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Pagel 2WMagazie Sprig 1988
(continued on inside back cover)
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Emmanuel Goldstein
L11lCe ¾uHuget |rOUuCtIOH
Bobby Aratt Mike DeVoursney
LOVet PM
Ken Copel
VrI1et5. EriC Corley, John Drake, Mr. French, Chester
Holmes, Lex Luthor, Phantom Phreaker. Bill from RNOC,
DaVid Ruderman, Bernie S, Silent SWitchman, Mike Yuhas,
and the usual anonymous bunch.
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\JelSeas S25 Indl\ Idual, $S5 corporate
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AI>()HESS ALI. SlBS(,HIPTlO� (,OHHESPO�DE�(,E TO: .6ªiSubsurpllOJl Dept., PO. Hox 752,
\ludk Island. `\ I I '15 1)752
FOH I.ETTEHS A�[) AHTI(,I.E Sl B'I1SSIO'S. YHITE TO: '6ªthlilorlall> cpt.. P() Hox '' .. \ludk
Island. ,, 1I<5.·<
'6ªtOlliee IlIle. 516-751-2(�X)
Hil S �I (OSI;,YJ '1--72S-
IlIl S 12 (CL\ IRAI OIIICI) '14-214-1200
Hil S 1.402-5M-SIX
I:SI. \11 AlJl>RISS 2(JXlp1da"sU:ICP
ARPA\II ADI>RISS: phliluas\sI12(�Xlu)nvLJ
Òlln2 1988 Zó00ÌT020ZmP Í02PJ
monitoring phone calls
This public doain article, wntten a couple of
yer back, was obtaine fro ARPANET It
gos into tehnical detail on reivmg micrwave
l i nked t el ephone con versat i ons usi ng
conventional and widely available ham satellite
equipment and/or plain satellite Í reeiving
euipment. Our thanks to the subscriber who
sent It in. Reretfully, we don't know who
originally wrte the article.
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Page 4 Z0MMagazie Sprig 1988
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with a TRO
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thaI a lung dist ance
telephone call is pri\,ate. "
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Communications Privacy
Act of IVðó requires carriers
to increase the security of
radio or satellite links. "
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We're hapy to wuce our affiition
with aother comuter buleti boad
sstem, ou thid to dte. It' located i
Colus, .'ebraka wcan be reached
Zhous a dy m 402-564-5/S. We
expect to have more Z0M bullti
boad on m by the suer.
We've alo been gettig a lot of
positive press response i the pat coule
of months, icldig a spot on a most
icredile televiin progra, .'etwork 7
on Engld's Cha;eI4. Thi progra
ought to be seen by every reporter i thi
coutry who wats to do a story on
comuter hackig. Intead of lookig at
the "problem" of hackers wwhat they
coul be doig to you i the sae way
we've seen huem of ties aleady,
PageS 2600 .llagazie .-prig /988
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the prodcers of thi progra looked at
the positive apects-the adventure,
iagination, and intelgence ivolved. It
wan't just tha they gave hackers a
positive iage-they used thei brais
wcreated a diferent way of viewig a
topic. That's somethig we can al use a
bit more of. Our tha to John Urake
for makig thi possile.
It's possile the press is fialy
growig m wrealzig that hackig
involves so much more tha electronic
bats. It's a symbol of our ties and
one of the hopel of the future. If that
sounds crazy to you, wader through
ou pages ad it may start to make
sense.
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V/CMS CORRECTIONS
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Page 10 260 Magazie Sprig / 988
/+i¡ì|i¡utu+ì¡ ]ìt¡vc Í2)
BELL ATLANTIC CUSTOMERS RECENTLY RECEIVED THIS BLURB ON A
PLASTIC BAG CONTAINING THEIR NEW YELLOW PAGES. WE'E GLAD
SOMEONE' FINALLY REALIZED THE DANGERS THAT YELLOW PAGES
CAN POSE TO KIDS.
Sprig 1988 2600 Magazie Page 11
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T H E S E A R E W E A T H E R T R A K C O D E S . W H E N D I A LI N G T H E
WEATHERTRAK SERVI CE, SI MPLY ENTER ONE OF THESE TO RECEI VE
THE FORECAST FOR THAT PART OF THE WORLD. WE UNDERSTAND
THERE ARE SOME HI DDEN CODES AS WELL. THE NEW YORK ACCESS
NUMBER I S ( 21 2) 3551 21 2. TO FI ND OUT THE NUMBER NEAREST YOU,
CALL 80247-3282 OR ( 21 4) 551 1 22.
!prig 1988 260 Magazie Page 15
An Interpretation
The following article i s one view of computer
hacker. We 'd like to say right up frnt that it is
not our and in fact we :ake exceptIOn to a go
many of the facts presented. We would be most
interested in hearing what the hacker of the
world have to say regarding this preption of
the. Plese send us your feback.
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Page |o 260 ,\lagazie Srig 1988
of Computer Hacking
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''rig 1988 2600 , \1agazie Page 1 7
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Page 18 260Magazie Sprig IÝðð
Com pu ter Hackers
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a major nu isa nc e to t h e
p hon e compa ni es.
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5ril g 1988
260 . 11agazile Page 19
The Hacker Threat
'" coputer syste out there. They hear that a
� computer that bl ongs to the U . S. govemmt i n
¯ . .
:: a nucl ear rerch faci l i ty has ben "tappd" by
� the hackers, or that there is a possi bi l i ty of th
� hackers control l ing stel l i te and movi ng th
� . . . .
- out of thei r asign Ori tS. Grante, they di d not
;: move the bi rd, but they di d gain acces to th
: rotation control for the stel l i te.
~ And i t was state that the i nforat ion ne
� to do sch thi ngs was found on an undrground
~ . .
';: bul l et i n board . That mi ght be t rue , but
¯ i nforation that i s far more valuabl e t o pple on
' earh is bi ng pste 0|I the brds. And thi s
inforation cos fro the tr æ or fro
i nsi drs who have 0 disrunt le or just
fro pl ai n old rerch-l oki ng for publ i cl y
avai lale surce. So of the publ ic surce
c on s t i t u t e us er s ' ma n u a l s and s ys t em
doutatio .
Anoth i ntereti ng fact about the boards is
that they contai n a group of sub-st i ons that
i ncl ude subj ect s on t el ecommun i cat i ons,
sof t ware p i racy , and crack i ng of sof t ware
p r ot ec t i o n s ys t e ms , c o mp u t e r s ys t e ms
overvies and how di fferet systes wor, and
ways around the syste suri ty features Soe
bl leti n boards al s contai n page after page of
di al -ups to major coputers around the country.
T i ncl ude al l of the Fortun 0U copanie
and a large aunt of mi l i tar systes. So to the
pns who state that th bul leti n bards are not
a probl e, I bl i eve that thy have not æon
any of the maj or underground boards and
therefore shoul d not mae sch ra stateents.
As to th overal l damag that a bul l eti n board
can cause , t he f i nal cost has yet to be
d e t e r mi n ed . The b o a r d s a l l ow f o r t h e
trasi ssion o f i nfort ion to a large group of
persons . What t he person who gets t hi s
inforat ion do wi th i t i s another story.
l REM "WARGAMES DIALER P KOGKAN" FI LE MUST BE OPEN FIR S T
b I NPUT "NUMBER TO S TART";N
1 0 D$ = CHR$ | 4 Ì : Q $ =CHR $ ( 1 7 ) : Z $ =CHR $ ( 2 6 )
l b FOR I = N TO 9 9 9 9
2 0 N $ = " Û Û Û Û " * STR$ ( I ) : N $ = " 5 6 7 " * RIGHT$ ( N$ , 4 )
2 5 PRI NT D $ " P R 1 2 "
3 0 PRI NT Q $ " " N $
3 5 IF PEEK ( 1 6 5 8 ) i/ 4 1 2 8 THEN i J J Û
4 Û PRINT D $ " P R I O "
4 b PRI NT D $ " APPEND DI ALER b b ¯ "
5 0 PRI NT DS " WRITE DIALER 5 6 7 "
5 5 PRINT N $
6 0 PRINT D S " CLOSE DIALER 5 6 7 "
6 5 PRI NT Q $ " CHR $ | Z b I
¯ Û REM HANG U P AND B E SURE THAT YOU DID
¯ b PRI NT DS " PR I O "
8 0 PR INT D $ " P R I 2 ": PRI NT D$ : PRI NT Z $
8 5 FOR J ÷ l TO 6 0 0 : A= - 1 : NEXT
9 0 NEXT
Page 20 ZMMagazi Sprig J988
³ " ¯ ¯ ¯ ~
. �� �� �
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í I Uì K í J
.. a t t e r
THESE OSCI LLOSCOPE READI NGS CAME FRO: THE : EW J ERSEY BELL
I N \' ESTI GA TI ON OF T HE P RI \ ATE SECTOR ¿bÜÜ B l " I . L E TI N BOARD
SYSTEM BACK I I l ¥hb. THEY ARE MEANT TO PROVE THAT Ol R SYSTE\1
OPERATOR I NTENDED TO DEFRAt : D THE PHON E CO\1 PA:Y BY lSl :IG
HI S COMPl ' TER TO I MIT ATE THE son · iD OF «W ' iS DlWPPI NG I NTO A
PA YPHONE. THEY DON T EXPLAI N HOW HE WOl U) HAVE DRAGGED
HI S NON- PORTAB L E COMP l - nR O l TSID E TO A PA Y PHON E TO
ACCO.\PLl SH THI S. Bl - T THEY DO SA ) LOTS OF OTHER I NTRI GUNG
THI NGS AND WE'V E REPRODl TED O:E OF THE LETTERS FROM THESE
T E C H N O L O G I C A L G E N I l - S E S F OR Y O l ; R E N J O Y M E N T O N T H E
FOLLOWI NG TWO PAGES.
^DlÍn9 I 988 2o0 \ Í0902ÍnP Í09P 2I
FReM THE 260FILES
Page ZZ
Te l ephone Ne twork S e c u r i t y
E l e c t ro n i c To l l Fraud - Blue
E�amlna t i on of Evi denc e
Fl l e-2
ÛPl |
Comm0o· ca| ons
Reseo|cH
·ugus t 2 1 , 1 9 8 5
Hr . K . H. Fa p rck
S ecuri t y Represent a t i ve
Þ0W Jers oy BeU
55 0 Broad S t ree t
5 t h F l oor
Ne.a rk, NJ 07 1 01
Æ
Dear Mr. ÎaptcKa ¦
I have c omp l e t e d exami na t i On of the f l oppy d I s k you br ought t o t he Ne t work
S � c u r l t y Laborat ory o f B e l l Commun i c a t i on s Re s e a rc h , Red °ank , Ne .. J e r s ey on
Ju l y 2 2 , 1 J o ` . I t r e l a t e s t o a Ne. Je r s ey B e l l i nve s t i ga t i on 2 E-003 6
i nvol ving Thomas B l t c h , Pr i va t e S ec t o r bul l e t i n board , Dove r , New J e r s e y .
The 5 1 / 4 i nc h f l e xi ble d i ak c a r r i e s t he f o l l o"i n� not a t i on :
" Di sk Nube r 04 1
T CAl ' S MOI
CAT HACKR 3 . 7 1
SOU fROGS
IG3l-
Th e ma rk ¯ .�HF 7 / 2 2 " al sp appe a r ed on t he l a be l and a t t he t i me o f my
c�ami na t 1 on I add ed my ma rk " BC-W- 7 / 2 4 / 8 5 . "
The d i s k was l oad e d I nt o an App l e I I c omp ut e r and -t he c o n t e n t s d ! s p l a ? a d on
t he s c r een ( Ta hl e I . ) The p r o gr am " The Ca t ' s ME ow" r e l a t e s t o t e l e p ho n e
s I g nal s , and i t s proz ram i n s t ruc t i ons we r e l i s t e d ( Ta b l e I I . ) The p u r p o s e o f
t he p r og ram i s t o p r o d u c e a va r i e t y o f t on e s us e d" i n t h e t e l e p hone s y s t e m ,
! ¤ c I u d ! n� t h e 9 i gn a l s of a Touc h-Tone
R
d i a l , t h e 2 6 00Hz t t unk i d l e s i g n a l
a n d t h e t o n e s o f the 2 o ut -o f ô mul t i f re quency k e y pu l s i ng ( mrr) c o d e u s e d ! n
t h e l ong d i £ t anc e t e l ephone ne t 'Jork and t h e c o i n d e po s ! t S ! g na l s pr od u c e d by
coi n t e l e phone set s when coi ns ar e de po s i t ed . A t one g ene ra t o r p t oduc ! n ¤
2 6 00Hz a n d t h e NKF a i g n a l s t ep r e s ent i ng t he t e n d i g i t s s n d t h e C o n L t O I
s ! g na l s KF a n d S T c a n be used t o red i re c t l Ong d i s t anc e c a l l s t o neu
d e s t i na t i ! ns wh i l e bypa s s i ng bi l l i ng equi pment . S uc h 8 g e ne ra t o r i s c OIn O U I y
c a l l ed Õ " bl ue box . A Signal generat or tha t simul a t e s c o i n d e p o s i t 8P D a I
i . c a l l ed a ¯ ted hox .
¬
On Auz u s t 1 3 , 1 9 8 5 , Pa t r o lma n ll i chae l Gre nni e t , S out h P l a i nf i e ld , Ne· J e r s e y ,
brought the f o l l owi ng equipment t o t hi s laborat o ry :
A App l e l I e pe rs onal c omput e r , SN 1 30 3 1 87 equi pped wi t h :
Nova t i on Com�un l c a t l ons Modul e , 4 105 J
Ha rd D i s k , XBEC 10d . 9 7 l 0F , S N 4 -07 � 4
F l oppy D i sk dr i ve. A2!1 000 3 , SN 10460 1 6 , and 1 1 9 3 2 1 2
ZM/lagazie Sprig 1 988
~ 7 ~
Pa t r o l ma n :r e n nl e r l oa d e d t he p r og ram "The Ca t ' s H� oW : " f r om t he ° I / - i n c h
f l e x i bl e d ! s Ì I n t o t he c O::p u t � r and p r e s s e d t h e l e t : e r D on t he ke y�oa r d t o
s e l e c t t h e d i a l f e n t u r e o | t he p r o g r a m . P r og r e s s of t �. e p r o g r a C was o bs e r ve d
on t he mo n l t o i s c r e e n � Th e aud i o o u t p u t wa s f e d t o 8 1 g na � a n a l
Y
l l ng eq u I pme n t
"h l c h I nC l ud ed a IHl c om 'od e l T l a G Tone S l gna Ung FFT Ana ` v z e r e r d a Goul d
D i g i t a l S t orage O s c i l l o s c o p e , Nod e l Ûb ¬ U ¿ Û used wi t h • Gou l d Br us o ZZU
Re c o rde r .
T a I I e I I I s hows t h e a p p e a r a nc e o f t h e s c r e e n . Pr e s s i ng t Ì e i e t t e t J s e l ec t s
t h e t he Touc h- Tone Mo d e . Pa t r o !-a n G r e nn l e r e n t e r e d t h e s e ¡ ue -c e O t nuzbe : l
t hr ough 0 1 f o l l owed by ¯ and f . The c omput e r p r oduc e d t one s whi c h were
a n a l y z e d by t h e l l 1 c o: íI¯ Ana I V z e r . I t s p r i n t e d o u t p u t I s s hown I n
T a b l e I \ . ¯he s i g na l s gene r a t e d a r C t hos e p rod uc e d by a t e l e phene s e t \ 1 t h
p u s h- but t on d i a l .
Ne J t , Pa t r o l !a n G r e n n i e r p r e s g e d t he l e t t e r H t o µ ut t he d i a l e r I n t o t he
m u l t i f r e q ue n c y mo d e a n d t h e n e n t e r e d t h e s e : ue nc e 1 t h r o u¤ | 0 , f l l o.e d by K ,
5 , a nd � . Ja bl e V s ÌOvs t he a na l y z e r o u t p u t wh i c h i d e n t i f i e s t he s i g na l s a s
t he HKÝ t runk s i g na l l i ng c od e .
Pa t r o l man G r e nn l e r t h e n l oa d e d and ran t h e s me n tO µt a æ f r om ha rd d i sk ,
r e p e a t i n a t he p r o c e d u r e d e s c r i be d a bve . The r e s ul t s o f t h e me a s ur e me n t s ar e
. hoY I n Ta bl e s V1 and Vl I . They c o r re s pond t o t he r e su l t a .hoY i n Tabl es I\
and V I .
F i n a l l y . Pa t r o l ma n G r e nn i e r p r e s s e d l e t t e r s L , H ,
c omp u t e r p roduc ed o ne , t vO , and f i ve t one b u r s t s ,
N I n s uc c e s s i on . The
r e s p e c t i ve l y . F i g u r e s Ì
t h r o u � h J a r e r e p r e s e n l a t i o n s of t h e s e t one
o s c i l l o s c op e a n d Br us h r e c o r d e r . The i r d u ra t i on
bu r s t s c a p t u r e d by t h e
and s p a c i ng c o n f i rm t he
i n t e n t t o i mi t a t e c o i n d e p o s i t a i g na l s .
Pa t r o l m a n G r e n n i e r rema i n e d i n c o n t r o l o f t h e App l e c omp u t e r and a s s oc i a t e d
e q u i pme nt t h roez hoo t t he t e s t and l e f t wi t h a l l e q u I pme n t he had bro .gh t a f t e r
t h e meas ureme n t s we r e c omp l e t e d .
The f l . � i b l . d I 8K yOu brouzht i . te t arned tO you herew i t h .
Ap p r ox l �a t e l V 1 b aan¯hour 8 w e r e requi red t O pe t Í Ot± th1 8 ana l y s I s .
!VC-JCR 2 3 1 3 1 -II:H - l j
A t t s .
S wor n S t a t ement
F i g ur e . 1 t hr oua h
¯8 b| e s 1 t h r ough V I I
Very ttu1y yOuts ,
'l a l t e r U . he l n z e
He�be t OÍ Tec hn i c a l S t a f f
Ne t"ork Sec u r i t y
Sprig IÝðð Z0M .Uagazie Page J
SPRI NGTI ME LETERS
Å0I0 Ü0CI0fS
Dear Zõ00.
Somethi ng that may i nterest readers
and r ai se a few quest i ons about the US
government i s the Nati onal Coordi ­
nat i ng Cent er l ocat ed i n Ar l i ngton,
Vi rgi ni a. Thi s i s par of the Defense
Com m u n i c a t i o n s Ag e n c y a n d i s
operated by the Pentagon. I ts stated
purpose i s to make avai l abl e a l l ci vi l i an
communi cati on faci l i ti es i n t he t i me of
a n a t i o n a l e m e r g e n c y t o t h e
Depar t ment of Def ense . I t s st af f
i ncl udes representati ves of 1 2 of the
Uni ted States' l argest communi cati ons
compa n i es, i nc l u di ng MCI , Comsat ,
I n, GTE, a nd of course, AT&T, as wel l
a s me mb e r s of v a r i o u s f ed e r a l
agenci es.
The Presi dent can, i n t i mes of what ' s
t er med a "606 Emer gency " , t a ke
c o n t r o l of a n y c o mmu n i c a t i o n s
faci l i t i es i f h e t hi nks i t i s necessary to
the "nati ona l defense", Thi s power
was gi ven by t he Communi cati ons Act
of 1 934, and the NCC, whi ch was
created i n 1 984, i s t he pl ace that woul d
al l ow t hi s to happen,
I f readers want more i nformati on on
t he NCC and some of t he act i ons that
ma ke i t mor e t h r eat e n i ng t h a n i t s
i ntended purpose, there was an ar t i cl e
wr i tten i n a mi d- 1 :187 i ssue of Omni
ent i t l ed "Nati ona l Guard", I can' t l eave
the exact date beca use I don' t have i t.
But thi s i s a topi c that i s wel l worth
i nformi ng yoursel f uf,
Hopef u l l y, awa r eness wi l l g r ow
about t he pot ent i a l for abuse t h a t
c o m e s f r o m t h e c a p a b i l i t y o f
c o n t r o l l i n g m u c n of t h e p u b l i c ' s
sources of i nformat i on, as our pol i t i ca l
s y s t e m b e c o m E s i n c r e a s i n g l y
i nterti ned wi t h new technol og i es and
t h e i r a pp l i ca t i ons . 2ó00 s hou l d be
pr a i sed f or i t s ef f or t s i n educa t i n g
peopl e i n t hi s f i el d of thought.
LOOO
LHC0uI8UÍHU W0I0S
Dear Zõ00.
I f i gured you mi ght get some cyni cs
wri ti ng i n sayi ng they don' t l i ke the
new quarterl y format. So I thought I ' d
wri te and say that t hi s new format
l ooks j ust great to me. Keep up the good
work!
M Fr|end | nTexas
Obviously you had to have written
this letter before this issue was ever
published. So how you were able to tell
it would look so nice is beyond us. We
have to say, however, that we're pretty
pleased with the way it came out too.
ÜfÍhÅ0I0 Ü0CI0fS
Dear Zõ00.
I am not a subscr i ber, but I was
wonder i ng i f you coul d gi ve me some
i nfo on the fol l owi ng t hi ngs:
Fi rst, have you heard of a system
c a l l e d " T e r a c " ? I t ' s b a s e d i n
Sacramento, Cal i for ni a and i s massi ve !
T h e m e m o r y a s c a l c u l a t e d | G
m e g a b y t e s i s a s f o l l o w s :
1 0E+1 0+ 1 0E+1 �1 0E+50, As far as l
k now i t i s used by mi l i t a r y f or a
temporary storage, An exampl e of d
l ogon wou l d be: Password: madness,
I D: 2581 3, secur i ty l evel code: mad
532, secur i ty l evel code 2: ness 532,
( Note : t hese n u mber s c h a n g e af t er
each l oi n randoml y, ) Secur i ty l evel
codes are t h r ee a l p h a a nd t h r ee
numbers or t hree a l pha, two number,
and one more a l pha ,
The second system l ogs on sayi ng i t
i s "Marbl es BBS" and operates l i ke a
regul ar ( but wei rd) BBS, The fol l owi ng
comma nds a r e ava i l a b l e : A=a nswer
ca l l , B=??, C=??, D=??, E=e- ma i l , S=send
l etter , R=recei ve l etter , M=make ca l l ,
Q=u i t . However , i f you mess around
wi th i t enough, you ' l l get asked f or a
password. After gett i ng t hr ough 1 5
passwords, 20 i denti fi cati on number s,
and 62 l evel s of access, the system
Page 24
260 Mugazie Sprig IÝðð
tel l s you it i s t he "Mi l i tary Operat i ons
Uni t System" and t hen t he Art i f i ci al
I ntel l i gence ki cks i n. Then from t here I f
you were t o tel l i t t o " l aunch mi ssi l e", i t
wi l l a s k you wha t t ype of mi ss i l e ,
target. from where, etc. Then i t wi l l
start a countdown. I stopped i t before
z er o bu t I was wonde r i ng , cou l d
someone rea l l y l aunch t he mi ssi l es?
I sn' t t here a human factor i nvol ved?
I f you know about t hese systems, or
know anyone who does, pl ease wr i te
me some notes on t hem. Ter ac traces
a l l ca l l s comi ng i n, and both systems
h a ve a r t i f i c i a l i nt e l l i g e nce t o some
extent . Terac accepts ROM dumps but
MOUS doesn' t . MOUS doesn' t trace or
a nyt h i n g a nd t h e two syst ems a r e
l i nked. ( You wi l l not f i nd out by usi ng
t hem-I di dn' t . ) But if you get busted ( I
di d) , t hey wi l l usua l l y j ust tel l you to
stop ca l l i ng.
Al so, have you guys f i gured out how
NASA ci pher s a l l t hei r sh i t ? I can get i n
but I can' t read anyt hi ng.
First of all, we appreciat e your
st opping t he countdo wn. Second,
since your letter didn't bear a Yale
postmark, we assume it ' s seri ous.
Somehow you managed to get through
o2 le vels o f access to t he missil e
launching program and you're asking
us O WE know anything about these
systems? Either this is an incredible
case of exaggeration or it 's another test
of our pat riot ism (will 2ó00 help
overthrow the government or will we
run and tell the good guys about the
bad guys without ever suspecting that
they're really one and the same, etc. ).
On the off chance that what you're
s a y ing is t r ue , y o u ' r e b e t t e r o ff
showing us what these systems can do
rather than waiting until it 's too late or
telling the wrong person. Anonymity
guaranteed
M V9ry bD9CÍ8lÅuDD9r
Õ0Bf ×DÛÛ.
N o w t h a I J e r r y F a l we l l h a s
di sconnected hi s 80 numbr, cal l er s
mav wi sh to di al t he Nat i ona l Ri f l e
AS�lc i a t i on at 800- 368- 5 7 1 4. They
on l y a n swer between 8 : 30 and 5
Eastern Ti me, Monday t hrough Fr i day.
B u t t h e t i r m t h a t d o e s t h e i r
tel emarket i ng Lan be reached 24 hour s
a day at 80- 535- 310.
What a wonderful publc service . . . .
Ïal9S OlM8Ck9rS
L0BfZDÛÛ.
Enc l osed Í b a not h er n ewspa per
art i cl e about someone hacki ng Mel
codes and gett i ng caught after t he ca l l s
were t raced back t o h i s apart ment . To
top it off, he al so got busted for t he pot
pl ants on hi s ba l cony. Some peopl e
n e v e r l e a r n f r o m ot h e r p e op l e ' s
mi stakes and seem to have to f i nd out
f i rst - hand.
I fou nd a goody i n An Introduction t o
ÎuÌ Ì(t su-µt(| Î Ìu(Ì(t
s|uÌ(ÍOi ì µ -U tLutcC cOUt-
Î I· e nv � n 0 ' • |�· �¶ n· I - r · ·- · · · ¯ ` •
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s-
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· r¤ · ! -¶ | t m ³l ' | A( v · | Þ \ a ø · \
• ' ²\ P | n l -· I ot | ø t � - 4¤ c a · •· 1 w t h · × ·
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wh r- ntæ' ¬ � -9 ·mw u= Lm hv om
| t ¹ l / / l l l / I t ' t l ( ¹ l l l lt ´ \ l ]¹ (!v()
Srig / 988 2600 . \ 1agazie Page Z°
LETERS OF THE SPRI NG
� Opera t ing Syst ems p u b l i s h ed by
�Addi son-Wesl ey, a short PUI proram
¯ to l ock up a computer r unni ng under
� OS/360.
� REVENGE : PROCEDURE OPTI ONS
¯( MAI N, TASK);
� WAIT( EVENT) ;
- END REVENGE;
� Supposedl y t hi s makes the computer
¯wai t for somethi ng that won' t happen
:: and ti e up the system. I have not had an
�opport uni ty to test i t mysel f.
TeHoeC|aw
MdvÍC9 W8nl90
DearZõ00.
I have recentl y subscri b to your
magazi ne because I am start i ng an " on
cal l " personnel busi ness, screeni ng
potent i al empl oyees.
F r a n k l y , I a m q u i t e n e w t o
computers, but a m deter mi ned to get a
set - up wh i ch wi I I enabl e me to conduct
busi ness from my home.
I am wonder i ng i f t her e are any
peopl e around who coul d hel p me i n
thi s regard by tel l i ng me what software
to purchase and how to gai n access to
p u b l i c r e c o r d s i n a l l s t a t e s , f o r
background check purposes.
Some of t he types of t hi ngs I want to
access a r e cou nt y r ecor ds, f eder a l
court records, worker' s comp records,
and dr i ver records.
The process through the mai l (whi ch
most gover nment a l agenci es make
ava i l abl e) is ver y sl ow.
I am al so i nterested i n obtai ni ng any
other personal background i nformati on
( c r e d i t h i s t o r y , m i l i t a r y r e c o r d s ,
assets) .
I f there i s a publ i cati on wi th access
codes, etc. , pl ease l et me know abut it,
beca use I r ea l l y want to get t hi s
busi ness goi ng.
It sounds as if you want to bypass the
system and do things efficiently. Ofen
this means bending or even breaking
the laws. You won't get anywhere O
Page 26 260Magazie Sprig IÝðð
you depend on publications that print
access codes. You want exclusive
access to your sources. If you have to
share this access with anyone who can
get their hands on a pUblication, it just
won' t be effective. We distribut e
information but there is a limit t o how
far we can go. I f we were t o print
passwords or codes (despite the fact
that it 's illegal) so many people would
use them that they would soon get shut
of or monitored very closely For that
kind of information and the kind we
suspect you're after, you need to make
personal contacts- through the mail,
on the phone, on bulletin boards, or on
the street. You'll have to use your
instincts insofar as who you trust and
what informat ion appears valid. If
we' ve misread your question and you
actually want to do this by the book,
we're sure it 's pOSSible. Simply go
through the agencies involved But as
you've already noted that tends to be
slow, and quite ofen expensive.
LllÞOD9S 8DdlOlÍlÍCS
DearZõ00.
The i mportance of the 'el ephone i n
moern l i fe became apparent i n the
recent New Hampshi re Pri mary Debate
of t he Democr at i c pa rty . The f i r st
questi on asked by the moerator was
d i r ect ed at Senat or Pa u l S i mon i n
reference to the Senator ' s proposa l to
put free tel ephones in the homes of
those who coul d not afford them. He
woul d pl ace a two percent t ax on l ong
d i st a nce c ha rges to pay for t h i s
progr am. Bruce Babbi t attempted to
di scredi t the proposal by chal l engi ng
Si mon t o address the broader i ssue of
the def i ci t. Gary Hart tr i ed to i gnore the
subj ect al together but Representati ve
Al bert Gore showed hi msel f to b the
mo s t k n o wl e d g e a b l e " t e l e c o m
enthusi ast " seeki ng the nomi nati on by
attacki ng the Reagan admi ni strat i on' s
po l i c y of l o c a l " a c c es s f e e s " to
subsi di ze l ong di st ance ser vi ce for bi g
b u s i n es s es . Gor e a l so st r essed t h e
need O Í maki ng t el ephones affordabl e
to t he wi dest base of peopl e possi bl e.
Tel ecol 11 may be on the agenda, but
we' r e wa i t i ng for a candi date who wi l l
s u ppor t 2600' s c ampa i gn aga i nst
touch I 0|c fees!
bkÌ OD0BO ÛI0V0 ðDO10 ÜOV
You' ll be waiting a long time unless
y ou s t a r t t e lling t hem about i t .
Politicians *now frightfully little about
high tec' /hey need people like. us to
explam R mthem. A well worded letter
to your-ted official explaining why
the tou�1 tone fee IS a Tipoff may yield
surpTlS! ' results. What have you got
to lose') By the way, if any readers need
the /u('S ÖÍ the touch tone fee, we
sugyesl thumbing through our Í ÜÜ/
Issues
ßOr0 On lh0 oÜÛo
LÐð| z'ÜÜ.
|Cl l JU| B U t he 8038 i ssue i nto the
grou nd or anyt hi ng, but . .
1'CI CL8038 lS st i l l I n pr ouct i on and
Í B| | | y CdSy t o get I f you J ust l ook a round
O bi t
|· J|G| cl c dat a , ca l l ( 408) 996-
b' .i '1U ask lC be SC|\ l l 'c 1 987
Con: ! . Hl ent Dat a Cat a l og
/| I 'CUU| you - a l l have no cont r ol
over what peopl e adver t i se I n your
2600 Marketplace, S 7. 50 for one 8038
i s r i di cu l ous !
HLßLÜ HunlínU
L0ðf ZDÛÛ.
T h e a t t a c h e d i s f r o m Wi l l i a m
Pou ndst on e ' s Bigger Secret s . I ' m
I n t e r e s t e d i n t h e r e f e r e n c e t o
"REMOB" o n page 84 and o n ot her
survei l l ance techni ques.
" The ul t i mate I n phone spyi ng I S
REMOB, r emot e obser va t i o n The
phone company i s sa i d t o have certa i n
secret numbers--ne I S I n I owa-t hat
can be used for l i steni ng i n on ot her
number s. You cal l t ile REMOB number
wi t h a t ouch t one phone, t hen punch i n
t wo acces s codes a nd t h e phone
number you want t o tap- whi ch can be
anyhere I n t he country. The tappi ng
i s done by a sophi st i cated techni que
t l l at does not create Õ tel l t al e cl i ck,
h u m, or beep. I t ' s a l l done a u t o­
mat i ca l l y, Wi t hout a n operator, and
a nyone k n OWi n g t h e n u mber a nd
access codes c a n spy on a nyone
anywhere. "
I don' t reca l l ever seei ng

REMOB

addr essed i n t he newsl et t er . Ca n
anyone add t o i t ?
NM
LDÌODOBÌ 0, NY
We have yet to see specific evidence
of a workmg REMOB. But we do believe
their existence is possible, certainly
from a technical view. It 's doubtful that
one syst em could spy on numbers
across t he country because of the
. many different systems still in use. If
and when al of the phone networks
become integrated, such a concept will
be very possible. For now we will ofer
a reward of > l C for the first person
who comes forward with a working
resident i al REMOB. That ought t o
settle matters, une way or the other
Îh0 Õl
0
bal vthaU0
LB
¤
| ZDÜÜ.
I n t he October 1 987 I ssue of ZOC.
you wrote about how peopl e from a l l
over t he wor l d Wi sh t o r u n el ectroni c
bu l l et i n board systems u nder t he name
of Z6C Magazine.
Here are my I deas enl i st the a i d of
hackers a nd phreaks f r om all over t he
wor l d to wr i te a combi ned versi on of
Dl versl - DI AL and F i do for a l l maj or
bra nds of personal comput er s. Second,
si nce t hi S I S supposed t o be l i ke a g l oba l
vi l l age sett i ng of t el ecommuni cat i ons
hobbY i s t s f or t h e Commu n i c a t i on s
R e v o l u t i o n , v' y n ot s u b t i t l e I t
Foundat i on aft er Dr . I saac Asi mov' s
| : ·/ / / / / / / i(u( I l l l lt\ l ¡a:)
,ring ÍYðð 2600 . 1 1agazine Page 27
LETERS
|co· / / |nµcJ)too¡·c /·µspage)
Foundation novel ?
Because what you are t ryi ng t o do i s
gat her peopl e and dat a together t o
create a di gi tal sanct uary f or ensur i ng
f r eedom of speech , espec i a l l y now
si nce advanci ng technol ogy al l ows us
t o use t hat basi c freedom t o reach more
peopl e t han ever before. That i s sort of
what the Foundation novel was about .
I hope t he hackers and phreaks of the
wor l d are wi l l i ng to wri te t hi s much
needed BBS soft wa r e, beca use too
ma ny of us a r e kept a p a r t by t he
tel ephone systems of our count r i es.
For i f we really wi sh to l ear n and f i na l l y
control, we need common p l aces
where we can go t o draw on and t hen
expand our knowl edge.
The NATO Assi ati on
We need as many methods and
channels of reaching people around
the globe as our imaginations permit.
The computer It elecommunications
revolution can be mankind's salvation
or doom. We're helping to make that
decision.
# Þ #
Got a letter for us? Send it to: ZDÛÛ
Letters, lL Box ÜÜ, Middle Island,
WY l l ÜÜÜ.
ÅT&TALLlÅMÜb
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Di al » I f yu hav al .
ready reservd space
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nc| reservd space
Dl al :': '!
• Busy no answr
• Make a mI st ake
• Pr connetI on
Di al '# t o soak wI th
cal l er
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ÆfMHfÎ0H Memet$Î
Page 28
ZCÛ i s al ways l ooki ng for i nformati on that we can pass on
to you . Whether i t i s an art i cl e. data. or an i nterest i ng news
i tem-i f you have somet hi ng to offer, send i t to us!
Remember, much of 2600
is written by ÌLU, our readers.
¨].WWCLY|l^UY·|L||SC1 Y HL
Lal l Cu( Cl! | CeC( HHS s!Ca( ( aOOeaOuOl CaC SeOCOS Ua| l !O
×DÛÛ Edi tori al Dept.
Box 99
Middl e I sl and, NY 1 1 953- 0099
( 51 6) 751 - 2600
260 ,\1agazie Sprig 1988
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260 .\lagazie Page ZÝ
H I ¡ ¾ ¡ h O u 0 ¬ V S l 0 m
The next t i me you fi nd yoursel f
cu rsi ng and sweari ng at t he t el e­
p h o n e b e c a u s e i t ' s got t e n t oo
compl i cated and bu r eaucrati c l at e­
l y
,
keep i n mi nd t h at i t coul d be
worse. You coul d be at t he State
Uni versi t y of New York at Stony
Brook.
Be i ng re l at i ve l y cl os e t o o u r
off i ces, we' ve been abl e t o fol l ow
t hi s st ory rat her cl osel y. We don' t
doubt t h at si mi l ar escapades are
occu rri ng al l over t he cou nt ry and
wi l l cont i nue to do so i n t he futu re.
We' d cert ai n l y l ove t o hear about
t hem.
| nTheBegi nni ng
Up u nt i l 1 987, us i ng t he t e l e­
p h o n e s was v e r y s i mp l e . Th e
phone syst em at Stony Brook was
a Cent rex operated by New York
Tel ephone. Everyone on the cam­
pus used the 246 exchange. To
r each t h e mai n swi t ch board, you
wou l d di al ( 51 6) 246- 5000 f r om
t he out si de wor l d . To reach t h e
ol d , ant i quated UNI VAC comput er
syst em
,
you' d di al ( 51 6) 246-9000
f rom off campus or 6- 9000 f rom on
campus.
Most of t he phones were rot ary
di al . Cal l ers si mpl y di al ed 9 to get
out si de access u n l ess t hei r l i nes
were restri cted t o on-campus onl y.
I t wasn' t t he best of syst ems by
f ar . It was sl ow and ol d fashi oned.
But i t di d work . And most peopl e
h ad l i tt l e t roubl e u nderst andi ng i t .
Event ual l y t hough , everyone knew
t h at t h e re wo u l d h ave to be a
change.
I n 1 986, t h e u ni ve r si t y began
i nst al l i ng a brand new phone sys-
Page J0 260 Magazi
Sprig IÝðð
t em: t he ROLM CBX I I 9000. Thi s
woul d be t he syst em t o br i ng t he
campus i nto t he i nf or mat i on age,
wi t h u s ef u l f e at u r e s a n d h i g h
speed dat a capabi l i t i es.
There woul d be a t r a nsi t i onal
peri od . The 246 exch ange wou l d
be phased out ove r a peri od of two
y e a r s a n d t h e 6 3 2 e x c h a n g e
woul d b e created. The nei ghbori ng
Uni versi t y Hospi t al ( usi ng t he 444
exchange) wou l d swi t ch f rom i t s
Nort hern Tel ecom SL- 1 swi t ch t o
t he ROLM syst e m i n 1 987. Th e
ent i re campus, st udent dormi t ori es
t he l ast to go, woul d be cut over t o
the ROLM system by Fal l 1 988.
But i t di dn ' t wo rk out i n qui t e
t hat way.
Of cou rse, no o ne i n t hei r ri ght
mi nd woul d expect such a proj ect
t o be 1 00 percent on schedu l e .
But not even t he pessi mi st i c were
abl e to predi ct t he i ncredi bl e range
of probl ems and f oul - ups t hat t he
ROLM t el eph on e syst e m wou l d
bri ng to Stony Brook.
To start wi t h, a cerai n amount
of " c u l t u r e s h ock " h a s to b e
e x pect ed wh e n e v e r s omet h i n g
new i s i nt roduced. Thi s i s why it i s
e s s e nt i a l f or s o met h i ng l i ke a
phone syst em to be easy to grasp
as wel l as l ogi cal . Unforu nat el y,
t he ROLM syst em has been nei ­
t her , at l east not f or most average
peopl e.
Th e fi rst si gn of t roubl e came i n
t h e f o r m of a me mo f ro m t h e
Commu ni cat i on s Deparment at
t h e u n i v e r s i t y . Al l a n swe r i n g
mac h i n e s , mod e ms , s p e a k e r ­
ph ones , and anyt h i n g el s e t h at
I t 0 u l 0 S u ^ t 2 h l mu l 0
hooked i nt o a t el ephone woul d not
work on t h e new syst em- - at l east
not wi t hout an expensi ve di gi t al t o
a n a l o g co n v e r s i o n d e v i c e . So
eve rybody h ad t o conf orm t o t h e
same syst em.
Modem u s e rs h ad t o obt ai n a
speci a l devi ce t h at hooked t h e i r
co mput er i nt o t h e " modem pool " .
Al l dat a cal l s h ad t o be p l aced
t h rough t h e mode m pool a nd no
l o n g e r f r o m i n d i v i d u a l i i n e s .
I ncomi ng cal l s were more compl i ­
cat ed . Cal l er s coul d no l onger j ust
di al t h e phone nu mber of t h e com­
put e r t h e y want ed . Th e y wou l d
h ave to di al 632- 8000 to connect
t o t h e modem pool and t h en e nt er
anot h e r f i ve- di gi t number bef o r e
bei ng connect ed.
I n s t e ad of u s i n g a n s we r i n g
machi nes, everyone was f orced t o
use t he ROLM Phonemai l Syst em,
¨l/Srcµ(hed/ hc ¡(/n/ � t hc/c
Í a·caa hcOI/uV /hc ¡h·u:
r/nvo / usa+a/ /cas/a///·J·}
/ b: / / m( · (mc / h/nv V((S
u r(uvs(m(\hCr( a/o· /g/ h:
//u: .
a voi :e me s s age syst e m t h a t i s
f a i r l y f l e x i b l e , b u t n o t a l ' U C
e p l ac e me nt f o r o n e ' s ow n
answe ri ng mach i n e. Messages OD
get l ost , mai l box es get f u l l mu c h
f a s t e r t h a n a n swe r i n g mac h i n e
t apes, t h u syst em i s easy t o br eak
i nt o ma i n l y d u e t o t h r e e - d i g i t
def au l t p a s swords a n d t h e f act
t h at Ph o n emai l pr ovi des a f ai r l y
compl et e l i st i ng of mai l box ext e n­
s i o n s af t e r h e a ri ng a f ew s t ar s
f ro m a t ouch t one phone. Pl us t h e
very si mpl e f act t h at i t j u st i s n' t
t ar l gi bl e .
To l eave a message f or some­
O 0 0 , Í '1 o cal l er h ad t o ei t h er di al
t h e n u mbe r t hat was hooked i nt o
Ph on emai l o( a nu mber t h at f or­
war de d t o P h o n e ma i l . Or t h e y
cou l d di al 6:2- 660 1 and ct l oose
t h e f i ve- di gi t ext e nsi on t hey want ­
ed t o l e ave a me s s age f or . To
ret ri eve messages , t he Phonemai l
s u bscri be r wou l d d i a l 632- 660 0 ,
ent er h i s ext e nsi on ( o r name) , and
password. Not qui t e t he same as
pus h i ng a butt on on an answeri ng
machi ne. The advant age of cour se
i s t hat messages cou l d be h eard
f ro m any l ocat i o n . The di sadvan­
t age | S t hat t hey coul d be h e ard by
any person
NO|Ð Î|OD| ÐRS
On mo st key p h o n e s ( o f f i c e
p0on es wi t h seve ra l l i ne but t ons) .
y ou wou l d ans wer t h e ph0 n e by
pi cki ng up t h e recei ver a no pu nc h
i ng i n t h e r ngi ng l i ne butt on. 1|3l
i s k nown as u l ogi cal , not t o me n­
t i o n t r a d i t i o n a l , way of do i n g
t h i ng s . Wh y t h e R OL M p eo p l e
C0OS0 l 0 3D30OO0 t h i s S' |O 0 W0y
of an s we r i n g t h e ph o ne | S CO ¯
pl et el y O0yD'O u s A s Ol f i :0 wor k­
ers and prof es so rs t h roughout t h e
campus h ave f ou n d out , pi :ki ng u p
t h e phone t h e " ol d" way wi l l i mme¯
di at el y di sconnect t h e cal l er .
I t | S t r u e t h at t h e u n i v e r s i t y
/:o/||/µ?do / /?x|µag?)
Sprig ÎYðð Z0M .Hagazie Page JI
H I ¡ ¾ ¬ V S l 0 m MO t t O t S
-- of f e red t rai ni ng cl asses on how t o
� u s e t h e new ph on es wh e re t h i s
` c h a n g e i n p h o n e l o g i c wa s
� emphat i cal l y poi nt ed out . And i t i s
� t r ue t hat t he 88- page phone manu­
~ al made not e of t he f act on page 4.
� But a g r e at d e a l of peopl e s t i l l
` t hought t hey cou l d answer phones

wi t hout readi ng manu al s or goi ng
= t o cl asses . The real i t y of t he mat-
¯ ter was t hat t housands of potenti al
-: ph on e- answer er s wou l d h ave t o
be t rai ned and retrai ned. And even
t hen, mi st akes wou l d be common.
" I t ' s reached t h e poi nt where I
dread h ear i ng t : e phone ri ng, " an
admi ni st rat i ve of f i ce worker says .
" I ' d say at l east a t hi rd of t he t i me
s o met h i n g g o e s wr o n g s o me ­
whe re al ong t h e l i ne. And a l ot of
t h e c al l e rs get angr y. Who can
bl ame t hem?"
New t el ephone n u mbers we re
as s i g ned o n t h e ROLM syst e m
wi t h l i t t l e o r no i npu t f ro m t h e
p�, one user s. I nst ead of assi gni ng
e as y- t o - re me mb e r n u mber s f or
commonl y di al ed of f i ces an d ser­
vi ces, it was , wi t h few except i ons,
done sequent i al l y--ei t her al phabet ­
i cal l y or by l ocati on. For i nst ance,
campus i nf o r mat i on u sed to be
r e ac h a b l e at 2 4 6 - 3 63 6 . No w,
eve ryo n e mu st r emember 632-
6830.
Under t he ol d syst em, t he cam­
pus radi o st at i on was abl e to pro­
v i d e a s c h o o l c l o s i n g h ot l i n e .
Cal l er s woul d di al a number and
hear a l i st i ng of school s t hat were
cl osed because of adverse weat h­
er . Onl y one cal l er at a t i me cou l d
access t hi s i nf ormat i on.
Under t he new syst em, t hi s ser­
vi ce h ad to be swi t c h e d t o t h e
Ph onemai l syst e m. But becau s e
ROL M h ad n ev e r i n s t al l ed a n y
ki nd o f a l i mi t er on Phonerai l , t h e
e nt i re syst em wou l d g e t t i e d u p
wh e never mor e t h an t e n cal l e rs
di al ed i n . No on e co ul d get i nt o
t h e i r vo i c e ma i l bo x e s or l e a v e
messages . So t h e school cl osi ng
hot l i n e , a n u nd e n i abl y val u a bl e
s ervi ce , was shut down by t h e u n i ­
versi t y.
Ev e n t h e u n i v e r s i t y ' s ma i n
swi t chboard was af f ect ed by t h i s .
They coul d no l onge r put a record­
i ng on when t he swi tchboard was
cl osed because t he same probl em
of overcrowdi ng wou l d occu r . At
pr esst i me , aft e r- h ou rs cal l ers t o
e i t h e r t h e o l d 2 4 6 - 5 0 0 0 ma i n
swi t chboard nu mber or t h e new
689- 6000 mai n swi tchboard num­
ber get a nonsensi cal Phonemai l
recordi ng t hat even gi ves away a
"secret" i nt er nal ext ensi on nu mber
of t he mai n swi t ch board , as wel l
a s t h e h i d d e n | | of t h e i r
Ph on e mai l accou nt l Tec h nol ogy
marches on
Anot her change everyone was
f or ced t o l i ve wi t h was t he deni al
of acce s s t o out s i de operat o r s .
Because t he new syst em uses t i e­
l i nes t o make out si de cal l s, opera­
t ors have no way of veri f yi ng t he
act ual t el ephone number t he cal l er
i s di al i n g f ro m. Acces s t o New
York Tel ephone and AT&T opera­
t ors was t heref ore cut off .
Thi s meant no t hi rd part y, col ­
l ect , or ot h eri se operat or- assi st ­
ed c al l s we r e po s s i b l e . I t al s o
(colll illued Oil page 34)
Page 32 260 Magazie Sprig IÝðð
NLW 0| A|| NG | NSTRUCT| ONS
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SL- ' SYSTEM USERS
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STUOENT DORMI TORY CENTREX USERS
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Ther 0 Wi l l D0 t l Pl l nes avai l abl e lor t hose user s Wi t hout Unl i mi t ed
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TELEPHONE REPAI RS FOR ROLM SYSTEM USERS
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chan, L |æl ln o v| te|eDhe S O Ui s k¤ nust
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TæWo � Fwæmm 0Omro
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THE S E I N C R E DI B L E I N ST Rl : CTI ONS APPEARED I N THE STATE
l : N I V E R S IT Y OF N E W Y O R K AT S T O N Y B R OO K ' S T E L E P H O N E
DI R ECTOR Y AS T HE ¯ ÎV ROL M P HON E S Y S TE M V^¬ B E I NG
I NSTALLED, WE CHALLENGE ANY OF m: R READERS TO SHOW l : S AN
EASI ER WA Y TO S l l MMON AN AMBl ' LANCE THAN DI ALI NG l ¿¿- Ì·ðððð.
^Dlu9 / 988 2600 . ¹Í020ZuP Í02P33
1h 0 HIl ½ I0 I I 0 µ 0 Ia mp u s
(Cni inued lrm fla?e 32)
me a nt t h at n o n - d i rect - d i a l a b l e
over seas cal l s were i mpossi bl e.
Tech ni cal l y , t he campus operator
can hook cal l ers up to a real oper­
at or , but i s r e l u ct ant to do t h i s
most of t h e t i me. Besi des, campus
operators are gone at 4 : 30 pm and
al l of t he weeken d. Si nce St ony
Brook co ns i st s of a ver y l arg e
nu mber o f f orei gn st udent s who
need t o cal l st range cou nt ri es at
wei rd hours , we can onl y hope t hat
when t he dormi tori es are hooked
i n l ater t hi s year , operators wi l l be
acce s s i b l e . I f s o me t h i ng i s n' t
c h a nged by t h e n , a n i ncr edi bl e
hardshi p wi l l f ace s u c h st udent s.
Th e o n l y possi bl e way t o make
such c a l l s wi l l be by d roppi ng
money i n a payphon e ( cal l s cannot
be charged t o t he 632 exchange)
or by f i ndi ng anot h er number t o
ch ar ge t h e c al l t o f ro m a pay­
phone.
But operat or s ar e on l y one of
t he basi c servi ces t hat have been
deni ed to u ser s of Stony Brook' s
ROL M s y st e m. Th e 9 7 6 d i al - i t
exchange i s u nreachabl e f rom any
phone. Thi s i s becomi ng common
i n i nsti tut i ons, but t he fact remai ns
t h at t h e re ar e man y l egi t i mat e
u ses f or di al -i t servi ces . A si mpl e
t ask l i ke sett i ng a cl ock i s now
very t i me consumi ng and f rust rat­
i ng. And when t he dormi tori es are
cut over, wi l l al l st udents be pro­
h i bi t ed f rom di al i ng Sport sphone
or t hei r horoscopes from t hei r own
phones?
Equal access ri ght s have been
al l but deni ed to t he phone users.
The syst em wi l l not al l ow you to
pl ace a cal l t h rough a carri er of
choi ce u nl ess t he 950 exchange i s
used, i n whi ch case t he cal l can' t
be bi l l ed to the ori gi nat i ng nu mber.
And t he 950 exchange i s u nreach­
abl e except on l i nes wi t h l ong di s­
t ance access. Thi s i s stupi d
,
si nce
950 i s t ol l -free and al l ows cal l ers
t o c h a r g e c a l l s t o t h e i r own
accou nt s. Tol l -f ree 800 nu mbers
,
on th e ot her hand, are accessi bl e
on al l out si de l i nes. I t seems obvi ­
ou s t h at t he programmers don' t
u nd e r st and t h e concept of 950
n u mbe rs . As a r esu l t , t h e end
users are i nconveni enced .
Some l ocal exchanges are al so
u n reachabl e because t he peopl e
who prog r am t he swi t ch h ave n' t
got t e n ar ou nd t o ent er i n g t h e m,
despi t e nu merous remi nders and
r e qu e st s f r om u s e r s . The 474
,
476, and 696 exchanges have al l
be e n a ro u n d f o r ma n y mo n t h s
now. Wi thout a l ong di stance l i ne,
you c a n not acce s s t h e s e l ocal
exchanges.
Ni ghtm3reS
Bu t f a r a n d away t h e wo r st
aspect of t he ROLM CBX at Stony
Brook i s the outages. Despi t e t he
fact t hat t hey' re not supposed t o
happen , t hey do . Qui te f requent l y.
Somet i mes onl y f or a coupl e of
seconds, somet i mes f or a coupl e
of hours.
U nd e r t he ol d Ce nt r e x , you
cou l d al ways get a di al t one. Even
if t he power went out , t he phone
l i nes were t her e. Now, whenever
somet hi ng goes wrong , everyhi ng
i s f roze n . No i ncomi ng cal l s. No
o u t go i n g ca l l s . No o n - c a mpu s
Page J 260 Magazie Sprig IÝðð
l n c o m p r c h c n · ì b | c H u r c a u c r a l | c M c · ·
c a l l s . No d at a co mmu n i c at i o n s
( re member , eve ryt h i ng h a s t o go
t h r o u g h t h e mod e m p o o l ) . No
i nt ercoms ( t he phone syst em now
i n co r po r a t e s t h e s e , t o o ) . N o
a n swe r i ng mac h i n e s ( t h a n k s t o
Ph one mai l ) . Compl et e and t ot a l
i nt e gr at i o n . Co mpl et e a n d t ot a l
par al ysi s .
R ec e n t l y , U n i v e rs i t y Hos pi t al
h ad a seri ous outage . Nobody was
abl e to di al anyt hi ng. Event ual l y, i f
not al ready , t h i s syst em wi l l cl ai m
some l i ves .
Occasi onal l y, i n t he words of a
ROLM swi tch room empl oyee, pr e­
vent at i v e mai nt e n a nce r eq u i r e s
t h e phone syst em t o come down.
And t h at i s where t he e ngi neeri ng
and h u man perspect i ves of t el e­
ph ones come i nt o co nf l i ct . Phone
syst ems can not be t r eat ed as i f
t hey wer e l arge , mu l t i - u s e r co m­
pu t e r syst e ms t h at occ as i on al l y
cras h . Ph on e s are dl f f er ent - - t h e y
are vi t al and per sonal .
OSÐ| ÐSSDÐSS
To t h i s day, t he vast maj or i t y of
ph one u se r s do not use most of
t h e f eat ures of the phone syst em,
ei t h er because t h ey h ave no i dea
of how t o u s e t h em or becau s e
t h ey h ave no desi re to . As a resul t ,
most of t h e phones have at l east
f ou r compl ete l y u se l ess butt ons on
t hem. I f t he user want s a di ff erent
conf i gurat i on of but t o ns i ncorporat ­
i ng t h ose f eat ure s , t h at t h ey :a/
u s e , t h ey' re t ol d t h at i t ' s " not possi ­
bl e" . That ' s not wh at ROLM O|t he
u ni ve rsi t y sai d bef or e t he syst em
was i n s t a l l e d . R OL M i t s e l f h a s
i n h i bi t ed t h e pot e nt i a l o f i t s own
syst em by di scou ragi ng user pro­
gr ammi ng .
Th e most usef ul f eat u re on t h e
s yst e m i s t h e Re pe rory Di a l i n g
button . I t ' s l i ke a s peed di al button
except i t can be progra mmed t o
i ncorporat e B' l ki nds of ot her f ea­
t ures . I n ot her words , one " repdi al "
button can dupl i cat e any ot her f ea­
t u r e but t on or combi n e s e v e ra l
f eat u res , or do somet hi ng e nt i rel y
di f f e r ent . A f ew of t h es e but t ons
wou l d al l ow f or great f l exi bi l i t y f or
us ers But get t i ng more t h an one
of t hem i s compl et el y i mpossi bl e .
A pot ent i al l y posi t i ve appl i cat i on i s
t heref ore t ur ned i nto yet more f r us­
t rat i on.
Cal l pi cki ng i s anot h e r f eat u r e
t h at cou l d be usef ul for some I f a
phone i s ri ngi ng and you can' t get
t o i t , you si mpl y hi t t he "pi ck" but­
ton and ent er t he e xt ensi on t hat ' s
r i ng i n g I t wi l l t h e n ma g i c a l l y
a p pe a r o n y o u r l i n e T h e o n l y
probl em wi t h t h i s i s t hat t h ere' s no
st oppi ng i t l As l ong as s omeone
k nows t h e n u mb e r of a ri n g i ng
ext ensi on , t h ey can di ver i t to t h ei r
l i n e. Cal l pi cki ng ca n a l so be u sed
t o s nat ch cal l s t h at a re on h ol d,
al t hough t h at " f eat ure" i s n' t docu­
me nt e d . Th i s k i n d of a f e at u r e
works f i ne i n of f i ces where ever y­
o n e i s p r e s u ma b l y wo r k i n g
t owar ds t h e same goal . But o n a
co l l e g e c a mp u s of mor e t h a n
cU UUU peopl e , t h i s " ki dnap" abi l i t y
i s I I I - consi dered and dangerou s
Al t hough i t h as l ot s of unu sed
pot ent i al , t he fOLM CBX I I ÛUUU
i s , by and l arg e , poo r l y des i gned
f or of f i ces A s i mpl e f eat u r e l i ke
| · · · t | / | t | ( t t ' u ·t | / | : \ / ¡· tiv:)
... pring 1 9XX 2o00 \ Îu2utmr ¡u2r³"
H I¡ N ¬ V S l 0 m H O t t O t S
� di st i nct i ve ri n gi n g i s commo n i n
+t oday' s phone syst ems ; you' l l even
� f i nn i t i n cheap two- l i ne phones at
Radi o Sh ack. But not her e. You
� c a n c h a n g e t h e wa y t h e r i n g
: sou n ds , but a i l l i n e s wi l l sou nd
¯ e x act l y t h e s a me o n t h e s ame
-
.: mul t i - l i ne phon e . You can' t even

t urn one l i ne off and l eave anot her
. � on! The onl y way t o h ave access
NOTE
.¯CC yO'¡ '8v0 ' ' l l 0O l 'C ' CC0' vC' l O
d¯SvC ' d C3| ' . OO '´l D' C33 l 'C | ' ' ¬ ¦.I
l 0' |O| '0 SO W| | | O' 'CO¯'CCl l 'C C 3 ' '
nari os. I t i s vi t al not t o be depen­
dent on any f or m of t ech n ol ogy
because when i t f ai l s, you wi l l be
cri ppl ed. Th i s i s a very basi c rul e
t h at i s be i n g f o l l owed l ess and
l ess. How many of u s h ave l ost
hours of work i nto t hi n ai r because
of a comput e r gl i t ch ? Somet hi ng
as crude as a pri nt ed copy of our
wor k cou l d h av e s av e d us so
mu c h t r o u b l e . C r u d e b ac k u p s
must al so exi st on o u r new phone
syst e ms s o t h at wh e n t h e y do
u npredi ct abl e t hi ngs, we' l l be abl e
t o get access to t he basi cs , l i ke an
out si de di al tone.
What ' s part i cu l arl y u nf oru nat e
i n t he St ony BrookJ ROLM scenar i o
~~~~~~.
~~~~
. i s t he pai r i ng of a h uge corporati o n
t o a l l of t h e l i nes i n your offi ce and
have di st i nct i ve ri ngi ng for each i s
to h ave a di ff er ent i nst ru ment for
each l i ne. Tru l y bri l l i ant .
Fo r t h os e t h at h ave r eal i zed
t hat ROLM doesn' t provi de al l t he
answe rs and causes a good deal
of t h e p rob l e ms , t h e u n i ve rsi t y
admi ni st r at i on bu reaucrati cal l y for­
bi ds users f rom i nst al l i ng t hei r own
syst ems or even i ndi vi dual phone
l i n e s . Th i s c re at es an i nconve­
ni ence- - and a danger .
As we sai d ear l i er , what' s hap­
pened at St ony Brook i s happen­
i ng i n ot h er pl aces . I t represent s
somet hi ng scary about our emerg­
i ng t echnol ogy. Whi l e great t hi ngs
are possi bl e, so are bi g probl ems.
And not hi ng wi l l l ead t o di sast er
qui cker t han an u nwi l l i ngness t o
prepare for t hose worst-case sce-
wi t h a huge bur eaucracy . A si mpl e
hu man bei ng i s no mat ch f or t hi s
u g l y c ombi n at i o n . He i s t h u s
pushed around and forced to al t er
hi s way of doi ng t hi ngs because
t h at i s t h e way i t h a s b e e n
decreed. I n real i t y , h e s houl d be
t he one ru nni ng t he show.
Cl earl y, mor e user pari ci pat i on
i s essent i al , bot h i n t he choosi ng
of a n i nst i t ut i onal phone syst em
and i n i t s operat i ons . These sys­
t ems must be desi gned based o n
comment s and suggest i ons f rom
t he ordi nary users , not j ust t hose
wh o u n d e r st a n d a l l t h e
comput er/phone j argon . The cor ­
porat i ons and t he i nst i t ut i ons have
got t o st ar l i st eni ng and act i n g
swi f t l y t o cor r ect mi st ake s an d
i nadequat e faci l i t i es.
Ot herwi se, an i ncreasi ng num­
ber of us wi l l become di sconnect ­
ed al toget her .
Page J0
&0MMagazie Sprig IÝð
HAPPENINGS
The bi g st ory i n t he phone i ndust ry
l at el y seems to be t he most recent
con�umer craze: cal l bl ocki ng. Thi s i s
basi cal l y a serv i ce t hat shuts off access
t o crtai n dial -i t numbrs , l argel y a
response to t he pornographic serv ices
being offered on many of t hose
numbrs.
I n I daho, t he pl an has been approved
for customers connected t o exchanges
equi pped wi t h di gi t al swi tches. They wi l l
be abl e t o bl ock cl l s t o t he 97o. 4JO.
and 499 exchanges , as wel l as cal l s t o t he
V nat i onwide numbers. For t he fi rst V
days, t here won't b a charge.
I n New Yor k, the plan is to take effect
in Apri l . Cust omers wi l l be able to bl ock
access t o t he 55Oand or 97Oexchanges
wi t hout payi ng a fee for t he first V
days . Aft er t hat , t hey'l l have to pay
between S5and SH. The 55O exchange
current l y handl es group-cal l i ng servi ces.
also known as anonymous conferenc
l i nes. The 97Oexchange wi l l b al tered
to house pri mari l y adul t -oriented
messages. The 97oexchange woul d not
be bl ocked but would not contai n
porographi c mat eri aL as i t does now.
,ew York tel ephone i s al so pl anni ng
t o expand ih d i a l -i t net vor k
t remendous l y. l . ast year, t he) operated
°9 message l i nes. they 're nov pl anni ng
on expandi ng t hat to over ·U
Meanwhi l e. t he House of
Represent at i ves has vot ed agai n�t an
out ri ght ban on so-al l ed "d ia l -a-por"
t el ephone messages. By a vot e of ZUt o
| 79. t he House deci ded i t would Þ
bet t er for ·uc| cal l s to Þ bl ocked
t echni cal l y rat her t han banned
al t oget her. Such a banni ng could be
i nt erpreted as a vi ol at i on of freedom of
speech.
U . S. Wes t has establ i shed a separate
VOI exchange for adul t messages rat her
t han have t hem on | he ²¯Oe xcha nge.
they ai so v on 't pro vi de bi l l i ng and
col l ect i on for t he 9o| servi ce. al t hough
t hey' l l suppl y \ endors wi th t he
i nformat i on necessary | OdO t hei r |VI
bi l l i ng.
Cust omers i n t hat regi on wi l l a lso be
able to bl oc k ei t her exchange.
Bel l At l ant ic i s creat i ng a separate
exchange for conference services and
adu l t messages. But t hey've deci ded t o
bl od al l cal l s t o t hat exchange unless
t he cust omer requests otherwi se. Thi s
"unbl OCk i ng" serv i ce wi l l b free. I t wi l l
be i nt erest l l lg t o see how many peopl e
wi l l "regist er" t hei r pornographic cal l s
wi t h t he phone company.
AT&T i s el i mi nat i ng fnanci al
i ncent ives t o vendors who lease i ts dial -i t
serv ice l i nes i n t he 90 area code. Thi s i s
seen as an attempt t o el i mi nate t he
pornographi c servi ces t hat are found
t here.
throughout al l of t his , everyone
seems agreed upon one poi nt . Phone
compani es cannot refuse to t ransmi t
messages regrdl ess of t hei r cont ent . the
const i t ut i onal guarantee of free speech
does not al l ow for t hi s. When wi l l we
start t o appl y t hi s to comput ers,
speci fi cal l y comput er bul let i n boards?
4 4 4
Recent l y, t he Supreme Court ruled
| nu| st ude( �t newspapers coul d be
censo|cd D\ ·t¡ .¡t| admi ni st rat ors
wi t hout i nt erl enng wi t h anyone 's
freedom of s peech. We're damned if we
can l igun out hov t hi s is possi bl e. Vc
u | -O t hi nk comput er hackers and
t echni ca l l y l i t erate peopl e can l end a
\ al uabl e hand in chal l engi ng t hi s
dangerous precedent .
How many of us have access t o
computers and pr i nt ers t hese days' ) ,ot
enough. hut undoubt ed l y a growi ng
number . her) k i d goi ng t o school today
t hat has a comput er a nd a pr i nt er i n hi s
home or e\ en i n hi s school i s a potent i al
newspaper ed i t or . Even somet hi ng as
c rude as a one page dot mat r i x pri nt out
LU I be ttu· | dc|cd a news l etter . Hccuu·t
t| t hi s . | | · ·uddcu| \ | uLed | Ol \ easy t o
put (l ut a ncv · l c| | c| and di st ri but e i t i n
;choo! . `ud what can be done about i e)
\c|\ | i | | | c . s hort O| mart i al l aw.
|((t i / / / / ut'u (ll rt c·\/¡agc)
Sprig 1988 2600 .Uagazie Page 37
HAPPENINGS
I n this way, we can use technology to
express ourselves openly and keep from
bing manipulate and silenced. If you
thi nk you're cpable of publishing such
a newsletter, do it. Encourage others to
j oin you or compete with you. Ofer to
use your computer to help give a voice
to others t hat may not have computer
access. You don't need school money
anymore. You don't need school
permission. All you need is imagination
and a wi l l i ngness to grab your rights.
There are plenty of other people who
want them.
•••
Drug dealers t hat use bepers have
been having some embarassing
moments. A New Jersey dealer had been
arrested on cocaine charges when his
beper went off, di splaying the number
of the person cl ling. Pol ice clled the
number and talked to a gentleman who
wished to purchase drugs. And guess
what those clever cops did?
llle beper is currently sitting on the
Camden County Prosecutor's desk. I t 's
still getting cl l s and the police are stil l
returing them. "We l ive in a high-tech
society, " a police officer mused.
"Criminals are j ust as aware of that as
we are. These guys are sophisticted.
They work very hard at their trade,
i l legal as it may b. "
•••
We've al l heard somethi ng about
computer viruses by now, most of it
undoubtedly inaccurate. Israel,
Pakistan, the United States-they're in
existence in al l kinds of placs. And they
cn screw things up pretty goo. We're
working on getting an in-epth aricle
on vi ruses, complete with examples,
together for a future issue. In the
meantime, there is no reason to panic.
The only people who will have their l ives
ri ned by computer viruses are those
that don't take basic safeguards such as
backing up and printing out. Once you
bcome completely depndent on a
computer, any computer, it's only a
(continued/rom pre\' ious page)
matter of t ime before a valuable lesson
comes your way.
•••
O,V AT&T customers i n New Jersey
are bi ng sent Í Û extra copies of the
AT&T credi t crds t hey ordered. Lst
mont h, a runaway computer at AT&T's
credit card center in Piscataway sent
out, i n separate envelopes, the extra
cards.
Thi s is apparentl y what happened:
Some customers complained that they
had ordered cards and not received
them. To find out if there were more
such people, AT&T technicians searched
the card division's computer fles and
came up with a list of about J,Ü names
and addresses. The l ist was "run" on an
AT&T computer one day in late
Decembr to produce electronic orders
for the cards. The list should then have
ben taken out of the computer. I nsted,
it was left in and cont i nued to run for Í Û
more days, generating orders for about
Í Û,Ü unneeded cards a day.
People who ordered crds got their
order, times Í Í . So people who asked for
one got eleven, those who asked for two
got ZZ, etc. Altogether, nearly Í Ü,U
unwanted cards are crawling through the
postal service, each in their own
envelope .
•••
Our heartiest congratulations t o Te
Wall Street Journal, for adopting the
Z000 approach to telephones. A recent
article about hotel phones noted t hat
most hotels use ti mers to charge for
cal l s. The timers, according to the paper,
don't cl ick on until about 4J seconds
after t he caller picks up t he phone. "I f
you cal l home and say ' I 'm here, ' and
hang up i mmediately, you probably
won't b charged, " the Joural quotes a
major hotel senior vice president. "I
wouldn't want t hat t o get much
publ icity, but i t's t rue. " The article also
notes that hotels remove telephone
(collinued on page 40)
Page 3S
260Magazie Sprig 19SS
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Sprig 1 988 260 ' \ fagazie Page 39
HAPPENINGS
(cntinuedIrl l l page 38)
charges whenever a guest disputes them.
Few guests do this, however.
4 4 4
Bell Canada Enterprises I nc. has gone
and changed thei r name to BCE I nc. as
of January Í . They are the parent of Bel l
Canada, the nati on\; largest telephone
ut i l i ty. Let 's hope it 's a change for the
better ..
4 4 4
U. S. Spri nt sti l l can't seem t o get its
bi l l ing system i n order. Customers sti l l
repor not getti ng bi l ls or getti ng bi l ls
with months' wort h of calls on them.
Ot her customers get warning letters
saying they haven't paid their bi l l s when
i t's actually Spri nt that hasn't gotten
around to processing them. Acording
to some sources, Sprint has ben careful
not to send warni ng letters to big
customers, regardless of what their
records say. So onl y t he small pople are
fal l i ng victim to that blunder.
4 + 4
And fi nal l y, i n what i s perhaps one of
the most unfai r moves New York
Telephone has made in a whi le, cl lers
who ask a New York Telephone
operator for t he locati on of an exchange
are now switched to an information
operator, for whi ch there is a charge.
For the t ime bi ng, t hey wi l l war you
t hat t hey're doi ng thi s. In the near
future, t hey11 j ust do i t, according to a
supervisor. It seems a clear and
successful attempt at robbing the
consumer, who as usual is kept totally in
the dark. For those t hat wish to avoid
fal l ing into thi s trap, we sugest cl l i ng
an AT&T operator ( dial () who wi l l
provide the i nformati on for the proper
cost : nothi ng.
Page 4
260MagazU Sprig IÝðð
OSUNY
¿bÜÜ ÜÜh P1
Mvai/le 2 hous a dy with a wi
rage of iforatin on comuters,
telhones, mhackig.
CALL TOUAYl
9¡4-725-40ô0
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WOU LD YOU L I KE TO ^^ Ì Ì c l l t t Wa T e f o r I B M c o mpa t i b l L' .: n d
SO:l E MO�EY? Bi h moncy' '.nJ .. ' l .) c- Co
m
pa | i bl L n1l� L' m. I f you a rc
bu· | |· . · --- | .. J '. `. ¬ L | o.
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Mi c h L' 1 l ' . , Ri d l L- v | ':k, l/ l ·¹ ' ' ¯ ¬ r cp| . . - t o "¡:k l. , l'. l. lox ¯'¬`, lor|
1h| - p| an i s compl et el y |lC/L. | l J r·n, `¡ l 1o`' ¹ ! -¯`¬z.
FOR SALE: ¬.|cmo| | .- lOr rCO, crc.· n, FOR SAIL |k| dat d Mi crol i nc ¬Z tCr-
l| uc · n d n.¡ n\ o| hcr - |l ea sc wri t e for s o n a l p r i n t " t I ncl ude s ma n u a l for
| n |o | o ] · .rc - 'ur n.: , + !¬ || ch lì .· J | n - | r u. | . o n - l- I a . dl y
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QUA L I TY TAP RE P Rl iT S , t. - | : :.· 11. 1 t t Ke l l y, ` l '¹ I s be l l ,
C( l mp i L' t l' · . | ( # 1 - 9 1 ) p u n . h e J . · J i l O l\ l' I I , 11 [ · I KI ] .
bl l u n d . Hi gh ., J .¡ | . . v , ( l pi es wi t h · | | b ÌLÌ BOX l iC? Let ' s excha nµe i n t u
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.''g / 988 2600 . \ 1agazine Page 41
AT&T/BOC
Th p f 0 l I ow l n 0 . ¯ a l i s t of r 01 l t i rl g c o r p s !¡ ¯ t t1 by AT& T � |i d L? ¡ ¡
npp r a t i ng ´Oü01 | Ì 0 5 | bU¯ l t h � t you c a n Ì) ¡ u � l O x L 0 . h 0 3 î C ´´ ¯ ¨ � I t
u � t � b y d i a l l n 1 K P 4 NrA . X X X � S T , whp r e X X X = t h p r n d e , P X [ P p t whr r e
n o t e d . Th� r e 3 I 0 n o l e s a t t �ch e d a f t e r t h i s l i s t . Cod e s ma r k e d
w i t h d : a r e Il n f am i l i d l t o us .
0 0 0 R d t e Q u a l e S y s t e m ( ROS ) ( 1 )
0 0 1 - 0 0 5 S pa r e ( 2 )
0 0 6 - 0 0 8 R e s e r ve d ( 3 )
0 0 9 ROS
0 1 0 R e s e r ve d
U I I I n t e r na t i o na l Or i g i na t i o n To l l Ce n t e r ( I OTC I ( 1 5 1
0 1 4 ]¤Ï S w i t c h i ng P l a n ( Ca nada ) ( 1 )
0 1 5 - 0 7 1 c pa r e
0 7 2 0 7 9 R e s e r ved
' H J 0 8 1 S pa r e
0 8 2 - 0 8 7 R e s e r ved
0 8 8 S pa r e
0 8 9 R e se r ve d
0 9 0 - 0 9 9 S pa r e
1 0 0 P l a n t Te s t - ba l a nce t e r m i na t i on
1 0 1 P l a n t Te s t - t e s t boa r d
1 0 2 P l a n t Te s t - M i l l i wa t t I O O 0 ( 1 0 0 4 h t z l
1 0 3 P l a n t Te s t - s i g na l i ng t e s t t e r m i na t i o n
1 0 4 P l a n t Te s t 2 - wa y t r a ns mi s s i o n d | 0 | 0 Ì S ^ t ^ s t
1 0 5 P l a n t Tes t - Aut oma t i c Tr a n s mi s s i o n Meas u r i ng S y s t e m/ R e mo t e O f f i c e
Te s t L i ne ( ROTL )
1 0 6 P l a n t Te s t - CeSA l oop t r a n s m i s s i o 0 t e s t
1 0 7 P l a n t Te s t pa r me t e r g e ne r a t o r
1 0 8 P l a n t Tes t - CCSA l oop e c h o s li ppo r t ma i nt e na nce
1 0 9 P l a n t Te s t - echo ca nce l e r t e s t l i ne
1 1 0 - I I l Ope r a t o r Cod e s
1 1 5 Ope r a t o r Leave Wo r d
1 1 6 Ï Dvð t d UA
1 2 0 N e t wo r k Eme r g e ncy ¯0 D L 8 t | + I
1 2 1 I nwa r d Ope r a t o r ( 9 )
1 2 2 AT&T R ead y l i ne I N WATS ( 4 )
1 2 3 - 1 3 0 R e s e r ved
1 3 1 D i r e c t o r y kss i s taace
l 1 ì I 1 ! R e s e r ve d
1 ) 8 í UUU I u t Equa l Acce ss | ! l
1 ) 9 - 1 4 0 R e s e r ved
1 4 1 Ra t e and Rout e ( 1 0 )
1 4 2 1 4 7 R e s e r ved
1 4 8 P ¯ i D ! S DOL o n an NPA- He r mos i I l o , Me x i co | ' I
1 4 9 | 0 5 � t V0 0
I ' 0 Ca b l e Cont r o l ( S a t e l l i t e Avo i dan ce j - Hawa i i | ' I
1 5 1 I n t e r na t i o na l As s i s tance
I ' ¿ I ' 1 R e s e r ved
1 5 8 Ope r , t or As s i s ta nce f or Equa l Acc e s s | ! l
1 6 0 I 0 L t t ud ! Î 0 0d I Ope r d t or Ce n t e r ( l OC I | b I
1 6 1 Tt u n k T r o u b l e Re por t i ng
I - ì · I - ! R e s e r ved
1 6 8 P u i n t s n o t o n a n NPA- Gr e nada
1 6 9 - 1 7 0 R e s e r ved
1 7 1 Po i n t s n o t o n a n NPA- Mon t e r e y . Me x i c o
1 7 2 P o i n t s n ot o n a n NPA� Dom i n i ca n R e pu bl i c , Pue r t o R i co , V i r g i 0
Page 42 260Magazie
Sprig IÝðð
ROUTI NG CODES
I s l d n ds . ( ra nd d a On l y )
1 7 3 R e s P c v h"
1 7 4 '¦ ¡ t· Co n t r o l ( S a t e l l i t e Avo i d a n c e ) ri H l bbe a n
1 7 ' R t : t I V � d
Ì J b P O i n t s n o t o n a n NP A- Me x l ca l i , M e X l . - n
1 7 7 1 7 8 k e s e r ve d
1 7 9 P O i n t s n o t o n a n NPA- G r e na d a
1 8 0 P O I n t s n o t o n d l l N P A- Me x I c o Nu mbe r s
1 8 1 To l l S t .l ti o n
¡ b � I n t t r n... L l o na l S W i t c h i ng Ce n t e r ( I S C ) Wh i t e P . i n s , b | Ì 1 I
1 8 3 I S C h• • Y o r k , BW2 4
1 8 4 I S C P i t t s b u r g h
1 8 ) I S , At l d n l d 0 1 1
1 8 6 I S C S d l r d m� n t o
1 8 7 l S C De n v t r \ S h e r mn Oa k s ? ( 1 5 )
1 8 8 l S | h � w Y o r k , 5 4 5 0
l a g P O i n t s fl o t \ Í1 a n N P A- Me x i c o C i t y , Me x i co
¡ J J | o i (. t : rJ u t o n a n N r A - Me X I C O N un, be r s
. J l '` . n l - t u i. . e l O o p a r o u n d
Ì J I AT' T Ad v d n c e d B U U I n t e r ce p t r � c a [ d i n q f r a me s ( 4 )
1 ' ? R e � e r v e d
I r : Cd b l e Cu n t r o l ( Sd t e i l i t e Avo l dd n c e ) - Gr p nd d a
I ¬ 1 P o i n t s r I o t o n d ll N P A - T i j u J ll d , He x i c o
Ì ¬ ' AT& T Ad v . n ee d 8 0 0 ( 4 )
I J b h T& T I n t . r n a t , o n a l 8 0 0 ( 4 )
1 ' 7 R f s e r ve d
1 9 8 AT& T I n t e r na t i o n a l C l t y S e r V I ce Ce fl t e r ( I CSC )
1 9 9 |J | l c C' J f l t r o l ( S a t e l l I t e Avo l n rl n c e ) A l a : k a
1 9 9 A T & T US A U I t 0 c L | 1 I
1 o r ' d I g i t c o d e s ( 8 )
1 1 � O / 1 1 5 0 1 Un i v e r s a l o r CO I n Ca l 1 bd c k
l Ì � I , I Ì ' Ì ¡ Co n f e r � ll c e Ope r a t o r ¦ I I I
1 1 � 2 , 1 1 S 2 1 Mo b i l e S e r v i c e / A i r U t u u | . d
1 1 5 3 , 1 1 5 3 1 Hd r l n � : e r V l l' e ( 1 2 1
l I � 4 , 1 1 S 4 1 Tu l l Te r r l r, d l
1 l � �J , l I 5 � 1 T l l : , t a | d Ch < f q e s cd l l bd c k
l l rj b , 1 1 S 6 1 h · l · � Ì ´ � ' t Ì u ! ¡ ¦· 1 |
1 1 �, '1 , 1 1 1 7 1 l � T'` d . - .. 3 t r l: fl Y
¡ . � J, 1 1 � d ¡
I l ' . 9 , 1 1 ) 9 1
I ! r.J , ¡ I ( 0 1
l i t. I , 1 1 t 1 1
1 1 6 ! , 1 1 6 ¿ Ì
NnTES :
l | =O ( d
l | . wut 0
|J l ¦ l | . |
CJ Ì I I I I IJ
Cd ! ! l l ]
c o mp l e t l ( , fl d � S J s t d ncp | b'| l
b u � , l i n � V·: ! l | ì c J l ì o 0 | P . |� j
·´u t C \' , d i d d l j , Í l ¯ .! . u Ì j . . I. ·' c ¡ u ! j ¯ t· ' . ¦ | Ì : l
|o t d \'3 Ì I d d l | ´ u lThl c q u I [· 1~ | . L
Ca r J VJ I I J c t l l r, f � l t l f r l.· qU l.· l , c y ( HF ) P q U i Pi1ld, t
| ¡ l Tl� H a t c D u : t e Sys t e m Ì Í m V G l � e r e s po n s e � y � l c u u � !! d O y
" i , � r t l .· r � |. O · d · l l l |. t o u L l n O i n f u r il,. t i n n , Th~ : y: . l t· |i . , ¦ · w ¦ · · | n u
µ' . .. .· : ! , W· �: I I : l.· d O . d n a l t t I n.J t l 'J e t o l . : d l l t , y t l · H t I c � u ¦ t·
o p t r J t o r . (J r, � r a t 0 r � wO u Ì d ky l | . r c O u l r e d [ o u t i n g ! | . | . t ü. u | i . . | l | . � ¬
. ,· | |. .· . i z ·· | . . . w: u ¡ d r e s j· J | . 1
¯
ij | ! �. c �� '_ ` Ì .1 :. t l l ;
O | ·· ! J l ì , 1 . 4 ; , () I �' r d t .: r s n o w o L I .I ! ! , , ' ; l l n 'J 1 1 . L, r lnd t i (, fj r t .m ´'h| l '
. . � L | . .. t t 1 U Ì .
/.· ·· / / |r | | ic·Jfl l rt c·+i]¹uv:)
Sprig /988 2600 . lIagazie Page 43
AT&T/BOC
(cOlli il/ued /ro/ l l prel' iOliS ¡mgc)
To p l ace a ca i l LO t he RQS f i r s t d Í a l :
K P ' NPA ' X X X ' ST whe r e X X X e t he RQS t ou L Í uq cude . Af l e r a w I | K | 3 h O t !
|u t 5 L o f 2 6 0 C h z ) , d i a l I n H F o ue o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
K P . Q Q ' ONPAt NX X ' TNPA' N X X ' S T t o ge t t h e " r a t • • t e p " f o r t he c u r r . n t
t i me o f da y .
K P t O l t ONPA. N X X . TNPA. N X X t S T t o g e t l h e r a I e s t e p f o r a d a y ( S . m- opm ) Ca I Ì .
K P . 0 2 ' ONPA' N X X ' TNPA' NX X ' S T f o r ! he r a t e s t e p o f d n e ve n i n g ( 5pm I l pm l C 3 ¡ I .
K P . O l t ONPAt N X X . TNPA. N X X t ST f o r t h e r d I e s t e p o f a n i g h t ( I ' pm- 8 a m l Cd Ì I .
K P + 0 4 t l We a r e not f ami l i a r w i t h h o w t o u s e t tl l S f e a t u r e , Í t has
t o d o w i t h C3 Ì I 5 I O he X I CO .
K P . 0 5 t NPA' NX X ' S T g i ve s t h e r o u l i ng f o r a Be l l Ope t d l i ug COmµd n y | bÙ| I
i nwa r d ( s e e n o t e l l .
K P t 0 6 t NPAt N X X t S T g i ve s t he r ou t i ng f o r a n AT& T i n wa r d o pe r a t o r | 3 - e
no t e J I .
K P . 0 1 t X X X X X X X ( t ST q l ve s a t one CIi cCK dnd r e ads o f f t he n umbe r s y' ' ' '
j U 3 t d l a l ed .
K P + 0 6 t ? i s u ; ed w i t h En t e r pt i s e a n d Z e n i t h numbe r s . We d t e u 3 t
Li l i a l w i t h t h i s f u nc t i o n .
K P + 0 9 + NPA+ N X X . S T g i ves yOu t h e cu r r 8 n I t i me I 0 ! t he d I e d cude u | . !
e x chan ge yo u rl i a l ed .
l ¿ I Whe n a co�e i s mr K e d S Pd r e , t ha t me a us t ha t t. h e r e Í 5 n o t u ï ï u n t
i r µ | u | . | ·d |ì u ! wOt k w t d t u :aCe . I t : t i l l m3 y Ou u I i l I 2 c d a S O Î1 |· Í ì ¯
� t d ndd t d POTS c x t || d | i qC f o r WATS s e r v Í ce by l ocd l l: ompd n i e s .
| J I Wh e n a code i s ma r k ed r e s e r ved I ! mea n s t h a t ! h 0 t 8 ma y be
µ Ì a |¡ � e O n e t wo r k w i d e us a ge .
| 1 ï Th i s c ode i s u s e d by an AT&T c us t om 5 C t v l C t . I t ly be t h o u ' J h l · |
3 · a c t i ng l i k £ a 5 þc C I ð Ì d t ed c o d e dnd | d �. e 3 t h � | ` Ì I w . | . ·¡ 3 i a l ¦ ' . ¡
f u r ma t : K P t X X I + yyy t yyyy t ST whe r e X X X - i 5 l | . c t o d ·· i i i (l l t � t i ol l y
c a n be a l L Y n u || . L0 t ( 0 ¯ J I .
| � ) Al l " Po i n I s n o t on a n NPA" a nd " Ca b l e Con t r o l " f l l l l ct i u n a s v s e u d o
d t e 3 code s dnd a r e f o l l owe d by a t e l e ph one numbe r .
( 6 1 Ca Ì Ì 5 t o L h8 I OC a r e d i a l ed a s f o l l ows K P . 1 6 0 ' CCC ' S T CCC e Th e
C l lHl t r y c od c ( I . e . 0 4 4 or 1 4 4 f or I | c UK ) . Fo r s l l i p C 3 Ì ¡ n V i d h3 t I 3d t yOu
d i d l d 5 f o l l ows : At l d n t i c 1 6 0 + 8 7 1 , Pd c i f i c 1 6 0 t 8 7 2 , d |i d I nu i d ll
1 6 0 . 8 7 3 .
Page 4 260 Magazie Sprig ÎÝðð
ROUTI NG CODES
| J I ] l ? ¯ ? a r e s pp c l a l c o d e s u 3 e d t o w l t � ¯ q .| 3 ¡ a cc e 3 3 . Th e y ð t e ð S
I O Ì Ì O w5 .
K P t l 3 B t P l r t S T t h e n K p t CC t c c t x x x x x t S T
K P t l , O t P I C t S T
wh l r � | Î | ¯ l ¯ L l ? | t l 01 y C3 r r i P [ c [� d p { i . f . , ' � ¹ ! ¯ { I S g p r i n t , / / ¿
t ) H' I ì . ` ´ ´` ¯ ì ¤ ' r y C ¨ d ? c c = c i t y (' o d e ·3 n t × x x x º ¯ D u r .� r . VC ' t C
n o t S u ! 0 e x a c t l y w h e n a n d wh e t e t hC 5 e ð t e u s e d .
( 8 ) A l ¡ 4 a mC ' C ì C l ! ¨ O� ¯ ¯ a r p d I + l ¯ C a . f o l l r w. : K | I h| Ã ¹ X X X X ¹ S ] ¬ t
Y P + �WA + X X X X X t S T . K e e D i n 1 i uO t h < t n a t e v £ r y c o d e i s i n u 5 e i n
e ve r y MlÀ .
| 3 I T|i ! ¯ t º? ! f 0 r a n A ¯ � T i n w� r d ì ¯ ' i ¯ u 3 l ¡ y K P < NP A < 1 2 1 + 5 T - i n ¯ ¯ NC
�· 1 1 l ! | ' ! ' | ¯ ! · | ¯ 'I � x ' r 1 C I · ¡ ¯ ¯ O ( " � l l p d a Tp r m i na t i n 1 To l l
¦ ¯ | . ' ¯ r | |T' l · r |:· ¤ � ì ¯¤ · ) u · t ² ì l y : ¯ � t· . l | ¬ ¯T¨ i s u ¯ � d t h e
l ¯ r ¬¬ ! Ì .· Y r f N r A + TT( : * 1 7 1 + � T , ¯ · : � ' · 1 ' 1 | ' » +C w i t h r· O ¯ t B'�� you
d | . ¡ Ì � r I Nr A t I 1 5 9 1 + S T l u t l l t t ¨ J t · : ¨ 1� wh ì t h u � 0 a ! 0 t 7� ' o f
r | ¹ ' | A ! TT| ! | ¿ I ! ` ] . ] 3 0 · ' ' | ¯ l | « ¡ ! O r o u t i n g f o r a pa r t I c u l a r
p x r h a T l g p , u s e t h ? b a t t U u O l ? ` y� ' e 1 ,
| I O l ] ' ? n : 1¦� r l . r H 3 t C a u H ¯ · ¦ l ^ W· 1 ` H 'I Ì 1 l | l . I Ì O u L t | i ¯ wð s
G l � � J | ' ì u ¦ ¯ d ¯ ¯ ^· L ì º( I1 3 l y · ) r , w| ¯ | i � | ¯ ] ' | ` O pE T r t o n ; 'l n t �
: · ¯ | ¡u ' ( r ' - ( 1 . | 3 ¡ ra l l p ( ] '¹"| ' � l u p � � h 5 t � t 0 I h 0 t 0 i s an i n w� r d
wh i c h a ¨ L ¯ l i k e a R a t � a 0O H 0 u t t : · ,� t � l O t . Î |i h 0 w 1 O t K i t ' s J I b ¹ I Ì I .
' I ¡ I W t ' l ' | - ÷ O v ¯ n ' ¯ l I I ¡ | 3 ¯ C ¯· ,p l p J f l l f p r p n r " l J ', 1 , u s p o f t l ?
: : ¦ ¤ r t u ¯ · - r � l · ! w ì | ¹ l � ` . T ¦ - t ¤ + r e t " ! J r r � n t l y 4 n rp [ - t o r (£ n t e r s
| . � l l | �· ; º . · ! · r ¯ . · = � . ¯ | · · y ¹ Î ' ` + · l I I o. A ! l + ( t � 1 '¹ 4 ¹ I I ' · I I ¸
' . ¯ ¯ · 1 , l ì � ¹ ` · I l � ! I , ' · w Y r � � ! ` ! l l '· l l , ¡ ( ' n l k l · : j� � 1 ' ' ¹ Î Í ' ! Ì .
¬ ' ` . / ' ' . ¹ ` ' t 3 n � l ð t ¯ ¯ l O t h e C � ¦i | ^ t ^ n C ? O j� t a t O r c 1 0 s � s t t o yO u .
| l ` l ] ¦ · |1 r ì n ¯ ¨· ·· ! i ' ` ! | ¯¯ ' ¦ ¯ · J i n 1 l l | | � ¨ ' | , · � l h i ' | ! t Ì · � ( L O
' | . · | | . i ' ··l ' ! � ' ·· . T | ·· | ¯ l 1 ¯ j · · r 1 l r t I I ·· l ' ¦ · " h | j ' i � · ) ¯ "
¯ , ¯ r ) ' O t w| ¡ O t � ¯ ¦ · r t � ¯ p d � y � ! � l l n C º ' ` ' l � ´ ` ^l . l l H l ` ¯ ¹ ` ` ` � � I .
]| | · n i q | ` · + ¯ 3 � · ! 3 L ¯ t l 5 r � ¯ r | ¨ - O l ^T8 1 , «h | ¡ ? Hð ! ¦ .¯ · l ! • 1|
| ¯ ' · �· ' ´ ¯ n l ' |¯ j i ¤ , ¦ 3 - ¯ u L | l ì . � H i rJ h � Þ ¬ � ,· . l l C + |i ´| · ' ¯ 1 ¦ | y
¯ ¨ � 1ì | ¨ ! ¡ 1 . ' ª Í O ! ' ' ² f i r s t ¹ | ì | ' : ' - � < n' ! 1 . ' Û | u ï · 1| 1 ¹ ´ I ! ! O n 3 !
� i n . ! · . ^ H+ ! l ` � l o n l y ca l l s L O 3 o c e a n s � n0 C O � L � ¡ | d 0 1 1 � r s a
m i n u t f .
| l ` l ¡ 1 | X + ¯ 3 l l f. X X · t · u· ¯ d c O v t t | l y a n AT , T C1 Ì Ì ! n ¨ ¨ð l � n !h� r ,
Y ¨ ' l J l � Ì | · l | | l· · Ì ! ' X X ¹ . ] w | . ~ ¯ ' | | ·� 1 ! + ¨ | | J ¨ y´· ' 1 � ¦ 3 Ì ' | ^ ¦ 1 Ì ¡ l h |
' I ¨ n l J rn bp [ . ì í y i ' Ì � t Ì ¡ ' ¡ ¡ y : t u ' ·· t l ' ¯ | i I 1Lr i n l ¨ ' ! ¨l i
l · n o
a ¯ ´ ì | y ¯ ' J ') ¯ � I . b / ¡ \ t ') e ¯ l - r L | . t t3 t d n u mbe r ! u Hl u s j n ll r l 3 u0 S ¯ .
' l 1 ' ¯| · ¯ ¦ ` ! i ¯ ¬ : ^ | ¯ e d ' · j r ¯ v i � ? r l t p c n ' t p r ", · : t i n 1 | ¯· r
p l p c l r fJ ¯¨ |¬ ¯ | : i ¯ w l ' ¨ | - ¨ . ` | . · O l d - r f l f \ t r Q - JT P '. ' ! l � :' : ' · 'J l �¯ w i L t h? S ,
l O r ( x 1 TO ¡ · l | i · I S C r o � s - Prl r ' ' X B I ¨ J | i | : ' J 1 ' j ) ¦ � ( U Ì I ! `�´ | '´`¯
| ( · t | / | / | / i( : Í ( ·t | t | t \ /¡ ¹uv:)
."pring 1988 2600 . \ lugazine Page 4^
AT&T/BOC ROUTI NG CODES
(COll l illued/rlil l l pftl ' i( JlIS page)
¨ ¯ '1 ! ' t y t ¯ ´ � I ! J t j n t � [ na t i o n - 1 d i a l i n g . AT� T t-1 ' s p t uµ t M 0 3 ^
�. ¡? ¨ ! .+ Î ¯ O d |· ¯ ! J h a n d l f i n t p r na t i o na l C3 ! ¡ 3 . A 5 X h c a n d i a l
K | ¹ ¡ H X ¹ � T . ¯ l i · , w¯ u ¡ d t h e n t e C t l v0 m w i n k ( : h r) r t O I a S t O ! / '· ` ' | z l a nO
w
o . j · ] ¡r n ( � ¤ ` t O d Í + I t h e c o u n t r y CO ´? a n d n lJ rr or t . Í l V O u W+ ¬ t ! ¯
ü+ K ^ a n i n t " r n , t i n n a l ca l l you d i a l � l ! | |l Å I ! ¡ õ X · ` ] wM^ t ^ L | ^ Þ l A Í 5
o r t i 0 n� 1 . A f ' _ r r t h r w i n k d i a l t h e COl l n t r y t ´) tJ � , c i t y .` O0 0 , � n d
n \J rh� r . ¯ |i · t. O001 , a f t e r L h - C l L V n3 üi e i s t h e 5 w I t C Þ n u 0l? t l l
t h e r e i s mo t e t ha n one 4 ES S i n t h a t c i t y .
| I ' I ThC I B 7 t udP wa s a s s i gned t o AL ¡ a n L � u n t i l | I O t o t h e e n´ 0 l
Ie b t ua r y . Å]¹ T i s i n t h e pr o ce s s i n r o u t i n g t h e ca l l s t o t h e S h 0 I 0� |1
Oa k s o f f i c e i " Ca l i l or n i a .
( I 6 ) TO m� k e i n t e r na t i on� l ca l ! S O ! 3 ¡ | | ! 0 ¡ ¡ ! |´¯ ¹ ` T wh0 r e rrr = t h p
co u n t r y c od e ; a n d t h e n 0 I ð ! | | ¹ ¯¯ ! X X X X X X X ¹ ` ] wh( t 0 CC ¯ c i t y co d e a l l ri
X X X X X X X c t h e t e l ephone numbe r . A l s o s e e n o t e s ' , 6 , 7 , 1 2 , I 4 , a n d I ¯ .
The USS R t o s been o l f d i l e 0 t d i a l f o r m. n y ye • • s a nd d u e t o t h i s
f a c t t he r e i s n o t much i n f or m� t i 0 n a Vi i l a b l e a b o u t i t s t e l e ph one
n e t wo r k . The coun t r y c Od e l o r t h ? U¦ S b Ì 3 0 0 7 and s ome c i t y co de s
� Î � . K Ì eV 0 4 4 2 , Le n i ngr ad 8 1 2 , H Ì nS k I J z , a n � HOS COw 0 9 5 .
ThC on l y numbe r wh i ch can be d i a l e d d i r e c t f r om t h e US i s 0 0 7 - 0 1 S -
. ' ¿ . 1 ' J wh I c h i s t h e U S e 0ba s s y i n Ho5 c o w . k|| o t h p r n u mbe r s 0U s t U~
U ! ð ! C C by the Mos cow oper a t o r . Even t h e emba s s y mus t be d i a l e d Uy
the Î ¯U ( I n t e r na t i o n a l Ope r a t or Ce n t e r l ,
I n Ju l y 8 7 , we r a n a n a r t i c l e ( How P h r e a k s a r e Ca ug h t ) wh i c h
I n c l uded t he Û u Ú n umbe r a l l oca t i o n f o r l o ng d i s t a nce ca r r i e r s , Th i s
i 3 3 O upda t e d I i S t o f t h e 8 0 0 e x ch a n ge s t h a t r o u L e d i r e ct l y t O US
S pr i n t : 8 0 0 - 3 2 6 , 8 0 0 - 3 4 7 , 8 0 0 - 3 5 9 , 8 0 0 - 3 6 6 , B O O - 5 1 6 , 8 0 0 - 6 6 9 , 8 0 0 - 7 2 6 ,
8 0 0 - 7 2 9 , 8 0 0 - 7 3 3 , 8 0 0 - 7 3 5 , 8 0 0 - 7 3 6 , 8 0 0 - 7 6 7 , 8 0 0 - 7 7 6 , 8 0 0 - 8 2 7 , 8 0 0 - 8 7 7 ,
I f you have a n y i n t e r es t i ng numbe r s , scan s he e t s , NUA ' s , o r
anyt h i ng s i mi l a r s e nd t o :
2 6 0 0
PO BOX 9 9
NÎ dd l e I s l a nd , N Y 1 1 9 5 3 - 0 0 9 9
Page W Z0MMagazir e Sprig ÍÝðð
ZôUU dALK | SSULS(continued from inside front cover)
l 8ôô
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