want to start by saying what a great thrill it is to speak to you today at the 2002 American Football Coaches Association

Convention. It is truly an honor. I would be remiss if I did not take a couple of minutes to thank some of the people who have influenced my life. John Flynn, my high school coach, and Don Fambrough and Tom Batta, my college coaches. Larry Wilcox and Dick Lemke, who also coached me in college. Leo McKillip, who gave me my first job, and Jim Krueger, the first defensive coordinator I worked for. Noel Martin and Barney Cotton gave me my first full-time job. Ross Els gave me my first coordinator position and taught me a lot and Paul Mierkiewicz. I also worked with some great coaches at Hastings College. A couple of them are here, Chris Boyles and David Calloway. Finally, the biggest influences on my life. John Teerlink and the best coach I ever coached for, the one who taught me everything, Matt Pawlowski. I am extremely fortunate to work at a great university. On behalf of our president, Dr. James Appleton and our athletics director, Jeff Martinez, I invite you visit our school if you are in Southern California recruiting. We would love to visit with you and talk football. We have a great staff and most of them are here. Keith Pebley, our offensive coordinator, and his coaches on offense; Frank Jimenez, Barry Tyler, and Dan Loyd. Also, here are our defensive coaches; Hugh Farmer, Damon Tomeo, Eric Arrington and Steve Tax. Joe Kelly could not attend. I am truly blessed to work for a great head coach who I not only admire, but who is truly a friend, Mike Maynard. Thanks Mike for everyday. The first thing in pass rush techniques is you must commit a lot of practice time and drill work to become a great pass rusher. Usually, pass rush drills are overlooked in the long haul of a practice plan. This is the result of head coaches who are more concerned with enough drill work to satisfy stopping certain running plays. Before I go any further, I would like to illustrate why you have to commit a lot of drill work to pass in order to be a good pass rusher. Your head coach may say to you they only throw the ball 15 times a game, you’re spending too much time on pass rush. Well if you have four defensive lineman times 15 pass attempts per game that equals 60 pass rush opportunities per game. They’re not going to run 60 trap plays, toss sweeps,


power plays or counters in a game. The same head coach that gripes that they are only going to throw the ball 15 times in a game is the same head coach who will stand next to you with two minutes left and say, “how come we can’t get a pass rush”. When we talk about the techniques used to rush the passer, the first and most important thing is what I call my 10 Commandments to the Pass Rush.

Turning Up the Heat: Pass Rush Techniques to Get the Quarterback

10 Commandments of the Pass Rush
1. Be an Athlete 2. Have a Move in Mind 3. Have a Counter Move in Mind 4. Bull Rush Early 5. Don’t Drive a Truck, One arm Longer Than Two 6. Going to a Fire/ I’m on Fire 7. Speed to QB, Take Shortest Route 8. Pressures & Hurries Most Important, Sacks are a Bonus 9. Strip the Arm Every Rush 10. Hit the QB Every Pass Attempt 11. Be a Cheetah 12. Lawnmower Techniques 13. Finish Off a Wounded Man (QB)

Bill O’Boyle
I realize that you must be thinking that there are 13 techniques instead of 10, but I have constantly added new techniques throughout the years. I will go through them very quickly. The first one is be an athlete. It’s simple and it’s direct. You must be a great athlete to be a great pass rusher. Number two, have a move in mind. When we break the huddle you should have a move in mind every down. Number three, have a counter move in mind for every down. Number four, bull rush early. We want to bull rush the offensive lineman as many times as possible early in the game. We want to let the offense know that it is going to be a long physical night all game long. Number five, don’t drive a truck, one arm longer than two. Don’t use two arms to try and control an offensive lineman, it looks like you are driving a truck. Use one arm to control the offensive lineman and keep him at arms length. Number six, going to a fire/I’m on fire. Whenever you see a fire truck, there will be little kids chasing the fire truck. We want to pass rush with that same sense of urgency, like we are on the way to a fire. But also, whenever you watch a movie that has a stuntman who happens to be on fire, they are running around crazy.

Defensive Coordinator University of Redlands Redlands, Calif.

• Proceedings • 79th AFCA Convention • 2002 •

We want that same wildness from our pass rushers, like they were on fire. Number seven, speed to the quarterback- shortest route. Number eight, pressures and hurries are the most important, and sacks are a bonus. Number nine, strip the arm every rush. Number 10, hit the quarterback every pass attempt. Number 11, be a cheetah. The cheetah is the fastest land mammal on the planet. When you rush the quarterback you must rush him like a cheetah, always running down your prey. Number 12 is the lawnmower technique. A cheetah is chasing a water buffalo. If it jumped on its back, it would be carried off since it only weighs around 75 pounds. To get a larger slower animal down, it must run along side and sweep the front legs of the animal. We want to cut off the path of the opposing quarterback and sweep his legs instead of chasing from behind. Number 13; finish off a wounded man. In the animal world when the first cheetah gets the prey going down the other cheetah’s jump on top of it. We want our other defensive lineman to hit the quarterback as he is going down, never when he is on the ground. When we talk about actual pass rush techniques, the most important thing to remember is that your hands and feet are tied together. Whatever you do with your right hand, you must step with your right foot. Any techniques with your left hand must correspond with a step by your left foot. This must be taught because it is opposite of how the human body normally operates. When you run or walk, your body works in a plane of motion that operates under the principle of opposite hand-opposite foot. Pass rush is same hand same foot, just like a marionette puppet. We currently teach a complement of 27 different and unique pass-rush techniques. Clearly, not all of our defensive lineman will use the complete complement of pass-rush techniques. Great pass rushers have two to three great pass-rush moves, and one good counter move. Tonight, because of time constraints, I am going to teach nine techniques that are not as common as currently taught. The first one is the wrist wrench. This move is accomplished by taking a hand, coming across the top of the offensive lineman, grabbing the outside of the wrist, stepping as you come across with the same foot, pulling and turning that wrist across the offensive lineman’s body, step-

ping with the other foot, while swatting the elbow of the same arm that you are turning across the body of the offensive lineman. This breaks down the elbow and gives you a half-man alley to finish the rush. We finish this move with either a rip or a punch. We use the term punch instead of swim because it exposes too much rib cage. The second move is called the esophagus. A lot of players probably don’t know where the esophagus is but because we are working the sternum/ throat area. I like to call it a Vader move after Darth Vader. It is similar to the way he would choke people in Star Wars. Our players sometimes identify with that better. Simply put, is a onearm bull rush, shot violently towards the sternum. We push and raise up the offensive lineman, if he never clears, we stay on the move, when he goes to clear, we finish with a rip or punch. The third move is the elbow pop. We teach a single elbow pop first. The move starts by cupping the forefinger and the thumb of one hand using the same hand same foot principle that I went over earlier, driving the hand up, while clearing the offensive lineman’s arm up vertically. The aiming point for the cupped hand is underneath the elbow of the offensive lineman arm. The other hand of the defensive lineman goes to the sternum area of the offen sive lineman, similar to the Vader move. The double elbow pop is accomplished by stepping and swinging both hands with an upward motion, striking both elbows and clearing both arms of the offensive lineman vertically. Both cupped hands moved then to the chest of the offensive lineman and we finish with a traditional bull rush. The sixth move is the big rip. Many people currently teach the rip move, but miss the most important aspect of it by forgetting to mention the aiming point. The aiming point that we strive for is inside the rib cage of the offensive lineman. It is also important that the rip is “wound up.” We want to drive the arm back before we use the rip working forward. A key coaching point is to finish with the bicep of the ripping arm at the earhole of the helmet. It is important that the footwork is tied together, once again, utilizing what we phrase a drive step. The drive step is an overstrided lunge that gets your hips working forward giving power to the rip. The seventh move we teach is the counter-rip/lunge. After we have thrown the rip and are being worked up field, we need

to get out of the rip move by pulling the rip out just as violently as thrown originally. As we pull it out, we flip our hips and step towards the quarterback (lunge), and swat at the ball with the same hand and foot that we stepped with. This is almost like an ole in bull fighting. The eighth move was Reggie White’s signature move, the hump move. A hump move is when the player has been worked to a level parallel to the quarterback. It is accomplished by flipping the hips, sinking the center of gravity, dig in the up-field foot, leaning the up-field shoulder, winding up the downfield hand, cupping the fingers and coming underneath the armpit of the offensive lineman, throwing him up field and finishing with a rip by the up field arm. This move is a simple physics equation that gives the illusion the defensive lineman has the strength to bench press the offensive lineman. In reality, you are just using the weight of his body to help you move him in a plane of motion away from your body at a 45-degree angle. The ninth and final move is the chop saw. This move is accomplished by chopping down with an inside hand (hand closest to offensive lineman) and then stepping with the outside foot, turning the hips and swinging the outside arm which is held in a

Pass Rush Techniques
1. Wrist Wrench 2. Esophagus/ Vader 3. Elbow Pop 4. Single 5. Double 6. Big Rip 7. Counter Rip/ Lunge 8. Hump 9. Chop/ Saw 90-degree angle (like a fly is done on a peck deck machine). The aiming point for the forearm is the elbow of the offensive lineman. Lastly, I want to speak about a drill that we do everyday, which is our gauntlet pass rush drill. We use vertical standing bags that are called Wavemasters. These are karate/ kick boxing training bags that won’t move or tip over. We put these in a singlefile line five yards apart from each other, or we put them in a box square five yards apart from each other. In this way we can accomplish the eight basic pass rush moves that we initially teach. The first move is the big swat, with an

• Proceedings • 79th AFCA Convention • 2002 •

emphasis on violence, velocity and opening the hips, swatting the bag with an open hand. The next move is a swat rip with the same emphasis as the big swat. The next move is the bob/swat/rip. The bob stands for a head fake, foot fake or hand fake, or any combination of the three. The next move is the stutter. This is John Randle’s signature move. This is a sinking of the hips, shaking of the head, and a shaking of the hands. This move is to entice an offensive lineman into striking early. The finish is a swat rip or swat punch. The next move is a swat punch; again we don’t talk about a swim move, as we don’t want to expose too much rib cage. We want the punching hand to be tight to the bag and delivered the same as a knockout blow to an opponent’s chin. The next move is a chop/swat/punch. This is a chop against the air by the inside hand followed by a swat punch. Interior defensive lineman can also finish this move with a swat rip. The next move is what we call a hocus/pocus. We teach an initial two hand swat down and the hocus/pocus is the counter move off of that. Coaching points

are both hands staying together and both hands staying under the eye level of the offensive lineman. We always want to work the hands under from side to side, never over the top. The last move is the spin. We take a lot of effort to teach the spin and rep the spin daily. The spin can be used as a primary move and is set up as either a chop/spin or rip/spin. Key coaching points are after the chop or the rip to backstep with the opposite foot (this means to try and step on the toe of the offensive lineman with your heel), or putting your back against his beltline. As we back-

Wave Masters Gauntlet
1. Big Swat 2. Swat/ Rip 3. Bob/ Swat/ Rip 4. Stutter 5. Swat/ Punch 6. Chop/ Swat/ Punch 7. Chop/ Swat/ Rip 8. Hocus/ Pocus 9. Spin 10. Chop/ Spin 11. Rip/ Spin

step, we drive the opposite elbow into the shoulder/arm of the offensive lineman and stab him in the back with an imaginary knife that we are holding in our hand. By opening our arm, we start the rotation of the body. Then, the initial chop or rip arm turns into what we call the “throw to home plate” arm, coming over the top continuing in a downward throwing motion. The foot that steps with this hand should always land with a bent knee as to avoid falling over. This entire move should resemble a windmill. In conclusion, I would like to thank Coach Teaff and Coach Eric Graves, who is the man who initially got me on a committee with the AFCA. This organization is one of the greatest things that have happened to me in my professional life and I would encourage you to get all of your staff members to join the Association. You should always speak well about not only the AFCA, but also football in general. Our game comes under attack from a variety of people and we need to defend it because it is the greatest sport that there is. Thank you again for your time and attention.

Caution Your Team About Player Agents
A problem for all coaches is the proliferation of agents and would-be agents who seek to make agreements with players prior to the completion of their eligibility. The activity of these people has increased, and it is imperative that all of the consequences of making an agreement with an agent are known by your players. Contact with players by agents almost always is done without the knowledge of the coach. Some agents openly admit they will continue to make contacts and agreements with players before their final season has been completed. This could lead to forfeiture of games. Some agents are advising players not to risk injury by playing. Your players must be warned about this problem. Do it more than once.
• Proceedings • 79th AFCA Convention • 2002 •

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