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Chapter - 3


Q.1. Metals are said to be shiny. Why do metals generally appear to be dull ? How can their brightness be
restored ? (2 marks)
A. The metals surface becomes dull on being exposed due to the formation of a thin film of its oxide. The
oxide is formed due to reaction of metal with oxygen present in air.
The brightness of metal can be restored by removing this film, formed on the surface of metal, either
mechanically or chemically.

Q.2. Why are the two non-metals, carbon and hydrogen are important chemical reference points with regard to
the method of metal extraction and reactivity towards acids. (2 marks)
A. The six metals K, Na, Li, Ca, Mg, and Al, which lie above carbon in the activity series, cannot be extracted
by carbon reduction: they are usually extracted by electrolysis. Metals below hydrogen i.e., Cu, Ag, Au
and Pt, are transition metals that will not displace hydrogen from acids.

Q.3. Explain why, the galvanised iron article is protected against rusting even if the zinc layer is broken.
(2 marks)

A. The galvanised iron article is protected against rusting even if the zinc layer is broken because zinc is more
easily oxidised than iron. So when zinc layer on the surface of galvanised iron article is broken, then zinc
continues to corrode but iron article does not corrode or rust.

Q.4. M is an element in the form of powder. M burns in oxygen and the product is soluble in water. The solution
is tested with litmus. Write down only the word which will correctly complete each of the following
(i) If M is a metal, then the litmus will turn.......... .
(ii) If M is a non-metal, then the litmus will turn .......... .
(iii) If M is a reactive metal, then.......... will be evolved when M reacts with dilute sulphuric acid.
(iv) If M is a metal, it will form........... oxide, which will form ........... solution with water. (2 marks)
A. (i) Blue (ii) Red
(iii) Hydrogen (iv) basic, alkaline

Q.5. Name :
(i) Non-metal which is a good conductor of electricity.
(ii) A metallic oxide which can't be reduced with hydrogen.
(iii) A metal which is lighter than water.
2 3
(iv) A metal which is liquid at room temperature. (2 marks)
A. (i) Graphite (ii) Aluminium oxide (Al O )
(iii) Sodium (iv) Mercury (Hg)

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