Welcome to our presentation!

Group members Nguyen Thi Thuy Chi members: Nguyen Thuy Dung Du Ngoc Han

Aims of research
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To answer 2 questions:

1. Does the use of first language (L1) hinders or facilitates English (L2) study? 2. What are attitudes of students towards using l1?

Previous studies
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Richard Miles (2004) - L1 use saves time improve target language Cianflone (2009) -L1 use enhances students¶ motivation Cons: Cons Limited to role of L1 use in English acquisition No comparison

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Evaluate L1 use in English classrooms by VS

English majors (HANU) Hanoi University

Construction majors (UTC) University of Transport & Communications

Outline
` Methods ` Main

findings

` Suggestion

Methods
` ` `

Instrument: questionnaire Subjects: 50 students from HANU and UCT Procedure:
HANU and UCT campus March 2010

Main findings
1. Frequency of using L1 2. Reasons for using L1 3. Attitude towards L1 use

Finding 1

Frequency of using L1 in English classrooms

60% % 0% 40% 30% 0% 10% 0% HANU UTC 36%

Students NEVER use L1 in English classrooms: 0%

Finding 2

Reasons for using L1 in English classrooms

Reason To understand difficult concepts better To understand new vocabulary items better To understand technical terms To ask teachers for clearer instruction

UTC

HAN U 7 6 8

18 12 12 11

3 6

To feel comfortable & less stressed when using English 7 for too long To know how to translate something into English 6

8

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UTC bad language study skills low level of English proficiency unconfident, use L1 to communicate

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HANU High level of English proficiency Interpreting course use L1 to have accurate translation

Finding 3

Attitudes of students towards L1 use in English classrooms

HANU & UTC¶ attitudes towards L1 use in English classrooms
60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Good Bad Neither 20 20 48 44 36 32 UTC HANU

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UTC & HANU different purposes of studying English UTC - limited English - lack of study strategies

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Suggestions
L1 use - should not be encouraged - cannot be neglected L1 roles USE IT WHEN ACTUALLY NEED IT

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L1 use has Good

& Effects

Bad

Aim of Instructors & Learners : Manage L1 & L2 for better efficiency

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