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RIL+212+3 Phase+2nd+Report

RIL+212+3 Phase+2nd+Report

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Published by: CyberKeneticSolutions on Aug 07, 2010
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08/08/2010

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RIL/212

L A B R EP O RT
3-PHASE COMPRESSOR WITH AUTOMATIC PUMP DOWN

JOAQUIN VELEZ ID:217460 SUBMITTED ON 4/14/09 SUBMITTED TO: MR. PEREZ

3-PHASE COMPRESSOR WITH AUTOMATIC PUMP DOWN
ELEC TRICAL SEQUENC E OF OPERATION

On a call for cooling, a rise in temperature will cause the thermostat switch to close. 24 volts of power is now being sent simultaneously to the Evaporator fan relay(EFR) coil and Line solenoid Valve(LLSV) coil, when the EFR is energized this will cause N.O EFR contact to close and to send 120 volts of power to energize the Evaporator Fan motor(EFM). As the N.C Liquid Line solenoid Valve (LLSV) coil is energized it will open and allows high pressure, low temperature liquid refrigerant to flow through the valve to the metering device and flow into the evaporator. The liquid entering the evaporator will be under a reduced pressure and begin to vaporize. This will create a higher pressure on the low side of the system (Since vapor occupies more space than liquid). When the pressure rises above a pre- determined cut-in setting on the low- pressure controller, the low pressure control switch will close and power will go through the N. C switches in the following order: HPC, 3 CC overloads in series, a N.C Lock out relay switch and then energize the CC coil. When the interlocked CC coil is energized, the N.O CC switches will close and the N.C CC switch controlling the crankcase heater (CCH) will open and de-energize the CCH. 120 volts of power will be sent to the compressor motor (CM) and the condenser fan motor (CFM) simultaneously. The Condenser Fan and Compressor Motor are now ON. The refrigeration cycle has now begun. When the thermostat detects the set point temperature has reached the desired set- point temperature the thermostat will open and de-energizes the liquid line solenoid valve and also EFR coil will de-energize and the closed EFR contact will return to its N.O position and will de-energized the EFM. The EFM is now off. The Liquid Line solenoid Valve is now in its N.C position. However the compressor will still be working pumping refrigerant vapor from the evaporator to the condenser. As the pressure on the high side gets higher due to the closure of the LLSV the pressure on the low side of the system will begin to drop. When the pressure drops at the cut- out setting of the Low Pressure Control the LPC will open and de-energize the CC coil and opening the CC contacts to the compressor and Condenser fan motor shut the compressor motor off. The CC contacts to the CCH will close and will energized the CCH which will remain energized at all times during the compressor OFF cycle.

TROUBLESHOOTING PROBLEM DIRTY EVAPORATOR COIL Customer complaint? SYSTEM TURNS ON AND OFF SUDDENLY OR DOESN·T TURN ON FOR NORMAL COOLING OPERATION. PROMBLEM: Upon energization of the liquid line solenoid valve by the thermostat the liquid in the condenser will go from the TXV to the evaporator. Whatever liquid enters into the evaporator will not be able to absorb the heat in order to make the refrigerant change state into a vapor. Vapor occupies more space than liquid. The pressure will not raise to a high enough level to close the LPC to energize the CC coil. If by some chance the LPC is able to close the CC coil will be energized will turn the compressor ON. Since in this circuit the LPC is used as a control device, the refrigerant will be circulated through the system but since the evaporator is dirty the refrigerant will be mostly liquid in the evaporator thus lowering the pressure on the low side. The pressure will eventually get to low that the compressor will shut off on low pressure. Step by step Trouble-shooting.: 1-Determined what refrigerant the system runs on. 2-Determined the Cut-in and Cut-out of the Low Pressure Control to know when the Compressor is supposed to turn on and off. 3-Read the FLA and RLA values of the system compressor. I needed to determine first if the compressor was drawing the correct FLA that would apply on a properly charged system. 4-Installed an ammeter on one of the compressor windings. To observe how much amperage the compressor was drawing when pumping refrigerant throughout the system. 5-Installed my manifold gauges on the low side and high side of the system. 6- Read the pressures on the high side and low side of the system when the system was OFF.

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7- Set the thermostat for cooling operation and lowered the set point temperature. 8- Observed to see that all components related to normal cooling operation would be running. Evaporator fan came on. That just indicated to me that the Low voltage circuit was in good working order. 9-I observed the pressure on the high side go lower as it·s expected when the liquid line solenoid valve is opened. My next observation was to the check readings on the low side pressure gauge reading to see if the evaporator pressure would rise to the cut ²in setting of the LPC for the energization of the system compressor. 10- My next expectation was for the pressure on the low side to gradually rise as would be expected for the refrigerant in the low side is under a reduced pressure and is supposed to medially vaporize upon entering the evaporator coil right after the TXV. 11- What I expected to occur did not occur as fast as I antipicipited. Indicating that a problem. The pressure was not rising in a normal manner after some time elapsed the pressure raised but did reach the cut- in pressure. 12-Since the LPC did not close fast enough. I decided to jump the LPC with a fused jumper cable. Reason: Because I wanted to bypass the LPC control in order to check the compressor for any indication of an undercharged or an overcharged system. 13- When the compressor was energized the condenser fan was energized as well ,which is what I expected. I checked the FLA amperage that the compressor was drawing during operation. The amperage it was drawing was higher than normal. 14-Observed the pressure of the high and the low side pressures. I observed that the pressure on the high side was much higher than the low side pressure. Pressure on the low side reduced to a low pressure that indicated to me that evaporator was getting flooded with refrigerant. This is what is what caused the compressor amperage draw to be high. High compression ratios can be caused by a combination of high condensing pressures (temperatures) and low suction (evaporating) pressures.

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15- Since what I was observing with all of the data I acquired was the effect/s but not the cause/s. Effects always follow a cause. Causes of high condensing temperatures include dirty condenser coils, restricted condenser airflow (fan out), air in the system, and an overcharge of refrigerant, and/or high ambient temperature. Causes of low suction pressure include iced evaporator coils, restricted evaporator airflow (fan out), an undercharge of refrigerant, dirty evaporator coil, end of the running cycle, thermostat or LPC set wrong, and/or low evaporator heat load. CONCLUSION By an analysis of all the data I acquired I could determine a number of causes to the problem. And by process of elimination I knew that all the components required for a normal cooling effect were in working order. I eliminated the possibilities of restricted air flow (both FANS WORKED). The compressor working near of more its FLA indicated that the system was properly charged but that the reason for the higher pressures was due to other circumstances. It would eventually lead me to investigate the evaporator and TXV for possible Blockage or a loose thermal sensing bulb. But I would open the panels that are covering the evaporator coils to see that indeed the Evaporator was in Dirty condition which will greatly reduced the refrigerant capacity and will always cause the pressure in the low side of the system to go into a low pressure (because of more liquid than gas in the evaporator). The dirty surface is acting like an insulator and preventing the refrigerant from changing state into a gas.

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