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APOSTILA INGLÊS INSTRUMENTAL 2008 1[1]

APOSTILA INGLÊS INSTRUMENTAL 2008 1[1]

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“Fazer ou não fazer algo só depende de nossa vontade e perseverança.


Albert Einstein

MATERIAL DE APOIO DE INGLÊS INSTRUMENTAL

CURSOS: TECNOLOGIA EM REDES DE COMPUTADORES

Material organizado pelas professoras: Adriana Soeiro Pino Chafia Laszkiew Silvana Vieira Elias Satyro Verusca Praciano de Paula Yara Marisol Contipelli

2008

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APRESENTAÇÃO DO CURSO O que é inglês instrumental? Como surgiu? “English for Specific Purposes” (E.S.P), que em português quer dizer: Inglês com Objetivos Específicos, também chamado de inglês instrumental ou técnico, ou seja, é a habilidade de entender textos em língua inglesa usando estratégias específicas de leitura. Surgiu com a necessidade de comunicação rápida e eficaz em vários contextos mundiais. Como por exemplo: durante a guerra, os soldados precisavam aprender o idioma do inimigo para sobreviverem, este vocabulário básico era visto no avião, navio, nos campos de batalha. Com o passar do tempo, outros contextos sociais foram surgindo, como: a necessidade de leitura de livros, revistas, catálogos, instruções operacionais, manuais escritos em inglês que precisavam ser compreendidos pelos usuários, etc. Sendo assim, torna-se necessário uma abordagem específica da língua Inglesa, que atenda as necessidades profissionais dos estudantes, que são leitura e compreensão de livros. E assim, o Inglês Instrumental possui o objetivo de desenvolver a habilidade de leitura, isto é, de compreensão de textos de diversas áreas do conhecimento escritos em língua inglesa, utilizando para isso estratégias de leitura, a fim de tornar o aluno capaz de compreender um texto da sua área de estudo. Nesse enfoque, a leitura conta com o conhecimento prévio dos leitores. O inglês instrumental consiste no “treinamento instrumental” dessa língua, em que as habilidades têm por objetivo extrair conhecimentos para áreas específicas de estudo. Vale lembrar que o inglês instrumental ou técnico pode ou não visar a comunicação oral em inglês, entretanto, para os cursos de WEB e REDES sua principal habilidade a ser trebalhada será a leitura e o estudo de gramática, restringindo-a a um mínimo necessário, ou seja, associando-a ao texto. Método Desenvolve a leitura ("reading") de forma limitada a um objetivo específico, através da habilidade de manipular textos em língua inglesa, tentando assimilar a compreensão geral e inferir informações específicas. A gramática é ensinada de forma contextualizada a um objetivo específico. Tradução os textos Para nosso curso não há tradução, porém outros métodos são utilizados como, por exemplo: dedução, contexto semântico, reconhecimento de afixos, cognatos e vocabulário da área. Como serão as aulas? As aulas serão ministradas em português, pois no curso não serão trabalhadas as habilidades da fala, de compreensão oral e de escrita. Não haverá tradução literal, outras estratégias serão utilizadas como por exemplo, dedução, cognatos, familiares, dicas tipográficas e outros. Muitos exercícios de leitura e compreensão de textos, os quais vocês poderão aplicar as estratégias de leitura que serão ensinadas. O inglês instrumental poderá abrir seus horizontes de leitura e assim você se manterá mais informado e próximo ao mundo globalizado

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TESTE: COMO ESTÁ O SEU INGLÊS? Leia atentamente o texto abaixo e assinale a opção correta para cada questão. 1 A computer is a programmable machine that stores and retrieves data and performs high-speed logical and mathematical operations. However, it is not able to think. It accepts data and instructions as input, and after processing them, it outputs the results.

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When we talk about computers, we have to consider the hardware and the software. The hardware consists of all the electronic and mechanical parts that make up a computer system, and the software is the collection of data and programs needed to solve problems with a computer.

QUESTÕES DE 1 A 11 1) O melhor título para o texto seria: a) The history of Computers b) What is a computer? c) Hardware x Software 2) É uma idéia presente no texto: a) o computador resolve problemas através do seu próprio raciocínio. b) o hardware é mais importante para o computador do que o software. c) o processamento de dados é composto de três etapas. 3) Do texto, podemos inferir que: a) o computador se presta a diversas aplicações por causa da sua versatilidade. b) o computador está se tornando cada dia menor e mais barato. c) o computador é a invenção humana que mais evoluiu nas últimas décadas. 4) “(...) the software is the collection of data and programs needed to solve problems with a computer.” A idéia contida na oração acima está associada a: a) It basically consists of the systems analysts, the programmers, the operators and the technical managers. b) It is the collection of man-written solutions, as well as all documents to guide the operation of a computer. c) It consists of several units: the CPU, the main memory, and the peripherals known as input and output devices. 5) No trecho selecionado para a questão 4, a palavra “programs” pode ser entendida como: a) canais b) jogos c) instruções 6) A pergunta que pode ser respondida com base nas informações contidas no texto é: a) Quem inventou o computador? b) O que significa software? c) O que é um dispositivo de entrada? 7) A opção na qual a palavra computer exerce a função de modificador é: a) computer (I. 1) b) computers (I. 4) c) computer (I. 5) 8) O melhor parágrafo para finalizar o texto seria:

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Example a) ________________________ _ b) ________________________ 4 . The first analog computer was used in World War II. The first real calculating machine appeared in 1820. e)computer system ( )The process of protecting a computer system from access by virus or ( ) Charts. The primitive calculating device was the fingers of a man’s hands. Numere-os de 1 a 5. c) In only a short time. b) computer graphics particular computer. unauthorized persons. 10) Os fatos abaixo estão relacionados com a história do computador. Enable data to go into the computer’s memory. ( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) ) In the 17th and 18th centuries. d) computer security ( ) A computer program designed for amusement or instruction. hardware and software. partindo do mais antigo para o mais recente. or pictures produced with the aid of a ( ) All of the hardware and software that can interact with a 11) Identifique as partes componentes do computador abaixo: Monitor – Screen – Keyboard – Mouse – CD-Rom Drive – Disk Drive – Scanner – Printer – CD-Rom Floppy Disk/Diskette 12) Complete a coluna de exemplos da tabela com as partes identificadas na figura: Type Storage devices Input devices Description Provide permanent storage for data and programs. 9) De acordo com o texto e com as informações abaixo faça a correspondência entre as palavras (à esquerda) e as definições (à direita) a) computer game ( ) The study and development of computer systems. called Mark 1. the computer has changed the way in which many jobs are done and has become part of our everyday lives. b) On the backside of the computer. many ways of calculating were invented.a) Fourth-generation computers are rather faster than third-generation computers and can complete thousands of instructions at a time. Howard Aiken invented the first digital computer. there are several slots into which we can connect a wide range of peripherals. graphs. c) computer science computer. diagrams.

Repeated words: se uma palavra aparece várias vezes no texto. Typographical Evidences: são símbolos. ESTRATÉGIAS DE LEITURA Skimming: leitura rápida para ter-se uma idéia central do texto. ABILITIES AND OTHER FACILITATORS Cognates: são palavras de origem grega ou latina bem parecidas com as do português. ambulance). letras maiúsculas. Dictionary: o dicionário deve ser utilizado como último recurso para se descobrir o significado de uma palavra ou expressão desconhecida. infection – infecção. tabelas. itálico. que dão dicas úteis sobre o texto. etc. números. Scanning: leitura com objetivo de encontrar algumas informações específicas no texto. fingir. negrito. etc. 5 . e) ________________________ _ 13) A oração que melhor resume as idéias contidas no texto. título. conhecimento sobre estrutura do texto (lay out. subtítulo. por exemplo). Vale ressaltar a importância do conhecimento prévio do leitor e das suas expectativas e deduções em relação ao texto. é importante observar se a palavra se encaixa no contexto. Ex. etc. e para que o leitor não desanime tendo que parar toda vez que encontrar algo desconhecido. nurse. Obs. selecionar os trechos onde se quer encontrar uma determinada informação (parágrafos. pretend não significa pretender. contexto não-lingüístico (gravuras. isto significa que ela é importante para a compreensão do mesmo. isto é.. gráficos. doctor. contexto lingüístico (pistas gramaticais). b) Computers are also used in education and business.). Isso para que a leitura não seja lenta demais.: Atenção com os falsos cognatos. na figura e na tabela é: a) Most computers are equipped with data communication facilities.). por exemplo: hospital. Prediction: significa inferir o conteúdo de um texto através de seu conhecimento prévio sobre o tema (background). divisão de parágrafos. different – diferente.Output devices _ c) ________________________ _ d) ________________________ Enable users to extract information from the _ system. Selectivity: leitura seletiva. mas sim. através do contexto semântico (palavras de um mesmo grupo. c) A computer is not only a machine but also a system. Ex.

They can perform complex operations in a fraction of time. b. c. events. automatic. PALAVRAS FAMILIARES (ESTRANGEIRISMOS) Familiares são palavras conhecidas pela maioria das pessoas que vive em um país altamente influenciado pela cultura dos países de Língua Inglesa. etc. Não têm a mesma origem das palavras da Língua Portuguesa. products. hospital. attention. 6 . etc. distribution. os cognatos são palavras de procedência grega ou latina. deposits. It controls all the computer activities. explain. total. models. inventor. inflation. Computers are divided into two parts: hardware and software. piano. responsible. company. activity. television. population. etc. commercial. hotel. revolution. dramatic. social. banks. como no significado. But. a. Alguns exemplos de Familiares: Software Fast food Delivery Shows Hamburguer Windows Video game Dollar Moto/Office Boy Play Hot dog Credit card Marketing Site DVD / CD Diet Mouse Light Drive-thru Record COGNATOS • Leia os segmentos abaixo e selecione todas as palavras que se pareçam com o Português e aquelas que são usadas da mesma forma tanto na Língua Inglesa como na Língua Portuguesa.COGNATOS Muito comuns na Língua Inglesa. different. tanto na forma. The CPU is the part of a computer that executes the arithmetic and logic operations. • Bastante parecidos: Exs. chance. particular. secretary.: electricity.: gasoline. bastantes parecidas com as da Língua Portuguesa. public. • Vagamente parecidos: Exs. intelligent. impossible. Hardware refers to the actual equipment and software refers to the programs that control and coordinate the activities of the computer. nuclear. camera. lamp. they can´t think. billion. Os cognatos podem ser: • Idênticos: Exs. sofa.: radio. Computers are electronic machines that process information.

this construction was built in the second half of the 19th century as an ornament. one or more buttons on the top. Control buttons are located on the base and sometimes on top of the stem. Now a major tourist attraction for visitors from all over the world and a site for TV and radio transmissions. Memory is the storage area where a computer saves or retrieve data. Film transparent de qualité supérieure. 2) In computer science. 3) A computer peripheral that puts text or image on paper or on another medium. non impact include every other type of print mechanism including laser. ALGOL and PASCAL are examples of highlevel languages. f. (Hewlett Packard) SKIMMING • Leia os segmentos abaixo e utilizando os cognatos e familiares identifique o assunto abordado em cada um deles: 1) One of the most impressive sights in Paris. 7 . The most common distinction is impact x. by fermenting certain cereal grains and then distilling to produce a light-colored liquid containing about 40% alcohol. a popular pointing input device. presumably to show the possibilities of steel. It is expressed as quantities of K.____________________________________________. COBOL. non impact. Impact physically strike the paper and are exemplified by dotmatrix. It is used to point the cursor at different parts of the screen or at specials symbols called icons. BASIC. The results of processing are called OUTPUT. the user typically controls a cursor. A mouse is a device that has a ball underneath. h. It usually has a square or rectangular plastic base to which is attached a vertical stem. e. The stem can be moved to control the movement of an object on the screen. g. Each one has its advantage or disadvantage. designed to be gripped by one hand. producing a “click”. FORTRAN. 5) A common pointing device._________________________________. They can be categorized in any of several ways. used mostly for playing computer games but used for other tasks as well. There are many different high-level languages. Its basic features are a casing with a flat bottom.d.024 bytes and each byte is equal to 8 bits. . . For example. the user presses one of the buttons. such as a transparency. To select items or choose commands on the screen. . ink-jet and thermal. Data put into a computer is INPUT. It is linked in the world´s mind with the image of France and Paris. a ball on the bottom. each K is equal to 1. and to allow Parisians to see their own city from above. It is drunk with or without ice. By moving it on a surface. The input is processed according to the program that is being used. Faites de votre imprimante couleur HP Deskjet une machine à fabriquer lãs transparents pour rétroprojecteur. .____________________________________________. 4) Alcoholic drink produced originally in Scotland. Ireland and USA.____________________________________________. soda or according to taste. and a cable connecting it to the computer.____________________________________________.

she talked to Newsweek´s Anne Whaley. At a recent congress of the Civic Forum. overwhelming the candidate supported by President Vaclav Havel. 3. a niece of the late President Salvador great Allende. an advocate of free-market economic reforms. 8 . “New Wave” Alain Delon. along with François Truffaut and Eric Rohmer.Scanning • Complete the chart using the information from the texts below: 2. Klaus. Klaus was elected chairman. Last week Mexican poet essayist Octavio Paz. Paz met with Newsweek´s Sarah Crichton New York. and Vaclav Klaus. A founder of the French New Wave film movement. “Contempt” others. Recently. 1. is one of the most celebrated authors writing in Spanish. 60. the the coalition that toppled the Communist in regime. Chilean novelist Isabel Allende. Czechoslovakia´s minister of Finance. Jean-Luc Godard. 76. has emerged as his Prize country´s fastest-rising politician. 48. Godard has directed such modern classics as Starring Brigitte Bardot and His latest film. Last week in Prague. 4. “Stories of Eva Luna”. While visiting Rome to promote the release of her latest book. talked with NewsWeek´s Andrew Nagorski about the Significance of his upset victory. 49. features spoke Iury at Switzerland. A day after the announcement. Godard with Newsweek´s Benjamin at his office in Rolle. was awarded this year´s Nobel in Literature. is widely considered one of the world´s film directors.

O cartão pegou chuva e algumas palavras desapareceram.Tenho____ a noite: e vários teatros sendo divertido bares. A cidade é ________________ bonita. Tente descobrir que palavra foi apagada em cada lacuna através da previsibilidade fornecida pelo contexto. cinemas _______________ variedade de shows. Ontem __________o Pão de Açúcar com meus primos.Name Isabel Allende Age Nationality Occupation 76 Czech Film Director • Correspondência a) Suponhamos que você acaba de receber um cartão-postal de um amigo que está viajando. Volto __________ uma semana. Um grande abraço e até a ________________ b) Como você descobriu as palavras que faltavam? ______________________________________ 9 . Querido_________________________. com uma geografia encantadora. mas vale a pena vencer o medo. A subida do bondinho dá um __________na barriga. e __________________ para fazer durante PREDICTION bastante por aqui. A _________ lá do alto do morro é fantástica! Espero ________ tudo esteja bem aí com vocês. Há muitas ______________ restaurantes. A viagem está .

These browsers offer a graphical user interface in which you use a mouse to navigate.g.Que estratégias você utiliza para deduzir o assunto de um texto nas seguintes situações: a) Você encontra um grupo de amigos conversando e descobre que perdeu metade da conversa. through a cable modem. and Netscape are available for both Windows and Macintosh computers. Browsers require a connection to the Internet (e. graphics. Que meios você utilizou para a dedução? _____________________ d) De que modo seu conhecimento de mundo pode ajudá-lo a fazer inferências? _______________ ______________________________________________________________________ 1.. and Safari are graphical web browsers that can access text. Safari is available only for Mac OS X. ______________________________________________________________________ c) Você chega atrasado ao cinema e perde os primeiros minutos do filme.iu.edu/ 1) O que é um Browser e para que é usado? (Resposta em português) _________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 10 . a direct Ethernet connection. Firefox is available to Indiana University users in all of the Student Technology Centers (STCs). Netscape. and what browsers A browser is a software program used to access and display pages and files on the web. All are available via IUware at: http://iuware.Quais os diferentes tipos de texto que você conhece? ______________________________________________________________________ 2.c) Apesar de o nome da cidade visitada pelo seu amigo não estar mencionada no cartão. Netscape. Popular web browsers include the following: Mozilla Firefox. or a modem). ______________________________________________________________________ b) Você liga a televisão e ouve a notícia que lhe interessa pela metade. and Safari Mozilla Firefox. Internet Explorer. Netscape and Internet Explorer are available in the Windows STCs. Firefox. Safari is available in the Macintosh STCs. ___________________________________________________________________ are available? What is a browser. sound. Internet Explorer. Internet Explorer. ela pode ser facilmente reconhecida. and other media.

Abaixo está a tabela de falsos cognatos. TENT EM INGLÊS ACTUAL ACTUALLY ADVERTISE ALUMNUS AMASS APPLICATION APPOINTMENT ARGUMENT ASSIST ATTEND AUDIENCE AVAILABLE BALCONY BARRACS MAS PARECE SER ATUAL ATUALMENTE ADVERTIR ALUNO AMASSAR APLICAÇÃO APONTAMENTO ARGUMENTO ASSISTIR ATENDER AUDIÊNCIA AVALIAR BALCÃO BARRACA 11 .2) De acordo com o texto. 8) Relacione todas as palavras familiares do texto e dê a tradução. que têm portanto a mesma origem e que aparecem em diferentes idiomas com ortografia semelhante. DENT. quais são os Browsers mais populares? (Resposta em português) _________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 3) O que estes browsers oferecem? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 4) Para 5) Para onde onde o o Firefox Safari está está disponível? disponível? ___________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ 6) Qual é o tipo de texto? _______________________________________________________________ 7) Circule todas as palavras cognatas no texto. PÚBLICO DISPONÍVEL SACADA QUARTEL QUE EM INGLÊS É PRESENT NOWADAYS. SIGNIFICA EM PORTUGUÊS REAL NA VERDADE ANÚNCIO EX-ALUNO ACUMULAR INSCRIÇÃO HORA MARCADA DISCUSSÃO AJUDAR FREQUENTAR PLATÉIA. os falsos cognatos são palavras normalmente derivadas do latim. TODAY WARN PUPIL WRINKLE. mas que ao longo dos tempos acabaram adquirindo significados diferentes. SERVE COURT APPEARENCE EVALUATE COUNTER HUT. CRUSH INVESTMENT NOTE REASONING ATTEND ANSWER. _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________ FALSOS COGNATOS Também chamados de falsos amigos.

FANTASIA DADOS. TOTAL COBRADOR COMPETIÇÃO. FRAUDE DECORAR(ORNAMENTAR ) RÉU PROJETO. ENGENHOSO ENGENHOSIDADE FERIMENTO FERIMENTO RAVAÇÃO EM RELEVO PRETENDER EMBRIAGUEZ APRESENTAR BATOM BIFE BUNDE CAFETERIA CÂMARA CARTÃO CASUALIDADE CIGARRO COLAR COLÉGIO COMODIDADE COMPASSO COMPETIÇÃO COMPREENSIVO CONDUTOR CONTEXTO CONVENIENTE CONVICTO COSTUME DATA DECEPÇÃO LIPSTICK STEAK STREERCAR. COLARINHO FACULDADE ARTIGO. CONCURSO PRÁTICO CONDENADO ROUPA. HABIT DATE DISAPPOINTMENT DECORAR(SABER DE COR) MEMORIZE DEFENDER DEFEND DESIGNAR DESGOSTO DIVERTIR EDITOR EDUCADO EMISSÃO ENROLLAR ESTADO EXCITANTE ÊXITO ESPERTO ESQUISITO FÁBRICA FAMILIAR FILA GRIPE DEVOLUÇÃO DE IMPOSTO DE RENDA INGÊNUO INGENUIDADE INJÚRIA INJURIA INSCRIÇÃO ENTENDER INTOXICAÇÃO INTRODUZIR APPOINT GRIEF ENJOY PUBLISHER POLITE ISSUE WIND. FOTOGRÁFICA CAIXA DE PAPELÃO FATALIDADE CHARUTO GOLA.BATON BEEF BOND CAFETERIA CAMERA CARTON CASUALTY CIGAR COLLAR COLLEGE COMMODITY COMPASS COMPETITION COMPREHENSIV E CONDUCTOR CONTEST CONVENIENT CONVICT COSTUME DATA DECEPTION DECORATE DEFENDANT DESIGN DISGUST DIVERT EDITOR EDUCATED EMISSION ENROLL ESTATE EXCITING EXIT EXPERT EXQUISITE FABRIC FAMILIAR FILE GRIP INCOME TAX RETURN INGENIOUS INGENUITY INJURY INJURY INSCRIPTION INTEND INTOXICATION INTRODUCE BATUTA. ESTILO NÁUSEA DESVIAR REDATOR INSTRUÍDO DESCARGA ALISTAR-SE PROPRIEDADE. IMÓVEL EMPOLGANTE SAÍDA PERITO APURADO TECIDO CONHECIDO ARQUIVO AGARRAR FIRME DECLARAÇÃO DE IMPOSTO DE RENDA CRIATIVO. INFORMAÇÕES LOGRO. CACETETE CARNE DE GADO LAÇO. QUEUE COLD INCOME TAX REFUND NAIVE NAIVETY INSULT INSULT APPLICATION UNDERSTAND POISONING INSERT 12 . LIGAÇÃO REFEITÓRIO MÁQ. TUBE CARD CASUALLNESS CIGARETTE NECKLACE HIGH SCHOOL COMFORT A PAIR OF COMPASSES CONTEST UNDERSTANDING DRIVER CONTEXT APPROPRIATE CERTAIN CUSTOM. CRIAÇÃO. MERCADORIA BÚSSOLA CONCORRÊNCIA COMPLETO. TRAM COFFEE SHOP CHAMBER. CURL STATE THRILLING SUCCESS SMART WEIRD FACTORY MEMBER OF THE FAMILY LINE.

NORMA PORTO CARREGADOR PRECONCEITO RECEITAR LOGO. DISCO RELATÓRIO REQUISITO INTERVALO.DE JUSTIÇA) LÂMPADA LARGO LEITURA LEGENDA LIVRARIA LANCHE LUXÚRIA MAGAZINE MANEJAR MAIOR MISTURE MOROSO NOTÍCIA NOVELA OFICIAL ORDINÁRIO OURO PARENTES PARTICULAR PASTA FÍSICO POLÍCIA PORTA PORTEIRO PREJUÍZO PRESCREVER PRESENTEMENTE PRETENDER PREVENIR PROCURAR PROFESSOR PROPAGANDA PRÓPRIO PULAR PUXAR RANGER REALIZAR RECLAMAR RECORDAR REPÓRTER REQUERIMENTO RESPEITO RESUMIR RESUMO RETIRAR ESCOLAR NEWSPAPER TIGHT . ADEQUADO PUXAR EMPURRAR VARIAR. RECALL REPORTER REQUEST. PETITION RESPECT SUMMARIZE SUMMARY WITHDRAW SCHOOLBOY 13 . APENAS LUMINÁRIA GRANDE PALESTRA LENDA BIBLIOTECA ALMOÇO LUXO REVISTA ADMINISTRAR. COBRIR PERCEBER RECUPERAR GRAVAR. CONSEGUIR PREFEITO UMIDADE RABUGENTO PERCEBER ROMANCE ESCRITÓRIO COMUM MINÉRIO PAIS ESPECÍFICO MASSA MÉDICO POLÍTICA. LETRADO JORNAL JUSTO(APERTADO .JOURNAL JUST LAMP LARGE LECTURE LEGEND LIBRARY LUNCH LUXURY MAGAZINE MANAGE MAYOR MOISTURE MOROSE NOTICE NOVEL OFFICE ORDINARY ORE PARENTS PARTICULAR PASTA PHYSICIAN POLICY PORT PORTER PREJUDICE PRESCRIBE PRESENTLY PRETEND PREVENT PROCURE PROFESSOR PROPAGANDA PROPER PULL PUSH RANGE REALIZE RECLAIM RECORD REPORT REQUIREMENT RESPITE RESUME RÉSUMÉ RETIRE SCHOLAR PERIÓDICO NUM DADO MOMENTO. PASTE PHYSICAL POLICE DOOR DOORMAN DAMAGE EXPIRE NOW INTEND WARN LOOK FOR TEACHER ADVERTISEMENT OWN JUMP PULL CREAK. EM BREVE FINGIR IMPEDIR CONSEGUIR.FAIR LIGHT BULB WIDE READING SUBTITLE BOOKSTORE SNACK LUST DEPARTMENT STORE HANDLE BIGGER MIXTURE SLOW NEWS SOAP OPERA OFFICIAL VULGAR GOLD RELATIVES PRIVATE FOLDER. ADQUIRIR PROFESSOR DE UNIVERSIDADE DIVULGAÇÃODE IDÉIAS APROPRIADO. GUARDA FLORESTAL ACCOMPLISH COMPLAIN REMEMBER. PAUSA RECOMEÇAR CURRÍCULO APOSENTAR ERUDITO.

days off. they decided to set a new meeting to sign the final draft of the agreement. ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ • Escreva o verdadeiro significado das palavras em destaque: ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ 14 . The discussion was very comprehensive. STAND. TRY SHIFT GUARDIAN THE ONLY ONE WEAR PLANTS WINE JOURNEY. and establish tougher limits on vehicle emissions because he assumes this is what the people expect from the government. and left for the cafeteria. After lunch I attended a lecture given by the mayor. He said his government intends to assist welfare programs and senior citizens. raise funds to improve college education and build a public library. SEM IGUAL UTILIZAR. Eventually. NAVE ESPACIAL SENSIVEL SORTE ESTÁBULO ESTRANGEIRO ESTÚPIDO SUPORTAR SIMPÁTICO TAXA TEMPERO TENENTE TENTATIVA TURNO TUTOR ÚNICO USAR (VESTIR) VEGETAIS VINHO VIAGEM SENSITIVE LUCK BARN FOREIGNER RUDE BEAR. ESTÁVEL DESCONHECIDO BURRO SUSTENTAR. etc. retirement age. Back at the office. Both sides were interested in an agreement and ready to compromise. a colleague of mine asked me if I had realized that the proposed agreement would be partially against the company policy not to accept workers that have already retired. VIDEIRA VIAGEM DE BARCO. USAR VERDURAS. Actually. The secretary recorded everything in the notes. TOLERATE NICE. LEGUMES VINHA. APOIAR COMPREENSIVO. PLEASANT. TRAVEL  Exercite no texto abaixo alguns falsos cognatos: A DAY AT WORK In the morning I attended a meeting between management and union representatives. I didn't want to discuss the matter at that particular moment because there were some strangers in the office. VOLTA PROFESSOR PARTICULAR DIFERENTE. ESCOLHER FIRME. SOLIDÁRIO IMPOSTO TEMPERAMENTO.SENSIBLE SORT STABLE STRANGER STUPID SUPPORT SYMPATHETIC TAX TEMPER TENANT TENTATIVE TURN TUTOR UNIQUE USE VEGETABLES VINE VOYAGE SENSATO ESPÉCIE. TRIP. covering topics like working hours. I pretended to be really busy and late for an appointment. who is an expert in tax legislation and has a graduate degree in political science. GÊNIO INQUILINO PROVISÓRIO VEZ. FRIENDLY FEE CONDIMENT LIEUTENANT ATTEMPT.

1999 ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ USO DO DICIONÁRIO O dicionário é uma fonte de muitos tipos de informações sobre palavras. Cuidar de. An electronic machine that can be supplied with a program. The waiter fills their glasses with champagne. aspecto m// v. 2. This window is made of glass. ~ out seja cuidadoso. Inspecionar. 4. Você pode notar que podemos encontrar: . To ~ down upon Adaptado do dicionário Inglês/Português Michaellis Verbos Quando você procura um verbo no dicionário geralmente encontra a base do verbo. Parecer.___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Texto e lista extraídos do site www. Mas. terá que procurar o verbo na sua forma base (fall). 4. O marinheiro levantou as velas do barco. 2. teach. para encontrar a definição da palavra. She went to the optician for a new pair of glasses. Ter vista para.com.Classe gramatical das palavras Veja o exemplo seguinte e responda: 1. Em Inglês também o contexto é muito importante para a interpretação adequada dos vocábulos. Qual é a representação fonética da palavra “look”? 2. worked. 6.. Olhar m. work.A representação fonética das palavras . Expressão f. 5. quando lemos textos encontramos os verbos sob diferentes formas: looking. 7. examinar Have a ~ at It dê uma olhada nisto. /considerar. olhadela f. OS2 operating system is like Ms DOS 15 . 3.Significado das palavras . Veja o exemplo abaixo: COMPUTER: (KAM’PJULTER). 1 Olhar 2. Assim. 3. teaches. É claro que o contexto é sempre importante para a compreensão das palavras que têm vários significados diferentes. 4. passado de fall. 2. Qual é a primeira expressão mencionada? 4. I like computers. Eu não vou ao cinema com eles porque detesto segurar vela. Observe os seguintes exemplos em Português e Inglês. 3. Procurar 2. Quando o verbo é irregular encontramos a seguinte explicação no dicionário: Fell/fel/ v. autor Ricardo Schütz. por exemplo: look. Tenho que limpar as velas do carro. Ele apagou as velas. observar. Contemplar. Quais as semelhanças na forma de utilização das palavras no Português e no Inglês? 1.br . Qual é o significado de “to look for? Look (luk) s. Prestar atenção. It ~s like rain está com aspecto de chuva. 5. To ~ after 1.Abreviaturas . ameaça chover.sk. 1. 1. Quantos significados ela pode ter como substantivo? E como verbo? 3.

= pretérito pron. de Paula) Abreviaturas mais comuns encontradas nos dicionários f. masculino m. 5. 6. Bonamim e Magali N. = pronome s. = preposição pret. = variante de Símbolos Comuns: ║ separação da categoria morfológica ~ substitui a palavra de entrada (ou seja. Qual é a tradução mais adequada para os vocábulos em negrito? 1. press any key. Freqüentemente este múltiplo sentido em um idioma não tem correspondente em outro. I will substitute my computer by a notebook. I need a new notebook for my English classes 3. a palavra que se está consultando) Símbolos fonéticos: Formas de pronúncia Vogais / Ditongos / Semivogais / Consoantes Sinal ‘ que significa acentuação Sinal : que significa prolongação NOTA: Observar sempre a organização do dicionário (guia fonético) DOUBLE SENSE WORDS É comum a todas as línguas a ocorrência de palavras com significado ou função gramatical múltiplos. Quer dizer: os termos nem sempre cobrem as mesmas áreas de significado entre 16 . = prefixo prep. mas que nesse contexto irão adquirir novos significados.pl = plural sg. substantivo s. = popular pref. I need the key to open the door. Don’t forget to save the file before turning off the computer. = verbo var. I have to save money to by a new car. pl = masculino plural p.Você precisa ter em mente que na leitura de textos técnicos você encontrará várias palavras em inglês que talvez já façam parte de seu vocabulário. (Atividade adaptada da apostila elaborada pelas professoras Márcia C. 4. To enter the program. feminino m. = superlativo v.p. = particípio passado pl = plural pop. = singular sup. 2.

coletar Bússola Inveterado Compatível Conteúdo Tâmara. sempre que diferentes idéias representadas pela mesma palavra na língua mãe do aluno corresponderem a diferentes palavras na segunda língua. O objetivo. Bala (projétil) Barra Morcego Carimbar Maiúscula Estojo Cela Personagem. Inglês Abstract Affiliate Affluent Ambulant Apology Application Apply Argument Arm Bachelor Balance Ball Bar Bat Cancel Capital Case Cell Character China Class Classified Club Coll Collect Compass Confirmed Consistent Content Date Directory Easy Effective Entertain Primeiro significado Abstrato Filiar-se Afluente Paciente de Ambulatório Apologia Aplicação Aplicar Argumento Arma Bacharel Balança Bola Bar Bastão de beisebol Cancelar Capital Caso Célula Caráter China Classe Classificado Clube Fresco Colecionar Compasso Confirmado Consistente Contente Date Diretoria Fácil Efetivo Entreter Segundo significado Resumo Determinar Paternidade Rico Capaz de Caminhar Desculpas Requerimento Inscrever-se Discussão Braço Solteiro Equilíbrio Baile. o inglês também tem inúmeras palavras de múltiplo significado. entretanto. entretanto a ocorrência do fenômeno na língua mãe do aluno que causa maior dificuldade. é mostrar os contrastes nas ocorrências mais usuais do vocabulário inglês moderno.diferentes idiomas. assim como o português. caractere Porcelana Aula Confidencial Taco de golfe Legal Cobrar. Portanto. ocorre com qualquer idioma. Encontro Lista telefônica Em Paz / Confortável Verdadeiro Receber visitas 17 . Este fenômeno. As diferentes palavras do inglês que correspondem aos diferentes significados da palavra do português podem eventualmente funcionar como sinônimos. Partir do geral para o particular é sempre mais difícil do que o inverso. portanto neutralizando o contraste entre os dois idiomas. o mesmo terá dificuldades em expressar-se corretamente. É. também chamado de polissemia.

andar Assunto Tocar / Imitar Peru Vício EXERCÍCIOS A) Assinale o significado correto das palavras em destaque nas sentenças: 1) I need to cancel your documents.Faculty Figure Fix General Individual Interest Just Legend Letter Match Major Manifest Mark Mass Matter Medicine Move Observe Official Oil Operator Order Park Period Plant Principal Pupil Race Rare Record Rest Retire Roll Save Scale Sequel Spectacles Spirits Story Subject To Play Turkey Vice Faculdade (mental) Figura Fixar General Individual Interesse Justo Legenda Letra Ligar (Relacionar) Major Manifesto Marca Massa Matéria Medicina Mover Observar Oficial Óleo Operador Ordem Parque Período Planta Principal Pupila Raça Raro Recorde Resto Retirar Rolo Salvar Escala Sequela Espetáculos Espíritos Estória Sujeito Jogar/ Brincar Turquia Vice Corpo Docente Número Consertar Geral Indivíduo Juros Apenas Lenda Carta Partida (Jogo) Principal Óbvio Nota Missa Assunto Remédio Mudar Celebrar Autoridade Petróleo Telefonista Pedido Estacionar Menstruação Fábrica Diretor da escola Aluno Corrida Mal passado (carne) Gravar Descansar Aposentar Lista Economizar Balança Sequencia Óculos Bebida alcóolica Pavimento. ( ) cancelar ( ) carimbar 18 .

a. ( ) porcelana ( ) China 11) John collects caps. 4) You have to write the names of the capitals with capital letters. 2) We have a directory in order to look for the telephone numbers of the students. (Newsweek.( ) operador ( ) telefonista b. Speakers stressed that Engelbart’s contributions went beyond the mouse.( ) planta ( ) fábrica 5) We are lost.( ) capital ( ) principal b. His Stanford computer was the second one to hook up to ARPAnet. We’ll click to that. b) He finished the college last year. the Internet’s predecessor. He is a bachelor. Engelbart strove to enhance human intelligence. ( ) capital ( )maiúscula 10) I appreciate Chinese china.500 people gathered at Stanford University to honor him. ( ) diretora ( ) principal 3) His mark was terrible. We need a compass now. 3) The character of this film has a bad character. he is a bachelor in Biology. More important. ( ) capital ( ) maiúscula 9) I use capital letter to write my name. ( ) marca ( ) nota 4) The operator (a) gave me the wrong number of the plant (b). This directory is in the directory of the school. 1998) 19 . ( ) bacharel ( ) solteirão 7) Do you know the capital (a) of China (b)? a. ( ) coleciona ( ) cobrou B) Dê os respectivos significados das palavras repetidas em cada segmento: 1) a) Mike is not married.2) She is the principal of the school. MOUSE MEMORIES In 1968 Douglas Engelbart demo’ed a strange device called a mouse.( ) porcelana ( ) China 8) Brasilia is the capital of Brazil. ( ) bússola ( ) compasso 6) He is the most famous bachelor of the party. and he developed the first use of multiple “windows”. Now. thus improving our ability to solve problems. Last week 1. December 28.

the concept of linking a large numbers of users to a single computer via remote terminals. Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf develop the basic ideas of the Internet in 1973. (cite a linha do texto em que se encontra essa informação) ______________________________________________________________________ 4) De onde foi retirado o texto lido? a) de um jornal b) da internet c) de um livro d) de uma revista 5) Faça. um breve resumo sobre o texto. o trabalho de Engelbart restringiu-se à criação do mouse. is developed at MIT in the late 50s and early 60s. em português. _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ______________________ A HISTORY OF THE COMPUTER: NETWORK Timesharing.(SCANNING) Responda as questões abaixo: 1) O que aconteceu: a) em 1968? _________________________________________________________________________ _____ b) durante a semana anterior a 28 de dezembro de 1998? _________________________________________________________________________ _____ 2) Na frase: “We’ll click to that”. ARPANET goes online in 1969. o termo em destaque passa a idéia de: a) discordar b) aprovar c) rejeitar d) aplaudir 3) Verdadeiro ou Falso: Segundo os oradores. packet-switching networks. 20 . 1962: Paul Baran of RAND develops the idea of distributed.

000.both. 1989: the number of hosts breaks 100. ADIÇÃO: . 1987: the number of network hosts breaks 10. 1992: the number of hosts breaks 1. The World Wide Web sports a growth rate of 341.mas também CONTRASTE/CONCESSÃO/ADVERSATIVA: . The first MUD is also developed in 1979...000.. 1993.000.Telenet.000..not only . Internet backbone traffic begins routing through commercial providers as NSFNET reverts to a research network in 1994. TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol) is established as the standard for ARPANET in 1982. 21 ..and: ambos. _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 4) O que é TCP/IP em inglês? (traduza para o português) ao ar? 5) Qual é o significado do termo World Wide Web? CONECTORES 1. The Internet 1996 World Exposition is the first World's Fair to be held on the internet. Tim Berners-Lee develops the World Wide Web.also: também .but: mas . neverthless: entretanto 2. CERN releases the first Web server in 1991. 1) Quando a ARPANET foi ________________________________________________________ 2) O que fizeram Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf? _________________________________________________ 3) Escreva um parágrafo informando o assunto tratado no texto.as well as: assim como . besides.however.apart from: com exceção de . furthermore.In 1974 BBN opens the first public packet-switched network . The main U.634% in service traffic in its third year.and : e . A UUCP link between the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University establishes USENET in 1979. moreover: além disso .in addition. tanto como .S.. but also: não apenas.. at the University of Essex.

then: então .in short..while.therefore: portanto ..as long as: uma vez que .because: porque .subject to: sujeito a . adequadamente .in other words: em outras palavras . daí .yet: entretanto. notwithstanding: não obstante .viz: (do latim) quer dizer 9. COMPARAÇÃO: . or: ou.like.so: então.. ou ainda .rather than.consequently. : (do latim) por exemplo ..although. ou . a menos que . então.or: ou . : (do latim) isto é .that is: isto é . even though.provided that: uma vez que .than: do que 8.on condition that: desde que . ALTERNATIVA . as a result: consequentemente .hence: pois.for instance.namely: a saber .g.nonetheless. PROPÓSITO: . in brief: em resumo .in order to: a fim de .thereby: assim. as: como . whereas: enquanto 6.finally: finalmente 5.due to: devido a 22 . CONDIÇÃO: .or else: ou então. in spite of: apesar de .otherwise: por outro lado .unless: se não.if: se .e.wether: se 10. for example: por exemplo .that is to say: quer dizer 7. pois . desse modo .either .e.i. CAUSA: .such as: tal como .thus: assim . instead of: em vez de . REITERAÇÃO: .whereas: enquanto 3..so as to: de modo que 4. ILUSTRAÇÃO: .despite that. CONSEQUÊNCIA/CONCLUSÃO: . ainda . though: embora .accordingly: de acordo.

ao passo que em português nós começamos o grupo com ela. maybe: talvez ..as: porque .: Electric Energy = Energia Elétrica Private Investors = Investidores Privados State Government = Governo Estadual Observe que nos grupos nominais em Inglês a palavra principal. o substantivo (núcleo) é sempre a última palavra do grupo. ou seja. palavras que caracterizam o substantivo. e as outras são os modificadores. DÚVIDA OU HIPÓTESE: . sendo que uma é a palavra principal. Exs.perhaps.since: uma vez que 11. o substantivo (núcleo). 12.possibly: possivelmente TEMPORAL: . temos: United Kingdom Reino Unido Parliamentary Vote Voto Parlamentar Os grupos nominais podem ter mais de um modificador: Red Cross Emblem = Emblema da Cruz Vermelha Várias siglas são iniciais de Grupo Nominais: VIP = Very Important Person = ________________________________________________ WTC = World Trade Center = _________________________________________________ WHO = World Health Organization = ___________________________________________ NASA = National Air and Space Administration = _________________________________ USAF = United States Air Force = ______________________________________________ USA = United States of America________________________________________________ FBI = Federal Bureau of Investigation_______________________________________________ Outros Exemplos: Modern computer = Computador moderno Central processor = Processador central Laser printer = Impressora à laser Personal computer = Computador pessoal Incredible speed = velocidade incrível (núcleo) Hard disk = disco rígido (núcleo) Input devices = dispositivos de entrada 23 . Assim. compostos por duas ou mais palavras que estão relacionadas entre si.when: quando while: enquanto GRUPOS NOMINAIS São grupos de palavras.

IMF (International Monetary Fund): ______________________________________ b. USA (United States of America): __________________________________________ f. UNO (United Nations Organization): ______________________________________ e. NATO (North-Atlantic Treat Organization): _________________________________ c.RAM(_______________________________________________________ _____________):_______________________________________________ __________________ 24 .• Confirma-se então que a ordem dos grupos nominais em Inglês é INVERSA à ordem em Português: Data Processing = Processamento de dados Central Processing Unit = Unidade Central de Processamento Arithmetic and Logic Operations = Operações lógicas e aritméticas Operações aritméticas e lógicas Electronic machine = Máquina eletrônica Pense nas seguintes estruturas: Como elas seriam traduzidas para o Português? Car race = ________________________ Exercícios Race car = ________________________ 1) Qual o significado das siglas e as suas respectivas traduções: a. EEC (European Economic Community): ____________________________________ d. CPU (____________________________________________________________ __): _____________________________________________________________ ___ g.

h. DDD (____________________________________________________________ __): _____________________________________________________________ _________ 25 .ALU(________________________________________________________ ____________):________________________________________________ __________________ k. ALGOL (____________________________________________________________) : _____________________________________________________________ _________ l.COBOL(_____________________________________________________ ________________)____________________________________________ _________________ n. CRT (____________________________________________________________ __): _____________________________________________________________ ________ o. CD (____________________________________________________________ ____): _____________________________________________________________ _________ j.ROM(_______________________________________________________ _____________):_______________________________________________ _________________ i.BASIC(______________________________________________________ ______________) m.

p. DOS (____________________________________________________________ __): _____________________________________________________________ _________ q. IBM (____________________________________________________________ __): _____________________________________________________________ _________ r.I/ODevices(__________________________________________________ __________________):__________________________________________ __________________ s. MVS (____________________________________________________________ __): _____________________________________________________________ _________ t. PC (____________________________________________________________ ____): _____________________________________________________________ ________ u.HTML(______________________________________________________ ______________):______________________________________________ __________________ v.WWW(______________________________________________________ _______________)_____________________________________________ __________________
2) Analisando a tela a seguir, indique todos os grupos nominais encontrados, determinando o Modifier e Head Word. Dê a tradução de cada um deles:

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_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________

3) Passe os seguintes grupos nominais para o Português: a. Data Communication Processor - ____________________________________________ b. Artificial Intelligence - ____________________________________________________ c. Backup System - _________________________________________________________ d. Secondary Memory - _____________________________________________________

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e. Control Structure - _______________________________________________________ f. Central Processing Unit - __________________________________________________ g. Magnetic Tape - _________________________________________________________ h. Operating System - ______________________________________________________ i. Access Control - _________________________________________________________ j. Data Processing Department - _______________________________________________ k. Auxiliary Equipment - ____________________________________________________ l. Control Circuits - _________________________________________________________ m. Automatic electronic devices -______________________________________________ n. Last generation program ________________________________________________________ o. correctly programmed data ________________________________________________________ p. Computer integrated circuits. ______________________________________________________ OBS: Os exemplos dados nas atividades a seguir foram adaptados do livro: Infotech English for Computer Users. I) Os grupos nominais a seguir são bastante simples. São formados pelo núcleo (head word = HW) que é o substantivo e um modificador = Modifier (M), que pode ser adjetivo ou substantivo. Grife o núcleo (HW) e faça a tradução.

1) Disabled worker = trabalhador incapacitado
2) Rehabilitation engineer = 3) Employ’s abilities = 4) Pointing device = 5) Speech synthesizer = 6) Disk controller = II) Nesta segunda atividade temos: o núcleo e dois modificadores (um artigo e um adjetivo ou substantivo): 1. the major informations = as informações principais

2. a brief introduction = uma breve introdução (ou uma introdução breve)
3. the English language = 4. the principal program = 5. the file areas = III) Agora vamos trabalhar com grupos um pouco maiores, compostos de um núcleo mais dois, três ou mais adjetivos e/ou substantivos. Esses grupos podem ou não vir precedidos de artigos. 1. ARP -- (Advanced Research Projects) = 2. ASP -- (Application Service Provider) = 3. AT&T – American Telephone & Telegraph Company = 4. CDMA -- (Code Division Multiple Access) =

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Sysop -. JPEG -. IT -. Observe que o núcleo do grupo nominal vem antes da preposição “of”.(Portable Document Format) = 28.(Virtual Private Network) = 39. LAN – Local Area Network = 23. URN -.(Point to Point Protocol) = 29. DHCP -. MAC Address – (Media Access Control Address) = 24.(Enterprise Resource Planning) = 12. OSI – (Open Source Initiative) = 27. HDD – Hard Disk Drive = 15. 29 .(Wide Area Network) = 40.(Digital Subscriber Line) = 10. ERP .(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) = 7.(Internet Service Provider) = 20.(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) = 31.(Joint Photographic Experts Group) = 22.(File Transfer Protocol) = 14.(Structured Query Language) = 32. TCP – Transmission Control Protocol = 34. URI -.(Search Engine Optimization) = 30. DHTML -. PDF -.(Customer Relationship Management) = 6. IP – Internet Protocol = 19..(Dynamic HyperText Markup Language) = 8. DSL -.(Uniform Resource Identifier) = 35. OCR – Optical Character Recognition = 26. HTML -.(Electronic Mail) = 11.(Voice Over IP) = 38. FAQ -.(HyperText Markup Language) = 16. VOIP -. SQL -.(System Operator) = 33. Email -. IMAP -.(Information Technology) = 21. HTTP -. onde a ordem das palavras continua igual em português. URL – Uniform Resource Locator = 36.5.(Multi-User Dungeon or Dimension) = 25. ISP -. CRM . SMTP -. MUD -.(Frequently Asked Questions) = 13. SEO -. FTP -..(Uniform Resource Name) = 37.(Wireless Fidelity) = IV) Há também os grupos nominais com a palavra “of”. WAN -. PPP -.(HyperText Transfer Protocol) = 17.(Internet Message Access Protocol) = 18. VPN -. DNS – (Domain Name System) = 9. Wi-Fi -.

Each memory 'slot' is identified by a name that the programmer chooses. For example. Leia o texto acima e responda: 1) Retire do texto todos os grupos nominais que conseguir identificar. A Word Processor program has logic that takes what the user types and stores it in data. we may have data that we do not want to change. _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 3) Que nome é dado ao tipo de dado que o programa pode ler livremente e escrever para a memória slot? __________________________________________________________ 4) Explique como pode ser usada a LineTotal. The performance of program = a performance de programa 2. the maximum number of lines that the Word Processor can handle. Different languages of the same families = 6. This kind of data is called a Variable.1. data and code go hand in hand.. You cannot write a program of any real value without lines of code. It also uses data to control how it stores and formats what the user types and clicks. we also give it its permanent value. It can contain data such as a number or text. POP = Point of Presence = Storing data in computer programs For those new to computer programming. When we give a name to such data. The program can freely read from and write to this memory slot. A important group of personal files = 5. A long history of personal computers = uma longa história de computadores pessoais 3. (traduza-os) _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 2) Explique o que tem um programa processador de palavras e o que ele faz. or without data. but that is another matter beyond the scope of this tutorial). _________________________________________________________________________ ____ 30 . For example LineTotal might be used to name a memory slot that holds the total number of lines in a Word Processor document. Data is stored in the memory of the computer when the program runs (it can also be stored in a file. Sometimes. These are called constants. An essential part of a printer = 4.

São as chamadas palavras derivadas. A fim de facilitar sua identificação. seu significado. “Data is stored in the memory of the computer when the program runs” Dado é ______________ na ___________ do computador ___________o programa _________. in (não) mis (errado) non (não) un (não) over (excesso. a (sem) anti (contra) dis (oposto) il. da nova posição que ocupam na frase. im. além) pre (antes) Mini. O conhecimento da formação das palavras é muito útil. quase sempre. mas não muda a classe gramatical. micro Macro. 3739. Eiter Otavio Guandalini. ir. colocamos a seguir uma lista com os afixos mais usados na língua inglesa. ou seja. palavras que apresentam componentes denominados genericamente de afixos – que podem ser prefixos ou sufixos. para sua compreensão. alternando sua classe gramatical. Sufixos e prefixos podem ser acrescentados às palavras dando-lhes novos significados e. p. atenção: habitue-se a descobrir ou reconhecer o significado de palavras e expressões através de prefixos e sufixos. Isto significa que é necessário reconhecer os afixos mais comumente usados na língua que se que aprender e. c) Programas de computador em armazenamento de dados 6) Complete a tradução da frase._________________________________________________________________________ _____ 5) Qual é a correta tradução do título do texto? a) Dados armazenados em programas de computador b) Armazenamento de dados em programas de computador. Portanto. naturalmente.) Algumas palavras que aparecem nos textos demandam um pouco mais de atenção para inferi-las e reconhecê-las durante a leitura. FORMAÇÃO DE PALAVRAS – AFIXOS (Material extraído do livro: Técnicas de Leitura em Inglês. como também na alteração da classe gramatical. sem dúvida. mega Inter (entre) Amoral Anti-clockwise Disagree Illegal Misunderstand Nonsense Unmagnetized Overdose Premarital Minicomputer Macroeconomics Interface apolitical anti-nuclear dishonest irregular misdirect non-fiction uncommon overeat prefix Microcomputer Megabyte Interactive asexual Antichrist disloyal imperfect /incomplete misaddress non-programable unprofessional prehistory 31 . Prefixação – o prefixo muda o significado da palavra primitiva.

ize Formação de advérbios . They also improve the efficiency of systems in use. science center and home.ly (mente) ward direção) Logically (em Downward comparably homeward Yearly Inward annually Freshen Simplify Centralize blacken solidify modernize Harden computerize Formação de substantivos: ance / ence or er ee ist ion ment ity ism ness dom hood ship Tolerance Operator Trainer Trainee Economist Education Investment Sincerity Modernism Happiness Freedom Childhood Friendship Preference Accumulator Employer Employee Scientist Collision development Generosity Buddhism Darkness Kingdom Brotherhood Partnership Performance programmer Dentist Compilation Magnetism relationship Formação de adjetivos: able. Application Programmers write commercial programs to be used by business.: COMFORT = Substantivo = Conforto UNCOMFORT = Substantivo = Desconforto CONFORTABLE = Adjetivo = Confortável Selecione no texto as palavras que são formadas por sufixos: CAREERS IN THE COMPUTERS FIELD Computer specialists include System Analysts. ian ful y ic ical/al less Programmable American Powerful Tasty Poetic Sociological Homeless Admirable Sagitarian Hopeful Healthy Democratic Magical Childless Divisible suburban wonderful/beautiful Wireless Ex. Other people who work in the computer field include Computer Scientists. who work in areas such as microchip and peripheral equipment design. who conduct research and teach at universities.ify .Sufixação – o sufixo pode mudar a classe gramatical da palavra sem mudar-lhe o sentido primitivo.en . Formação de verbos: . ible an. Systems Analysts develop methods for computerizing business. Hardware Designers and Engineers. System Programmers write the complex programs that control the inner working of the computer. Computer operators handle several types of computers. Programmers and Operators. Information Center Administrators or 32 .

_______________________________ c) Onde Charles Babbage __________________________ exibiu inventou o para a máquina computador Engine” de a em Babbage? válvula? 1855? homem? cálculo? primeiro “The de Difference cálculo como o d) Qual foi o primeiro dispositivo ___________________________ e) Até que século o ábaco __________________________ foi utilizado dispositivo tear pelo de utilizado f) Quem inventou. em cinco minutos. em 1804. 33 . procure no texto da próxima página as respostas para as seguintes perguntas. who manage the information collections of business or data banks. 1994. a) O que Lady Ada Lovelace __________________________ b) Quanto pesava o ENIAC. ________________________________________ “programado”? em 1642? g) O que Blaise Pascal inventou _____________________________________________ h) Quando ficou pronto o primeiro computador digital. escreva em Português as especialidades que são mencionadas no texto: ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ A PRÉ-HISTÓRIA DOS COMPUTADORES AQUECIMENTO Junte-se a um colega e. A dupla que acabar primeiro e apresentar todas as respostas corretas vence a competição. Agora.Data Base Administrators. o MARK 1? ____________________________ i) Quando Vannevar Bush construiu o primeiro computador analógico? ________________________ LEITURA E INTERPRETAÇÃO a) Junte-se a outros colegas e discutam o que vocês sabem acerca da história do computador e dos métodos de cálculo. Excerpted from Compton´s Interactive Encyclopedia – 1993.

organize os parágrafos abaixo numerando os parênteses em ordem crescente. Blaise Pascal invented the first mechanical calculator. many scientists tried to find ways of calculating. and it is very similar to the process used in punched cards of the first modern computers. Several machines were developed in this period. Vannevar Bush built the first analog computer. Lady Ada Lovelace invented an arithmetic code for Babbage’s machine based on a binary system similar to the one used with modern computers. (G: _____) The first calculating device used by man was the ten fingers of his hands. It is still used today in some parts of the world to make arithmetical calculations. (B:_____) After that. As a consequence. Army. the ABC. (I: 1 ) The Pre-History of Computers (J: _____) Between 1943 and 1946. For this reason. (H: _____) In 1804. Then the abacus was invented. which began circa 1540 and lasted until 1687. In 1642. a machine which could complete programmed arithmetic operations. a device which uses small beads or stones to make calculations. (F: _____) During the same period that Babbage was working on his machines. 34 . Eckert built the first major eletronic digital computer using vacuum tubes. (C: _____) The modern computer as we know it today is a result of lots of research and inventions of the past.” which he showed at The Paris Exhibition in 1855. (E: _____) The Scientific Revolution was followed by the Industrial Revolution. The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) was huge and weighed about 30 tons. which provided the basis for the development of the ENIAC. In 1930. Babbage never finished his work. In 1673.b) Depois da discussão. but many of his ideas were used as the basis for the modern computer. The period after the war led to the subsequent generations of computers. Babbage envisioned and designed “The Analytical Engine”. The following paragraphs will show you the evolution of this miraculous machine. Joseph Marie Jacquard invented a weaving loom which was “programmed” to make certain patterns on cloth. (A: _____) It was during the Second World War that the modern age of computers began. This explains why we still count in tens and multiples of tens. This “program” was a series of holes punched in paper cards according to a code. (D: _____) In the period called the Scientific Revolution. she is considered to be the first programmer. Next. and these machines later had a great impact on the development of computers. John Mauchly and J. in 1822. other computational devices were invented. Gottfried von Leibniz invented another calculating device. which started in England and brought many advances in technology.S. John V. O título do texto já está marcado. funded by the U. which was used to help aim guns in World War II. In the period between 1938-1942. conforme a cronologia. Charles Babbage built a machine called “The Difference Engine. This tool was used until the 16th century. which may be described as the modern age of computers. (K: _____) The developments which took place during World War II led to the advances made in the period that followed the war. Unfortunately. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry designed and built the first electronic digital computer.

Por que o autor intitulou o texto The Pre-History of Computers? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 4) Das orações abaixo. Howard Aiken and some engineers from IBM completed MARK 1. an electro-mechanical calculating device controlled by punched cards. f) Antes da invenção do ábaco. usado para fins militares na 2ª Guerra Mundial. qual você considera a idéia principal do texto? Por quê? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________ a) Os avanços tecnológicos da 2ª Guerra Mundial levaram a era moderna do computador. o dispositivo de cálculo eram os dedos das mãos. possuía sistema de cartões perfurados e foi fabricado pela IBM para fins militares. tem o mesmo princípio dos cartões perfurados dos primeiros computadores. h) A era moderna do computador nasce em 1930 com o primeiro computador digital. c) Responda as seguintes perguntas: 1) Das informações apresentadas no texto. 3) ________ O processo de computação envolve três etapas básicas. d) As idéias de Charles Babbage foram usadas como base para os computadores modernos. c) Lady Lovelace é considerada a primeira programadora do mundo por ter inventado o código binário. 2) ________ É um erro acreditar que todo mundo hoje em dia saiba usar o computador. 35 .(L: _____) In 1944. 5) A partir do exercício anterior. k) A Revolução Científica (1540-1687) levou a invenção de vários dispositivos de cálculo. o que o torna o pai do computador. e) A Revolução Industrial teve um grande impacto na tecnologia usada para o desenvolvimento dos computadores. procure no texto What is a Computer? as seguintes informações. quais você já conhecia? ______________________________________________________________________ ___________ 2) Que informação nova sobre a história do computador você achou mais interessante? ______________________________________________________________________ ___________ 3) Sabemos que o computador é uma máquina moderna. o primeiro computador digital. Nos espaços em branco. i) O tear “programado”. inventado por Jacquard em 1804. This first digital computer could figure out long lists of mathematical problems and was used military ballistics. b) MARK 1. como você definiria o que deve ser a idéia principal de um texto? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ LEITURA E INTERPRETAÇÃO – SKIMMING a) Utilizando essa técnica. escreva os números das linhas em que elas se encontram: 1) ________ O computador processa dados e fornece os resultados em forma de informação. g) O primeiro computador digital a válvula foi o ENIAC. j) O computador atual é o resultado de várias pesquisas e invenções do passado. de Vannevar Bush.

Despite the constant presence of computers in most modern societies. 10 The world of computers has created a specific language of its own. English words such as software and hardware are used worldwide and have been borrowed by many different languages. 8) ________ A etapa final permite ao usuário ver os resultados do processamento. almost everybody has an idea about what a computer is. in most modern societies..e. 6) ________ Algumas dessas palavras vêm sendo usadas pelo mundo afora. there are lots of people who do not know or do not care about what a computer is. it is a great 15 mistake to believe that everybody in the world is computer-literate. 4) Electronic and mechanical parts of a computer. 5 of the processing as information. and hardware refers to the electronic and mechanical parts that make up a computer system. and even in the so-called developed countries. There are three basic steps in the computing 36 . 5) Device that shows the results of the processing. In some contemporary societies. Then comes the processing: the program is run and the computer processes the data by performing a set of instructions. which consists of feeding data into the computer’s memory. is familiar with computers and knows how to use them properly. existem pessoas que não sabem o que é um computador e não se importam em saber. 7) ________ Algumas sociedades contemporâneas desconhecem o computador. WHAT’S IS A COMPUTER? 1 Nowadays. quais seriam essas sociedades e essas pessoas? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________ c) Escreva na primeira coluna os números correspondentes às palavras definidas na segunda. 5) ________ Hoje em dia quase todo mundo tem uma idéia do que seja um computador. which allows the user to see the results either in printed from or on the screen.4) ________ O mundo da computação criou uma linguagem própria. 2) Information. The third and final step is the output furnished by the computer. We depend on computers in every aspect of our lives whether we know how to use one or not. pois foram tomadas de empréstimo da língua inglesa por várias outras línguas. a) ________ computer b)_________ input c) _________ processing d) _________ output e) _________ screen f) _________ software 1) Data fed into the computer’s memory. Em sua opinião. 9) ________ Mesmo nos países ditos desenvolvidos. 6) The results shown on the screen or in printed form. many people still have no idea about the existence of computers. But does everyone really know how a computer works inside? A computer is an electronic machine which processes data and provides the results process. Software is information in the form of data and programs. The first one is input. sem dar exemplos. b) O autor conclui o texto afirmando que algumas sociedades contemporâneas e muitas pessoas dos países desenvolvidos desconhecem o computador ou não ligam para ele. 3) Machine that processes data. i.

The calculating machine was invented many years ago. 37 . __________________________. __________________________.) This is a way of learning about management. e. He works 10 hours without stopping. d. Aprendizagem é essencial à vida. (Substantivo) Learning is essencial to life. = (parte de um grupo nominal) Isto é parte do processo de aprendizagem. (Adjetivo) This is part of the learning process. The printer is printing documents. They are learning Computer Science. I prefer typing to writing. b. = (após o verbo to be) Eles estão aprendendo como conseguir mais informações. Teleprocessing is the use of a telecommunication system by a computer. 8) Series of actions that a computer performs to arrive at a OS USOS DO ING Palavras cuja formação é composta por ING podem apresentar diferentes classes gramaticais: LEARNING = Pode significar aprendendo. __________________________. __________________________. aprender ou aprendizagem. adjetivo ou verbo infinitivo) a. = (após preposições) Esta é uma maneira de aprender sobre gerenciamento. __________________________. __________________________. (gerúndio) They are learning how to get more information.g) _________ hardware h) _________ data 7) Programs. (verbo/infin. g. gerúndio. dependendo de como é apresentada na sentença. __________________________. EXERCÍCIOS Classifique em cada frase as palavras formadas por ING como: (substantivo. The recording surface of a disk has concentric circles called tracks. c. f.

Please make sure that the address confirm@grisoft. o que acontecerá com seu Número de Licença? _________________________________________________________________________ 4) Qual produto é oferecido caso você esteja procurando mais características.Registration Complete We received your data. circule as familiares e responda: Sobre o que trata o texto? __________________________________________________________ 2) Qual é o produto em questão? _____________________________________________________ Após baixar o arquivo com sucesso. Without this link. In a couple of minutes. depending on the load of our servers. In the meantime.com is added to your accepted e-mail address list.com) EXERCÍCIOS Grife todas as palavras cognatas encontradas no texto.Register and get AVG for FREE AVG Free Edition . you will not be able to successfully download and install AVG Free Edition.avg. We have received the VB100% in the test of Virus Bulletin in June 2004 on Windows XP platform. (www. 100% detection rate of AVG Anti-Virus System is continuously certified by independent ICSA laboratories. your unique License Number will be activated and sent to you in another electronic letter. we will send you an e-mail containing your download link. Are you looking for more features. After successfully started the download. you might be interested in the FAQ (frequently asked question) list or the online Documentation. both of them can be found in the "I need help" subsection. e flexibilidade? 1) 3) funcionalidade ____________________________________________________________ 38 . functionality and flexibility than AVG FREE offers? Buy AVG Professional.

etc. Emprega-se antes de substantivo: Artigos: a. three. os. essas. as Pronomes Possessivos adjetivos MY Your His Her Its Our Meu. aqueles. isto These That Those estes. nossas 5) 6) 7) Their deles. substância. suas dele (para pessoa) dela (para pessoa) dele. estas esse. isso. nossa. delas Emprega-se geralmente antes de substantivos: Numerais Cardinais: One. an = um. muitas 39 . nossos. minha. aquela. minhas seu. evento. aquele. aquelas QUANTIDADES Many muitos. objeto. lugar. dela (para coisas ou animais nosso._________________________________________________________________________ __ Quando a empresa recebeu o Boletim de Vírus?__________________________________ Em qual programa o Boletim foi recebido? _____________________________________ Qual é o percentual do padrão de detecção do Sistema anti-vírus?___________________ MARCADORES DE SUBSTANTIVOS Substantivo é a palavra que designa pessoa. É possível localiza-la no texto prestando atenção em certas palavras que acompanham substantivo. seus. two. uma the = o. a. esta. sua. aquilo esses. meus. essa. Pronomes Demonstrativos: This este.

John trabalha em meu escritório. pouca algum. cada a lot of muito (a). muita pouco. Exercícios John works in my office. Quando queremos nos referir a alguma coisa (ou idéia) que já foi mencionada. possessivos. muitos (as) REFERÊNCIA CONTEXTUAL A referência contextual também representa um recurso auxiliar na compreensão das idéias de um texto. Eles sempre nos ajudam. • Pode-se observar que podemos nos referir a uma idéia anterior ou posterior utilizando diferentes PRONOMES. todas. We like him very much. quaisquer todo. • palavras que indicam ordem e exemplificação. • Pode-se observar que podemos nos referir a uma idéia anterior ou posterior utilizando diferentes PRONOMES. Exemplos: The magazine which is on the desk is old. Object Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Me My Mine You Your Yours Him His His Her Her Hers It Its Possessive Subject Pronouns I You He She It Its 40 . todos. • numerais ordinais. John trabalha em meu escritório. demonstrativos.(a) few much (a) little some any every poucos. poucas muito. A revista que está sobre a mesa é velha. geralmente utilizamos recursos lingüísticos para não tornar a sentença repetitiva. Nós gostamos muito dele. Nós gostamos muito dele. Paul and Sue are good friends. algumas qualquer. toda. As chamadas palavras de referência substituem palavras que estão no texto (ou fora dele) e podem classificar-se da seguinte maneira: • pronomes (pessoais. alguns. relativos e indefinidos). They always help us. ou ainda vai ser mencionada numa determinada sentença. alguma. Paul and Sue são bons amigos. We like him very much. John works in my office.

_________________________________________________________________________. hers. 5) Margaret likes music. It´s their house. A) Finish the sentences with mine/yours/ours/theirs/hers/his: 1. You can come with us. He knows Ann. Ann knows you. 3) Where are the tickets? I can´t find them. They´re ____________. It´s _______________ 5.We You They Subject I know Ann. 7. Possessive Adjectives It´s my money. _________________________________________________________________________. Ann knows him. 6. It´s her money. 4. It´s our money. They´re my glasses. Exercícios Us You Them Our Your Their Ours Theirs Object Yours Ann knows me. Possessive Pronouns It´s It´s It´s It´s It´s It´s his. She plays the piano. It´s _______________ 2. 2) Mr. _________________________________________________________________________. _________________________________________________________________________. They´re ________. They´re ________. Ann knows us. It´s our car. Most people are happy in their jobs. It´s your money. We know Ann. _________________________________________________________________________. 4) We are going out. 8. It´s their money. _________________________________________________________________________. His son lives in Australia. You know Ann. Ann knows her. It´s ________________. They´re her shoes. 41 . 3. It´s ________________. It´s his coat. They know Ann. It´s ______________. yours. 6) Ann is going out with her friends tonight. Baker lives in London. B) Classifique os pronomes grifados e indique as respectivas palavras a que eles se referem: 1. It´s your money. Ann knows them. She knows Ann. mine. It´s his money. It´s my bag. theirs. ours. They´re your books.

I met a woman who can speak six languages. temos: (Para pessoas) Who He is the system analyst who/that prepares instructions. That (pessoa) (Para coisas) Which This is the manual which/that you need. I don´t have the CD-Rom which you need.7) I like tennis. listen to me. I know everybody who work in my company. It is my favorite sport. PRONOMES RELATIVOS (Who / Which / That) • Who is for people (not things) A Programmer is a person who writes programs. That (coisa) EXERCÍCIOS 1. • Which is for things (not people) This is the printer which you asked me. Is this the new computer which you bought? • That is for things or people: I know everybody that work in my company. Complete com who ou which: a. • Portanto. _________________________________________________________________________. but who is more usual) This is the printer that you asked me. 8) I am talking to you. _________________________________________________________________________. The man who phoned will call you later again. Please. What´s the name of the river ________ flows through the town? d. b. What´s the name of the man ________ lives next door? c. (You can use that for people. Where is the picture ________ was hanging on the wall? 42 .

como a Terra. The school of the girls. não se usa a expressão com ‘s mas sim a que é feita com de (of) como em português: The door of the car. o mar. g. (A família das crianças) c) Acrescentando-se apenas um apóstrofo ao substantivo/ possuidor. nomes de países. quando ele estiver no singular. The family of the children. 2. Do you know anybody _______ wants to buy a car? f. The population of the world = The world population 43 . You always ask questions _______ are difficult to answer. caso principalmente dos nomes geográficos. o Sol. as expressões possessivas (caso possessivo ou genitivo) são formadas do seguinte modo: a) Acrescentando-se ‘s ao substantivo/possuidor. cidades. The body of the man. No entanto. 1 pronome relativo do 2º parágrafo e 3 pronomes do 3º parágrafo. e indique as respectivas palavras a que eles se referem: 1º parágrafo: pronome: _____________ refere-se a: _______________ 2º parágrafo: pronome: _____________ refere-se a: _______________ 3º parágrafo: pronome _________ _________ _________ refere-se a _____________ _____________ _____________ THE POSSESSIVE CASE OF NOUNS  Quando o substantivo/possuidor designa um ser vivo (pessoa ou animal. the trees of the garden. I have a friend _________ is very good at repairing cars. h. I think everybody ________ went to the party enjoyed it a lot. etc.e. The children’s family.e. etc. (A escola das garotas)  Quando o substantivo/ possuidor designa um ser inanimado. (O corpo do homem) b) Acrescentando-se ‘s também no caso em que o substantivo/possuidor estiver no plural mas não terminar em s. a expressão com ‘s pode ser usada (assim com o of) quando o substantivo/ possuidor tiver um sentido nobre. The man’s body. f. Volte ao texto “Virtual Reality” e retire 1 pronome relativo do 1º parágrafo. quando ele estiver no plural terminado em s. The girls’ school.

– Tecnologia de ponta do Brasil. I stayed at the house of my sister.________________________ 9. . TEXTO PARA LEITURA. – (not – the computer´s memory) Drill – Faça a correção da sentença quando necessário: 1. The memory of the computer. . . Do you like the color of this coat? .________________________ 5. Portanto. What´s the name of this village? – Qual é o nome desta vila? Madrid is the Capital of Spain.Complete as frases com a forma possessiva dos substantivos entre parênteses. ______________________________________. conforme o modelo: Exemplo: Richard is the boss of John. . etc. ______________________________________.John´s laser printer – A impressora do John. temos: My mother´s car My parents´ car My father´s car • Usamos of para coisas. Richard is John’s boss._______________________ 6. The walls of this house are very thin.Ok__________ 3. my sister house 2. The high technology of Brazil. Write your name at the top of the page. The computer of my secretary.Mary´s computer – O computador da Mary. COMPREENSÃO E EXERCÍCIOS DE VOCABULÁRIO 44 ._______________________ • Passe as sentenças para o Caso Genitivo: The laptop of my sister. ______________________________________. When is the birthday of your mother? . • Friend´s or Friends´ : A casa do meu amigo = My friend´s house. . A casa dos meus amigos = My friends´ house. ._________________________ 8. . . What is the name of this village? .__________________________ 10._____________________ 4. The printer of my boss. lugares.Mary´s personal computer – O PC da Mary._________________________ 7. The house of my parents isn´t very big. Geralmente usamos -´s para pessoas: . – Madrid é a Capital da Espanha. The job of my brother is very interesting. Do you know the phone number of Bill? .The manager´s equipment – O equipamento do gerente. The manager of the hotel is on holiday.

HARDWARE The central processing unit, or CPU, is the heart of a computer. In addition to performing arithmetic and logic operations on data, it controls the rest of the system. Most CPU chips and microprocessors have four functional sections: (1) the arithmetic/logic unit; (2) temporary storage locations; (3) the control section; (4) the internal bus. Input devices let the users enter commands, data, or programs. Computer keyboards are the most common input devices. Another common input device, the mouse, is a mechanical device with buttons on the top and a rolling ball in its base. Other input devices include joysticks and trackballs. Light pens can be used to draw or to point to items or areas on the display screen. A digitizer pad translates images drawn on it with an electronic pen. Touch screens allow users to point to items or areas on the screen. Optical scanners “read” characters on a printed page and translate them into binary numbers that the CPU can use. Voice-recognition circuitry digitizes spoken words and enters them into the computer. Memory-storage devices. Most digital computers store data both internally (main memory) and externally (auxiliary storage units). A computer temporarily stores information internally on silicon random-access memory, or RAM, chips. Another type of internal memory consists of a series of read-only memory, or ROM, chips. Some auxiliary storage devices floppy disks, hard disks and magnetic tape store data by magnetically rearranging metal particles on disks and tapes. Output devices let the user see the results of the computer´s data processing. The most common output device is the video display terminal (VDT), or monitor, which uses a cathode-ray tube (CRT) to display characters and graphics on a screen. Modems (modulator-demodulators) and disk drives are input/output devices. Printers generate hard copy, a printedversion of information stored in one of the computer´s memory systems. Excerpted from Compton´s Interactive Encyclopedia – 1993, 1994. SCANNING • Encontre no texto acima as informações que completam o diagrama.

CPU ____________________ ____________________ Funções ____________________

DISPOSITIVO DE ENTRADA _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ 45

I/O _______________ _______________

HARDWARE
ARMAZENAMENTO DE MEMÓRIA _____________________ Interno _____________________ Externo _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ DISPOSITIVO DE SAÍDA __________ou_______ ___________________

NETWORK LAST MODIFIED: THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2002

A group of two or more computer systems linked together. There are many types of computer networks, including:  local-area networks (LANs) : The computers are geographically close together (that is, in the same building).  wide-area networks (WANs) : The computers are farther apart and are connected by telephone lines or radio waves.  campus-area networks (CANs): The computers are within a limited geographic area, such as a campus or military base.  metropolitan-area networks MANs): A data network designed for a town or city.  home-area networks (HANs): A network contained within a user's home that connects a person's digital devices. In addition to these types, the following characteristics are also used to categorize different types of networks:  topology : The geometric arrangement of a computer system. Common topologies include a bus, star, and ring. See the Network topology diagrams in the Quick Reference section of Webopedia.  protocol : The protocol defines a common set of rules and signals that computers on the network use to communicate. One of the most popular protocols for LANs is called Ethernet. Another popular LAN protocol for PCs is the IBM token-ring network .

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 architecture : Networks can be broadly classified as using either a peer-to-peer or client/server architecture. Computers on a network are sometimes called nodes. Computers and devices that allocate resources for a network are called servers. Questões sobre o texto e estudo do vocabulário:

1. Encontre no texto os seguintes Grupos Nominais em Inglês:
a. b. c. d. e. Sistema de computador - ______________________________ Rede de computadores - ______________________________ Linhas telefônicas - __________________________________ posição geométrica - _________________________________ As seguintes características - __________________________

2. Retire do texto as duas expressões que estão no Caso Genitivo e dê as suas traduções: a. __________________________ - _________________________ b. __________________________ - _________________________ 3. De acordo com o texto, o que é “Network” e quais são os tipos de redes de computadores? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 4. O que é a “Local-area Network” e “Campus-area Network”? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ______________________ 5. Cite as três características que categorizam diferentes tipos de Rede? ___________________ - ____________________ - __________________ 6. Em que consiste o “Protocol”? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ __________ 7. Traduza: Computers and devices that allocate resources for a network are called “servers”. _________________________________________________________________________ __________

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Collective term for hard disk. 2. __________________________ or ___________________________.PESQUISA DE VOCABULÁRIO DISK DRIVE – DISPLAY UNIT – FLOPPY DISK – HARD COPY HARDWARE .KEYBOARD – MACHINE LANGUAGE MONITOR – PRINTER – PROGRAM – PROGRAMMER – SCREEN SOFT COPY – STORAGE MIDIA – WORK STATION WORD PROCESSING WINCHESTER 1. tapes. 13. 5. An automated means _____________________________. All the physical part of a computer such as monitor. the opposite of software: ______________________. printer. the computer completes several steps that involve a set of components including executable files. It is an input device similar to a typewriter: _________________________. floopy disk. A person who writes the software programs: ____________________________. 8. Consist of monitors. 15. cards on which computers store information: _________________________. A step-by-step series of instructions that tells the computer how to perform a task: ________________________. which work together to create the printed output. PRINTING CONCEPTS When users print. 6. the opposite of hardware: ______________________. 16. drives. keyboard. CPU. printer divided by two or more people: 9. A thin flexible disk that stores data magnetically: ______________________________. drivers. 3. keyboards and ________________________. 10. 7.SOFTWARE . device interfaces. give the computer its basic instructions: 4. It is similar to a TV and displays information: _______________________________. The information that appears on the screen before it is printed out: ________________. The object that prints out the paper copies of documents: ________________________. The place where you insert the floopy disk or CD-ROM: ________________________. of creating and editing texts: 14. Storage midia located into the CPU: _____________________or _________________. Language that programmers use to ________________________. 12. and dynamic-link libraries. Understanding how this process works helps you 48 . Refers to printed copies on paper: ____________________________. 11. The part of a computer system that carries the instructions and programs.

An algorithm must be specified exactly. What´s an Algorithm? An algorithm is a sequence of instructions that tells how to solve a particular problem. To set up = iniciar. If the problem is a familiar one. VOCABULARY To print = imprimir Print = impressão Printer = impressora Set = jogo. Printing has two parts: printing process and the print components. standardized algorithms may be available from program libraries. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________ 3) Circule todas as palavras cognatas. a new algorithm must be written and then added to the program library. estabelecer-se Drive = unidade de disco Standar = padrão Device = dispositivo Leia o texto “PRINTING CONCEPTS” e responda as questões a seguir: a) Sobre b) Quais c) O d) e) Qual são que e o o as que duas estas conjunto de trata partes partes componentes citados da o texto? impressora? possibilitam? no texto? ________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________ O que o servidor de impressão adiciona quando imprime para um servidor de impressão de Internet? _________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 2) Localize as palavras familiares no texto acima e dê a tradução. instalar. conjunto. The two parts make the printing process possible. But if standard algorithms are not available or suitable. Once the problem has been identified. grupo. When printing to an Internet print server. so 49 .understand what happens when you print a document and how to solve printing problems. the next step is to select the best method for solving it. the print server adds to the standard print process by creating an interface for users.

It was developed to perform limited functions in scientific environments with less computing capacity. the next step is to select the best method for solving it”. The central processor of a micro. ele (algoritmo) talvez tenha um número finito de passos. ele (algoritmo) deve ter um número finito de passos. A computer program is an algorithm that is written in a language that a computer can understand. is a large computer system. A minicomputer is much smaller than the mainframe computer. ele (algoritmo) não precisa ter um número finito de passos. ele (algoritmo) poderia ter um número finito de passos. performs limited functions. that is. It is found in computer installations which process immense amounts of data. A microcomputer is the smallest of the three sizes of computers. separate memory banks. called the microprocessor. 1) A classificação da palavra “solving” é: a) b) c) d) substantivo (solução) gerúndio (resolvendo) particípio (resolvido) verbo/infinitivo (resolver) 2) O pronome “it” (última palavra) refere-se a: a) b) c) d) problem identified select method 3) Observando o uso do verbo modal “must” a tradução apropriada da sentença a seguir a) b) c) d) e) é: “it must have a finite number of steps”. This powerful machine has a larger repertoire of more complex instructions which can be executed more quickly. ele (algoritmo) não pode ter um número finito de passos. Mainframe. 50 . multiple data-storage devices and peripherals. the elements necessary to perform all the logical and arithmetic functions are manufactured as a single chip.there can be no doubt about what to do next. • Observe a sentença: “Once the problem has been identified. The microprocessor literally contains a computer on a chip that can pass through the eye of a needle. 4) Complete as sentences com mainframe/minicomputer/microcomputer: a) b) c) d) _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ is the smallest of all. but the same algorithm could be written in several different languages. is built as a single semiconductor device. Minicomputer and Microcomputer A mainframe is a large computer system comprised of a large central processing unit. It became possible to reduce the size of the computer with the replacement of vacuum tubes by transistors and the development of multicircuit `chips´. and it must have a finite number of steps. has less computing capacity.

________________________ 6) Assinale a alternativa em que há um Grupo Nominal: a) b) c) d) e) executed more quickly multiple data-storage devices perform limited tubes by transistors called the microprocessor 51 . 5) Retire do texto dois pronomes relativos (um da definição de mainframe.________________________ b) ______________ -.e) _________________________ executes instructions more quickly. e outro da definição de microcomputer) e indique as respectivas palavras a que se referem: a) ______________ -.

d) It takes longer to locate data stored on tapes. Magnetic disk – it consists of a series of concentric paths or tracks each capable of storing data in magnetically coded form. in an ordered sequence. but it takes longer to locate a particular data item if it is stored on tape: data must be stored and accessed sequentially. e) Data on tape is stored in an ordered sequence. c) It is much cheaper to store data on disks. One or more access arms move into the disk to read or write the data stored on it.” 52 . 7) Qual é a definição. ) disks consists of a series of concentric paths. but they doesn´t determine any amount before its use. ) disks may be mounted on a vertical shaft. Disks may be made even more efficient by using laser beam to read and write data.Magnetic Tape and Magnetic Disk Magnetic tape – it is one of the principal input/output recording media used with computers and is mainly used for storing intermediate results of computations and for compact storing of large amounts of data. It is much cheaper to store information on tape than in the computer main memory or on a disk memory device. Disks may be hard (made out of aluminum) or floppy (made out of plastic). 9) Indique a ordem em que essas idéias ocorrem no texto: Magnetic Disk ( ( (1 ( ( ( ) disks may be hard or floppy. de Disco Magnético? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________. As questões 7 e 8 devem ser respondidas em Português. ( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) ) 11) Indique os dois erros do Presente Simples com círculos e dê as formas verbais corretas: “Some mail systems uses a large disk space. ) disks may be more efficient. b) It is used for storing data sequentially. ) disks may be permanently attached to the drive unit. Disks may be permanently attached to the drive unit or they may be made up as removable disk packs. ) disks may be made up as removable disk packs. conforme o texto. It looks like a phonograph record and a series of disks is mounted on a vertical shaft. 8) Quais são os dois principais usos das Fitas Magnéticas? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________. 10) Indique se as afirmações são verdadeiras (V) ou falsas (F): a) Magnetic tape is the only way for inputting data.

” _____________________________ . as thousands of integrated circuits were built onto a single silicon chip. What in the first generation filled an entire room could now fit in the palm of the hand. Fourth-Generation-1971-Present:Microprocessors The microprocessor brought the fourth generation of computers. which eventually led to the development of the Internet. which allowed the device to run many different applications at one time with a central program that monitored the memory. and in 1984 Apple introduced the Macintosh.from the central processing unit and memory to input/output controls . In 1981 IBM introduced its first computer for the home user. called semiconductors. they could be linked together to form networks. os verbos na Voz Passiva: “Disks may be permanently attached to the drive unit and they may be made up as removable disk packs.on a single chip. the mouse and handheld devices. Computers for the first time became accessible to a mass audience because they were smaller and cheaper than their predecessors. developed in 1971. Exercícios sobre o texto 53 ._____________________________ 13) Circule na sentença a palavra que se encontra no Comparativo e dê o seu significado em Português: “It is much cheaper to store information on tapes than in the computer main memory” _________________ = ____________________________ 14) Observe o segmento abaixo: “Magnetic Tape is mainly used for storing(1) intermediate results of computations and for compact storing(2) of large amounts of data. As these small computers became more powerful.” A palavra storing (1) significa: a) b) c) d) armazenar armazenando armazenamento armazenado A palavra storing (2) significa: a) armazenar b) armazenando c) armazenamento d) armazenado Third-Generation-1964-1971:Integrated-Circuits The development of the integrated circuit was the hallmark of the third generation of computers.Formas corretas: a) _________________ b) ___________________ 12) Destaque das frases abaixo. Transistors were miniaturized and placed on silicon chips. which drastically increased the speed and efficiency of computers. located all the components of the computer . Fourth generation computers also saw the development of GUIs. Microprocessors also moved out of the realm of desktop computers and into many areas of life as more and more everyday products began to use microprocessors. Instead of punched cards and printouts. The Intel 4004 chip. users interacted with third generation computers through keyboards and monitors and interfaced with an operating system.

ranging from small systems that run on personal computers to huge systems that run on mainframes. There are many different types of DBMSs.” _____________________ = _____________________________ _____________________ = ____________________________ DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Last modified: Wednesday. flat. September 25. the query SELECT ALL WHERE NAME = "SMITH" AND AGE > 35 requests all records in which the NAME field is SMITH and the AGE field is greater than 35. 54 . Requests for information from a database are made in the form of a query. DBMSs can differ widely. desenvolvido em 1971? _________________________________________________________________________ __________ 6) Retire do segmento abaixo: uma expressão no Comparativo e uma na Voz Passiva: “As these small computers became more powerful. modify. The following are examples of database applications: • • • • computerized library systems automated teller machines flight reservation systems computerized parts inventory systems From a technical standpoint.”. The terms relational. as thousands of integrated circuits were built onto a single silicon chip. and extract information from a database. which eventually led to the development of the Internet. and hierarchical all refer to the way a DBMS organizes information internally. For example. 2002 A collection of programs that enables you to store. Voz Passiva: ______________________ = __________________________.1) Na 3º geração de computadores. The internal organization can affect how quickly and flexibly you can extract information. network. they could be linked together to form networks. which is a stylized question. destaque as palavras que estão no Comparativo e dê os seus significados na frase: ____________________ = _____________________ ____________________ = _____________________ 4) No segmento “ The microprocessor brought the fourth generation of computers.”. 5) O que fazia o chip Intel 4004. transcreva um verbo no Passado Simples e um na Voz Passiva e dê os seus significados: Passado Simples: __________________ = __________________________. o que aconteceu com os “Transistors”? _________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2) O que o Sistema Operacional permitia fazer nos computadores da 3º geração? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _____________ 3) Na sentença: “Computers for the first time became accessible to a mass audience because they were smaller and cheaper than their predecessors.

flat. Many DBMSs also include a graphics component that enables you to output information in the form of graphs and charts. The internal organization can affect how quickly and flexibly you can extract information. Identifique o verbo modal que aparece 3 vezes e dê os seus respectivos sujeitos. Most DBMSs include a report writer program that enables you to output data in the form of a report. network. Exercícios sobre o texto 1) De acordo com o texto. Different DBMSs support different query languages. ________ = ____________________ ________ = ____________________ ________ = ____________________ 4) O que é a query language e qual o significado em Português? _________________________________________________________________________ __________ 5) No segmento “Sophisticated languages for managing database systems are called fourthgeneration languages”. em Português. o que é o “Sistema de Gerenciamento de Banco de Dados” ? _________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________. 2) Cite. DBMSs can differ widely.”.The set of rules for constructing queries is known as a query language. The information from a database can be presented in a variety of formats. and hierarchical all refer to the way a DBMS organizes information internally. os 4 exemplos de Aplicativos de Banco de Dados mencionados no texto: • ____________________________________________ • ____________________________________________ • ____________________________________________ • ____________________________________________ 3) No trecho abaixo: “From a technical standpoint. although there is a semi-standardized query language called SQL (structured query language). Sophisticated languages for managing database systems are called fourth-generation languages. or 4GLs for short. a palavra managing significa: a) gerenciando b) gerenciar c) gerenciamento d) gerenciado 6) Passe a sentença do exercício acima para o Português: _________________________________________________________________________ ___________ ABOUT CHIPS “Does anybody here know anything about chips?” 55 . The terms relational.

. VOCABULARY to remain = permanecer to house = conter/armazenar gold-plated = coberto com ouro tiny = muito pequeno Questões 1) Assinale a alternativa correta: a) Os alunos ficaram surpresos com a pergunta da menina. including those for ROM (read-only memory) and RAM (random-access memory). The teacher said. Everybody remained silent. I really don´t know anything at all. Lucy stood up and spoke up. d) O antigo professor gostaria de deixar a escola. “A computer consists of hundreds of parts. which is housed n a protective container and connected to rows of gold-plated pins. Lucy. my dear? “Well”. This tiny square of silicon is packed with transistors that process instructions and data for the computer. c) A menina ficou decepcionada com o professor. Not from an old teacher of music. No one sang. Where have you learned all this. Mounted on the circuit board is a microprocessor. Inside the computer is a circuit board. It houses all sorts of microchips. Sometimes I feel like a Jurassic teacher. After this explanation everybody clapped their hands.Nobody expected such a question during an art class. And he added. professor? I have some information about it. A chip can process 500 million instructions every second and it has the size of a fingernail. “What do you want to know. “ I must confess that I know nothing about chips. I´ve read it from an old magazine at the library. Nobody played. A quiet girl with curly hair asked shyly. Inside the microprocessor package is the chip itself. o pronome “it” refere-se a: 56 . she said. including a monitor. a mouse. 2) O professor se considera: a) ignorante sobre computação b) um especialista em computação c) muito antiquado sobre música d) um grande leitor de revista de informática 3) Lucy ensinou seu professor sobre chips provavelmente porque ela: a) Lê muito livros na biblioteca b) Tem algum interesse em computadores c) studou o assunto em outra escola d) queria se “aparecer” 4) O material básico do chip é: a) silicone b) transistor c) silicon d) gold-plated pin e) data 5) Na sentença: “A chip can process 500 million instructions every second and it has the size of a fingernail”. b) O professor não sabia nada sobre tecnologia. disk drives and a keyboard.” Lucy was her name.

” _______________________________________________________________ 8) Relacione as informações numerando as colunas: a) The list on the screen which shows the things that you can do. Já que o objetivo do inglês instrumental é diferente (estratégias de leitura). atenha-se às regras e traduções abaixo.” _______________________________________________________________ “A chip can processo 500 million instructions every second.a) million b) second c) instructions d) chip e) fingernail 6) Na sentença: “Does anybody here lnow anything about chips?” destaque os pronomes indefinidos e dê os seus significados: ________________________ = __________________________________ ________________________ = __________________________________ 7) Destaque os verbos modais das sentenças abaixo e passe-as para o Português: “I must confess that I know nothing about chips. b) A small sign on a computer screen which shows your position in a text c) A system for sending written messages by computer d) A number of computers connected together in a larger system e) Instructions that are put into a computer in order to cause mistakes and destroy information MODAL VERBS (VERBOS MODAIS) Há uma série de verbos em inglês que expressam idéias gerais. ( ) network ( ) cursor ( ) menu ( ) virus ( ) e-mail 57 . pois elas serão suficientes para nosso propósito.

Exemplo: Can you swim very fast? No I can’t. (frequentemente usamos I think/I don’t think/do you think). you may not. EXERCISES: Traduza as seguintes sentenças para o português e escreva nos parênteses a idéia expressada pelos verbos modais em destaque. (necessidade) 2.. 1. Podemos usar com a forma negativa (COULD NOT ou COULDN’T). You mustn’t tell anyone what I said. (_________________) _______________________________________________________________________ 2. (proibição) MAY: Usamos MAY e MIGHT para dizer que alguma coisa é possível ou seja. He is too tired. Usamos Could especialmente com os seguintes verbos: TO SEE TO HEAR TO SMELL TO TASTE Exemplo: My grandfather could speak five languages. Não existe diferença importante entre MAY e MIGHT.CAN: Usamos CAN (do) para dizer que alguma coisa é possível ou que alguém tem a habilidade/capacidade para fazer algo. Mike shouldn’t drive really. Nós usamos Could para dizer que alguém tinha habilidade geral para fazer alguma coisa. Fish must live in water. (_________________) (___________________) TO FEEL TO REMEMBER TO UNDERSTAND 58 . Podemos dizer. We might have several problems in case inflation rises sharply. MUST / MUSTN’T: Usamos MUST para dizer que nós temos certeza que alguma coisa é certa. but I can play chess. com 50% de certeza. He must be your father. (obrigação) 3. COULD: algumas vezes o COULD é o passado do CAN. com baixa probabilidade ou mais formal). but they may have problems to ship it.” (probabilidade) May I dance with your girlfriend? No. Exemplos: I don’t think you should work so hard. Também usamos para pedir permissão (de algo incerto.” OU “Paul might be in his office. Everybody must uphold laws. (permissão com baixa probabilidade) SHOULD / SHOULDN’T: Geralmente usamos SHOULD quando pedimos ou damos uma opinião sobre alguma coisa. Podemos usar com a forma negativa (CAN NOT / CANNOT ou CAN’T).They can manufacturer high-tech equipment. (Dedução forte) 4. por exemplo: “Paul may be in his office. Exemplos: 1.

Some terms may be included in such exemptions. (_________________) _______________________________________________________________________ ___ 7. (_________________) _______________________________________________________________________ ___ 6._________________________________________________________________________ _ 3.A foreign company can encourage its employments to study languages. (_________________) ____________________________________________________ 9.She must be in trouble in the traffic because she never comes to work late.People should be in contact with a foreign language more often. otherwise they won`t memorize new vocabulary and structures. (_________________) _______________________________________________________________________ ___ 59 .Companies should develop equipment. (_________________)_______________________________________________________ ___________________ 8.How much should we purchase from that supplier? (_________________) _______________________________________________________________________ ___ 4. (_________________) _______________________________________________________________________ ___ 5.We mustn`t do this because it`s against the laws. processes and goods that are “ecologically clean”.

relacionando as colunas (as que não souber deixe em branco). E N G I N E N T R I E S V M O A O P R I C E C A R R I E S E T T D E V E L O P E D A R R N O E D B M E W S P M K D Y T V P L U T A R M D A G V E M O I E A X T B V A A C P F V U H R R R C O M P U T E R O I C A O F R F S V C U A A O R C H N N O Q D T I E U E C G E E S D M R B R O D S S S M R I S E L E M A T R R A L F E A T U R E D T R B E A D S S D M N G U N I T O O T H E D W H E E L S T G I Y T M A R E S O U R C E S I S I N C E T H E N M L O I F T 60 . Comece localizando os cognatos. Encontre-as e indique a tradução de cada uma delas.PUZZLE Existem dezessete palavras no quadro abaixo.

bastante ) máquina. which was built for the U. The distinguishing feature of a computer is its ability to store its own instructions and to performance thousands of operations each second. p. Inglês básico para informática. In the same year John Von Neumann introduced the modern concept of a stores program computer. lidar com ) desempenhar ) varetas. transferências ) dispositivos COMPUTERS: START POINT A computer is a machine capable of executing computations on data. armazenar ) desenvolvido ) dígito.S. Since then computer technology has developed very much. in which the computer memory can store both programs and data. Blaise Pascal developed an adding machine in 1642 that used toothed wheel to handle carries from on digit to the next. on which information is stored by moving beads along rods. (Adaptado de Galante. hastes ) desde essa época ) programa (série de instruções) ) transportes. qualquer numeral de 0 a 9 ) manipular. Dados ( ) Hard disk Teclado ( ) Floppy disk Disquete ( ) Data Disco rígido ( ) Memory Memória ( ) Keyboard 4) Coloque verdadeiro (V) ou falso (F): No grupo nominal podemos afirmar que: a) computer e digital são modificadores ( ) b) electronic e digital são modificadores ( ) c) electronic e computer são modificadores ( ) “electronic digital computer” 61 . mecanismo ) computador ) guardar. The Abacus. motor.9) Responda às questões de acordo com o texto: 1) Quem desenhou uma máquina calculadora e em que ano? ________________________________ 2) Qual foi o primeiro computador eletrônico digital e em que ano foi construído? _________________ 3) Ligue as colunas de acordo com a tradução. The first electronic digital computer was ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator). Army in 1945. Charles Babbage developed the concept of a stored program computer when he designed a calculating engine in 1833. was one of the earliest calculating devices.VOCABULARY 1) COMPUTER 2) DATA 3) FEATURE 4) TO STORE 5) TO PERFORM 6) BEADS 7) RODS 8) DEVICES 9) TOOTHED WHEELS 10)TO HANDLE 11)CARRIES 12)DIGIT 13)ENGINE 14)PROGRAM 15)SINCE THEN 16)DEVELOPED 17)VERY MUCH ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) rodas dentadas. engrenagens ) contas (pequenas bolas com orifício ( ) características. traço ( ) dados ) muito.1992.

o único facilitador e/ou estratégia que NÃO foi utilizada na leitura do texto. __________________________________________________________ 1) Relacione os cognatos e falsos cognatos encontrados no texto: COGNATOS FALSOS 2) Qual o assunto principal abordado no texto? _____________________________________________ 3) Qual é a definição de computador? _____________________________________________________ 4) Cite as siglas existentes no texto. 9) Dê a tradução da sigla ENIAC.___________________________ 8) Assinale abaixo. Justifique sua resposta. Scanning. Cognatos e palavras familiares.______________________________________________________ 5) Em que ano Charles Babbage desenhou uma máquina calculadora? __________________________ 6) Qual foi um dos primeiros dispositivos de calcular e como funcionava? _________________________________________________________________________ ___________7) Qual foi o primeiro computador eletrônico digital?______________________________ 8) Em que ano foi construído?________________________________________________ 62 . _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________ 6) Retire do texto cinco (05) palavras cognatas com tradução: _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________ 7) Retire do texto um (01) falso cognato e sua tradução. Skimming.d) computer é o núcleo ( ) e) electronic é o núcleo ( ) 5) Escreva um breve resumo relatando sobre o que trata o texto. Dicas tipográficas. Conhecimento de mundo.

possui a mesma forma do infinitivo do verbo. Please don’t press the button. please. sem to. Para formar o imperativo negativo. EXERCISES: Relacione as colunas de acordo com a tradução: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) DRAG PRESS CLICK CLOSE MOVE GRAB SELECT OPEN 9) PUSH 10) PULL 11) DELETE 12) RUN 13) INSTALL 14) INSERT 15) INCLUDE 16) CHANGE 17) CANCEL ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) INCLUA ) MUDE ) PRESSIONE ) APAGUE ) ARRASTE ) PUXE ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ABRA 6) 7) 8) ) CLIQUE ) EXECUTE ) CANCELE ) FECHE ) MOVA ) INSIRA ) EMPURRE ) SELECIONE PEGUE INSTALE WHAT IS DESKLOOP? 63 . utilizada para ordenar ou pedir algo. Let’s load the peripherals. Repair the engine. coloca-se do not (don’t) antes do verbo: To press: pressionar Don’t press this button. Don’t press this button. Let’s go. sem to: To repair: consertar Repair the terminal. please Com Let us (Let’s) = vamos: Usado antes do infinitivo do verbo. Let’s stop.IMPERATIVO A forma imperativa. Please repair the equipment. para sugerir ou convidar alguém para uma ação conjunta.

http://www.Imagine yourself at the center of a virtual loop where all the windows you use are spread out around you. With Deskloops.html http://www. With every closed or minimized window. Anytime you want to return to the desktop.com/deskloops/Deskloops_UserGuide. The loop can be rotated clockwise and counterclockwise simply by moving the cursor to the edge of the screen and using right click.com/deskloops/deskloops. No more countless windows arranged one on top of the other in a confusing manner. all the windows you have open are aligned side by side in a loop-like order. Whichever window you need to view can be centered in front of you with a click of a button.pdf 64 . with each newly opened window the loop automatically grows. Think of the loop as a dynamic rubber band. double click on Deskloops tray icon and the windows will shift aside in one swift motion. You can access all the information you need and navigate through it easily.xilokit.xilokit. the loop becomes smaller. Take this idea and zoom into your pc environment.

The two primary software categories are operating system which control the workings of the computer. instructions that cause the hardware (machine) to do work. Software can be divided into a number of categories based on the types of work done by programs.EXERCISE Leia o texto acima e faça os exercícios a seguir: a) Circule todos os verbos na forma imperativa. See also OPERATING SYSTEM. and application software which addresses the multitude of tasks for which people use computers. inclusive o titulo. b) De a tradução de todas as palavras em negrito. Complete o diagrama com informações retiradas do texto: SOFTWARE CATEGORIAS SISTEMA OPERACIONAL SOFTWARE DE LINGUAGEM 65 . Excerpted from “Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia 1993-1995 Microsoft Corporation. which provide programmers the tools they need to write programs. c) Relacione os cognatos e familiares encontrados no texto. computer program. data management. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE. communications and graphics. Operating System includes programming languages and utility programs. word processing. Two additional categories are network software which enable groups of computers to communicate and language software Fonte: Sistema Operacional Windows Server 2000. All rights reserved. SOFTWARE SOFTWARE (Computer). Application Software includes software that executes accounting.

08 billion worldwide due to illegal copying of operating systems. and for resale. The most common forms include copying for personal use. Questões sobre o texto: 1. The latter includes manufacturing of counterfeit packages that pretend to be originals. Text: 66 . estimated that in 1994 the industry lost $8. education. entertainment.” Ela é um cognato ou um falso-cognato? Qual o seu real significado? ________________ ______________________________________________________________. The Software Publishers Association (SPA). for use among employees of a company. a pirataria é considerada um crime? Retire do texto a sentença que afirma ou nega isso? _________________________________________________________________________ __ _________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 3) O que é a SPA? O que esta sigla significa? _______________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 4) Observe a palavra grifada: “The latter includes the manufacturing of counterfeit packages that pretend to be originals.CARACTERÍSTICAS ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ COMUNICAÇÃO _____________ SOFTWARE PIRACY Software piracy is the unauthorized and illegal duplication of copyrighted computer software. the principal trade group of the personal computing software industry. Quais foram todos os tipos de pirataria mencionados no texto? _______________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 2. De acordo com o texto. 1995 Grolier Incorporated. or personal productivity software. All rights reserved. Piracy is the most widespread computer crime. Excerpted from The 1996 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia.

1996 Adapted from: Grolier Electronic Publishing. technologists have learned how to produce animated computer images of objects that exhibit colors. • Questões sobre o texto: (Compreensão) 1) O que os pesquisadores da área de tecnologia de imagem computacional estão desenvolvendo? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________.. The images can also be subjected to changing light conditions and to simulated effects of gravity and other forces. 3) Dê um sinônimo de “Virtual Reality”? _____________________________________ 4) Quando iniciaram-se as pesquisas com VR? Como eram feitas? ______________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 5) O que pretendiam as pesquisas posteriores? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ __________ Vocabulário Técnico 6) Encontre no texto as palavras ou expressões que se referem às seguintes definições: 67 . The results can look as real as actual motion pictures. A simpler form of these VR techniques is seen in the flight simulators used for training pilots. At the same time. Inc. This is being achieved by having an observer who wears a headgear through which computer images are displayed on small screens in front of the eyes. Since the 1970s. Sometimes the term cyberspace is used as synonym with VR. textures and special changings. 2) O que é Realidade Virtual? Qual é a sua sigla (em Inglês)? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________. This simulated reality is known as virtual reality (VR). gloves that are equipped with sensors are transmitting apparent changes of body orientation in VR.VIRTUAL REALITY Researchers in computer imaging technology are developing systems by which users can experience a simulated three-dimensional reality (3D). The further aim of technologists is to make it for person t “enter” and actually manipulate VR.

a. … gloves that are equipped with sensors are transmitting changes… ____________________ e. substantivo ou verbo: a. textures and special changings… __________________________ c. People who work in technology area: ____________________________ b. Three-dimensional reality: ____________________________________ c. …flight simulators used for training pilots. … images of objects that exhibit colors. Researchers in computer imaging technology are developing systems… _____________________________ __________________________ b. _______________________ 68 . This is being achieved by having an observer who… ____________________ ______________________ d. Another name for monitor or display: ___________________________ Gramática Contextualizada ING 7) Classifique os INGs encontrados no texto em gerúndio.

Every general-purpose computer must have an operating system to run other programs. OS/2. can run. Peripheral devices .OPERATING SYSTEM The most important program that runs on a computer. such as recognizing input from the keyboard.________________________________________________ d. The application programs must be written to run on top of a particular operating system. For large systems. Operating systems provide a software platform on top of which other programs.it makes sure that different programs and users running at the same time do not interfere with each other. As a user. keeping track of files and directories on the disk.  real time: Responds to input instantly. Vocabulário 1. the most popular operating systems are DOS. such as DOS and UNIX. Graphical user interfaces allow you to enter commands by pointing and clicking at objects that appear on the screen.  multitasking : Allows more than one program to run concurrently. The operating system is also responsible for security. you normally interact with the operating system through a set of commands. are not real-time. Your choice of operating system. and Windows. Operating system .___________________________________ b. Passe para o Português as expressões abaixo retiradas do texto: a. General-purpose operating systems. and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers. the operating system has even greater responsibilities and powers.__________________________________________ e. determines to a great extent the applications you can run. but others are available. General-purpose computer . sending output to the display screen. Basic tasks . respectively. For PCs. ensuring that unauthorized users do not access the system.  multiprocessing : Supports running a program on more than one CPU. It is like a traffic cop -. Operating systems can be classified as follows:  multi-user : Allows two or more users to run programs at the same time.__________________________________________ c. therefore. the DOS operating system contains commands such as COPY and RENAME for copying files and changing the names of files. The commands are accepted and executed by a part of the operating system called the command processor or command line interpreter. For example._________________________________ 69 .  multithreading : Allows different parts of a single program to run concurrently. Some operating systems permit hundreds or even thousands of concurrent users. Operating systems perform basic tasks. Different programs and users . called application programs. such as Linux.

2. Acessar .______________ f. Processador . Teclado .______________ e.________________ g. Segurança .__________________ c._______________ b. Aplicativos ._____________ h._______________ d. Encontre no texto as seguintes palavras em Inglês: a. Tela . Usuários . Diretórios ._____________ 70 .

Como são aceitos e executados os comandos do Sistema Operacional? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______ 9. 7. você o assistirá ! Os Piratas do Vale de Silício (1999) é um “docudrama” dirigido por Martyn Burke. Como ele pode ser classificado? ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ 6. que documenta a ascensão do computador doméstico ou PERSONAL . Posteriormente. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______ 10) O que possui o Sistema Operacional DOS e para que serve? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _____ FILME: PIRATES OF SILICON VALLEY Vamos falar um pouco da história de grandes empresas como a Microsoft e Apple. Passe a seguinte sentença do texto para o Português: “The Operating System is also responsible for security. O que é um Sistema Operacional. Quais são os mais populares Sistemas Operacionais para PCs? 8. ensuring that unauthorized users do not access the system”. que estão relacionadas a sua área de estudo.3. de acordo com a definição do texto? ___________________________________________________________________________ _________ 4. faremos uma análise e comentaremos as partes principais do filme “Pirates of Silicon Valley”. baseado no livro: “Fogo no Vale”. Para isso. O que faz o multi-user? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _____. Quais são as funções do Sistema Operacional? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 5.

Por que essas empresas foram incapazes de reconhecer o potencial dessas tecnologias? 4) Quem disse a frase “O lucro está no hardware. Steve Jobs . 3) Cite duas cenas em que empresas grandes observaram tecnologias inovadoras e não lhes deram valor (cite a empresa e a tecnologia). o do amigo Paul Allen (Josh Hopkins). PC da IBM. Posteriormente. Trata-se do lançamento do Machintosh. Na primeira cena.COMPUTER.” Pirates of Silicon Valley. Steve Jobs e Steve Wosniak aparecem nos preparativos da produção de um comercial que ficou muito famoso nos EUA. portanto. Mostra a rivalidade entre os computadores da Apple (Apple II e o Apple Macintosh) e os da Microsoft (Altair de MITS. 5) Por que a mudança de percepção de valor que o mercado dava para hardware e software mudou tanto do momento em que essa frase foi dita para o momento atual? 6) Cite cenas do filme que para serem descritas use-se o termo inteligência competitiva. DOS.Comente essa frase. de 1999. dos amigos de infância (Noah Wyle) e do Steve Wozniak (Joey Slotnick). conta a história do computador pessoal de um jeito muito divertido. e Windows). o equivalente no Brasil seria uma final de campeonato nacional de futebol. você responderá algumas questões sobre ele. vivido pelo ator Noah Wyle. que daria forma ao computador da Apple. Nós estamos reescrevendo a história da humanidade. Bill Gates e a IBM. fique atento! 1) Qual foi o primeiro microcomputador comercialmente lançado?Por qual empresa? Esse computador teve sucesso? Por quê? 2) Cite uma cena empreendedora do filme que para ser descrita use-se o termo capitalismo de risco. . Retrata com precisão as diferenças entre os grandes inventores do computador pessoal: Jobs. Esse comercial foi exibido uma única vez. olha para a câmera com um ar maníaco e diz: “Não quero que você pense nisso só como um filme. no campus de Berkeley UC durante o período do movimento livre do discurso e as atribulações do estudante Bill Gates. e não no software? Descreva a cena em que isso foi dito. A história central do filme começa nos anos 70. apesar de conter exageros. dos trabalhos de Steve. num evento de visibilidade muito grande (uma final de campeonato esportivo). que iniciaria a Microsoft. Assista agora ao filme e anote os aspectos relevantes da história.

In the early days. no início mnemonics = arte de desenvolver a memória mediante processos auxiliares como a associação. so there are many computer languages. escreva cinco deles.” Programming Languages Just as there are many human languages. there are the high-level languages like BASIC. o que podemos concluir sobre o filme? 12) No decorrer do filme apareceram vários grupos nominais. When this became difficult. O que você acha delas? 8) Descreva as expectativas de Paul Alen e do dono da Seatle Computers no momento em que ele pretendia comprar DOS dele. a correspondente em Português é: a) b) c) d) computador de código binário computação binária de código código de computação binária código binário do computador . 9)Qual era o risco de Paul Alen no caso de não conseguir comprar o produto? Qual era a percepção de valor que o dono da Seatle Computers tinha sobre o DOS? 10) Quem era o autor da frase:”Bons artistas copiam. • Some help just as = assim como in the early days = no princípio. people programmed using the computer´s binary code. Finally. or what we call `machine language´. and are translated directly or indirectly into the computer´s machine code using the computer´s firmware. mnemonics were used to make life easier. and ALGOL. FORTRAN. grandes artistas roubam?” Comente essa frase.7) Cite alguns comentários feitos por Bill Gates sobre estratégias comerciais. to make easier = tornar mais fácil high-level = alto nível firmware = ´software` armazenado em ROM em vez de disco 1) Sabendo-se que a expressão “computer´s binary code” está no Caso Genitivo. This is called `assembly language´ programming. 13) Justifique a frase: “ O grande sucesso de Bill Gates e Steve Jobs se deu através de suas habilidades comunicativas. 11) Com relação à Direito e Ética. These are much more similar to everyday language. BASIC is the language most often used to introduce programming.

A program written in high-level language is often called a `source program´. and each statement corresponds to one machine action. b) _________________________________________________. which means interpreted into machine code. and it cannot be directly processed by the computer until it has been compiled. when transformed into machine code. But some computers can be programmed directly in machine code. Grupo Nominal: ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________. instruções. results in several instructions. a) um programa fonte b) um código binário c) um código de máquina d) um ação da máquina . Machine language statements are written in a binary code. Usually a single instruction written in a high-level language. comandos. compiled = traduzido em linguagem de máquina. a single = um única 3) Transcreva da sentença o Grupo Nominal nela existente e passe toda a sentença para o Português: “But some computers can be programmed directly in machine code”. isto é. um programa escrito em linguagem de alto nível é freqüentemente chamado de: a) b) c) d) machine code machine language source program several instructions 4) Assinale a alternativa que preenche a afirmação de acordo com o texto: “ Cada comando corresponde a _____________________________. • Some help statements = programas são compostos por `statements´. Machine Language This is the language which the computer actually understands inside itself. De acordo com o texto.2) Retire do texto outras duas expressões que estejam no Caso Genitivo: a) _________________________________________________. compilado.

assembly language is really just machine language in mnemonic form.) They are harder to program than a high-level language. justamente CPU = Central Processing Unit 5) Na sentença do texto que está sublinhada. so that it can be understood and remembered more easily by a human being. in fact. Unlike machine language. Assembly languages are specific to a given CPU chip and are named after it (8080 assembly language. 6809 assembly language. assembly language is mnemonic. diferente de after it de acordo com ele (chip just = apenas.Assembly Languages Assembly language is a programming language that talks fairly directly to the computer. but they produce programs that are more efficient and run faster. etc. o pronome “They” refere-se à palavra: a) languages b) CPU c) programs d) chip 6) Assinale a alternativa em que há um Grupo Nominal: a) directly to the computer b) machine language c) more easily d) the computer understand . • Some help fairly = quase are named = recebem o nome unlike = ao contrário de. which is what the computer understands.

but generally produce programs that are less efficient and run slower. For example. de acordo com o texto: a) Linguagens de alto nível são _______________________ de programar do que linguagem assembly. FORTRAN for mathematics work and BASIC for general purpose introductory programming. projetada inner workings = trabalhos internos. There isn´t ______________ time for transmitting new data. I can´t find ______________ texts on `Time-sharing`. 1-menos eficientes 2-mais eficientes . They are fairly close to natural languages like English and most have been written for one particular type of application or another. COBOL for business applications. o que se passa dentro.7) Complete as sentences com some ou any: a) a) b) c) d) There are ______________ complex Mathematical problems. close to = near = perto de. High-level languages are easier to program than assembly languages. • Some help designed to = planned to = planejada. High-Level Languages A high-level languages is a computer programming language designed to allow people to write programs without having to understand the inner workings of the computer. Do you have _____________ good marks? There are ______________ printers in this room. ALGOL has been written for general applications. 1) mais difíceis 2)mais fáceis b) Linguagens de alto nível produzem programas que são _________________________ do que linguagem assembly. parecidas most = a maioria general-purpose = objetivo geral 8) Na expressão “computer programming language” a palavra em destaque é: a) b) c) d) gerúndio (programando) verbo (programar) substantivo (programação) particípio(programado) 9) Assinale a alternativa correta.

c) Programas em linguagem de alto nível `rodam´ ________________________. 1-mais rápido 2-mais lento .

Resposta em português. The Internet will be the necessary basis for our everyday life. electronic forums. debates etc. During the 70´s and 80´s. a) will be a military reality in the future b) will be important for everyone c) is made of 21 computers d) can be used to develop technology very fast e) teachers computer skills tradução: ___________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) Explique o que é ARPANET. ___________________________________________________________________________ _________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 3) De a) b) c) d) e) acordo com o texto a frase “computers were linked” pode ser traduzida como: computadores estão ligados computadores eram desligados computadores não eram conectados computadores estão conectados computadores estavam conectados 4) Explique o que aconteceu entre os anos 70 e 80? ________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ 5) traduza a frase: “a person in one of those computers could read the files of any other computer in the same network. This project was called ARPANET.You will do everything through Internet: shopping. computer technology developed vary fast. like the ARPANET. (Adapted from Sun. Networks were developed.Internet Internet started in 1969. This means that a person in one oh those computers could read the files of any other computer in the same network. aplique as estratégias de leitura e responda: 1) O que o texto afirma sobre a Internet? Escolha apenas uma alternativa correta e traduza na linha abaixo. in a military project in which 21 computers were linked.” _______________________________________________________________________ . Amos) Questions Leia o texto acima.

2006) Comprehension questions. adapted for Internet and later to PDAs. Java logo (created by sun) (adapted from Internet Magazine. From the name. Java is a program language. And there is one thing that only programmers know.only to exemplify. The champion in technology is Java. since it has the operational system. It was created by “sun” to work in receptors of cable TV. by Niuza Barone Peres. you’re wrong. What is Java? ______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 3. OXCAFEBABE. This independence is possible due to the fact that this technology is based in a complex software that permits to execute any order. 1. we have Java me. June. cell phones and similars. about micro Edition. Who is the champion in technology? ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 2.___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ JAVA Who is the champion in the world about plataforms! If you said windows. others have arisen at the same time: Java beans – Hot Java. more known as Jame. The first four bytes of any file class are in hexadecimal. The stylistic cup is the famous reference. The name arose from a conversation among programmers in a coffee shop – Java is one kind of coffee from Java island. Como surgiu a marca e aonde? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 4. Em que esta tecnologia é baseada? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ . Softwares that are writen in this “language” can be executed in any dispositive. Finally.

to make available to the public vast banks as information through electronic channels called networks. Major = principal To handle = manipular EXERCISES 1) Escreva abaixo os principais usos de um computador. First as___________________________________________________________________ Second as_________________________________________________________________ Third as__________________________________________________________________ . Available = acessible = disponíveis. And finally. acessíveis. as an information analyzer. to handle. • Planning a vacation schedule (knowledge processing).) VOCABULARY Accurate = careful and exact = precisas. Huge = immense. imenso. certeiras. to continue to perform accurate and quick computations. Networks = redes (de comunicação). enormous = enormes. rapid = velozes. Aid = auxiliar. Adding up = achar a soma de Charge account statements = relatórios de contas de crédito e débito. Decision-making = tomada de posição / tomada de decisão. Source: (Galante. Vacation schedule = escala ou programação de férias. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________ 6. Qual empresa criou a tecnologia mencionada no texto? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ HOW IS COMPUTER USED? A computer is used first as a number processor. Inglês para informática. vasto. Quick = speedy.5. Circule os Cognatos e relacione as familiares encontradas no texto. colossais. Examples of these four major users are: • Adding up the daily transactions at a bank (number processing) • Printing the charge account statements of a major department store (data processing) • Projecting sales for an industrial manufacturer (information analyzing). Second. rápidas. to aid and improve decision-making. and print huge quantities of data. as data processor. as a knowledge processor. Third. process.

How to remove malicious software from your computer? Published: August 30. 2005 Finding and extracting unwanted program Despite your best efforts.Finally as_________________________________________________________________ 2) Ligue os exemplos e os usos. 6) Qual é a fonte do texto? 1) Escreva um breve parágrafo explicando o que você entendeu sobre o texto. (a) planning a vacation schedule ( ) data processing (b) printing the charge account statements ( ) number processing (c) projecting sales for an industrial manufacturer ( ) knowledge processing (d) Adding up the daily transactions at a bank ( ) information analyzing 3) Escreva as palavras familiares encontradas no texto e suas traduções. FAMILIAR TRADUÇÃO 4) Siga o exemplo. processor. (to process. etc. ________________________________________________________________ d) to plan. you may occasionally download a program you don't want. causing it to crash frequently. If you've downloaded something that's wreaking havoc on your system—slowing it to a crawl. following the instructions on your screen. This tool . processing) a) to analyse. and then scan your system.) Run the Malicious Software Removal Tool Make sure your anti-spyware software is current. ________________________________________________________________ 5) Dê a tradução das palavras do exercício anterior.—try using the Malicious Software Removal Tool. Here are some ways to remove it. ______________________________________________________________ c) to print._______________________________________________________________ b) to project. (Note that you may not be able to remove some programs.

Windows 2000.checks computers using Windows XP. Microsoft Corporation. But there are also add-ons you wouldn't want. 1. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________ 3) De acordo com o texto. toolbars or programs that let you accomplish tasks such as making hotel reservations or searching the Internet. such as those that redirect your search to their own Web site or change your homepage.On the Tools menu. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ .Open Internet Explorer. and then click Disable in the Settings section in the bottom half of the Manage Add-ons box. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 4) Por quais dois motivos um usuário pode não querer algum tipo de Add-ons? Em português.In the list of add-ons. All rights reserved 1) Aplicando a técnica de “skimming” responda sobre que o texto trata? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ © 2005 2) O que é: Malicious Software Removal Tool? Responda em português.Click OK. 4. 2. o que é Add-ons: responda em português. and Windows Server 2003 for specific malicious software and helps you remove it. for example. Look for add-ons you didn't accept or don't recognize. Tip: Add-ons are programs that extend the capabilities of Internet Explorer. click to select the one you want to disable. click Manage Add-ons. you may be able to disable the troublemaker through Add-On Manager. Disable a program by using Add-On Manager (Windows XP Service Pack 2 only) If your anti-spyware program and the Malicious Software Removal Tool don't solve the problem. 3.

finance. and the National Bureau of Standards (Now NIST). and the Long-Range Committee was never even formed. This committee was chaired by a member of the NBS. 1959. http://en. Minneapolis-Honeywell (Honeywell Labs). aplique as estratégias de leitura e responda: 1) Segundo o texto. It was made up of members representing six computer manufacturers and three government agencies. the David Taylor Model Basin. it´s defining its primary domain in business. Responda em português. and one of the oldest programming languages still in active use.wikipedia. An Intermediate-Range Committee and a Long-Range Committee were proposed at the Pentagon meeting as well. that was formed to recommend a short range approach to a common business language. In particular. Its name is an acronym for COmmon Business-Oriented Language. History and specification In a meeting held at the Pentagon on May 28 and 29. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________ . The COBOL 2002 standard includes support for objectoriented programming and other modern language features. organized by Charles Phillips. and administrative systems for companies and governments. Sperry Rand. it was never operational.org/wiki/COBOL Leia o texto acima.5) Quais as sugestões que o texto apresenta para solucionar o problema? Cite todos. COBOL was initially created in 1947 by The Short Range Committee. the six computer manufacturers were Burroughs Corporation. RCA. and Sylvania Electric Products. However although the Intermediate Range Committee was formed. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ COBOL COBOL is a third-generation programming language. In the end a sub-committee of the Short Range Committee developed the specifications of the COBOL language. IBM. The three government agencies were the US Air Force. qual é o conceito de COBOL? Responda em português.

.” Qual é tradução de common business language? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 3) O que ocorreu em 28 e 29 de maio ________________________________________________________ de 1959: ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 3) O que inclui o Padrão COBOL 2002? Responda em português. as this may cause double-feeding or jamming. insert each page into the feeder as the previous page is being scanned. The pages will be automatically fed into the fax starting from the page on the bottom. Do not try to force them in. ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 5) A que se define o domínio primário do COBOL? __________________________________________________________________________ ___________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 6) Quais são os seis fabricantes de computadores mencionados no texto? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ LOADING THE DOCUMENT Up to 20 pages can be placed in the feeder at one time.2) Observe a frase: “…recommend a short range approach to a common business language. Insert gently to prevent double-feeding. If your document consists of several large or thick pages which must be loaded one at a time. • • If you need to send or copy more than 20 pages. place the additional pages gently and carefully in the feeder just before the last page is scanned.

If you try to pull out the document without opening the operation panel. first open the operation panel by pulling the front edge up and then remove the document. You can now make resolution and/ or contrast settings as described in the following section. Important If you need to remove the document from the feeder before the transmission or copying. READY TO SEND will appear in the display. you may damage the feeder mechanism. The top edge of the document should enter the fax first. “ Dialing and transmission”. 3 The feeder will draw the leading edge of the document into the fax. or dial the other party as described in the section. .1 Adjust the document guide on the right side of the feeder to the width of your document. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 2 Place the document face down and push it gently into the document feeder. 2) Qual deve ser o primeiro passo para se carregar o aparelho? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________. MANUAL / SHARP • Questões sobre o texto: Source: FACSIMILE OPERATION 1) Como você deve proceder se precisar enviar ou copiar mais de 20 páginas? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________.

but without network cabling. 5) Grife no texto a seguir 5 verbos modais e os seus verbos principais.3) Qual é o segundo passo? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________.11. An Hoc or Peer-to Peer wireless network consists of a number of computers each equipped with a wireless networking interface card. It can connect (or "bridge") the wireless LAN to a wired LAN. but may not be able to access wired LAN resources. The current buzzword however generally refers to wireless LANs. There are two kinds of wireless networks: a. Each computer can communicate directly with all of the other wireless enabled computers. They can share files and printers this way. has produced a number of affordable wireless solutions that are growing in popularity with business and schools as well as sophisticated applications where network wiring is impossible. such as file servers or existing Internet Connectivity. (This is called "bridging") Figure 1: Ad-Hoc or Peer-to Peer Networking. b. This technology. fuelled by the emergence of cross-vendor industry standards such as IEEE 802. providing connectivity for the wireless computers. Each computer with a wireless interface can communicate directly with all of the others. allowing wireless computer access to LAN resources. unless one of the computers acts as a bridge to the wired LAN using special software. In this type of network the access point works like a hub. A wireless network can also use an access point. Wireless Networking The term wireless networking refers to technology that enables two or more computers to communicate using standard network protocols. 4) O que pode acontecer se você abrir puxar o documento sem abrir o painel de operação? ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________. Strictly speaking. any technology that does this could be called wireless networking. such as in warehousing or point-of-sale handheld equipment. . or base station.

such as Direct PPPoE support and extensive configuration flexibility. but may not offer the full range of wireless features defined in the 802. i. Wireless connected computers using a Software Access Point. Vicomsoft's solutions support file sharing using TCP/IP. With appropriate networking software support.There are two types of access points: Dedicated hardware access points (HAP) such as Lucent's WaveLAN. Figure 3: Software Access Point. Apple's Airport Base Station or WebGear's AviatorPRO. Hardware access points offer comprehensive support of most wireless features. users on the wireless LAN can share files and printers located on the wired LAN and vice versa. ii. . (See Figure 2). Wireless connected computers using a Hardware Access Point.11 standard. Figure 2: Hardware Access Point. but check your requirements carefully. Software Access Points which run on a computer equipped with a wireless network interface card as used in an ad-hoc or peer-to-peer wireless network. (See Figure 3) The Vicomsoft InterGate suites are software routers that can be used as a basic Software Access Point. and include features not commonly found in hardware solutions.

de acordo com o texto? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 5) Escreva o que as figuras 1. Como este ponto de acesso trabalha? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 4) Quantos tipos de rede de trabalho sem fio existem. respectivamente representam? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ 6) Retire do texto dez 10 cognatas e 10 familiares. 2 e 3. 7) Circule abaixo todos os facilitadores e/ou estratégias utilizados na análise e interpretação do texto. a) Dicas tipográficas d) Skimming b) Cognatos e palavras familiares e) Conhecimento de mundo c) Scanning . ou uma estação base.Leia o texto e responda: 1) O que é uma rede de trabalho sem fio? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________ 2) Em que consiste a rede de trabalho sem fio Hoc ou Peer – to peer? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 3) Uma rede de trabalho sem fio pode também usar um ponto de acesso.

To plan ______________________________ 11.9) Com base no texto. wireless 10)Retire do texto cinco (05) afixos (prefixos ou sufixos) com tradução. User _______________________________ _ 17. AFIXO TRADUÇÃO 11)Retire do texto cinco (05) grupos nominais com tradução. Wireless . To connect ____________________________ ___________________________ 3. a) refers. To set up _____________________________ 14. To have ____________________________ ______________________________ 7. To supply ____________________________ 15. To improve 8. generally e) business. To ___________________________ feed___________________________ ___ 5. To save ______________________________ 13. Very much ___________________________ 18. To run _______________________________ 12. To handle 6. To develop 4. To change 2. term b) more. interface a) directly. a quem os pronomes em destaque se referem? That:___________________________________________________________________ ___ They:___________________________________________________________________ ___ Which:_________________________________________________________________ ____ 13) Dê a tradução das palavras abaixo 1. To perform ___________________________ ___________________________ 9. file c) using. Way 10. Tool _______________________________ _ 16. circule a alternativa em que todas as palavras são falsos cognatos. GRUPO NOMINAL TRADUÇÃO 12)De acordo com o texto.

and History . Art. Maths. Workgroup ___________________________ Photo Your CV Example: NAME: Gavin H Alvarez ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ ADDRESS: 26 Dryfield Road Cambridge CB2 2DS ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ TELEPHONE NUMBER: 01223 3268452 ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ E-MAIL ADDRESS: gavinhalvarez@btinternet. French._______________________________ _ 19. General Science. Design and Technology.2002 Cam College of Engineering and Technology Birch Road Cambridge CB6 7YT ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ QUALIFICATIONS 2000 GCSEs: English. Wizard ______________________________ _____________________________ 20.com ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ DATE OF BIRTH: 14 June 1984 ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ EDUCATION 1995 – 2000 Graves High School for Boys Graves Avenue Cambridge CB3 4RG ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 2000. Spanish.

2 How is a CV arranged? .Read the curriculum vitae (CV) quickly and choose the correct answers to the questions below. b) A description of someone´s education. member of college football team. ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ OCTOBER 2000 – JUNE 2002 Saturday and holiday job testing computer games at Silicompany.___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 2001 Level 1 Engineering and Technology foundation course ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ 2002 Level 2 Computing course specializing in software development ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ WORK EXPERIENCE AUGUST – SEPTEMBER 2000 Temporary job as IT assistant at Norris´s Aeronautics. Cambridge. and skills.Cambridge CB6 7YT ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ Before you start 1 – Have you ever had a part-time or work experience job? Tell your class: • • what your job was how you got it Reading 2. 1 What is a CV? a) A description of someone´s family. work experience. ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ OTHER INFORMATION INTERESTS Bi-lingual in Spanish and English. and playing the guitar ___________________________________________________________________________ __________ REFEREE Ms Daisy Valentine (course tutor) Cam College of Engineering and Technology Birch Road . clean driving licence Developing computer games. Cambridge. photography. education. likes and dislikes.

~ This is called a ______________________________________ 2. ( ) He has had Saturday and holiday jobs since 2000. ! This is called an ______________________________________ 4. Use Gavin´s CV as a model for your writing. Name Address Telephone number e-mail address Date of birth Education Qualifications Work experience Other information Interests Referee VOCABULARY APPROACH: KEYBOARD SYMBOLS AND PUNCTUATION MARKS A) Look at the keys across the top of the computer keyboard and complete the sentences. ( ) He passed his GCSEs in 2001. ( ) He is a student at Cam College. @ This symbol means a______________________________________ . or ones that you think you might get in the future. 1. ( ) He is quite good at languages. ( ) ) Writing 4 Write your own CV in English using qualifications you already have. ( He left Cam College in 2000. ` This is called a ______________________________________ 3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Gavin Alvarez lives in Cambridge. ( ) He isn´t interested in technology.a) under headings b) like a letter 3 Read the CV again and decide if the sentences (1-7) below are true (T) or false (F).

[ ] These marks are called ______________________________________ 17. In British English.. : This is called a ______________________________________ 18. " " In British English.5. 9. 15. . . ? This is called a ______________________________________ 27. . . This is called a ______________________________________ 23. / This is called a ______________________________________ 28. Three periods together are called an ______________________________________ 26. = This symbol is called an ______________________________________ B) Look around the computer keyboard and complete the sentences. 8. ' This is called an ______________________________________ 22. * This symbol is called an ______________________________________ 11. This is called a period ______________________________________ 24. # This symbol means ______________________________________ $ This is called a ______________________________________ % This symbol means ______________________________________ ^ This symbol is called a ______________________________________ & This symbol is called an _____________________ and means _______________ 10.This is called a ______________________________________ 13. ( ) These two marks are called ______________________________________ 12. This is called a ______________________________________ 19. . this is called a ______________________________________ 25. " " These marks are called ______________________________________ 20. \ This is called a ______________________________________ 29. 7.. + This symbol is called a ______________________________________ 14. { } These marks are called ______________________________________ 16. < > These marks are called ______________________________________ CROSSWORD VERTICAIS HORIZONTAIS 1) ampersand 2) and 3) angle brackets 4) apostrophe 5) asterisks 6) at 7) back slash 8) braces 9) brackets 10)circumflex 11)colon 12)comma 13)dollar sign 14)ellipsis 15)equal sign 16)exclamation mark 17)forward slash or virgule 18)full stop 19)grave or grave accent 20)hyphen 21)inverted commas 22)number 23)parentheses 24)per cent 25)period 26)plus sign 27)question mark 28)quotation marks or quotes 29)semicolon 30)tilde Complete com as palavras da tabela acima(1/5/11/21/23/29 e 4/8/10/15/28) . . these marks are called ______________________________________ 21. 6.

Complete as lacunas com as palavras abaixo: BLOGGER / COMPUTER / CHAT / USER / END USER / BLOG A _______________ is a website in which items are posted on a regular basis and displayed in reverse chronological order. P. 2001. Marta. USA: Prentice Hall. It uses a conversational style of documentation. A person who posts these entries is called a ___________. Salvador: O Autor . hypertext. P. audio and other files). Digital Image Processing. This term is a shortened form of weblog. This includes expert programmers as well as novices. A programmable machine. _____________is a real-time communication between two users via computer. Inglês para Processamento de Dados. K. T.Oxford:Oxford University Press. 2000. Alba Valéria & ROSAS. Oxford English for Computing. either user can enter text by typing on the keyboard and the entered text will appear on the other user's monitor. CASTLEMAN.textos para informática. The two principal characteristics of a ___________________ are: • • It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. CRUZ. An _________is any individual who runs na application program. São Paulo: Atlas. R. Inglês. Most networks and online services offer its feature. and links (to other web pages and to video. 1996. Décio Torres & SILVA. It comprises text. Once has been initiated. Charles. GALANTE. ___________ is an individual who uses a computer. . Keith & BROWN.com. It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program) Referências BOECKNER. 1996. images.

MARTINS. 2000. São Paulo: Moderna. ________. São Paulo: TEXTO NOVO. Ernesto & AMOS.1993. Módulo I. Graded English. Internet: sites diversos . Elisabeth P. Inglês Instrumental – Estratégias de Leitura. 2001. Rosângela. Eduardo. Módulo II. São Paulo: TEXTO NOVO. & PASQUALIN.Inglês Instrumental – Estratégias de Leitura. MUNHOZ.

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