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Islamic Jurisprudence
± a discipline of Islamic studies Fields y Economical y Political y Marital y Criminal y Etiquette y Theological y Hygiene o Islamic cleanliness  Taharah  Ihram  Wudu  Masah  Ghusl  Tayammum  Miswak  Najis  Sexual hygiene o Dietary laws  Dhabihah ± Slaughter  Banned slaughtering of animals

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Comparison to kashrut

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Ghusl ( ) is an Arabic term referring to the full ablution (ritual washing) required in Islam for various rituals and prayers. The ablution becomes mandatory for any adult Muslim after having sexual intercourse, any sexual discharge (e.g. of semen), [1][2] completion of the menstrual cycle,[3][4] giving birth, and death by natural causes.[5] Islam also recommends (i.e. it is mustahab) the performance of the full ablution before the Friday[6] [7] and Eid[8] prayers, before entering the ehram, in preparation for hajj,[9] after having lost consciousness,[9] and before formally converting to Islam. Shia Muslims also perform the ablution before Namaz-e-tawbah. Ghusl should not be confused with wudu, a partial ablution, that Muslims perform before salat.

sea or river water Water of melting snow or hail Water of a big tank or pond [edit] Ghusl is not allowed with the following types of water y y y y y y y Unclean or impure water Water extracted from fruit and trees Water that has changed its color. pigs or animals of prey Water left by a person who has just drunk wine .2 Ghusl is not allowed with the following types of water 2 The acts of Ghusl o 2.this water is unclean [edit] The acts of Ghusl The Qur'anic mandate for Ghusl comes in the forty-third ayat of sura 4 (An-Nisa (Women)): . blood.Contents [hide] y y y y y y 1 Water requirements o 1.2 Shia school of thought 4 See also 5 References 6 External links [edit] Water requirements [edit] Ghusl is allowed with the following water y y y y y Rain water Well water Spring. dogs. taste and smell and becomes thick because something was soaked in it Small quantity of water in which something unclean has fallen. stool or wine or some animal had died after falling into it Used water of Wudu or Ghusl Water left over after drinking by haraam animals. urine. eg. eg.2 Sunan of Ghusl 3 Method of performance [11] o 3.1 Far 'id of Ghusl o 2.1 Sunni school of thought o 3.1 Ghusl is allowed with the following water o 1.

Perform Wudu. and ye find no water. 3.[10] [edit] Far 'id of Ghusl There are three fard (obligatory) acts.O ye who believe! Approach not prayers with a mind befogged. Water should be poured over the head three times so that it flows all over the body. Pour water over both the shoulders three times each. 2. it must be returned to and then completion of the successive acts are to be performed. But if sitting in a muddy place. or ye have been in contact with women. 7. Wash the private parts and remove dirt or filth from the body. Perform Wudu. Wash the right hand up to and including the wrist (and between the fingers) three times. or on a journey. y y y y Washing both the hands up to the wrists. [edit] Method of performance In Islam. If sitting on a stool or stone while bathing then the feet should also be washed when performing Wudu. or one of you cometh from offices of nature. until ye can understand all that ye say. If this is not done properly. Sniffing water and blowing it out. 5. 4. If one of these acts is omitted.nor in a state of ceremonial impurity (Except when travelling on the road). For Allah doth blot out sins and forgive again and again. ghusl requires the washing of the full body. Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed THRICE. There are some differences in details between the Sunni and the Shia schools of thought. Water should be poured over the head three times so that it flows all over the body.. [edit] Sunan of Ghusl sunnah (Optional . y y y Rinsing the inner mouth. feet should not be washed at this stage. Move to a clean spot and wash the feet if not washed during Wudu . Start by making niyyah (intention) to perform Ghusl and cleanse the self of impurities. then Ghusl will not be done. To wash the entire body in such a manner that not even an area equal to a strand of hair be left dry. Wash the private parts and remove dirt or filth from the body. then take for yourselves clean sand or earth. Hands should be passed all over the body when water is poured so that no part of the body is left dry. until after washing your whole body. and rub therewith your faces and hands. If ye are ill. [edit] Sunni school of thought [11] 1. then similarly for the left hand.practised by Muhammad according to Sunni Hadiths) acts. 6.

then you wash your entire body with water. after Ghusl. making sure that it reaches the roots of the hair. one recalls that a certain portion of the body is left dry. Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen said. reports: ³ I placed water near The Messenger of Allah to take a bath because of sexual intercourse. [13] In addition. . the intention to remove any impurities.[citation needed] Complete ghusl means washing your private parts and anywhere else that is contaminated with traces of impurity. he shook it off). A narration attributed to Aisha bint Abi Bakr reports: ³ When Allah's Messenger bathed because of sexual intercourse. [12] ´ In another hadith. but merely wash the dry portion. he first washed his hands. "Sufficient ghusl means that you rinse your mouth and nose. [14] ´ Similarly. he then poured water with his right hand on his left hand and washed his private parts. If one has forgotten to rinse the mouth or the nostrils. A narration attributed to Maimuna. but he did like this with water (i."[15] [edit] Shia school of thought According to the Shia school there are two main methods of performing a ghusl. He then performed wudu as is done for prayer. but he returned it. he poured three handfuls on his head and then poured water over his body and subsequently washed his feet.e. He then took some water and ran his fingers in the roots of his hair. And when he found that it had been properly moistened. then you do full wudu. ibn Abbas recorded the following hadith on the authority of his mother's sister. these too could be rinsed when recalled after Ghusl has been performed. ibn Abbas stated that Maimuna said that The Messenger of Allah was given a towel (after ghusl). The following ahadith describe how ghusl should be performed by Sunni Muslims. For both methods one has to begin with niyyah. It is not sufficient to pass a wet hand over the dry place. then you pour water over your head three times. He washed the palms of his hands twice or thrice and then put his hand in the basin and poured water over his body then struck hand against the earth and rubbed it with force and then performed ablution for the prayer and then poured three handfuls of water on his head and then washed his whole body after which he moved aside from that place and washed his feet. it is not necessary to repeat the Ghusl. even if that means plunging yourself into deep water in one go. but he did not rub his body with it.If. and then I brought a towel (so that he may wipe his body). Then you wash the right side of the body then the left side.

[16] Tartibi: one needs to start by washing the head and neck. preferably the right hand/side first followed by the left hand/side.islam. [16] How to Perform Ghusl (Ritual Bath) Sheikh Ahmad Kutty Senior lecturer and Islamic scholar Islamic Institute of Toronto. Make the niyyah (intention) to perform ghusl for purification. either at once or in stages. Perform wudu¶ (ablution) except for washing of your feet. and then the rest of the body. starting with your head and the right side. 2. followed by the left. which you can do later while bathing the body. 5. 3.´ (Excerpted. Wash the entire body. from: www.net/servlet/Satellite?pagename=IslamOnline-EnglishAsk_Scholar/FatwaE/FatwaE&cid=1119503546948 ³The proper method of ghusl (ritual bath) involves the following steps: 1. with slight modifications.ca) Laws and Types of Ghusl There are seven obligatory baths: y y y Bath for Janabat Bath for Hayz (for women only) Bath for Nifas (for women only) . Canada http://www. The minimum is once.y y Irtimasi: one has to submerge the entire body in pure water. you are considered eligible to perform the salah (prayer). 4. Ontario. Having completed the above.islamonline. Wash your private parts thoroughly with water. It is preferred that the whole body be washed three times.

but if the emission takes place with lust. and if before the emission he was with wudhu he will content himself with that wudhu. 352. 359. it will be treated as semen. However. If a fluid emitted by a healthy person possesses one of the aforesaid three signs and he does not know whether or not it also possessed other signs. it will be treated as semen if it is thrown out with lust and if the body is slackened. the fluid may not come out with sudden swiftness and the body may not slacken. but can perform tayammum is allowed to have sexual . If movement of seminal fluid is felt but not emitted. If all or some of these signs are not present the fluid will not be treated as semen. Ghusl will not be obligatory upon him. 354. and Ghusl would not be necessary. the obligatory precaution is that he should do Ghusl and also perform wudhu. if he was not with wudhu at that time. If he did not urinate and an emission was seen after Ghusl. A person who is unable to do Ghusl. 358. with lust or otherwise. 353. or if a person doubts whether or not semen has been ejaculated. 356. Ghusl will not become obligatory on him.y y y y Bath for Istihaza (for women only) Bath for touching a dead body Bath for a dead body Bath which becomes obligatory on account of a vow or an oath to perform it. If (God forbid!) a person has sexual intercourse with an animal and ejaculates. If a person doubts whether or not his penis penetrated up to the point of circumcision. Rules Regarding Janabat 351. regardless of whether they are adults or minors and whether ejaculation takes place or not. And if he was not with wudhu. which could not been determined as semen or something else. When one cannot ascertain whether the fluid emitted from one's body is semen. little or more. urine or something else. while sleeping or when awake. both of them enter Janabat. 357. * A person enters the state of Janabat in two ways: y y Sexual intercourse Discharge of semen. It is Mustahab that a person should urinate after the seminal discharge. it would be sufficient for him to perform wudhu only. If a person has sexual intercourse with a woman and the male organ enters either of the private parts of the woman up to the point of circumcision or more. it would be treated as semen. voluntarily or involuntarily. 355. and if he does not ejaculate and he was with wudhu at the time of committing the unnatural act even then Ghusl will be sufficient for him. In the case of illness. And the same orders apply if one commits sodomy. Ghusl alone will be sufficient for him.

32:15 o Surah Ha Mim Sajdah. To keep the holy Qur'an with oneself. * The following five things are Haraam for junub: y y y y y To touch with any part of one's body the script of the holy Qur'an or the Name of Almighty Allah in whichever language it may be. To sleep. with any part of one's body. However. and similarly.intercourse with his wife even after the time for daily prayers has set in. . 96:19 Things which are Makrooh for Junub 362. the margin or border of the holy Qur'an or the space between its lines. then eating or drinking in that state will not be Makrooh. on the basis of obligatory precaution. And if he or she washes the hands only. However. and repeat as Qadha all those prayers about which he is certain that he offered them after the discharge of semen. To stay or halt in all other Masjids. it is not necessary for him to repeat those prayers about which there is a probability that he might have offered them before the discharge of semen. These verses occur in four surahs of the holy Qur'an: o Surah Alif Lam Mim as-Sajdah. even though it may be only passing from one gate and going out of another. then unworthiness of the acts is reduced. To recite more than seven verses of the holy Qur'an other than those in which obligatory Sajdah occur. entering from one gate and exiting from another. To dye one's hair with henna etc To apply oil on one's body. Forbidden Acts for those in Janabat 361. 41:38 o Surah an-Najm. there is no harm if one crosses or traverses through a mosque. * The following nine things are Makrooh for junub: y y y y y y y y To eat To drink But if the junub washes his or her face. hands and mouth. If a person observes semen on his dress and knows that it is his own. And it is better that the names of the holy Prophet and Imams and Hazrat Fatima Zahra (peace be upon them) should also not be touched in that condition. and he has not done Ghusl on that account. But its would not be Makrooh to sleep if the person concerned performs wudhu or performs tayammum instead of Ghusl on account of non-availability of water. To enter a mosque with an intention of lifting away something or placing something in it. To touch the cover. Entering Masjidul Haraam or Masjidun Nabi. he should do Ghusl. To recite those verses of the holy Qur'an on the recitation of which performance of Sajdah becomes obligatory. 53:62 o Surah al 'Alaq. to stay in the shrines of the holy Imams. 360.

And if a person. complying with Allah's orders. If a person who performs Ghusl with the niyyat of Wajib after having ascertained that the time of Namaz had set in. * If a person washed the body before the head it will not be necessary to repeat the bath. it will not be necessary to wash the head again. i. . while washing a part. if a person realises that certain parts of the body have been left out. * In this method. 369. However. Ghusl is void. it is not necessary to have in mind that one is performing an obligatory Ghusl. or on account of forgetfulness or because of not knowing the rule. and thereafter the remaining parts of one's body. while standing under the water. it is not obligatory for Namaz-e-Mayyit or for sajdatus sahv (prostrating on account of oversight) or sajdatush shukr' (prostration for thanksgiving) or for the obligatory Sajdah upon reciting the four particular verses of the holy Qur'an. And if a person washes the body before washing the head. a person should first make a niyyat for Ghusl. either intentionally. comes to know after performing the bath that it was performed before the time for prayers had set in. it will not be sufficient and the precaution is that one should not content oneself with it. Tartibi 367. 368. 370. also include some portion of the other part with it. * At the time of doing ghusl. It is better that one washes the right part of the body first and then the left part. the bath would be correct and valid. * There are two methods of performing Ghusls.y To have sexual intercourse after Ihtelam (i. not knowing which. jerks each of these parts on one's body with an intention of performing Tartibi Ghusl. What one has to do is to wash the body again and Ghusl will then be correct.e. both Wajib and Mustahab. Ghusl for Janabat 363. It is sufficient if one performs the Ghusl with the intention of Qurbat. * Ghusl for Janabat is obligatory for offering the daily prayers and other similar acts of worship. 366. 361) 364. After the Ghusl. neck and remaining parts of the body) have been washed thoroughly one should. One will wash only those parts of one's body which one feels had not been washed. discharge of semen during sleep). (Rule no. 365. Thereafter one should first wash one's head and neck.e. In order to ensure that both the parts (head. y y Tartibi (Sequential) Irtimasi (By submerging the whole body).

then water must reach all parts of the body at one time. However. 380. If a part of the body is outside. if a part of the body. if one performs it forgetfully the Ghusl will be valid. But. * If a person doubts before completing Ghusl whether one has washed a part on the left or right side it will be necessary to wash that part and if one doubts about having washed a part of the head and neck then. the Ghusl will be in order. However. however small. Then one would submerge one's body gradually in water with the intention of Ghusl. While doing Ghusl. it is not obligatory to wash the inside of the ear or nose and other places which are . Irtimasi 373. If after performing Ghusl Irtimasi it becomes known that water has not reached some part of the body one should repeat the Ghusl. If one wishes to perform Irtimasi Ghusl gradually. However. If a person who entered the state of Janabat due to an unlawful act takes a bath with warm water. 372. So. it will be deemed in order. the Ghusl will be valid even though one may perspire at that time. one would wash that part and then wash the right and the left side of the body again. But the recommended precaution is that such a person should do Ghusl with cold water. If one realises after Ghusl that one has not washed a certain part of the body it is sufficient to wash only that part if it is the left side. as an obligatory precaution. 379. 375. one should perform Ghusl by way of Irtimasi. wash the body once again. it is not necessary that the whole body be submerged in water from the very beginning of Ghusl. 374. then it is necessary that the whole body is out of water before Ghusl commences. If the Ghusl of Irtimasi is to be done at one instance. And if the unwashed part is that of head and neck one should. * Ghusl by way of Irtimasi is either carried out instantly or gradually. 376. after washing that part.371. and is later submerged with the niyyat of Ghusl. 377. remains unwashed the Ghusl is invalid. * A person who has put on Ihram for Hajj and Umrah is not allowed to perform Ghusl by way of Irtimasi. whether the part up to which water has not reached is determined or not. if the body becomes Pak while diving in water or pouring water over one's body with the intention of the Ghusl. if that part is the right side then the recommended precaution is that after washing that part of the body one should wash the left side again. It is not necessary that the entire body of a person should be Pak before Irtimasi and Tartibi Ghusl. If one does not have sufficient time for Tartibi. Rules About Ghusl 378.

for Ghusl it is not necessary that the body be washed downwards from the head. without a prior consent of the owner. 389. the Ghusl will be void even if the owner is later made to agree to the arrangement. However. 1760) has not been paid. 384. Moreover. neck and body in one instance. While doing Ghusl. one should wash the short hair which are taken as a part of the body. Washing of the long hair is not obligatory. if a person is incontinent. one should investigate and satisfy oneself that the obstacle is not there. If a person pays to the owner of the public bath from the funds whose Khums (1/5 of the yearly profit see rule no. the water being pure and not having been usurped) also apply to the validity of Ghusl.reckoned to be the interior of the body. but before commencing Ghusl. 381. It is not necessary that one should wash one's head. it should be washed. 386. if there is a lapse of some time after washing one's head and neck before washing one's body. If the owner of the public bath is agreeable to the Ghusl being done on credit basis. it is not necessary in Tartibi Ghusl to wash the body immediately after washing the head and the neck. but the person doing Ghusl intends not to pay the charges to him or to pay him from the money acquired illegally. he or she carries out an extra function of making the anal part Pak with the same water of the public bath. the Ghusl is in order. but the Ghusl will be valid. If a person hires a public bath for Ghusl. 383. 387. At the time of Ghusl. unable to retain urine or faeces except for such time that he could be able to offer prayers after Ghusl then he should do Ghusl at once and offer his prayers immediately thereafter. * If a person doubts whether a particular part of the body is to be treated as external or internal. and if it becomes doubtful whether the owner would agree to the Ghusl being taken. otherwise it is not necessary to wash it. then such a person commits a sinful act. However. if one makes water reach the skin in such a way that those long hair do not become wet. if one doubts whether there is something on one's body which would prevent water from reaching the body. the Ghusl will be void.g. the Ghusl will be void. However. If a person does Ghusl before ensuring that such obstacles have been removed. if it is not possible to make water reach the skin without washing those hair one should wash them so that water may reach the body. However. then the owner's . 390. therefore. 385. If a person uses a public bath with an intention of deferring payment to its owner. though the liability for khums remains. There is no harm. All things which prevent water from reaching the body should be removed. If the hole pierced for an earring and other similar objects is so wide that it is reckoned to be external. All the conditions for the validity of Wudhu (e. then it should be washed. 388. 382.

one Ghusl with its niyyat is enough to represent all others. 391. the prayers already offered during that period would be deemed valid. In fact one can offer prayers without performing Wudhu after all Wajib Ghusls (except the bath for medium istihaza) as well as after Mustahab Ghusls (see rule no. like urinating or passing the wind. 394. Ghusl should be made in a place of total privacy and one should not face towards the Kiblah while making Ghusl. one can continue with the same Ghusl till completion. * If one urinates or passes wind (or does any act which would invalidate the Wudhu) while doing the Ghusl. 392. * When a person is in doubt whether he or she has done Ghusl or not. Otherwise. provided that it was done with the intention of complying with the orders of Allah.consent must be sought before the Ghusl. 396. If any such act which would invalidate Wudhu is committed. it is better to do Wudhu as a recommended precaution. * A person who has very little time at his disposal before Qadha. and as an obligatory precaution. If a verse of the holy Qur'an or Name of the Almighty Allah is written or tattooed on the body of a person then such a person while doing Wudhu or Ghusl. one does not have to abandon the Ghusl and start all over again. if doubt arises in the mind after Ghusl as to whether Ghusl was correct or not. One should abstain from speaking while . such a person must do Ghusl. if such a person does Ghusl under the impression that there is sufficient time for Ghusl and offering prayers."I am performing Ghusl so as to become Paak. 397. such a person should do the Ghusl. In fact. there is no Thawaab (reward) although Ghusl will be valid. But for the later prayers. In the case of Mustahab Ghusls. 393. 651). in this situation. don't skimp nor be wasteful. However. However. the Ghusl will be void. Use sufficient water. to repeat the prayers he had offered. even if the Ghusl was done with a view to offering the prayers. if time permits. A person who does Ghusl of Janabat should not do Wudhu for the prayers. Ghusl may be performed standing or seated. then there is no need to do Ghusl again. after the prayers. however. * If a person after being Junub doubts whether or not he or she did Ghusl. then it will be necessary to do Wudhu. In fact. as per obligatory precaution. the Ghusl will be valid. will be required to pour water on that part without touching the writing. one will have to do Wudhu also. Yet. Some details on Ghusl Before making Ghusl one should make Niyyah (intention) thus: ." Without Niyyah. should perform Tayammum instead of Ghusl. A person who has more than one Ghusl to do can do one Ghusl with the niyyat of the rest. 395. preferably seated.

If a single hair is left dry. pour water over the head thrice. Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed thrice. Be aware of these rules whilst making Ghusl. it is compulsory to wet all the hair up to the very base. * After performing Wudhu. then pour thrice over right shoulder and thrice again over left shoulder. should be moved so as to ensure that no portion covered by them is left dry. and that no portion is left dry. If one has forgotten to rinse the mouth or the nostrils. If the hair of the head is not plaited. As for men who grow long hair and plait them.performing Ghusl. It is Mustahab (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it. If one fails to do this then the Ghusl will not be valid. one recalls that a certain portion of the body is left dry. The hands and private parts should be washed even if one is not in the state of Janaabat or Najaasat. If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete. If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair. and dress as hastily as possible. it should now be washed off. . * Wash the private parts. and then perform the complete Wudhu. It is better not to read any Kalimah or Aayah while bathing. it is not necessary to wash them again. the feet had been washed. If there is fear of the feet being immersed in wastewater during the Ghusl then postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl. * If there is Najaasat elsewhere on the body. Rings and earrings. The three Faraa'ids (compulsory acts) of Ghusl are: * To rinse the mouth in such a manner that water reaches the entire mouth. she is excused from loosening her plaited hair. If. If making Ghusl on a stool or platform where water will rapidly flow away. Ensure that the navel and the ears are all wetted. it is not necessary to repeat the Ghusl. Now pour water over entire body and rub. Dry the body with a clean towel. PROCEDURE FOR PERFORMING GHUSL: * Wash both hands up to and including wrists. they are NOT excused from leaving their hair dry. but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair. but merely wash the dry portion. Ghusl will not be valid. then it is necessary for her to unplaite her hair and wash her entire head. these too could be rinsed when recalled after Ghusl has been performed. * Perform Wudhu (Read separate pamphlet for Wudhu according to Sunnah). If. after Ghusl. * On completion one should confine oneself to a clean place. It is not sufficient to pass a wet hand over the dry place. All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hand so as to ensure that water has reached all parts of the body. while performing Wudhu. If the hair of a woman is plaited. etc.

preferably seated. Do not skimp nor be wasteful * Abstain from speaking whilst performing Ghusl. * One should not face the Qibla whilst making Ghusl. * Washing the private parts and the parts over which uncleanliness is found: * Niyyat of washing off Hukmi Najaasat. * Use sufficient water. * Ghusl may he performed standing or seated. Before performing Ghusl one should make . There are five Sunnahs that needs to be taken care of while performing Ghusl: * Washing hands upto the wrists. * To completely wet the whole body. * Then passing water cover the whole body thrice.* To rinse the nostrils up to the ending of the fleshy part. When one performs these Faraa'id intentionally or unintentionally Ghusl will be valid. * Making Wudhu before washing the body. * It is better not to read any Kalimah or Aayah while bathing. Rules Whilst Making Ghusl: * Ghusl should be made in a place of total privacy.

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