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Geology Reviewer: Paleontology

Geology Reviewer: Paleontology

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Natural Science 2: Geology Part
Reviewer
Instructor: CP David
Natural Science 2: Geology Part
Reviewer
Instructor: CP David

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: frances leana capellan on Aug 05, 2010
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03/02/2015

PALEONTOLOGY

The remains of ancient plants and animals that are now preserved in rocks.

FOSSILS

Types of fossils

1.Body Fossils 2.Trace Fossils

Types of BODY FOSSILS

1.Unaltered Remains 2.Altered Remains

Types of TRACE FOSSILS

1. Cast & Mold 2. Imprints 3. Tracks and Trails 4. Coprolite

NO NO s
or else UNALTERED remains won t be possible

1. Oxygenation 2. Bacteria 3. Scavengers

Elements of Living Organisms

CARBON HYDROGEN OXYGEN NITROGEN

Processes needed to produce ALTERED REMAINS

PERMINERALIZATION & CARBONIZATION

A process of fossilization in which mineral deposits form internal casts of organism

PERMINERALIZATION

A process of fossilization by which the more volatile substances of plants and animals decay, but leave behind the carbon

CARBONIZATION

An imprint made by an animal that laid itself on a soft environment.

CAST

A replica of the animal itself

MOLD

Ancient Feces

COPROLITE

The era when all the continents were still together. (PANGEA)

PALEOZOIC

The earth was created about ____ years ago.

4.5 billion

The least known era.

PRE-CAMBRIAN

A distinctive type of rock often found in primordial (Precambrian) sedimentary rocks

BANDED IRON FORMATION

The oldest fossils we know.

STROMATOLITE COLONIES (CYANNOBACTERIA)

They were among the very first animals

Ediacara Faura (worms)

Referred to as the OLD ERA

PALEOZOIC

Periods within the PALEOZOIC era.

‡ Permian ‡ Carboniferous ‡ Devonian ‡ Silurian ‡ Ordovician ‡ Cambrian

The period of Life Explosion

CAMBRIAN
(first period of the PALEOZOIC era)

Time when animals conquered the lands.

Ordovician to Silurian Period (PALEOZOIC)

The Age of Fishes

DEVONIAN Period (PALEOZOIC)

The Age of Insects

CARBONIFEROUS Period (PALEOZOIC)

Time when the great mass extinction occurred.

PERMIAN Period (last period of the PALEOZOIC era)

The Age of Reptiles

MESOZOIC ERA

Periods within the MESOZOIC Era.

‡ TRIASSIC ‡ JURASSIC ‡ CREATACEOUS

The largest turtle that ever lived.

ARCHELON
(more than 4m long and about 4.9m wide)

The first bird.

ARCHEOPTERYX

TYPES OF DINOSAURS

DINOSAUR TYPE: Large, Quadropedal, Herbivore

SAUROPOD

DINOSAUR TYPE:

Bipedal, Carnivore

THEROPOD

DINOSAUR TYPE:

Beak-mouthed, Herbivore

ORNITHOPOD

DINOSAUR TYPE:

Horned, Herbivore

MARGINOCEPHALIA

DINOSAUR TYPE:

Armoured, Herbivore

THYREOPORA

Newest species of dinosaurs discovered.

GYRPOSAURUS

Periods within the CENOZOIC era.

‡ Eocene ‡ Oligocene ‡ Pliocene ‡ Pleistocene ‡ Holocene

Age of Hoofed Animals

EOCENE Period (CENOZOIC ERA)

Age of Giant Mammals

OLIGOCENE Period (CENOZOIC ERA)

Period when the FIRST HUMANOIDS appeared

PLIOCENE Period (CENOZOIC ERA)

The LAST ICE AGE.

PLEISTOCENE Period (CENOZOIC ERA)

The PRESENT period.

HOLOCENE Period (CENOZOIC ERA)

The LARGEST BIRD that ever lived.

DIATRYMA

Clues to Evolution

Vestigial Appendages

Remains of a human discovered in INDONESIA in 2003, dated to have survived about 12,000 yrs ago.

Homo Florensiensis

Classification of Human Evolution

‡Australopithecus ‡Homo Habilis ‡Homo Erectus ‡Neanderthal ‡Homo Sapiens

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