Federation of Trade

Unions – Burma
Responsibilities & Rights

International Contact
Burma Office - Japan
101-0062
3F, Sohyo Kaikan
3-2-11, Kanda-Surugadai
Chiyoda-Ku Tokyp Japan
Te;: 81 3 5296 3010
Fax: 81 3 5296 7903

jrefrmEkid if t
H vkyo
f rm;or*~rsm;
d w
f eG ;f E_;d aqmfcsuf
rsrsm;tzG
m;tzGJ@csKyf. wku
jrefrmjynfonf vGepf mG rS obm0oH,ZH mwaygºuG,0f aom Ekid if w
H Ekid if jH zpfonf qko
d nfudk jrefrmjynfom; rsm;
omru urBmuyg od&jSd yD;jzpfygonf? okd@aomf 1962 ckEpS f ppfacgi;f aqmifae0if; tm%modr;f jyD;aemufyidk ;f wGif jrefrmjynf.
pD;yGm;a&;pepfudk ajymif;vJypfco
Jh nf? xkd@a=umifh jrefrmjynfonf ta&S@awmiftm&SEikd if rH sm;wGif csr;f om ºuG,0f qk;H Ekdiif rH S
urBmt
h qif;&Jq;kH Edik if /H zGH@jzdK;r_tenf;qk;H Edik if H Least Developed Country (LDC) tjzpfokd@ 198& ckEpS /f 'DZifbmvwGif
a&muf&o
Sd mG ;cJjh yD; vlx.
k rcHr&yfEidk jf zpfru
_ dk (8) av;vk;H vlxt
k a&;awmfy}Hk uD;u oufaocHvsS u&f o
dS nf?
jrefrmjynforl sm;eSifh Ekid if w
H umtm; t}udr}f udrv
f n
S fph m;I ppftm%m&Sio
f nf enf;trsK;d rsK;d jzifh tm%modr;f ,l
xm;cJjh yD; jrefrmEkid if .
H pD;yGm;a&;pepftm; ajymif;vJco
Jh nf[k ajym=um;r_rsm;&Scd o
Jh nf? ok@d aomf 2010 ckEpS /f =o*kwv
f 5
&ufae@wiG f jynfwiG ;f Y&Sad om urBmph m;eyf&u
d mQ tpDtpOf &k;H World Food Program (WFP) rS jrefrmjynf. vlO;D a& 10
a,mufwiG f 1 a,mufrmS pm;eyf&u
d mQ tmrcHcsurf &Sad =umif; xkwjf yefa=unmcJo
h nf? Ta=ujimcsuo
f nf ppftm%m&Si.
f
pD;yGg;a&;pepfajymif;vJjcif;onf vlenf;pktwGuo
f m tcGix
hf ;l rsm; cHpm;apjyD; jrefrmjynfolrsm;twGuf tajccHvt
kd yfcsurf sm;
yif ,kwaf vsmo
h mG ;aea=umif; oufaocHv#u&f o
dS nf?
TuJo
h kd@aom jzpf&yfrsm;udk zefw;D ol/ wm0ef&o
dS rl mS wyfrawmftm;tvJo
G ;kH pm;vkyI
f Edik if .
H OpPm"ersm;udk ud,
k yf idk f
ypPn;f uJhokd@ tkycf sKyfprD cH ef@caGJ eaom Adv
k o
f ef;a&$ro
d m;pkESiehf tzrS tenf;i,faomtkypf o
k mjzpfonf?
jynfolvx
l /k
twku
d t
f cH'rD u
dk a&pDtiftm;pk/ wkid ;f &if;om;tiftm;pk/ ausmif;om;rsm;/ &[ef;rsm;/ tvkyo
f rm;rsm;/ v,form;rsm;
r[kwaf y? Ekid if aH &;vrf;pOfr&S/d Ekid if t
H yk cf sKyfprD cH ef@cGJrp_ eH pfr&Sd pdww
f idk ;f usqkH;jzwfcsucf sjyD; jyKvkyaf eaoma=umihf jrefrmEkid if H
onf qif;&JjyD; jynfolvx
l rk Sm ,ckuo
Jh kd@ tiwfab;ESi&hf ifqikd =f uHKawG@ae&jcif;jzpfygonf? ,if;jzpf&yfrsm;onf jrefrmjynf
twGuf tifrwefru
S dk &Suzf kd@/ 0rf;enf;zkd@aumif;vSygonf?
,ckjrefrmjynfom;rsm;&ifqikd }f uKHawG@ae&aomtiwfab;jy\emudak jz&Si;f Ekid &f eftwGuf Ekid if aH &;pepf/ tkycf sKyfa&;
pHepfut
kd vSsit
f jrefajymif;vJ&rnfjzpfonf?
Adv
k o
f ef;a&$ro
d m;pk ESihf etzrS tenf;i,faom tkyfpo
k nf aiGa=u;tajrmuftjrm;ukeu
f s cI
H EsLuvD;,m;wnf
aqmufjcif;/ vufeuf}uD;rsm; 0,f,jl cif;/ aejynfawmfwnfaqmufjcif;/ ajratmufv%
d_ *f w
l nfaqmufjcif;rsm;ukd jyKvkyaf e
onf? jynfwiG ;f rSm&Sad om 'Drkdua&pDtiftm;pkrsm;taejzifv
h nf; t=urf;rzufbJ jidr;f csr;f pGmwku
d yf GJ0ifae=uonf? wdki;f &if;
om;tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;onf typftcwf&yfpJxm;=uonfrmS q,fpEk pS af usmaf ejyDjzpfonf? wkid ;f jynftwGi;f Y wku
d cf u
dk f&rnfh
&eforl &Sb
d J ,ckuo
Jh kd@jyKvkyaf ejcif;rSm 4if;tm%mwnf+rJa&;twGuo
f mjzpfonf? xkd@a=umifh wkid ;f jynf.b¾maiGudk tvGJ
ok;H pm;jzKef;wD;ypfaeaom Akv
d foef;a&$EiS hf taygi;f ygwpkukd tvSsit
f jref z,f&mS ;ypf&rnfjzpfonf?
jyD;cJo
h nfh Zlvikd v
f rSpI &efuek w
f ikd ;f tif;wkid t
f ajcpku
d f &JreG pf pfwyfjrdK@&dS wyfr (11) vufatmufcH wyf&if; 8 &if;rS
&Jabmfrsm;/ t&m&Srd sm;onf pm;0wfaea&;=uyfwnf;vGe;f vSojzihf 4if;wkd@xrH S vpOf twif;jzwf,l pkaqmif;xm;aom
b%fpak iGrsm;ukd xkwaf y;&ef txuft&m&Srd sm;xH wifjyawmif;qdrk r_ sm;&Scd o
Jh nf? =unf;/ a&/ av tm;vk;H rS &Jabmf/ t&m&S/d
t&mcH awGtm;vk;H vnf; jynfov
l x
l kuo
Jh kd@ tiwfab;ESi&fh ifqidk =f uHKawG@ae&onf? &Jabmfrsm;taejzihf ud,
k pf ak qmif;xm;
1

aom aiGuydk ifjyefxw
k rf &jzpfae&jcif;rSm 4if;wk@d . pkaiGrsm;ukd Akv
d o
f ef;a&$EiS hf taygi;f ygvw
l pkrS Ekid if o
H kd@ wifjycGijfh yKcsuf
rawmif;/ aiG&iS rf sm;.cGijfh yKcsurf ,lbJ ok;H jzKef;aejcif; a=umihjf zpfygonf?
&Jabmfrsm; pkaqmif;aiGujdk yefray;Edik o
f nfh Akv
d o
f ef;a&$EiS t
hf aygi;f ygvw
l pkonf wbufwiG f &Jabmfrsm;. awmif;
qkrd r_ sm;udk tm&kv
H $J&ef 0/ucsi/f u&if/ &Sr;f / rGew
f ikd ;f &if;om;rsm;udx
k ;dk ppfqifum e,fjcm;apmiht
f oGiu
f ;l ajymif;a&;twGuf
jcdr;f ajcmufaeonf? wkid ;f &if;om;rsm;onf rdrw
d @dk .jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f wajrwnf;ae/ wa&wnf;aomuf nDtudk armifErS
rsm;jzpfonf? wyfrawmfom;rsm;/ wyfrawmfom;rsm;.rdom;pkrsm;uJo
h dk@yif qif;&Jjcif;'g%rf u
S if;a0;I tcGit
hf a&;wlnpD mG
aexdik &f ef awmif;qdak ejcif;omjzpfonf? oGm; a&muf rwdu
k cf u
kd o
f ifyh g?
rw&m;onft
h rdef@udk rvdu
k ef moifyh g? rw&m;onft
h rdef@rsm;/ rnDr#onfh n$e}f um;csurf sm;/ ,if;n$e}f um;csurf sm;
a}umifjh zpfay:vmonfh &duQmrvHak vmufr/_ a&S@wef;aq;0g;rvHak vmufrr_ sm;tm; jznfq
h nf;r_r&So
d nft
h wGuf txufrS
nGe=f um;csurf sm;tm; vdu
k ef mjcif;rjyKbJ rdrw
d kd@vkt
d yfcsufrsm;&&So
d nftxd awmif;qkdwu
kd yf GJ0ifaeonf[}k um;ae&onfh
&JreG w
f yfrsm;/ (22)/ (44)/ (55)/ (66)/ (&&) wyfrrsm;/ ucsijf ynfe,fwyf&if;rsm;/ teef;uGi;f AsK[m/ [dik ;f }uD;u|e;f a&wyf/
rdwÎv
D mavwyf/ uavmOpw/ axmufvrS ;f a&;wyfrsm;/ uyp wyfrsm; tm;cs;D usK;onf? &Jabmf av;ode;f ausmt
f ouf/
aoG;ay;I &&Sad omvpmxJrw
S OD;vsif wv usyf 5000/ (1)ESpf pkaqmif;aiGonf wESpv
f sif usyaf iG uaË 200 &S&d m
oabmwlxm;onft
h wd;k ESifhwuG jyefay;onftxd awmif;qd&k efvo
dk nf? wyfro
d m;pkrsm; b0pm;0wfaea&; ,m,D ajy
vnf&efjzpfonf?
jrefrmjynfwiG f “ twku
d t
f cH'rD u
dk a&pDtiftm;pk/ wk
f rm;rsm;/
wikd ;f &if;om;rsm;/ ausmif;om;rsm;/ &[ef
&[ef;rsm;/ tvkyo
v,form;rs
l m;vH;k tiwfab;ESihf &ifqikd }f uKHawG@ae&onf”? jyKjyif&efawmif;qdrk r_ sm;udk Akdvo
f ef;a&$EiS fh
rm;rsm;/ jynfot
taygi;f ygvw
l pkonfwyfrawmftm;vSnpfh m;IESrd ef if;apcJo
h nf? ,ckwyfrawmfom;rsm; iwfrw
G I
f awmif;qdjk cif;/ ydq
k ;dk onf
rSmrdrpd ak iGtm; jyefawmif;jcif;udak xmufvrS ;f a&; tzGJ@tm;oH;k I jzdKcGi;f &ef}udK;pm;onf? rdwÎDvmavwyf 206 wGix
f Gucf iG fh
awmif;onfAh dkvrf ;_ }uD;tm;zrf;onf? &JreG w
f yfrsm; tm; aejynfawmfwyf/ vHjk cHKa&;&Jjzif0h idk ;f onf? [dik ;f }uD;u|e;f &Jabmfrsm;
tm; tcsKyfcs&eftrdef@ay;onf? trsm;pk&ifqikd af e&aom'kurQ sm;tm;wifjyjcif;udt
k iftm;oH;k IjzdKcGJ&ef}udK;pm;onf?
odk@aomf oufqidk &f mwyfrsm; upnf;urf;&Spd mG jyefvnfweG f;vSeaf eonfu=dk um;od&I axmufco
H nf? awmif;qdrk _
wdu
k yf GJ0ifaeonfh wyfrawmfom;rsm;tm;jynforl sm;utrsm;tusKd;twGu=f unfI
h 0dik ;f 0ef;ay;&efvrkd nf? wyfrawmfom;rsm;
onfvnf;jynfoEl iS yfh ;l aygi;f / jynfot
l m;ud,
k I
l awmif;qdrk _atmifjrif&ef}udK;pm;&rnf? xdrk w
S qifw
h ufI jynfoEl iS v
fh ufwGJ
umajymif;vJr_ az:xkw&f ef zdwaf c:onf?
ediif t
H m;wm0efrpJh rD cH ef@caGJ eaom/ t&m&mtm; vufeufo;Hk jzdKcGi;f &efpOf;pm;aom/ awG@qaHk qG;aEG;r_tm; vufrcH
aom Akv
d o
f ef;a&GE$ iS fh taygi;f ygvw
l pkudk pHepfusaom olcidk ;f wmudk rvkyef J@/ olajymwmudek m;raxmifeJ@/ ud,
k t
fh cGihf
ta&;jzpfwJh ud,
k pfh ak iG udjk yefawmif;cGifh udu
k sio
fh ;Hk jcif; onf tifrwefreS fuefygonf? qufvuf awmif;qd&k eftm;ay;onf?
wyfrawmfro
d m;pk/ jynfxJa&;rdom;pk/ bmomaygi;f pH/k vlrsdK;aygi;f pH/k &[ef;/ ausmif;om;/ tvkyo
f rm;/ v,form;
tm;vk;H jydKifwl wGe;f ygu Akdvo
f ef;a&$EiS fh taygi;f yg vlwpktm; z,f&mS ;ypfvu
dk Ef ikd yf grnf? od@k rSom trsm;yg0ifEikd af om
a&G;aumufyGJrw
S qifh Edik if aH &;pHepf/ tkycf sKyfa&;pHepf ajymif;vJEikd jf yD; jrefrmjynfonf ,cifuuJo
h @dk csr;f omºuG,0f aom
Ekid if w
H Ekid if H rvGJ{uef jzpfvmrnfjzpfygI tm;vH;k yg0ifvy_ &f mS ;=u&ef wdu
k w
f eG ;f E_;d aqmfvdkuyf gonf?
&ufp-GJ =o*kwv
f 12 &uf/ 2010ckEpS ?f
qufo,
G &f ef zke;f - 1 202 352 7884?
2

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful