BP Statistical Review

of World Energy
June 2010
bp.com/statisticalreview

What’s inside?
1

Introduction
1
2

6

Group chief executive’s introduction
2009 in review

38
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Prices
Stocks
Refining
Trade movements

22 Natural gas
22
24
27
30
31

Reserves
Production
Consumption
Trade movements
Prices

32 Coal
32
32
34
35

36

Consumption

38 Hydroelectricity

Oil
6
8
11
16
17
18
20

36 Nuclear energy

Reserves
Prices
Production
Consumption

Consumption

40 Primary energy
40
41
43

Consumption
Consumption by fuel
R/P ratios

44 Appendices
44
44
45

Approximate conversion factors
Definitions
More information

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2010

About this Review

Guide to navigation
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2010 uses the
following icons and colour coding to help you navigate your
way quickly and easily through the document. Icons and
colours represent various energy types so you can see,
at a glance, which section you are in.

Oil
Natural gas
Coal
Nuclear energy

For 59 years, the BP Statistical Review
of World Energy has provided high-quality,
objective and globally consistent data on
world energy markets. The Review is
one of the most widely respected and
authoritative publications in the field of
energy economics, used for reference by
the media, academia, world governments
and energy companies. A new edition is
published every June.
Find out more online
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2010 is available
online at www.bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains
all the tables and charts found in the latest printed edition,
plus a number of extras, including:
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity,
nuclear energy, electricity and renewables.
• An energy charting tool, where you can view
predetermined reports or chart specific data
according to energy type, region and year.
• An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator.
• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of the
charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel workbook
of the historical data.

Hydroelectricity
Primary energy

About BP
BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies,
serving millions of customers in more than 90 countries
across six continents. Our business segments are Exploration
and Production, and Refining and Marketing. Through these
business segments, we provide fuel for transportation,
retail brands and energy for heat and light.

Appendices
For approximate conversion factors
and definitions see page 44.
View or order this Review at
bp.com/statisticalreview
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World
Energy June 2010 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and
practices used for determining proved reserves at company level, for instance,
under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of Recommended
Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and
Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or as published by the US Securities and
Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of proved
reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been compiled using a
combination of primary official sources and third-party data.

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2010

Group chief
executive’s introduction

Energy in 2009 –
from recession
to recovery
Tony Hayward Group Chief Executive
June 2010

Let me highlight a few insights from the data assembled in this Review.
First, global primary energy consumption fell in 2009, but like the
broader economic downturn, changes varied greatly across regions.
In the OECD, energy consumption fell faster than GDP – the sharpest
decline in energy consumption on record. The OECD consumed less
primary energy last year than 10 years ago, although GDP since then
has risen by 18%. The developing world outside the Former Soviet
Union, in contrast, saw energy consumption growing faster than
GDP. Globally, the energy intensity of economic activity rose last
year, fostered by slower growth and by many energy-intensive fiscal
stimulus programmes – but against the longer-term trend.
With consumption falling, energy prices declined in 2009,
though again the pattern varied by fuel. Oil prices began the year
below $40 per barrel, and increased steadily during the year as OPEC
production cuts were greater than the decline in consumption. Natural
gas in competitive markets fell sharply and remained weak through
most of the year due to falling consumption, continued development
of unconventional resources in the US and rising LNG supply. And coal
prices fell and then started to recover, while displaying regional variety.
The recession and now, hopefully, the recovery, has taught us
how interlinked the world really is. Let me name just two of the data
highlights of this year’s Review that symbolize the challenges ahead for
all of us. China became a large-scale coal importer, which prevented
global coal consumption from falling; and, given the OPEC cuts, the
world’s largest increase in oil production by far came from the US,
mainly from the Gulf of Mexico. This is not an excuse for anything,
but a piece of the reality in which we all live.
Clarity of focus on objective data has been a hallmark of BP’s
Statistical Review – in good times and bad – for 59 years. As the
world recovers from recession and turns its attention toward enduring
matters of economic development, energy security and climate
change, I hope you will find this Review to be a useful source of
objective information and perspective.
I would like to thank BP’s economics team and all those
around the world who have been involved in preparing this Review –
in particular our government contacts in many countries who report
the official data.

Welcome to the 2010 edition of the BP Statistical Review of
World Energy.
Before addressing some of the themes that emerge from this
Review, I would like to devote a few words to the tragic accident in
April involving the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig and the subsequent
release of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. As of this writing, BP is working
closely with governments and private sector experts to stop the flow
of oil and to minimize the damage to the environment. We are throwing
everything we have at mitigating this disaster. Our thoughts are with
those who have lost loved ones, and those whose livelihoods have
been disrupted. We are determined to set right what has gone wrong
and to learn from the tragedy. Eventually, we will succeed, and
eventually, this disaster will lead to a safer and better energy world.
It is the world of energy that is described by the Statistical
Review of World Energy. Energy developments in 2009 were
dominated by a global recession and, later in the year, a tentative
recovery. For the year as a whole, the global economy contracted
for the first time since the Second World War, and global energy
consumption fell as well. We can’t know how durable this recovery
will be. But the data shows changes in the pattern of global energy
consumption that are likely to indicate long-term change.

1

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2010

2009 in review
Global economic recession drove energy
consumption lower in 2009 – the first decline since
1982. As with the economic contraction, the decline
in energy consumption was concentrated in OECD
countries and the territory of the Former Soviet
Union (FSU). Consumption of oil, natural gas and
nuclear power declined, while coal consumption
was essentially flat; only hydroelectric output and
other renewable forms of energy increased in 2009.
This data suggests global CO2 emissions from
energy use fell for the first time since 1998.
For the year as a whole, prices for all forms of
traded energy fell, with the sharpest declines seen
for traded natural gas and coal in North America
and western Europe – although Asian coal prices
fell less sharply in face of strong Chinese import
growth. Oil prices declined for the first time since
2001. During 2009 prices for oil and coal in
competitive markets hit their low points early in
the year, with oil prices recovering first, while spot
natural gas prices in North America and western
Europe continued to decline well into 2009.

Images
1 City scene, Kuwait.
2 Chirag platform, Azerbaijan.
3 BP employee, Kwinana refinery,
Australia.
4 Trans-Alaska pipeline, Alaska.

1

Energy developments
World primary energy consumption – including oil, natural gas,
coal, nuclear and hydro power – fell by 1.1% in 2009, the first decline
since 1982 and the largest decline (in percentage terms) since 1980.
Consumption in OECD countries fell by 5%, the largest decline
on record; OECD consumption reached the lowest level since 1998.
Energy consumption declined in all regions except Asia Pacific and
the Middle East; Chinese energy consumption growth accelerated
to 8.7%. Hydroelectric power generation increased by 1.5%, and was
the world’s fastest-growing major fuel for a second consecutive year.

Global primary energy consumption

–1.1%
The largest decline since 1980

2

Oil
Dated Brent averaged $61.67 per barrel in 2009, a decline of 37% –
the largest decline (in percentage terms) since 1986. Other benchmark
crudes registered similar declines. Prices began the year below $40
and rose steadily throughout the year, reaching a peak of more than
$78 in mid-November. Sustained OPEC production cuts and improving
economic prospects as the year progressed supported prices.
Global oil consumption declined by 1.2 million barrels per day
(b/d), or 1.7%, the largest decline since 1982. OECD consumption fell
by 4.8% (2 million b/d), a fourth consecutive decline. Outside the
OECD, consumption growth slowed to 860,000b/d, or 2.1%, the
weakest percentage growth since 2001. China, India and Middle
Eastern countries accounted for all of the non-OECD growth.
Global oil production dropped even more rapidly than
consumption, falling by 2 million b/d, or 2.6%, the largest drop, again,
since 1982. OPEC production cuts implemented late in 2008 were
maintained throughout 2009, resulting in a decline of 2.5 million b/d,
or 7.3%. Every OPEC member participating in the production-cutting
agreement reduced output in 2009. OPEC’s Middle Eastern members
accounted for nearly 75% of the overall reductions.
Oil production outside OPEC grew by 0.9% or 450,000b/d.
US production increased by 460,000b/d, or 7%, the largest increase
in the world last year and largest US percentage increase in our data
set. Elsewhere, production growth in Russia, Brazil, Kazakhstan and
Azerbaijan was offset by declines in China and mature OECD provinces
of Mexico, Norway and the UK. Overall OECD production declined for
a seventh consecutive year.
Global refining capacity in 2009 grew by 2.2%, or 2 million b/d,
the largest increase since 1999. Non-OECD capacity surpassed OECD
capacity for the first time. The Asia-Pacific region accounted for more
than 80% of the global growth, largely due to increases in India

4

2

3

(+19.5%, or 580,000b/d) and China (+10.5%, or 820,000b/d). Global
crude runs fell along with oil consumption, declining by 1.5 million b/d,
or 2%. Throughput declines were concentrated in the EU (-6.4%, or
870,000b/d) and other OECD countries; throughput outside the OECD
increased by 0.9% or 310,000b/d, as strong growth in China and other
Asia-Pacific countries more than offset declining throughput in South
and Central America (-11.4%, or 610,000b/d). Higher refining capacity
and declining consumption pushed global refinery utilization to 81.1%,
the lowest rate since 1994.
Global oil trade fell by 3.1% or 1.7 million b/d, a second
consecutive decline and the largest decline since 1987. The US
accounted for 84% of the net decline in imports, driven by declining
consumption and rising domestic production. Among exporters, the
Middle East – with falling production and rising domestic consumption
– accounted for virtually the entire decline.

OPEC oil production

–7.3%
The largest decline since 1983
3

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2010
2009 in review

Natural gas
Globally, natural gas was the fuel that experienced the most rapid
decline in consumption, falling by 2.1%, the largest decline on record.
Consumption declined in all regions except the Middle East and Asia
Pacific. Russia had the world’s largest decline (in volumetric terms),
with consumption falling by 6.1%. OECD consumption fell by 3.1%,
the largest decline since 1982; the decline in the US was a relatively
modest 1.5%, as weak prices improved gas’s competitive standing
against other fuels. Iran saw the world’s largest volumetric
consumption growth, while Indian consumption growth of 25.9%
was the highest among major countries in percentage terms.
Global gas production declined for the first time on record.
Production fell sharply in Russia (-12.1%) and Turkmenistan (-44.8%),
driven by declining consumption – in Russia and much of the rest of
Europe – and the availability in Europe of competitively priced liquefied
natural gas (LNG). Continued expansion of unconventional supplies
allowed the US to record the world’s largest increase in production for
the third consecutive year, surpassing Russia as the world’s largest
producer. Production in the Middle East and Asia Pacific also increased,
driven by growth in Iran, Qatar, India and China.
Global natural gas trade (excluding intra-FSU trade) contracted
by 2.1% in 2009; pipeline shipments contracted by 5.8%, more than
offsetting a 7.6% increase in LNG trade. The continued ramp-up of
Qatari exports and the emergence of Russia as an exporter drove LNG
growth, which accounted for 30.5% of gas trade (excluding intra-FSU).
The decline in pipeline shipments was driven by lower shipments from
Russia to Europe and from Canada to the US. This year’s data for the
first time includes intra-FSU trade, which stood at 80.4 billion cubic
metres in 2009 – 9.2% of global gas trade.

Natural gas production

–2.1%
The first decline on record

4

1

2

3

Coal’s share of world energy consumption

29.4%
The highest since 1970

4

Other fuels
Global coal consumption was flat in 2009, the weakest annual change
since 1999. The OECD (-10.4%) and the FSU (-13.3%) experienced
the steepest consumption declines on record, due to the combination
of recession and competitively priced natural gas. Elsewhere,
consumption grew by 7.4%, near the historical average, with China
accounting for 95% of the increase. Consumption fell in all regions
except Asia-Pacific and the Middle East.
Global nuclear output dropped by 1.3%, a third consecutive
global decline. Asia-Pacific growth, led by a recovery of Japanese
output from earlier earthquake-related outages, did not offset declines
elsewhere. Hydroelectric generation grew by a below-average 1.5%,
which was nonetheless sufficient to make hydro the world’s fastestgrowing major fuel in 2009. Growth was led by China, Brazil and
the US.
While other forms of renewable energy remain a small
share of the global energy mix, they have continued to grow rapidly.
Continued government support, including targeted fiscal stimulus
in many countries, helped to boost global wind and solar generation
capacity by 31% and 47% respectively. Wind growth was led by
China and the US, which accounted for a combined 62.4% of total
growth. Ethanol production rose by 8.1% – just over half the historical
average; continued robust growth in the US (which accounts for
52.9% of global ethanol supply) was partly offset by a decline in
Brazil (33.9% of global output). Additional detail on renewable
forms of energy, as well as electricity generation, is available at
www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

5

Images
1 BP’s North America Gas operations,
Texas, US.
2 BP employees, Tangguh, Indonesia.
3 Black coal mining, Australia.
4 San Onofre Nuclear Generating
Station, California, US.
5 Hydroelectric plant.

Acknowledgements
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide who provide the
publicly-available data for this publication, and to the researchers at the Heriot-Watt University
Energy Academy who assist in the data compilation.

5

Oil
Proved reserves

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
Canadian oil sands•
Proved reserves and oil sands
*More than 100 years.

At end 1989
Thousand
million
barrels

At end 1999
Thousand
million
barrels

At end 2008
Thousand
million
barrels

Thousand
million
tonnes

34.3
11.6
52.0
97.9
2.2
2.8
2.0
1.4
0.8
0.6
59.0
0.6
69.5
n/a
0.6
0.8
n/a
8.4
1.2
n/a
n/a
3.8
n/a
69.4
84.2
92.9
100.0
97.1
4.3
4.5
260.1
2.0
98.1
2.0
0.1
661.0
9.2
2.1

0.7
4.3

1.0
22.8
16.0
0.3
1.8
0.9
59.1
3.1
1.2
16.0
4.3
5.1
3.7
0.2
0.1
0.9
34.7
1006.4
7.7
116.4
763.2
175.8
67.3
n/a
n/a

29.7
18.3
21.5
69.5
3.1
8.2
2.3
4.4
0.9
0.8
76.8
1.3
97.8
1.2
0.9
0.9
25.0
10.9
1.2
59.2
0.5
5.0
0.6
2.3
107.8
93.1
112.5
96.5
5.7
13.1
262.8
2.3
97.8
1.9
0.2
685.8
11.3
5.1

1.7
3.8
0.6
2.6
29.5
29.0
0.3
0.3
0.7
84.7
4.7
1.3
15.1
5.0
5.2
5.0
0.4
1.8
1.4
39.9
1085.6
9.0
93.3
831.9
166.4
87.2
163.3
1248.9

28.4
33.2
11.9
73.4
2.5
12.8
1.4
6.5
1.1
0.8
172.3
1.4
198.9
7.0
0.8
1.0
39.8
7.5
0.5
74.3
0.6
3.1
0.6
2.1
137.2
137.6
115.0
101.5
5.6
26.8
264.1
2.5
97.8
2.7
0.1
753.7
12.2
13.5
0.9
1.9
4.2
1.7
3.7
44.3
37.2
6.7
0.6
0.6
127.5
4.2
1.1
14.8
5.8
3.7
5.5
0.5
4.7
1.4
41.7
1332.4
6.1
91.3
1028.8
180.6
123.0
143.3
1475.7

3.4
5.2
1.6
10.2
0.3
1.8
0.2
0.9
0.2
0.1
24.8
0.2
28.5
1.0
0.1
0.1
5.3
0.9
0.1
10.2
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.3
18.5
18.9
15.5
14.0
0.8
2.8
36.3
0.3
13.0
0.3

102.0
1.5
1.8
0.1
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.5
5.8
5.0
0.9
0.1
0.1
16.9
0.5
0.1
2.0
0.8
0.6
0.7
0.1
0.6
0.2
5.6
181.7
0.8
12.4
140.4
24.6
16.7
23.3
205.0

At end 2009
Thousand
million
barrels

28.4
33.2
11.7
73.3
2.5
12.9
1.4
6.5
1.1
0.8
172.3
1.4
198.9
7.0
0.9
0.9
39.8
7.1
0.5
74.2
0.6
3.1
0.6
2.2
136.9
137.6
115.0
101.5
5.6
26.8
264.6
2.5
97.8
2.7
0.1
754.2
12.2
13.5
0.9
1.9
4.4
1.7
3.7
44.3
37.2
6.7
0.6
0.6
127.7
4.2
1.1
14.8
5.8
4.4
5.5
0.5
4.5
1.3
42.2
1333.1
6.3
90.8
1029.4
180.9
122.9
143.3
1476.4

Share
of total

R/P
ratio

2.1%
2.5%
0.9%
5.5%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
12.9%
0.1%
14.9%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
3.0%
0.5%

10.8
28.3
10.8
15.0
10.2
17.4
5.4
36.1
21.1
15.1
*
26.8
80.6
18.6
9.5
27.2
64.9
8.3
14.2
20.3
8.0
5.8
15.2
14.9
21.2
89.4
*
*
18.9
54.7
74.6
18.2
*
24.5
9.4
84.8
18.5
20.7
20.9
19.4
16.2
15.2
44.1
73.4
49.5
37.5
18.4
11.0
36.0
20.7
17.6
10.7
21.1
11.8
20.4
3.8
35.7
11.2
14.4
45.7
8.2
13.5
85.3
14.7
25.5

5.6%

0.2%

0.2%
10.3%
10.3%
8.6%
7.6%
0.4%
2.0%
19.8%
0.2%
7.3%
0.2%

56.6%
0.9%
1.0%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.3%
3.3%
2.8%
0.5%

9.6%
0.3%
0.1%
1.1%
0.4%
0.3%
0.4%

0.3%
0.1%
3.2%
100.0%
0.5%
6.8%
77.2%
13.6%
9.2%

†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
•‘Remaining established reserves’, less reserves ‘under active development’.
Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in
that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled
using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas Journal and an independent estimate of Russian reserves based on information
in the public domain. Canadian proved reserves include an official estimate of 27.1 billion barrels for oil sands ‘under active development’. Venezuelan reserves are taken from the OPEC Annual
Statistical Bulletin, which notes that the figure includes “proven reserves of the Magna Reserve Project in the Orinoco Belt, which amounted to 94,168mb in 2008”. Reserves include gas
condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.

6

Proved reserves at end 2009
Thousand million barrels

42.2
73.3
Asia Pacific North America

127.7
Africa

136.9
Europe & Eurasia

198.9
S. & Cent. America

754.2
Middle East

Distribution of proved reserves in 1989, 1999 and 2009
Percentage

Middle East
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
North America
Asia Pacific
3.2

56.6

5.5

3.7

63.2
9.6

6.4

3.4 65.7

7.8

2009
Total 1333.1
thousand million
barrels

9.7
1999
Total 1085.6
thousand million
barrels

5.9

8.4
6.9

1989
Total 1006.4
thousand million
barrels

9.9

10.3

9.0
14.9

7

Production*
Thousand barrels daily

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

7731
2604
3343
13678
847
1133
838
383
107
141
3126
124
6699
279
299
104
631
3139
133
6178
143
2909
191
474
14480
3603
2610
2085
911
723
8853
579
2511
405
48
22328
1515
745
95

266
827
100
340
1425
2066
63
84
56
7583
625
182
3213
736
1408
737
140
296
218
7556
72325
3684
21103
29646
35127
7552

7733
2721
3450
13904
819
1268
711
409
100
138
3239
130
6813
282
363
95
744
3346
131
6536
144
2667
177
465
14950
3855
2614
2206
959
757
9491
548
2547
450
48
23475
1578
746
88

254
781
91
327
1475
2155
174
78
56
7804
809
193
3252
726
1456
735
176
328
200
7874
74820
3493
21521
31072
35734
8014

7669
2677
3560
13906
830
1337
627
416
98
135
3142
137
6722
301
348
86
836
3418
130
7056
162
2476
171
465
15450
3892
2523
2148
960
754
9209
581
2455
455
47
23025
1562
742
81

234
758
177
301
1427
2274
217
71
53
7897
733
203
3306
727
1389
719
191
350
195
7813
74813
3285
21303
30544
35608
8660

7626
2858
3585
14069
818
1499
601
401
98
155
2895
152
6619
311
371
115
1018
3333
127
7698
182
2463
171
501
16289
3709
2116
1995
904
764
8928
548
2260
457
48
21729
1680
905
72

231
751
200
295
1375
2103
241
74
63
7990
730
210
3346
753
1289
757
204
354
193
7836
74533
3339
21430
29132
35869
9533

7400
3004
3789
14193
806
1555
564
427
92
164
2554
153
6314
313
368
116
1111
3264
123
8544
202
2257
166
509
16973
4183
1344
2329
824
879
10164
527
2553
448
48
23299
1852
870
67
24
215
749
244
240
1485
2238
265
68
71
8386
624
214
3401
756
1183
776
236
364
195
7750
76916
3128
21165
30877
35540
10499

7228
3085
3824
14137
754
1542
551
535
94
152
2907
144
6680
315
390
113
1297
3189
119
9287
193
2028
152
496
17579
4248
2030
2475
786
992
10638
495
2664
420
48
24797
1946
1103
89
168
216
721
346
235
1623
2431
301
71
75
9324
582
210
3481
773
1129
793
223
427
235
7853
80371
2902
20766
33592
35371
11407

6895
3041
3760
13696
725
1716
554
541
111
171
2937
143
6899
452
377
127
1356
2969
114
9552
192
1809
126
468
17541
4234
1833
2618
778
1028
11114
450
2753
416
34
25258
2015
1405
82
173
246
696
376
234
1745
2499
305
73
72
9921
580
206
3627
738
1087
759
265
398
286
7946
81261
2659
19861
34721
34700
11839

6841
3208
3683
13732
716
1809
559
545
116
174
2808
141
6866
654
342
120
1426
2779
105
9769
186
1636
125
455
17595
4286
1999
2690
742
1110
10853
435
2971
380
32
25497
2003
1421
87
153
262
697
364
235
1815
2420
331
70
66
9925
554
221
3684
762
1017
747
286
367
305
7942
81557
2422
19458
34920
34321
12316

6847
3320
3471
13638
699
1833
561
520
114
154
2613
143
6636
869
311
122
1484
2550
99
9978
198
1638
114
448
17810
4322
2143
2636
715
1197
10449
415
2900
345
35
25156
2016
1684
82
144
222
710
376
230
1820
2305
468
97
84
10238
567
194
3743
769
969
763
305
337
320
7968
81446
2388
19140
34604
34046
12795

6734
3268
3167
13169
682
1899
616
514
120
149
2558
140
6678
915
287
108
1554
2451
98
9888
205
1526
114
425
17572
4327
2423
2782
754
1378
10846
398
2936
304
33
26182
1993
1875
84
127
249
722
350
235
1820
2116
480
89
79
10219
556
175
3901
768
1031
768
321
317
340
8175
81995
2222
18414
35568
33602
12825

7196
3212
2979
13388
676
2029
685
495
145
151
2437
141
6760
1033
265
95
1682
2342
93
10032
206
1448
107
400
17702
4216
2482
2481
810
1345
9713
376
2599
298
37
24357
1811
1784
73
118
274
742
307
229
1652
2061
490
86
79
9705
559
168
3790
754
1021
740
330
345
328
8036
79948
2082
18390
33076
33671
13202

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

7.0%
-1.0%
-6.2%
1.6%
-0.7%
7.1%
12.2%
-3.6%
21.0%
-0.6%
-4.9%
0.4%
1.2%
13.5%
-7.9%
-12.4%
8.5%
-4.8%
-5.4%
1.5%
0.3%
-4.8%
-6.6%
-5.7%
0.8%
-3.3%
2.4%
-11.3%
7.4%
-4.6%
-10.6%
-5.5%
-12.0%
-2.0%
13.7%
-7.3%
-9.1%
-4.9%
-12.8%
-7.3%
10.0%
2.1%
-12.3%
-2.6%
-9.4%
-3.6%
2.0%
-3.4%

8.5%
4.1%
3.9%
16.5%
0.9%
2.6%
0.9%
0.7%
0.2%
0.2%
3.3%
0.2%
8.9%
1.3%
0.3%
0.1%
2.0%
2.8%
0.1%
12.9%
0.3%
1.8%
0.1%
0.5%
22.4%
5.3%
3.2%
3.2%
1.0%
1.5%
12.0%
0.5%
3.2%
0.4%

-5.2%
-0.4%
-3.9%
-2.8%
-1.8%
-1.6%
-3.7%
3.2%
9.0%
-3.1%
-1.9%
-2.6%
-6.1%
-0.2%
-7.3%
0.1%
3.0%

30.3%
2.0%
2.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.9%
0.4%
0.3%
2.0%
2.6%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
12.0%
0.6%
0.2%
4.9%
0.9%
1.3%
0.9%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
10.0%
100.0%
2.6%
22.5%
41.2%
41.9%
16.9%

*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.
◆Less than 0.05%.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

8

Production*
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

352.6
121.0
165.2
638.8
41.8
56.3
41.6
19.5
5.2
6.9
160.9
6.2
338.4
13.9
14.6
5.0
30.1
149.7
6.4
304.8
7.1
137.4
8.1
22.7
699.6
178.1
128.3
102.6
45.0
34.3
423.6
28.8
117.4
19.2
2.2
1079.4
63.9
36.7
4.8

13.7
41.4
5.0
17.0
67.0
100.8
3.1
4.0
2.7
360.0
26.7
8.9
160.2
34.6
68.6
33.9
5.4
14.6
10.2
363.1
3479.3
174.8
988.9
1432.9
1676.4
370.0

352.6
126.9
171.2
650.8
40.4
63.2
35.3
20.9
4.9
6.8
167.3
6.6
345.3
14.1
17.7
4.6
35.3
160.2
6.3
323.3
7.2
126.2
7.5
22.4
724.7
191.3
128.8
109.1
46.4
36.1
456.3
27.3
119.3
21.3
2.2
1138.1
66.8
36.9
4.5

13.1
38.8
4.5
16.4
69.5
105.4
8.6
3.7
2.7
370.9
35.3
9.4
162.6
34.2
71.5
33.7
7.0
16.2
9.4
379.2
3609.0
166.3
1011.1
1507.6
1708.0
393.4

349.2
126.1
176.6
651.8
41.5
66.3
31.0
21.2
4.8
6.5
161.6
6.9
339.9
15.0
17.0
4.1
40.1
162.0
6.2
348.1
8.0
116.7
7.2
22.2
746.6
191.4
123.9
105.8
46.1
35.7
440.6
28.9
114.4
21.5
2.2
1110.5
65.8
36.6
4.1

12.1
37.3
8.8
15.0
67.1
110.8
10.7
3.4
2.5
374.1
31.8
9.9
164.8
34.1
68.0
32.9
7.5
17.1
9.1
375.2
3598.1
155.6
999.5
1474.7
1698.8
424.6

346.8
135.0
178.4
660.2
40.9
74.4
29.7
20.4
4.8
7.5
148.8
7.8
334.2
15.4
18.1
5.5
48.2
157.3
6.1
379.6
9.0
115.9
7.2
23.6
786.0
180.9
104.0
98.2
43.4
35.2
425.3
27.2
105.4
21.5
2.2
1043.5
70.9
44.6
3.6

11.9
37.0
9.9
14.7
64.6
102.3
11.9
3.5
3.0
377.9
31.5
10.2
166.9
35.2
63.0
34.5
8.2
17.3
9.0
375.7
3577.5
158.2
1005.3
1400.6
1710.7
466.2

338.4
142.6
188.8
669.8
40.2
77.0
27.9
21.7
4.5
7.9
131.4
7.8
318.3
15.5
17.9
5.6
52.4
153.0
5.9
421.4
10.0
106.1
7.1
24.0
818.9
203.7
66.1
114.8
39.6
40.8
485.1
26.2
119.4
21.1
2.2
1119.1
79.0
42.8
3.4
1.2
11.1
36.8
12.1
12.0
69.8
109.3
13.1
3.2
3.5
397.2
26.6
10.5
169.6
35.4
57.7
35.6
9.6
17.7
9.1
371.8
3695.1
148.2
995.6
1483.9
1697.6
513.6

329.2
147.6
190.7
667.4
37.8
76.5
27.3
27.3
4.4
7.3
150.0
7.3
337.9
15.6
19.1
5.5
60.6
149.9
5.7
458.8
9.6
95.4
6.6
23.4
850.1
207.8
100.0
122.3
38.1
46.0
506.0
24.7
125.1
19.9
2.2
1192.3
83.6
54.5
4.5
8.8
11.2
35.4
17.2
11.8
76.5
119.0
14.9
3.4
3.6
444.3
24.8
10.3
174.1
36.3
55.2
36.5
9.1
20.8
10.5
377.6
3869.7
137.7
977.9
1618.3
1692.9
558.5

313.3
144.9
187.1
645.3
36.2
84.6
27.3
27.6
5.0
8.3
151.0
7.2
347.1
22.4
18.4
6.1
62.6
138.2
5.4
470.0
9.5
84.7
5.4
21.9
844.8
206.3
90.0
129.3
37.4
47.3
526.8
22.4
129.0
19.6
1.6
1209.6
86.4
69.0
4.2
9.1
12.7
33.9
18.6
11.7
81.9
122.1
15.0
3.4
3.5
471.6
24.5
10.1
180.8
34.6
53.0
34.4
10.8
19.4
12.5
380.1
3898.6
125.7
931.8
1666.7
1654.7
577.1

310.2
153.4
183.1
646.7
35.8
89.2
27.5
27.7
5.1
8.3
144.2
7.1
345.0
32.5
16.7
5.8
66.1
128.7
5.0
480.5
9.2
76.6
5.4
21.5
847.9
208.2
98.1
132.7
35.7
50.9
514.3
21.6
139.0
17.9
1.4
1220.0
86.2
69.6
4.4
8.0
13.5
33.7
18.0
11.7
84.9
117.8
16.3
3.3
3.2
470.7
23.4
10.8
183.7
35.8
49.9
33.5
11.8
17.8
13.2
379.8
3910.0
114.6
912.0
1673.7
1635.5
600.7

309.8
159.5
172.7
642.0
34.9
90.4
27.6
26.5
5.1
7.2
133.9
7.2
332.7
42.8
15.2
5.9
68.4
118.6
4.7
491.3
9.8
76.8
4.9
21.3
859.7
209.7
105.2
129.9
34.5
53.6
494.2
20.6
135.1
16.3
1.6
1200.8
86.5
82.5
4.2
7.5
11.5
34.1
18.6
11.5
85.0
112.1
23.1
4.6
4.2
485.3
24.1
9.5
186.7
36.1
47.4
34.2
12.5
16.4
13.9
380.8
3901.4
113.1
897.7
1654.4
1622.9
624.1

304.9
157.7
157.7
620.4
34.1
93.9
30.5
26.2
5.3
6.9
131.5
7.1
335.5
44.7
14.0
5.2
72.0
114.1
4.7
488.5
10.2
71.7
4.8
20.2
850.2
209.9
119.3
137.2
35.9
60.8
515.3
19.8
137.3
14.4
1.5
1251.5
85.6
92.2
4.3
6.7
12.9
34.6
17.4
11.8
85.3
103.1
23.7
4.2
3.9
485.6
23.8
8.5
195.1
36.1
49.9
34.6
13.3
15.4
14.7
391.5
3934.7
105.4
864.4
1703.8
1604.0
627.0

325.3
155.7
147.5
628.5
33.8
100.4
34.1
25.2
6.4
6.8
124.8
7.1
338.5
50.6
12.9
4.6
78.0
108.3
4.5
494.2
10.2
68.0
4.5
19.0
854.8
202.4
121.8
121.3
38.5
57.9
459.5
18.7
120.6
14.0
1.7
1156.4
77.6
87.4
3.7
6.2
14.1
35.3
15.2
11.4
77.1
99.1
24.1
4.1
3.9
459.3
23.6
8.2
189.0
35.4
49.0
33.2
13.6
16.8
14.2
383.1
3820.5
98.7
860.1
1574.7
1602.0
643.9

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

7.0%
-1.0%
-6.2%
1.6%
-0.7%
7.1%
12.2%
-3.6%
21.0%
-0.6%
-4.9%
0.4%
1.2%
13.5%
-7.9%
-12.4%
8.5%
-4.8%
-5.4%
1.5%
0.3%
-4.8%
-6.6%
-5.7%
0.8%
-3.3%
2.4%
-11.3%
7.4%
-4.6%
-10.6%
-5.5%
-12.0%
-2.0%
13.7%
-7.3%
-9.1%
-4.9%
-12.8%
-7.3%
10.0%
2.1%
-12.3%
-2.6%
-9.4%
-3.6%
2.0%
-3.4%

8.5%
4.1%
3.9%
16.5%
0.9%
2.6%
0.9%
0.7%
0.2%
0.2%
3.3%
0.2%
8.9%
1.3%
0.3%
0.1%
2.0%
2.8%
0.1%
12.9%
0.3%
1.8%
0.1%
0.5%
22.4%
5.3%
3.2%
3.2%
1.0%
1.5%
12.0%
0.5%
3.2%
0.4%

-5.2%
-0.4%
-3.9%
-2.8%
-1.8%
-1.6%
-3.7%
3.2%
9.0%
-3.1%
-1.9%
-2.6%
-6.1%
-0.2%
-7.3%
0.1%
3.0%

30.3%
2.0%
2.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.9%
0.4%
0.3%
2.0%
2.6%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
12.0%
0.6%
0.2%
4.9%
0.9%
1.3%
0.9%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
10.0%
100.0%
2.6%
22.5%
41.2%
41.9%
16.9%

*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.
◆Less than 0.05%.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

9

Production by region
Million barrels daily

90

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

World oil production fell by 2 million b/d in 2009, the largest decline since 1982. OPEC production fell by 2.5 million b/d; Saudi Arabian output fell by 1.1 million b/d,
the world’s largest volumetric decline. Production outside OPEC rose by 450,000b/d, led by an increase of 460,000b/d in the US, the largest increase in the world
and the strongest US growth since 1970.

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years

2009 by region
50

World

40

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

120

100

80
30

60

20
40

10
20

85

87

89

91

93

95

97

99

01

03

05

07

09

0

Global proved oil reserves rose by 0.7 billion barrels to 1,333.1 billion barrels, with an R/P ratio of 45.7 years. Increases in Indonesia and Saudi Arabia more than offset
declines in Norway, Mexico and Vietnam. The 2008 figure has been revised higher by 74.4 billion barrels, largely due to an increase in Venezuelan official reserves.

10

0

Consumption*
Thousand barrels daily

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

19519
1926
1842
23286
445
2114
249
237
131
159
474
1095
4905
251
111
154
670
93
174
222
224
2044
2824
384
151
18
172
1980
147
63
880
216
431
330
195
2625
73
1423
337
271
638
80
272
1721
138
448
19760
1221
243
51
1543
271
1358
4689
187
573
457
1273
2490
843
68
4477
194
2134
1019
5598
435
130
363
375
619
2178
964
788
334
20518
75648
14814
47469
3714
24465

19701
1937
1910
23548
431
2056
236
233
129
155
496
1118
4855
245
123
143
702
84
169
215
224
2007
2763
407
145
19
170
1956
158
49
897
201
427
324
203
2583
73
1452
318
263
677
79
256
1697
132
417
19577
1301
246
60
1579
258
1394
4838
192
564
463
1264
2484
837
66
4772
202
2254
1122
5557
435
133
373
348
654
2229
1003
784
357
21126
76428
14692
47653
3631
25144

19649
2023
1899
23571
405
2082
230
216
132
148
545
1159
4916
265
81
149
669
87
179
205
222
2023
2804
412
142
18
185
1946
180
56
942
213
415
327
217
2566
68
1508
318
281
645
83
288
1697
130
445
19766
1314
251
73
1605
297
1439
4979
200
548
474
1295
2517
845
80
4872
244
2284
1162
5422
442
134
366
347
716
2235
991
768
375
21282
77032
14861
47692
3646
25694

19761
2067
1837
23665
364
2063
228
211
131
147
594
1175
4913
272
74
145
691
98
174
200
226
1967
2714
416
140
19
182
1943
195
53
952
208
420
338
226
2606
76
1526
317
267
656
86
286
1693
125
469
19760
1413
271
89
1632
326
1432
5164
222
534
486
1310
2552
846
80
5288
268
2374
1191
5347
482
139
357
331
699
2282
999
827
381
21891
77945
14797
47676
3688
26581

20033
2132
1885
24050
372
1985
228
211
137
140
479
1201
4754
294
86
148
748
115
185
193
239
1965
2664
405
138
18
178
1927
207
51
962
219
435
317
199
2622
71
1559
332
259
662
95
295
1717
142
493
19940
1498
296
105
1759
340
1396
5394
231
550
503
1329
2614
851
83
5803
270
2420
1218
5440
473
149
321
331
668
2300
1069
881
396
22671
79424
14868
48277
3769
27377

20732
2248
1918
24898
388
1999
240
214
141
153
523
1213
4871
286
92
153
785
105
203
189
224
1978
2634
438
142
20
184
1873
227
55
1003
210
460
322
230
2619
68
1593
319
258
667
95
310
1764
134
502
20139
1558
327
122
1880
364
1454
5706
240
567
514
1369
2691
856
83
6772
316
2573
1290
5269
485
149
325
338
748
2283
1084
967
419
23957
82261
15032
49073
3815
29374

20802
2247
1974
25023
414
2033
254
229
168
152
576
1222
5047
295
108
146
815
109
211
195
233
1960
2605
436
163
21
194
1819
234
58
1070
212
479
331
223
2601
81
1619
315
262
656
100
296
1802
109
540
20301
1620
359
144
1987
394
1506
6010
251
629
516
1405
2800
886
94
6984
287
2569
1289
5343
469
154
312
315
794
2308
1090
1005
432
24331
83513
15204
49489
3798
30226

20687
2246
1970
24904
431
2087
264
238
182
147
607
1254
5210
294
98
165
839
116
208
197
225
1956
2624
454
169
20
194
1813
239
59
1093
217
516
300
219
2709
82
1602
322
269
635
118
309
1785
102
549
20498
1693
333
158
2065
420
1578
6247
260
610
529
1387
2786
918
93
7410
305
2580
1252
5213
458
156
356
284
853
2317
1097
996
433
24721
84367
15260
49323
3948
31096

20680
2323
2017
25020
484
2258
346
229
196
154
597
1269
5533
278
92
152
832
113
206
196
226
1923
2393
445
169
24
198
1759
245
59
1144
222
535
302
223
2708
86
1617
308
243
656
113
339
1714
99
582
20203
1685
338
174
2212
448
1612
6469
288
650
550
1442
2931
925
93
7771
324
2838
1273
5039
481
156
388
300
916
2389
1123
985
462
25462
85619
14926
49008
3973
32639

19498
2287
2010
23795
499
2397
357
199
207
172
607
1243
5681
279
74
172
812
103
210
189
225
1902
2517
437
164
20
190
1680
263
64
1089
214
554
283
221
2817
90
1574
302
258
663
117
336
1681
101
592
20193
1761
370
198
2390
475
1671
6864
311
693
532
1509
3045
936
92
8086
294
3071
1314
4846
476
156
389
265
968
2287
1037
962
481
25662
85239
14775
47353
4115
33771

18686
2195
1945
22826
473
2405
333
194
216
188
609
1235
5653
270
60
192
781
98
205
174
212
1833
2422
417
161
20
169
1580
260
61
1054
211
553
269
211
2695
83
1492
287
262
621
120
307
1611
101
580
19372
1741
419
209
2614
455
1708
7146
331
720
518
1513
3082
941
93
8625
286
3183
1344
4396
468
148
414
265
1002
2327
1014
975
516
25998
84077
14143
45327
3965
34785

-4.9%
-4.4%
-3.4%
-4.7%
-5.7%
-0.2%
-7.5%
-2.7%
5.2%
8.8%
0.9%
-0.8%
-0.8%
-3.2%
-20.2%
11.6%
-3.7%
-5.2%
-2.1%
-8.3%
-5.9%
-3.5%
-4.0%
-5.3%
-1.9%
1.2%
-10.6%
-6.3%
-3.3%
-4.5%
-3.6%
-1.6%
1.2%
-4.8%
-4.2%
-4.8%
-8.3%
-5.2%
-5.7%
1.9%
-6.5%
1.6%
-8.1%
-4.3%
-0.1%
-2.0%
-4.2%
-1.3%
9.8%
5.0%
9.8%
-5.0%
2.1%
3.8%
6.5%
3.6%
-2.9%
0.3%
1.1%
0.8%
0.4%
6.7%
-2.9%
3.7%
0.4%
-10.7%
-1.6%
-5.6%
7.1%
-0.3%
3.5%
1.5%
-3.3%
1.7%
8.3%
1.0%
-1.7%
-4.4%
-4.8%
-4.0%
2.8%

21.7%
2.5%
2.2%
26.4%
0.6%
2.7%
0.4%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
0.7%
1.5%
6.6%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
2.3%
2.9%
0.5%
0.2%

0.2%
1.9%
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.3%
0.7%
0.3%
0.3%
3.2%
0.1%
1.9%
0.4%
0.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.4%
1.9%
0.1%
0.7%
23.5%
2.2%
0.5%
0.2%
3.1%
0.6%
2.1%
8.7%
0.4%
0.9%
0.6%
1.8%
3.7%
1.1%
0.1%
10.4%
0.4%
3.8%
1.6%
5.1%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%
1.3%
2.7%
1.2%
1.1%
0.6%
31.1%
100.0%
17.3%
53.4%
4.7%
41.9%

*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
◆Less

than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 8 are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives
and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

11

Consumption*
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

888.9
87.2
82.4
1058.4
21.0
92.5
11.5
10.6
6.0
7.5
21.3
53.0
223.4
12.1
5.7
7.6
32.4
4.5
8.2
10.6
10.7
96.4
132.4
18.7
7.1
0.9
8.3
94.4
7.0
3.1
41.4
10.1
19.9
15.9
9.5
126.2
3.4
68.4
16.1
12.6
29.5
3.6
12.7
79.4
6.7
21.6
937.0
58.8
11.6
2.0
71.5
13.7
65.7
223.2
8.1
27.8
21.6
60.4
117.9
38.0
3.3
209.6
9.3
100.3
48.9
257.3
20.1
6.0
18.2
18.0
31.6
100.7
47.2
37.2
15.8
961.5
3521.5
701.3
2189.4
178.4
1153.7

897.6
88.1
85.7
1071.4
20.3
91.6
10.8
10.5
5.8
7.4
22.5
54.0
222.9
11.8
6.3
7.0
33.9
3.9
7.9
10.4
10.7
94.9
129.8
19.9
6.8
0.9
8.2
93.5
7.4
2.4
42.7
9.4
20.0
15.5
10.0
123.5
3.4
70.0
15.2
12.2
31.1
3.6
12.0
78.6
6.5
20.0
929.4
62.5
11.8
2.3
73.4
12.9
67.3
230.2
8.5
27.2
22.0
60.0
117.6
37.7
3.2
223.6
9.7
106.1
53.9
255.5
20.1
6.2
18.8
16.6
33.5
103.2
49.1
36.7
16.8
990.7
3562.1
697.7
2200.7
173.5
1187.8

896.1
90.5
85.0
1071.6
19.1
92.9
10.5
9.6
5.9
7.0
24.8
56.2
226.0
12.8
4.0
7.3
32.2
4.0
8.4
9.8
10.5
95.5
131.6
20.1
6.7
0.9
9.0
92.8
8.6
2.7
44.7
9.7
19.2
15.8
10.6
122.3
3.2
72.7
15.2
13.1
29.9
3.7
13.4
78.4
6.3
21.4
936.4
62.6
12.0
2.7
74.2
14.9
69.3
235.6
8.8
26.1
22.4
61.2
118.6
38.1
3.9
227.9
11.8
107.0
55.7
247.5
20.3
6.2
18.3
16.5
36.4
103.1
47.4
35.4
17.6
993.2
3581.3
704.3
2198.6
173.5
1209.2

897.4
92.2
81.5
1071.1
17.1
91.6
10.4
9.4
5.9
6.9
27.0
57.0
225.4
13.1
3.7
7.1
33.5
4.5
8.1
9.6
10.9
92.9
127.4
20.3
6.4
0.9
8.8
92.9
9.3
2.5
44.7
9.4
19.4
16.2
10.6
123.5
3.5
73.8
15.2
12.4
30.6
3.8
13.2
78.0
6.1
22.5
935.0
67.1
13.0
3.5
75.2
16.1
69.0
243.9
9.7
25.2
23.0
61.9
119.9
38.0
3.9
247.4
12.9
111.3
57.0
243.6
22.1
6.4
17.9
15.5
35.5
104.7
47.6
38.3
17.9
1020.0
3615.2
700.8
2191.8
174.6
1248.8

912.3
95.9
83.7
1091.8
17.6
87.8
10.5
9.4
6.2
6.5
22.0
58.1
218.1
14.2
4.3
7.2
36.4
5.2
8.7
9.2
11.4
93.1
125.1
19.7
6.3
0.9
8.5
92.1
9.9
2.4
45.1
9.9
19.9
15.2
9.4
123.4
3.3
75.5
15.9
12.1
31.0
4.2
13.5
79.0
6.9
23.7
942.7
71.0
14.1
4.0
80.9
16.6
67.1
253.7
10.1
25.9
23.8
62.6
122.5
38.3
4.0
271.7
13.0
113.1
58.2
248.9
21.7
6.9
15.8
15.5
33.9
105.6
50.9
40.9
18.5
1056.9
3685.8
704.3
2224.1
177.4
1284.3

948.8
100.6
85.2
1134.6
18.4
88.4
11.1
9.7
6.3
7.2
24.2
58.7
223.9
13.8
4.6
7.4
38.4
4.7
9.5
9.1
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.4
6.5
1.0
8.9
89.7
10.8
2.6
47.3
9.6
21.1
15.4
10.9
123.3
3.2
77.6
15.3
12.0
31.0
4.2
14.2
81.7
6.5
24.1
954.5
73.7
15.7
4.6
87.0
17.7
69.7
268.4
10.6
26.8
24.4
64.5
126.3
38.8
4.0
318.9
15.4
120.2
61.6
241.1
22.4
6.9
16.0
15.9
38.1
104.9
51.3
45.3
19.6
1120.4
3828.1
714.4
2267.5
179.6
1381.0

951.4
100.3
87.7
1139.4
19.7
89.5
11.7
10.3
7.5
7.0
25.9
58.8
230.5
14.2
5.3
7.1
39.9
4.9
9.9
9.2
11.0
93.1
122.4
21.2
7.5
1.0
9.3
86.7
11.0
2.8
50.8
9.7
21.9
16.0
10.5
121.9
3.8
78.8
15.1
12.2
30.2
4.4
13.5
83.0
5.3
25.8
959.6
77.3
17.3
5.5
91.4
19.0
71.8
282.3
11.0
29.8
24.3
66.2
131.4
39.8
4.6
327.8
13.9
119.6
61.4
244.1
21.5
7.1
15.3
14.8
40.9
105.4
51.3
46.9
20.2
1134.6
3877.8
721.3
2282.8
178.0
1417.0

943.8
99.6
86.8
1130.2
20.5
92.1
12.3
10.7
8.2
6.8
27.4
60.4
238.3
14.2
4.8
8.0
41.1
5.2
9.8
9.3
10.6
93.0
123.6
22.2
7.8
1.0
9.3
86.7
11.4
2.8
52.2
10.0
23.3
14.4
10.3
127.1
4.0
78.1
15.5
12.6
29.5
5.3
14.1
82.3
5.0
26.3
970.4
80.8
15.8
6.1
95.6
20.3
75.6
294.2
11.5
28.7
24.9
65.4
130.5
41.4
4.5
347.7
14.9
120.4
59.5
237.5
21.0
7.2
17.6
13.3
44.0
105.5
51.7
46.2
20.2
1152.5
3916.2
724.9
2272.1
185.2
1458.9

942.3
102.8
89.2
1134.3
23.0
99.0
16.1
10.4
8.9
7.1
26.7
61.2
252.4
13.4
4.5
7.3
41.0
5.1
9.7
9.3
10.6
91.4
112.5
21.7
7.7
1.2
9.4
84.0
11.5
2.8
53.8
10.2
24.2
14.4
10.3
126.3
4.1
78.8
14.7
11.3
30.5
5.0
15.5
79.2
4.8
27.7
954.0
80.9
16.0
6.9
102.5
21.6
77.4
305.3
12.9
30.6
25.9
67.9
137.3
41.7
4.5
364.4
16.0
132.9
60.3
229.3
22.0
7.2
19.2
14.0
47.4
108.3
52.5
45.1
21.4
1186.2
3969.5
707.9
2254.0
185.3
1530.3

888.5
101.7
88.9
1079.0
23.8
104.8
16.7
9.1
9.4
7.9
27.2
60.0
258.8
13.5
3.5
8.4
40.1
4.6
9.9
8.9
10.5
90.8
118.9
21.4
7.5
1.0
9.0
80.4
12.4
3.1
51.4
9.9
25.3
13.6
10.4
131.6
4.3
77.1
14.5
12.1
30.9
5.2
15.3
77.9
4.9
28.3
956.7
84.9
17.5
7.8
111.3
23.0
80.2
324.8
14.0
32.6
25.1
71.2
143.0
42.5
4.5
380.3
14.5
143.6
61.9
221.9
21.8
7.3
19.3
12.2
50.4
103.1
48.3
43.6
22.3
1197.5
3959.9
703.4
2182.7
192.3
1584.9

842.9
97.0
85.6
1025.5
22.3
104.3
15.4
8.8
9.9
8.5
27.4
59.4
256.0
13.0
2.8
9.3
38.5
4.4
9.7
8.2
9.9
87.5
113.9
20.2
7.3
1.0
8.0
75.1
12.0
2.9
49.4
9.7
25.5
12.9
9.9
124.9
3.9
72.9
13.7
12.3
28.8
5.2
14.1
74.4
4.9
27.6
913.9
83.6
19.2
8.2
121.8
21.8
81.7
336.3
14.9
33.7
24.3
71.2
144.2
42.7
4.5
404.6
14.0
148.5
62.0
197.6
21.4
6.8
20.6
12.1
52.1
104.3
46.6
44.2
24.1
1206.2
3882.1
670.8
2072.7
184.1
1625.4

-4.9%
-4.4%
-3.4%
-4.7%
-5.7%
-0.2%
-7.5%
-2.7%
5.2%
8.8%
0.9%
-0.8%
-0.8%
-3.2%
-20.2%
11.6%
-3.7%
-5.2%
-2.1%
-8.3%
-5.9%
-3.5%
-4.0%
-5.3%
-1.9%
1.2%
-10.6%
-6.3%
-3.3%
-4.5%
-3.6%
-1.6%
1.2%
-4.8%
-4.2%
-4.8%
-8.3%
-5.2%
-5.7%
1.9%
-6.5%
1.6%
-8.1%
-4.3%
-0.1%
-2.0%
-4.2%
-1.3%
9.8%
5.0%
9.8%
-5.0%
2.1%
3.8%
6.5%
3.6%
-2.9%
0.3%
1.1%
0.8%
0.4%
6.7%
-2.9%
3.7%
0.4%
-10.7%
-1.6%
-5.6%
7.1%
-0.3%
3.5%
1.5%
-3.3%
1.7%
8.3%
1.0%
-1.7%
-4.4%
-4.8%
-4.0%
2.8%

21.7%
2.5%
2.2%
26.4%
0.6%
2.7%
0.4%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
0.7%
1.5%
6.6%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
2.3%
2.9%
0.5%
0.2%

*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
◆Less

than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 9 are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives
and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.

12

0.2%
1.9%
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.3%
0.7%
0.3%
0.3%
3.2%
0.1%
1.9%
0.4%
0.3%
0.7%
0.1%
0.4%
1.9%
0.1%
0.7%
23.5%
2.2%
0.5%
0.2%
3.1%
0.6%
2.1%
8.7%
0.4%
0.9%
0.6%
1.8%
3.7%
1.1%
0.1%
10.4%
0.4%
3.8%
1.6%
5.1%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%
1.3%
2.7%
1.2%
1.1%
0.6%
31.1%
100.0%
17.3%
53.4%
4.7%
41.9%

Consumption by region
Million barrels daily

90

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

World oil consumption fell by 1.2 million b/d, a second consecutive decline and, like oil production, the largest decline since 1982. OECD consumption fell by
2 million b/d, a fourth consecutive annual decline. Consumption outside the OECD increased by 860,000b/d. Consumption declined in North America, South and
Central America and Europe and Eurasia, outweighing modest increases in the Middle East, Africa and Asia-Pacific regions.

Consumption per capita 2009
Tonnes

0-0.75
0.75-1.5
1.5-2.25
2.25-3.0
> 3.0

13

Regional consumption by product group
Thousand barrels daily

North America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
of which: US
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total US
S. & Cent. America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
Europe
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
Former Soviet Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
Africa
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
Asia Pacific
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
of which: China
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
of which: Japan
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
World
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total World
European Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total European Union
OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total OECD
Other EMEs‡
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

9998
6628
1415
5245
23286

10106
6811
1518
5112
23548

10211
6812
1411
5137
23571

10523
6655
1209
5278
23665

10675
6861
1271
5243
24050

10979
7133
1340
5446
24898

11020
7249
1396
5359
25023

11131
7297
1055
5420
24904

11205
7318
1082
5416
25020

10859
6934
950
5051
23795

10803
6332
814
4877
22826

-0.5%
-8.7%
-14.3%
-3.4%
-4.1%

47.3%
27.7%
3.6%
21.4%
100.0%

8716
5700
814
4290
19519

8813
5852
893
4143
19701

8890
5884
794
4082
19649

9167
5735
686
4172
19761

9275
5886
763
4109
20033

9518
6116
859
4239
20732

9548
6198
914
4143
20802

9599
6226
683
4178
20687

9597
6199
718
4166
20680

9253
5801
618
3826
19498

9221
5281
518
3666
18686

-0.3%
-9.0%
-16.2%
-4.2%
-4.2%

49.3%
28.3%
2.8%
19.6%
100.0%

1650
1625
715
915
4905

1527
1615
761
952
4855

1497
1650
794
976
4916

1491
1647
768
1007
4913

1472
1641
728
913
4754

1436
1762
719
955
4871

1535
1796
719
997
5047

1619
1840
736
1016
5210

1714
1989
793
1037
5533

1776
2041
802
1062
5681

1812
2011
791
1040
5653

2.0%
-1.5%
-1.4%
-2.1%
-0.5%

32.0%
35.6%
14.0%
18.4%
100.0%

4386
6690
2093
2877
16046

4281
6734
1967
2964
15946

4179
6991
1986
2964
16120

4106
6934
1995
3037
16072

4017
7137
1952
3064
16171

3967
7347
1888
3121
16324

3864
7595
1855
3189
16503

3744
7853
1773
3180
16550

3666
7759
1664
3142
16231

3445
7888
1631
3115
16078

3328
7642
1491
2947
15407

-3.4%
-3.1%
-8.6%
-5.4%
-4.2%

21.6%
49.6%
9.7%
19.1%
100.0%

880
1022
936
877
3714

811
1006
761
1053
3631

874
1027
694
1052
3646

908
1041
666
1072
3688

938
1082
639
1110
3769

937
1113
576
1189
3815

947
1146
550
1155
3798

1006
1184
608
1150
3948

1065
1250
492
1166
3973

1117
1321
475
1202
4115

1112
1222
421
1210
3965

-0.4%
-7.5%
-11.3%
0.7%
-3.6%

28.0%
30.8%
10.6%
30.5%
100.0%

899
1513
1300
978
4689

943
1591
1269
1035
4838

995
1633
1299
1052
4979

1065
1689
1301
1109
5164

1141
1741
1282
1230
5394

1263
1793
1354
1296
5706

1368
1865
1440
1336
6010

1399
2028
1475
1345
6247

1418
2079
1586
1385
6469

1512
2216
1682
1454
6864

1583
2257
1776
1530
7146

4.7%
1.9%
5.6%
5.2%
4.1%

22.2%
31.6%
24.9%
21.4%
100.0%

582
1006
501
401
2490

586
1031
458
409
2484

599
1053
436
429
2517

597
1080
424
451
2552

622
1117
381
495
2614

653
1131
390
518
2691

657
1169
432
542
2800

642
1196
411
536
2786

666
1288
415
563
2931

709
1332
432
573
3045

719
1356
420
586
3082

1.4%
1.9%
-2.6%
2.4%
1.2%

23.3%
44.0%
13.6%
19.0%
100.0%

5553
7613
3694
3657
20518

5726
7750
3649
4001
21126

5856
7901
3453
4073
21282

6108
8044
3368
4372
21891

6385
8183
3518
4585
22671

6752
8707
3530
4969
23957

6894
8956
3522
4959
24331

6946
9012
3601
5161
24721

7277
9155
3592
5438
25462

7475
9360
3415
5412
25662

7817
9326
3083
5771
25998

4.6%
-0.4%
-9.7%
6.6%
1.3%

30.1%
35.9%
11.9%
22.2%
100.0%

1249
1467
771
990
4477

1270
1590
775
1136
4772

1256
1669
780
1167
4872

1352
1791
792
1352
5288

1489
1945
880
1489
5803

1673
2285
956
1858
6772

1776
2528
904
1777
6984

1853
2723
938
1896
7410

1983
2879
892
2017
7771

2175
3180
754
1977
8086

2398
3237
695
2295
8625

10.2%
1.8%
-7.8%
16.1%
6.7%

27.8%
37.5%
8.1%
26.6%
100.0%

1702
1978
840
1078
5598

1735
1958
785
1079
5557

1720
1957
678
1067
5422

1759
1930
637
1021
5347

1788
1904
755
993
5440

1793
1856
660
960
5269

1822
1876
683
963
5343

1813
1758
664
979
5213

1790
1619
664
966
5039

1674
1500
713
959
4846

1674
1380
454
888
4396

-8.0%
-36.4%
-7.3%
-9.3%

38.1%
31.4%
10.3%
20.2%
100.0%

23948
26096
10655
14949
75648

23981
26538
10382
15526
76428

24211
27067
10073
15681
77032

24797
27091
9732
16326
77945

25250
27762
9772
16639
79424

25987
28985
9797
17493
82261

26285
29777
9913
17537
83513

26488
30409
9661
17809
84367

27011
30837
9623
18147
85619

26893
31091
9386
17869
85239

27173
30146
8797
17961
84077

1.0%
-3.0%
-6.3%
0.5%
-1.4%

32.3%
35.9%
10.5%
21.4%
100.0%

4097
6170
1936
2611
14814

4010
6234
1785
2663
14692

3920
6463
1796
2682
14861

3844
6404
1792
2758
14797

3766
6592
1743
2767
14868

3719
6795
1703
2816
15032

3628
6996
1705
2875
15204

3509
7221
1651
2879
15260

3441
7105
1552
2828
14926

3236
7201
1519
2819
14775

3136
6962
1387
2659
14143

-3.1%
-3.3%
-8.7%
-5.7%
-4.3%

22.2%
49.2%
9.8%
18.8%
100.0%

17098
16108
4650
9612
47469

17156
16278
4622
9596
47653

17157
16529
4403
9604
47692

17470
16295
4163
9748
47676

17590
16684
4294
9709
48277

17847
17095
4205
9926
49073

17862
17483
4237
9906
49489

17882
17676
3784
9981
49323

17949
17459
3693
9908
49008

17249
17065
3518
9522
47353

17121
16097
2972
9137
45327

-0.7%
-5.7%
-15.5%
-4.0%
-4.3%

37.8%
35.5%
6.6%
20.2%
100.0%

5970
8967
5068
4460
24465

6014
9255
4999
4877
25144

6180
9511
4976
5026
25694

6418
9754
4902
5506
26581

6722
9997
4838
5820
27377

7203
10777
5016
6378
29374

7477
11147
5127
6475
30226

7600
11549
5268
6678
31096

7998
12129
5439
7073
32639

8528
12705
5393
7145
33771

8941
12827
5403
7614
34785

4.8%
1.0%
0.2%
6.6%
3.0%

25.7%
36.9%
15.5%
21.9%
100.0%

◆Less than 0.05%.
‡E xcludes Former Soviet Union.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF).
‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers).
‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel.
‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.

14

Product consumption by region
Million barrels daily

Light distillates

Middle distillates

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Former Soviet Union
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

Fuel oil

99

00

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

Others

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

Consumption growth was below the 10-year average for all refined product groups. Middle distillates consumption declined for the first time since 1982, falling
in all regions but the Middle East and Africa. Fuel oil consumption experienced the largest decline since 1985.
15

Spot crude prices
US dollars per barrel

Dubai
$/bbI*

1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

1.90
2.83
10.41
10.70
11.63
12.38
13.03
29.75
35.69
34.32
31.80
28.78
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.27
15.62
20.45
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
61.50
68.19
94.34
61.39

Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbI

Brent
$/bbI†





12.80
13.92
14.02
31.61
36.83
35.93
32.97
29.55
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
65.14
72.39
97.26
61.67

West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbI‡





12.87
14.21
13.65
29.25
36.98
36.18
33.29
29.54
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
67.07
74.48
101.43
63.35





12.23
14.22
14.55
25.08
37.96
36.08
33.65
30.30
29.39
27.98
15.10
19.18
15.97
19.68
24.50
21.54
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.07
41.49
56.59
66.02
72.20
100.06
61.92

*1972-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2009 Dubai dated.
†1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2009 Brent dated.
‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2009 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.

Crude oil prices 1861-2009

Loss of
Iranian
supplies

Growth of
Venezuelan
production

US dollars per barrel
World events
Pennsylvanian Russian
oil exports
oil boom
began

Source: Platts.

Sumatra
production
began

Discovery of
Spindletop,
Texas

Fears of
shortage
in US

East Texas
field
discovered

Post-war
reconstruction

Netback
pricing
introduced
Suez
crisis

Iranian
revolution

Asian
financial
crisis
Iraq
invaded
Kuwait

Yom Kippur
war

Invasion
of Iraq

120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
1861-69

1870-79

$ 2009
$ money of the day

16

1880-89

1890-99

1900-09

1910-19

1920-29

1930-39

1940-49

1950-59

1960-69

1970-79

1980-89

1990-99

2000-09

0

1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2009 Brent dated.

Rotterdam product prices

US Gulf Coast product prices

US dollars per barrel

US dollars per barrel

160

Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil

160

Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil

150

150

140

140

130

130

120

120

110

110

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20
10

10
92 93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

First quarter 1992: leaded gasoline.
From second quarter 1992: unleaded gasoline.

06

07

08

09

0

92 93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

Source: Platts.

06

07

08

09

0

Source: Platts.

OECD total commercial oil stocks
Million barrels

2900

Jan 2008-Dec 2008
Jan 2009-Dec 2009
2004-2008 range

2800

2700

2600

2500

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

2400

Source: Monthly Oil Data Service © OECD/IEA, 2010.

17

Refinery capacities
Thousand barrels daily*

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Netherlands Antilles
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Russian Federation
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

16512
1861
1449
19822
643
1796
320
1248
2203
6210
736
1933
2240
403
2485
1277
323
5706
1326
422
713
1777
6156
25497
1597
731
921
1823
290
1168
6530
2950
828
5401
2190
1119
5087
1246
2598
732
899
1344
21444
82452
15378
44115
8725
29612

16595
1861
1481
19937
626
1849
320
1291
2212
6298
770
1984
2262
403
2485
1277
318
5655
1330
422
713
1778
6002
25399
1597
740
740
1806
440
1168
6491
2888
828
5407
2219
1127
5010
1255
2598
732
899
1403
21478
82491
15456
44280
8574
29637

16785
1917
1481
20183
619
1849
320
1291
2194
6273
785
1961
2274
412
2485
1278
307
5628
1330
422
713
1769
5912
25276
1597
740
759
1806
674
1170
6746
3155
815
5643
2261
1127
4705
1255
2598
874
1064
1512
21853
83487
15540
44226
8404
30856

16757
1923
1463
20143
619
1854
320
1291
2234
6318
803
1987
2286
412
2485
1282
310
5590
1330
422
713
1785
5754
25159
1597
740
809
1810
711
1248
6915
3219
829
5479
2303
1092
4721
1255
2598
1159
1068
1487
21990
83742
15691
44412
8133
31198

16894
1959
1463
20316
620
1915
320
1291
2223
6369
805
1967
2304
412
2485
1282
310
5454
1347
422
713
1813
5691
25005
1607
740
909
1890
645
1248
7039
3168
756
5487
2293
1057
4683
1255
2598
1159
1068
1416
21771
83668
15729
44516
7937
31214

17125
1915
1463
20503
623
1915
320
1306
2229
6393
782
1982
2320
412
2497
1284
310
5457
1372
422
693
1848
5687
25066
1642
740
931
2075
620
1248
7256
3107
763
6289
2558
1057
4567
1255
2598
1159
1068
1410
22724
85049
15803
44661
7940
32448

17339
1896
1463
20698
627
1916
320
1311
2245
6419
778
1978
2322
418
2515
1274
310
5522
1377
422
613
1819
5650
24999
1642
743
931
2100
620
1248
7284
3225
711
6587
2558
1057
4529
1255
2598
1159
1078
1428
22959
85584
15811
44694
7945
32945

17443
1914
1463
20821
623
1916
320
1311
2259
6429
774
1959
2390
425
2526
1274
310
5599
1377
422
613
1836
5537
25042
1727
665
931
2100
620
1283
7326
3046
694
7029
2872
1127
4542
1255
2633
1140
1125
1435
23851
86515
15857
44918
7961
33636

17594
1907
1463
20964
634
1935
320
1311
2309
6509
745
1962
2390
425
2497
1236
310
5616
1377
422
613
1819
5568
24981
1772
770
931
2100
625
1339
7537
3024
733
7511
2983
1157
4598
1255
2671
1197
1125
1443
24673
87687
15784
45122
7978
34588

17672
1951
1463
21086
634
2045
320
1311
2362
6672
745
1971
2366
425
2396
1280
310
5596
1377
422
613
1827
5619
24947
1805
779
931
2100
673
1345
7633
3178
734
7812
2992
1068
4650
1385
2712
1197
1175
1459
25184
88699
15718
45272
8008
35419

17688
1976
1463
21127
635
2066
320
1311
2355
6687
745
1971
2362
425
2396
1280
310
5616
1377
422
613
1713
5691
24920
1860
804
931
2100
673
1491
7859
3263
734
8635
3574
1106
4621
1385
2712
1197
1240
1602
26806
90662
15598
45197
8079
37386

0.1%
1.3%

0.2%
0.2%
1.0%


-0.3%
0.2%


-0.2%




0.4%



-6.3%
1.3%
-0.1%
3.0%
3.2%



10.9%
3.0%
2.7%

10.5%
19.5%
3.6%
-0.6%



5.5%
9.8%
6.4%
2.2%
-0.8%
-0.2%
0.9%
5.6%

19.5%
2.2%
1.6%
23.3%
0.7%
2.3%
0.4%
1.4%
2.6%
7.4%
0.8%
2.2%
2.6%
0.5%
2.6%
1.4%
0.3%
6.2%
1.5%
0.5%
0.7%
1.9%
6.3%
27.5%
2.1%
0.9%
1.0%
2.3%
0.7%
1.6%
8.7%
3.6%
0.8%
9.5%
3.9%
1.2%
5.1%
1.5%
3.0%
1.3%
1.4%
1.8%
29.6%
100.0%
17.2%
49.9%
8.9%
41.2%

*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.

Source: Includes data from Parpinelli Tecnon.

Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Refinery throughputs
Thousand barrels daily*

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
*Input to primary distillation units only.
◆Less

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

14804
1714
1378
5191
18981
5632
2343
880
3686
4149
8244
67002
13528
39320
4471
23210

15067
1765
1363
5337
19240
5430
2200
851
4218
4145
8862
68478
13749
39707
4583
24189

15128
1812
1398
5332
19394
5406
2440
847
4215
4107
8976
69055
13685
39712
4797
24547

14947
1862
1390
4941
19459
5482
2377
855
4395
3986
8833
68527
13486
39046
5060
24421

15304
1880
1436
5040
19952
5566
2301
823
4823
4118
9247
70490
13733
39848
5276
25366

15475
1957
1436
5430
20413
5805
2304
820
5382
4038
9901
72962
14089
40415
5413
27134

15220
1882
1415
5411
20783
6007
2493
757
5916
4136
10021
74041
14172
40214
5713
28115

15242
1835
1407
5356
20824
6276
2352
749
6155
4026
10315
74537
14006
40019
5875
28643

15156
1834
1395
5479
20804
6361
2360
767
6563
3995
10584
75298
13765
39689
6063
29546

14648
1809
1392
5384
20676
6423
2485
756
6953
3946
10513
74986
13676
38827
6162
29997

14313
1736
1392
4770
19639
6400
2378
761
7523
3627
10973
73512
12805
37046
6160
30307

than 0.05%.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

18

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

-2.3%
-4.1%

19.5%
2.4%
1.9%
6.5%
26.7%
8.7%
3.2%
1.0%
10.2%
4.9%
14.9%
100.0%
17.4%
50.4%
8.4%
41.2%

-11.4%
-5.0%
-0.4%
-4.3%
0.7%
8.2%
-8.1%
4.4%
-2.0%
-6.4%
-4.6%

1.0%

Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).

Refinery utilization
Percentage
100

90

80

70

North America
S.& Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

60

09

50

Global crude runs fell by 1.5 million b/d in 2009 but continued to grow in China and India, where several new refining facilities commissioned. Most of the 2 million b/d increase
in global refining capacity last year was also in China and India, allowing installed capacity in the non-OECD to overtake that of the OECD for the first time. Global average
refinery utilization fell to 81.1%, the lowest level since 1994.

Regional refining margins
US dollars per barrel

26

USGC West Texas Sour Coking
NWE Brent Cracking
Singapore Dubai Hydrocracking

24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

-2

Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam) and Singapore. In each case, they are
based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration (cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region.
The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.

19

Trade movements
Thousand barrels daily

Imports
US
Europe
Japan
Rest of World*
Total World
Exports
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific‡
Rest of World*
Total World

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

10550
10670
5346
15050
41616

11092
11070
5329
15880
43371

11618
11531
5202
16436
44787

11357
11895
5070
16291
44613

12254
11993
5314
17191
46752

12898
12538
5203
18651
49290

13525
13261
5225
19172
51182

13612
13461
5201
20287
52561

13632
13953
5032
22937
55554

12872
13751
4925
23078
54626

11444
13485
4283
23718
52930

-11.1%
-1.9%
-13.0%
2.8%
-3.1%

21.6%
25.5%
8.1%
44.8%
100.0%

956
1520
1739
3145
1851
4019
18341
2726
2985
3543
791
41616

890
1703
1814
3079
1967
4273
18944
2732
3293
3736
940
43371

910
1804
1882
3143
1947
4679
19096
2724
3182
3914
1506
44787

904
1959
1966
2965
2234
5370
18062
2620
3134
3848
1551
44613

921
2096
2115
2942
2066
6003
18943
2715
3612
3978
1361
46752

991
2148
2070
3233
1993
6440
19630
2917
4048
4189
1631
49290

1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
4243
1542
51182

1317
2330
2102
3681
2173
7155
20204
3225
4704
4312
1359
52561

1439
2457
1975
3570
2273
8334
19680
3336
4830
6004
1656
55554

1967
2498
1609
3616
2023
8184
20128
3260
4587
5392
1363
54626

1916
2476
1450
3725
1987
9065
18426
2760
4373
5362
1389
52930

-2.6%
-0.9%
-9.9%
3.0%
-1.7%
10.8%
-8.5%
-15.3%
-4.7%
-0.6%
1.9%
-3.1%

3.6%
4.7%
2.7%
7.0%
3.8%
17.1%
34.8%
5.2%
8.3%
10.1%
2.6%
100.0%

China

India

Japan Singapore

Other
Asia
Pacific

Rest of
World

Total

*Includes unidentified trade.

‡Excludes Japan. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Inter-area movements 2009
To
Million tonnes
From

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total imports

US

Canada

Mexico

S. &
Cent.
America


121.7
61.2
115.7
36.2
28.7
86.9
28.2
79.2

0.8
0.5
0.7


5.1

564.9

7.2

1.1
5.3
13.8
4.0
5.0
5.1
3.9


0.1

0.1
0.1
0.2
8.7
54.4

15.4
0.1

0.8
3.9
0.1
0.6

0.2


0.1

0.1
0.1
0.2

21.5

27.9
0.1
1.6

3.9
0.2
5.4
4.3
14.8


4.0
1.0
0.1
0.3
2.8

66.4

20.3
0.3
5.6
21.0

347.8
105.9
81.0
48.3
0.1

1.8
3.5
1.1
1.9
4.4
22.1
665.3

2.9


1.1
18.7
1.4
33.5

3.9


0.7
0.4

2.5
0.4
2.8
68.1

0.7



0.1
0.9
5.8
0.3
0.5


0.4

2.4
10.9
16.6
1.4
40.0

2.8


17.7
0.6
26.6
103.2
8.9
41.7
12.2
1.6

0.2
3.6
6.6
27.5

253.3

1.5

1.9
9.9
0.3
1.0
110.1
4.5
17.4
0.9
0.1
0.6

0.1
2.5
5.4

156.2

3.7

0.1
0.3
0.6
8.9
179.4
0.3
0.3

2.9
1.5
1.7

0.9
10.0
1.1
211.8

6.9

0.3
10.5
6.1
6.9
48.0
0.2

0.1
3.4
4.7
5.5
6.5

26.8

126.1

0.7


0.9
1.9
13.4
230.0
3.3
7.4
1.7
5.9
18.8
21.7
2.6
47.8


356.2

1.7


0.1
9.8
7.1

0.1
0.1


0.9
0.9

0.8
0.7

22.5

91.7
122.2
71.9
183.3
96.0
447.1
913.8
136.4
217.6
15.1
14.8
34.1
35.5
16.5
74.4
100.1
36.0
2606.4


2464
1234
2345
750
591
1747
576
1593

15
10
14


105

11444

150

22
108
280
81
100
103
78


1

1
3
4
174
1105

322
2

16
82
2
12
1
3


1

2
2
5

448

583
2
33

82
5
108
88
298


83
20
1
6
58

1366

424
7
113
428

7043
2135
1636
970
3
1
38
74
23
39
92
458
13485

60


22
390
28
674

77


15
8

51
9
57
1391

15



2
18
116
6
9


8

49
227
336
30
817

58


360
13
539
2078
180
837
245
33

4
76
138
567

5127

30

37
200
6
21
2215
90
350
18
3
13

1
52
110

3145

78
1
3
6
12
179
3619
7
7

60
31
35

19
204
22
4283

145

6
219
128
143
974
5
1
3
69
99
115
136

556

2598

15
1

19
38
271
4647
66
148
34
119
392
453
55
1000


7258

37

1
3
204
144

3
3
1

19
18
1
17
14

464

1916
2476
1450
3725
1987
9065
18426
2760
4373
303
300
709
742
345
1552
2059
741
52930

Europe

Africa

Australasia

Thousand barrels daily
From

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total imports

*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
†Less than 0.05.
‡Less than 0.5.

20

Major trade movements 2009
Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)

347.8
8
36.2

26.6

20.3
28.7

121.7
121
1

10
05.9

48.3

179.4
94
9.4

79.2
81.0
81
10

28.2

61.2

10
1
103
103.2
03

86.9
27.9

48.0
27.5

110
0.1

115.7
33.5
3.5

21.0

7
47.8

230.0
26.8
8

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

41.7

Imports and exports 2009
Crude
imports

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
Total World

442.8
39.1
0.5
25.1
513.3
0.9
7.0
18.4

21.9
22.8
203.5
145.8
176.5
46.3
228.6

1892.5

Million tonnes
Product
Crude
imports
exports

122.0
15.3
21.0
41.3
152.0
3.2
10.5
10.0
12.1
5.7
17.1
49.8
10.4
35.3
79.8
127.6
0.9
714.0

2.2
96.5
63.8
128.9
23.1
342.0
822.1
111.1
212.3
14.8
12.8
4.7
0.1

2.3
40.2
15.5
1892.5

Product
exports

Crude
imports

89.5
25.7
8.0
54.4
72.9
105.1
91.6
25.3
5.3
0.3
2.0
29.4
35.4
16.5
72.0
59.9
20.6
714.0

8893
785
9
504
10308
18
140
369
1
439
458
4086
2928
3545
930
4590

38005

Thousand barrels daily
Product
Crude
imports
exports

2550
320
439
863
3177
67
219
209
254
119
358
1041
217
738
1668
2667
18
14925

44
1938
1282
2588
464
6868
16510
2232
4263
297
258
94
1.9

47
807
311
38005

Product
exports

1871
538
168
1137
1523
2197
1916
528
110
6
42
614
740
345
1505
1252
430
14925

*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.

21

Natural gas
Proved reserves

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union

At end 1989
Trillion
cubic
metres

At end 1999
Trillion
cubic
metres

At end 2008
Trillion
cubic
metres

Trillion
cubic
feet

4.73
2.73
2.06
9.52
0.67
0.12
0.11
0.11
0.34
0.29
2.99
0.17
4.80
n/a
0.11
0.29
0.30
n/a
1.57
1.73
0.16
0.13
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.56
n/a
47.41
52.28
0.18
17.00
3.12
1.40
0.28
4.62
5.22
0.16
5.65
0.20
0.01
37.83
3.25
0.35
1.22
2.83
0.82
8.48
0.96
0.73
0.32
1.02
0.69
2.55
1.61
0.27
0.65
0.23
0.23

0.26
9.50
122.40
3.36
15.60
47.06

4.74
1.72
0.86
7.32
0.73
0.52
0.23
0.19
0.25
0.61
4.15
0.14
6.81
1.23
0.14
0.23
0.19
1.78
1.55
1.25
0.15
0.35
42.44
2.59
1.01
1.27
1.58
0.43
56.17
0.12
25.00
3.29
1.48
0.83
11.16
6.15
0.24
6.00
0.48
0.01
54.74
4.52
1.22
1.32
3.51
0.87
11.44
1.99
0.32
0.37
1.37
0.65
2.62
2.48
0.29
0.70
0.43
0.35
0.17
0.34
12.07
148.55
3.98
14.26
50.85

6.93
1.75
0.50
9.18
0.40
0.71
0.36
0.11
0.25
0.44
4.98
0.07
7.32
1.31
0.06
0.10
0.06
1.82
1.14
2.22
0.11
0.63
43.30
8.10
0.98
0.29
1.68
0.45
62.26
0.09
29.61
3.17
1.78
0.98
25.37
7.57
0.28
6.43
0.49
0.05
75.82
4.50
2.15
1.54
5.25
1.27
14.71
3.08
0.34
0.35
2.46
1.09
3.18
2.38
0.57
0.84
0.44
0.34
0.56
0.36
16.00
185.28
2.49
16.44
57.46

244.7
62.0
16.8
323.4
13.2
25.1
12.7
4.4
11.2
15.4
200.1
2.5
284.6
46.3
2.3
2.7
2.3
64.4
38.3
72.3
3.8
22.2
1567.1
286.2
34.7
10.3
59.4
15.7
2228.1
3.0
1045.7
111.9
63.0
34.6
895.8
279.7
10.0
227.1
17.3
2.2
2690.4
159.1
77.3
54.4
185.4
45.0
521.2
108.7
12.5
12.4
86.7
39.4
112.5
84.1
20.1
32.0
15.6
12.7
24.1
12.9
573.6
6621.2
85.5
571.2
2067.1

At end 2009
Trillion
cubic
metres

6.93
1.75
0.48
9.16
0.37
0.71
0.36
0.12
0.32
0.44
5.67
0.07
8.06
1.31
0.06
0.08
0.06
1.82
1.09
2.05
0.11
0.63
44.38
8.10
0.98
0.29
1.68
0.44
63.09
0.09
29.61
3.17
1.78
0.98
25.37
7.92
0.28
6.43
0.49
0.06
76.18
4.50
2.19
1.54
5.25
1.27
14.76
3.08
0.36
0.35
2.46
1.12
3.18
2.38
0.57
0.91
0.44
0.36
0.68
0.36
16.24
187.49
2.42
16.18
58.53

Share
of total

R/P
ratio

3.7%
0.9%
0.3%
4.9%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
3.0%

11.7
10.9
8.2
11.3
9.1
57.9
30.4
11.8
91.3
10.7
*
19.7
53.2
88.8
7.6
6.4
8.6
56.6
17.3
19.8
26.6
57.9
84.1
*
51.0
4.9
26.1
46.6
64.8
6.7
*
*
*
39.6
*
*
48.9
*
*
24.2
*
55.3
34.9
*
*
65.3
72.4
72.7
18.0
30.7
28.8
28.4
44.3
38.0
49.4
23.9
*
11.6
85.2
20.9
37.0
62.8
14.1
14.4
84.2

4.3%
0.7%


1.0%
0.6%
1.1%
0.1%
0.3%
23.7%
4.3%
0.5%
0.2%
0.9%
0.2%
33.7%

15.8%
1.7%
1.0%
0.5%
13.5%
4.2%
0.2%
3.4%
0.3%

40.6%
2.4%
1.2%
0.8%
2.8%
0.7%
7.9%
1.6%
0.2%
0.2%
1.3%
0.6%
1.7%
1.3%
0.3%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
8.7%
100.0%
1.3%
8.6%
31.2%

*More than 100 years.
◆Less

than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future
from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production
in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled
using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.

22

Proved reserves at end 2009
Trillion cubic metres

8.06
9.16
S. & Cent. America North America

16.24
Asia Pacific

14.76
Africa

63.09
Europe & Eurasia

76.18
Middle East

Distribution of proved reserves in 1989, 1999 and 2009
Percentage

Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
Africa
North America
S. & Cent. America
4.3

40.6

4.9

4.6

36.9

7.9

4.9
7.7

3.9 30.9
7.8

8.7

6.9

7.8

8.1
1989
Total 122.40
trillion cubic
metres

1999
Total 148.55
trillion cubic
metres

2009
Total 187.49
trillion cubic
metres

42.7
37.8

33.7

23

Production*
Billion cubic metres

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

533.3
176.8
37.1
747.2
34.6
2.3
7.4
5.2
11.7
27.4
3.5
92.0
5.4
7.8
17.8
16.0
9.0
60.2
48.5
3.4
14.0
535.7
20.6
16.4
99.1
50.3
11.4
915.8
8.7
56.4
8.6
5.5
22.1
46.2
5.4
38.5
3.4
194.7
86.0
16.8
5.0
6.0
5.8
119.7
30.8
8.3
11.2
25.2
25.1
70.0
40.8
1.7
5.3
20.3
19.2
1.3
3.3
262.6
2332.0
226.6
1047.2
637.8
647.0

543.2
182.2
37.8
763.2
37.4
3.2
7.5
5.9
14.5
27.9
3.7
100.2
5.1
8.2
16.9
15.2
10.4
58.1
49.7
3.7
13.8
528.5
42.5
16.2
108.4
51.1
11.1
938.9
8.8
60.2
9.6
8.7
23.7
49.8
5.5
38.4
3.4
208.1
84.4
21.0
5.9
12.5
6.3
130.1
31.2
10.0
11.3
27.2
26.4
65.2
45.3
3.4
5.6
21.5
20.2
1.6
3.3
272.1
2412.6
231.9
1070.9
654.2
687.5

555.5
186.5
37.4
779.4
37.1
4.7
7.7
6.1
15.5
29.6
3.9
104.5
5.0
8.4
17.0
14.0
10.5
62.4
53.9
3.9
13.6
526.2
46.4
16.6
105.8
52.0
10.9
946.6
9.1
66.0
10.5
14.0
27.0
53.7
5.0
44.9
3.0
233.3
78.2
25.2
6.2
14.9
6.8
131.3
32.5
10.7
11.4
30.3
26.4
63.3
46.9
7.0
5.9
22.7
19.6
2.0
3.6
282.4
2477.5
232.8
1093.7
657.1
726.8

536.0
187.9
38.9
762.8
36.1
4.9
9.2
6.2
18.0
28.4
3.8
106.7
4.7
8.4
17.0
13.4
10.2
60.3
65.5
4.0
13.2
538.8
48.4
17.0
103.6
51.9
11.2
967.6
9.5
75.0
9.5
15.0
29.5
56.7
6.1
43.4
2.6
247.2
80.4
27.3
5.9
14.2
7.5
135.3
32.6
11.4
11.5
32.7
27.6
69.7
48.3
8.4
5.6
24.6
20.5
2.4
5.3
300.6
2520.2
227.6
1083.8
671.4
765.0

540.8
184.7
41.2
766.6
41.0
6.4
10.0
6.1
26.3
25.2
3.6
118.7
4.6
8.0
17.7
12.7
12.6
58.1
73.1
4.0
13.0
561.5
53.5
17.6
102.9
52.0
10.6
1001.9
9.6
81.5
11.0
16.5
31.4
60.1
6.2
44.8
1.8
262.9
82.8
30.1
5.5
19.2
7.1
144.8
33.2
12.3
12.4
35.0
29.5
73.2
51.8
9.6
4.3
30.4
21.8
2.4
6.4
322.3
2617.2
223.6
1091.1
702.1
824.0

526.4
183.7
42.7
752.8
44.9
9.8
11.0
6.4
27.3
28.4
4.0
131.7
4.5
9.4
16.4
11.9
20.0
68.5
78.5
4.4
12.8
573.3
52.8
18.4
96.4
54.2
11.0
1032.3
9.8
84.9
11.9
18.5
39.2
65.7
6.4
46.3
2.5
285.1
82.0
33.0
8.1
22.8
9.3
155.2
35.3
13.2
12.2
41.5
29.2
70.3
53.9
10.2
3.9
34.5
22.4
4.2
6.2
336.8
2694.0
227.3
1088.1
723.4
882.5

511.1
187.4
45.0
743.6
45.6
11.9
11.0
6.7
31.0
27.4
4.9
138.6
5.2
10.4
15.8
11.1
22.6
62.5
85.0
4.3
12.4
580.1
57.0
18.6
88.2
54.0
10.8
1038.0
10.7
103.5
12.2
19.8
45.8
71.2
5.5
47.8
3.4
319.9
88.2
42.5
11.3
22.4
11.2
175.6
37.1
14.5
12.0
49.3
29.6
71.2
61.1
12.2
3.6
35.5
23.7
6.9
7.0
363.7
2779.5
211.9
1072.2
737.7
969.6

524.0
188.4
51.6
764.0
46.1
12.9
11.3
7.0
36.4
31.5
5.8
151.1
6.1
10.4
15.6
10.1
23.9
61.6
87.6
4.3
11.9
595.2
60.4
18.7
80.0
54.5
11.5
1051.7
11.3
108.6
12.5
23.7
50.7
73.5
5.7
49.0
4.1
339.1
84.5
54.7
13.2
28.4
11.8
192.6
38.9
15.3
12.6
58.6
29.3
70.3
63.3
12.6
3.7
36.1
24.3
6.8
10.1
381.7
2880.2
201.2
1086.6
759.0
1034.6

545.6
184.1
54.0
783.7
44.8
13.8
11.3
7.5
39.0
32.1
6.6
155.1
9.8
9.2
14.3
8.9
26.8
60.5
89.7
4.3
11.5
592.0
65.4
18.7
72.1
59.1
10.8
1053.2
11.8
111.9
12.1
24.0
63.2
74.4
5.6
50.3
4.1
357.4
84.8
55.7
15.3
35.0
14.4
205.2
40.0
16.3
12.3
69.2
30.1
67.6
64.6
13.5
4.1
36.8
26.0
7.1
12.5
400.0
2954.7
187.5
1097.1
772.1
1085.5

574.4
173.4
54.0
801.8
44.1
14.3
14.0
9.1
39.3
29.2
7.1
157.1
14.8
10.1
13.0
8.5
29.8
66.6
99.2
4.1
11.4
601.7
66.1
19.0
69.6
62.2
10.3
1086.3
12.7
116.3
12.8
24.1
77.0
80.4
5.5
50.2
4.5
383.4
85.8
59.0
15.9
35.0
18.6
214.3
38.3
17.9
12.2
80.3
30.5
69.7
64.9
12.4
3.8
37.5
28.8
7.9
13.7
417.9
3060.8
189.4
1125.5
793.8
1141.5

593.4
161.4
58.2
813.0
41.4
12.3
11.9
10.5
40.6
27.9
7.0
151.6
14.8
8.4
12.2
7.4
32.2
62.7
103.5
4.1
10.9
527.5
36.4
19.3
59.6
64.4
9.5
973.0
12.8
131.2
12.5
24.8
89.3
77.5
5.8
48.8
4.5
407.2
81.4
62.7
15.3
24.9
19.5
203.8
42.3
19.7
11.4
85.2
39.3
71.9
62.7
11.5
4.0
37.9
30.9
8.0
13.6
438.4
2987.0
171.2
1127.2
694.9
1164.9

3.5%
-6.7%
8.1%
1.6%
-5.9%
-14.0%
-15.0%
16.3%
3.6%
-4.1%
-1.0%
-3.2%
0.2%
-16.3%
-6.3%
-12.0%
8.6%
-5.6%
4.5%
0.3%
-4.2%
-12.1%
-44.8%
1.7%
-14.1%
3.9%
-6.8%
-10.2%
1.2%
13.1%
-1.7%
3.2%
16.3%
-3.5%
6.2%
-2.5%
1.3%
6.5%
-4.9%
6.6%
-3.5%
-28.7%
5.6%
-4.6%
11.0%
10.6%
-5.8%
6.4%
28.9%
3.5%
-3.3%
-6.7%
4.4%
1.3%
7.6%
1.0%
-0.4%
5.2%
-2.1%
-9.3%
0.4%
-12.2%
2.3%

20.1%
5.4%
1.9%
27.4%
1.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
1.4%
0.9%
0.2%
5.1%
0.5%
0.3%
0.4%
0.2%
1.1%
2.1%
3.5%
0.1%
0.4%
17.6%
1.2%
0.6%
2.0%
2.2%
0.3%
32.5%
0.4%
4.4%
0.4%
0.8%
3.0%
2.6%
0.2%
1.6%
0.2%
13.6%
2.7%
2.1%
0.5%
0.8%
0.7%
6.8%
1.4%
0.7%
0.4%
2.8%
1.3%
2.4%
2.1%
0.4%
0.1%
1.3%
1.0%
0.3%
0.5%
14.6%
100.0%
5.7%
37.9%
23.2%
38.9%

Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres, measured at 15ºC and 1013 millibar (mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes
of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

24

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.

Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

487.4
159.1
33.4
679.9
31.1
2.0
6.7
4.7
10.6
24.7
3.1
82.8
4.9
7.0
16.1
14.4
8.1
54.2
43.6
3.1
12.6
482.2
18.6
14.8
89.2
45.3
10.3
824.2
7.8
50.7
7.8
4.9
19.8
41.6
4.9
34.6
3.1
175.3
77.4
15.1
4.5
5.4
5.2
107.7
27.7
7.5
10.1
22.7
22.6
63.0
36.8
1.5
4.8
18.3
17.3
1.2
2.9
236.3
2106.3
203.9
949.9
574.0
582.3

495.5
164.0
34.0
693.5
33.7
2.9
6.7
5.3
13.1
25.1
3.3
90.2
4.6
7.3
15.2
13.7
9.4
52.3
44.8
3.3
12.4
475.7
38.3
14.6
97.5
45.9
10.0
845.0
7.9
54.2
8.6
7.8
21.3
44.8
4.9
34.5
3.1
187.3
76.0
18.9
5.3
11.3
5.6
117.1
28.0
9.0
10.2
24.5
23.7
58.7
40.7
3.1
5.1
19.4
18.2
1.4
3.0
244.9
2178.0
208.7
970.4
588.8
618.8

508.2
167.8
33.7
709.7
33.4
4.2
6.9
5.5
13.9
26.6
3.5
94.1
4.5
7.5
15.3
12.6
9.5
56.2
48.5
3.5
12.2
473.6
41.8
14.9
95.2
46.8
9.8
852.0
8.2
59.4
9.5
12.6
24.3
48.3
4.5
40.4
2.7
209.9
70.4
22.7
5.6
13.4
6.1
118.2
29.2
9.7
10.3
27.3
23.8
57.0
42.2
6.3
5.3
20.4
17.7
1.8
3.2
254.2
2238.0
209.6
992.6
591.4
654.1

489.9
169.1
35.0
694.0
32.5
4.4
8.3
5.5
16.2
25.6
3.4
96.0
4.2
7.5
15.3
12.1
9.2
54.3
59.0
3.6
11.9
484.9
43.6
15.3
93.2
46.7
10.1
870.8
8.5
67.5
8.5
13.5
26.6
51.0
5.5
39.1
2.4
222.5
72.3
24.6
5.3
12.8
6.8
121.7
29.3
10.3
10.3
29.4
24.8
62.7
43.5
7.6
5.1
22.1
18.5
2.2
4.7
270.5
2275.6
204.9
982.9
604.2
688.5

494.7
166.2
37.0
698.0
36.9
5.7
9.0
5.5
23.7
22.7
3.3
106.8
4.2
7.2
15.9
11.5
11.3
52.2
65.8
3.6
11.7
505.4
48.1
15.8
92.6
46.8
9.6
901.7
8.7
73.4
9.9
14.9
28.3
54.1
5.6
40.3
1.6
236.6
74.5
27.1
5.0
17.3
6.4
130.3
29.9
11.1
11.1
31.5
26.6
65.9
46.6
8.6
3.9
27.4
19.6
2.1
5.8
290.1
2363.5
201.2
990.0
631.9
741.6

480.7
165.3
38.4
684.4
40.4
8.8
9.9
5.7
24.6
25.6
3.6
118.6
4.1
8.5
14.7
10.7
18.0
61.6
70.6
3.9
11.5
516.0
47.5
16.5
86.7
48.8
9.9
929.0
8.8
76.4
10.7
16.7
35.3
59.1
5.8
41.7
2.3
256.6
73.8
29.7
7.3
20.5
8.4
139.6
31.7
11.9
11.0
37.3
26.3
63.3
48.5
9.2
3.5
31.0
20.1
3.7
5.6
303.2
2431.4
204.6
986.1
651.1
794.2

467.6
168.7
40.5
676.8
41.1
10.7
9.9
6.0
27.9
24.7
4.5
124.8
4.7
9.4
14.2
10.0
20.3
56.3
76.5
3.9
11.2
522.1
51.3
16.7
79.4
48.6
9.7
934.2
9.6
93.2
11.0
17.8
41.2
64.1
4.9
43.0
3.1
287.9
79.4
38.3
10.2
20.2
10.1
158.1
33.4
13.1
10.8
44.4
26.7
64.1
55.0
11.0
3.2
32.0
21.3
6.2
6.3
327.4
2509.1
190.7
972.6
664.0
872.6

479.3
169.6
46.4
695.3
41.5
11.6
10.2
6.3
32.8
28.3
5.2
136.0
5.5
9.4
14.1
9.1
21.5
55.4
78.9
3.9
10.7
535.6
54.3
16.9
72.0
49.0
10.3
946.5
10.2
97.7
11.3
21.3
45.6
66.2
5.1
44.1
3.7
305.2
76.0
49.2
11.9
25.6
10.6
173.4
35.0
13.8
11.3
52.7
26.4
63.2
57.0
11.3
3.3
32.5
21.9
6.1
9.1
343.6
2600.0
181.1
985.7
683.1
931.1

499.6
165.7
48.6
713.9
40.3
12.4
10.2
6.8
35.1
28.8
5.9
139.6
8.8
8.3
12.9
8.0
24.1
54.5
80.7
3.9
10.4
532.8
58.9
16.9
64.9
53.2
9.7
947.9
10.6
100.7
10.9
21.6
56.9
67.0
5.0
45.3
3.7
321.7
76.3
50.1
13.8
31.5
13.0
184.7
36.0
14.6
11.0
62.3
27.1
60.9
58.1
12.2
3.6
33.1
23.4
6.4
11.2
360.0
2667.8
168.7
996.0
694.9
976.9

525.0
156.1
48.6
729.7
39.7
12.9
12.6
8.2
35.4
26.3
6.4
141.4
13.3
9.1
11.7
7.6
26.8
60.0
89.3
3.7
10.2
541.5
59.5
17.1
62.7
56.0
9.2
977.7
11.4
104.7
11.5
21.7
69.3
72.4
4.9
45.2
4.0
345.0
77.2
53.1
14.3
31.5
16.7
192.8
34.4
16.1
10.9
72.3
27.5
62.7
58.5
11.2
3.4
33.8
25.9
7.1
12.3
376.1
2762.7
170.4
1020.9
714.4
1027.4

541.8
145.3
52.4
739.4
37.2
11.0
10.7
9.5
36.5
25.1
6.3
136.4
13.3
7.6
11.0
6.7
29.0
56.4
93.1
3.7
9.8
474.8
32.7
17.3
53.7
58.0
8.6
875.7
11.5
118.1
11.3
22.3
80.4
69.7
5.2
44.0
4.1
366.4
73.3
56.4
13.8
22.4
17.6
183.5
38.1
17.8
10.3
76.7
35.3
64.7
56.4
10.4
3.6
34.1
27.8
7.2
12.2
394.6
2696.0
154.1
1022.2
625.4
1048.4

3.5%
-6.7%
8.1%
1.6%
-5.9%
-14.0%
-15.0%
16.3%
3.6%
-4.1%
-1.0%
-3.2%
0.2%
-16.3%
-6.3%
-12.0%
8.6%
-5.6%
4.5%
0.3%
-4.2%
-12.1%
-44.8%
1.7%
-14.1%
3.9%
-6.8%
-10.2%
1.2%
13.1%
-1.7%
3.2%
16.3%
-3.5%
6.2%
-2.5%
1.3%
6.5%
-4.9%
6.6%
-3.5%
-28.7%
5.6%
-4.6%
11.0%
10.6%
-5.8%
6.4%
28.9%
3.5%
-3.3%
-6.7%
4.4%
1.3%
7.6%
1.0%
-0.4%
5.2%
-2.1%
-9.3%
0.4%
-12.2%
2.3%

20.1%
5.4%
1.9%
27.4%
1.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
1.4%
0.9%
0.2%
5.1%
0.5%
0.3%
0.4%
0.2%
1.1%
2.1%
3.5%
0.1%
0.4%
17.6%
1.2%
0.6%
2.0%
2.2%
0.3%
32.5%
0.4%
4.4%
0.4%
0.8%
3.0%
2.6%
0.2%
1.6%
0.2%
13.6%
2.7%
2.1%
0.5%
0.8%
0.7%
6.8%
1.4%
0.7%
0.4%
2.8%
1.3%
2.4%
2.1%
0.4%
0.1%
1.3%
1.0%
0.3%
0.5%
14.6%
100.0%
5.7%
37.9%
23.2%
38.9%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

25

Production by region
Billion cubic metres

3200

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

2800

2400

2000

1600

1200

800

400

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

0

09

Global natural gas production fell by 2.1% in 2009, the first decline on record. Production fell sharply in Russia (-74.2bcm) and Turkmenistan (-29.7bcm), in each case
the largest decline on record. The US recorded the largest increase in the world for the third consecutive year.

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years

2009 by region
80

World

70

North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

250

200

60

50
150

40

100
30

20
50
10

85

87

89

91

93

95

97

99

01

03

05

07

09

0

World proved reserves of natural gas grew by 2.21 trillion cubic metres in 2009, driven by increases in Russia, Venezuela and Saudi Arabia. The global R/P ratio increased
to 62.8 years.

26

0

Consumption
Billion cubic metres

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

20 09
share
of total

634.4
87.4
37.4
759.2
32.4
7.6
5.0
5.2
0.3
0.4
27.4
11.3
89.5
8.5
5.4
14.8
14.7
3.0
8.6
5.0
3.7
37.9
80.2
1.5
11.0

3.3
62.2
7.7
2.4
38.5
3.6
10.3
2.3
17.2
352.8
6.4
15.0
0.8
2.7
12.4
11.0
70.9
93.6
47.8
12.7
967.8
58.4
8.6
14.0
46.2
31.4
22.5
181.1
21.3
16.4

15.6
53.4
20.2
8.3
21.5
3.3
25.1
32.0
69.4
16.1
5.3
20.3

1.5
16.8
6.3
19.2
4.9
270.3
2321.3
428.8
1293.2
520.3
507.8

660.7
92.8
40.2
793.7
33.2
9.4
6.5
5.9
0.3
0.3
27.9
12.4
96.0
8.1
5.2
15.7
14.9
3.3
8.3
4.9
3.7
39.3
79.5
2.0
10.7

3.8
64.9
9.5
2.7
39.0
4.0
11.1
2.4
17.1
354.0
6.5
16.9
0.7
2.7
14.6
12.2
71.0
96.9
45.7
13.2
984.6
62.9
9.6
9.7
49.8
31.4
23.4
186.7
19.8
20.0

17.4
57.2
20.5
10.0
24.5
3.0
26.4
29.7
72.3
24.1
5.6
21.5

1.7
18.9
6.8
22.0
5.5
292.6
2410.8
439.7
1345.9
523.6
541.3

629.7
88.2
40.7
758.7
31.1
11.9
7.3
6.1
0.3
0.4
29.6
14.0
100.7
8.6
7.5
15.7
14.6
3.0
8.9
5.1
4.1
41.9
82.9
2.0
11.9

4.0
65.0
9.3
2.8
40.0
3.8
11.5
2.6
16.6
366.2
6.9
18.2
0.7
2.8
16.0
12.5
68.8
96.4
49.6
14.5
1014.5
70.1
10.5
11.0
53.7
37.9
23.7
206.8
20.5
24.5

17.6
62.6
22.0
10.7
27.4
3.0
26.4
31.0
74.3
25.2
5.9
22.7
0.1
4.6
20.8
7.3
24.8
5.8
312.1
2455.3
451.0
1329.7
540.8
584.9

651.5
90.2
45.8
787.4
30.3
14.1
7.4
6.1
0.2
0.4
28.4
15.1
102.1
8.5
7.5
16.1
14.8
2.7
8.7
5.1
4.0
40.5
82.6
2.1
11.8

4.1
64.6
10.7
2.9
39.8
4.0
11.2
3.1
17.2
367.7
6.5
20.8
0.8
2.8
17.4
12.9
67.7
95.1
50.9
13.6
1018.3
79.2
9.5
11.1
56.7
36.4
24.7
217.6
20.2
26.5

18.0
64.7
22.4
11.4
29.2
2.9
27.6
32.9
72.7
26.2
5.6
24.6
1.8
5.0
23.1
8.2
26.9
6.0
326.4
2516.5
450.3
1359.8
543.7
613.1

630.8
97.7
50.6
779.1
34.6
15.8
8.0
6.0
0.3
0.5
25.2
17.5
107.9
9.4
7.7
15.8
16.0
2.8
8.7
5.2
4.5
43.0
85.5
2.4
13.2

4.1
71.2
12.9
3.1
40.0
4.3
11.2
3.0
18.3
384.9
6.3
23.6
0.8
2.9
20.9
14.2
69.0
95.4
45.8
14.1
1060.5
82.9
11.0
12.2
60.1
37.9
25.0
229.0
21.4
29.7

20.4
71.5
22.4
12.3
33.9
1.8
29.5
35.0
79.8
27.2
4.3
30.4
2.7
5.4
24.2
8.4
28.8
6.5
352.8
2600.9
471.3
1381.6
561.2
658.1

634.0
95.1
53.4
782.4
37.9
18.7
8.7
6.3
0.3
0.9
28.4
16.3
117.5
9.5
8.3
17.9
16.5
2.8
9.1
5.2
4.3
45.1
85.9
2.7
13.0

4.1
73.9
14.9
3.1
40.9
4.6
13.1
3.8
17.5
394.1
6.1
27.4
0.8
3.0
22.1
15.0
68.5
97.4
43.4
15.6
1089.4
86.5
11.9
15.0
65.7
40.2
27.8
247.1
22.0
31.7

23.6
77.4
22.8
13.2
39.7
2.7
31.9
32.2
77.0
23.7
3.9
34.5
2.5
6.5
28.4
10.2
29.9
8.7
367.6
2681.4
485.5
1402.7
573.8
704.9

623.3
98.1
53.3
774.7
40.4
19.3
8.4
6.7
0.4
1.5
27.4
18.4
122.5
10.0
8.6
18.4
16.6
3.1
9.6
5.0
4.0
44.0
86.2
2.8
13.4

3.9
79.1
18.8
3.3
39.3
4.5
13.6
4.2
17.6
400.3
6.6
32.4
0.8
3.1
26.9
16.1
69.0
94.7
42.7
15.8
1114.2
105.0
12.2
18.7
71.2
42.1
30.1
279.2
23.2
31.6

24.5
79.4
21.9
14.5
46.8
2.7
35.7
33.2
78.6
29.9
3.6
35.5
3.3
6.5
30.4
10.3
32.5
12.1
397.5
2767.5
493.6
1409.6
586.3
771.6

614.1
96.9
60.9
771.9
41.8
20.6
7.8
7.0
0.7
1.8
31.5
24.1
135.3
9.4
9.1
19.0
17.0
3.2
9.3
5.1
4.2
42.1
87.2
3.2
12.7

4.5
77.4
20.3
3.2
38.1
4.4
13.7
4.1
18.1
408.5
6.0
33.7
0.9
3.0
30.5
18.4
67.0
89.9
41.9
16.3
1121.4
108.7
12.5
19.6
73.5
43.4
33.8
291.5
23.7
36.5

23.9
84.1
24.0
15.3
56.1
2.9
37.3
33.2
83.7
33.0
3.7
36.1
2.6
8.6
32.0
11.1
33.3
12.3
425.3
2829.5
486.7
1411.7
596.9
821.0

654.0
96.7
63.1
813.9
43.9
22.0
4.6
7.4
0.5
2.7
32.2
24.7
138.1
8.9
8.0
18.8
16.9
3.3
8.7
4.6
3.9
42.4
82.9
4.0
11.9

4.8
77.8
19.5
3.6
37.0
4.3
13.7
4.3
16.1
422.1
5.7
35.1
1.0
2.9
35.1
21.3
63.2
91.0
45.9
16.9
1135.5
113.0
12.1
19.7
74.4
49.2
34.7
303.1
24.3
38.4

28.2
90.8
25.7
16.3
69.5
2.2
40.1
31.3
90.2
33.0
4.1
36.8
3.2
8.6
34.7
11.8
35.4
13.0
455.8
2937.1
481.2
1465.4
612.0
859.7

657.7
98.2
66.1
822.0
44.4
25.2
2.7
7.6
0.5
3.4
30.7
26.7
141.0
9.5
9.2
19.2
17.0
3.3
8.7
4.6
4.0
43.8
81.2
4.2
11.8

5.0
77.8
20.1
3.2
38.6
4.3
13.9
4.7
16.0
416.0
5.7
38.6
0.9
3.1
36.0
19.0
60.0
93.8
48.7
16.3
1138.5
119.3
12.8
20.2
80.4
59.5
39.7
331.8
25.4
40.8

29.9
96.1
25.5
17.9
81.3
2.6
41.3
33.3
93.7
33.6
3.8
37.5
3.3
9.2
35.7
11.6
37.4
13.6
481.4
3010.8
489.9
1488.1
604.6
918.1

646.6
94.7
69.6
810.9
43.1
20.3
3.3
8.7
0.5
3.5
29.7
25.5
134.7
9.3
7.7
16.1
17.3
2.5
8.2
4.4
3.6
42.6
78.0
3.4
10.1

4.8
71.6
19.6
2.7
38.9
4.1
13.7
4.3
13.6
389.7
5.6
34.6
1.2
3.0
32.1
19.8
47.0
86.5
48.7
14.0
1058.6
131.7
13.4
21.1
77.5
59.1
42.9
345.6
26.7
42.5

24.8
94.0
25.7
19.7
88.7
2.5
51.9
36.6
87.4
31.5
4.0
37.9
3.3
9.7
33.8
11.3
39.2
13.2
496.6
2940.4
459.9
1439.1
559.1
942.2

-1.5%
-3.3%
5.7%
-1.2%
-2.6%
-19.2%
25.8%
15.5%
9.6%
2.6%
-2.9%
-4.2%
-4.2%
-2.1%
-16.0%
-16.0%
2.1%
-25.1%
-5.6%
-3.6%
-10.5%
-2.4%
-3.7%
-19.7%
-14.3%

-3.9%
-7.7%
-2.1%
-15.7%
1.1%
-4.8%
-1.2%
-7.8%
-14.9%
-6.1%
-1.9%
-10.3%
22.9%
-2.5%
-10.6%
4.2%
-21.5%
-7.5%
0.3%
-14.0%
-6.8%
10.7%
5.3%
4.8%
-3.5%
-0.4%
8.3%
4.4%
5.5%
4.4%

-16.9%
-1.9%
1.0%
10.6%
9.4%
-2.6%
25.9%
10.3%
-6.5%
-6.1%
4.4%
1.3%
1.4%
5.6%
-5.0%
-2.2%
5.2%
-2.9%
3.4%
-2.1%
-5.9%
-3.1%
-7.3%
2.9%

22.2%
3.2%
2.4%
27.8%
1.5%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%
1.0%
0.9%
4.6%
0.3%
0.3%
0.5%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
1.4%
2.6%
0.1%
0.3%

0.2%
2.4%
0.7%
0.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.5%
13.2%
0.2%
1.2%

0.1%
1.1%
0.7%
1.6%
2.9%
1.7%
0.5%
35.9%
4.5%
0.5%
0.7%
2.6%
2.0%
1.5%
11.7%
0.9%
1.4%

0.8%
3.2%
0.9%
0.7%
3.0%
0.1%
1.8%
1.2%
3.0%
1.1%
0.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.3%
1.1%
0.4%
1.3%
0.4%
16.8%
100.0%
15.6%
49.1%
19.0%
32.0%

†Less than 0.05.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 24 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with
unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres, measured at 15ºC and 1013mbar; because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion
factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

27

Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

577.3
78.6
33.6
689.6
29.1
6.8
4.5
4.7
0.3
0.4
24.7
10.2
80.6
7.6
4.9
13.4
13.3
2.7
7.7
4.5
3.3
34.1
72.1
1.3
9.9

3.0
56.0
7.0
2.2
34.7
3.2
9.3
2.0
15.5
317.5
5.8
13.5
0.8
2.4
11.1
9.9
63.8
84.2
43.0
11.4
871.1
52.5
7.8
12.6
41.6
28.3
20.3
163.0
19.2
14.8

14.1
48.0
18.2
7.5
19.3
3.0
22.6
28.8
62.5
14.5
4.8
18.3

1.4
15.2
5.7
17.3
4.4
243.3
2095.5
385.9
1170.2
468.3
457.0

600.4
83.5
36.2
720.0
29.9
8.5
5.8
5.3
0.3
0.3
25.1
11.1
86.4
7.3
4.7
14.2
13.4
2.9
7.5
4.4
3.4
35.4
71.5
1.8
9.7

3.4
58.4
8.6
2.5
35.1
3.6
10.0
2.1
15.4
318.6
5.8
15.2
0.7
2.4
13.1
11.0
63.9
87.2
41.1
11.9
886.2
56.6
8.6
8.7
44.8
28.3
21.0
168.1
17.9
18.0

15.7
51.5
18.5
9.0
22.1
2.7
23.7
26.8
65.1
21.7
5.1
19.4

1.6
17.0
6.1
19.8
4.9
263.3
2175.5
395.8
1217.0
471.3
487.1

573.9
79.4
36.7
689.9
28.0
10.7
6.6
5.5
0.3
0.3
26.6
12.6
90.6
7.7
6.8
14.1
13.2
2.7
8.0
4.6
3.7
37.7
74.6
1.8
10.7

3.6
58.5
8.4
2.5
36.0
3.4
10.4
2.3
14.9
329.6
6.2
16.4
0.6
2.5
14.4
11.2
61.9
86.7
44.6
13.0
913.1
63.1
9.5
9.9
48.3
34.1
21.3
186.1
18.5
22.1

15.9
56.4
19.8
9.7
24.7
2.7
23.8
27.9
66.8
22.7
5.3
20.4
0.1
4.1
18.7
6.6
22.3
5.2
280.9
2216.9
405.9
1203.8
486.7
526.4

593.7
81.2
41.2
716.0
27.2
12.7
6.6
5.5
0.2
0.4
25.6
13.6
91.9
7.7
6.8
14.5
13.4
2.4
7.8
4.6
3.6
36.5
74.3
1.9
10.6

3.7
58.1
9.6
2.6
35.8
3.6
10.1
2.8
15.5
330.9
5.8
18.8
0.7
2.5
15.6
11.6
60.9
85.6
45.8
12.2
916.5
71.3
8.5
10.0
51.0
32.8
22.2
195.8
18.2
23.9

16.2
58.2
20.2
10.3
26.3
2.6
24.8
29.6
65.4
23.5
5.1
22.1
1.6
4.5
20.8
7.4
24.2
5.4
293.8
2272.2
405.3
1231.1
489.3
551.8

575.3
87.9
45.5
708.8
31.1
14.2
7.2
5.4
0.2
0.5
22.7
15.8
97.1
8.5
7.0
14.3
14.4
2.5
7.8
4.7
4.0
38.7
77.0
2.2
11.9

3.7
64.1
11.6
2.8
36.0
3.9
10.1
2.7
16.5
346.4
5.7
21.3
0.7
2.6
18.8
12.8
62.1
85.8
41.2
12.7
954.5
74.6
9.9
11.0
54.1
34.1
22.5
206.1
19.3
26.7

18.4
64.4
20.2
11.1
30.5
1.7
26.6
31.5
71.8
24.5
3.9
27.4
2.4
4.8
21.8
7.6
26.0
5.9
317.5
2348.4
424.1
1251.0
505.1
592.3

577.3
85.6
48.0
710.9
34.1
16.8
7.8
5.7
0.3
0.8
25.6
14.7
105.7
8.5
7.5
16.1
14.9
2.5
8.2
4.7
3.9
40.5
77.3
2.4
11.7

3.7
66.5
13.4
2.8
36.8
4.1
11.8
3.4
15.7
354.7
5.5
24.7
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.5
61.7
87.7
39.1
14.0
980.5
77.9
10.7
13.5
59.1
36.2
25.0
222.4
19.8
28.5

21.3
69.6
20.5
11.9
35.7
2.4
28.7
29.0
69.3
21.3
3.5
31.0
2.2
5.9
25.5
9.2
26.9
7.8
330.8
2420.0
437.0
1269.2
516.4
634.4

568.5
88.3
48.0
704.8
36.4
17.4
7.5
6.0
0.3
1.4
24.7
16.6
110.3
9.0
7.7
16.5
14.9
2.8
8.6
4.5
3.6
39.6
77.6
2.5
12.1

3.5
71.2
16.9
2.9
35.3
4.0
12.3
3.8
15.8
360.2
5.9
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.2
14.5
62.1
85.2
38.4
14.2
1002.8
94.5
11.0
16.8
64.1
37.8
27.1
251.3
20.9
28.4

22.1
71.4
19.7
13.1
42.1
2.4
32.1
29.9
70.7
26.9
3.2
32.0
3.0
5.9
27.3
9.3
29.3
10.9
357.7
2498.3
444.2
1276.2
527.7
694.4

560.0
87.3
54.8
702.1
37.6
18.5
7.0
6.3
0.7
1.6
28.3
21.7
121.7
8.5
8.2
17.1
15.3
2.9
8.4
4.6
3.8
37.9
78.5
2.9
11.5

4.0
69.7
18.2
2.9
34.3
4.0
12.3
3.7
16.3
367.7
5.4
30.3
0.8
2.7
27.4
16.5
60.3
80.9
37.7
14.7
1009.3
97.8
11.3
17.6
66.2
39.0
30.4
262.3
21.4
32.9

21.5
75.7
21.6
13.8
50.5
2.6
33.5
29.9
75.4
29.7
3.3
32.5
2.4
7.7
28.8
10.0
30.0
11.0
382.8
2553.9
438.0
1277.9
537.2
738.9

597.3
87.0
56.8
741.1
39.5
19.8
4.1
6.7
0.5
2.4
28.9
22.3
124.2
8.0
7.2
17.0
15.2
3.0
7.8
4.1
3.5
38.2
74.6
3.6
10.7

4.3
70.0
17.5
3.3
33.3
3.8
12.3
3.9
14.5
379.9
5.1
31.6
0.9
2.6
31.6
19.1
56.9
81.9
41.3
15.2
1022.0
101.7
10.9
17.7
67.0
44.3
31.2
272.8
21.9
34.5

25.4
81.8
23.1
14.6
62.6
2.0
36.1
28.2
81.2
29.7
3.6
33.1
2.8
7.7
31.2
10.6
31.8
11.7
410.2
2652.1
433.1
1327.5
550.8
773.8

599.5
88.4
59.4
747.4
40.0
22.7
2.4
6.8
0.4
3.1
27.6
24.0
126.9
8.6
8.2
17.3
15.3
3.0
7.8
4.1
3.6
39.4
73.1
3.8
10.6

4.5
70.0
18.1
2.9
34.7
3.9
12.5
4.2
14.4
374.4
5.2
34.8
0.8
2.8
32.4
17.1
54.0
84.4
43.8
14.7
1024.6
107.4
11.5
18.2
72.4
53.5
35.7
298.7
22.8
36.8

26.9
86.5
23.0
16.1
73.2
2.3
37.2
30.0
84.4
30.2
3.4
33.8
3.0
8.3
32.1
10.5
33.6
12.3
433.2
2717.3
440.9
1346.9
544.2
826.3

588.7
85.2
62.7
736.6
38.8
18.3
3.0
7.8
0.4
3.1
26.8
22.9
121.2
8.4
6.9
14.5
15.6
2.2
7.4
4.0
3.2
38.4
70.2
3.0
9.1

4.3
64.5
17.7
2.5
35.0
3.7
12.3
3.9
12.2
350.7
5.1
31.1
1.0
2.7
28.9
17.8
42.3
77.9
43.9
12.6
952.8
118.5
12.1
19.0
69.7
53.2
38.6
311.0
24.0
38.3

22.3
84.6
23.1
17.8
79.8
2.3
46.7
33.0
78.7
28.3
3.6
34.1
3.0
8.7
30.4
10.2
35.3
11.9
446.9
2653.1
413.9
1302.0
503.2
847.9

-1.5%
-3.3%
5.7%
-1.2%
-2.6%
-19.2%
25.8%
15.5%
9.6%
2.6%
-2.9%
-4.2%
-4.2%
-2.1%
-16.0%
-16.0%
2.1%
-25.1%
-5.6%
-3.6%
-10.5%
-2.4%
-3.7%
-19.7%
-14.3%

-3.9%
-7.7%
-2.1%
-15.7%
1.1%
-4.8%
-1.2%
-7.8%
-14.9%
-6.1%
-1.9%
-10.3%
22.9%
-2.5%
-10.6%
4.2%
-21.5%
-7.5%
0.3%
-14.0%
-6.8%
10.7%
5.3%
4.8%
-3.5%
-0.4%
8.3%
4.4%
5.5%
4.4%

-16.9%
-1.9%
1.0%
10.6%
9.4%
-2.6%
25.9%
10.3%
-6.5%
-6.1%
4.4%
1.3%
1.4%
5.6%
-5.0%
-2.2%
5.2%
-2.9%
3.4%
-2.1%
-5.9%
-3.1%
-7.3%
2.9%

22.2%
3.2%
2.4%
27.8%
1.5%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%

0.1%
1.0%
0.9%
4.6%
0.3%
0.3%
0.5%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
1.4%
2.6%
0.1%
0.3%

0.2%
2.4%
0.7%
0.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.5%
13.2%
0.2%
1.2%

0.1%
1.1%
0.7%
1.6%
2.9%
1.7%
0.5%
35.9%
4.5%
0.5%
0.7%
2.6%
2.0%
1.5%
11.7%
0.9%
1.4%

0.8%
3.2%
0.9%
0.7%
3.0%
0.1%
1.8%
1.2%
3.0%
1.1%
0.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.3%
1.1%
0.4%
1.3%
0.4%
16.8%
100.0%
15.6%
49.1%
19.0%
32.0%

†Less than 0.05.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 25 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants,
together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.

28

Consumption by region
Billion cubic metres

3200

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

2800

2400

2000

1600

1200

800

400

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

World natural gas consumption fell by 2.1%, the most rapid decline on record and the sharpest decline among major fuels. Russia experienced the world's largest
decline, with consumption falling by 26.3bcm. Consumption growth was below average in every region.

Consumption per capita 2009
Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
1.5-2.0
> 2.0

29

Natural gas: trade movements 2009

Numbers in blue refer to liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade
Numbers in black refer to pipeline trade

Fold out to see full table

30

Natural gas: trade movements 2009

Co
lom
bia
Tri
nid
& ad
To
ba
go

Be
lgiu
m

De
nm
ark

Fra
nc
e

Ge
rm
an
y

Ita
ly

Ne
the
rla
nd
s

Pip
elin
e

Az
erb
aija
n

Ka
zak
hs
tan

Ru
ssi
a

92.24

0.79







6.68
0.80
0.16















0.84

0.09































0.84


0.04

1.70
8.11










1.80

0.80
0.27
0.16
0.56
0.76





























































































































































































































































































































0.16






0.72


0.04












0.40





4.18



0.08

1.97












1.10










0.70










0.08





0.74














1.14











1.65








1.22



















0.20

















0.14

0.50




1.46


0.80






3.30



0.70

1.40




0.60


2.50
0.50







0.09
1.45










0.13



































6.17






6.40

22.40



7.51

















0.75



6.44


1.08


6.39



3.00


15.95

30.08



5.92







7.60







1.91

0.09



23.70





0.17






0.44





















1.38





0.26












0.74















0.26















1.65






0.30

3.70


5.08
0.24







1.20

























1.33

0.50






















4.96




















0.04




0.44




9.82









1.47
5.44

15.94

0.22
2.64
1.07
6.40
0.71
4.10
8.20
0.19
31.50
2.05
7.20

20.80
1.30

1.19
2.77

0.08
0.58
4.26
7.15

2.05

1.55
5.40
0.51


0.30

17.26
24.15













































0.15






0.08



































































0.40















0.41














































0.86





29.46
0.86
30.32









92.24

92.24









0.79

0.79









0.88

0.88









9.81

9.81









1.80

1.80

0.08
0.68
0.14


0.90
0.08


19.74
19.74

0.08







2.54
0.24
2.78









4.01

4.01









0.84

0.84









12.80

12.80









0.13

0.13









49.67

49.67

















95.72


3.17
98.89









1.00

1.00









12.17

12.17









7.19

7.19

Notes: Flows are on a contractual basis and may not correspond to physical gas flows in all cases.

00.00
00.00

LNG
Pipeline

Sp
ain

LN
G

Norway

Un
it
Kin ed
gd
om

Bo
livi
a

North America
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico
Uruguay
Venezuela
Europe & Eurasia
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Estonia
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
FYR of Macedonia
Moldova
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Middle East
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Lebanon
Jordan
Oman
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Africa
Morocco
Tunisia
South Africa
Asia Pacific
China
India
Japan
Malaysia
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Pipeline exports
LNG exports
Total exports

Me
xic
o

To

Ca
na
da


19.85
9.61

US

Arg
en
tin
a

Billion cubic metres


0.25

0.67

3.69





1.35

0.24


10.30 176.48

6.61
10.30 183.09

Au
str
alia

Bru
ne
i





4.54
0.08
0.34







0.38

2.69







0.08





93.03
19.85
9.61



























0.16



























0.16







0.33
















0.08


































1.70
8.11
0.84


0.04
1.80

0.96
0.35
0.65
0.56
0.76

2.66
8.46
1.49
0.56
0.76
0.04
1.80



















0.30










10.66



























1.90
0.24






1.50


11.86






0.20




0.42


































5.25


































1.30



0.08





6.03






0.17





1.55















4.98



0.32

5.75




























0.08












































0.09






















21.37









1.33




0.38
6.94
















7.68


0.53


1.27









0.11





5.19



4.20

1.68





0.09






1.63


0.17


0.08















4.10



0.08

0.51












0.08















0.09




























9.17















0.72
















































0.08






2.35















2.14





4.99



0.94








































0.08






















































































































1.47
7.98
0.42
15.94
15.01
0.22
2.64
1.20
9.40
0.71
4.10
35.99
1.52
88.82
2.55
8.10
5.08
66.41
3.50
0.28
1.19
2.77
1.30
0.08
1.02
17.21
9.15
1.59
2.05
32.34
1.55
5.40
0.89
8.99
1.31
3.09
0.20
27.47
24.15
30.88





6.53






13.07


0.74


2.90









2.82





27.01



5.71

10.24

1.47
7.98
0.42
15.94
21.54
0.22
2.64
1.20
9.40
0.71
4.10
49.06
1.52
88.82
3.29
8.10
5.08
69.31
3.50
0.28
1.19
2.77
1.30
0.08
1.02
17.21
9.15
4.41
2.05
32.34
1.55
5.40
0.89
36.00
1.31
3.09
0.20
33.18
24.15
41.12

5.77






















0.08









1.50

17.25






























1.70

0.04
2.85

0.91































0.08





























































0.09











6.17
1.70

0.04
2.85
1.50
0.91
17.25



0.89




6.17
1.70
0.89
0.04
2.85
1.50
0.91
17.25















0.50
1.25











3.50













0.50
1.25
3.50



0.50
1.25
3.50









16.73

16.73









15.70

15.70









5.67

5.67

0.09
0.35
3.44


6.05
0.16


11.54
11.54

0.55
8.25
10.29


9.28
1.56

18.75
49.44
68.19


0.17
6.75






7.01
7.01






0.25



0.42
0.42




0.16







0.08




31.77

– 20.90
52.67

0.08
0.33
0.24


0.31
0.08

5.50
12.82
18.32

0.08
0.25
1.70


1.52
0.67


4.72
4.72









9.17
0.72
9.89









3.50

3.50

0.08
0.32
0.77


0.23
0.93


15.99
15.99

4.75
1.12
15.87


1.75
0.60


24.24
24.24



8.11


0.70



8.81
8.81

0.72
0.08
17.25
1.26
8.41
4.10
3.77

9.67
26.00
35.67

0.88
0.25
16.79

1.20
7.81
3.71

1.20
29.53
30.73

Eg
yp
t

Ye
me
n

My
an
ma
r

Mo
zam
biq
ue



0.08

Ma
lay
sia

Lib
ya



Ind
on
es
ia

LN
G

0.36
0.09
0.12

Nig
eri
a

Pip
elin
e



Algeria

Eq
u
Gu atori
ine al
a

Om
an



Un
it
Em ed A
ira rab
tes

Ira
n



Qa
tar

Uz
be
kis
tan



a

Tu
rkm
en
ist
an

From

Pipeline
LNG
Total
imports imports imports

12.80 105.83
0.98 20.83
3.55 13.16



7.63
7.63

– 12.62 12.62

– 85.90 85.90

1.26

1.26

9.61

9.61

– 34.33 34.33

– 11.79 11.79
8.29
8.29

8.29
8.29 633.77

242.77
8.29
876.54

Source: Cedigaz (provisional) for all flows, except intra-CIS trade; CISStat and CDU TEK.

Major trade movements
Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)

115.6
43.6

72.0
23.7

17.3
6.4

92.2

19.9

5.6
9.7

5.1
7.1 43.2
21.6
14.6

10.2

39.2
4.3

4.5

9.6

32.3
20.5
15.6

4.7

5.8
12.6

5.5

7.5

18.8

5.8
6.7

8.8

15.9

42.2

8.3

8.4
8.1

US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific

3.5

Pipeline gas
LNG

Prices
US dollars per million Btu

1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

LNG
Japan
cif

5.10
5.23
4.10
3.35
3.34
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
7.14
7.73
12.55
9.06

Average German
Import Price*

4.00
4.25
3.93
2.55
2.22
2.00
2.78
3.19
2.69
2.50
2.35
2.39
2.46
2.64
2.32
1.88
2.89
3.66
3.23
4.06
4.32
5.88
7.85
8.03
11.56
8.52

Natural gas
UK
Heren NBP Index†













1.87
1.96
1.86
1.58
2.71
3.17
2.37
3.33
4.46
7.38
7.87
6.01
10.79
4.85

US
Henry Hub‡






1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.76
2.53
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.07
3.33
5.63
5.85
8.79
6.76
6.95
8.85
3.89

Canada
Alberta‡







1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.61
2.57
4.83
5.03
7.25
5.83
6.17
7.99
3.38

Crude oil
OECD
countries cif

5.00
4.75
2.57
3.09
2.56
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.74
10.66
11.95
16.76
10.41

*Source: 1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2009 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).
†Source: Heren Energy Ltd.
‡ Source: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week.
Note: Btu = British thermal units; cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).

31

Coal
Proved reserves at end 2009
Million tonnes

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Middle East & Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

Anthracite
and
bituminous

Subbituminous
and lignite

Total

108950
3471
860
113281

6434
479
51
6964
5
1673
152

199
28170
6012
12
49088
200

15351
155
1025
102042
30408
502
929
1386
33225
36800
62200
54000
1721
355
33
300
1
133

150
115
155809
411321
8427
159012
93609
158700

129358
3107
351
132816
7059
380

603
8042
1991
2828
6556
3900
3103
3130
1490
410
107922
330
1814
18522

18208
170204


174

174
39400
52300
4600
2607

538
300
2069

1354

276
103444
414680
21143
193083
132386
89211

238308
6578
1211
246097
7059
6814
479
654
15006
1996
4501
6708
3900
3302
31300
7502
422
157010
530
1814
33873
155
19233
272246
30408
502
1103
1386
33399
76200
114500
58600
4328
355
571
600
2070
133
1354
150
391
259253
826001
29570
352095
225995
247911

Share
of total

28.9%
0.8%
0.1%
29.8%
0.9%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%
1.8%
0.2%
0.5%
0.8%
0.5%
0.4%
3.8%
0.9%
0.1%
19.0%
0.1%
0.2%
4.1%

2.3%
33.0%
3.7%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
4.0%
9.2%
13.9%
7.1%
0.5%

0.1%
0.1%
0.3%

0.2%

31.4%
100.0%
3.6%
42.6%
27.4%
30.0%

R/P ratio

245
105
109
235
*
95
96
*
181
74
84
37
62
367
308
56
14
*
52
22
460
9
293
236
122
301
*
*
131
186
38
105
17
277
125
16
*
53
72
3
19
59
119
55
174
474
56

*More than 500 years.

Source of reserves data: World Energy Council, 2009.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known
deposits under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result
is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.

◆Less

Prices
US dollars per tonne

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009

Northwest
Europe
marker price†

43.48
42.80
38.53
33.68
37.18
44.50
41.25
38.92
32.00
28.79
35.99
39.03
31.65
43.60
72.08
60.54
64.11
88.79
147.67
70.66

US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index‡

31.59
29.01
28.53
29.85
31.72
27.01
29.86
29.76
31.00
31.29
29.90
50.15
33.20
38.52
64.90
70.12
62.96
51.16
118.79
68.08

Japan coking
coal import
cif price

Japan steam
coal import
cif price

60.54
60.45
57.82
55.26
51.77
54.47
56.68
55.51
50.76
42.83
39.69
41.33
42.01
41.57
60.96
89.33
93.46
88.24
179.03
167.82

50.81
50.30
48.45
45.71
43.66
47.58
49.54
45.53
40.51
35.74
34.58
37.96
36.90
34.74
51.34
62.91
63.04
69.86
122.81
110.11

†Source: McCloskey Coal Information Service. Prices for 1990-2000 are the average of the monthly marker, 2001-2009 the average of weekly prices.
‡Source: Platts. Prices are for CAPP 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO 2 coal, fob. Prices for 1990-2000 are by coal price publication date, 2001-2009 by coal price assessment date.
Note: CAPP = Central Appalachian; cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.

32

Proved reserves at end 2009
Thousand million tonnes (anthracite and bituminous coal shown in brackets)

1.4 (1.4)
Middle East

15.0 (7.0)
S. & Cent. America

32.0 (31.8)
Africa

246.1 (113.3)
North America

259.3 (155.8)
Asia Pacific

Production

Consumption

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent

1999
2009

North
America

272.2 (102.0)
Europe & Eurasia

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle East
& Africa

Asia
Pacific

2400

2400

2200

2200

2000

2000

1800

1800

1600

1600

1400

1400

1200

1200

1000

1000

800

800

600

600

400

400

200

200

0

North
America

S. & Cent.
America

Europe &
Eurasia

Middle East
& Africa

Asia
Pacific

0

World coal consumption was essentially flat in 2009, the weakest year since 1999. For the first time since 2002 coal was not the fastest-growing fuel in the world.
The OECD and Former Soviet Union experienced the steepest declines on record, while growth elsewhere was near average, largely due to above-average growth
in China, which accounted for 46.9% of global coal consumption.
33

Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

584.3
38.0
4.9
627.1
2.1
21.3
4.8
0.5
28.7
4.2
23.1
3.3
59.4
8.0
3.1
30.0
77.0
5.1
112.1
8.6
13.3
42.3
22.5
13.4
425.3
0.7
125.6
3.2
1.3
130.1
160.6
645.9
124.4
45.3
2.2
2.1
1.5
1.9
5.7
4.9
18.1
1012.6
2224.6
216.7
1013.7
185.5
1025.4

570.1
36.1
5.4
611.6
2.9
24.9
5.8
0.4
33.9
4.4
25.0
2.3
56.5
8.2
2.9
38.5
71.3
6.4
116.0
8.0
13.9
42.0
19.0
14.0
428.6
0.8
126.6
2.8
1.2
130.6
166.5
656.7
132.2
47.4
1.7
2.2
1.4
1.9
5.1
6.5
19.6
1041.3
2246.7
206.6
992.9
197.4
1056.4

590.3
36.6
5.3
632.2
2.1
28.5
5.6
0.5
36.8
4.4
25.4
1.5
54.1
8.5
2.9
40.7
71.7
7.1
122.6
7.6
14.2
43.5
19.4
14.4
438.2
0.7
126.1
2.9
1.2
130.1
180.2
697.6
133.6
56.5
1.8
2.4
1.5
1.7
5.6
7.5
20.1
1108.4
2346.5
205.1
1026.2
207.8
1112.5

570.1
34.2
5.3
609.5
1.9
25.7
5.9
0.4
33.9
4.4
24.3
1.1
55.0
9.1
2.7
37.8
71.3
6.6
117.3
7.2
11.5
42.8
18.2
15.3
424.6
0.8
124.1
2.5
1.3
127.9
184.3
733.7
138.5
63.6
0.8
2.7
1.6
1.5
5.7
9.2
19.6
1161.0
2357.7
202.5
1002.1
198.9
1156.7

553.6
31.7
4.6
589.9
1.8
32.5
5.1
0.5
39.9
4.6
24.2
1.3
54.1
9.0
2.8
43.3
71.4
7.0
127.1
6.8
10.5
41.7
17.2
15.8
436.7
0.7
134.1
1.8
1.5
137.4
189.9
868.4
144.4
70.3
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.5
5.3
10.8
20.6
1316.5
2521.1
200.7
985.7
212.8
1322.6

572.4
33.8
4.7
610.9
2.0
34.9
5.9
0.2
43.0
4.5
23.5
0.4
54.7
9.1
2.4
44.4
70.5
6.7
131.7
6.7
10.5
42.2
15.3
15.6
438.2
0.8
137.2
2.4
1.2
140.8
198.5
1012.1
155.7
81.4
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.4
5.6
14.7
22.4
1497.2
2731.0
195.8
1010.7
219.4
1501.0

580.2
33.5
5.2
618.8
2.4
38.4
5.3
0.3
46.3
4.1
23.5
0.2
53.2
9.0
2.0
44.2
68.7
6.6
139.2
6.4
12.8
41.0
12.5
14.7
438.2
0.8
137.7
1.9
1.1
140.7
205.8
1120.0
162.1
93.9
0.6
3.2
1.6
1.3
5.8
18.3
24.7
1637.3
2882.0
188.1
1019.6
225.6
1636.8

595.1
33.9
5.5
634.5
2.2
42.6
5.4
0.6
50.8
4.2
23.7
0.2
50.3
8.3
2.1
49.1
67.0
6.5
145.1
6.2
13.4
41.7
11.3
15.7
444.9
0.9
138.0
1.4
1.1
140.4
210.3
1205.1
170.2
119.2
0.7
3.5
1.7
1.3
5.3
21.8
25.1
1764.3
3035.9
181.5
1035.0
237.0
1763.8

587.7
36.0
6.0
629.7
2.3
45.4
5.6
0.3
53.6
4.7
23.5
0.2
51.5
8.6
2.0
50.0
62.3
6.7
148.0
6.0
15.8
39.9
10.3
16.7
446.3
1.0
139.6
1.4
1.0
141.9
217.2
1282.4
181.0
133.4
0.8
3.0
1.6
1.3
5.1
22.4
23.3
1871.5
3144.0
177.6
1035.4
239.0
1869.6

596.7
35.3
5.5
637.5
2.5
47.8
6.4
0.4
57.1
4.8
21.2
0.1
47.7
8.3
1.9
56.8
60.5
6.7
153.4
4.2
17.2
41.3
11.0
17.3
452.6
1.0
142.4
1.1
1.0
144.5
220.3
1425.6
195.6
140.8
0.7
3.0
1.8
1.2
5.0
23.0
27.1
2044.2
3336.9
168.3
1037.9
252.9
2046.2

539.9
32.8
5.3
578.1
1.9
46.9
3.6
0.5
52.9
4.5
20.6
0.1
44.4
8.1
1.9
51.8
56.4
5.7
140.7
4.1
17.4
38.3
10.9
15.5
420.4
1.0
140.9
1.1
1.0
143.0
228.0
1552.9
211.5
155.3
0.7
2.8
1.6
1.1
5.3
25.2
29.0
2213.3
3408.6
158.4
976.9
232.1
2199.6

-9.3%
-6.9%
-2.8%
-9.1%
-23.2%
-1.6%
-43.1%
10.8%
-7.1%
-5.8%
-2.6%
-33.2%
-6.7%
-2.7%
-4.2%
-8.6%
-6.6%
-14.4%
-8.1%
-2.3%
1.6%
-7.0%
-0.7%
-9.8%
-6.9%
0.3%
-0.7%
-1.7%
0.3%
-0.7%
3.7%
9.2%
8.4%
10.6%
4.6%
-7.0%
-12.6%
-8.9%
5.0%
10.1%
7.2%
8.6%
2.4%
-5.6%
-5.6%
-8.0%
7.8%

15.8%
1.0%
0.2%
17.0%
0.1%
1.4%
0.1%

*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
◆Less

than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

34

1.6%
0.1%
0.6%

1.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.5%
1.7%
0.2%
4.1%
0.1%
0.5%
1.1%
0.3%
0.5%
12.3%

4.1%


4.2%
6.7%
45.6%
6.2%
4.6%

0.1%


0.2%
0.7%
0.9%
64.9%
100.0%
4.6%
28.7%
6.8%
64.5%

Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

544.9
30.5
6.0
581.4
0.9
11.9
3.9
2.4

0.5
0.1
0.6
20.1
3.2

0.1
6.9
6.6
19.0
4.7
3.6
14.3
80.2
9.1
3.4
0.1
1.6
11.6
19.8
0.1
7.7
0.7
61.0
3.6
6.7
101.0
4.3
20.5
2.0
0.1
22.6

38.5
34.3
0.9
16.4
504.5
1.0




5.7
6.7
0.5
1.0
82.3
6.5
90.4
46.0

569.0
31.8
6.2
606.9
0.8
12.5
3.0
2.7

0.5

552.2
34.0
6.8
593.0
0.6
12.2
2.3
2.7

0.4

552.0
31.6
7.6
591.1
0.5
11.5
2.4
2.2

0.4

562.5
33.4
8.6
604.5
0.7
11.8
2.3
2.4

0.4

574.2
31.7
9.1
614.9
0.9
12.7
2.6
2.7

0.5

565.7
31.0
9.4
606.1
0.3
12.5
3.2
2.4

0.4

573.3
32.3
9.1
614.7
0.4
13.4
3.8
2.4

0.5

564.1
30.8
7.2
602.1
1.1
13.5
4.1
2.8

0.5

498.0
26.5
6.8
531.3
1.1
11.7
4.1
3.1

0.5

566.1
29.9
7.0
603.0
0.8
12.8
2.6
2.0

0.5

1.9
20.5
2.9

656.2
3.9
135.8
11.6
91.5
1.8
1.2
2.1
2.9

38.2
24.8
7.9
22.0
1045.8
2248.9
306.1
1072.6
161.3
1015.1

0.6
20.1
3.2

0.1
7.6
6.3
21.0
4.0
3.5
13.9
84.9
9.2
3.2
0.1
1.8
13.0
23.2
0.1
8.6
0.7
57.6
4.5
7.0
105.2
4.0
21.6
1.9
0.1
25.5

38.8
36.7
1.0
17.3
525.6
1.1




6.2
7.3
0.5
1.4
81.9
6.4
90.2
46.7
0.3
667.4
3.7
144.2
13.7
98.9
1.9
1.1
2.0
4.3

43.0
28.7
7.8
23.7
1087.4
2337.6
315.3
1123.3
169.1
1045.2

0.7
19.0
2.9

0.1
7.6
6.9
21.2
4.2
4.0
12.1
85.0
9.3
3.4
0.1
1.9
13.7
22.5
0.1
8.5
0.6
58.0
3.7
7.2
102.4
4.1
19.5
2.0
0.1
21.8

39.4
38.9
1.1
16.5
518.7
1.1




7.2
8.3
0.6
1.2
80.6
7.3
89.8
48.2
0.4
681.3
4.9
145.2
16.7
103.0
2.6
1.3
2.1
4.5

45.7
30.6
8.8
24.5
1120.0
2348.7
315.5
1114.0
166.1
1068.6

1.0
18.0
3.0

0.1
6.7
6.5
20.6
4.2
4.4
12.4
84.6
9.8
3.1
0.1
1.8
14.2
22.8
0.1
8.9
0.5
56.7
4.1
7.6
103.0
4.0
21.9
2.2
0.1
21.2

38.3
35.7
1.0
18.7
518.6
1.1




7.6
8.7
0.9
1.3
83.5
7.2
93.0
51.0
0.4
713.8
5.4
151.8
18.0
106.6
3.6
1.3
2.4
4.7

49.1
32.7
9.2
23.9
1173.8
2403.1
314.0
1119.5
166.0
1117.6

2.1
19.6
2.9

0.1
6.5
7.1
20.8
5.7
5.8
13.3
87.2
9.4
3.4
0.1
1.7
15.3
25.2
0.2
9.1
0.5
57.7
3.8
7.8
104.0
4.2
20.5
2.2
0.1
21.8

39.0
38.1
1.0
19.6
533.9
1.1




7.9
9.0
0.8
1.4
89.3
6.4
97.9
49.8
0.4
853.1
6.6
156.8
17.6
112.2
4.2
1.9
2.9
4.7

51.1
35.1
9.4
24.4
1330.2
2595.0
323.9
1149.5
170.3
1275.2

0.1
6.4
6.9
20.5
4.6
5.3
12.8
85.4
9.0
3.1
0.1
1.8
17.1
26.5
0.2
9.1
0.6
57.3
3.7
7.4
99.5
4.1
21.0
2.3
0.1
23.0

39.1
36.6
1.2
20.1
527.8
1.0




8.0
9.0
0.8
1.3
94.5
7.2
103.8
52.7
0.4
983.0
6.6
172.3
20.2
120.8
5.7
2.0
3.8
5.0

53.1
36.6
10.4
27.4
1499.8
2764.0
318.8
1158.4
167.6
1438.0

1.8
21.2
2.8

0.1
6.1
6.9
19.8
3.7
3.1
13.3
82.1
8.8
2.7
0.1
1.8
17.0
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.5
55.7
3.8
7.6
94.2
3.9
21.2
2.2
0.1
26.1

37.5
37.4
1.1
17.9
513.6
1.2




7.9
9.1
0.6
1.3
91.9
7.3
101.1
53.6
0.4
1100.5
6.7
184.4
26.1
121.3
6.3
2.2
4.1
5.7

54.8
38.1
11.2
28.7
1644.0
2904.0
310.1
1167.8
161.1
1575.1

2.1
21.0
2.8

2.1
22.6
3.1

2.0
24.0
2.2



0.1
6.1
7.1
19.4
5.6
5.2
12.1
83.5
8.1
2.9
0.1
1.6
17.2
28.1
0.2
8.5
0.4
58.0
3.8
8.5
96.7
3.8
18.5
2.3
0.1
28.8

39.8
40.8
1.1
15.7
526.8
1.3




7.8
9.1
0.7
1.2
93.8
6.8
102.6
55.6
0.4
1215.0
7.0
195.4
24.1
119.1
7.3
2.2
4.2
5.5

54.8
39.6
12.4
30.9
1773.6
3039.1
317.3
1167.3
166.8
1705.1

5.5
7.8
19.3
4.7
4.6
12.3
85.7
8.5
2.9
0.1
1.5
17.2
30.8
0.2
9.0
0.4
57.9
3.3
7.4
93.5
3.8
20.2
2.2
0.1
31.0

39.7
38.2
1.4
15.9
528.3
1.3




8.0
9.3
0.7
1.2
97.7
6.3
106.0
54.2
0.4
1313.6
7.5
210.3
28.4
125.3
7.1
1.6
5.1
5.9

59.7
41.8
14.1
28.1
1903.2
3184.1
316.7
1187.2
166.4
1830.5

4.8
7.5
17.4
4.1
3.4
11.9
80.1
8.1
2.8
0.1
1.4
16.7
34.0
0.2
8.5
0.5
56.0
3.2
7.4
100.4
3.7
15.6
2.0
0.1
30.9

40.3
35.5
1.4
16.6
516.7
1.3




7.9
9.2
0.7
1.2
102.8
6.4
111.1
51.4
0.4
1406.1
7.0
230.9
30.2
128.7
5.0
2.0
5.3
7.0

66.1
40.2
15.3
28.1
2023.4
3286.4
293.8
1159.2
177.2
1950.0

1.9
22.5
2.3

4.6
6.3
15.8
4.0
3.7
10.1
71.0
7.9
2.5
0.1
1.3
13.4
33.0
0.2
7.9
0.3
53.9
3.6
6.2
82.9
3.6
10.6
1.6
0.1
27.2

35.0
29.7
1.4
16.3
456.4
1.4




7.9
9.2
0.7
1.1
99.4
6.1
107.3
50.8
0.4
1537.4
7.6
245.8
30.5
108.8
4.0
1.7
4.3
6.8

68.6
38.7
14.1
32.1
2151.6
3278.3
261.3
1036.3
153.3
2088.7

Change
2009 over
2008

2009
share
of total

-11.5%
-13.8%
-4.9%
-11.5%
0.3%
-12.9%
0.1%
13.4%

0.3%
-5.7%
-5.2%
-6.1%
4.4%
-14.5%
47.2%
-3.7%
-16.0%
-9.1%
-2.4%
9.1%
-14.8%
-11.1%
-3.0%
-12.2%
16.4%
-4.2%
-20.0%
-2.4%
-19.6%
-6.4%
-25.4%
-3.5%
13.3%
-15.9%
-17.2%
-3.7%
-31.9%
-15.6%
0.3%
-11.9%

-12.9%
-15.9%

15.2%
0.8%
0.2%
16.2%

-1.6%
-11.4%
3.1%




0.3%
0.7%
7.2%
-3.0%
-3.0%
-4.7%
-3.1%
-0.9%
0.3%
9.6%
9.0%
6.8%
1.4%
-15.2%
-20.3%
-15.8%
-17.9%
-2.4%

4.1%
-3.5%
-7.4%
14.8%
6.6%

0.5%
13.9%

-10.8%
-10.4%
-13.3%
7.4%

0.4%
0.1%
0.1%


0.1%
0.7%
0.1%

0.1%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
2.2%
0.2%
0.1%


0.4%
1.0%

0.2%

1.6%
0.1%
0.2%
2.5%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%

0.8%

1.1%
0.9%





0.2%
0.3%

3.0%
0.2%
3.3%
1.6%

46.9%
0.2%
7.5%
0.9%
3.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%

2.1%
1.2%
0.4%
1.0%
65.6%
100.0%
8.0%
31.6%
4.7%
63.7%

*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

35

Nuclear energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

173.5
16.5
2.3
192.2
1.6
0.9






2.5



11.1
3.6
3.0

5.3
89.2
38.5

3.2




2.2
0.9



1.2
27.1
3.0
13.3
16.6
5.6


16.3
21.5

1.5
263.1









3.1

3.1


3.4

2.9

71.9





23.3
8.7


110.2
571.1
213.6
498.6
46.2
26.4

179.6
16.4
1.9
197.8
1.4
1.4






2.8



10.9
4.1
3.1

5.1
94.0
38.4

3.2




1.9
0.9



1.2
29.5
3.7
14.1
13.0
6.0


17.5
19.3

1.5
267.4









3.1

3.1


3.8

3.6

72.3


0.2


24.7
8.7


113.3
584.3
213.9
506.4
49.4
28.6

183.1
17.2
2.0
202.3
1.6
3.2






4.8



10.5
4.4
3.3

5.2
95.3
38.8

3.2




2.6
0.9



1.2
31.0
3.9
14.4
16.3
6.0


17.2
20.4

1.6
276.3









2.6

2.6


4.0

4.3

72.7


0.5


25.4
8.0


114.8
600.7
221.6
518.5
51.2
31.0

185.8
17.0
2.2
205.0
1.3
3.1






4.4



10.7
4.6
4.2

5.4
98.8
37.3

3.2




3.2
0.9



1.2
32.1
4.1
14.3
15.4
6.1


17.7
19.9

1.8
280.8









2.9

2.9


5.7

4.4

71.3


0.4


27.0
8.9


117.7
610.8
224.5
523.5
53.4
33.9

181.9
16.8
2.4
201.1
1.7
3.0






4.7



10.7
4.5
5.9

5.5
99.8
37.4

2.5




3.5
0.9



1.1
33.6
4.0
14.0
15.3
6.2


18.4
20.1

1.6
285.0









3.0

3.0


9.8

4.1

52.1


0.4


29.3
8.8


104.6
598.5
226.3
504.8
56.0
37.7

187.8
20.3
2.1
210.2
1.8
2.6






4.4



10.7
4.4
6.0

5.5
101.7
37.8

2.7




3.4
0.9



1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1


19.7
18.1

1.8
288.2









3.4

3.4


11.4

3.8

64.7


0.5


29.6
8.9


119.0
625.2
229.2
529.4
56.4
39.4

186.3
20.7
2.4
209.4
1.6
2.2






3.8



10.8
4.2
5.6

5.5
102.4
36.9

3.1




2.3
0.9



1.3
33.4
4.0
13.0
16.4
5.2


20.1
18.5

1.9
285.5









2.9

2.9


12.0

4.0

66.3


0.6


33.2
9.0


125.2
626.8
226.1
531.2
56.4
39.1

187.5
22.0
2.5
212.0
1.7
3.1






4.8



10.5
4.4
5.9

5.4
102.1
37.9

3.0




2.0
0.8



1.3
35.4
4.1
13.6
15.2
6.3


20.4
17.1

1.9
287.2









2.4

2.4


12.4

4.0

68.9


0.6


33.7
9.0


128.6
634.9
224.5
536.3
58.4
40.2

192.1
21.0
2.4
215.4
1.6
2.8






4.4



10.9
3.3
5.9

5.6
99.7
31.8

3.3




2.2
1.0



1.7
36.2
3.5
12.5
15.2
6.3


20.9
14.3

1.9
276.1









3.0

3.0


14.1

4.0

63.1


0.6


32.3
9.2


123.3
622.2
212.1
520.7
60.0
41.6

192.0
21.6
2.3
215.9
1.6
3.2






4.8



10.4
3.6
6.0

5.4
99.6
33.7

3.4




2.2
0.9



2.5
36.9
3.8
13.3
14.6
6.2


20.3
11.9

2.0
276.8









3.0

3.0


15.5

3.4

57.0


0.4


34.2
9.2


119.7
620.2
212.7
516.2
60.0
43.9

Change
2009 over
2009
2008

190.2
20.3
2.2
212.7
1.8
2.9






4.7



10.7
3.5
6.1

5.4
92.9
30.5

3.5




2.5
1.0



2.7
37.0
3.2
12.0
11.9
6.2


18.6
15.7

1.8
265.0









2.7

2.7


15.9

3.8

62.1


0.6


33.4
9.4


125.3
610.5
202.6
507.3
58.6
44.6

-0.7%
-5.6%
-5.6%
-1.2%
11.3%
-6.7%






-0.6%



3.5%
-1.0%
2.6%

-1.2%
-6.5%
-9.1%

4.4%




10.0%
1.7%



5.0%
0.6%
-15.5%
-10.1%
-18.2%
0.2%


-8.3%
32.2%

-9.6%
-4.0%









-8.7%

-8.7%


2.8%

10.7%

9.4%


50.6%


-1.8%
2.1%


5.0%
-1.3%
-4.5%
-1.5%
-2.1%
1.9%

2009
share
of total

31.2%
3.3%
0.4%
34.8%
0.3%
0.5%






0.8%



1.8%
0.6%
1.0%

0.9%
15.2%
5.0%

0.6%




0.4%
0.2%



0.4%
6.1%
0.5%
2.0%
2.0%
1.0%


3.0%
2.6%

0.3%
43.4%









0.4%

0.4%


2.6%

0.6%

10.2%


0.1%


5.5%
1.5%


20.5%
100.0%
33.2%
83.1%
9.6%
7.3%

*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

36

Consumption by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent

700

Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America

600

500

400

300

200

100

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

Global nuclear power generation declined by 1.3%, a third consecutive annual decline. Lower output in Europe and Eurasia, as well as North America, outweighed
increases in Asia Pacific.

37

Hydroelectricity
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

73.0
78.1
7.4
158.5
4.9
66.3
3.1
7.6
1.6
3.3
13.7
17.7
118.2
9.2
0.3

0.1
0.7
0.5

2.9
16.6
4.4
1.1

1.4
0.2
10.3
1.4
0.2

27.6
1.0
1.7
4.1
36.4
1.1
6.4
16.2
9.1
7.8

3.3
1.2
1.3
16.8
183.2
1.2




0.9
2.0

3.4
0.2
13.7
17.3
3.6
0.2
46.1

18.6
2.1
18.9
1.7
5.2
4.9
1.8

0.9
1.1
0.8
7.8
113.6
592.9
79.3
305.8
51.5
235.6

63.0
80.8
7.5
151.2
6.5
68.9
4.3
6.9
1.7
3.7
14.2
18.5
124.8
9.5
0.3

0.1
0.6
0.5

3.3
15.3
4.9
0.9

1.4
0.2
10.0
1.7
0.1

32.2
0.9
2.7
3.3
37.4
1.1
7.7
17.8
8.3
7.0

2.6
1.2
1.3
15.9
188.6
0.9




1.0
1.8

3.2
0.3
13.4
17.0
3.6
0.2
50.3

17.4
2.3
18.5
1.7
5.5
4.0
1.8

0.9
1.0
1.4
8.2
116.7
600.1
81.9
305.0
52.1
243.1

49.6
75.0
6.4
131.1
8.4
60.6
4.9
7.1
1.6
4.0
13.7
17.0
117.3
9.5
0.3

0.1
0.4
0.6

3.1
17.0
5.3
0.6

1.5
0.1
10.6
1.8
0.2

27.4
1.0
3.3
3.4
39.8
1.2
9.3
17.9
9.4
5.4

2.8
0.9
1.2
15.4
189.4
0.9




1.0
1.9

3.3
0.5
14.1
17.8
3.6
0.2
62.8

16.3
2.6
18.6
1.5
4.9
4.1
1.6

0.5
1.1
1.4
9.1
128.4
585.9
85.9
282.8
54.2
248.9

60.4
79.1
5.6
145.1
8.1
64.7
5.2
7.6
1.7
4.1
13.5
17.9
122.9
9.0
0.5

0.1
0.6
0.6

2.4
13.9
5.4
0.8

1.6
0.2
8.9
2.0
0.2

29.4
0.9
1.9
3.6
37.2
1.2
5.2
15.0
8.0
7.6

2.2
1.1
1.6
15.1
176.3
1.8




1.1
2.9

3.2
0.5
15.2
18.9
3.6
0.2
65.2

15.5
2.3
18.9
1.2
5.6
4.6
1.6

0.7
0.6
1.7
8.9
130.7
596.9
72.6
287.3
52.0
257.6

63.0
76.1
4.5
143.6
7.7
69.2
5.2
8.1
1.6
4.2
13.7
18.3
127.9
8.1
0.6

0.1
0.7
0.4

2.1
13.5
4.3
1.2

1.6
0.1
8.3
2.0
0.2

24.0
0.7
3.6
3.0
35.6
0.8
9.3
12.1
7.9
8.0

2.1
0.7
1.7
16.1
169.0
2.2




1.0
3.2
0.1
2.9
0.2
15.5
18.7
3.7
0.3
64.2

15.7
2.1
21.1
1.3
5.3
5.8
1.8

1.1
0.7
1.7
9.5
134.2
596.5
70.7
281.9
51.2
263.4

61.3
76.6
5.6
143.6
6.9
72.6
4.9
9.0
1.7
4.0
15.9
17.9
132.8
7.7
0.6

0.1
0.7
0.6

3.4
13.5
4.7
1.2

1.6
0.1
9.6
1.8
0.2

24.7
0.8
2.3
3.7
40.8
1.0
7.2
12.7
7.6
10.4

2.7
1.1
1.6
17.2
179.8
2.7




1.3
4.0
0.1
2.9
0.2
16.7
19.8
3.6
0.3
80.0

19.0
2.2
21.1
1.3
6.1
5.5
1.9

1.0
0.7
1.4
9.3
153.2
633.1
72.3
285.7
56.9
290.6

61.8
82.1
6.2
150.1
7.9
76.4
6.0
9.0
1.6
4.1
17.6
18.5
140.9
7.7
0.7

0.1
1.1
0.7

3.1
11.8
4.6
1.3

1.6
0.1
8.2
1.8
0.2

30.9
0.9
1.2
4.6
39.6
1.1
4.0
16.5
7.1
9.0

2.8
1.1
1.4
17.5
180.3
3.0




1.1
4.1
0.1
2.9
0.2
17.3
20.5
3.6
0.3
89.8

22.0
2.4
17.3
1.2
5.3
6.9
1.9

0.8
0.9
1.3
8.9
162.6
658.5
69.6
287.8
56.0
314.7

66.1
80.2
6.8
153.2
9.8
78.9
6.6
9.7
1.6
4.4
18.5
18.5
148.0
7.2
0.6

0.1
1.0
0.7

2.6
12.7
4.4
1.5

1.7
0.2
8.4
1.8
0.2

27.1
0.7
2.6
4.2
39.6
1.0
5.8
14.0
7.0
10.0

2.9
1.0
1.4
16.7
177.1
4.2




1.2
5.4

2.9
0.3
17.9
21.2
3.6
0.3
98.6

25.4
2.2
19.6
1.6
5.3
6.8
2.2

0.8
0.9
1.8
10.2
179.5
684.3
69.7
291.3
55.6
337.4

56.6
83.6
6.1
146.3
8.5
84.6
5.2
9.5
2.0
4.4
18.8
19.4
152.5
7.7
0.5

0.1
0.7
0.6

3.2
13.2
4.6
0.8

1.9
0.2
7.4
1.8
0.2

30.6
0.7
2.3
3.6
40.4
1.0
6.2
15.0
8.0
8.1

2.3
1.2
1.4
15.4
179.3
4.1




1.1
5.1
0.1
3.5
0.6
18.2
22.3
3.2
0.3
109.8

27.7
2.6
16.9
1.5
5.3
7.1
1.9

0.8
1.0
1.8
10.8
190.8
696.3
70.1
285.4
56.3
354.6

58.2
92.9
8.6
159.7
8.4
83.6
5.6
10.4
2.6
4.3
19.6
19.8
154.4
7.9
0.5

0.1
0.8
0.5

3.9
13.7
4.5
0.9

2.8
0.2
9.4
1.7
0.2

31.8
0.6
1.7
3.9
37.7
1.0
5.3
15.6
8.2
7.5

2.6
1.2
1.4
15.4
181.0
1.7




1.1
2.8
0.1
3.3
0.2
18.8
22.3
2.7
0.3
132.4

26.0
2.6
16.8
2.0
5.1
6.1
2.2

0.7
0.9
1.6
11.7
211.1
731.4
73.1
301.9
53.1
376.5

Change
2009 over
2009
2008

62.2
90.2
6.0
158.3
9.2
88.5
5.6
9.3
2.1
4.5
19.5
19.8
158.4
8.3
0.5

0.1
0.9
0.7

2.9
13.1
4.2
1.6
0.1
2.8
0.2
10.5
1.7
0.3

28.8
0.7
2.0
3.6
39.8
1.1
6.1
14.9
8.1
8.1

2.7
1.2
1.4
16.1
182.0
1.3




1.1
2.4
0.1
3.1
0.2
18.5
22.0
2.6
0.3
139.3

24.0
2.7
16.7
2.0
5.5
6.2
2.2

0.7
0.8
1.5
12.6
217.1
740.3
73.9
298.8
55.3
386.1

7.1%
-2.6%
-30.9%
-0.6%
9.7%
6.1%
1.5%
-11.2%
-18.1%
4.5%
-0.7%
0.4%
2.9%
5.3%
3.7%
0.3%
-29.6%
22.2%
24.9%
-26.7%
-25.4%
-4.2%
-7.4%
67.1%
7.3%
-1.0%
-5.8%
11.1%
1.8%
14.7%
-3.7%
-9.3%
10.1%
21.3%
-8.4%
5.9%
11.1%
14.7%
-4.4%
-0.8%
7.6%

4.1%
1.9%
0.3%
4.7%
0.8%
-21.0%




0.4%
-12.5%
10.9%
-5.1%
44.5%
-1.1%
-1.3%
-3.1%
1.9%
5.5%

-7.4%
4.8%
-0.5%
0.8%
8.7%
1.7%
-1.0%

-0.3%
-12.7%
-4.9%
8.1%
3.1%
1.5%
1.4%
-0.7%
4.6%
2.8%

*Based on gross primary hydroelectric generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency
in a modern thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.

38

2009
share
of total

8.4%
12.2%
0.8%
21.4%
1.2%
12.0%
0.8%
1.3%
0.3%
0.6%
2.6%
2.7%
21.4%
1.1%
0.1%

0.1%
0.1%

0.4%
1.8%
0.6%
0.2%

0.4%

1.4%
0.2%


3.9%
0.1%
0.3%
0.5%
5.4%
0.1%
0.8%
2.0%
1.1%
1.1%

0.4%
0.2%
0.2%
2.2%
24.6%
0.2%




0.2%
0.3%

0.4%

2.5%
3.0%
0.4%

18.8%

3.2%
0.4%
2.3%
0.3%
0.7%
0.8%
0.3%

0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.7%
29.3%
100.0%
10.0%
40.4%
7.5%
52.2%

Consumption by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent

800

Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

Hydroelectric output grew by a below-average 1.5%, which was nonetheless sufficient to make it the world’s most rapidly-growing major fuel in 2009.
Growth was led by China, Brazil and the US.

39

Primary energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

1999

2000

2001

2002

2257.6
290.9
131.7
2680.2
57.5
178.5
22.9
25.2
7.9
11.7
59.8
81.4
444.8
32.1
11.0
21.0
63.7
18.0
38.5
19.8
25.7
250.7
327.7
30.2
23.7
2.3
13.1
172.2
35.2
7.8
84.6
41.5
91.1
23.3
36.9
608.3
17.5
122.1
51.6
29.8
71.0
13.4
134.6
220.6
51.9
67.8
2758.9
113.5
19.4
14.5
113.1
42.0
92.5
395.0
27.9
47.0
107.1
94.7
276.7
105.8
11.0
934.7
16.2
280.1
91.4
502.0
38.1
17.2
43.4
22.7
32.9
178.4
87.4
63.3
50.0
2474.5
9030.0
1686.2
5236.6
905.6
2887.7

2309.5
300.4
137.4
2747.3
58.9
182.9
23.9
25.5
7.8
11.9
61.9
84.2
456.9
31.8
11.4
21.2
65.9
17.8
40.0
18.8
26.0
253.5
329.5
31.9
23.0
2.4
13.7
174.9
40.9
7.0
87.2
45.9
88.4
24.8
37.0
614.3
18.1
128.7
48.6
29.1
76.6
14.5
134.7
222.9
49.9
66.7
2797.2
121.1
20.4
11.0
118.2
41.2
95.5
407.4
26.9
49.8
107.3
95.5
279.4
106.5
12.7
967.3
16.1
295.1
96.6
510.2
45.4
17.8
44.3
22.6
35.0
188.8
93.6
65.6
53.6
2571.4
9259.6
1704.6
5352.4
915.4
2991.8

2254.9
296.1
136.8
2687.9
57.7
179.7
24.4
24.9
7.8
11.7
65.2
86.4
457.8
32.9
11.1
21.5
63.6
18.4
41.5
18.6
26.4
257.6
335.2
31.9
24.1
2.5
14.6
175.6
41.2
8.1
90.2
41.0
88.6
25.0
37.3
625.1
18.6
132.4
52.1
31.1
71.5
14.9
134.7
225.4
53.2
68.0
2833.8
127.7
21.4
12.6
122.5
48.9
98.8
431.9
27.9
52.6
106.1
98.5
285.1
109.7
14.1
1000.6
19.4
296.5
103.0
508.7
47.0
17.7
45.5
22.7
40.6
193.4
93.8
68.0
56.4
2637.1
9333.5
1733.2
5317.7
931.7
3084.1

2289.2
301.0
138.1
2728.3
54.3
183.6
24.7
24.8
7.8
11.8
66.1
89.5
462.6
32.8
10.9
21.7
64.4
18.6
41.5
18.4
26.7
254.5
329.1
32.8
23.4
2.6
14.4
174.2
43.7
8.6
90.4
42.9
87.1
25.0
38.6
626.7
18.7
133.9
48.5
29.1
75.1
15.4
132.3
220.3
54.5
70.4
2827.2
141.4
21.5
13.5
126.3
48.9
99.8
451.4
28.9
53.6
109.9
100.5
292.9
112.8
14.8
1058.3
20.8
307.8
106.9
505.7
50.4
18.4
47.4
23.4
40.0
202.2
97.2
73.4
56.2
2735.8
9498.2
1717.1
5353.3
935.4
3209.5

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Change
2009 over
2009
2008

2295.0 2341.4 2342.2 2323.1 2361.5 2302.4 2182.0
310.1
313.0
323.1
320.1
326.8
335.3
319.2
144.7
147.9
153.4
160.3
163.5
166.4
163.2
2749.8 2802.3 2818.6 2803.6 2851.8 2804.1 2664.4
58.7
61.9
66.4
69.9
73.0
74.9
73.3
186.0
193.2
198.1
205.2
219.6
227.8
225.7
25.1
26.4
27.8
29.0
29.2
28.7
28.1
25.4
26.3
27.9
29.1
28.9
29.1
29.0
8.0
8.3
9.4
10.5
11.4
12.4
12.4
11.6
12.4
13.0
13.2
14.4
15.7
16.6
58.5
65.6
68.3
74.2
74.5
74.5
73.6
94.2
93.1
95.7
102.7
105.0
105.9
104.1
467.5
487.4
506.7
533.9
556.1
568.9
562.9
33.7
33.0
33.7
32.7
32.1
32.2
32.0
11.8
12.7
13.8
13.6
12.2
12.3
10.2
21.5
23.7
23.7
25.1
24.3
25.8
23.9
68.1
70.5
71.7
73.1
72.7
70.6
69.4
20.0
19.3
19.9
20.6
19.9
19.5
17.4
43.6
44.7
44.6
44.2
43.3
41.7
39.6
19.6
18.3
17.4
19.5
18.1
17.2
16.1
28.9
28.6
26.2
27.5
27.5
26.8
25.0
258.4
262.7
260.1
257.8
254.8
255.5
241.9
330.9
329.1
323.6
327.8
309.2
310.3
289.8
32.5
34.1
33.8
34.6
34.6
34.3
32.7
24.1
24.0
25.5
25.2
24.7
24.3
22.4
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.7
3.2
3.9
3.9
14.0
14.4
14.8
15.1
15.4
15.1
13.9
179.8
182.8
183.0
181.9
178.7
176.6
163.4
48.6
52.5
57.0
59.5
61.7
66.2
64.4
9.1
9.2
8.4
8.1
8.7
8.6
8.2
91.2
94.1
95.8
95.7
97.1
95.5
93.3
38.3
39.0
45.1
41.5
45.1
46.1
42.5
88.5
90.9
90.7
94.4
95.1
94.3
92.3
25.3
24.8
24.8
24.4
24.0
22.6
22.3
37.8
39.0
39.8
40.6
37.5
38.6
34.6
643.0
651.1
649.3
666.5
676.3
680.9
635.3
18.1
17.6
18.7
18.3
17.6
17.9
16.8
140.5
144.9
146.2
146.3
149.3
146.1
132.6
46.2
48.3
50.8
47.7
48.0
47.6
43.2
28.9
28.5
27.5
28.6
28.3
29.4
29.4
79.7
84.3
89.5
95.7
101.2
101.8
93.0
17.0
17.7
18.9
21.8
24.2
22.3
23.0
135.2
137.4
136.1
137.5
135.2
132.5
112.5
223.8
225.2
225.2
222.2
214.8
210.9
198.9
50.9
48.3
46.2
45.2
48.9
51.5
51.5
73.7
77.2
77.4
75.2
76.2
77.0
74.4
2885.1 2930.7 2941.8 2970.7 2959.7 2955.8 2770.0
148.9
155.3
175.9
184.1
188.0
195.3
204.8
24.0
26.4
28.3
27.0
26.9
29.0
31.3
15.0
18.1
22.3
23.8
24.6
26.0
27.2
134.9
146.1
155.5
161.7
169.5
183.7
191.5
50.7
53.9
56.9
59.3
65.9
76.5
75.0
98.5
104.0
107.9
115.1
117.7
124.9
129.3
472.0
503.9
546.8
571.0
592.5
635.5
659.0
30.2
31.3
32.7
33.7
35.6
37.6
39.7
56.9
59.5
62.4
65.6
69.8
73.9
76.3
116.3
122.5
119.3
121.4
127.2
131.2
126.8
102.9
109.6
112.9
111.7
117.7
123.3
118.1
306.4
322.9
327.3
332.4
350.3
365.9
360.8
111.9
115.5
116.7
122.2
122.3
119.5
119.2
15.7
16.6
18.3
18.9
19.8
21.3
22.9
1229.3 1429.0 1572.2 1724.2 1864.4 2007.4 2177.0
21.2
24.4
22.9
24.5
25.5
23.8
23.9
316.2
343.9
362.2
378.8
411.0
441.1
468.9
109.4
113.0
119.9
115.7
119.4
124.7
128.2
506.2
517.0
519.7
520.4
515.9
508.7
463.9
51.7
50.8
55.9
59.7
60.3
59.0
55.7
18.0
18.5
17.9
18.1
17.8
17.8
17.6
52.4
56.8
58.9
61.8
65.1
64.8
65.8
24.4
25.1
25.3
23.4
24.7
24.4
24.2
38.8
44.0
46.7
51.8
55.1
58.7
60.8
208.9
214.1
221.5
223.6
232.3
236.1
237.5
103.0
106.7
108.6
111.2
115.1
109.2
105.7
77.9
83.9
88.8
90.4
92.9
94.1
95.1
58.3
64.1
68.7
72.3
72.0
74.3
80.7
2943.4 3223.2 3424.2 3616.9 3813.7 3985.0 4147.2
9824.3 10270.4 10565.4 10828.5 11124.2 11315.2 11164.3
1749.4 1771.7 1771.3 1774.4 1739.8 1724.0 1622.6
5411.4 5510.1 5545.8 5544.9 5574.8 5507.0 5217.1
960.0
976.9
979.2 1003.1 1018.8 1026.7
954.5
3452.9 3783.4 4040.4 4280.4 4530.7 4781.5 4992.7

-5.0%
-4.6%
-1.7%
-4.7%
-1.9%
-0.6%
-1.9%

0.6%
6.2%
-0.9%
-1.4%
-0.8%
-0.3%
-16.4%
-6.9%
-1.5%
-10.6%
-4.7%
-5.8%
-6.5%
-5.1%
-6.4%
-4.4%
-7.6%

-8.0%
-7.2%
-2.4%
-4.4%
-2.1%
-7.5%
-1.9%
-1.0%
-10.2%
-6.4%
-6.0%
-9.0%
-9.0%
0.4%
-8.4%
3.6%
-14.8%
-5.4%
0.3%
-3.0%
-6.0%
5.1%
8.0%
4.9%
4.6%
-1.7%
3.7%
4.0%
5.9%
3.5%
-3.1%
-3.9%
-1.1%

8.2%
8.7%
0.6%
6.6%
3.1%
-8.6%
-5.4%
-0.8%
1.9%
-0.7%
3.8%
0.9%
-2.9%
1.3%
8.9%
4.4%
-1.1%
-5.6%
-5.0%
-6.8%
4.7%

*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste that, although important in many countries,
are unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

◆Less

40

2009
share
of total

19.5%
2.9%
1.5%
23.9%
0.7%
2.0%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.7%
0.9%
5.0%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.6%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
2.2%
2.6%
0.3%
0.2%

0.1%
1.5%
0.6%
0.1%
0.8%
0.4%
0.8%
0.2%
0.3%
5.7%
0.2%
1.2%
0.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.2%
1.0%
1.8%
0.5%
0.7%
24.8%
1.8%
0.3%
0.2%
1.7%
0.7%
1.2%
5.9%
0.4%
0.7%
1.1%
1.1%
3.2%
1.1%
0.2%
19.5%
0.2%
4.2%
1.1%
4.2%
0.5%
0.2%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
2.1%
0.9%
0.9%
0.7%
37.1%
100.0%
14.5%
46.7%
8.5%
44.7%

Consumption by fuel*
Million tonnes oil equivalent

US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs

Oil

Natural
gas

888.5
101.7
88.9
1079.0
23.8
104.8
16.7
9.1
9.4
7.9
27.2
60.0
258.8
13.5
3.5
8.4
40.1
4.6
9.9
8.9
10.5
90.8
118.9
21.4
7.5
1.0
9.0
80.4
12.4
3.1
51.4
9.9
25.3
13.6
10.4
131.6
4.3
77.1
14.5
12.1
30.9
5.2
15.3
77.9
4.9
28.3
956.7
84.9
17.5
7.8
111.3
23.0
80.2
324.8
14.0
32.6
25.1
71.2
143.0
42.5
4.5
380.3
14.5
143.6
61.9
221.9
21.8
7.3
19.3
12.2
50.4
103.1
48.3
43.6
22.3
1197.5
3959.9
703.4
2182.7
192.3
1584.9

599.5
88.4
59.4
747.4
40.0
22.7
2.4
6.8
0.4
3.1
27.6
24.0
126.9
8.6
8.2
17.3
15.3
3.0
7.8
4.1
3.6
39.4
73.1
3.8
10.6

4.5
70.0
18.1
2.9
34.7
3.9
12.5
4.2
14.4
374.4
5.2
34.8
0.8
2.8
32.4
17.1
54.0
84.4
43.8
14.7
1024.6
107.4
11.5
18.2
72.4
53.5
35.7
298.7
22.8
36.8

26.9
86.5
23.0
16.1
73.2
2.3
37.2
30.0
84.4
30.2
3.4
33.8
3.0
8.3
32.1
10.5
33.6
12.3
433.2
2717.3
440.9
1346.9
544.2
826.3

2008
Nuclear
HydroCoal
energy electricity

564.1
30.8
7.2
602.1
1.1
13.5
4.1
2.8

0.5

2.0
24.0
2.2


4.8
7.5
17.4
4.1
3.4
11.9
80.1
8.1
2.8
0.1
1.4
16.7
34.0
0.2
8.5
0.5
56.0
3.2
7.4
100.4
3.7
15.6
2.0
0.1
30.9

40.3
35.5
1.4
16.6
516.7
1.3




7.9
9.2
0.7
1.2
102.8
6.4
111.1
51.4
0.4
1406.1
7.0
230.9
30.2
128.7
5.0
2.0
5.3
7.0

66.1
40.2
15.3
28.1
2023.4
3286.4
293.8
1159.2
177.2
1950.0

192.0
21.6
2.3
215.9
1.6
3.2






4.8



10.4
3.6
6.0

5.4
99.6
33.7

3.4




2.2
0.9



2.5
36.9
3.8
13.3
14.6
6.2


20.3
11.9

2.0
276.8









3.0

3.0


15.5

3.4

57.0


0.4


34.2
9.2


119.7
620.2
212.7
516.2
60.0
43.9

Total

Oil

Natural
gas

58.2 2302.4
92.9
335.3
8.6
166.4
159.7 2804.1
8.4
74.9
83.6
227.8
5.6
28.7
10.4
29.1
2.6
12.4
4.3
15.7
19.6
74.5
19.8
105.9
154.4
568.9
7.9
32.2
0.5
12.3

25.8
0.1
70.6
0.8
19.5
0.5
41.7

17.2
3.9
26.8
13.7
255.5
4.5
310.3
0.9
34.3

24.3
2.8
3.9
0.2
15.1
9.4
176.6
1.7
66.2
0.2
8.6

95.5
31.8
46.1
0.6
94.3
1.7
22.6
3.9
38.6
37.7
680.9
1.0
17.9
5.3
146.1
15.6
47.6
8.2
29.4
7.5
101.8

22.3
2.6
132.5
1.2
210.9
1.4
51.5
15.4
77.0
181.0 2955.8
1.7
195.3

29.0

26.0

183.7

76.5
1.1
124.9
2.8
635.5
0.1
37.6
3.3
73.9
0.2
131.2
18.8
123.3
22.3
365.9
2.7
119.5
0.3
21.3
132.4 2007.4

23.8
26.0
441.1
2.6
124.7
16.8
508.7
2.0
59.0
5.1
17.8
6.1
64.8
2.2
24.4

58.7
0.7
236.1
0.9
109.2
1.6
94.1
11.7
74.3
211.1 3985.0
731.4 11315.2
73.1 1724.0
301.9 5507.0
53.1 1026.7
376.5 4781.5

842.9
97.0
85.6
1025.5
22.3
104.3
15.4
8.8
9.9
8.5
27.4
59.4
256.0
13.0
2.8
9.3
38.5
4.4
9.7
8.2
9.9
87.5
113.9
20.2
7.3
1.0
8.0
75.1
12.0
2.9
49.4
9.7
25.5
12.9
9.9
124.9
3.9
72.9
13.7
12.3
28.8
5.2
14.1
74.4
4.9
27.6
913.9
83.6
19.2
8.2
121.8
21.8
81.7
336.3
14.9
33.7
24.3
71.2
144.2
42.7
4.5
404.6
14.0
148.5
62.0
197.6
21.4
6.8
20.6
12.1
52.1
104.3
46.6
44.2
24.1
1206.2
3882.1
670.8
2072.7
184.1
1625.4

588.7
85.2
62.7
736.6
38.8
18.3
3.0
7.8
0.4
3.1
26.8
22.9
121.2
8.4
6.9
14.5
15.6
2.2
7.4
4.0
3.2
38.4
70.2
3.0
9.1

4.3
64.5
17.7
2.5
35.0
3.7
12.3
3.9
12.2
350.7
5.1
31.1
1.0
2.7
28.9
17.8
42.3
77.9
43.9
12.6
952.8
118.5
12.1
19.0
69.7
53.2
38.6
311.0
24.0
38.3

22.3
84.6
23.1
17.8
79.8
2.3
46.7
33.0
78.7
28.3
3.6
34.1
3.0
8.7
30.4
10.2
35.3
11.9
446.9
2653.1
413.9
1302.0
503.2
847.9

2009
Nuclear
HydroCoal
energy electricity

498.0
26.5
6.8
531.3
1.1
11.7
4.1
3.1

0.5

1.9
22.5
2.3


4.6
6.3
15.8
4.0
3.7
10.1
71.0
7.9
2.5
0.1
1.3
13.4
33.0
0.2
7.9
0.3
53.9
3.6
6.2
82.9
3.6
10.6
1.6
0.1
27.2

35.0
29.7
1.4
16.3
456.4
1.4




7.9
9.2
0.7
1.1
99.4
6.1
107.3
50.8
0.4
1537.4
7.6
245.8
30.5
108.8
4.0
1.7
4.3
6.8

68.6
38.7
14.1
32.1
2151.6
3278.3
261.3
1036.3
153.3
2088.7

190.2
20.3
2.2
212.7
1.8
2.9






4.7



10.7
3.5
6.1

5.4
92.9
30.5

3.5




2.5
1.0



2.7
37.0
3.2
12.0
11.9
6.2


18.6
15.7

1.8
265.0









2.7

2.7


15.9

3.8

62.1


0.6


33.4
9.4


125.3
610.5
202.6
507.3
58.6
44.6

Total

62.2 2182.0
90.2
319.2
6.0
163.2
158.3 2664.4
9.2
73.3
88.5
225.7
5.6
28.1
9.3
29.0
2.1
12.4
4.5
16.6
19.5
73.6
19.8
104.1
158.4
562.9
8.3
32.0
0.5
10.2

23.9
0.1
69.4
0.9
17.4
0.7
39.6

16.1
2.9
25.0
13.1
241.9
4.2
289.8
1.6
32.7
0.1
22.4
2.8
3.9
0.2
13.9
10.5
163.4
1.7
64.4
0.3
8.2

93.3
28.8
42.5
0.7
92.3
2.0
22.3
3.6
34.6
39.8
635.3
1.1
16.8
6.1
132.6
14.9
43.2
8.1
29.4
8.1
93.0

23.0
2.7
112.5
1.2
198.9
1.4
51.5
16.1
74.4
182.0 2770.0
1.3
204.8

31.3

27.2

191.5

75.0
1.1
129.3
2.4
659.0
0.1
39.7
3.1
76.3
0.2
126.8
18.5
118.1
22.0
360.8
2.6
119.2
0.3
22.9
139.3 2177.0

23.9
24.0
468.9
2.7
128.2
16.7
463.9
2.0
55.7
5.5
17.6
6.2
65.8
2.2
24.2

60.8
0.7
237.5
0.8
105.7
1.5
95.1
12.6
80.7
217.1 4147.2
740.3 11164.3
73.9 1622.6
298.8 5217.1
55.3
954.5
386.1 4992.7

*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste that, although important in many countries,
are unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

41

World consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent

12000

Coal
Hydroelectricity
Nuclear energy
Natural gas
Oil

11000

10000

9000

8000

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

84

85

86

87

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

0

World primary energy consumption fell by 1.1% in 2009, the first decline since 1982. Consumption was weaker than average in all regions. While oil remains
the leading fuel (accounting for 34.8% of global primary energy consumption), it continues to lose market share. Coal’s share of global energy consumption
was the highest since 1970.

Regional consumption pattern 2009
Percentage
100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

Oil remains the world’s dominant fuel, although it has lost market share over the past decade – globally and in every region. Natural gas has the leading market share
in Europe and Eurasia, while coal is the dominant fuel in Asia Pacific. Regionally, oil and natural gas have the highest market shares in the Middle East; coal in
Asia Pacific; and nuclear and hydro in Europe and Eurasia.
42

0

Consumption per capita 2009
Tonnes oil equivalent

0-1.5
1.5-3.0
3.0-4.5
4.5-6.0
> 6.0

Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2009
Years
500

Oil
Natural gas
Coal

400

300

200

100

OECD

Former Soviet Union

EMEs excl. Former Soviet Union

World

0

While coal remains the world’s most abundant fossil fuel, with an R/P ratio of 119 years, proved reserves of oil and natural gas increased in 2009 and have tended
to rise over time. OECD countries account for less than 10% of global proved reserves for oil and natural gas, but 42.6% of proved coal reserves.

43

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2010

Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*

Units

From

To

Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day

tonnes
(metric)

kilolitres

barrels
Multiply by

1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325

1.165
1
0.159
0.0038

7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238

US
gallons

tonnes
per year

307.86
264.17
42
1





49.8

1 metric tonne = 2204.62lb
= 1.1023 short tons
1 kilolitre = 6.2898 barrels = 1 cubic metre
1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 4.187kJ = 3.968Btu
1 kilojoule (kJ) = 0.239kcal = 0.948Btu
1 British thermal unit (Btu) = 0.252kcal
= 1.055kJ
1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 860kcal
= 3600kJ = 3412Btu

*Based on worldwide average gravity.

Calorific equivalents

Products
barrels
to tonnes

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Fuel oil

0.086
0.118
0.128
0.133
0.149

To convert
tonnes
kilolitres
to barrels
to tonnes
Multiply by

11.6
8.5
7.8
7.5
6.7

0.542
0.740
0.806
0.839
0.939

One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately:
tonnes
to kilolitres

1.844
1.351
1.240
1.192
1.065

Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)
From
billion cubic
metres NG

1 billion cubic metres NG
1 billion cubic feet NG
1 million tonnes oil equivalent
1 million tonnes LNG
1 trillion British thermal units
1 million barrels oil equivalent

To
billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes
feet NG oil equivalent
LNG
Multiply by

1
0.028
1.11
1.36
0.028
0.15

35.3
1
39.2
48.0
0.99
5.35

0.90
0.025
1
1.22
0.025
0.14

0.74
0.021
0.82
1
0.021
0.11

trillion British million barrels
thermal units oil equivalent

35.7
1.01
39.7
48.6
1
5.41

Heat units

10 million kilocalories
42 gigajoules
40 million British
thermal units
Solid fuels
1.5 tonnes of hard coal
3 tonnes of lignite
Gaseous fuels See Natural gas and
liquefied natural gas table
Electricity
12 megawatt-hours
One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces
about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4.4 terawatt-hours)
of electricity in a modern power station.

6.60
0.19
7.33
8.97
0.18
1

Statistics published in this Review are taken from
government sources and published data. No use
is made of confidential information obtained by
BP in the course of its business.

North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt
to western Sahara.

North Africa: Algeria, Libya.
West Africa: Angola, Nigeria.
South America: Ecuador, Venezuela.

West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania
to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.

Country groupings are made purely for statistical
purposes and are not intended to imply any
judgement about political or economic standings.

East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to
Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar,
Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

European Union members
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK.

Definitions

North America
US (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico.
South and Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and
South America.
Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar,
Malta, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia.
Former Soviet Union
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova,
Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Europe and Eurasia
All countries listed above under the headings
Europe and Former Soviet Union.
Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan,
Lebanon, Syria.
44

Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*,
Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia,
North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia
(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal,
Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand,
Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New
Guinea, Oceania.
*Special Administrative Region.
Australasia

Australia, New Zealand.
OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Japan,
Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US.
OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,
United Arab Emirates.

Other EMEs (Emerging Market Economies)
South and Central America, Africa, Middle East,
non-OECD Asia, non-OECD Europe.

Methodology
The primary energy values of both nuclear and
hydroelectric power generation have been derived by
calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required
to generate the same volume of electricity in a thermal
power station, assuming a conversion efficiency of
38% (the average for OECD thermal power generation).
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual
changes and shares of totals are on a weight basis
except on pages 6, 14, 18, 20 and 22.
Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree
exactly with the sum of their component parts.
Tonnes
Metric equivalent of tons.

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2010

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Cert no. SGS-COC-0620

© BP p.l.c. 2010

45

beyond petroleum®

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