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IIPOYNTON

IIEPI IL\IOKTHl:IAl:

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12

13

TIPOYNTON

TIEPIIL\IOKTHLIAl:

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14

15

ITPOYNTON

ITEPI tMOKTHIIA1:

OLa~ xat 't'Yj~ CPtAOOOcpLa~; 0 na'tEQa~ amtl~ 't'YJ~ aLQEOlj~ [0 J.B. Say] 8EtEt ~Exa8aQa 'to 10 Qdmuw:

Jt(.6~ ELVat ()VYU'tov rc aya8a 't'Yj~ cpUOlj~, 0 nAO'lJ'tO; nou ()'Yj[!LO'UQYtl8'YjXE an' 't'Yj E>Eea Iloovoic, va yevovtru U'tO[!LXtl L()LOX't'YjOea; Kat urrrrvtri roco )('U()a(a Xat ()LCPOQoV[!EVa WO'tE ()EV [!noQoV[!E va nOV[!E av mrto O'U[!~aLVEL E~aL'tLa~ 't'Yj~ EAAELljJ'Yj~ E'Ucp'Uta~ alt' 't'Yjv nAE'UQa tou O'UYYQacpEa tl E~at'tLa~ 't'Yj~ xaxtl~ rou nQoaLQEOlj~. EQu)'tw, 'tL axEO'Yj {)(Et 'Yj O'ta8EQtl Xat O'tEQEa cpvo'Yj 't'Yj~ Y'Yj~ [!E 'to ()LXaLW[!a 't'Yj~ L()LOnOL'Yjo'Yj~; KU'taAa~aLvw nOAv xaAa OU ELVat mo EVXOAO va L()LOnot'Yj8EC xavEL~ Eva nQay[!a rtot: ELVat nEQLoQLO[!EVO Xat aXLv'Yj'to, onw~ 'to E()acpo~, naQa 'to VEQO tl 'to cpw~ rou tlALO'U. 'O'tL ELVat mo EVXOAO vo. aOXtlOEL xavEL~ 'to ()LXaLW[!a 't'Yj~ EmXQa'tELa~ navw 0't0 )(Wlla naQa navw ornv mlloocpatQa· aAAa 'to ~*'Yj[!a ()EV ELVat nooo EvxoAa [!noQEL va YLVEL xaw Xat 0 Say [!nEQ()EVEL 't'Yjv aQ)(tl [!E 't'Yjv mBovomrn. ~EV Qw'ta[!E ytmL E)(OVY L()LOnot'Yj8EC 't'Yj Y'Yj nEQLOOO'tEQO an' 000 't'Yj 8aAaooa xat rov aEQa· 8EAO'UIlE anAw~ va lla8o'UIlE IlE noio ()LXaLWlla 0 av8Qwno~ E)(EL L()LOnot'Yj8EL rov nAov'to no'U ()EV ()'YjIlLOVQY1']OE Xat rou o68'YjXE oWQEav an' t'Yj cpvOlj.

o Say, AotnOV, OEV anaV'ta 0't0 EQw't'Yj[!a nou E- 8WE 0 LOLO~· O[!W~ av unrrvtoikrs, av 'Yj E~tlY'YjOlj ztou 8a [!a~ EOLVE tl'tav'tooo LxavonoL'Yj'tLXtl 000 ELVat naQaAoy'Yj, 8a 8EAa[!E axolla va lla80'U[!E noio; E)(EL 'to oLxaLwlla va anat'ttlOEt nA'YjQwlltl yta 't1'] )(Qtlo'Yj tou E()acpo'U~, amov tou nAov'to'U nou OEV tOV {)(EL ()1']IlLO'UQYtlOEL xavEC~. IIoLO~ ()LXmov'tat va

~XIlL08wveL 't1'I YTI; .1t.(X(O~ allcpL~oA.(a, amo~ no'U E)CEt ()'Yj[!tO'UQytl<JEL 't'Yj Y'Yj. AAAa noLO~ Ecptta~E 't'Yj Yl1; o eE6~. EnoftEVW~, t()LOXttl't'Yj, a()ELaoE fta~ 't'Yj yw'Ita.

'OftW~ 0 ()'l1ftLO'Ugyo~ 't'Yj~ YTI~ ()EV't'YjV nO'UAa, 'tIif ()(VEL· Xat ()(voV'ta~ 't'YjV, ()EV xavEL OlmtgLOEL~. Ftu't( XaltOLa an' 'ta nat()La to'U aVtI;ftEtwn~oV'tat W~ VOftlfta Xat xanoLa UAACY.. W~ J!ltaO'tag()a; Av to va {)(o'uv OWL (00 f,lEgLOLO 'rltav Eva nQwtaQ)(lXO 6LxaCw[!a, nw~ 'Yj avwOtrJ'ta tWV O'Uv8'Yjxwv ECvat Eva f,lE'ta8aVatlO ()Lxa(Wf,la;

o Say [!U~ o(VEt vaxataA.a~o'UJ:I;E on av oceQU; Xat to vEQ6 ()EV 'rl'tav XtVOVftEVa xanOLOL 8a ta E()(aV L()LOnoL'Yj8EL. A~ Olll1EtW<Jw, naQEllJ'tlmoV'tW;, ott a'Uttl OEV ELVatl10VO f,lta 'UJt68EOlj, ELVat Ilta nQUYf,latLXOt11ta. L1J)(Va av8QwnoL E)(o'Uv LOLOJtOL'Yj- 8E( rov a€Qa Xat to VEQO. ~EV Atwooo O'U)(vci(.lJtoQOvouv, aAAc1. 000 O'U)(va rou; EmtQc1.n'YjxE.

OL IIoQtoyc1.AOL, E)(OV'tU~ avaXUAvljJEt'tOV oQ6- 110 yta 't'YJv IvoCa f,lE<JW rou AXQwt'Y}Q(o'U t'Yj~ KaAtl~ EA.nCoa~, OLloX()LXOVOav va {)(0'UV to anOXAELO'tLXO ()txa(w[!a cr' a'Uto rov ()QOf,lo· Xat 0 Grotius, rtou O'Uf,l~O'llAEUt11XE 0' amo 'to ~tl't'YJf,la roue OAAavooU;, otortofoi agvovV'tav va avayvwQ(oo'Uv a'Uto to ()txa(wf,la, €YQaljJE 't'Yjv nQaYflatE(a nEQL TYJ~ E}.w8EQ{a~ 1:1J~ eaAaaaa~ En( rourou, yta va anooEC~EL 6- tt 11 8aAaooa ()EV EmM)Cum tOLOno('YjOlj.

To ()Lxa(WI1a rou X'UV'YjYLOV Xat rou ljJaQ£f,lato~ tltav naV'tOtE OtacpvAaYftEVO yta to'U~ x'UQ(o'U; Xat rou; tOWXt*E~. Ltlf,lEQa EXf,lw8wvEtat ano 't'YjV X'U-

16

17

IIPOYNTON

IIEPI IMOKTm:IAl:

~EQV'110l] XaL 'w; XOLV6t'Y]tE~ os 0:7tOLOV6ll:7tOtE unoQEl va :7tA'Y]QwaEL L'Y]V a6Ela XaL to EVO(XLO, To vo; unouv xovovec OtO XUVllYL XaL to 1.jJaQqta ElVaL xoM, aAAa to va y(vouv auta avtLxE(ltEVO m6A'Y]0l]~ a'Y]ltalVEL OtL 6'Y]ltLOUQYE(LaL Eva It0VO:7tWALO :7tavoo orov aEQa XaL to VEQO.

Ti ElVaL Eva 6La~atllQLo; 'Eva :7tayxoaltLO 3tLOtO:7tOL'Y]tLXO YLa to :7tQoaoo:7to tOU ta~LOLWt'Y], ItLa ~EBalooOl] aa<paAELa~ YL' mrrov XaL rc U:7taQXOvta LOU, To U:7tOUQYElO OLXOV0ItLXWV, :7tOU ELVaL Ot'Y] cpualj TOU va xataOtQE<pEL Ta XaMtEQa :7tQaYltata, EXEL xavEL to OLa~atllQLO Eva ItEaO xataaXO:7tEla~ XaL CPOQoAoyLa~. ~EV :7tOUAaVE to 6LXaloolta va ru~lOEUH~ XaL va lt€taxLVE(aaL;

TEAlxa, 6EV E3tLtQE:7tEtaL OUtE va :7taQEL~ VEQO a:7to ItLa :7tljYll oe Eva auYXEXQLltEVO ItEQO~ XooQl~ rnv aOELa tOU L6LOxtllTlJ, E:7tEL6ll, E~aLtla~ tOU OLXaLWltatO~ ELa060u, 'Y] :7t'Y]Yll aVllXEL OtOV xaToxo tOU E6acpou~, av 6EV u:7taQXEL avtC8HO 6LXaLoolta XUQLOt'Y]ta~, OUtE va :7tEQaaEL~ ItLa ItEQa OtO OLXljlta tOU XooQL~ va :7tA'Y]QwaEL~, OUtE va XOLta~EL~ ItLa auAll, evo» Xll:7tO II Eva :7tEQL~OAL OLXoo~ T'Y] auyxata8Eon tOU LOLOXtllt'Y], OUtE va aOUAataaQEL~ a' Eva :7taQxo II a' evo» :7tEQL<pQaYltEVO XWQo XooQL~ TYI 8EA'Y]a'Y] tOU LOLOXtll't'Y] - 0 xa8Eva~ It:7tOQEL va xAEl6aIt:7taQoo8EL XaL va :7tEQLxaQaxoo8EL 'OAE~ aUTEC; OL a:7tayoQEUaEL~ ELVaL LEQOL a:7tOXAELalt0l 0XL It0VO cor' t'Y] Ylj ana XL cer' tOY aEQa XaL to VEQO. H LOLOXtljoto acpoQ~EL Elta~, tOU~ :7tQoAEtaQLOu~, :7tOU ELltaOtE: Terra et aqua, et aere, et igne interdicti sumus.

H L6LO:7t0('Y]0l] tOU :7tLO Ota8EQoU rut' ro OtOLxda T'Y]~ cpUOl]~ 6EV !-I.:7tOQE( va :7tQaYlta't0:7t0L'Y]8EL 6(Xoo~ va urroorouv L6LO:7tOL'Y]O'I'J XaL 'ta 6)J.,a tQLa, acpou O'Ultcpoova ItE 'to raAAlxo XaL to POOlta'(xo ,MXaLO, 'Y] L6LOxTlJa(a TlJ~ E3tLcpavELa~ auV06EUEtat a:7t0 T'Y]V lOLOxT'Y]a(a ooorv ~QLaxOvtat :7taVOO XaL xatoo cer' to E6acpo~: Cujus est solum, ejus est usque od coelum. "Ouo»; av 6EV !l:7tOQEL va U:7taQ~EL L6LOXtTJaLa Ot'Y] XQllO'l'J rou VEQOU, rou aEQa XaL tTJ~ cpwtLa~, to L6LO LOXUEL Xat YLa 'to E6acpo~. Am'fl cpaLVE'tat va ElVaL lj AOYLXll aAualDa :7tOV :7taQovmal}:'tat rut' TOV XUQLO Ch. Comte ornv Tloayuateia JrEQ[ u5wxrrw[a~, oro xEcpaAaLO 5.

Edv Eva~ av8Qoo:7t0~ OtEQ'Y]8EL tOY aEQa YLa A(yE~ OtLYltE~, :7taUEL va v:7taQXEL, Xat ItLa ItEQlXll OtEQ'Y]Ol] rou aEQa 8a tOU JtQoxaAEaEL ao~aQa JtQO~Alllta'ta' ItLa ItEQl'Xllll :7tAllQ'Y]~ OtEQ'Y]Ol] TOO cpaYTltOU 8a tOV :7tQoxaAouaE :7taQOltOLa rutotEAEaltata, It0AOVOtL ALy6tEQO altEaa' 'XaL 8a O'UVE~atVE 'to (- 6LO, 'tovAaXLOtov oe oQLaltEVa XALlta'ta, rut' tTJ OtEQ'Y]O'I'J'toov QoUXoov 'Xat rou 'XataMltato~ ... "Enn, YLa va DLatTJQ'Y]8EL 0 av8Qoo:7t0~ Otl] tOOll, XQELatETat va L6LOJtOLEL'taL auVEXW~ OAooV nov ELDffiv rc :7tQaYlta'tao AMa auta 'ta :7tQaYltata DEV v:7taQXovv OtL~ L- 6LE~ avaAoyLE~. MEQL'Xa, O:7too~ 'to <poo~ rcov coreQLWV, 'Y] a'tlloa<paLQa TlJ~ YTl~ xca ro VEQO tTJ~ 8aAaaaa~ xat trov OO'XEavwv v:7taQXoov os rooo IlEy<iAE~ :7tOaOT'Y]tE~ wOtE OL av8Qoo:7tOL 6EV !l:7tOQOUV va 6'Y]ItLOVQYllaovv 'XallLa ata8l]t'fl au~'Y]O'I'J II IlELoom] toV~· Xat 0 xa8Eva~ !-I.:7tOQEL va LDLO:7tOL'Y]8EL oou

18

19

IIPOYNTON

TIEPI MIOKTH~IAl:

XQELasEtm X(J)Qi~ vn rc mEQrlO€L an' rnv anOAau<JYj tWV uJtOAOtnwV rl va tOU~ ngoxaAEoEL tYjv EAaXLCYtTl ~YjfLLa. Ta nQaYfLata amo1J tOU €Cbou~ E(vm xma xanowv 'tQono Yj xmVrl LbLOXtrjo(a'tou av8QwJtLvou YEvou~' aJt'amrl tYjv aJto'ljJYj, 'tOfLOVO xa8rlxov xou Em~aAAEtat navw oro X6.8E6.'tOfLOELVat vafL']v naQEfL~a(VEL ornv anOAau<JYj tWVaAAwv.

A~ tru~Al'jQWOOU!1E to EmX€LQYjfLa rou xUQ(O:U Ch. Comte. "Evce; 6.v8:QwJto~ orov onOLO 8a aJtaYOQEUO'taV va tasL6EUE,L croix bQ6fLOU~, va avana1JE'tat otou; aYQou~, va ~QLOXEL xataAufLa O€ i onllALE~, va ava~€L qxonri, vafLaSEUEL aYQla fLOlll- < Qa, va fLa~E1JEl XOQ'ta XaL va 'ta ~Qa~El 010 Eva xOfL-' fL<l'tL 'ljJllfLEVOU n'UA01J, 6EV 8a ~OQOUOE va Em~rlOEL. "Etoi, 11 I'll, onw~ to VEQO, 0 aEQa~ XaL to cp~, ELvm Eva avnX€(fL£vO nQWtll~ avayxll~, 'to oxoto '0 ..• xa8Eva~fLJtoQ€L va XQll<JlfLonOlEC EAE1J8EQa Eep6- I OOV bEV eCyov'tat ta 6LXaLWfLata 'twvaMwv. Tau, Y yLU'tl 'XanOLOL l()WnOL01JV'tat tll I'll; H unav'tlloll tau xugLou Ch. Cornte E(VaL 'Xan(()~ n£QlEQYll. 0 Say LOxuQ~E'tm o'tt auto (J'UfL~alVEt£nELbrl bEV ELVaLXL- } vouj..tEVll. 0 X1JQLO~ Ch. Cornte fLa~ bLa~E~aLWVEL 0- " n auto (JUfL~alVEt EnEtbrl 6EV ElVaL 6.JtELQll. H I'll E(~' VaL JtEJtEQaofLEvll' (J'UVEJtW~, aUfLcpwva fLE 'tOY XUQW Ch. Compte, ELVaL xaTL JtOU JtQEJtEL va 'to t6LOJtOLELtm xavEL~. <l>alVE'tat, cootooo, on ea EJtQEJtE va JtEt 'to aV'tL8Eto. AOXE'tW~ rou noco fLEyaA.E~ JtOOO'tf]tE~ aEQU rl cpw'toe; L6LOnOL01JVtaL x6.nOLoL, xavEle; bE'V ~l1fLLWV€taL, 6LOTt unaQXouv JtaVtOtE aQxEtEe;.Qorooo, ue to £bacpoe; oAa ELVat tHacpoQ£'tLxa. Acpr)-

ors OJtOLOV 8EAEL li f!JtOQCl va JtLaOtL tLe; a'XtLVE~ tOU rlALOU, 'to cpEuyaMo aEQaXL, rl Ta X1JfLaTa tll~ 8aAaooae;. To EJtLTQ£JtW XaL (J'UyxwQw rqv xaxrl rou ~OUAll0ll' aAAa av tOAfL01JOE OJtoLOoOrlnOT€ ~wvtaVOe; av8QwJtoc,:; va I1ETatQE'ljJEt TO bLxaLWfLa 'tl'J~ E6acpLXrle; vOfLlie; 010 Eva bLxa(wlLa LbLOX'tf]OLac,:;, 8a 'tou XllQ1JSW JtOAEfLO XaL 8a aywvLmw evovnov tau fLEXQL 8avatO'U.

To EJtLXEiQllfLa rou xUQ(01) Ch. Comte EQXEtat OE avt(cpaO'Y} fLE tll 8E<JYj rou: «Avdusou orn JtQayfLata nou ELvm anaQal'tllTa YLa tll (J'UV'trlQll<JYj tlle; ~wrle;», AEEL, «aAAa uJtaQXouv OE TOOO fLcyaAE~ noOOTlltEe; Xat E(VaL aVE~aV'tAllta, XaL aAAa OE fLLXQOTEQEe; JtOOO'tf]TEe; XaL fLJtOQOUV va LxavoJtoLrl00W nc; avaYXEe; fLOVO OQLOfLEVOU aQL8j..tou rrrouorv. Ta JtQWta xaAo'6V'taL "xotvd" Xat rc aAAa "LbLwTLxa".»

~EV ELVaL ooxrro; amo<; 0 (J'UAAOYLOfLOC;. To V€QO, 0 aEQa<; XaL TO cpw<; E(VaL XOLva aya8a 0XL E:JtEt- 6rl ELvm aVE~avtAllta, aAAa EJtELbrl E(VaL anaQaCtlltU, XaL ),taALma rooo aJtaQahYjta nou T) cpu<JYj cpa(VE'tat OTL ()llfLlOUQYll0E TELOLE<; JtOOOTfjtEe;, OXE()OV aJtEtQEe;, ETOL WaLE 11 acp8ov(a TOUe; va f!JtOQEL va aJtoTQE'ljJEl 'tllv lbLoJtO(l1orl TOUe;. Ilcoouotox, 11 Yll EtVaL aJtaQaLTll'tf] YLa TYjV 1JnaQ~rl fLae;, (J'UVEJtw<; cCVat Eva XOLVO aya80, aVEJtllQEamo an' t'l1v t()lOJtOtYj<JYj' aAAa TO E()acpo<; ELVaL JtEQtOOOtEQO onavLO ana rc unOAOlJta mOLXELa Tlle; cpu<JYje;, XL ETOt 11 XQrlall 'tOU JtQEJtEl va Qu8!lLmE( OXt JtQO<; OcpEAOe; TWV A(YWV aU.a yw. 'to CJ1)fLCP£QOV XaL rnv aocpaAEta 6- AWV. KOV'tOAOY ie;, T) tOoLllta nov b LXatw),taLwv cno-

2()

21

ITPOYNTON

ITEPI I~IOKTID:IAI

OELXvUE'taL rut' rnv LOO't'l1'tU 'tOOV uvuyxroV. 'OIlOO~ LO6't11'tU OLXaLOOWl'tOOV, YLU Xa.'tL JtOU UJta.QXEL 010 JtEQLOQLOIlEV'I1 aoocmro, [!JtoQEi vo JtQUYIlU'tOJtOL'I1SEL 1l0VO 1110 rqv LOOLll'tU LIl~ VOlll1~. "Evnc VOIlO~ oso» OUOIlOU ~QLaxE'taL JtLOOO rut' 'tU EmXELQ1llla'ta 'tOU xUQiou Ch. Comte.

AJto OJtOLa JtAEUQa. XL av ESE'ta~OUIlE 'to ~11't'l1- Ila LIl~ LOLOX't'l10La~, uno 'tOY OQO O'tL n'l1yaLvoullE <J't11 Q~U 'tOU, <pta.VOUIlE <J't11V LOOLll'ta. ~EV Sa smIlELVOO JtEQLOOO'tEQO orn OLa.XQL<J'I1 ovdueoc ore nQaYIlU'ta nou [!JtOQOUV va unooroiiv LOLOnoi'l1<J'11 XaL 0' ama. nov OEV [!JtOQOUV' 0' rnrro to SElla ot OLXOVOIlOAOYOL XaL OL vOllollaSE(~ EX0'UV naQaya.yEt 8UEAAU uvonotorv. 0 Aonxo; KolOLXU~, cqxirou OQtOE LIlv LOLOXLIlOiu, (JLoona. <JX,E'tLXa. 1110 'ta JtQa.yIlu'ta rtou UJtOXELV'taL 1l 0XL 010 LOLOJtOL'I1<J'11' XaL os IlLAa YLU nQaYllu'tu nou ~Q(oxoV'taL ornv ayoQa., 'to xavEL na.V'ta o(Xoo~ va xaSoQ~EL 11 va oQ~EL 'tLJtO'tao Qmooo, 'ta cpcfJ'ta 010 EAEL'lpav. Yna.QXouv XOLVOronn unocpSEYIlU'tU onoo~ coro: Ad reges potestas omnium pertinet, ad singulos proprietas. Omnia rex imperio ossidet, singula dominic', H Aa"iX1l xUQLaQXLa ELVaL aV'ti8ELIl <J't11v a'tollLXl1 LOLOX't'l1oiu! Ml1- noo~ ooro OEV [!JtOQOUIlE vu 'to OVOIla.OOUIlE IlLU nQoCJJ'l1'tELa t(J6't11'ta~, evo» O'l1lloxQa'tLxo XQ'I101l0; "Eva JtAl1S0~ nUQaOELYIla.'tOOV Ila~ EQXELaL oro YOU:

KMO'tE 'tU una.QxoV'ta 't'l1~ EXXA'I10La~, '11 EltLXQa.'tELa 'tOU mElllla'to~ XaL rc cpEouoa LIl~ aQLmOXQU'tLa~ 117 rev avrutUAAmQLffi'ta XaL aJtaQaYQamu. Av '11 LUv'tax'tLX1l LUVEAE'U<Jr) aV'ti vc xa'taQY1l0EL au'to 'to

JtQOVOIlLO 'to EtXE EJtEX'tELVEL OE Xa.SE drouo, av ELXE OlaX'I1QUSEl O'tl 'to oLxa(oollu 't'l1~ EQyaoia~, oJtoo~ '11 EAEuSEQia, OEV IlJtoQEi JtO'tE va uJtoAEmEi, '11 EJtavdoroon Sa E(XE JtQaYIlU'toJtOL'I1SE( m'l1 mlYIl1l, XaL Sa [!JtOQOUOUIlE 'tolQa va uCP0(JLOOSOUIlE oro EQYO 'trj~ 'tEAEtOJtoirjol1~ 'trj~.

2. H xa(}oAlx'tf oiwcuveon Ocv olxalOAOYc( frjV lOIOxtnoia

L'tO aJtooJtuollU rou Say, rtou JtaQaSEoa mo Jta.voo, OEV E(VaL oacpE~ os 0 (J'UYYQUCPEU~ EWOEi 0- 'tL JtQEJtEL va SqtEALOOSEi 'to oLxuioolla LIl~ lOLOX'trjoia~ orov 11'11 XLVOUIlEVO XUQax'tl1Qu 'tOU EOa.cpOU~ 11 <J't11 (J'UVULVE<J'I1 JtOU VOIl~EL O'tl EX0'UV OolOEL OAOL OL a.VSQOOJtOL m'l1v LOLOno(rj0'l1. H OLawJtooa1l 'tOU E(VaL 'tE'tOLa rtot: Sa IlJtOQOUOE va EWOEL El'tE 'to Eva coro rc bUo Ei'tE XaL 'tU bUo Ila~i, E't<JL romE uJtom'l1Qi~OUIlE O'tL 0 (J'UYYQacpEU~ l1SEAE v« JtEL, «to oLxaiooIlu 'trj~ LOLOX'trjOLa~ aJtOQQEEl aQXlxa aJto 't'l1v a.OXrjOrj 'trj~ S€A'I1<J'11~, rj maSEQO'trj'tU rou EOa.cpOU~ 'tou EltL'tQEJtEL va EcpaQIlO~E'taL om Y'I1, XaL '11 xaSoALX1l (J'UvaiVE<J'I1 EXEL EXtO'tE EyxQiVEt au'tl1 't'l1v 10- CPUQIlOY1l» .

'OJtOO~ XaL va 'XEL, IlJtoQEi 0 avSQooJto~ va voju- 1l0JtOL110EL 't'l1v LOLOX't'l1oia IlEOOO t'l1~ UIlOL~u(a~ (J'UvaiVE<J'I1~; To aQvoUllaL. 'Eva 'tE'tOLO (J'U1l~OAaLO, 1l0AOVO'tL JtQooXEOLam'l1XE cot' 'toy Grotius, 'tOY MOV'tEOXLE XaL TOV Z.Z.Pouool, XaL uJt0YQa.cptrjXE

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nEPI IAIOKTH~rM:

otoxorvo xaM, :7tO'U 1tQEnEL Jtuvta vc to :n:gOtqtUIlE a:n:' to mOlllxd, bono publico usucapio introducta est, Sa :n:g£:n:£L Vel to o.Vttll£tW:n:~O'lJIlE EVVO'(xu 0- rev to ouvooeiiouv OL ngou:n:08Eone; nou anaLtE( 0 VOIlOe;».

o Toullier, oro f3Lf3ACo tOU <Pvatx6 Atxaio, yguqJEL: «fLa vo ll'Y)v nagallEVEL to ~tlt'Y)lla ron noio; E(VaL 0 L()LOXnlt'Y)e; YLa nOAu XaLgo OE IlLa xotuOtaO'Y) a~E~aLOt'Y)tae;, 'Y) o:n:oCa Sa tltav Em~Aa~'lie; YLa to XOLVO xaAo XaL ea tugaooE t'Y) yaA'liv'Y) tWV OtXOYEVEl,WV XaL t'Y) ata8EgOt'Y)ta tWV XOtV{J.)VLxwv O'UvaAAaywv, 0 VOIlOe; EXEL Og(OEL Eva ()LUO't1lIla IlEtU rooaoto ea anoggL:n:tETaL XUBE asCwO'Y) xaL8a an06(6f'taL at'Y) vour] to agxa(o t'Y)e; Jtgovo~ IlLO, EJTaVEVwvovtUe; T'Y)V IlE t'Y)V L6LOXt'Y)0(a».

o Cassiodorus EC:n:E YLa t'Y)v L()WXt'Y)oCa OtL llTaV tOIlOVa()LXo aocpaMe; ALIlUVL EVIlEOW tWV 6LxoAa.;. ~(atLX(J)V xmaLY()wv xm tWV xVllatWV <p80vov: His unus inter humanas procellas portus, quem .si homines [ervida voluntate praeterierint; in undosis semper jurgiis errabunt.

"Etrn, oUj.lCpwva 1lE: rou; auyygacpECe;, 'Y) nagaygaCPll EtVaLEVa IlEOO ()tm~gllO'Y)e; tlle; ()llIlOOtac; tas'Y)e;, Ilta anoxatuataO'Y), OE ogLollEvEC; :n:EgLntWOELe;, roo agXLxou tgonov anoxtllO'Y)C;, iva anoxU1}Ila 'wuaOttiwu ()Lxa(ov to ono(o avtAE( OAEe; tOU tLe; 6UVUI1ELC; em' t'Y)vavayxaLotYJta v« Aa~ovv tEAOe; oi cLacpogEC; ot oaotsc; EL6aAAwc;, 6EV 8a EnLAUovrov nOtE. fLati, onwe; MEL 0 Grotius, 0 XgovoC; ana 1l0VOe; tOU 6EV EXEl anOtEAWllatLXll Mvall'll" 'ta

rtdvrc (j}'tLaXVovtaL IlE tOY XaLgo aAAa tC:n:ota a:n:o tOY XaLgo. H nagaYQacp'li, 11 to 6Lxa(wlla tlle; anoXtYJoYJC; us rnv nug060 tOU Xgovou, E(VaL EtOt Eva anoxuYJf.la tOU aatLxou CLxa(ou nov yCVEtaL ovf.lBatLXa an06EXto.

AMa xaSE LCLOXtllo(a ngoEgXEtaL avayxaOtLxa an' rnv nagaygaCPll, 11, onwe; MVE OL AatLVOt, an' tYJv usucapio, CllAaCll err' tYJ OVVEXll vour], Sa gwtouoa, AOt:n:OV, xuta :n:gWtO Myo, nwe; 11 vour] IlnoQE( v« YLVEL LCLOXtllOLa f.lE tllV nagoco rou XgoYOU; H OVvEx'lie; vour], uno rnv ngoun08wll OtL to EJtLSUIlELtE, ()WgXE( xgovLa XaL mWVEe;, aAAa CEV IlnogELe; nOtE vu ogLOELe; tYJ 6LagxELa -otou ano f.lovn tlle; 6E 6YJf.lLOUgYEL rucoro, CEV aAAatEL t(:n:ota XaL CEV roonortota] tLnOta- 11 ortofn EXEL tYJ MvaIlll vo f.lEtatgE1\JEL tOY EJtLXagnWtll OE LCLOXttltYJ. Av to cp'UOtXO CLXaLO avayvwg~EL to cLxa(Wf.la autou nov XaAll tll n(cnll VEIlEtaL XatL En( Ilaxgov va f.l'Y)V EXCLWXEtaL ana svov vEOcpEgItEVO, avto anAwc; EJtLXugwvEL Eva CLxa(Wlta nov rirov 1l6YJ oEBaato' XaL YJ nagaygaCPll, nv Ecpagf.locnEL Xat' auto tOY tgono, 0llf.la(VEL anAWe; OtL 11 vour] YJ onotc EXEL ouVEXLOtEL Enl 6Exa, ElXOOt 11 exoro xgovLa 8a ngEnEL vu CLutYJgYJ8E( ano rov vouso. Ana orov 0 vouo; ()LaxllguooEL OtL 11 nUQococ; tOU Xgovou f.lEtatgE:n:EL tOY vous« OE L()WXttltYJ, 8EWgEL on Eva 6Lxa(WJl.a ItnogE( vc 6YJIlLOugYYJ8EL CCxwe; IlLa aLt(a nou vn to EXEl nagayaYEL' aAAatEL aCLxaLoMYy)ta tYJV Xutuorcon Ev6C; vnoxELIlEVOU' V0f.l0SEtE( EnL svoc ~'Y)tllf.lutoe; to onoto CEV ELVaL En(6Lxo' xavEL unEg~aO'Y)

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ITPOYNTON

ITEPI I~IOKTHLIAl:

E~o'Uo(a~. H C>yt!!OOLa 'ta~yt xm yt LC>LO.mX~ noqxiAELa anaL1;013V va nQOCYta'tE13E'tm !!OVO yt VO!!~· yLa'tL 0 VO!!O~ c>yt!!L013QyytOE rnv LC>LOX'tyto(a; H naQaYQacp~ ~'tav anAa !!La E~aocpaALOyt YLa 'to !!EAAOV' YLmL 0 VO!!O~ rnv ExavE Eva (;,*yt!!a nQoVO!!LWV;

'E'tOL, yt nQoEAE'UOyt 't~~ naQaYQa~~ xm 'tyt~ LC>Lox'tytoLa~ E(vm nrrvouototum] !!E a'U't~ 'tyt~ LC>LOx'tyto(a~, xm acpo13 yt C>E13'tEQyt !!noQE( va VO!!L!!OnOLyt8E( !!OVO 'Uno rnv nQoiinoSwyt 'tyt~ 't'Umx~~ LOO'tyt'ta~, yt naQaYQacp~ E(vm anAw~ !!La axo!!a an' 'tL~ XLALaC>E~ !!OQCPE~ rtou EXEL naQH yt avayxmo'tyt'ta C>Lm~QytOY)~ a'U't~~ 'tyt~ noM'tL!!yt~ LOO'tyt'ta~. Autri C>EV ELvm Eva 1jJE'UM~ ~ 'tQa~ytY!!EVO an' ru !!aAA.La O'U!!:7tEQao!!a' yt anoC>EL~yt !!noQE( va ~QE8E( CYto'U~ XWC>LXE~ rou VO!!o'U.

I1Qay!!mL, av oAa ru ESVyt, !!EOW'tO'U evonxrou 'tyt~ C>LxmoaUvyt~ xm 'tyt~ a'U'toO'UV't~QytOY)~, EXOW avayvwQ(oEL 'tyt XQytOL!!o'tyt'ta xm rnv avayxmo'tyt'ta 'tyt~ naQaYQacp~~, xm av, xma O'UvEnELa, yt nQ08E~ roue ~'tav va nQommE13oow rc O'U!!cpEQoV'ta rou VO!!Ea, C>EV Sa 'xovov xa'tL YLa 'tOY nOAL'tyt nou ano'UOLa(;,EL En( !!axQov, no'U EXEL XWQLmE( an' rnv OLxoYEVELa xm 'tytv na'tQ(c>a rou Myw E!!noQLxwv C>QamytQLO't*wV, nOAE!!o'U ~ mx!!aAWOLa~, xm C>EV EXEL xavEvav 'tQono va E~aOX~OEL 'to C>Lxa(W!!a xo'toX~~; 'OXL. EmnAEov, rnv (C>La O'tLY!!~ rtou yt naQa-· YQacp~ cCXE HoaxSEL orou; VO!!o'U~, ~'tav anoC>Ex'to O'tL yt LC>LOx'tyto(a C>La'tytQ013V'tav !!OVO ano rnv SEAytOY), nuda animo. 'O!!W~, av yt LC>LOx'tyto(a !!noQE( va C>LmytQyt8cC !!OVO an' 'tyt SEAytOY) xm av !!noQE( va

xaSE( !!OVO ano nQa~yt rou LC>LOX't*yt, note E(vm yt XQ~oy) 'tyt~ naQaYQacp~~; I1w~ 'tOA!!a 0 VO!!O~ va SEWQEL W~ C>EC>O!!EVO O'tL 0 LC>LOX't~'tyt~, 0 onoto; C>LmytQEL !!OVO an' 'tyt SEAytoy), oxonE13EL va EyxmaAEL1jJEL a'U'to'tO onoto EnlhQE1jJE va naQaYQacpEL; IlOLa naQOC>O~ roo XQOVO'U !!:7tOQEL vo. C>LxmOAoy~OEL !!La'tEtour ELXaOLa xm !!E noio C>LxaLW!!a 0 VO!!O~ 'tL!!WQcC 'toy LC>LOX't*yt YLa 'tytV anO'UOLa rou, mEQWV'ta~ rou 'ta aya8a rou; Koi AOLnov! M6AL~ 'twQa avaxaM- 1jJa!!E O'tL yt naQaYQacp~ xm yt LC>LOx'tytOLa ~'tav rtnVO!!OLo't'UnE~, xrn OU cCvm nQay!!ma rtou 'to Eva xmamQEcpEL'tO aAAo.

o Grotius, rtou aV'tLA~cpSytXE a'U't~ 'tyt ouoxoALa, EC>WOE !!La 'tOOO EVC>LacpEQo'Uoa anaV'tytoy) rtou a~CSEL va 'tytv avacpEQo'U!!E: Bene sperandum de hominibus, ac propterea non putandum eos hoc esse animo ut, rei caducae causa, hominem alterum velint in perpetuo peccato versari, quod evitari saepe non potent sine tuli derelictione. <<I1013 'UnaQXEL Eva~ avSQwno~», MEL, «!!E uur tooo !!yt XQLmLavLx~ '\jJ'UX~ 0 onotoc, YLa Eva ao~!!aV'to nQay!!a, Sa C>LmwvL(;,E 'to aC>Lxyt!!a EVO~ VO!!Ea, onw~ avanocpE'Ux'ta Sa YLVOrnv av C>EV ouvnrvotxre va EyxmaAE(1jJEL rc C>Lxmw!!ma rou;» 8EE !!0'U! Eyw EL!!m a'U'to~ 0 avSQwno~. MOAOVO'tL Eva EXmO!!!!13QLO LC>LOX't~'tE~ Sa xa(yovrcv YL' mrro ornv xOAaoyt, rou; xmytyoQw YLm( !!0'U mEQo13v 'to !!EQ(C>LO !!0'U ore ayaSa a'U't~~ 'tyt~ yyt~. L' a'U't~ 'tytv LOX'UQ~ C>Lan(mwoy) 0 Grotius nQoOSE'tEL xm !!La aAAyt, O'tL ELvm xaA13'tEQo va EyxmaAEL1jJEL xavc(~ Eva a!!cpLO~yt't013!!EVO C>Lxa(W!!a naQa

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npOYNTON

ITEPI IMOKTH!IAl:

vo. EyECQEL IlLa VOJlLX1l a;(ooO'll, va EVOXA1laEl tl']V ELQ"Vyt tOU E8v01'C; xru Vet nV<LIlOXAEl)(JEl tLC; cpumEg rou EIlC(JUALOU nOAfllou, ~{xollat autd to EmXELQytIla, av aag aQEOEl, 'lJJt6 tOY <5(lO va 1110 CtnO~ytIlLwaEre: aAAa o» 1l0U aQVELOTE auttl tytv ctno~ytll(ooayt, YLatL EYW, Evag nQOAEtaQLOg, vc VOLaOTW YLa rnv ElQ"Vyt xat tytv aacpaAEla nov nAoua(oov; EV()LacpEQOllat YLa 'tytV ()ytll6ma 'ta;l1 rooo A(yo coo Xat YLa t11v EuytllEQ(a rorv LOLOXtyttWV, E>EAoo vu ~"aoo an' t11 OOUAELa 1l0U' ElOaAAoog 8a nE8avoo ayooVL~ollEvog,

AaxE'toog'tOU nooo O;U()EQXEg Elvm to EmxdQ11lla, yt naQaYQacp" naQallEVEl yt aVt(cpaayt tytg LOLOXtyta(UI;' " llaAAOV, yt naQaYQacp" Xat yt LOLOXt11- ala E(vm Mo 1l0QCPEg tytg ()LU<; aQXtlg, aAAa Mo 1l0QCPEg nou yt Il(a oLOQ8wVEl rnv aAAl']' to OtLl'] aQxa(a Xat yt mJYXQovyt vOlloAoy(a naQLOTavouy noog tt<; aull~L~a~ouv ()EV ELvm yt mo allEAyttEa an' Ltg yxacpEg roue. ilQaYllatL, E(Vat m8avo vc OEL xavE(g orn 8Eamayt tytg LOLOXtyta(ag 1l0VO tytv Em8ull(a va E(vm EYYUytllEvyt YLa tOY xa8Eva l') ()LUVOfl" rou Eoacpoug Xat to oLxa(oolla tOU ornv EQyaa(a, v« OEL OT11 olaxQLO'Il avallEaa ornv 'ljJLA" xUQLOt11ta Xat rnv naQaYQacp" uovo Eva aauAo yw aJt6VtE<;, OQqxrvd Xat OAoug ooot OEV ;EQOUV " OEV !lJtoQouv va uJtEQaamOT01)V rc ()lxatwllata tOU<;, Xat va OEL ornv JtaQaYQacp" uovo Eva IlEaO a!luvag svcvno OTLg aOLxEg a1;LWaElg Xat xatanat"aELg, " Eva IlE- 00 rtou ~a~EL tEAog OTLg olacpoQEg Jtou nQoxaAouvro. E;attLag tl')g !lCtax(vl')al')g tWV LOLOXtl')tWV, '0- Ilwg o» aull~aLvEL auto, 8a JtQEJtEl vc avayvwQL-

oouus a' aUtEg tLg nOLx(AEg 1l0QCPEg tl']g av8gwmv11g OLXatOauvytg tLg au80gll11tEg JtgoaJta8ElEg tOU Aoyou va aJtEUaEl ngog ~0,,8ELa tOU XOLVWVlXOV EVOTLXtOU' xat 8a OOUIlE a' aut" tl')v nQoataaLa 0- AooV tWV OlXatWllatWv to a(a811lla tl')g laOt11tag Xat IlLa OTa8EQ" ESlaWtlX" taO'll, Lt11gL~oIlEVOL OTl'] aXE'ljJl'] xcu tl'] oLogaa11, 8a PQOVIlE OT11v (Ola rnv 1110- yaAonoL11a11 autwv tWV agxwv tl')v EmpEpa(WOfJ tOU DOYllatog Ilag' YLat( o» 11 laOt11ta tWV O'Uv8l')xwv Xat l') xa80ALx" O'UvEgyaaLa DEV ELxav Y(VEl vwg(tEga xatavol')'tEg, auto auVE~l') mELD" to nVEulla tWV VOll08EtwV Xat l') Aav8aallEv11 yvwOfJ tWV VOlllXWV cpEgVEL E!lJtO()la ngog to nagov OTl')V XOLV" AOYlx" rcov av8gwnwv, Xat OLOtl, EVW tlg ngWtoyovEg XOLVWV(Eg tlg CPWt~EL Illa Aall'ljJl') aA,,- 8Elag, OL ngWtEg 8Ewg"aElg tWV 11YEtWV rou; OEV !lJtoQouaav vc nagayayouy naQa 1l0VO axOta()l,

MEta r« ngWta O'UIlCPWVl']ttX<l, IlEta rc ngwta ngoaxEola VOIlWV Xat ouvruvudrrov, ta onotn ritov l') ExcpQaa11 tWV ngWtagXlxwv avayxwv tOU av8gwrtou, yt cotootoxr] tWV OLXl')YOgwv litav va oLOg8woouv ta Aa8yt tytg VOIl08w(ag, vn O'UllnAl')Qwaouv O,'tL litav EAattWllatlXO, vc O'UIl~L~aaouv 1110 uevoAUtEQ11 aacp"vELU auta ta nQaYflata rtou qxnvovrov aVtlcpatlXa' aAAa ovt' autOu oroudrqccv OTO ygalllla tOU VOIlOU' EflElvav LxavOnOll')IlEVOL Il€ rov OOUALXO gOAO tWV axoAlaOTwv Xat tWV axoAaOTLxwv, 'Exouy nagEL tLg E!lJtvEuaELg EVOg aMvallou Xat unoxE(Il€VOU a€ acpaAllata Aoyou we; atWVLa aSLWllata, EXOUY ml']gEaOTEL an' 't11v XOLV" YVWIll') ,

36

37

IIPOYNTON

IIEPI IMOKTH~IM:

ELVaL UnOLaY!-lEVOL orn AatQELa tWV XEL!-lEVWV· XL Etat axoAou80uoav naVta rnv, avanQooaQ!-lOO!-lEV'YJ an' roix 8COAOYOU<;, aQX~ OtL auto rtou E(VaL xa80- ALxa anOOEXtO, OE OAOU<; tOUC; ronou; xm tLC; cnoXEC;, cCvm !-lLa aOLa!-lcpLO~~t'YJt'YJ aA~8ELa -quod ab omnibus, quod ubique, quod semper- AE<; XaL !-lLa YEVLX~ aAAa au80Q!-l'YJt'YJ ano'ljJ'YJ nQoocpEQE XatL xeQLOOOtEQO ano !-lea E!-lcpavL<J'Y] tl']<; aA~8CLac;. A<; !-l'YJv anatO!-lamE: 'YJ ano'ljJ'YJ OAWV tWV av8Qwnwv !-lnoQEL va Em~E~mwvEL t'YJV aVtLA'YJ'ljJ'YJ !-lLa<; aA~8CLa<;, t'YJV aoacp~ onucoto EVOC; vouou: uAAa OEV !-l:1tOQEL va !-la<; oLoa~£L tenOLa OUtE YLa t'YJv aA~8tLa OUtE YLa to vouo, H <J'UvaLvE<J'Y] tOU av8Qwmvou YEVOUC; E(Val !-lLa EVOEL~'YJ t'YJ<; cpU<J'Y]C; aAAa 0XL, onw<; AEEL 0 KLXEQWV, Evac; VO!-lOC; 't1']C; cpU<J'Y]C;. Iltooi an' t'YJv E!-lcpavL<J'Y], 'YJ aA~8ELa 3taQa!-lEVEL XQU!-l!-lEV'YJ· 'YJ n(m'YJ !-l:1tOQEL va t'YJv anoOExtE(, aAAa !-lOVO 0 xaAa 8E!-lEALW!-lEVOC; mOxao!-loc; !-lnoQEL v« YVWQLtEL. A'Ut~ ELVal II aOLaxon'YJ nQoobo<; 'tOU av8Qwmvou vou OE 0- Aa ooo 0XEtLtOvtm ue ta cpuOLxa cpmvO!-lEVa xm rn O'YJ!-lLouQY~!-lata t'YJ<; oLavOLac;· nwc; 8a !-l:1tOQOUOE va <J'U!-l~aLVEL oLacpoQEtLXa us t'YJ <J'UVE(O'YJ~ !-lac; xm tOU<; xovcve; tWV nQa~Ewv !-lac;;

!-lEOW tWV mo naQanELmLXWV EmXELQ'YJ!-latwv nou !-lnoQEL va EmxaAEmEL II LOLOXt'YJ0La:

1. 'OtL 'YJ EQyaoLa ano !-lOVll t'YJC; OEV EXEL Xa!-lLa bUva!-l'YJ va LOLonOL'YJ8EL ta nQaY!-lata t'YJC; cpuo'YJC;.

2. 'OtL anOOEX0!-lEVOL nw<; 'YJ EQyao(a EXEL au~ t'YJ ouva!-l'YJ, oonvouucore an' Eu8ELac; ornv LOOt'YJta t'YJC; LOLOXt'YJ0(ac;, onOLO XL av ELvm to ELOOC; tl']C; EQyaoLuc;, 000 omivco XL av ELvm to nQo·(ov t'YJC; xm 0- ooo~nOtE aVL<JEC; XL nv ELvm OL naQaYWYLXE<; LxavOtlltE<; tOU xa8Evoc;.

3. 'OtL 'YJ EQyaoLa, orqv un'YJQEOLU tl']C; oLxmoaUv'YJC;, XatamQEcpEL t'YJv LOLoXt'YJoLa.

4. Eoyaota: 'On YJ eoyaota ana f.lovYJ rYJ~ Ocv EXcl xauui ovvaf.lYJ va lOLOnOlYJ()c{ ra nQaYf.lara rYJ~ cpvaYJ~

AXOAou8wvta<; to nUQao£LY!-la tWV avtLnaAwv !-luC;, xm YLa va !-l'YJV !-lE(VEL xovsv« E!-lnOOLO oro oQO!-lO, ac; E~EtaOOU!-lE to ~*'YJ!-la xatw an' to, xcta to ouvatov, xa8aQotEQo cpwC;.

. 0 XUQLOC; Ch. Comte, orqv Traite de fa propriete [IIQaYf.larc{a ncQ{ lOLOxrYJa{a~], AEEL: «H faAALa, E~Cta~O!-lEv'YJ wc; E8voC;, EXEL Eva EOUCPOC; nou ELvm OLXO tllC;».

H faAALa, onwc; Eva !-lE!-lOVW!-lEVO ato!-lo, VE!-lErrn Eva Eoacpoc; 'to orroio xaAALEQYE(, aAAa OEV ELvrn LOLOXt*'YJ<; rou, Ta E8Vll OXEtLtovtm !-lEta~U tOU<; onwc; ta rirou«: ELvm XOLVOL 8V'YJtOL xm EQyatEC;, xm ELvm YAWO<JLX~ xataXQ'YJo'YJ va ta ceroxcAOU!-lE LOLOXt~tEC;. To OLXaLW!-la t'YJ<; XQ~CJ11; xm xotaXQ'YJ<J'Y]C; OEV av~xEL otoix Aaouc; nEQL<JOOtEQO an' O,tL orouc av8Qwnouc;, xm 8a EQ8EL 0 xmQo<; nou

8a OE~OU!-lE !-lEOW tWV acpoQLO!-lWV t'YJ<; nOALtLx~C; OLXOVO!-l(a<; xm rou LOLOU tOU VO!-lOu, O'YJAao~

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I1POYNTON

I1EPI IMOKTH~IA1:

Eva; JtOAE~O; 0 OJtOLO; Sa olE~aYE'taL Yla vc E~JtOOLOEl Eva e8vo; vo xmaXQamEL 'to Eoacpos; 8a 8EWQEL'taL lEQOS; JtOAE~O;.

"Erot, 0 X15QlO; Ch. Comte, rtou avaAa~~aVEl vn E~'tlYrlOEl Jt(.o; ax'tl~a'tCSE'taL 'tllOLOx't'tlOLa XaL ~ExLVa uJt08e'tov'ta; OU Eva E8vo; ELVaL Eva; LOLOx'trl't'tl;, JtEcp'tEL om ooqxorero rtou ovo~aSE'taL «1.jJEUOrl; auAAOYLO!lO; JtaQa 't'tl A.rl1.jJ'tl rou S'tl'tou~eVOU», JtQay~a ztou xa'tamQEcpEL OMXA'tlQ'tl 't'tlv EJtLXELg'tl~moAoYLa 'tOU.

Av 0 avaywDO't'tl; VO~CSEL O'tL 'to vc a~cpw~lJ't015V'taL 'ta LOLox't'Y1OLaxa OLXaLU)~ma EVO; eSvou; ~Eoa oro eoacpo; rou WSEL't'tl A.OYLXrl JtoM ~axQLa, Sa 'tOU UJtEVSU~LOW O'tL OE OAE; 'tL; EJt0XE; 'to JtAaoun oLxaLou rrou ovo~aSE'taL ESVLXrl LOLOX't'tlOLa EXEL JtaQayaYEL a~LCJ)OEL; EJtlXuQLaQXLa;, cpoQwv uJto'tEAELa;, ~aOLALxwv OLXaLW~a'twv, xmavayxa-' ottxorv EQYWV, auVELOCPOQE; avSQwJtwv XaL XQ'tl~a'tWV, JtQO~rlSElE; eurtopeuudtrov XM., XaL 'tloALXa agVrlOEL; JtA'tlQW~rl; cpoQwv, E~EYEgOEL£, JtoM~ou; XaL Egrl~wOfl.

«YJtaQXouv a' cnrro tc €oacpo; EX'tE'ta~€VE; Ex'taoEl; Y'tl; ot OJtOlE; OEV €XOUV ~E'tmgaJtEL OE a'tO~LXrl lO ioxrn ala. AU'tE; OL Ex'taOEL;, nou cororeA015V'taL wS; em ro JtAElO'tOV coto oao'tl, cvrixouv oro oiivoso rou JtA'tlSUO~015 XaL 'tl xU~EQV'tlOfl, nou Aa~~avEl ru €oooa aJt' 't'tl XQrlo'tl roix, 'ta Xg'tlOl~o:n:mEL rl OCPELA.El vc rc XQ'tlOL~O:n:OLEL YLa 'to XOLVO au~CPEgOV.»

OQSa MEl «OCPElAEL vc 'ta XQ'tlOl~o:n:mEL», yLa'tl aU'trl ElVaL 'YJ aArl8ELa.

«No 'tES015V :n:QO; :n:WA.'tlOfl ... »

rLm( va 'tES015V :n:go; JtWA'tlO'YJ; nOLO; EXEl 'to olxa(w~a vn 'ta JtOUA.rl0El; Axouc XL ov ro ESVOS; rlrev LOLOX'trl't'YJS;, ~:n:OQcC 'YJ O'YJ~EQLVrl YEVLa va rc a:n:omEQrlOEL cet' 't'YJV aUQlavij; 0 Aao; VE~E'taL wS; 10- :n:txag:n:w'tij;. H XU~EQV'YJOfI OLOLXEL, 'ta JtQommE15El XaL JtQo~a(VEl 010 :n:ga~ELS; OLaVE~'YJ'tlxij; OLXaLOaVV'tl;. Av Eva ESVO; EXXWQEL Y'tl, EXxwgcC uovo 't'tl Xgrlo'tl 'tlJ;' OEV EXEL xavEva oLxalw~a va 'tlJV nouArlOEl rl va rnv EX:n:OLrl0El ~E o:n:moVOrlJto'tE 'tQo:n:o. Arpoil OEV cCVaL LOLOX'trl't'YJ;, :n:w; !l:1togcC vn Ex:n:mrlOEL 'tlJV LOLox't'YJ0(a;

«Ynofleots OU xaJtmo; EQymLxos; avSQwJtoS ayoQaSEL Eva xo~~a'tL YlJ;, Evav ~EyaA.O ~aA.'to YLa :n:aQaoELy~a. Auto OEV Sa rl'tav OCPE'tEQlO~OS;, acpo15 'to xowo Sa A.a~~aVE cer' 'ta XEQLa 't'YJ; xU~EQVlJOfI£ 'trIV aXQL~rl a~Ca XaL Sa :n:aQE~EvE ~E'ta rnv :n:WAlJ- 0fI E~(OOU JtA.0150LO o:n:wS; XaL :n:QLV nrro mm].»

Airro xmav'ta YEAO(O. TL! E:n:ELoij Eva; o:n:a'taA.O;, a:n:EQ(oxE:rt'tO£, rl av(xavos; u:n:aA.A.lJA.o; :n:ouAa ru xQa'tLxa x'trl~ma oCxw; vo uou E:n:t'tQa:n:E( vc aV'tL'taXSW orqv :n:WA.'tlO'tl -E~Eva, :n:ou 'to xga'tos; ~E EXEL uJto rnv X'YJoE~ov(a rou, E~Eva, rtou OEV EXW 015- re au~~oUAEU'tLXrl qxovr] 015'tE oLxa(w~a 1.jJijcpou oro KgmLxo LU~~015A.LO- ELVaL A.m:n:ov amij lJ :n:WA.lJOfI o(XaLlJ XaL VO~L~'tl; OL aV'tL:n:Qoow:n:m'tou A.ao15 o:n:a'taAo15v rnv XA'tlgoVO!lLa ro» XaL OEV ~:n:OQE( va u:n:ag~EL E:n:avoQSw0'YJ; AE'tE O'tL EXW A.a~EL cot' 't'tlv

40

41

IlPOYNTON

ITEPI IL\IOKTHLIM:

X1J~EQVl]O'Y] 'to ~EQCbL6 ~01J aJt' 'ta xEQbl] 'tl]~ m.6Al]al]~: 6~w~, xa'ta JtQw'to Myo, bEV rjSEf...a va Jt01JArjour xm va rjSEf...a, bEV Sa unoooiiou va Jto1Jf...rjaw YLa'tC bEV ECXa 'to bLxaCw~a. EmJtA.Eov, bEV ~A.EJtw va xEQbLaa cot' rqv Jtwf...l]al]. OL nvtutpooumof ~01J EX01JV vnioat ~EQLXOU~ a'tQa'tLw'tE~, EX01JV EmaXE1JaaEL Eva Jtaf...LO CPQOUQLO, aVEYELQav ~EQLxa axQL~a aAAa aXQl]a'ta ~Vl]~ECa YLa va 'tL~rjao1JV rov eouto 't01J~· XL EJtEL'ta EQL~av ~EQLxa Jt1JQO'tExvrj~arn xrn Eml]aav Evav YQaaaQLa~Evo mUf...o. L1JYXQCvovtrn of...a ama ~E 'tl] bLXrj ~01J ~l]~La;

o ayoQamrj~ xaQaaaEL orivooo, XAECVE'tm JtCoto coto CPQaX'tE~ xm A.EEL, «Auto ECvm bLXO ~01J· 0 xaSEva~ cor' 'tOY Ea1J'to 't01J, 0 xaSEva~ YLa 'tOY Ea1J'to 't01J». Ec>w, f...OLJtOV, ~QCaxc'tm Eva xo~~a'tL Yl]~ Jtavw oro onoto 01JbEC~ oro E~rj~ EXEL C>LxaCWl-ta v« JtcQJta'ta cx'to~ aJt' 'tOY LC>LOXtrj'tl] xm 't01J~ cpCf...01J~ t01J, cc>acpl] cot' 'ta ortofo C>EV ~JtOQEC va WCPEf...l]SEC JtaQa uovov 0 LC>LOX'trj'tl]~ xm OL 1JJtl]QEtE~ 't01J. EmtQE1J!'tE va Jtof...f...aJtf...amamouv amE~ OL JtWf...rjaEL~ xm oiivrouc OL avSQwJtoL, OL OJtOCOL OU'tE ~JtoQouv OU'tE SEf...01JV va Jt01JArja01JV, xm Jt01J C>EV EX01JV Aa~EL xovev« cer' ta xEQbl] tl]~ Jtwf...l]al]~, C>EV Sa' X01JV trino va ~EX01JQaa'touv, C>EV Sa 'X01JV XatacpuyLO, C>EV Sa 'X01JV Ec>acpo~ va xaAALcQyrja01JV. ea JtESaV01JV cor' 'tl]V JtECva E~W cot' tl]v JtoQta 't01J LC>LOXtrjrn, mL~ JtaQ1JcpE~ amrj~ tl]~ LC>LOx'tl]aCa~ Jt01J rj'tav C>LXrj t01J~ Xf...l] QOVO I-t La· xm 0 LC>LOX'trj'tl]~, xaSw~ 't01J~ ~A.EJtEL va JtESaCV01JV, Sa rrvuqxovst: «roooi xa~EvOL aQyoaxoAOL xm af...rjtE~».

o XUQLO~ Ch. Cornte, YLa vc to au~~L~aaEL a1J'to ~E tOY acpE'tEQLa~o t01J LC>LOXtrj'tl], LOX1JQ~E'tm 0- 'tL 'ta Ec>acpl] ECxav ~LXQrj a~Ca rnv EJtOxrj 'tl]~ JtWf...l]Ol]~.

«ea CPQoV'tCa01J~E va ~l]v ~EYaAoJtOLrja01J~E 'tl] onucoto a1Jtwv tWV acpE'tEQLO~WV: Sa ~E'tQl]SOUV orr' 'tOY aQLS~o tWV avSQwJtwv t01J~ oJtoC01J~ l] xa'tELAl]I-tI-tEVl] Yl] Sa auvtl]QrjaEL xm aJto rc ~Eaa rn onoto Sa 't01J~ JtQo~l]SEUaEL. ECvm aJtoC>EC>ELY~EVO, JtaQac>cCY~ato~ xaQl], OtL av Eva xo~~atL Yl]~ 'to 0- rtoto arj~EQa a~~EL xCf...La cpQavxa a~L~E ~Of...L~ JtEvre osvuu' 'tl] mLYl-trj Jt01J xaJtoLo~ 'to acpEtEQ(ml]XE, l] JtQaY~a'tLxrj ~l]~La E(vm uovo JtEV'tE osvuu. MLa tE'tQaywvLxrj f...EuyaS ~Of...L~ Jt01J Sa EJtaQxouaE YLa va auv'tl]QrjaEL Evav cptWXo JtQw'toyovo· arj~EQa JtaQEXEL rc ueoo Em~CwO'Y]~ oc XCALa at0l-ta. To 99,9% a1J'trj~ 'tl]~ Yl]~ ECvm l] VO~L~l] LC>LOx'tl]aCa tWV xa'tOxwv· uovo 'to 0,1 % 'tl]~ a~Cw; EXEL 1JJtomEC orpersotouo.»

'Eva~ XWQLXO~ oI-tOMYl]aE I-tLa ~EQa omv E~O~oMyl]al] O'tL Xa'tEa'tQE1J!E Eva EYYQacpo 'to onoto moronototios O'tL XQwmouaE 'tQEL~ XLf...LaC>E~ cpQavxu,

o f~OI-tOAOYl]trj~ 'tou ECJtE: «JtQEJtEL va EmmQE- 1J!EL~ 'tL~ tQEL~ XLf...LabE~ cpQavxa.»

«'OXL», aJtaV'tl]ac 0 XWQLXO~, «Sa EmmQE1J!W C>1J0 aEV'tC~ YLa v« Jtf...l]Qwaw 'to xaQ'tC Jt01J Xa'tEatQE1J!a».

To aXEJt'tLXO 't01J X1JQC01J Ch. Cornte ~OLa~EL ~E rnv xaf...rj JtQoaCQEal] amou 't01J XWQLXOU. To Ec>a-

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I1POYNTON

ITEPIIMOKTHLIAl:

cpO<; DEV EXEL !-LOVO !-LLa aXEQml1 xm reQaY!-LatLX~ a~Ca, EXEL xm !-LLa EV D'UVa!-LEL a~Ca YLa 1:0 !-LEAAOV, 11 ortotn E~aQ'ta'tm are' rnv LXaVO'tYJ'ta !-La<; va 'to xaVO'U!-LE reoM'tL!-Lo xm XQYJm!-LOreOL~m!-LO. Av xataOLQE'ljJEL<; !-LLa CJ'UvaAAaY!-LmLx~ ~ Eva YQa!-L!-La'tLO, oo» xaQ'tL DEV xmaOLQEcpEL<; 'tLreO'ta· aAAa !-L' amo 1:0 xaQ'tL xmaOLQEcpEL<; 'tOY 'tL'tAo CJO'U xm OLEQEL<; are' 'tOY eouto CJO'U rc aya8a rou, Av xmaOLQE'ljJEL<; ~ reo'UA~CJEL<; 'tYJ YYJ (rtou ELvm 'to LDLO reQaY!-La)· DEV ExreOLEL<; !-LLa, bUo ~ reEQLCJCJo'tEQE<; CJODLE<;, ana EX!-LYJDEV~EL<; oAa rc reQo·Cov'ta nou 8a !-LreoQO'IJCJE<; va reaQEL<; areo a'U't~v - Em), rc remDLa CJO'U xm 'ta remDLa 'tWV remDwJv CJO'U.

"Orov 0 XUQLO<; Ch. Comte, 0 cerooroxo; 't11<; LDLOx'tYJCJLa<; xm 0 'U!-LVYJ't~<; 'tYJr; EQyaCJLa<;, 'Ure08E'tEL !-LLa areanO'tQLWCJYJ 1:0'0 EDacpO'U<; are' 'tYJV reAE'UQa 'tYJ<; x'UBEQVYJCJl1<;, DEV reQEreEL va 1tLOLE'ljJO'U!-LE O'tL 'to xaVEL DCXW<; Myo x.m oxono: DLO'tL XQElaSE'tm am~ 'tYJV 'Ureo8wYJ. Ka8w<; areEQQL'ljJE 't11 8EWQLa 'tYJ<; xc'taAYJ'ljJl1<; xrn, E1tLreAEOV, xa8w<; ~EQEL O'tL YJ EQyaCJLa DEV !-LreOQEL v« CJ'UVLOLa DLXaLW!-La DLXW<; !-LLa reQoYJYOU!-LEVYJ aDELa xmaAYJ'ljJYJ<;, rirov 'UreOXQEW!-LEVO<; va CJ'UVMCJEL am~ 'tYJV aDELa !-LE 'tYJV E~O'UCJLa 'tYJr; X'UBEQVYJGYJ<;, reQaY!-La rtou CJYJ!-LaLVEL O'tL YJ LDLox'tYJCJLa BaCJ~E'taL CJ'tYJ Aa·Cx~ x.'UQlaQxLa ~, !-LE ana MYla, OLl1V xa80ALx~ CJ'UvaLvECJYJ. A'U't~ 'tYJ 8EwQLa rnv EX0'U!-LE ~DYJ E~E'taCJEL.

To va reOU!-LE O'tL 11 LDLox'tYJCJLa ELvm YJ xOQYJ 'tYJ<; EQyaCJLa<; XL EreEL'ta va reaQaxwQ~CJO'U!-LE OLYJV EQyaCJLa 'UALxa YLa va E~aCJxYJ8EL ELvm, av DEV xavw 1..0.-

80<;, oo» va x'UVYJya!-LE rqv o'UQa !-La<;, Xa'tL rtou 8a reQoxu'ljJEL cero a'U'tE<; 'tl<; aV'tlcpaCJEL<;.

«'Eva XO!-L!-La'tL YYJ<; OQlCJ!-LEVO'U !-LEYE80'U<; reaQayEL cpayYJ'to aQxE'to va CJ'UV'tYJQ~CJEL Evav av8Qwreo YLa !-Lla !-LEQa. Av 0 VO!-LEa<;, !-LECJW 'tYJ<; EQyaCJLa<; rou, BQEL tu !-LECJa va reaQayaYEl cpayYJ'to aQxE'to YLa D'UO !-LEQE<;, DLreAamasEL rnv a~La rou. Autt] YJ xcavouQYLa a~La ELvm 11 DO'UAELa rou, YJ DYJ!-LLo'UQyCa rou xm DEV OLEQEL 'tLreo'ta areo xavEvav· ELvm lDLOX'tl1CJLa rou.»

YreoOLl1Q~w O'tL 0 VO!-LEa<; reAYJQwvE'tm Yla 'tYJv 'taAmrewQLa ton xm 'tYJv EQymlXO'tYJ'ta ton !-LE 'tYJ DLreAamaCJ!-LEvYJ CJODELa, aAAa DEV coroxrc DlXmW!-La'ta reavw CJ'tYJ YYJ. «A<; DQE'ljJEl 0 EQyaSO!-LEvo<; roix; xaQreou<; 'tYJr; EQyaCJCa<; rou.» L'U!-LCPWVW, aAAa DEV xmaAaBaLvw rew<; YJ LDLox'tYJCJLa rcov reQo"Cov'twv GYJ!-LaLVEL lDLOx'tYJCJLa rcov reQcO'twv 'UAwv. 0 'ljJaQa<; 0 0- reoLo<; ~EQEL rew<; va 1tLaCJEL OLYJV LDLa ax't~ reEQLCJCJo'tEQa 'ljJaQla are' rou; CJ'UvaMAcpo'U<; rou y(vE'tm 0 LDLOX't*l1<; 'tYJ<; reEQLOX~<; 'ljJaQE!-Lmo<;; MreoQEL reO'tE YJ Lxavo'tYJ'ta EVO<; x'Uvl1YoU va 8EWQYJ8EC wr; 't('tAor; LDlox'tYJCJLa<; EVO<; DaCJO'U<; 811Qa!-La'twv; H avaAoYLa ELvm 'tEAELa: 0 cplAoreovo<; xaAALEQYl1't~<; aV'ta!-LECBE'tm are' 'tYJv acp80vLa xm 'tYJv avw'tEQl1 nouirnr« 't11<; CJODEla<; rou, Av EXEl E1tLCPEQEL BEA'tlWCJEL<; OLO EDacpo<;, EXEL 'to Dlx.aLW!-La 'tYJ<; reQo'tEQmo'tYJ'ta<; w<; VO!-LEa<;· aAAa CJE Xa!-LLa reEQLmwCJYJ DEV E1tL'tQEreE'tm va a~lwCJEL ~)Lxa(w!-La lDLOx'tYJCJ(a<; nrrvco OLO €bacpo<; reo'U xaAAlEQYE C, m( 'tYJ BaCJYJ 'tYJ<; LXaVO'tYJ'ta<; rou w<; xaAALEQYYJ't~.

44

45

I1POYNTON

I1EPI I6IOKTH~IAl:

I1QOXELIlEVOU va IlE'ta'tQanEL 11 VOIl~ oe LOWx'tl1aLa XQELU~E'tm XU'tL nEQwa6tEQO an' 'tl1v EQyaotc, XU'tL XWQL~ 'to cnoto 0 uv8Qwno~ 8a EnauE va ELvm LOLOX't*l1~ E~Laou YQ~yoQa IlE 'to va Elvm EQya~oIlEvo~. 'OIlW~ rnrto rto» (1)IlLOUQYE( LOLOX'tl1- ala, oiiuqxovc IlE 'tOY vouo, Elvm navuQxmo xm aoLallcpw~*l1'to, Ol1Aao~ 11 naQaYQacp~· 11 EQyaaLa ELvm uovo 'to oQa'to al1IlUOL, 11 cpumx~ nQu~l1 IlEaW 't11~ ono(a~ EXOl1AlOVnm 11 xa'tUAl1tjJl1. Av, AOLnov, 0 xaAALEQYl1't~~ naQallEVEL LOLOX't*l1~ acpo'tou EnatjJE va EQyu~E'tm xm va naQuYEL, xm av 11 VOIl~ rou -aQXLxu anooEx't~ xm orn cruvEXELa aVEx't~- YLVErrn 'tEALXU avanaAAO'tQLW'tl1, mrro crull~aLvEL IlEaW 'tOU XEQOOU~ ~ 'tOU amLxov OLxaLOU xm E~m'tla~ 'tYJ~ aQX~~ 't11~ Xa'tUAl1tjJl1~. Auto ELvm rooo aA118Lvo lOmE OEV unUQXEL xovevc nWAl1't~QW, xallLU IlL- a8wGYJ XWQacpwv, xavEva OUVELO xm xavEva ouucpwvl1nxo EVOLxlaGYJ~ an' 'to oxoto va AEli'tEL. 8a owaw Eva uovo naQuOELYlla.

I1lO~ unoAoy~oullE 'tl1v a~la 't11~ Yl1~; An' 'ta nQo·iov'ta 't11~. Av Eva XOIlIlU'tL Yl1~ anocpEQEL XU8E XQovo 1.000 cpQuvxa, AEIlE on oLa 5% au't~ 11 Yl1 a~~EL 20.000 cpQuvxa, oLa 4% 25.000 cpQuvxa X'tA. Auro al1llalVEL, IlE uAAa MYLa, on oe ELxom ~ ElXOot nEv'tE XQovLa 0 ayoQam~~ 8a EXEL XUVEL ano~ a~Eal1. Av, AOLnov, IlE'tu cero Eva OQLallEVO XQOVLxo OLUO't1)lla, 1) 'tLIl'li Ev6~ XOIlIla'tLOV Y1)~ EXEL urtoa~EmEL nA~Qw~, nlO~ YLVE'tm va cruvEX~EL 0 ayoQam~~ va ELvm LOLOX't*l1~; E~m'tla~ ton OLxmlOurrroc 't11~ Xa'tUAl1tjJl1~' OLXW~ 'to onoto Xu8E nlOAl1- GYJ 8a ~'taV IlLa M'tQwGYJ.

46

H 8EWQLa 'tYJ~ LOWnOll1GYJ~ IlEaW EQyaaLa~ dvm, AOLnov, IlLa aV't(cpaal1 rou [Aonxoii] KlOoLxa· xm OWV OL 8LaalO'tE:~ au't~~ 't11~ 8EwQ(a~ LaxUQ~Ovtru O'tL EQlll1VEVOUv 'tOU~ VOIlOU~ nrivco a' au't~ 'tYJ ~6.GYJ, EQxoV'tm aE av't(cpaa1) IlE 'tOY Eamo 'tOU~.

«Av OL uv8QwnOL Emwyxuvouv va xuvouv EVCPOQl1 IlLa IlEXQL nQo'tLvo~ 1111 naQaywYLx~ ~ axolla xm xa'tamQE:rt'tLx~ -onw~ OQWIlEVOL ~UA'tOL- Yl1, 0l1llwuQYovv IlE 'tOY 'tQono au'to aXEQml1 LOWX'tl1- oto,»

now E(vm 'to OCPEAO~ 'tOU va naQacpouaxlOvouIlE IlLa ExcpQaGYJ xm vc na~oullE IlE oLCPOQOVIlEVE~ EVVOLE~ ouv va nEQLIlEvallE va aAAu~allE erot 'tl1v nQaYIla'tLxo'tl1'ta; «~l1IlLOUQYovv aXEQml1 LOWX'tl1- oto.» EVVOE('tE O'tL 0l1llwuQYovv IlLa Ol1IlWUQYLX~ ouva'to'tl1W 11 ozot« nQww'tEQa OEV un~QXE, aAAu am~ 11 ouva'to'tYJ'ta OEV IlnoQEL va 011IlWUQY118EL XWQ(~ va unuQXouv UALXU rtou va tnv unoG'tYJQL~ouv. H aUmaGYJ rou EOUCPOU~ naQallEvEL 11 (oLa' 1l0VO 11 noiomr« xm OL llE'ta~oM~ ro» EXOUV aAAu~EL. 0 uv8Qwno~ EXEL Ol1llwuQy~aEL rn nrivtu Ex'tO~ an' 'to (OLO 'to UALXO. 'OIlW~ unoml1Q~w O'tL IlnOQEl va Xa'tEXEL xm va XQl1aLllOnOLEl «uto 'to uALXO 1l0VO uno 'tl1V nQo'Dn08wl1 't11~ 1l0VL1l11~ EQyaa(a~, naQEXOV'tU~ rou, nQo~ mLYIl~V, 'to OLxaLWlla LOLOx'tl1a(a~ ore nQuYIla'ta rtou EXEL naQaYUYEL.

Auto, AOLnov, E(vm 'to nQlO'tO ~*l1lla rtou EmME'tm: 11 LOLox'tl1a(a 'tWV nQo·ioV'twv, axolla XL av amo Em'tQEnE'tm, OEV GYJlla(vEL LOLox'tl1aLa rcov IlEocov naQaywy~~· OEV VOIl~W O'tL au'to XQ~~EL zrs-

47

ITPOYNTON

ITEPI I,MOKTH~IA1:

QmtEQW anObECSEW~. 0 O'tQatL(:Dtl]~ nou VEIlEtm rc 6nAa tOU, 0 xt(O'tl]~ rtou vE).!Etm ta UALxa rtou tOU EXEL avatE8cC va CPQOVtLSEL, 0 ljJaQa~ nou VEIlEtm to VEQO, 0 XUVl]Yo~ zrou VEIlEtm rou; aYQou~ xm rc baOl'] xm 0 xaAALEQYl]t~~ rtou VEIlEtm ta Ebacpl] E(vrn OAOL to ebLO. E(vm OAOL tOU~, av 8EAEtE, LbLOX~tE~ rcov nQo'':OVtWV tOU~, aAAa xaVE(~ bEV E(vm LbLOXt~tlj~ tWV ueotov naQaywy~~. To bLxa(wlla oro nQo'':ovta tl]£ naQaywy~~ E(vm anOXAELO'tLXO, jus in reo to ~JLXa(wlla ore IlEaa naQaywy~~ E(vm XOLVO,jus ad rem.

5. 'OTt rJ eoyaota oOrJyd OE taotnta 7:COV lOLOX7:rJ0lWV

«0 Myo~», MVE, «sfvru OtL E(vm ~bl] LbLOnOLl]~lEvr}». Aut~ bEV E(vm aJtavtl]al]. 'Eva XWQacpL aJtob(bEL nsvrivtu IlJtOUOEA6 ava EXtaQL07• l] Lxavotl]ta xm l] EQyaa(a tOU EVOLxLaO't~ bLJtAama~EL aut~ tl]v JtaQaywy~· aut~ l] aUSl]ol] E(vm bl]IlLOUQYl]Ila tOU EVOLxLaO't~. A~ UJt08EOOUllE 6tL 0 LbLOXt~tl]~, OE IlLa aauv~8LO'tl] nQaSl] IlEtQLOJta8ELa~, bEV cptavEL IlEXQL tOU Ol]IlE(OU va aJtoQQocp~OEL auto to JtQo"Lov ausavovta~ to EVO(XLO, aAAa EJtLtQEJtEL orov xaAALEQyl]t~ va aJtoAaUOEL rc aJtotEMollata tl]~ EQyao(Ui; lOU· ax61ll] XL mrto bEV E(vm b(xmo. o EVOLxLaO't~~, ~EAtLWVOvta~ tl] Yl], EXEL bl]IlLOUQy~OEL IlLa xmVOUQYLa as(a otnv LbLOXtl]a(a, xm Erot EXEL Eva bLxa(wlla OE Eva IlEQO~ tl]~ LbLOXtljO(a~. Av to XWQacpL aSL~E aQXLxa 100.000 cpQavxa xm IlEOW tl]~ EQyaa(a~ rou EVOLxLaO't~ aUsavEL tl]v as(a tOU oe 150.000 cpQavxa, 0 EvoLxLaat~£ nou JtaQ~yaYE mrrr] rnv EJtLJtQoa8Etlj as(a E(vm 0 VOIlL- 1l0£ LbLOXt*l]~ tOU EVO£ tQ(tOU tOU XWQacpLou. 0 XUQLO~ Ch. Cornte bEV 8a UJtOO't~QL~E 6tL aut~ l] 8EWQ(a E(vm Aav8aaIlEVl], YLat( 0 (bLO~ EAtyE:

«OL av8QwJtm ztou xdvouv tl] Yl] JtEQLoaotEQO YOVLIll] bEV E(vm ALYOtEQO XQ~mIlOL YLa tou~ ouvav8Qumou£ roix cot' autOU~ Jtou bl]IlLOUQYOUV xmVOUQYLa Yl].»

fLat( AOLJt6v bEV EcpaQIlO~Etm auto£ 0 xovova~ xm orov av8QwJto Jtou ~EAtLWVEL to Ebacpo£ 0- Jtw£ EcpaQIlO~Etm a' mrrov rtou to xa8aQLSEL; XriQl] O'tl] bouAELa tOU JtQWtou l] Yl] aSLSEL 1 xm xaQl] orn bouAELa tOU bEUtEQOU aSLSEL 2· xm OL bUo bl]-

A~ cuuqxovrioouue, roorooo, OtL l] EQyao(a rmQEXEL Eva bLxa(wlla LbLOXtl]aLa~ oro uALxa: YLatL bEV ELvm xa80ALx~ aUt~ l] aQX~; fLatL rc OcpiAl] rou uJtotL8EIlEVOU V61l0U JtEQLoQLSOvtm oe A(you~ xm acp~vo'UV cor' ESW tl] Ila~a tWV EQyatWV; Porrqouv evov CPLAOOOCPO, nou UJtOat~QL~E OtL oAa ta ~wa aQXLxa yEvv~el]Xav cct' tl] Yl], ~wta8l]xav cor' tL£ aXt(vE£ tOU ~ALOU, 0XEbov oJtw~ ta llaVLtaQLa, YLatL l] Yl] bEY beVEL JtAEOV OObELE~ tEtma£ CPUOl]~, xrn aJtaVtl]OE: «£JtELb~ ELvm YEQLXl] xm EXEL xaoEL rnv EucpoQ(a tl]£». H EQyaa(a, rtou xaJtot£ *av to- 00 YOVLIll], EYLVE XL aut~ atE(Qa; fLat( 0 EVOLxLaO't~£ bEV anoxta JtMov IlEOW tl]~ EQyao(a£ roo tl] Yl] rtou cnoxnotcv aAAOtE cero rnv EQyaa(a tOU LbLOXt~tl];

48

49

rIPOYNTON

ITEPI IMOKTHLI~

IAWUQYOUV COEe; a1;CEe;, EnOIAEVWe; YLatC OEV naQEXEtal CarJ LOwxtllOCa XaL otou; Ouo; Extoe; av xavECe; EmxaAEatEL XaL mXAL to OLXaLWlAa tlle; nQWtaQXLx* XataAlltVlle;, nQoxaAw onoiovorptots va naQoumaOEL Eva xaAUtEQo EJtLXECQlllAa.

«AAAa» , 8a nEL xavECe;, «axolAa XL av ouuqxoVOUoalAE IAE tLe; amaOELe; OOU, OEV 8a EJtLwyxavaIAE Eva xaAUtEQo lAoCQaolAa tlle; LOLOXtllOCae;. H a- 1;Ca tlle; Ylle; OEV 8a au1;aVEtaL navtotLva' IAEta ano ouo tQELe; xaAALEQYELEe; cptavEL orn IAEYLatll EUCPOQCa tlle;. Auto rtou nQoatC8EtaL xaQll ornv tEXVll tlle; aYQOtLx~e; OLXOVOIACae; nQoEQXEtaL an' tllV nQoooo tyte; Emat~lAyte; XaL an' tyt OLaoooyt tOU oLacpwtL- 0IAOU, XL 0XL an' rnv ixovomr« tWV EQyatWV. 'Erot, II nQoo8~xll ACyWV EQyatWV oro nA~80e; tWV LOLOXtyttWV OEV 8a 'Val EJtLXECQytlAa EVaVtLa ornv LOWXtlloCa».

LtllV nQaYlAatLxOtytta auto 8a avatwoyovouOE IALa axaQnll aut*yt0ll, av OL nQoona8ELEe; lAae; ECxav anAWe; we; atoxo tyt OLEUQUVOll tWV nQOV0f-lCcov navw atll Yll, to f-l0VOnWAW atll ~Wf-lllxaVCa XaL tyt XELQacpEtlloyt f-lOvaxa A(YWV EXatOVtaOWv EQyatWV an' ta Exat0IAf-lUQLa tWV nQoAEtaQLWV. Kdn tEtOW 0IAWe; 8a 'rov XaL naAL IALa naQE1;~YllOll tlle; aAll8LV~e; f-lae; OXEtVlle;, 'KaL 8a EOELXVE EAAELtVll sixpu'Lae; XaL AOYLX~e;.

Avo EQyatyte; nou nQoo8wE xatL omv a1;Ca Evoe; nQaYf-latOe; EXEL Eva OLXaCWf-la LOLoXtllo(ae; navco 0' auto, autOe; rtou auVtytQEC aut~ rnv a1;Ca EXEL to Cow chxaCwf-la. nate tL arJf-la(VEL to va ouvm-

QECe;; Lllf-laCVEL va nQoo8EtELe; axatanauata, va Ollf-lLOUQYECe; auvEXWe;. TL Ollf-laCVEL va xaAALEQYECe;; Lytf-la(VEL va O(VELe; oro €oacpoe; XUBE XQovo rnv a- 1;Ca rou. Lllf-laCVEL va anOtQEnELe; XU8E XQovo, f-lEOW tyte; avavEWf-lEVyte; 0llf-lLouQyCae;, va f-lELW8EC ~ va xutaatQacpEC II a1;Ca EVOe; xOf-lf-latwu Yyte;. AnOOEX0f-lE- voc, AOLnov, OtL II LOLO'KtytoCa ECVaL AOYLX~ XaL VOf-lLf-lll, anOOEXOf-lEVOe; OtL II EVOLxCaoll ELVaL aXQL~ooCXaLyt XaL oCXaLyt AEW OtL 0 xaAALEQYytt~e; anoxta LowxtytoCa f-lEOW tOU Cowu tCtAOU onwe; Evae; rrou tOY xa8aQctEL ~ tOY ~EAtLWVEL, XaL OtL xaBE cpoQo. rtot: Evae; EvoLxLaat~e; nAllQWVEL to EVO(XLO, anoxto. Eva XAo.0f-la tlle; LOLOXtllOCae;, an' tll yyt tllv ortofa ron EXEL avatE8EC va nQooEXEL, 0 naQovof-laat~c; tOU onotou LaoutaL IAE to f-lEYEBoe; tOU EVOLXCOU nov EXEL nAytQwOEL. Av aQvyt8ECtE va to anoOEXtECt£ auto nEcpt£t£ O£ anOAutaQxCa XaL wQavvCa, avaYVWQctEtE ta1;Lxa nQoVOf-lLa XaL EJtLOOXLf-lUtEtE tyt oouAELa.

Onowoo~notE EQyo.tEtaL Y(VEtaL LOWXt*lle;: aut~ II aA~8ELa OEV f.lJtoQEl va f-lytv yCVEL anoOEXt~ ECtE aUf-lcpwva us tLe; aQXEe; tlle; nOALtLX~e; OLXOVOf-lLae; ECtE tOU vouou. KaL orov Mw LOLox~tyte; OEV EVvow anAWe; (onox xavouv OL unoxQLtEe; OLXOV0f-l0- AOYOL f-lae;) tOY LOLOXt*ll tlle; anotllf-lCwarJe;, tWV anoooxwv ~ tOU IALo80u. Evvooi LOLOXt*lle; tlle; a1;Cae; rtou a"Utoe; 0llf-lLouQyytoe XaL urto rnv onoto EJtWCPEAECtaL f-lOVO to orpevnxo.

Ka8we; oAa auto. OXEtctovtaL us tll 8EwQCa tWV f-lLo8wv XaL tyte; OLaVOf-l~e; tWV nQo'(ovtWV, XaL xu-

50

51

IIPOYNTON

ITEPI IMOK'fln:IAl:

8w~ auto to ~*'Y)lla ()EV EYLVE nOtE aQxEta ~Exa- 8aQo, ~'Y)taoo t'Y)V a()ELa va smuetvco navoo 0' auto, YLatL ()EV ELvm IlLa au~*'Y)o'Y) ovorotc YLa tOY oxono Ila~. IIOAAOl IlLAavE anO()EXOIlEVOL vu EXOUV OL EQyatE~ Eva IlEQLOLO ornv naQayooYll xm ore XEQ()'Y), aAAa oro lluaAa rou; autll 'Y) aullllEtOXll ELvm xa8aQll qnAav8QoonCa. ~EV EXOUV ()EL nOtE, m8avov OUtE xov EXOUV un01jnaO'tEC, OtL auto *av Eva qmmxo, anaQaLt'Y)tO ()LXaLoolla, EIlCPUtO O't'Y)V EQyaoLa xm a()LaxwQLO'to an' t'Y) AELtOuQYLa tou naQayooyou, axolla xm O'tL~ Xall'Y)AOtEQOU EJtLnE()OU EQyaoLE~ rou.

I()ou 'Y) nQotaoll 1l0U: 0 c(2ya~oflcvo~ olar'f}(!ci, axoua xai cupotou iXcl nA'f}(!w8C;{ rov~ flta80v~ rov, iva cpvatxo olxafwfla uuoxtnotcu; 07:0 avttxetuevo nov iXcl na(!aydycl.

IIaQa8Etoo ~ava tOY XUQLO Ch. Comte:

MfQLXO( fQya~6llfvOL a:rraaxoAOVvtm coto- 1;rjQaCvovta£ EAr], x6~ovta£ MvtQa xm 8u[Lvou£, ue ouo MYLa, xa8aQ~ovm£ to Eoacpo£. Aotot' au1;uvouv t1]V a1;Ca, xuvouv t1]V nooornr« tl]£ LOLOXt1]OCa£ [LfyaMtfQ1]· :rrA1]QwVOvtm YLa t1]V a- 1;Ca nou :rrQ008EtoUV ue tl] [LoQCP~ cpay1]tOv xm n[LfQO[LL08Coov· xru 01:1] auvEXfLa aut~ 1] a1;Ca Y(Vftm 1] LOLOXt1]o(a tau xa:rrLtaAWt~.

AllOEL OUtE t'Y)V ExouvavtaAAa~EL· xru WU, xcenroALO'tll, ()EV 't'Y)V EXEL~ XEQ()(OEL. To on 8a 'nQEnE vc ()LXmOUOm Eva IlEQ(()LO oo~ avtaAAaYlla YLa r« UALxa rtot: ()LE8EOE~ xm YLa tL~ nQoIl1l8ELE~ nou naQE(XE~ E(vm anoAU'too~ ()LXmo. LuvE~aAE~ O't'Y)V naQayOOYll xrn :rrQ£nEL vc EXEL~ IlEQL()LO O't'Y)V anoAauo'Y). 'Olloo~ to ()LXO oou ()LXaLoolla ()EV EXIl'Y)()EV~EL auto rcov EQya~oIlEvooV, OL onotoi, ELtE to 8£AEL~ ELtE 0- XL, unllQ~av auva()EQcpoL oou O'tO EQYO t'Y)~ naQay(J)Yll~. fLatL IlLAa~ YLa IlL080u~; Ta XQllllata ue ro oaoto nA'Y)QWVEL~ tOU~ IlL080u~ nov EQya~ollEvooV IlEta ~La~ xaAUJttouv ta XQOVLa t'Y)~ auVEXOU~ VO- 1l1l~ t'Y)v onoto EXOUV EyxataAEL1I'EL 0' eosv«. OL IlL- 080L ELvm to XOO'to~ rtou anm'tEL'tm YLa vc ouvmQ'Y)80uv xm v« ano~'Y)IlLoo80uv OL EQya~oIlEvOL, xrn xaVEL~ Aa80~ av ~AfnEL~ 01:0U~ IlL080u~ tnv tLllll IlLa~ nWA'Y)O'Y)~. 0 EQyat'Y)~ ()EV EXEL nOUA1l0EL tmorn: ()EV YVoog~EL OUtE rc ()LXmWllata rou, OUtE to IlEYE80~ t'Y)~ nagaxwQ'Y)O'Y)~ rrou oou £XEL xaVEL, OUtE to vonuo tou aull~oAaLOu rroo LOxuQ~EOm OtL EXEL~ auva1l'El Ila~( tOU. An' t'Y)v nAEUQa tOU unagXEt nAllQ'Y)t; ayvoLa· an' t'Y) ()LXll oou ocpaAlla xm ~acpvicouo, YLa v« ll'Y)v mo anat'Y) xm xogo"L()Ca.

A~ 'to xcrconioooue auto nEQLoOOtEgo oacpE~ xm nQocpavE~ IlE Eva aAAo naga()ELYlla.

KavEL~ ()EV ovvoet tL~ ()UOXOA(E~ rtou unaQXOUV YLa vc IlEtatganEL Illa aXaAAtEQY'Y)t'Y) Y'Y) OE aQomll'Y) xm nagayooYLXll. OL ()UOXOALE~ autE~ Elvm tEtOLE~ WO'tE 'tl~ nEgLoOOtEQE~ cpogE~ Eva~ IlEIlOVOOIlEVO~ av8goono~ 8a nE8mvE ngotou CPEQEl to E()a-

To tLIl'Y)lla ()EV ELvm aQxEto: 'Y) EQyaoLa rcov EQyatwv EXEL ()'Y)IlLOUQY1l0EL IlLa a~La xm autll 'Y) a~(a E(vm 'Y) L()LOx't'Y)o(a roix. AAAa OUtE 't'Y)V EXOUV rtou-

52

53

llPOYNTON

llEPI I~IOKTH~IM:

<p0~ oe !-ua xa-tamaCIT] rro'll Sa rou rraQECXE rc EAaXlmu rrQo~ 'to ~ELV. Ft' amo XQna~ov'tm ot EVW!--U~VE~ xm CYUV(')'llaO!-lEVE~ rrQOOrraSElE~ TYl~ xmVWVLa~ xaScO~ xm OAm oi ~LO!-l'Y]xaVlxOL rroQm. 0 XUQLO~ Ch. Comte rraQuSE'tEL nrivco a' amo 'to SE!-la reoA'llaQLS!-la xm a'llSEV'tlxa YEyOVOLa, (')LXW~ va unoljna~E'tm OU'tE mLY!-ltl O'tL CYUYXEV'tQcOVEl !-laQ't'llQLE~ svrivnu 0't0 L(')lO rou 'to aUO't'Y]!-la.

A~ 'llrrOSEOO'll!-lE O'tl !-lla arrmxLa 20 tl 30 oixoYEVElcOV EyxaSLma-tm os !-lla aYQla rrEQLOXtl rro'll ELvm XaA'll!-l!-lEv'Y] us Oduvoix xru ;uAa, arr' 't'Y]v 0- noro, ~aoEl CYU!-l<pwv(a~, ot vromot ouvcwoiiv va artoouofloiiv. KaSE !-lla arro amE~ n~ mxoYEVElE~ Xa-tEXH Eva !-lE'tQlO aAAa E:rtaQXE~ xE<paAmo, 'tEtoto cOO'tE Eva~ arrmxo~ !-lrroQEL va (')LaAE;El: ~cOa, arroQo'll~, EQyaAELa xaScO~ xm ALya XQtl!-laLa Xal <pay'Y]'to. H Y'Y] EXEL !-lmQaO'tEL· 'Y] xaSE oixoveveux ~oAEuE'tm 000 xaM'tEQa !-lrroQEL xm ;EXLVa va xaSaQ~El 'to xO!-l!-la'tl rcou 't'Y]~ EXEl (')OSEC. Msrd O!-lW~ coro ALYE~ E~(')O!-la(')E~ 'llrrEQ~oAlXtl~ xouQao'Y]~, arrLmEm'Y]~ LaAmrrwQ(a~, xa-taO'tQo<plXtl~ xm OXE(')ov aXQ'Y]O't'Y]~ EQyaoLa~, ot arrmXOL !-la~ aQX~o'UV va rraQarrovLouV'tm YLa 't'Y] (')O'llAna 'to'll~. H xa-taO'ta0tl 'to'll~ 'tou~ <paLvE'tm (')uaxoA'Y] xm xa-tagLOuV'tm 't'Y]v aSALa urraQ;tl roue,

Sa<pvLxa, Eva~ arr' rou; E;'llrrvo'tEQO'll~ nvriueaa rou; oxoroive; Eva YO'llQOUVL, rraO'tcOvEL Eva !-lEQO~ rou XQEa-tO~, xm, arro<pao~oV'ta~ va S'llmaOEl 't'Y]v 'llrrOAmrr'Y] nooomro, rr'Y]yaLvEL va ouvevtrjoei roue ouvtoorpoi«; rou 0't'Y] (')'llO't'UxLa. «<!>LAOL», ;EXL-

va a' Evav rroM xaAoxaya80 rove, «nooo rroM La- ~ AmrrwQELO'tE YLa va rrQoxwQtl0EL EAaXlO'ta 'Y] oouAHa oa~ xm va ~EL'tE 't000 <p'twXlxa! 'Eva bExarrEVStl!-lEQO EQyaoLa~ aa~ EXEl <pEQn ornv Eoxa't'Y] (')'llm'llxLa!. .. A~ XaVO'll!-lE !-lLa CYU!-l<pwvLa arr' 't'Y]v 0- rtofn Sa ~YEl'tE oAm XEQ(')W!-lEvm. ~a~ rrQoo<pEQW xQEa~ Xal xQaoL· Sa rraLQvE'tE rroAu XaSE !-lEQa· Sa (')O'llAEUO'll!-lE !-la~L xm ue 't'Y] ~OtlSELa rou 8EOU, <pLAm uou, Sa EL!-laO'tE E'll't'UXLO!-lEVm xm lxavorrOL'Y]!-lEVOL!»

Mnoooiiv abELa mO!-laXLa va av'tLa'taSouv OE !-lLa retoto rrQoaxA'Y]a'Y]; OL mo rrELVaO!-lEvm aVa!-lEori 'to'll~ aXOAO'llSOUV 'toy UrrO'llAO EX!-la'llAlO'ttl: rr'Y]yaLvo'UV va bO'llAE'ljJO'llV· 'Y] yO'Y]'tELa 't'Y]~ xorvcovtnc, 't'Y]~ a!-lLna~, 't'Y]~ xaQa~ xm 't'Y]~ aAA'Y]Ao~OtlSEla~ blrrAama~EL 't'Y] 6Uva!-ltl roue' 'Y] bO'llAELa rrQo<pavcO~ rrQoxwQa. TQayo'll(')cOv'ta~ xm YEAcOVLa~, ba!-la~o'UV 't'Y] <puo'Y]· ouvrou« 'to Eba<po~ !-lE'ta!-loQ<pcOvE'tm· 'tcOQa 'Y] arraAtl Y'Y] rrEQL!-lEVEL 't'Y] ortopri. rLvE'tm XL cu'to· 0 LbLOX'ttl't'Y]~ rrA'Y]QcOvEL rou; EQya'tE~ rou, oi 0- rro(m <PEUYOV'ta~, 'toy E'llxaQW'tOuv xm A'llrrOuV'tal rro'll OL Em'llXLO!-lEVE~ !-lEQE~ nou rrEQaoav !-la~L rou 'tEAELwoav.

KL 6lAm aXOAO'llSOUV 'to L(')LO rraQa(')ELY!-la, rravro !-lE rnv L(')la Em't'llxLa. ME 'to nou EbQmcOvoV'tal mrtof, OL 'llrrOAmrrOL (')LaaxOQ:rc~oV'tm, 0 xaSEva~ EmmQE<pEL oro (')Lxa rou ;EXEQocO!-la'ta. A).,Aa EVcO ;EXEQOcOVO'llV ELvm avayxaLo va ~tlOO'UV· EVOOW xaSagL~av YLa AoyaQlaO!-lo rou YEL'tova 'to'll~, (')EV xaSagL~av XaSOAO'll YLa AoyagLaO!-lO roue. 'Eva~

54

55

IlPOYNTON

IlEPI I~IOKTHLIAl:

XQOVO~ mtoQa~ XaL 8EQLO!-1013 EXH ~6'Y] xa8Ec' ELxav 'I):rtOAOY(OH O-U c>avEct;;oVta~ 't'Y]V EQyaO(a rou; 8a unopotxxrv !-lOVO va XEQC>(OO'l)V, acpo13 8a coto'ta!-lLE'I)aV tL~ 6LXE~ rou; :rtQO!-l~8ELE~ XaL, EVW 8a ~o13oav xaA13'tEQa, 8a E~ya~av oxouo :rtEQLOOOtEQa XQ~!-la'ta, Aa80~ 'I):rtOAOYLO!-lO~! ~'Y]!-lL013QY'Y]oav uovaxa ta !-lEOa :rtaQay()Jy~~ YLa xa:rtOLOV aAAO XaL 6EV 6'Y]!-lLo13QY'Y]oav 'tL:rtO'ta yLa roue Ea'l)t013~ roix, OL C>'I)OXOALE~ rou ~EXEQOW!-latO~ :rtaQa!-lEVO'l)V OL LC>LE~, Ta Qo13xa to'l)~ cp8ELQOV'taL, OL :rtQO!-l~8ELE~ rou; E~aVtA013V'taL XaL ouvrouo to :rtOQ't0CPOAL to'l)~ a6Ha~EL :rtQo~ OCPEAO~ rou EVO~ YLa 'tOY O:rtOLO 6013- AEtpav XaL noi: !-lOVOV amo~ !-l:rtOQEL va :rtaQEXEL 'tL~ :rtQO!-l~8ELE~ :rtO'l) XQELa~oV'taL, acpo13 uovov a'l)'to~ cCVaL OE 8E<J'Y] va tL~ :rtaQayaYH, L't'Y] o'UVEXELa, !-l0- AL~ E~aVtA'Y]8013v 'ta a:rt08E!-la'ta rou cp't()Jxo13 ~EXEQo()Jt~, 0 av8Q()J:rt0~ us n~ :rtQO!-l~8ELE~ (o:rt()J~ 0 C>QaXO~ tou :rtaQa!-l'l)8LOU, rtou !-l'l)Qct;;H'tO 813!-la ro» a:rto !-laxQLa) E!-lcpavct;;E'taL XaL :rtaAL, LtoV Evav :rtQOOCPEQH EQyaoLa XaL :rtaAL ue 't'Y]V 'Y]!-lEQa' orov aAAo :rtQO'tELVEL va ayoQaoH OE xaA~ 'tL!-l~ Eva XO!-l!-la'tL cor' 't'Y] cp't()JX~ Y'Y] rou, noi: C>EV rou E(VaL XQ~aL!-l'Y] XaL no'tE C>EV 8a [.t:rtOQEOEL va YLVEL' 6'Y]Aac>~ XQ'Y]aL[.tO:rtOLE( 't'Y]V EQyao(a EVO~ av8Qw:rto'l) YLa va xaAALEQY~OEL 'to X()JQacpL EVO~ 'tQL'tO'l) :rtQO~ ocpEA6~ rou, XL E'taL, Ensrrn a:rto cCXOaL XQOVLa, :rtEV'tE ~ E~L a'to[.ta cor' tn 'tQLaV'ta rtou aQXLxa ELxav (OE~ :rtEQLO'I)O(E~, EX0'UV Y(VH L6LOX't~'tE~ OAOXA'Y]Q'Y]~ 't'Y]~ :rtEQLOX~~, EVW OL'I):rtOAOL:rtOL EX0'l)V Ex6L()JX8E( cpLAav8Q()J:rtLxa,

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o EQya~o~Evo£, XQELu~E'tm evov ~La80 rtou 8a rou Em'tQE1jJEL va ~EL EVOOW bOUAEUEL, YLm( av bEY xmaVaAWOEL, bEY ~JtOQE( va JtaQayuYEL. OJtOLOObijJtO'tE aJtaoxoAE( Evav uv8QwJto JtQEJtEL va 'tOY (J'UV'tl]QE( xm va 'tOY 8QECPEL ij va rou beVEL 'toy ovnO'tOLXO ~L080. Auto E(vm 'to JtQW'tO nQuy~a rtot: y(verm os OA11 rnv JtaQaywyij. ~Exo~m, JtQO£, 'to noQOv, O'tL aJt' amij rnv UJtO'ljJl] 0 xam'taALO'trJ£' EXEL XUVEL 'to XQEO£, rou.

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fIQox,OOQO:IlE aJto rnv EQyaoLa O't'YJv LOO't'YJ'ta.

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ITEPI I6IOKTH~IA1:

VaAOya !-tE 'to !-tEYE80~ 'tl]~ EQyaaLa~ 'tOU, vc EXEL !-tEQLbw oro xEQbYJ XaL oru OcpEAl]· Xat

3. 'On orpoii OAOXAl]QO 'to XEcpaAaLO ELVat xoiVWVlX~ nEQlouaLa, xaVEL~ bEY EXEL anOXAELatlx~ l('Hox'tl]aLa navw a' mrro,

xmVWVlX~ oixovoutn Xat 'tOY xmvwvlxo !-tE'taOXl]ucenouo, YQacpouv EnaVW ore Aa~aQa 'tOu~:

«LlOV xa8Eva oouqxovo [lE 'tl~ lxavo't'll'tE~ lOU, ornv XU8E lxavo't'll'ta avuf..oya us 'ta Erna 't'I']~» (Law Ll[lOV) xm

Autri 'to. O"U!-tnEQaafA,ma ELVat abla!-tcpW~~Tl]La Xat ano uovu rou; 80. aQxouaav Yla vc avmQEipouv OMXAl]QO 'to otxovojuxo fA,a~ a1Jatl]!-ta Xat vc aAAa~OUVE TOU~ 8EafA,OU~ Xat 'tOu~ vO!-tou~ !-ta~. na'tL La Lbla a'tOfA,a nou xa8lEQwaav aUT~ rnv aQX~ aQvouvtat 'twQa v« 'tl]v anobEX'tOuV; nmL oi Say, ot Cornte, oi Hennequins Xat ot aAAm, acpou ELnaVE onl] lbLox'tl]aLa YEVVlE'tat an' rnv EQyaaLa, 'ljJaXVO~V xmomv vu rnv xctovorioouv bla ueoou 'tl]~ XaLaAl]'ljJl]~ Xat 'tl]~ naQaYQacp~~;

AAAa a~ acp~aOUfA,E au'tOu~ rou; aocplatE~ atl~ avtlcpaaEL~ roue XaL ornv wcpAa roix. To xaM aLa8l]!-ta TOU Aaou 80. choQ8waEl n~ naQavo~aEl~ roix. A~ anEuaou!-tE vc blacpw'tLaou!-tE rov Aao Xat vc rou bE~OUfA,E 'to aAl]8lvo uovorcdn, H wo'tl]La nAl]O"laSEl: ~bl] bEY fA,a~ XWQLSEl an' au't~ naQa !-tla !-tlXQ~ anOataal]· aUQlo xat aUTO axo!-ta TO xaa!-ta 80. EXEl xAELaEl.

«LlOV xa8Eva avuf..oya [lE 'to XECpUf..mO rou, 't'I']v EQyao(a lOU xm 'to 'taf..£V'to lOU» (<I>ouQuO

6. L:r:1]v xotvcovia DAm ot tuoiio! eivcu toot

ME aULa EVVOOUV (!-tOAOVO'tl bEY 'to AEVE !-tE 'toaE~ nOnE~ M~El~) on 'to. nQo'(Ovta 'tl]~ cpuO'YJ~, rtou nQoEQxoV'tat an' 'tl]v EQyaaLa Xat 'tl] ~lo!-t'Y]xavLa, ELVat !-tla aVLa!-tOl~~, fA,la bWQoboxLa, Eva atE!-t!-ta rtou nQoacpEQE'tat 010 Xa8E ELbou~ unEQox~ Xat 0.VW'tEQO't'Y]La. eEWQOUV 'tl] Yl] ocv !-tla n;QaatLa aQEva ornv onoto xEQbLSOV'tat 'to. Ena8Aa, 0Xl ma -ELVal l] aA~8Ela- !-tE 'to X'tun'Y]!-ta nov ana8lwv, !-tE 'tl] bUva!-t'Y] Xat 'tl] bOAlo'tl]'ta, ana !-tE 'tOY xEQblO!-tEVO nAou'to, EVVOOUV (XaL oAm ouuqxovoiiv !-taSL roue) on otr] !-tcyaAU'tEQ'Y] lxavo't'Y]La a~LSEll] !-tcyaAU'tEQ'Y] avta!-tm~~' xot, yLa va fA,lA~aOUvE 'tl] YAwaaa nov 10- fA,noQwv ('Y] onotc EXEl, 'tOUAaXlatov, 'to nQoaov on ELVat oacp~~), on oi anoS'Y]!-tlWaEl~ nQEnEl va bLVOvtru avaAoya ue 't'Y]v txovorntu Xat La EQya.

Ot !-ta8'Y]'tE~ au'twv rcov bUo uno'tl8E!-tEVWV !-tE'taQQu8!-tlatWV bEY fA,noQouv va aQvl]80uv on ELVat reroic 'Y] aXE'ljJ'Y] roue, YlmL anlW~ 80. EQ80uv os 0.vnrpoon us 'tl~ EnCaYJ!-tE~ EQ!-t'Y]VELE~ 'tOU~ Xat 80. xc'taatQE'ljJOUV'tl]V evornrc rcov ouorqudnov 'tOu~. E-

Or :2:atV-:2:l!-tOVlatE~, ot <l>OUQlEQlatE~ Xat YEVlxa OAOl oooi atl~ !-tEQE~ !-ta~ aaxoAOUvtat !-tE 'tl]V

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mnAEOV, OEV nQEm:L va cpO~O!laOLE !lLa reroio aQV'Y]O'YJ an' t'Y]V nAEUQa roue, YLat( OL OVo OEXtE~ rtsQ'Y]cpaVEUOVtaL nw~ EXOUV xaSLEQWOEL w~ aQxij t'Y]V cvtoorqtu tWV ouvS'Y]XWV otiuqxovn !lE tL~ aVLOOt'Y]tE~ t'Y]~ CPUO'YJ~, 'Y] ortofo; (/..EVE) EXEL xaSoQ(OEL t'Y]V aVWOt'Y]ta tmv LxaVOtijtwv. KOfA,na~ouv YLa Eva fA,OVO nQaYfA,a, on to nOALtLXO roue aUOL'Y]fA,a E(VaL rooo tEAELO WOLE OL XOLVWVLXE~ aVLOOt'Y]tE~ «vnOLOLXOUV rtrivtu OtL~ cpumxE~ aVLOOt'Y]tE~. '000 YLa to xata nooo yvwQ~OUV t'Y]V aVLOOt'Y]ta rrov ouvS'Y]xorv, EVVOOUV t'Y]V avtafA,OL~ij, mSavov VOLa~OvtaL ALYOtEQO YL' auto an' O,tL YLa to va xaSoQ(OOUV fA,La OLaSEQa LxaVOt'Y]ta~*.

QLSfA,OU~ fA,aS'Y]tE~ tOU~ OEV E(XE EmXELQijOEL va OWOEL OLO XOLVO fA,La EmOL'Y]fA,OVLxij anOOEL~'Y] rruroii tOU fA,EyaAou anocpSEYfA,ato~, XaL OtOLX'Y]fA,at~w Exato nQo~ Eva OtL xavE(~ CPOUQLEQLOLij~ OEV unotVLa~EtaL xcv ou auto~ 0 OLttO~ acpoQLOfA,O~ EmMXEtaL ouo oLacpoQEtLXE~ EQfA,'Y]VE(E~.

«LtoV xa8Eva oiiuqxovo ue 'tL£ Lxavo't'Y]tE£ rou, aT'Y]V xa8E ixovomt« avaAoya ue rc EQya 't'Y]£»

«L'tOV xa8Eva avaAoya us to XECjJaAmo toll, t'Y]V EQyaa(a rou xm to 'taMvto rou»

«L'tOV xa8Eva aUflCjJwva ftE n£ Lxavo't'Y]'tE£ rou, orqv xa8E Lxavo't'Y]'ta avaAoya us ru EQya t'Y]£»

H nQOtao'Y] autij, av t'Y]V naQoUfA,E, in sensu obvio, onw~ AEVE, fA,E t'Y]v nQoo'Y]A'Y] XaL xOLvij 't'Y]~ O'YJfA,ao(a E(VaL AaVSaOfA,Ev'Y], naQaAOY'Y], aOLx'Y], ovncpatLXij, EXSQLXij nQo~ t'Y] o'Y]fA,oxQat(a, CPLALXij nQo~ rnv 'tU Qavv (a, cvnxowcovrxr] XaL OUOLUXW~ EXEL OUAA'Y]cpSE( uno t'Y] oacpij EmQQoij t'Y]~ LOLOXt'Y]maxij~ nQoXataA'Y]tV'Y]~·

Kat' aQxa~, to xEcpaAaLO nQEnEL va O,LaYQacpE( an' t'Y] A(OLa tWV OLOLXE(WV nou o(OOvtaL w~ cvrofA,OL~ij. OL CPOUQLEQLOLE~, an' ooc f!JtoQwa va fA,aSw ano fA,EQLXE~ fA,nQooouQE~ tOU~, aQvouvtaL to oLxa(wfA,a XataA'Y]tV'Y]~ XaL OEV avayvwQ~ouv XafA,La ~aO'YJ OL'Y]V LOLOXt'Y]o(a~ EXtO~ coto rnv (oLa rnv LOWXt'Y]oto. Lt'Y] ~aO'YJ EVO~ naQanAijmou OUAAOYLOfA,OU Sa E(xav XataAa~EL, av E(xav OXEcptE( en' mrroii, OtL to xEcpaAaLO WcpEAE( autov nou to EXEL fA,OVO A6yw

«L'tOV xa8Eva avaAoya ftE to xECjJaAmo rou, 't'Y]V EQyaa(a rou XaL 'to 'taMvto rou»

MEXQL tOY SavatO rou LaLV-LLfA,OV XaL t'Y]V autoSwnoC'Y]o'Y] tou <DOUQLE, xaVE(~ an' rou; nOAua-

* LUflCjJwva flE 'tOY Lmv-LLflOV, 0 ccwouioveeo; LEQEa£ :rtQoaDLOQ~EL rnv Lxav6-t'YlW rou xa8Evo£ ue 'to aA.d8'Yl't0 rou Da:rta ztou EXEL, flLflOUflEVO<; rnv PWflaLoxa80ALX~ EXXA'YlaCa· rniuqxov« flE 'tOY <PO'llQLE, OL xma'taT(i~EL<; XaL 'ta :rtQoaOvta a:rtocpaa~Ovtm flE 1jJOcpocpOQLa, flLflOUflEVOL 'to ouvrcvurmxo Xa8EaTW<;: :rtQocpavw£, 0 flEYaAO<; aV'tQa<; Efl:rta~EL rou; avayvWaTE<; XaL DEV 8EAEL va 'to'll£:rtEL 'to uuaTLXO tou,

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rou bLXaLWflatOS; t'llS; xataA'll'tjJ'llS;, XaL EtCJL a'Ut~ 'll reaQaylOy~ ELVaL a8EflLt'll. IIQaYflatL, «v n EQyaaLa ElVaL 'll flovabLx~ ~aO'Y] t'llS; Lbwxt'llaCas;, reaulO vo ElflaL LbLOXt*'llS; rou XlOQacpwu uou aflEalOS; flOALS; reaQlO EVOLXLa YL' a'UtO areo "XareOLOV anOV XUAALEQY'llt~. Auro to EX0'UflE areObE~EL aVaVtLQQ'llta. 'OfllOS; aufl~aLVEL to Lbw flE 01..0 to xEcpaAaLo, EtCJL WatE to va ~aAo'UflE xECpaAaLo os flLa EltLXELQ'lla'll a'llflULVEL, flE to YQaflfla rou VOflO'U, va to avtaAAa~O'UflE us Eva avtLatOLXO a8QOLafla reQo"COvtlOv. dEY 8a 'UnEtaEA8lO ~ava a' a'Ut~ rqv uvouoto tWQa aus*1']<Jr] , acpou oro enousvo xEcpaAaLO reQotCSEflaL va E~EtaalO oe ~aeo£ a'Uto rtot: OVOflasttaL «naQaylOy~ flEalO xEcpaAaLo'U».

'EtCJL, to XECpaAaLO flJtOQEl va avtaAAax8EL, aAAa bEY flJtOQEL va ELVaL flLa n'llY~ ELaob~flatOS;.

Atrrd erou nagaflEvEL ELVaL 'll EQyaala XaL to taMvto, 1), orelOS; to 8EtEL 0 LaLV LLflov, tn «EQYU» XaL OL «LxaVOt'lltES;». Autri 8a E~EtaalO bLaboXlxa.

ea' reQEreE OL flLaeOl va bLVOVtaL avaAoyu flE rnv EQyaaLa; M' aAAa MYLa, Elvm bCxaLO autos; nou xavEL reEQLaaotEQa va EtareQattEL reEQLaaOtEQa; IIaQaxuAw tOY avayvwat'll va bwaEL t'll flEYUA.UtEQ'll buvat1) reQoaox~ a' a'Uto to a'llflElo. dEY flJtOQEL va 'UnaQ~EL xaflLa aflcpL~OALa YLa rnv areaVt'Y]<Jr].

o eEOS; ELreE orov aveQlOno, «ME tOY LbQwtu tou regoawreo'U oou 8a XEQbCSELS; to 'tjJlOflL oou»: b1']Aab~, eu reaQaYEL£ to bLXO oou 'tjJlOfll· ea bO'UAEUELS; reEQLaaOtEQO ~ ALYOtEQO E'UxaQlata, avaAoya ue

t'llV LXuvot'llta oou vo. XUVOVLSELS; "XaL va oQyavwVELS; u£ reQoarea8ElES; oou, 0 eEOS; bEY ELnE, «eu flaAWVEL£ us tOY YEltOVa oou YLU to 'tjJlOflL», aAAa «Oo bO'UAEUEL£ reAaL orov YEltOVa oou, XaL OL b'Uo flaSe 8u auv'UnaQXEtE aQI-l0VLxa». A£ uvuntus,o'UflE to vonuc rnrroti rou VOflO'U, 1'] uXQaLa areAo·t:"XOt'llta rou ortotou EltLtQEnEL reaQEQfl1']VElES;.

Lt'llV EQyaala ELVaL anaQaLt'Y]to va bLaxQLvo'UflE bUo reQaYflata, t'll ouveovaoia XaL rc Dta()tat/la VAlIu1.

MEXQL twga, "Xa8ws; OL EQYUSO!lEVOL auvEQyaSOvtaL, ELVaL LaOL· XaL ELVaL avtLcpatLXO va noufl£ OtL 0 Evas; nQEnEL va nA'llQWVEtaL nEgtaaOtEQO ano tOY aAAo. fLatl to reQo·t:ov rou EVOS; EgyasoflEVO'U flreOQEl va reA'llQlOeEL flOVO an' to nQo·t:ov EVOS; aAAO'U· EtCJL, UV rc bUo nQo·t:ovta ELVaL rivton, to 'UreoAOLreo, 1) 'll bLacpOQa rou mo I-U,yaAO'U us to rno flLXQO, bEY Sa unoXt'llSEe an' t'llv "XOLVlOV(U "XaL Etm bEY Sa Ere'llQEaaEL rnv LaOt'lltU rcov flLaSwv acpou bEY EXEL uvtaAAux8EL To unOtEAEafla YLa tOY b'Uvrrrorsoo EQyat'll Su ELVaL, UV SEAEtE, flLa CPVCJLX1) ovuromrc aAAa 0XL flLa XOLVlOVLX1), acpou xavELS; bEY 'UnEcpEQE YLa t'll bUvafl~ tOl) XaL rnv reaQuYlOYLx1) roo EvEQYELa. ME b'Uo MYla, 'll xowcovto avtuAAaaaEL flOVO laa nQo"Covtu· b'llAab~, nA'llQWVEL 0- AO'U£ rou; EQyatES; Es,Lao'U. To tL reaQayouv ES,lO uno t'll acpalQa t'llS; "XOLVlOVLUS; bEY EXEL flEYUA.UtEg1']

. a'llflaala an' O,tL 'll ()LacpOQa om CPlOV1) tou; ~ ore flaAALa to'US;.

MreoQEL va cpaLVEtaL OtL flOALS; {Swu rnv uQX~

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tl'j; aVLOOtl'jta;, aAAa CJ'Uf,t~aCVEL aXQL~lO; to ovnOero. LE onoWOtlnOtE OEOOf,tEVO xouurin Yl'j; l'j CJ'UVOALXtl nooomt« tl'j; EQyaoCa; nou f,tnOQEC va ov«Aw8EC YLa rnv xowcovtc, Ol'jAaOtl tl'j; EQyaoCa; nou Em6EXEtm aVtaAAaYtl, ECvm aVaAOYl'j us tOY aQL8- f,t0 tWV EQya~Of,tEVWV xm us to f,tEYE80; tl'j; EQyaoLa; nou aVatC8EtaL otov xa8Eva' XL EtOL nQoxuntEL OtL l'j CPUOLXtl cvioornrc E~OUOEtEQlOvEtm 000 f,tEyaAlOVEL l'j CJ'UVEQyao(a xm naQaYEtaL XOLVWVLXa f,tLa f,tEYaMtEQl'j nooornm XataVaAlOOLf,tWV a~LlOv. 'EtOL, ornv xowcovtc to uovo nQaYf,ta rtou 8a unoQOUOE vo anoxataottloEL rnv uvtootnt« ttl; EQyaoCa; 8a titav to oLxa(wf,ta tl'j; XataAl'j'ljJl'j;, to oLxaCw!la tl'j; LOWXtl'jOCa;.

'Of,tW;, un08EOlE OtL auto to Xa8l'jf,tEQLVO XOLVWVLXO EQYO E(VaL E(tE oQywf,ta, ECtE ~E~OtaVWf,ta, ELtE 8EQLOf,ta oLaxoo(wv tEtQaywvLxlOV f,tEtQWV, xm OtL 0 f,tEOO; XQovo; rtou anmtELtaL YLa vc nQaYf,tatonOLl'j8EC E(VaL Ecpta lOQE;: AOLnov, Eva; EQyatl'j; 8a to tEAELlOOEL 010 E~L lOQE;, XanOLO; aAAO; 010 0- XtlO xm OL nAELov6tl'jta 010 Ecpta. IIaQ' OA' mrrri, acpou 0 xa8Eva; naQEXEL tl'jV anmtoUf,tEVl'j nooomta EQyaoCa;, 00l'j lOQa XL uv tOU na(QVEL, OLxmoutm (00 f,tL080.

Sa 'nQEnE 0 EQya~Of,tEVO; rtou ECvm Lxavo; va tEAELlOOEL to EQYO roo 010 E~L lOQE; vc ECXE to OLxaCcouo, E~mtCa; tl'j; f,tcyaAUtEQtl; tOU 6Uvaf,tl'j; xm 10- VEQyl'jtLXOtl'jta;, vc OCPEtEQLOlE( rnv anaOXOAl'jOl'j tOU ALYOtEQO Em6E~wu EQya~Of,tEVOU xm vo tOU XAE'ljJEL EtOL tl'j OOUAELa XaL to 'ljJWf,t( tOU; IIOLO; tOA-

f,ta vo. unoOll'jQ~EL f,tLa tEtOLa nQotaol'j; Auto; nou tEAECWOE VWQLtEQa an' tOUS; aAAOUS; f,tnoQEL, av 8EAEL, vc ~ExouQaOtEC xm va acpLEQw8EC 010 XQtlOLf-lE; aoxtl0EL; xm EQyao(E; YLa tl'j OLattlQl'jOl'j tl'j; 6Uvaf,ttl; tOU, tl'jv xaAALEQYELa tOU nVEUf,tatOS; tOU xa8lO; XaL OlLS; xaQES; tl'j; ~WtlS;. MnoQEC va to XaVEL auto XWQ(; vo. ~Aa'ljJEL xavEvav: aAAa a; nEQwQLOlEC 010 oQaOll'jQLOt11tE; nov Enl'jQEa~OUV uovo rnrtov. H EUQwOl(a, l'j Eucputa, 11 EQyanXOtl'jta xm ta nQoowmxa nAEOvEXttlf-lata rtot: nQoEQxovtm ano autE; E(VaL EQYO tl'jS; CPU011; XaL 010 OQLOf-lEVO ~a8f-l0 tOU rrrouoir l'j xowcovtc anooCOEL tl'jv EXt(f-ll'jOl'j nou rou; a~~EL, aAAa OL f-lL080C us tOUS; onotoix n; nA11QlOVEL OEV f-lEtQlOvtaL f-lE to tL unoooov va xavouv aAAa f-lE to tL naQayouv. 'Of-lw; l'j naQaywytl tOU xa8Evos; nEQLoQ~EtaL coto to oLxa(Wf-la OAWV.

Axouo XL av to Eoacpo; tltaV anEQLoQLOlO xm ta oLa8EOLf,ta UALXa aVE~avtAl'jta, OEV 8a unoomQ~af-lE auto to an6cp8CYf-la, «orov xa8Eva ouuqxovc ue tl'jv EQyao(a rou». nate auto; natL XaL naAL l'j xorvrovtc, onow; XL av ELvm 0 aQL8f,t0; tWV f-lEAlOV tl'j;, nQEnEL vn ta nA11QlOOEL ue tOU; COLOUS; f,tL- 08015;, acpou roue nA11QlOVEL f-lOVO YLa rn OLXa tOU; nQo·tovta. QOlOOO, Ol11V un08EOl'j rrou f-l0AL; xavaus, acpou OEV f-lnoQoUf-lE va Ef-lnOoCOoUf-lE tOUS; ouvrrtotic v« XQ11OLf-l0nOLtl00Uv oAa tOU; ta nAEOvExttlf,tata, 8a EmOLlO~oUf-lE vo. f-ll'jV ~avaYEvvWUvtm rn nQo~Atlf-lata tl'jC; CPUOLXtlS; aVLOOt11taC; oro f,tEoo tl'jS; XOLVWVLXtlC; WOt11taS;. 'Of-lWS; l'j yl'j, 010 OXEOl'j f,tE t11V naQaywYLXtl 6Uvaf-ll'j tWV Xato(xwv tl'jC; xm rnv

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LXaVD-t'YJ'ta 'tOU~ va :TtOAAa:TtAama~OV'tm, ELvm E~mQEnxa :TtEQWQLaf-tEv'YJ· XL Em:TtAEOV, f-tE 't'YJV 'tEQaa'tLa :TtOLXLALa 'tWV :TtQo·C6V'twv xm 'tOY U:TtEQ~OALX6 xa'taf-tEQLaf.-tO 't'YJ~ EQyaaLa~, 'to XOLVWVLX6 EQYO ELvm EUXOAO va :TtQaYf.-ta'tO:Tt0L'YJ8EL. AAAa f.-tEaW au'tOu 'tOU :TtEQWQWf.-tOU 'tWV :TtQaYf.-ta'twv :TtOU f-t:TtOQOUV va :TtaQax80uv xm usoto 't'YJ~ EuxoALa~ :TtaQaywy~~ roix, :TtQOXU:rt'tEL 0 vouo; 't'YJ~ a:Tt6AU't'YJ~ La6't'YJ'ta~.

Noi, 'YJ ~w~ ELvm Eva~ aywva~, 6f.-tw~ aU't6~ 0 aywva~ OEV ELvm f-tE'ta~u av8Qw:Ttwv, aAAa avaf.-twa orov av8Qw:Tt0 xm 't'YJ cpua'YJ· xm 0 xa8Eva~ nQE:TtEL vn YLVEL f.-tEQO~ 'tOU. Av orov aywva OL Ouva'to( ~o'YJ8~aouv 'tOU~ abUvmou~, 'YJ xaAoaUv'YJ rou; a~~EL E:TtmVO xm ayamr aAAa 'YJ ~0~8ELa 'tou~ :TtQE:TtEL vo YLVEL OEX't~ oov f.-tLa au86Qf.-t'YJ't'YJ OWQEa, 0XL va EJtL~aAAE'tm OLa 't'YJ~ ~La~ ~ va :TtQoacpEQE'tm Evavn aV'tL'tLf.-tOU. 'OAOL EXOUV va OLavuaouv 'tQExoV'ta~ rnv LOLa OLaOQOf.-t~, 'YJ O:TtOLa OEV E(vm OU'tE :TtoM f.-tEYaA'YJ OU'tE :TtOAU MaxOA'YJ: 6:TtOLO~ 'tEQf.-ta't~EL ovtcuet~E'tm oro 'tEAO~, xm OEV ELvm a:TtaQaL't'YJ'tO vc 'tEQf.-tmLaEL :TtQW'tO~.

~'tL~ 'tU:TtOYQacpLxE~ EmXELQ~aEL~, O:TtOU OL EQya~6f.-tEVOL CJUv~8w~ OOUAEUOUV us 'to xOf-tf.-ta'tL, 0 mOLXEL08E't'YJ~ :TtaCQvEL roo« ava XLALa YQaf.-tf.-taw :TtOU mOLXEL08E'tEL, 0 mEm~~ roo« rrvri XLALa cpUAAa :TtOU 'tUnWvEL. Km EXEL, 6:TtW~ xm aAAOU, f.-tJtOQEL xaVEL~ va ~QEL avwo't'YJ'ta WAEV'tOU xm EmOE~LO't'YJ'ta~. "Ornv OEV YLVOV'tm otriosu; EQyaaLa~, :TtOU f.-tEQLXE~ CPOQE~ YLVOV'tm cor' rou; 'tU:TtoYQacpou~ xm rou; mOLXEw8E'tE~ 6:TtW~ os 6Aa rn mayyEAf.-tam, 0

xa8Eva~ E(vm EAEU8EQO~ vo OOUAE1I'EL coo mo aXA'YJQa 8EAEL xrn va aax~aEL 'tL~ LxaVO't'YJ'tE~ 'tOU oro E:TtaxQO· rots, aU't6~ :TtOU xavEL ALYO'tEQa :Tta(QVEL ALYO'tEQa. AAAa orov «:TtEaEL» 'YJ OouAELa, OL mOLXEL08€'tE~ xrn OL mEa't€~ f.-tOLQa~OV'tm 't'YJ OouAELa 'tou~ xm 6AOL oooi EXOUV f.-toVO:TtWAW nvnue'tw:Tt~oV'tm ccv a:TtEx8EL~ A'YJm€~ ~ aav :TtQ006'tE~.

YnaQXEL f.-tLa cpLAoaocp(a m'YJ CJUf.-t:TtEQLcpOQa au'twv 'tWV 'tU:Tt0YQacpwv 't'YJv O:TtOLa OEV Ecp'taaav :TtO'tE OU'tE OL OLXOVOf.-tOAOYOL OU'tE OL OLX'YJyOQOL. Av OL VOf.-t08E'tE~ f.-ta~ ELxav EwayaYEL croix XWOLXE~ rnv aQX~ 't'YJ~ avaOLavEf.-t'YJ'tLX~~ oLxmoaUV'YJ~, nou XU~EQva 'tL~ 'tU:TtOYQacpLxE~ E'tmQE(E~, xm av ELxav naQa't'YJQ~aEL rc Aa·Lxa evonxro; 6XL YLa vn rc f.-tLf.-t'YJ80uv aAAa YLa va ro ~EAnwaouv xm va rc YEVLxEuaouv, rote aU't~ 'YJ EAEu8EQLa xm 'YJ wo't'Yjm 8a ELXE Eyxa8LOQu8E( EOW xm xmQo oe f.-tLa acp8aQ't'YJ ~aa'YJ xm OEV 8a CPLAOVLxoUaaf.-tE 'twQa YUQW cor' 'to OLXaLWf.-ta 't'YJ~ LOLox't'YJaLa~ xm 't'YJV avayxm6't'YJ'ta 'tWV XOLVWVLXWV OLaxQ(aEwv.

'EXEL U:TtOAoYLmEL ou av 'YJ EQyaa(a f.-tOLQa~ornv (aa oe oAa rc awf.-tanxw~ Lxava ritoun, 'YJ f.-tEO'YJ EQyamf.-t'YJ f.-tEQa xa8E orouo» m'YJ raAALa OEV 8a ~E:TtEQvouaE 'tL~ :TtEV'tE WQE~. Av E(vm E'tCJL, :TtW~ 'tOAf.-taf.-tE vn f.-tLAaf.-tE YLa aVLao't'YJm rrov EQya~Of.-tEVWV; Ervci 'YJ eovaoia 'tOU Robert Macaire" :TtOU :TtQoxaAEL aVLa6't'YJm.

H aQX~, «orov xa8€va aUf.-tcpwva f.-tE rnv EQyaala rou», EQf.-t'YJVEUf.-tEV'YJ oxrrs vc a'YJf.-taLVEL, «orroto; OOUAEUEL :TtEQwa6'tEQo Aaf.-t~aVEL :TtEQwao'tEQa»,

72

73

IlPOYNTON

IlEPIIMOKTm:rAI

~aO~Etm OE buo nQocpavll AaSY): EVa OLXOVOlAlXO AaSOt;, on orn bouAHa tWV XOLVWVlXWV EQYWV ELvrn rivtoot, Xl Eva AaSOt; OXEtlXO lAE tY) cpumxll, on Y) noootnro rorv nQaYlAatwv rtou lAnoQouv va naQaXSouv ELvm nEQwQlOlAEVY).

«MAa», Sa nH xanOLOt;, «n Sa YLVEL av unaQXOUV lAEQLXOL avSQwnOL nou Sa SEAOUV va EXtEMoouv lAOVO to lALOO EQYO roue; ... ~EV Sa ~QESELtE OE alAy)xavLa;» Ihfkrvov va ELvm EuXaQLOtY)lAEVOL lAE tOY lAWO lALOSO. Av nAY)QwSoUv avaAoya lAE ty) bouAHa nou EXtEAEoav, nOLO naQanovo Sa lAnoQouocv va EXOUV xm nour ~y)lALa Sa Exavav OlOUt; aAAOUt;; M' autll tY) AOYLXll ELvm bLxmo va EcpaQlAOoouus to anocpSEYlAa «~toV xaSEva avaAoya lAE rc EQya rou»: autot; ELvm 0 VOlA0t; tY)t; LOOtY)tat;.

EmnMov, nOAAEt; bUOXOALEt;, nou OXEt~ovtm lAE to aOlUVOlALXO otkrrquo xm rnv oQyavwoY) ty)S; ~WlAY)xavLas;, lAnOQEL va OQSwSouv Ebw. 8a anaVt1l0W OE OAa auta lAE lALa cpQaoy), Y) onoto MEL OtL OAa nQEnEL va EmAuSouv lAE rnv aQXll ty)S; LOOtY)tas;. "Eroi, Sa lAnOQOUOE va naQatY)Q1l0H xanOLOt;, «Ebw unaQXEL Eva EQYO to onoto bEV lAnoQEL va xuSUOlEQ1l0EL bLXWS; va Em~aQuvSEL Y) naQaywYll». 0cpEo..EL Y) xorvorvto; va unocpEQEL an' tnv alAEAEla tWV ALYWV, xm bEV Sa tOAlA1l0EL, ano oE~aolA6 oro bLXaLWlAa ty)S; EQyaoLas;, va E~aocpaALOEL lAE ta Lbla ty)S; rc XEQLa to nQo'Cov rtot: ty)S; aQvouVtm ourot; ~E autll rnv nEQL]ttwoy), OE nOLOV aVllXEL 0 lALOSOS;;

AVllxEL ornv xorvorvtc, ornv onofn Sa EmtQanEL va EXtEMoH ty)v EQyaoLa ELtE lAovY) ty)S; ELtE lAE-

ow nvnnpoooimov, aAAa naVta Etm WOlE va lAy)v bLataQaoOEtm notE Y) YEVLXll lOOtY)ta xm 0 oxvnQOS; va tLlAwQELtm YLa tY)v oxvY)QLa rou. EmnMov, av Y) xowcovto bEV XQy)mlAOnOLEL unEQlAEtQY) cuornQotY)ta anEVavtL oro tElAnEALXa lAEAY) tY)S;, EXEL to bLXaLWlAa YLa to aulACPEQOV ty)S; Em~LwoY)£ ty)S; va nQoOlatEUSEL an' tLS; xataXQ1l0ELS;.

«'OlAWS; xaSE ~LOlAY)xavLa», Sa nQooSEoOUV, «XQELa~Etm Y)YEtES;, EmOlatES; XAn. 8a ElAnAaxouv aUtoL 0' auto to EQYO;». 'OXL, acpou to EQYO tOUS; ELvru va y)youVtm, va ExnmbEuouv, va smorctoiiv. MAa nQEnEL va EmMyovtm lAEOa ano tOUS; EQya~OlAEVOUS; xm coto tOUS; LbLOUS; rou; EQya~6IAEvoUS;, xm nQEnEL va nAY)Qouv tLS; nQoi.inoSEoEl£ tY)£ EXAOYLlAOtY)tas;. To Cbw OUlA~aLVEL lAE OAE£ tL£ by)lAOmE£ AELtOUQYLE£, ELtE bLOLXY)tLXES; ELtE ExnmbEunxEs;.

"Erot, to nQwto aQSQo tOU nayxoolAwu ouVtaYlAatos; Sa ELvm: Y) nEQLOQWlAEVY) nooornto, tWV bLaSEmlAWV UALXWV anobELxvuEL rnv avayxmotY)ta rou XatalAEQLOlAOU ty)S; EQyaoLas; avaAoya lAE tOY aQLSIAO tWV EQya~OlAEVwV. H LxaVOtY)ta nou EXOUV OAOL va CPEQOUV H£ nEQas; Eva XOLVWVLXO EQYO, by)Aabll Eva Coo EQYo, x,m Y) abuvalACa va nAY)QwSEC Eva EQya~OlAEVOS; lAE aAAov tQono naQa uovo coro rc nQo'(oVta Ev6£ aAAou, amoAoyouV tY)V LOotY)ta tWV lALOSWV.

74

75

TIPOYNTON

TIEPI I~IOKTm:IA1:

7. 'On 1] aVtaOT1]Ta TWV txavotmxov ElVaL 1] aitaoaiT1]T1] JrQOVJr08E01] T1]C; taotntcu; TWV JrEQLOVmWV

AUn1 11 EVOLaO'll n6.vWtE qxnvorcv tQOIlEQtl.

ElVaL to EllnOOW rcov OLXOVOIlOAOYWV xaSw~ XaL 'tWV UnEQllaxwv 'tll<; Loo't11ta<;. 'EXEL oOl1YtlOEL tou~ nQwtou~ 010 tEQ6.OLLa A6.S11 XaL rou; OEUtEQOU~ OLO va naQayayouv anlOLEU'tE~ XOLVOtOnlE~. 0 rQaxXO~ MnallnEcp tlSEAE va «XataOLaAEl auOt11Qa» xaSE aVWtEQo't11ta, XL axolla va «OEX'tEL EnLSEO'll orrv va 'rov navoUxAa». TIQOXELIlEVOU va cyxaSLOQUOEL t11V XOllllOUVLOLLXtl tOU OOlltl, ECPEQVE OAOU~ tOU~ nOALtE~ OLO Xall11AOtEQO EnLnEOO. YntlQ~av aYQallllatOL 'ljJ11CPOCPOQOL rtou aVtLtaS11xav Ot11V aVLoomro tll~ yvwO'll<;, XaL OEV Sa ExnAayw av ow IlLa IlEQa aAAou~ va E~EYELQOvtaL svdvno Ot11v ovioo't11'ta 't11£ a~(a£. 0 AQLOtO'tEA11~ E~OQ(Ot11x£, 0 L(J)xQat11£ rjms to XWVELO, 0 EnaIlELVWVOUi; naQanEIlcpS11XE 010 OLX11 ano IlEQLXOU£ OLEcpSaQIlEVOU~ XaL aV011tou~ ol1llay(J)you~ EnELorj anOOE(Xt11XE aVWtEQO~ 010 E~unv6.oa XaL a~la. TEtOLE£ aV0110LE£ Sa 10- navaAall~aVOVtaL 000 11 cvroomro t(J)V nEQLouOLWV o(VEL a' Evav OXAO, tuCPA(J)IlEVO XaL xrrmms- 0IlEVO ano rou; nAouoLoU£, AOYO va cpo~ataL t11V avooo XaLVOUQYLWV tUQavv(J)v Ot11v E~ouo(a.

Turor« OEV cpa(VEtaL nEQLooo'tEQO tEQatwOE~ an' 000 auto rtou E~Et6.l;oUIlE noAU orevd: auxva t(nota OEV oECxvEL va 1l0Lal;EL ALYOtEQO IlE t11V aAtlSEta an' 000 11 LOLa 11 aAtlSELa. An' t11V aAA11, miuqxov« IlE tOY Zav Zox Pouooi, «XQELal;EtaL nOAAtl cpLAoaocp(a YLa vn IlnoQoullE va nQoaE~oullE EOtW IlLa cpoQa auto rtou ~AEnouIlE xaSE IlEQa»' XaL OUIlqxnvu IlE toy Nr' AAallnEQ, «OL xaS11IlEQLVE<; aArjSELE<; xavouv IlLXQrj Evtun(J)a11 OLOU~ avSQwJiou~,

MnOQEL va OtatunwaEL xavEL~ t11v axoAouS11 EVOLaa11 - 11 onofo anOtEAEL to OEUtEQO IlEQO~ rou ornv OLIlOVLXoU XaL to tQLtO IlEQO£ roo CPOUQLEQLxou anocp8EYllato~:

'OAa 'ta ELOl'] EQyao(a~ osv [tJtOQOVV vc EX'tEAEO'tOVV us tnv Lena EuxoALa. MEQLxa cotciroiiv U'ljJl']A~ 6EsLO'tExvLa Xat EU<puoLa, XL au't() ausaVEL mv 'tL[l~ roix; Tov xaAAL't€XVl'], 'tOY 6LavoOV[lEVO, 'tOY JtoLl']'t~, 'tOY xQa'tLx6 AEL'tOUQy6 roue EX'tL[lOVV uovo ESaL'tLa~ 'tlj~ unEQox~~ 'tOU~' XL auLrj lj unEQOX~ xa'taO'tQ€<pEL rnv roornr« ava[lEaa a' au'tOv~ xrn 'tOU~ un6AOLnou~ av8Qc6nou~: [lnQoO'ta a' mrro 'to an6YELO 'tl']~ EmO't~[llj~ Xat 'tlj~ Eu<puta~, 0 vouo; 'tlj~ La6'tl']'ta~ Esa<paV((;E'tat. 'O[lW~ lj Lao-rlj'ta ~ ELVat an6AU"rlj ~ DEV unaQXEL. An6 LOV nOLlj't~ xa'tEQx6[laO'tE O'tOV [lU8LO'tOQLOYQa<po, ceto 'tOY YAVJt'tlj O'tOV AL8os60, an6 'tOY aQXL't€XLOVa O'tOV X'tLO'tlj, ano 'tOY Xlj[lLx6 O'tOV [laYELQa XAn. OL Lxav6'tl']tE~ 'tasLVO[lOVV'taL Xat unOOLatQOVV'tat xma aELQa, Y€Vl'] Xat ELOlj' tc EsatQE'tLxa 'taAEV'ta auv6EOY'tat [lE 'ta [.l£'tQLa 'taAEV'taolj aV8Qwn6'tl']'ta ELvm [lLa 'tEQaO'tLa LEQaQXLa ornv onoto 'to a'tO[lO XQLYEL 'tOY ecuro tOU os aVYXQLOl] [lE 'tOU~ aAAOU~ Xat xa8oQCl;n 'tljV 'tL[l~ 'tOU an' 'tl'] <p~[llj rrou €xn.

76

77

fIPOYNTON

fIEPI I~IOKTHLI~

lO'X'tOC; Xt av l'] nQoao)Cr'j 'tOUC; CYtQacplO( a' aU'tEc;». 0 nmQuxQXl']C; rorv oixovouoxovo»; 0 Say, an' 'tOY 0- nOLO oavlO~ortaL au'ta'ta OVO XWQ(a, 8a rtnoQoualO va EXlOt lOnwcplOAl']8lO( an' ama, ana amoc; rtou ylOAa rtc 'tOUC; WCPAOUC; nQEnlOt va cpoQEaH yuaAta, Xt au'toc; rtou 'tOY nQoalO~lO lO(VaL rtuwnac;.

E(vaL nlOQClOQYo on rnrro rrou 'tQorta~lO roou nOAAa nvlOurtma lO(VaL rtta EvCYtaOl'] OXt yta rnv roo'tl']'ta aAAa rtanOv yta 'tl']v m8avo'tl']w tao'tl']WC;.

H cpumxl'j uvioomtn wC; nQoun08wl'] 'tl']C; tOO'tl']'tac; rorv nlOQwuatoov! Tt naQaooso!

EnavaAart~aVw 'tOY tOxuQtOrtO rtOU ooCYtlO va rtl']v VOrt~H xavlOCc; on EXW rtnlOQOE'tjJH W Myta uou: l'] avtoo'tl']'ta rcov ouvartlOwv lOCVaL 0 oQOC; EX rcov WV oux aVEu yta 'tl']v wo'tl']'ta txov nlOQLOumoov.

~UO nQayrtma nQEnlOt va OtaxQ(vourtlO ornv xorvorvt«: 'ttC; AlOt'tOUQYClOC; XaL or axEaHC;.

1. AEtTOW'>Y{E~: Ka8lO EQya~OrtEVOC; SEWQE(Wt txavoc; yta 'tl'] OOUA.Eta l'] onotc 'tOU EXEL aVaLE8EC' l'j, yta va XQl']atrtonOtl'joOUrtE rtta auvl']8ta~,Evl'] EXcpQaol'], «xaSE rtao'tOQac; nQEnEt va ~EQEt rnv 'tEXVl'] rou». Arpoii 0 rtao'tOQac; lOCVaL (aoc; rtE 'tl'] OOUAEta rou, unaQXEt rtta E~(oWal'] avartwa orov AEt'tOUQYo XaL CYtl'] AEt'tOUQy(a.

~'tl']V xorvcovtc ot AH'tOUQY(EC; OEV E(VaL OrtOtEC;, Xt E'tat nQEnEt va unaQXouv OtacpOQE'ttXEC; txavo'tl']'tEC;. EmnAEOv, OQtartEVEC; AEt'tOUQY(EC; anat'touv ueyaAU'tEQl'] Eucputa XaL ovvartl'], E'tOt OOCYtE unaQXouv avSQwnOt us ovoireoo rtuaM XaL 'taAEv'to. fLa va nEQa'twSC( Eva EQYO anaL'tE('tat Evac; rtaCYtoQac;: l']

avayxl'] naQaYH rnv tOEa Xat l'] tOEa xaVEt 'tOY rtnQaywyo. 3EQOUrtE rtOVO 'tt !lac; xavouv va EmSurt0UrtE oi at08l'jOHC; rtaC; Xat ti anat'tE( l'] Eucputa rtac;. ~EV EXOUrtE EV'tOVl'] Em8urt(a yta nQaYrta'ta rtou OEV unooouue va auAAa~OUrtE' Xt ooo xaAU'tEQa ~OQOU!lE va avnAl']cp80u!lE, 'tOOO nEQwoo'tEQO ~OQOUrtE va naQayayou!llO, 'tOOO rtlOyaAU'tlOQlOC; dVal ot txavo'tl']'tEC; rtac;.

"Etoi, acpou oi AlOL'tOUQYllOC; avaxumouv an' 'tL~ avayxlOC;, ot avayxlOC; an' nc; lOm8urt(lOC; Xat OL Em8u!l(lOC; an' rnv au80Qrtl']'tl'] aV't(Al']'tjJl'] Xat'tl'] qxrvtcotc, l'] (oLa lOucpu'fa rtou cpaV'ta~nat rtnoQlO( m(ol']C; Xat va naQayayCL, XaL auvlOnooc;, XartLa lOQyao(a olOv lO(Val avoo'tEQl'] an' 'tOY lOQya~OrtEvo. Kov'tOAoy(C;, av l'] ACL'tOuQy(a xaAlOl 'tOY AH'tOUQYO, au'to aurt~a(vlOt YLa't( 0 AH'tOUQYOC; unaQXCL nQw an' 'tl'] AEt'tOuQy(a.

AC; 8aurtaaourtc 'tl']v OLxOV0rt(a 'tl']C; cpUOl']C;. ~' aml'j 'tl']v nAl']SooQa avayxoov rtou rtaC; EXOUV o08C( XaL 'nc; ono(lOC; ano !lOVOC; 'tOU Evac; !lOVO av8Qwnoc; olOv !lnoQc( va LxaVOnOtl'jaEt, l'] CPUOl'] EXCL naQaaXlOt CYtO ElOOC; 'tl'] ovvartl'] nou aQvl'j8l']xlO CYtO a'torto. An' amo nQoEQXlO'taL l'] aQXl'j rou Xara/AEQtOf..lOV T1J~ EQvaoiac, rtLa aQXl'j nou ~ao~lO'tat omv E£WJ{XEU01J TOW E:n:aYYEA/AaTWV.

EmnAEOv, l'] txavOnOll']Ol1 OQWrtEVWV avayxoov anat'tE( an' 'tOY av8Qwno auVEXl'j Ol']rtwuQy(a, lOvoo aAAlOC; urcoooiiv, coto tnv EQyao(a lOVOC; rtOVO crouou, va LxavonoLl']SOUV YLa lOxmOrtrtuQLa av8Qoortouc, YLa XLALaolOC; aLooVEC;. Tic naQaoELY!la, l'] cvriyXl'] yta EVOUOl'] Xat cpayl']'to anaL'tE( axa'tanauCYtl']

78

79

TIPOYNTON

TIEPI IbIOKTHl:IM:

naQaYOOYrl, EVW YJ yvwaYJ tou (JUO'trl!-lmo<; 'tOU 0'13- !-lnaV'to<; !-lnOQEL va anOXTYJSEL YLa naVTa ano Duo TQEL<; nQOLxLa!-lEvou<; aySQwnou<;. "Erm, YJ aDLaxonYJ Q0rl TOOV nOTa!-lWV uno~oYJSa TO E!-lnoQLo !-la<; XaL SETEL oe AELtoUQYLa TL<; !-lYJXaVE<; !-la<;, aAAa 0 rlALO<;, !-lOVO<; O'tYJ !-lEaYJ tOU DLaO'trl!-lmo<;, cpoot~EL OAOXAYJQO toy xoouo. H cpuaYJ, rtou !!JtOQEL va DYJ!-lLOUQYrlaEL rooou; nOAAOU<; IlAatOOVE<; XaL BLQYLALOU<;, NEcp'tOOVE<; XaL Guviers, onoo<; DYJ!-lLOUQYEL EQyatE<; XaL ~oaxou<;, nQOtL!-la va !-lYJV xaVEL xan tEtOLO, aAAa va xaVEL TYJ anaVLo'tYJta tYJ<; Eucputa<; avaAOYYJ !-lE tYJ DLaQXELa torv nQO'LOVtooV tYJ<; XaL va LaOQQonrlaEL tOY aQLS!-lo rcov LxaVOtrltoov us tYJV EnaQXELa tYJ<; XaSE!-lLa<;.

~EV ESEta~oo EDW av YJ coroorcon rtou XOOQ~EL Evav avSQoortO coro EyaV aAAO us aE~aa!-lO 0't0 rcAEVtO XaL tYJV EsUrtVaDa rtQOEQXEtaL ano tOY mUXrl !-la<; rtOALtW!-lO, OUtE av auto nou OVO!-la~EtaL oriueQa «uvtoomtc LxaVOtrltoov» Sa !-lrtOQouaE xatoo ano xaMTEQE<; (JUvSrlXE<; va ELVaL XatL nEQLaaOtEQO arto !-lLa «rtOL'X.LALa L'X.aYOtrltoov». IlaLQvoo tYJ XELQotEQYJ EXDOXrl nov nQaY!-latoov' XaL YLa va !-lYJV xatYJYOQYJSw OtL UrtEXCPEUYOO XaL OtL artocpEUYOO tL<; DUaXOALE<;, avayvOOQ~OO OAE<; tL<; aVWOtYJtE<; rtOU Sa !-lrtOQouaE va SEAEL 'X.<lrtOLOS;*. OQW!-lEVOl cplAOao-

CPOL, rtou EmSU!-lOUV va EsaAEL1jJOUV tL<; DLacpOQE<;, UrtOO'tYJQ~OUV OtL oAa rc !-lUaAa ELVaL Laa XaL on 0- AE<; OL DlacpOQE<; ovdueou a' auta rtQOEQXOVtaL art' 'tYJV EXrtaLDEU<JYj. AnEXOO rtOAU, O!-lOAOYeD, art' to va !-lOLQaO'tW autrl tYJV arto1jJYJ, YJ onoto, axo!-la Xl av ELVaL aAYJSLVrl, Sa ODYJYrlaEL a' Eva artOtEAW!-la EUSEOO<; aV'tLSEto coro to EmSU!-lYJto. rtmL av OL lxaVOtYJtE<; ELVaL LaE<;, onoio; XL av ELVaL 0 ~aS!-lo<; tYJ<; 6Uva!-lrl<; tOU<; (acpou xavEC<; DEV !!JtOQEL va EsavayxaO'tEC), unaQXouv AELtOUQYLE<; rtou SEOOQOUV'taL XmWtEQE<; XaL ESEUtEAlO'tLXE<;, XaL Sa' rtQEnE va nAYJQeDVOVtaL XaMtEQa' Xl auto DEV E(VaL AlYOtEQO a(JU!-l~(~aO'to ue tYJV ioomrc, art' O,tl !-lE TYJV aQXrl «O'tYJV xaSE lxaVOtYJta avaAoya !-lE ta EQya t!J<;». Av uou DWaEtE, aV'tlSE'too<;, !-lLa XOLVOOVLa O'tYJV 0- rtOLa xaSE ECDO<; taAEV'tOU ~QLaXEtaL os aQLS!-lYJnXrl ouuqxovto !-lE ns; avayx£s; TYJS; XOLVOOVLas; XaL otnv onofo 0 xaSE rtaQayooyo<; rtaQaYEL !-lOVO auto nou anaLtELtaL cero tYJV ELDLXrl AELLOUQyCa tOU, Sa (JU!-lnEQavoo tYJV laOtYJta TOOV nEQLOUOLWV, lOVeD Sa Cla'tYJQELtaL YJ LEQaQx(a 'tOOV AEL'tOUQYLWV.

Auto ELVaL to DEUtEQO onusto uou,

II. XxiaEI~. ESEta~ovta<; to atOLXELo tyJ<; EQyaaLa<;, ECELsa OtL, acpou ornv (CLa'tasYJ nov rtaQayooYLXWV unYJQEOLwv OAOL xmEXouv 'tYJ Duvmo'tYJ'ta v« EX'tEAEaouv Eva XOLVOOVlXO EQYO, Xa!-lLa ovioorqr«

* ~EV IlJtOQW va cpavwmw Jtw£ xartoLO£, JtQoxEL!lEvou va cLxmoAoYlloEL 't1']V nvroornto rrov auv81']xwv, 'toAlla va EJ'tLxaAEC'tm LL£ EULEAEC£ XACOEL£ xm 'twv xaQax'tllQa oQWIlEvrov av8gwJtwv. Art' au'to Jtgoxu'tEL 0 EJtaCaxuVLO£ ESEULEALOIlO£ 't1']£ xagCLa£ xm rou !lUaAOU, 8u!laLa 'tOU oaotou

nEcp'tO'lJV rooo, nOAAOC, av 0XL an' 't1'] cpLWXELa xm Ll]V a8ALo't1']'ta O'tL£ onoCE£ 'tOU£ ~u8Ci.;,EL 1'] LCLox't1']OCa. H LCLox't1']OCa EuvOUXCi.;,EL'tOV av8gwno xm UO'tEga 'tov XaLTlYOQEC O'tE CEV ECvm naga Eva xoiitooupo, Eva ayovo rpuro.

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t'Y]e; ato!-lLxlie; Mva!-l'Y]e; bEV !-lJtOQEl va JtQoocpEQSEC (J)e; ~aO'Y] YLa t'Y]V ovurorrrrc t'Y]e; ato!-lLxlie; ovtcuot~lie;. KL 0!-l(J)e;, Elvm blxmo vc JtOV!-lE OtL OQW!-lEVEe; Lx.avot'Y]tEe; bElXVOUV aJtOAVt(J)e; aVlxaVEe; va EXtEMoouv OQLO!-lEVEe; UJt'Y]QWlEe;, EtOL oxrre o» 'Y] ovSQWJtLv'Y] ~LO!-l'Y]xavla litav EI;OAOXAliQoU JtEQLOQLO!-lEV'Y] OE Eva Elboe; JtaQaY(J)Ylie;, Sa JtQoExuJttav JtoAuaQLS!-lEe; aVLxavot'Y]tEe; xm auvEJtWe; 'Y] !-lEYaAVtEQ'Y] XOLV(J)VLXli avwot'Y]ta. MAa OAOL ~MJtouv, X(J)Qle; vu to Jt(J) EYW, OtL 'Y] JtOLxLAla t(J)V ~LO!-l'Y]xaVLWV aJtotQEJtEL autli t'Y] buoxoAla' autli Elvm !-lLa aAliSELa rooo JtQocpavlie; WatE bEV Sa ata!-latlio(J) vc t'Y] aut;'Y]tw. To uovo EQwt'Y]!-la rtou aJtO!-lEVEL, AOLnov, Elvm va aJtobElI;OU!-lE OtL OL AELtOUQYlEe; Elvm lOEe; !-lEtal;V roue, oJt(J)e; OL EQyat;o!-lEVOL Jtou EXtEAOVV t'Y]v l8La AELtOuQYla Elvm lOOL !-lEtaI;V roue.

MEQLXOl f-lJtOQEl vc ExJtAayovv rcou aQvov!-lm ornv Eucputa, om yVWO'Y] , oro SaQQoe; x.m ue buo MYLa OE OAEe; tLe; aQEtEe; nou Sau!-lat;EL 0 XOO!-loe;, t'Y]V tL!-lli t'Y]e; ExbliA(J)O'Y]e; OE~aO!-lOV, t'Y]V aJtoboo'Y] ti!-lwv orn Mva!-l'Y] xm tOV JtAovtO. AAAa bEV El!-lm Eyw autOe; nou t'Y]V aQvEltm' Elvm 'Y] oixovoutc, Elvrn.n bLxmoovv'Y], Elvm 'Y] EAEuSEQla. H EAEuSEQla! Ito JtQWt'Y] cpoQa a' autli t'Y] aut;1lt'Y]o'Y] EJtLxaMat'Y]x.a auto to ovouo: ae; U'ljJ(J)SEl YLa vc uJtEQa!-lUVSEl tOU EautOV t'Y]e; xm vc SQLa!-l~EVOEL.

KaSE auvaAAayli nou at0XEVEL ornv avtaAAayli JtQO'lOVt(J)V li UJt'Y]QEOLWV !-lJtOQEl vc JtEQLYQacpEl (J)e; c/-llWQIXrj fJUXciQ1JaYJ.

'OJtOLOe; AEEL E!-lJtOQLO EVVOEl avtaAAayli lO(J)V

aI;LWV, YLatl ov OL aI;CEe; bEV Elvm COEe; xm 'Y] JtAEUQa Jtou s'Y]!-lLWvEtm to avtLA'Y]cpSEl, bEV Sa ouvowsOEL o'rqv aVtaAAayli xrn bEV Sa uJtaQI;EL Ef-lJtOQLO.

To Ef-lJtOQLO uJtaQXEL !-lOVO ava!-lwa OE EAEVSEQoue; avSQwJtoue;' f-lJtOQEC vc uJtaQI;EL auvaAAayli rtou bLExJtEQmwVEtm !-lE ~Ca li aJtat'Y] , aAAa 0XL Ef-lJtOQLO.

To vc Elvm x.avECe; EAEVSEQOe; O'Y]!-laLVEL OtL aJtoAa!-l~aVEL t'Y] XQlio'Y] t'Y]e; AOYLXlie; rou xm t(J)V Lxavorrjrorv tOU, on bEV Elvm tucpA(J)!-lEVOe; aJt' to nriSoe;, on bEV El;avayxat;Etm li bEV xaSob'Y]YELtm aJt' rov cpo~o, li bEV El;aJtatatm cero AaVSaO!-lEVEe; YVW!-lEe;.

'EtOL, OE xaSE auvaMayli uJtaQXEL !-lLa 'Y]SLXll UJt0XQE(J)O'Y] on xavEva cet' rc au!-l~aAM!-lEVa !-lEQ'Y] bEV Sa ~YEL x.EQbw!-lEVO ELe; ~aQoe; tOU aAAou' b'Y]Aabli, to E!-lJtOQLO YLa va ELvm VO!-lL!-lO xm aA'Y]SLvo JtQEJtEL vc Elvm aJtaAAaY!-lEVO aJto t'Y]v uvtootrrrc: autli Elvm 'Y] JtQWt'Y] JtQouJt08w'Y] rou E!-lJtOQlOU. H bEvtEQ'Y] ELvm OtL yCvEtm ESEAOUOl(J)e;' b'Y]Aabli OL buo JtAEUQEe; bQouv EAEv8EQa xm aVOLXta.

OQlt;(J), AOLJtOV, to E!-lJtOQLO li t'Y]V avtaA.A.aYll ocv !-lLa XOLV(J)VLX.ll JtQal;'Y]. 0 VEYQOe; rcou JtouAa t'Y] yuvalxa tOU YLa Eva !-laxaCQL, ru JtmbLa tOU YLa !-lEQLx.a xO!-l!-latLa yuaAl xm tEALxa tOV muto rou YLa Eva !-lJto'uxaAL f-lJtQavtL, bEV Elvm EAEV8EQOe;. 0 E!-lJtOQoe; oaQxae; us tOV OJtOLO x.aVEL cLaJtQaY!-latEVOELe; CEV ELvm auvEtmQOe; tOU aAAa EX8Qoe; rou,

o JtoALtLO!-lEVOe; EQyat;o!-lEVOe; nou x.avEL t'Y] !-lEyaMtEQ'Y] JtQooJtaSELa YLa Eva x.O!-l!-latL 'ljJ(J)!-ll, noo

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X't~EL EVa naAa.'tL x,m x,oqla.mL OE ma.~Ao, no'll 'llcpaCvEL nAouma 'llcpa.o~a'ta X,aL V'tUVE'taL ~E XO'llQ€ALa, nou naQa.YEL rc na.V'ta X,aL OEV EXEL 'tCno'ta, OEV tCVaL EAEUSEQOS;. 0 EQyoM't11S; YLa 'tOV onoto oouAEUEL OEV YLVE'taL 0 aUVtQocpOS; rou, ~E rnv aV'taAAaYtl rorv ~LOSWV x,m 'tow 'lln11QWLWV nou OLEVEQyOUV'taL ~E'ta~u 'to'llS;, aAAa. ~a.AAOV 0 EXSQOS; rou,

o mQa'tLW1:11S; rtou un11QE'tEL tnv na'tQLoa rou ano cpo~o X,aL 0XL ana aya.n11 OEV E(VaL EAEUSEQOS;' OL aumQa'tLW'tES; 'tOU, OL a~Lw~a'tLXO( 'tOU XaL OL 'llnO'llQYOL tl OL SW~OL 't11S; mQa'tLW'tLXtlS; OLX,aLoaUv11S; ELVaL OAOL EXSQOL 'tOU.

o XWQLXOS; rtou ~LOSWVEL Y11, 0 ~w~tlxavos; nou oaVE~EmL XEcpa.AaLa, 0 CPOQOAOYOU~EVOS; rtou nA11- QWVEL OLoOLa X,aL CPOQOUS;, nou nA11QWVEL YLa va nriQEL a.OELa X,aL OLnAw~a, nou nA11QWVEL a'tO~LXO'IJS; CPOQOUS; XaL CPOQOUS; LOWX,'t11oLaS; X,An., xaSws; X,aL 0 ~O'llAEU't~S; rtou 'ta I.WLaXUEL oAa ama. OEV OQO'llV oii'tE EAEuSEQa OU'tE E~unva. EXSQoC rou; ELvm OL LOLOX,~'tES;, OL x,aJtL'taALm€s; X,aL 11 X,'ll~EQV11OTJ.

6.wmE otoix avSQwno'llS; EAE'llSEQLa, OLacpW'tCore 'ta ~'llaAa. roix wmE va ~EQOUV 'to V011~a 'tWV au~~oAalWV 'tOUS; x,m Sa OEC'tE 't11V 'tEAELO'tEQ11 ioo't11'ta va EJtLX,Qa'tEL mLS; auvaAAaYES; roue XWQCS; vc 'tLSE'taL ~*11~a aVW'tEQO't11'taS;, 'taAEV'tO'll ~ YVWOEWV. Tors Sa naQaOEX'tEL'tE O'tL oro E~nOQLXa. ~11't~ucrc, 011AaOtl, ornv ocpaCQa 't11£ x,OLVWVlas;, 11 AE~11 aVW'tEQO't11'ta OEV EXEL x,aVEva V011~a.

Axotivovtor; 'tOV 'O~11QO vo. anaYYEAAEL 'to'llS; mlXOUS; rou, EYW, Evas; anMs; ~OOXOS;, Evas; rcorei-

vos; aYQo't'Y)S;, OEV E(~aL 'tCnO'ta OE aUYXQLOTJ ~' a'll~ 't'Y)V aV'llnEQ~A'Y)'t'Y) LOwcpu"La. IIQa.Y~a'tL, av auYXQ(VO'll~E 'tLS; O'Y)~LO'llQY(ES; ~as;, 'tL a~La EX0'UV 'ta 't'llQLa. XaL'ta cpaOOALa uot: ~nQoma. ornv IAuioa; AAAa. av o 'O~'Y)QO£, ws; aV'ta~OL~~ YLa 'to a~C~'Y)'to Enos; rou, SEAEL va na.QEL oAa uou 'ta 'llna.QxoV'ta XaL vc ~E x,a.VEL OXAa.~o 'tOU, Sa EYXa'taAEL'4'W 't'Y)V EuxaQL01:'Y)O'Y) rou 'tQayo'llowu rou XaL Sa rov anonE~'4'w. MnoQw v« xa.vw x,m XWQCS; 't11v /}."uloa rou xm vo nEQL~EvW, o» XQELa.SE'tm, YLa 't'Y)v Alvuioa. 0 'O~'Y)QO£ OEV ~noQEC va ~tlOEL OU'tE 24 WQES; XWQCS; 'ta nQoi:oV'ta uou. AS; OEX'tEC, AOLnov, 'to EAa.XLmo rteu ~noQw vc rou nQoocpEQW, x,m 'to'tE 11 ~ouoa 'tOU ~nOQEC vu ~E OLOa.~EL, va ~E EvSaQQUVEL XaL vn ~E naQ'Y)YOQ~OEL.

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vmo(:)wQ(a 'WU, (:)EV I-lJtOQOUV vu EX0'UV ')WI-lLa Ertl(:)QaOl] 0't0'U£ OQO'U£ LO'U O'UI-lPOAalO'U. To XlVyp:Qa tl']£ (:)Lmtl']Ola£ I-la£ (:)EV JtQErtH vu pao~ovtm rtLa 010 ~l']tijl-lata taMvto'U ij rtooiovtcov.

Tux va JtaQH 0 paQ(:)o£ tou AXLAMa tl']v OCPHMI-lEVl'] al-lOLpij, rtQErtEL rtQWta vu YlVEL aJto(:)EXtO£. ME to nou 8a YlVEL mrro, l'] avtaAAayij tWV O'tlXWV rou YLa OJtOLO(:)ijrtOtE El(:)O£ aI-lOLpij£, acpou Elvm I-lLa EAEUSEQl'] JtQa;l'], JtQEJtEL tl']V l(:)La O'tLYl-lij vo. Elvet xm I-lLa (:)lxml'] JtQa;l'] , (:)l']Aa(:)ij, l'] al-lOLBij rou JtOLl']tij JtQEJtEL vo. Elvm lOl] I-lE to JtQoi:ov tou. '0I-lW£ JtOLa Elvm l'] a;la a'Utou rou JtQO'(OvtO£;

Kcrc JtQwtO Myo, SEWQW OtL l'] IAuioa, a'Uto to aQLO'tOUQYl']l-la rcou JtQEJtEL vc: avtal-lELcpSEl oJtW£ roo a;~EL, Elvm rtQaYl-latLXa JtEQa ccto xaSE tL.l-lij xm xaVEl£ (:)EV EXEL avt(QQl']Ol'] EJt' cnrcoii. Av to XOLVO, nou E(vm EAEUSEQO vu to aJtOXtijOEL, aQvl']SEl vo. to ayoQaOEL, Elvm cpavEQo OtL l'] EYYEVij£ a;(a rou rtOLijl-latO£ (:)EV Sa I-lE'LWSEl EJtEL(:)ij (:)EV I-lJtOQE( v« avtaAAaxSE(' aAAa l'] avtaAAaXtLxij tou a;la, ij l'] JtaQaYWYLxij XQl']OLl-lotl']ta rou, Sa 1-ll'](:)EVLorsr, Sa 'vm 1-ll'](:)aI-lLVij. 'EJtELta JtQEJtEL v« OQ(oo'UI-lE tou; I-lWSOU£ rtou JtQEJtH vc JtAl']QWSOUV aVUI-lEoc 0't0 aJtELQo cor' tl'] I-lLa I-lEQLa xm 0't0 I-ll']Mv cet' rnv aAAl'], 010 I-lLa (Ol] ccroorcon cor' to xaSEva, acpOU oAa rc (:)LxmWl-lata xm OL EAE'USEQ(E£ (:)Lxmouvrru (00 OEPaOI-lO. ME aAAa MYLa, (:)EV E(vm l'] EYYEVij£ aAAa l'] OXEtLXij a;(a tou JtQaYl-latO£ rcou moAEltm xm JtQEJtEL vc xaSoQLO'tEL. To EQWtl']l-la tWQa YlVEtm artAouO'tEQO: tL E(vm a'Utij l'] OXEtLXij a-

;(a; IIw£ !-lJt0QE( va avtal-lELcpSEl 0 O'UYYQacpEa£ 10- VO~ EJtO'U~ OrtW~ l'] IAu:ioa;

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J'tW~ lOLVat OUVaLl1 'll J'tOAL'tLXl1 OLXOVO!-LLa; rrW~ !-LJ't0- glOL va cLVat lOmO'tl1!-L'll; rrw~ unoooiiv O'UO OLXOVO!-LOAOYOL va xorrrive 0 Eva~ tOY aAAO X(J)g(~ va to'U~ maVOUV YEALa; rrw~ tOA!-LaV va ~g~o'Uv tou; uerocp'Umxou~ xat tou; 1jJ'UxoMyo'U~; TL! H ovonotc lOVO~ Ntsxdot J't0'U cpavtal;otav OtL 'll cptAOOOcpLa xglOLal;otav !-LLa aXAoV'llt'll ~aOll, !-Lta aliquid inconcussum, J'tav(J) ornv OJ'tOLa !-LJ'tOglOL va xtWtcC to OLXooo!-L'll!-La t'll~ lOmO'tl1!-L'll~' Xat litav agXlOta acplOAl1~ WO'tE va 1jJaXVCt yt' a'Utl1v! Kat 0 Eg!-Ll1~ t'll~ OLXOVO!-LLa~, 0 Tgw!-LEYLO'to~ Say, acpLEg(J)oE !-LtOO rouo YLU 't'llv lOVLOX'U0l1 a'Utou rou ooBagou XlOl!-LEVO'U, «11 noAlttXl1 OLXOVO!-LLa cLVat !-Lla lOmotl1!-Ll1», ELXlO to Saggo~ va !-La~ Ola~lO~atWO£l, a!-LEO(J)~ !-Leta Ott 11 Em- 0't11!-L'll OlOV !-LJ'tOglOL va OgLOH to avttXlOL!-LlOVO tl1~ - J'tgaY!-La J't0'U woo'Uva!-LlOL us to va J'tOU!-LlO ott lOLvat OLX(J)~ agXl1l1 SlO!-LEAW! ~lOV ~EgCt, AOLJ'tOV, a'Uto~ 0 Aa!-LJ'tgo~ Say tl1 CPUO'll 't11~ lOmO'tl1!-Ll1~: 11 !-LaAAOV, OlOv ~EgCt tLJ'tota yta 'to SE!-La J't0'U J'tgOtLSlO'tat va J'tgay-

!-LaLlO'UtlOL.

To :rtagaOlOtY!-La rou Say aJ'tEcpEglO xagJ'tou~. H J'tOAlttXl1 OLXoVO!-LLa, 0't0 Ol1!-LELO J't0'U EcptaolO'twga, !-Lolal;lOt !-LE t'llv oVtOAoYLa: I1gaY!-LatlOulOtat attLlO~ Xat aJ'totEAEO!-Lata, olOv YV(J)g~Et tL:rtota, OEV lO~'llYcC rtnotu, OEV O'U!-LJ'tlOgaLVlOt tL:rtOta. Auto J't0'U OL avSg(J)J'tOL O'tOA~O'UV !-Lc to OVO!-La t(J)V OLXOVO!-LlXWV VO!-L(J)v J'tEgLOg~lOtat oe ALYlO~ aal1!-LavtlO~ YlOVLXOtl1- tlO~, O'tt~ O:rtOLE~ OL OLxovO!-LoMyOL VO!-L~OUV ott OLVOUV !-Lta eixov« ~aSo'U~, vnivovrdc ta !-Lc qxrvroxtlOgl1, aXataAl1J't'tl1 cpgaacoAoyLa. '000 yta tt~ a-

J'toJ'tlOtglO~ t(J)V OLXOVO!-LOAOY(J)V va AUao'Uv XOLV(J)Vtxa :rtgoBAl1!lata, to uovo J't0'U !lJ'togou!110 va J'tOU!lE lOLVat Ott av Xat OL lO!-LBgtSEL~ !-LEMtlO~ rou; !llOgtXE~ cpOgE~ OlOLXVOUV XaAl1 aLaSl1Oll, [mrrot] a!lEO(J)~ xutacpEuyouv oe uvonotec. H J'tOALttXl1 OLXOVO!lLa EXlOL J'tEaEl oov :rt'Uxvl1 O!-LLXA'll J'tav(J) cor' 't11 laAALa EOW Xat 25 xgovta, lO!lJ'too~ovta~ tt~ J'tgOOJ'taSlOLlO~ rou VO'U Xat XataJ'tvLyoVta~ tl1v EAE'U8lOgLa.

'EXH XaSE Ol1!lLO'UgYLa tl1~ Bto!ll1xavLm; !-Lla lO~ayogam!-Ll1, aJ'toA'Ut'll, a!lEtaBAl1tl1 Xat O'UVEJ'tWC; VO!-LL!ll1 Xat aA118LVl1 a~La; -Nrn.

MJ'tOgEL Xa8E J'tgo'(ov rou avSgwJ'to'U va aVtaAAax8EL yw !-LEgLXa aAAa J'tgo'(OVta; -Kru J'taAL, Vat.

I100a xagcpta aVtLOtOLXOUV ornv a~La EVO~ l;E'UyagLOu ncototrtouov; Av unoootiouue va AUOO'U!-LE ouro to tgO!-LEgO J'tgoBAl1!la, 8a ELXa!lE to XAEtOL rou XOlV(J)VLXOU (J'UO'tl1!-LatOC; rcou E1jJaxvE 11 avSg(J)J'to'tl1ta EOW Xat E~l XlALaOE~ Xgovta. Avtl!lEt(J):rto~ !-LE a'Uto to J'tgoBA'll!-La, 0 oixovouoxovo; !lJ'tEgOEUE'tat Xat 'UJ'tOX(J)gEL' 0 X(J)glXO~ J't0'U OEV ~EgEt ygacp1l Xat avayv(J)0l1 aJ'tav'ta OLX(J)C; OLO'taY!lo: «Oou unogouv va cptLaXtOuV 0't0 LOLO XgOVLXO OLaO'tl1!la Xat !-LE 'to LOLO xootoc».

H aJ'toA'Utl1 a~La EVO~ J'tgaY!-LaLOC;, AOLJ'tOV, ELVat to xooto; ron oe Xgovo Xat E~oOa. I1oOl1 ELVat 11 a~La EVO~ OLa!-LaVtlOu J't0'U XgHal;Etat !lOVO va ~EX(J)gLO'tEL cor' rnv a!l!-Lo; Ka!-LLa' OEV E(Vat aVSgc6mvo J'tgo·(ov. Ilooo Sa a~~Ct orcv XOJ'tE( Xat «oE8E(»; Tov Xgovo Xat ta E~ooa J't0'U xoonos O'tOV Egyal;o!-LEVO. TOtE, ytat( J't(J)AE(tat os rooo 'U1jJl1Al1 tL!-Ll1; E-

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IIEPI IMOKTH~IM:

JtELOl) OL o.V8QO)JtOL OEV ELvm EAEU8EQOL. H XOLVWVLa JtQEJt€L va QU8JlLOEL rnv avtaAAay~ xm 'tl') OtaVOJll) rorv mo OJto.VlWV JtQaYJlo.tWV, OJtW~ Xo.VEL xm JlE rc JtAEOV XOLVo., Etm WCYtE 0 xa8Eva~ va JlJtOQEL va ta xaQEL. Ti etvoi, AOLJtOV, l') a~La rtou ~aO~Etm CYtl') YVWJll'); -<J>aVtaoTlx~, o.OtXl') xm Al')CYtQlXl).

~uJlCPwva JlE autl)v, ELvm EUXOAO va (J1JJlCPlAtWBouv OAOt. Av 0 JlEOO~ oQo~ nou ljJo.XVOUJlE aVo.JlEoc 010 I-lla o.JtElQl') a~La xm 010 I-lLa I-ll')OEVLXl) EXCPQo.~E'tm Yla Xo.8E JtQo'':ov I-lEOW'tOU (J1JVOAlXOU XQovou xm tWV auvoAlXWV ESOOWV nou XOCYt~El 'to JtQo'':ov, Eva JtoLl')l-la noo XOCYt~El orov (J1JYYQacpEa tOU 30 XQovla OOUAElo.~ xm 10.000 CPQo.vxa E~ooa Yla rnsCola, Bl~ACa XA:rt. JtQEJtEl va JtAl')QwBEL I-lE tOY xaVOVlXO I-lw80 nou 8a EJtmQvE Eva~ EQya~OI-lEVO~ Yla 30 XQovla OOUAELo.~, (J1JV 10.000 CPQo.vxa aJto~'I1- I-lCWO'l1. A~ UJt08EOOUl-lE Otl to aUvoAo ELvm 50.000 CPQo.vxa' av '11 xorvcovtc nou crcoxtd to aQlCYtouQY'I1l-la JtEQlAal-lBo.VEl Eva EXm0I-lI-lUQlO av8QwJtou~, orov xa8Eva avaAoyouv 5 OEVtCI-l.

Auto OLVEl acpoQIll) Yla aQxEtE~ JtaQm'l1Q~OEl~.

1. To LOW JtQo'':6v OE olacpoQEtlXE~ EJtOXE~ xm 010 OlaCPOQEtlXo. IlEQ'll 1lJ't0QEC va EXEl olacpoQEtlXO xooro; OE XQovo xm E~ooa' oiiuqxovc I-lE aUt11 tnv o.JtOljJ'I1, ELvm aA~8Ela ou '11 a~La ELvm I-lla uerc~A'llt~ JtOOOt'l1ta. AAAa aut~ '11 JlEta~OA~ OEV ELvm aUt~ tWV mXOV0I-l0AOYWV, OL onotot atl~ mtLE~ nou JtQoxaAouv t'l1 I-lEtaBA'I1tot'l1ta nov a~lwv ovcxc-

tEUOUV 'to voiioro, rc xaJtQCtma, 't'l1 I-looa xrn 't'I1 yvwl-l'l1 xaBw~ xm ta JlEoa JtaQaywy~~. KOVtOAOYL~, '11 aA'I18LV~ a~La EVO~ JtQo.Yl-lmO~ ELvm aI-lE'to.BA'llt'l1 ornv aAYE~QlXl) t'l1~ EXCPQa0'l1, I-l0AOVOtlI-lJtoQEL va JlEta~aAAEtm CYt'l1 v0l-lt0l-latlxl) 't'l1~ ExcpQaon.

2. Ko.8E JtQO'':ov Of ~*'I10'l1 JtQEJtEl va EJttCYtQEcpEl 'to xoatO~ rou 010 XQOVO xm E~ooa' OU'tE AlYOtEQO OU'tE JtEQlOOO'tfQO' xa8E JtQO'':OV Jtou OEV EXEl ~*'I10l1 ELvm xaoouQa Yla rov JtaQaywyo, I-lla 10- I-lJt0QLX11 1-l'l1 aSLa.

3. H o.yvma t'l1~ aQXl)~ tOU uJtoAOYlOIlOU 't'I1~ a~La~ xci, 010 JtOAAE~ JtEQLJttWOEL~, '11 OuoxoALa 10- cpaQl-loy~~ t'l1~, ELvm '11 Jt'llYl) 't'l1~ EI-lJtOQtx~~ aJto.'t'l1~ xm I-lla cor' tl~ lOXUQOtEQE~ attLE~ t'l1~ aVlOot'l1ta~ tWV JtEQlOUOLWV.

4. Mio xorvcovtc Yla va JtA'I1QWOEl Yla OQWI-lEVE~ EQyaoLE~ xm OQl0I-lEVa JtQo'(OVta XQELo.~Etat va ELVat tOOO ruo JtOAUo.QlSI-l'l1 000 mo OJto.Vla ELvm rc taMvta t'l1~, 000 rno aXQlBo. E(Vat rc JtQo-':ovta t'll~ Xat 000 IlEyaAutEQ'll ELVat '11 JtOtXtALa tWV reXVWV Xat tWV EmCYt'l1I-lWV 't'l1~. Av, Yla JtaQo.OElYl-la, I-lLa xorvcovto, 50 EQymwv 1lJ't0QEL va (J1JVt'l1Ql)OEl Evav Oo.OXaAO, aJtmtouvtat 100 yta svov Jtou cp'ttaXVEl JtaJtoutOLa, 150 yta evo» mOEQo., 200 Yla evo» Qacpt'l1 XA:rt. Av to VOUI-lEQO tWV aYQatwv aVE~aLvEl OE 100, 10.000, 100.000 XA:rt., 000 to VOUJlEQO rou; 8a aU~o.VEtm, Sa JtQEJtEL va aU~o.VEtm avo.AOya xm auto rcov rno avayxa(wv AEltoUQYwv, Etm w-

90

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TIPOYNTON

TIEPI I~IOKTH:tI~

O'tE OL aVW'tEQE£ AEL'tOUQyCE£ yCvov-rm OUVa'tf£ !l0- VO O'tL£ JtLO LOXUQf£ XOLVWV(E£*. Autr] E(vm II xaQaxtllQLO'tLX'll qmoll rcov LxaVOt1ltwv: 0 xaQaxt'llQal!; tll£ Lowcputa£ xm 11 acpQayCoa tll£ oosa£ tll£ ELvm vo. U'ljJwVEtm xm va aVarttUOoE'tm !lOVO O'tOU£ XOAnou£ EVO£ !lEYaAou f8vou£. AAAa aU't'llll CPUOLOAOyLX'll xa'taOtaOll 'tll£ LDwcputa£ DEV nQo08ftEL tCnorc ore XOLVWVLxa 'tll£ chxmw!lma: nfQa an' auto, 11 xa8uOtfQllOll 'tll£ E!lcpavLallt; tllt; an06ELXVUEL OtL, ornv OLXOVO!lLX'll xm XOLVWVLX'll tasll, 11 U'ljJllAOtEQll Eucputa nQEnEL vc unotdoosrm ornv WOtllta tWV unaQxovtWV, !lLa ioornr« nou nQollYECtm au't'llt; xm 11 onotn ELvm 'to EnLO'tfyaO!la tllt;·

Auto ELvm i'lUOXOAO v« to 6EX'tEL 11 nEQllcpavLa !lat;, aAAa E(vm JtLxQ'll aA'll8ELa. Eow 11 'ljJuxoAoYLa om:u6EL nQot; ~0'll8ELa tllt; XOLVWVLX'llt; OLXOVO!lLat; xm !lat; 0611YEC vc xa'taAa~OU!lE on ava!lwa oro 'taMvto xm rnv UALX'll avta!lOL~'ll DEV unaQXEL XOLvo !lftQO, WOtE an' au't'll 'tllV anO'ljJllll xmaOtaOll 0- AWV'tWV naQaywywv ELvm LOll xm auVE:rtwt; OtL xa- 8E aUyxQWll aVa!lEOa 0' autOu£, xm Of OAf£' 'tl£' 6LacpoQEt; nEQwuoCa£ ELvm ai'lUva'tll.

LtllV nQaY!la'tLXOtllta xa8E fQYO rtou nQOEQXEtm ano av8Qwmva XfQLa, OUYXQLVO!lEVO ue tllV nQWtll UAll an' 'tllv onoto EXEL ouvtE8EL, ELvm nfQa

* I160m nOAL1:E£ XQEla~ovtm Yla va O'UvtllQ~OOUV Evav xa811YllT'll qnAooocpLU£; 35 EXaT0IlIlVQLa. I160m ytU evov occovouoxovo; 2 6toEXmollllvQta. Kca ytU EVUV AOY01:EXVY) rtou 6EV ELvm 011LE oorpoc, 011LE xaAALLExvll£, 011LE OLXOVOIlOAOYO£ xm YQa<pEL Au'Lxa 1l'll8LOLOQ~!laTa; Kovevoc,

ana 'tL!l'll. An' am'll tnv anO'ljJll, 11 anoOtaOll ovdueon 0' Eva ~EuyaQL I.;UALVa nanoutma xm orov xOQ!l0 !lLa£, xaQu6Lat; ELvm tOOO !lEyaAll 000 ava!lwa oe Eva ayaA!la rou Lxona xm evcv !laQ!laQLvo to(Xo. H L6wcputa rou anAOuOtEQOU !lllxavLxou aoxEL 'tooll EJtLQQO'll rtrivro oto uALxa rtou XQllOL!lOnOLE( 0- nwt; to IlUaAO EVOt; ~ Eu'twva navw OtLt; U6QUVE Ct; ocpa(QEt; tWV onOLWV tLt; anoOtaoELt;, tOUt; oYXOUt; xm tLt; nEQLOtQoCPE£ unoAoY~EL. ZlltatE YLa to tnAEVtO XaL rnv LDwcputa fvav LOOi'lUva!lO ~a81l0 tl!l'llt; XaL aVta!lOL~'ll£,: XQLVEtE WELt; tllv uSLa tou rcAEvtou EVOt; sUAoxonou XaL 8a xQ(vw EYW auto tOU O!l'llQou. Av XatL !lnoQE( v« Uvta!lE('ljJEL rnv Eucputa E(VaL 11 (6La II Eucputa. Auto oUIl~a(vEL orcv 6LacpoQEnxa ELOll nUQaywywv nAllQWVOUV 0 fva£, orov aAAov fvav a!lOL~aLO cpoQo tL!l'll£', 8au!lao!lou XaL EnaLvou. 'O!lW£, tl Y(VE'taL o» au'to nEQLEXEl !lLa avmAAuy'll nQo'(ovtwv IlE nQoon'tlx'll vo lxavonOLllOouv a!lOL~aLE£, avayxE£'; Tors, aut'll 11 avtaAAay'll !lnoQE( vc E:rtllQEaO'tEC !lOVO !lEOW EVa£, ouorriuoro; OLxOVO!lLa£, to onoto a6LacpoQEL YLa avta!lOL~f£, rcAEvtou xru L6wcputa£, XaL tOU ozrotou OL VO!lOL 6EV ouvdvovtor an' 'tOY aOQLOto XaL o(Xw£ vOll!la 8uu!laO!lO, aAAa ana !lLa 6(xmll LooQQonLa ava!lwa 0't0 OOUVaL XaL Aa~E(v, XOvtOAOY(£, an' tllv E!lnoQLX'll AOYLO't'LI<'ll.

'O!lw£ YLa vc !lll VO!lLOEL xavE(£ on 11 EAEU8EQLa tOU vn nouAa£ xm v« ayoQa~EL£, E(VaL 11 uovnbLX'll ~aOl1 yw 'tllv WO'tllW nov Ilw8wv XaL OtL to !lOVO Xatucpuyw 'tll£ xOLvwv(at; an' rnv cvorrsporn-

92

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'W TOV TaA£vtOV ~QLOXETat OE fua OQtall£Vll MvaflYJ aOQavEla£ 3tOU OEV EXEl Tl:rtOTa XOlVO ue TO 0(xcio, 8a EI;YJY110CO YlaTL OAE£ ot lxaVOTYJTE£ OlXatOUVTat TYJV COla avtallOl~l1 xat YlaTC Illa «vnaTOlXYJ OlacpoQa aTOU£ Ill080u£ ELVat aOlxYJ. ea a- 3toOECI;w OTl YJ U3t0XQ£coOYJ va v3tOTaOOOllaaTE aTO 'XOlVCOVlXO E3tL3tEOO ELVat EflcpmYJ aTO 'taMvto, xat 0' auT'fl rnv LOla rnv aVCO'tEQO'tYJ'ta 'tYJ£ lOlocputa£ 8a E~Qtaxa rnv lOO'tYJ'ta 'tCOV 3tEQLOvmWv. 'Eocooc uoAl£ 'to aQvYJ'tlxO E:rtLXE(QYJf,la YlaTC 3tQE3tEl va cvrcf,lEC~Ovtat OAE£ ot l'XaVOTr]'tE£ ouoic. ea owow 'tooQa'to af,lWO xm 8E'tlXO EmXE(QYJf,la.

AXOUaTE, 3tQw'ta, 'tOY oixovouosovo- ECVat 3taV'tO'tE EuxaQlaTO va ~M3tOUflE 3tW£ OXE<p'tE'tat xat xmavOE( 'tYJ olxmoaVvYJ. ~CXCOS; mrrov, Xl Em3tQO- 08E'tWS;, oCXWS; 'tl£ OlaOXEOaO'tlXES; rou yxacpES; xat rc 8auflama E:rtLXElQl1f,lma rou OEV 8a fla8aCvaflE T(3tO'W. H lOO'tYJ'ta, 't000 am,x811£ Yla 'tOY OlXOVOf,loMyo, OCPELAEl 'ta 3tavtU aTYJV 3tOAl'tlXl1 oixovouto.

«'O'WV or yOVEtS; EVOS; YlmQOU (to XEtflEVO MEl EVOS; «OlXYJYOQou», 3tOU OEV ELvm 't000 xaA6 noQaOElYfla) EXOVV 3tAYJQWOEl 40.000 cpQavxa Yla rqv EX3ta(OEval1 rou, au'to 'to 3t000 f,l3tOQEC v« 8EWQYJ8EL oo» Eva flEyaAo xEcpaAmo 3tOV EXEl E3tEVOu8EL oro xEcpaAl rou, Ewor, WOflEVW£, 8Ef,ll't0 vo. OXEcpTOvtrn O'tl 8a a3tocpEQEl ElOoOYJfla 4.000 cpQavxwv 'to XQovo. Av 0 ytmQo£ xEQM;'El 30.000 cpQavxa, 3tEQtaOEUOVV 26.000 cpQavxa 3tOU 0cpE(AOvtm aTO 3tQoowmxo 'WMvto nou rou ECWOE YJ <pVOYJ. Aut6 to cpumxo xEcpaAmo, Aomov, av urcoAOY(OOUflE Eva

E:rtLt6xLO 10 roi; Exmo, <p'taVEt ro 260.000 cpQavxu 'Xat 'to xEcpaAatO nou ot YOVE(£ 'tau 'tau Eowoav ytU va xaAV'ljJEl ru EI;OOU rou 'W 40.000 cpQavxa. H Evoxrq aVTwv TWV ouo nc>wv xEcpaAalwv ouvtord rnv 3tEQLOuoCa TOU.» (Say,)bravTa, xArc.)

o Say XWQ~El 'tYJv rcEQLOuola rou YlmQou OE C>UO f,lEQYJ: TO Eva a3tOtEAELtat a3t' to xEcpaAatO rcou EXEl oa3tavYJ8E( YLa 'tYJv ExrcalCEVal1 'tOU, to UAAO avttrcQOOWrcEUEl rc rcQoowmxu rou taMvta. Amo£ o C>laxwQtOf,lo£ ELvm C(xato£' E(Vat aVf,lcpwvo£ us 'tYJ <pVOYJ ttov rcQaYflUtWv' Elvm rcayxoOf,lla cerooe'XtO£' f,la£ rcaQEXEl tt£ flE~OVE£ rcQo'tUOEl£ Yla to f,lEYUAO EmXElQYJfla YLa 'tYJV aVlOOtYJ'W torv Lxavo'tl1- rorv. ~£xoflm XWQl£ EmcpuAal;El£ aml1 tYJV 3tQotaoYJ' a£ C>OUIlE 'tl£ avVErcELE£.

1. 0 Say vrcoAOY~El 'ta 40.000 yla to 'XOaTO£ tYJ£ Exrca(c>EVOYJ£ tOU YLaTQOU aTO EVEQYYJTLXO tOV AoyaQwollou, aAAu aUTu 'W 40.000 cpQavxa 8a '3tQErcE va tOrc08ETYJ80uv aTO 3ta8YJ'tlxo TOU AoyaQLaoflou. fLa'tL 1l0AOVOtL amE£ OL c>a3tUVE£ EYLVav YL' «urov, C>EV EYLvav a3to uurov- Xl eroi, f,laXQLU arc' 'to va lC>L03tOLYJ8E( amu 'W 40.000 cpQuvxa, 0 YLaTQO£ rcQErcEl va 'ta 3tQ008EOEl aTYJv Ttf,ll1 TOV 3tQo'COvtO£ TOU xm va arco~YJflLWOEL autou£ nou XQWaTu. ~YJflELWaTE, WLOYJ£, OtL 0 Say XUVEL Myo YLa «ELOoC>YJfla» UVt( YLa «arcO~YJflLWOYJ», U3tOaTYJQ(~ovta£ tYJ Aav8aoflEvYJ aQXl10'tl TO XEcpUAmo E(vm rcaQaYWYLXO. "Etot, oi c>arcuvE£ tYJ£ EX3ta(CEVOYJS; EVO£ 'taMvtov ELvm Eva XQEOS; 3tOV EXEl ErccollLaTEC auto TO 'WMvto. Arc' to CC>LO 'to YEYOVOS; TYJ£ urraQ-

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ITEPI MIOKTIU:IAL

s~~ tOU, 'Xa8Lmatm OCPELMtTJ~ Ev6~ JtOOOU LOOU J.tE to xooro; tTJ~ JtaQaywy~~ tou, Auto ELvm t600 aATJ8LV6 'Xm JtEQav aJ.tcpL<J~*TJOTJ~ oxrre av TJ E'XnaLC>EUOTJ Ev6~ Jtmc>LOU 'Xom~EL OE J.tLa OL'XoYEVELa bLJtAama ~ tQLJtAama cor' au~ rcov aDEQcpoov tOU, OL bEUtEQOL bL'XmOUvtm va JtaQouv Eva avaAoyo JtO- 06 an' tTJv 'XATJQovoJ.tLa JtQLV aut~ J.tOLQamEL. ~£v uJtaQXEL buo'XoALa 0' aut6 ornv JtEQLJttWOTJ tTJ~ 'XTJC>EJ.tovLa~, orov TJ DLaXELQLOTJ tTJ~ JtEQLOuoLa~ YLVEtm oro ovouo tWV aVTJAL'XwV.

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8EL OE IlLa EQyao(a anEx8'1i YLa 'tYJ cpVoYJ rou, 0 EUcpu'Ii~ av8QOJno~ ea aLo8av8EL abuvallLa XaL 8a 0- bYJYYJ8EL CYtYJ XELQO'tEQYJ buva't'li ~OJ'Ii.

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«H MEyaAELo'tYJ'ta ouc», anav'tljOE lj aAAYJ, «bEV EXEL naQa va ~aAEL tou; O'tQa'taQXE~ 'tYJC; va 'tQayoub'lioouv» .

Av YJ raAALa, mo LOXUQ'Ii ano 'tljv ALXa'tEQLVYJ B', EAtyE CYtYJ llaV'tlla~EA Rachel" «8a naLSE'tE YLa 100 Aoubo~(xLa 'Ii aAALw~ ea YVE8E'tE llaAAL» 'Ii orov XVQLO Duprez", «nQEnEL va 'tQayoub'lioE'tE YLa 2.400 cpQavxa, 'Ii aAALw~ va bOUAE'ljJE'tE oro a!l:ltE- ALa», J'tLO'tEVE'tE OU YJ YJ80noLo~ Rachel XaL 0 rooYOUbLO't'liC; Duprez, 8a tyxa'tEAELnav 'tlj OXljv'Ii; Av auvE~aLVE mrro, nQw'tOL outof 8a IlE'tavLOJvav.

H llaV'tlla~EA Rachel na(QvEL, an' O,'tL AEVE, 60.000 cpQavxa 'to XQovo an' tnv Comedie Francaise. I'i« Eva 'taAEv'tO ouv ro bLXO 'tYJ~ am'li E(Val IlLa IlLXQ'Ii aIlOL~'Ii. rta't( va IlYJV na(QvEL 100.000 'Ii 200.000 cpQavxa; rta'tL 0XL IlLa ~aGLAL,t'li XOQYJy(a; TL'tGLyyouvLa! E(vaL buva'tov va xavoullE na~aQLa I-tE IlLa xaAAL'tExvLba onv 'tYJ llaV'tlla~EA Rachlel;

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AUTO ELvm OLxmo, 0.1.1.0. EmBEBmwvCL 'ta 00'0.

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H J,laV'tJ,la~EA Rachel, MVE, CPEQVEL oro Theatre Francais nEQLaaoTEQa ano 60.000 CPQavxa. Kcqud aV'tLQQ'llaTJ, 0.1.1.0. TOTE xm'llYOQW 'to 8EmQO. Ano nOLOV naLQVEL 'to 8EmQO aUTO. TO. XQrlJ,lma; AnOJ,lEQLXOU~ nEQLEQYOU~ av8Qwnou~ nou ELvm TEAECoo~ EAEu8EQOL. Nor, 0.1.1.0. OL EQyaTE~, OL XOAArlYOL xm OL aYQOTE~ OL onotoi oavELtOV'tm Ba~oV'ta~ EVEXUQO TO. unaQXOV'ta TOU~, coro rtoti ~avaxEQOLtouv auTOL OL nEQLEQYOL aV8QoonOL 01.0. aUTO. rtou nA'llQwVOUV oro 8EmQo - ELvm aUToL EAEu8EQoL; Kru orov TO xaMTEQO J,lEQO~ rcov nQo'CoV'toov roue xmavaAwVETm ano aAAOU~ omv naQamaa'll, J,lnOQELTE va J,lE B£BmwaETE OTL OL OLXOYEVELE~ TOU~ OEV BQLaxOV'tm O'E avayX'll; 'Eoo~ OTOU 0 yaAALxo~ Aao~, aXEmOJ,lEVO~ navoo croix J,lw80U~ nou OLvovTm oe OAOU~ TOU~ xaULTEXV£~, TOU~ OWVOOU/-t£VOU~ xm TOU~ O'lluootoix AEL'tOUQYOU~, EXCPQaaEL ~Exa8aQa tnv sm- 8UJ,lLa TOU xm rnv XQLaTJ 'tOU YLa TO. aLiLa aUTrl~ T'll~

xmamaa'll~, OL J,lLa80L 't'l'J~ J,laV'tJ,la~EA Rachel xm oAoov rcov auvabEAcpoov T'll~ 80. ELvm J,lLa unOXQEOOiLXrl auVCLaCPOQa -anoanaaJ,lEV'll OLa T'll~ BLa~- rtou aV'taJ,l£CBEL tov EyooLa/-to xm auV't'llQEL T'llV axoAaaLa.

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TL EXOUp.E OE~EL J,lEXQL T(OQU; IlQaYJ,lma TOOO anAa nou nQaYJ,lmLXa cpa(voV'tm cvonr«:

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'O'tL 0 ouvmoc; O€V EXH xcvsv« OLxa((J)!-la vc xa'taXQ<iLaL rnv €Qyaa(a tou aovva!-lou, OU't€ 0 Esunvoc; v« €n(J)ep€A€L'taL an' rnv xaAt] n(at'l'] 'tOU anAOU avSQwnou'

T€ALXa, O'tL xav€(c; O€V !-lnOQ€L vc €;avayxaat€( vo ayoQaan amo nou O€V SEA€L, XL aXO!-la ALYO't€QO v« nA'I']Qwan YL' au'to rtou O€V EX€L ayoQaost, XaL eJ'Uv€nWC; OLL, orpoii 'I'] av'taAAax'tLxt] aSLa €VOC; nQo'(ovLOC; O€V !-l€'tQLE'taL ou't€ !-l€ 't'l'] YVW!-l'l'] LOU ayoQaatt] oU't€ !-l€ 't'I'] YVW!-l'l'] LOU n(J)A'I']'tt], aAAa !l€ rnv nooorntc rou XQovou XaL 't(J)V €soo(J)v rtou auttl xoonos, 'I'] nEQwua(a LOU xaSEvoc; nUQa!-lEVEL naV'tO'tE (oLa.

M:v cCVaL au'tEC; noAU anMc; aAt]SEL€C;; Aourov, avayvwat'l'], 00'0 anAEC; O€(Xvouv, Sa ()€lC; aAA€C; nou 'tlC; S€n€Qvouv oro rcooo nQoepav€(c; XaL anMc; €(VaL. na'tL 'I'] OLXt] !-lac; nOQ€(a €(VaL aV't(S€'t'l'] an' amt] 't(J)V Y€(J)!-lE'tQWV: aUtOL 00'0 mo nOAu nQoX(J)ooov, rooo mo ouaXOAa YLVOV'taL 'ta nQO~At]!-lma touC;' €!-l€CC;, aV'tl8Et(J)C;, S€XLvwV'tac; an' 'tLC; nMov ()uavOlltEC; nQotaaELC; Sa xmaAt]SOU!-l€ ore aSLwurrm.

AAAa nQEnEL vo. XA€La(J) mrro 'to X€epaAaLO €XSEtoV'tac; !-lLa an' aUtEC; tLC; xatanA'I']xtLxEC; aAt]SEL€C;

tLC; ono(€c; nOtE ()€V €(xav OVHQ€Ut€L OL VO!-lLXO( t] OL oixovouoxoyot,

8. Me oom»; OtXaLOaVvYjs, Yj eovaota xataotoupei TYjV tOLOxTYja{a.

Airn] 'I'] nQotaa'l'] E(VaL 'I'] AOYLXt] eJ'UvEnELa t(J)V ovo nQollyoU!-lEv(J)v naQaYQaep(J)v tLC; OnOL€C; !-lOALC; ouvotptouue.

o !-lE!-lOV(J)!-lEVOC; avSQ(J)noc; !-lnoQ€( v« xaAu'tpEL !-lOVO Eva noAU !-lLXQO !-lEQOC; t(J)V avayxwv rou: OA'I'] tOU 'I'] OVva!-l'l'] ~Q(aXEtaL orn eJ'UVEQyaa(a XaL orov Esunvo ouvoecouo t'l']C; xaSOALXt]C; nQoanaSELac;. 0 xma!-l€QW!-lOC; XaL 0 eJ'Uv()uaa!-lOC; t'l']C; EQyaa(ac; nOAAanAamasO'UV rnv nooomr« XaL t'l']V nOLXlA(a t(J)V nQo'(oV't(J)V, XaL 'I'] €SEL()(x€ua'l'] ~€A'tLWVEL tnv nOLOtllta tOVC;.

~EV unaQXEL OUt€ Evac; avSQ(J)noc;, AOLnOV, rtou va !-l'l']V SEl ano nQo'(OVta aQx€twv XlAla()(J)V ~LO!-l'l']xaVlWV' OEV unaQX€l OU't€ Evac; EQyaSO!-lEVOC; nou vu !-l'l']V naLQV€l an' t'l']V XOLV(J)v(a €V YEVEL ta nQay!-lata rtou xataVaAWVEL XaL, us mrrd, ta ueoo avanaQaY(J)yt]c;. ITOLOC;, nQaY!-la'tL, Sa tOA!-lOUa€ vc nst, «naQaY(J) !-l€ 't'I'] OLXt] uou nQoanaSELa OAa occ xc'tavaAWV(J) XaL ()EV XQELaS0!-laL xovevcv»; 0 aYQot'l']C;, tOY onoto OL nQWLOL OLXOVO!-loMyOL S€(J)QOUouv ouv tOY !-lOVO nQaY!-latLXO naQaY(J)Yo - 0 aYQOtllC;, nou EXEL an m, EmnAa, Qouxa XaL 'tQoept] XaL ~O'l']SlEtaL an' tOY XtLat'l'], tOY !-laQayxo, tOY Qa-

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I1EPI IMOKTHl:IA1:

qrtTJ, 'tOY r-t1JAoova, 'tOY cpovgvagTJ, 'tOY xaaanTJ, 'tOY fUtaxaATJ, 'tOY aLbEga XA.n. - 0 aygo'tTJ~, Moo, urcogEL va Xa1JXTJeEL OU nagaYEL anAa xm uovo ano 'tTJ bLXij 't01J ngoanaeELa; H xmavaAooaTJ bLvE'tm orov xaeEva cero OA01J~, xm YLa 'tOY LbLO Myo TJ nagayooyij 't01J xaeEv6~ E)lJtEgLEXEL rnv nuguymyij oAmv. 'Eva ngo'(ov bEY f.tnogEL va 1JnagSEL bLxm~ Eva aA- 1..0' r-tLa cotouovrouevq ~LOf.tTJxaVLa etvru aMvmTJ. TL ea ijwv TJ aobELa 't01J aygo'tTJ av bEY xmaaxEva~av aAAOL YLa AoyagLaar-to 't01J anOeijxE£, xaga, ago'tga, govxa x'tA; TL ea ExavE 0 bLaVOOVf.tEVO~ xmgL£ 'tOY Exbo'tTJ, 0 't1Jnoygacpo£ xmgL~ 'tOY mOLXELOe€'tTJ xct rov f.tTJXaV01Jgyo XL a1J'tOL r-tE 'tTJ aELga 't01J~ Xmgt£, r-tLa nA1l8wga 6.AAoov ~LOr-tTJxaVLWV; A~ r-tllV EnEx'tELV01Jr-tE a1J'tij 'tTJ ALma, n01J r-tnogEL'toao EvxoAa va r-tEyaAwaEL, mnbij 1JnagXEL 0 cpo~o~ va r-ta~ xmTJyogijao1Jv O'tL Mr-tE xorvoromec, 'OAE~ OL ~Lor-tTJxaVLE~ svcrvovtrn us ar-tOL~aLE£, axEaEL~ oe Eva uovo aVvoAo' oAE£ OL nagaymYE~ ES1JnllgE'tovv TJ r-tLa'tTJv aAATJ oo~ axono~ xm m~ r-tEao' oAE£ OL nOLxLA(E£ wMV'to1J bEY E(vm nag a r-tLa aELga r-tE'tar-togcpwaEmv an' 'to xa-rwTEgo oro avwTEgo.

'Or-tm~ coro 'to avar-tcpLa~ijTll'tO xm abLacpLAovLXTJTO ycyovo~ Tll~ YEVLXij~ <J1Jr-tr-tE'tOxij£ oe xaeE ELbo~ nagaymyij~ xaeLma xorvr] Tllv X6.8E m0r-tLxij nagaymyij, E'taL oxrte xa8E ngo'(ov n01J qrtLaxvE'tm an' TOV nagaymyo, 1Jn0811xEvE'tm EX nov ngO'tEgmv an' rnv xorvcovto, O ;ragaymyo£ EXEL bLxa(wr-ta r-t0- vo a' «oro 'to 'tr-tijr-ta 't01J ngo'(oV'to£, TO onOLO Excpga~ETm ano Eva xAaar-ta 0 nagovor-tamij~ T01J OnOL01J

WOVTm us 'tOY agLer-t0 rrov otourov ano Ta onotc anOTEAELTm TJ xorvcovfc. Eivrn aAijeELa O'tL os ovrcnoboaTJ a1J'to~ 0 nagaywyo£ EXEL bLxmwr-tma navw oe oAa rc ngo'(oV'ta rcov aAAwv, ETaL oxrte EXEL r-tLa aSLWaTJ ano OA01J£, axgL~w~ onw~ oAOL EX01JV r-tLa aSLWaTJ an' a1JTov' aAAa bEY ELvm SExa8ago av a1JTij TJ ar-tOL~m6TllTa rcov 1Jn08TJXEVaEwv, n01J anEXEL an' 'to va CYXgLVEL rnv LbLOx'tTJaLa, xaTamgEcpEL aX0r-tll sorco xm TTJ vour]; 0 Egya~or-tEvo£ bEY ELvm OVTE xcv v0r-tEa£ 't01J ngo'(oV'to~ 't01J' anavLw~ 'to EXEL TEAELwaEL OWV II xowcovtc TO ~TJ'taEL.

«AA.Aa» , fUtOgEL va anaV'tijaEL xaVEL~, «axor-ta XL av E(vm ETaL, axor-ta XL av TO ngo'(ov bEY avijxEL orov nagaymyo, acpov TJ xoivrovtc bLVEL oe xa8E Egya~or-tEvo Eva LaoMvar-to YLa 'to ngo'(ov 't01J, ELvca rnrro TO LaoMvar-t0, a1J'to~ 0 r-tweo£, ar-tOL~ij ij ano~llr-tLw<JfJ, n01J YLvETm nEgL01JaLa 't01J». AgVELore OU a1J'tij TJ LbLOXTTJaLa ELvm VOr-tLr-tTJ; Koa av 0 Egya~or-tEVO~ aV'tL va xaTavaAwVEL oMxATJgo TOV r-tLa80 't01J EmMYEL va TOV ESOLXOV0r-tEC, nOLO£ ea 'tOAr-tijaEL va ar-tcpW~llTijaEL 'to bLxaLwr-ta T01J va 'to x6.VEL a1Jto;

o Egya~ol-lfVO£ bEY ELvm OVTE xov LbLOX'tijtTJ~ Tll~ TLr-tij~ 'tTJ~ EgyaaLa~ 't01J xm bEY r-tnogEL va EMySEL anoA1J'ta 'to nw~ 8a bLmE8EL. A~ r-tllv T1JCPAWVOucors cno r-tLa 1jJE1Jbij blxmoaVVTJ' O,U bLvETm otov Egya~or-tEvo w~ aV'taAAayr-ta YLa 'to ngo'(ov 't01J, bEY 't01J bLvETm w£ ar-tOL~ij Yla b01JAELa n01J ExavE aA.A.a w~ r-tLa ~aaTJ Yla r-tla ngoobo os r-tEAAov'tlxij Egyaala. KmavaAwvo1Jr-tE ngOTov va nagayay01Jr-tE. a

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EQyaSo~Evo~ JtQEJtEL va MH oro tEAO~ tYJ~ YJ~EQa~, «JtA~Qwoa tn x8Emva Esoba' aUQw 8a JtAYJQWOW rc OYJ~EQLva». LE xa8E atLY~~ tYJ~ sw~~ roo to ~EAO~ tYJ~ XOLvwvLa~ XQwataEL" JtE8aLvH ~E to XQEO~ aJtA~QwtO: rrw~ ELvm buvmov va aJtOta~LEUEL;

OL av8QwJtOL ~LAav YLa oixovoruc - aut~ ELvm YJ bLaAEXtO~ tOU Lbwxt*YJ. Kdrco coro Eva aUatYJ~a LoOtYJta~, xa8E oixovojuc nou bEV ~oYJ8a OE xrrtomv~ avaJtaQaywy~ ~ bLaoxEbaoYJ ELvm abUvmYJ. Turtf; EJtHb~ OL aJtOta~LEuoH~, cor' tYJ atLY~~ rtou bEV ~JtoQouv va ~EtmQaJtouv OE xEcpaAmo, bEV EXOuv oxoao xm tEALX~ mt(a. Auto 8a to ESYJyliow avaAUtLXOtEQa oro EJtO~EVO xEcpaAmo.

KmaA~you~E: 0 EQyaso~Evo~, aJtEvaVtL ornv xoworvto, E(vm Eva~ ocpHMtYJ~ 0 orcoto; xcer' ovdyxYJv JtE8a(vH XQCOXOJtYJ~EVO~. 0 LbLOXt*YJ~ E(vm Eva~ amato~ CPQouQo~ nou aQvECtm rnv E(OJtQasYJ tYJ~ JtQoxma~oAli~ rtoi: tOU b(vEtm YLa tYJ cpQovt(ba tOU xm Em8u~E( va JtAYJQw8EC yw OAE~ tL~ ~EQE~, tOU~ ~~VE~ xm ta XQovLa tYJ~ CPQouQYJa1i~ tou.

OL aQXE~ rtou ~OAL~ 8Eoa~E ~JtOQEC va qxnvovroi axo~a JtOAU ~ctacpumxE~ OE OQW~EVOU~ avayvwatE~. ea tL~ JtaQoumaow sava mo auYXEXQL~Eva, oiore va y(vovtm aVtLAYJJttE~ XL cot' roix mo a~~AUvoE~ xm au~JtAYJQW~EVE~ ~E tL~ mo OYJ~avtLXE~ auVEJtCLE~ tou~.

1. Victor Cousin, 1972-1867. raA.A.o~ q:JLMoocpo~.

2. J.-B. Say,raA.A.o~ oixovouosovoc.

3. LEVEXU£, De beneficiis.

4. YJto~lLuLgEO'l1 rou YUA.A.lXO'IJ cpgavxou. 100 OEVLL!A=l cpgavxo.

5. 1 A.Euyu=4,8 XlA.lO!lEtgU.

6. Movdon XWQ11tlXOt11tU£ 611!ll1tgluxwv. 1 !lltOUOEA.=8,35A.ttgu.

7.1 Extagw=10.000 tEtguywvl'Xa !AEtgU.

8. WEu6wvu!lo tOU auyygUcpEU Louis-Francois Raban.

9. Rachel *uv to XUA.A.ltEXVlXO 'ljJEu6wvu!lo t11£ 6la- 0lJ!l11£ E'XELV11 mv Elt0X1l 118oltOlOU Elsa Felix (1821- 1858).

10.0 Gibert-Louis Dupres (1806-1896) *uv EVU£ tguyou6Wt1l£ tou 8Eatgou, l6laLtEgw£ YVWotO£ om XgOVlU roo Ilooovrov,

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