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TOPIC:RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Meaning of Research:A systematic effort to gain result. A movement from known to the unknown. It is the search for knowledge through objectives and systematic method of finding solution of a problem.

Definition of Research: 

According to Oxford Dictionary:- A careful investigation or inquiry specially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge. According to Redman and Mory:- A systematized effort to gain new knowledge.

Objectives of Research:  

To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new sights into it. To portray (describe) accurately the characteristics of a particular individual, situation or a group. To test a hypothesis of a causal relationship between variable.

Motivation in Research:   

Desire to get a research degree along with its consequential benefits. Desire to face the challenge in solving the unsolved problems. Desire to get intellectual joy of doing some creative work. Desire to get respectability.

Types of Research:    

Descriptive vs. Analytical Research Applied vs. Fundamental Research Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research Conceptual vs. Empirical Research Some other types of research

DESCRIPTIVE vs. ANALYTICAL
Descriptive Research
It includes surveys and fact finding enquiries of different kinds. it is description of the state of affairs as it exists at present. In this type of research the researcher has no control over the variables. for ex:-preferences of people.

Analytical RESEARCH
In this type of research the researcher has to use facts or information already available, and analyze these to make a critical evaluation of the material.

APPLIED vs. FUNDAMENTAL
Applied Research It aims at finding a solution for an immediate problem facing a society or an business organization. for ex:-Marketing research or evaluation research. Fundamental Research It is mainly concerned with generalizations and with the formulation of a theory. It is also known as pure or basic research.

QUANTITATIVE vs. QUALITATIVE
Quantitative Research It is based on the measurement of quantity or amount. it is applicable to phenomenon that can be expressed in terms of quantity. Qualitative Research It is concerned with qualitative phenomenon. It is used in behavioural sciences. for ex:-Motivation research, Attitude research etc.

CONCEPTUAL vs. EMPIRICAL

Conceptual Research It is related to some abstract ideas or theory. it is used by philosophers and thinkers to develop new concepts.

Empirical Research It relies on experience or observation. It is data based research, coming up with conclusions which are capable of being verified by observation or experiment.

Some Other Types of Research:-

According to Time

One Time Research

Longitudinal Research

According to Environment

Field Setting Research

Laboratory Research

Simulation Research

Conclusion:Research in common parlance refers to a search for knowledge. There are some objectives as well as motivational factors for every research. There are different types of research.

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