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- VÐct¬ c-êng ®é ®iÖn tr-êng lµ ®¹i l-îng ®Æc tr-ng cho ®iÖn tr-êng vÒ mÆt t¸c dông lùc:
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- C«ng thøc liªn hÖ gi÷a c-êng ®é ®iÖn tr-êng vµ hiÖu ®iÖn thÕ trong ®iÖn tr-êng ®Òu:


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Víi , lµ h×nh chiÕu cña , lªn mét trôc trïng víi mét ®-êng søc bÊt kú.
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