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PADMASHREE DR. D.Y.

PATIL INSTITUTE OF
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, PIMPRI, PUNE – 18

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND


TELECOMMUNICATION

SPECTRUM SENSING IN COGNITIVE RADIOS

GABUJI ALIASGER B-3027


AGARWAL NIKHIL B-3077
G. PAWAN KUMAR B-3078

ACADEMIC YEAR

2010-11
SPECTRUM SENSING IN COGNITIVE RADIOS

AREA OF THE PROJECT:


Software Defined Radios(SDRs) for Wireless Communication.

PROBLEM STATEMENT:
To develop an algorithm for spectrum sensing
and allocation in Cognitive Radios (CRs).

SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS:
As per the spectrum policies defined by the IEEE
801 and IEEE 802 standards and protocols with IEEE 802.22
being the ‘cognitive radios standard.’

BLOCK DIAGRAM:
EXPLANATION:

• Wireless communication in which the transmission or reception


parameters are changed to communicate efficiently without interfering
with licensed users (Primary users).
• Parameter changes are based on the active monitoring of several factors
in the radio environment (e.g. radio frequency spectrum).
• This approach is enabled by software- defined radios called cognitive
radios.
• Primary users can be defined as the users who have higher priority or
legacy rights on the usage of a specific part of the spectrum. On the other
hand, secondary users, which have lower priority, exploit this spectrum
in such a way that they do not cause interference to primary users.
Therefore, secondary users need to have cognitive radio capabilities, such
as sensing the spectrum reliably to detect spectrum holes.

BENEFITS:

• Senses RF Environment and modifies frequency, power or modulation.


• Real Time Spectrum Management.
• Significantly increases Spectrum sensing efficiency.
• Avoids interferences between multiple users.
• Implements licensed and protected military communication.
• Total band-width utilization due to frequency sharing.

( Prof S.D. Chavan ) ( Prof. S.R. Jog )


Project Co-ordinator HOD