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Necessary Hardware and Software
In Lesson 1, we saw that a server was another computer that can participate in a client/server network, as opposed to a peer-to-peer network. A server is used to hold resources and items that other computers would need:
A server is primarily a regular computer. For a small network, identify the computer that you will use as the server. You can use an existing computer or purchase a new one. Before starting to acquire the necessary hardware for your network, when planning a server, you may fit one or the following descriptions: y y I will purchase a server from the Internet: If you haven't bought a server but are planning to purchase a computer for it, check our section below on the subject. I already have the/a computer and it has an operating system: If you plan to use one of your (existing) computers as the server, check its hardware and make sure it meets the following requirements:
You can us existingcom
A processor with 133-MHz or higher speed; 550-MHz recommended; up to eight processors supported on one server 128 MB of RAM minimum required; 256 MB or more recommended; 32 GB maximum 1.25 to 2 GB of available hard disk space CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive VGA or hardware that supports console redirection required; Super VGA supporting 800 x 600 or higher-
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resolution monitor recommended
If necessary, you can purchase additional items to meet these requirements.
I have a computer with no operating system. Either I got/built it (³barebone´) without an operating system or I removed the operating system (for example, either I formatted the hard drive or I created two or more partitions on the hard drive): If you have a computer that doesn't have any operating system and you are planning to use it as the server of your network, make sure it meets the following requirements:
A processor with 133-MHz or higher speed; 550-MHz recommended; up to eight processors supported on one server 128 MB of RAM minimum required; 256 MB or more recommended; 32 GB maximum 1.25 to 2 GB of available hard disk space CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive VGA or hardware that supports console redirection required; Super VGA supporting 800 x 600 or higherresolution monitor recommended
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For these lessons, the computer will run Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (I will be using Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition, but Windows Server 2003 Standard Edition or Microsoft Small Busing Server 2003 will work fine too).
You will also need a monitor attached to the server. If you will not work closely with the server, that is, if you will not "watch" the server all day long, the type of monitor you connect to it may not be important.
Server Operating System
As its name implies, the role of a server is to serve. To perform this job, it must be loaded with a special operating system. On this site, we cover a network that deals with a Microsoftbased network. The company publishes a server operating system named Microsoft Windows :: Note Server 2003. Before acquiring the operating system, you may fit one of the following descriptions: y I will purchase a brand new computer, to use as a server, from a web site: You can purchase a server from a manufacturer on the Internet (HP, Dell, IBM, Gateway, etc). You can also purchase a computer from an Internetbased store (http://www.tigerdirect.com, http://www.provantage.com, http://www.cdw.c om, etc). The web sites of HP, Dell, IBM, Gateway, etc has a link (or a section) named (or labeled) Servers or Small Business. You can shop from that section, based on your budget. If you are using this approach, look for a machine called server. When choosing
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you could ask (have asked) them to install the operating system for you. This is the standard way and it is just fine. To do this. which we will cover later on. make sure it meets the following requirements: o 133-MHz processor required. try to get a DVD drive instead of a simple CD drive. they will sell you the server without the operating system. Second Network Card: This can be valuable if you are building a small network and plan to give access to your computers to the Internet.25 to 2 GB of available hard disk space CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive VGA or hardware that supports console redirection required. if your budget permits. 550-MHz recommended. etc) on the Internet. from one of those big companies (such as Dell. y I will purchase a brand new computer to use as a server from a web site but I will call them: The above mentioned companies also have a telephone number. They will guide you with the requirements. Most of the time. You should be able to install the server operating system yourself. get it (even if you think you will never need it). Extended Warranty: No matter what its price and what else. Windows XP Home Edition or else. you would need to get the server operating system separately. you can install the OS yourself. This second can help you with Internet connection and security. You can call the company and describe that you want to purchase a server for a network. DVD Drive: The web site or company may suggest a CD drive. Floppy Drive: This drive cannot be completely ruled out yet. Super VGA supporting 800 x 600 or higherresolution monitor recommended o o o o Besides these requirements. you can ask (may have asked) them to provide you with a server operating system. 256 MB or more recommended. HP. they may send (or might have sent) you the computer without the operating system but with a CD (or DVD) that has the operating system. depending on the arrangement you make (or made) with the company. up to eight processors supported on one server 128 MB of RAM minimum required. Get it just in case (you never know). They may (will) also suggest that you purchase the operating system. As mentioned previously. In this case. Still. In some cases. which is fine. I have a computer I plan to use as a server and it has a non-server operating system already: If you have a computer with another operating system such as Windows 9X. Gateway. IBM. If you have Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (on CD). you can tell them that you have the operating system already. change or add the following items: Tape Backup and Tape Software: This can help to perform regular backup of files. 32 GB maximum 1. I will purchase the server operating system: If you buy (bought) a computer. In most cases this can be enough. as a server.the machine. you can access one of the following links to purchase it: y y .
Installations and Connections New Installation After acquiring a computer. You may receive a message stating operating system missing or something like that. you will still need to check that the parts are functional. start the computer. If you don't make arrangements with them to install it. Press any key to start the installation. you can press Page Up or Page Down. If your computer already has an operating system. the title would display Windows Server 2003. Restart the computer. Since it is long. Enterprise Edition Setup The body of the screen will present options to you. Practical Learning: Installing the Server Operating System 1.amazon. and close its door. or not to install. After reading it. you would need to perform a new installation. the screen will change and display a new title based on the version of operating system you are installing. the server operating system. if you accept the terms of the license. make sure that the computer meets the requirements and that the parts in the computer have been tested. put the CD in the drive. They may offer to install. After a while. To continue the installation. If the installation doesn't work.cdw.provantage. start it.com http://www. put the CD in it.com http://www. you will first take their word for it. Somehow. Then.com etc y I will buy a computer from a computer store around the corner and use it as the server: You can buy a computer from one of those small computer stores on major streets. a message box and display and let you know. The next screen asks you to select the partition you want to use to install the operating . For example. In one of these cases. you may have one that is ready but doesn't have an operating. press Enter 4. If you don't like what it says. press F8.. If the operating system cannot be upgraded. You should receive a message stating Press Any Key To Boot From CD (or something like that) 2.com http://www. you can tell them that you want a computer you plan to use as a server. When doing this. The next screen will show the Windows Licensing Agreement. When the installation starts.microsoft.tigerdirect.http://www. if you are installing Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition. Open the CD drive. If the computer doesn't have an operating system but it meets all the requirements and it can boot from the CD. to navigate up and down. even if they claim it is not their fault. Open the CD drive. and close it. You may have a computer with an operating system but that OS cannot be upgraded into Microsoft Windows Server 2003. it will display a blue screen with Windows Setup on top and some messages on the status bar (bottom of screen). press ESC and stop the installation.com http://www.. Read it. 5. Accept to perform a new installation and click Next 3. you will need to keep contact with them.
the US English would be selected. use the up and down arrow keys to select it o o o 6. the partition will get formatted. Press the down arrow key to select theUnpartitioned Space option and press C. To ignore any change. click the Customize button. to specify which one will be used to hold the operating system. The next screen will ask you to format the selected partition and specify the type of file system you want to use. click Next 9. will come up. first make sure it is selected it. you can click OK. simply select it If you have only one partition and that. the installation will continue by copying files. This would open the Text Services and Input Languages dialog box. you can click Cancel. After making your selection. You can then click the arrow of its combo box to change the language. Continue in the same way until you have created the desired partitions If you have many partitions already. Another dialog box. The next screen request that you enter your name or the name of the primary person who will be using the computer. You can change the language by clicking the arrow of the combo box. then type the desired number of megabytes. After dealing with the Windows Setup dialog box. For example. After a while. and press Enter. By default. The first choice consists of changing the Regional and Language Options. Once again. a wizard. Then. would come up with English (United States) selected. Make sure that you provide this information . expects the name of the company. it will propose the total space for it.system: o If you have only one partition and it looks small. This may take a few minutes. regardless of its size. If you want to change it. Once the formatting is over. titled Regional and Language Options. titled Windows Setup. the US English is selected by default. The default options will be selected depending on your version of the CD. if you are installing the OS intended for a US audience. If you don't intend to change anything. Select the Format The Partition Using The NTFS File Systemoption and press Enter 8. The other text box. To reduce it. you can click OK. Its first page presents you with two options. select it If you have only one partition but it is large and you want to create various partitions. After selecting the partition you will use. click Details. After making the change. The second option consists of making changes to the way the keyboard will interpret text. you want to use it wholly to install the OS. press C to partition it. In the next screen. such as less than 8 GB. press Enter to install the OS in it 7. Organization. if you bought the OS intended for a US use. you can click Cancel or press Esc. first press Backspace a few times to delete the numbers. If you want to change the language. The next screen would ask how much space you want to use for the new partition. You must type a name other than Administrator or Guest 10.
change it. a new wizard. The wizard suggests WORKGROUP as the name of the "domain". After entering the name of the domain. the computer will start. The next page of the wizard. type NEPTUNE 21. type the password you entered during the installation 24. a user object is created and it is named Administrator. Fortunately you can give it temporary password and change it later on as your network. which you can still change later on. our domain will be called Neptune. accept the Typical Settings option and click Next 20. comes up. which you must enter 13. After a few minutes. the wizard will start copying the files. click Next 19. After clicking next. based on the company name you would have entered previously as the Organization. or you can type a new name 16. The option to change this is selected by default. If you can't come up with a domain. When the computer comes back. The next page of the wizard shows the options available for licensing. For our lessons. in the top text box. Accept the User Name as Administrator. After specifying the password. In this case. and concerned improve. If you don't want the computer to take care of that. click Next 22. you must give a password to this account. again. If you don't like that name. Accept the first option not to "join" a domain. Because we will review the details of this wizard in later lessons. The second option allows you to manually set them. Once the installation has finished copying the files. click Next 18. In the Password text box. expects you to type the computer name. and the time zone that the server will use. click Next 14. This page of the wizard also allows you the let the computer adjust its clock when daylight time is switched during the year. We haven't mentioned "user accounts" yet but during installation. It also suggests a default. After typing the product key.11. On the other hand. skills. the computer finds out the right date and the right time and it selects them. Make sure you remember this password because you will need it just after the installation 17. After entering the name and the organization. When setting up the operating system. the time. The next page of the wizard allows you to actually make this computer into a server. Press Ctrl + Alt + Delete to log in 23. After clicking Next. You must enter the password in the Administrator Password text box and type it again in the Confirm Password text box. This time. The next page of the wizard allows you to set the date. Click OK. you can use the one we will use. Obviously the password should not be too easy. You can accept the suggested name. You should accept the Per Server option and click Next 15. After changing the options or making sure that they are right. The first option allows you to let the installation take care of networking details. Most of the time. it will ask you to accept or change the network settings of the server. The next page of the wizard requests the Product Key. the wizard is closed and the installation continues copying files. . you can remove the check mark on the check box. you should adjust the time zone if the default is not the right one. you will be asked to log in. titled Windows Setup. click Next or press Enter 12.
A convenient link is available in the middle of the window. To use it as a server. Read the text in the window and click Add Or Remove A Role . you must properly transform. Fortunately. congratulations: you have finished installed Microsoft Windows Server 2003 The Role of a Server After you have installed Microsoft Windows Server 2003 as we did above. titled Manage Your Server. it is primarily a regular computer. allows you define the "role" of the computer. this is an easy process. When the computer comes up and displays the desktop. Practical Learning: Configuring Active Directory 1. the first window you see.If you see a window titled Manage Your Server.
In the list.2. click Domain Controller (Active Directory) . The first page of the wizard presents a summary of the actions you must have taken before continui Read it and click Next 3. A dialog box will display briefly and then display a list of the roles you can assign to the server.
Click Next .4.
Click Next to Run The Active Directory Installation Wizard 6. Another wizard. comes up.5. Read its text and click Next . titled Active Directory Installation Wizard.
In the second page of the wizard. In the third page of the wizard. and click Next 8.7. accept the first radio button and click Next . read the text again. you must specify whether this is the first or an additional domain co As this is the first.
9. In the fourth page of the wizard. accept the first radio button and click Next 10. The name should be followed by an Inter . you must enter the name of the domain. In the fifth page.
In the next page of the wizard. Click Next 12. for our lessons.com 11.com. type it. type netconsulting. a suggested NetBIOS name displays. . If you have a domain in mind. intended for earlier versions of Windows": .domain name (. If you don't have in mind.org. .net. . etc).us.
The next page allows you to specify where the Active Directory information would be stored: .Accept it and click Next 13.
the next page allows you to install DNS. Read the options: . After a few seconds.Accept the default and click Next 14. The next page specifies where the domain's public files would be stored: Accept the default and click Next 15.
The next page allows you to set the default permissions: .Accept the suggested second radio button and click Next 16.
Enter a in both text boxes: 18.Accept the suggested second radio button and click Next 17. Click Next 19. The next page displays a summary of your selections: . The next page prompts you to create a password used to start the server in "Restore Mode".
if you don't have the Microsoft Windows Server 2003 CD in the drive. you may be be p to supply it: . The wizard will start creating and configuring Active Directory: After a while.Read the text and click Next 20.
Click OK When the dialog box comes up. The wizard will continue copying files. simply click OK Another message box will come up. Click it and click OK. Read its summary and click Finish .Do so After a few seconds. you may receive a message box informing you that your computer has a static address. After a few seconds. the last page of the wizard will display.
21. When the computer comes up. click the Options button and make sure that the name of the domain selected in the Log On To text box. Enter your administrator's password 23. a dialog box titled Configure Your Server will let you know the installation of Active Directory was successful: . Make sure that Administrator is specified in the User Name text box. You will be asked to restart the computer: If you have a CD in the CD drive. remove it and click Restart New 22. Click OK 24. After the computer displays the desktop.
Click Finish .
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