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'm~Dl 'men, njbed~ 'sijdlnines, a nr['ObKI~d :scnhere Qf n'On-J~nt~:de:r:"

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'CD)CC ,01" imde.pelilOClce 'Inder trille :nr"J~; [of !~a'w'~ :for. 't'ltle andelill;S ;tt :mearlilt euti!rie.mem;t {Lf) a ,,<lice :110 ooi~le~tly.e deeisiQn,~mlati)nll' It 'WI3:S

'iii'1!..'~,-, '~'~'-'~:-'-c;t, ,-,':'-~-,-, ,-;-t' 'II~'IJ...-..~,-,-, ,_~.~,~~..IS!,_,,_, it" 1tF"-!.o..,-·-'iii\--~* 't-'i. '-'iii' J' fI'

~n[ll LOn:c:l,elHj" ':le.W O\I! II}~:., lL" i' ,aJOCOilruII11,gl 1~;OI 'II...oV\ls~a;Ih'!ii _il1ral, ,,: ~ ~ '0

'1I!I',,o:'k, - ll .. ,· - ,. iI'll - ,;, 'L. 'L. n'l ~£ ... ,.A -II..

,n::QU&ma:1i.I, :YlL;!l.:;)I: ,a~na,C'1l.mm~'!Uleall'll' to 'reY,I"lei Wlli:eU ,lliD ,~,nnl[IWI ~[Iil,e

A:~-,,~'~' ,~ill';, ;'~d":.' 'f'~:"~, 1[.';1 ~'F'-~ -l~\-l_ IH': :iW' ,~~iI!~.fI1 'c;' --:-' :,--,v::~iI' :~' '~'1l.~~-[ ,;'Il~ ~ii~~'-~~j~T~~,~ [nif~' ul~lp,lln,e_ ' ,Ihe: Il)', ~pail, 1",1,., , "O~- _ BII[u tJl UlSG,I, I!I 'II I _ ["u.s U.ISIi(IiI,'!I;;,i~mlill ""','

~"!'n~'~lfJljt-Ili.-;? '~':~: 'l-r:~'~j-, :~-[:I '~ir-'([-'"'l'i~""IDt, 'l:l-~I--;lrii' ri,--,,~f'~lf~ :-- ~ ;'1":' ,....:fthil'll-' ,tI!hr -Iii!: ·"!i.,;UlOiJlha~~ s ,. ~,I;, !I'IlU'J B!5i aq UH~POt.!l [I!;!Q!~~, ,~llISL,G,UJ~ tn.SCUt)~ as L, Q:_~~ _~~iS ~~~a~

t!il:,.~ :1fIl""""'I;:~~~r"~' 'I~~""a: cn'~' ~!I1!'~.~~m[ , iB'.-;FikTrliQi ,~",., aj~~I~-n:ii: IG,'·:;::r:1!!i ... J~til!'~ '~,Q;iIIi' 'i"'if".t" ~[r._~ ~~IJ,lllllJ_._"":I~ -U_ll~.~~ ViI!, :IJ~,~~-UV, __ I ~_.J..ll-U1L·_~a' !Ij._'ll,~ ,_JI!I.'\!r_ -~~~Il~ ._,1 ,~."_~ n'!II!I-lIJl 1II:.-~.

,~j'r;iil; ~'~;illlJa-1 ['f:ji;Jji' ~a:~1 a-",~iI;ll~...!I1 ,c;n.i!Ji~' ~r' '~,"i"d'ii 11"~!I'·,fllill(a~r.1 '~'.1Ii~1!'IiP!""'~.:.~~ _ ~~.[-' ~i~'~ ~_~:I~ 1II,~~~_. ~~ QJ"i~ ._~~,~l~U r~.F-~ v.,~, 1I1~_' ~ __ .. ",-, U~U-~_~, ,~_IHI'Y-~lr-~~.;N'~:~-!!!!~-~I!!I ~1Y;_1 l'!':'_~

:G[;:.~,jIi;iI(iI!'IL~_ ,;jj;;(j: nfl'!~i."':m~i '~~!I-' ',L'iI:ii' 'i":i';f[Ii~:B'ne,_ '~iL-~ ii'1~!i:iI[ ~nir·· ,tir-13,,:,'dc Ai.-[ W:i1:i~[

, , - ,1' .... "" ... _3.,,. ~ F"",I, 11~11f.:J il,u, ,U,iW ,i('Ii;;_.llIiU .. I'lilI!iIi ~iI~ 11'I;,I1,'!!!'!I!Ii' _" ,I.,~, 'u,Ii)U ~_ g;i:]!

ano:UedJ as mi!111'll'aml1il'lO ,OO'mmurl[liti,e51 ...... wlil,e.;re it m,ea!OJ[ se!rf'"'lm~le~, [or~ 'Ir[::O- ; ...... "i;.~ ~f.r ~'~(t.~~a·;I~ ;!!oAt'lI~~'iI '_' ,Q!E![ ,~~, '~IIlI;a-~, ~~[ 'iillili,~h:rtlli;i'a-l~IIl!:_ ~~P\"*-:' 'I'~~I ~~~Il!

~-ll_l~ .~JI1~;JJ-'~ ~~, ~~;'~~lIl!l!!-.~_-_. ~1'~":'~~'" iilt.;l! 1:11 ".~_~ l~rV IIH.1IU_~JL1!'[I--~] ~_~~~ .~L~~,.l ._I!~ Il~_~

:apptlCltioM, 'In 'iudll,:~'~ahj~ i,~: '[;ar-e{f, oomnott:d afi!' ~.lll'U'ni,'" :ff~m OOJl:tlfo~ b:~1 'r'be~ mmmu.OIit;~ Ii lbu~ oDI~' alii: ,omrti,tlcmc:m,t '~gl 'namd~altbJn

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,tAl fJ!ili3' ~,I"~J;,ail;U:~DS", ,I, ,1!!1.e ,ftn"aeJiliII, I,uGial. (hi, Ili,meU,DmI lS W ,I~ur LlD !h_ilHiiip'

~1iI-- ·'r-:-rae't" '!Uj'~I:'~i1l.. ':L;jiI;, ' ...... ..,.~.m- - --I ,;f1i'n~'

'~" _ rlJ._1 I r.&a- 'I Inl, Jl1111 1J._1~lr~1 ll_.~I&JU-~. [I .; U-l~lr'-'~

A~t; 'tke~ imine ~~IRC\'- CO,1!Is:tant~ls, i:liiJ-ih~: 'is. casil", e:c~u~~a.'Cd, and, iii's, MSeBilial'S-O'lJndlil:fiSS :s&O'u'fd not 'lead. us ~D 'lile~:T-ed' tihe: 'DimS [O'f]iitRtrsl

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'i~asl 'amDfilQ' tbe ;8ind~II~S- amtd, rnSid;mlaf111~ amolilP: 'f'be GMei'lm,-

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'~""'ni"i~:iIii[1rlv' 'lI'fIiq~~~"'I1--i1l.,v' ,il!liill\'il!ii~1jip' :1i"*:,iiI!I;' '7j~~iIi ... ~, :a-~, '~~''''' tf'"~'nL~'c!~~,_I~.'i~iIliilr.1 '~r..~-~_ .... '_I- ,l~' ,IJI,V1L,wn'w I ~1~111' g_I_.11W'1~_~~J Illl,,... Uill.lW~~_';:'· ~I W ~_lI~~ ~Lrll~I-I_a!UI, -.--t-.lr-~ •• Y-I

'~"'i:n'L'AiPiI:j"w1l.,~ Itii'lill-m-~~LCI~-!p"a' ~IL~ili'n,.4~i!'iI<'l!_~I~lAn IIi.. ... fiUJ,iiliiAiI'Ii; 'it.'-h~l iiii!i;t-'-u--r-a<il ,a"ii'fIid'~ !II-_.~~~_,,~lI!ti~_'_j,~1 l_._.'~itu[!i lJ_lJ~1 ' ... _ , ... - ~IJ~DJ[' _! ~IJ_.--l.j,r ~~Q!-IL.~IJI~.~'_JUll~1 ~:ll~-~~iJ_, I~::.v ll~'H :-.' _!II. _;t. io _~I!!lo -_'

tlill; ,ooftj~e,nfi~nbal- 'tended 'to assert 'the 'Uin"''1nal eniuaifiitv af '.en - ~s.o,

" __ ro_, o_o-o_, __ oj o_o,_- j~_ 0 ,t_-. ," 0 -o~o, __ ro _ "_' o_-o_, l __ -_-_o-o_.I_lo _ _ __ ,-, _ f 0 o_' I._-_~,--,lo_o-~IO __ - -~O_:~ o~,t, l __ 0 01 _ ,.1 _,o_.

'~'Jt, i'J_I'.'~'-i4i: G·,;,iI,--~,::,~ -~l 'Ir[- ,~~'Ilr':, '~~;-~' [-411 ~"'f" .... '~ ~f: P]I-'i~i!i'~'l .lI:),'-, ~'--''+-I'''~ ,"i~I["':"'¥,':--:lft-;;--" u lS ._'la~ ,,~'!ajl!loon!li' ~I!l. ~_'lG lROO.miu, [~ ... ¥"" '" ,~a~v ,S cft~l!lUfl1~fC~,!aV_ CL~WS

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Tibc [law,S] affUNlli!qr -'I !j~U!tlai 'to' ,Ill ,1'llt;e1 blll ~hlh;' :lillfl¥l:tG dllJutti~ '''!iJit: we., Mt,'~p:.l [[M dlll'ms,lid'[.'ueieMe", . • ", De :nHoom Us ~njo, 1 .. ~t'Cmh, [i""'b~, tD [~..alrm~' '~tf~'"~ '~ :0Iiii~ '~t: IIiK~DU., 1m" tm~ :a-noP-:e::Ii',

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~ ~ ,OO'J n. 0011 [Ml5'I~_:r b ,I'_Kii ~UOOJ.a; 11,0 ,p ~'51~ __ __ __ Qr~ ~ ~ e- _

'rlili;o:~' ~''L'LS'' ;,'~-'~ii!ji- [~~"I'''''~' _",,'L.,.~'irf'i, ~':Iio ,'iiI!'-' '~0Ir!' ,tiilrJ'li[ .'a· ·--;iJri'~t- 'ih.,. '~~.[)Ii' .tI!!i.I~, I~nl ~ U'~'!lI~~~~ ~~~ J;~~, I! .. ~~,... '~ ~i!!I!rWllllli'~.n'Il!!l' [!iI!i!!i'~ ~.~~q .. \!- !l.V '~"!Ili'-¥ ..... ,,,

[mel :ma----Ji~tfata rand Ilbc.Ia:=~-~[ I ,Ind, Inc..r to {Np-I.'tul 'W-:O :mun ',Mtcd:

,~:",~ Itn:i"-'~I_ _ _ ~ •. 'tii:~l':"~ ~ift, ~~'V. ,."~! ... ~JI~ '~'~l ~1-'.·tIIi~~ _ :;iI;'-~1 ~' [W~ U_IIU ~--IJU_'_}~'Il cr. ~l III QJ~lp'_.I~ lIHli-~ !LYlI~J~~J~~-'lJ-~11 illYi ~'!!ii! lJr-'OI~~J~II_I"~I!ti.t!! .~_.~

,8r.-e :I'~~[ 'mad~' [l~ 'f~. ,an~1 [on~-;: --c . . . , ... _. __ ::;'" ~'~~~~~ ~.~ '~~_~~~~~!;' ~~~_,gG,1F,.

J.I~' ,~,-,,: 'iIJ"IiI'~ ~~~"":I~"":, [iV!!~1:<o.'GM[ :~:L, .... ( 'i"~j., [f"il'~1 ~jL. [i"!JI~'a·~·;et: [bit ,flj-i.Jm. ftif, iifIo·f: [f!~~i ,J~, 'I!I~ I_J ,~i~!!':~_~~~_~i!1 ,t"",,-.lJft-r"i!! !~ilgl!i '!!!!'!I~ ,~!l!:~-IY [U[I""'~ "",b •• ~:!!"!;ii~', r.:!!':U:~!!1<,~_~~]!;;i'![I!!" """'"~. '~~iI,~

Iti_f[ail, [OJJ_lj]JJol. Wihillb, ,jOiIM, '~:O:8'l.,'iI" ltlb,e G~r,aJt; [Gc:na,Q,t[iolii Ind

'!lD,-,-,',L~'-""''''[ ... ~~_ .•. ~_.I\Mt_- .-~. ~ . __ . -·1 t'1"··Jb-:· ... ,; ,,:'"'...:I.._ ..... -[:- .... -:.i~1 [n.i,.-f~' ,iI1l.. ..... '[~ .... ". -,[··.~~ii=f,".~, ...... ,. 'n.·::·.~;-a"ii:I~_-~r"!:Ii-[s·, .I~ft_~1 '" H._~J_'- V~'_iI,'!I""V"UIllr."_' [1-.""'" ~K!!U.LZIi '!Ioi!!.. 11:'1!:~ ~f"'n_l,."m. ,I" :I,vl.. 't;!i""", 1!Wi. lII'Il!U

OoIWU!~ ,an,d of 'Dl.nwmilusI ~h at,omitt"

:loJ tb,e 'WOf1ts [uf i'l~_Q.itD' and, ,A'risl~tleJ~, 'we &fl~~J ~C_Ult~ t'bli 'mnRr

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d.~e:fn.nt'n~Di~ .O'.·~' the 1[~~"ir[!:Ii;ll ""~fli~'~iir ,~;f:,' ~i+d' I~~.~!~ ~~;n~~II-'--I!· Ani , ~i~I+'

~-~ _' ~.,~y.1F-!I!!"!i!!~-~' . "·ll!_. ~-~I!w. ~,-'~1.' H-_' ~~lhy'dIIv.¥ .. Al V.' [1-l1J_l~ ~iIi'HIJI~_Mi_~ '\.J!~I~I~,ltlg-. !\tt~. l~1It.1Ll

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g,'.:'.iI!' ,ai, [~.;;,·,_,·:I,~ jil'i'i'*.) .. 1_ .... ,~,!IlI',~lll~i~I .. ~il'Ii [iCi:gai~<I!;~. 'itll.. ... " ~~_,;;":,, ~ __ .,:,.'. :'~._,.~,c; n,','~' .~-n,~'~It.:..co':ii~.' _\1;_ ~!!l.in_il;L'¥,., iIi'I!I?'f'YII!_.!l JUI, ... I ~. _I!!IJ~' ,~lle ""':r. ..... '.I:I, ~':J, ..... ,I;,J' v.li ,f."[~. ,_"",.I,~.

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C'[':i"!'d "e: ·.:!n,iti'!ll! ... 11 '[a.d,:.,I4ii'iil;mn-,"I:",. ... llll :A,-1!I1-1'~OO',:'-, ;1~ ,ii:"ii,f~,·'[itil,.., ... -;-:. ~~_-··CI)' ... i:-:-::t\ ... II-,!ii1 ~ A,-:.-,.\··~,"'~l,.·,-;-m., ~:tT-,:;:--~, i~lt""'~~ _..rI!i!! __ !!iO\!!~',ilfJ!L'-~ u __ ;"'L_,~, ""'_ !l;LQ;i '~P~IIIiIiI~,8Jl.!!\iIi vII ~,,"-=",,~,IIi,M liS

:rlt,l_d. 'b", ;1 :$~ei~s of' m~.'b,y,sital faj'~ionalllism'~1 r3!Ud, '~n,e iGaim,'of 'fr ··do. :nA ., - 'r" I . ". . ... , ··d'l ~-d: .. .AL~ ···~1', 'tk' fil'~_ '.,.1 . _ .. , ... ,_;~C'C:_~ _~~ ;Bl~:Y e:quaL~~" are 'mplt_~a!w-~, :f,a~lmlill' IU:" ,a:-IBiNi iam,U, rmnlie~

'.odef.att~l,,~. 'b,ut~ 'IlO Ius oonslsll~nrt[I",t 'by ,kr:istntte'i' 'I'nl ~h,e, ,I'epubll'f " ~,itatQ a,',¥:an,ees w:hat is" i:n, [efteet~ an, nn":liDel'aII 'IJ'to;pia, .. :'0,. hI. '1,1, [Ike: ,c'lailms [cd' ino:iiWduJ;i,ty· Ie, 'unpm,tmed altd, IhltdeedJ 'UlI-eeoll~:~1

'I r'" .' ,AI'" +-dil AI 41, 11.."t" ... "'I;.._..iI'

mOF8!_, e .... -U3Ujll;V aIiDDIlllO', mCD lS, I-Qn1i~ulajw a_1l1,u,~ Ol'H.m, .li;CluJli;"ui~~1

'1;'-. r-~ ,.

:sociali'nltillWll,ons, ,Ire e~:empt: :fmltl er,ttidSfll anti bB_p1VrV'C.CIiliI,. :1'0

biis :rlC$'p<lnse '&0 the, ,81~r,m~, of mtJdeim l'ifbelaJnsm~ :preRDJI iim, 'Ihc teaebiu,PI 01' i'lI,eo ,Sopbistl,~ Pl1aio ell'boml~ one 01: ~!he 'mOlt, s:ysmrms!tJic,aud ~,wem'i atta~'b on tt'he::ldea, of hum am fteedorrn, to 'be fo,Mnd ~in, iDJtre{UedJualJ :btismry',.,

1:0 ,A[r.iSltnUe'~lSl '(bolll,pl, t'lll: Silil1ti, .. :liooml :sentim,@Dt: :is no1: as: ',[~ruleA!t: as 'lh'3Jt [Wlhb:{h. 1,11Ima.s :Pla;t[o,~'s wQrb,~ but: il, HYl!lIilS lStfOR~, [ildl ~[Bi",e,., :Manr historians of po,lltl~,eal, ~ho~gbJt, go !OO' 'far as 'lm; I~n,,' !~h'at 3!D!~ Imooo!t':,t)'un [of' :iin'd~vidL,-a1 r-eedQID 10;-;-' tr-lmIa;n 'II (;~bt, 'ID-'~'; he, ._ .. ,.ILIJ __, riL_ ,,' ,_ ... ,0 ,[1_ '.'_ ,[_,10 __ 1 iIi\I!..., ,-,a;,-

:fO,lmd, :In ,A'mtO'tl.e; mI, dle polinG, 'flmt ,astti]biJl,.: a~J leil(tm~lIijt: [of' U),e, :liibcr,aJ ,ou;dook: ~Ol al, pre .. modem, tblniki.er 'in,¥I'Ol,~ln, ,aIftull1uD!ismJi' but: '1'I'IIIIS, c~aln, _ems baseless,-, iSlnoce thCK; is clear cyl .. ec:, 'Of' :mooen :indiilri"wUs,t: ,oo~pl'jtlJilS :amo;ng '~be ~So,hiim;~l [98, 'we have, ,~eR,., ,AJt~_f' M.ae:l!nJt}M de~ares, :s,wBe,irnli,,' t'Mt,

~beM: is '00, e~JI1C5SiGn 'In :311i1,' ,andien:t: OJ" ,muie,qt, l\a~ [mrmaily ~'f;af\1s'lated, 'be"~ our ~xpRSSi:on, 'ia riBbt(' Uluml 'Dear ,tbc~ dmse of '.£1 Mi&ilei J\l-e:S., The IOO.c(!:iPI, t~_S! ,gny' :~IJS, Q:1'IC:lP:~' :lg 'He'l\u~cw[!,

lii!':~~.''',. 'Ij',"!iiiift, '"!'J ;iIl;.,j[;a.'r-ll': _ _ ["'~' ~,." JC ('~i"Hii'li;iliill" ,~i2'i 'll'I'j.~ ,a~, '~''''.: ~m- 'C~I"d:"-

UL"~.lI!J l~-~_"1I1 w~ lM_ ls~bli. !Ill 'r. !Ill ~"l !IHIL~1 .. !IiiII_~._.JiiI_~ !II.riJ l~ __ ~ !IIPi;I I-:I~bii' . __ ,_ I

:1i'"J.ne'eealh ""mil! .,;4, ~

'J'n m:1!Ien tH~ :same 'view i' Leo S'tmltHSl COlltJ,_m 'ilctass1:c D3iI'Ui_ml :righr' hi, 'tht: adj:ed!i~aJj 5eiDSie; 'witb :In~m 'tBeon\es, 01{ ,narlUlmil, ~rlgilO~1

[c]:aill'i'illii"':~ t"',,,,;~, i(Jj;I!lIi~~"t 'I'!Iiril''''''I!I~~~1 'ri[i'I!'~j' '~iI!i "'''~;1 .... ,~1''4: ~:1!lIi ~V'i'il!'!!~ [~I'~1i'V' W'~-~~(Jjil!l ~-=~-~~-!II!~-~-D .-~~-~ ~-~~~~¥!~f;J~ '!II!I~~~'~ '~'l~!I!~' 1_IQIID"]¥'-HI~tQ.~ I_III] ~I ~·l".J"~ QH-li~' ·~-_LlIimi.]~

IModem a8,ural ri,gbifs, '."alieLs, used an, leliltiJI.L.~BJt, [ID iRdt.Vidua!J ~tlbe~rt, that boldsl iDdepe;_nde8tlJ' ,of iSind, ,lfriDll" to _oJ' m,¥:ie ,obliJ'" Illtioll /~ Tb,e; 'w. :in, ,tbcUe ~B1[IC ~1lat_m_SI :is! 'd/lar!t; 'Rowib:em ·i'D, ,Adstnlil~ ~i51 llilt.i]}C ,alii" [glblil:m:~ri~,B, of alii! asscdKrO, 'of' 'I'he :nop~~~ei ript 't'~1 'i,mit¥:'nu~ Ubcrt:, pJS1JlllllBt'ed: b:, 'sueD moocmistts as 'Holllhcs, [alld: 'Lockl:~ ,arnd~, In, ,A'ristotl£.~'s lown dai'>; b,' 'lIle ,~hi&." :~:t mar

il'U!:iRf'iI!!h-eless ~.~ .' r ~j.1i: 'A-'I' .A~\"--;-~'-~ -'-"I"~'!~~\ '-~Ir:~:::-"-, ,:::;, -,~ i'-'~'--;- '~--;- '''''i~.;'IJ;iI_,:-:-,,,

___ ~~ I~ llIlleu ~_alt, .1. nsto-u,G is :eU)I!1CS CO~}WHI iii_OJ 11!~'uu_lm,eD

taQ' '~nn ~SOlle lcollcep,unn, ,of' 'mlBitufI'i '1tl(llm'an, :rigll!ts ~,'rilh.~ [that, :is

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of 'h:_' :;PId:eSt. S1!l~b, ,8 OORe:,thJI1 :fS bl)~jmarted iiil: mmralll !polot;-" hiil ~:h,e Nim~m.d'tr/b'lll11 ,B'hit&'~1 ,UI wlmn, [t 'is[ leil1a'i'med 'Llla!l: Owe G~e[:\\?ise [of' mo[,a'l:

~. -_ . - - II' • - - - -

,t;:M~'o~m,OIifn" ["I~'n~ii"~l~~" '~;lroii:l!' ~;"'~;i'~i:li!<~ 'O'if'" ~:IjiIi-1~~:r:i''''JII~;O'jjlil 'fi.oCnA'~sll:Dii~~'~~, a' :~,A, I. ~~o~-·-·-·=-"~I~IIL~ _ .. l.Ul"-V.J.·~-~_a ,_I_~tv U.A'I~lj ~:J_~ U lILIJI,U_I'''' II ~f~_ip~1 ·-~~lr-~\Il!l_- ~ - ~ - ~ ~[1 ~l .~-!lL_[U

vllnlle ~'J 'Ilt),.:b,. [.Jillllleaed w,IJ111 eifji.~:ma_ldll11g" ~[[nu~: '11I:IJt)I)I'li'al rii;pJbts :bll1l~l~ [at. 'in, isudhl pa-SSO'A@5 are: :~'I :1iI,G' me'a'lilS[ [~Iu~; :~e,llt!i."e r.~,gbit';[ of

.......... AI. ... - '~"~, III·' Iij,."", .;oiI l,; .. "'~ '" "Il,;.

'n;~r,n ,5J,~r.a~r:m", '1,01 l~ :su-re, aD;";': 'bt~J' I~llt, IlWn;l'a5:~I;" wiJtl~,

,A'ri_sttll_b~J:'!! [1lO]lddl@d de(I~:ee ,of' [Ilial:tmaII ,siL\a"e"~-J".' bUlt: the~ oolliil:ahl,

I. [I

[afo_flmalifins tlf 'os!tltiliml :1iiiI.1I,1is of: :31 'sQ,q, 'most ,aldn '~D '~h:e [tlont"e1,tioll

of' :m~a!t(U_lTa;11 :righlS[ ,as, [110\11'0'9: h)1 lIlaJturr:al ,jtls:Uee adu_m'D:r;B'led il; mC!l;e~:,:al OO:hDGSI bJ A,U:fIilJ8$" To ~;ld, le-iX;~elitl~ 'wihlf~a~, UaElIDi~'M i .. 'miS:ta~J:D, 'thart :ldr:3S. Qf 'ita-ami, 'dgI1iJt: 'wre;1r~ '~IF1i~nowlTl ~uillu).nil, 'Ute [an~iel[tB\~ i!tr~i'£UD, SHillS], 101 :_ o'liil 'firmer' ground: tl, ,af,glliq 'tbait [U\1:e

. ..-iIt ... ~ _!i'_ '~;i, ~..iII ... , ' , -', ,_- •• ---~JII ,-'~:- tn 'Si ' c'- 'c" tjh . ' '.0 ., 'c' .,t.iE') w-'- ALyiiiT·,..iIi.., .. ., .... ;d ~mUUID}~, hiil~!a, 0 l nadll'[11 ,fll~--' ,~:mnlili__g, I c'.'~~ ,3!lleIIIlIJm' _ _I,a_511 Uil!.h"·c-,~' i,

'11'Il An~lll'~El.i. :tlll,de.ed,~, :i!i 'was ,a'llm,os1: fa, :fUlP,e.ti.onall m~p:t~~lIlJ [of' 'ri~'~lt, ' .

.,' ,_, ~~I

,- - (II ,. · ... .-iil 'L JIl., .4 ., ~l'!' - I'· Ii...

as bei'D,a; '~BiimlS [g~lliefial{~ ~:, hie ~~~liefent~ 'tD,"es :mtlilJ :PUliClfiD :~nl ~JII'.

n.t:ii,:f!~rl [~:IiI~~' ,;ii'.iITrIi;i!!l\(-,jii!'iiifts' 'lUi'/' -'r~1 ~~~'a' "c.-I'\ii' ~'iit:f!liii:i!=~,;ji;41 'L.\jil A"-'" '0:" ,"1j"'i'~~a '!'j;Ci ~-~.'~il 1111~~~ ~~_I~ . ._!-:lrQB~1 -"-. I-.ili_]~ ~'M. __ lIJI1,IJ ~ll!:_I1_~-~II· ... -~-g tJ.~lj :.: . ._.:._I_II~_~.:~-v-~~-¥ gjll

~:p'ld! ll"ftar '!liir .. 'II!'!~' ililiil'l .... i'iI· .. ~,i':I;iil 'do'Lriiiil'i ,w;i;.:Ii..;;:'Uii:!I!' liili:Y~r- ["~D-'~.a~rj~'li!!Ii,u ,!iii] 'n"ifll~bij, 'ita ~.'l.f~. < _ ~I~~al '~~r~~llJ 19!~=~~~~~ ·~,~tI!lIj!\~J ·~J~I!I~_L~'_}~J,"-Y_', ~',~,j~, D~"l}_-IIji~ll:~_~"~ll'-~eJ g, I~,_.:I!~, IL~1

IOli'i''''l1U; ~"n.r']lIm 01' ~fS@Dail independ,81!1Ce. ,A;ri:S:10,uL: -,- "c~n'Seq,lIenJt, [Rijeetlolill [~f' [pOl(~lml 'Iq,olllll:,' [mrIISI:,~ :~n, fuel:'j[ [be UlOiIil ,a~ ,art .uld pa~1 Iffl :Idsl mp~n8!t,i'v16 'r;~ad\ioD ,aga1iIil81: ,tbe riaSecnit 'I;,[ooralli[sm [of ,AI)lbeRS1, :~'i~: i~S; wl~il1 Ari'sunle, !iLiiilI :fa'e.t; 'thaI I: the pmtu-.lber;ail ~ri0d1 :Dl 'G'llt :Iif.r; ~I_nses[," and [we :lDust: t'll. to ~JiJ"8 :RomaiAS[ frQl:' tih.e 'Q:~ii~:~: :si;Ju __ iJJmBt e;pf:~ :110 [Ute :pr-e-his:tury [of :the 'I;fbc~a'il b-;a,tii:tlon"

,A;mol,g ~Ju: RomaJlliil, ~;lTu~; LarWfSllof'~lhe heille Tilhie~, Will'lCilI] ~._at~:

'II, ;:[~-, '~~ ... ;~, ,;;',.,----:;I--~.-lI1 I;:; ~ ~~~~) ·'IJ"~-;-I· (]:/f' :~..,.II:-,"',. 't-:""', ,_ ,~:~-~"'i"""'ii"'''''-1 ,_~:a,'¥, ~·'lWJI, mmpll'Hw un] UI,e m~_, !J_, ~d)''JiI._ ,.,aw,. e.mU'VUJ.~,

:imptlrtftnt [1,1Ii!__[;B'I!iclS1 ,oJ' h1diiViidlll13:1 :fl}emnm,~ n~ :1~TrS~: of' '('b::' 'pui~llc: la,PM, 'UiI::J I~ontai~ ,te:u_jcClinsJ :(t.m;i:":n,o[ IPri~y;ibza'Cs or' '~:ta~l!IJtcs [·b!a~-I '00 [;jj;n--;-'a-~~d-- '1"~1iI-' '~'!:t~.']' ','I~~~',ft, ;,';'-'1 ·.n:"~.-_t .. ~~~\ilIi[ ~~~n~!iZi[ ~~I ~b;'~' '~~]~I'~!II",.' -' l;ii"!jj.·] ,-:f' :A,'~'[-r~~~ ii!"'fi.' ''-_--.:,ni-r·I'In:l!' ",,=~-~'!I,;:''''''. ~' ,_ - ~!III,r~'nU!liILI,!!I;l!!" I r ,. I'~'!II,~~ Ir .... l!loli'Y ,_ i;:!I '", ,~IY! II, _~-'" !l!lH" ''''-~'.J' '!ioJ'" vUll~.11il! !!Ii!-v;ul .. _I '_ ",I,Ji

'~n' ,th'C~ :Ia,w mMImlO ~D ,aU [dJi-mns, ,andl 'Wo,bieh rl~di:Vri;dl1aIJ'!1 no :m;a;I:~~r

f~ 'I.._ , 'I. [ii.. ~' JIl..' .,,~ r~'l ii" ','Il.." [1].." • . iIi"

,g,~ ':~Iml, 'm_II~,: I [~~a,~ ,8, 'h8Id: to [matie IPse [~!!J'"" II; Wg, o;ml '~~_dl, 'uBt, ~11J,_l'jt

~'I..~,~, 8-;~![D,1 11\1'mi [I "'eft Rmm-' a, Ihi'~:'h~~ 1.,;I1~~II~~~1 a~'ftf:l! ~:1!IIi 'm'8·IIiI'U '~na1ifs[

11.\;_l:lr~.I'~ ~ .. /.r~·ft.· -lV' "-~~.. ,~.r.~ __ .~~-=,~. l~ l!~-'i.W~'-~J~r ~-~'L!' Wl r'Wlr-~'U . ~Il.-U I_I!JI ll-f ftJ,_ )~'L

'~t'rolgt/ lnDl,"/,iduJJiit,rpdy.,a,te larw,. 1b:is,'iftdl~/idl1lJ'li_lie I:epl 'tratl"illiQIl d,eUi:,BI '1:0, Ilatl!=F It~'m~!,~ I speda!Et; 'Hod.' I'h,e: ntifc gf J"ustbdianl [aod ConS!tB:mIIt1iIiit;,~ ib,UI,I: '11: 'WiD i;rdliu0I11ill_311 '~:Il mode.:rrIJ, ',ilmes, :t!h'r-<u:I:sh ~!h.e

d" 'r' 'L, 'if ,ft~' 'R" e 'I.. iIo.,

m,I_lruml O~ 'tillll: !a.Jdf~I'D : "B:iOalssamu:e o:~' 'h~-' H''Cajle.e.flilt~11 ce.ntlurr-,' ..

:~pedallt, 'sip[tlle-al!l!t: 19, tlli_s Imnllil,@el'fClJl, af-e Li["',,, [T:a,cit1us, ,a;~.11 'OiJi18RJI'fI 'hts,tndaJls ,and Of;a~D,~' 'W'D5e w,ork[s, embOOjJ' 'illl inifOf,Ma'~ !~~Jite it!h~; 'IRe" slPi'tttl, [~d' ."OMIAI la·" iilll ~ts, :imtividutalis'~ 'phase,. :~:nd,eed, 'pt" ,A~, 'Ma:,e'k, ,gOiS, 50 '(ar [as t~ [~hS!_t;3t.tOriZG C-bflo as,tbe: 'mml:D ,~gtho:fi~, I@,' :mOO~m' l~btilj=fti5;llIiI;·. [fTo' bilm;~1 'Ha.~,ek · _' i:'b 'i'I"_ dllll ~be

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'1--:·

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[conoeption oi:'[I~lit~ria] :ru:l~'S, or ,'~es ['~Bum'J 'w'bicllao1,em it~aisi!3!tiofl: [ 'th:f; Ic:ooeeptiGlII. dltat: 'we· obe,· l'h.e. :~IW' inl [ol:ldl:r' '~.O' he frte~, ,and: the [OOlc.pUOtIJ ~jhaJ:, 'tlil;e: jiudl~ ou.,gb1t lo' be m~feJ]:' 'tile; :paQlfrtD tl~rolltllni 'w~lCih-' 'cJhe :~aw' fspea·ksl~I,.'7' ImpOrltant.~ aJlm[.~, are ,I '1ii!llilDlIOOf' of' :s'llil~ 'w;J!ii'~'U':S" ,espec"iaU), 't'liI:e ePJ-!'pcmf :Maf'c-us, A~eillilSiil w~I1UJ[ 1;11!I1 liil:e:11[' 'oonception of' t'bl~: :rratrtlllal tJ[11~~,r' 0:£' 'Ume :h;uma[tl] :s~es, as, ooD1f:medJ by pa:niCii~paJtlv~, I'fa 'Ibc di,vi:me [~fJrtJ!s arn!ticl~pa;te the mnde:rEl 'IH)e~Ta~: ~;deaj~ O'it· 'uni,ye~'ltslf:ll!, B'~~ fihese Sioic ~Dtlr:i:tl\ujtio;ns[ 'W~r.1; :pef1ba;ps h~§ imi~na[1l!1 'f:nr' '1:11I:e: 'fUitJU!!I'e o.f Ube:,[ai.istrm[ .:an Ule ,aeJl'le,vem,er:lit, ~IOI'

cY""'-

a, pe{nod 0([ RrOnll3r11 :t.li~tory [of' IiI'Il ijndlh~~d!U!ail~st le,ea'l. oRf~r.., ~D ·a!IlI;ch~n['t.

ROMe. tihefil", as :~f;Ij c]ass~cal G:[ieeoo~, w:m,e; O'f' the: ~l~.:e\11its ,of' ,tJhe

'~"iL.~'~ "II '11., - ,A ~ ., iI...- .... ...iI.'~ . ..-iI ., i'J

:lIJm:;~r.,al 'OUbOO,L w1cre 'pl\eseEl;'~ I [D,u:';[ '~~,r' a, '~:De ~ enJ~b;u, :lllli :pr.;adlce

'd'n:~tlI.D'i!.. 'iil'--cDI' ; 'iI'iiti;:!,;,-;i :t;i'ii.;·_n:~ nfC ;j..,·lIi...li~~ii ..iI'r~a'~;i·iCi;t 'Il"'lifn~'

.~~~U~,J~l_~~~JUI, l'~:l~ l~[~!I!~~II,~U.jL~I;UI;!I;~1 Vtl. 11",lllIJ'U!'IJ"""lltU1U~ 1,1~1_iZJ!I ... ,lJp'ft.'.1

WlIa,t laf: the 'onn;tribulltll);n ,!l):f' Clnis:tiallrut,· t,o[ ~be IbeifiaJ idea [of' :Mie:edom1 ,Acroc-dl:nll t10 ,8 'we{m,-es:ta'blisbed bl5itori~gr-ap'mca1 'tra .. , dilrtiOIil, e~x·,e-nlplifi,ed, :te, "tile: w[j:l~jD(I~' of' G~jlJooml ,IIiIO Hju~me·,~ ~ibe oo\t1I~emio,ml [of' [Ute R[O~lall, Bmpi'lte 1'0 Cllu1'StllllJR :fai~th in ,the: :f[ei.B"'~ ,~f:' Col1ita'lJ1~in~ a.ad ,tbe:f.1eafte;,r' :re,pr[e'seJil:'~eed, '~;h,e et'li;P'SC oif' anciel1jt~

]~ il'.ii" ;, . '1- . W All "", [II ,~ .Ai"· 'Iii·'

"3 :tlCS, [o:~: reJ:~g!ons tu",!efi1l'tiOfll aou :regcpoc[t, 'iF'Or d3:3'niiuill ana :~nrte; 11'1,",

se;nce,. On tbat v:iew" Cbr~st~arnf~t.,' briDllj;JDJt: aibo1!lil a, ~dUI~pb, ,@'f' :ba'[Tiba.r.lsm. 3.od :rleiligilOJil and i[lla~IUfalted a dafll{ Ellie of ~Ilu,dl:e;r[all,ce. [I[nd] :i,gJ1loranoe,. A,s a(1~inst, dlb~~l 't'beil,\e :(8, IJliUle ,doIrlJbt: dialt: 'Gad", Cln'lls;ti~nl~:ty 'was '~y[ ICQ.pari80~, 'WI,[Ulii the fe!1:~lj,()DS. [o:f OO:lle;. Rfim'8;ns[ and 'tCb,e ,j1e.ws an :indlivi,dua'lisn 'fa:IJt]jl., ns ooncB:IlI:tr.,arliOI! :rn tbe sal,\!J!tlU,g o~' U!~,e. :in:.iny.i.dlllJa] .a'nd '.ts 8'f11lJYJ)ilIJatioll o~' tb,e; 'i~mnli!ril,cnlt; [elldl ,of',a'ti~. t!l!rb~B$[ C;l11oo1!u"aIGd a IOOSCliliiD,g of the 'mollal dl~l.plltme5 [of' 'lh~ ,old, :l,\e:~l,ginlils[ and ,a:.o.u[)lledl ttl[ laln 'inten~iicat!'o;n lor the .,bit: [o.f :111!tdlv.rdUllliJt.,' IIx-,l}essed :in, :nU\lin.y' [of 'the ph UOLSOfJhiesl and m~:~8iol1ll 0([ 111,$ la!te :Ra1lll:3'n, :pe;do(L :L'ikie '~'liIe; 'jindi,vjguaiiim ot' fbe StOJ,CS, arnd :m;plCu;M3IDSli ~ilo,w~¥~r'j< tlUt,t: 'fif' ~jh,e ea[dy omri~tlans, w,as aJn'ti;~liiU.cal, ~ta[Ull;@iF 'Iha'o, :pmitfIJ",llllbe:Ja:~., U: 'ite\lt1b,er had,~, nor' 'was, :peRe~'l-ed, 1Jl)[ :ha,v1c,lt. ,31m.,' [d£~ffi[d;te

" '1-:" - .. " 'Ii"···' ~ .,JI "l'I"'1l.,. ,. L .A' ,. ~ ...:III , .. ~ 'iI£

:~jtn" _U:~UlO:IlS ~ur 'poIHtca~: OftliBr,", -It:IIJUiS,~ [DI1100 '~t !I"a~ e,m;a[D;tllPai,teQ Ulse;,J:I:

"10m] i.ts anilius[ i:m, J':udaJls'M~1 ObristiarDliJt.y be>CBLme a 81ll1;,,,orsam,

't'··' ,Ai . '.' '.[1-' ,. - ~ . ...iIi L. 'I'" ;# tu - [I!., ,. ~ II CIII'· ~

:r,cllgi,Oil!li ~ u(K:[i'r:I[I'iUl'l .~' enmmu:teli,li '{~[ a, 1~e.'I,e~~: :10 t,lI,e ~"_gJtla~: eqUJa~n~:y all:

,a'l, :solrds[., :B'ut 'this[ wacS, a [dud;dne OOn1p~tWb[e~ 'atb ·1, [M-Q~d 'va!ri,~t" of :poHth:iaJl arr,raJn,l~m;eDIb.,.,

'POl' :atl, 'these reasons, :Um,@; '.or,3J :im;hi)ri~~d,te of Cbmtiani~,J' 'to Ule'

,..;i1." 'I ..:III I "",..rI1 ., AI '1.4,

meQley,a~ a ill Y. [ea'f ['Y :llitwe:tnJ '(R:riLOuiS was[ ,wmlI" ,IX. iI[nl;!!! e;v"C:JiIi, [W:liltm,-"

dldnry'~ '.hl~l~ [Ohri&tialnJiJtiJ' lndteed, 'br-o~gb!t am eD,d. :ID the 3BiOll!t 'tr,ad~rUon [of' ~feedum o:f enCfoil)' SInd compar,B!li,~e, ~]lISbllllS :toler ... · [1t'[0'I':I' B,t ,t'h;e ~sar.e tilmr; it ~~f,a'llsD1l~U:ed, ttl[ [u.s the~ 'Ulniive{rsaUs't ,and

Copy rig hted m ateri al

Copy rig hted m ateri al

2-

,

Liberalism in the Ear~y-'/

, ,

,,'r,'. : 1\ odern p"=:I)[e,~;-r":~:!'IO".":I'[d:·J'

:' I: ',i , ':',,_:-"/ ",::_:", ,'.:-,'r n ,: 1 ,~J , " ",:'~-:,:L, ~l",_",'c,,':,,~

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:iotui~h.ri_n:I; ~.~:/ ·~tt [c)]311:ml 'thaLt. b·,· 'lhclI :maJ1l1J_'-& arod [cI:fCB_mmllllce me!" ·IIG· 'U:_llIu:voidablr 'Nftden'nil.ed. '1,0' ,Idl ~~ltec§l'I:1 p:ufS;uh 0;1' 1!b'"' [ever' [e:blfliiq [o'b;j e.els of tha~r' desl'r-ecS"

.A·lil dime '[eat[urrG~J [of :Hob'bes·,t 'n[J.ou;glil[t ,arre 'flmilllial' t~kas of [his

'm~ -[ ·U·"}. I'~"'~I'~:- -·"'It~ ._. '. , .. :L,~ iin,'l!.. ·-r,T:~rf1t..(i'~ IT 1-[ :b,:'~' ,~;i'-'-: i-'~-;:';-lli;::~4!' [;:;.'f/ ~_~_~m_.~,,~ ~~ .'JB_m_,_a..!IT\'Ii ~!'-IU~~ Itnna~~cC\.!l, iU.pDD_Y; ~ill,Gi .Bl'eaJe-s ... 0,

H,o~b[bes[ isdmll1m~1 [am :Idsl alft',dt1cs, 'Mtih. U"bc:{[;alisltllll', Hi.' c_f~lseJllesJS ·to tilhemltro. :11,· ) ·hll ·,111., [o,f' cou: I_-~ ,hill :hIs uliI:co,mpr-oud511n;g ~[11I.diVJi:d~a~ ..

i'I'"._. I,~. '~I' .~ :f;;~ili;nJ~] ;~IIIU'jj[._ 1~~.iUjiO~~rl'. ~_~ I,..j:~; ~-'DERi~~·I!it\a-<n,'lI[it:ii:if'i ,;Q;(f~jjiftl;blli~"[ ~~' ·~ih.·1IiI' [ ... ~_U,~I ,IJ~, ._ j .• '!i,I!!~-ll~ ~.~.~ r Ijl~~'!11!"""'" '[ ~~~[ Ul!ii;J ~F!JL._I_~~'II @_,~,I.!!!,~lli!=l!_!.'Y'n "!.!I'.~. t;~_..".

eq~uallii1bcdy ·o,'.al]] .C!·OI :11I!I. 'til·] stale ·of oatU!lie aJDdlldl]lrllL~' Ri~emitll ICJf' a, pU(1sbr he_ditaif)" t;~~i~.·.' in po'l!i;'t_l,wll iaiil!tl~;of1iit". :Le;().1 S;trarl!lSS, 'pu'tSI the

ea "iI"'_ ' .. ' '." ~\n.,[ '"' i'll.'"". ~ifIi;.'~. c.:,".'_'.' •. ' '.' ,SoC. '~:Ifr.,,:. ro. <.·LI·j~[:_i!!iif[C:· ,".~~Ji'!i;.·n~'i'l:~Jio,.it'!ii.:'"i' [;ii"iO.-~., .. :t.' [I[~~~~[ .... e . .-._e-a·[I'·I~,;j;!~ ~.'"-li- "'Ii:'!, •• '~1~1]~~.1' -. ~'-'.': ~ il!Y~ n~'Y'~'~~ ~ Iio_'-il¥ ~IL"",,~ .r~·~:tt.'!I.!'.!l._!!['y'~ """,I ,~_.I~I: ~~~'-~I_~1 n.oJ; I~VL'_'""'WS.

If [Ib~- ,-~ .• ~.~ 'f-w ---p t he *d-'~'d f"-~' ,-Ill d-"'" ~ " sei!'[

1;'11 .1 .C;TJI~ [~;,_q I ~iI!,~~' mgs.,:' <" : '_:- , .. m;e .. ~, I :t\OPl I~C .~.e-lli'e I .GI!' :~_'_.'_:_['"

l,~~al[i'~n,~ if: ":i.n Imber 'WOItts,~ ~bc dcsifCC 'Io:r' HJf:~"InCSC{li\1O;tiO:Al is Ih~: ~fMf; ~d HU ''"-~l, - . [ - .... .;Ii 'nt-· .r~! ,~1:. ~ ,i!.~-.fI--~.\.'I] '-[[' [ iii ~'--:~ .. !'-. '-" ..... '~_A_~ .g.u liUstJJe ltf_1IU ,...._.,Q]'aLL~, ~I W_I:G lJun.u.am.lOllh IJ'IlliOJ;8:i 11~3-f1 .. '_. ,~t .3,

aLD.t;,' but :1 "gbi'~ aU ou1iu[ [I'm ,dGlf'¥@tiv.e '(J6m [tM ~tu.ndame:m;1~11 andl

li·n· .. 11t ... · .10.:]1 .. ~ '-It'Ii' .. ,', ".lUi!." .. .-- ,,- -iI!';~ ... [!"I'!tl. ..... '" - . ~ --. '( ..... - ~. - .... - ....... , .... ·1~" ti - - ~

_AI~""llalJ'l.ll :ml .... Ii, e, lSitb_(.-"'p~,Ra;1i'_ll. ,I, .1'Ii!;;!H: ;am~u~:I'lliil-:OO iiI.~, ;~bi:C o.r

unmlKliJio:na'l Idl1tiu~ dutHs, aUl [fJindinl [Dnti [~O (Ie e~jteDI: im[ 'whicb

[i!''''-~,",' ni!iI!;-f"q~iIIi~ ,..:I'~iI!1. [[l'Iinii.A.+· --,Al"'nl~r ,ii!'l.lflli"" iIP~·lt'-n . c'~;I''':['''ry:1I!Ii _ ,:0,':' :ftFI'W ~1~iI!!· [l!![J~q~, 11l"""'~!-~!I!·~i!!!11!!,!-1 ~_l!.!.M'~~~~~~". _!IiI!~1 ._._'j 11i"'" .". m'!!l·. ~L~,~\~I, .. "U.l.i!!'!Ii!ll-'A;r

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,of tine ,1~'eimilnilil,eDt, is .leml,' to assur)e ii~:" :L~bIU1:"" 'which :i9: nl,e; sitlen.:

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41nd ihe: '1111i" 0(( go,,-em_mellIll is as m;ueb 'to' pro.d~ :fJelooJo. H,llt: :(5, '1'0' ki"iPI ~'he :pea,cc;., :b~, $piLllam'll 'b;" eonJtfaS!t~ wiJ1'b, H~o'bbes:il die :freed~m 'O'f' :th,$ ,i:ndlvidua'l is ]Jot, a ncO!·a'ti,~e 'v,aluc-, '~hc aIbscocc 'of' Q:bs-tatlc-s 'tel'

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:Pm:pcJ'l~J' app~iett of' a i:t,vi8!tblll t'he 'h~mll, ~,Ql:", bu.t '(or 'oo.fh, of '~'me. 't'nli horizons, of :im".JO'.V,\C'Ml'iIlit W:elrG: [~bJDd~d h,,' 'tllu!; :~;fftI)a!mMt, 11iI[~I:iE!~;~~~'~'t'I~;iii;~1 ,~;f, 'lriiiim'D~~ loP\lii"I~:e·~~'i!iii~· [~~L,.a.!~i!liij\. ~flr';' "H:<' In:7~""~' . 1;'i'I!~~~i~11 'S-~i@'''~ a_~_l)i.hl. ,~~ u\ , ,U!!i!I .. @:~'!!, !I!i!''''!!;."~~~,''~1j,i-","", ',",' III._,,",I,'~gg, l~<~.. ' I }!I,oI"U~, !I;,o. ",'1,1 c~ ~~IIi!i'I~,~,

w,asl aliW~¥.s, Uk~~" ,t~, (aIn rfla~k :~~to[ a b8!ttla'wu:s, :nat!ur,al oondijt_hl:g [of' 'D·a-'~:a-.' ,if~r-:' [~mi'IIiii~!'ii'~ ~i"'~ ,~~~ jl'il!liI;oJ;;]1Ili '!U"U)I'illl'~ a··I~~"';a.'!!ll!t:'~ ilr'"'" a·-·[ 'lPc;a·-rrii'~,[>, '~'i'!IiiL';i!: 'n~~_~i!l!~.'II''''"'I!' .,~,. r~lFnil,~~' IU,,,,, I~~""",,", !H1!!-g.!'~, '1!'!!!''!I;!P."~;\it, ~_~i'!nl' __ ,;,gl ~ , __ , I!!; __ ~II![!!!.,;'~ !!IJ!'~.!,!!'"

:l..oi11m--"SiPcil [~Il'Ii, • .:r~:i4I~~:.;~;tJ;il·iC: ,a· '1!'!Ii~ ' .... 1 .~[:- ;it [;t<~I"' •• ~"jI!', '~~tflliil'~ [a'II~""'a' 'iIj!j!; '~~ ·m,['~.d,J ~~

IJlJu ~ ~~I 1._lI~lr.I·~1 rU~I&UI __ Di __ IJlrUl .11~I'W"a:t., r~- ~.~l-"'~ lnJ~._III\ll __ -~,g·.~~l~r"'J ~ I ~ __ ~_~ _. 11J~,

,as&t~lH, and '~lltiifin, fa,ti~fI' 'tttan, MaSOn,. IPOli' botlll]'~f'titelml,~ !~8nfiliiJIIlU~e a!od :sl:a;vaFf [3Imj ~miln'~:s (ut!t1l!uml, mmdij1[[QI1i~J ,aRm: e~nll~8.;~0n'.:e:Il!t: and

L- -..1':- --- -- --- - - --, .. '~ - - - ,~- IIjt. - 'I"~,t; - 'f'" ~'I!. - - . -'" - '~ "

':u.leGliI'ODil ia'iIiiG 1e."W;p~IO'llS, )i1i1i '",u;e <1~!J,:e; '~I: '1~;~~Je :S!pecle:s[,. ,!Ii, JJi:e,' Dif[C

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p~~u~~ ~.J! i!~~,f,a .. ~s. ra,,~;~,f tualill [~.I!~.!FaL,,[ ~eaig~ ,~n~,'~"h)l DO'~

's.l'illlie 'ILb 'UR:r-a:i (jatlh (mr [[11];0100:)1 t1hat 'f~eec!IDm, ,amd~ <'e'ls(lil C'llIl. be: •• e 'l;b~' 'mil amO.Dg 'Ih~ft.

Hob_s, [~Ul:d Spillllza, 'blJfoll,g [n~hf3il: 'to <tIbe pl'te,..;history [of iU,tEr,ailis.:'j] alR1, W~: see '110 ·tklr' m.m~1 as, 'in ,oth,eirs,~ 'tlna'l. <tjhG [Cimerl'llA,OO [of' :[~" 'n~":"'if:-11 'm,,-]\!', I I'~: :-: ,- I-} -',it;; ~.,a~r-'t-ti"~IIr~'- ~ '-['Ii--.::~r-~T"--I '-~'''' _~d' ~J~_!jg ,~O.'CmmDl~. as a, ~!ltl.~,Y lU!i?Dlb!la[I:!J,~e ,ll~_d~~l.l1lt'lRltI10n en

'WTPi,asses a, <'l1ard~~, 'nf ,m;mllJ]p~ :h~llU~n~~\"< To,w;3;r-ds ~ibe [el.d! ,cd ~he

imni;e;v;lIJllpefiUdI-, ~ibe; Icpallistil, ,J[eSouill'S 0.,' ~iie :Sc'hoo:1 af Sallamt'neJ illlad :llltl£ii;pa!ted. 'som,e ,cd' ~Ih,$ '~:bemes ,of til _' eh.tss:!eaJ: !ILibe~r;a'ls[ otl' ~'e Soo,ilbisb Bnlit,lbit~i1Im~ft;t whe:m, ~:Il:e,' arrgJue-d thB,~:,t ,aga;lli181 ,ccllUlin ba,CiKSJ1CflInd. mn:d'iti,onslj '~'h0 jrea: prioo [of' ,a:IiII:,' oo\mftlod~jt." 'was ~h, :matf:~~c:t,:pri",!, Por 'Itn: mml :.- I bowev'Cf ~ thli5, oon~ribuitiQm", lliilk!c~ [[he ,mDltiblllion of various, ,~3iI:e <Dledlel~~aiil mD.;[Dalli_sit_s~, w,as, :mDI1lJ lost, aad :b.rad. littl. i_nllD1:~ OIl [(1m I,be,lail, 'iDjte~I:ft1.oal, t,a:di[jtbllll~ [e'¥C:Jl I:' ,it: :fiillllRiS' [D, :8 [ront~t;t; for :111310(, [0'1' the diKussioDS, :in :Loc.kei,s, w:ri:tl~IS'"

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'~~ ii1'!(i:'.~.;if [~~nl~Cn"'·I'r,:li!Ij~~ll·",..nl ~~' ,~b~: '.--Id;o;1il·:~'~,a}1 ~rli'~~, 'W,' ,ii'''JUiI!l, H:i:'L,4:( i":Iil ,~t)Ii'ib~ ... 111"111,,,,",, ~UUIi;\1J, '!IoiY!IlI,~ ,)I,)'!,!IOIi~~.u """'l~, !!!on.-~ ~~~,,",!li,:d~" ~J If,'''~~l!,~ .... ~ l!lV'~ ~, ~UI"lllr

blliE1()JD 'hm ~ll,c Rlilm [uf ~'blory'; it, 'was :rafbli[" :a [mlltriblllti«OI fll!r.o,up

[~I~., iil\'it"~n-~' I\~'~ I~'fll ~~~,~~~III i~~~wl~~'ft ,~~~ ";::'~~~':~_~~~~III'I~~~~ ,-,~r- .. ::: - "j ~. ,'I":

lclil.~ ll~~'n~_., LAII,~ ~~, rJ;,!In;.'lll~IIL!I'gUb;;luns tu: alell,r:,~ IRI, ,1'PlnmeDL

aDd ijm,'t'Eni.rB~ :i8iw i' 'ejcl~,~d, ~tllli 'OO'(ili('I,ne:n:t9!1 :~'U:ro;~ 01fllJ,' WJJlbJ 'ihoe 'n_ ~ ~~a·'~'v '~~~""i-r~lii· ~a' -,~~~iil;iil·,t!~. i"i'!':~1'j:'ii ·a~·'r:-~'Il:·"~l _ ~ .. , 'dc-;[ii;,tn'llii~iij-:;~IiI~ ii?~' ~~ji"illa~:I;i~~ Y~ll 1wi. __ I! IllJJ ll~IJ_liV~ , _ J' !1J~1.~I'~I~~.J ~,1J_~~"11 ~ -·~.~-~-IJ[1 ~ I ,Ill~ ·.~_~_~I~~_,~ .-.1 Vl~' ~1/~:~U:~I,l~-IJ!!!!iIJ

a~, '3 lsocial Is~st~m 'm-~ i-~Ii'iJn;I~: ~a-r ~llil~ Im- - - ~'fi: ~1Ii'l1:' IhiPl hJSSi, ~, 'f'~''''~~~,

.~~_ [_, i_. __ '-= [_J~'[ ~~ ' •• =--=~QIl!J~ ,_i_.~ 11KI__lI_1I¥ ,.j .. ""I~~ Ir-'!t""'!~..2~ l_-_-_-~ lIJ. . Y_, I.-~~~

~mdiJtml's ~Uiii' 'in ~~: ~II,~~ ~~,;:,: :~~~~~~ -;~~~-~ "[II ~L~:I '-~11~~~~:~~~'; _~~~~~~~~,~~_~, I~~" ~~~ ,~nrllaIi'iJ\lI, "_!Id.~.y wctrc p~u om [Ill ,'lI'lUU£\nll!~'

~'~~uili"" 'i~~: ~ll~-r-i;~liIi~' 1D.a;V'OflioI-:l;.IJt;~"""1!jIi ,D'ril!ilil ,~, ,ai.'i'~P:Ii :0!Ii1 1~,i;'lj!li"iiinap,iIj ·~'IiI-+,II"'~I'''fI,Ii;.:illilI11''~~' 1~_~:I~IJ'UU:aJ~IIIJ Idl_l1li! ~llvl.L.IU~ IRJ'1ii! ~ U }aIIU-U,~_1 .ll.rU [~ .TI~ Ill] Ul r"'-"~I'U!l~ID.-ilJ 1 __ I~_ '!I!' , rUu;u_IL _~!lJ1

!in~'{~H:t8i,iul, ,BId ,.ppllicB'lion,.

~.~~, .~' _'

'~*, lj:C, ,~:~ ~)ii:--J-;iIIi '~fl .... ofil ,~f,~' W~'~lr':~_I~,IQ' H· iD;i!!lAn_"'~li':l;ll'Iil '!",U f,~~ii,'I~:""w''-~'"_'IO '~~.' ,i].I~iil'fii~~:'Ii'.'[,J .11LI II~ LI_lLI. '~_1l11,~ IV~: ll/~ ~ . L., ':~_I'DJ ._)~i.~~~!irt~o~U-~_~l!!!!_~J! ~yJ-Ju .. ".,IJ-Llo~B 1~~~I.-~ Y" ~~~l~;~'~

Re"ollll!llun~, Ilin 't'llte deba'tes dilri'liJi the ;EDR,lis~b Civ'ill 'War and 'I 'mMI :imS"Klr:cllu;t~",~ ~f:il j',O:h'D ~'k~,"':s ,:!«Ojl'jj lr~:luf.' Ion: Cj'P~I' IGoi~,~n;..· L~,nl:,t.:~1 -theat: 11~11I:e: ,ccMJtral1e]:em:ents ,of' '12ho ltloor,a'~ o]l,tiltMlk c:rysla~~Ij_Bt1. 'Inr line first. Ume h~i[al a oo;hercmt 'h~i.~nootnal t~ad~t'i:olilll~XP' ~~d, :iim, a,

~ -- ~-.-- -_---- -.---~-- -'---~ - - -.-----.~ --~- ~----------.------ _- __ ----_----'_ ---~:_I,~- -------- ---- -

',,:,W ;[c~ltll . ,~~I:I~1i';-[1 ·d:-l~~-.t'~ r, ···d,'-l,~.-[,d'~ :;"III"!,.~Ii\~;;;fI',-, '1!1O~'~'I:_;;~1 ';[ 'I:.,,,,,"['~-; -~".tl I~;l:il' po"" ell,U:1!,~ III 011; [L,l(tm, '. J,_ lue .. aD _ C(Ul~_'llc~e,tU, i(Kb_IJdca_, ImlO ~ c!LmCDI~'.1 ,nJI.\ ~L~e

~e"el of pIac~~, Ei,"gJ:lsh ibgritllisml at this thl'1.e 'OO:DPT-eb~Rdl:d, a,

'iC,.:~ft'o ,a~'-s-lii'Ai'i~~'E!l.'1I' ~£ 'Irm"'i']-ll'·a· '~iiI!I!niil;iI!Ii'~' Oiifi",V,-lII'llIIim- ;-Qftt'" '.III!Ili~~''''' .~~Iio.~ ~;iI11~: ~f'(I~Ia;,w

.~"_I V11:~, _ .~~.l 11j_~[Vll~. viI. r .. ~1J I _ _ _'~IHII~I~I!li.Y_.l J-J ,~v ~ ~'.IJ,111_ j I'!Iii!~I~.I!lil !II.I_IJ_:.I~~'l.l IILrl~ II 'wtb ... lVl I !III =~

I.lainst mQIlI}a'r~hi:cal absOIUili81m.~ tog~tiber' wiltl1 ,an [elD,b~asll' IDOl 'fiecdnMI oif,assoeialtio.,B and :p,dY8!fe pmpe{rt". :~jt 'waSl fitese, a~;pects"of Bu,eUs'h, po]i~[ca'i cxpcrie~llIce fitJait: locic ~'btQEizcdJ and ~mllDod~elll i~n: his, ooDCCpljt}nl'o:f,ci'vi~',fJt1C['6ty .- :'_he :socict,,' 0([ free m~" cquaJ un.dtl" the mle tl(f ~:aw" 'oo,und. 'toge;f'har 11, ItO 'mmmOlill 'Ptlrpose h:ot :silla,o_ol ,a, [.,~~t, '(0" leacl1lJ ai!ner:,~,J ~"i<IHS.,., 'Nio- 'was ~ltJe m~~~ sadfd~~ wb~c'hl

~ "''''1r'''''''''' ... r ..., " .. .. n lniB I., _ I" !l' __ ... , .". ,c , I . ."."~ ,,~ . _ L ~ .. ~

'u.a ,th~o_riBd: a, :r~mI~: d,eY~lo.FJlRe:llIil: wi'lhlol 'tbe :8fti1l5'hl e:lperlr~

'* A.. III 'Iiiil' . .d' 'I Iii.. iii.. ,. iI..,'. 0-' I' ,_ ,~ r,'1 ~iri.

IG'lloo..., ,ftS ,F.:I,;dliliil ,l~!liii~IB'[ 3itl:e ,III as: SI!:I,~n ~illil, ~][is [i'[1fI-lIJm' l~t 1~.MI)IU:f;(;

,11 ... ,..i!'·"iv~'.Jl'~-, ~w~'~ ~-~ ,6 '1:ii"n'~l;·:ltl':bl 'If'-_~:~~~'~ Wi~~' i'_..i'!'1'"~i..iit-I'[a~("lsf;, '~ii1i; ~~\iL'!i :~~~O~lf'~~f··i'Ii.·

,:Ii"tKI~,I~!I!Uual!tHJiI,,. ,PillS ,I., .. ~I~I'" '~~ la~ :llll\il),,~'II,ulil .1111., 1.111 ~lll;", ,!I~o'~1 II, [.,~

d'iiiiOi'lOnCl! ~~\S; '~p,'liI"'_-~pe;'" -·!"i'·~t: ,: Il-C~,~!~,--;;-,~"i;I~ '~","Jliiti'I:!I!I,::-,~, 111~11(~ 'a·i7'i..;!1 'li'Iiji--~ 'II ,iIi'"I'iilli'1lI~~ f~j"' _~!l~lI!;II'!u~,!< ~~.' I.!;I,'~ ' .. \II.\~ ,_Ii,WI ilJ!J_,y bJS, ,':!~IIl!I_tIlJ~ _~!Ilv ... \lj,-Y ~~I_,v,[,a_, !!I-f~I.'~.~,'!!¥, '""~~

~ =' IS' ~.

:sevec,a~J ccn)~udls, 'Hfore dle 0,y11, W'ar',., Ijl 'w'as ,mIl '~be 'basi_Sir 'Of' seve:rail:

'I:i .ilin.· ~:I\"~d'~ c.;a'~e ,~f~' tIl'~ia:il ~'liiH;d,'~1 "'01'\"""ift'~m-, '-1\'" A",'J·;i:o:}n~"li'iili: 1~-fIi ,i'!li1Iili ~~"iILI~I~I~d·r_, ,'~llI!!I!I .. I!iI~~ _, ,r ... ~)!!g; ty',~, ~!:~~~ ~'!l~_ ~!I!.o'Y!~I!-~,~~~~"" U-~T~Ity',F"l!i.'!-~~i!!'~ lIi-i!'~~1 I!;l!i~J ~'!I!!lIl!Oli~,T., ,

'uaUs!: lm,odel tbBIt Lot,_, ant" [ollila dKUri5;tS O'"be Whits, ea'us¢ [d:e;y,c:lo,ped, ~'e~'r ooDOeptio[i1 of fCl¥,il: asst'1d:Qtl,Qliil an.., ~~ml)tr.ed ,RDY,enJm:c~iU:,;

'f;,~~i~~, 1~;"'~P(I"';"'lf1 ''"·"'[r~~'·,'.··~,~1 'i"I, ·~ii~~l--: '£i~' ~'h·miCS, w1h. ~~n I~~ mJF;--·(f' :it ,t;.,.'\,n"itIli!JiOi' ~ !>_II_.UU,!,'lI!'" U,\G_ 'W1!.!I!U..t5 g, 1l1i!IUn,~!r~!I, ~~Jit~~~~ __ , ~~~~, oo~~ec_,

al'StiRct~ft mmi~lexi,gn 101, 'EIi1i~tiSll, li,MifcaJism fh:al: ~f5istSl till,.. '1m lthe

r .. lr.~ lr"

'lime (ill ,J'lJliiLn; :Illtad, Mlift I't lS\!l liD] ~'he ~l"t 'n'laee,:t. :l1iltl.'I~' ICni'be4llC'd, :iu

. ,r I

'[be mn;I\C:-«,i ,o,f' 100ri'Stlan 'lhl{iSlil1L ,As .l'0'11I'1, DUI1I111. 'has :S1'imWn f1l] his

brilliBul!: SitlUJ,I'I" :~kerliSlldoctrine 'of nlt~'riail :dpt51~, :r~II" 'i!lu.l[libl~1

en :I~~' 'I~~ ,.,1:..,_, ~,t1"!ti~':V. 1.".1'1) 'b~ri;~' ,~.,J!!Oan~~~:~I!jIi, ,""f~'B, 'I!IIi:Qi~I!I"'I!I;~ ~~l'a·"~' '~~'~'I·~~'ii"'l liS, ,"' ... ,~

~"\~_ 'rI' ,~,~l' "'.~~~ ~~!!!!l':~nl'l ~ ~~l ~·~\I!JJ[~r.'~VJ'~,~, ~~. l~_, ,1.'_tIIJ,n._oE_lIJ It "n; ·n",I~1 ~JI~IJ lll_ !il~l~

e1,l~fes:siom ,of tbe Idiratinl!:l :u[t,~j"e.~ Ntt!I,U!rla!~ -D,gbt5 in, ~te embod:,' rthe~ OOJ'idi~ims 'w,e :o,ee.d, hili Qrde~F. 'ID' ,m,t~c't: ,Bind, preseiFve, BUr :nwes, D!Ode~F' 'th.e~ 'nalc-~;-I' '1-: ~':~!~/'~':l-::]~ ~v! Ib~'1 000: 'U~de.j" fhe~~ IlJaws,~ we 'ha',",)!; rI, riiiihl' ~~~- ~~Ii.I~ ,~I!,~ g,,'¥e:~J ~,'_- _l" -. ~ ~~,_~~ ~~~~~~ ~~- .,"~,:t..~~ '~~-". -~-.~ ~'"-.CI-. )-'

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Copy rig hted m ateri al

'111:1: ~Jt,I:e~nd (lit': ,AI191:.8aKr(ltlll '~I}e;ed;o,m, w,a'S I~O baye; ;;11 bJ:frI8: lifil ;afttGD;-8: :engitsb ~r.-e:fouue~, i3ji1:d, :mdlicall~~, 80 ~t1a)t Yil1l~fi :~nl '~,'7101 :It was pf\~posed aba/It, I, 8od:ct~</ '[or 'Co:nsi'~tIDlti{iu~al' :~:'DfO'fm3iUg;n 'be estabJt_mm'll:"1 t'hG> pJ;\uplsalll :stal:cd, 'UUJJ1: '~liIe lof' ~'II:«!iiif' obj'eetblls., 'was 'to [mn~~-'"e 'till

fliA O'~.,:tL .. I, [.,~~~ ,~I:..l' '1'"~1l..1 ' 1II!'IIfiOIj,!~L1I11"""" .' .,I~}:linl a~ ,titl'r .. f1If~1 '~[\Ain:'i: '1i)liIl1'~q["J .a llil...fil [ii"'!I'I'Cfili\ilji;~')

1~ u.iI,'~ br~,.u '!'''Imlll ,~ll ~~LU ~,,1,~~~J.~'l,:I 1~1~''''''r~~~'I!;;~''''''~!I!''' J!i.iI!~~,_ ~~~\JI, '!iii;~g1~g~j~!I!,

'tlf '1)~II,e ""lenJe:~ai'~:o G:ulS'i'itju~~:OI: ~;r,arns.i,~'~e_:dl 'IDI 'BS[ 'from, 'Ol'f' ,A:ngJn"" S.a!xr,n~'n:c,-S'tD s, A>'''~'~~r; [~~I 'W'~ 'R'e 'O,:~~:dF~-' :;:~.-'I--~rfh~'~l'~'I-}--:.-~ ~r '~( '-l~f;'~--:t:_ ~~~'01~~ iJL=OO ~~~ r~ _ ~8flU~~, as ,~,'~ ='" __ ~ eenLGillOJ ~as ,~)t{n:@u, In ulS u~ a!L ,j'

s: ... !nl~:c.o;~~:"'>HtIi"'_I~' ,'~'r"~~,'Ii'J,....;co; 'w- ,11:..'~iIll ~I~ '~~iffl J :C';~~I"'U;i'l~,tw:'hjiiil ;(jll'fl'a"-,;:'!Ill\;;i~.al ,.'L;ji:i;, ,~~.r["'!I~'lI!~'[~~!!!I~~'''~ M]"l~_~l .rr·~l'!I!'~~~~~~1 ·~.".II~I~~_ ~JJ~ JL.m.;__ [.,,~, .' -~.":"'jL"'I"lr_J_l~ [u~~I: __ I~;~-~U !l-.~l-~

i:nst;jtlJj!titJJii (Jf' I, sta'n:djjll~ annl,., be :pl1,ai_md, '~ll!tl sacr-cd ~k, o:f [ttl I

CA~Se4f:i'~~II;~I~~ri!._ 'TII"::c,ii '~~iAO'c~+'1 '1"'1"' 'iij~~ :~'~i~~n i'l'ji'ft;a.;I~e, I a .• '-+'1 'le!L~1 ~'a'~31i1 'Ullllli'lf!l.'IiI!!Ii. ,'Ii,i!',I'I, 11111':,~;I, ......"I'IJI11f"".""""'iUI •• , I~U]j,;o ~~~~. IL,'!I.l!I"'!t .. ~_~, ,'nu~u~ ~ __ ~""'~ , __ I

slJjlr[-., 'f-'lin'a'~~,~[ ia~: O:rienl,ea~' IliIo~es hI, bis Reent~ 'In.teil, &tUGt·,,~[ D:I' B~tf:-i' P,'::l'Jlrtl,c: ~11 :Jl~.tJF!;-". '~-::~~n ~:I '·i".-I '1&~,;-~e_i'l'~'~'~'6~ l'ilii!Pllii)~[ ~Ji.:~[ ,~,_;;-,_'_,;e~ __ ';;_" 'Ir(,q,.~, ~ "~~~~(i"~, ~' 1'iQ_ ~ ~ _'OIt1,., W ~~en ,~n_~~e (;.[,1:51S ~'l'~ lI!,~ ,:I Me: ,Ei~i'JJI~ts'"

W,[-Dt'e '~nalk, IGOO! [We :~n~,' ':Sail'ODS:'" '~:n was '~1I:;5 ,ar"~~':' of '~'I~IJ:t-ai1 '!;dlas,

.!"J~~~ ~",_,~~~~ ,~~,~ _~"' __ ".'''~~,~=". I", .~,-- ,-")-.,--I1,ii;J'.",r"",l.-[,. __ "l",,,_~

andv~n'r~ [i'b-Jl'was '"-c'k~d"" ··"I'~II' 'I ~. ·115'" 'tief .~. ~h~ Il00- ,~!.~~I~ ' .... !11,1l.I,~ jI[,_.a.~ '~~'j .... UI¥,O,> .,":, ,a,s,:SUDIBiI:,,:/ UII, : ':c~:.',~'J w,_,,-.nll~,_..:~ :.:_~.~r,(nltl:

~f7 ~~~" ,[a~I~~I"A!iid!' ,~~:~~'iiiii'.II(i~nftl ~H.~~' :liu:!~4 ~'. riih~: m'i'fma-"aa;ln-~i<I'.lil 'b~;: [~;L;iliJ u .. I!lLI_~,~ . _~~~ r~-ll~.llll !\i-Ull~II_IIJ]LIJL.-'_III,"-.I:1 ·ftjl~ ~UJ ~_I!_IJ l~~_~ FIJ,'!~,It_---..,~-_U-!IiI! '_'(~., 'Ill~

Adm.j~mi5ctfl,.a[tif'te :R~fo;riml ,A~i!.3!th;~~,n.~I~ IUl noe I,tb~ial O:~' iiUlJ ',"IHI,@Dt:

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Ii ,::;.I:..-- ....... ,,"rf_, ,LI~·~J~ _~_~IIJI

[oo,nst[tU!t'iQB,~ '~lten~ COnitRued. tn' lins,pir'e [)loj:ects :[gr' radical, :r.eform 'oa Uberail Un.[ 'w~'I :int,01 ~jh:e lfiliddlc deoogJc:s [af ~ibc :Rbll~t'CCDt_b 'ccD)1!lf.1Ql"

.AJ sem:nd liJm.p>:rtarll, 'lm:pedicAt bl. se¥,enl~c:enl~'h~n~ll!I'ry E'Ini,gilldi :l~RnlliJID: was '.e 'fDlI!Ddatioua'l relatiolil_5'hip hll it's, dletoli~ :Ind.

,[~ -;c~ , ', .. ' '-~~' ....... !j.::- 'r. ~.~[ ,.,_ ..... """'r ir ' ',' ! "~'" "'I.~·I i - }I ' '\ ·iL.!~'·1 'd~:·j·· '1I1""~11 'p-, ""~ ·.,f-r ~,t ,a,[tpm.ln[~, ~~WGeD ~~nlila, lih 01 '11 [,a:." ,n8l'1i~ B_RJ,_[ faUJleaL,; ,:D~esdtLIiIL

'1Injt~.re{taJtlMis ()if :som1p·tU'[8" Thomas[ :BfLw8/l)dS,t. ~:t1U~!! Pliesll:yte;rian loo,nst'.!t)U!tl1.0IUIUS!1'~, wro,tl: '~Inat~

,Aln '~n ,1m by'nft.K'th~:SO'ns"ol Adam~l and, from, :limlMvc,defirved,3, -"ii;-~' , ·Ii· .. '.... '~·to "I "~ '11.;1" ·_..i].f::A~ '!Ch' . "'iii' ".' '[11 ' .... i'n~'b . II man

'BI_~liI!nb ~p,u..e'l;J'i!! ifill,n[, La~_II1U!. dl'euvnlli ... u ., .' u:, na,uZ'Ii_ 1ii1',..~;_~ [I~ IL_~~,

,aft; ~uan, iand, raU'-e 'oom, [to 'Ii~el ['lIOpfllet" :li1M:riJ' :£ndi 'fn~dJim:~ ao.d,

,iIIo"",'~ d;~ 4I:.o.tl11'~~1 lol(!lif-_: ~~, '~~, ,(' ..... : [ ... • ..... ~l '1"'iI! ~u:~u;"i... 1;'I!':~\iI'iIO ,..; ... ·iii., 'II'LIJi'O":iLA] ~ ',",,,,",, [!iI!!!",,1 ~l!1'l!',,",,~'l!'<'~' ~~ !!Igi!Y'!!l.ll!, ~,;r ,,~,~ ,~Iig.~~ lIl1~ ~~!II!~~~[~ ~~~.~ 1~~~I..1I!I'l!'!\!''I!;I!~.I~g",

1~",etJr' IBH 'Mtb a natl'DraiJ :lnn:at~ IEKwidoml :Ind ['RIlPri('.;11~1 • [I¥~J\I, ~[ 'we ,lfC '10 ~fi~ye", [evelf' [Ine ~,uml, and ,ali""e"~l 'to e:Bjoy :his, mrmrighl: an.(il 'pri:Yiilcgc,.

R~~Dm~~r,ol :~ded 'itli~;lim8r1~\ia!lli'" 'tbat 'iJUiSIilI1;lu::ar·~m (l'Uait ~Imil, :1 ~,W

,ll!J,0CI'-'" , I. . . . r'. -[:0-' It .,~ ' . . .' '. ." l~.l".,. O_ ,- ~a --

,.e·o",:: IS, thus, ,3, t~nd oll~&all] 'P~te&tanl!isID~'.,'~ l. :~:t is, ,eenallil~, ,c:llaT ~illla1l. illl Ball8ad 'ill, the; 5OVOJDJtlalJII!J. eenl1tVfJ' '~beJe [\V,as, f~.ed ,II ~~nt, hetwe:CD :pdtiJ1;i~ ·ltbera:Utm: and :reUlio.usi diS$On~: whi~h, 'W,U 'in ~ndlU:N 'ri,prt: :lnlio ~l!u~) [M,enitle'till mn-l'U:I}'" l1u~fI-@ :ES[ am, ~mcponarlit alfl1trast bl~:N 'betwee:n tile dti¥elo,pmeo[t, Ot[' ililoora)liism in :Snt.l.andJ

a' 1i"~1. [~;~.~~~ 't~JI'fIi ~tt::"'fti'I!~ I~~~ ~f. ,_:-aft~jI!ji,. :a'~;ofIl ~iI'i" [~,iii'~'~r-' ~.'~f~fI..'~'I-~~ ,~~1i'ljlil'~'·n!;!.c !i!!';;I~iI,. _II[IY. ~U.~I; [J_nl ,l'"'iI!'U'I'~" . n ,Ir" _ :, ... ~ 1111,1011 b:ll, ~iI.!lil!li,il' , ~IL_illlv.I.", !Iio!"""'!IiI-' _II , , .... ~ ~Y1ioin

as lil.t:, and I,.n'~l Ibei(iSliBR .WB"S[ :posseS&td: I, ilJUJrCi pNm:r~nt"d ffa '~lltnlthll ,and ,arliltic]'e:ri~ca'l. 'bias 't'IiIIPJIiII it C¥$l" ,acq:llI-h~ed, ilml En,l.und,~ and, 'm t.k0se OOUA!trieS,t ,a'lml~ 'rcililiol!lS dissclllt(, 'was Ilot, 1~Il!¥a'ria'b:i~y

i!';iiil!~alii;illi;oolIl ~[f!~b· . ..I~.'iiMlaiil'lJ.,jI1.. "~"J _JIr.;O~miiniil!l 'iii';i!'ilrl ... ~i~:_n t~ t"""'"-;iIIi; ...:I~n'"ft;ilioC [~,-II~ _ :-Il-~U ""'Il~) 1 U-~liiJ_iIL __ ~::I-~ ~}Utl~ I~ ~1I~~DJ_J~~' Il-Ut r~ .. rAJ&lrv.ll}!I!'!lJ - ~ [\ tlIL.~ [U.~~_.~~II!_~~I

~.'.:.:f:~,e ,~ti,.~ ~~,' :-_i:tn'~ '~:A.,~\dI:c'iitnii',' ~', [~~~l~'liI"'I:..",r, lr'.:ct,..~_ .. -.l~;-,',-:·i ·(,·:l'_~,'nin'.:I~ .•• -=- ~,.".,}I![ I,,), :M" .... ·.:··.-,.I.·'-, I.~, .. :..I. i] '~I"~,·' """"_ I~~t""" r'~'!!F~I,'~.d!~J I:"J,V~""".,,,.A_II''-!I; Ii;U._IlI_"'J"= ~ltWUI ,'J..:N~} ,t.'c,",uuU""",,,,\lI d!~

IG~Il:e:,a, OJil.C ,of' ~b.e. tl\OSl, ~r.~'Rss1¥e m~~ll!l'i.e:~ om 'r.-eoo(f-dJ~) A,1-11Ibl,~ ,iD. [Gl:_rm_a~, Its PfotBmID:t: doetrii'lltes of' :L~lli;l;r 1('1.3-=1,546)[ brad [BLII

.'~~'~Ir'",!,,~'~'jj;·"·I'~I~i ,~I~..iIl ~~[;I': :~I '1'~!i1t.n:~'~.~'~1 "1;-;-,·.'II'·rl~"~~ '~'·~~r!;'.'I'~~'C'c~~~:[, ~ ~ '~[': ·~:1"'Ir.~"!'~ .. ~ ,~i~, aUn!I.V.FilfiL'Ina.11I illilw 00, , H, , h.!~mil ,~I'l, l.. . I ,1m,', [lca~IOII],. !IIJDI .U'V,liI.G,m1li'1 1<1;,

IS]' 'tftle,~ ~tu~: tmu:hlllI\P of ,Jlan 'H(.[ (:~.~l"S11 ,a'firmed tIM: 'i):t0gjt,~

'~[":9~' ;i"[ff',~ ia~~:a~,'~~l, [.~l 'nOii'Ullill a '1iI~~'d~.· ~11~1~1[a;Ji;.ii,'t~a~;1 a~~Ii,'ii~''''''''''''n'-'"iIi1ii iIJ"'nl 'li'inif:il{t·;~~.: cA.~ 1I_~_'_~-~_'~j ~.~l ~-[rllf-~.~~:Ig! 'u I~.Q!I~~~ _~-=~ __ I ._ .. _ -._~~-_~~-~- __ -~ .. _ J~tI!ll_lII, .,_J!ljIJi l)!I!~~ 'J,,~._~ __ J~~{~~ '\Ill,

~B~Ii1'~<II!~ftIi'I. ,_ ,0-1 tt~;iIIo-ftli'-;l '~'al~~1il 'UiP, b ",," '~\I!I'~' 'p,·:~j[,-I~·~"] 'Ii~;~d''''ir 'f'iL~; 1'~jl!li,4jlul ,~,,~, ~!I. !!Iii'!I;l!'. - -iJ!!I!o'-I.'¥ill~ , .... I~"""!ll' ... ~ IL ~~~ . I ~ , . lUi·. ,H,~;;;I! " ~" .1, , ~:UlJ. ~1 !li.llI.,,",II!I!I_ ,~lil_~ u\1,

l I .... L'l l'

[~h;e 60&1'11'0 :1;\'td1tilu:-us :NJo:~r' J'otro. ·W,cl,f' (la'3044l)I~ Inl ,1~D~mil'i' i:1

lis 'fai.r ·t1ll1 saJ *at 'fh~' 1d!:IDa_od :fm" :rolifgio1!ls ml:matmm 'was '[n, ·Im,l,st. IClf' europe ,I, ·~P'fofbitt. IOf' ,(U :,oJirtica'i. :stm.gle 'betweenJ Pro~C'stanl; .8illid C.tbDlle Q;.eli$,) [if.ml oElly' in :Bn;,land I'iil, 'l'he IQoolCmJUl1I1

'~ .... itrW~ ~~A~n '''~I·I~!IliiD.';Iiii!'~ '~~~'r.Iif· ~~i's'm: I a ,'ljlid) I [1\1[·iI:..-!"1a~[~ ~<IIIi~iifIOm;!IZ'[ ~~- ';t,nl iIio-",;: l~ll" .. "~~:.I. ,.l~ __ '~~'~ ~-rv.~-!!!!~-'[I-~~M'~~u_-_- __ ._r~_, __ ,I __ :~~ _~l ~I,~~U~" -_!i:II ~I~_!!!!:t~ l',~ l~

i;t.Ullty lesm'lls·l.di 0"'J' a, period, af 6e¥t2ral celtu'neS1o,

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,31

L~I ~~I'·I·blj:'I,e~/rl~lla'~='-II·lllliS,~-.~I~ml:I'I·'·' a .• an ',- '.. t .he

• _ .• 1._. _' . _' [_ .. "~ _'_ ' __ [ I_l __ ~_"._ill~ 1 _l ._.~ 'J '_' • [j l.I '_"

Enlig · •. itenment: rh,e

Fre'n,ch,Ameri,canand Scottish Contributions

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119

'th!a~11 dli_sbeli~f ~_Il~ 're,garRlJ ta ,tbe lIililJjSle:ries, [Ind o:o,gmas, o,f ~r.cve·al,ld 'MI_':gtoJl~ '1_,· f-eooMm,Gudtd. rsilbmfssilun tu me CAuwJ1i. 'in alii

1::-' r. ··ts ·;'~I i,·-';tj,~·~, ~ •... ~ '~,- Jr-li' -:,,'~ , rJII... ""-"'-''riIl'l'l'';~-': iii,,', ~-;!;Jiiil!.· ._I--::'I'l~l~:~d:·-~dr ~r, (JlfJ .w[a_.~ m_a;,'~JS . Mu ~,Itu .. ope.l'II, ~ne Mlil~W 1,.0 1~II,n'iU,!, plO¥l_CL. lUi

[eqnesslcll [be~ 'ifCL' ol.aU h~lrql~fL1loo.,

~I'~ CtIlU!'tul:~ ·~jR. p[:iiFJGcflDies GIl ~lrIe: eiJ~:"~Geftth eel)II!I~' bafoollted

I~ l. F p. ~/j

[~~tr,31¥ia.nt. :.: of' ·I:tlllman. Ile'BiStlD:,. '1:1mse il[Te: m es 't: memorabl,

[ep.itom.l.zed. :io [CnndoRBI~':s, ~r.At., .R:ifgiOry· of HWR411. .'M'i~J (1.1'14)". 'Iin tib~t. [OOo:k" 'Wl~t,t~n (kOm.JtCfaUy' ~lJu):,\!Irgb,:)[ W'h;eill iOIndnr.-.I, Vi;a, i!fl hirdLi[R,g. :frloll 'the; 'Re,dJ'ltth'>IlI'a'lJ ·]";ermlf'.,. he Rits, [(lui: t'h:e m'elmds,t~ doctrine oif Uberalilsm, lillil ,ills· 'mftl'-es't ,a-d 'l~afil. 'OO~--:;-fi"~I'~~~'~: [~~, I~'", .",...., ,8:,!.'

"_L_.~~,~. '~~_ .. =_~_~IL ~JII ~_ ,r 11'1.. [ , III,p.[i.ISID"" ,'0,1'1111. _"sa,

doorilne ,of :hrll.an petfectlhi_U~t,"". This, is 't'b£: clalM '~i'a;t: A,~~hinl, ,in b'uBlal1; 'litllur-e [0][ 'lite bUIDBlI1II,a.n.'llImstalnm [p.mv~nllt5 '~lle ia~bi,e;Y.moDJt~ ,O't' a, :soci~t:' III 'which] .all ~lhe :naJliUml, e,yil~, arre.llI,;prMSld raOOI 'lire ~.L.,

[. r.., II' Iii.. r '~I" " ., . 'I n ....... 11"· iLAi

memo:n~l l!lliUman '~iOJ~~l1:!!· _, W,3!r.~ 't"amlnl" :i1l110 ,eral:CG ~ ,aoo,~[I.sIJ]le~",

'Ibis, [penem~bci~iiit. [dOOtnn:e C'\!ICB] re;jG~. ~l&si,wl ~d.eas, of :pe;r.ICc,tiD1iI as ,ow~I~" isi3!ti~:: 'mJU'iQf'- ilt, ia&Serts {haJt :IUlInllilJ Ute iSI [opeD '~Di :i'm,Rl¥~' meDit iJ1iJ.lil_i;~~ly,. 'wilt-ooult :ascermina[l\le :11[liIiI]I.-, tntso[ In ["'pen 'fbiture", trorhiS. pe:dlmjhtiit~t: WIW is 'nOlo 0:1_11' a caneecPli,OAI 01' 'h.IlIDUld: ~i:altlUI[-e as, laeJti~l, lin aDiy 'tr,a.gle 'law ~ but alml a :pldJoso,:h,,' [of ,bistQJi,'il ,Alm,Q~81 t'lm [ORe'kl. ,aq:di RDm'3ns,. :it: [~gln.eslf. J§amii,.; andl !t~lt~n IOtl[H_sbld",

III ~ lit'. ,!tj ~

,and c[hb:s 3:JtId pol~li~ \V,ere :s1!iJbUi~c,t: ,to Ramiii:c:d: [ijn.lI'Uh"~J but "he :&r .... ,

'rival; 01' [cnnS!tiarnit~ ~I!rw[a'rtedi t'b,e; ~maltl!lrau. [~ende-acliu '[0· ~,~MSS arid

, , r~~~

:i.niJtiai~e4 a [dark :age ,of' ~tll,oraRe ,8!llldJ sl8i.~r.JI of :IRind ,Ind, boat,,;. I'ml

[Ollltd,ot~Dt:J' at ill. 'WilUam 'GmiWiu1 a, :1,e'ar~Dt.mpor[B!ry ol:[Coru:lor,..

"iii 'I!.. [. 'iL'" ~ ¥1' '" .f' ,-, ., f~'-- .... -. dO. [' "iii" "liiT

ce:t·~s, 'WliI:Q: '.~ ,lilllSJ '1()dtUQ~: J'§:flc:e' 1~:~,l'JI,) Silgae. Lor 't~1e ~SiL~-

~;ri:~biUt,~ ,(.;f :mankind ~lhfO,Uloib, 'lhc~ e,l.l:mUl of 'mason] , 'ffm [e.',~&

r~ ~J e .. ·'~r'-

'ta'lion of Im(pmv~m~D!r. 'IS 001. a :ho;PtlIJ 19,ul~ ,8 fatlt,: :IJI U p-Olllui~d. in 'the

iasse:r.t1.O'II of' ,Q.la,w O'f pr~SS';1 'wliosc [w,u:lilio1P' m_il iH ,d~lla:y&d 'OJ': olntm,C"md, butl, 'BVet pte'¥leli1lled~ :1'11 'these ltibc:J';a'ISi 'of' 'Ill 'BD~ligb:til!;Tli"' :mem,t,: 't_k~ iUlr,erail, [oollli.i,liMen:t to :relofml aad. !i.,ltWc.eD[t; 'bcmm:es ,I 'theOOICJ'i' pad of a :l}eljglJlrfl, 01' [bjU:Mlnitt,",~ aad! ,atq,~it. tH~ ~lt~ ,ade;r 'o:f' :n,ecessiIJ'., ,As, Qm,dorwt· P'Its, :11:" 'wii:til uliir\Y,i;bl.jQI i[on,;::

,Alnll, ~{J.W' '_~~~~QJbJI'~ ;il"a;INii'ltlil;"".;M1 ,~'~" ~'h-~'I<:'~~QI~ ..... f:';Io'I.·":':: 'rr-'-~ -,--;- [,,~;:;~~" [~ ;-~.~ -'., - ~~~ - !I'~ - - - a!WU],-"g .. t 'il _LvUIlll1<lii'U ,1.;]1 IL . l~ ~'!I'Ii"o,""'. IU~ ,J~,miUl, ,~~ emaQ

cqm~ :h'llDl 1m chlilns,~ .~L~~dl ,itil~i 'fm~ 'Ib~ [dQ;!itilf;1iOft ,uflc.t:ian,_ ,as wle'~~ ias from that 01' tllle enemIes, [0f jits, :,ro,g$B~, anj: ,ad.'1 .odoj: 'Will'll a :fjjng iSind ~~deria;(f! slrep :iifcl] the :,atbs (if tmiih: iD' console 1hci :p:~ o"bJL~,Tr' :1'alm.e.n1t'iq: 'ilh,e ,eu~~\" the :laa.rPt acbi of' 'iiiiJ\ligtlecl, 'le crimeS! 'wit'bl ~bi~fiI] file: ,eaflJ1i1 :i" :stiil: 'p0:Ut~l~uil1' fl: is, '~b('ij wnt'lm,p'llaidfm[ ,('If this, I,HlB-,eel: thaI :~ewtiJds him 'foI' ,8~l]1 :1115, eefluRs, in: ,mt~t: 't'bcj pTOIJossJ [of :~n ,dd, [utab;Ulhmf~nn[~f·IIHd,. He ,dams, '~]))"mlard, ~~r ~IfBIitS,

i~ ~~:';n.,~f'(b~~.~.ai~h~~J'~f'fh~·~(~y oilmHkjDd~ ,:.~,-)~ ~ ~~ ~ ~~-

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:21

,the ¥cbie!le: ,of I, ,gen,cF>al 'win ~~at had been iaduRilb~a,'I:led: :in t'h-e 'Miida.1 ler J ~ J., Reasseau,

1ibe ,most, :p,[!o:fi()u;od mt~:c, of ROUS;seBU' 1:9, 'meory' ,of'd,e:ntooJaty was~-, hit 'faet:t, the t]'IerJris1: 'W~OI ins"ifted 'the IUDJ.a'ntis1t: 'ml\\"om,enti, Bem,ja,mi:i;1iI1 Ctlm~;_ftlt". :~:FiI, bis, A,'-t~i~nt' ,(J"iJ' ,Moil~r_~: I...ihlff) ('m:81.'9~~,

Co,ns,tIRt d-eveJ1,ops, witb, great fClce: :amd darity' a, erua,a)i d'~sitin'- 'ion, between ~i,'krty as I, ,8,~u~r.,alt~~d. '~p'here of' 'pe~s.ol:ai :lndepeD,.nc-e :8'llid :Ukrt,),' as tbe ,e.m:tiit),enellt to 'iak,c: :P,U1: ii, ,8o'fe:~nmenl~., He le'la:ij11il_s,~, 'fu:r~her-~ 'that 'mode~rFti, nbef~,' 'is; Ul~)' lioorty 0" i iii!de,pemdenoe'j' whereas ,u:nti:erid: '~n:"el1J"""" th.e liberty' that: CODstalnt: sees :Rllusseau as '~lrJi_D,I: tll' n~vi'l~' - is the IIibe;Ry 'of" partii,c~pa,'tion '~n 'ooneeti,vc deasi,('iD'"'DIJldn,li' 'Wltl'l is, 'this :mW-eml :IUtJefltJi' 'fa,f' 1001 tant, ,a'wdl

'1II,.;i"i;:W~--:'~ ,...;il~- 'Ii--~, !P..hill'ilit"lI'iiiliif''ij· ~1i' ~ft 'Q'M!'li'.'.o;I!r 14I:Ili;,j;,~~!1I "-'li~~!L., 'i'iTii ... i.iiii'ii,I' li-iL.cr-~ii:"", He ~;~Y', y:~ ,u_ ~,III_, I. [!IiI;Q! I,· 1.1, IUIII ;CT',_U!I.!!W 1;lI".,.1ie~.d. '11II,,~I'!l' g"~""'!!!'I!#_~~I~, u_ ,11'3-.' " "'"'

:stale-s 'Ids ,dis~imm,ol, 'thim:~

L!i~l1¥'~ le~f.J' man:i's, ri,tlht to be :SllJbj'OO1 to' the 'law' ;ailoncj tbe' 'lflgbt: ~f' Q~t ~i~g ,.~st~i 't_ried,~ 'put. ~o ,d!eailil'l,or in: 31m:lt 'way molested~, 'b" tJh~: !CliPriiu 'D:f' lOne, 10ir 'mmlf1e; ~ndiividua1s. :[,~ ~is, 'i:l!',ery o:n'~l'.s, l~s'bl: ,t~ reqlfeSs: 'b'j"so-w,n ,o,piio:lon ~ Ito ia;~tl!:nd to' bis, Q'WDI ,lflI:'~1 meome ,amd ,ga II 'I/o ras~ate w~I;l:lI,(fJfhers\!, :~'~ i5,!, :igt~",,~ '~,QIi'Y' (-J:m.e!!s r,ig'b,t: to' i'lliutllc-e: 'tihe :admip~s--, 'I'ii'atloa ,of' th~: sta;t~ i!:i:ti.hlI" by I;Qmina,llilD.B ,aU or :so.e ,of :~I$, ,I)ffi~rs , 01' 'b::f' :bis, adVi(e'j; '~rruutdS, ,and pe1iitiGnsl I wbi.!tb 'iib~: ,;!uthnril1ies, ,are.; in a, gua't~l" i!lr iess &gRe O'bl1,ged ~Ol 'wj~e :intol aoooun-r.

'Let: 'us' oo1'llpuc thls, tiberlly wIth, that of the, ancients, Tha~ een s is:\ed, in ~le co1il:ediivc rLnu Idtl',cot e~efeise of .a~,' ,ririfCjlS ,of'sav'lmignt,y ~I

..:I.aJI]~ii.. ..... ~,..c~~D' Uii'~'i'iI ;ioiL,p nlfli'~,;il:~, ''''~'I-'ria'l:'l. u~ft iiU!']i;1II' "!ii:n..rl '1i"iIi''':Iii;i'!ii,D'_ 'iJ"';'i't:n;p' Ur"-, ]J'I;i.IJ'Q-U~OJ "~-¥'!I!!~' Im~ r~~Ill~' "'~ 1~~ll ~'i' . lr~"!I;;;I'dHI ft1UIJ ~ll~J lf~iI::II~[J! '1!'~ ":_~~'~I!:III

upon 'taw,s~, :pm~fj!llin\i~~S: jm:JIplemn;, exaITdn~n;8; ~!!IiIi1)ts, ,aBd:&o :fi.'lJ.1h; but: 'wlll'e: t'he, an ci:e:n.ts, :lIe,ga,ded 'dii1j, as,OOfiS1uN.11iQR Uberty i '(ne,I" 'b.dd, ~_ba)t:,aU 'thiS was wm~'r1b- e w;i:th, the subjection ,of'~hjl it:uliIVti"lu~11 ,t()"tbe JM)wc1,of 'me: oom'mugity'," " .• "A'momS l1he a1'u3:enl'b~" illhe: incliY5dual, a .'V,lm1ID i11tpub'Jje:aft'ab~s,~ :i~l.aJ,!$:lay-e Iin"an.I,ri.'¥,al~,:~la'i;lM. ,Among't'bJ ". mod-em-:, 1 !([JIlI! 't'b~ looB'tmW"i' '~h;c 'indilridl:tali l:nde~Ddicu1it:m :Iilil, ~n¥,lI!m

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IIUej, ,is even :ijlll '(he frCCSI: statt:s: a :so!'vl'!lI!ldgJ!lI ii)nty :in iappeuPUZj., His

mv;cmign:t"ls ifesldel~d!, and,ilitmost m,w,a:y,s:sYSpendttd;"and,iF:'now':llild aaaini he iCiftrds.ts ~~'! b~l d~,;~ ~nl" in, ,ordeJ" t,o 'R1iOlln", ;!;.:2:

I't ihasl ,a~Hady' 'been pointed 100lit that~, Eaken :~jtllanY',t ICons'iurU,J.s, isba,,, dicb~mrD" :is, :IUlt :tlistorieaUy' d-efens~ble., 'ns, principal lipiD,. eu,t~, :u; me, 'fo'le :it pla,ysl i.D. 'Constl:n't~'s tRou,gli,t:t ~ud, liD ,tne aelti;w'tics 0(£ '[D,e; GUDrandsts, whom :h~, iuph~ed:;., lim; UI;umi'n;a.Uns the 'faJ~~t~ Cl:n:traJl,,' 'impllnaDlt: 'fOf ,3111, classical, libe.ra'ts,~ ~'lIat' iDd'i,vidut~ U:bedJ iind, PJpulal' '*m~;aeJ' ~e i~l,tJjll,ge~t~y b~t. :noi: nCRssanl" R;~ 1 a!te do" 'Die [same resenatio'DS abeut 'poPUI.31 democlaey' a«;, espressed: in ,8 :m;UCn 'broa.der' ·thoo're'tica'~ commxt b,), AI Cil_js, d,e:

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:SUOZssl'VC 'pa iiimc'nts", [If' 'to[ '~l1e p1JllIicI,unnl ,af IUKeDlW [pa-ml~

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Iien!~banl ,and Jamm :M~~l ,aDd] ~,1ted: a :sf;S~em. [of ,t'hioupt: 'wlbl.~b, ~,G8it_inut!tGd ,thB -iiD1'1~R'Di[lD~i!l: and :s,talis,t: '~~[u:tJ~'lnci~s w'blCib Sr,ew' £,'"Ui sl~on8c~r~ Itllm.ou;t. 'tho- bl:tIBI~ b:a-If' 01' [tk. 'Oll11;1illC:eI1l;[(hl 'eeiD,1t;IWIil' b~, :Bqbntd,. Si\p.lfien.t. ai, ;11111 tml;UIRm :lio :feadlirliRI UiiU's '!lliWD. ,tllll.!llugb,~; Itl,

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,~-,ll:rll I~ !I'l')~pl. ~mte [(J!~ ;':7o--,iI!.l~,> .. ,~ ',_",~dl __ !I!:!;I~!L.:cl~.",GIS't I~L'_. [~_LtIS~.

[comccp,tioJls [e1Xlcr-mscd ·a, stfonl IUJld: OWl' :linl~l Ic~eft if' ihe also· 'ctlrth;;iz~:d 'tj',e: ,8:mdi";lfllld'lrvhldll&t ,oo.,b~'x'.O;IiI. [or CO.115m,.. ~~:11I1 '~hls,

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the dpfOBS'I", miiRl'mlum ·s1Bt~~. 'm:OfG stdiAg~nl't. tha'iiil ,g'O," fuu[nd in jKilDt~~ :is .ven [on '~IIC: basis, ,of' 'Ro:man:tle :ideals, of ~11Jdiy~:dual!it,· B[nd

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:se 1~,~,R"o;pm.eD.Ii,~ ItlLI.e S,llJ!..'C;,; ·all,~W"les are I!O ~ iIr~SI~:'~~--'_.c_ '1_:__[~~J~tJ

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[~aJliIl·tll.e 'WJ~est. eJ:,JeDinn. of lm:dlw'oa)ti;t_"'be '5eWfiOd,; H:um::boldll!lliS ,--:' -~-I-:-'~ ;-: r J!;:. bol,in ·'~i 'If ri.-, 1·- ,·'f' 'bc,\;id a-HIlL "0 .. '/ . i ·~-t 'iii! t·:lJl'J ·ilO @'8[1i'iJJ wor., a_ a~!IJ UiI=Rnco LL_"gJll __ eL~I8~~.' .. DlUS~ .~=(rLa~ ~,' .~~~

'lq'i!lWg-Ji[9'1P;]ii~ _ W~P-·i[:~ J' I. :~' ~ ·~,.;~11-1 'iriic;~d'~ .a-I njilil~ii~Ij;~O· •• ·'~ 'fir-Ji'1"~ ~~, ~~: .!i+i1.l.. .. '"?I"pi: 'l!:o;l'~'a' 'nlf .!i~ IDII!'~ ... "_I_I!I_IUIIU.,' ~""lll~lr~I., ~l !ii'1! .• , 1~¥.I~.i_I_ !II.I~ .. _J" •. ,.~I!IiII-U~dgJL_~I._.'~I' U~I~I~II!, IJ~ ~ flill~'-~ ~~.1 ~ l'-'rJ}1 'liv.

'Ilts t1'~~i l/lNrn~ [~t8SI~[~ The, ~'itfim~ ,dgveillomfde;nt or !lljbcEa'i"iS'. :in

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·PJ~lt~etiQljiun. :3JAdl '~'e In,~'to(oml '(Jif 'weUlarriS1: pl:~[i.d;es, '0,' ·B~_S.BifCk .• in, [Calh.!l):li:C· Bu:ro,e .~, :FatKel,~ .~~tal", ,a~n4, ,S.palinl ~. 'the fo:nu·,.es, [gf'

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ajnd~ -d£spilt~ ~onBllSU~ss§, =])1 spedifie ,amas of p(ldK;\i'. Ul)e~a~ mO;'~~-[-~\i!'Iits '~n ·nttG5e ml!l~ilnM. ·[a'!;l.ed 'ttl, GS'~ah:lt~sib an~ seOO!l:1e 1~~~,~;Y_DiL'!'Ij!_ l~__~~~t:l!_tl._ 1'1_ ,~_",.,t.,. ..,

,oon!tttlltlofrud ;fradeIW(u~k. Iil),r' t:h:e llrolooti.OD of: :U!bernt~".

On ~he w'lale" how,e,e-l',~ B~r-o.pe hil[ 'tlilt; 'njne~~eC:lt'liI[ COLliI1fl.l(J' w;as '!'Iiftl ,.,,11 'r[~Hi'!Ii~,~in ~.-1. 'tll:n .•. ·• 1IIIn~'I"~1 , .. L.~ O;j~i"~a:~: '~~a' 'I[ "!Ii[ :1~~~~,lII'a· ';1- [~rl~~'I11"~ ,-qiiitil:.;''i'I"1lI1 '~:

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€t'Ccdo. D"mipa~ml: ,mul ~Jhe [othc;[' 'tJasit;· :~~bc:rt'i~s of an l1ildj'ld1lila'~ist

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A:II ~bis, (dle ~m ,of Lbo E~gUS'h 'pe0,1:e)[ 'WI$, dl8Jn~~d. b, ~b~ impad: m"tJb:e [Gnat: 'W:I(""., 1"lf:Ie: :m:ass"nf·ibe. ~I.e: bemn1i,c~ iij!f 'tb:e fir:s.t

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'lheir'[~, •• aim,. £d:e m ill ktn ·mell!.,e:nlet~ ,t~be !Ulled 'rQ~i!l'man:-y of' them OMup iill, :tninonty)[ u_[ oompul5'i.on~ 'De Bn.g119ibmra:l:'ii"s, :f~:

W,g ·~~P1.tat, qd] ial iClIjoollll' [~hnn:pd~ 'b,· Wl'~m.JHn'. (;J',a-r ,. 'H'iS l!..~;iJio~~mJ [iillil nm.\!' ..... m~il'lit- 'I!i\r~~, ~,..,;~'"'..:II.~ 'hl'S; ~"i'"·..iI1~:";c;.ft~ [i"i"~ 'W:"i'r:1I::

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r"",.,..:.ft".~~1 ~.;'Ii;-T"~ .~.!Ilo!l'~j!1 ,!i.' I '1!I!Y!I!'.!li;;'~~, '~~J'i!!!I.~g ~ , .. u.~~ 1""'If:'IV""~' " .. ' 1!<1;"f '~ , ... 'II~,I_.I,

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011111" wiJtt1; 'thl disfnil'e,lt,altion of tDI :Ke)l1eslu :pamdlg. ~1iIl ~~lll~, I-'i .'; 1.·I'~~, [~ii~1 : - .Id·~ I ~;, .' , , (:'r'I;',-: 11 ~'.' -::.1\., ,-I-,<"~ ,-, ( i [T- , '11,--, C' ,~.:~. .: -, ~~ '1[:- '!\ni:'hf: -[ ~alc "'"7 ~'~ ULU. 9" ~'. _e.'if ptluJilC ,,00 .. 3.;galliJJ at I_nO I .. wnes B_llu, ,.JlSI.5'~ts

of tJbe A'l!Istn:8JD :~moo'~ . 'bwfi nota'lt.le 'resmte.eomts [of I.t· '\\'Ie:r[B mau: in

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'the: 'U';o,tlced] St'Qltes 'b" :L" ,*,0'01 :M'Ia\~ Murn:a;J' a,othbaT.-d1 ,[1(1;0 '(sf-aell1 Itir'ZlU:' ~ 11u:,t dbi:cd' 'iflq,tiI,t [of rile; &dlu)~J,1 fni: ,.ppliedJ ·~O, ttJb'c: ~~ssiv-'

ij'tar-ry'r:' ~i~'o!'ilIiiiri"i"~,~\""n~~ [~r: ~"h-:'~ '~f~~, .. ,~lln~, w>tJ:~, '~~~'''''il-. '~~I. ',' ~r'jj;~;~ft~~ry-,: :ijIi'III~~~i!'Iiry" ;:' 1111 . ' .. ~lil: """lIOI!I111"I:4I'III~ IU', , iI. , '"' 11'11 U ,iI!.7· "~ ~. y<;!! IL!Ji'.;. 1,1'1 .. q!Lluuo_~, , ,U.iI;V,11I)!I."[~.Ui, "

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'pOlidesl~ ill'll [~'ia:i1I.nl 'the; [cUlmale ,~I" expectatIO~'ftS, am·<U\8: ,dedsion",

ma ~em~, 'weiT-e 'b~, ~he :long an :ooUJrn:t, 'to' be iscilf«leaiDIiJI., 11:1.1;

«'ir-"Iim" U~:lr~iE!~ "i;1f!Ii; ,~;*:~; :~n;ry.rr:-i",: 'p .. rlf'~ilin'!I'~,'I1 '~J".' '.?D, '~"iI!lifJ" '.,' './fII'p8;'-n~i:o~ 'I"i; ':i~a-!iii'

r~.~_w_=~-~}~~~ ~1s' ")l~ ~~,~!!!!~J~~~~_,. ,~.,~,~)~_~-I!I g.:.' ,~-w-w~w-_~,,:~ I ,I. ~~_ ~ •• w_!~-.-~J,._ ~L~ -U'._ ._~

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effec.ti:ve: onl, Ilnmlar as I:t: WH, no1, ,en.era1lf.,' ,e-x:pectld., OIm hl~

':a"la)~'~;ij'!O~'!!Iii"1 N'Ii'~~~ ,o:"~l~~ 'ii!jiijjO, i'r-, '~'''llil1.:jilliiill!lil "~'I" iDrf\i']ji""'i'~1'!"1Il. ~i[- '~.,.,~IiII;I,\I1 'nl,·~iI"!I~'C"C''a[i'f'I,~JII~. ,~'L_.d"",!!~~,i!" r"""~~"",i!" ~!!!!l!!~ ........ [~[Lg!ll!;!""d!:~, lli''Y!l~ 'G!'~,glj~!!lo~~I:J!' '~'.' "'!l,;!'~. U '!IIIl!.'~~iI!,~.I;

'~a' ·i'".ill ,~~,'LI'~'Qiiii~~' ,.' ...... ' liliiiiY~iI'i~!ifi:n',;[j;i!I"Y [~iIfIf;':'~' ii"6'i!'I; ~JIf;!!l!, ;iI!o~jiilfi-mi~' '~I~~ ~ii[i ftS:ii~:::::~liii',",

~c _ _ :1 l~_~ 11~1_~'~'~ ,_Il~ ~~r--I~J_l:Hr"l ~ _y __ ]~. IIIJ.ilJjJILIw~tl ~llo.l ll~I_II\r.P "'-~-.I~IU'l _ -. J~ ~I [Y!_IUIIrU, 1~~LlI, lr-~ll~L-~~

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K;erne.laJD,~ aud :llIl'OP;POS;I('iolill ,aiiso, to "~be lmQ,llD:ta,,' ~J.i;e-()lli. 01 '~e 'Oikagol SChool] '(fsu~hl as MiUoR, :Frie:dma[n) 'wh;o, aa¥oarJild, nu:;n;ei!:,.J 3trJ 'OOD!ll}al as, 'tiO,E Ineral'lls '~O staible ,1J:lowtilll" '('&;e, AJIl_S'tri~a.s RuUntdlted. l;lialt 'the pdficl~pal, 'ca!IlR~ ,~f' 't~he :s,tap_aillolill 101' 'th:e :b~lte 1,9711s[ .,as, (ile

d':~--"C:CI-:-o!Ii'~T-;t·'·,""-' ··-;:.Ifl '~-'I'-''''~'¥i-=' ,"C'_'i,~-:-: ~:r,Al'(;:;-.~1 '~;~. u~c'"m[--,'m', 'Co~jjji'!lj;11 '~iI1IJiI\,c"r""

'.' _'~J;'iulillla ·);u;n 0" [I£aJ')). if:, pn~!5 II~N)uml!illi, Y,' ,~l!''!.~! . ,.~ ; _",I,!I!!lgJlj ,L~~[ .. ~

"eutmn", 'Rc;j;ee(rool :in t'ile 1"315, .and .r-edl fOI' :Hi :,cm alt'Cr (he:

Semmd, W'aiT ~ thil!;, 'vIew has 'IitO'W [OOJRe~ '~D 'be seen as[ him6si. •• '1 '~m,pe'mtinSI;' Siig'Jtficaftllt~'", 'thu~gb 'the AUSitflaiD ~llool. "'~a)11'S, '~I:

IlnlcJameDit'al :fOSpKtS, 'from, ~hc· 't;neor~tiea.l, 'PNsUc"oslti.QIIS, o,f eIasslF cal, eooDomie 'dl~uqbl:'i' 'the po'Re, imiplications of' ~he A'U&lrian ,anal,~

..,,;;c~ ,;:J"i~' [~~.~~~~ ~~;a·Ll~~w~ 'i'lf' ~',,; ~ .• '''i~r:ro~;~iII1'i .~I!i'i ,itj'l:..~, '1" 9·· •. ··.~~; ,o:~ 'I~n ,.~~ ~!i!1!l1 ~'iIi ~!Il.'.I!!~; ...... I!III!!.~ ,li11~~ ....• 1;,iI.1;,I' .. , .. !i!!1 'Y'II ~1:"'~,""'~!Il.".11 II~!!I' 1,IIII.1Ii,;!" .. ' ~ !!l,I!'JI, 1.'1 lIiU!Iio!'

1,'11,. ant: '~{Ii1,t~ailt, :t:iose ,of' ttu:~, ,~bmslml GOlBo.iBm IDI 'tIH:lr :bm:-ofc 'rw[,c'~'''''-1; ,=, (-~\!"~"-I'I-'"",n'~'a':11 '~jj,,;r~i""d.~ I~w,;-;I ~~~ '1·'L., em'i'lii",_,m[, .'~ ,:a'~d, '~hillii Mit .. ,r-flI,U'U g~.~ emllli"",u)I..1 ~11[L'.U. ~[a.~~a, ,1i,I"VtUilJ .. 111,,,, ~ ' .. , .. ,I'.lJ.V"~,.1__!!'~- ~~~"'" ~ _ ~~

'b':!i:iii~Le ;Ri.~ ~j;j,~1r·~'.:;"""~~-liI'~iii:!jjj; m,~~;~.t!'~s-·, la-~i."~ ,.,,"~, 't:--;'!" ... ",:,..;i_'~

.~.l.~.' V~~l [IJ~-~'- ,. ~~.I,.Vl __ ,_~" lr"IJ.~"ir~"~-~" .~ [~..IJ;~"l1i;lgi ,"I~~~ ~~IUr.l

'~ ,~~d.,' ~,'91i., w,~tlQessed ;alP [e~tqnr"lnary :f.-m~a:1 ,o:f' nbe:r,ail

'~d" ~ ~l".li: r_1 "';"'1' iL. r 'iL. 'n,_ 'I ~ 'iL.'1 A Th t···1: ~~

'I:~:easllo :iV!I,drlilL§'I, 'n,~_IJ~L,Ii~'", ,tbJiiD, ,MW_S:IB ms ~.~, ,~i~~_,,~' ~,"ilUJIU:I'

.r~- .r ~-~~;r"~" !!"[.J1' ..

(1.[!l7l) d;$',fiblprd[ ,a.l:nle;r,a'~ Mlltm,pri.QR ,of'lsooiJa'1 organizs,'to;n, wllim,

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uDS,Pllt:e 'I:., ~pl~l!taimtfB'n. [fiflGnrlut[1011,~, ~[dla lmafrf~'I[n~ \¥II:·., [c.,aSSJta ,

Itibera:i. !CO:neC.51 :iOf' ~;he prio:dt.,1 of' indIDw'uWi ~jbc-I1J' 'witt'QiiA 8, :Riil£~ go.y,eI:Redl [_Hlil;at;DIiI'8~ DN~r'i' In !hli" Alm,c-h"j [''tnfe~ [tJniI:' Vf~,ia

fr'"1·tn'4r~ IB'[" .,1 ....... -, 'iN"-···· .. "!., 'k'" :i ..... ".,III· ... ,'-.' ·.~[I!·, .. '. "~c':" :", .. i' .... R,e i, 'w-I'_'-l . dlo.,·'",-" .r .".,

[\' .7,,1 jll ",JCJ~n ., ~,ODa~., UlClucnI3H" 'Clll1ilClmmg ".:a, .. ~;.S S' InCOIJ IO~

jjU5d~I' dc¥oiO;pcd, ;aJ. most 'powenm, lse;[cntte: of lie: stftnpn.li,' rmbrb 'Bin~m. ~s.iJe 'Williebl lbad, 8, :-_I.:w,e, iiim;paCl: lOll :iAtell ... 11 [~pi;nmJ :;0

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atm:mJ}diD,B~"j' bill ~ftUl~. lsen'Se OO'hOI1: ~i'~y are pI\'~-oo:nr'lem~:i;o,m,ajl]'1ii :mo:r,a'Ilm" 'D~~ I' ~J~I ,- [- "'~ ~~:']'ili!ii),t-'~'~~ 1,~'''~iI(lii~n~1 ,~I' lii'!~iJi'i,-,g'ii'!iii'I'-la' ;11 ,ar*"1i'- liDO --: :i[i1i'1 .j~' . ~~n..i '~~Iir.;tl"'" !Ir>li !I,vE I!tv an1' ~'!I!<'I,g.I. iIL~m 11Jd~il;l","" ., ~r ""'","",!I!in,i[ g,,",,~U.1 .. ~ I, a1lc,~:e;U_~~~I'1, I QlI!I!Y 1i~!!V)'

. 'I 'u .'.... 'II - .A] ~.t' ' ....... ,"' Al d' W -II.;

are 'D.taIUf:,a, :IJII. '~Iie :reli·te.iJ. KiD.·, ·:a~m, 0;1I' iuiitDI. afPaun;~e_, Ull 'blil'-

,tjo'!(]j;~;trlli~iI', I~~' ,j;L,~ '~_":':illiJ;I!II!WiIli~'II\"~;2!> ti'i~'Q;iIi' '~iI!'iI!i, ·ji;"'~iI!!f"'l 'I """iii t oeke ''!Iii''':n'lil'~~f~:'~'~'. a"ln~ [~-!I!!Q!~III!~I~~ u!IJ. !lll~ ~1!,~Q:~g,~,~-~ l'_~_~.)'1 Jtr~,~-~ "~l[_~'I_lI~~ .... I_-._J [~_li.,_ ~""~;r,I,_~IJIJI,~j', .~ __ ilE"UJ

:~mpUejtJ~y' ~'Illail[ :Ra'lU!~a~ rigb:ts, UJcornsms,. c'~a;ilm8 ,aihlliJ~, :lla1;lIfW! nigh,it'S

'n~Elr~~ ,-1.~.nfl!ir' ,~1';iiI;;i:IWI'iI!' ,GiI1r~IIi:lri. 'nil '8. 1~)II~r''liI~ '~~O'lI(!Ul ~ B:\l!' 'l!i'il IQ'~'IiII'IIi,a~:I- ]- a'w' j,fll, Ir-;:.I~-~~lrr··~'~~· U~~.r-~" ~1_D_lt.l.~.:~ ai~.' lll~. lL u_ I QI. I_u ~ ~ III 10.1 ~ll,I:.II~IU_1 _ 1 I _1iI1 ~ ~ ll_3

'mC:3!n!1 hcr~ ·the theory '~bl,t ,the~re la're iCe{rtaill1l mora,l :neccfil,tj,fl'S, I ,oon_tl; "rilld,piesl ,of' jIlS'!' mn:dla~t.t. w'bb:~b 'llI'o,w d!if[iect~", [Tilm an i:n.depeil,d·eDti, 'b:l:~Dtnlal)le· bilUIUtl, .• pod .. , '111,1: 'lililaimi'x: 'o~' 3101" dll-OIJ ,of' natJuf,al f.1isilmtsl;, ~ihGili j is, ;a;ll awount 10'f' 'DJltb[,a] la,w" In the ;a[~~nc~ of ;11111 ,aec.~n,t . .of :n;Rtl:T,II il8iw~, :hrlilced, I n8lltilJJi[aI, dgnlts tJlilconesl ,8IFe not ',iiitOU, ICOIil.CfecDlt: ,~r 'in,a:n,' ,diefieoS'iJble;: l;b,e rigl!tlt~ l;he;~' ',i,el1d, afe

io., • '··~1iib. ",""" Al '· .... .AI ~. 'I!.. ,. • 'L., ,. '.... 'I

ot'!~ef:Wiise' :Slll'11~oorli'l:"1 '~~PfiIF, m 10'; b~,@: e;llI:vUl;u.m,e~nt: :fll 'W,I~ll"lJl, I;J olli:e

~11,\,;;6-~' ~~:ijj; ' ......... ~iU"!g;·~-A ... 1 'In,A] Jk"~- -,-'Lt, ,tin I .... ·,~jl .. 1~~_lr~~' ~_ul ~ [~-tI~~I.Y.l~_~. <, _ r_'~I_U l{\ftljl~uglLllr~ IlrWl ul~i '~[I.i

11111 dUicui~li:es, In¥0:tw,ed [1111 lOOlllSlruCI)!Dg a plalwlJole: tlli:eory' ·of

~ ,0, I", "",~'... 4": ·'Al.r.:b'll AI ,. n] '11'·IIoo'i1i··'Ik ....... AI ,.

o Ult!UJatl '6B,,1.1 t~", iare :.9i,UlIluiil.· ,.t:£i ;ittii,u iLiilI :a~;1 :~J~e!Jlllll,~ 1:IiISIl.l;pG~1f""""

aJblc" 1ihc:,. Lmte~ :i_fi :p.al1.~ ,diilm!l:lics in dill' wl.'tb, eJ;pli.calUn,g '1'I'311]II1:a] :~a,w

~:n .- -C'· ..... ...1 ... ~1 L- ...... ,,-~~i"·- iiI'iii'fi ~~L""'''''''l ,- ~Ji:...'!;.,.;:i:.. ~''''''''''''ILr.A~iC'- 'ilIivj;L, ~ lili,i![ '-I'~'(!.,e··· "3' 1_llIl a m,~,IJ!I'~ [Uillil,,£iWu.;. '!!iJ!!1 l.~, Wcull-';;';lilll ~~"""~l1Iu",,~ ,ali"IJ;;,':'I!II1LtlI~.~;",~. I,

llliturai. telelJla&J'~ 'W:hereas :~D LOOte. fil3!tvral. l~. 'IS ~lstaiftfHil bJ'

d· -~ I'.~~,/", . -~I~jl] 'f~~' I '~.' w'~"~'~1 !!Iii' d'~",;i ",,' ',~: 'i:t~~ '1 -"'~I .. ;~, 1.< ;'i'rl1~( Ad·it."II'I~ll _IJVlllle, Mu!,1 "rOR1I~A_~len bl."8m~, es _i~' mDra'J OOI,~e; __ .'~ 'I .-J ~~ ,"J§hi'O,_~e,

-~nii1int"lal~. '~';oiI!l, ',~oi')o~I~, '1~'I:"n.iii'!I.T'~ \~/'t::'~ ,- '~m, 'i!i~:a,~ ·fn'~~.6·'''''I'IiI~ b' .,:~AJI(\U!~: \ti~~,. ~,","jil..l· S~r""'!!!:"~ ~ ,m~i!,g_!l. _1!1!~,v]J WIIU~I ,a ,--.-~!!I;~.t:."~~,,J' ~ll!o<g~ - J'Y',_,"""1t\Ir .... ,~ll:~·'lll

dopernd! !lD. ·.e 'bet 'reoort~ Oll a m.ystJ:cal oo:ncepli,on of na;tu'!!e~ as a.

'. ,,-iii' ',,". ~. jc ~ , ~" .. ,"' ti'.· ~~~ ··.·iii~'" ~'. '!T'!I;., .~. '.,'.' -. ·I~·tiil'~"· .. ."~ ''''~r A·:s~mt 11

• ~1Ii·;llIl!.lwflltu_l1JlIIiO·:peI;~II~ecil;llom.1 ,I, ~llere seems .. ll"'I;~~e ![(K)lB ,d)~; ~ In_:I;~ ,_,eJr

ial'il! and 'LOOke'M: :idcY, of fi~a'i ClaDeS or 'l'ulltlWta.I'C'Dds '1:1. a [modern] &dentilc wlolild",ic,~~, 'w1lJ~.chl :b'a~ Ic~ptJned tdleo;lgg' :'rllm l~~tf, .. , 'wbe:re :jt :has; ;11:01: ,1'l\!',On] ~fle owm:e:l1u:.es uf :pl,uJluse' :rlill ,naitl!l'rl\ a m;eftShanis'1:ic e1:1,:la:naltl61!ii,~ ,As, Spi'nora, SOiW'l. wei a.lef:1: ·w:~tl. t~_i!~gs, ,B~l1Id, men :~111 ajlJ~ ,the~r miseeiIIJ\a~el)~--, di.lVe:Bit.~, ,andl'I:"i:t"iClll-;ri~tltr, . Olil~ ,the :mela-n:hl~ic

~~-~" ~~~ "C"_~~~"~~.M .~~ ~ ."cl .. ~c,.!/i .... ~·-It"'""'~~= .. _JiI-"~~,J' ~ c.~"'"'"' ~.~~ . ~IL_ ~-~,Ii"~~,.1""'~~

o,f '0 nail, .l[Sesl [lS, ;aha1o.dnlil:Cl\d: ;Iod: 'W!i;tb [it: ,th.~ :i.a, of :naitur.., as m~prisill:g H, tGi~tl:l,g,gleai]1 slp:IGJIi.~ Th11S1 :i5 10 my~j' 'liD :s:h,oT1t:,.., ,th_aJl ~Jh,e

~~if"ijIi~Rii["~' ~f:r .'cii4i"~lc .... ill !Ii'a-'~I .... ~;Q;;..,dI1 1~IO:·. ~11~~ .. i· ,;0:1; ~JLI. ~~T'W [ji'jiifi '0: 1.:ii;iii:i;[~:,fi;l] ~;L~!II~If"- .V,1J_1II1 ~1_' 11_!l_"'~~_~>=,~ [IL __ ,AI IIJ_.~-~-II-~UJ ~ _. ~~~rll1··~'''llLI (II 1~_111~~ullll~· ~ I . __ ul}u_ y_1J

,-~·-JIl.·I'- .'~,-" ,~: - .. -. c-- -·~·-r .. .'~Il..'II-, 'W"~'I·:'t., .-~-, .... ~""~~~ -.-- ... ~~-C'-.- .,~-'~ -'~'--, J"" '. - ,-"c· ......... '-s I' i)'h'I" n ,n,glll,~ .• rs .lililGOlII[JW1\h!I,l,l:j '~~'1~1I11 muu~m. 'Gm,'PUll71IS_I!!lL~". ,"~. t.!~a;, ~~l as . , !OJ'~c.:.~_.

:s~gg~st.lat~r'·iI 'thaI. ,a,n ,D'l";C,DIUBi,t.ed.'Oli t'litnJl@r:cdJ v@olol1ll [DLf natural ~Ia!w ,d~,-;:~me, ~ar; bel liJ.iht~D :1'0. e:mm -:~d -'to t:lanshlfrion,. bUtt, the ,~:oDlellil,of'

C"."",_n._ ... ll1l.' ... ~,'L"c_L._ ... c_"Jr"]]JC"~:S' .. d.~."."",._c"~'i!i' c~ .. ~~.~~ ""~,.,~~ .. ~~ '"'

:s:uch ,I slhqmed~owlli lh.eolil' 'M111 be: [~x~lusionarlJ 'f.l!tlitC{(' tllian. :posi~1r,e,~ rsettill! i.Miili '1'01 'What. :151 a 'v,lable :mor.ali,~, rarlt'oer' 'th!an,

,~.:l~I~ift;a' ,~iI'Ii:,~ I~~''''' '~'~r~a'llj,~~ ~itc ~"'!"~i!'ni'f.1'ii~,cii"ljii!ii' ,i:!,?, ,iO!I'~~"n~)iI'!i;..;! [i;~ ,9 ~~_~_'_~l~~J ~l~ r~,r-~,"I!III!"'_IIi-L~ 11-!I!~l~,_,~~ __ -!lJ~.1I!' ,~, ,I[b~ l~tl~~II~~"-V~'lll I~~ .~~~,F"~~U' ,IJj.~ll UI

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: iBiD" iSDq;Ut-e, t~l.lolo8j.m'i, ,aOOOlullt 'MEt. :p;raYi:de. 'U_S M:I'bl iSOme ldlul iftd. dJ:f.ns),~l~ amr.r0;t ''ll'llil8 ['1'1.:; and ,aDf, ,adeq/uaiB g.nCh11~,

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. 1 L!w.l J ll,,,,~-'!Iir.' ,I I - .1_IiJ"L~- .. _11IIr.- i:l;II [- - I~ ~ ~~11]1,J.! r~lIt~lI, ,· .. ",,·J~[aJj [1 D-~~ ~,I_ll I.I_~ ~-II!I.~I_"I~I~U'w

e'.GlJ~ibi1il1 '1:01 :modecrl :SCe,lici!m W,iifil: Ibe ,ase:rtiom nmt '$~II]l'-; ,good :Ufe 'fm' ~m;all, ~i5, thci li.fC spent I~n 'ooe!tin;s; iII]lC ,good, nlc '(OF Dlc;n:" .. I,

'nctre: :Ir-e If)tl1e~r',~ 'AO :~ess, da.a,gj~I; [objeaiofL, '~O' 8ifl(' e:irI!te;rpr:tse [0'f' ,gfOl!JAdilll;l,;9 ~s,pecllt.; 'moria'l~~~,,~ :~ml~ Otr :po;t~dea1ll,~ ,Olll 'the rde;ma~ds, 10( 'buman 'l1Ia,~DJ·e., ,A,f.CO(rdbll,1 tOI [OOI,l'lllilll:parary' 'tnoorni:sts 'illf rl!8!(ur,ail

'. ih '1 'II" Ill..' '~..:I ~'L, Af" " ~ , L

-riJI~~~S!l; rS,tlt~ n\I,~di'S [CFinvUu" tne OOIl,ul;~:Uln~. :n,eooS5a'ry' ilnr ~III,O

:luurisihiillil'O;f' manl as I~'e dis!tin~ltii'le ,mature be; '[s:: 'we ~:uJiI; die IO(lI!tent: 01f 'ih£K: :ri,l,htsl by [eonlid~riI;8, ,tht: [d1s;till1Jii!iJn~ maRkcSJ ,61' tlbe :lirUiliAa[D :speC'it'~, ,aJl11'o, tih~ 'ol:r-C~if:l~~ta:l,ce~ :[g, whi~'hl 1Ih:ese. ,~ha!ra~la~ ijl'ics 0:'[ [p8'WI;B 'mi,l~t be,s!: he feBn,~tt, 'Fii:tSil: gf:' an~ :h,~wGvt:r' '. aSI :Benan,i W'i:tilll'a:l1Iin~ ~:"bscrve~:;

,i"Ii 'n ... ;i:mct~'I'\iiI; ,.-fi~iQ\"'"1'l"" ,.-rw~""1'!~",liilliliili",,;i:r'\I):"l" [~ .. .,., :i">[II"l':~'"'"'~1li' O:o':On'" ~'ft.I"'''' ,~i"';ri;, ,"'JIiiII~~;I'''!'"_ I"""~' iIiiIl ,r,DI--;II'_-~ ~ U~ID'''II''!r._!Ii.r. 'U1l: ~ ",.~- j~CilJl_ ~.lll I1laa alIIJ ~~~IJr [D~ _"~ l~_I!.~~_~ ~l:J_~ 1~_~-~-~-_~-.l1I ~~:

dIe disli~n-».iis'll~n__g m:a!fi:k ~lA!i~d~b :b;: ,gi\i'~A. '~Idsl :~o1~~ :~l.lIcll as :~atkm:aflt.', '~1 [Ctleali;~l~" Ihlne. ;a~l~lfoached, wilhou!t: '~rewn~1~t~0u 'the ~u§tiOJll, [of

~IJ· [rl~· ,r ~llf- L"~

'fimlhi1'8, ,t{ba:raete·riHi.a; whiob: ld!rrl.re;lliljate :me iii, :fFO. Orbel amii;f;fl'rds",

10._ OO'.'llIld as well,! onl ,t'be:se 'prijt1tti,le5~, ,e:m,d, I~' 'wlf.l a, 'm.:('l:IDJll, ¥iil\lfiie'1liJ

~ ~~ih ~ -~ ~A ,~~ ~ ~ "A, 'iii ", " , '" "'Il.:iJ" h";C

le..J:I~~li)n~l!I.I, m.~r:l1 'IQ :i~llhll UI ImlU(u~, 1~me: UI ~lul~ UiI: im'~1\~11'iI,g :I,.'fle~ I~I'

de~ebJpinll 'pew'llallllY :Iri'llilmam. ph·fSital 'e'ha1.li',aete:ristim; ,or havimg,

"'~r··. ['II ;!~j:,.,.;;, ~,;"'i":' 'W~~ii..rci i-.'.·-'(~ i<, ',;"",""" ,,-' IwiI!d-e~~;II!"--~ '~:"'--I :se.:oJ:HIL~ I_O",crroou!l'Se ,~.~JI!li'lllJillll!, ,m.I~' [,,0 SClasDEi ~ Gl _~~llng !linC

'~lr'.-0.11Mell~ and; '~psettiif:l:g. th:e IbaJa:lll'ie ,of Ima,11Uif:C:;, OF :k;i UI [A8. 'lltlln,:gs f0t' 'mAl"

Aside fmm the ,a 'rl:d:iraid:ljl,eSSI ,~f' ,tibe; :m,oiF;a~i ;j'I!l~B~eflLts, 'wit.ell F[ b1l!to ,aJllIl,' SC!liGd'l.OI1l: o~' tJtle d'i'Sli'~IIU!i!hi:~g 'mark: of".lm~ '[ht;F.e is a![So ~ •• ias W'ilUlams g(n.ls, 1001 In Ollsel:Vt~!) the :mnralll ,Dr.l':, IOtt :m-arIilJ,' diSiliinetic~"e 'b'I01()11 :<*r-,'"':'"f~- ;::,ii'- ,-;-':-:ti":-~"',~ l-'--'~~'. ~/,-C It'~ ,- -I '~~--c-'d,: I~-'r.~·it~:~":~'~-;:-~ ,- ~ ,-;-,~,(,

~~_~ _~ ",~ __ ' .. ~. ~!IJ~ :a __ C!!1l;~ a,[h,renJs.~l:m., =lna;SJ-iIla,d.oD Lalli .. ~ .011_1,_ by [._a,

'be ,teXcf ;":(11 '10 ,-,,-,'Id~'·: ;.-'';i-'''' :~-~;-'--l"':' ;-;-~! I-'{ -,-,~-:: ~",:~~'~' [~"'''i- ['~T~~

~~~,~,P.,~'e5Se_, ~=~ SO,p,~~~S~'JCaleu, ome~ty ~ as OOU.ra.IIe mR,Y ~ ~D, e;nll

'eau:ses,. As 'Williiams, ,j'US1:~Y ,co,FiI~llld~s: ~If' 'we ,~ffef as 'th~1 lSlil!pr-ame m,~mIJ l;m(p$1'"aUve; t;ha'!t: old [el)" I ~~;be D, lD3In~!:~ 'I,~ :I!t: '15, ~I!f,ribh: 'to, t'ld.n'k of'

"ii'i191i'iiIV,' ;mv,·~·.f· r 'i·i..~, 'W~, ~'!ii"",,:~. '~Ift "'I!liLli~LI'1 ~iWi: ,~,':C'_ (1.,0' ;IL~I ~~.'." " 4i~iOlIi!'L'.i".1 I ~:i4i;illl,,", .... '~iI'U,;ii; ']; lUlI_uu:,,o1" !!IJ!'1 , 11~1l,- ,'" Il!!i!!',jii-Qi !!jl,~ '1I11'I',111",,",'j~ ~I.:. 'Ij,i"!-l!' ~ lU I~ .:.~I\~!H! iI!!lil!l"",~.d!I~;.1' .'

11ie:ge 'i:&CJui:lres, hI. nat [11 ra I, :~a'w' doctn1l1lCr 'm_B\,,; 'pe:rh:aps" iIbe U~:'S;1\r,ll~d b~' a, 'tb,Q1lIlQ'bJt' .. ~~~Jrilit1en;t, :Le:t~ us' :i\f.lQAirlf5e we ,B'(~ :1:0. {I,

J ~ r~ rr~

po:si.tfGn (on~ 'W~ nJaI;r 'w'e!U OC:OOP:Y 'lin the: ~ndd't~l 'fu,bf_r-O'~1 gl¥~I1JJ 'lii1Je

'poss_ihil~ilt'ies, ,0,'" .tllletlc: [enpn,eeolllg)1 t'ol ,a~ter 'i'he 'Wli1Iten,t, of 'mm'I:![ '-''Ii~~ifC.Or'e~~'~I!Ii~'·' 'h.O'W=:j~~il\.fI '1*-:;" c~t';r:'~;~ ,~,~w ,~,ji!"':'::j'8'f"I' ~':~;I~"~~ ~. ',I, C "I ' ~l~: . IIL~ -~ .~~"" ~sse:,",~~~ ,', ,~~ ... co.ULu, dUO nad)li~a!l, !lal~, iCill:~[._~,e ~ 1 ma~~IRg mUill!j SI

dJslinC!t~l',e ~we:g hetn, us .e~' W;e m'~,g-~'h~' '~f:USe 'iD' :~jU'-;:~' tr'(~~~:'I~ ~~~~~-~~~- It." .... ~~ . ~~'r ... _, .. 1.,," ~,[1~" Ii, ',"~ ,a~~f,umg(l.

'Datu., 8ftd be w~se t~l d'o I~.' Wi't tjn:- '~I]am:11 ;C:,~I[~I 'h:~ndl':-'~ 'he ,t!h'~~'

1_ " _ . , ~ .. ,t . " ~~. '~~iI! ~u[~ ,~e ,f~~,~~,~. ~!Il ,~~a,f~~,'~~ _.~iI,~,

:bJOm_aD '1lI;8!t'UJt!; asl'i:t :151 e-mbgd[les :.01r.8'11 ipe,dee1:i.olil~ :~:f it: docs, :1iI,ot: - and 'few' WOlll:d. dare ,clai'ml lha:n. 'IJt: dees ...... ' t!hellli WI musl: eb~; wm'c'b 'h,'umal, :P0Wc:~, '10' '.nst~f;' ~Qd w:hich, ~:o ~'111t'SS, I~r:' :f~~~id4 :NQ e~lde

b" t. ll' 'I 'I' ",.,I f I"" "L, A-" '"" '., 'Ii..

'W ~~!te-~~, appeadl se e ,J' 1,0 31D ii~,la, or rea );lIng 'hie IiIllilina!l1fe: ,Iiumarnl

Copy rig hted m ateri al

Copy rig hted m ateri al

·This. :115.t, oollsb:!.c;raltioo, _, tih:al, 't-be ~adClnH, eo.po:loots of 11ul.an,

,d\a.nro'·Ci'lt-l'·:II"Ql ',m~i,'I;!i' A.:4fi.~~·~, 'L....': ..•... ~ ,i,[~, ',I"I.iftilili;'II";.-'O;··· ..... ··,-.··:;·~;~.·~~ [iiN"IiI.·[.:.[:,;r.iiiii, ii: ...... ~. ~u.·.,.,I~·;iI;I·;JIi. : .. 1-.; .• ' [,'._., ~.~:'·111'Ii , .. ;t'[r.+:!L •.. I""' ,_, 'Jly-~.u.~~:I~IJ_!;e, ~-~,r1' ¥~,~~~,~ ~ ~~-~ ~I~_!!!!l~~~~_~t~j ~!!!!~~~~~ ,"-~lll-I ~,~,~~ iICU~.v-,~u.~

'seems[ '1'0' ~me 'IO[ 'be decJ_ilJ,ei :apilRst aD,,1 :P[~~t of' MW,'J[~g; I :H!~maJll

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i ~w jlijitj ··'i~

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I. baJ,vt~ 'IilOt. here 'loRbed <Ucpon ,questions, as ~:Ol h.()·w' :n'8flllilral, :rilhits, 'lh£QII.C$ dcall W,ill:hi IcI'rmms:tao",s; 'of .Il;'~ [mms:tT.-QJ11Ki [or ptia~ieail< e:mt-irpJl~,~ ~nor :ba,ye 1 :ad.dressed. tile; :posliimi(ilty ,o;f [COftftitts Wi.~lljD 'the~ '5J,I'tem, '0f' :IiIBtliU'8l, riga.,. It :lSI' il< ,gcl1er81[1[ a, !pl-Gblem ,fur [a'll 'nLam:~a~i ri'~~:ts< 'tlllmtl0S1 w'he-tber 'I'he;v [stv!ni~' onl:' OK 'bas~~ lR·ai"

. .. ..F; , ftlil<. \ H . .• ." .•• ...•. <" [!Ir'-.i&:l'" . . .111... ,

'riShJt: ,~, '10, lii._dJ"~ 'tn :proLpeftJ< [or' w:lmtLe,ill' ,~ ,Bnd, 'If :m[" :h.Cl·W '1il'GfY

"~ "!Ii.." "" 'II 'I" A" I" "," 'II "f' "

a.ccoltnt: :ID1' (Il.l!ti8tr InpoHaoJt lmnr[il [cali.!],.",·II •• mal'f'~I:"~ I:: ,8

piUlraili't, I~f. 'g,t~aJIj 'ri,lbls be aiUUw,edi,[ 'I'h~r-e< iis, 8, ',~~tiog [0, ,t~, wn~tlh. 'Ibne rip.[ :may oom.e iDitOl ,conli.d w,iJID, 1111:'11 -odicI"' ,and, if'

j,'iooiijl;l. i""~' [5- i~'~irl ,~n" ,a~~Jt~~ m" [; '8' 'v' 'L..",,:~ ''''ili!R1Li'",~4i. .c.,~ ~'D~:S' '(!a- .~,~ft!i' '1"~ii!lif'I"m'l ;il!iil!iI!iIlt In.~' ~I I~.U-ftj U_."~_',1 ~-~_~_Iil.~,~ 1_ -_- _ _J~. ~ II!!lJ~~l~~'~I~ I~. ".v'~~U._lI-_\f.'tv.'!!!!J,,;.. ._~I~iIi1II- __ -_-_~-!l~-.~,v~1

tb,~ 'Cjljulil.OIilj, is ,t.o be 'fOund, 'ilin ,Looiie~:sl wOJtoil.[j[ ,and; IkG' iila,\iG contimlUH 'i:o, tr,oulbl.e :Ulheral: dii.eo:mB ~nl 10.' 'Il),WlI., [lIm.e., Recelit. ailc~p. [EO Ipr:m;(y a, &eit; 0\1' oomposs;Jbl.e ,Qt' :l1lgJK1(lnl;.cealtJll~ ~p.W' s~md [ord_,. at '~h8 Imm'o'l :l~rcl:: I'h., ,fa;l: 'to Rive •. 018 riil •• an. ;ad~ nte~ oo;nten~'· 011:00 ~'ho 'mar:it,~~ M leJkn.oWlcm;~4 of ,con;ltd'

"'-"':Ii" ..... ,.--\1.. .... -,.,,,, '.'" --.' "". '. -"~"" -'-' ,-.-.-. '- "'--·,-e~' '-'- -.-.,-.- .. -".'

u.rij;1ioc!i;~ ~!~;tIii [ii:!!Ws-it\iili;/i'i!iIi, ~f: ~;g<~I~! [O.i"In.~'~1..·@ [S-V-5.1~~ ,o-~"~,~h ... [&-'5-: ,0; 'Wi~nl(Ai, ~i~'LI ~'IJ'"'t.b:n, IUI.'Iiil> [1iJ[~'l.'!iiii"·II' v., ,Ii Iii .:.Ii~[Il'ilIi,~ !Ij,jI',I, Wtl I~in,.",. , .,[;".,."",.111'1 "",.I. ,iii I~'~)..o_. _. !I!!I!!, 'D!'[lib,iIIl.~' ,-,~llU .

.rL·~;i!IOr.1 1~ii'i'ie~~I"'"r.[~;~~~~iiI!l. '~it';, ,i£i~.ii;ftiI'-' ~i"if:,d'"I. 'iIj~, ,-,:::,"~'~1' '~i't.,::. [i"oi"i'pj. 1;- ~'~;I~' :_;II~~-~,-i.".: vU'"""". 'W'U'cl'.I.;:n~, '1I!I'101.'!W!',IiW!~[ ,I .. i:Kiol~.,fJllil~ [~IAr .. !l.V 1I'Y",lll;ll 1~.nO [,,"",.Uj, Ul p.~l.[~IS~

1o.. •• ;II ... -.na: [~~' ~Iiil':lil~··ml"··s. \li!'-1,.~:~irl ~:'I-'.: -n"'s"i<,':--["';I [line;' I~"~'L.C~;:- i-r ... ~[ t~ n---;;----"""':r.,.:ll .... , l~I""'~~1,1;!! yJ!. ~.I!A .. _.. ~. !ll!:ll!ioil~ 11.!lI!1.... ... ",O[!CIi. ,1:a!W """,Wile atlil!lS ililU lrR~UI.Ri"

,A'od'. ~1I'IIi~' :I~i( be :i!III~}ni-1'I1. ~'IrC"!ii~: ';i~.i!i: ,~'i.oi!i(~~Ii!IiI~ .... [ ~f·'; '~-~-ii':i'~l '~-:,-:-,1il· 'ii...":",'!',--' i-f~ _ ~. _ VIL'}!I.-!IF .J~ l~ ~!Ir"""uu~ ... ~ ,"Ii~.~ !I!i,P,'''''JJJllWolIi~ Y. ,1i,IWi!!Il.!!I'CII'1I! we'lL ~.IR_g a~,w

~·m .• ·1 :ml;'4:~ ;~j~'~ ;i'!i'i(!' ~""";oii'!iin ~'i!i'~I~I'~'. i<"~[ t"ir-;a-ift 'm"o;:-·~ft~~no (o&'i:..~'[:IIi'I ... ,

~l __ rJr'lii-1A1 gl_I_IIU. U;I_I ~IU~~., ~",'.11_ ,IIii!l-L';:I1 ~ .. 'I_~ .1-1. ,F,iI. "_.J~U~!~~rpU.1 ~;~.I.lI~,_~

:ma:k~na:. gv ma[,Q ooD1lnetie 'Ydtn 'the l-Pro,. ";0,1 o.f: ~ag 10..-' Rm.riil,~':,

~~-~~-'-,Ol' -~., I' I'L .. ,~, ... ,- 'i,F'-"" _. [.. . "",;" . -, .1. .1 .1, ir'""'. " ... r I ... " .. n .. ,,~.

'tbis :kind: of :.QJ';81. oollf1id: ICIJ_OllO,t\ :Del :mlld [out",

NMe: of. ,this [-Ill-,·- '--ii~1 ~!Ii---I;t· [' c, m' J.:Ljl",' ,';L-~i, i'i~ [ '~)~"",, '.in:"' ~I f .~

,,_. ~_ _ _, . 1--.lleSil!!l1l!i lIl18[!I!, ,SO--Gi"11I!-11I, D!I'!ioiI!I!I, • IOL~ _~Imu_m.

I"~I·-.~, :0··4f 'nj!!li'hf~;, .... ;11 ~'a· "W~' ;i!licil!!l ~'~.dI~-n:·2ed: ~:R 'I'L~[ ':-wn;~·'iI'ililim; ,~f; 'IH'· . 'L··· A/· .... · 'H': ~~~.

~~ __ !"~,~11L . ,.il_] ._~L?_ ,tQJ. ~ Jl.l. [~ Ui:II .. I_I~~, ',. __ ~._.-._ 1 [I!I!!EIl U~lw ._,_j:.....,_fll.~~~l '\I_' ,~:_:!~ --=-_~l ~ --.:!!!! ,:_:= • ...11,1

,alld[ Ilml'n, H'ampsb1lIlG",!i: 'rna,,' '001. 'be dckmib:lc" lit ls[ ,at: lewd: 'PI~tlSi.b:.e '.[ :.,gg-d[ 5UmC: 'RIOml'mrmb:M1nts as :pard'l [mutiJll1Iltivci of Ml(Y' 'wll'f1c: 81wman comm'U;nilt, ' .... ' tooU:i,h, 'he, [.ncc,t ,nf 'w:atdliJty at state.:heR,'is !Ilca:ssaril~'I~n .. ~.·~t:"md.~-;-d o.:;lv'-;;·-n'~~ d~m'l'-~'~·-[-t~t. -.-.--- ----. -. -~ .' .. uu~' "";r."'" .. ~.)1!1 ... UI .. n.:.wpa_"_,J.,_.e,._nl~~Ra._e~

:~:I: :isJ soM.,laucb coaceplLOAJ of 'the Imltnral D.lassl!l'u; [ofHtrt1nlIU~; sodld. :fi[ei th:al, Da.d. a:ume iiliJ!~It\JiioEJ, 'W~~ft ,~,~ 1~11~'l'~~[ '~ij!lj, la .~, ,~~' :hUim;i!l;'l'

" . ~". _ _ ~ _ ~ __ ~ __ ~",y ~~ .. lU!!Ir;J_1I! U""" ~ """U.LiI,W ,libil! iI. ,'1nl'L;;!! "",Ii, ILU~.!IiII ..... ill

:lut!llIJR. [on 'tM COIlllnpnt: b,ul, iIiInailtcnble 'I!ads of rKarm,ty ;ll1n.d '~_be

Copy rig hted m ateri al

'~;I':~~:~;a~f.~~n~:~1 [~"'h' :'nr!ftiii:a~'n.~[ 'L""iiI'~;"~~iIi",,n~,ij;; '"!"r:j:~, ~iifii,r~:-e·~ ~!ft]iinl';'n-':r:-;jjJII- ;e,t-i';!i'i;;p'n"ili;i<r;-'~' ~,~ iL~~~!Ut _,"!I!,~~~ ~!1 ~~!I!iI!i~j.'~_~~ ~~~iI!o!'!I'!!oi'-~'~:~'!!I""'!Ijo,i;,., iI"lhg lnl,,,,",, ~ ""~_II"iIt,·, ... ~ ~,,,,[~~Ui.I!Ii!.'lr,, ull

1;'~'i1'I~~:--'-;~~i:j:·' 'F~ijr;l~ ,~~' a frlaf1'~;olfr"2i;I: '~~i'!Iirw !~j'I:'''i~aC~ 'MU sil!l~h~!' [e\X,Ciu:d\ei some lmllln_t_lDa~J_i;!I!~" ~;~!IILJ !I\,!I!!II; A lIL._nU~ IC~L ~g _ _ gjyt"!I!.'!Ili!!' _ ~ I!!t ~ _ 1t~~ _ -:li'!Iilf~J! ~ ~ _ ~ ~_ ~ ~ ~ ~ _ ~ ~

''''_'!-::,ii·::;~: a-~,0;41 ml-oii'!ii.l'a-ill~~f\itli'l'll'''''''''~~'''~~ ":"i.f'~ 'M:i!'6-~is,t, [~l1Hlmr~~(IIII~m [0;[' N~aJtlona'~ ~lG!li.leS , .1iI,1O/.I! I. ,., ,vlT", . '1!1[,il~ [1i!1)1~!MoI ,¥, , .... ~Q!_!! ~ __ ~ ~I~~~ ~ ~gLlL_:_~~ ~ ~ _ ~ ~ _ ~~ _ ~ ~_~

:~~~)-"':_'ill~\~m[, _ lb· -nti: 1:".' ~~TI~n -if"*:iil ~'li~I;\fIiIlliIi~11~ ~c.~".~' '11~J1!--~f'a-liI 'm·. : ·~I';a'IlIE~\iili' ~r'" c~~[';iI!iii" [, ~ ~~~lilIS~~_[ _'I!OI!I~ ='I,\P",~U II~", '~I!!H~~~~.1 ~J'Il;I.!I!.-", ,lill~~, __ ~" .. ;liol',., ~_I JII'cl!!1.,!11\ Q!"'_'!Io"iL~/.,

Lr-oiIii' ,,-: ,~:~ ['1',>' '!I!'t"'~, ' ~~'!EI"'''fi'~' ['I~I d~'~(,-, ... ~, [j' il ,~,~, 'f'I'-[;:;-I~~I-1 '~lli., __ ,--c;:" [::,~ 'lh~'~i' r~~r'-"T !UIl"",J:C ,1i;)~1 ,I,{U ~!I!IIS ,r.~~JJI'J!' ,1lJ.'!I,;!' ,~_lf~1, [lOI.!b,e ,mID a il;1[1~:ry 011, rl.UiIiI,an

:naiJlre [10 ~11!Jf~;, ~SUiperinriJt" [nf a :IJitJer[a'll S'CXj:e~".

AI-,'iI'iIi '!!iIi~iif; •• rnl;oj;r":~:~.e, !a-mm~a-ro''''l ,in '.11i.~ 'iil;.;c:t·iji~"'i'""I"I·iIf[Ii'i'iill [~'f:;' ~li;~"';ii!'[a-:II iIfiI-~'a;I!:-~i<"1 ';;e

I I I _1:'1 l~_~~-~.J IlII.llil-!l_ll .~J ~ • r·rf.ll·V- '1ii\lll ".~ tlJI~II~ ,,'Yd. _111~~· .. W!I:.I ~r 1 I~~I. _~ ll .IJ.IJm ~.~

'fl'J~n1id, :1111 '~he p;liIiiloso:p:t~,y [O'£" :Ka!lt: whJi~'b .eilCs tOI ,a,Ioid ;a:I~~g.~lh~r' ian,'

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[~dwal's e:n,ds :in tjl'U~mSl]:ves :Bilil:d: :1i1,ev~1i' nDlly '.eaIi1S 'in ~'llIie linds[ ,of' [otlters,., 11ds :is: a, 'tf3iIll.SOeiIl,de,nlal [i'rgI!lD!l,liliit: 'w'tlrleio Ire:aOODS ifiroDl, 'fCia~1Uf:~s of' ,(Ju:r' t~al1l.datrdl :O'l;or8'11 [lbOltlb~: aDd :pr,aefloo llla£'Ic: 1n [~hD :pnrnn,les, [(.ur :PD~S~N1OSi;l;lolits :lDI vi~fi!1!Ie ,of:' yill'l:cill t'huJt: 'OUJtaIi [[If~ i., :pou~ble., 'I'D adtfi'~11!)JJ ~ llaJnrt, appcarm, to ~liIa,e ~1;pPO:sedl (bat, '001" a, :pril1c~,.i~ [mD_f)lfallll_g; 'thCi .art.mum [c,uall fl'cedom om :hJu:ma~ Ieb~,1S ,...., '(ke~ ci~alsl,eaJ~ :priKl,l:e ,~d Ube{raiii'imi _, [w~~;td ~ti~'" ~:h;i' dem~Qdl ,~f.'

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[e![tds i~g t!b~Mse~v~!)\~ :~:t 'mji~:: ,~cUl 'be [Qol!juled tbaJlt: k~!t~51 iU'-gfU~en1ts

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,tlbe ocne 'halrd, and. t~he ,anre.la,I\~¥e OT' ~elle-OitDliml ,cofllsid_I[;Q'ilons,

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U'tiinta[riiallIi 3'lfl/umJC,{ob ,about; l'On~r,al. 'we~ifarle are 'Used to sup,pan: ,:~l~}r J-,-~, i~'Il..fl"-'~r.iJ '~'~II('-:it:~~ and :~,~l :~,j]l~~it'!'~,~.'~J 'l:n~alit1rln,9Jrllb.[lit,~J :iSi ~adl.li't~ed c ,puns 3.L!ruU'I., ,J I.!l:J!!i"I~ .1!lIU ~iI!"-!I! !I!~""'~~""J' ~~L ~ ~~~.I"'~' ~~ ~ ~~ <J' ~.~ _. ~.~ _~ 'J. - _.

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'~al1ld IIUUi:t.or l~them:['lleaaIl101\ 'Dl!.lt' 'F.eQ':~i~.d as '1!l'IiII)"'U; '1' -~,O~il~lst' 'Ihl \-. III 'ka!

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Dln~tie$, :sko,wrs, 'that ,such. :ralrjlC!ionl 'pmDloies t'h,e ,I~neilid w~tf3!_fe" 'Furt'liIe;f i' aad CRlcbdl~'~ n~thi~l, ,hlJ M·ii~I.~s :PF.~ne~ple re,Jj}ijlle51 'tJhia!l tlbc' r-esul:tant: <bln.buillon ,of f1:-eedom ·andl 'I!IinrEfieeonm, 00 'Bq'lilita'bte." In.

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'iaItbll1 by a. Pnnd~le olf' :~q]lldtJ Of Paiuess '-, ,I :P;[,inciple" Ill)J lotil,e;f' 'w'Dm\~ 't~ba!t. ~s ,in wm:petUiollli 'wi:tb 'lo; :UJt[Ulita:narnl conoorn "l:lr Ile{~erall 'w,e~lalre~ LThoUl,I'bl Min :niUlI.y sueeeed :(01 d0ri.vbilg 't'be Pri_I1;~pJc 0:'

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'toal [tt..1 :projp'lfty 'ri~ht: [each, [cd 'us bas to bis :peftOUI [cajDJn,o,t~ 'be [r,ffedht1e:I,,' ,e_IlQ:rdSld; iIi ~Ilte albscn.oo [of' the [DP1PlrtJllIlIillrls[ a!~[omed :b;,1

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'~: ee:lilifr,ail, a:~1-1!Im,~1iI~: :tiulld~l, 'pri.ya!te property 'witJb seU .. , O\-D;ed:b'-.~'I :.".1115, Iv til: [ehaFaClvl [~f' 'pri,''aiB 'propeR;., as :1'11, :i.1Jifutiouall [¥.m~1e :fbr aenDtwafil:ed ['_e-e[s'i,Q'fI:O-imakbll'g", Inl ,alil(~' :~.:Glt("'~1 m:e~nl \¥ii]11 :tl_8J,¥el ,diff.~eu, iBJ'ld, mllllla_~II\B, 8-gals 8[fid YaIJu~s~, 'wl1i;e;bl wnl, rmar '.'e cQ\m1P1lioJl], [~RlaJl1tds aI, :r-eSOl;lwe:s~ :PI!JRhllr"~1 [ca:db

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B1[-e,~ il1i addllUOll~ :stRlDlI 'posi~ive 'fealmnl,t. ,a:I(I'1 '~D 't't~nse, W'ftlCD 'Si"U,ppon: 'lillie ~D:sti)mti~llI, ,(}f' pnv,a1I~ iPmpe;rty,,_ wb;, ~he. :matrk~1: 'pnl~{SS is 'Ii~ke!l,· '(0 lbe [dD,Ddn.am.~ 'ID. 'lite; eeomO'ID.c :Ii:fe; ,of a libera~ :SOCiet,'OJ

B,' wa:, [of ~Xjp]Dllii~ the 1:lbe~r.I:,'~preservl~s 'f,~le (llif ,tjhe, 'mam-kiel:; le~, '1(liIl!: :11["I~ti~ ~~'~~ la' :41s:~jtt:l:fIi,+~ft" InjIi:~~;ifI! ~~' 'H-: i~au~[k<IQI [I:o-~~~~,~.JD""1 Iti1lo.~. ,~~~lfIiflW~' ~.~ ,_._:_~.~I! ~'~WiQL~lll ._' U~_.~ __ ~!I~'J'JV.l~)!!! 'lj!!!HIVg-U-~ lUI: [1 _'. _JJ/'~. .. 1~'l·g'!II.!i~l~ .. ~I~'~ ~._III_\1[V.'~JJll~

;a1nd tit ca!mU.aJ~'" A'D. eoolfifi~y'j' Pflopeilt:ll, 'u'ltdcntood,i.' is ,am,

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[o;f :r~III~S; 'wi/tiJlb, ani o~&animJtiom,'~ ~he; 'pr,~'b:le;ID,- 'tm~'Uti<m:ail~, aDd: 'WNf;lIl:J' ooooel.Yled~ to be 'I he 'oeDltrail. pr-dbl"Dl [of [ecoliulm11:C ~'hoory',!, of 0!tilruli~B; scSiree: r~m1!lJFWS wirth :rnalirnJum iCOSt~-eltci'_nc"" It :Pfesl!J~'S d!UIiIt: ,t'hiG'; :p:u[lJ"O.5e-1;, (nr ,BOals O'f t',~, Ol;1pnlzali,on and [o:f' its, me.miben '.a,,' '00 faInited ,in 18 hieraRh,· 01' i'mp1rft3nce h", refeiJeillce to 'w~hich, tlbe d~striblllltillD ifJf :reml!f;TWSl 'mat, tllellli be

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LTIl,e "Mitral; :,mbb~lm. of die. [c:aJtal:~arx:, eI' as [(If: [~,OlilJit It,&eOIJ 'pro;~t1lf' 'lllitd~is'tood,~ ~'S ,tiel d~Jluir;,\t1: [~f ,kn'owled(til [in, f5fK.i'6li? - the 'pm'blIEm: of hOvl·tlt)e ,tnawlled,l~ 'Iba,t: :15,ldfs.pe:med OJ' alfflUsed a1m,Of:ljg. mi:~ljinllls ,Of"GmJliio.i;e: ag~1l'I'S'i' ,IU'Id :kno,wjllllm, i.h, 'to'laUt, ,to no ;()Jit-e, [C8'IiI, be randel}ed ,8OOeuibfe '~O' '.3101", Th)S :is tbe trAte I)ole [of" 'tIe 'IDarkf;:I: :Pliocess:: aut ,eoo.l:omizhll;g, 01, searee :m;e;B!IS, to :k'noWD Ie:n:ds~, 'bill: 'mth-~ .. , ,. -:eIi1J-:-"[,atin-~ '1[1],- ;-;11-'11 titlil-:-: ,'7:-,-'., .. -:, 'm;::···-:::· ... ""',:,i-M] ,'·irl~-'I'C'-ft~~·--l .-'-J fi':'-I

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ICQR¢e:l!ved. bil, t'lil'i,j, 'w;a,,'~ t'b.e oompeUtive~ :ma_r.k~l: ~Ints '5e'Y,cr,ail 'fe.a:lrU'~es, 'which, :re:nde'[' h: lUi1:i:c;[uel)r oo.~I1;>3li '1i:O a. 'Ijbera!l: :ind:tvidJulis't. :s.oclet,,'., The coomIl18IU,O:l. :ilt [effects a.09-.8, tu~man, ,8CliVilties, :is,,, '61'111,' ,EJLfid ajoove a):~,~ nOIl1,~i've~ Ea£b; aS~nl ,:adj:usts, 'hlsl ~p:~3!liIfi. to ,t'h,e 'p'lafl.s, oj' Of'lilCfS 'by re act iIB,Il; to 'IIhc 'bl;£Ol';flll:aiiuD, :a[bout '(\ltb.£;l1" p,Jcfe:fCnces. ,i'nd. :r-emurccsl tbat: :'5, 'tr[Sln5ntiJ,t~ted 'tn :h~1D 't'ftfOugih. :prloo 's~Bnab\,. 'The, OUiJtcome '0'f" tm,ese ;adjus,tmouts is, ~i&e ~endemCiJ' 10' ooo:n:lill ait_i.oJllJ QJ' e~uiLlijlbticu,ml w'ttrc'hl is ,3 'lealllTB ,ni' 'O:IiI;baM~m:d,

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eq.uiUhriUiID of' 'D,eoc.la.iml ,emn;()mj,csl~ but. Illltead the :toose,

;·I'n"-'t'R"i"a'~\~ ..... n ·o-~ 'nilil:l:"ll'Vl~ '~In·'" [9'iI'"f'iiii:!'ift~;difl' '-W' '1i..i"1!J-;.'L ,j:~ n'I.. ... '~'_iI'a-L.'I~ j'ri if;:L~. iP'~;Oj;1 l [I ~ l~-~~"l~' :-~_."",.LlIl, : .. ~I, ;r~Y-~~~ rCl_lliU, U.~~Ii_IJ'i,nlJl_~,~~ ",J ./II,I~ ;~111; [[_g,I~~I.-·,,::_JU!_~' lI~~LII, Illll,I~.lIl[lIiilMl_

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hi to:ri,~11 ,(.,e"~Q~. ~lll Hi dl~:m,usl" ~rdtfrior:' ·btl ·.~i;~f' ~r.-eS:liJltts, ,t~ ·tl;:,'-~; .I~)tailit~d, 'il e'eR, de bl__m~l1d.m.k·_~~'DmHDdm,(ld:~!be 'Wesl~ 'Thjsll' ,lIlfl,]" aIJ,· Wi., lile 'l~r-litital laondi'Dion lof It'be 'famDUJ

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dCfll:~, en \~~:[esm:m, l~ll;pitall'!l I~~hjj:oltl&:, ,Hind. ~~tJlIffs", ,As wei~11 as,

~. ~-""'~--I~-n';~'Q 'O:ii"iIn,-'~·~_··~~r~. ;:"'~'111!1< . I~iii,.;ilij;n. iOin'''I·n_a~,~JI'v.'' .!i,., '1~1"~I';II!li_ '"""', ':if ilil~,:C~~!ii;,4;. It't.,II'., '~. ;;IJj;~<fIO"_" . I~ --~D' ~-,'I!>O!',!!"!I~, .""'~ .. "",,.~ ~~;L~,~!!. . ~~,tl;.J! it<' _!!.II; !j1,l UlI!. ""it 1~_'!ii!I1I!oo "".~ 11lo~~gJI;, """""!II. _/ ~ ~D~3Y',t!!, .

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il. plmUf.1tn:g ha_f~nQn, ImJl\DI, mJeiJ!1't, 1~I:~ie' ,acti,vI;lb:sl~ ,.~,t £5, i;n dds, ~. . ~'. '. '; 'Ih'"- '- .... ~ IlUltr't- t 'm' -;,ii] '''~i;;; -,-Ill i.,.l .... ~ -~d '~-h:- 1--;' -,- ,.ri"',- -,-:- ,gf' I' 1--:-'--1"" seD_56 ,~'al. b~ ~_~_"_oi.'CJ~ ~~aJ' ~ OOJl~S_~RL. t_1J lpa~aU!,gm .~ ~ d ,lfjH),1Jj

lalll.'S ,8~ltil/ 9:t1u/' ,and, ~o il.iilste;;alle ·r,r.-Ul!ldb:nlil'~'s dj:ctu. ,r;:L'iben:: :lSJ ~lfilili; 'ij'j:'~fI~iroii:l!;tr· ,~f'~ ~if1~'~ '1 ' ~

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:ri_ts-i'IV1'ediDIl: aDd 'he. 'u,piloldlng [of' .jlR.tieei ) and 'fo,' 'lIis, [reasonl :al'C ~nD.t adN·OOSims[ [Qf' ·tbe ·.in'j).urn fstl1te '~u:t. :r:ltb.r' of :11.1)11-01 ;~_mcDt

'WibOLt:j) '~iu:lJU!lb"jl :lS[ dIe ·fnr.:m: oif: :I'i!bcra'i ·Ibnj~!ed. go"'CDrmtll:t'?:[ 'I'~~ Is· cle.arf' 'U'lat £t .~,~-.,.[ 'Il,,'i be ,~ .... -,;- .. - ;;Tt-;'~~I '--[,~,:-~;--,-~,--:-:-il'_ "!l~""__';-~[ :~\J.' i~·". _, __ ,_ _ __ ~_, __ . t~, ~~O'~. l~ II.Ki\rrtOO[8IC, BID\tl\m'm.eo_", n'~illir.G ,11" m

:u;nUmiilld. de •. ~lb-:i;'" [~'1','O!I>l"-~ii\'i'it: 1 .... D{1:-;iii"I"~: '[L-:""'I 11~~~~:11 O'~~A-.-;' -I~

_~!IL ~[ _ _ ~ iQ! _'" ~ ..... , !IO#li ~._u'.}""'nl" I!IoiCIillUlUl1; l~ ,lh'~ .• '[AIi, a~T'",,"fiJ'Jimel1Jl~

:sbt~ :II: :[ftpedS, :110· dOMain O'f. ·b~.depend'n.CG lor' :~[be~J as beUli:

'I"'m-,, ~1'iii:ii1i'-,.g;. 'I-'~· :;liiiIiU.:,.a -II! -'I':~IiI' ~J .. Q' litUflil~.". ~;'i"ftifti;"n" ;1.a·;I- 'aili'·'~;';~~I- 'Ii!! ·U·-'-.·H'II'~·~iiil-)!ii;.;!I: d'-.~~.--,·

u - - - _11.!I!II.U[.,...., . ,v llinl ". __ "'"', , I lU!.~, D'- '11!' .... .Ii II'lI!lJ~,I!I_'li •• L ~ . -I~,~L~I~~.~.~-,.i!'· .•. '" .iI!:t_liI~'_"_II!"'! ... u ,_'!iOi~I'.'-V==

,craine S:O¥el'llil_DlCDt:, :&0..1 a 'li:~ra[1 :polilOOi 'o,f 't,icw'[j[ :lsi radleI' ,a, tfLu ilJ I. ,of'

~;+,j"li;I'~I~j""I:~: II,'~·.~ 'i-I.=:~:~~· .~' ,.'," i I" " ; ~ .... ~J~: : ...... 111 ' 'i i1l1.:.: - it.:.',. ~~J-:""~I'~'c" j~' ~, ·jI;.:I'~~ill ,ill 1.t;fIi-~, 1I,'OUI'I_I'UlnB_nliSlD lll-U,e i1!OrDI ,pr.eulC",,~ [anu Cf,bilel~ ~., ,~l '" ~ .. ,P',,"~I_ll!l! ~Iil! y,R·

.U'N;_nJI" N:g, :S)fSmm of' go,¥tCmmenlC: iinl 'wihi:eo, pm,.",' lID_ts ,and

b " 1"''''_ _'i "" k - ~iIi'" ~ -.- '[~ .,. ~

i,::'aSIJC ~I!~.nles are open to '1}8':I:§itD:n, iWI,' · •• iJj:M)[[lity pod!UQ~ maJonUes

'ean be r-egar~ed as S3iblsfYlng 'U:bcral :req:1ilI:Rm:e:BSJ., Pot lthisl :felSDJ}.~,

Itlili .311Ihrilri,-". '~;~~-,~ 1;.I:f'~'Y·~'-I-'~· "-~l-r~H,' ',-- -,-:+;~~ ;c~"-,"''7'I'IIr''''''I1--\~ I ,~,,":,,- ',I

___ ,_, ~O"'H_ -a~~lio"I;JJM' 0, [liQ1_e;mD:llalll!~ [mary SD,m.I: .... m.9 tIW ~"ier.lluruJln,

:aii 'i~il1;..~; ,;1:. ;-'B!od "'111'- l'ii!o·-y,"I, "1,~lr:7--,.-i~;::; '1~-'~;-;-~~,_ '-;I-~ ~'~~~' ,~'-'~'l;;c c;~:dedl';;If"'~

~ . __ l~ra_ 51 pG",_t.itnilU a. ~em~atl.~ .mllm:e" Ii ,wars ,.,'.1 bUIll,

t'lite ~~~.;m-:. -~iiIIi,n~,''''~ ai~:'i"o-;::"'~ri;liCJ ~-:-;:.a: '~i:j,~~fti,,",:-;ill '~~ .il1l..iitlii:~I-I- t"..nd'~~,,~'·~~-, ~!' [1;' ...... :

~ 'iC!~'!i''''''", _~u""J'.'IId!l, . ,}01-ULDilibi.f0 Ii:T""" 11'''WU'1ilIi.1L'''''~ lUll lI.iI!.~lf ~dnl}!!CS '~I .. uc:

:nil~ (if' la,w" LThis, 'Oibsef'i.a.th);A :Jfelds, 'the; impod3Di, inJ~gtat aOOu!l; nJbe[,ail. ,B~ve;mm.eDjt - [a~. h~~,lh;t Ir[~ped, 'Dc, 5'1lI~h. eLlassica'll'[]~~arSI u "I.. 'C '.... •. 1i.. ,. ..ill iL. a- 4' .... _ b~.ei cli~'R;l\lCJIJil. :.ar[a'l!I)trlll1iI~'Io.rn&tsl :an~ '~~.le 1:".etUUlI1eX!JOI'lOllts ,0,;: 'b __ ~

,R~mt.ulllal: - UJa!t: :iJt :is OOl1stitllJuooall ,~e_menlt~, ,A, :11'H.111lPUlltiarll ome(f' ma,' m~e 'the '(Otl)] [tlf a ooustiltu!blnoa), monad), [j[ as ~iD :Rn.,ln:jl or' a GG"D_stiltrtttloual -re,u'b~_i.Ci' as :bl ·t!he U·lIiilt~d. :S\taiul~. 'but 'Il~: !mllSt oon~aiin: OOIls()i)1JJutional cuns:tm/iftlts om· 'tbe ,ar.h~:t~l':"~ £BR1=~' of'

_ ~ -- _ --~~ __ ,-- -- __ ---=-~--- -'""-"- _=L" ,,_1__ ,.,',' t miIiJ-][. ,.1,. lie ,\,

pw,emIRe:l!JllaiI. [aJufh0 ril;y., 'WlIetibJ~' these lm_otmi'n!tIJl 'In.eJJI!IH !bii~

'~ift\'il~;r-,B- JIl1'"iI1!lm', I _ [~'i.ciIIi: I!' ... n'l!lj~rlf~o· '.~ ~lIf'6'f';' 'niA',,"U.II'!IIi[ !~ ... t:~."!'i '~_~milfliil~.j.I'lI;~ . '~~~"',Ili~~~, iII,"IIIL~'.)I.~ .. _~3_ ,I~, !Iii.'I". g!"I!iillf~I:.gjLl.- .. ~~ 1i,i!'" [F",,"_l""'\\I!.I~ ~'~'!!'"f~,,",,~~,~~~~I@!';~~~1i ~r'l"JL,",~~ . .i'"

:8:t'I.d ,e.emd.Ye, :f~.fIlrlicr,:o:i,[IIO:j:ilm,· ~jR~, a ~:j)t1~--, .~~i'"·fi~.t:tt~l"",i:'i. [~--. :~qi:'i!li~ ~.j~.~-, __ "_ _ ~ _~~ ~ __ __ _~, ~""'~ ~ .. _,_~ _~ ~~'\iI! Q!"'\I.:I)I;[~liIi ~'ILJli:I!d!I;'IiI;!Ii."!W1',.JII~, v,[ i.}!'!I;!!'ilJIi ...... "".l;iIIle.f

:miJ!)1JIlIf'e: af dev.ices" :is; less 'im~rtaf'lt: 'thaD 'the 'f-'C"i' 'tlll-I.- tn (in~

-- - -- - - - - - .. , -, - , - - - ~ iii' -- - - -- -~ lI!"' ..... , - - , , . .. , I BC, ,I,. ,L.,.e

[a)~'lii;nto,~.l)f I~~~~ :fC"n.~~ 1~~'!i'i~~·I~~tjilijitO·.'·:ij'!II i!liijl-I' [~~i:'iCiiiii'iI""i'lir"'I~~!i!" 0, ":': O~:,-::::PWJi:i'lnl~~~· _ ':'-~:P.' ~~=_ ...... ""= L~,'i_U"" ~""-~~, 1!"'<!I.,I"liil_ii:I'!l, J~Jll,IIUi~l, ,\I!!ID 'Iiii-V.JJ.o;J!!Il.iI,glll'.Iloi:t. Ui. CI'O.!!¥e.', .• jl'IiU~lL.J" [ w~

canlli':~ i·"·, '.':0 '~. ' ••. (; '~:'r~ . '(.-;F~I;-., I":: : - ~:~IIi"'·'"':\1-:1.[,~I""'iiil _

_ ~ __ mll!. iSpCB",. Cl" II;!lJ_,e e(l~i:Ii!leBOO: a . a IJ~:r.:aill Oil[~r ..

'TIlm :.n'StllBI'I.OIllI ,0;1: r~be:r,a'~ I~'.it~d ,gpve.lm.en,t, is folF. ~nese reasons lmm,r:tlltllble [M~tih malg:V YD,rie.lies of' d@mocrl!ti:c 'SY,lt~UllJ :(:.andl-wWlll tb~

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r:ana~ ,~f~·[~~t~·~ii:i.'~'·I'!~~Gi[il ·d·~-,.,¥i~~~I!\ ~-AiP' ,j~.~ 1~~;~'I··m' -.--ili- .Q:t'1' ,~ .... ~;;~., "1l'''{

'~'-~'------L_'!P y,. ~~~i.~k.tII}I-h_-W~_ ~I~IK_:~ -e "w~· ~~~ :l~t.l !lJ[~ 1II!i'{._IiIl~ .~lllll_"l ~l.oI!J Ir-~'·~·'~~l.l!_'1 V~J

'11'I"~"··rra·- ;1' 'n"';;~~fi1~ ;&-).(1,' 1 'nll!',a"""~"'I~~' 1~"1Ii' 'iI!""iI!IIiU r',~ '.·t:. .... 1 ·ihl~tojl~:,,"lta- (I'n~iim~~n, ,iii!iW~ 11J_ ~l. __ Irllll.l-~~'~rlII~ _~.r. ',~I ~ ,~ .. _ ,~IiJi.J ,1J.!II.,.lIl._iliJj~·, ,~!II. _-I~~I~"}U-"'~-~_IFr!!!!Ju-~-_,.~.-~~~g~~~J

:libert" o:n. :F.nldianeftl~' gOV\e'mmefft: aad, eomsjt~ti(fa] mD.V~Or 'l'lon,~ ·as, ~i'i, :B:duiillll,t lar' n; ma,' s«t. ID OOJd.t!fMUI both, la, .... ___..cm ami 'tlt~ j'udmJary' lby a 'wriJtlmn oonst~Eu[inDe~ :~:nl :ijts.l£8~l diml-DSiftns~1 [tbe Uhel"al: sta1.~ ma~ 'r~l~' 'p-bimm:tc7·(1JD. [rk~~ ,e:; ZmnUlllJ 'law' [- -~ '~-·m~l\'ltaJi. ~.,

, - - - --- - -" - ~ -----,jf ~ - =,J' .;- -"'-~--" -" - -- --- ~~--~ - -- --~- as liD ·"'·.r- -" ,. -,.,

an ·ilndf;pG"den.t jjudiid_",[ or' ei~ iit. ma,,' fePOY lJaia' «m1de:He ~nl 'dle :1.llgjl~lti;ve :pmteeti.QA O'f ~ibe~r1:Y'~, no ,Jill' q_1 ",G'n ,of '1110 ~'ibe:r:ail stBile 'h~ ;aiWI 'I)-i.! 'v-rn:-"'--!_ ."'-, ,"'iIF'-I.·- ;,\!.- -~,~- -,-ml '~--,~;- -;-, [-'-d'

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,0.".«; ';~' .~- 'l:1nd'~f:8IDOO dlHI gl,YCJ:i1'iIlil'ilfif~IIi'i'~ Bi!::lf:l1-~ll, mJ3,··' ~;a klc ,~t~W l~r' ~.~j>-'-;'-~'~~~~:~~~,-~:-=.==---~,-' :::.~::::~-~' ~~-~r l'~-:-~ ':\~~~~"r'~~~'~-- ~.I ~'~-.'\~----~'" ,-.~~;~~ ,-~;.-:;,: ".:~~-~l HO.mr~[~I~e, f(J,r,mSr.. J:otrn S1luafll, MIJl~ tlrl.eOlnlD-d. tjltlS, dlSI_finClU1tR,.

tlfll!D j'Il~:,Okld tr: ea:ri(ler ,classlcail ~~Ibe1[,ats,~ a, ~tte d~itiD~ttuliI it.lwle:c:n a~t'cd.ttYleJ .a!I1IJd, 1!I.~g; .. ~~:t'b~a(Fi:ti!jti;v:e :inl~e'nrl]ll!t'i;O\n." cit, gn,R;rn.;e,1iI!t: :am;:"i)I:Il)J m'1r1ll!' iN lu).,n··<tllutJiloritattvf;,; iand. :so, l~lfmlSllbIB,,, '11 ~ .I;_--J 'W~!t.fti.

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i0¥tmtmel1ltaI. s:-up.port '(Jf' scJemitiftt.: ·mseardb ..... , :it lUm.pom; :1.0 leoe;ruve 'tn.lTilcnsl 00, :privttJle ·j_llll~nj3!tirve5 b~, 'd'iu~; aJlJfdm ~'D, 'vildtlhl ,U: lorcr:;ll~:S\i The :mBflitm, Gf 'd~4',f:(rj'M ·.at:".~ Uleta.! d~:maln.d '&im,p~, ~i'al: '1111£ ,aulhUJm," 'IQ1tl:VI: 'tI,r [~rol:' e a,t1'lvi)t:L.~ of. 1'O,¥t:Tli1lntlBJI: be ~Nstdmed 'iO ~Ite

m-,-iilj!ij'-':;i!i'I;iI;i~1 ~~fillli,i·IIit~~I·~~,,,,·i'"1:..,~· iIl'nlit~~~:i;~:1 ~~J~I'lslc":~~J" '. '/'~;~~Ii;Ii~~ ~"!':~la"iI!IIi~~;i'Ii;l~'

. ~IEI_~._'~f.g_~.~~ IJl~~_._!li~U ,~j~ll 1'~III~ _ :F.I:I[~l.U~IJ~!~_, y.~. ~ l~~~I;_,[~ I l J _,I;I:',~,M_', ~-'-il~_~-!LU-~~. ,.J

·.Allt: ,govul'nne1il1t( be restrictedi '10' :su;ebJ fU~IiIClblD:SI" O~ '[his, int~lipl\~ '~ultliun, 'Df lGisrz ._I~Q~rll·,~ ,aD~e",.cD;tal, :a~'H~:iJt~ MB;~ [crlu~:omnass, ;aJlf.f

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mlUllft,I;r.· ,O'f' _rvl. flJlDc'tloms r. ... , even lldudblg 3: 'WO: :1~aJ-C i&llie ,_.

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ceallu~,' e.pefll:'_lIoe :bas ts,~Ptpon~d,·ooll."1JJil;ve dist=rus:t: ,of :fie IJeUcf' of rt11,e 'niln~lellBth~mt~D!1)' Il.it.lals (a, 'ooli,f!if.' ~!hai: was :Il!m.t: ~~ia:mdJ It,,· 'UlIJe $cllll{llS:11I1 fQunUe.u [of' [~lassical 'l~jkqUs'm) ~ib'lt. :hll!li1i1ii;3f1 :hist~ry ~m:ami:fI!Slt.S a, !S:~I!'ad, 'tJ".a .. jemn;t'J1 [O'f' ',OO,IJ,ie:SS't a:T;rresl~d and :somcltfln";S :[1~t3i.lii~dl,[ 'b~t iiffO~i'Sti!b:l~' 111 'tbe end;, '~l :is dlearr' 'llOW 'UJ.aJt. tbe ,(J.1;lIJ S'~,pnrl. '[or' [tbe t'he:[;ai.I~ bo,e mmes": 'Illill: fm,ml Imagln:ed, 'btis,t.nnw:1 :1a:w"S o.r~ '~'6D.ncl~cS\~ b'ut: Y~C11, 'Im,m; 'the '~;l~:;diJt" of' lbbe:[;ac~ d~l~llzajjon ~ilmll:" [A,pb~'~1 :tiOlC IIJls !p-'" c·d] 'w,u;llll"'fg,UiIil:G,ed [~onmRarti.R :Silil.S,,~'~i,o;I1lS, 0:1 [a :.ass, !rmclei1", 'Wb,OK Farji,~' [liUII,mJ.!rs[ aiR. elma,aci"a!~~d. ""tum tlb,G

, 1·'·.4~·· "C"c ··f·.' , .. [ .';c: ~:., .. ;t, ,C'~. '11.·cf~:·I~ '.--;:'-'dr·:~,\·,~~ "TI'i..,". ra .!:~"~ 'iii'~. ~'h ·~b:t·, t·(b· liU~,ya.!n~~ ~L [11iI~~.lih, ~IiI\Ii~J~iF~~, ~ra:IILJ1Dn~,~ ,I, IlliJJt; \i'ilf,,3J.~ lira"",", 1~...Ja cJ~,e

:ma]Ht.e.n\aD~CCJ of mGf:'ia'l .and! e.u1ltur.al t,f,adllrtl,(Jns, i~ a ~l,~ms.u'r'l oon .. , dlt;~;n of last~DI. :P:lOlf5S1 _, [I :tNtlil, atll'nowl~d,l~d b:J' j,'uth: UiiH:r,a'l l'lf'l· :I;:,~ .,.!, ,~'·I [1n~ulwin~. ,-·~d. CDls'ta'~t. Oil'ilteQlI, [~ O[~t 3Jlild tfb~j~e.ft.

In 1\0 RS ~ . ~ ,.~ 8J.1[~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ,,; ~ ~__ ~ ~ !II ~ ~~ ~,I - ~- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~. ~ ~ "of' ~

' ...... '.···,·!··s··!i· "'~:~QXfTftrli!~,:I! :i!Il ifIVIi'~la'~eRt ·~nrl~doo:llfo:}'~ [",t· oon5eH',Q'fIV'e;

m)u. ,'L, ~ [iI" .. '~ . U,I'IJ','VU ;g, r ":JI!h, ~~~ I~~~, ",,"";lh~J~~ l~.~,~~,~~ !IioO!""l~1 'Y!', .. ~ , , ~ .

:reilecliol,,"

mm! ~r-e~.D~: [d;etad~SI[j CO,mSC"lat~.\!\e tlh,ot1;ih.t: has [tl.lii:jblteo a d)~Din", i&hed 'kfiti~i!l;~' 'In ~Mar:ket 'i'liisliilrotJ;o;ms[;, [aCid !bas :llil,cl1e:aS'l,n8~' ~D.e bJ[ see [0, ntar~~~t\ 'fnedotDs[ a '.'1!IPJj)firt :[o.r· t'be: sponrlaleO'tlS, Q(raer bl, ~iel:Y 'wihl;Qb[ [c~lnJie[¥,a't(,~,~ ,~he:fi5hJ" 7' 'B}~> [oo;~[ttarsit" 5'O(iilai~ist 'thought. :Ims, 'be.~JllSltlw' ,to [~lUBC iIio 'tCff:mSi 'Mtn 'ltu, iiiitUspe;msablili;I" ~i' ImtaE~ei: :IDsti:tuU(1l1'1S,~ ~g[ m 'th~m :s,m,,1o,m ~ [of 'w,aBle and diso:rdli1i ,aDd. a, cul:paJbl:c (anu~e. ,of r-aJ;]ocllail plaJl'nli:ml;~ Ther'e :11,3.& ~ilil.d,eed eme;rlcd a, :.'hOOll [O'f' 'mlr:'k'£i~, :meii:a'tlll rtJh,~l!IJlbic~. oW:~~S, alt least as, :m:leb, '~o lobi,

'It·'·'·'~, 'iI-.;"~nl c·! :"'. [-?l::-::-.,~~ ~'11 'I..,-~. 'vi~:·~~. [;:;,,-:-::}~".> '~~'''''' '[;".-D~!Fa·~: "'!ioe •. ~, ndu [as :Ii~, u{lt:5 11:,0 ,n\ .. iln~, ~.~.,llll,'!,il.IlJ, mlntz:,I~. es I;ue OOJL~IL ~~!I

':. ',,,,;,,~ I '":·>~'V-' '~I··,C4'/t! '.;~';: [' 'G~' ~;*:--::, [~",C:el;~'r.o.'~~. ':::;'I~'; ~r:'C tn lhe '~;he wDrk.'et'· ,p\ft:N'Ul:IlJ!~;e lililiSdiLJU .. I,Q.1iIi O'\I! [I.d~' ~mtIS~, ~OOJili(UII!,:r ~,~ ~~ ~~~ ~ ~~". ~~

[ooopera;1;i,c[. M)dI, :mmw.I!a:1J 'bci[lS; a~loc3!ial among toopcm~'I~e5' 'b:, 'II ·~~Ck:i·;tC ;:- c;-:-·.c ~;.ttt~ ~;;--~!'. '~i . ~~[~Cl 'II' .. ; ·i:~--;i{:~~ '~C:~~ ·,oil~"'"" [",. ~i'e ; ,:ai~l.e.-tj,:s:, _aliI. e' .. aUIiI,!rnGII lOM., ,1111. b;'S mld:S,,lC ,a~'l.\affJlce g~ ~.~.~.~. m~~~,,~~~, ~

~- ~

,ailltxalt'tY8. :rDII,~ '~e 'IlOW ~sdhoo1 o( sooiaUsl tl1(:rl,girt. mprcl!'SOlili(ls. a

'wetm:m.e td,upatrn1J]!l1fe 'f:m,MI oo.nmn!t.i,.mna'i 'OOClOllist: cotli_ldeEe in 'ti'be

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if I"I::-_~,r'i~ml Ll_~jU'~llb.II~'~ ~I

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