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Presentation - Adverb

Presentation - Adverb

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Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Temenggong Ibrahim, Johor

ENGLISH LANGUAGE PRESENTATION (ADVERBS)
Group Members:

Dayarau. R Abul Az Abu Jamil Khalilah Zainuddin

KPLI (SK) BIMTMO June 2010

WHAT IS AN ADVERB?
An adverb is used to describe the action of a verb such as how, where or when it is done. Examples: He frowned angrily. She shouted loudly. They passed the test easily.

continue

He ran very quickly. to modify prepositional phrase .Actually. to modify a whole sentence .WHAT IS AN ADVERB? Adverbs are also used to modify adjectives.The ball flew right through the window. Examples: to modify adjectives . a whole sentence and a prepositional phrase. we don·t know.She is very excited to modify other adverbs . . other adverbs.

He shouted loudly. well She sings happily. now. easily. ‡ Adverbs of time describe ¶when· Examples: soon.TYPES OF ADVERBS ‡ Adverbs of manner describe ¶how· Examples: happily. then. since. I lived here before. continue . before. already They need the books now. loudly.

everywhere. rather Rahim runs much faster than Johari. nowhere I·ve looked everywhere but I can·t find it. He is very good at chess. much. She was here just a few minutes ago. quite. only. ‡ Adverbs of degree describe ¶how much· Examples: almost. there. very.TYPES OF ADVERBS ‡ Adverbs of place describe ¶where· Examples: here. continue .

Examples: where?. again I once saw a yellow beetle. when?. ‡ Adverbs of interrogation are used in questions. I beat the boy twice. how? Where do you stay? When did he call? How long is it? continue . twice.TYPES OF ADVERBS ‡ Adverbs of frequency describe ¶how often· Examples: once.

I did not see your pen. Examples: no. No. not They are not here.TYPES OF ADVERBS ‡ Adverbs of negation. .

he walked out of the class Suddenly. I have always enjoyed sentimental music.POSITION OF ADVERBS Adverbs can be placed anywhere in the sentence. continue . ‡ Initial position (at the beginning of a sentence or clause) Soon. Jane screamed ‡ Mid-position Mrs. Wan often bakes delicious cakes.

continue . We ended the meeting early.POSITION OF ADVERBS ‡ End-position Jane screamed suddenly.

continue . She falls ill often. I completely forgot about it. She often falls ill. I forgot about it completely.POSITION OF ADVERBS Most adverbs can fit both mid-position and endposition.

POSITION OF ADVERBS (EXCEPTION 1) Adverbs never placed in mid-position. We climbed upwards. Adverbs of definite time The fire occurred yesterday. 1. Tomorrow. I shall visit my grandmother continue . 2. Adverbs of place She came inside.

Adverbs of definite frequency This magazine is published monthly. We practise together daily. continue .POSITION OF ADVERBS (EXCEPTION 1) 3. Adverbs used to evaluate (to say how well something is done. My sister does not cook well. 4. They danced beautifully.

POSITION OF ADVERBS (EXCEPTION 2) 1. scarcely. simply. quite. either. specially. too. . nearly almost. also. Adverbs never placed in end-position Examples: only. etc. definitely. particular. as well. hardly.

They seldom go to cinema. Before verb We always travel together. After ¶be· Ali is never around when I need him. 2.WHERE TO PUT THE ADVERBS Mid-position Adverb 1. continue . The shopping complexes are often crowded in the evening.

After the first auxiliary verb (if the verb has several parts). I never will. (to the question ¶Did you love him?·) continue . My parents have never question me on my decision. (to the question ¶Will you return?·) I always did.WHERE TO PUT THE ADVERBS 3. Before an auxiliary verb (if if it is used alone). You will definitely have to return the book to the library. 4.

continue . Has it been properly washed. many adverbs are placed before the first auxiliary verb. Don·t worry. it will be well taken care of. 6. Adverbs of manner are put after auxiliary verbs. In emphatic sentences. She never has been an easy person to deal with.WHERE TO PUT THE ADVERBS 5. I really thought he was an honest fellow.

Adverbs of time Example: We study hard in school daily. Adverbs of manner+ 2. .WHERE TO PUT THE ADVERBS End-position Adverb Generally. Adverbs of place+ 3. They performed well on the stage tonight. the order of adverbs in end-positions is as follow. 1.

ADVERB FORMATION From an Adjective Careful Beautiful Fitting Carefully Beautifully Fittingly From a Present Participle Willing Glowing Surprising Willingly Glowingly Surprisingly .

ADVERB FORMATION From a Present Participle Assured Affected Assuredly Affectedly When adjective ends in -able or -ible. the adverb is formed by replacing final -e with -y From an Adjective Horrible Terrible Horribly Terribly .

the adverb is formed by replacing final -y with -ily From an Adjective Happy Lucky Happily Luckily When adjective ends in -ic. the adverb is formed by replacing final -ic with -ically From an Adjective Economic Ironic Economically Ironically .ADVERB FORMATION When adjective ends in -y.

Look at the examples: POSITIVE Early Badly Much Angrily COMPARATIVE Earlier Worse More More Angrily SUPERLATIVE Earliest Worst Most Most Angrily .COMPARISON OF ADVERBS Adverbs are compared in the same way as Adjectives.

Look at the examples: VERBS Act Apologise Fall Need Sing Write ADVERBS quickly. suddenly. melodiously neatly. suspiciously. beautifully. humbly. weakly. carelessly. warily. sweetly.ADVERBS COMMONLY USED WITH CERTAIN VERBS Using suitable adverbs will make your writings more interesting. clumsily badly. immediately. accidently. legibly . sheepishly heavily. softly. suddenly. strangely sincerely. tunefully. urgently loudly.

b) The bird sang ______________________. d) She ____________________ got killed.SAMPLE QUESTIONS 1. f) Pradeep is _____________________the first in class g) ___________________________are you going home today? h) ____________________ are you going to finish your work? i) _________________________. . he is the one. e) They _______________________take the short cut to school. Complete these sentences with suitable adverbs. j) She is _________________________my best friend. c) Take these dirty socks away ____________________. a) She walked _______________________.

the ( good ). b) The children walked ( fast ) than their mother. d) I can whistle the ( loud ) e) He can do sums ( easy ) than any of us . a) The ( soon ) you finish your work . c) Karen speaks ( softly ) than anyone I know.SAMPLE QUESTIONS 2. Write out these sentences using the correct from of the adverb in brackets.

c) Lincoln loved to read and would walk for miles to borrow a book. d) It was a difficult journey but they arrived in persia. e) If you practise. . Select an adverb for each sentence and insert in the correct place. Increasingly again strongly safely Very often hard there fluently a) We were very happy and contented. g) Our local market is becoming crowded and dirty h) Singapore is associated with orchids which seem to represent the stunning beauty of the east. b) Albert began to get restless after a few minutes.SAMPLE QUESTIONS 3. f) Some Singaporeans speak three or four languages. you might become a tennis star one day.

THANK YOU .

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