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MXROAD Intr oduction
Trademarks Bentley, the ’B’ Bentley logo, and MircoStation are registered trademarks of Bentley Systems, Incorporated or Bentley Software, Inc. MX, the MX logo, Infrasoft, Arenium and the Arenium logo are registered trademarks of Infrasoft. Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, the Acrobat logo, Distiller, Exchange and PostScript are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated. AutoCAD, and AutoCAD Map are registered trademarks of Autodesk, Inc. HOOPS is a registered trademark of Tech Soft America. OpenGL is a registered trademark of Silicon Graphics, Inc. NetWare® is a trademark of Novell, Inc. Internet Explorer, MDAC, Windows, Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Windows XP and True Type are registered trademarks of MicrosoftR Corporation.
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MXROAD Intr oduction
iv MXROAD Intr oduction .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . What is String Modeling? . . . . . . Viewing the working display . . . . Starting a Project . . . . Creating reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Producing a design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MXROAD . . . . . . . . . . . Creating drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Analyzing the design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alignment Design . . . . . . . System Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Modifying the design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table of Contents MX Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MX Basics − Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting MX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Project Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assigning model defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AutoCAD Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Applications Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard String Naming Convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Windows Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MXROAD Intr oduction 1−1 1−1 1−2 1−8 1−11 1−15 1−16 1−22 1−28 1−30 1−31 1−33 1−33 1−35 1−35 1−37 1−38 1−40 1−42 1−43 1−44 1−45 1−46 1−46 1−49 1−52 2−1 2−1 2−2 2−2 2−2 2−3 2−4 2−7 2−11 2−12 2−14 2−15 i−1 v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creating a survey model from imported data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Producing visualizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Modifying the design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MXROAD − Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Intersection Design . . . . . . . . Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typical Project Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exporting data . . . . . . . MicroStation Environment . . . . Common Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pavement and Subgrade Design . . . . . . . . . . . Creating a working display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Options in MXROAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Surface Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . User Support . . . . Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MX Environment − Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Road Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Import . .
Table of Contents vi MXROAD Intr oduction .
This section covers the following topics: S S S S S S S S S What is string modeling? The MX environments − Windows. In particular. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−1 . Windows. AutoCAD or MicroStation. AutoCAD and MicroStation The Applications toolbar Starting MX Starting a project Typical project sequence Using the on−line help and tutorials System administration User support The next section deals with the options specific to MXROAD. the concepts of string modeling are given together with a description of how MX data may be manipulated from any of the three MX environments. An overview of each MX option is also provided in a typical project sequence.1 MX Basics MX Basics − Overview This section gives an overview of MX and describes the basic principles of operation.
Y. There is only one model file for each project. For example. Models are stored in a model file and contain strings which are made up of 3D coordinate points (X. each storing a specific set of data. These strings are used to represent physical features. but many models can coexist within the model file. one model may contain survey data while the other is used for the proposed design. all project data is stored in a single folder on your PC. Generally. Z) linked together. MX uses a simple hierarchy of models. Survey Alignment Isopachyte Triangulation Survey Stations Existing Ground Design Boundary Triangulation Sections Drainage Contours Visualization Figure 1 − The model file 1−2 MXROAD Intr oduction . Each model can be thought of as a separate surface. The model file and models The illustration below shows the content of a typical model file for a project.1 MX Basics What is String Modeling? What is String Modeling? In any project. strings and points to store data.
The elevation of the contour (the Z value) is only stored once because it is common to all string points.Y and Z co−ordinates and the name of the station. These are all 5D strings. the first three dimensions of each point are the X. followed by the station along the string. or design features such as a roadway edge or back of unpaved shoulder. Volume strings generally contain earthwork volumes. The S S S S S S S MXROAD Intr oduction 1−3 . When MX creates section strings. Feature strings define either linear ground features such as a ridge or the base of a hill. The first three dimensions of each point are the X. so a station string is a 4D string. and the name of the string that was cut to produce the section. or another attribute such as the bearing at the point. MX processes these strings differently from other strings. Point strings represent discrete items such as manholes and lamp columns. Y or Z coordinate. Earthwork strings represent the outer limits of embankments and cuttings. profiles or baseline sections (profiles taken along a straight baseline). and the radius of curvature. Strings in MX have dimensions at each point. followed by the offset and bearing of a line normal to the line used to generate the string (called the reference line).Y and Z co−ordinates of the point. so a contour string is a 2D string.Y and Z co−ordinates of a set of like items. so a feature string is a 3D string.MX Basics What is String Modeling? Strings and string links All MX data is held as strings.Y and Z co−ordinates. followed by the offset of the point from the reference string.Y and Z coordinates. This is referred to as a string link. The first three dimensions of each point in the string are the X. They are 6D strings. With cross−sections. A point string records the X. there is no string link. particularly when sectioning or triangulating. The dimensions of each point are the X and Y co−ordinates. Master strings are used to represent road or railroad alignment center lines and other master design lines. for example. These are 5D strings. each joined to its predecessor and successor by a straight or curve−fitted line. Point strings generally record detail in survey models. Section strings represent cross−sections. The dimensions of each point in the string are the X. the bearing of the string at that point. but there is no physical continuity from item to item. where a dimension is simply a piece of data such as an X. MX recognizes many types of string: S Station strings link survey instrument stations.Y and Z coordinates. The dimensions of each station are the X. Contour strings represent contours. ie. A string is a series of points. These are 10D strings and are used to store volumes calculated between successive sections. elevations are linearly interpolated to the point at which the section line intersects the string link.
and radius of curvature (ch. a point is held as a set of dimensions that are associated with each other. These conventions are stored in feature sets. three dimensions X. Points Within a string. The Z value is stored only once because it is common to all the points in the string. Text strings are multi−dimensional strings that hold character information for naming items in drawings. to define geometry. The remaining dimensions record cumulative balances for various strata. Y and Z. station. Each point has a set of coordinates and may also have other information. which are described in more detail later. The remaining dimensions record volumes between the various strata. For example: S S S On a contour. These are 10D strings. these dimensions are often zero. the first three dimensions of each point are the X.1 MX Basics What is String Modeling? first three dimensions of each point are the X. bearing. Along a ridge or a curb line. followed by the station and the accumulated mass−haul balance at that station. there are six dimensions. 1−4 MXROAD Intr oduction . Adjacent triangle information is also stored to optimize the display and analysis of a triangulated surface. S Mass−haul strings contain accumulated mass−haul balances along a road design. Some string types such as cross section strings only require a single character − MX automatically allocates the remainder. ABCD.Y and Z coordinates. ridge and road center line strings. 1234. b. and subsequent dimensions contain the characters themselves. X. though MX uses a convention for names to indicate the type of the string. MX always includes string links when triangulating. The third dimension specifies the height of the characters when plotted. but cannot include spaces or special characters. A point can have any number of dimensions between 2 and 15. rad). a point is just two dimensions X and Y. though since this information is not always available. The following illustration shows the dimensions of points on contour. and XA45 are valid examples. On a road center line. otherwise they are zero. Y and Z are used. S S All strings must have a four−character name. depending on the information needed to record in addition to its position. Triangulation strings contain a lattice of links between 3D triangle vertices. The first two dimensions of each point are the X and Y coordinates of the start of the text. The fourth dimension is the bearing of the baseline of the characters. for example.Y and Z coordinates. where these are known. followed by the station and the volume between the sections of two specified models (usually ground and design models).
for instance. MX assigns each point a number relative to the start of the string. the old point 13 becomes point 12. z) (x. a discontinuity between points on a string. which indicates an instantaneous change of direction at a point. b. y. so creating a gap. Discontinuities There are two types of discontinuity used in MX. rad) (x. to create a break or gate in a fence. y. with a common name. This technique avoids a profusion or duplication of strings and difficulties in names. The number always remains relative to the start of the string. z. and so on to the last point. y) (x. y. In this case. Gaps It may be that one or more gaps or discontinuities in a string are required. before after CASI CASI CASI gap Figure 3 − Gaps in strings MXROAD Intr oduction 1−5 . so if a string has 24 points and point 12 is deleted. and a discontinuity of bearing. y) Figure 2 − String points Point numbers Strings consist of sequences of points and. ch. z) (x. MX creates a string as a series of part sections of the same string. to address and retrieve individual points. z) (x. y. y) (x.MX Basics What is String Modeling? (x.
Many style sets are provided with MX and you may add your own style sets if you wish. such as in estate roads where curbs often turn through 90 degrees. Different style sets are used to draw different types of model. Default feature sets are provided with the software. Null elevations are also useful when recording feature strings for objects such as hedges and fences.0 to every point on the string. MX automatically assigns null elevations to create a 3D string. MX assigns a null elevation of −999. master alignment strings are created without elevations.1 MX Basics What is String Modeling? Bearing discontinuities These are used to mark a change in direction within a string. a design feature set might include the following: Feature Road Center Line Carriageway (Edge) Carriageway (Top of Curb) Shoulders (Edge) Shoulders (Unpaved shoulder) Partial Name MC?? CE?? CT?? ES?? EV?? String Type Master Feature Feature Feature Feature When a model is created. Because. where elevations are often not required. They are used throughout MX to make it easier for you to select strings for subsequent operations. 1−6 MXROAD Intr oduction . Again. Null levels are ignored when creating a triangulation of a surface. Different models can have different feature sets. the horizontal alignment is defined as a 6D master alignment string. This sets up a string naming convention for the model. Style sets A style set is a collection of styles which is used to draw a complete model or a selected part of it. Feature sets Feature sets are a means of grouping strings and identifying them with a description. you can associate a feature set with the model using Tools ⇒ Model Defaults. Null elevations In horizontal alignment design. The strings belonging to a feature set are specified using a partial string name. In this way MX is able to register the presence of a elevation while ignoring its value. and the elevations are added later in vertical alignment design. As an example.
It uses the feature and style sets MXROAD. Another style set draws a plan view of a road design model with different line styles for each feature type. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−7 . such as when you display or create a string. For this reason.pss for the design model.MX Basics What is String Modeling? For example. It may be switched on or off on a per project basis from the message box which appears when you start a new project. Once these defaults have been set up. they are automatically used for every relevant option. Style sets rely heavily on the string naming convention used for a model. You can also specify these defaults for an existing model using Tools ⇒ Model Defaults. they are closely associated with feature sets and by convention are given the same name as the feature set with which they are associated. the alignment with station annotation and the vertical intersection points with their associated elevations and grades. an application developed for highway design. there is a style set to draw a complete contour model with all contours drawn as solid lines and curve fitted. Another way to assign model defaults is to click the right hand mouse button in any model name field on a panel. or from the System Parameters tab on the Project Settings panel. You can also make these assignments automatically if you use a standard model naming convention. you must use the standard string naming convention. If you have purchased MXROAD. Standard string naming convention A standard string naming convention has been introduced to allow you to take full advantage of the power and flexibility of feature sets and style sets. Model defaults You can specify which feature set and which style set to associate with a model when you create it. Prominent contours are also drawn for every 5 normal contours with the contour height embedded in the contour line. or on the model name field of the MX Toolbox.fns and MXROAD.
AutoCAD. when you are running in a CAD environment. although you are using MX in one environment. similar options and panels are available from an MX menu which is added to the AutoCAD or MicroStation menu bar. Windows AutoCAD MicroStation Figure 4 − MX Environments When running under Windows. AutoCAD and MicroStation. The name of the working display or drawing page file corresponds to your current CAD drawing file. Data interoperability and drawings Whichever environment you are using. MicroStation uses DGN files and AutoCAD uses DWG files. However. In this way. changes to the drawing are also passed on to the model file where appropriate. presented in the usual way as a series of menus and panels. MX addresses this difference by presenting you with a DGN or DWG file. 1−8 MXROAD Intr oduction . you have access to both the MX options and the standard CAD options at the same time. the MX drawings created may be opened and edited in any MX environment. MX creates working displays (DPWs) or drawing page files (DPFs) to store the MX graphical elements you create from the model file data. In this way. When running in either of the other two CAD environments. Whichever environment you are using. Windows.1 MX Basics MX Environment − Overview MX Environment − Overview MX can run in any of three environments. MicroStation. for example. MX uses its own built−in frame and user interface. for example. but in the background it is constantly updating a working display or drawing page file.
A DPW is an elastic area that grows to accommodate changes to the graphics it holds. there is a fundamental difference between a DPW and a DPF. This file also displays the MX graphics. but does not let you edit the model data. and so lets you create. Once the design is complete. paged drawings are needed. and edit model data to design the project. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−9 . the only operation available is the addition of lines and text (enhancements). assess.MX Basics MX Environment − Overview In MX. and it is at this point that a DPF is created.
1 MX Basics MX Environment − Overview MX Data Model file DPW or DPF MX Environment Windows User Interface AutoCAD or MicroS tation DWG or DGN CAD−only layers/levels MX layers/levels User Interface Figure 5 − MX data interoperability 1−10 MXROAD Intr oduction .
display lists. The following sections do not provide all the answers about how to work with MX. increment values using spinners and so on. For example. The mouse The mouse is used to interact with the display. Essentially. experimentation will quickly make you proficient. such as Open. the CAD cursor − used when specifying CAD commands in AutoCAD or MicroStation. and that Cancel provides an escape route. What’s This Help is then automatically displayed. Help is obtained for an item on a panel by clicking the question mark icon on the panel header and dragging it onto the item in question. For example if a string name is to be entered in a panel field. move the cursor over the string on the display and click the left−hand button.MX Basics Common Components Common Components Many components of the MX interface are common to all environments. Simple clicking selects items from a list. and these are described in the following paragraphs. the data input panels. The MX user interface is Windows compliant. although there is no substitute for trying for yourself. they do however provide enough information to begin with. the left−hand mouse button selects the data under the position of the cursor. You can also press the F1 key. By default. these are as follows: the Windows cursor − used in panels and for manipulating Windows. and then click the right hand button the Point Selection Method (PSM) options appropriate to that field are listed. Click the PSM you require to reposition the tick (√) marking the current method. Given that all data critical operations require confirmation before they are carried out. toolbars and menus. This means that many of the operations you have learned in other Windows software. if you click in an XY field on a panel to provide focus. You can also click and hold the left−hand button to expand menus. the MX cursor − used when specifying MX options MXROAD Intr oduction 1−11 . The right hand mouse button presents available options. Much MX−specific information is provided as Help and there are many books written about working in the Windows environment. Three types of cursor are used in MX to help you recognize the type of input the program is expecting. Save and Browse are just as valid in MX.
The panel below is typical and shows the key elements. in most cases. this sequence is known as a Wizard. Some panels are arranged to appear in sequence. The panel header bar and the title Design a String: Intersection of Two Slopes defines the function of the panel. For example. 1−12 MXROAD Intr oduction . you can have more than one MX panel open at any one time. making sure that you provide all the information necessary to complete the task. You will find that. Figure 6 − Typical panel layout 1. they are marked by _ and activated by using ALT + the character key. A Wizard is a simple means of guiding you through a complex process. Shortcut keys are available.1 MX Basics Common Components The keyboard The keyboard is used for entering data into a field or working in the MX Linemode panel. for which explanations follow. Panels There are many panels. use ALT F to gain access to the File menu. each providing access to one or more MX options.
the MX menu changes to reveal all the MX options which are available to you. Once a project is opened. On this particular panel changing the option will gray out some of the other data fields as they are not relevant for the selected option. View. 5. This may be because they are not installed. you are not licensed to use them or they are not suitable for use at that particular moment. 7. Click and hold the up or down spinner to increment the value in the data field. If you wish. and click again. To find out more about any of the panel data requirements click the ? button. and clicking transfers your selection to the data field. Apply completes the function with the data you have supplied and keeps the panel displayed. the one with the black center is the one currently selected. Modify. 10. 6. Clicking this button will dismiss the panel without completing the function. The left or top tab contains all the mandatory fields. This will change the text beside the data field beneath. use one of these three buttons. Design. you can display the MX options as an alternative menu bar to the CAD menu bar by selecting MX ⇒ MX Menu. In the CAD environments. Click in the check box to apply normal offset.MX Basics Common Components 2. Radio buttons permit you to select one of a number of choices. Clicking the list button will give you a list of models. As you run the cursor down the list. quoting the panel id to your MX support engineer will help locate where you are and what you are trying to do. and need more information than the help gives. Display. the highlight moves. as the value to be entered into the field changes. 4. Analysis. 11. Tools. MX menu bar The standard MX menu or menu bar choices are File. OK completes the function with the data you have supplied and then dismisses the panel. Add−Ins and Help. and provides other essential information. 8. These tabs allow you to get at all the data fields for the option. Click either the up or down arrow button to define the direction of the slope. 9. What’s This help will be displayed. What’s This help tells you how to complete the data field. You may find some options are grayed out in the menus. MX appears as a separate entry on the AutoCAD or MicroStation menu bar. The panel id. If ever you have a problem. 3. place it on the text about which you need to know more. Report. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−13 . Cancel dismisses the panel. Rather than using 3. Visualize. Draw. but a click on each will display the menu content. You will quickly learn which options are available from each of the pull down menus. subsequent tabs and their fields are optional. strings or options from which to choose.
double−click the toolbar header. you can move toolbars to different screen locations. If an icon needs explanation. the data can be re−formatted. or turn them off using the MX option View ⇒ Toolbars. You can display the toolbars so that they are docked to the frame. Once there. You will have to acknowledge the message by clicking the OK button. and these together with the messages and prompts may assist you in changing the option data to achieve the results you require. This means that you can transfer MX data to tender or contract documents. if you have made a mistake. Generally. and present it in any way you choose. To dock or undock a toolbar. which you can access by pressing the F2 key. The Plan with Tools toolbar is shown below. It is not necessary to understand these commands. In AutoCAD. such as missing a mandatory data field. rest the cursor on it to display its tool tip. tabulated into columns or totally reorganized using standard word processing options. You will have to click OK to dismiss the message before you can re−apply focus to the panel field requiring correction. but they can be decoded using the Linemode Reference Help. the message will tell you what’s wrong and how to correct the error. Figure 7 − Plan with Tools toolbar Message boxes If you make a mistake or MX wants to communicate with you. when focus is in the AutoCAD application you can display the output window by pressing SHIFT−F2. a message box will be displayed. Moving MX data to other Windows applications Using standard Windows cut and paste techniques. AutoCAD output and command prompts are displayed in the AutoCAD text window. The MX output window The MX output window shows the commands sent to the MX engine to carry out your instructions throughout your MX session. The window also displays errors and warnings. You can also direct MX output to the AutoCAD text window from the View ⇒ Configuration panel. or simply by opening MX data files in editor applications you can transfer MX data to any other Windows compliant application. 1−14 MXROAD Intr oduction .1 MX Basics Common Components Toolbars There are a number of MX toolbars which provide shortcuts to the MX options.
The output window is docked within the frame. When you start a new project. showing different views of the drawing. the display window and the output window. and can be detached and moved to any location. but within the MX frame you can create additional viewports. but has other windows within the frame. Figure 8 − The MX frame You can only have one drawing open at any time. two windows are displayed within the MX frame.MX Basics Windows Environment Windows Environment MX in Windows runs within a frame. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−15 .
As with standard AutoCAD. the only obvious changes from standard AutoCAD are that there is an extra MX menu and two extra toolbars. you can create a DWG file containing both MX layers and layers which contain only AutoCAD data. the display reflects the contents of the DWG file. In this way.1 MX Basics AutoCAD Environment AutoCAD Environment MX runs within AutoCAD. The MX toolbar controls which model an object is added to when it is drawn. Figure 9 − The AutoCAD frame 1−16 MXROAD Intr oduction . the MX Controls toolbar at the foot of the graphics window and the MX toolbar. so that when you start the program. and which type of feature is created. some or all of the layers in the DWG file contain data which is linked to the MX model file via an MX drawing file. but with MX in AutoCAD.
so you can work in AutoCAD (possibly constructing objects or adding annotation) on a layer such as layer 0 and the data is not sent to the MX model file. With no objects selected. such as a fence or a hedge. the MX toolbar lets you know what will happen if you create a new AutoCAD object. You must associate a feature set with the model before using the MX options to ensure that the strings are correctly displayed in their relevant layers. You can use layers which are not MX layers for information which is not required by MX. for example. Using AutoCAD commands. MX strings which are related to each other are stored in models. in MX in AutoCAD you can use most of the AutoCAD Draw and Modify commands such as PLINE and MOVE to create and edit MX strings. It tells you if you can successfully create MX strings. Custom objects can also be exploded back to equivalent AutoCAD objects and the corresponding data removed (optionally) from the model file. For example. both the MX string custom object in the drawing and the string itself (in the MX model file) are updated. and all strings which represent a proposed design are stored in a design model.MX Basics AutoCAD Environment MX strings in AutoCAD You can use either MX options or AutoCAD commands to create and draw MX model information such as strings in an AutoCAD DWG file. The string is automatically given the next name in the feature set corresponding to the name of the layer. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−17 . The MX Toolbar The MX toolbar gives you control of the creation of MX strings when using AutoCAD commands. in which MX model any new strings will be created. but is created by another program (in this case. MX model data is displayed on layers created with the same names as the features or a group of features in the model’s associated feature set. or it can represent a non−physical feature such as a contour. When you modify or delete an MX string. MX in AutoCAD). and the feature that will be created. These layers are called MX layers. when you create a polyline on an active MX layer. The set of features used by a model is stored in a feature set and associated with the model. A string is a sequence of points which represents a physical feature. MX in AutoCAD creates and displays an MX string custom object and a corresponding string is also written to the MX model file. It has no effect when you use MX options. A custom object is an object such as an MX string which is not a native AutoCAD object. in that anything you draw on them can be linked to the MX model file. all strings which represent a survey are stored in a survey model.
Show/Hide Current Model The Show/Hide Current Model icons provide a quick way to hide or redisplay all the drawn information from the model in the current model field. if you were to use an AutoCAD command on the layer Roadway_Edge and the current model’s feature set contained the feature description Roadway (Edge) then you would see a green (or amber) light and the resultant MX string would have a string name of CE??. then when you create an AutoCAD object on an MX layer it will be automatically converted to an MX string in the currently displayed model. Current MX Model The current MX model is the model in which MX strings will be created. Traffic Lights The traffic lights indicate whether you can create MX strings using AutoCAD commands.1 MX Basics AutoCAD Environment Traffic Lights Hide Current Model Convert Object Current Model Current Feature Create New Feature Set Active Document Display Current Model with S tyle Set Figure 10 − The MX toolbar If you select an object. For example. you can hide the ground model so that only the design model is displayed. then when you create an AutoCAD object you can manually convert it to an MX string by clicking the Convert Object button and then selecting the objects to be converted. If an amber light is displayed. 1−18 MXROAD Intr oduction . The field lists all the features in the feature set associated with the current model. S If a green light is displayed. the toolbar provides information about the object you select. This field is grayed out if you select an object which is not in the current model. you click the auto−convert box at the foot of the frame. then the model and feature of the string are displayed in the toolbar. The toolbar is described in more detail in the following paragraphs. S To switch between automatic and manual conversion. If the object is an MX string. So. Current Feature The current feature is the feature type which is given to any MX string you create using AutoCAD options.
if the current layer is an active MX layer. Display ⇒ Plan with Style Set). just select the feature from the list. To convert it manually. ie. the current feature list changes to reflect the feature of the object you have selected. You can change the feature type of an object by simply selecting the object and then selecting a feature from the list. when you create an AutoCAD object it is not converted to an MX string. The traffic light is green in this case.MX Basics AutoCAD Environment If you create an AutoCAD object. You can create a new layer from a feature in the current feature set just by selecting the feature from the MX toolbar. then you will find that the MX layers are automatically created for you. If you use an MX option to display an MX model (for example. select the object to be converted to an MX string. With auto−convert on. if the current layer is an active MX layer. With auto−convert off. Auto−Convert Mode Auto−convert allows you to toggle between the automatic and manual modes of creating MX strings from AutoCAD objects. To create a layer corresponding to a feature. The object will be converted to the feature corresponding to the layer that the object is on. A red traffic light indicates a plain AutoCAD layer or an inactive MX layer. it will be created on the layer associated with this feature. the object is automatically converted to an MX string. The auto−convert setting has no effect if you change the layer property of an object to an active MX layer. You only need to use Create New Feature if you want to create a new MX layer and feature for use with AutoCAD commands. If you select an object. when you create an AutoCAD object it is automatically converted to an MX string. The auto−convert toggle box is located at the bottom of the MX frame. The traffic light is amber in this case. then click this button . The auto−convert setting has no effect if you modify an MX string. use the Convert Object icon. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−19 . Any feature you create must have an entry in the corresponding style set so that MX knows how to draw it. Convert Object Button If an amber traffic light is displayed. the MX model will be automatically updated. a layer whose corresponding features do not exist in the current model. Create New Feature The Create New Feature button allows you to add features to your feature set and to create additional AutoCAD layers from the feature set descriptions. Use the Style Set Editor to modify the appropriate style set.
refer to the on−line help. Use SHIFT F2 to display the MX output window. although 6D master strings can be moved. it is processed and the AutoCAD command prompt is replaced by an MX prompt. and whether or not to leave an MX drawing open if you change the active MX drawing. MX Custom. master alignments. cadastre. MX in AutoCAD configuration The MX in AutoCAD Configuration panel is used to configure the way in which MX interacts with AutoCAD. because MX in AutoCAD is expecting an MX screen selection. you may have more than one drawing open at any one time. File handling The file handling settings allow you to define the AutoCAD drawing templates for creating new DWG files. When you select an MX option from the pulldown menus. but for full details. If you then want to use an AutoCAD command. For details of the operation of individual AutoCAD commands. At this stage. refer to the on−line Help. copied or rotated. press the F2 key to display the full AutoCAD text window. click in the command window or the graphics area. geometry. which contains details of the MX options which are processed. It is available from both the MX View % Configuration option and from the MX tab of AutoCAD Tools ⇒ Options panel. AutoCAD grips are therefore not available for these string types. In general. In AutoCAD. such as Layer and Linestyle. You can also specify where macros created by MX in AutoCAD are stored. some AutoCAD menus. MX and AutoCAD commands You may use either MX options or AutoCAD commands to create and edit MX strings. There are four tabs on the panel: S File handling S General S S Data conversion Warnings There is one additional tab on the Configuration panel. earthworks and drainage.1 MX Basics AutoCAD Environment Set Active Document defines which drawing is the current MX The Set Active Document button drawing. This is because MX uses different types of strings for sections. will be grayed out. but MX operates on one drawing only. A summary of the available preferences is given below. To review any information on the command line. and press the Esc key. with information stored in extra dimensions of the string that standard AutoCAD commands cannot maintain. 1−20 MXROAD Intr oduction . only 2D and 3D MX strings can be edited using AutoCAD commands.
the model and paper space scale factors. and the default auto−convert setting. the curve step tolerance. Warnings You can choose to display warnings when strings are modified which indicate the effects of certain operations. Data conversion The data conversion settings allow you to define how block attributes are converted. MX Custom These settings allow you to view line widths and enable AutoCAD geometry snaps to MX string points. You can also set geometry snap tolerances to control how the geometry of an object is reconstructed from an MX string. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−21 . There are several other settings which relate to how MX data is treated following certain AutoCAD operations. and define how null levels are interpreted by AutoCAD. It is recommended that you leave MX in AutoCAD warnings enabled until you are familiar with MX in AutoCAD.MX Basics AutoCAD Environment General These settings determine whether objects are displayed according to the MX style set or the current AutoCAD line style and color settings.
the display reflects the contents of the DGN file. Figure 11 − The MicroStation frame 1−22 MXROAD Intr oduction . In this way. The MX Toolbox controls which model an element is added to when it is drawn. the only obvious changes from standard MicroStation are that there is an extra MX menu. you can create a DGN file containing both MX levels and levels which contain only MicroStation data. such as that from commands and reports. but with MX in MicroStation. As with standard MicroStation. some or all of the levels in the DGN file contain data which is linked to the MX model file via an MX drawing file. so that when you start the program. MX output.1 MX Basics MicroStation Environment MicroStation Environment The MicroStation environment MX runs within MicroStation. an extra panel called the MX Toolbox and an MX output window. is displayed in the MX output window.
because anything you draw on them can be linked to the MX model file. The string is automatically given the next name in the feature set corresponding to the name of the level.MX Basics MicroStation Environment MX strings in MicroStation You can use either MX options or MicroStation tools to create and draw MX model information such as strings in a MicroStation DGN file. These levels are known as MX levels. The set of features used by a model is stored in a feature set and associated with the model. such as a fence or a hedge. You can use levels which are not MX levels for information which is not required by MX. when you create a SmartLine on an active MX level. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−23 . so you can work in MicroStation (possibly constructing elements or adding annotation) and the data is not sent to the MX model file. MX in MicroStation also creates a corresponding string in the MX model file. Using MicroStation tools. or it can represent a non−physical feature such as a contour. You must associate a feature set with the model before using the MX options to ensure that the strings are correctly displayed on their relevant levels. MX strings which are related to each other are stored in models. all strings which represent a survey are stored in a survey model. and all strings which represent a proposed design are stored in a design model. MX model data is displayed on levels created with the same names as the features or a group of features in the model’s associated feature set. for example. A string is a sequence of points which represents a physical feature.
then the model containing the string is displayed in the toolbox.1 MX Basics MicroStation Environment The MX Toolbox The MX Toolbox gives you control of the creation of MX strings when using MicroStation tools. For example. Traffic Lights The traffic lights provide a visual indication of whether you can create MX strings using MicroStation tools. the toolbox provides information about the element you select. in MX in MicroStation you can use many of the MicroStation tools to create and edit MX strings. If an amber light is displayed. S If a green light is displayed. and their feature type. The toolbox is described in more detail in the following paragraphs. It has no effect when you use MX options. It tells you if you can successfully create MX strings. With no elements selected. It also gives you control over whether the elements you draw are converted to strings automatically or whether the elements are to be converted later. If the element is an MX string. S 1−24 MXROAD Intr oduction . the MX Toolbox lets you know what will happen if you create a new MicroStation element. then when you create a MicroStation element on an MX level it will be automatically converted to an MX string in the currently displayed model. then when you create a MicroStation element you can manually convert it to an MX string by clicking the Convert Element button and then selecting the elements to be converted. the MX model in which any new strings will be created. View/change System Parameters Locked/Unlocked Autoconvert ON/OFF Single/Multi Pick List of MX Keyins MX/MicroStation focus Traffic Lights Hide Current Model Convert Element Current Model Current Feature Create New Feature Display Current Model with S tyle Set Figure 12 − MX Toolbox and MX Controls If you select an element.
you click the auto−convert box on the MX Controls toolbar. select the element to be converted to an MX string. you can hide the ground model so that only the design model is displayed.MX Basics MicroStation Environment To switch between automatic and manual conversion.. This feature is useful if all you have is a MicroStation drawing and you wish to create a feature set to match. Current Feature The current feature is the feature type which is given to any MX string you create using MicroStation tools. Convert Element If an amber traffic light is displayed. If you select an element. if you were to use a MicroStation tool on a level named Roadway_Edge and the current model’s feature set contained the feature description Roadway (Edge) then you would see a green (or amber) light and the resultant MX string would have a string name beginning with CE?? if this were the partial string name corresponding to the feature. the current feature is updated to reflect the feature of the element you have selected. In this way. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−25 . Any feature you create must have an entry in the corresponding style set so that MX knows how to draw it. For example. you can create a feature set having feature names derived from MicroStation level names. So. If you select an element. If you create a MicroStation element. The element will be converted to the MX feature corresponding to the level that the element is on. The field lists all the features in the feature set associated with the current model. Current MX Model The current MX model is the model in which MX strings will be created. Create Feature Set creates a feature set from all the named The Create Feature Set button MicroStation levels. the current model is updated to reflect the model containing the element you have selected. then click this button . Show/Hide Current Model The Show/Hide Current Model icons provide a quick way to hide or redisplay all the drawn information from the model in the current model field. it will be created on the level associated with this feature.
These files hold the MX graphics. The traffic light is amber in this case. with information stored in extra dimensions of the string that standard MicroStation tools cannot maintain. a level whose corresponding feature is not assigned to the current model. With auto−convert on. master alignments. MX in MicroStation addresses this difference by presenting you with a DGN file. In this way. if the current level is an active MX level. but in the background it is constantly updating a working display or drawing page file. when you create a MicroStation element it is automatically converted to an MX string. The name of the working display or drawing page file corresponds to your current MicroStation DGN file. Only 2D and 3D MX strings can be edited using MicroStation tools. Auto−Convert Mode Auto−convert allows you to toggle between the automatic and manual modes of creating MX strings from MicroStation elements. geometry. you could use MicroStation tentative points instead of MX Point Selection Methods. when you create a MicroStation element it is not converted to an MX string. cadastre. However. MX and MicroStation tools You may use either MX options or MicroStation tools to create and edit MX strings. A red traffic light indicates a standard MicroStation level (ie. if the current level is an active MX level. ie. for example. With auto−convert off. The traffic light is green in this case. and can also be plotted. the MX model will be automatically updated. As an alternative. MX and MicroStation drawings MX creates working displays or drawing page files with a suffix of either DPW or DPF respectively. 1−26 MXROAD Intr oduction . the MX drawings created may be opened and edited in any MX environment. using MX in AutoCAD. although you are using MX in MicroStation. MicroStation uses DGN files. refer to the MicroStation on−line help.1 MX Basics MicroStation Environment MX Control Point Selection Methods The Point Selection Method mode controls how points are selected from an MX option on MX strings. To convert it manually. a level having no interaction with MX) or an inactive MX level. earthworks and drainage. MX uses different types of strings for sections. For details of the operation of individual MicroStation tools. The auto−convert setting has no effect if you modify an MX string. use the Convert Element option.
is an elastic area that grows to accommodate changes to the graphics it holds. Options − define whether level overrides are considered. and edit model data to design the project. You can also define whether information is deleted from the model file when it is erased from the drawing. The DPF is therefore similar to a MicroStation sheet file. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−27 . Convert elements − defines which settings are used when drawing elements (MX or MicroStation). 1:1. and whether elements defining the geometry of a string are created as individual vectors and arcs or as complex chains.. the default marker size and a check box for scaling to world coordinates. Options − defines how MX null elevations are interpreted in MicroStation. the default MX drawing scale and whether construction lines are stored in the MX model file. the only operation available is the addition of lines and text (enhancements). A working display lets you create. MX to MicroStation S S Mappings − define how fonts.MX Basics MicroStation Environment In MX. paged drawings are needed. but does not let you edit the model data. refer to the on−line help. and change the seed file used to create a DGN from MX data. S General S S Mappings − defines how colors and line styles are mapped and how features are mapped to levels. A working display. line styles. A summary of the available preferences is given below. line widths and macro symbols are mapped. MicroStation to MX S S Mappings − defines whether cells are mapped to macro symbols or model data. Configuration The Configuration panels are used to configure the way in which MX interacts with MicroStation. the curve step tolerance. there is a fundamental difference between a working display and a drawing page. You can also define whether MX standard point symbols are reproduced as points. but for full details. Options − you can choose to ignore line widths. like a DGN. This file also displays the MX graphics. macro line styles. and it is at this point that a DPF is created. Once the design is complete. ie. assess.
simple turnouts. quantities and drawings can all be produced making MXSITE a comprehensive design system. MXRENEW is an application for the realignment. crossovers and complex multi−lead layouts. railway or airport design. It can be applied at any stage of the design process. roadway widening. It enables you to design three dimensional surfaces representing roads.1 MX Basics The Applications Toolbar The Applications Toolbar The Applications toolbar is a special toolbar which provides access to any applications you have purchased. resurfacing and rehabilitation of existing roads. Used in conjunction with MXSITE. building slabs. railroads can be interfaced with highway schemes or street−running light railroads. from preliminary analysis through to detailed design. It provides all you need for preliminary design. superelevation. light railway alignments. and that all strings (such as alignments) created outside of MXROAD conform to the convention. and intersection layouts. from overlays within the existing curb lines to full reconstruction of both the road and sidewalks. cross slope tolerances and design speed. cul−de−sacs. Used in conjunction with MXROAD. landscape design and rehabilitation works. such as MXRAIL or MXRENEW. urban redevelopment schemes and road upgrades. Figure 13 − The Applications toolbar MXROAD is an application developed for highway design. intersection. volumes. such as depots or freight terminals. It enables you to design three−dimensional alignments representing plain line track. industrial and residential estate design. the MXRAIL package allows you to integrate the design of railroad associated developments. MXDRAINAGE is an integrated environment for the design of drainage networks for any MX project − road. Sections. 1−28 MXROAD Intr oduction . It caters for all kinds of urban rehabilitation works. car parks and earthworks. grade crossings. You can also design storm and foul drainage networks. MXSITE is an application for the design of housing and industrial estate layouts. MXRAIL is used for the design of railway alignments. You can also customize reports using the report generator and modify designs using the cross section editor. pavement layer and subgrade design. MXROAD requires the standard string naming convention to be in operation. MXURBAN is an application for the design of road improvements in urban areas. Parametric fitting is used to automatically generate a new profile with specified minimum overlay depth. intersections.
A link is provided to the Bentley Home Page on the Web. because the final drawings are created using views of a working drawing. You can annotate geometric elements such as arcs. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−29 . profiles. You can create layouts for plans. composite plans and profiles. For further information on Arenium. It provides all the file management and communication facilities required for multiple users to create and complete an MX project no matter where they are located in the world. It also acts as a project control system as it records all events and actions carried out on data. grades and vertical curves by transferring information from a tool tip directly to the drawing in a pre−defined style. spirals. MXDRAW also provides a suite of geometric annotation tools. refer to the Arenium User Guide. and cross sections. Any annotation you add to the drawing is dynamically updated if the design changes.MX Basics The Applications Toolbar MXDRAW is used to produce final drawings from working drawings in a rapid and efficient manner. straights. any changes you make to the design are automatically reflected in the final drawings so that they are always up−to−date and ready to plot. In addition. Arenium is a technology which enables MX to be used for collaborative engineering projects over a local or wide area network or the Internet.
These are: S Click Start ⇒ Programs ⇒ Bentley MX ⇒ MXROAD. Once the program starts up. such as on your desktop. S S 1−30 MXROAD Intr oduction . such as on your desktop. create a shortcut to this program and place it in a convenient location. you can double−click on the project icon (. Once you have created and saved a project. an MX menu is loaded in the main menu bar and the MX startup panel is displayed. Open the MX Program Group and double−click on the MXROAD icon. Alternatively.1 Starting MX MX Basics Starting MX There are several ways of invoking MX. create a shortcut to this project and place it in a convenient location.mmd) and the project will be opened automatically from within MX (provided that this was the association you chose at installation time). Alternatively.
as well as providing additional facilities for accessing Help and your project settings.MX Basics Starting a Project Starting a Project Creating a new project When you start MX. The startup panel gives you quick access to the options on the initial File menu (Windows) or MX menu (AutoCAD and MicroStation). a startup panel is displayed. Figure 14 − The MX menu on the MicroStation menu bar Figure 15 − Typical startup panel MXROAD Intr oduction 1−31 .
then specify the name of your project. You are also given the opportunity to edit the default project settings as you create the project. the drawings and the design parameters used for the project. If the folder you specify does not already exist. then copy it back again when you have finished. open an existing project. to familiarize yourself with the settings that are available. it is created for you. This gives you the opportunity to move an existing model file in to place so you can continue with a design. if you are working on a project on the network. ie. you can create a new project. you can choose to keep it rather than overwrite it with an empty one. click the New Project button on the Startup panel or select New Project from the MX menu bar. the most recently opened projects are listed at the bottom of the menu. However. You should not create project folders within the MX program structure. 1−32 MXROAD Intr oduction . MX uses projects to group information which relates to a particular design scheme. It is a good idea to look at these even if you do not think you will want to change them. work on the project. perhaps because several people need access to the project. you can use the network project facility to copy the project temporarily to your local disk.1 MX Basics Starting a Project From either the startup panel or the File/MX menu. You should only have one project in a folder. if MX finds that there is already a model file in the folder. An empty model file is created in your project folder when you start a new project. its location and the location of the design parameters to be used for this project. archive projects using the zip/unzip facility or access the on−line Help. To create a new project. C:\Program Files\mfw. such as the survey and design models. In addition.
MXROAD Intr oduction 1−33 . if necessary. Creating a survey model from imported data The survey model describes the existing ground and any other features which are present in the area of your proposed design. as any errors could have a serious impact on the proposed design. or you can create new ones (see Assigning model defaults). modify the new work output new work in all required forms. It is essential that the data describing this model is both complete and accurate.MX Basics Typical Project Sequence Typical Project Sequence The MX project sequence is a broad sequence of activities that must be followed to design any project with MX. analyze and. You can either change the names of the strings in your import file to suit an existing feature set and style set. The sequence is as follows: NTF Alignment DXF Plan with Style Set SURVEY Plan with Tools GENIO Analysis IMAGE Design Modify Sections Draw Report GENIO MIFILE Perspective Visualization Print DXF Plot SETOUT VOLUMES Import Display Design Output Export Figure 16 − Typical project sequence S S S S import existing survey data create a working display design. It is also important that the string names in the import file conform to a string naming convention used in a feature set and style set combination.
to import data from an AutoCAD DWG. open your MX project.1 MX Basics Creating a survey model from imported data The data describing the survey model can be input to MX in any of the following formats: S S S S S S S S S S S MX Input MX GENIO MX Survey General ASCII MicroStation DGN AutoCAD DXF / DWG Ordnance Survey NTF (UK only) Softdesk Alignment and DTM Autodesk LDDT Eagle Point Triangulation LandXML Figure 17 − File menu If you are running MX in AutoCAD or MicroStation. Once you have set the layer or level names to match a feature set for a model (see Assigning model defaults below). first open the drawing in AutoCAD or MicroStation. a MicroStation DGN or a DXF file. select the elements and use the Convert Object/Element button on the AutoCAD MX toolbar or the MicroStation MX Toolbox to store the data in the MX model file. 1−34 MXROAD Intr oduction .
select File ⇒ Input for any of the MX formats (eg. GENIO) or File ⇒ Import for the external formats. Feature sets have the file extension ’. you should exit MX. To create a new. If the imported file contains drawing information.pss’. copy the model file into your project folder and then restart MX.MX Basics Assigning model defaults To import data in ASCII file format. Figure 18 − Tools menu To create a new style set. If you already have a model file and wish to use the models in MX. use Modify ⇒ Edit Models ⇒ Create Model. See Creating a working display for details. use Tools ⇒ Style Set Editor to open a similar style set. Plan style sets have the file extension ’. you can create plan drawings with the scale and page layout you require at any stage in a project using the Draw options. When you have finished. save the style set with a different name. A corresponding feature set is automatically created.fns’. These are accessed from the Display menu: Figure 19 − Display Menu MXROAD Intr oduction 1−35 . There are several options which are used in association with a working display. From a working display. you must create them to take full advantage of the automatic features in MX. otherwise you will need to create a plan working display. Creating a working display A working display is a plan drawing which is not divided into pages. the survey model will be created and drawn on the screen. but is used to display model information while a project is in progress. empty model. Assigning model defaults Now that you have created the survey model. If you do not have a feature set or a style set which match the string naming convention you have used. you can set up model defaults by associating a feature set and a style set with it using Tools ⇒ Model Defaults.
You can then draw over the image using the other Display options. there is a default style set MfW Simple Survey. Each style set is associated with a feature set to ensure that all features in the feature set are drawn appropriately. Raster is used to add an image as a background to your model. You can either add the image directly or drape the image over a triangulation giving a relief effect. Erase Display erases the contents of the working display. Use Tools ⇒ Style Set Editor to browse.1 MX Basics Creating a working display Plan with Style Set is a quick and simple method of displaying information from one or more models in a predefined style. You specify the features to be drawn (or all the features). Many standard style sets are provided with MX and you should experiment with them to decide whether you can use them directly or whether you need to modify them to suit your own requirements. The styles used by the Plan with Tools options. No model information is deleted. are not stored in style sets. Different style sets are required for different types of model. A complete list of supported image formats is provided in the on−line Help. line style etc. for example. 1−36 MXROAD Intr oduction . create or modify style sets. such as an aerial photograph or map data. You can display the Styles Toolbar by selecting View % Toolbars % Styles Toolbar. and a style set is used to interpret each feature and display it on the screen with any associated annotation. They may be used either instead of or in combination with Plan with Style Set. but are accessed from the Styles Toolbar. such as line color. Plan with Tools provides a series of individual display options which may be used to display and annotate features. The Styles Toolbar can also be used to change the style and color of features which have already been drawn.pss which can be used for displaying survey models.
MXROAD Intr oduction 1−37 . for example. you can use the View menu options and the native zoom facilities to examine the survey model in more detail. Use this option to hide or display the window. Although information may be hidden on the display. Preferences are used to configure various settings. or use the Shift F2 key. The Output Window is used to display reported information and the commands which are sent to MX. MXRAIL and MXDRAW. Figure 20 − View menu Status is an interactive tool for providing information from the display. it is still present in the model file.MX Basics Viewing the working display Viewing the working display Once you have a working display on your screen. or information about a point. such as the distance between two points. Toolbars provide rapid access to many of the menu options. The Toolbars option is used to switch toolbars on and off. Panel Position sets the default position of panels on your screen. This is a powerful tool for manipulating and drawing MX model data using commands typed in from the keyboard or processed from an input file. MXRENEW. In particular. the Applications toolbar is used to launch the additional applications MXROAD. such as the display of tool tips and the startup panel. MXSITE. you can set the panel position so that panels are always displayed at the top left of the screen. You can temporarily or permanently remove information from the working display using Show/Hide Graphics. you can hide spot elevations while you are working on the design. Linemode provides access to the MX command language (not available in MX Standard). For example.
manipulation and modification tools to create and edit MX strings. You may also find some of the Modify options useful in the course of your design. The design options are located on the Design menu: Figure 21 − Design menu Some of the options in this menu may be grayed−out dependent on which applications such as MXROAD. You can also correct any discrepancies you find in the model using the Report and Modify options.1 MX Basics Producing a design MX Toolbar (AutoCAD) or MX Toolbox (MicroStation) gives you control of the creation of MX strings when using CAD commands. you can now begin to create your design. Configuration is used to configure the way in which MX interacts with AutoCAD or MicroStation. 1−38 MXROAD Intr oduction . in MX in MicroStation you can use most of the MicroStation placement. It has no effect when you use MX options. Producing a design With the survey model in place. For example. MXRAIL or MXRENEW. you have purchased.
The different options allow you to specify different information to create the strings. you can create your own custom earthworks styles specific to the current design or your national design rules. two strings are created in your design model. the earthworks strings may be drawn with tadpole annotation or with slope signature strings. Spirals can also be included if required. Element. shoulder) and the next available string name is automatically assigned. non−tangential alignments can be created for the design of car parks. connected by spiral curves as required. strings which define the intersection between your design and the ground. you can do the vertical design. Additionally. Again. except that they amend existing strings rather than create new ones. typically. In all three methods. Design a String options are used to derive additional strings from a master string. Intersection Point (PI) or Spline. These strategies determine the shape of the earthworks slope in particular situations. add elevations to the alignment. The Element method allows you to construct an alignment from a series of elements. you can specify a horizontal and a vertical offset from the master string. ie. To make the procedure as simple as possible. a profile of the ground from the survey model is displayed so you can see where to position the alignment.MX Basics Producing a design Alignment is used to create the master string on which the rest of your design is based. three methods are available to you. These custom earthwork styles can be saved in your own library for future use. for a highway project. together with any alternative strategies to be used when certain criteria are met. for example. The lines joining these points are tangential to the curves which connect the straight elements. The Earthworks Wizard is used to create earthworks strings. When the alignment is completed. In addition to smooth alignments. Firstly. typically. The earthwork design relies on the specification of earthwork styles. and to assist you in specifying the elevations. Feature sets are particularly useful here as you can select the type of feature you want (eg. in Alignment. this would be a highway or railway center line or equivalent. The PI method produces the same end result but allows you to construct the alignment by entering a series of intersection points. the master string and its associated geometry string which describes the geometry of the alignment. Once the horizontal design is in place. Finally. or a horizontal offset and a cross slope. the Spline method allows you to specify a series of points through which a cubic spline curve is fitted. which can be used immediately. house pads etc. either straights or circular arcs. these would be strings such as roadway edge or hard shoulder strings. Amend a String options are similar to those described above. Once created. design and display parameters govern the properties of the curves and how they are displayed on the screen. you create your alignment horizontally using any of the available methods. the Wizard has access to a library of earthwork styles such as simple slope and slope/bench combination styles. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−39 . ie.
then triangulation is the process of applying a skin over the frame. The contours are categorized as either index contours or normal contours. and an alternative position is offered. You can do this with the Analysis options: Figure 22 − Analysis menu The Triangle options create various types of triangulation. Generate ridge. an index contour can be generated for every five normal contours. The sections created are displayed in a separate viewer which can be docked to the MX frame. valley and flow lines creates ridge and valley strings from which flow lines can be generated to work out surface water run−off. Both types of section are useful for checking the quality of a design. If you imagine that the model strings are the frame of your model. you can create a working drawing of the sections you are viewing. 1−40 MXROAD Intr oduction . The links in the strings form triangle sides unless the points contain null elevations. Analyzing the design When you have a preliminary design. Contour generates height contours from a triangulation. Once the manholes have been linked. Section is used to create cross sections from a string. inlets can also be added. The Area options calculate the plan or surface area of a model. Using a triangulation. for example.1 MX Basics Analyzing the design MXDRAINAGE creates a drainage network from manhole positions you specify by linking them with pipes. you can add many types of annotation and inspect the design for any errors or weaknesses. the surface can be analyzed anywhere and not just at the string locations. where index contours are used to indicate a significant height interval. You can place manholes individually or offset them from an existing string. and cross sections can also be used to calculate volumes. and profiles along a string or a straight line. you may wish to analyze the design model to check for any errors or to see if the design can be improved in any way. If the distance between the manhole and the string is less than a specified value the clash position is displayed on screen with a warning. At any time. Drainage proximity checking searches for a clash between manholes and selected strings. In the viewer. You can define the part of the model whose area is required either by boundary strings or by means of two strings limited in extent by normals to a reference string. Total and impervious sub−catchment areas can also be calculated for each pipe in the network. Data from the drainage network can be exchanged between MX and an external program which analyzes the data and calculates pipe sizes and elevations according to the layout of the network and the hydraulic constraints. A triangulation is a mesh of triangles created from all the string points in a model.
or to model retaining structures such as reservoir dams. slopes or aspect bands. coincident points and intersection points. or between a surface and a plane. Cross Slope Checker displays a graphical analysis of the superelevation applied to a roadway. The analysis can then be output as a report. which you can save or print. Volumetric Analysis is a Wizard for calculating cut and fill areas and volumes. Comparing a surface with a plane could be used to model navigation channels (where the plane could be the mean low water level). It has many potential uses in civil engineering.MX Basics Analyzing the design Volume is used to calculate volumes from either triangulated surfaces or sections. You can also display flat spots and flow arrows. high points. The Wizard also handles sectioning and triangulation automatically. This includes null levels. or the bottom of a layer of contaminated material. The results may be output graphically or as a report. Surface Checker is used to check a surface created from surveyed data once it has been input to MX. The superelevation can be displayed using either drop/rise or percentage diagrams. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−41 . zero levels. low points. Comparing two surfaces could be used to analyze the difference between the existing ground and a pad for a building. either between two surfaces. Visibility checks and dynamically displays the analysis of through visibility. from the analysis of linear schemes such as roads and railroads. through to quarrying and dredging works. Surface Analysis is a Wizard which simplifies the analysis processes and displays the results in graphical form. visibility at junctions and radial visibility. You can perform analyses to show elevations. You can then save or print the report. A superelevation report is then displayed in a separate window. single point strings. It can be used to check any surface in applications such as landfill and quarrying to identify incorrect or incomplete data. or show all slopes which are less than a specified grade.
Move and the Copy Transformation Wizard may be used to copy an entire model. security options. rotation. and automated generation of composite models. Model information can also be transformed by defining shift. 1−42 MXROAD Intr oduction . Explorer is a project management tool which allows you to manage the model file and other information in your project. while the security options allow you to provide read−only access to a model.1 MX Basics Modifying the design Modifying the design At any stage of the design. Edit Strings and Edit Points give you complete control over the strings in your model. tilt or mirror parameters. scaling. you can edit any of your data using the Modify options: Figure 23 − Modify menu Edit Models allows you to create. Trimming allows you to trim a model to a boundary. You can also automatically generate boundary strings around a model. rename or delete a model as well as providing trimming. Although you normally design your main strings using the Design options. copy or move information from one model to another. except that it works on MX files rather than all files on your disk. Copy. and you can also edit any part of a string and the points within a string. You use Explorer in the same way as you would use Windows or Internet Explorer. or copy or move strings within a model. you can also create strings with Modify.
MX Basics Creating drawings Creating drawings So far. To create a series of drawing pages from a working display. margins. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−43 . For plan drawings. You then click the Create a Drawing icon to create a full working drawing of the information you have viewed. Figure 24 − Draw menu Draw divides the drawings that MX can create into distinct groups of working and final drawings. Working Drawings % Recreate Existing Drawing recreates a set of drawing pages from a saved page layout. grids etc. There are different page setups for plan. You have full control over the position of every page in the layout. you have seen how to use Display to draw your model information on the screen without dividing it up into pages. symbols. you select an existing page setup or create a page setup interactively to define the page size. it does not add any information to the model. Depending upon the page setup you select. either by starting from scratch or by using previously saved settings. Working Drawings % Create New Drawing creates a series of drawing pages from the current working display. boxes. and then optionally create the drawing pages. Firstly. Working drawings are those needed by the engineer during the design phase of a project. Working Drawings % Enhance Drawing is a drawing toolbox used for adding annotation to a drawing. circles. you use the Draw options. The final drawings functionality is only available in the CAD environments and uses CAD drawing techniques and drawing style sets to quickly and efficiently create and annotate the final drawings to a pre−defined standard. fill areas and text. arcs. you are presented with different options. the appropriate viewer is invoked (as from the Analysis menu) and you display the sections and annotation you wish to draw. you are led through the process of dynamically placing the pages. For cross and long sections. cross section and long section drawings. The major difference between Display % Plan with Tools and Enhance Drawing is that Enhance Drawing adds information to the drawing only. Once you have created your layout. It may be used to draw lines. and final drawings are those required for the construction phase of a project. either along a string or as adjacent pages in rows and columns. you can save it for future use.
You specify the eye and target points. MX objects provide access to model information. spirals. and whether or not you wish hidden lines to be removed. and cross sections. because the final drawings are created using views of a working drawing. For a greater degree of realism. profiles. Final Drawings also provides a suite of geometric annotation tools. composite plans and profiles. You can also create and save animated 3D views as AVI files. 1−44 MXROAD Intr oduction . grades and vertical curves by transferring information from a tool tip directly to the drawing in a pre−defined style. The visualization options are: Figure 25 − Visualize menu Simple Perspective creates a wire frame view from anywhere in a model. You can annotate geometric elements such as arcs. any changes you make to the design are automatically reflected in the final drawings so that they are always up−to−date and ready to plot. You can create layouts for plans. Alternatively. You can specify the content of each view with a high degree of flexibility. Producing visualizations Visualization is useful for checking the accuracy of a model at any stage in a design (provided elevations have been assigned to the strings in the model). while MX style sets and layering techniques define the way in which the information is presented. In addition. Any annotation you add to the drawing is dynamically updated if the design changes. and also for presentation of a design when it is complete. you can use 3D View and Flythrough to produce full colored textured renderings of your design.1 MX Basics Producing visualizations The Final Drawings option uses components of MXDRAW to produce final drawings from a working drawing in a rapid and efficient manner. you can use any of the AutoCAD or MicroStation 3D viewing and rendering capabilities at any time. The resulting perspective view can be enhanced in the same way as any other drawing. straights.
You can use the information to annotate the working display or save it to a file for importing into a spreadsheet. Figure 27 − Alignment Reports MXROAD Intr oduction 1−45 . normals and intersections. as well as perpendiculars. You can also use cut and paste techniques to copy the data to a spreadsheet. vertical alignment and setting out data which can be output to the screen or to a file.MX Basics Creating reports Creating reports Figure 26 − Report menu Dynamic Reports provides access to a wide range of reporting options from an expanding toolbar. Alignment Reports The alignment report options allow you to create customized reports of horizontal alignment. You can include information from models. strings and points.
Bentley Web Site information and information about the version of MX currently installed on your machine. different computer types and other drawing packages. stations and elevations. spirals and grades such as curve length. Add−Ins You use the Add−In Manager to add or remove applications so that you can invoke them from within MX for your convenience.1 MX Basics Exporting data Horizontal Alignment Report provides details of the horizontal geometry of the alignment. radius and intersection point coordinates. including details of arcs. including details of curves. Exporting data Model and drawing data can be exported in several forms from MX. This allows your design to be transferred easily between different sites. tutorials. radius. Vertical Alignment Report provide details of the vertical geometry of the alignment.com. Many other types of reports can be produced in MX which are written to the output window.Bentley. you can add Windows Explorer to the Add−In menu using the Add−In Manager. Figure 28 − Help menu 1−46 MXROAD Intr oduction . Supported file formats are: S S S MX GENIO MX MIFILE DXF plus any of the native AutoCAD or MicroStation export formats. spirals and straights such as arc length. For example. You can then copy and paste these reports using standard techniques in to any suitable Windows application. Help The Help menu gives access to the on−line help. Add−In programs (previously known as Bonus Tools) are available to all Bentley SELECT users from the Bentley web−site at www.
The help has enhanced navigation functions available at the bottom of the frame allowing selection of help by Major and/or Minor option number. Getting Started − an overview of MX. MX Help The MX Help system dynamically updates depending upon the MX environment you are using. Reference Information − contains reference material for all file formats (including style sets). a guide to using the help. and the currently installed version of MX. MXURBAN and MXDRAINAGE. Technical Information Resources − contains information about Bentley and shortcut access to many of the Bentley websites. You can access the help. The glossary is also directly accessed from the Help by clicking red text. Administration − information on how to configure your MX software. MXSITE. It also provides access to the security report which defines the applications that you are authorized to use. MXDRAW. MXRENEW. AutoCAD and MicroStation. Tutorials − contains the tutorials for MX in each of the environments. and details of how MX interacts with the CAD application. Each of these sections includes both Help and Tutorials for the application Glossary − contains the definition of terms used in the MX products. Release Notes and System Configuration. Applications − contains information about MX application packages. and software fonts. MXROAD. Linemode − contains complete Help for Linemode. MXRAIL. Tutorials and Linemode. Windows. essential information. Using MX in Windows / Using MX in AutoCAD/MicroStation − an overview of features specific to Windows / AutoCAD / MicroStation. For further details about the on−line help and tutorials. Overview The MX Online Documentation suite links together all the documentation for the different MX products. tutorials and various online documents in Adobe PDF format from the relevant Contents page for each product.MX Basics Help Help % About MX gives information about the license you are using. Plus information about CAD specific commands and configuration settings. Help. It contains information on the following: S S S S MX Online Documentation − contains a navigation page. S S S S S S S S MXROAD Intr oduction 1−47 . refer to Using the Online Help and Tutorials. Options in MX − contains detailed information about each main menu option. including. For details of the content of each folder please see below. MX − gives access to three folders.
S Tutorials The MX tutorials provide step−by−step instructions about how to use many of the options in MX. By pressing the F1 key on the current panel (ie. This method provides in−context Help by taking you directly to the topic associated with the panel. Online Manuals These are provided in Adobe PDF format for online viewing and printing. You can access them from the relevant Contents page in the MX Online Documentation suite. When you click the button. 1−48 MXROAD Intr oduction . By clicking on the Help (?) button at the top right of any panel to obtain What’s This? Help. the panel with the highlit bar at the top). They are written in a typical project sequence. You can access them from the relevant Contents page in the MX Online Documentation suite.1 MX Basics Help Accessing help and documentation Help and documentation can be accessed in a variety of ways as follows: S S S By selecting Start ⇒ Programs ⇒ Bentley MX ⇒ Help and Tutorials By selecting either the Help ⇒ Contents or Help ⇒ Contents Docked option on the MX menu bar within MX itself. the cursor changes to a ? which you can then place and click over any piece of text on the panel for which you require Help.
fil is taken. It is recommended that a regular backup of the model. or macro lines which you have created. 3. you must compress the model file in order to regain the space. This avoids data loss should a problem occur. The compression process requires that the models are written to a temporary model file. and click on it with the right mouse button. See the on−line help for further details.fil. Locate the file model. create a compressed backup file of an entire project in WinZip compatible format. styles. for example. but this should not lead to complacency in maintaining backups. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−49 . the space taken up in the model file is not regained automatically. Checking and backing up your model file Many options in MX make extensive use of temporary models. c:\mx tutorial. deleted from the original model file and then read back into the original model file. 2. The options Zip Project and Unzip Project. Although these models are deleted on completion of an option. It is also a good idea to take a backup copy of your system files (ie. The procedure below describes how to compress a model file. Should a failure occur in compression for any of these reasons the model file will have to be restored from a backup. You should not create any project folders under the MXROAD software structure. Problems with model files are very rare. 1. It is advisable that you carry out a model integrity check and take a fresh backup prior to compressing. You should also back up any style sets. which are available from the File menu. macro symbols. Open Windows Explorer Browse the folders to get to your project folder. you may have created a new style set and stored it in the …\??_styles folder in the MXROAD software structure. the MXROAD software structure) at less frequent intervals. a power supply problem or a corruption in the data.MX Basics System Administration System Administration Backing up your projects You should take backup copies of all your project files at regular intervals. for example. To do this. ideally on a daily basis. you need three times the original model file size of free space available on your hard disk. The process can be interrupted and fail where there is insufficient disk space. Note that these may not be contained in your project folder. It is important that you organize your work in such a way that you know where all your files are located so you can back them up.
Before you compress the model file. Scrolling up the list in the output window will show you which model(s) and string(s) are affected. Click the right mouse button again. Click Apply to run this check.fil. where the text should say ‘END OF POINTER CHECK − 0 POINTER ERROR(S) FOUND’. 1. although you should not have any MX panels open. and checks it to ensure that each of the models is arranged correctly inside the model file. Note that there is no problem doing this even though MX is still running. This is a copy of the MX model file. 1. These need to be deleted using the MX options on the Modify pull down. If there is a number here other than zero. and check the size of the model file model. 1. 5. The results are displayed in the output window. On the Report Model File panel. From the File pull down. In Windows Explorer. followed by Apply. Browse the folders to get back to your project folder.1 MX Basics System Administration 4. It lists the number of records in the model file which are actually filled with data. which indicates that the model file is OK. 1. 3. which must be investigated before continuing with any MX work. there are two options that you can use to check that it is OK. select File Management ⇒ Report Model file Figure 29 − Report Model File The Check Model File Records option is checked by default. until running this report indicates that there are no pointer errors. On the Report Model File panel. From the menu.fil. 1−50 MXROAD Intr oduction . click Cancel. it means that there is a problem with one or more of the models on the model file. and select Paste. select Copy. out of the total number that have been used. called Copy of model. A new file is created. and also the total space that will be available after compression. 2. The results of this are displayed in the output window again with a summary at the end. you will probably need to scroll up a few lines to see it all. MX looks through the model file. click on View ⇒ Refresh. click Check Model Pointers.
you should contact your System Administrator.MX Basics System Administration 4. 3. Disk maintenance In order to maintain optimum performance from MXROAD. Select the Recycle Bin. Once you have done this: 1. 2. The option may take a few moments to run. MXROAD Intr oduction 1−51 . double−click the Recycle Bin icon and check the contents first. If there is not. From the File menu. you should manually delete files from your temporary directory (normally C:\temp) to ensure that it does not become full (you can use Windows Explorer to do this). Alternatively. you will have to create extra free space on the hard disk before you can safely compress the model file. You should also empty the Recycle Bin on your desktop at regular intervals. or your MX supplier for further advice. click Model File. On the Compress panel. select File Management ⇒ Compress. then a note in the output window. If this message is not given. Ensure that the Status bar shows there to be at least three times the size of the model file available as free disk space. click the right hand mouse button and select Empty Recycle Bin. Click OK. should say W127 Model file stored & initializsed. if visible.
bentley.com to contact your local MX supplier. 1−52 MXROAD Intr oduction . see the contacts list on our Web site at http://www. phone the number below: Tel: +1 800−BENTLEY Elsewhere For worldwide local contacts. please e−mail the Bentley Helpdesk at: firstname.lastname@example.org Alternatively.1 User Support MX Basics User Support United States and Canada For support on this release.
which in turn is accessed from the Applications toolbar. however. The method of access is not important. Shoulder Design and Roadway Widening Rule−Based Superelevation Intersection Design Pavement and Subgrade Design Cross Sectional Editor Report Generator Other MX options such as MX Explorer and Surface Analysis are included on the MXROAD toolbar for your convenience. The modules that make up MXROAD are: S S S S S S S S Quick Alignment Road Design and Delete String Groups. tools are available to permit analysis or visualization of the design so that you can check and confirm each step of the design process. Figure 30 − MXROAD toolbar MXROAD Intr oduction 2−1 . The options within the modules can be accessed via the main menu bar or via the MXROAD toolbar. the advantage of the MXROAD toolbar is that the order of the options reflects the order of a typical project sequence. Throughout the design.2 MXROAD MXROAD − Overview MXROAD is an application constructed of a number of modules to permit the efficient design of a road scheme from the input of the existing ground data through to the production of drawings and reports defining the scheme.
0 for the left hand side. It may be switched on or off on a per project basis from the message which appears when you start a new project.2 MXROAD Standard String Naming Convention Standard String Naming Convention The MX standard string naming convention (SNC) has been introduced to give automatic integration of any design produced from any of the MXROAD options. You can do this using Tools ⇒ Model Defaults. such as Design and Edit. 0 for the first alignment) the side of the master alignment on which the string was created (fourth character. refer to the on−line help. Any alignment you create and intend to use with MXROAD options must conform to the convention. You must assign the feature set MXROAD. eg. For all the options in MXROAD. or from Tools ⇒ System Parameters. eg. Import Although not strictly an MXROAD option. the first two characters must be MC. Strings created by the MXROAD options are assigned names which store the following information: S S S S the string type (first character. File ⇒ Import allows you to import existing ground data on which the road design scheme is to be implemented. For full details of the SNC. All the options in MXROAD can be found within the standard menus. M for master string) the specific road feature (second character. The data may be imported in one of several formats: 2−2 MXROAD Intr oduction . They are also available from the MXROAD toolbar (accessed from the Applications toolbar) for your convenience to help you with the project sequence. you can find more detailed information in the on−line help. C for center line) the associated master alignment which defines the string group (third character.fns to any design model which uses MXROAD options. Options in MXROAD This section describes the options which are available from MXROAD. eg. eg. ie. I for the right hand side) Because many of the options within MXROAD rely on the information returned from the string names. it is not possible to use MXROAD on models that do not follow the convention. and the third character must be unique.
Typically the analysis will highlight errors in level and will also provide a graphical representation of the existing surface. a model is created from the ground data. The options are: S S S S S S S S S Display contours Elevation bands Slope bands Aspect bands Flat spots Steep slopes Flow arrows Simple profile Display triangulation MXROAD Intr oduction 2−3 .txt) MX Survey data (*.MXROAD Surface Analysis S S S S S S S AutoCAD DXF (*. You should assign a default feature set and style set immediately to the new ground model which you can then draw using the option Display ⇒ Plan with Style Set if required.ntf) MX GENIO (*. This is essential to confirm that the imported data is correct and contains no errors.dxf) National Transfer Format NTF (*. You can either convert the file to DXF format or use the MX data translator program MX Change. both of which can provide essential information for your design. you can still import data from a MicroStation DGN or AutoCAD DWG file. but not MX in MicroStation or MX in AutoCAD.inp) Softdesk Alignment and DTM Eagle Point Triangulation LandXML In all cases. Surface Analysis This option lets you perform analyses of the surface on which the design is to be built. There are nine different types of analysis each taking you through the necessary steps in a minimum amount of time. If you have MX in Windows. NTF file format is used by the United Kingdom Ordnance Survey for map data.
you can also highlight any errors in elevation by color filling the triangulation and illuminating the view from the Zoom toolbar. 2−4 MXROAD Intr oduction . Alignment Design The Alignment Design options enable you to create the alignment for the road design. the end result is the same. a complete alignment defined both horizontally and vertically. or Alignment which gives greater flexibility but may take longer to learn. You may use either the Quick Alignment options Horizontal Design and Vertical Profile. Whichever method is used.2 MXROAD Alignment Design Figure 31 − Ground model showing contours In MX in Windows. The alignment is converted to a master string which is generally used as the center line along which a roadway and other features can be designed.
Insert PI − inserts an PI between existing PIs Remove PI − select a point near the PI to be removed. edit curves view details of the currently selected curve draw clearance lines and circles amend the design parameters delete a whole alignment Other features enable you to: MXROAD Intr oduction 2−5 . The following layout options are available: S S S S S S S S S Add PI − adds an PI to an alignment. Move PI − dynamically moves an PI to a new location.MXROAD Alignment Design Figure 32 − Alignment Design Quick Alignment Horizontal Design Horizontal Design enables you to create horizontal alignments using dynamic Intersection Point (PI) placement and manipulation.
Vertical Profile Vertical Profile enables you to create vertical alignments using dynamic PI placement and manipulation. The following options are available: S S S S S S S S S S S S S Add PIs Move PIs Remove PIs Insert PIs Lock PIs Delete profile Calculate overall cut and fill Calculate grade and radius View details of a curve Change the vertical exaggeration Amend design parameters Set the curve data Change the view of the display area. There is also a table editor which you can use instead of dynamic placement to specify values such as grade and curve radius using the keyboard. 2−6 MXROAD Intr oduction . The backcloth is a vertical profile of an existing horizontal alignment extracted from the triangulation model of the ground. You can also obtain a printed report of the horizontal alignment.2 MXROAD Alignment Design S S S snap PIs to an existing point alter the position of a finished alignment undo up to 20 previous actions.
Rule−based Superelevation. the Intersection Point (PI) method and the Spline method. The Element method allows you to construct an alignment from a series of elements. then the vertical design. the Element method. For both horizontal and vertical design. Spirals can also be included if required. It consists of a number of stages. MXROAD Intr oduction 2−7 . the Spline method allows you to specify a series of points through which a cubic spline curve is fitted. but may represent a pavement edge or any other convenient feature.MXROAD Road Design Alignment Alignment is used to design alignments for roads and other engineering features. there are three design methods. For a road. Road Widening. Roadways. Shoulders and Sidewalks. Finally. The lines joining these points are tangential to the curves which connect the straight elements. Complete alignments are converted to master strings for use with the other MXROAD options. either straights or circular arcs. Road Design Road Design is a series of options that take you through the process of designing a road from an existing master string. the alignment usually represents the center line. The PI method produces the same end result but allows you to construct the alignment by entering a series of intersection points. connected by spiral curves as required. An alignment describes the basic horizontal and vertical position of a design from which all other surface features are generated. Shoulder Design and Curbs. Alignments are created in two stages: first the horizontal design.
S Check the template design details and modify them if required. and dual roadways with two or three lanes. The roadway 2−8 MXROAD Intr oduction . S Repeat the operation with another template. including the roadway width and the cross slope or vertical offset to the roadway edge strings. This will generally be the model containing the alignment created using one of the Alignment options. S Select the template to be applied. S Specify the start and end of the roadway design. including single roads. The templates contain all the details of the road surface. with a single lane either side. S Generate the roadway strings (including a center line level string). The process you follow through the Road Design Roadways Wizard is as follows: S Specify the model and master string along which you wish to create the roadway. There are standard templates for many different types of roadway. You should design the roadway along your alignment in one session of the Road Design Wizard. you can choose to join the equivalent strings in the two portions of roadway automatically. if the start and end of the roadway was not the whole extent of the alignment.2 MXROAD Road Design Figure 33 − Road Design Roadways Roadways creates a road surface using either a standard template or one you have customized yourself. If you change templates along the master string.
Before you apply the superelevation. Following the review process. Specify the design rules and design speed to be used. the superelevation is applied to the roadway. MXROAD Intr oduction 2−9 . parking areas or intersection widening. you may need to modify the center line level string to include a vertical step at the correct position. The calculations are then made and a summary of the results is displayed. both horizontally and vertically. Choose a linear. you can confirm that the superelevation is correct or amend the calculated values if required. Recreating the roadway using a modified template is quickly achieved. by length. If the results are not what you want. Create the widening. and can be used to create extra lanes. The process is defined by the following steps: S S S S S S Select the road center line and the string to widen. Specify either projected cross slope or hinged cross slope as the method of application for the widened section. Define how the taper is to be specified. Select the type of taper to apply. Select the pivot method to be used.MXROAD Road Design strings are joined either linearly or with a reverse curve. you can remove the roadway strings using Modify Design ⇒ Edit Strings ⇒ Delete String Groups. This option allows you to select all the roadway strings and delete them. The design rules will determine whether single or dual roadway parameters are to be used. Road Widening The Road Widening Wizard provides a simple approach to the process of road widening. The superelevation applied is based on parameters specified in design rules files. The process is defined by the following steps: S S S S S Specify the master string of the road to which you wish to add superelevation. which conform to either a local or national standard. Rule−based Superelevation Rule−based Superelevation provides a simple approach to the application of superelevation to a road. bypass lanes. If you include a central reserve in one roadway but not the other. reverse curve or biquadratic curve application (only the linear type is available for some pivot methods). by ratio to the width or by station. Specify the length and width of the widening. either linear (as illustrated below) or reverse curve. Select the roadway edge strings to which you wish to apply superelevation.
and may also be offset along the roadway from the point of maximum cross slope difference.2 MXROAD Road Design Road string to widen after before Length of taper Road center line Figure 34 − Road Widening You can retain the original roadway string along the widening. or you can delete it. These include: S Maximum shoulder break − uses the standard shoulder settings until the roadway is superelevated and a maximum cross slope difference between the roadway and shoulder is reached. At this point. Several different methods are available to apply the cross slope across the shoulder. depending on the option selected. except that during restoration the shoulder is split in two widthways so that the cross slope break at the edge of the roadway is decreased. Shoulder Design Shoulder Design is used to create shoulders from the edge of the roadway. and the method can be changed automatically when certain criteria are met. The transition length between the maximum cross slope difference and the point at which the new values are in force may be specified. Shoulder rollover − this works in a similar way to the maximum shoulder break method. Follow roadway cross slope − use the same cross slope for the shoulder as that used for the roadway. the shoulder cross slope is set to a specified value or to match the roadway cross slope. There are other methods which you can specify for the outside curve of a shoulder. The standard shoulder methods are: S S Fixed cross slope − specify the cross slope from the roadway edge to the shoulder. Maximum algebraic difference − uses the standard shoulder settings until the roadway is superelevated and a maximum cross slope difference S S 2−10 MXROAD Intr oduction .
you would use this option after you have applied superelevation and completed any intersection design. except that a different set of templates is used to create the required strings. which gradually changes to the roadway cross slope at the point where full superelevation begins. S Maximum algebraic difference (part width) − for this method. You can choose to apply the templates on either the left of the roadway. the shoulder is split in two widthways by a new string and cross slope is applied to the outer portion in the same way as for the maximum algebraic difference method. ie. Shoulders and Sidewalks Curbs. Intersection Design The Intersection Design options are used to create a T intersection between a through road and an intersecting road.MXROAD Intersection Design between the roadway and shoulder is reached. Curbs. From this point until the roadway achieves full superelevation. Figure 35 − Intersection Design MXROAD Intr oduction 2−11 . For the inner portion. the standard shoulder cross slope is applied at the point of maximum algebraic distance. Shoulders and Sidewalks is similar in operation to Roadways. Normally. It is also over this distance that the new string is created. the right of the roadway or both sides. between the roadway edge and the new string. the shoulder cross slope is varied so that the maximum algebraic difference is maintained.
The process is defined by the following steps: S S S S Specify the models and essential strings. Alternatively. To make the procedure as simple as possible. and then complete the intersection by automatically joining the fillets to the roadway edges. which show the pavement construction in detail. you can complete the design and add curbs. the design model containing the new design surface and the existing ground model. earthwork styles and strategies.2 MXROAD Pavement and Subgrade Design Before attempting intersection design you must have completed the design of both roadways including widening at the intersection and applied superelevation. together with a number of strategies to be used when specified criteria are met. Create the earthwork design. You can also create cross roads by adding fillets to all corners of two intersecting roadways. you can create your own custom earthworks styles specific to the current design or your national design rules. and calculate volumes between the different construction surfaces and the existing ground. You can apply different earthwork styles and strategies to lengths of the road by specifying the start and end points. section sets. Assign styles to the four style definition areas (left and right cut and fill). Set up analysis control. and then regrade the entire intersection by dynamically editing the vertical profile using information from the roadway edges. These custom earthwork styles can then be saved in your own library for future use. Once this is done. You may create fillets from circular arcs or three center curves. The earthwork design relies on the specification of an earthwork style. until you apply your earthwork design requirement to the models. the Wizard has access to a library of earthwork styles such as simple slope and slope/bench combinations. the criteria to trigger the strategies and so on. Pavement and Subgrade Design The Pavement and Subgrade Design Wizard is used to create pavement layers and the subgrade for a roadway. unpaved shoulders or sidewalks. You can also produce working drawings of the cross sections. Earthworks Wizard The Earthworks Wizard is a standard MX option which is used to design an earthworks structure between two models. The Wizard guides you through the process of specifying models. you can add traffic islands from a pre−defined traffic island style library. 2−12 MXROAD Intr oduction . This may be to improve water flow across the intersection or to relocate a low spot. Once the intersection design is complete.
Figure 36 − Cross section showing pavement layers MXROAD Intr oduction 2−13 . For example. the master string) for both the ground model and the design model.MXROAD Pavement and Subgrade Design Pavement and Subgrade Design requires the following information before you begin your design: S S the design model and center line of the roadway existing cross sections for every point on the road center line (ie. if you have generated cross sections at tangent points on the master string in your design model. these must also exist in the ground model.
you can use this to adjust earthworks slopes so that they lie within the land take limits of your construction project. 2−14 MXROAD Intr oduction . For example. Cross Sectional Editor The cross sectional editor allows you to view cross sections and modify the points on them. you can delete all the roadway strings associated with the alignment. for visualization − to enhance and improve model information for drawings.2 MXROAD Modifying the design Modifying the design Figure 37 − Modify Edit Strings and Edit Points You can use the standard MX Edit options during all stages of an engineering design as follows: S S S S for the existing surface − to correct erroneous elevations and the ground position of points and strings. For example. The changes you make to the cross sections are reflected in the model data. if you create a roadway and wish to re−design it using the same alignment. for analysis − to create boundaries within which areas or volumes are derived. or to insert non−standard features. for feature design − to remove redundant parts of strings where they intersect other features. Delete String Groups The MXROAD option Delete String Groups is particularly useful because it allows you to delete strings of a particular type in one operation.
Sections can be dynamically edited at individual stations by specifying an offset, elevation or slope. You can either edit a cross section element in isolation, ie, without affecting the elements which lie outside of the element you are editing, or you can edit an element and have all outer elements retain the same relative position. Volumes can be calculated at any time between the ground and design models within a selected station range.
The project sequence is critical in MXROAD. For example, you cannot use road widening if the roadway has not been created, and, if you wish to superelevate the roadway, you must do this before creating an intersection. The MXROAD project sequence is shown below: S S S S S S S S S S S S S S Horizontal Alignment Vertical Alignment Roadways Rule−based Superelevation Road Widening Create Fillet Regrade Intersection Create Traffic Island Tidy Intersection Shoulder Design Curbs, Shoulders and Sidewalks Earthworks Wizard Cross Sectional Editor Pavement and Subgrade Design
Not all steps need to be carried out each time; for details of which options are mandatory and which are optional at any particular stage, refer to the on−line help.
MXROAD Intr oduction
MXROAD Intr oduction
Numbers 3D View, 1−44 3D View and Flythough, 1−44 A Add−In menu, 1−46 Alignment, creating, 1−39 Alignment design, 2−4 Alignment reports, 1−45 Analysis menu, 1−40 Analysis options, 1−40 Applications toolbar, 1−28 Area calculation, 1−40 B Backing up projects, 1−49 C Configuration MX in AutoCAD, 1−20 MX in MicroStation, 1−27 Contours, generating, 1−40 Cross sections, editing, 2−14 Cross Slope Checker, 1−41 Curbs, shoulders and sidewalks option, 2−11 D Data interoperability, 1−8 Deleting strings, 2−14 Design menu, 1−38 Design options, 1−38 Disk maintenance, 1−51 Disontinuities. See Gaps Display, Menu, 1−35 Display options, 1−43 Drainage networks, 1−40 Draw menu, 1−43 Draw options, 1−43 I Import option, 2−2 Importing data, 1−33 Intersection design, 2−11 L LandXML, 1−34 M Menu, Display, 1−35 Menu bar, 1−13 MXROAD Intr oduction i−1 DXF format, 2−3 exporting, 1−46 Dynamic reports, 1−45 E E−mail address, 1−52 Eagle Point Triangulation, importing, 1−34 Earthworks wizard, 1−39, 2−12 Editing strings and points, 2−14 Exporting data, 1−46 F Feature set, definition of, 1−6 File menu, 1−34 Final drawings, 1−44 Flythrough, 1−44 Full alignment, 2−7 G Gaps, 1−5 GENIO format, 1−34, 2−3 exporting, 1−46 H Help desk, 1−52 Help menu, 1−46 Horizontal design, 2−5
1−45 Report options. 2−10 SNC. 1−41 of the ground. 1−52 Surface analysis. 1−33 i−2 MXROAD Intr oduction Q Quick alignment. 2−10 Shoulder rollover. 1−14 Overview. 2−8 Rule−based superelevation. 1−6 using to create a working display. 2−12 Perspective views.Index Model defaults. 2−6 View menu. 2−4 R Raster backcloth. 1−12 Pavement and subgrade design. editing. 1−1 MX Controls toolbar. 1−36 Support. 1−31 Project sequence. 1−31 Strings editing. 1−8 AutoCAD. components of. 1−7 Model file. creating. 1−4 Preferences. 1−42 Modify options. 1−17 MX Toolbox. 1−42 Mouse. 1−30 Startup panel. 1−6 O Output window. 2−2 Starting MX. 1−37 Profiles. 1−36 Report menu. 1−16 MicroStation. 2−1 P Panels. 1−45 Road design options. 2−3 T Toolbars. 1−47 Shoulder design option. 1−42 types of. 1−41 . 2−9 S Security Report. 1−15 MX toolbar. 1−14 Tools menu. 1−3 Style set definition of. 1−28 MXURBAN. 1−40 U User support. 2−7 Road widening option. 1−26 MX environments. 1−7. 1−28 MXSITE. 1−28 MXROAD. 1−2 Models. 2−2 Standard string naming convention. 1−24 MXDRAINAGE. 1−42 Modify menu. 1−29 MXRAIL. 1−28 MXRENEW. 1−40 Project. 1−28 N Null elevations. 1−28 MXDRAW. 1−44 Points. use of buttons. 1−37 Visibility. 1−11 MX Basics. 1−52 V Vertical design. creating. 1−35 how to assign. 2−9 Roadways option. 1−22 Windows. creating. 1−35 Triangulation.
1−35 Working drawings. 1−44 Visualize menu.Index Visualize options. 1−52 Widening. 1−44 Volume calculation. 1−43 MXROAD Intr oduction i−3 . 1−41 W Web page address. 2−9 Working display. creating.
Index i−4 MXROAD Intr oduction .
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