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App C-6 Residential Wells Acciona Industrial Wind / FEIS /Cape Vincent New york

App C-6 Residential Wells Acciona Industrial Wind / FEIS /Cape Vincent New york

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Acciona FEIS Residential Wells
Acciona FEIS Residential Wells

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Published by: pandorasboxofrocks on Aug 06, 2010
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08/31/2010

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ST.

LA WRENCE WlNDPOW~R, LLC RESIDENTIAL WELL STUDIE' AND MITIGATION July 2010

BACKGROUND

Construction activities can generate ground-transmitted vibration forces that may result in ground di sturbance and can potentially affectexisti ng features prox imal to the nctivity. These generated vibrations attenuate ver distance from the source. The magnitude of the ibration and the attenuation rate are related to the construction method used for excavation (e.g, mechanical, blasting) type of con tructien equipment (e.g., hydraulic excavators, front end loaders) and conductivity of the surface and subsurface substrates (e.g., sands! clays, frozen soils, bedrock). In determining the distance from turbines for pre-construction surveys of private water supply wells, it was assumed that standard excavation equipment would be used and no blasting would be required, U ing such

eq uipment and techniques, vibration effects typical! are below levels of perception at

di stances of 500 feet from the source I. Even cons idering lhe use of controlled bl asting, construction vibrations should be veil below the threshold for residential damage.

PURPOS

In recent years new muni ipal water lines have been constructed in the Town of ape Vincent v hich make water from the Village and Town of Cape Vincent avail ble to residents in some-parts of tlae Town, Construction of these new sUjJply lines has reduced reliance on old residential water supply wells; however man, residential wells still exist. In response to public concerns with respect to potential damage to residential water supply wells during the construction phase of the St, Lawrence Wind Project, SL W performed a study to identify existing private residential water supply wells near the site of its proposed wind energy project. SL W mailed well surveys to all project landowner. On the well surveys, the project landowners were asked to 'declare knowledge of any wells within 500 feet of proposed turbine locations. All surveys were collected and the

I Hal Amick and Michael Gendreau, 2000, Construction Vibrations and Their Impact' 011 Vibration~ Sensitive FacHipes ASeE Construction-Congress 6.

1

OPS coordinates were recorded for all wells described in the survey as existing within. 500 feet of proposed turbine locations. (See Appendix A).

PRE-,CQNTRUCTlON STUDY

Prior to commencing construction of its wind energy project, SL W will conduct a pre-construction study to characterize existing conditions of residential potable water

\ ells within approximately 500 feet of the final proposed turbine locations. The preconstruction survey will document well depth, flow rates, water quality, and connectivity through karst features.

CONSTRUCTION MITIGATION AND POST- ON TROC"DON STUDIES

In the event thai the owner of a residential potable water welllocated within 50.0 feel of a turbine location believes that his 'Dr her well has been adversely affected by construction of the SLW project;

l , The well owner must contact a rell re sen tari ve of St Lawrence Windpower (SL W) to document the location of the well and erify its inoperability, SLW phone contact: 3 15 ~654- 2210.

2. Upon vetification of the well's inoperability and its proximity within 500 feet of a turbine location a interim mitigation a L W representative will assist the well owner ill one of the following wa s:

• Request the Cape Vincent Fire Department to provide potable water Within a rem enable time frame, with LW paying all expenses'

• Provide water storage tank that accommodates the well owner, withina reasonable time frame. McCabes Supply, Inc. (20707 State Route 232, Watertown, New York Phone: 315-788-5587) can deliver water storage tanks up to 2~500 gallons, with SLW paying all expenses' and/or

3 Following the provision of interim mitigation. the following post-construction study process shall be implemented for each well that is the subject of interim mitigation,

2

· LW will conduct an initial post-construction well study for each such well, Eacb postconstruction study will initially be a desktop study assessing distance of the ell to the turbine(s) location depth of well in relationship. to the turbine foundationrs), the pI'eoonstruction condition of the well, and causative factors leading to reported damage.

If, based upon the initial post-constructi n study, SLW determines that project construction acli ities IDay have had an impact on the potable wen that is the subject of the study> a third-party certified laboratory will conduct a subsequent post-construction study to address, as appropriate:

a) Flow rate Or yield from the well:

b) Water quality of the water produced by the wel L Water quality testing may include a. appropriate data collected from a hand held water quality meter (e.g, pH dissolved oxygen, conductivity, salinity, total dissolved solids (TO ) specific gra ity temperature. turbidity, siltation); and chemical anlayses for total hardness or concentration of calcium and magnesium.

Based upon a comparisien of pre- and post-construction conditions, SLW will assess whether its construction activities caused any adverse impacts to the subj ct potable water well,

Where the post-construction study indicates that a well s characteristics ha e been, adversely affected, SLW will.conduct subsequent studies to determine the cause for the change. ubsequent studies may include an evaluation of potential karst conduits (i.e., fractures) underlying a specificturbine, orother project component. and their connectivity to a potable well using groundwater tracers (commonly fluorescent dyes). Dye tracer tests call be either qualitative or quantitative. Qualitati e tests are the simplest, most common, but are less informative. They are designed to answer the basic question of connection. Quanliative studies are more complex and labor intensive but provide a more accurate groundwater velocity. For SL W's purposes, initially a qualitative study would be performed.

3

Should the sub equent studies determine that the Project construction did not ad ersely affect a residential potable water well. the impacted landowner will reimburse SL W for aLI expenses. Should the subsequent studies determine that Project construction did indisputably adversely affect a residential potable water: well, SL W will provide mitigation in one oftbe following ways:

• A new well will be pro ided at no ex-pense to the property owner: or

• Ifa new well cannot be provided, a connection with municipal water will be provided; this installation will be funded by SLW.

4

APPENDIX A

Landowner Wells within SOO:[t GPS GPS POSJTlON
SYSTEM
Darrel and Margaret Aubertine No Known Wells
Ten), and Linda Aubertine No KnO\\'Il We lls
Wesley Bourcy No Known Wells
Rockne and Beverly Burns No Known-Wells
Dennis Docteur No Known Wells
Donald and Wava Docteur NAD83 X: 0401838
Y:4 90951
David Fralick NAD83 X- 0393802
1': 488420R
X· 0393821
Y:4884218
-
X: 0393835
Y: 4884.193
X' 0393999
1'":4884258
Frank Giaquinto NAD83 X: 0399431
Y:4889323
X' 0399386
Y:4888944
X 0399210
Y:4889017
Chris Henchy No Known Wells
Ron Jacobs No Known Wells
Michael and Melinda Kieff NAnS" X: 0394173
Y: 4-886547
Richard and Sheila Lawrence NAD83 X: 040.0275
Y:4889238
X- 0399595
Y:4888894
Maloneys No Known Wells
Donald Mason NAD83 X' 0398248
Y:4886942 5

Landowner Wells within 500 ft- GPS GPS POS.ITION I
SYSTEM
Ermis and Marilyn Mason NAn83 X· ,040"0951
Y:4889190
X: 0402464
Y: 4-889305
Marly Mason No Known Wells
Paul and Elaine Mason N.L\D1B X: 0402785.
Y:48'935Q2
I
X: 0402531
Y:4893260
Pat Meaney and Traei Mason NAD83 X' 0400522
Y::4890623
Wallace McDowell NAD83 X: 0404142
Y: 4889464
J arrod & Jarvis Radley No Known Wells
Jim and Patti Radley NAD83 X: 0399468
Y:48~9940
Andrew Vim Vliet NAD83 X: 0400531
}': 489019,9
Don Votra NAn83 X· 0395499
1":4886547
W11ite Farms No Known Wells
Alan Wood NAD83 X: 0405072:
Y:4893074
Wood Farms No Known Wells

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