UNESCAP Wo.

rkshop, M~rch 31, 2009, Seoul, Korea

Rainwater Research Center

Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

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Contents

1. Description of Star City Rainwater System

2. Short Term Climate Change Adaptation: Example o~ Urban Flooding Mitigation by Rainwater

3. Long Term Climate Change Adaptation: Example

of Energy Saving in Water Supply Using Rainwater

4. Eco-Efficient Water Management Policy of Seoul

,5. Conclusion

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I. The Star City Rainwater Management System • Eeo-friendly a,nd eonOiet tree-

• CIiDlate eha,nge adaptation

Description of Star-city

J ayang-dong, Gwangj,jn~, seoUl, Korea

TQtal : 62,500 m2 Building: 16,867 m!

Area

Usage

Residmd &. Commercial COmplex:

Nov. 2006

·A large-scale residential and commercial complex located in Seoul~ Korea

·Well-designed garden in the complex as an eco friendly space in urban area

Star city- RWH system

Catchment Area (M)

Roof 6,200

Tank capacity

3,000ton (1 ,000tonx3 tanks)

·COllection of rainwater up. to the. first rairtfaII of tOO mm

Terrace 45,000

Rainwater Usage

Gardening, Brook, Public toilet

the garden iflg

the~ StarCity

Jayang-dong

1I Seoul

For

For Flooq

~fficetel,

; Cultural

For Wat~rr

October. 2003 ,_ March. 2007

Multipurpose use of rainwater

Supply

• Flood mitigation

• Water conservation • For emerqency

er T
..............

--
I II 'Ii'
Lft
• Rainwat

ap water

Monitoring and controlling the' water level for prevention of reg ional flooding

• Rainwater use

50000 100%
.....
rn
..... ro
rn (f)
ro 40000 80% :::l
(f) ._
:::l 6)
.......
._ ro
6) :?---
....... 30000 60%
ro rr _~ 2f2
:? ro .___.,_
c 0 ._ 6)
-U} -:: -u .......
._ E 20000 40% 6) ~
-u ..___ .......
6) ro
....... :::l
m E
:::l 10000 20% :::l
E u
:::l u
u <1:
u
<1: 0 0%
3 5 7 9 11
Month (2007) 2 million tons

• Quality - turbidity

2.5

=> 2 I-

z ---1 5

>..

""'0

...c 1

L..

::Ji

I- 0.5

Turbidity

o

Below 2 NTU
• •
• • •
•• •
• •

• • • • •
• • • •
•• •
•• •
• • • • •
• .. •
• •
• •

• I I I I • I
.... o

10

20

30

40

50

60

rvbnitoring data

: 0-1.5 NTU

• Quality - pH

60

pH

9

8 c· ... · T+ .. .. ..... •••••• •• ••••• +

~ 7 r

• ... • *

6 r-

5

o

10

20

30

40

50

rv10 nita ring date

Store'd rainwater is neutral

Urbanization

Aging infrastructure

, ~.~:-: .. :;;;: ... ., -:---;;- __ ~~-~. ~nnC:;:~:st

Climate change

Reduction of the risk by supplementing with decentralized water management system.

Amount of rainwater utilization

t.ceat Rainwater (Jfiftzation Ratio ;::: {lRLJRJ

0'-'/0

2. Short tenn Climate Change Adaptation:

Example oeUrban Flooding Mitigation

by Rainwater System

Ii

II

Rainfall

Discharge

" " " ,1 peak flow» max capacity I I I I

DD ~.O.

DO

Flood breaking tt!

Building rooftop

Drainage pipe

..i..

..

I

R

p

D

, 0' , , I I I I , I , ,

DO DO·

..-.. ...

.r: .......

20 '-D!' I~-O

"c

--'

.i:

ca 1H_-_:"-:'_ GJ OJ

a.

a

35

30

25

-0- mYIE!I!1Ir

-l:1- :30ye1aJlr

-o-5C1Y!E!:8lr

--v- MJOYlear

5

,_l _

I

I I __ 1

I

<,

---01 -

o

o 11 2' 31 4,5 61 t 81 19 9.8 11 1:2 '1:3 1411~5 1116 117 '181 '19 20

Tan k vollu mia( Irnf,/1 DO nt'II

3. Long Term CHmate Change Adaptation: Example of Energy Sa17ing in Water Supply by Rainwater

Private

No Transmission

Case 1: Supply water from water purification plant to virtual city

Dam

Water purificati Plant

1. Purification energy

Vi rtu al City

Case 2: Grey water system

Case 3: Rainwater harvesting system

long mileage vs. short mileage!

_. ... ...-. ........

unit: kWh

2.0 1.0.£"'1"'1

Ene rgy consumption in transmission

I: o

.-

.,

E 1.5

::::s en I:

o 1.0

u

~

m

~ 0.5

I: c»

0.0

1.1177

1.1857

0.0012

I I

tap water

gray water rai nw ate r

-... Using Decentralized Water Supply System save a lot of energy

Water saving quantity per year : 40,000 tons -+ Energy saving per year : 72,.928 kWh

II

7·.3 tons of petroleum will be saved

+ About $6,000 is saved

1 liter petroleum = 9.94 kWh (in power plant)

(1 bbl = 158.9 liter, 1 bbl = $130)

4. Hainwater on in

SeoullNlsed for Ubiqllitous Rainwater ManagelDent (in efTeet sinee Dee,2005)

Wf:)o~h!er "roretast frQm

K(Wea Melteo:mlogi,cal A(jmliniS;1!ratim~1

G"u offiae A

For W'atelf

Remote Rainwater Tank Monitoring system

SeouiCitTs

New Rainwater Po6cy

(announeed on Sep 4, 2008)

r

Seoul City's New Rainwater Policy

to make a Water Circulation Type Green City (Sep 4, 2008)

From Drain to Storage For all By four(4) Ails

Collect all Rainwater Using all means From all places

By all the people

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Green City by Rainwater Storage, Infiltration and Utilization at all the urban area I

Mandatory installation of storage I infiltration at all possible places Subsidy program, incentive program

At all development, redevelopment,

• MOU for Rain-city

(b/w Suwon city and UNEP-SNU Rainwater Research Center)

Rainwater

./

\.

,

Groundwate,I(4°(~) ~-_--=-Local water suppi 3%) G raywater (3 /

-

1---

--- -

/ - ----=-

I

--"'-.

I ~ Rai.nwater ~--

· 160 million ton/year

r::

I;xternal Supply 89% (~ulti~regional water supply}

~ .

! Stdrage and lnflltratlon

~ Groundwater recharge and - ~U nderqrou nd-Dam . /

• ·Wa~~r Indepen~llcY-R~tiO 5Q%.

\

.. ~

...

,

120"-rnilfiQn ton/year \__

-_._

Total water usage: 1 ,09millionXLPCD31 OLX365days=123millionm3/year II Rainwater: 21 ,07km2X1335mm=161 miilion m3/year

Science

Rainwater facility factory

Rainwater garden

International Rainwater film festival

Rainwater Museum

Rainwater Toilet

Rainwater swimming pool

Potable rainwater bottle

Rainwater tour

,,~,S~ ... t:;.~-

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.:. Star City Rainwater Harvesting System is a model EcoEfficient Water Infrastructure

• Short term CC adaptation by reducing flooding risk

• Long term CC mitigation by reducing the energy consumption

.:. The successful Rainwater management system at Star City triggered to change the rainwater policy in Seoul Metropolitan Government.

• "Rainwater, From Drain to store, for a green City"

• New Policy "Four Ails for all "

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Mooyoung Han"

• Background

• RWH system installation

.-----

• Emotional relationship

Banda Aceh, Indonesia Tsunami

Water problem

Laixa, Vietnam

Polluted water sources

Existing water supply

Poor operation

Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Banda Aceh, Indonesia, and Hanoi, Vietnam

New storage system - light, foldable, easy to carry

Simple technologies for water quality

Capacity building - working wI local volunteers

Modification of existing facilities

S~Ul'KIUt ~u'~I~~~ iillUlf~lIJf..

·Ii ,III

1~.~ltm1!lIf llJlim~l!!IIti!\\ .. !I'

IIIlLli. Illik

-

-

. .R;m.\~'i:.aJurlil('J~l!j ~~~

r.d:. looll

.1 1L\!(r~~l!1dl'l'\tCl t

-

-

.....----,

l..........fila'"""

1

-1-

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.:. RWH system is the first option for developing country water supply

• Simple, low cost, low energy

• Clean and easy to maintain

-7 appropriate for developing country

.:. Innovative ideas can improve applicability

.:. Love and Care also can be build through RWH system

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