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CRT205 / CRT 205 / Week 7 Argument Validity Checkpoint 1

CRT205 / CRT 205 / Week 7 Argument Validity Checkpoint 1

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CheckPoint 1: Argument Validity
• Resources: Ch. 7 and the Answers, Suggestions, and Tips for Triangle Exercises section
of Critical Thinking
• Due Date: Day 3 [Individual forum].
• Complete Exercise 7-9 on pp. 236-237 of the text.
CheckPoint 1: Argument Validity
• Resources: Ch. 7 and the Answers, Suggestions, and Tips for Triangle Exercises section
of Critical Thinking
• Due Date: Day 3 [Individual forum].
• Complete Exercise 7-9 on pp. 236-237 of the text.

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Exercise 7-9 Given the premises, discuss whether the conclusion of each argument that follows is (a) true beyond a reasonable

doubt, (b) probably true, or (c) possibly true or possibly false. You should expect disagreement on these items, but the closer your answers are to your instructor’s, the better. 2. The annual rainfall in California’s north valley averages twenty-three inches. So the rainfall next year will be twenty-three inches. “I believe this to be probably true. The passage is stating that there is a set pattern of average rain fall. Just about anything could happen but once a pattern is established it is more probable that it will stay the same in the future.” 3. You expect to get forty miles to the gallon in that? Why, that old wreck has a monster V8; besides, it’s fifty years old and needs an overhaul. “This is probably true. The history of older cars is that they did use a lot more gas than the cars of today. The older cars were not getting anywhere close to 40 miles per gallon when they were new.” 4. In three of the last four presidential races, the winner of the Iowa Republican primary has not captured the Republican nomination. Therefore, the winner of the next Iowa Republican primary will not capture the Republican nomination. “Possibly true or possibly false. Even though a pattern has been set, the American public is very unpredictable.” 6. The number of cellular telephones has increased dramatically in each of the past few years. Therefore there will be even more of them in use this coming year. “This passage is probably true. The phone companies are always striving to beat out the competition. They are always coming out with new phones, and the general consumer is always looking for something new.” 7. Since the graduates of Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and other Ivy League schools generally score higher on the Graduate Record Examination than students from Central State, it follows that the Ivy League schools do more toward educating their students than Central State does. “This is probably true. With just the requirements to be accepted to an Ivy League school, there is more that the Ivy League students are doing than the State College students are. 8. Michael Jackson has had more plastic surgery than anybody else in California. You can bet he’s had more than anybody in Connecticut!

heroin. hospitalizations for alcoholism and related diseases plummeted.” 11. how long? Three. Legalization of cocaine. alcohol-related illnesses rose sharply again.” . Relax. The child has established a long reliable pattern. “I believe this is true beyond a reasonable doubt. When liquor was banned in 1920. just wait and see. Legalizing these drugs will only make the epidemic worse. and marijuana would not curb abuse of those substances. The kid’s been delivering the paper for. She’s just been delayed for some reason. There are several burn and motor vehicle accident victims in the country that are having to go under multiple plastic surgeries. when Prohibition was repealed. “True beyond a reasonable doubt.” 10. four years maybe? And not once has she missed us. The paper will be here.“This is possibly true or possibly false. in 1933.

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