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Manual on Artificial Recharge of Ground Water - CGWB, GOI

Manual on Artificial Recharge of Ground Water - CGWB, GOI

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Published by Vishal Duggal

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Published by: Vishal Duggal on Aug 07, 2010
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10/29/2011

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Length of rainfall data records to be considered is an important factor in the analysis of
rainfall. If the frequency distribution of mean annual rainfall becomes stable after a
certain period, the addition of further years of observations does not add significantly to
the accuracy. The length or period of record needed to achieve stability varies between
seasons and regions. From experience it is observed that rainfall data of 30 years is
adequate under Indian conditions. This period encompasses dry as well as wet cycles
and is called the normal period. Averages of normal periods are termed normals. These
normals need updating to account for changes in environment and land use. The current
normal period is 1971-2000. Normals or averages, based on data for that period are
used for making comparisons with data of the following decade.

4.1.4 Double Mass Curve

Consistent rainfall data is essential for resources evaluation. Due to change of location
of a rain gauge or its exposure conditions, the data becomes inconsistent. This can be
rectified by plotting cumulative rainfall of the gauge in question against average
cumulative rainfall of a number of surrounding gauges. Such a plot is known as a
Double Mass Curve (Fig. 4.2).

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Manual on Artificial Recharge of Ground Water

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