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LIVER FUNCTION TESTS ( LFT )

SERUM BILIRUBIN (TOTAL) ..........................mg/dl ( 0.2 – 1.0 mg/dl )

(DIRECT).........................mg/dl (0.0 – 0.2 mg/dl ) Clay colored stool, obstruction in bile secretion..

(INDIRECT......................mg/dl ( 0.2 - 0.8 mg/dl ) Dark brown stools, Increased RBC destruction..

S.G.O.T (AST) .......................................IU/L ( 8-40 IU/L ) Necrosis of other organs.

S.G.P.T (ALT) .......................................IU/L ( 8 – 40 IU/L ) Necrosis of liver cells.

ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE .............................IU/L Adult (40 – 129 IU/L ). Child 3-5 yrs ( 210 – 270 IU/L )

Billiary tract infection , bone destruction, pregnancy

SERUM PROTIEN ( TOTAL ).......................... gm/dl ( 6- 8 gm/dl ) Levels are decreased in liver cell

SERUM ALBUMIN ........................... gm/dl ( 3.5- 5 gm/dl ) injury or liver cell destructions and

GLOBULIN ............................ gm/dl ( 2.3- 3.5 gm/dl ) inc. in cirrhosis nd chronic hepatitis .

LIPID PROFILE

SERUM CHOLESTEROL ............................ mg/dl (140 -200 mg/dl ) Levels are increased in Cholestasis

HDL – CHOLESTEROL ............................ mg/dl (33 -70 mg/dl ) and decreased in Cholestasis

SERUM TRIGLYCERIDE ............................. mg/dl (25 -160 mg/dl ) and chronic active hepatitis.

LDL CHOLESTEROL ............................. mg/dl (upto 150 mg/dl )

V.L.D.L .............................mg/dl (8 - 30 mg/dl )

TOTAL RATIO .............................. ( 3 – 6 )

KAMAL K SHARMA