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Issues and Challenges in Rural Electrification Schemes Implementation

Issues and Challenges in Rural Electrification Schemes Implementation

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Published by anu141
A summer intern report discussing why india fails to provide rural electrification efficiently.
A summer intern report discussing why india fails to provide rural electrification efficiently.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: anu141 on Aug 04, 2010
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04/24/2013

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This model envisages the creation of cooperative societies for the purpose of implementing franchisee

with appropriate changes as desired.

Representativity

In this model, the issue of representativity comes to front as the users themselves are the owners . The

decision making is decentralized and helps in developing the community ownership idea among the

region in which implemented. Although it lacks the representation of entrepreneur business acumen.

Affordability

The issue of affordability creates some complexities. As the cooperatives are expected to operate under

the provisions of no profit no loss or at minimal profits, and keeping costs lowest for users, the issue to

channel subsidy needs to be looked into for proper functioning.

Sustainability

Technical sustainability issues in this model are similar with those of models C , alongside these models

require a special will from utility side to implement it, and provide initial support

Replicability

The Replicability of this model becomes higher with respect to diverse rural environments found in

Indian villages, model is helpful in creating sense of ownership in the villages community which helps

counter the issues in the development .Levels of success will vary depending upon varying conditions,

and accordingly the level of support required from utility would vary too.

National Power Training Institute

Page 49

7.3.6. Model – F: Rural Electric Co-operative Societies operations management through
contracting

This model additionally envisages the presence of professional contractors to manage O & M alongside

cooperative societies for the purpose of implementing franchisee with appropriate changes as desired.

Representativity

In this model, the issue of representativity remains strongly focused, and as mentioned in model E, and

derives all the benefits from community ownership, the element of entrepreneur business acumen is

introduced in very limited way for O & M.

Affordability

Affordability remains a issue to be addressed, with involvement of professional O & M service provider,

the expenses might rise.

Sustainability

Sustainability issues are tried to be addressed in this model with introduction of professional contractor

arrangements, though other issues as outlined in model B need to be focused.

Replicability

The Replicability of this model becomes comparatively higher with respect to not only serving the

diverse rural environments found in Indian villages, but also supporting maintenance by professional

services. Though the availability of sufficient eligible contractors could be an issue in certain areas where

comphrensive capacity building would be needed to be provided by utility.

In this analysis we have seen how various models fare on various key parameters, model A is found to

be a good to start the process but eventually it is restrictive in its ability to bring about desired changes,

among other models ,model B (modified with certain additional points) have the ability to make

maximum positive contribution to rural electrification. All the models from A to D focus mainly on

National Power Training Institute

Page 50

entrepreneur business acumen but lack on the front of initiating community participation, and models E

and F though take right steps towards community participation but lack contributions of private

business support. World Bank document analysing the issue of rural electricity access also indicates that

involvement of communities is an important step of any such initiatives.

Thus there is a need to develop a workable model which strikes a balance between community

participation and contribution of entrepreneur business acumen to make rural electrification more

revenue sustainable.

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