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**Given: Material: 14-mm-diameter mild steel rod Gage length = 50 mm Test Result:
**

Load

Load (N) Elongation (mm) Elongation (mm)

(N)

0 0 46 200 1.25

6 310 0.010 52 400 2.50

12 600 0.020 58 500 4.50

18 800 0.030 68 000 7.50

25 100 0.040 59 000 12.5

31 300 0.050 67 800 15.5

37 900 0.060 65 000 20.0

40 100 0.163 65 500 Fracture

41 600 0.433

Required: Stress-strain diagram, Proportional limit, modulus of elasticity, yield point, ultimate

strength, and rupture strength Solution 203 Area, A = \frac{1}{4} \pi (14)^2 = 49\pi \,

\text{mm}^2; Length, L = 50 \, \text{mm} Strain = Elongation/Length; Stress = Load/Area

Elongation

Load (N) Strain (mm/mm) Stress (MPa)

(mm)

0 0 0 0

6 310 0.010 0.0002 40.99

12 600 0.020 0.0004 81.85

18 800 0.030 0.0006 122.13

25 100 0.040 0.0008 163.05

31 300 0.050 0.001 203.33

37 900 0.060 0.0012 246.20

40 100 0.163 0.0033 260.49

41 600 0.433 0.0087 270.24

46 200 1.250 0.025 300.12

52 400 2.500 0.05 340.40

58 500 4.500 0.09 380.02

68 000 7.500 0.15 441.74

59 000 12.500 0.25 383.27

67 800 15.500 0.31 440.44

65 000 20.000 0.4 422.25

61 500 Failure 399.51

Rupture Strength = 399.166. From stress-strain diagram: a.080 9 290 0.74 MPa e.0012} = 205\.060 6 950 0.00880 14 800 0.51 MPa Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Solution to Problem 204 Stress-strain Diagram Problem 204 page 39 Given: Material: Aluminum alloy Initial diameter = 0.20 MPa b.100 .00220 14 400 0. Yield Point = 270.20}{0.) 0 0 14 000 0.00660 14 600 0.00440 14 500 0. \text{GPa} c.2 \. Modulus of Elasticity E = slope of stress-strain diagram within proportional limit E = \dfrac{246.24 MPa d.67 \.025 4 640 0. Ultimate Strength = 441.020 2 310 0.0 inches The result of the test tabulated below: Load (lb) Elongation (in.) Load (lb) Elongation (in.505 inch Gage length = 2. \text{MPa} E = 205. Proportional Limit = 246.

0055 57 914.12 0.025 0.06 0.11 600 0.85 14 000 0.0125 71 893. L = 2 \.08 0.0022 23 165.24 12 600 0.62 9 290 0.0033 34 698.92 4 640 0.0022 0.06 72 892.04 72 892.45 .0075 62 906.0110 14 600 0.0044 0.0066 0.70 6 950 0. Stress = Load/Area Strain Load (lb) Elongation (in.05 73 890.58 14 600 0.0150 13 600 Fracture Required: Plot of stress-strain diagram (a) Proportional Limit (b) Modulus of Elasticity (c) Yield Point (d) Yield strength at 0.0044 46 381.505)^2 = 0.06 14 800 0.0011 11 532.2% offset (e) Ultimate Strength and (f) Rupture Strength Solution 204 Area.0638\pi \.06 13 600 Fracture 67 899.0088 0.02 0.32 11 600 0. \text{in} Strain = Elongation/Length.1 0.54 14 500 0.) Stress (psi) (in/in) 0 0 0 0 2 310 0. \text{in}^2.011 0. Length. A = \frac{1}{4} \pi (0.01 69 896.120 12 600 0.80 14 600 0.015 0.03 72 392.49 14 400 0.

0025.529.86 ksi c.24}{0.861. therefore.00113793 < 0.82 \.0055} = 10.529.2% offset = E = 10.896.861.002 Strain of Elastic Limit = 0.61}{\text{run}} run = 0.0055 + 0. the required point is just before YP. \text{psi} E = 10.64 + 4992.0075 in/in The offset line will pass through Q(See figure): Slope of 0.24 psi b. Yield Point = 69.861.529. Modulus of Elasticity: E = \dfrac{57914. . Proportional Limit = 57.49 psi d.2% Offset: Strain of Elastic Limit = ε at PL + 0.From stress-strain diagram: a.002 Strain of Elastic Limit = 0.82 psi Test for location: slope = rise / run 10.82 = \dfrac{6989.914. Yield Strength at 0.529.

890. Slope of EL to YP \dfrac{\sigma_1}{\varepsilon_1} = \dfrac{6989.795\.465.61 + \sigma_1 \sigma_1 = 1804.85 + 1804. Rupture Strength = 67.81)[300(150)(1000)] P = 3465.84 = 64. Ultimate Strength = 73.856}} 3.861.84 \.82 = \dfrac{4992.45 psi Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Problem 206 page 39 Given: Cross-sectional area = 300 mm2 Length = 150 m tensile load at the lower end = 20 kN Unit mass of steel = 7850 kg/m3 E = 200 × 103 MN/m2 Required: Total elongation of the rod Solution 206 Elongation due to its own weight: \delta_1 = \dfrac{PL}{AE} Where: P = W = 7850(1/1000)3(9.3825 (75\.795\.33 mm Elongation due to applied load: \delta_2 = \dfrac{PL}{AE} Where: P = 20 kN = 20 000 N L = 150 m = 150 000 mm .2% Offset = EL+ σ1 = 62906.7662 \sigma_1 = 4992.856} For the required point: E = \dfrac{4992. \text{psi} Yield Strength at 0.61 + \sigma_1}{\dfrac{\sigma_1}{2\.711.69 psi e.3825 N L = 75(1000) = 75 000 mm A = 300 mm2 E = 200 000 MPa \delta_1 = \dfrac{3\.856 \varepsilon_1 \ \dfrac{\sigma_1}{2\.000)}{300 (200\.899.58 psi f.795\.529\.000)} \delta_1 = 4.61 + \sigma_1}{\varepsilon_1} 10\.0025} \dfrac{\sigma_1}{\varepsilon_1} = 2\.64}{0.

1988 inch Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Problem 208 page 40 Given: Thickness of steel tire = 100 mm Width of steel tire = 80 mm Inside diameter of steel tire = 1500. d = 0.000 = \dfrac{500}{\frac{1}{4} \pi d^2} d = 0.000)} \delta_2 = 50 mm Total elongation: \delta = \delta_1 + \delta_2 \delta = 4.20 = \dfrac{500(30 \times 12)}{\frac{1}{4} \pi d^2 (29 \times 10^6)} d = 0. \text{mm} \.33 + 50 = 54. \text{in} Based on maximum allowable deformation: \delta = \dfrac{PL}{AE} 0.0 mm Diameter of steel wheel = 1500.000)}{300(200\.20 inch E = 29 × 106 psi Required: Diameter of the wire Solution 207 Based on maximum allowable stress: \sigma = \dfrac{P}{A} 20\.000(150\. \text{in} Use the bigger diameter.A = 300 mm2 E = 200 000 MPa \delta_2 = \dfrac{20\.1784 \.1988 \.33 \. \to answer Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Problem 207 page 39 Given: Length of steel wire = 30 ft Load = 500 lb Maximum allowable stress = 20 ksi Maximum allowable elongation = 0.5 mm .

5)(80) N = 335 214. \to internal pressure Total normal force.56 kN .5π mm P=T L = 1500π mm A = 10(80) = 800 mm2 E = 200 000 MPa 0.48 N = 100.33 \.92 N Friction resistance.30(335 214. N: N = p × contact area between tire and wheel N = 0. \text{MPa} \.5\pi = \dfrac{T( 1500 \pi )}{800(200\.Coefficient of static friction = 0.000)} T = 53\.92) f = 100 564. \text{N} F = 2T p(1500)(80) = 2(53\.5 – 1500) = 0.33) p = 0.8889 \.30 E = 200 GPa Required: Torque to twist the tire relative to the wheel Solution 208 \delta = \dfrac{PL}{AE} Where: δ = π (1500.333.8889 × π(1500.333. f: f = μN = 0.

5(10 \times 10^6)} .5 in2 E = 10 × 106 psi The figure below: Required: Total change in length Solution 209 P1 = 6000 lb tension P2 = 1000 lb compression P3 = 4000 lb tension \delta = \dfrac{PL}{AE} \delta = \delta_1 . Solution 210 .\delta_2 + \delta_3 \delta = \dfrac{6000(3 \times 12)}{0. \text{in (lengthening)} \.56 × 0.5(10 \times 10^6)} + \dfrac{4000(4 \times 12)}{0.44 kN · m Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Problem 209 page 40 Given: Cross-section area = 0.75025 Torque = 75. \to answer Problem 210 Solve Prob.\dfrac{1000(5 \times 12)}{0.5(10 \times 10^6)} \delta = 0.Torque = f × ½(diameter of wheel) Torque = 100.0696 \. 209 if the points of application of the 6000-lb and the 4000-lb forces are interchanged.

19248 \.0 mm Maximum allowable stress for steel = 140 MPa Maximum allowable stress for bronze = 120 MPa Maximum allowable stress for aluminum = 80 MPa Est = 200 GPa Eal = 70 GPa Ebr = 83 GPa The figure below: Required: The largest value of P Solution 211 . \text{in (shortening)} \.\dfrac{11\.P1 = 4000 lb compression P2 = 11000 lb compression P3 = 6000 lb compression \delta = \dfrac{PL}{AE} \delta = -\delta_1 .5(10 \times 10^6)} .000(3 \times 12)}{0.5(10 \times 10^6)} \delta = -0. \text{in} = 0.\delta_3 \delta = -\dfrac{4\.000(4 \times 12)}{0. \to answer Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer Problem 211 page 40 Given: Maximum overall deformation = 3.000(5 \times 12)} {0.5(10 \times 10^6)} .19248 \.\dfrac{6\.\delta_2 .

com/reviewer/mechanics-and-strength-of-materials/solution- to-problem-219-axial-deformation?page=1 .800 \. P = 12. A_{al} 2P = 80(320) = 25\.200 \. \text{N} P = 12\. \text{N} P = 67.2 \.000)} .000 \. \text{kN} Aluminum: P_{al} = \sigma_{al} \.610. \text{N} = 84.000} .99 \.600 \.\frac{1}{11\. A_{br} 2P = 120(650) = 78\. bronze shortens) \delta = \delta_{st} – \delta_{br} + \delta_{al} 3 = \dfrac{P(1000)}{480(200\. \text{kN} Use the smallest value of P.000 \.8 kN http://www.000)} 3 = \left( \frac{1}{96\. \text{N} P = 39\.61 \. A_{st} P = 140(480) = 67\. \text{N} = 12.8 \.\dfrac{2P(2000)}{650(70\. \text{kN} Bronze: P_{br} = \sigma_{br} \. \text{N} = 39 \.560} \right) P P = 84\.mathalino.000)} + \dfrac{2P(1500)} {320(83\. \text{kN} Based on allowable deformation: (steel and aluminum lengthens.Based on allowable stresses: Steel: P_{st} = \sigma_{st} \.375} + \frac{3}{26\.

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