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/ Unit IV / UBFPM

Name: ________________________________

**Unbalanced Force Model
**

Physics Diagrams

Here you can keep track of all of the diagrams that you have learned to draw. You can come back and update it after future models, if you’d like. This list might come in handy when you start tackling complex “goal-less” problems. Name of Diagram Model Example Notes

–1–

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

**Experiment: Pulling Carts with Springs
**

Sketch and label the experiment setup:

What could we measure? How could we measure it?

Post-Lab Notes

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

–2–

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

**Worksheet 1: “Goal-less” Problems!
**

1. A person applies a 10 N horizontal force to a 10 kg block, initially at rest on a frictionless, horizontal ﬂoor. The person pushes it for 20 m. a. Which models apply to this situation and why?

b. Draw at least four diagrams and/or graphs to illustrate the situation. Choose the diagrams and graphs that you ﬁnd most useful.

c.

Using the models you have chosen, solve for any unknown quantities using at least two different methods. Show your work and use units.

–3–

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

2.

The person once again applies a 10 N horizontal force to a 10 kg block on a horizontal ﬂoor, only now the ﬂoor is rough, and there is a frictional force of 3.0 N. The person pushes it for 20 m. Follow the same general procedure as in the previous problem: tell which models apply, draw diagrams, solve for unknowns.

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

–4–

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

3.

Once the block from problem 2 has traveled 20 meters, the person stops pushing it. The surface still has friction. Again, follow the same general procedure.

–5–

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

4.

Determine the net force on the block from problem 1 at the instant it is traveling with a speed of… a. 3.0 m/s.

b. 5.0 m/s.

c.

0 m/s.

5.

Determine the unbalanced force on the block from problem 3 at the instant it is traveling with a speed of 3.0 m/s.

6.

Compare your answers to problems 4a and 5. If your answers are the same, explain how this is so even though in problem 3 the person is no longer pushing. If your answers are different, explain how this is so even though the object has the same instantaneous velocity of 3 m/s.

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

–6–

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

**Worksheet 2: Multiple Model Problem Solving, cont.
**

Solve the following problems with the same approach as you did for the “goal-less” problems on Worksheet 1. List the models that apply (and why!), draw a lot of diagrams (at least four, but probably more), and then use the models to solve for as many unknown quantities as you can. 7. The man at pulls the 70 kg box with a 400 N force at an angle of 30º to the horizontal. The box travels 15 m at a constant velocity of 5 m/s.

!

–7–

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

8.

A 70 kg box is pushed by a 400 N force at an angle of 30° to the horizontal. Starting from rest, the box travels 15 m in 2.78 seconds.

30o

!

9.

A 70 kg box is pulled by a 400 N force at an angle of 30° to the horizontal. Starting from rest, the box travels 15 m in 2.47 s.

!

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

–8–

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

10. Compare the contact normal force that the ground exerts on the box in each of the three cases. In which case is the contact normal force greatest? In which case is it least? Explain.

11. In problem 9, suppose that the person pulled at a greater angle from the horizontal (meaning the angle in the drawing would be greater than 30º). How would your answers change? Use a side-by-side comparison of two vector addition diagrams as part of your explanation.

12. In problem 8, suppose that the person pushed with a greater angle from the horizontal. How would your answers change? Use a side-by-side comparison of two vector addition diagrams as part of your explanation.

–9–

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

**Worksheet 3: Multiple Model Problem Solving, cont.
**

Solve the following problems with the same approach as you did for the “goal-less” problems on Worksheet 1. List the models that apply (and why!), draw a lot of diagrams (at least four, but probably more), and then use the models to solve for as many unknown quantities as you can. 13. Three blocks are in contact with each other on a frictionless horizontal surface. A person applies a horizontal force of 18 N to the smallest block. Hint: there are multiple ways to deﬁne your system here. You could draw several FBDs for the same instant (snapshot).

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

– 10 –

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

14. A 30 cm length of rope with a mass of 1 kg is used to attach a 10 kg chandelier to the ceiling of an elevator. The elevator (with the chandelier) accelerates upwards at 4.0 m/s2.

If the rope can exert a maximum force of 150N without breaking, is this situation safe?

Would the rope be most likely to break while the elevator was accelerating upwards, moving up with a constant velocity or slowing down? Explain.

– 11 –

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Physics! / Unit IV / UBFPM

UBFPM Model Summary

My First Concept Map (Aww…)

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

– 12 –

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