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jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u

dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

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1
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

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tGefvkdif;r*~Zif;u a'gufwmatmifcifbmomjyefwJh "A Revolution of The Mind by Jonathan Israel" xJu pmom;vkdyJ
tod^m%fyGifhvif;Edkif=uygap? ?

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jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

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Foundation for Education and Developmetn (FED) rS jrefrmhtrsK;d orD;or*~rS r,fawmifrikd f awmif,mwGif 18/
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orD; (15) OD;ESifh trsK;d om; (7) OD; pkpak ygi;f (22) OD;wufa&mufc=hJ uyg onf?
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3
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

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&r,fv@dk ,H=k unf&r,f”[k rdu k u f ,fumvfqrf (Mikael Karlsson) ae@rmS jyKvkycf =hJ uygonf?
u ‘qd&k , S 'f rD ukd a&pDqw kd m bmvJ’ (What is Social Democracy?) xkpd um;0kid ;f ukd (NLD-LA) rS uruxjyK aqmif&u G cf jhJ cif;
qdo k nfh tvky¶f akH qG;aEG;yGw J iG f ajymonf? qd&k , S 'f rD u kd a&pDpepf jzpfygonf? xkpd um;0kid ;f wGif (NLD-LA) 'kOuUX a'guw f mat;ausmf
onf vlom;wd@k . ae@pOf vufawG@¶ek ;f uefwu kd yf rJG sm;=um;rS zG@H +zKd ;wd;k rS tmZmenfae@orkid ;f a=umif;ESihf ,ae@umv Edik if aH &;vkyif ef;pOf
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rsm;tygt0if ygw0D if (13) OD; wufa&mufc=hJ uygonf? ? =uonf[k od&cdS &hJ ygonf? ?

4
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

zk&d rfacgif;aqmifrsm;. &Spaf v;vk;H ESpyf wfvnf


trSww f &pum;

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a'guf w mEd k i f a tmif


twGi;f a&;rSL;csKyf
jrefrmEdik if 'H rD u
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q q q

“&S p f a v;vk H ; 'D r k d u a&pD vl x k t a&;awmf y k H } uD ; [m


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tck 22 ESpf =umwJhtcgrSm æ
tJ ' D p pf t m%m&S i f w pk [ m tajccH O ya't&uk d y J
ppftm%m&Sifpepf xm0pOf &Sifoefckdif+rJcGifhukd t"rRenf;ESifh
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enf ; / 2010 a&G ; aumuf y G J u k d qef @ usif o yd w f a rS m uf w J h enf ;
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jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk

q q q

5
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

&Spfav;vkH;ta&;awmfykH 22 jynfhcJhyg+yD? &Spfav;vkH;


vl x k t k H º uG r _ } uD ; rS m pG e f @ v$ w f p G e f @ pm;cJ h = uwJ h &[ef ; &S i f v l /
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22 ESpf =umcJh+yD? 'gayr,fh &Spfav;vHk; OuUX
ta&;awmf y H k [ m 'D a e@ wd k u f y G J & J @ tajccH jrefrmEdik if v
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qd k c sif w ,f ?
q q q

6
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

tck v k d &S p f a v;vk H ; (22) ES p f j ynf h w J h u mvrS m etz


ppftkyfpk[m &Spfav;vkH;&J@ atmifoD;atmifyGifhawGjzpfwJh 1990
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[m usqH k ; &p+rJ y g/ jref r mjynf o l j ynf o m;awG vl o m;yD o wJ h /
vl o m;qef w J h b0awG &,l y d k i f q d k i f E d k i f z d k Πppf t m%m&S i f p epf u d k
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vufwJGoGm;=updkŒvdkŒ tm;vHk;udk vufurf;}udKcsifygw,f?

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q q q

7
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

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eJ @ yJ touf o G i f ; oG i f ; / taumif t xnf a zmf a zmf Armjynf
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OD;rif;Ekdif
wm0efcH
ArmEkid if v
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q q q
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1962 rSpI 26 ESpfwm jynfoludk rw&m;tkyfcsKyf rif;vkyfcJhwJh AdkvfcsKyf
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a&G ; cs,f y G J axmif a csmuf x J r S m jynf o l w &yf v H k ; trd r cH b J / &S p f a v;vH k ;
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a':cif O rR m
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8
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

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q q q

9
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

jrefrmhEidk if aH &;jyuQ'ed rf mS Zlvidk /f =o*kwu


f dk ppftm%m&Siq f ef@usiaf &; wku
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awGukd b,fawmhrS rarh/ b,fawmhrS ra=uqkw d mukd az: jyae=uovkyd gy?J
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ajym=um;cJyh eHk @J ywfoufv@dk 'DAb DG tD oHvi$ Xhf meu tckvadk z: jycJyh gw,f?

'Drkdua&pDtiftm;pkrsm;u a&G;aumufyGJukd oydwfarSmuf&efvH_@aqmf

7 Zlvidk f 2010 - 'DEpS t f wGi;f usi;f yr,fh a&G;aumufyrJG mS rJray;bJ oydwaf rSmuf=uygv@dk jynfwiG ;f jynf
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a&G;aumufyu JG dk jynfow
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tck az: jycJw h mu ausmif;olausmif;om;awG ppftm%m&Sipf epfa=umifh aoG;ajrusc&hJ wJh Zlvidk f 7 &ufta&;awmfy&Hk ŒJ
48 ESpaf jrmuf txdr;f trSwt f jzpf tJ'phD pftm%m&Sppf epfudk xm0&wnfwo hH mG ;apr,fh 2010 a&G;aumufyu JG dk rJray;bJ oydwf
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&if –
1 ) wnfaxmifcGifh/ qufvufwnfaxmifcGifh av#mufxm;=uonfh ygwDaygif; (46) ygwD
2) rSwfykHwifcGifhav#mufxm;=uonfh ygwDaygif; (40) ygwD
3 ) rSwfykHwifcGifhjyK+yD; ygwDaygif; (39) ygwD?

‘tdyrf ufu vSw,f/ b0u t±kyq f ;dk w,f’ qkw


d hJ pkid ;f crf;vdw&f @J oDcsi;f pmom;twkid ;f ajym&rvkd jzpfaeyg+yD?
ygvrD efwiG ;f 0if+yD; bmvkyrf ,f/ nmvkyrf ,fqodk al wG vufawG@b0rSm }uHKawG@ae&wmu 'Dvydk g -

10
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

usaemf usrwk@d a&G;aumufyrJG mS yg0ifcsiyf gw,fqw dk mawmif etzppftpk;d &u ygwaD xmifciG hf Oya' qdw k muwrsK;d /
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wifru vufawG@aESmif, h uS rf a_ wGuv kd nf; vkyaf eygao;w,f? a&G;aumufy0JG ifyg&apqkw d hJ Ekid if aH &;ygwaD wGudk taESmift h ,Suaf wG
ay;aewJt h a=umif; owif;rD', D mawGrmS az: jyxm;wJh acgi;f pOfav;awGuydk J tenf;tusO;f wef;pDjy&&if -

1 ) tm%myk d i f r sm; wif ; usyf I ygwD p nf ; ¶k H ; a&;taES m if h t ,S u f j zpf


({&m0wDteG v f idk ;f r*~Zif;/ http://www.irrawaddy.org/bur/index.php/news/1-news/3554-2010-07-06-09-34-
10)
2) vl x k p nf ; ¶k H ; a&;c&D ; pOf r sm; tm%myk d i f w k d @ apmif h = uyf
(acwf+ydKifteG v f idk ;f *sme,f/ http://www.khitpyaing.org/index.php?route=detail&id=3027)
3 ) v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,favmif;rsm; 0ifa&muf,SOf+ydKif&ef tcufawG@
('Dru
dk &ufwpfjrefrmhtoH/ http://burmese.dvb.no/news.php?id=11604)
4 ) aps;xJwGif &efykHaiGaumufojzifh ygwD0if 6 OD; w&m;pGJcH&
(rZPsrd owif;Xme/ http://www.mizzimaburmese.com/news/breaking-newsbrief/5765-2010-07-27-14-59-
10.html)
5) &S r f ; ygwD 0 if r sm;. uk d , f a &;&mZ0if r sm; ppf w yf u ppf a q;
(owif;ESihf rD', D muGe, f uf/ http://www.nmg-news.com/nmg/news280710.html)
6) NDFacgif ; aqmif a v;OD ; uk d a&G ; aumuf y G J a umf r &S i f u ac:,l
(vGwv f yfwhJ tm&StoH/ http://www.rfa.org/burmese/news/
election_commission_warned_NDF_leaders_of_possible_disqualification-07312010122908.html)

etz ppftpk;d &u tJovkd Oya'/ enf;Oya' emrnfrsK;d pkw H yf+y;D a&G;aumufy0JG ifyg&apqko d al wGudk csKyu f idk ¶f rHk u/ vufawG@
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vkycf siaf ewm awG@&a=umif; wifjyvku d &f ygw,f? ?

q q q

11
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

olwkd hajymwJh 2008 tajccHOya' eJ h


2010 a&G;aumufy&JG ŒJ o±kyrf eS f
wlarmifnKd
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wwfyg? rSwyf w Hk ifygww D cku Ekid if aH &;orm;wjzpfvnf; uAsmq&m§ taetxm;”
pma&;q&mav;wOD;&JŒ “axG&mav;yg;” qdw k mxJrmS zwfvu kd &f yg - “zG@J pnf;yHt k ajccHOya' (2008) rSm wyfrawmfrS a&G;cs,f
w,f? apv$ww f hJ v$waf wmfu, kd pf m;vS,f 25 &mckid Ef e_ ;f ESifh vlxu k a&G;cs,f
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“ajymcsiw f mudk ajymcGirfh &&ifae/ rajym&Jwmawmh vH;k 0 rajymbl;” ygyJ?
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29 Zlvidk f jrefrmhtvif;owif;pmxJrmS “2010 a&G;aumuf xm;w,f?
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vku d yf gw,f? “zG@J pnf;yHt k ajccHOya' (2008) eJ@ r=umrD usi;f yay;awmhrnfh 2010
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wJh taetxm;”
qq q
12
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

• trsKd;om;'Drkdua&pDtzJG@csKyf NLD acgif;aqmifrsm;jzpf=uaom 'k-OuUX OD;wifOD;tygt0if A[kdtvkyftr_aqmif


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(DVB 010710)
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(PDP) taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;aersKd;a0u ajymonf? (Irrawaddy 020710)
• e,f j cm;apmif h w yf toG i f a jymif ; &ef oabmwl x m;onf h o#rf ; jynf w yf r awmf (ajrmuf y d k i f ; ) (SSA-N) OuU X
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pkdif;avmifqdkif;u ajymonf? (Irrawaddy 060710)
• ArmEdkifiHvHk;qkdif&mausmif;om;or*~rsm;tzJG@csKyf (Auo) ESifh ppftm%m&Sifqef@usifa&; vlxkv_yf&Sm;r_aumfrwD
wdk@u Auo +zdKcGif;cH&onfh 7 &uf Zlvdkiftxdrf;trSwfv_yf&Sm;r_rsm;tjzpf jynfwGif;Y vufurf;pmapmifrsm;/
ydk@pu'frsm;ESifh pmwkdufrSwqifh jzef@a0r_rsm; jyKvkyfcJh=uonf? (Irrawaddy 070710)
• vl r _ a &;trnf c H jynf a xmif p k } uH h c k d i f a &;ES i f h zH G @ +zd K ;a&;toif ; onf Ed k i f i H a &;ygwD t oG i f u d k a jymif ; um a&G ; aumuf y J G
0if a &muf , S O f + yd K if & ef jyif q if a ejcif ; onf Oya'ES i f h t nD aqmif & G u f c suf r sm;jzpf a =umif ; }uH h z H G @ (ac: ) USDA
'kwd, ±Hk;tzJG@rSL; ol&jrifhOD;uajymonf? (RFA 080710)
• ppftpdk;& a&G;aumufyJGaumfr&Sifu EdkifiHa&;ygwD (36) ygwDudk rSwfyHkwifcGifhjyKvkyf+yD;aemuf &cdkifjynfe,fwGif +rdK
(ac: ) crDtrsKd;om;nD!Gwfa&;ygwD (,cif 1990 a&G;aumufyJG0ifygwDa[mif;)/ crDtrsKd;om;zHG@+zdK; wdk;wufa&;
ygwD/ +rdKwkdif;&if;om;ygwD/ ureftrsKd;om;wkd;wufa&;ygwD/ &ckdifwkdif;&if;om;rsm; wdk;wufa&;ygwD/ jrefrmEdkifiH
&ckdifjynfe,ftrsKd;om;tiftm;pk/ trsKd;om;zHG@+zdK;wdk;wufa&;'Drkdu&ufwpfygwD (rGwfpvif bmom0ifrsm;ygwD)
rsm;tygt0if }uH h z H G @ ygwD / wk d i f ; &if ; om;pnf ; vH k ; nD ! G w f a &;ygwD E S i f h acwf o pf j ynf o l @ ygwD p onf h ygwD (10) ygwD
v_yf&Sm;aeonf? (NEJ 080710)
• jrefrmEdkifiHwGif usif;yrnfha&G;aumufyJGESifhywfoufI tDwvDtpdk;&taejzifh rsufajcrjywf apmifh=unfhaea=umif;
Zl v k d i f v 9 &uf a e@u trsKd ; om;'D r k d u a&pD t zJ G @ csKyf NLD A[d k t vk y f t r_ a qmif t zJ G @ 0if r sm;ES i f h vma&muf a wG @
qHkcJhonfh tDwvD'kwd,oHtrwf}uD; rDpftif'D*sDemu ajym=um;vkdufonf? (RFA 090710)
• &ef u k e f t ajcpd k u f +Ad w d o #oH & H k ; yxrtwG i f ; 0ef u trsKd ; om;'D r k d u a&pD t zJ G @ csKyf NLD acgif ; aqmif r sm;ES i f h ygwD
'k-OuUX OD;wifOD;. aetdrfwGif vma&mufawG@qHkcJhum NLD . vuf&Sd &yfwnfcsufESifh a&S@vkyfief;pOfrsm;ta=umif;
aqG;aEG;ar;jref;cJha=umif; ygwDajymcGifh&yk*~dKvf OD;^m%f0if;uajymonf? (DVB 120710)
• ucsifjynfe,fwGif &Srf;wkdif;&if;om;rsm;'Drkdu&ufwpfygwD SNDP/ wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nD!Gwfa&;ygwDwdk@u rJqG,f
pnf;&Hk;a&;qif;r_rsKd; rawG@&ao;yJ jynfaxmifpk}uHhckdifa&;ESifh zHG@+zdK;a&;ygwD USDP wpfygwDom +ydKifbufr&Sd rJqG,f
pnf ; &H k ; r_ r sm;vk y f a qmif a e+yD ; a'ocH t m%myd k i f ; rsm; ud k , f w d k i f ul n D y H h y d k ; ay;aeonf [ k rd k ; aumif ; a'ocH w OD ; u
ajymonf? (NEJ 130710)
• etzppf t pd k ; &. toG i f a jymif ; a&;tpD t pOf t m; vuf c H c J h o nf h typf & yf o #rf ; jynf w yf r awmf t m; “o#rf ; jynf
wyf r awmf ” qd k o nf h trnf E S i f h r vd k u f z uf [ k (National Democratic Alliance Army) trsKd ; om;aoG ;
pnf;nD!Gwfa&;wyfrawmf (ac: ) rdkif;vm;wyfzJG@acgif;aqmif p0fpdkif;vif;u a0zefajymqdkvdkufonf? (S.H.A.N
140710)
• Zl v d k i f v 19 &uf a e@wG i f usa&muf r nf h 63 ES p f a jrmuf tmZmenf a e@ t}ud K txd r f ; trS w f t aejzif h trsKd ; om;
'Drkdua&pDtzJG@csKyf NLD u vd_ifom,m+rdK@e,fwGif EdkifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm;. rdom;pk0ifrsm;tm; axmufyHhaiG
ay;tyfyJGw&yf jyKvkyfcJhonf? (DVB 180710)

13
jrefrmEkid if 'H rD u
dk &ufwpftiftm;pk (Forum for Democracy in Burma)

• AkdvfcsKyfrSL;}uD; oef;a&$. tdENd,c&D;pOfwGif 2010 a&G;aumufyJGESifhywfoufI tdENd,tpdk;&u a&iHkE_wfydwfum


pD;yGm;a&;tusKd;tjrwfudkom t"du tav;xm;zG,f&Sda=umif; e,l;a'vD&Sd jrefrmh'Drdkua&pDa&;v_yf&Sm;olrsm;u
ajymqdkvkdufonf? (Mizzima 210710)
• jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH trsKd;om;nGef@aygif;tpdk;& (NCGUB) . jyef=um;a&;0ef=uD; a'gufwmwifhaqGu “etz
jyKvk y f u sif ; yrnf h a&G ; aumuf y G J E S i f h y wf o uf I tmqD , H u xif x if & S m ;&S m ; ajymqk d v mae+yD ; jzpf o jzif h td E d N , u
urBmht}uD;qkH; 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHwEdkifiHtaejzifh jrefrmh'Drdkua&pDta&;ESifhywfoufI etzppftpdk;&udk ydkrdkzdtm;
ay;ajymqdkoifha=umif;” Zlvkdifv 26 &ufae@wGif ajym=um;vdkufonf? (VOA 260710)
• a':atmifqef;pk=unfu “etzppfacgif;aqmifrsm;taejzifh a&G;aumufyGJusif;yrnfh&ufudk ,cktcsdefxd ra=unm
ao;jcif;onf a&G;aumufyJG0ifa&muf,SOf+ydKif=urnfh EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;twGuf w&m;r#wr_r&Sd&ma&mufa=umif;”
ajymqd k v d k u f o nf [ k Zl v k d i f v 28 &uf a e@wG i f ol r .tr_ t wG u f wk d i f y if a qG ; aEG ; &ef oG m ;a&muf a wG @ qk H c J h o nf h
a&S@aeOD;Om%f0if;u ajymonf? (VOA 280710)
• 0 jynfaoG;pnf;nDnGwfa&;wyfrawmf UWSA ESifh 0 jynfaoG;pnf;nDnGwfa&;ygwD UWSP onf rlvuwnf;uyif
tck d i f t rm&S d a e+yD j zpf a oma=umif h ppf t pd k ; &taejzif h tod t rS w f j yKjyK/ rjyKjyK ta&;pd k u f j cif ; r&S d a =umif ; ES i f h
a&G;aumufyJGwGif 0ifa&muf,SOf+ydKifrnfh EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;rS 0e,fajrtwGif;odk@ vma&mufrJqG,fpnf;&Hk;r_udk vufrcH
a=umif; xdwfwef; 0 t&m&dSwOD;u ajymonf? (RFA 280710)
• a&G;aumufyJGaumfr&SifOuUX OD;odef;pdk;ESifh tzJG@0ifrsm;u 1990 jynfhESpfwGif pif+ydKiftpdk;&wnf axmif&ef}udK;yrf;r_jzifh
axmif u scJ h z l ; onf h trsKd ; om;'D r k d u a&pD t if t m;pk NDF acgif ; aqmif OD ; cif a rmif a qG tygt0if OD ; wif a tmif /
OD;omqdkifESifh OD;pdefvSOD;wdk@udk aejynfawmfodk@ ac:,lI “tpdk;&ESifh trsKd;om;&if=um;apha&;udk yl;wJGvkyfaqmif&ef
qEN&Sda=umif;” azmfjyxm;onfh toem;cHpmudk wifjy&rnf[k ajymqdka=umif; NDF acgif;aqmif OD;cifarmifaqG
u ajymonf? (BBC 300710)
• ZGefv 1 &ufae@wGif ygwDrSwfyHkwifcGifh&xm;+yD;aom &ckdifwdkif;&if;om;rsm; wdk;wufa&;ygwDonf ‚if;ygwD0ifrsm;
pk a qmif ; pOf u mvY Ed k i f i H a &;pmayxk w f a 0cG i f h t rS w f eo-013/ 2010 jzif h ygwD rd w f q uf v uf u rf ; pmv$ m rsm;
pwifjzef@a0vsuf&Sd+yD; r=umrDwGif EdkifiHa&;A[kokw/ a'oE W&ESifh orkdif;tcsuftvufrsm;yg&Sdaom ygwDpmapmifudk
quf v uf x k w f a 0oG m ;rnf [ k ygwD O uU X a'guf w mat;ausmf u ajymonf ? Myanmar Times twG J / trS w f
(24/ trSwf 477)

(NDD rSwfwrf;wifESifh okawoeXme. ‘wvtwGif;jrefrmhowif; -2010 ckESpf/ Zlvdkifv’rS xkwfE_wfazmfjyonf? )

qq q

jrefrmEdik if 'H rD u
kd &ufwpftiftm;pk 'kw,
d t}urd n
f v
D mcH
(2009 ckESpf/ rwfv 18-21 &uf)

vkyfief;pOf (8) &yf

1? jref r mEk d i f i H ' D r k d u &uf w pf t if t m;pk t m; uspf v pf c k d i f r matmif wnf a qmuf j cif ; ?
2? r[mAsL[mn‡ d E _ d i f ; wk d i f y if j cif ; / yl ; aygif ; aqmif & G u f j cif ; ?
3? r[mrd w f t zG J @ tpnf ; rsm;ES i f h bH k v k y f i ef ; pOf r sm; aqmif & G u f j cif ; ?
4? wufºuGv_yf&Sm;oltiftm;pk uGef,ufrsm; wnfaqmufjcif;?
5? v_H@aqmfynmay;a&;ESifh ukd,fpDtcGifhta&;wkdufyGJrsm; qufpyfaqmif&Gufjcif;?
6? wEk d i f i H v H k ; twk d i f ; twmaqmif a om vl x k v _ y f & S m ;r_ r sm;az:aqmif j cif ; ?
7? ppfwyf§&J ponfwdk@tm; jynfo@lzufyg0ifvmap&ef pnf;±Hk;jcif;?
8? EkdifiHwumrS rdrdwkd@. 'Drkdua&pDaz:aqmifa&;vrf;a=umif;ukd axmufcHyHhykd;apa&;ESifh ppftm%m&SifpHepf
oufqkd;&Snfr_ aqmif&Gufaer_rsm;ukd [ef@wm;apa&; pnf;±Hk;v_H@aqmfjcif;?

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