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Out of 15 questions, you answered 15 correctly with a final grade of 100% 15 correct (100%) 0 incorrect (0%) 0 unanswered (0%)
The correct answer for each question is indicated by a .
Which of the following statements concerning the nature of critical thinking is most accurate? A) Critical thinking is about helping others and ourselves. B) Critical thinking is about helping others. C) Critical thinking is about attacking others. D) Critical thinking is about self debasement. Feedback: The consequences for not thinking critically are often deleterious to one's self or others. When you don't screen your beliefs to see if they really make sense, you may, in retrospect, wish you had.
Which of the following most accurately completes this sentence? "A claim is a statement that is..." A) true. B) false. C) either true or false, but not both. D) true and false, depending on the context. Feedback: A claim is merely a statement expressing a belief. If that statement is true, it can be used as a reason to support a conclusion within an argument, if false, it cannot (the conclusion is a claim, as well).
Which of the following sentences is not a claim? A) Life exists on planets other than Earth. B) Dare to stay off drugs! C) Something's force equals its mass multiplied by its acceleration. D) Joe owns a pet dog.
5 CORRECT Which of the following is a good way to state an issue in neutral terms? A) Turn the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects into a question.." or "Is it good to spend time observing nature?. B) Place the word "if" in front of the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects. "The issue is whether to legalize marijuana or not to legalize it. 6 CORRECT Generally speaking. Imperatives (Shut the door!).Feedback: This sentence is not truth evaluable because it is a suggestion. Feedback: A sentence that can be evaluated for truth or falsity has to make an assertion. D) An issue just is a topic. 4 CORRECT Which of the following best completes this sentence? "When a sentence has a truth value. For example. B) is false.." allows for arguments to be presented on both sides. B) It is a claim. C) It is an issue. C) Place the words "it is possible that" in front of the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects. B) An issue often has several topics of conversation at stake." A) is either true or false. for example the beauty of a sunset. not a declarative statement. are neither true nor false. Feedback: The topic up for discussion. we mean that it. To make it into an issue requires asking . C) A topic never contains issues. D) Place the word "whether" in front of the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects. and other sorts of sentences. or claim. D) It is an argument Feedback: To make this topic into a claim requires making some assertion about abortion." etc. C) is true. 7 CORRECT Which of the following offers the best identification of "abortion"? A) It is a topic of conversation. questions (Why?). "Is aesthetic appreciation worth developing?. which of these statements best represents the relationship between issues and topics of conversation? A) A topic of conversation often has several issues at stake. may involve several issues. Feedback: "Whether" turns both sides of an issue into claims deserving of equal consideration and argument. even if we cannot necessarily determine which it is. such as. D) is neither true nor false.
an argument is a two-part structure of claims. so the best we can do is act on our best judgments. or premises) is given as a reason (or reasons) for thinking. one part of which (the premise. reject. and critical thinking is the best tool we have for making the best judgments. 11 CORRECT In order to have an "issue" there must be a dispute between at least two parties. but it isn't necessary that there be a dispute (everyone may simply be ignorant of the facts). to settle. that there's nothing wrong with driving drunk. It's only necessary that there be a question. but isn't necessarily. D) At least one premise and one conclusion. 10 CORRECT It is fair to say that critical thinking is mainly concerned with the determination of whether to accept. A) True B) False Feedback: Most things in life are not provable. or issue. B) At least a conclusion. A) True B) False Feedback: A claim could be. showing up drunk for one's court hearing for drunk driving expresses the claim. C) At least two premises and a conclusion. 9 CORRECT It is fair to say that the word "claim" and the word "sentence" have exactly the same meaning. then no . without uttering a single sentence. A claim could be expressed in an action. 8 CORRECT An argument comprises which of the following? A) At least a premise. 12 CORRECT It is fair to say that an issue and a topic of conversation are the same thing. One party may argue the "pro" side and the other the "con" side. For example. A) True B) False Feedback: To decide whether a claim is true or false you must weigh the arguments for and against it. the other part (the conclusion) is true. a sentence.whether or not some claim about it is true or false. A) True B) False Feedback: If everyone agreed on how to evaluate the topic. or suspend judgment about claims. Feedback: By definition.
then. For example. the acceptability of possible evidence arguing for or against this claim might be quite debatable. then we may be said to possess knowledge. To avoid electrocution. can become an issue if it is controversial enough to raise a question worth arguing over. If a fact is true. opinion about it. . then a critical thinker would want to check the facts before doing any wiring. however.). views. A) True B) False Feedback: Obviously. judgment must agree with facts. and if we believe it (are in the mental state of having a conviction about it. and contact with the negative terminal results in electrocution. and if we are justified in believing it. etc. and convictions are essentially the same things. or judgment. 15 CORRECT It is fair to conclude that beliefs. 14 CORRECT It is fair to say that any controversial matter is subjective. 13 CORRECT Critical thinking is concerned with both facts and opinions. 'The universe doubled in size last night" is an objective kind of claim. or a portion of the topic. A topic. A) True B) False Feedback: Controversy may surround objective claims as well as subjective ones. facts are important to our survival. if the hot wire ought to be connected to the positive terminal. For example.one would take issue with it. is critically important. A) True B) False Feedback: These are all mental states. One's opinion. about the facts. opinions.