This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
(0370) 631244 Fax. (0370) 645133
Web: smkn1mataram.com emaill: firstname.lastname@example.org
By Dra. Ni Ny. Sukina Zulfawati,S.Pd
KT S P
Standar Kompetensi: Berkomunikasi dengan bahasa Inggris setara level Novice
KOMPETENSI DASAR Memahami percakapan sederhana sehari-hari baik dalam konteks professional maupun pribadi dengan orang bukan penutur asli Indikator: • Menjawab pertanyaan tentang kegiatan rutin • Mengungkapkan kalimat-kalimat yang menyatakan kegemaran / hobby • Menangani tamu hotel, restoran, kantor atau toko. Materi : - Daily activities - Handling guests - Getting information/Interview - Language focus: Simple present tense Gerund
I . DAILY ACTIVITIES Task 1 Read the text below and then answer the questions. A. Reading 1 The Hadi family is early raisers. Every morning Mr. and Mrs. Hadi get up at four o’clock. Then Mrs. Hadi wakes up the children. Before they go to school the children help their mother with the house work. Mrs. Hadi assigns chores to each of the children. One child washes the dries dishes, another cleans the room and the third sweeps the yard outside the house. Everyone is busy, and Mrs. Hadi is busier than any one else. She prepares breakfast for the family. They usually have fried eggs for breakfast. They are happy family. The children talk and joke at the breakfast table. Mr. Hadi usually listens to the radio. Sometimes he discusses the program with the children. This morning, Mr. Hadi has just turned on the radio. Mr. Hadi : Listen, it’s a nice song Nita : Yes, it is. Would you mind turning it louder? I know the singer she is my friend, Sri. I recognize her voice. She can sing very well and can play the piano too. Mr. Hadi : She must be a talented girl Nita : Yes, she is. She won the first prize at the singing competition last year The family usually finishes breakfast at six o’clock. After breakfast Mr. Hadi and the children say good-bye to Mrs. Hadi. Then Mr. Hadi goes to the office and the children go to school. Mrs. Hadi stays at home to continue her housework.
(Taken from the English for vocational school)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 2
What time does Mrs. Hadi get up in the morning? Who wakes up the children? What does Mr. Hadi usually do in the morning? Who is Sri? What time does the family usually finish getting breakfast?
Reading 2 Task 2 Yustine is a famous photo model. She is very busy doing the modeling. Tya, the reporter, asks her some questions. Tya Yustine Tya Yustine : : : : You are very busy. Are you working on Sunday too? No, I’m free on Sunday. What do you usually do on Sunday? I usually stay at home. I wake up late and stay longer in my bed. I worked late on Saturday evening, so I let my self relaxed on Sunday. I sometimes go to the swimming pool in the afternoon. I do almost nothing on Sundays. Do you watch television? Yes, I do. My favorite TV program is quizzes. I like quizzes. Who is Yustine? Who is Tya? Does Yustine work on Sundays? Why does Yustine wake up late on Sundays? What TV program does Yustine like?
Tya : Yustine : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Dialogue Task 3 Read the dialogue and then answer the questions Read the dialogue below and then answer the questions Hadi : Hi Tatang, wait for me! Tatang : Hurry Hadi! The bell is ringing. Hadi : You always arrive at school early. How far is your house from here? Tatang : Well, about ten minutes by motorcycle. My mother always wakes me up at five - thirty. Hadi : It’s not easy for me to get up early. Sometimes I go to school without breakfast because I’m in a hurry. I often forget many things too. Tatang : That’s not good. I always get my things ready the night before, and then I have time for breakfast. (English for the SLTA, book one) Questions 1. Who always goes to school late? 2. What time does Tatang get up in the morning? 3. Does Hadi always have breakfast at home? 4. When does Tatang prepare his things for school? 5. Is it good to get up late every morning? Why? In talking about daily habit we often use the adverb of time below: Usually Always Often Sometimes Seldom Never 3
In the morning Every day Every Sunday Every morning Study the sentences below 1. I always get up early in the morning 2. My mother gets up early too. 3. Before going to school, I usually help my mother to clean the house. 4. I take a bath before seven and go to school by motor cycle. 5. I usually have breakfast before going to school. 6. My father works in an office. He is a public servant. 7. He usually goes to the office by motorcycle. 8. My mother stays at home. She works hard every day. 9. We have lunch at one p.m. but sometimes we have lunch after two 10. I usually take a nap in the afternoon for about one hour. 11. After getting up, I help my mother and I take a bath at about 6.00 p.m. 12. We always have dinner after 7.00 13. I like watching TV. But I never forget to study my lesson and do my homework. 14. After studying I prepare my lesson for the following day. 15. I usually go to bed before ten p.m. Because I have to get up early in the morning. Task 4 Answer the following questions in your own words. 1. What time do you get up in the morning? 2. What time does your mother get up in the morning? 3. What time does your father get up in the morning? 4. What do you do before going to school? 5. Do you usually have breakfast before going to school? 6. Who clean your bedroom in the morning? 7. How do you go to school? 8. Do you like watching TV? 9. What program do you like best? 10. What time do you go to bed in the evening? B Listening task Task 5 Complete the dialogue below while listening to your teacher! Teacher Anton Teacher Anton Teacher Anton Teacher Anton : Hi, Anton, how are you this morning? : I’m very well sir, and what about you? : Fine, thanks. How do you (!) __________ to school? : (2)_________ I usually go to school with my (3)_______ She is the third class at junior high school. : What time do you usually get up in the morning? : (4)__________ but my sister gets up earlier than me, because she has to (5)_______ our breakfast. : Does your father go to the (6) ________? : Yes, he works in (7) ________ and my mother is (8) ________, she works in the (9) __________
Teacher Anton Teacher Anton
: Well, I know that you live in a happy family. Have you ever come to school late? : No, never. I always go to school (10) ____________ and I don’t want to be in a hurry. : Very good, that’s a good habit, you are a good student, I’m very proud of you : Thank you sir
Task 6 Listen to the information given then answer the questions! 1. Where does Henry live? a near his school b on Jl. Nusantara c on Jl. Nusa Indah d in the office 2 How many brother and sister does Henry have? a One brother and one sister b One sister but he doesn’t have any brother c One brother but he doesn’t have sister d He doesn’t have brother and sister What is his father? a a bank teller b a nurse c an office worker d a teacher How does Eddy go to school? a by motorcycle b by public transportation c on foot d by bike What does Henry always do in the afternoon? a plays foot ball b watches TV c cleans the house d reads newspaper
C. Writing task Task 7 Make a short speech telling about (choose one of them) 1 Your family’s activities 2 Your daily habit 3 Your mother’s routine activities 4 Your father’s habit
II GUEST HANDLING A. Reading task Dialogue 1 Task 8 Read the dialogue and then answer the questions Receptionist Salesgirl : : Good morning Miss, what can I do for you? Good morning, I’d like to see the purchasing manager, is he not busy this morning? : Is he expecting you, Miss? I haven’t got any appointment with him. I’m just passing by and wondering whether I could see the manager to introduce my new product. : What product are you introducing, miss? Stationary : I see. Now let’s see whether you can see Mr. Thompson, the purchasing manager right now. But first of all, would you mind filling in this form, Miss? Certainly, Oh, but..... I forgot my pen. May I borrow your pen, please? : Yes, here you are. Thank you : Now, please write down your name on here, your address on here and what your company is for on here. Yes, thank you. And what’s this blank for? : Oh, yes sorry I forgot that. Please write the name or occupation for the person who you wish to see. I see. (Taken from English for vocational school, Book 2)
Receptionist Salesgirl :
Receptionist Salesgirl : Receptionist Salesgirl : Receptionist Salesgirl : Receptionist Salesgirl : Receptionist Salesgirl :
Question 1 What is the purpose of the girl who comes to the office? 2 Does she have an appointment? 3 What should she do before meeting the person she wants to meet? Dialogue 2 Task 9 Read the dialogue and then answer the questions SAVING Investor : I have some funds, and I’m wondering whether I should put it in a saving account It’s good idea, if you want to Keep your money fairly liquid.
Bank teller :
Bank teller :
Which one do you think is more profitable, Tabanas or a time deposit? It depends on the amount of the money. The saving ranging from Rp. 500.000,- to Rp. 10.000.000,- gets 13,5% per year, and you can withdraw it with in a month. Tabanas offers only 18% of interest per year but you can withdraw your money anytime. Oh, dear me, I don’t want to get puzzled about the figure of the interest, I only want to put my money here for security, I heard a lot of robberies recently.
Questions 1 What does the investor put the money for? 2 Where does the dialogue take place? 3 How much does the teller offer the interest per year? Dialogue 3 Task 10 Read the dialogue and answer the questions Making an appointment Secretary : Mr. Satria : Secretary Mr. Satria Secretary Mr. Satria Secretary : : : : : Hallo, Bumi Putra insurance, can I help you? Good morning, Satria is speaking here; I’d like to make an appointment to see the manager tomorrow at ten o’clock. I’m sorry, sir. But his time is tied up this week. What about Monday for next week? I see. What date is the next Monday? It’s the seventeenth, sir. Can’t I see him on Saturday, the fifteenth? He’ll have a meeting on Saturday, sir. But, sir if there is a cancellation of his previous appointment, you may be able to see him sooner. So would you mind giving me your name and telephone number, sir? We’ll ring you if there is a cancellation of his program. Yes, my name is Satria, and the telephone number is 632344 Thank you sir, but may I know what the nature of your business is, sir? Well, I’d like to ask for a loan Thank you sir. Well, then! So your appointment will be on Monday the seventeenth at 10 o’clock, sir. But if there is any cancellation of his program, we will ring you, sir All right. Thank you very much, good bye. Good bye, sir, thanks for calling.
Mr. Satria Secretary Mr. Satria Secretary
: : : :
Mr. Satria : Secretary :
Questions 1. Who is the caller? 2 What does he call the secretary for? 3 When can he meet the manager?
These are some sentences used in handling guest - Good morning, can I help you? - Good afternoon madam, what can I do for you? - Good evening, ma’am, may I help you? - I’d like to meet Mr. Wibowo, is he in? - Is Mr. Wibowo in, please? - I want to make an appointment to see the manager - I need some sugar, please - I want to reserve........... - I’m sorry, sir/ma’am, he is not in - I’m sorry, he has gone out for lunch - Sorry, sir he is going out for a meeting - Sure, wait for a moment, please - Have you made an appointment? - May I have your name, please? - May I have your address and your telephone number, pleas? - May I know the nature of your business? - Will you call back after eleven please? There are some sentences used in talking on the telephone: 1. Good morning, Indo Karya Motor. Can I help you? 2. This is Lucy calling. Untuk maksud yang sama dapat pula diganti dengan kalimat: This is Lucy speaking My name is Lucy It’s Lucy I’m Lucy 3. Is Mr Anderson in, please? Dapat juga dikatakan: Is Mr Anderson there please? Is Mr. Anderson in his office? 4. Hold the line, please Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: Hang on for a moment, please Just a minute, please! Hold on, please. 5. I’ll try to put you through to …. Untuk maksud yang sama dapat pula dikatakan: I’ll try to connect you through…. 6. It’s okay. (Diucapkan sebagai reaksi atas permintaan maaf yang dianggap tidak perlu.) Ungkapan lain dengan maksud yang sama: It’s all right Never mind 8
No problem. 7. I want to speak to …. Untuk maksud yang sama dapat dikatakan : I’d like to speak to …. May I speak to …. 8. May I have your name? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: What’s your name, please? May I know your name? 9. Sorry, you have the wrong number? 10. May I have your telephone number? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: May I know your telephone number? Can I have your number? Can you tell me your telephone number? Let me take your number. 11. Who is speaking, please? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: Who is calling, please? Who is it? 12. Would you like to leave a message? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: Do you have any message? Is there any message? 13. I have noted it down. Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan : I have taken a note 14. Would you spell your name, please? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: Would you mind spelling your name? How do you spell your name, please? Catatan: Operator perusahaan biasanya menjawab telepon masuk dengan mengucapkan salam, menyebut nama perusahaan, dan menanyakan apa yang dapat dilakukan. Sedangkan telepon rumah, dijawab dengan menyebutkan rumah siapa / penerima telepon
B. Listening Task Task 11 Listen to the dialogue about shopping and fill in the missing word! SHOPPING Shopkeeper Mrs. Jack Shopkeeper Mrs. Jack Shopkeeper Mrs. Jack Shopkeeper Mrs. Jack Shopkeeper Mrs. Jack : : : : : : : : : : Can _________ (1), ma’am? Yes, I need___________ (2), soap, milk, _____________ (3). What _______(4) is your toothpaste, ma’am? My husband and I use Pepsodent, but __________ (5) use Close Up. And _________ (6) soap, milk, coffee and sugar do you need, ma’am? I need two cups of ________ (7), three tins of Indomilk, coffee and sugar one kilogram each. Here you are. ________ (8) is forty thousand rupiahs. _________ (9), this is my money Rp. 50.000,(10) your change, ten thousand rupiahs. Thank you
Task 12 Listen to the dialogue about ordering book and then fill in the missing words! ORDERING BOOKS Headmaster Shopkeeper Headmaster Shopkeeper Headmaster : : : : : Hello, is this Erlangga Bookstore, please? Yes, ma’am, what _________ (1)? I need some books on correspondence for my students, do ________ (2)? _________ (3), ma’am, how many copies ____________(4)? One hundred ________ (5). Can you send the books with in this month? _______ (6) soon Sure, may I have your name and ________ (7), please? Mrs. Nurhasanah, I’m the _________ (8) of SMK1 Mataram, Jl. Pejanggik no. 28 Mataram, and NTB. Well, ________ (9) you pay for the books, ma’am? The books cost Rp. 1.250.000 and you have 15% discount. All right, I will ________ (10) the money through BRI Bank Ok, thank you madam, and good bye.
Shopkeeper : Headmaster : Shopkeeper : Headmaster : Shopkeeper :
C. Writing task Task 13 Writing a short dialogue Situation: You are at a grocery store, to buy something you need to make a cake. Please write a short dialogue between you and the shopkeeper.
Getting information Study the dialogue below About family What’s your name, please? Hasan Where do you live Hasan? I live on Brawijaya Street with my parents and my younger brother What does your father do for a living? He is a teacher and my mother is a nurse And your brother, where does he study? He is studying at SMP 2 Mataram. We go to school at 7.00 in the morning, so we must get up early in the morning because we don’t want to go to school late. Excuse me sir, the bell has rung I should go to the class All right, bye
Teacher : Student : Teacher : Student : Teacher : Student : Teacher : Student : Teacher :
Task 14 Based on the dialogue above, write some sentences about Hasan in your own words b. Interview Employer Applicant Employer Applicant Employer Applicant Employer Applicant : : : : : : : : Good morning, have a seat, please Thank you What’s your name please? My name’s Alit Where do you live Alit? I live on Jl. Erlangga, I live with my parents Can you tell me about yourself and your family? I’m the second child in my family, my older sister is a nurse and I have two younger brothers
c. Telephoning Miss Annie : Rinjani Company, can I help you? Caller : Yes, may I speak to Mr. Danny, please? Miss Annie : I’m sorry, ma’am he has gone out for a meeting. Do you have any message? Caller : Well, no but may I have his phone number? Miss Annie : Yes, it is 0852 39564574, but I’m sorry to tell you that you may not contact him now as he is in the meeting. Caller : So, what time can I call him please? Miss Annie : After one pm. May I have your name, please? Caller : I’m Nadia, his friend when I was at senior high school, thank you and good bye Miss Annie : You’re welcome Task 15 Write some information about the dialogue
IV LANGUAGE FOCUS Simple present tense & Gerund SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Kalimat present tense digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan sehari-hari atau kegiatan yang dilakukan secara rutin. Misalnya: 1. I go to school every day 2. My mother usually gets up before 5 am 3. We study English twice a week Bentuk kalimatnya: S + V1 + O Contoh: 1. I go to school every day 2. My father reads newspaper every morning 3. The students study English once a week Keterangan waktu Keterangan waktu yang biasa dipakai pada kalimat simple present tense adalah: every day = Setiap hari every morning = setiap pagi usually = biasanya often = sering always = selalu never = tidak pernah seldom = jarang sometimes = kadang-kadang once a week = sekali seminggu twice a week = dua kali seminggu in the morning = pada pagi hari Khusus untuk kalimat simple present tense, bila subyeknya kata ganti orang ke tiga tunggal maka kata kerjanya harus ditambah s/es Contoh: Tina gets up at 5 in the morning My mother goes to the market every morning. My father reads newspaper in the afternoon Contoh kata ganti orang ke tiga tunggal. She (mother, sister, Tina, a nurse, aunt, etc) He (father, brother, Tono, uncle, etc) It (a dog, a table, a house etc) Untuk a teacher, a student, a doctor, dll, bisa diganti dengan he atau she. Untuk membuat kalimat negatif gunakan kata bantu do + not (don’t) 12
Bila subyeknya kata ganti orang ketiga tunggal (she, he, it) gunakan kata kerja bantu does + not (doesn’t) sedang s/es pada kata kerja harus dihilangkan. Contoh: I don’t like getting up early in the morning My little brother doesn’t get up early in the morning My father doesn’t read newspaper in the morning. Untuk membuat kalimat tanya, pindahkan kata bantu kedepan subyek. Contoh: Do you get up early in the morning? Does your mother get up late every morning? Do you like English? Does he read newspaper in the morning? Kata Tanya: What = apa (menanyakan benda) Where = kemana/dimana (menanyakan tempat) When = kapan (menanyakan waktu) Why = mengapa (menanyakan alas an) How = bagaimana (menanyakan keadaan) How many = berapa banyak ( untuk benda yang dapat dihitung) How much = berapa banyak (untuk benda yang tidak dapat dihitung) How often = berapa sering How far = berapa jauh ( menanyakan jarak) What time = jam berapa (menanyakan waktu) Contoh: What time do you get up in the morning? How does your father go to the office? Why do you come to school late? Task 16 Write the verbs in brackets in the correct form. 1. Tatang (wake) up early every morning. 2. The children (take) a bath every morning. 3. A cup of milk (be) his favorite drink every morning. 4. Hadi (prefer) tea to milk 5. She always (bring) umbrella with her. 6. They (be) vocational school students. 7. The boy never (walk) to school. 8. His mother (make) good breakfast for him. 9. Tatang (have) a lot of good book at home. 10. Tom and Rudy often (borrow) some books from me. Task 17 Change the sentence into questions. Example: Harry studies in the morning. Does Harry study in the morning? What does Harry do in the morning? 1. Rita practice English every day. When …. 2. The teachers have meeting every Monday. Who …. 13
3. The man speaks English well. How …. 4. The train arrives at 07.30. What time …. 5. My father likes coffee. What …. 6. The cars pass the road every morning. Do …. 7. The secretary answers the telephone calls. Does…. 8. The waiters serve the guests every day. Who …. 9. Rita usually goes to school by car. How …. 10. Ronny leaves the house at 7.00 every morning. What time…. GERUND. Gerund is a verb used as a noun by adding –ing at the verb Example: go going take taking study studying buy buying start starting explainexplaining The function of gerund I Gerund as a Compliment - Her work is typing - Their activities are selling and buying - The prices are increasing II Gerund as a subject - Gardening is an interesting hobby. - Swimming is a good sport. - Studying France is not easy III Gerund as an object - My hobby is reading a book. - The best sport is swimming. - His only activity is sitting and doing nothing. IV Gerund after Preposition - I have breakfast after taking a bath - He left the room without saying anything. - Mira is good at cooking. V Gerund after a certain verb - I dislike cooking. - He has finished studying. - They stop crying.
Here are verbs usually followed by Gerund. 1. finish 2. enjoy 3. deny 4. continue 5. consider 6. begin 7. prevent 8. prefer 9. neglect 10. postpone 11. mind 12. admit 13. advise 14. stop 15. resist Write the meaning of the verbs by looking up your dictionary! And then write some sentences using gerund! Task 18 Answer the following questions by using gerund. Example: What is she fond of? (garden) She is fond of gardening. 1. What is the boy tired of? (study) 2. When did he take a bath? (after/come home from school) 3. What are you thinking of? (go with you) 4. What is she afraid of?(walk in the dark) 5. When do you have breakfast? (before/ go to school) 6. How do you comfort him? ( by/sing a song) 7. How do you study English? (by/ practice a lot) 8. What is your mother good at? (cook) 9. How do you make a well? (by/ dig the ground) 10. When do you cook? (after/ finish my exercise) 11. What is your father’s hobby? (read a book ) 12. What is the most expensive sport? (play golf) 13. What is a good hobby for women? (cook ) 14. What is your mother interested in? (shop ) 15. What is the easiest thing to do? (sleep ) 16. What makes people fat? (eat too much) 17. What makes you healthy? (eat nutritious food ) 18. What is necessary for you to do if you are sick? (go to a doctor) 19. What is a good hobby for men? (fish) 20. When do you watch TV? (after/study)
Task 19 Replace the underlined words by gerund or gerund phrase. Example: John didn’t mind the punishment. (be punished) John didn’t mind being punished. 1. He stopped his correspondence with each other. (write to) 2. I can’t imagine a quarrel with you (quarrel) 3. Have you given up cigarettes? (smoke) 4. Some people dislike photographs (be photographed) 5. I will go to your house as soon as a finished my meal. (eat) 6. Mrs. Tom hates detective novels (read detective novels) 7. Winarto enjoys alcoholic drink ( drink alcohol) 8. Uncle Tom always enjoys a big meal.(eat much) 9. He likes badminton. (play badminton) 10. The boy has just finished his work. Sweep the floor) ASSESSMENT I. Listening Listen to the dialogue from the cassette and then answer the question below. 1. How many sisters does Novi have? a. one sister b. two sister c. three sister How old is her second sister? a. 10 years old b. 20 years old c. 2 years old Does Rendi have three sisters? a. Yes, she does b. No, she has one sister c. No, she is the only one in her family What is Rendi’s father? a. a teacher b. a doctor c. a farmer Does her mother work in an office? a. no, she is teacher b. no, she is a doctor c. Yes, she works in a post office
Listen to the dialogue to answer the questions no. 6 - 10 6. What is Titin? a. she is an office clerk b. she is a teacher c. she is a doctor 7. What time does the work start? a. at 7.00 b. at 7.30 c. at 8.00
What does she usually do in the office? a. makes proposal b. types letters c. prepares a meeting 9. What time does Titin go home on Friday? a. at 5.00 b. at 3.00 c. at 4.00 10. Does Lany works in an office a. Yes she does b. No, she doesn’t c. No, she doesn’t like it II. Read the dialogue and then answer the questions! Shop keeper : May I help you, madam? Mrs. Budi : Yes, I’d like to get 15 kg of rice, please! Shop keeper : Which quality would you like, madam? Mrs. Budi : Give me the best quality. Shop keeper : All right, this in the best one, it’s Rp. 6500 for each Kg. Mrs Budi : Okay, give me fifteen kg, please! Shop keeper : Is there anything else? Mrs. Budi : Yes, 2 kg of sugar, one can of milk and a bottle of coconut oil. Shop keeper : Here you are madam, the sugar is Rp. 7000 /kg, one can of milk is Rp. 6000, and Rp. 8500 for a bottle of coconut oil Mrs. Budi : Thank you and how much are they all? Questions 1. Where is the conversation take place? 2. What does Mrs. Budi want to buy? 3. How many kilo grams of rice does Mrs. Budi want to buy? 4. How much does two kilo gram of sugar cost? 5. How much should Mrs. Budi pay for all the things? SUMMARY In this unit you have learned: 1 how to talk about daily routine and make a short conversation about daily habit e.g. I always get up early in the morning My mother gets up early too. Before going to school, I help my mother to clean the house. I take a bath before seven and go to school by motor cycle. 2 3 4 About handling guests, in the office, in the shop and restaurant Making an application letter Structure about simple present tense & gerund
KOMPETENSI DASAR Mencatat pesan sederhana baik dalam interaksi langsung maupun melalui alat Indikator: • Mencatat pesan melalui telpon • Mencatat registrasi, pesanan tiket, pesanan kamar hotel, pesanan barang secara langsung • Mengkonfirmasi pesanan Materi : Making an appointment Reservation Confirming or canceling arrangement Language focus: Present continues tense
I. MAKING AN APPOINTMENT Study the dialogue below! Secretary : Good morning. PT Gerhana Nusantara. Can I help you? Caller : Good morning. May I speak to Mr. Handoko, please? Secretary : I’m sorry madam, he is not in. He has gone out for a meeting. Would you leave a message, please? Caller : What time will he be back? Secretary : The meeting will be finished after twelve, and he will go to his friend’s house for lunch after the meeting. Caller : Well, would you tell him to call me back after lunch. Secretary : May I have your name and your telephone number, please? Caller : I’m Susi Susanti from CV. Intan Permata. My telephone number is 657234. Secretary : OK, your name is Susi Susanti, from CV Intan Permata. The phone number is 657234. Caller : Yes, that’s right. Thank you for your help. Secretary : You‘re welcome. To understand the dialogue, please answer the questions below 1. Who does the caller want to speak to? 2. Who answers the telephone call? 3. Who is the caller? 4. What time will the meeting finish? 5. What did the caller ask the secretary to do? Note: As a secretary, you should be able to take a message for your manager when he was out. Here is an example of telephone message:
WHILE YOU WERE OUT DATE : Feb. 20th , 2008 TO : Mr. Handoko FROM : Susi Susanti OF : CV. Intan Permata PHONE NO : 657234 MESSAGE : Ms. Susi Susanti wants you to call her after lunch. Her phone number is 085239594774 RECEIVED BY : Rini
Task 1 Read the dialogue and then write the telephone message. The following message is taken on July 20th, at 4.15 p.m. Receptionist : Front office. Can I help you? Customer : I’d like to speak to Mr. Sutarja in room 254, but there is no answer. Receptionist : Would you like to leave a message? Customer : Could you tell him to call Mr. Hidayat as soon as he gets back? My number is 331368. Receptionist : 331368. And your name is…? Customer : Sembiring. S-E-M-B-I-R-I-N-G. Receptionist : Thank you Mr. Sembiring. The message is for Mr. Sutarja and you want him to call you after coming back to 331368 Customer : That’s right. Thank you very much. Receptionist : Don’t mention it. Telephone message form WHILE YOU WERE OUT : : : : :
DATE TO FROM OF PHONE NO MESSAGE :
RECEIVED BY : Task 2 Read the dialogue, and then fill in the form of telephone message Man : Good morning, I’d like to see the purchasing manager, is she not busy this morning? Woman : Let me see. Do you have an appointment with her? Man : Oh, I’m sorry I don’t. I’d like to introduce my new product in this office can you help me, please? Woman : What is your new product, sir? Man : Stationary Woman : Will you write your name, please Man : All right, my name is Riyanto and my phone number is 672345 Woman : Mss. Lisa, the purchasing manager is having a meeting at the moment. Will you come after one pm? Man : What about at 13.30? 19
That’s ok; I’ll tell her that you will meet her at 1. 30 pm thank you WHILE YOU WERE OUT : : : : :
DATE TO FROM OF PHONE NO MESSAGE :
RECEIVED BY : II. RESERVATION A. ROOM RESERVATION Study the dialogue below Receptionist : Good morning, can I help you? Customer : I’d like to book 2 rooms for my guests. Receptionist : When will you use them sir? Customer : Next week, on the 10th and 11th of Sept. Receptionist : All right what name is it for sir? Customer : Mr Ronald and Ratna, his secretary. How much is the rate per night? Receptionist : Rp. 250.000. for single bed and Rp. 300.000,- for twin bed. Which one would you like? Customer : Single bed please! Receptionist : All right, and you should make a confirmation as soon as possible Customer : Sure, I will Receptionist : May I have your name and telephone number? Customer : I’m Irwan from CV Duta Pertama and the phone number is 645832 Receptionist : Yes, thank you sir.
Name Arrival by Departure by Requested by Reservation made Contact Person Address Date Signature RECEIVED BY : : : : : : : : : : Phone Letter Fax Other 2 single rooms , 10th to 11th of Sept. 2008 Mr. Irwan CV Duta Permata, Phone, 645832 September 3, 2008 __________________ Ermawati RESERVATION FORM Mr. Ronald and Ratna ___________________________________ ___________________________________
Study the sentences below used in making reservation 1. I’d like to reserve a room for two nights. 20
Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: I want to book a room for 23rd and 24th of July. 2. A single room or a double room, sir? 3. I’d like a single room, pleas. 4. What name is it for? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: Who is it for? What name is it in? 5. Do you want to change the reservations? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: Do you want to make another reservation? 6. How much is the price per night, please? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: What is the price? What’s the rate? What’s the nightly rate per person? 7. I’m afraid that rate is too high for us. Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: I’m afraid that’s not the rate we expected. Task 3 Read the dialogue below and then fill in the reservation form Reseptionist Leny Receptionist Leny Receptionist Leny Receptionist Leny Receptionist Leny Receptionist : : : : : : : : : : : Good morning, the advance reservation. International Hotel, can I help you? I’d like to reserve a single room for the 1st and the 2nd of August. What name is it for? Mr. Sungkono, my director. Which room do you need madam, Standard or Superior one? How much is the price? $75 for standard and $100 for superior room. a Superior room, please May I have your name and your telephone number? I’m Leny and my number is 672445, from Independence Company. OK, you reserve a superior room for the first and the second of August, for the name of Mr. Sungkono. Yes, that’s right. Good bye Thank’s madam, bye
Leny : Receptionist :
The guest’ name Arrival by Departure by Reserved by phone Reservation made Contact Person Address Phone number Date Signature RECEIVED BY B. RESERVING AN AIRLINE TICKET Sentences used in reserving a flight ticket 1. I’d like to make a reservation for my boss on a flight to Tokyo. 2. ….but no more seats are available. Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan: … but there isn’t any seat left. 3. How much is the ticket, please? 4. What time is the first flight, please? 5. The first flight is at 7.30 am 6. You must be at the airport one hour before the departure. 7. Is there a direct flight? 8. Is that a direct flight? 9. Sorry, but all seats have been confirmed 10. How about tomorrow flight? 11. There are two seats left on the second flight. Task 4 Study the dialogue below and then fill in the reservation form Receptionist : Garuda Indonesia Airlines, good morning. Can I help you? Deny : I want to reserve a ticket to Surabaya. Can I have the ticket for the first flight? Receptionist : I’m sorry, sir. All the seats have been confirmed. Do you want to take the second flight? There are two seats left. Deny : What time does it depart? Receptionist : At 10.30. It will arrive in Surabaya at 11.15 Deny : OK, I’ll take the second flight. How much is the ticket, please? Receptionist : Rp. 530.000. What name is it for, sir? Deny : It’s Deny. Deny Wijaya. Receptionist : May I have your address and your telephone number? Deny : Sure. My address is Jl. Nusa Indah II/ 12 and my phone number is 634313 letter fax other
Receptionist : Deny :
Thank you sir, the ticket will be ready in 15 minutes. You must be at the airport one hour before the departure. All right, and thank you madam. Bye.
NAME : : : : : : : : _______________________________________ ________________________________________ ______________ ______________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ______________________________________ _________________________________ : _________________________
Flight number Date Reserved by Name Address Phone number
C. RESERVING TABLES AT A RESTAURANT Sentences used in reserving table in a restaurant 1 I’d like to book 15 tables for 75 people. Maksud yang sama dapat juga diungkapkan demikian: Could I have 15 tables for 75 people? How would you like the atmosphere? Untuk maksud yang sama dapat juga dikatakan : What kind of atmosphere do you want? I require a 20% advance payment on confirmation of the booking. Could you serve the meal at 12.30? How about the menu? How about the appetizer? What kind of fruit do you like?
3 4 5 6 7
Could I have your name, company name, and telephone number? Would you arrange the tables so as to create an informal and relaxing atmosphere?
10 Please give me confirmation as soon as possible. Task 5 Read the dialogue and then fill in the reservation for. Receptionist Mrs. Deny Receptionist Mrs. Deny Receptionist : : : : : Hallo. Favorite Restaurant, Can I help you? Yes, madam. I’d like to reserve 5 tables for 50 people. When will you need it, Madam? It’s for tomorrow at 12.00. What are the terms? Rp. 20.000, - per person. We require 20% advance payment on confirmation of the booking. All right. Could you serve the meal on time, please? Sure. How about the menu? Do you want to try our specialties? Roast boneless chicken with soy sauce and grilled lobster with black pepper sauce. Both will be fine. We also want sirloin steak and baked fish for main dishes. That’s okay. I’ll try to give you the best. Thanks madam. Bye.
Mrs. Deny : Receptionist : Mrs. Deny : Receptionist : Mrs. Deny :
Date Name Address Phone Reservation made
: : : : :
Used on (Date and time)
__________________________ _______________________ _________________________ ___________________________ ______________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ ________________________________ ______________________________
Task 6 1. Work in a group of 4 students; try to get a schedule of flight (any kinds of flight) 2 Write a short dialogue based on the schedule 3 Demonstrate the dialogue in front of the class in pairs, one becomes a customer and the other is as a receptionist, and then fill in the form of reservation. Task 7 Read the dialogue below and then answer the questions. 24
WRONG NUMBER Operator Paul Operator Paul Operator : : : : : Good morning. Indonesian Electronics, what can I do for you, sir? Good morning. May I speak to Mrs. Janice Adams? Sorry, who did you say you wanted to speak to? Adams. Janice Adams. There’s Mrs. Janice Smith here. But nobody named Janice Adams works here. But, she asked me to ring this number. Let me check. Is that 5011958? No, this isn’t the number you want. It’s 5811958 I’m sorry. I must have dialed the wrong number. never mind. Bye- bye
Paul : Operator : Paul : Operator : Questions 1. Who is the caller? 2. Who does he want to speak to? 3. Does he meet the person he wants to? 4. What number does he have and what number has he dialed? 5. What’s the answer of the call? III. CONFIRMING OR CANCELLING ARRANGEMENT Study the example below 1 Making confirmation Receptionist : Hendra : Receptionist : Hendra Receptionist Hendra Receptionist Hendara : : : : :
Rinjani travel agency, good morning can I help you? Yes, my name’s Hendra. I have booked a ticket of Garuda Air Lines to Surabaya at 7.00 am tomorrow, but because of my business, can I change it to the day after tomorrow at the same time? I’m sorry sir, all the seat have been confirmed for the first flight, want about the last flight? What time does it depart? At six pm, but you must be at the air port one hour before the departure its ok, I’ll take the last flight. Yes, sir you change your flight on Friday, August 10, at 7.00 am to Saturday for the last flight, it’s at 6.00 pm Yes, thank you madam.
Questions 1. Where did Hendra want to go? 2 When did he plan to go? 3 Why did he delay his flight to the following day? 4 Write the note of the receptionist about the confirmation 5 What time should Mr. Hendra be at the airport?
Canceling a trip Receptionist : Good morning, Garuda reservation desk, can I help you? 25
Receptionist : Caller Receptionist Caller Receptionist : : : :
I hope so; I have booked a ticket to Samarinda for the name of Mr. Santoso. Let me check it first, sir. Yes that’s right. You will fly on Monday the 2nd of March. But I’m so sorry for I have to cancel it because of the family problem. That’s all right, but only 75 % refundable, sir It’s all right. Thank you madam you’re welcome and good bye
Questions 1 Where did Mr. Santoso want to go? 2 Why did he cancel his trip? 3 Write the note probably written by the receptionist about the cancellation Task 8 Listening Listen and complete the dialogue below while listening to your teacher Receptionist : __________ (1) hotel, good afternoon may I help you? Caller : Yes_________ (2) from PT Catur Indah. I have booked ________ (3) for the name of Mr., Indra used on _________(4) September Receptionist : Wait a minute miss, _______ (5) check it first. Yes, that’s right... Caller : May I change the date to the ___________(6) on the same ______(7)? Receptionist : It’s Ok miss, for how long will you stay in the hotel? Caller : For _________(8) Receptionist : I’ll change your reservation for a single room on __________(9) of October Caller : Yes, madam thank you very much Receptionist : _____________(10) IV. LANGUAGE FOCUS PRESENT CONTINUS TENSE Present cont. tense adalah kalimat yang dipakai untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung pada saat kita berbicara. Contoh: Mr. Andrew is attending a meeting. (Tuan Andrew sedang menghadiri pertemuan) The secretary is typing a letter now. (Sekretaris itu sedang mengetik surat sekarang) Perhatikan bentuk kalimat present continues tense S + BE (am/is/are) + (VERB + ing) + OBJ
Be selalu berubah sesuai dengan subyek. 26
Misalnya: I am ... She is... He is... It is ... Mother is ... Father is ... You are ... They are ... We are ... Untuk membuat kalimat negatif, tambahkan not setelah to be Contoh: - The secretary is not operating computer but she is handling telephone - The staffs are not having a meeting but they are working in their room Untuk membuat kalimat tanya, pindahkan be kedepan subyek. Perhatikan contoh berikut 1 A : Is the manager having a meeting? B : No, he isn’t. He is talking to one of the guests 2 A : What are you doing now? B : I’m typing a monthly report Keterangan waktu biasanya : Now At the moment Task 9 Write the verbs in brackets into present cont. tense or simple present tense. 1. The man ___________(talk) on the telephone now. 2. The teachers _____________(have) a meeting at the moment. 3. The boys ______________(play) football in the yard every Sunday. 4. The guests _____________(have) dinner at the moment. 5. The secretary ____________(type) a letter every day. 6. Ridwan and Dono ____________(study) in a group now. 7. My uncle _______________(work) in the office now. 8. The receptionist ________________(call) someone on the telephone. 9. The librarian always ____________(serve) the students politely . 10. The girls ________________(watch) TV in the living room. Task 10 Turn the sentences into questions. Look at the example below. e.g. The students are cleaning the room at the moment Who are cleaning the room at the moment? What are the students doing at the moment? 1. The workers are having a meeting now. Who……………………………….. 2. My uncle is typing a letter now. What ………………………………….. 3. My father is reading a newspaper now What ……………………………….. 27
4. The boys are playing football in the yard now. Where …………………………………….. 5. My mother is cooking in the kitchen now. Where ……………………………………
ASSESSMENT Listening I. Listen to the dialogue and complete the missing words Woman Man Woman Man : : : : Good morning, _________(1)? Yes, I’d like to see the manager. _________ (2)today? Oh! Yes sir. ________ (3) an appointment with him? Yes, I’ve got an appointment at ten o’clock. And now it’s ________(4), isn’t it? Yes, it is. The manager has still got somebody in with him. Would you mind __________ (5) a moment? Please sit down, sir! Thank you. _________________ (6) and address, please? Yes, My name’s Arif, I live in Narmada And what company are ____________(7)? CV Mutiara All right, will you wait for a moment. __________(8) something to drink, sir, while you are waiting? No, thanks, _________ (9) appreciate something to read, if there is any. Yes, sir, there are some newspapers and magazines ____________ (10)
Woman : Man Woman Man Woman Man Woman : : : : : :
Man : Woman :
II. Answer the questions based on the dialogue above 1. Has the man made an appointment to see the manager? 2 What time did he promise the see him? 3 What company is he from? 4 What did he like to do while waiting for the manager? 5 Why should he wait for the manager? III Write sentences in a dialogue based on the situation given. 1. Your friend comes to your house and you want to offer him some thing to drink 2 You want to ask your mother to turn on the TV 3 You ask permission to your teacher to buy a pen while learning in the class 4 You want to know your friend’s telephone number 5 You want to offer a help to clean the white board
IV Write the telephone message below on the form
1 2 3
Please tell Mr. Eddy, your Boss, that Mr. Sembiring can not meet him at 10 tomorrow morning, and ask him to call back after lunch to reschedule the meeting. I’d like to book a single room for the 5th and the 6th of May for the name of Mr. Lukman I want to reserve a ticket to Surabaya by Garuda on the first flight tomorrow on the 10th of June
SUMMARY In this unit you have learned: 1 How to handle a telephone call, take and leave a message a message. Try to make some practices to make you accustoms to speak English on the telephone 2 About making reservation and making a note by filling a reservation form. In this reservation you have learned about reserving a hotel room, flight ticket and booking table in a restaurant How to make a confirmation of the reservation Language focuses about the use of modals in: Request Asking permission Offering
KOMPETENSI DASAR Merinci tugas pekerjaan dan latar belakang pendidikan yang dimiliki secara lisan Indikator: • • • Menyebutkan macam-macam profesi Menjelaskan latar belakang pendidikan secara lisan Mencatat curriculum vita Occupation Job Vacancy Job Interview Application letter Language focus : Passive voice
Study the dialogue below A B A B A B A B A B : : : : : : : : : : Where do you work? I work for Erlangga Tour and Travel Oh, really? And what do you do there? I’m a guide. I lead people on tour to visit many interesting places in our country That sounds interesting. Yes, it’s a great job. I love it and what do you do? I’m a student and I work part time too. Oh, where do you work? I work in a fast food restaurant. I serve the customers who want to have dinner or hold a party So, you are a waitress
Note: One who leads people to visit interesting places is called a guide One who serves people in a restaurant is called a waitress (for a woman) or a waiter (for a man) Task 1 Answer the questions below to show his/her occupation 1 What do you call one who teaches you? 2 One who is still studying is called a.... 3 What do you call one who serves the patients in the hospital? 4 What do you call one whose job is driving a car? 5 One who flies a plane is called.... READING Before reading the text, check your vocabularies about nursing nurse = .... hospital = .... patient = .... visitor = .... care = .... responsibility = .... recovery = .... 30
prevent community attend physician medical diagnose prepare
= .... = .... = .... =.... = .... = .... = ....
Task 2 Read the text below, and then answer the questions about the reading text. NURSING When we are in a hospital, either as patient or just a visitor we will meet a lot of workers in white uniforms. They are doctors, nurses and other health workers. But most of them are nurses. Nurses care for the sick. They assume responsibility for creating a physical, social, cultural and spiritual environment which will speed up recovery. They help the prevention of illness, and the promotion and rehabilitation of health. Nurses give health services to individuals, the family and the community. Nurses attend to their duties with special skill, and the relationship between physician and nurses should be a professional one. The physicians make medical diagnoses based on medical expertise, and coordinate their services with a number of other health professionals. To become a nurse one has to attend a nursing school for three years, where one studies the basic professional skills of nursing. There, one is prepared for hospital nursing and the care of the sick. Questions: 1. When we are in a hospital we meet many people in white uniforms. Who are they? 2. What should a nurse do in a hospital? 3. Who makes medical diagnoses about the patient? 4. Where should you study to have a skill of nursing? 5. Give your comment about nurses in your town! II Talking about Job and Occupation A : Where do you work? B : I work for Biddy Tour and Travel A : Oh, really? And what do you do there? B : I’m a guide. I take people to see some interesting places in my town A : That sounds interesting! B : Yes, that’s the job I love very much. And what do you do? A : I’m a student, and I work part time, too. B : Oh? Where do you work? A : I work in a fast food restaurant. I cook hamburgers B : Big Macs? A : No, Whoppers! I work for Burger King. Study the sentences below! Where do you work? 31
I work for .... I work in/at .... Where do you go to school? I go to .... I study at a vocational school What do you do? I’m a guide I’m a driver Task 3 Look at the pictures and say what the people are doing
Look at the picture, and then answer the questions based on the pictures 1 What is the woman? She is a nurse Where does she work? She works in a hospital What does she do? She serves the patients 2 What is the man? Where does he work? What does he do? What is the woman? Where does she work? What does she do? What is the woman? Where does she work? What does she do? What is the man? Where does he work? What does he do?
Task 4 Listening 32
Listen to the teacher talking about their occupations and then write the 6 numbers of the occupations below from 1 - 6 _____ typist _____ hairdresser _____ actor _____ engineer _____ motel receptionist _____ mechanic _____ nurse _____ pilot _____ lecturer _____ computer programmer Task 5 You will hear your teacher talking about the jobs they used to have and the jobs they have now, listen and tick their present jobs 1) ——— ——— 2) ——— ——— 3) ——— ——— 4) ——— –––––– 5) ——— ——— 6) ——— ——— 7) ——— ——— nurse social worker shop assistant librarian driver tour guide receptionist nurse bank clerk computer programmer mechanic lorry driver office manager university lecturer
A leading international Company a subsidiary of a British Company with world wide operation is looking for an:
II JOB VACANCY
Read the job vacancy below and then answer the questions A.
The successful candidate must be: • Fluent in verbal and written English • Able to demonstrate skill and experience with computer (window) • Highly motivated, accurate and URGENTLY REQUIRED efficient. We invite application for: experience as executive • 2 years min. secretary.
Questions: 1. What position is offered at the job vacancy above? ONE ACCOUNTING SUPERVISER 2. What qualification is needed? Win candidate: 3. Where should the application letter be sent? Please send full resumes and photograph to: 4. How many years’ experience should 1. Bachelor accounting (S1) ENGINEERING 2. Not more than 35 years old MANAGER the applicant have? 3. At PO Box 3482 JAKARTA the same position least 3 years experience in 10001 5. What is the name of the company? 4. Familiar in computer software B
5. 6. 7. Fluent in writing and speaking English Willing to work hard To be located in Mataram
Application with complete resumes, resent photograph should be submitted in English to the
Administration officer PO Box 370 Mataram
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How many people are needed? What qualification is needed? Where should the application sent? How should the letter be written? Where should the applicant live?
Task 6 Find job vacancies on the newspaper or magazine and then arrange it on a clipping form. III APPLICATION LETTER
NTB Bank is looking for:
The successful candidate must be: • SMK graduated • Fluent in verbal and written English • Highly motivated, accurate and efficient. • 2 years min. experience in the same position. Please send full resumes and photograph to: PERSONAL MANAGER PO Box 3482 MATARAM 83236
Jalan Melati no. 10 Mataram Januari 17, 2006 Personnel manager of Bank NTB Mataram Dear Sir,
Referring to your advertisement in the Lombok Post Newspaper published on January 12 about a vacancy in your office, here with, I would like to inform you that I can meet the requirements for being a receptionist. I enclose, a qualification summery provides the details of my education and work experience I do not mind at all having an interview with you whenever you think it necessary. Very sincerely yours Sulis Wijayanti Curriculum Vitae Name Address 34 : : Sulis Wijayanti Jl. Melati, 10 Mataram
Place & date of birth Status Education Background Other things
: : : :
Mataram, August 15, 1994 Single 1. SMKN - 2004 2. SMP -2001 3. SD -1999 1. English Course; Intermediate Level 2004 2. Book-keeping certificate 3. Computer Certificate; Ms. Word & Ms. Excel Receptionist 2004-2006 at Lombok Garden Hotel
Task 7 Listening Complete the letter below by listening to your teacher.
And then answer the questions about the letter.
Jl. Erlangga 12, Mataram _______________(1) The personal Manager, Sujono Corporation National Trader, ________________ (2) Dear Sir, In reply to your advertisement in Suara Nusa dated ____________ (3), I would like to apply for the post of ______________ (4). I am a graduate of SMK, __________ similar position. (5), and have ever had an experience in the
I enclose a testimonial, reference from my former employer and curriculum Vitae besides my photo. I’d be glad to come for an interview at any time convenient to you. Yours faithfully, ___________(6)
Curriculum Vitae Name : _________ (7) 35
Address Place & Date of Birth Status Education Background Other things Work Experience
: : : :
Jl. Erlangga 12, Mataram Mataram, ___________ (8) Single 1. Vocational School 2004 2. Junior high school _____(9) 3. Elementary school 1999 : Computer certificate; Ms. Word & Ms. Excel : Bookkeeping assistant ________(10)
IV JOB INTERVEW Study the dialogue below
Manager Debby Manager Debby Manager Debby Manager Debby Manager Debby Manager Debby
: : : : : : : : : : : :
Good morning, sit down, please Thank you What’s your complete name? Debby Harianty, just call me Debby Where do you live, Debby? I live at Jl. Selaparang no. 15, Mataram Could you tell me about your education? Sure, I graduated from a Vocational school on Business & Management, I take office administration program. I can operate computer well, I have learn about filing and I can speak English. Do you have job experience? Yes, I have one year experience as a receptionist at Lombok Garden Hotel. Now, let me tell you a little about the job. I have many letters and documents everyday and you should keep it well, and any time when I need it, you must help me to find it. All right, sir, I can help you because I have learned about filing system
Sentences used in an interview: 1 Where do you live? 2 Where did you get the information about the vacancy? 36
3 Where did you graduate from? 4 What is your qualification? 5 Why are you interested in the vacancy? 6 Do you have job experience? 7 Can you tell me a secretary’s job? 8 Can you operate computer? Study the dialogue below 1. A B 2 A B : Good morning, have a seat please. Where did you get information about the vacancy in this office? : I read it on a newspaper last week. : Why are you interested in that vacancy? : Well, I have finished my study at a vocational school on office administration program and I learned about secretarial duty. Therefore, when I read the advertisement on Lombok Post, I was interested in being a secretary in your office. : Do you have job’s experience? : Yes, I have been working in Lisa Hotel as a receptionist for one year. : Can you tell me about secretarial duty? : Sure, a secretary should be able to operate computer, type letters, file documents handle a telephone call and many other things. : What is your qualification? : I graduated from a vocational school on office administration program
A B A B A B
Task 8 Arrange the following questions and answers in a good dialogue. Questions Answers 1. What’s your name? a. No, I’m a teacher 2. Are you married or single? b. She is 27 too 3. Are you Indonesian? c. My name is Andre 4. Where do you come from? d. sally 5. How old are you? e. I’m 27 6. Are you a student? f. From Australia 7. Is your wife a teacher? g. I’m married 8. Where does she come from? h. No, she’s a nurse 9. What’s her name? i. Blue and yellow 10. How old is she? j. English 11. What is your hobby? k. No, I’m Australian 12. What color do you like? l. I like sport especially swimming. 13. What is you favorite subject? m. She is from Jakarta
Write the sentences above in a dialogue like the example below: A : What’s your name? B : My name is Andre 37
: …. : ….
Task 9 Answer the questions below to complete the dialogue! Interviewer You Interviewer You Interviewer You Interviewer You Interviewer You Interviewer You Interviewer You Interviewer You Interviewer You : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Good morning, have a seat, please! ___________________________ May I have your complete name, please? _________________________________ Where do you live? _____________________________ What is your qualification? ____________________________ Are you married? ____________________________ Do you have job experience? ____________________________ Why do you want to work in my office? _____________________________ Can you operate computer? _______________________ Thank you for the interview and tomorrow you might start your work here. ________________________
Task 10 Arrange a short dialogue about job interview and then practice it in front of your class V. LANGUAGE FOCUS PASSIVE VOICE Dalam bahasa Indonesia kalimat pasif selalu berawalan di atau ter. Misalnya: dibaca, diambil atau terambil. Sedangkan dalam bahasa Inggris kalimat pasif ( passive voice) bentuknya: Be + Past participle ( V3) Be akan mengalami perubahan sesuai dengan tenses. Perhatikan penjelasan berikut. Simple present tense. I clean my room everyday (active voice) My room is cleaned every day (passive voice) I wash my shirt every Saturday ( active voice) My shirt is washed every Saturday (passive voice) The man waters the flowers every day (active voice) The flowers are watered every day. (Passive voice) Pada kalimat simple present tense be berubah menjadi is / are sesuai dengan subyek. Simple past tense. I washed my clothes yesterday ( active voice) My clothes were washed yesterday. (passive voice) 38
She watered the plant last week (active voice) The plant was watered last week (passive voice) Pada kaimat past tense be berubah menjadi was / were sesuai dengan subyek. Present cont. tense. My mother is watering the plants. (active voice) The plants are being watered . (passive voice) The man is repairing the computer (active voice) The computer is being repaired. ( passive voice) Pada kalimat present cont. tense be berubah menjadi being. Kalimat dengan menggunakan modal ( can, will, may, must …) The students may clean the classroom now. (active voice) The classroom may be cleaned by the students now (passive voice) I must clean the living room everyday. ( active voice) The living room must be cleaned every day (passive voice) I will wash the dishes. (active voice) The dishes will be washed (passive voice) Setelah modal, be tidak mengalami perubahan ( tetap be) Present perfect tence. ( has / have + V3) I have cleaned the room ( active voice) The room has been cleaned.(passive voice) Mother has opened the windows (active voice) The windows has been opened by mother ( passive voice) Setelah has / have be berubah menjadi been. Task 11 Change the sentence into passive voice. 1. The secretary is typing the letter. The letter …. 2. The man bought the computer last week. The computer …. 3. She opens the shop every day. The shop …. 4. She cleans the room every Saturday. The room …. 5. Rina typed the proposal last Monday. The proposal …. 6. I have posted the letter. The letter …. 7. I will sell my old car soon. My old car …. 8. The students are cleaning the classroom. The classroom …. 9. Mother bought the book last night. The book …. 39
10. The man has bought my house. My house …. Task 12 Write the sentences in English. 1. Rumah itu sudah dijual 2. Mobil saya sedang dibersihkan 3. Sarapan sedang disiapkan 4. Ruang pertemuan suddah dibersihkan. 5. Surat itu akan diketik besok pagi 6. Pelajaran ini sudah dijelaskan oleh guru 7. Semua jendela harus dibuka 8. Sepeda motor saya sudah dijual 9. Papan tulis harus dibersihkan sebelum belajar. 10. Computer itu harus diletakkan diatas meja. Task 13 Write the verb in bracket in the passive form. 1. The customers must (reserve) patiently. 2. The store (open) from 8.00 am until 9.00 p.m. everyday. 3. This medicine (buy) at the drugstore last night 4. The new car (steal) by someone last week 5. This TV (buy) by my father last night 6. The letters have (type) by the secretary 7. These books (write) by my teacher. 8. The door has (lock) 9. The breakfast (prepare) by my sister every morning. 10. The flowers should (water) every day. Task 14 Write the passive sentences taken from the dialogue below and translate into Indonesian. Abas Siti Abas Siti Abas Siti Abas Siti : This Street was being repaired last time when I was here. Why is it being repaired again now? : Because it needs to be. It has been repaired every year or as long as I can remember. : That Street is bad too. : Yes, and it had just been repaired when the rainy season began last year. : Is it going to be repaired soon? : Sure, They will be repaired by the first of next month. : I like those bus shelters. They had not been built yet when I came here three years ago. : No, not yet. They have just been built by the city in the last few months. I think more of them are going to be built next year ASSESSMENT I. Answer the questions below! 1 What do you call a person who handles the guest in the office? 40
2 3 4 5
A person who helps the manager in doing his job is called......... One whose job is teaching is called......... What do you called one who drives a car? What do you call a person whose job is typing the
II Read the advertisement below, and then write an application letter to apply for position offered. A National stock company seeks urgently A secretary With the following qualification; - Female, age not older than 23 years old - Graduate in secretarial, preferable from academy of secretary but not a must. Minimum of two years experience. Write to: Personal manager of PT National stock company PO Box 67 Jakarta
III Reading Read the dialogue and then answer the questions. Mr. Anwar Andy Mr. Anwar Andy Mr. Anwar Andy Mr. Anwar Andy : : : : : : : : Well, Mr. Andy, you got certificate in computer, English and accounting, didn’t you? You had got a management course too. Yes, actually it was two years ago before I began my job as an accounting assistant. What did you do? I was one of the accountant assistants. I did nearly all the accountant work and I have some more experience in the sales department. Yes I got it in your curriculum vitae. But why do you want to work with us? Well, I want to get better job and better position. Yes, congratulation. You get the job. We’ll appoint you to be one of my sales managers. Can you start next Monday? Sure, I can. Thank you.
Question 1. Who is the applicant? 2 What kind of job does he apply? 3 What experience did he have? 4 Why does he want to work with Mr. Anwar? 5 When will he start working? IV Listening (Question no 1 – 3) Listen to the cassette carefully then answer the questions below by choosing a, b, or c 41
1. What course had Lestari attended? a. English b. Baking c. Computer 2. What did she decide to do after finishing her course? a. to open a cake shop b. to spend the money c. to make a loan 3. Where did she want to get the loan? a. at the shop b. at the bank c. at a book store Listen to the information, to answer the questions 4 - 6 4. Who will visit the company? a. The manager b. Mr. Wika c. Pradnyana 5. When will he come? a. 7th of November b. 20th of November c. 23rd of November 6. What time will he arrive? a. before noon b. at 12.00 c. early in the morning To answer the questions no 7 – 10, listen to the information. 7. What must you do when you are looking for a job? a. Learning about new area b. Making friends with people in the same field c. Going to many companies 8. What is the meaning of net working? a. getting along with your colleague b. Meeting people in related field c. Studying a lot of companies.
Answer the questions based on the application letter you hear from the cassette 9. Where did the writer read the advertisement? a. Lombok Post b. Suara Nusa 42
10. What position did she wants to apply in? a. accounting b. typist c. secretary SUMMARY 1 In this unit you have learned about occupation of any kinds of people and how to get job vacancy on newspaper or magazine. But nowadays, you can get the information about job vacancy on the radio, TV or internet You also learned about application letter and how to write the letter based on the job vacancy and how to arrange curriculum vitae. In this unit you learned about interview and practiced how ask andrespond the questions. On the language focus you have learned about passive voice such as: The information was read on Lombok Post The office is opened at 8.00 am every morning I was called to attend a meeting
2 3 4
KOMPETENSI DASAR Menceritrakan pekerjaan dimasa lalu dan rencana kerja yang akan datang
Indikator: • Menceritrakan pengalaman dimasa lampau • Menceritrakan sebuah kejadian (event) dimaa lalu • Menceritrakan rencana kegiatan masa yang akan datang • Menyusun program kerja Materi Past experience Future plan Tenses: Simple past tense Future tense
PAST EXPERIENCES Read the reading text below and then answer the questions about the text A STRANGE EXPERIENCE
An odd thing happened to me last Sunday. It was such a beautiful day, that I decided to go for a leisurely drive in the country. On the way back home, my motor stopped. I was out of gasoline on a lonely road far from a town. I decided to walk until I found someone who could sell me a gallon or two of gasoline. I had walked almost a mile before I finally found a house near the road. I was glad to see it, because it was starting to get dark. I knocked on the door and a little old leady with long white hair answered. She said, “ I’ve been waiting for you for a long time. Come in, tea is almost ready.” “But I only came for some gasoline.” I answered. I couldn’t imagine what she was talking about. “Oh, Alfred! Gasoline? You used to prefer tea.” I quickly explained that my car was out of gasoline, but she didn’t seem to hear me. She just kept calling me Alfred and talking about how long it had been since she had seen me. She was behaving very strangely and I was anxious to leave. As soon as she went to get the tea, I went out for the house as fast as I could. Fortunately, there was another house down the road, and I was able to buy several gallons of gasoline. When I told the man about my experience, he said:” Oh, that’s Miss Emily. She lives by herself in that big house. She is peculiar, but she wouldn’t hart anyone. She is still waiting for the man she was supposed to marry thirty years ago. The day before their wedding, he went away and never came back.” (Taken from English 900, book five)
Before answering the questions, find the meaning of the words / phrase below and then read the text once again. 1. decide 5. peculiar 2. a lonely road 6. hurt 44
3. behave 4. anxious
7. still waiting for 8. supposed to marry
Task 1 Answer the questions about the text! 1. Why did the writer decide to go for a drive? 2. Where was he going when his motor stopped? 3. What was wrong with his car? 4. What did the old lady say to him? 5. What did the man tell the writer about the old lady? Task 2 Write the sentences bellow in Indonesian. 1. It was such a beautiful day that I decided to go for a leisurely drive in the country. 2. I was out of gasoline on a lonely road far from a town. 3. I knocked on the door and a little old leady with long white hair answered. 4. She was behaving very strangely and I was anxious to leave. 5. She is still waiting for the man she was supposed to marry thirty years ago. Task 3 Listening In this activity you will learn how to tell about your experience to others or try to tell one’s experience to other people. Before doing your duty, Tono will tell you his experience. Listen to your teacher and fill in the missing words. Hello, good morning. This morning I’d like to tell you about _________(1). A few months ago I had a holiday for _________(2). I didn’t want to spend my holiday by doing nothing at home. So I decided to ___________(3) in Jakarta. I’ve never gone there before, but I was sure that I could meet my uncle there. Before going to Jakarta, I phoned my uncle to tell him that I would go to Jakarta ____________(4) by bus and asked him to pick me up at the bus station. I left for Jakarta at about 4.00 o’clock in _________(5). On the way to Jakarta, I met a friend who set __________(6). His name is Reja. He was very kind and new a lot about Jakarta. He studied at a University in Bandung. We talked many things about Jakarta and also some ___________(7) places. We arrived at the bus station on __________(8) early in the morning. After ___________(9) the bus, I didn’t see my uncle. So I had to wait for him about one hour. We were very happy when we met each other. It was wonderful experience for me to be in Jakarta. I could see high and large buildings along the street. The city was crowded and every one had to work hard to get money for a living. I was in Jakarta for about _________(10). I saw some interesting places there like; Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Ancol, Monas and many other places.
Task 4 Write a short speech about your experience on the last holiday. Tell us where you went, what you did and how you feel during the holiday. Then try to memorize your writing and tell it in front of your friends without your note. 45
II FUTURE PLAN Study the dialogue below 1. A: B: A: B: A: A: B: A: B: 3. A : B: A: B: 4. A: B: A: What is your plan for next holiday? I will visit my uncle in Denpasar and what about you? I’ll go camping with my classmate. Oh, that’s nice. Have a good time Thank you, I hope you can enjoy your holiday too. What time will you go to school tomorrow? I’ll go at seven. Will you go with me? All right, I’ll come to your house before seven. Will you wait for me? Okay. When will your father go abroad? Next month, he will go with my mother? Will you go there too? No, I have to finish my study first, and I hope I’ll be with them next year. Will you to visit Taman Mini if you go to Jakarta? Sure, I don’t want to waste the time without visiting it. TMII is the most interesting place for me in Jakarta. Have you ever gone there? No, I’m going to go there next holiday.
Task 5 Read the reading text below about Adito’s plan for this coming year and then answer the questions I’m going to start my career right after I graduate from this school. I’m going to send application letters to several companies. I will take the first job opportunity given to me. For the first time, I think, I only can be a salesman. I’m sure it won’t be a lifetime job. I’ll do my job with great optimism. I’ll learn a lot about being a good salesman, and then I’ll move up to be a supervisor. I’m young, I’m healthy. I’ll learn all there is to know about sales and what areas to hit with our products. I’ll also learn how to deal with clients. I’ll build up good relationship with distributors. I must be responsible, creative, firm, alert and especially understanding with everyone in my work environment. If I can be an imaginative and resourceful person, I’m sure that one day I’m going to be a very successful sales manager. (Taken from English for vocational student 2)
Questions: 1. What is the main idea of the first paragraph? 2. When will Adito start his career? 3. What is the top job that Adito wants to reach? 46
4. What kind of a person is Adito? 5. What position does Adito want after being a salesman? Task 6 Write your plan about what you are going to do after coming home from school this afternoon. III LAGUAGE FOCUS TENSES A. Simple past tense Dalam menceritrakan pengalaman yang lampau, kita sering menggunakan kata kerja lampau atau past tense. Pada Unit 4 ini kta akan belajar dua tenses yaitu simple past tense dan present perfect tense. Simple past tense. ∗ Kalimat past tense adalah kalimat yang dipakai untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang terjadi pada waktu yang lampau. Misalnya: Kemarin, minggu lalu, bulan lalu, tahun lalu, dua hari yang lalu atau sejam yang lalu. Yang jelas peristiwa yang kita ceritrakan terjadi sebelum kita membicarakannya ∗ S Bentuk kalimatnya adalah: + V2 + O
S = Subyek V2 = Kata kerja bentuk lampau O = Obyek Contoh: 1. I got up at 6.00 yesterday morning. 2. My father went to Surabaya last week 3. The teachers had a meeting last Monday. • Keterangan waktu yang selalu dipakai adalah: Yesterday = kemarin Last week = Minggu lalu Last month = Bulan lalu Last Sunday = Hari Minggu yang lalu An hour ago = satu jam yang lalu
* Kalimat Past tense selalu menggunakan bentuk kata kerja lampau (past tense) Ada dua jenis kata kerja, yaitu: Kata kerja beraturan (regular verbs) dan Kata kerja tak beraturan (Irregular verbs) 47
Kata kerja beraturan, bentuk lampaunya selalu berakhiran –ed. Contoh: Enjoy Play Finish Stop Want enjoyed played finished stopped wanted
* Kata kerja tak beraturan ( irregular verbs) mengalami perubahan bentuk. Antara bentuk pertama, kedua dan ketiga tidak teratur. Karena itu bentuk kata kerja ini harus dihafalkan atau kamu harus memiliki daftar kata kerja yang tidak beraturan. Contoh irregular verbs: Buy bought Bring brought Go went See saw Etc. * Untuk membuat kalimat negatif maupun kalimat tanya kita selalu menggunakan kata bantu did. Did adalah bentuk lampau dari do. Kalau dalam kalimat sudah menggunakan did maka kata kerja harus kembali ke bentuk pertama Contoh: 1. I didn’t go to school yesterday. 2. What did you do yesterday? 3. My mother didn’t go to the market last Sunday. 4. Who turned on the TV last night?(contoh ini tidak menggunakan kata bantu karena yang ditanyakan adalah subyeknya) Task 7 Write the verbs in brackets in the past forms. 1. The man __________(come) to my house last night. 2. The girl____________(not call) me yesterday 3. The students __________(not study) English last Wednesday. 4. I ____________(receive) the letter last Monday 5. Mr. Rudy ___________(go) abroad last month 6. My uncle ______________(arrive) two hours ago. 7. What ___________the students __________.(do) yesterday? 8. Who __________(teach) you English last year? 9. What time __________the man ___________(call) you last night? 10. Did she ___________(sleep) well last night?
Task 8 Read the dialogue and then answer the questions. Erwin : Where did you go last week Tom? I didn’t see you at the meeting? Tomi : I went to Denpasar to visit my uncle. 48
Erwin : How long were you in Denpasar? Did you visit some interesting places there? Tomi : I was there for 5 days, and I went to Kuta beach and Sanur beach. I saw many foreign tourists there. Erwin : Whom did you go with? Tomi : I went with my father, my mother and my brother. Erwin : How did you go there? Tomi : I went there, by plane but we went home by car. Questions: 1. Where did Tom go last week? 2. Did he go there by bus? 3. How long did he stay in Denpasar? 4. Who did he go with? 5. Did he visit many interesting places there? Task 9 Tell the story about Tom, in your own words. Tell us, where he went, who he went with, how he went there, what places he visited…. Etc. Before telling the story in front of your friends, write it on your note book. B. Present perfect tence Kalimat present perfect tense dipakai untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang sudah terjadi. (sudah selesai). Dalam hal ini tidak ditekankan waktu kejadiannya, hanya ingin mengungkapkan bahwa sesuatu pekerjaan sudah selesai dikerjakan. Contoh: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have written the letter. (saya telah menulis surat itu) The secretary has typed the letter.(sekretaris itu telah mengetik surat itu) The students have studies English (murid-murid sudah belajar bahasa Inggris) Tono has done the homework.(Tono sudah mengerjakan PR) *Bentuk kalimatnya: S + HAVE/HAS + Keterangan :S Have Has PP O
= Subyek = kt.bantu (untuk subyek; I, you, we, they, students, ……) = kt. Bantu (untuk subyek; she, he, it, Tina, mother ….) = Past Participle ( kata kerja bentuk ke tiga) = obyek
* Untuk membuat kalimat tanya atau kalimat negative, kita tidak memerlukan kata bantu lagi karena sudah ada kata bantu have / has Contoh: 1. Have you finished writing the letter? 2. I haven’t finished writing it yet. 3. Has your mother gone to the market? 49
4. No, she hasn’t gone there yet. Bentuk negative kalimat ini selalu diartikan belum dalam bahasa Indonesia. Task10 Write the verbs in brackets in the present perfect tense. Example: I __________(speak) to him about it several times. I have spoken to him about it several times. 1. Our teacher ___________(explain) this lesson. 2. I _____________(not finish) reading the novel yet. 3. Mr. Tarmidi ____________(sell) his old car already. 4. My father ___________(pay) the radio tax for this month. 5. Mr. and Mrs. Rahman ____________(be) to Singapore twice. 6. We ___________(try) that restaurant again and again. 7. I ___________(tell) him what you said. 8. He _________(take) all his savings from the bank to buy a new car. 9. Everybody ___________(hear) that story before. 10. You __________(show) this picture to me already. I don’t need to se it again now. Task 11. Read the dialogue and then answer the questions. Rini Sriani Rini Sriani Rini Sriani Rini : Have you ever been to Bali, Sri? : No, I haven’t. What about you? : I have gone there twice. I like it very much? : What did you see in Bali? : I’ve visited Tanah Lot. That’s a wonderful place I’ve ever met. : How long have you been in Bali? : I have been there for a week. I have visited Denpasar, Singaraja and Tampaksiring. Do you have a plan to go there? Sriani : I hope I can go to Bali next holiday. I know Bali is an interesting island. Questions: 1. Has Sriani ever been to Bali? 2. Does she have a plan to go there? 3. Has Rini visited Singaraja? 4. How many times has she gone to Bali? 5. How long has she been there? Task 12 Tell your friends about “Rini visited Bali”, in your own words.
C. Future tense Pay attention to the dialogue bellow!
A: B: A: B: A: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B: A:
What is your plan for next holiday? I will visit my uncle in Denpasar. And, what about you? I’ll go camping with my classmate. Oh, that’s nice. Have a good time Thank you, I hope you can enjoy your holiday too. What time will you go to school tomorrow? I plan to go at seven. Will you go with me? All right, I’ll come to your house before seven. Will you wait for me? Okay. When will your father go abroad? Next month, he will go with my mother? Will you go there too? No, I have to finish my study first, and I hope I’ll go with them next month. Are you going to visit Taman Mini if you go to Jakarta? Sure, I don’t want to waste the time without visiting it. TMII is the interesting place for me in Jakarta. Have you ever gone there? No, I’m going to go there next holiday.
* Ada dua bentuk kalimat future tense: 1. Dengan menggunakan will/shall artinya akan 2. Dengan menggunakan be going to artinya akan Perhatikan kalimat-kalimat berikut: 1 will / shall I will go to Surabaya next month because I‘ll have two weeks holiday. I shall be there for one week only. My mother won’t go to Surabaya, but she will go to Jakarta My sister won’t go any where because she has to work in her office. * shall, hanya digunakan oleh subyek I dan we sedangkan will bisa digunakan oleh semua subyek. Untuk kalimat future lebih sering digunakan will sedang shall digunakan untuk menawarkan jasa (offering). * Untuk membuat kalimat negatif, tambahkan not setelah will/shall. Will not disingkat menjadi won’t. Contoh: 1. I will not (won’t) go to Surabaya next holiday 2. My father will not (won’t) go to the office tomorrow 3. My uncle will not (won’t) call me today. * Untuk membuat kalimat tanya, pindahkan will/shall kedepan subyek. Contoh: 1. Will you go to Surabaya next holiday? 2. Where will you go next holiday? 3. What places will you visit in Jakarta? 51
4. What time will the meeting start? 2. be going to. Be going to artinya akan. Be mengalami perubahan sesuai dengan subyeknya, misalnya: I You We They She He It am are is
Contoh: I am going to go to Surabaya tomorrow. My sister is going to visit my uncle in Jakarta My father is going to go abroad soon. We are going to spend the weekend in Bandung. * Untuk membuat kalimat negatif, tambahkan not sesudah be (am, is, are) Contoh: I’m not going to Surabaya next holiday My sister is not going to visit my uncle in Jakarta My father is not going abroad next year We are not going to spend the week end in Bandung. * Untuk membuat kalimat tanya, pindahkan be (am, is, are) kedepan subyek. Contoh: Are you going to go to Surabaya next holiday? Where are you going to spend your holiday? What is your sister going to do next holiday? What time is the meeting going to begin? Task 13 Write the sentence in English in the future form using will or be going to. 1. Saya akan mengerjakan PR di rumah teman saya. 2. Ibu saya tidak akan pergi kepasar besok 3. Tuan Budi akan menelpon saya nanti malam 4. Kantor ini tidak akan dibuka pada hari sabtu 5. Toko ini akan ditutup jam 5 sore. 6. Pelajaran bahasa Inggris akan dimulai pukul 10.30 7. Tuan Rudy tidak akan menghadiri rapat besok pagi. 8. Paman saya tidak akan mengunjungi saya bulan depan 9. Para petani akan menanam padi bulan depan 10. Kepala sekolah dan beberapa guru akan mengunjungi beberapa sekolah di Jawa. Task 14 Read the reading text below about Adito’s plan for his coming year and then answer the questions
I’m going to start my career right after I graduate from this school. I’m going to send application letters to several companies. I will take the first job opportunity given to me. For the first time, I think, I only can be a salesman. I’m sure it won’t be a lifetime job. I’ll do my job with great optimism. I’ll learn a lot about being a good salesman, and then I’ll move up to be a supervisor. I’m young, I’m healthy. I’ll learn all there is to know about sales and what areas to hit with our products. I’ll also learn how to deal with clients. I’ll build up good relationship with distributors. I must be responsible, creative, firm, alert and especially understanding with everyone in my work environment. If I can be an imaginative and resourceful person, I’m sure that one day I’m going to be a very successful sales manager. (Taken from English for vocational student 2) Questions: 1. What is the main idea of the first paragraph? 2. When will Adito start his career? 3. What is the top job that Adito wants to reach? 4. What kind of a person is Adito? 5. What position does Adito wants after being a salesman? Task 15 Make questions using question word based on the sentence given. Number 1 is as the example. 1. The lesson will begin at 07.30. What time will the lesson begin? 2. Mr. Anton is going to teach math in our school. Who ………………………………………..? 3. The secretary will answer all the calls for the manager. Who …………………………………………………..? 4. I ‘m going to post the letter tomorrow. When ………………………………………….? 5. My brother will work in a post office near my house. Where ………………………………………………? 6. We are going to have English test tomorrow. When ……………………………………………? 7. The students will go for a picnic next holiday? Will ……………………………………………? 8. The guide will lead us to visit some interesting places. Who ……………………………………………….? 9. My sister is going to celebrate her birthday next week. Is …………………………………………….. 10. My mother is going to be 60 years old next week. How old …………………………………………….? Task 16 Tell us what you are going to do after coming home from school this afternoon.
ASSESSMENT I. Read the dialogue in pairs and then answer the questions. Jim Harry Jim Harry Jim Harry Jim Harry Jim Harry Jim Harry : : : : : : : : : : : : Harry, what’s the matter? You look pale. Are you sick? I just have a terrible experience. Sit down. Let me get you a glass of water. No, thanks, Jim. I’ll be fine in a minute. Did you have accidence? Not, quite, but almost. I was crossing the street just now and was almost hit by a car. Fortunately, I jumped back in time. How awful! I hope you got the license number of the car so you can report this man to the police department. Before I realized what had happened, the car was gone. Driver like that should have their licenses taken away from them. I agree. I won’t forget this for a long time. I’m sure you won’t. Yes, from now on I won’t cross the street in the middle of the block reading my newspaper. I’ll have to watch where I’m going. Since there are dangerous drivers like that one on the road. Why did Harry look pale? Did Jim give him a glass of tea? Did Harry get accidence? What happened when Harry cross the street? What was Harry doing while crossing the street?
Questions 1 2 3 4 5
II. Write a short story about Harry terrible experience by completing the missing words. Harry __________ pale because of a terrible __________. When He was crossing _____ A car passed by and he was almost __________by the car. Fortunately, he _________ back in time. ____________ he realized what had ___________, the car was gone. He would never _____________ this _______________and he promised not to read_______ while crossing the street, and he should be more careful in crossing the street. III Listen the information and then answer the questions Questions 1 What is the information about? 2 Where will they spend the holiday? 3 What time will they depart? 4 How will they go? 5 Who is Anton? IV Write the verbs in brackets in the correct form 1 Last holiday, my mother and I (go) to Bandung to visit my uncle 2 The man (call) me last night when I was studying 3 My sister (study) abroad next year. 54
Uncle Tom (visit) us two months ago. My uncle (arrive) tomorrow afternoon.
V Change the sentences below into questions 1 My uncle will go abroad next month When ....? 2 The teacher has explained lesson five. Has ....? 3 He called me at 7 last night What time .... 4 The man bought a new car last week What .... 5 I will go to Jakarta next holiday Where .... SUMMARY In this unit we have learned about: Past experiences Future plan Language focus: eg Simple past tense I went to Surabaya last Year She visited us two days ago The man called me last night Future tense using will & be going to I will have two weeks holiday We will go to the beach They are going to visit us I’m going to buy a new computer She is going to come Present perfect tense She has gone home I have done the homework They have come The letter has not been typed yet
EVALUATION TEST SEMESTER 3 =======================================
I. Read the reading text to answer the question no. 1 – 5 DAILY ACTIVITIES The Hadi family is early raisers. Every morning Mr. and Mrs. Hadi get up at four o’clock. Then Mrs. Hadi wakes up the children. Before they go to school the children help their mother with the housework. Mrs. Hadi assigns chores to each of the children. One child washes the dry dishes, another cleans the room and the third sweeps the yard outside the house. Everyone is busy, and Mrs. Hadi is busier than any one else. She prepares breakfast for the family. They usually have fried eggs for breakfast. They are happy family. The children talk and joke at the breakfast table. Mr. Hadi usually listens to the radio. Sometimes he discusses the program with the children. This morning, Mr. Hadi has just turned on the radio. Mr. Hadi : Listen, it’s a nice song Nita : Yes, it is. Would you mind turning it louder? I know the singer she is my friend, Sri. I recognize her voice. She can sing very well and can play the piano too. Mr. Hadi : She must be a talented girl Nita : Yes, she is. She won the first prize at the singing competition last year The family usually finishes breakfast at six o’clock. After breakfast Mr. Hadi and the children say good-bye to Mrs. Hadi. Then Mr. Hadi goes to the office and the children go to school. Mrs. Hadi stays at home to continue her housework.
(Taken from English for vocational school)
1) What time do Mr. and Mrs. Hadi get up in the morning? a) At 05.00 b) At 04.00 c) At 06.00 d) After 5.00 2) Who wakes the children up? a) Mrs. Hadi b) Mrs. Hadi c) Nita d) No one 3) What does Mr. Hadi usually do in the morning? a) Reads newspaper b) Cleans the house c) Watches TV d) Listens to the radio 4) Who is Sri? a) She is Nita’s friend b) She is Nita’s teacher c) She is a new student 56
d) She is Mrs. Hadi’s daughter. 5) Does Mrs. Hadi work in an office? a) Yes, she does b) Yes, she is very busy c) No, she stays at home d) No, she doesn’t want to work Read the reading text to answer the questions no. 6 – 10. Anton is very happy today, because it is the first day of school. He has a new bag and new books. He also has new cloths. I think Anton is a good student. His friends love him very much. When they have problem, they ask Anton for help. At home he helps his father in his small shop. His father has a shop where he sells a lot of merchandise. His customers like to shop their, because they can buy things on credit. 6) Why does Anton feel happy today? a) Because he is a good student b) It’s the first day for school c) Because he has many friends d) For his father has a small shop. 7) What does Anton usually do at home? a) Does the homework b) Helps his father in the shop c) Going shopping d) Buys some merchandise. 8) Why do the customers like to shop there? a) Because it’s cheap b) Because there are a lot of merchandise there. c) Since they can buy things on credit. d) Because the shop is not far from their house. 9) Why is Anton liked by his friends? a) Anton always helps them b) Anton is a diligent student c) Anton has much money d) His father has a shop. 10) When they have a problem ….(paragraph 1) What does ‘they’ in this sentence refer to? a) Anton’s family b) Anton’s friends c) All of the students d) The people. II. Choose the correct answer by writing A, B, C or D. 11) A : Good morning. Can I help you? B :…. 57
a) b) c) d)
No, I can’t I want to reserve a room, please No, you have the wrong number No, you are very busy.
12) To know the name of the caller, you can say: a) How about your name? b) May I ask your name? c) Do you have your name? d) Can I have your name? 13) To know the number of the caller, you can say: a) May I have your number, please? b) Do you know your phone number, please? c) How much telephone do you have? d) May I call your number? 14) To take the message, you can say: a) Do you know the message? b) What do you know, please? c) Would you leave a message, please? d) Can you write the message, please? 15) You will have a party at a restaurant. You want to reserve a table for 15 persons. What will you say? a) I want to reserve a ticket, please. b) I want to book a room. c) I’d like to reserve some food d) I’d like to reserve a table for 15 persons. 16) How much is the price per night? a) 25 % b) $ 100 c) a double room d) for two days 17) What name is it for? a) I have the name b) My name is Irma c) It’s for Mr. Rahman d) Just for two days
18) Your father is reading a newspaper, but the room is dark. You want to offer a help. What will you say? a) Shall I turn off the lamp? b) Shall I turn on the lamp? 58
c) Will you open the door? d) May I close the door? 19) Would you like a glass of milk? a) That’s very kind of you, thanks b) I don’t have any milk c) Drinking milk is not good for our health. d) I need a lot of milk 20) A. B a) b) c) d) : Can you open the door, please? : …. No, I can’t Yes I can I can’t help you Yes of course
III Read the dialogue to answer the questions number 17 – 20. Receptionist : Ramayana Restaurant, good morning. Can I help you? Rita : Good morning. I’d like to reserve a table for 10 persons. Receptionist : When will you have it, mom? Rita : Tomorrow afternoon. I’ll celebrate my birthday with my friends, after studying. It’s about 2.00 o’clock. What are the terms? Receptionist : Rp. 25.000, - per person. But you should pay 20% of the payment on confirmation of the booking. Rita : All right. Can you serve the meal on time? Receptionist : Sure. How about the menu? Do you want to try our roast boneless chicken with soy sauce? (Ayam bakar tanpa tulang dengan saus kecap) Rita : That’s okay. But don’t forget the salads for the appetizer.(makanan pembuka) Receptionist : Please give me confirmation soon? Rita : Yes. of course. I’ll come this afternoon. Good bye Receptionist : Bye, see you this afternoon. 21) Where will Rita want to have her birthday party? a) At school b) At Ramayana Restaurant c) At her house d) At her friends house 22) How many people will attend the party? a) en persons b) twenty persons c) fifteen person d) Five persons 23) What time will the party be held? a) At fourteen b) At a half past twelve c) At twelve o’clock 59
d) At a quarter past twelve 24) How much should she pay for the confirmation? a) Fifteen percent of the payment b) Ten percent c) Fifty percent d) Twenty percent of the payment. 25) A B A a) b) c) d) : Good morning. Can I help you? : Good morning. May I speak to Mr Rudi, please? : I’m sorry Ma’am, he … a meeting at the moment. attend attends is attending is attended
IV. Read the dialogue to answer the questions 25 - 30 Any : Good morning Mr. Lucas Lucas : Good morning. Come in please Any : May I have your time? Lucas : Yes, of course. What can I do for you? Any : I’m Any from Pelita Newspaper Lucas : Yes I remember that you phoned me yesterday, didn’t you? Any : Yes, you’re right Mr. Lucas. I want to make a short conversation with you. Lucas : Yes, please. What do you want to ask me? Any : Could you tell me your experience as a successful businessman? Lucas : In 1983 after graduating from vocational school, I helped my uncle to manage his small shop. Any : Didn’t you continue your study? Lucas : Actually I wanted to but my parents couldn’t finance me Any : Did you feel sad at that time? Lucas : Actually yes, but I knew my parents condition. Any : Did you have a dream to have your own shop? Lucas : Yes, after my uncle passed away I continued to manage the store by myself. Any : You have a good talent, Mr. Lucas Lucas : Maybe you are right. Any : Actually I still have so many questions but I see that you are very busy Lucas : It’s okay. Never mind. Any : Thank you very mush for the time, Mr. Lucas. Lucas : You’re welcome. See you next time.
26) Who is Mr. Lucas? a) an applicant b) a receptionist c) a successful businessman 60
d) an interviewer 27) Why does Any want to meet Mr. Lucas? a) She wants to have an interview with him b) She wants to buy some goods c) She wants to make a complaint d) She wants to know him. 28) Where did Mr. Lucas graduate from? a) Academy secretary b) Senior high school c) Vocational school d) Junior high school 29) What is Any’s occupation? a) A teller b) A manager c) A teacher d) A journalist 30) What did Mr. Lucas do after graduating from vocational school? a) He continued his study at the university b) He worked in an office c) He helped his uncle in a small shop d) He worked as a businessman Questions no. 31 – 33 based on the text below. Good morning my friends. This morning I’d like to tell you about my bad experience. Last Monday I came to school late and the teacher punished me and asked me to weep the floor while all of my friends were studying in the classroom. I have told the teacher that I had problem with my motorcycle but he didn’t want to know it. So I had to clean the floor and watered the flowers. I promised that I won’t come to school late next time. Before going to school, I have to check my motorcycle. 31) What did the writer tell you about? a) He promised not to come b) He swept the floor last week c) He doesn’t want to come late d) He was punished because of coming late. 32) Why did he come late? a) He got up late b) He didn’t have his motorcycle c) He had problem with his motorbike d) He went to school by bemo. 33) What did the teacher ask him to do? a) To clean the blackboard b) To clean the yard c) To open the door 61
d) To stand in front of the class. Questions no. 34 – 16 refer to the following information. I couldn’t sleep well last night, so I watched TV until mid-night. After watching TV I went to bed but I still couldn’t go to sleep. Suddenly I heard someone knocked at the door. I got up quickly and tried to make sure about the knock. As I open the door, some one come in and asked me about the money. I was surprised and say nothing. He came into my room and took all of the money and TV and then went out. A few minutes later I realized that some one has robbed my house. Then I phoned the police and reported that some one had robbed my house. 34) What did the writer do when he couldn’t go to sleep? a) He read a newspaper b) He watched TV c) He wrote something d) He made telephone call 35) Who knocked at the door? a) His friend b) His uncle c) Mr. Robby d) A robber. 36) What did the man get at this house? a) Money and gold b) Money and TV c) He got nothing d) A motorcycle Choose the word that should be corrected by writing A, B, C or D. 37) My friend phoned me last night but I am not at home. A B C D 38) Did your sister slept well last night? A B C D 39) My uncle goes to the office by motorcycle because he has sell his car. A B C D 40) Someone knocks at the door a few minutes ago. A B C D
LISTENING TEST. To answer the questions no. 41 – 43, listen to the dialogue. 41) Who is calling? a) Bella 62
b) Winnie c) Shelly d) Donny 42) Can she speak with Winnie on the telephone? a) Yes she can b) Yes, but she should wait for her c) No, she was going out d) No, she doesn’t want to speak to him. 43) Who took the message? a) Donny did b) Her mother c) Her sister d) Her friend Listen to the dialogue to answer the questions no. 44 – 47. 44) Who does the caller want to speak to? a) Viola b) Bella c) Mr. Wieldy d) The receptionist 45) Why can’t the caller speak to him? a) He has gone out b) He is not in c) He doesn’t want to d) He is having a meeting 46) Who took the message? a. The receptionist b. The director c. Mrs. Wieldy d. viola 47) What time will the caller come to the office? a) Between 2 and 3 b) Between 3 and 4 c) between 4 and 5 d) at five o’clock Listen to the dialogue to answer the questions no. 48 – 50. 48) Who does the caller want to speak to? a) Mr. Budi b) Mr.Rudy c) His friend d) His classmate 49) Can he speak to somebody he wants to? a) Yes he can b) No he can’t c) Yes of course 63
d) No, he isn’t 50) Does he leave a message? a) No, he has the wrong number b) No, he doesn’t want to c) No, it’s not important d) No, he doesn’t need it.
KOMPETENSI DASAR Mengungkapkan berbagai macam maksud hati Indikator:
• • • • • •
Membuat kalimat yang menyatakan undangan Melakukan kegiatan tawar menawar (bargaining) Membuat kalimat yang menyatakan kepastian Membuat kalimat yang menyatakan pujian atau kekaguman Memberi pendapat kepada orang lain (giving opinion) Mengungkapkan rasa setuju atau tidak setuju - Expressing openion - Arguing and persuading - Hobbies and interest - giving suggestion
I. EXPRESSING OPINION Study the dialogue below! A B A B A B A : : : : : : : What did you think of the film? I liked it. I thought it was great Yes, I liked it too. What is your opinion about the actress? She was great, she was excellent. She played her role perfectly in that film, don’t you think so? Yes, she did. I think she deserved the Oscar. What do you think of the actor? In my opinion, he didn’t play very well. I didn’t like his acting, either.
By reading the dialogue above you have learned how to give an opinion such as: I liked it I thought it was great She was excellent In my opinion, he didn’t play very well, etc Other examples: 1 A : What do you think of your class room? B : I think it is clean and large enough for 40 students 2 A : What is your opinion about your school? B : It’s good and clean. I like it although it is small but we can learn well and feel comfortable. A : Do you like English? B : Yes I do, I want to be able to speak English fluently and what do you think of the lesson? A : Actually, I don’t like it. I think English is more difficult than Mathematics but I have to study hard to pass the examination
A : What is your opinion of your classmates? B : In general, they are good and friendly but I don’t like some of them who always make a noise and come to the class so late that it can make the teacher angry.
A : What is your opinion about the regulation of our school, that it does not allow the students to bring a mobile phone? B : Actually I don’t agree with that but as students we must obey the rule.
These are some ways of asking some one’s opinion: - What do you think of .....? - What is your opinion about....? - Do you agree with....? - Can you give me your opinion about ....? The response: - I think it is good enough - I don’t agree with that - It is great, I like it - It’s so beautiful that I can feel comfortable - Etc. Task 1 Give your response to answer the questions below: 1 What is your opinion about our new teacher? .... 2 What do you think of our school library? .... 3 Can you give your opinion about your skill program? .... 4 Do you agree with the regulation about not allowing the students to bring a mobile phone? .... 5 What is your opinion about your teachers? .... Task 2 Read the reading text and then answer the questions about the text CIGARETTES ARE RISKY From weeks ago I was late for work. I left my house five minutes later than usual, and I saw my bus approaching the bus stop. I began to run, but I was too slow. I waited ten minutes for another bus and I was still gasping for air when it arrived. The next day I gave up smoking. For the first few days I was very irritable, but now I feel much better. Now I can ask: Why on earth do people smoke? Every year, doctors publish report saying that smoking is dangerous for your health. Every year the British Government pays for advertisements telling people that smoking is bad for them. But there are millions of people that still smoke twenty to thirty cigarettes a day. There is no advertisement for cigarettes on television in Britain. The Government banned them six months ago. If you read an English newspaper, you will see cigarettes advertisements, but at the bottom of each advertisement you will see the words: “Every warning: Smoking can damage your health.” People die every year from the effects of smoking. When a machine in a factory causes serious injuries, the Government prohibits its use. Cigarettes cause deaths but they are still in the shop.
(Taken from an article in modern English) Answer the questions about the text: 1. Why did the writer stop smoking? 2 Is there any cigarette advertised on TV in Britain? Why? 3 What can we find at the bottom of cigarette advertisements on English newspaper? 4 What is the effect of smoking? 5 Are you smoking? Write your opinion about smoking! II ARGUING AND PERSUADING a. Study the dialogue below 1 2 A B A B A B A B A B : Success comes with hard work. : That’s true, but don’t forget that praying also help much : Job satisfaction is more important than money. : I think so, but remember! Every one needs money for a living so one will do what he can do for getting money. : You should be able to save about one third (1/3) of what you earn. : It sounds good but we have to think of our children need and their educations. : You can judge a man by a quality of his work : You may be right, but we don’t know what he is thinking about : Everyone wants to get better job and good position. : Yes, you are right but no one can do the same job and responsibility.
3 4 5
In this case, you may agree with your friend but you also have your own argument for other opinion. Task 3 Complete the dialogue by choosing the words given Danny Dian : What do you _____(1) of our school regulation? : What is it? About ______(2), that the students may not ______(3) mobile phone to school? Danny : Yes, do you ______(4) with the rule? Dian : Yes, I think it’s good for us, so we can concentrate on ______(5), but not on playing game. Danny : In this case you are right, but not all of us like ______(6) game in the class and more over we some times need it for communication with our ______(7) I think it’s not a good _______(8). parents playing learning the rule bring think agree policy b Below are some expressions showing persuasions If I were you, I would just stay at home I think you ought to .... You’d better .... 67
You should .... Why don’t you .... I would ... if I were in your position
The following expressions are used to forbid someone to do some thing. I don’t think you should .... You’d better not .... It’s up to you but I wouldn’t .... I think you’d better not .... Task 4 Write your response to the following statement. Use expressions showing persuading. Ask someone to or not to do something Example: A : I feel sleepy. (go to bed) B : Why don’t you go to bed? Or You’d better go to bed now. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : I have to finish lots of homework. ( Start doing it now) .... I’m very tired after doing some works today. (take some rest) .... Anton wanted me to go for a camping with him (not go with him) .... H haven’t finish doing my assignments (go home and do it) .... Someone ask me to lend him some money (not lend him the money) .... My mother asks me to come home on time (call her now) .... My little sister doesn’t understand math homework. (teach her) .... My mom is seriously sick but I don’t have enough money to see her doctor. (go to the public health centre) .... I’m sorry for being absent. I’m not well, I have a headache ( take an aspirin) .... My boy friend wants me to see the movie this evening but I will have a test tomorrow ( not watch the movie)
B 9 A B 10 A
III TALKING ABOUT HOBBIES AND INTEREST Do you know what ‘hobby is? If you look up the dictionary ‘hobby’ means an interesting occupation, not one’s regular business for one’s leisure time. For example: collecting postage stamps, growing roses, playing basketball, fishing, singing etc. 68
So everything you do on your spare time for a pleasure is called a hobby. Now ask your friend what his/her hobby is, and then tell your class about your friend’s hobby. Read the dialogue bellow first and then answer the questions Rini Tom Rini Tom : : : : Hi Tom, What are you doing? I’m watering the flower I plant yesterday. I love roses and I have many kinds of roses. Do you like gardening? No, I don’t. I hate gardening, but I like cooking and I have many books about cooking. I like making a cake for my family. Oh, that’s a good hobby for a woman
Questions: 1. What’s Tom’s hobby? 2. Does Rini like gardening? 3. What’s Rini’s hobby? 4. What does she like to make? 5. Are you sure that a good hobby for women is cooking? Why? Before talking about your hobbies, study the sentences below: 1 2 A B A B A B A B A B : What is your favorite hobby, Dian? : Cooking. I like cooking Chinese food. I think it’s not so difficult : Do you like cooking? : No, I like reading better than cooking. I always buy my favorite magazine when I have a holiday : Does your sister like cooking too? : No, her hobby is swimming. She always goes swimming on her spare time. : I think fishing is a good hobby for men : Yes, I agree with you and a good hobby for women is cooking. : Do you like camping? : Yes, but going camping on the rainy season is very dangerous.
3 4 5
Task 5 Answer the questions below to complete the dialogue! 1 A : Do you like reading magazine? B : …. 2 A : What magazine do you usually read? B : …. 3 A : Do you read newspaper in the afternoon? B : …. 4 A : What do you usually do on your spare time? B : …. 5 A : What is your hobby? B : …. 6 A : Do you have the other hobby? 69
B A B
: …. : which one do you like best? : ….
Task 6 Now let’s talk about music by answering the questions below. 1 A : What kind of music do you like best? B : ..... 2 A : Do you like singing? B : .... 3 A : Who is your favorite singer? B : .... 4 A : Is country music interesting? B : .... 5 A : Do you often go to a concert? B : .... Task 7 Write some sentences telling about your hobbies or what you like to do on your spare time and then tell it in front of your class. IV LANGUAGE FOCUS Giving Suggestion There are some ways to give suggestions to others. Pay attention to the example below. ....had better…… - You had better take a rest - You’d better study in the room. - You had better open the door (use infinitive after the word better) What about …. - What about studying English? - What about eating in the restaurant? - What about going by motorcycle? (Use gerund (verb+ing) after about) Let’s…. - Let’s go to the beach. - Let’s do the homework in-group. - Let’s listen to the music. (use infinitive after let’s…..) Why don’t you …. - Why don’t you come earlier? - Why don’t you see a doctor? - Why don’t you call me first? (Use infinitive after “don’t you…”) Example in a dialogue: 1.A : I’m very tired B: Why don’t you take a rest? 2. A.: I’m not well this morning. B.: You’d better see a doctor this afternoon. 70
3. A : B.:
We are bored to stay at home during the holiday Let’s go camping.
Asking for suggestion. 1. What shall we do now? 2. What is your suggestion? 3. What can we do now? Accepting suggestion 1. Yes, that’s a good idea. 2. Yes, that would be nice / yes that sounds nice 3. Yes, that seems all right. Rejecting suggestion ( menolak saran) 1. 2. 3. 4. No, I can’t No, I don’t think so. Well I’m not sure. I don’t really like it very much. Well, I’d rather not, if you don’t mind.
Dialogue 1. Prass Yusril Prass Yusril : : : : I heard you graduated with honors. Congratulation! You did it. Thanks a lot. But, what shall I do after this? Hm … why don’t you get a job? Yes, that’s a good idea.
Dialogue 2. Eko : Hi! Satrio, I heard you and Lia are getting engaged next month. I’m happy to hear that. Congratulation! Satrio : Thanks a lot. Come to my engagement party, will you? Eko : Sure, I’d like to. Satrio : By the way, … I need your suggestion. How many people should I invite to the party? Eko : You’d better ask your parents. Satrio : No, I don’t think so.
Task 8 Give suggestion to the following statements by matching the statements in column A to the statements in column B. A. (Situation) B. (Suggestion) 71
1. I’m very tired 2. I’m not well. I have a headache 3. What do we want to eat tonight? 4. Where do you want to go tonight? 5. We are bored to stay at home on the holiday 6. Where shall we go for our holiday? 7. I didn’t understand the lesson 8. What can we do at the weekend? 9. How many people shall we invite ? 10. What would you like for your birthday?
a). What about a watch b). Let’s go and stay with my sister in Bandung c). How about a rice chicken curry d). You’d better get some rest. e). Why don’t go to the theater? f). Why don’t you see a doctor? g). Let’s go camping h). I suggest you to ask your teacher to explain it i). What about 50 persons j). What about going to the pub?
Task 9 Give suggestion to the following statements in your own words by completing the sentence given. 1. A : Where shall we go tonight? B : What about …. 2. A : I don’t understand the lesson. What’s your suggestion? B : Why don’t …. 3. A : I’m very tired. I can’t do the exercise. B : Let’s …. 4 A : My mother is sick, but I don’t have enough money to go to a doctor B : Why don’t you …. 5 A : I’m hungry because I didn’t have breakfast this morning. B : How about …. Task 10 Arrange a short dialogue between you and your friend, Dina. She has problem with her family. Her mother is seriously sick and her father is jobless. So she doesn’t have money to bring her mom to a doctor. Give her suggestion in your dialogue. ASSESSMENT I. Answer the questions to give your opinion! 1. What do you think about your school? .... 2 Do you agree with the program to study group at my house this afternoon? .... 3 What is your opinion about punishing the students who come late? .... 4 What is your opinion about your English? .... 5 What do you think about your school uniform? .... II Complete the dialogue below showing agreement or disagreement! e.g.A : B : 72 Western films on TV are always interesting I don’t think so; some of them may make us boring. So, not all of them are interesting.
1 2 3 4 5
A B A B A B A B A
: : : : : : : : :
In my opinion internet can give us good and interesting information .... It is better to get any job than to be jobless. .... English is very important thing for us who want to work in an office. .... Television has positive influence for people .... Vocational students should not do the job training in the industry because they can practice their knowledge at school. ....
III. Write your suggestion to complete the dialogue below! 1 2 3 4 5 A : B : A : B A B A : : : : I’m not well this morning and I have a headache. .... I’ll have a mathematic test tomorrow but I don’t understand it. I think it’s very difficult for me. What’s your suggestion? .... My mother is seriously ill but I don’t have enough money to see a doctor .... I want to be an entrepreneur but my father wants me to be a teacher. Can you give me any suggestion? .... Actually we need English but it’s very difficult for me. What’s your suggestion? SUMMARY In this Unit you have learned: 1. How to give or express your opinion. e.g. I think it’s not a good idea I don’t really agree with you That’s not what I mean Etc. How to persuade some one e.g. If I were you, I would just stay at home I would go to the University if I were you About hobbies and interest e.g. I like reading newspaper on my spare time I like cooking rather than reading Swimming is my favorite sport. For language focus you have learned about how to give suggestion to somebody.
B : A :
KOMPETENSI DASAR Memahami instruksi sederhana Indikator: • Meresponi ungkapan –ungkapan yang menyatakan instruksi/ petunjuk
• • •
Memberi saran atau nasehat kepada orang lain Meresponi perintah atau komado Menerima atau menolak pendapat orang lain
Instruction/memo Describing process Announcement Imperative sentence
Read the memo carefully and then write the instructions found in the memo.
Date From Subject
: : :
All RNs (Room Nurses) July 17, 2006 Margaret Smith, Director of Nurses RN identity patches
Effective August 20, 2006, all RNs will have the choice of wearing caps or an identity patch. Patches should be sewn on the upper right arm of lab coats or uniform so that staff and patients can easily identify you as an RN. Those RNs wishing to wear identity patches may obtain them for one dollar a piece at the health Uniform Shop directly across from the hospital on Ames Street. Please call me at extension 732 if you have any question.
Questions: 1 How many instructions can you find in the memo? 2 Write the instructions 3 What should the room nurses do after reading the memo?
Read the instruction below and then answer the questions. 1 2 3 4 5 How to use new mobile phone to make a call Lift the back cover of the phone Insert SIM card to the phone Place the battery Replace the back cover Switch the phone on by pressing and holding the power key.
Note: If the phone display “Insert SIM card” even though the SIM card is inserted, check whether it is inserted properly. If it is, you should contact your network operator or service provider. Warning : 1 2 3 Do not switch the phone on when wireless phone used is prohibited or when it may cause interference of danger!
Key the phone number, including the area code Press “CALL” to call the number. Press “END CALL” to end the call (or to cancel the call attempt)
Questions: 1. What should you do to make a phone call using a new mobile phone? 2 What will you do if the phone display “Insert SIM card”? 3 To end the call, what will you do? 74
To give instructions, the sentence should be started with verb. Study the examples below. Now study the sentences below! 1. Open your book! 2. Put your pen on the table 3. Look up your dictionary to get the meaning of the word 4. Call me if you need farther information 5. Write your name on the up right corner. To make a negative form use don’t! Example: Don’t put it on! Don’t touch it! Don’t make a noise! To make the sentence more polite add “please” before or after the sentence. Example: - Put on your coat please! - Please write down these sentences in pencil - Don’t make a noise, please! - Please don’t put your feet on the desk. Task 1 Write the sentences below in negative forms. 1. leave the room 2. look at me like that 3. eat in the class 4. forget to do the homework Task 2 Now arrange the instruction below about how to make a telephone call 1. Dial the number you want 2. Pick up the receiver 3. Put the receiver on the telephone box when you finish telephoning 4. Talk when some one answers your call Task 3 Write the conversation below in English Andy : Hi, Ridwan, datang kerumah saya nanti sore! Ridwan : Untuk apa? Andy : Kita akan belajar kelompok bersama Linda dan Arif Ridwan : Jam berapa kita akan mulai Andy : Jam 4 sore Ridwan : Ok, saya akan datang Andy : Ya. Saya tunggu dan jangan lupa bawa buku Matematikanya II. DESCRIBING PROCESS In describing a process, we usually use the following words: First......., second........., next.........., then........., and ........, after that............., finally.......
Study the example below about the way of operating a computer! First plug the power cord, second Press the power button on. After a few minutes you will see a windows menu on the monitor. Next look at the left bottom of the monitor and then hold the mouse gently. After that move the arrow pointer onto the ‘start’ menu and click it, the last click the program menu, and choose Ms-Word. Now you are ready to type Task 4 Reading Read the reading below and write down the imperative sentences found in the text Asking people to do things When Henry Allen came home from the office last Thursday night, he saw a note from his wife on the kitchen table, “Henry,” the note said, “my mother isn’t well and I’m going home to be with her for a few days. There are a few things that ought to be done while I’m away. “First, take your blue coat to the dry cleaner’s and leave your shirt at the laundry. At the same time, would you please stop at the shoe repairman’s and gets my brown shoes? And go to the supermarket and get some coffee, milk and butter. “When you get home, please telephone Mary Bickford and tell her I won’t be able to go to her party tomorrow evening. Tell her why I can’t come. “There are three things that must be done before you go to work tomorrow morning: leave a note for the milkman asking for just one quart of milk, not two; put the garbage in the backyard; give the dog something to eat. If you have time on Saturday, cut the grass. Don’t forget the grass in the backyard. The newspaper boy will come on Saturday afternoon. Be sure to give him money. “I think that’s all. I’ll telephone this evening and let you know how mother is. Love, Alice” Henry looked out the window at the grass Alice wanted him to cut. His wife had asked him to do many things. He hope her mother would be well very quickly. Answer the questions based on the reading text above 1. What did Henry find on the kitchen table? 2. Where had Alice gone? Why? 3. What was the first thing Alice wanted Henry to do? 4. Why did Henry have to telephone Mary? 5. What did Alice ask Henry to do on Saturday if he had time?
Task 5 In a group of 4 students, arrange the steps of using a mobile phone. Choose one of the topics below: 1 The way of using a mobile phone 76
2 3 4 5
How to make a telephone call using mobile phone The steps of writing and sending SMS The ways of replaying/ answering an SMS The ways of saving some one’s phone number on your HP.
III. COMMAND AND REQUEST a Command 1 Affirmative command forms consist of the verb without a subject pronoun. The commend is more polite when please is added Example: Wait! Please wait Close the door please close the door Come in please come in Sit down please sit down 2 To make a negative command form, use don’t (do not) before the verb Example: Don’t smoke in this room. Don’t smoke in this room, please Don’t open the door. Please don’t open the door 3 The command form of be is followed by an adjective, noun, or an adverbial expression of place or time. Don’t be nervous Please don’t be nervous Don’t be late Don’t be late, please
Example: Be patient. Please be patient. Be at school on time. Please be at school on time. 4
Let’s is contraction of let us. It is a suggestion for two or more people including the speaker, to do something. The negative form: let’s not Example: A : Let’s speak English B : All right / Yes, let’s do it A B A B : : : : Let’s not eat in the class room All right / OK, Let’s not Let’s play tennis No, let’s not / No, not today
Task 6 Write 5 positive commands and 5 negative commands b. Request 77
Request is asking people to do something politely Study the sentences below! 1. A : Will you open the door, please? B : Sure 2. A : Can you help me to clean the room, please? B : Certainly 3. A : Would you mind cleaning the living room? B : No, of course not. 4. A : Would you come to my house this afternoon, please? B : I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to finish my report today Note: words used in making requests are: Can you .... Will you .... To make it more polite, use; Would you .... Could you .... Would you mind (verb + ing) .... Task 7 Now ask your friend to do something, based on the verbs given and give the response 1 ... send the letter 2 ... type the monthly report 3 ... return the book to the library 4. ... write the announcement on the board 5. ... reread the text loudly 6 ... get the meaning of the words in the dictionary 7. ... clean the black board 8. ... sweep the floor 9. ... lead the whole class to pray 10 ... borrow a dictionary in the library LANGUAGE FOCUS a. Particle When the verb has particle with it, this is normally heard at the end of a spoken imperative. Example: Put on your coat! Put your coat on, please! Task 8 Now do it as the example 1. Take off your shoes! 2. Clear up this mess! 3. Take away these books! 4. Read out the message aloud! 5. Switch on the light! Task 9 Complete the following sentences with the appropriate words from the list below. doing for 78 hang up turn on put down
1. Please ask John to _______ the lights ______ it’s dark in here. 2. _______your books ______ on the desk please. 3. ______my coat ________in the closet, will you? 4. Please don’t _______ me. I’ll be busy all afternoon. 5. Would you mind ______a favor _______me? 6. Would you please ______ those cups and saucers from the table? 7. Would you mind ______ these books _____ to the library? 8. Tell him to _______ the light____ when he goes to bed. Task 10 Read the dialogues and then answer the questions Ella : Will you bring me two eggs from the refrigerator, Barbara? Barbara : Here are the eggs. Anything else I can do for you? Ella : Yes. Put the egg whites in one bowl and the yolks in another. Barbara : What are you making? A cake? Ella : That’s right. Don’t tell Harry. It’s for his birthday. Keep it a secret. Barbara : I won’t tell anyone. Questions 1. What is Ella going to do? 2. What does she ask Barbara to do? 3. Why does she ask Barbara to keep it a secret? Task 11 Tell us in your own words what Ella and Barbara are doing. Task 12 Write the imperative sentence from the dialogue below Frank Tom Frank Tom Frank Tom Frank Tom : : : : : : : : Would you mind helping me for a minute, Tom? I’d be glad to, Frank. What do you want me to do? Help me hang up this picture. Hold it straight while I put in the nail. I’d be glad to Hand me the hammer. Give me one of those nail, too, please. Here you are. There. How does that look? Tell me if I have a straight. Yes, it’s straight, but it’s upside down.
b. Indirect command Look at the example below! 1. Teacher : “Tom, open the door!” The teacher told Tom to open the door 2. Mother : “ Budi, don’t go to bed late!” Mother told Budi not to go to bed late 3 Tina :”Would you explain lesson 5 once again, sir?” Tina asked the teacher to explain lesson 5 once again Task 13 79
Write the sentences below into indirect speech 1. Teacher : Siska, read the text loudly! 2. Teacher : Don’t open your book, students! 3. Mother : Clean your bedroom, Rini! 4. Edy : Will you return this book to the library, Anton? 5. Mr Rudy : Can you take my book on the table Dea? 6. Sendy : Would you mind explaining lesson 5 Mr. Edward? 7. Father : Don’t forget turn off the lamp before going to bed Doni! 8. Teacher : Very, don’t forget to close all the windows before going home 9. Mother : Susan, turn the TV off! Your father is talking on the telephone. 10. Rini : Would you help me to clean my bed room, mom? ASSESSMENT I. Reading Read the reading text, and then answer the questions below ASKING FAVORS OF OTHER PEOPLE There are two men in important position in my office- Mr. Thompson and Mr. White. Everyone enjoys working with Mr. Thompson, but no one likes Mr. White. Mr. Thompson is always thoughtful and considerate. When he wants something done, he’ll ask , ” Would you mind getting this information for me, please?” Mr. White is just the opposite. He usually shouts across the room, “ Get me this memorandum, and hurry up!” Mr. White surprised us this morning. At first we thought he must be sick. He was kind and agreeable. “Miss Erickson,” he asked, “if it isn’t too much trouble for you, could you please make these telephone calls for me?” June Erickson was astonished. Right after that, Mr. White said, “Miss Reed, would you be so kind to open the window? It’s quite warm in here.” Then he talked to me. “I’d appreciate it very much if you’d mail these letters for me.” We couldn’t imagine why he was behaving so strangely. Should we offer him aspirins? Or had Mr. White changed his personality? The situation was soon cleared up. “Ladies,” Mr. Thompson said, “I’ve been told that the president of the company will be here soon. He’s very interested in the welfare of his employees and will have some questions to ask you about your working condition here.” (English 900, book five) Chose the correct answer based on the text above! 1. Who is Mr. Thompson? a. The director of the company b. A new employee c. An employee in important position d. The president of the company
2. How is Mr. Thompson behaving? a. Rudely b. Thoughtfully c. Angrily 80
d. Happily 3. What does Mr. White usually do when he wants something? a. He asks a favor politely b. He asks someone roughly c. He wants some one to help him d. He will ask Miss Erickson to help him 4. Why does everyone like Mr. Thompson? a. He is an important person b. He is very kind c. He is the president of the company d. He is thoughtful and considerate 5. One morning, Mr. White was so kind to the ladies, why? a. he was sick b. the president of the company would supervise them c. The manager was not in d. Mr. Thomson has suggested him 6. The imperative sentence below is…. a. Everyone enjoys working with Mr. Thompson b. I’d appreciate it very much if you could post the letter for me c. Get me the memorandum and put it on my table d. He will have some questions about the working condition 7. The main idea of paragraph three is …. a. Mr. White was sick b. Mr. White asked miss Erickson to help him c. He was kind and agreeable d. Mr. White behaves differently 8. He’s very interested in the welfare of his employees ….The underlined word has the same meaning with …. a. Prosperity b. Opportunity c. Facility d. Development
II Read the dialogue below to answer the questions no. 9 – 10 Marzuki : Would you help me for a minute, please? Dan : Of course. What do you want me to do? Marzuki : Could you hold these packages while I look for the key to open 81
Dan : Marzuki : Dan : Marzuki : Dan :
the door? I’d be glad to. What is in this package? It is extremely heavy. Just the things we need for the picnic tomorrow. Well, hurry up and open the door. I’ve told you that these things were heavy. I can’t find the key. You must have it. you are right, but how can I get the key while I’m holding all these packages?
9. What did Marzuki ask Dan to do? a. To open to door b. To find the key c. To hold the packages d. To get something for a picnic 10. They are extremely heavy. What does ‘they’ refer to? a. Tom and Marzuki b. The keys c. The packages d. The things in the picnic III Complete the memo below for questions no 11 – 15 Memo To
Date From Subject
: Miss Jenny
: : : July 17, 2006 Mr. Rudy, Director (11)________meeting
The meeting will be (12)______ at 09.00 am tomorrow. Be sure that the room is ready before nine. Type the report and put it on my table. Don’t (13)______ to call Mr.Ridwan, and (14)______ him to bring the proposal to my room before the meeting, bring the proposal and the MOU to the meeting to be (15)________.
a. month b monthly c moon d every month a. hold b holding c held d holds b c d a. forget forgets forgot forgetting
a. asking b asked c asks d ask a. sign b signs c signing d signed
IV Questions no 21 – 30, identify the underlined words that should be corrected, by writing A, B, C, or D. 1. Director : Linda, will you posted this letter for me this morning? A B Linda : all right, sir but I’ll do it after typing this report. C D Director : It’s OK. 2. Ati Dewi Ati 3. Marisa : : : : Could you come to my house tomorrow morning? A I’m sorry, I can’t. But I free in the afternoon. B C Ok. Please come in the afternoon D May I speak to Mr. Edward, please? A He is not in. would you leave a message? B tell him that the meeting will be hold at nine tomorrow C D don’t forget to turn off the TV before going out, Tom! A B All right, Mom. I’m still wait for my friend to pick me up C Lock the door and keep the key to Mr. Eddy. I’ll be back before D five in the afternoon
Receptionist: Marisa 4. Mother Tom Mother : : : :
5. To save time and money in sopping, we should decided what, where and A B C when to shop D
SUMMARY In this Unit you have learned: 1 How to make and response instruction 83
2 About telling process and telling the steps of operating things 3 How to make command and request 4 and how to make a reported command Example: - Teacher : Tina, knock the door before coming into the class The teacher asked Tina to knock at the door before coming into the class - Teacher : Don’t eat in the class students! The teacher told the students not to eat in the class
KOMPETENSI DASAR Membuat pesan-peasn pendek, petunjuk dan daftar dengan pilihan kata dan tata tulis yang berterima
Indikator: • Menulis pesan pendek (SMS) kepada orang lain • Memahami memo dari pimpinan • Mencatat hasil pembicaraan, diskusi, rapat dsb. Materi Writing Memo Personal letter Business letter Degrees of comparison
I WRITNING MEMO Task 1 Read the memo below and then answer the questions
From Date To Subject : : : : Mr. Rudy April 23, 2008 Mr. Harry Annual Meeting
I’m writing to remind you that the annual meeting of the sales staff will be on Monday, April 28, 2008. I want every one to be ready with ideas, strategies, and sales forecast for next year. I will be out of town attending a conference on the new product of LCD projectors in Osaka, Wednesday and Thursday. Remember that next Saturday is a holiday. Therefore if you have something urgent to discuss, please meet me on Friday, April 25. Thank you.
Questions 1 Who writes the memo? 2 Why does he write the memo? 3 What is the memo about? 4 What should the sales staff do to prepare the meeting? 5 When will the meeting be held? Task 2 Rearrange the memo below in a good order! 1. Please attend the meeting at Sheraton Hotel on the first of May, at 10 am, discussing about the marketing of new product, I will be at a conference in Jakarta at that time. Let me know the result of the meeting at the end of this week. 2. Memo 3. Subject : Meeting 4. From : Mr. Budiman 5. To : Miss Diana 6. Date : April 28, 2008 Task 3 1. Write a Memo to Eddy, asking him to come to the office on Monday, May 12, 2008 at 3.00 pm to arrange the proposal of study tour for next holiday. 85
Write a memo to your secretary asking her to arrange a report about the meeting with the colleague in Singapore and must be handed on the 15th of May 2008 Write a memo to your marketing staff telling about the annual meeting and ask them to hand their report at the meeting.
II WRITING LETTERS Example of a personal letter Mataram, December 15, 2007 To: Father and Mother In Surabaya I’d like to thank you for giving me a chance to spend my vocation in Mataram. I stay with my friend, Wiwin, and her parents. They are very kind to me. They have shown me many interesting places. I love mataram, because the people are friendly and the town is clean. There are some tourist resorts around the town, we have gone there. We have gone to Senggigi Beach. It is about 7 Km from town. The place is very beautiful, we can see beautiful sunset there, and also we have gone to Narmada Park. We can swim and have traditional food there. I hope we can go there together next holiday. Wiwin’s parents ask me to stay in Mataram for a week so that we can see some more interesting places there. If you don’t mind, I’ll go back home next Monday on the 18th of December. How are grandma, grandpa and Uncle Paul? All right mom, I think that’s all, bye and hope you are all very well, and see you next week Your daughter Dina Task 4 Now your turn to write a letter to your parents, you are in Jakarta to have a holiday and you will go home next week on the 2nd of February 2008. Ask your father to pick you up at the air port at 10 pm. Your flight will depart at eight pm Task 5 You have one week holiday in Bali. You will go home on the tenth of January; the ship will depart at eight in the morning. Please write SMS to your brother asking to pick you up at Lembar.
III BUSINESS LETTER 1. Read the letter below and then answer the questions!
IRENE BOUTIQUE Jl. Selaparang 24 Mataram Telp/Fax: 0370 668743 August 12, 2007 Pt. Sunflower Garment Jl. Leuwigajah 146 Cimahi 40532 Dear Sirs, I’m interested in your advertisement in the newspaper about your new pullover products I wonder if I could have three pieces of each color, size and model through the postal service. I would really appreciate it if you could tell us the terms of payment and delivery. I’m looking forward to hearing from you, preferably by facsimile. Yours sincerely, Irene Sulistyo Manager Questions: 1 Who writes the letter? 2 What is the letter about? 3 What does she order? 4 How does she want the order delivered? 5 Where did she get the information about the product?
Read the letter to answer the questions PT. SUNFLOWER GARMENT 87
JL. LEUWIGAJAH 146 CIMAHI 40532 IRENE BOUTIQUE Jl. Selaparang 24 Mataram, 83238 Dear Miss Irene, In response to your letter of order, here with I inform you about the product and the prize. We have three colors of the small size @ Rp. 35.000, 3 color medium @ Rp 45.000 and 2 colors of the large size @ Rp 50.000. The payment can be transferred trough BCA Bank. I’m looking forward to hearing from you. Yours sincerely, Judy Wrdoyo Marketing Manager Task 6 Fill in the order form based on the letter: Order form/invoice Date, _____________ Mr./Mrs. __________ Note No__________ Qty Item Price Sub-Total
Task 7 Read the letter below and then answer the questions
Dear Sir, I have recently come from your Dewata Oriental tour – DT65/05, and I have a number of comments I would like to make. In general, the food was extremely poor, and the restaurant service is very slow. In one hotel there was a problem of overbooking. After a long and tiring journey, we discovered that this hotel no accommodation for us. We were transferred to another hotel on the outskirts of the city. In your advertisement, you stated that all hotels were located in the city center. In addition, I think your staff should have handled these problems in a better way. Some of them were rather rude when complains were made. Because of these problems, I think your company should consider appropriate refunds. Yours truly Anna Silalahi Questions 1. Who is the letter probably sent to? 2 Why did Mss Silalahi write this kind of letter? 3 What did she complain about? 4 What did she demand from the tour? Read the dialogue filling the order form below! Task 8 AT TIARA DEPARTMENT STORE Shop assistance Customer Shop assistance Customer Shop assistance Customer Shop assistance Customer Shop assistance Customer Shop assistance Customer Shop assistance Customer Shop assistance Customer : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Good morning, can I help you? Yes, I need some shirts, please. What size do you want? Let me see the medium one Here is it the red one, it looks very nice and matches with your skin. Can I try it on? Sure I’m sorry, it looks good but it’s too small. Here is the large one, but we don’t have the same color? Well, I’ll take the yellow and the white ones for the large size and how much do they cost? Rp. 80.000 for both of them. Are there any things else, sir? Can I have trousers, the black color, please. Certainly, what size do you wear? I think no. 32. How much is the price, please Yes, here you are. It’s Rp 80.000. You can pay it at the cashier 2. Thank you
You are as shop assistance; fill in the form below for the customer to be paid at the cashier. Order form 89
Date, _____________ Mr. /Mrs. __________ Note No, __________ Qty Item Price Sub-Total
Total Task 9 Write a letter of order asking about 100 ex. of English books and 150 ex. of Mathematics for SMK at ARMICO Jl. Madurasa Utara No. 10, Bandung, 40253. Your office is SMKN1 Jl. Pejanggik No. 28 Mataram. IV. LANGUAGE POCUS DEGREES OF COMPARISON Study the dialogue below : : : : : : : : How would you like to travel, Andy? I’d like to travel by plane. It’s the fastest way of traveling. But I prefer traveling by ship. It’s more enjoyable than a trip by plane. We have more friends on the ship. I know. Do you think the fare for a trip by sea is as expensive as the fare for the air travel? Of course not. A trip by sea does not give the same pleasure as a trip by air. But traveling by jet plane take you shorter time than traveling by sea. Businessmen like traveling by plane. You aren’t a businessman, remember. We are students. So it is no use arguing about traveling by way. All right. Let’s not waste our time. Studying English is much better than arguing about nothing. (Taken from Bahasa Inggris Umum I, Dept Pend & Kebudayaan) To understand the dialogue, answer the questions below! 1 What are Andy and Riza? 2 What are they talking about? 3 Do you think traveling by air is more enjoyable than traveling by ship? 4 Is traveling by plane cheaper than traveling by sea? 5 Which do you prefer traveling by sea or by plane?
Riza Andy Riza Andy Riza Andy Riza Andy
There are three types of comparison: 1. POSITIVE DEGREE OF COMPARISON
It is used to show that two things are equal. The form of equality in comparison of adjectives in English is - as.... as. Example: Sri is 17 years old and Tika is 17 years old too. Sri is as old as Tika Dea bought an English book last night. It costs Rp. 25.000, my English book is Rp. 25.000. My English book is as expensive as Dea’s book The negative form is: .....not so.... as or .....not as .... as Example: Rini is not so claver as Raharjo, or Rini is not as clever as Raharjo
- the same .... as Example: My book is as expensive as Dea’s book or My book is the same price as Dea’s book expensive adjectives (kt sifat) price noun (kt. benda) Task 10 Write the sentences below showing equality. Use as...as or not as ....as Example : My father was born in 1952 and my mother was born in 1952 (old) My father is as old as my mother My father was born in 1950; my mother was born in 1960 (old) My mother is not as old as my father 1. 2 3 4 5 6 Mr. Yani is 25 years old; Mr. Iwan is 25 years old (young) My uncle has 3 cars; Mr. Rudy has 7 new cars (reach) Tina got 8 in English test and Rina got 8 too (clever) My sister and my aunt always get up after 7 in the morning (lazy) I got 5 in mathematics test but Shinta got 3 (stupid) It costs Rp. 400.000 to go to Jakarta by bus; if you want to go by train you only need Rp. 300.000 (expensive) 7 The whether in Bandung is very cold; Malang is cold too (cool) 8 Yogyakarta is a big city. Mataram is a small city (big) 9 A storm is dangerous; a big wave is dangerous too (dangerous) 10 Bali post costs Rp. 3.000; Lombok Post is Rp. 4000 (cheap)
Task 11 Change the sentences below by using the same ........as 91
My house is as big as Maya’s house (size) My house is the same size as Maya’s house. 1 Anton is as heavy as Andy (weight) 2 Jl. Sriwijaya is as long as Jl. Majapahit (length) 3 My shirt is not as dark as yours (color) 4 That city is as far as my village from here (distance) 5 A bus is not as fast as an air plane (speed) 6 My dictionary is as thick as this encyclopedia (thickness) 7 Are your shoes as big as your brother’s? (Size) 8 Balinese dances are as beautiful as Javanese dances ( beauty) 9 Kintamani is as cold as Malang (whether) 10 My sister is as young as Santi (age) 2 COMPARATIVE DEGREE OF COMPARISON It is used to show that 2 things are not the same. One is more than the other. The form of comparative degree is: - .......er than... ( for the adjectives that have one or two syllables Example : Hanna is taller than christen Budi is cleverer than Andy - When the adjectives end in ‘y’, the comparative degree is expressed by changing ‘y’ to ‘ier’ Example : Jl. Pejanggik is busier than Jl. Sriwijaya I’m happier today than I was last year. - more.....than... ( for adjectives that have more than two syllables) Example: TV programs are more interesting than radio programs. My trousers are more expensive than yours. Hadi is more careful in many ways than his brother. Exceptions Some English adjectives have special comparative forms Example: good better than bad worse than far farther than Task 12 Put the adjectives between brackets in their correct forms to fit the following sentences. Example: Suci is ..........(young) than Anita Suci is younger than Anita 1 This painting is ....(attractive) than that one. 2 this exercise book is ....(good) than that note book 3 Mr. Wibowo’s explanation is ....(clear) than yours. 4 Soccer is ....(exciting) game than table tennis. 5 Some people are .... (healthy) than the others. 6 Is this room ....(large) than that one? 7 Going by plane is ... (comfortable) than going by bus 8 But going by bus is ... (safe) than going by plane 9 Do you think that the air in the city is ...(bad) than the air in the village? 92
10 I think Denpasar is .....(hot) than Mataram. Task 13 Write the sentences below in comparatives form. Example: My mother is 50 years old and my father is 48 years old (old) My mother is older than my father 1 My mother gets up at 5 in the morning but my father always gets up after six. (early) 2 My motorcycle costs Rp. 12.000.000 but the new motorcycle is Rp. 14.000.000 (expensive) 3 Riza was born in 1991; Danny was born in 1993. (young) 4 We need 2 hours to go to Mataram by bus but 3 hours by motorcycle. (fast) 5 I can do the English test well but I have many mistakes in Mathematics. (difficult) 3 SUPERLATIVE DEGREE OF COMPARISON Superlative degree is the highest degree. It uses definite article ‘the’ - When the adjective consists of one or two syllables, the superlative degree is formed by adding ‘est.’ Example: It is the tallest building in Mataram An elephant is the biggest animal nowadays When the adjectives end in ‘y’ the superlative degree is formed by changing ‘y’ to ‘iest’ Example : Today is the happiest day for me. It is my holiday I don’t know which the heaviest metal is. - The superlative degree of more than two syllables uses ‘most’ Example: This painting is the most attractive of all in this exhibition. Who is the most beautiful girl in our class? Exceptions Special superlative form: Good – better – best Bad - worse – worst Far - farther - farthest
Task 14 Put the adjectives between beckets in the following sentences in their correct form! 1 This is the... (expensive) book in my collection. 2 Ronny is the... (tall) boy in my class 3 The Borobudur is the… (beautiful) monument in Indonesia. 4 Which is the... (large) city in our country? 5 Who has the ... (expensive) hobby off all?
Task 15 Write the adjectives in brackets into the correct forms to fit the following sentences 93
Example: It is the ... (large) tree in our garden It is the largest tree in our garden I think this book is ... (good) than that one. I think this book is better than that one. My mother is as... (old) as my father My mother is as old as my father 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 The newspaper is ... (cheap) than this magazine Anita is ... (ambitious) student than her brother. Have you ever seen ... (frightening) film in your life? I think Senggigi Beach Hotel is as … (expensive) as Sheraton Hotel. But Sheraton Hotel is the ... (interesting) one in Mataram. My mother always gets up the ... (early) in my family But my sister, Sunana, gets up the ... (late) I always get up ... (early) than my father because I don’t want to go to school late Do you think that a dog is ... (diligent) than a cat? Some people is ... (healthy) than others.
ASSESSMENT 1. Arrange the memo below in a good order. The staff meeting will be held next Monday at 9 am. Please arrange the report about the meeting in Singapore to be presented in the meeting. Memo Subject From To Date : : : : Meeting Mr. Rudy Linda April 15, 2008
Arrange the letter below in good order. Sincerely
Winda Dear Mr. Rahmat Iwan Gunawan, Arjuna Ceramic, Jl. Bima no. 315 Yogyakarta 31167 INDO KARYA AGENCY Jl. Pemuda 25 Mataram, 83238 Thank you very much for the fast delivery of the pots we ordered. I, however, feel far from satisfied as half of the pots are damage. I would be grateful if you could send me new ones of absolutely no cost to replace the damage ones. I would suggest that you handle the delivery more carefully to avoid damage. Read the dialogue and then fill in the order form. Shop Keeper Customer Shop Keeper Customer Shop Keeper Customer Shop Keeper Customer : Good morning, can I help you, madam? : Yes, I need 5 kg of sugar, 2 kg of flour, 2 box of Cocoa and 15 eggs : Anything else madam? : Do you have some butter, please? : Yes, how much do you need, ma’am? : just a kilo please. How much do they cost? : It costs Rp. 6500 for a kg of sugar, Rp. 7000 for a kg of flour, Rp. 15.000 for a kilo of butter, Rp. 6000 for a box of Cocoa and Rp. 12.000 for 15 eggs. Please pay them at cahier 3. : All right.
Fill in the order form! Date, _____________ Mr. /Mrs. __________ Note No, __________ Qty Item Price Total
Total 4 Read the dialogue below and then write the message on the form below!
Receptionist Caller : Receptionist Caller : Receptionist Caller : Receptionist Caller : Receptionist Caller :
: Good morning, Holiday Inn, can I help you? Can I speak with Mr. George, room 234 please? : He has just gone out, do you have any message? What time will he be back? : I’m not sure. Will you ask him to call me at 678345, please? : Sure, may I have your name sir? My name’s Rudy from Rinjani Tour and Travel : All right, I’ll tell him as soon as he comes back Thank you and good morning.
DATE TO FROM OF PHONE NO MESSAGE :
WHILE YOU WERE OUT : : : : :
RECEIVED BY :
Write the adjectives in brackets into the correct forms to fit the following sentences 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Uncle Tom is ... (old) as my father Tina always comes ... (early) than Jimmy My father gets up the ... (late) in my family. Jakarta is the ... crowded) town in our country Do you think than English is the ... (difficult) subject to be learned? I think mathematics is not as ... (difficult) as English. What is the ... (easy) subject for you in your class? I think biology is ... (easy) than mathematics because I like it and I want to be a doctor Do you think than traveling by train is ... (comfortable) than traveling by bus? Yes, but traveling by plain is the ... (fast)
SUMMARY In this unit you have learned about; 96
How to write a memo to some one arrange business letters and fill in the forms
You also learned about degree of comparison. There are three types of comparisons, they are: Positive degrees: The man is as tall as our headmaster Tian is as clever as Dina Comparative degrees My mother gets up earlier than my father My house is larger than your house Superlative degrees I would stay at the most expensive hotel if I went abroad Anton is the cleverest student in my class. -----------------
EVALUATION TEST SEMESTER 4 -----------------------------------97
I. Choose the correct answer by writing A, B, C or D 2. I’ll celebrate my 17th birthday on Saturday next week. Will you come to the party? a. Let me think it first b. I’d love to but I’m sorry I’ll be in Surabaya at that time. c. Sorry, I don’t like attending the party d. It doesn’t matter. I’ll come if I have time. 3. We will have a holiday next Tuesday. What about going to the beach? a. Great! That’s a good idea. b. Who will go to the beach? c. I’ll accompany you if I have time d. I don’t like it. Tom Rini Tom a. b. c. d. Budi Rina a. b. c. d. : I won’t go home this afternoon because I have many things to do. : Will you have lunch in the office? : No, I’d like…. having lunch at the office to have lunch in a restaurant to come earlier I don’t want to have lunch. : I have nothing to do this evening. What’s your idea? : What about…. go to the beach stay at home going to the beach to go fishing
My little sister will be one year old next Sunday and my father will… her birthday. Will you come to the party? a. celebration b. celebrating c. celebrated d. celebrate Indah Dewi a. b. c. d. : I don’t like to spend the holiday at home by doing nothing : Why …? don’t you go for a picnic do you stay at home don’t you stay with your friend do you spend a holiday at home
Iwan Tuti a. b.
: I didn’t have breakfast this morning, so I feel hungry now. : Let’s … at the cafeteria. buy some book go to the class
c. d. 9.
do the homework buy some food
The room is dark. I can’t read the book. Will you…? a. open the window b. turn on the fan c. clean the room d. turn off the light
10. I left my pen at home. Can you …? a. give me your pen b. go to the shop c. lend me your pan d. take a pen 11. I feel thirsty. Could you give me a glass of water? a. Thank you b. Certainly c. Not at all d. It doesn’t matter 12. I’m very busy this morning. Can you help me to clean my room, Tia? a. Yes, off course b. It’s my pleasure c. Don’t mention it d. You’re welcome. 13. My motorcycle is broken. I must … it soon. a. Repaired b. Repair c. Repairing d. to repair 14. My father will … my old car because we need money to buy a house. a. Sold b. Sells c. Selling d. Sell 15. The teacher will have a meeting this morning so you may …. a. go home now b. going home now c. goes home d. have gone home. 16. Before going home you must … all the windows. a. Closed b. Closing c. Close 99
17. Can you help me to post the letter, please? a. Sure I’m busy now b. Sorry, I should attend a meeting now c. Sorry I won’t d. It doesn’t matter. 18. The computer is out of order. Could you help me … it? a. to repair b. to buy c. to sell d. to keep 19. Teacher : Who can do exercise 15? Students : …. a. Yes, sir b. No one sir c. Tommy, is absent, sir d. The exercise is difficult 20. Can you do the test Tino? a. My friend helped me to do it b. No body can do it c. The test is very difficult d. Yes, I can although it’s difficult 21. Shall I post this letter, Mom? a. No, thanks. I’ll do it myself b. No, it’s not important c. Yes, it’s my letter d. Yes, I can do it. II. Questions no 21 – 30, identify the underlined words that should be corrected, by writing A, B, C, or D. 22. I’ll be 17 years old next Sunday. Will you comes to my party at seven p.m.? A B C D 23. Thank you for the invitation, and Tom and I have to visit my uncle in Denpasar . A B C D 24. Would you liked to see the movie with me next Saturday evening? A B C D 25. The room is very hot. Will you opens the door, Tom? A B C D 26. Can you helped me to type the letter for Mr. Rahmat and post it after word. A B C D 27. Good morning students, look! The room is dirty. may you clean it before learning? A B C D 28. You look so busy sir. Will I type the report for you? A B C D 100
29. A : How about having lunch together? A B : Thank you for ask me, but I have to go with my parents. B C D 30. Thanks for the invitation but I’m afraid I can’t come because my mother sick. A B C D LISTENING TEST Listen to the dialogue from the tape recorder and then answer the questions about the dialogue. 31. Can Tommy come to Susan’s house in the morning? a. yes, he can b. No, he can’t c. Yes, he will d. No he doesn’t 32. What time will Tommy come to Susan’s house? a. at 10.00 a.m. b. at 1.30 p.m. c. at 2.00 pm d. at 2.30 pm Listen to the dialogue to answer the question no 33 – 35 33. Does Susan agree with the invitation? a. No, she doesn’t b. Yes she does c. She has many things to do d. She doesn’t want to go 34. Where will they go? a. To the office b. To school c. To a cafeteria d. To a library 35. Where is the location of the cafeteria? a. On Jl. Nuri b. Near here c. In town d. On Kenari street
Question 36, 37, 38 refer to the following letter 36. Who sent the invitation? a. Rauf 101
b. c. d.
Tom Rachma Ibra
37. Who sent the reply? a. Rauf b. Tom c. Rachma d. Ibra 38. What does Rachma plan to do with the children? a. Stay with the family b. Go to Jakarta c. To be with Rauf d. Go camping 39. What type of message is it? a. A birthday card b. A thank-you note c. A dinner invitation d. A get-well card 40. How did Tanya celebrate her birthday? a. By having friends to dinner b. By going sopping c. By going out to a restaurant d. By visiting Siva.
Assessment advertisement 102 = = latihan iklan
applicant application letter apply appointment arrival at the bottom available cancel causes serious injuries certificate confirmation counter curriculum vitae departure elementary employ funds give up has to attend insert is prepared job interview judge profitable purchasing rate recovery replace reserve spiritual environment superior room task the effect vacancy
= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
pelamar surat lamaran melamar janji kedatangan bagian bawah tersedia membatalkan mengakibatkan luka sertifikat kepastian penghitung daftar riwayat hidup keberangkatan tingkat dasar mempekerjakan persediaan, dana berhenti harus mengikuti menambah dipersiapkan wawancara menghakimi menguntungkan berbelanja harga sembuh mengganti memesan pendekatan keagamaan ruangan ukuran besar tugas pengaruh, akibat lowongan kerja
Effendi, Thomas Slamet. 1983. Bahasa Inggris Niaga. Jilid I - III. Departemen Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, Directorat Jendral Pendidikan dasar dan menengah. English Language service, Inc. English 900, Book I - VI. New York: Collier Macmillan International. Hornby, A.S. Gatenby, EV and Wakefield H. 1973, The Advance Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, London: Oxford University Press. Nanan, Suryana, Drs. 1999, New Concept English, Tingkat 1 - 3. Bandung: Armico. Richards, Jack C. 1997. Interchange, English for International Communication, New York Cambridge University Press Richards, Jack C. dan David Bycina, 1984. Person to Person; Communication Speaking and Listening Skills. London, Oxford University Press. Sjah, Djalius, Drs. dan Azimar Enong. Dra. 1982. Modern Business Conversations and Interview. Jakarta: Simplex Publishing. Shadily, Hassan dan Echols .J.M.. 1984. Kamus Inggris -Indonesia. Jakarta. Gramedia. Shadily, Hassan dan Echols .J.M.. 1984. Kamus Indonesia-Inggris. Jakarta: Gramedia. Yiyis, Krisnani, Dra. 2005. English for Vocational. Book 1 - 3. Yogyakarta: LP2IP Gajah Mada
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.