'Dpmtkyfuav;udkarar ydk hay;vdkhzwfjzpfwmyg

/
aus;Zl;&SifudkjypfrSm;rd&if udk,fbmvkyfvkyfaESmifhaES;jcif;?ratmifjrifjcif;wdk hawGhjuHk&wwfygw,f/
usL;ypfarmifESrrsm;vnf; aus;Zl;&SifudkrjypfrSm;rdzdkh eJh avhvmzdktwGuf "r®'gejyKygw,f/
azaz arar eJh aus;Zl;&Sifrsm;udk 'Dae&mav;uae 'Dpmtkyfav; ukodkvfjyK&if;uefawmhygw,f/
(pm&dkufylaZmfol - rSymphony )

aus;Zl;jypfrSm;'Pfq,fyg; ESifh cifyGef;juD;q,fyg;uefawmhcef;
ydkif;avmhq&mawmf t&SifaZ,sy@dw
(w&m;0ifa,m*Drsm;twGufom)

cifyGef;juD;q,fyg;ylaZmfjcif;tusKd;q,fyg;
1/ t&yfwpfyg;oGm;vnf; tpm;tpmr&Sm;yg;jcif;/
2/ a&muf&mt&yfÜü av;pm;ylaZmfcH&jcif;/
3/ &efolrsKd;ig;yg; rESdyfpufjcif;/
4/ cspfcifolaygrsm;jcif;/
5/ rnfonfhy&dowftv,fürqdk wifhw,fpGm aeEdkifjcif;/
6/ aumif;aom *kPfowif;ausmfaZmjcif;/
7/ tjcHt&H rjywf&Sdjcif;/
8/ arG;jrLaom wd&dpmäef? pdkufysKd;aom oD;ESHjzpfxGef;jcif;/
9/ ab;'ku©a&mufcJhaomf tultnD trSDtwG,f &&Sdkjcif;/
10/ om;orD;ESifh pD;yGm;Opömaumif;rGefpGm jzpfxGef;jcif;/

cifyGef;juD;q,fyg;uefawmhcef;

earm wó b*0awm t&[awm or®moAÁK"¨ó

cifyGef;MuD;q,fyg; uefawmh&jcif;taMumif;
bkef;bkef;[m w&m;oifwef; (5) &ufay;avh&Sdygw,f/ (4)&ufajrmufaehqkd&if opömav;yg; oabmayguf&ef
oifygw,f/ 'Dvdkoifay;wJhtcg tukefvHk;udk &apcsifygw,f/ 'gayr,fh wpfcsKdU yk*d¾KvfawG[m OmPfvnf;aumif;w,f? bGJ h&?
ynmwwfawGvnf;ygw,f/ 'gayrJh bkef;bkef;oifwmudk b,fvkdrS em;rvnfEdkifjubl;/ oifwJhtcgidkufawmhwmbJ/ bkef;bkef;u
wem&Doifvkduf? em&D0ufavmuf em;vdkuf vkyfay;w,f/ ridkufatmifaygh/ 'gayrJh idkufwmbJ/ 'gudkavhvmMunfhawmh
tJ'Duav;awG[m taz tarudk aocef;NywfqdkwJh uav;awGvdk h od&w,f/ jypfrSm;wm rsm;wmudk;/
jypfrSm;wJhuHajz&Sif;jcif; bk&m;a[mudk avhvmMunfhawmh jypfrSm;wJh uH owdårsm;wJh yk*¾dKvfawG[m r*fwm;? zdkvfwm;
jzpfEdkifw,fvdk h qdkxm;w,f/ w&m;usifhvdk h r&EdkifMubl;/ w&m;emvnf; oabmaygufrvG,fbl; ayghaemf/ 'Dvdk yk*¾dKvfrsKd; awG
twGuf bkef;bkef;u enf;vrf;&Sm&wmaygh/ b,fvdkuefawmh&if ajyEdkifrvnf;qdkjyD;&Smawmh usrf;wpfckrSm oGm;awG hw,f/
jypfrSm;cH yk*¾dkKvfudk wdkuf&kdufuefawmh&if ajyygw,fwJh/ odk hwnf;r[kwf *kPfaygif;pkwJh bk&m;"gwfawmfudef;&mrSm uefawmh
&ifvnf;aMuygw,fvdk h ygw,faemf/
'geJh cifyGef;MuD;q,fyg;udk uefawmhcdkif;w,f/ prf;oyfMunfhwmaygh/ tHMop&m aumif;avmufatmifygbJ/
uefawmhjyD;wJhuav;awG rSmMunfvifvef;qef;oGm;wmudk awG h&w,f/ 0rf;omoGm;w,faemf? 'DawmhrS bkef;bkef;u
uefawmhcef;udk qufoifay;wmhwm/ xljcm;wmu tJ'D uefawmhcef;rSm a&m*gvnf;aysmufwm awG h&w,f/ pD;yGm;a&;tp
tukeftqifajyjyD; aumif;oGm;wm awGh&w,faemf? 'Pfq,fyg;vnf; uif;w,f/
'umwpfa,mufqdk&if t&kd;MuD;aygif;wufwJh a&m*gjzpfw,faemf/ olu uefx&kdufaqmufwJh ae&mrSm oHcsnfoHauG;
vkyf&w,f/ waehudk tjrwfaiGrenf;&w,f/ olu tJ'Da&m*gjzpfawmh rl;rl;aew,f/ tvkyfrvkyfEdkifawmhbl;/ aq;ukcvnf;
renf;ukefaejyD/ bkef;bkef;qDa&mufvmjyD; ol htcuftcJudk ajymjyw,f/ 'Dawmh bkef;bkef;u bk&m;a[mtwkdif; &Sif;jycJh&w,f/
rSwfMuyg... uHeJhywfoufjyD; raumif;wJh uHowådå awG jypfrSm;wJh tukodkvfuH awG&Sdr,fqdk&if tJ'D jypfrSm;vdkufwJh owÅd
awGaMumifh wefjyefvIdif;awG&Sdw,f/ 0efqGJwJh EGm;&Jh ajc&maemufudk vSnf;bD;awGvdkufovkdyJ b0tqufqufygw,fwJh/
jypfrSm;w,fqkdwmu ESvHk;tdrfrSm pdwfurSDxm;wmudk;? wDAGD (TV) pufzrf;ovdkbJ/ yHkazmfvdkufwmaemf/
pdwfunTwfjyD;awmh jypfrSm;vdkufwm/ ol h&Jh raumif;wJh*kPfawG? tjypfawGeJh wefqmqifjyD; ? 'Du (ESvHk;tdrfu) wufvmwm/

rauseyfwJh t&SdefeJh ol h&Jh raumif;wJhtaMumif;awGudk ajymcsvdkufwm/ raemuxGufwmeJh twlwlbJ/ EIwfuxGufawmh
ydkqdk;wmaygh/ ydkt&Sdefjyif;wmayghaemf/
'DvdkajymvkdufwJhtcgrSm trDScHrSmvnf; owŒd udef;w,f/ tqdyfwufovdk ysHESHoGm;w,f/ tjyif[dkbufu wefjyefvIdif;
&kdufcwfvmwm &kdufyHk&kdufenf;u em&DawG? ESpfawG awmufavsmufygoGm;wmaygh/ 0efqGJwJh EGm;&Jhajc&mudk vSnf;bD;
vdkufovdkbJwJh ajy;vdkhrvGwfbl;/ oabmaygufw,faemf/
'DacwftaeeJhqdk a&'gpufvdkayhg/ Oyrm - av,mOfypfwJh 'Hk;usnfqdkygawmhh/ tylvdIif;&Sdw,f/ 'gudka&'geJh
zrf;vdkufwm/ tylaiG h &SdwJhqDudk tJ'gu vdkufawmhwmbJajy;vdkhrvGwfawmhbl;/ 'DoabmvdkbJ tukodkvfeJh jypfrSm;wJh
wefjyefvIdif;awG vdkufawmhwmbJ/ tJ'Dvdk jypfrSm;vdkufwJh wefjyefvIdif[m b0tqufquf vdkufwwfw,fvdk h bk&m;rdefh
&Sdxm;w,faemf/
ESvHk;tdrfylp&mawG hw,fqdk&if jypfrSm;vkdufwJh tukodkvfuH tusKd;ay;vdk h bk&m;ua[mw,f/ 'D tukodkvf tusKd;ay;udk
bmeJhjzwf&vnf;qdk&if uH uHudk uHeJhbJzsuf&w,fwJh/ ukodkvfuH taumif;eJh zsufrS&wmaemf/ bk&m;&Jh "gwf&dyf "gwfcdk;[m
tifrweftm;rsm;w,f/ bk&m;udk MunfndKwJh pdwfeJh&kdaopGm uefawmhr,fqdk&if owådajymif;w,f/ wefjyefvIdif;yg ajymif;jyD;
&jyDwJh/ 'gqdk&if aysmufjyDvdk h bkef;bkef;cH,lxm;w,f/ 'Dawmh prf;MunfhqkdjyD; uefawmhcdkif;vdkufw,f/ tJ'D'umMuD;[m
b,frSroGm;Edkifawmh tdrfrSmbJ cPcPuefawmhw,f/
uefawmhyGJrygvnf; opfoD;q,frsKd;aygh 'gersm;pGmeJh MudKufovdkvSLyg/ t"duawmh bk&m;udk raemu MunfndKbdkh
t"dubJ/ 'DvdkeJh (1)vavmuf uefawmhvdkufwm/ tcsKD;wnfhoGm;w,f/ (1)vMumawmh wdkif;&if;aq;q&m wpfa,muf
a&mufvmw,f/ aq;zkd;ig;&mavmufyJ ukefoGm;cJhw,f/ tJ'Daq;ukdoHk;awmh tck a&m*gaysmufoGm;jyD/ tJ'Daq;udkoHk;awmh tck
a&m*gaysmufoGm;jyD/ tJ'Daq;udk olrsm;ay;awmh raysmufbl;aemf/ t&dk;MuD;aygif;wufw,fqdkwm vG,fwmrS r[kwfwm/ 'gudk
aysmufoGm;w,fqdkawmh tHhJMop&mygbJ/
ruefawmhrD oif,lavhvm&ef 'Duefawmhcef;[m tifrwef euf&Idif;ygw,f/ tukodkvfvIdif; eJh ukodkvfvIdif;
wkdufcdkufwJh oabmygbJ/ tukodkvfvdIif;udk ukodkvfvIdif;eJJh tpm;xkd;jyD; z,fwJhenf;vdk h rSwf&r,f/
'Duefawmhcef;rSm odoifhwJh tydkif;u –

eHygwf (1) cifyGef;qdkwJh pum;eJh aus;Zl;qkdwJhpum;aemf...
eHygwf (2) u 'Pfq,fyg;? 'gudkvnf; odatmif &Sif;jyr,f/
eHygwf (3) 'gu wefjyeftqehJh yk*¾dKvf (14) OD;? 'gudkvnf;odoifhw,f/
eHygwf (4) u jypfrSm;jcif;? 'gudk 0w¦KeJh oifay;r,f/
eHygwf (5) onf jyefvnf oHk;owfcsufygbJ/
eHygwf (6) onf uefawmhcef;aygh/
tm;vHk; tydkif; (6)ydkif; &Sdw,f/ 'gudkbkef;bkef; oifay;ygr,f/

avhvm&ef ( 1 ) cifyGef;
tJh'D cifyGef;[m udk,fh&Jha,musmf;cifyGef;onf vkd hbJatmufarhMurSmayhg/ jrefrmpum;ygbJ/ odkHYaomf cufqpf
t"dyÜg,fzGifh&w,f/ aus;Zl;&SdwJh yk*¾dKvfrSef&if cifyGef;vdk h oHk;w,f/ cifyGef;MuD;q,fyg;vdkU qdkvdkufawmh wpfcsKdU
rsufpdvnfaew,f/ aus;Zl;&SdwJh yk*¾dKvfrSeforQudk cifyGef;vdkUoHk;w,faemf/ vlwpfOD;eJU wpfOD;[m &ufawG? vawG? ESpfawG
awmfawmf MumMumaygif;cJhwmudk rqdkeJU? wpfOD;eJUwpfOD; tazmftNzpfav;ig;q,f vSrf;oGm;rd&ifawmif cifyGef;jzpfoGm;jyD/
aus;Zl;&SdvdkU cifyGef;ac:xdkufJjyD/ bl&m;tavmif;awmf aus;rif;[mopfyifudk rSDjyD;pm;&vdkY opfyifudk awmif taqGcifyGef;vdkU
owfrSwfw,f/ ynm&Sdrsm; owfrSwfwmaemf/

cifyGef; ( 10 ) yg;a&wGuf
tJh'D q,fyg;u b,fvdkyk*¾dKvfrsKd;awGvnf;qdkawmh bk&m;&,f? yapöuAk'¨gt&SifjrwfawG&,f? bk&m;&Sif&JU yg&rDudk
av;yHkwpfyHkjznfhwJh t*¾om0uawG&,faemf/ tJJU'D om0uawGu woacsFeJU urmÇwpfodef; yg&rDjznfh&w,f/ t*¾om0uqdkwm
tjcm;r[kwfbl;/ vuf0J&Hav;q,f? vuf,m&Hav;q,f aygif; &Spfq,f&Sdw,faemf/ OD;aqmifwJh yk*¾dKvfu t&Sifom&dykwå&m eJU
t&Sifr[marm*¾vfefraxESpdyg;jzpfw,ff/tJh'D ESpfyg;udk t*¾om0u vdkhUac:w,f/
olwdkUawG[m zGJUpnf;yHkawG aumif;oxuf aumif;atmif woacsFeJU urmÇwpfodef;awmif tcsdefay;jyD; jznfhcJh&wmwJh/
tJJU'Dtm;awGeJU wnfaqmufxm;wJh cE¨mtdrfqdkawmh pGrf;tm;rsm;vdkU oD;jcm;cGJay;xm;w,f rSwfyg/ usefwJh ( 78 ) yg;aom
yk*¾dKvfawG[m urmÇwpfodef; yg&rDjznfhcJU&wJUyk*¾dKvfawG r[mom0uac:w,f/olwdkUvnf; pGrf;tm;&SdwJU yk*¾dKvfawG jzpfw,f/

(1) jrwfpGmbk&m;
(2) yapöuAk'¨g
(3) t*¾om0u r[mom0u
(4) &kd;&kd; &[Emå
awGjzpfw,f/ olwdkUusawmh b,favmuftwdkif;twm txd yg&rDjznfh&w,f/ r&Sdbl;aemf/ cE¨mtdrf zGJUpnf;rI[m
&[EÅmavmufwJU r*fOmPf? zdkvfOmPfaqmifavmufwJhtxd tm;&Sdw,f/ 'g[m oD;jcm;cGJxm;w,fvdkU rSwfxm;yg/
eHygwf (5) eJU (6) [m rdcif eJU zcifjzpfw,f/ eHygwf (7)uavmuDtaeeJU MunfUr,fqdk&iftodvdr®mqdkwm
wjcm;r[kwfygbl;/ pmay? toufarG;0rf;ausmif;ynmawG&JU todtvdr®mawGayghaemf/ 'gawGudk oifMum;ay;wJh
q&morm;aus;Zl; tifrwefrsm;w,f/ aemufeHygwf (8) oDv*kPf? orm"d*kPf? ynm*kPfawG jznfIusifhwJh vlyk*¾dKvf?
&[ef;yk*¾Kdvf? t&d,myk*¾dKvfMuD;awG&Sdw,f/ aomwmywådr*fuae t&[wåzkdvf rwdkifrD t&[wåwr*ftxd ,l&w,faemf/
eHygwf (9) 'gu bk&m;&JU w&m;awmfawGudk jyefvnfa[mMum;ay;wJU q&morm;? pum;vHk;wpfvHk;av;bJ
tod&oGm;yap/ aus;Zl;&Sdw,faemf/ b,fvdkenf;eJIbJ emvdkuf&yap/ wdwfacG eJh emvdkuf&vnf;bJJ aus;Zl;&Sdw,fvdkU rSwfyg/
eHygwf (10) xrif;wpfvkwf? a&wrIwfjzpfap? aemufqHk;ae&mav; z,fay;wmutp tukefygw,f/
taxmuftyHUjyKcJUbl;wJU yk*¾dKvfawGxJrSm ygw,faemf/ tJU'D yk*¾dKvfawGudk cifyGef;MuD;q,fyg;xJ xnfUxm;ygw,f/

aus;Zl;

aus;Zl;qdkwJh pum;[m qef;Mu,fjyefw,f/ aus;Zl; qdkwmudk wu,fodovm;? bk&m;w&m;awmfudk cH,lwJUtcg
pum;wpfvHk;&&if 'Dpum;[m bmudk orkwfwmvnf;? torkwfcHoabmudk jrifatmifavhvm&w,f/ t0dZÆmqdk&if t0dZÆm
qdkwJh pum;onf bmukd orkwfwmvnf; qdkwmudk &Sif;&Sif;odrS av;eufrI&SdrSmaygh/ pm;vHk;MuD;udkr,l&bl;aemf/ udk,fhoP²efrSm
b,fvdkoabmudk owfrSwfwmvnf; qdkwmudk &Sif;&Sif;odrS&r,f/ 'grSusifhvdkU &rSmaygh/
Oyrm - a&ykvif;vdkU orkwfvdkufw,fqdkygpdkU/ 'Dvdk orkwfvdkufjyD qdk&if udkifjyEdkif&r,faygh/ 'g[m torkwfcHoabm?
a&ykvif;[m pum;vHk; orkwfwmaemf/ oabmaygufjyDvm;/
'DOyrmvdkbJ aus;Zl;qkd&ifvnf; taumiftxnfr&SdwJh"r®oabmobm0udk orkwfwm jzpfw,f/ torkwfcH oabmudk
udkifjyovdkU odrSjzpfrSmaygh/ rdrdudk,frdrd ar;Munfhyg/ aus;Zl;qdkwmbmudk ac:wmvnf; b,foabmudk orkwfwmvnf;vdkUaemf/
aus;Zl;wifygw,fvdkU rajymMubl;vm; (ajymygw,fbk&m;)/ 'gjzifh aus;Zl;qdkwm bmudkac:wmvJ/ udkifjyovdk &SmMunfhygtHk;/
&rvm;vdkU/ odovdkvdk odoa,mifa,mifawmh &Sdom;aemf/ wu,fodovm;qdkawmh rodbl;/ &SmvdkUr&bl;/ bkef;bkef;wdkU
udk,fwkdif jzpfcJhvdkU udk,fcsif;pmjyD; oifae& wmaemf/
'Dawmh rSwfyg/ y|mef;rSm bk&m;a[mxm;w,f/ taxmuftyHHhvdkU ac:w,f/ ypönf;vdkU yg|dvdk oHk;w,f/ jrefrmvdk
jyefawmh taxmuftyHhaygh/ ypönf;qdkwJh pum;udk yg|duae qGJ,ljyD; jrefrmvkdoHk;xm;wm trsm;MuD;&Sdw,f/
Oyrm - a&cGuf? 'DcGufudk udk,fydkifqdkifxm;w,fqdk&if ihgypönf;vdkUrajymbl;vm;/ ( ajymygw,fbk&m; )/ a&udk
vufckwfeJU ,laomufr,fqdk&if yifyef;w,f/ a&cGufeJUqdk pdwfcsrf;om&wmayhg/ 'Dvdkpdwfcsrf;om? udk,fcsrf;omwmudk
axmufyHaomaMumifh ypönf;vdkUac:wmaemf/
ukvm;xdkifvnf; ypönf;vdkUac:w,f/ atmufrSmxdkif&if npfywfw,f/
pdwfyifyef;&w,f/ xdkifcHkay:xdkifawmh
oufomjyD; csrf;omrI &aomaMumifh? taxmuftyHjzpfaomaMumifh ypönf;vdkUac:wmaemf/
xrif;pm;vdkufw,fqdk&if 0rf;AdkufxJrSm taxmuftyHU&wmudk owdxm;&r,f/ bkef;bkef;ajymr,f pOf;pm;yg/ udk,f
aexdkifraumif; cJhonf&Sdaomf xrif;pm;raumif;bl; qdkygawmh/ 'Dwcg OD;acgif;awG axmifEdkifrSm r[kwfbl;/ bkef;bkef;wkdU
tckvdk acgif;awG axmifEdkifatmif vdkU tm;av;pdkufxm;&wmaemf/ tqufquf wGef;tm;av;ay;jyD;awmh 'DOD;acgif;udk
axmifxm;wm wGef;tm;&Sdw,faemf/ apwemwGef;tm;av;..aemf/ tJU'Dt&Sdefonf b,fuvmvnf;vdkU Munfh&rSm/ ESvHk;tdrfu
xGufvmawmh aocsmoGm;jyD/
pdwf[m olUcsnf;ay:vdkU r&bl;wJh/ tnrnowåd[m uH-&kyf vnf;ygw,f/ OwkeJU t[m&vnf;ygw,f/ 'Dvdk
tm;pdkufjyD; axmifEdkifwmonf pm;xm;wJh t[m& aMumifhaemf/ wu,fvdkU &ufaygif; (20)avmuf tpmrpm;Edkifbl;qdk&if
acgif;b,faxmifEdkifyghrvJ pOf;pm;av/

aus;Zl;udkacsvdkUr&? axvdkUr&

vlwpfa,muf[m udk,fhudkxrif; weyf auGs;vdkufw,f/ olu wpfaxmifbdk;auR;w,fqdkygpdkU/ udk,fu ESpfaxmifbdk;
jyefay;vdkufw,fqdk&ifolauR;vdkufwJh ypönf;&Jh taxmuftyHU tpOftqufonf &yfoGm;yghrvm;/(r&yfoGm;ygbk&m; ...) /
'gjzifhrSwfyg/ aus;Zl;udk acsvdkUr&bl;/ 'Dvdkaemf em;vnfjyDvm;/ aus;Zl; acsw,fqdkwJhpum;udk rajym&bl;/ aus;Zl;qdkwm
racsaumif;bl;/ aiGeJhvnf; acsvdkU r&ygbl;/

t&Sifom&DykwÅå&mrax&fqdk&if bk&m;tifrwef csD;usK;w,f/ waeU ykPÖm;tdkMuD; wpfa,muf[m toufMuD;rS
&[ef;0wfcsifw,f qkdjyD; bk&m;udk vmavQmufw,f/ bk&m;u ol &[Emåjzpfr,fqdkwm odw,f/ olUaus;Zl;udk b,foljrifvdkY?
b,folawG apmifha&SmufrvJvdkU oHCmawGar;awmh t&Sifom&Dykwå&mu olapmifha&Smufygr,fwJh/ (vltdk vlrif;awG &[ef;b0udk
oGif;w,fqdkwmuvnf; vG,fhawmh rvG,fvSbl;aemf/arwåmjynfhrS olwdkUudk apmifha&SmufvdkU &rSmudk; )
'Dawmh bk&m;u b,faus;Zl;jrifvdkUvnf;vdkU ar;awmh rSefvSygbk&m; ... bk&m;wynfhawmf qGrf;cHwkef;u wpfcg?
wpfZGef;avmif;bl; ygw,fbk&m; ... 'gudk pm;xm;rdygw,fbk&m;wJh/ 'Daus;Zl;[m olUrSm trsm;MuD;&SdcJYwJYtwGuf olapmifha&Smuf
yg&apvdkU cGifhawmif;awmh bk&m;u om"kac:w,fwJh ... aemf/
bk&m;u aus;Zl;odw,f/ aus;Zl;qyf&mrnfw,fvdkYom a[mawmh? ausw,fvdkU rajymbl;aemf/ aus;Zl;udk
racsaumif;bl;/ raxaumif;bl;vdkU rSwfyg/ aus;Zl;udk qyfwmawmif renf;MudK;pm;&rSm em;vnfjyDaemf/ vdkif;u wvdkif;pD
jzpfaewmudk oluudk,fUukda&wcGufwdkufvdkU udk,fu olUudka& (2) cGufjyefwdkufvdkU 'Du ('Dudk,fxJu)&yfoGm;yghrvm; ?
( roGm;ygbl;bk&m; ) 'gjzifh aus;Zl;udk acsvdkU&rvm; ? ( r&ygbl;bk&m; ) oabmaygufjyDaemf/
bk&m;a[mw,f/ tck w&m;emcsdefav;rSm rdbay;wJh taoG;tom;eJh tm;xkwf&w,f/ w&m;emcGifh&w,f/
'Dvdkr[kwfvm; i,fpOfu rdcif&Jh EdkU&nfwpuf? zcif&Jh jyKpkrIwcsufav;[m ( apmifav;jcHKjyD; aEG;aEG;axG;axG;xm;ay;wmutp
ygw,faemf/ ) tJ'Daus;Zl;awG[m ckxd axmufyHUwkef;bJwJh pOf;pm;av/ ta0;qdkawmh OmPfrSDyhgrvm; ( rrSDygbl;bk&m; )
bk&m;&JU OmPfawmfeJUrdkU jrifEdkifwmaemf/ y|mef;xJrSm ygw,f/ ewd¬ypöa,mvdkUjyw,f/ t[m&u Oyedó&ypöa,maemf/
tm;MuD;wJhrSD&m taxmuftyHUaemf/
[kdusawmh ewd¬ypöa,mvdkUac:w,f/ axmufyHUay;cJhw,f/ 'gayr,fh r&Sdawmhbl;/ vufqifhurf;oabmrsKd;vdkU
rSwf&r,f/ aoaocsmcsm rSwfyg/
Oyrm - arG;cgp uav;wpfa,mufudk rdbESpfyg;u t0wftxnfray;bl;/ EdkUrwdkufbJ wywfavmufxm;vdkufw,f
qdkygpdkU/ touf&SifygUrvm;/ ( r&Sifygbl;bk&m; ) 'gqdk rdcif zcif wkdU&JU jyKpk rI[m aus;Zl;rMuD;bl;vm; ( MuD;ygw,fbk&m; )
qifUuJqifUuJ axmufyHUjyD; vmcJhwmvdkUaemf/ 'gaMumifh aus;Zl;udk qufMunfhwJhtcg i,fi,fxJu rdcif EdkU&nfwpfpuf zcif&JU
jyKpkrIwcsufav;[m ckcsdef &Sdw,fvdkU rSwf&r,f/ tifrwef aus;Zl;MuD;w,faemf/
'gaMumifh trdudkvuf0J? tzudk vuf,m (odkUr[kwf) ycHk; ESpfbufay:rSm rdbudk wifjyD; ESpfaygif;wpf&mtxd
vkyfauGs;tkH;wJh aus;Zl;qyf&mrrnfao;bl;vdkU 'Dvdkqdkw,faemf/
rdbESpfyg;udk r*fzdkvf&wJhtxd jyefapmifha&SmufEdkif&ifawmh aus;Zl; qyf&mawmhrnf w,fwJh/ ausw,fvdkUrygbl;/ 'g[m
bk&m;&JU OmPfawmfeJUrdkUvdkU jrifEdkifwmoabmaygufjyDvm;/ &jyDaemf/

oHo&moufwrf;a&wGufyHk

aemufwpfcsuf bk&m;u a[mjyefw,f/ oHo&moufwrf;[mtifrwef Mumw,fwJh/ b,favmufMumvnf;qdk&if
oacFsaygif; teEåÅwJh bkef;bkef;pOf;pm;w,f/ oacFsaygif;teEÅqdkwm *Pef;ocsFmwpfck taeeJYawmh &Sd&rSmaygh/ wpfoacFs[m
b,favmuf &SDvnf;vdkU ar;cGef;xkwfawmh wpfcsKdUyk*¾dKvfrsm;[m rajzEdkifMubl;/ pmwwfyk*¾dKvfrsm;[m rajzEdkifMubl;/
pmwwfyk*d¾Kvf q&mawmfMuD;awGudk ar;awmhrS wpfoacFsqdkwm[m wpfaemufrSm oHkntvHk;aygif; wpf&mUav;q,f&Sdw,fwJh?
owfrSwfcsufwpfckawmh &SD&rSmaygh/ aoaocsmcsmrSwfyg/
woacFsqdkwmonf wpfaemufrSm oHkntvHk;aygif; w&mUav;q,f&Sdw,fvdkUaemf/ 'g[m ESpfvm;qdkawmh r[kwfbl;/
urmÇawGwJh pmxJzwf&if tifrwef &Iwfr,f/ rjyD;Edkifawmhbl;/ urmÇtvHk;aygif;vdkU rSwfvkdufyg/ urmÇpwnfw,f/
aemufysufoGm;w,f/ urmÇtvHk;aygif; vkdYrSwfaemf/ umvaemf tJh'gudk woacsFvdkUac:w,f em;vnfjyDaemf/
wurÇkmudk b,favmufMumovJvdkU ar;awmh bk&m;ajzcJYw,f/ tvsm; (12) rdkif? teH(12) rdkif? tjrifh (12) rdkif&SdwJh
oHuefMuD;wJh? tJ'D oHuefMuD;xJudk rkHnSif;aphtjynfhxnfhr,fwJh? cspfom;wdkU tESpf (100) MumrS rHknSif;aph waphz,fr,f/
xdkrHknSif;aphrsm; ukefoGm;aom umvonf wurmÇcefU[k rSwfwJh/ trdefU&SdcJhw,f/ tcsdefumv tifrwefMumwmaemf/
wpfurmÇÇtwGif;rSm raobl;wJhae&m r&Sdbl;wJh/ bkef;bkef;wkdY tckxdkifwJh ae&m[mvnf; ae&ma[mif; topfr[kwfbl;/
ajccscJhwJh ae&mwdkif;vnf; yHko@eftrsKD;rsKSd;eJU aecJhbl;wJh ae&maemf? ae&ma[mif;MuD;bJvdkY rSwfyg/ 'g[m rvGJwJhed,mr
jzpfaewm/
bkef;bkef;wdkY taeeJU MumcJhwJh urmÇoacFstpkonf teEåvdkUajymwm/ em;vnf jyDaemf/ bk&m;&SifjznfhcJUwmu tJh'dvkd
oacFstpkav;pk tjyif tpGef;xGuf urmÇwpfodef;aemf/ bkef;bkef;wdkU oHo&m&SnfcJhwmvnf; tJ'Dvdk tpkaygif;renf;awmhbl;wJh/
teEÅvkdUajymwmaemf/ 'gaMumifhbk&m;&Sif[m owå0gawG&JU txnftp ( wenf; ) b0tpudk ra[mbl;/ bmvkdYvnf;qdkawmh
tcsdefray;Edkifwm/
bk&m;OmPfawmfMuD;eJU aemufudk jyefawG;vdkuf&if wpf0DxdrSm tifrwefwdkwJh umvav;rSmawmif urmÇaygif; odef;csDjyD;
jrifEdkifwJY tm;&Sdw,f/ odkUaomf tcsdefay; vdkuf&w,f/ ynmtvif;[m tifrwef tm;aumif;wmvdkUrSwf/

'óe eJU wuúú

csrf;omwdkU vlwpfa,muftaMumif;udk aemufqkwfawG;vdkuf&if ( 45 ) 0g jynfhwmawmif tpa&mufrSm r[kwfbl;wJh/
tcsdefay;&w,f/ 'gaMumifh bk&m;ra[mbl;/ tusKd;rxl;vdkUwJh/ udk,fwdkifrjrifwmudkvnf; jzD;jzef;jyD; ra[mbl;/ txifeJUvnf;
ra[mbl;wJh/ jrifwmudkbJ a[mw,fvdkU q&mawmfMud;awG a[mcJhw,f/ vdktyf&ifawmh vGefcJhwJh ESpfaygifb,favmufu
bmjzpfcJhw,f/ 'Dvdkawmh a[mw,faemf/ oHa0*&atmif? w&m;&atmifawmh a[mw,faemf/ 'gav;rSwfxm;ygtkH;/
'óeqdkwm wkduf&kdufjrifwmudkbJ ajymwmaemf rSef;qjyD; bk&m;u ra[mbl;/ wdkuf&kdufjrifwmudk 'óevdkU ac:w,f/
rSef;qawG;wmudk wuúvdkUac:w,f/ a&S;wkef;u *dkPf;*P awG[m udk,fwdkif jrifwmr[kwfbJeJU ao&ifa&mufr,f/ May be
(arbD) ayghaemf/ 'g[m usdef;ao r[kwfbl;/ ao&ifa&mufvdrfhr,fqdkwm wuú0g'? 'gaMumifh wuúwGef;vdkU ac:wm/
oabmayguf&JUvm; ?
bk&m;u edAÁmefudk wkduf&kdufjrifwmaemf/ tckouf&Sd xif&Sm;udkbJ edAÁmefjrif&r,f/ ao&ifvnf; usdef;ao vGwfajrmuf
r,f/ wdkuf&kdufjrifwJh w&m;udkbJ bk&m;u a[mwm oabmaygufvm;/ wjcm;wuú0g'awGu wpfa,mufa,mufu
ydkUay;vdrfhr,f/ raocsmbl;/ wu,fjrifwm r[kwfbl;/
Oyrm - jA[®mMuD;awGu pw,f/ wpfcsKdUu zefqif;&SifawGu zefqif;w,fvdkUajymwJh yk*¾dKvfawGvnf; wu,frodbl;/
oljrifwm r[kwfbJeJU rSef;qjyD;ajymvdkufwm/ olvnf; rjrifbl;/ udk,fvnf;rjrifbl;/ wrifoufoufpGJwm olvnf;rjyEdkfifbl;/
udk,fvnf; rjrifEkdifbl;/ bk&m;&Sif[m 'Dvdkr[kwfbl;/ wdkuf&kdufusifh? wdkuf&kdufjrif&r,f/ 'Dvdkaemf cdkifrmwJh0g'ac:w,f/
'gudkodxm;aemf/

oHo&mü aus;Zl;uif;olr&Sd

bk&m;ujyjyefw,f/ ajrMuD;cJudk ZD;apYavmufav;vHk;wJh tJ'DvdkvHk;jyD;? 'g[m 'Db0rSm awmfcJhwJhtazqdkjyD;z,fvdkuf?
'kwd, b0? wwd, b0u tazawGvdkY &nfpl;jyD; z,fvdkufwJh ajrMuD;om ukefoGm;zG,f&m&Sdw,f/ taz? tarawG qHk;rSm
r[kwfbl;wJh/ 'Davmuf oHo&mrSm rsm;cJhwmaemf/ 'gaMumifh w&m;wyGJvHk; rawmfbl;wJh? taz ? tar r&Sdfyg/ tukef;vHk;[m
trsKd;awmfcJhbl;ol awGcsnf;bJ/ 'gaMumifhrdkU bmomawG? vlrsKd;awG rcGJMuygeJU/ trsKd;awmfcJUbl;olawGcsnf;bJ/ vl[m vlygbJ/
bmomtk#fwHwdkif; jcm;raeygeJU/ bmomqdkwJh t,l0g' awGjcm;xm;vdkU vlawG[m arwåmuif;rJhukefMuwm/oabm
ayguf&Jhvm;/ ]bmom} qdkwJh e,fedrdwfjcm;xm;wmudk;/ 'Dawmh arwåmawGuif;rJhukefwmaygh/ e,fedrdwfawGrjcm;bJ vl-vlcsif;
arwåmxm;&if taumifqHk; bJaygh/
wpfOD;eJUwpfOD; aus;Zl;jrif&if tm;vHk;o@efrSm bmay:vnf; qdkawmh arwåmqdkwmay:vmw,f/ bmay:vmvJ/
( arwåmygbk&m; ) arwåm"gwfxGufjcif;&Jh taMumif;&if;u aus;Zl;jrifjcif;bJ/ 'Dawmh aus;Zl; uif;wJh olawG r&Sdygqdkwm
oabmayguf&r,faemf/ wzufom;&Jh aus;Zl;udk pdwfu usufpm;vdkuf&if tiftm;"gwfxGufw,f/ oabmaygufvm;/ 'g[m
arwåmbJ/ aus;Zl;udk jrifwmvnf; arwåm"gwf xGufay:a&;&JU teD;uyfqHk;aom taMumif;vdkUrSwfyg/ w&m;wyGJvHk; [m
vla[mif;awGcsnf;bJqdkwm oabmayguf&r,faemf/

eHygwf ( 2 ) 'gPfq,fyg;
'g[m wjcm;r[kwfygbl;/ aus;Zl;w&m;qdkwm udk,fU&JUpdwftpOfrSm qufpyfaew,f/ wpfOD;eJU wpfOD;[m
qufpyfaew,f/ olay;wJh tpm;tpm? olay;wJh tiftm;aygh/ wjcm;yk*¾dKvfuay;wJh pGrf;tifawG udk,fhrSm&xm;w,f/
tJ'Dtiftm;eJU tJ'Dyk*¾dKvfudkjyefjyD; wdkufcdkufw,fqdk/ awmfyghrvm;/ ( rawmfygbl;bk&m; )&Sif;&Sif; av; r&Iwfygbl;aemf/
wpfa,mufeJUwpfa,muf[m tjyeftvSef aus;Zl;awG &Sdaewmudk;/ rjrifwmudk uef;w,fvdkU ac:w,fr[kwfvm;/
( wifyghbk&m; ) aus;Zl;uef;wJh pum;udk ajymwm[m olU&JJU jyKbl;ay;cJhwJh aus;Zl;udk rjrifwmonf uef;wmbJaygh/
tcsif;csif;wkdufcdkufwJh pum;awGudk ajymMuw,f/ uef;awmh r[kwfwmawG vkyfMuwmaygh/ tcsif;csif; wkdufcdkufMuwmaygh/
trSefwu,fqdk rwdkufoifhbl;/ bk&m;OmPfeJU Munfhawmh ( olawmfaumif;tjrifeJY Munfhvdkufawmh ) jypfrSm;p&m
yk*¾dKvfwpfa,mufrSudkr&Sdbl;/ jypfrSm;jcif;qdkwmvnf; tyl"gwf t[kefawGbJ udk,fvdkcsifwJhyHkpHeJhjzpfaewm tcsKd;rwnfh&if
ylwmcsnf;bJ...aemf/
Oyrm - udk,fu b,ftcsdefoGm;r,fqdkjyD; tcsdefudk owfrSwfvkdufw,f qdkygpdkU ... 'DtcsdefrSm um;u aemufusaejyD
qdk&if &ifxJylrvm; at;rvm;/ ( ylygw,fbk&m; ) udk,fu wae&mudk oGm;zdkUjyifqifw,f qdkygpdkU/ udk,fu jyD;jyD/
tjcm;wpfa,mufu rjyD;ao;bl; qdk&ifa&m &ifxJb,fvdkaervJ/ ( wif;aeygw,f bk&m; ) 'g[m ylwmbJaygh/ 'DtyleJYwif
&yfrxm;ao;bJ 'g[m ylwmbJaygh/ 'DtyleJUwif &yfrxm;ao; bJ ]vkyfwmu tcsKd;rajybl;} qdkjyD; ajymvdkuf&if jypfrSm;wmbJ/

tyl"gwfudk vTwfvdkufwmaygh/ tJ'Dtcg udk,fhrSmvnf; owådawG[m tqdyf jyefYovdk jyefUoGm;wJhtjyif
wefjyefvIdif;vnf;vmawmhr,f/ tifrwef odrfarGUw,faemf/ jypfrSm;wmodyfjrefwmbJ/ 'gudk a&S;q&m rsm;u a'govdkU
oHk;w,f/ a'goqdkwm wjcm;r[kwfygbl;/ uGm[csufudk ESvHk;oGif;vdkufUvdkU ylwmudk ajymwmyg/ ae&mwdkif;&SSdaew,faemf/
w&m;em&if;vnf; &SdwmbJ/
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w&m;u rqHk;rcsif; a[maeawmh y&dowfu tdyfcsifonfjzpfap? rtdyfcsifonfjzpfap?a[maewmbJ/ Zmwfvrf;u rjyD;Edkifao;/
y&dowfuvnf; tdyfcsifvmjyD/ uav;awGuvnf; idkvdkUayghaemf/
'DtcsdefrSm 'umrwpfa,muf&JU uav;uidkw,f/ oluvnf; jyefcsifjyDqdkawmh pdwfur&Snfbl;/ a'gojzpfwmayhgaemf
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tusKd;ay;aygh tcsKdUtpm; vdkufjyD; jzpfwmaemf vuFmav;pyfxm;wm qdk&atmif aemf . . ./
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þ'Pfq,fyg;tjyif r*fÚmPf? zdkÚmPfudkyif wm;Edkifygonf/

aoG;tefjzpfvG,f

aus;Zl;&SdwJh yk*¾dKvfawGudk jypfrSm;rd&if uifqmpwJU ukpm;&cufwJh a0'emrsKd;jzpfwwfw,f ... pGJuyfwwfw,fwJU
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bkef;MuD;wpfyg;[m tqkwfem? &ifMuyfvdkU aoG;tefwmudk;? bkef;bkef;u odcsifvdkUar;Munfhawmh ... wynfhawmf i,fi,fu
w&m;cHawGudk wm0efay;&if ppfaq;&w,fwJh? 'Dtcg aZmufxdk;qGJxm;? ESmacgif;xJukd a&avmuf;xnfh? 'Dvdkvkyf&wmwJhaemf . . .
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olU&JUyg;pyfrSm temjzpfjyD; avmufawG wG,faew,f? ausmjyifrSmvnf; temawGeJY? pm;awmhvnf; udk,fhausmcHk;om;udk
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raocifudk wu,f udk avmufwG,fjyD; ao&wmaemf? bkef;bkef;udk,fwdkif awGU&wJY jzpfpOfrSefbJ.../

a&mif;0,f&IH;jcif;

pD;yGm;uswm?
tusKd;ay;vdkUrSwf/

pD;yGm;ysufwmudk

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&ifawmh b,fj*dKvfpD;w,f? b,fewfudkifw,faygh 'Dvdkaemf . . ./
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tukefajymif;wmbJ? uHonf t"dubJaemf . . . 'DawmhrSwfyg? ab;rSm&SdwJh "gwfoabmawG ewfawGonf t"dur[kwfyg?
uHonf t"duyg? aoaocsmcsm rSwfyg/
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aumif;vmjyDqdk&if j*dKvf? eu©wf toGm;tvm tukefajymif;ay;&wm? 'Dt&Sdefaemufudk vdkuf&wmaemf/
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bmvdkUvnf;qdkawmh awG;wdkif; jypfrSm;aewmudk;vdkY/ tyl"gwfxGufaewmudk;/ olY&SdwJh taoG;tom;[m [dkyk*¾dKvf&JU
taoG;tom;jzpfaewm/ olauR;vdkY MuD;jyif;vm&wm/ olU&JUaus;Zl;u axmufyHhxm;wm r[kwfvm;/ jypfrSm;wJhtm;
rsm;vGef;awmh cH&wmayghaemf/ 'umMuD; tydkif;cGJxm;&w,fvdkU udk,fhudk,fudk,fhpdwfeYJukd,fhaoG;u wpfydkif;? olrSm;wm
olcHvdrfhr,f/ olUtaMumif; udkawG; jyD; udk,fu 'DrSm (b0ifu) yl&ifjzifh udk,f t&IH;bJvkdY olauR;wJh aus;Zl;u udk,fhrSm
&Sdwmudk;/ olauR;xm;wJh aus;Zl;eJY olUudkjypfrSm; w,fqdk&if 'g[m wefjyefvIdif;vmjyD; udk,f&IH;w,fvdkUajymawmh
em;vnfoGm;w,f/ 'geJY olUudk oGm;awmif;yefcdkif;vdkufw,f/ a,mu©ru wHcg;ydwfxm;w,fwJh/ 'geJY a&Twd*HkrSm
oGm;uefawmhcdkif;vdkuf&w,f/ av;ywfavmufMumawmh olUa&m*gaysmufoGm;w,f/ olauR;xm;wJh aus;Zl;eJY olUudk jypfrSm;w,f
qdk&if 'g[m wefjyefvIdif;vmw,f/ oabmaygufMuvm;/ tydkif;cGJxm;aemf/olrSm;wm olcHvdrfhr,f/ olUtaMumif;udk awG;jyD;
udk,fua'gojzpfw,fqdk&if b,fol&IH;rvJ/ (udk,fyJ&IH;rSmyg bk&m;)
&[EåmawGqdk 'Dtydkif;udk &Sif;&Sif;jrifxm;awmh owfzdkYvmyaptHk;/ 'Dvludk pdwfrqdk;bl;/ owffaeyaptHk;/ tJh'Dvludk
pdwfu rnTwfbl;/ oabmayguf&JYvm;/ owfwm olUuHeJY olUtydkif;oGm;wm/ udk,fh[m udk,fw&m;rSwfjyD; vGwfatmifaewmu
udk,fhtydkif;? &Sif;&Sif;av; cGJxm;vdkufwmaemf/ "gwf&dyf? "gwfcdk;awG tysufrcHbl;/ taMumif; nDnGwfvdkYaor,fhuHygvm&if
a&SmifvdkYr&bl;/ aorSmbJ/ tydkif;cGJ ypfvdkufwmaemf/ udk,fhudk raumif;ajymjyD; qJaeyaptHk;/ udpör&Sdbl;/ olYtydkif;eJYolbJ
udk,fu taMuG;ausw,f/ olrsm;taMuG;vmqyfay; w,fvdkYrSwf/ tcsdefumv wpfckMum&if jyD;oGm;rSmbJ/ 'Dvdktydkif;cGJ&r,f/
ta&;MuD;w,faemf/

bmaMumifhcsufcsif;tusKd;ray;wmvJ

oHk;oyfMunfhawmh bkef;bkef;apmapmuajymwJh rdwÅ0dE´ua&m? tarudkuefcsjyD; (2) vtwGif; csrf;omwJh yk*d¾Kvfa&m
qef;Mu,fwJhtjzpfav;awG Munfh&atmifaemf/ jypfrSm;yifjypfrSm;aomfvnf; csufcsif; i&Jom;rjzpfbl;/ bmrSrjzpfbl;/ 'g[m
pOf;pm;p&mjzpf vmw,f r[kwfvm;/
vlwpfukd,fvHk;rSm&SdwJh "gwf&dyf? "gwfcdk;owdÅåawG udef;wmudk aoG;wpfpufeJY jyefjyD; aygif;vdkuf&atmifaemf/
aoG;wpfpuf[m wpfudk,fvHk;bJ xm;vdkufygawmh/ owdåqdkwm &Sdw,f/ owdåqdkwm yg0g (Power) vdkYvnf;ac:w,f/
pdwfusufpm;&m awG;wdkif; awG;wdkif; 'DrSm owdåqdkwm&Sdw,f/ em;vnfjyDvm;/ 'DrSm tat;"gwfrsm;wJh yk*d¾Kvff[m
csrf;omw,f/ &kyfygvSw,f/ tat;"gwfqdkwm tay;eJY aysmfwmaygh / 'ge? oDv? bm0em 'gawGaygh/ wpfzufom; &ifxJ
at;atmif? ESvHk;at;atmif? om;orD;utp tukefygw,f/ ay;jyD;aysmfaewJh yk*¾dKvf[m wlaomtusKd;ay;? pdwfwdkif;usatmif ay;
aysmfcJhwJh tm;rsm;aomaMumifh pdwfwdkif;usjzpfw,f/ pdwfwdkif;us ae&w,f vdkYrSwfyg/ tJh'DowådawGrsm;aomaMumifh a&SYydkif;rSm
rd'¨0dE´u[m &mEIef; (100) rSm (90) avmuf u ukodkvfvIdif;rSm&Sdw,f/ (10) avmufu tukodkvfvdkYrSwf&atmif/
aoG;ay:rSDjyD; jzpfwJhpdwfu aoG;ESvHk;tdrfxJ a&mufwdkif;a&mufwdkif; pdwf[mjzpfcGifh&w,faemf/ 'Duae tm&kHudk qGJjyD;
MuHpnf awmifhwwJh t&m[m trsKd;w&m &Sd&if &mEIef; (90) jynfhvdrfhr,f/ olMuG,fom; qdkawmh jynfhpHkwmaygh/
oabmaygufjyDvm;/ olYrSm q&maumif;? orm;aumif;udk rrSD&awmh tMudrfMudrftm&kHqGJ ,lwmrSm;awmh 'DxJrSm (b0ifrSm)
tyl"gwfawG wdk;jyD;vmw,f/ &mEIef; (100) rSm (30) u tukodkvfqdk (70) [m ukodkvfbJ usefawmhw,f/ (70) eJY (30)
qdkawmh (70) u rombl;vm;/ ( omygw,fbk&m; ... ) 'gqdk rodomao;bl;/ pD;yGm;a&;vnf; rodomao;bl;/
tusLd;ay;vnf;rodomao;bl;aemf/ xyfjyD; rdbvnf; jypfrSm;? bk&m;vnf;&Sdrcdk;? ykwD;vnf;rpdyfbJ aomif;usef;aer,fqdk&if
tyl"gwfxGufaew,faygh/ pdwfuaemf olrsm; twif;ajymwmutp ygw,f/ em;vnfjyDvm;/
'gqdk&if &mEIef; (100) rSm (50) u tukodkvf qdk (50) [m ukodkvfbJ usefawmhw,f/ ukodkvfeJY tukodkvf[m (50)
pD/ 'gqdk&if pdwfwdkif;uswm wpf0uf? ruswm wpf0ufaygh/ 'gvnf; rodomao; bl;/ ESvHk;at;p&m qGJtm;u pdwfwdkif;uswm
wpf0uf? ruswm wpf0ufjzpfaejyD/ oabmt"dyÜg,fu pD;yGm;a&;rSm (1) odef;&&if? wpfodef;ukefr,f/ 'Dvdkaemf/
tzwfrwifawmhbl; qdk&if pOf;pm;&r,f/ wdkYwpftdrfvHk; ukodkvf "gwfawG rSdefvmjyD? tukodkvf0ifvmjyDvdkY rSwf&r,f/ 'gqdk&if
bk&m;&Sdcdk; rysuf eJYawmh/ &kyf&Sif? wDAGD (TV) awG avQmawmh? ravQmYvdkY r&bl;aemf/ jyD;&if bk&m;udk cP cPoGm;jyD;
tat;"gwfeJY yDwdjzpfae? 'ge ydkjyKay; oDvaqmufwnfay;awmh 'Dvdkqdk jyefqufvmvdrfhr,f/

tarGay;wwfygap

udk,f&SdwJh ypönf;awG[m qGJtm;aMumifhzGJYjyD; aewmudk;? qGJtm; r&Sd&if pD;yGm;[m usrSmbJ? 'gaMumifhwpfcsKdU[m
rdbbdk;bGm; tpOftquf csrf;omw,f? 'gayr,fh om;orD;vufxufa&mufawmh wpfcsKdY qif;&JoGm;wm&Sdw,f? bmvdkYvnf;vdkY
qef;ppfawmhrdbvufxufrSm csrf;omawmh oHk;csifwdkif;oHk; ? jzKef;csifovdkjzKef;aeMuw,f? rdbudkvnf;a'goeJY jyefatmfjyD;
jypfrSm;w,f? 'Dtcg pGrf;tm;awG usukefwmaygh rSwfyg/ om;orD;awGcsrf;omapcsif&if tarGay;csif&if ukodkvfeJYwGJay;&w,f/
tJh'D ypönf;OpömeJY avsmfnDwJh qGJtm;udk xnfhay;rS&rSmaygh/
tat;"gwfudk xkwfjyD; tm;jznfhawmhaemf/ 'Dvdkr[kwfbJ qufrdkufaer,fqdk&if tukodkvfbufudk (10)
wdk;vdkufr,fqdk&if (60) jzpfjyDaemf/ &mElef; (100) rSm (40) u ukodkvfqdk (60) [mtukodkvfbJ rsm;vmw,f/ tukodkvf[m
omoGm;jyDaemf/ 'gqdk&if MudKufovdk&Sm? taMuG;awGeJY vnfaerSmbJ/ MuHzefjyD; taMuG;wifaerSmbJaemf/ usufpm; vdkuftkH;r,f
qdk&if &yfuGuf&kH;bJ &mEIef; (100) rSm (30) u ukodkvfqdk (70) [m tukodkvfbJ rsm;vmw,f/
'Pfq,fyg;pjyDaemf/ 'DxuftvGefqdk&ifawmh &mEIef; 100rSm 80 (tukodkvf)? 'gqdk&if tcsKyfwdkY axmifwdkYbJaemf/
b0awG Murf;wrf;jyD;? tjynfhqdk&ifawmh ajymp&mr&Sdawmhbl;aygh/ i&Jom;vdkbJ axmifxJrSm cHpm;ae&wmaemf/ rdwå0dE´u
&kwfw&uf jynfhoGm;wJh yk*¾dKvfaemf/ ckeajymwJh tarudkuefwJh yk*¾dKvf[mvnf; jynfhoGm;wmbJ/ em;vnfjyDvm;/ Mum;xJrSm (2)
vtwGif; csrf;omwm tjcm;r[kwfbl;/ uHqdkwm tjrJwefjyefvdkufvmwmudk;/ tcsdefumvtm;jzifh odef;aygif;
rsm;pGmcsrf;omEkdifwJh tcsdef? tJ'Dtcsdef olUrSmqGJtm;r&Sdawmh (4/5) odef;eJY jyD;oGm;w,f/ oabmaygufw,faemf/ wpfcsKdUqdk
aomufpm; aysmfyg;jyD; rdbvnf; rav;pm;bl;/ Murf;wrf;aewJh yk*d¾KvfawGaemf/ 'Dvdk yk*¾dKvfawG csrf;omaewmudk tm;ruseJY/
ta[mif;pm; awG? 'DtcsdefrSm olU&JY twdwfuHu axmifcsDjyD; tusKd;ay;csdefrSm 'DtxJrSm (tcH"gwf) qGJtm;r&Sdawmh
wpf&mavmufeJYbJjyD;aew,f/ t&Sdefukef oGm;&if xdk;usawmhr,f/ tiftm; aumif;awGudk ESvHk;tdrfu tpmpm;rSm;w,fvdkU
ac:w,f/ tukodkvfjzpfapwJh tpmudkxnfhawmh (ESvHk;oGif;jcif;aMumifh) tm;avsmhavsmhoGm;wmaygh/

udk,frSm;udk,fcH

tJ'DtcsdefrSm udk,frSm;&if udk,fbJcH&rSm/ aemufqHk; rdom;pk wpfckvHk;rSm wpfa,mufwnf; uGufqdk; aevnf;
wpfa,mufwnf;bJ cH&rSmbJ/ 'Dtem;rSm aeoGm;wJh 'umwpfa,mufqdk&if olu trl;orm;bJ/ aeUwdkif; qJqdkaewm/ om;orD;?
om;r,m; udk odyfEdkifwmbJ/ rdef;reJY uav;awGu bkef;bkef;qD csOf;uyfjyD; aiGav;pkxm;Muw,f/ uav;awG t&G,fa&muf&if

&[ef;cHcsifvdkYygwJh/ bkef;bkef;uvnf; rjzpfjzpfatmif &[ef;cHay;? tvSL'gejyKay;awmh rdom;pkusefwJh yk*¾dKvfawGu tukef
ukodkvf'ge&Sdw,f/ ukodkvf"mwf&Sdw,f/ olwpfa,mufxJ qdk;aewmaemf/ pD;yGm;a&;vnf;wufa&m? [dkvlu avjzwfjyD;
rpm;&bl;/ tJ'D pD;yGm;a&;eJY oleJYrqdkifawmhbl;/ olUrdom;pk pD;yGm;a&;wufawmh [dkvlu avjzwfjyD; aooGm;w,f/ 'Dvdkaemf?
wpfa,mufwnf;qdk;vnf; wpfa,mufwnf; cH&w,faemf/ uGufjyD;cH&w,f/ 'DawmhrSwfyg? udk,frSm;&if udk,fbJcH&r,faemf/
uHoabmw&m;[m rsufESmrvkdufbl;/ 'DuHt&Sdefudk bkef;bkef;wdkYu &yfwwfzdkU? avsmhwwfzdkU?xdef;wwfzdkYbJ vdkw,f/
toufMuD;wJh yk*¾dKvfawG? 0g&ifhwJh yk*¾dKvfawG odygw,faemf/ &Smwdkif;r&rSef;udk? b,favmufyJ aoaocsmcsm csdef;xm;ygap?
csdef;xm;&if;eJYbJ wpfenf;r[kwf? wpfenf; vGJaewmawG&Sdw,faemf/ 'gaMumifhrdkY rdrd&JY ukodkvfuH udk jznfhMuyg/ tay;eJY
bJaysmfyg/ 'Dvdkvkyfay;rS taumif;bufukd a&mufrSmaygh/ tat;vIdif;? tat;"mwf jzpfrSmaygh/
bkef;bkef;u w&m;a[maeayr,fhvnf; raemu tyl"mwfawG xGufaew,f? nHhaer,fqdk&ifbkef;bkef;cH&rSmbJ/
uwHk;rkdUvdkU rnSmbl;aemf? oabmaygufjyDvm;/ udk,frSm; udk,fcHaMu;bJ/t0wftpm;eJY vnf;rqdkifbl;/ trnfemreJYvnf;
rqdkifbl;/ 'DraembJ? t"du pdwfusufpm;&mvGJ&if udk,fcH&rSmcsnf;bJ/ em;vnfjyDaemf/ 'Dawmh tcsdefwdkif; tcsdefwdkif;udk
owdxm;&r,f/ wpfa,mufwnf; uG,f&mrSm olrsm;qdk;aMumif; awG;aer,fqdk&if nHhrvm;? aumif;rvm; (nHhygw,f
bk&m; . . .)/ [kwfw,f/ udk,f&IH;rSmbJaemf/tcsdefwdkif; ta&;MuD;w,f/ oabmaygufjyDaemf/
aA'ifar;&ifawmh arG;vwdkY? bmwdkY? nmwdkYaygh/ 'Dvdkaemf/ tcsKdUu bkef;bkef;udk aA'ifq&m omomavmufbJ
atmufarhMuw,f/ bkef;bkef;u bk&m;a[mtwdkif; oifay;aewm/ "mwfoabm? uHoabmawGudk csdefqjyD; oifay;aewm/
em;vnfjyDaemf/ aA'if ar;wmudk bkef;bkef;MudKufrS rMudKufwm/ tif;awG? aq;awGvnf; rMudKufbl;/ uHoabmudkom csdefqjyD;
oifay;wmbJ&Sdw,f/ oabm aygufMujyDvm;/ 'gudkvnf; odtkH;rS? wpfcsKdYu 'gudk em;rvnfMubl;aemf/
tm;vHk;[m aoG;rSmrSDjyD;jzpfwJhpdwfu tm&kHudk qGJ,lwmudk;/ aoG;rSm aiGawGtrsm;MuD;vSLcJhwJh owdåudef;xm;w,fqdk&if
aiGeJY ywfoufjyD; qGJ &w,f/ a&TawGvSLcJhwJhowdåqdkvnf; 'Dtwdkif;bJ&w,f/ owdåudef;aewmudk;/ 'Dvdkr[kwfbJ olrsm;
raumif;aMumif; twif;awG ajymaewJh aoG;ydkif&Sif[m tJ'DowdåaoG;ydkif&Sif[m pD;yGm;udkqGJvdkY&yghrvm;/ tysufbJ qGJvdkY&r,f/
pdwfwdkif;ruswmbJjzpfw,f/ em;vnfjyDaemf/ 'gaMumifhrdkY bk&m;u trdefY&Sdw,f/ &m[kvm0g'okwåefrSm jrefrmvdkajym&if
olwpfyg;&JY raumif;aMumif; uJh&JU&IHcswJh pum;udk a&SUrSmvnf; rajym&bl;/ aemufuG,fvnf; rajym&bl;wJh/ ajymr,f qdk&ifvnf;
pOf;pm;jyD; ukodkvfvm;? tukodkvfvm;qdkwmudk csdefqjyD; ajym&r,fwJh/ udk,fajymwJhpum;[m tyl"mwft&SdefeJY ajymwmvm;/
tat;"mwfeJY ajymwmvm;qdkwmudk cGJjcm;ae&r,f/ 'g[m oHvkduf tdrfajrSmifvdkbJaemf/ tyl"mwft&SdefeJY ajymwmvm;?
tat;"mwfeJY ajymwmvm;qdkwmudk cGJjcm;ae&r,f/ 'g[m oHvdkuf tdrfajrSmifvdk bJaemf/ tyl"mwft&Sdefqdk&if tpkefvrf;?
tat;"mwf t&Sdefqdk tqefvrf;/ 'gudk udk,fhwdkif udk,fodae&r,f/ 'g[m rvGJwJhw&m;/ vlrsKd;? bmom? trnfemreJY
rqdkifbl;aemf/ &[ef;&,f? vl&,f r[kwfbl;/ 'Dus&ifawmh udk,fjzpfudk,fcHbJ/ 'Dvdkaemf/ oabmaygufw,f r[kwfvm;/
jyD;&if olwpfyg;&JYtjypfudk pdwfujuHpnfjyD; yHkazmfwJhyk*¾dKvf EIwfuygajymwJh yk*¾dKvf[mtmoa0gw&m; wdk;oxuf
wdk;w,fwJh/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh pGrf;tm;usw,faygh/ edAÁmefeJY a0;oxuf a0;ygvdrfhr,fwJh/ 'Dawmh tm;vHk;rSwfyg/ tdrfudkygatmif
o,fMuyg/

edAÁmefvdkcsif&if olrsm;twif;rajymeJY

'Dawmh wu,fcsrf;om;csif&if olrsm;twif;rajym&bl;/ edAÁmefvdkcsif&if olrsm; twif;rajymeJY/ em;vnfjyDaemf/ 'g[m
xG#facgifq&mawmfMuD; qHk;rvdkufwJh pum;aemf/ raumif;wJh *kPfeJY aygif;pyfw,fqdkuwnf;u jypfrSm;vdkufwmbJ/
a'goygoGm;jyD/ aus;Zl;qdkwm tjyeftvSefbJ/ b,folrS ruif;Mubl;/ bkef;bkef; a&Tawmifudk a&mufoGm;wkef;u
q&mawmfMuD;wpfyg; olYab;em;rSm a&;xm;wmudkawGYawmh bkef;bkef;MunfhjyD; jyHK;rdw,f/
csrf;omcsif&if olrsm;twif; rajymeJYwJh/ a&;xm;w,faemf/ 'Dvdk a&;xm;awmh q&mawmf bk&m;tem;udk vlawG
odyfroGm;Muawmhbl;/ vlawG[m rsm;aomtm;jzifh twif;tzsif;ajymcsifwJh olawGu rsm;w,f r[kwfvm;/ pum;q,fvHk;rSm
&SpfvHk;[m twif;ygawmh q&mawmfMuD;em; vlawG&Sif;aewmbJ/ q&mawmfMuD;u at;at;av;&,f aewmaemf/'Dawmh
q&mawmfMuD;rSm ajymp&mpum; odyfr&Sdawmhbl;/
aemufqHk;ydwf EdkifiHa&;vnf; rpGufeJY/ udk,fhtaMumif;udk odatmifMudK;pm;&r,f/ oifwmudkvnf; rarYeJYaemf/
udk,fhtvkyf udk,fvkyf&r,f/ udk,fhvrf;udk,favQmuf&r,f/ 'g[m a,mq&mawmfMuD; qHk;rcJhwJhpum;aemf/ jyefajymr,f/
udk,fhtaMumif;udk,f odatmifMudK;pm;&r,f/ ig[m ukodkvfrsm;ovm;? tukodkvfrsm;ovm; qdkwm odae&r,f/ bk&m;
a[mtwdkif; odatmifMudK;pm;aemf/
jyD;&if udk,fh tvkyf udk,fvkyf&r,f/ udk,fhvrf;ukd,favQmuf&r,f/ udk,fhae&m udk,fae&r,f/ oabmayguf&JYvm;/
&[ef;u &[ef;ae&m ae? vlu vlae&m vlaeaygh/ 'DOyrmtwdkif;bJ/ udk,fhae&m udk,faeayghaemf/ udk,fhvrf;udk,favQmuf?
udk,ftvkyfudk,f vkyfqdkwm [m udk,fhtvkyfudk,fvkyfjcif;tm;jzifh wm0efausw,f/ trsm;yg csrf;omw,f/
trsm;twGufyg jyD;oGm;w,f/ &[ef;qkd&ifvnf; &[ef;wm0efu raumif;jrpfwm;? aumif;&mnTefvSpf? topfa[musL;
emzl;xyfrH? ewfxHwif&m? arwåmvnf;jyK? &[ef;rIwJh/

udk,fhwdkif udk,fusifhwJhae&mrSm 'umrsm;udk qufqHwJhtcg aumif;wJhvrf;? raumif;wJhvrf; cGJay;&w,f/
arwåmay;&w,f/ w&m;tMudrfMudrf a[may;&w,f/ emjyD; om;w&m;udk &Sif;atmifvnf; oifay;&w,f/ edAÁmeftxd
vrf;a&mufatmif oifay;&w,f/ arwÁåmxm;&rSm bkef;bkef;wdkUtvkyf/ udk,fhvrf;udk,favQmuf? udk,fhtvkyf udk,fvkyf?
udk,fae&m udk,faeayghaemf/ oabmaygufvm;/ 'Dvkdae&if trsm;csrf;om oGm;wmbJ/ udk,fhwm0ef udk,fausvdkY arwåmeJY
aer,fqdk&ifawmh bmrS jyóemr&Sdbl;/ 'Dawmh 'Dae&mrSm jypfrSm;w,fqdkwmonf abmifausmfwmbJ? tydkif;ausmf Muwmaygh/
'Dawmh taumif;qHk;onf arwåmtaumif;qHk;ygbJ/
b,folYtay:yJjzpfjzpf yHkazmf&if jyHK;&TifwJhyHkudkom &atmif azmfMuaemf/ arwåmbJ vTwfMu/ em;vnfjyDvm;/ tjypfawG
r&Sm&bl;aemf/ tjypf&Sm&if twif;ajymwmbJ/ raemuvnf; rajymeJY? EIwfuvnf; rajymrdapeJY? arwåmomvTwf/ bmvdkYvnf;
qkdawmh wpfOD;eJYwpfOD; aus;Zl;[m uif;rS ruif;MuwmbJaemf/ usefwJh jyóem onf udk,fhudpör[kwfbl;/ olUtydkif;eJYol?
olU[mol oGm;vdrfhr,f/ uHawGbJaygh/ uHt&Sdefav;twdkif;bJ jzpfaeMuwmudk;/udk,fuawmh arwåmvTwf/ 'gudk,fhwm0efbJ/
udk,fh[mudk vHkatmifumMu/
'gbJ&Sdw,f/ arwåmeJYaerS at;csrf;rSmaemf/ b,folUtay:udkrS raumif;wJh *kPfawGeJY aygif;pyfjyD; rMunfheJY/ tjrJwrf;
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