (16. y = 2 – 4(0. 2x – 3y = 2 x2 – xy + y2 = 4 … … From 3 .SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 4 Simultaneous Equations Paper 2 1. 7 7 and (–2.

SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 5 Indices and Logarithms Paper 1 4. log10 (p + 3) log10 (p + 3) – log10 p log10 p + 3 p p+3 p p+3 9p 1. 3x + 3 – 3x + 2 3 (33) – 3x (32) 27(3x) – 9(3x) (27 – 9)(3x) 18(3x) x 3x 3x 3x x 3.87 = 1 + log10 p =1 =1 = 101 = 10p =3 1 p = 3 n = 3b log3 n = b 6. mn4 log3 27 = log3 m + log3 n4 – log3 27 = log3 m + 4 log3 n – log3 33 = a + 4b – 3 log2 y – log8 x log2 x log2 y – log2 8 log2 x log2 y – 3 3 log2 y – log2 x log2 y3 – log2 x y3 log2 x y3 x y3 =1 =1 =1 =3 =3 =3 = 23 = 8x y3 x = 8 9 log2 8 = log2 23 = 3 . m = 3a log3 m = a =6 =6 =6 =6 =6 = 6 18 = 1 3 = 3–1 = –1 = 32x – 1 = lg 32x –1 = (2x – 1) lg 3 = 2x lg 3 – lg 3 = – lg 3 = –lg 3 –lg 3 x = lg 5 – 2 lg 3 x = 1.23 + 2x + 16 2 = 8(2x) + 2x + 8(2x) = (8 + 1 + 8)( 2x) = 17(2x) 2. 5x lg 5x x lg 5 x lg 5 x lg 5 – 2x lg 3 x(lg 5 – 2lg 3) 5. 2 x + 3 + 2x + 16 (2x – 1) 2x = 2x.

0). 0) 2. –6) Intercept form: x y + =1 a b ∴ M = 4 + 0 . (a) x + 2y + 6 = 0 x + 2y = –6 x 2y –6 + = (–6) (–6) –6 x y + =1 (–6) (–3) (b) mMN = – –3 = – 1 –6 2 At point N (on the y-axis). –3). 1)2 10 = PB = (x – 0)2 + (y – 3)2 = (x – 0)2 + (y – 3)2 = x2 + y2 – 6y + 9 = –6y + 9 =0 =0 =x+2 . 5. AB = 10 2 (0 – 8) + (k – 7)2 = 10 64 + k2 – 14k + 49 = 102 k2 – 14k + 13 = 0 (k – 1)(k – 13) = 0 k = 1 or 13 Based on the diagram. the area of ∆PQR 1 4 0 2 4 = 2 0 –3 5 0 1 = |–12 – (–6 + 20)| 2 = 1 |–26| 2 = 1 26 2 = 13 units2 Paper 1 1. x – = 1 4 3 At point P (on the x-axis).SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 6 Coordinate Geometry Hence. 0 + (–6) = (2. ∴ Gradient of perpendicular line = – 2 3 Hence. the equation of the straight line which passes through the point N and is perpendicular to the straight line MN is y = 2x – 3. the equation of the perpendicular line is y – y1 = m(x – x1) y – (–3) = – 2 (x – 2) 3 3(y + 3) = –2(x – 2) 3y + 9 = –2x + 4 3y = –2x – 5 y 3. x = 0. Let point A be (0. x – 0 =1⇒x=4 4 3 ∴ P is point (4. the gradient of the perpendicular line is 2. k). y = 0 2(0) = 3x – 12 x =4 ∴ L (4. k < 7. y = 0. 2y = 3(0) – 12 y = –6 ∴ N (0. (a) 2y = 3x – 12 At point L (on the x-axis). –3) 2 2 m = – y-intercept x-intercept (b) mLN = –6 – 0 = 3 0–4 2 Therefore. 1) 4. x = 0. 0 – y = 1 ⇒ y = –3 4 3 ∴ Q is point (0. Hence. ∴k=1 ∴ A(0. PA (x – + (y – 2)2 2 (x – 1) + (y – 2)2 2 x – 2x + 1 + y2 – 4y + 4 –2x – 4y + 5 –2x + 2y – 4 –x + y – 2 y At point Q (on the y-axis).

y – 3(0) + 6 = 0 ⇒ y = –6 ∴ P is point (0. y = 0. q2 = (–9. 2 + p = –9 2 p = –20 Equating the y-coordinates. C(0. B(2. –6). x = 0. 4(–6) + 3(15) = (3. T(x. 0). 0). –6). 0 + q = –18 + 0 . 0). q = –3 2 q = –6 ∴ D is point (–20. Midpoint of BD = Midpoint of AC 2 + p . D(–20. –6). (b) Let D (p. y – 3x + 6 = 0 At point C (y-axis). –6) Area of ABCD 1 –18 2 0 –20 –18 = 2 0 0 –6 –6 0 1 = |–12 – (120 + 108)| 2 = 1 240 2 = 120 units2 1. 0 – 3x + 6 = 0 ⇒ x = 2 ∴ B is point (2. 2. 11 .Paper 2 (c) A(–18. Q(10. y) TS : TQ = 2 : 3 TS = 2 TQ 3 3TS = 2TQ 9(TS)2 = 4(TQ)2 9[(x – 3)2 + (y – 3)2] = 4[(x – 10)2 + (y – 0)2] 9(x2 – 6x + 9 + y2 – 6y + 9) = 4(x2 – 20x + 100 + y2) 2 2 9x – 54x + 81 + 9y – 54y + 81 = 4x2 – 80x + 400 + 4y2 2 2 5x + 26x + 5y – 54y – 238 = 0 Equating the x-coordinates. (a) y – 3x + 6 = 0 At point B (x-axis). –6). 3) 3+4 3+4 y = 3x – 6 mBC = 3 ∴mAC = – 1 3 Let A(k. 0). (ii) The coordinates of point S are 4(0) + 3(7) . y – 3(0) + 6 = 0 ⇒ y = –6 ∴ C is point (0. x = 0. 0). (a) (i) y – 3x + 6 = 0 At point P (on the y-axis). 0 + (–6) 2 2 2 2 2 +2 p . –3) (b) Area of ∆QRS = 48 units2 1 k 7 3 k = 48 2 0 15 3 0 15k + 21 – (45 + 3k) = 96 12k – 24 = 96 12k = 120 k = 10 (c) S(3. 3). ∴ mAC = – 1 3 0 – (–6) = – 1 k–0 3 –k = 18 k = –18 ∴ A is point (–18. 0). q).

∑x x– = n 189 27 = n 189 n= 27 n =7 7. 6.96 For 7 to be the median.5 kg 12 3.05 Mode = 3.0 2. Mass (kg) = ∑x 2 _ —— – ( x )2 n = 5278 ——— – 27 2 7 Frequency 1.5 (Mode) 6. 13 M Q3 ∴ Q3 = 7 Paper 2 1. 9 After two new scores. 11. 6 6 8 8 4. k = 8.05 4.1 – 6.0 = 25 = 5 (a) 5 9 12 8 6 Cumulative frequency 5 14 26 34 40 Frequency 12 3.05 5. 7.0 4.1 – 4. (a) 2 = 1. x 30 32 34 Sum f 3 5 2 10 fx 90 160 68 318 fx2 2700 5120 2312 10 132 10 8 6 4 2 0 1. 5 Median = 7 2. After the given score are arranged in ascending order.1 – 3. 7 and 10.0 5.05 3.05 Mass (kg) . the mean of the eight scores = 6 + 6 + 6 + 8 + 8 + 9 + 7 + 10 8 = 7.1 – 2. 4. 5. 6 ∑fx 2 ∑fx – ∑f ∑f k + 3 11 3 1 13 1 6 < k + 3 < 11 3<k<8 k = 4.0 3. we have 6 6 6 k k = 9 Since the mode is 6. 6. k = 4 or 5 (b) 1. 7. 4. 7 Taking into consideration both cases. 3.1 – 5. as shown below. 4.5 (b) 10 132 318 – 10 10 2 Number 1 k 6 Frequency 2 2 1 (a) 1 < k < 6 k = 2. are added to the original scores. then k ≠ 9.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 7 Statistics Paper 1 2 = 1. 1.05 2.

00 20801.7k 2 26 + k – 22 = 1.42 13 .61 = 1.05 + 40 – 5 4 (1) = 2.5 L+ fm T 40 = T 10 = 2.0 4 Q1 = 2.55 – 2.5 64.0 436.(b) The Q1 class is given by (a) Median = 46.5 39.94 kg 0.1 – 3.0 1692 2401.75 19802.5 Variance = = fx fx2 98.55 kg 8 26 + k– –11 2 (10) = 7 k 26 + k – 11 = 0.25 11100.5 149.00 8331.5 + 10 = 56.5 + k 3 (40) – 26 4 (1) = 4.94 kg 2.1 – 5.4k Hence.5 445.61 kg 9 The Q3 class is given by T 3 (40) = T 30 = 4.42 (c) (i) New median = Original median + 10 = 46.0 241. Marks f 20 – 29 30 – 39 40 – 49 50 – 59 60 – 69 70 – 79 4 7 k 8 5 2 (b) Cumulative frequency 4 11 11 + k 19 + k 24 + k 26 + k Marks f 20 – 29 30 – 39 40 – 49 50 – 59 60 – 69 70 – 79 4 7 10 8 5 2 36 Midpoint (x) 24.05 + 26 + k– –11 2 (10) = 46.5 74.4k = 4 k = 10 (c) New interquartile range = Original interquartile range = 1.50 86199 ∑fx 2 ∑fx – ∑f ∑f 2 86 199 1692 – 36 36 2 = 185.5 54.5 n –F 2 c = 46.5 34.0 4 Q3 = 4.5 (ii) New variance = Original variance = 185. the interquartile range = Q3 – Q1 = 4.0 322.5 44.50 23762.

8 A 0. ∠BOC = 20º = 20 3.142 rad 180 B C OB = π – 1. Area of the shaded region = Area of sector OAB – Area of sector OXY = 1 82 1.342 rad.4 cm2 14 Area of sector BOC = 1 82 1.142 180 ( ) D r= ∠BOC = π – ∠AOB – ∠COD = 3.94 1 rs 2 . s θ 3.9 – 0.342 2 = 42.2 – 1 5 4 2 2 1 2 rθ 2 = 38.9 rad 8 cm O 0.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 8 Circular Measure Paper 1 1.142 – 0.4 – 10 = 28.9 = 1. 2.36 = 44 cm 20 3.9 rad 8 cm 15.

73 + 19. (a) ∠BOA = π – 0.287 = 2. ∴ Length of the arc AD = 5 1.Paper 2 (c) Perimeter of the shaded region 1. 8 81 3 (b) ∠AOD = 2 ∠ABD = 2 0.6435 2 = 8. The angle at the centre is twice the angle at circumference.2870 rad sin ∠BOM = 24 25 ∠BOM = 1.287 rad.160 rad. the area of the shaded region = Area of ∆ODB – Area of sector BOC = 12 – 8.82 = 36.71 cm2 5 cm (a) Since ∆ADB is inscribed in a semicircle.982 rad.982 2 = 16.04375 = 3. 2 ∴ ∠BOQ = π – 1.574 – sin 2.6435 rad (b) In ∆BOM.435 cm (c) Area of the shaded region 2 =1 81 2.27 cm2 Hence.2870 = 6. r2 – 12r + 36 + 64 – r2 = 0 –12r + 100 = 0 sin ∠BOM = B O A (c) Area of ∆ODB = 1 83 2 = 12 cm2 2.956 cm2 15 .04375 cm2 (b) Area of the shaded region = 1 r 2 (θ – sin θ) 2 = 1 (10)2 (1.574 rad.822 = 1. = 2r sin θ + rθ 2 C = 2(10) sin 1. r cm D 4c O m (a) MO = r – 6 In ∆OMB. cos ∠ABD = 8 10 ∠ABD = 0.55 cm 6 cm 8 cm 8 cm M + 10(1.6435 = 1. it is a right-angled triangle. MO2 + MB2 = OB2 (r – 6)2 + 82 = r2 MB = C 4c m 3 cm 1 1 AB = 16 = 8 cm 2 2 5 cm r =8 1 3 In ∆ADB.574r 2 3 = 70.982 r ) 2 = 53.982 – sin 1. ∴ ∠AOB = 2 1.160 = 1. using Pythagoras’ theorem. Area of sector BOC = 1 52 0.982) r B A (r – 6) cm 3.

01 – 3) (2x – 5) –6 = 0.01 [2(3) – 5]4 = – 0. = 10 = 10 = –1 =–1 =6 d 2z = –2 (negative) dx2 Hence. z = xy z = x(30 – x) z = 30x – x2 dz = 30 – 2x dx 1 = (5x – k)–2 (5x – k)2 f ′(x) = –2(5x – k)–3 (5) = –10 3 (5x – k) 1. y= 1 = (2x – 5)–3 (2x – 5)3 dy = –3 (2x – 5)–4 (2) = – 6 dx (2x – 5)4 3 y = 2x – 4x + 5 dy = 6x2 – 4 dx δy ≈ dy δx dx δy ≈ dy δy dx = – 6 4 (3. When z has a stationary value.1 = 16π (5) 0. dz = 0 dx 30 – 2x = 0 x = 15 ] 5.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 9 Differentiation Paper 1 4. A = 2πr 2 + 2πrh = 2πr 2 + 2πr(3r) = 8πr 2 dA = dA dr dt dt dr = 16πr 0.1 = 8π cm2 s–1 16 . 7) = 6 (–1)2 – 4 =2 Equation of the tangent is y – 7 = 2[x – (–1)] y – 7 = 2(x + 1) y – 7 = 2x + 2 y = 2x + 9 6.06 Gradient at the point (–1. f (x) = f ′(1) –10 [5(1) – k]3 (5 – k)3 5–k k 2. the maximum value of z = 30(15) – 152 = 225 y = (x + 1) (2x – 1)2 dy = (x + 1) 2 (2x – 1)1 (2) + (2x – 1)2 (1) dx = (2x – 1)[4(x + 1) + (2x – 1)] = (2x – 1)(6x + 3) [ 3.

dy = 0 dx –9x2 + 4 = 0 x2 = 4 9 x =± 2 3 x – 2 + 3 + 6 – 12 + x x x x x4 dy + d y2 + x 2y + 5 = 0 dx dx 2 4 3 4 4 5 x2 x1 – x1 + 5 = 0 2 3 –2x + 3 + 6 – 12 + 1 – 1 + 5 = 0 x x –2x + 15 – 13 = 0 x 2 –2x + 15x – 13 = 0 2x2 – 15x + 13 = 0 (2x – 13)(x – 1) = 0 x = 13 or 1 2 When x = 2 . (a) y = px3 + kx dy = 3px2 + k dx a maximum.Paper 2 1. 3 At (1. 1). (b) When p = –3 and k = 4. –1 7 is a turning point which is 3 9 y = –3 – 2 3 – 2 : 2p = –6 ⇒ p = –3 From 2 : –3 + k = 1 ⇒ k = 4 3 2 2 The curve passes through point (1. 17 . y = –3x3 + 4x dy = –9x 2 + 4 dx d 2 y = –18x dx2 y = 12 – 13 = x–2 – x–3 x x dy = –2x – 3 + 3x – 4 = – 2 + 3 dx x3 x4 2 d y = 6x– 4 – 12x– 5 = 6 – 12 x4 x5 dx2 At turning points. When x = – 2 . ∴ 1 = p(1)3 + k(1) p+k=1… 2 1 3 a minimum. 3 + 4 23 = 1 79 d y = – 18 2 = –12 (< 0) 3 dx ∴ 2 . dx ∴ 3px2 + k = –5 3p(1)2 + k = –5 3p + k = –5 … 1 + 4– 23 = –1 79 d y = –18 – 2 = 12 (> 0) 3 dx ∴ – 2 . 1 7 is a turning point which is 3 9 y = –3 2 3 2 2 2. 1). x = 1 and m = dy = –5.

73 L = Area of ABCD + 4 (Area of GBCH) + 4 (Area of VGH) L = (6x)2 + 4(6xy) + 4 1 (6x)(5x) 2 L = 36x2 + 24xy + 60x2 L = 96x2 + 24xy L = 96x2 + 24x 162 x2 L = 96x2 + 3888 (shown) x d 2L = 192 + 7776x–3 = 192 + 7776 (> 0) x3 dx 2 ∴ L is a minimum. (b) V 4x m 5x m H E F G D 3x m y m At stationary point. 4. y= h = h(1 + 2x)–2 (1 + 2x)2 dy = –2h(1 + 2x)–3 (2) = – 4h dx (1 + 2x)3 δy = dy δx dx 8c – = – 4h 3 c 3 (1 + 2x) 8c 4h – =– c 3 [1 + 2(1)]3 – 8c = – 4hc 3 27 h = 8 27 3 4 h = 18 18 .3.25 x = 2. dL = 0 dx 3888 192x – =0 x2 192 x = 3888 x2 x 3 = 3888 192 C 6x m A 6x m L = 96x2 + 3888 = 96x2 + 3888x–1 x dL = 192x – 3888x–2 = 192x – 3888 dx x2 B (a) Volume of the cuboid = 5832 cm3 (6x)(6x)(y) = 5832 36x2y = 5832 x2y = 162 y = 162 x2 x 3 = 20.

.98º 12 cm In ∆QS1R.16 cm2 16 (b) This problem involves the ambiguous case of sine rule.3852 – 2(7)(16. the area of ∆PQS = 1 8 7 sin 104.02º sin ∠QSR = 0. RS1 10 = sin ∠RQS1 sin ∠RS1Q RS1 10 = sin 33. UR2 = 72 + 16.96º = 104.02º = 33.02° In ∆QS1R.96º Paper 2 1. (a) ∠UST = 180º – 65º = 115º ∠SUT = 180º – 43º – 115º = 22º In ∆UST. ∠RQS1 = 180º – 43º – 103.91 cm 19 . (a) In ∆PQS.04º 2 U 22° = 27. sin ∠QSR = sin 43º 10 7 sin 43º 10 sin ∠QSR = 7 Area of ∆RSV = 41.98º sin 103.385)cos 65º UR2 = 220. RV 2 = 72 + 122 – 2(7)(12)cos 100.98º ∴ ∠QSR = 76.385 cm ∴ ∠PQS = 180º – 35º – 40.23064 RV = 14. US = 9 sin 43º sin 22º US = 9 sin 43º sin 22º = 16.65552 ∠QSP = 40. using the cosine rule.98476 = 79. sin ∠QSP = sin 35º 8 7 sin ∠QSP = sin 35º 8 7 sin ∠QSP = 0. using the sine rule.98º = 100.36 = 0.85 cm 1 7 12 sin ∠RSV 2 sin ∠RSV Basic ∠ ∠RSV R 7 cm 7 cm 43° R S1 S In ∆QRS.36 cm2 (c) 7 cm = 41.737 cm V In ∆RSV. using the cosine rule.3 85 cm Q 115° 65° R 43° S 7 cm 9 cm T 10 cm (b) In ∆USR.974283 Basic ∠ = 76.02º = 5. using the sine rule. using the sine rule. The sketch of ∆QRS1 is as shown below.98º or ∠QS1R = 103.98º sin 103.5238 UR = 14.02º RV 2 = 222.02º S 100.04º Hence.98º = 180º– 79.02º 10 RS1 = sin 33.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 10 Solution of Triangles 2. using the sine rule.

2006 100 = 131 P2004 P2006 100 = 131 300 P2006 = 131 300 100 P2006 = RM393 2.75 (115 3) + (120 2) + 105x 3+2+x 585 + 105x 5+x 585 + 105x 30 x – (d) I 2006 (based on 2004) (d) Total yearly cost in 2006 = 143.00 P2004 I= P 100 2002 y = 525 100 = 105 500 660 100 = 110 z z = 600 (b) Supplement B I2006 (based on 2002) P = 2006 100 P2002 P P = 2006 2004 100 P2004 P2002 = 130 120 100 100 100 = 156 – (b) I = 115 (120 20) + 130m + (105 80) + (110 40) = 115 20 + m + 80 + 40 15 200 + 130m = 115 140 + m 15 200 + 130m = 16 100 + 115m 15m = 900 m = 60 (c) – (c) I 2006 (based on 2002) – = 100 + 25 I 2004 100 = 125 115 100 = 143. Health I2004 (based supplement on 2002) A 115 B 120 C 105 – I 2004 (based on 2002) = 111 I2006 (based Weightage on 2004) 150 3 130 2 120 x 20 .75 5 500 000 100 = RM7 906 250 = 111 = 111 = 555 + 111x = 6x =5 = (150 3) + (130 2) + (120 5) 3+2+5 = 1310 10 = 131 P Thus.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 4: Chapter 11 Index Numbers Paper 2 1. (a) (a) Supplement A x 100 = 120 400 x = 480 I2004 (based on 2002) = 115 P2004 100 = 115 P2002 69 100 = 115 P2002 P2002 = 69 100 115 P2002 = RM60.

01 1–r = 0.242424 … = 0.0024 + 0. 6.99 = 24 99 = 8 33 = T3 – T2 = 4h – 7 – (2h – 1) = 2h – 6 =7 (b) When h = 7. 0. 12. (a) The volumes of cylinders are πr 2h. the volumes of cylinders form an arithmetic progression with a common difference of πr2. 21 .000024 + … a = 0. 13. Paper 1 1. the arithmetic progression is 5. … with a = 5 and d = 8. … T2 T3 = T1 T2 x+2 = x–4 9x + 4 x+2 (x = (x – 4)(9x + 4) x2 + 4x + 4 = 9x2 – 32x – 16 2 8x – 36x – 20 = 0 2x2 – 9x – 5 = 0 (2x + 1)(x – 5) = 0 x = – 1 or 5 2 T2 – T1 = πr 2 (h + 1) – πr 2h = πr 2h + πr 2 – πr 2h = πr2 T3 – T2 = πr 2 (h + 2) – πr 2 (h + 1) = πr 2h + 2πr 2 – πr 2h – πr 2 = πr2 Since T2 – T1 = T3 – T2 = πr 2.24 0. (a) T2 – T1 2h – 1 – (h – 2) h+1 h 5.24 S∞ = 1 – 0. πr 2 (h + 1). T3 – T2 = 3 ar 2 – ar = 3 4r 2 – 4r = 3 2 4r – 4r – 3 = 0 (2r + 1)(2r – 3) = 0 The number of bacteria after 50 seconds = T11 = ar10 = 3(210) = 3072 Paper 2 1. πr 2 (h + 2). (a) T6 = 38 a + 5d = 38 a + 5(7) = 38 a =3 r = – 1 or 3 2 2 (b) S9 – S3 = 9 [2(3) + 8(7)] – 3 [2(3) + 2(7)] 2 2 = 279 – 30 = 249 2.24 + 0.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 1 Progressions 4. 6. 21. The numbers of bacteria form a geometric progression 3. … S8 – S3 = 8 [2(5) + 7(8)] – 3 [2(5) + 2(8)] 2 2 = 264 – 39 = 225 3.

– 1 < r < 1. d = πr 2 T4 = 32π a + 3d = 32π πr 2h + 3πr 2 = 32π r 2h + 3r 2 = 32 r 2 (h + 3) = 32 … 2 1 1 2 : a (1 + r) = 150 45 ar (r – 1) 1 + r = 10 r (r – 1) 3 1 2 2 3 + 3r = 10r2 – 10r 10r – 13r – 3 = 0 (2r – 3)(5r + 1) = 0 r = 3 or – 1 2 5 2 2 : r 2(2h + 3) = 52 32 r (h + 3) 2h + 3 = 13 h+3 8 16h + 24 = 13h + 39 3h = 15 h =5 From 1 r 2 (5 + 3) r2 r = 150 = 150 = 150 = 150 … T3 – T2 = 45 ar 2 – ar = 45 ar (r – 1) = 45 … 1 S4 = 104π 4 (2a + 3d) = 104π 2 4a + 6d = 104π 4πr 2h + 6πr 2 = 104π 2r 2h + 3r 2 = 52 r 2 (2h + 3) = 52 … S2 T1 + T2 a + ar a (1 + r) (b) For the sum to infinity to exist. 2 Therefore. (a) (b) a = πr 2h. r = 3 is not accepted. Thus.2. r = – 1 5 : = 32 =4 =2 From 1 : 1 a 1– = 150 5 a = 187 1 2 1 187 a 2 ∴ S∞ = = 1–r 1– –1 5 22 = 156 1 4 .

49 1.0 1348 0.6 2.53 2.5 23 0. y – ax = b2 x x 2 3 xy – ax = b xy2 = ax3 + b 1. 1 x2 1. log10 y = lg p Graph of log10 y against log10 x 3.55 1.5 1995 0.0 0.0 lg y = x lg k + lg p ∴ Y = lg y.6 log10 x .75 = 1.1 0.5 660 0.40 2.15 2. (a) y = hxk log10 y = log10 (hxk) 1 log10 y 2 = log10 h + log10 xk 1 log y = log h + klog x 10 10 2 10 log10 y = 2log10 h + 2klog10 x y x log10 y = 2k log10 x + 2 log10 h 5 = 2(1) + q q=3 (1.82 3.5 lg y – x lg k = lg p 3.0 338 0. X = x.18 2.54 3. –2): 3.48 3.30 The graph of log10 y against log10 x is as shown below.5 0. p) 2.13 3. y k lg x =p x = lg p y k lg y – lg k x x y log 10 x log 10 y p = 2(3) + 3 p=9 1. c = lg p 2.55 – 0. 5) (b) 1 x2 q=3 y x (3.4 0.0 2 3.3 0.2 0. m = lg k.06 = 0. 10): (5.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 2 Linear Law Paper 2 Paper 1 y = 2 + qx x y = 2 +q x x2 y =2( 1 )+q x x2 1.30 2.5 O x3 1 xy2 – 2 : 12 = –6a a = –2 From 2 : –2 = –2(5) + b b =8 0.5 10 = a(–1) + b … 1 –2 = a(5) + b … 2 (–1.5 142 0.35 – 1.

06 2k = 3.54 0.5 4.7 0. (a) 1 y2 5.4 0.63 2 log10 h 2 log10 h log10 h h (b) (i) 1 = y 1 = x+p y2 q 1 = 1x+ p y2 q q = Y–intercept = 1.5 x+p q 0.(c) 2k = Gradient 2k = 3.42 1 y2 1.35 – 1.0 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 = 1.17 2.1 0.5 1.0 2.2174 y = 0.5 4.00 5.47 5.75 0.0 3.6 4.1 = 0.43 4.6 – 0.6 – 2 0.55 – 0.6 – 0. from the graph.8 0.7 0.91 q q = 0.5 0.96 Gradient = x y 0.55 = 0.5 2.17 5.16 = 0.1 0.5 0.19 (ii) When x = 0.78 3.67 Graph of Y-intercept p q p 0.775 = 5. 1 = 5.78 0.44 1.44 0.16 = 1.6 3.2653 k = 1.0 4.6 0.17 p 1 against x y2 4.8 x 24 .6 – 2 = 2.1 = 1.5 O Squaring both sides. 1 = 4.1 1.3 0.64 2.6.60 0.6 y2 y2 = 0.0 0.50 0.

– 9 = 1 –2 + 2 + c 5 5 c = –2 Area Q Hence. (y – 5) dy = 8 5 k [ 2 ] = = y2 –5y = 8 5 2 2 k – 5k – 5 – 5(5) = 8 2 2 2 k – 5k + 25 = 8 2 2 k2 – 10k + 25 = 16 k2 – 10k + 9 = 0 (k – 1)(k – 9) = 0 k = 1 or 9 2. 2 –1 4 3g (x) dx + [ = 3[ =3 2 –1 4 –1 2 2 –1 2 –1 y dx (x2 – 2x + 1) dx 2 [ x3 – x + x] 3 2 –1 = 8 – 4 + 2 – – 1 –1 – 1 3 3 = 3 units2 Paper 2 y 1. 5 = 2 0 y dx 2 0 [ (–x3 – x) dx 2 ] 4 2 = – x – x 4 2 0 4 2 2 2 =– – –0 4 2 = –4 – 2 = –6 25 ] . – 1 45 . the equation of the curve is 5 y = x – 2x4 + 2x3 – 2.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 3 Integration 4. y = –x3 – x 3g (x) dx g(x) dx + 4 2 ] g(x) dx 1O ] g(x) dx x 2 P Q = 3(20) = 60 3. Area of the shaded region Paper 1 = k 1. dy = x4 – 8x3 + 6x2 dx y= 4 3 Area P 0 x – 8x + 6x 5 2 –1 dx = +c 4 3 y = x –8 x +6 x 5 4 3 5 4 3 y = x – 2x + 2x + c 5 y dx 0 –1 (–x3 –x) dx 0 [ ] 4 2 = – x – x 4 2 –1 4 2 (–1) =0– – – (–1) 4 2 = 1 + 1 4 2 = 3 4 [ Since the curve passes through the point 1.

∴ 8 = h(–2)2 + k 8 = 4h + k 8 = 4(1) + k k =4 [ [ 26 ] . Vx = Volume generated by the curve – Volume generated by the straight line PQ (from x = 0 to x = 2) 3 = π 0 y2 dx – 1 πr2h 3 3 2 2 = π 0 (x + 4) dx – 1 π(4)2 (2) 3 3 4 2 = π 0 (x + 8x + 16) dx – 32 π 3 3 5 3 32 = π x + 8x + 16x – π 0 3 5 3 5 = π 3 + 8 (3)3 + 16(3) – 0] – 32 π 3 3 5 14 3 = 157 π units 15 The curve y = hx2 + k passes through the point (–2. the total area of the shaded region = Area P + |Area Q| = 3 + |–6| 4 = 6 3 units2 4 2. the gradient of the curve is – 4. ∴ dy = – 4 dx 2hx = – 4 2h (–2) = – 4 – 4h = – 4 h =1 x O 2 3 Q Volume generated. 8). y = x2 + 4 y y = x2 + 4 P y = hx2 + k dy = 2hx dx x =3 4 At the point (–2.Hence. 8). (a) (b) When h = 1 and k = 4.

SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 4 Vectors Paper 1 4. (a) AC = AB + BC = 9i_ – 4j _ + (–6i_ + mj_) 3. the unit vector in the direction of 1 _a + _b + 2c _ 5 = 1 –6i_ + 8j _ 10 _a = hb _ 5 _a = b_ 3 = – 3 _i + 4 _j 5 5 27 . (a) _a + 1 _b + 2c _ 5 = 7j_ + 1 (10i_ – 5j_ ) + 2(–4i_ +_j ) 5 = 7j + 2i _ _ – _j – 8i_ + 2j _ = 3i_ + (m – 4)_j → (b) If AC is parallel to the x-axis. (a) If the vectors _a and _b are parallel. m–4 =0 m =4 = – 6i_ + 8j _ 1 (b) |a _ + _b + 2c _ | = (–6)2 + 82 = 10 5 Hence. then → → 1. the coefficient of _j equals zero. (a) EA = 3 DC = 3 (12p _ ) = 9p _ 4 4 a_ = hb _ (h is a constant). XY = XD + DY → → = 1 BD + 2 DC 2 3 → → → = 1 BA + AD + 2 AB 2 3 (b) 2 = 1 –6b ) _ + 2a _ + (6b 2 3 _ |a| 5 |b| = 3 |a| : |b| = 5 : 3 = –3b _ + _a + 4b _ = _a + _b → → → 5. 2i_ – 5j _ = h(ki_ – 3j _) 2i_ – 5j _ = hki_ – 3hj _ → → (b) EQ = 1 ED 2 → → → → = 1 EA + AB + BC + CD 2 Equating the coefficients of _j –3h = –5 h= 5 3 = 1 9p – 6r _ – 9q _ – 12p _ 2 _ = 1 – 3p _ – 9q_ _ – 6r 2 Equating the coefficients of _i hk = 2 5 k =2 3 k= 6 5 → → → 2.

T and S are collinear.Paper 2 (c) Since the points O. 6k – 6hk = 2 … 2 = (6 – 6h) _y + 16hx _ Substituting 1 into 6k – 6 1 = 2 6 6k = 3 k= 1 2 From 2 : hk = 1 6 h 1 =1 2 6 h= 1 3 28 2 : . OT = kOS . → → → 1. x 8 = 16hk 3 1 = 6hk hk = 1 … 1 6 = 6y_ + h[–6y _)] _ + 4(4x Equating the coefficients of _y. where k is a constant. → → then. (a) OT = OA + AT → = 4x _ + 1 AQ 3 → → = 4x _ + 1 (AO + OQ ) 3 = 4x _ + 1 (–4x _ + 6y _) 3 = 8 _x + 2y _ 3 → → OT = kOS 8 _x + 2y = k [(6 – 6h)y + 16hx _] _ _ 3 8 _x + 2y = k (6 – 6h)y + 16hkx _ _ _ 3 8 _x + 2y = (6k – 6hk)y + 16hkx _ _ _ 3 → → → (b) OS = OQ + QS → = 6y_ + hQP → → = 6y_ + h(QO + OP ) → → = 6y_ + h(QO + 4OA ) Equating the coefficients of _.

(a) (i) OM = 5 OB = 5 (14y _) = 10y _ 7 7 → → → (c) AK = AL + LK _ + 7 qy _ – 1 _x + 7 _y = –2px _ + 10py _ + 3 qx 2 2 2 2 → → (ii) AK = 1 AB 4 → → = 1 AO + OB 4 –x _ + 7y _ + (20p + 7q)y _ = (–4p + 3q)x _ Equating the coefficients of _x .→ → 2. 20p + 7q = 7 … 2 → → (b) (i) AL = pAM → → = p AO + OM + = p(–2x _ + 10y _) = –2px + 10py _ → → (ii) KL = qKO → → = q KA + AO 冧 – 1 _x + 7 _y = –2p + 3 q _x + 10p + 7 q _y 2 2 2 2 = 1 –2x _ + 14y _ 4 –20p + 15q = –5 … 20p + 7q= 7 … 22q = 2 q= 1 11 From 1 2 1 : – 4p + 3 1 = –1 11 → → KA = –AK = 1_x – 7_y 2 2 – 4p = – 14 11 7 p= 22 = q – 3 _x – 7 _y 2 2 = q 1 _x – 7 _y – 2x _ 2 2 = – 3 qx _ – 7 qy 2 2 _ 29 5 . – 4p + 3q = –1 … 1 = – 1 _x + 7 _y 2 2 Equating the coefficients of _y .

43º. x = 71. 3 x = 18.43º. 3 tan θ = 2 tan (45º – θ) 3 tan θ = 2 1tan+ tan45º45º– tantanθθ 3 tan θ = 2 tan θ 11 +– tan θ 1 + p2 θ 1 O –p 3 tan θ + 3 tan2 θ = 2 – 2 tan θ 3 tan2 θ + 5 tan θ – 2 = 0 (3 tan θ – 1)(tan θ + 2) = 0 tan θ = 1 or tan θ = –2 3 sin (90º – θ) = cos θ =– p When tan θ = 1 .57º. 198.43º When tan x = 3. Basic ∠ = 63.57º When tan x = 1 . 251.43º θ = 18.57º 30 . 3 Basic ∠ = 18. 116. 1. 296.57º. 3 – 10 tan x = 0 cos2 x 3 sec2 x – 10 tan x = 0 2 3(tan x + 1) – 10 tan x = 0 3 tan2 x + 3 – 10 tan x = 0 3 tan2 x – 10 tan x + 3 = 0 (3 tan x – 1)(tan x – 3) = 0 tan x = 1 or tan x = 3 3 When tan θ = –2. 198.57º ∴ θ = 18.43º.43º θ = 116.43º.43º.WebsiteZI F505_4th pp 10/15/08 9:40 AM Page 30 SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 5 Trigonometric Functions Paper 1 3. 198.43º.57º. 71. 198. 251. 296.57º ∴ x = 18.43º 1 + p2 2.57º.

(ii) The graph of y = |tan x| is as shown below. (b) 1. (a). 2π Number of solutions = Number of points of intersection =4 31 2x π . Sketch the straight line y = 2 – x y y y= π 0 2 2π –2 (2π.WebsiteZI F505_4th pp 10/15/08 9:40 AM Page 31 Paper 2 2. (a) LHS = = = y 1 – cos 2x sin 2x y = 3 sin x 2 3 2 1 – (1 – 2 sin2 x) 2 sin x cos x O 2 x –2 2 sin2 x 2 sin x cos x y = 2 – 2x 2 sin x cos x = tan x = RHS = x 2x + =2 2 π x 2x 3 sin =2– 2 π 3 sin (b) (i). 1) O π π 3π 2 π Number of solution = Number of intersection point =1 x 1 – cos 2x x – =0 sin 2x 2π 1 – cos 2x x = sin 2x 2π x |tan x| = 2π Sketch the straight line y= x .

G1. the total number of arrangements = 2! 3! 3! = 72 32 Choosing 3 subcommittee members from 8 (males or females). B1. This gives another 3!. G2 and G3 √ √ √ √ At the same time. G1. B2. . B1.WebsiteZI F506_4th pp 10/15/08 9:40 AM Page 32 SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 6 Permutations and Combinations Paper 1 3. and G3 can also be arranged among themselves in their group. √ √ √ In the same way. Number of arrangements 2 1 3P 2 2 3 3P 2 2 5 3P 2 Choosing a female secretary and a female treasurer from 7 females = 4C1 7C2 8C3 Hence. and B3 can be arranged among themselves in their group. Each group of boys and girls is counted as one item. Using the multiplication principle. Number of different committees that can be formed 1. the number of 4-digit odd numbers greater than 2000 but less than 3000 that can be formed = 3 3P2 = 18 Choosing a male president from 4 males = 4704 2. This gives 3!. B2 and B3 √ This gives 2!. G2.

There are 3 ‘E’ and 4 ‘E ’ in the bag (a) P(EE) = 3 2 = 1 7 6 7 – (b) P(EE ) = 3 4 = 2 7 6 7 33 . P (not getting any post) =2 3 4 3 5 7 8 = 35 – 3.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 7 Probability Paper 1 1. P(Not a green ball) = 3 5 h+5 = 3 h+k+5 5 5h + 25 = 3h + 3k + 15 2h = 3k – 10 h = 3k – 10 2 2.

9 P(Z > – 0.3413 16 = 625 25 = 25 (1)(1) 2 5 n n 4 0.5 34 0. 12 ) Area of the shaded region P (X < 37) = P Z < 37 – 55 12 = P (Z < –1.1841 –0.9 –1. (a) X – Mass of a crab.8159 1 . X ∼ N(55.5) 0.1587 = 0. X – Number of penalty goals scored X ∼ B n. 3 5 P(X = 0) = 16 625 Co 3 5 n Z = X–µ σ = 190 – 175 15 =1 0 2 5 n = 16 625 (b) P(175 < X < 190) = P 175 – 175 < Z < 190 – 175 15 15 = P (0 < Z < 1) = 0.5 – 0.0668 2 4.1587 ∴n =4 O 2. 0.8159 ∴ k = –0.0668 = 0.9) = 0.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 8 Probability Distributions Paper 1 3. in g X ∼ N(175. 15) 1.

4 ≤ Z ≤ 1.1 –1. 6 18 0.1201 = P(–0.282 σ –0. (a) X – Number of blue beads drawn X ∼ B 10.9 σ P Z > 8 – 12 σ 4 (ii) P(X = 3) = P(X = 0) + P(X = 1) + P(X = 2) 0 11 7 +7C 14 1 11 6 + = 7C0 14 1 25 25 25 25 = 10 1 2 3 3 = 1.3446 – 0. σ2) (b) X – Time taken to settle invoices X ∼ N(30.5403 0.2608 – 0.3741 0.321 1 X ∼ B 7.282 0.(ii) P(10 < X < 13) = P 10 – 12 < Z < 13 – 12 3. 14 25 9 X ∼ B 7.321) = 1 – 0.2 .1201 years 35 1. 52) P Z > –4 = 0.2304 Standard deviation = npq C 14 11 25 25 5 2 = 0.49 (i) 3 = 0.641 (i) P(X ≥ 3) = 1 – P(X = 0) – P(X = 1) – P(X = 2) 23 C1 2 3 3 = 1 – 10C0 1 3 – 10 0 10 2 2.2) = 1– 0.1201 3.1151 – 4 = –1.641 < Z < 0.1151 = 0. (a) X – Number of customers requiring a supplementary card 23 – 10C1 1 3 0.4 σ = 3.3651 Paper 2 1.9 0. 280 500 8 2 = 0.1402 P(X > 8) = 90% 2 7 (b) X – Lifespan of a species of dog X ∼ N(12.9 (i) P(28 ≤ X ≤ 36) = P 28 – 30 ≤ Z ≤ 36 – 30 5 5 = P(–0.7009 (i) P(X = 3) 11 25 (ii) Mean = np = 10 1 = 3 1 3 3 = 7C3 14 25 = 0.3446 0.2608 = 0.3741 –0. 1 3 X ∼ B 10.

(ii) P(X < 22) = P Z < 22 – 30 5 = P(Z < –1.0548 220 = 12 36 .0548 Hence.6) = 0. the expected number of invoices which are given discounts = 0.

Thus. v = 12(2) – 3(2)2 + 15 = 27 m s–1 d2v = –6 (< 0) dt2 Therefore. v = 15.SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 9 Motion Along a Straight Line Paper 2 (c) When particle A reverses its direction. aB =12(4) – 14 = 34 m s–2 2 (a) a = 12 – 6t v = a dt v = (12 – 6t) dt v = 12t – 3t2 + c When t = 0. When t = 5. dvA = 0 dt 1 – 2t = 0 t= 1 2 d 2vA = –2 (negative) dt 2 vB = dsB dt vB = 6t2 – 14t – 15 Hence. c = 15 ∴ v = 12t – 3t2 + 15 At maximum velocity. at maximum velocity. 2 3 sA = 12(5) + 5 – 5 = 30 5 m 6 2 3 37 . sB = 0 2t 3 – 7t 2 – 15t = 0 t(2t 2 – 7t – 15) = 0 t(2t + 3)(t – 5) = 0 t = 0. sA = 0. v is a maximum. ∴ c = 0 2 3 ∴ sA = 12t + t – t 2 3 When t = 2. vmax = 12 + 1 – 1 2 2 = 12 1 m s–1 4 2 aB = dvB dt aB =12t – 14 (b) sB = 2t 3 – 7t 2 – 15t When particle B returns to O. – 3 or 5 2 t = 0 and t = – 3 are not accepted 2 ∴t=5 When t = 4. vA = 0 12 + t – t2 = 0 t2 – t – 12 = 0 (t + 3)(t – 4) = 0 t = –3 or 4 t = –3 is not accepted ∴t=4 1. (a) For particle A. dv = 0 dt 12 – 6t = 0 t=2 sA = vA dt sA = (12 + t – t2) dt 2 3 sA = 12t + t – t + c 2 3 When t = 0.

s = 0. c = 0. ∴ s = 6t 2 – t 3 + 15t (c) When the particle travels to the right. s = 6(5)2 – 53 + 15(5) = 100 m d 2s = 12 – 6t dt 2 2 When t = 5. ds = 0 dt 12t – 3t2 + 15 = 0 3t2 – 12t – 15 = 0 t2 – 4t – 5 = 0 (t – 5)(t + 1) = 0 t = 5 or –1 t = –1 is not accepted ∴t=5 –1 5 t –1 < t < 5 Since the values of t cannot be negative. d s2 = 12 – 6(5) = –18 dt Therefore. Thus. When t = 5. (b) s = v dt s = (12t – 3t2 + 15) dt s = 6t 2 – t 3 + 15t + c When t = 0. 38 . s is a maximum. therefore 0 ≤ t < 5. v >0 12t – 3t 2 + 15 > 0 3t 2 – 12t – 15 < 0 t 2 – 4t – 5 < 0 (t + 1)(t – 5) < 0 At maximum displacement.

(a) I 180x + 90y ≤ 5400 2x + y ≤ 60 x y 0 60 30 0 The furthest point on the straight line y = 3 x 4 inside the feasible region R is (20. 12).SPM ZOOM–IN Form 5: Chapter 10 Motion Along a Straight Line (c) (i) x = 4 y 3 3x = 4y y = 3x 4 Paper 2 1. (b) Hence. 12) 10 R 3x + 4y = 120 O 10 15 20 200x + 150y = 3000 30 40 x 39 x y 0 90 30 0 x y 0 40 40 0 x y 0 30 90 0 . ymax = 15 II 3x + 4y ≤ 120 x y III 0 30 40 0 0 0 30 60 (ii) Profits = 200x + 150y Draw the straight line 200x + 150y = 3000 y ≤ 2x x y 200 150 0. (a) Mixing: 30x + 10y ≤ 15 60 3x + y ≤ 90 y = 2x 50 Baking: 40x + 40y ≤ 26 2 60 3 x + y ≤ 40 40 30 y= 3 x 4 Decorating: 10x + 30y ≤ 15 60 x + 3y ≤ 90 (20. the maximum profit = 200(24) + 150(12) = RM6600 y 60 2x + y = 60 2.1 = 3000 The optimal point is (24.15). 15) 20 Max (24. ∴ xmax = 20.

the optimal point is (15. 25). the maximum profit = 5(15) + 10(25) = RM325 40 60 70 80 90 x . 25) 30 20 17 R x + 3y = 90 10 5 O x + y = 40 5x + 10y = 50 10 2023 30 40 50 (c) (i) When y = 17.(b) y 90 80 70 3x + y = 90 60 50 40 Max (15. From the graph. Hence. xmax = 23 (ii) Profits = 5x + 10y Draw the straight line 5x + 10y = 50.

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