Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

NETWORK ROUTING AND FUNDAMENTALS CASE STUDY 2

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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

CONTENTS
1. Overview and Objectives
1.1 1.2 1.3

Introduction Requirements Technical Solution

Page 3 Page 3 Page 4 Page 4 Page 4 Page 5 Page 5 Page 5 Page 6 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 11 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17

2. Technical Solution

2.1 2.2

Existing Topology Internet Protocol & Router Configuration 2.2.1 Addressing Space 2.2.2 Addressing Space Configuration 2.2.3 Packet Tracer Software 2.2.4 TFTP Requirements

2.3

Routing Protocol Solution

3. Summary 4. Abbreviations 5. References
6. Appendices

6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6

Appendix 1 – IP Range Appendix 2 – Network Configuration Tables Appendix 3 – New Network Topology Appendix 4 – Host Names and Passwords Appendix 5a - Show CDP Neighbors Appendix 5b - Show IP Route
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6.7 6.8 6.9

Appendix 5c - Show IP Protocol Appendix 5d - Show IP Interface Appendix 5e - Show Version

Page 20 Page 23 Page 33 Page 36 Page 39

6.9.1 Appendix 5f - Show Hosts 6.9.2 Appendix 5g - Show Startup-config

1.0 OVERVIEW AND OBJECTIVES
1.1 Introduction

A unit has several people responsible for maintaining various sections of the internetwork infrastructure. Many technicians have done an excellent job with the small portion for which they are responsible. One of the other network associates who was responsible for a larger portion of the infrastructure was suddenly posted. This left redesign and implementation on this portion of the internetwork unfinished. A technician is given the task to complete the design and implementation of the unfinished network. The few documents that existed were poorly written. So during the weekend the technician reconstructs the diagram from an existing diagram that was found. It represents the new internetwork design. It shows the planned routers, hubs /switches, circuits, and the servers/ workstation at each site. The server at the center site is a file server accessed only by workstations on this internetwork. The workstation at the center site is used to manage all routers on the internetwork. After returning to work Monday morning, the technician presents the new diagram, shown at Figure 1 to their network infrastructure team leader that assigned the project. After discussion, it is determined that the new documentation must be developed for the project.

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1.2

Requirements
1.2.1

This Project has the following requirements:

Set up the physical layout of the network using the provided diagram and accompanying narrative.

• • • •

Correctly configure the routers with a basic router configuration. Set up a TFTP server on one of the workstations. Troubleshoot and test all connectivity. Provide detailed documentation that is logically organised to make troubleshooting easier.

2.0 TECHNICAL SOLUTION
2.1 Existing Topology
2.1.1 The original network topology diagram has been provided and is

shown at Figure 1 below. The topology has been checked and is correct, so this to form the basis of the new network design.

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3

4

5

6

Center

Boaz

Eva

2

Server

Figure 1 – Original Network Topology

2.1.2 The information gleaned from Figure 1 shows that there are five distinct networks within the topology. There are three Local Area Networks (LANs) and two smaller networks which provide serial link connectivity between the LANs. The following information will provide will be used throughout this document and will be used for the network design process. Provided Network Address: 172.17.0.0/16 Required Number of Subnets: 5 Routing Protocol: Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

2.2

Internet Protocol Range & Router Configuration
2.2.1 As stated in paragraph 2.1.2, the provided network address for this

project is 172.17.0.0/16. This address space will provide 65534 Internet Protocol (IP) addresses which far exceeds the requirements for this network. Using Variable Length Subnet Masking (VLSM), it is recommended that the address space be reduced and is that it is sub-netted as shown in Tables 1 through to 5 at Appendix 1, page 11 and as summarised here: Boaz LAN Subnet.............172.17.0.0/24 Center LAN Subnet..........172.17.1.0/24 Eva LAN Subnet ..............172.17.2.0/24 Center - Eva Subnet.........172.17.3.0/30 Center - Boaz Subnet.......172.17.3.4/30 2.2.2 It is proposed that the serial link subnets will become /30 networks providing 2 usable host addresses; each serial link requires only 2 host addresses, one for each end. The three LANs will become /24 networks, allowing a maximum of 254 host’s each. This will allow for significant future expansion to each of the LAN networks and the distinct subnets will enable ease of configuration. To provide a logical addressing scheme which is common across the subnets, each LAN will use the first usable address for the router Fast Ethernet interface and the second address is used for the Switch VLAN. The remaining addresses are used by the workstations and server, starting with the last usable address and working backwards. Configuration tables for each network can be found at Appendix 2, Page 13. 2.2.3 The network design has been constructed and tested in the Cisco

propriety simulation software called Packet Tracer. A network topology printout from Packet Tracer can be found at Appendix 3, page 14, and Show commands for each router can be found at Appendix 5a – g on pages 16 – 39.
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2.2.3

To enable ease of configuration and to assist technicians when

fault finding, each router has been given a unique hostname and for security passwords have been set up. When trying to access the router a prompt will ask the user to enter a password which will allow him access to User Exec Mode, a mode which will allow him to monitor things only. A second password is then required to enter Privileged Exec Mode, a mode which allows the user to gain detailed information. Here the user can also access the Configure Terminal Mode, where router configuration changes can be made. The passwords and hostnames used for this network, and used within the Packet Tracer software, are listed at Appendix 4, page 15. Once the network is constructed, the passwords shown here should be changed and should be kept in a secure location. 2.2.4 One of the requirements of the project is to set up a Trivial File

Transfer Protocol (TFTP) server on one of the workstations. After some investigation and research it has been discovered that to do this proprietary software needs to be installed on the workstation. As there is a server already within the network, it is recommended that this become the TFTP server, and the TFTP function within the server has been enabled in the Packet Tracer simulation software.

2.3

Routing Protocol
2.3.1 The routing protocol recommended for this project is Open Shortest Path First (OSPF). OSPF is a ‘Link-state protocol that was developed as a replacement for the distance vector routing protocol Routing Information Protocol (RIP)’ Graziani and Johnson (2008: 500). Link-state protocols do not exchange routes and metrics, they exchange only the state of the links they

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know about, and the cost associated with those links. This saves considerably on bandwidth. The other protocols considered are Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) and RIP. Although very easy to configure, RIP has been discounted as the routing protocol because of drawbacks such as it can only be used in networks that have fewer than 15 hops, it converges slowly on larger networks, it is prone to routing loops and routing updates can require significant bandwidth because the entire routing table is sent. TechRepublic (2004) EIGRP was also considered but is not recommended as it is a Cisco proprietary protocol. The major drawback with EIGRP is that it is specifically designed for Cisco routers. ‘EIGRP is an enhancement of Cisco Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP) and will only operate on Cisco routers’ Graziani and Johnson (2008: 392). Therefore EIGRP would require that only Cisco equipment be used in any future expansion of the network unless a new routing protocol was introduced throughout the network at the same time. There are disadvantages to using link state protocols, such as OSPF. They are resource intensive and require more processor capacity and memory. ‘For very large internetworks, the database of link state advertisements and the calculation of routing table entries can be memory and processor intensive.’ . www.microsoft.com (2010). The size of the current network topology is not considered intensive for the routers to handle. OSPF has been recommended because this protocol is an open source routing protocol and is used commonly on most routers from most manufacturers. It has fast convergence, it minimizes bandwidth consumed by routing information, using low bandwidth wisely, and it can take link bandwidth into account.

3.0 SUMMARY
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

3.1

Summary
3.1.1 The solution provided covers all the requirements requested by the project. The proposed network is based on the existing topology diagram and the solution will be easily managed and can be scaled for future growth. The network addressing scheme has been derived from sub-netting the allocated address space into manageable subnets with logical allocation of IP addresses whilst leaving significant room for future expansion. The two main routing protocols considered were EIGRP and OSPF. Although OSPF is slightly more complex to configure and understand than EIGRP, it is the recommended protocol due to EIGRP being Cisco proprietary.

4.0 ABBREVIATIONS
4.1 Abbreviations

Abbreviations used throughout this report are listed below: EIGRP IGRP IP Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol Interior Gateway Routing Protocol Internet Protocol
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

LAN NIC OSPF RIP TFTP VLAN VLSM

Local Area Network Network Interface Card Open Shortest Path First Routing Information Protocol Trivial File Transfer Protocol Virtual Local Area Network Variable Length Subnet Masking

References
Graziani and Johnson (2008). Routing Protocols and Concepts. 2nd ed. USA: Cisco Press. 392. Graziani and Johnson (2008). Routing Protocols and Concepts. 2nd ed. USA: Cisco Press. 500.

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Microsoft Technet. (2010). Link State Based Routing Protocols. Available: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc940461.aspx. Last accessed 23 May 2010. Tech Republic. (2004). Quick Reference Cisco Internetworking. Available: articles.techrepublic.com.com/i/tr/one_offs/t063_preview.pdf . Last accessed 23 May 2010.

Appendix 1 Internet Protocol Range
Table 1 – Center Subnet Subnet 1 - Center Subnet Network Address 1st Usable Address 172.17.1.0 172.17.1.1
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Last Usable Address Broadcast address Subnet Mask

172.17.1.254 172.17.1.255 255.255.255.0 Table 2 – Boaz Subnet Subnet 2 - Boaz Subnet

Network Address 1st Usable Address Last Usable Address Broadcast address Subnet Mask

172.17.0.0 172.17.0.1 172.17.0.254 172.17.0.255 255.255.255.0

Table 3 – Eva Subnet Subnet 3 - Eva Subnet Network Address 1st Usable Address Last Usable Address Broadcast address Subnet Mask 172.17.2.0 172.17.2.1 172.17.2.254 172.17.2.255 255.255.255.0

Table 4 – Eva to Center Link Subnet Subnet 4 - Eva to Center Link Subnet Network Address 1st Usable Address Last Usable Address Broadcast address Subnet Mask 172.17.3.0 172.17.3.1 172.17.3.2 172.17.3.4 255.255.255.252
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Table 5 – Boaz to Center Link Subnet Subnet 5 - Boaz to Center Link Subnet Network Address 1st Usable Address Last Usable Address Broadcast address Subnet Mask 172.17.3.4 172.17.3.5 172.17.3.6 172.17.3.7 255.255.255.252

Appendix 2 Network Configuration Tables
Center Configuration Interface Center Router Se 3/0 DCE Center Router Se 2/0 DCE Center Router IP Address 172.17.3.5 172.17.3.1 172.17.1.1 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.0
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Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A

Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

FA 0/0 Center Switch VLAN 1 Server PC 2 NIC Boaz Configuration Interface Boaz Router S 3/0 Boaz Router FA 0/0 Boaz Switch VLAN 1 PC 3 NIC PC 4 NIC Eva Configuration Interface Eva Router S 2/0 Eva Router FA 0/0 Eva Switch VLAN 1 PC 5 NIC PC 6 NIC

172.17.1.2 172.17.1.253 172.17.1.254

255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0

172.17.1.1 172.17.1.1 172.17.1.1

IP Address 172.17.3.6 172.17.0.1 172.17.0.2 172.17.0.253 172.17.0.254

Subnet Mask 255.255.255.25 2 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0

Default Gateway N/A N/A 172.17.0.1 172.17.0.1 172.17.0.1

IP Address 172.17.3.2 172.17.2.1 172.17.2.2 172.17.2.254 172.17.2.253

Subnet Mask 255.255.255.25 2 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0

Default Gateway N/A N/A 172.17.0.1 172.17.0.1 172.17.0.1

Appendix 3 New Network Topology

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Appendix 4 Host Names and Passwords
Hostnames
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Equipment Boaz Router Center Router Eva Router Boaz Switch Center Switch Eva Switch Server PC 2 PC 3 PC 4 PC 5 PC 6

Hostname Boaz Center Eva Boaz-Switch Center-Switch Eva-Switch Server PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 PC6

Passwords Type Console VTY 0 – 4 Secret class class cisco Password

Appendix 5a
Center Show CDP Neighbors Center#sh cdp neigh
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater, P - Phone Device ID Local Intrfce Holdtme Capability Platform Port ID

Center-Switch Fas 0/0 Boaz Eva Center# Boaz Show CDP Neighbors Boaz#sh cdp neigh Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater, P - Phone Device ID Local Intrfce Holdtme 134 134 R Capability Platform S 2950 PT1000 Port ID Ser 3/0 Ser 2/0 124 131 133 S R R 2950 Fas 0/1 Ser 3/0 Ser 2/0

PT1000 PT1000

oaz-Switch Fas 0/0 Center Boaz# Ser 3/0

Fas 0/1 Ser 3/0

Eva Show CDP Neighbors Eva#sh cdp neigh Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater, P - Phone Device ID Local Intrfce Holdtme 134 134 R Capability Platform S 2950 PT1000 Port ID

Eva-Switch Fas 0/0 Center Eva# Ser 2/0

Fas 0/1 Ser 2/0

Appendix 5b
Center Show IP Route Center#sh ip route

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Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 172.17.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 5 subnets, 2 masks O C O C C 172.17.0.0/24 [110/782] via 172.17.3.6, 00:02:07, Serial3/0 172.17.1.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 172.17.2.0/24 [110/782] via 172.17.3.2, 00:02:07, Serial2/0 172.17.3.0/30 is directly connected, Serial2/0 172.17.3.4/30 is directly connected, Serial3/0

Center#

Boaz Show IP Route Boaz#sh ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 172.17.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 5 subnets, 2 masks C O O O C 172.17.0.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 172.17.1.0/24 [110/782] via 172.17.3.5, 00:08:06, Serial3/0 172.17.2.0/24 [110/1563] via 172.17.3.5, 00:08:06, Serial3/0 172.17.3.0/30 [110/1562] via 172.17.3.5, 00:08:06, Serial3/0 172.17.3.4/30 is directly connected, Serial3/0

Boaz#

Eva Show IP Route Eva#sh ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 172.17.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 5 subnets, 2 masks O O C C O Eva# 172.17.0.0/24 [110/1563] via 172.17.3.1, 00:14:03, Serial2/0 172.17.1.0/24 [110/782] via 172.17.3.1, 00:14:03, Serial2/0 172.17.2.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 172.17.3.0/30 is directly connected, Serial2/0 172.17.3.4/30 [110/1562] via 172.17.3.1, 00:14:03, Serial2/0

Appendix 5c
Center Show IP Protocol Center#sh ip protocol
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Routing Protocol is "ospf 1" Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 172.17.3.5 Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.17.1.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 172.17.3.0 0.0.0.3 area 0 172.17.3.4 0.0.0.3 area 0 Passive Interface(s): FastEthernet0/0 Routing Information Sources: Gateway 172.17.3.2 172.17.3.6 Distance 110 110 Last Update 00:02:45 00:02:45

Distance: (default is 110) Center#

Boaz Show IP Protocol Boaz#sh ip protocol Routing Protocol is "ospf 1"
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 172.17.3.6 Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.17.3.4 0.0.0.3 area 0 172.17.0.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Passive Interface(s): FastEthernet0/0 Routing Information Sources: Gateway 172.17.3.5 Distance 110 Last Update 00:08:55

Distance: (default is 110)

Boaz#

Eva IP Protocol Eva#sh ip protocol Routing Protocol is "ospf 1"
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 172.17.3.2 Number of areas in this router is 1. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.17.2.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 172.17.0.0 0.0.3.255 area 0 Passive Interface(s): FastEthernet0/0 Routing Information Sources: Gateway 172.17.3.1 Distance 110 Last Update 00:14:40

Distance: (default is 110)

Eva#

Appendix5d
Center Show IP Interface Center#sh ip int
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

FastEthernet0/0 is up, line protocol is up (connected) Internet address is 172.17.1.1/24 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 1500 Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Security level is default Split horizon is enabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is disabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled IP Fast switching turbo vector IP multicast fast switching is disabled IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled Router Discovery is disabled IP output packet accounting is disabled IP access violation accounting is disabled TCP/IP header compression is disabled RTP/IP header compression is disabled Probe proxy name replies are disabled Policy routing is disabled Network address translation is disabled
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled BGP Policy Mapping is disabled FastEthernet1/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled Serial2/0 is up, line protocol is up (connected) Internet address is 172.17.3.1/30 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 1500 Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Security level is default Split horizon is enabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is disabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled IP Fast switching turbo vector IP multicast fast switching is disabled IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled Router Discovery is disabled IP output packet accounting is disabled IP access violation accounting is disabled
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

TCP/IP header compression is disabled RTP/IP header compression is disabled Probe proxy name replies are disabled Policy routing is disabled Network address translation is disabled WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled BGP Policy Mapping is disabled Serial3/0 is up, line protocol is up (connected) Internet address is 172.17.3.5/30 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 1500 Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Security level is default Split horizon is enabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is disabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled IP Fast switching turbo vector IP multicast fast switching is disabled IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Router Discovery is disabled IP output packet accounting is disabled IP access violation accounting is disabled TCP/IP header compression is disabled RTP/IP header compression is disabled Probe proxy name replies are disabled Policy routing is disabled Network address translation is disabled WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled BGP Policy Mapping is disabled FastEthernet4/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled FastEthernet5/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled Center#

Boaz Show IP Interface Boaz#sh ip interface FastEthernet0/0 is up, line protocol is up (connected)
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Internet address is 172.17.0.1/24 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 1500 Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Security level is default Split horizon is enabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is disabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled IP Fast switching turbo vector IP multicast fast switching is disabled IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled Router Discovery is disabled IP output packet accounting is disabled IP access violation accounting is disabled TCP/IP header compression is disabled RTP/IP header compression is disabled Probe proxy name replies are disabled Policy routing is disabled Network address translation is disabled WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled BGP Policy Mapping is disabled FastEthernet1/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled Serial2/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled Serial3/0 is up, line protocol is up (connected) Internet address is 172.17.3.6/30 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 1500 Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Security level is default Split horizon is enabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is disabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled IP Fast switching turbo vector IP multicast fast switching is disabled IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled Router Discovery is disabled IP output packet accounting is disabled
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

IP access violation accounting is disabled TCP/IP header compression is disabled RTP/IP header compression is disabled Probe proxy name replies are disabled Policy routing is disabled Network address translation is disabled WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled BGP Policy Mapping is disabled FastEthernet4/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled FastEthernet5/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled Boaz#

Eva Show IP Interface Eva#sh ip interface FastEthernet0/0 is up, line protocol is up (connected)
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Internet address is 172.17.2.1/24 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 1500 Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Security level is default Split horizon is enabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is disabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled IP Fast switching turbo vector IP multicast fast switching is disabled IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled Router Discovery is disabled IP output packet accounting is disabled IP access violation accounting is disabled TCP/IP header compression is disabled RTP/IP header compression is disabled Probe proxy name replies are disabled Policy routing is disabled Network address translation is disabled WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled BGP Policy Mapping is disabled FastEthernet1/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled Serial2/0 is up, line protocol is up (connected) Internet address is 172.17.3.2/30 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 1500 Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Security level is default Split horizon is enabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is disabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled IP Fast switching turbo vector IP multicast fast switching is disabled IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled Router Discovery is disabled IP output packet accounting is disabled IP access violation accounting is disabled TCP/IP header compression is disabled
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

RTP/IP header compression is disabled Probe proxy name replies are disabled Policy routing is disabled Network address translation is disabled WCCP Redirect outbound is disabled WCCP Redirect exclude is disabled BGP Policy Mapping is disabled Serial3/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled FastEthernet4/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled FastEthernet5/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down (disabled) Internet protocol processing disabled Eva#

Appendix5e
Center Show Version Center#sh version Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

IOS (tm) PT1000 Software (PT1000-I-M), Version 12.2(28), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc5) Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport Copyright (c) 1986-2005 by cisco Systems, Inc. Compiled Wed 27-Apr-04 19:01 by miwang Image text-base: 0x8000808C, data-base: 0x80A1FECC ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.1(3r)T2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1) Copyright (c) 2000 by cisco Systems, Inc. ROM: PT1000 Software (PT1000-I-M), Version 12.2(28), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc5) System returned to ROM by reload System image file is "flash:pt1000-i-mz.122-28.bin"

PT 1001 (PTSC2005) processor (revision 0x200) with 60416K/5120K bytes of memory Processor board ID PT0123 (0123) PT2005 processor: part number 0, mask 01 Bridging software. X.25 software, Version 3.0.0. 4 FastEthernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s) 2 Low-speed serial(sync/async) network interface(s) 32K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory. 63488K bytes of ATA CompactFlash (Read/Write)

Configuration register is 0x2102 Center# Boaz Show Version Boaz#sh version Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software IOS (tm) PT1000 Software (PT1000-I-M), Version 12.2(28), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc5)
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport Copyright (c) 1986-2005 by cisco Systems, Inc. Compiled Wed 27-Apr-04 19:01 by miwang Image text-base: 0x8000808C, data-base: 0x80A1FECC ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.1(3r)T2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1) Copyright (c) 2000 by cisco Systems, Inc. ROM: PT1000 Software (PT1000-I-M), Version 12.2(28), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc5) System returned to ROM by reload System image file is "flash:pt1000-i-mz.122-28.bin" PT 1001 (PTSC2005) processor (revision 0x200) with 60416K/5120K bytes of memory Processor board ID PT0123 (0123) PT2005 processor: part number 0, mask 01 Bridging software. X.25 software, Version 3.0.0. 4 FastEthernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s) 2 Low-speed serial(sync/async) network interface(s) 32K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory. 63488K bytes of ATA CompactFlash (Read/Write) Configuration register is 0x2102

Boaz#

Eva Show Version Eva#sh version Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software IOS (tm) PT1000 Software (PT1000-I-M), Version 12.2(28), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc5) Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
35

Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Copyright (c) 1986-2005 by cisco Systems, Inc. Compiled Wed 27-Apr-04 19:01 by miwang Image text-base: 0x8000808C, data-base: 0x80A1FECC ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.1(3r)T2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1) Copyright (c) 2000 by cisco Systems, Inc. ROM: PT1000 Software (PT1000-I-M), Version 12.2(28), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc5) System returned to ROM by reload System image file is "flash:pt1000-i-mz.122-28.bin" PT 1001 (PTSC2005) processor (revision 0x200) with 60416K/5120K bytes of memory Processor board ID PT0123 (0123) PT2005 processor: part number 0, mask 01 Bridging software. X.25 software, Version 3.0.0. 4 FastEthernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s) 2 Low-speed serial(sync/async) network interface(s) 32K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory. 63488K bytes of ATA CompactFlash (Read/Write)

Configuration register is 0x2102

Eva#

Appendix 5f
Center Show Hosts Center#show hosts Default Domain is not set Name/address lookup uses domain service Name servers are 0.0.0.0
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Codes: UN - unknown, EX - expired, OK - OK, ?? - revalidate temp - temporary, perm - permanent NA - Not Applicable None - Not defined

Host Center#

Port Flags

Age Type Address(es)

Boaz Show Hosts Boaz#sh hosts Default Domain is not set Name/address lookup uses domain service Name servers are 0.0.0.0

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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Codes: UN - unknown, EX - expired, OK - OK, ?? - revalidate temp - temporary, perm - permanent NA - Not Applicable None - Not defined

Host Boaz#

Port Flags

Age Type Address(es)

Eva Show Hosts Eva#sh hosts Default Domain is not set Name/address lookup uses domain service Name servers are 0.0.0.0

38

Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Codes: UN - unknown, EX - expired, OK - OK, ?? - revalidate temp - temporary, perm - permanent NA - Not Applicable None - Not defined

Host Eva#

Port Flags

Age Type Address(es)

Appendix 5g
Center Show Startup-Config Center#sh startup-config Using 1173 bytes !

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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

version 12.2 no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption ! hostname Center ! enable secret 5 $1$mERr$hx5rVt7rPNoS4wqbXKX7m0 ! ip name-server 0.0.0.0 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description Link to Center Switch ip address 172.17.1.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet1/0 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial2/0 description Link to Eva Via Serial Cable ip address 172.17.3.1 255.255.255.252 clock rate 64000 ! interface Serial3/0
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

description Link to Boaz Via Serial Cable ip address 172.17.3.5 255.255.255.252 clock rate 64000 ! interface FastEthernet4/0 no ip address shutdown ! interface FastEthernet5/0 no ip address shutdown ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.17.1.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 network 172.17.3.0 0.0.0.3 area 0 network 172.17.3.4 0.0.0.3 area 0 ! ip classless ! banner motd ^C No Unauthorised Access ^C ! line con 0 exec-timeout 0 0 password class logging synchronous login line vty 0 4
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

password class login ! end Center#

Boaz Show Startup-Config Boaz#show startup-config Using 1046 bytes ! version 12.2
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption ! hostname Boaz ! enable secret 5 $1$mERr$hx5rVt7rPNoS4wqbXKX7m0 ! ip name-server 0.0.0.0 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description Link to Boaz Switch 1 ip address 172.17.0.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet1/0 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial2/0 no ip address shutdown ! interface Serial3/0 description Link to Centre Via Serial Cable ip address 172.17.3.6 255.255.255.252
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

! interface FastEthernet4/0 no ip address shutdown ! interface FastEthernet5/0 no ip address shutdown ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.17.3.4 0.0.0.3 area 0 network 172.17.0.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 ! ip classless ! banner motd ^C No Unauthorised Access ^C ! line con 0 exec-timeout 0 0 password class logging synchronous login line vty 0 4 password class login ! end
44

Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Boaz#

Eva Show Startup-Config Eva#sh startup-config Using 1044 bytes ! version 12.2
45

Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec no service password-encryption ! hostname Eva ! enable secret 5 $1$mERr$hx5rVt7rPNoS4wqbXKX7m0 ! ip name-server 0.0.0.0 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description Link to Eva switch ip address 172.17.2.1 255.255.255.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet1/0 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial2/0 description Link to Centre Via Serial Cable ip address 172.17.3.2 255.255.255.252 ! interface Serial3/0 no ip address shutdown
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Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

! interface FastEthernet4/0 no ip address shutdown ! interface FastEthernet5/0 no ip address shutdown ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.17.2.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 network 172.17.0.0 0.0.3.255 area 0 ! ip classless ! banner motd ^C No Unauthorised Access ^C ! line con 0 exec-timeout 0 0 password class logging synchronous login line vty 0 4 password class login ! end
47

Network Routing and Fundamentals Case Study 2

Eva#

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