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CHAPTER - 1

INTRODUCTION

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INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY
In the modern world of tough competition and rivalry among the companies it has
become necessary that one should be able to understand each and every aspect of the
functioning of the organization than only concentrating on his work alone. So in order to
make students aware of the overall working of the organization the university as well as
the institution has made it mandatory to conduct a detailed study into the working of an
organization and also to submit a report at the end of the study.

Since the industrial revolution in the early 18th century, the world has witnessed a
significant growth in the field of infrastructure, industry and allied activities. In India
after the globalization in 1993, the foreign counterparts started coming to India and the
need for doing project was realized and now it has become an important component of
economic development. Projects are defined as an economic activity with well defined
objectives and having a specific beginning and end. The engineering industry is one of
the second largest components of India‟s manufacturing sector over the year. This
particular sector has registered an average growth of 16% during the last two decades. It
includes production of the electronic gadgets and machines and drives to run those
machines.

Need for the study

 To learn about the origin and development of the company.


 The role of each department in an organization dealing in industrial products
 To know the impact of each department of the organization in building up
framework on which company stands and face forthcoming challenges
 To understand the structure and departmental functions of the organization
 To study the work culture of the executives an d workers

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 To study about the general aspects of organisation.

 To study about the industry in which it operate.

 To know about organization structure

 To study various departments in the organization and its functioning

 To analyze the strength, weakness, opportunity and threat of the company

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CHAPTER – 2
PROFILE OF INDUSTRY

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INDUSTRY PROFILE

Pumps are the vital elements in an enormous range of fluid handling applications
& range from small household pumps to immense units utilized in the water, chemical
and energy industries. Pump performance requirements and duties vary considerably in
terms of material of construction, wide range of temperature, pressure, viscosity, density
etc. Pumps are employed in almost all the industries.

The United States will remain the largest purchaser over the next 5 years but
China will experience the largest growth rate. Large investments will be made in a wide
range & applications from Semiconductor ultra pure water to boiler feed water. China
will build nearly half of the world‟s new coal-fired plants in the next five years.

Significant pump market exists in 80 countries and regions. In Chile the largest
pump purchasing segment is the copper industry whereas in Germany it is the chemical
industry. The Middle East is a big pump market due to oil & gas industries. The market
for pumps in buildings in Europe is much bigger than in the U.S. because Europe
depends on water rather than air for heat.

All major pump types will experience growth over next 5 years. Demand share for
different types of pump is given below:

Centrifugal Type 50% of total sales.

Submersible Effluent Pump 5% of total sales.

Submersible Domestic Pump 4 % of total sales.

Progressive Cavity Pump 1% of total sales.

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The Indian Pump industry has more than 500 manufacturers with worker strength
of over 30,000 producing about 1.2 million pumps. Indian market for pump is estimated
to be Rs.25000 million growing at an annual rate of 8%.

Irrespective of other industry pump industry will continue to grow as long as we


need water.

Growth of Pump Industry


Although some pumps were used in 19th century, the real growth of Pump Industry took
place in 20 century

1905: Multistage Centrifugal Pumps were developed.


1929: Considerable light was thrown on the vexing problem of pressure pulsations in
large hydraulic turbines & pumps.
1932: Proper understanding of the origin and nature of pressure pulsation & the
accompanying, vibratory, structural, mechanical response.
1955: Dependence of cavitation erosion on liquid was established. This led to an
understanding of why high-energy pumps are more likely to suffer from this damaging
phenomenon.
1956: How the thermodynamic vaporization properties of the pump liquid could lead to
reduction of cavitation activity at high temperatures at the same NPSH (Net Positive
Suction Head) (Liquid pressure head in excess of vapor pressure head).
1994: How cavitation can cause profound instabilities in pump & inducer operation.
1990-2000: It is found that sometimes obscure fluid phenomena can produce mechanical
instability in rotodynamic pumps.

2000-2010: With the effect of LPG (Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization) the
Indian pump manufacturers have started exporting to foreign countries, where pumps are
used for various purposes in different industrial sectors like, oil refineries, steel mills,
mines etc. This has led to the increasing trend in export of pumps.

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What are the drivers of pump development?

1. Industrial Revolution: Pump industry had been fueled by the massive


demands of the industrial revolution that built our modern society.
2. Post World War II Expansion: In order to satisfy the pent-up demand that
had gone unfulfilled in war years. Here the emphasis was on large, multistage
electric utility boiler feed water pumps & oil-field injection & pipeline pumps.
3. Energy Crisis: Energy crisis all over world led to lot of research &
development work for developing energy efficient pumps & systems.
4. Environmental Challenges: Curbing emissions was the paramount concern.
This influence has led to better sealing of pumps including sealless, magnetically
coupled chemical pumps. The ultimate product in this regard could be „integral
motor pump‟.
5. Globalization: The fluid engineering & other technical challenges are assumed
to be solvable by the MNC who emphasize quality, productivity & faster delivery
of the product in order to battle global market share. The apparently mature pump
product has a lot of room for improvement. The technical improvements will
continue to be necessary to maintain global competitiveness.

What were the applications of pumps?


Various applications of pumps are listed below:

Transportation: It is a prime function.


Circulation: For homogenizing the temperature and/or composition of fluid.

Mixing: Two or more streams can be connected at the suction of pump & mixing
can be achieved.

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Injecting: High pressure can be developed by using pump and fluid can be
injected in pipe or tank.
Metering: Pumps can be used as metering device.
Pressure Reducing Device: Rotary pumps can be used for reducing the pressure in
polymers.
Agitator Pump: Submersible pump keep the solids in suspension & prevent
setting.
Vacuum Generation: Liquid ring vacuum pumps are well known. Dry vacuum
pumps are also developed.
Reactor: When two liquids are to be reacted with very small residence time then
pump can be used.
Cavitation Reactor: When one liquid and another in vapor form are to be
reacted, the principle of cavitation can be used.

Indian pump industry at present met the pump requirements of 95% of


applications.

What is the role of Pump Manufacturers?

Manufacturers to ensure that maximum possible indigenous pumps are locally


available & thus avoid import of pumps. Thus save on foreign exchange. Depending on
feasibility study import substitute as well as export market can be explored. For example,
Ceramic pumps, High performance alloys, High precision gear pump for spinning m/c. in
manmade fiber industry, peristaltic pumps, magnetic drive pumps etc.

Pumps consume about 30% total power. Pump is an item which will consume more
energy throughout its life if it is not energy efficient. Hence, it is necessary to improve on
energy efficiency of the pump. Even for small Kw rating it is essential to have high

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Energy efficiency because in future, we will likely to use solar energy where pump
efficiency plays vital role.

In Germany, 20% increase in energy efficiency by 2005 is made mandatory. In


Netherlands, 33% improvement in energy efficiency compared to 1995 to be achieved by
2020.In European industry 15-20% of energy saving potential is widely accepted through
implementation of new technologies which are commonly available but not widely
applied at present.

In India, in 15% of the cases, motor selection is by consultant where as more than
45% of the cases motor selection is by manufacturers. Hence by selecting energy efficient
motors & variable speed drive, pump manufacturers can contribute to energy saving.
There is demand from user that manufacturer should take the responsibility for
optimization of material selection. Here manufacturers should focus on application of
new materials of construction. E.g. Ceramic coating.

Manufacturers should arrange training programs for user & consulting engineers.
Manufacturers to ensure “PASS”. (Prompt After Sales Service)
IPMA (Indian Pump Manufacturers Association) should

1. Arrange more national / international seminars / exhibitions for further


business developments.
2. Submit their recommendations about export / import policies, excise,
custom duties policies etc. to Govt. of India at least once in a year.
3. Take a lead role in setting up of laboratory facility required for pump
manufacturers.

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CHAPTER - 3
COMPANY PROFILE

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PROFILE OF THE COMPANY

GENERAL ENGINEERING COMPANY (GEECO) was established in the year


1945 in the pump city of India, Coimbatore. It is a private limited company. The man
behind GEECO PUMPS is Mr. Govardhan .The Company has more than six decades
experience in pump set manufacturing. Quality is tradition at GEECO
pumps. Standardization and easy availability of spares make our product user friendly
and reduces break down time. All our pumps are designed with utmost care considering
the prevailing field conditions and customers‟ needs. Careful selection of right material
for the application makes our pump a grand success.

Vision

To manufacture:

Cost effective value engineering pumps with great quality and provide best customer
service.

To make:

Energy efficient and cost effective pump sets.

Mission

• To display highest commitment to excellence in product quality, service and


enriching customers through added value.

• Build exceptional standards and systems for productivity, performance, safety,


environment and quality.

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QUALITY POLICY

According to our quality policy we are committed to:

 Complying with the requirements of the quality management system


implemented.
 Effectively utilizing the available resources;
 Constant striving for improving the level of customer satisfaction; and
 Continually improving the effectiveness of the quality management system

QUALITY OBJECTIVE

1. Reduction of customer‟s complaints related to safety.

2. Timely delivery.

3. Low downtime of equipments.

4. Safety in operation.

5. Pollution free environment.

6. Pride of quality through customer‟s feedback.

Goal

“Quality, Safety & Security”

 To provide good quality products to the consumers

 Give more importance to the safety of workers in the work place

 To provide job security to the employees

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INFRASTRUCTURE

The company has a built up area of 4500sq.mts mostly roofed by concrete and
another 10,000 sqmts are used for stocking and parking. Apart from this a land measuring
about 2.5 hectares is available in the vicinity of the company for future expansion and
diversification. The company has the unique distinction of constructing a huge pump for
rain harvesting, the first of its kind in India before anybody could think of rain
harvesting. Assembling arena, conference hall, guest rooms, canteen, TV room and
dormitory are other facilities available in the premises. Trees are planted in the factory to
have an echo friendly atmosphere. A large testing bench to test pump sets up to 50HP has
been constructed. Modern methods are used for stocking and handling and even the raw
materials are stored in the stock yard through the palletts. This has helped the industry to
have an elegant look apart from making the handling easy. The present net worth of the
company will be around Rs. 600 millions.

PLANT AND MACHINERY

The company is installed with all modern and precise machineries required to
manufacture the pumps in high caliber. Most of the works are done in the factor itself by
using CNC machines. Special purpose machines are used to do jobs of intricate nature.
Utmost care is taken in the planning stage itself to keep the rejection at the lowest level
and also to get the job done in minimum time with less effort. Computers are installed at
every stage to monitor the processes. Generators of adequate capacity are installed for
uninterrupted power supply. Instruments of high accuracy are used along with standard
gauges for inspection. Efficient engineers are provided at each level to monitor and also
to contribute their knowledge for continuous improvement. Testing benches more than
the required are installed for taking care of each and every pump set for its performance
and longevity.

PRODUCT RANGE:

The company is engaged in manufacturing the following products:

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 Submersible pumps for bore wells of different sizes ranging from 100mm to
250mm and above. The capacity range of these pumps falls between 0.5 and 2HP
for single phase operations and 3 to 120HP in the three-phase category.
Easily rewindable motor with low friction carbon bearings. Hydraulically
balanced design of impeller ensures long life. Motor designed to withstand wide
voltage fluctuations and operate with high efficiency to minimize the power
consumption, proper selection of advanced engineering materials ensures long life
and trouble free service. Multi stage pump directly mounted on the motor is
designed for maximum efficiency and low power consumption, Control Panel is
microprocessor based and has built in probe less dry run preventer, over load
protection, water level controller and status indicator.
 Open well submersible pumps with capacity range from 3 to 120 HP In the three
phase category is a product with immense popularity for its ease of handling, high
discharge and trouble free operation especially in the agricultural sector.Ideal
features are No rigid base plate or bed required. No suction pipe & foot valve
required. No need of pump room. Winding cooled by water and designed to
withstand high. Voltage Fluctuation. Journal bearings lubricated and cooled by
water and needs. No external maintenance. Motor light in weight and can be
easily handled. Noiseless Operation
 Amphibian monoblock pumps that can work inside and outside water and hence
can be applied for Critical applications like in well bores, filter point, bore wells,
dewatering pumps and as a flame proof pump sets.Ideal features are Pressurised
water from the pumping main in used as coolant for the windings. So power loss
due to external fan on the motor shaft is saved. No rigid base plate is required.
Can be used to pump water from inwell bores and filter point bores. No suction
pipe & foot valve required. No need of pump room. Journal bearings lubricated
and cooled by water and needs no external maintenance.
 Centrifugal monoblock pumps For pumping water from wells, rivers & ect., huge
volumes (up to 3600 LPM) . For agricultural irrigation, industrial water supply &
ect.Ideal features are Totally Enclosed Fan cooled the motor with IP 55
protection. Monoblock construction eliminates misalignments & couplings.

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Ceramic & Carbon mechanical seal prevents. Maintenance of stuffing box.
Windings designed to withstand wide voltage fluctuations
 Induction motor :Prime mover for pumps, compressors, machine tools & ect.
Ideal features are Designed for high over load carrying capacity and withstand
wide voltage fluctuations. Heavy size of bearings ensures long life. Ample size of
terminal boxes with provision for 90° rotation. Energy efficient with higher frame
sizes available request.
 Domestic open well pumps For pumping out water from shallow wells, Sumps for
houses, factories, gardens and commercial buildings.Ideal features are No rigid
base plate or bed required. No suction pipe & foot valve required. No need of
pump room. Winding cooled by water and designed to withstand high Voltage
fluctuation. Journal bearings lubricated and cooled by water and needs no external
maintenance. Motor light in weight and can be easily handled. Noiseless
Operation.
 Jet pumps For pumping water from 100mm & above bore wells, open wells.
 Single phase control panel Suitable for operating submersible pumps with built in
running and starting capacitors for running the motor.Ideal features are Wide
voltage operating range 130 – 250 Volts. Built in electronic instant over load
protection for total safety. Probe less dry run protection. Built in water level
control. Status Indicators. Itching switch for staring capacitors.
 D.O.L control panel Suitable for operating submersible pumps with built in
running and starting capacitors for running the motor.Ideal features are Total
Protection for submersible pumps. Suitable sized three phase contactors make
(BCH / L&T). Electronic over load protection and current sensing single phasing
preventor Ensures total protection for the pumpsets. Auto start facility when three
phase current not available. Phase Reversal Protection. Probe less dry run
preventor protects your pump from burn out due to dry running. Status indicators
indicates the availability of power, if pump is running or stopped due to overload,
single phasing, dry running or phase reversal. Auto start when three phase current
available and programmable time delay start and stop facility.

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 Star delta panel Total operating and protection device for submersible
pumps.Ideal features are Total Protection for submersible pumps. Suitable sized
three phase contactors make (BCH / L&T). Electronic over load protection and
current sensing single phasing preventor Ensures total protection for the
pumpsets. Auto start facility when three phase current not available. Phase
Reversal Protection. Probe less dry run preventor protects your pump from burn
out due to dry running. Status indicators indicates the availability of power, if
pump is running or stopped due to overload, single phasing, dry running or phase
reversal. Auto start when three phase current available and programmable time
delay start and stop facility.

BRANCHES OF THE COMPANY ARE LOCATED AT


• Chennai
• Vellore
• Trichy
• Secundrabad
• Chittoor

COMPETITORS

 Texmo Industries
 Deccan pumps
 C R I pumps
 Suguna motors & pumps
 Indus pumps
 Mahendra pump

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CHAPTER - 4
DEPARTMENTAL STUDY

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ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

M.D

G.M

Unit head Marketing HR Finance


manager manager manager

Production Stores Purchase Marketing Accountant


engineer manager manager executive

Assembly
in charge MRS assistant

Winding in
charge
Store keeper
(process store)
Packaging
in charge
Store keeper
Painting in (component
charge store)

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VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS
The various departments in this organization is as follows:

 Purchase Department
 Stores Department
 Production Department
 Finance Department
 Marketing Department
 Quality Control Department
 Human Resource Department

PURCHASE DEPARTMENT

The purpose of purchase department is to streamline the system of purchase


components and raw materials. The process flow chart details the procurement process
and issue of material from the stores.

 Stores in charge inform the requirements to the purchase manager. I shall generate
the requirements of the next month before 25th of the current month along with
the current stock available
 Purchase manager maintains the pattern list for casting components.
 Based on the requirement the functional head prepare Purchase Requisition Slip
and get the approval from the managing director. And based on the PRS raises the
puchase orders for all non-planned materials and purchases.
 Based on the requisition from different, the stores in department issues the
materials and records the same.

Vendor Identification and Approval Process and Vendor Rating Process

 Critical components are evaluated using ABC Analysis based on total value.

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 Items are supplied and approved after vendor rating is done and recorded.

 The Purchase manager does the Vendor rating

 Parameters for evaluation shall be right quantity, right quality, correct delivery

schedule and price. For each parameter 10 points are allocated and rated for

individual vendor.

 If the Total points exceed 28 – Very Good

Total points > 20 but < 28 – Good

Total points > 12 but < 20 – Fair

Total points < 12 - Poor

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THE ORGANIZATION CHART OF PURCHASE DEPARTMENT

Purchase
Manager

Asst. Purchase
Manager

Manager Manager
(Issue) (Receive)

Foreman Foreman

Foreman Foreman

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STORES DEPARTMENT

STORES INWARDS

The materials received are verified for quantity correctness, proper maintenance
at the godown (heat, pressure, rain etc), and defects due to transportation by the stores
personnel. Depending on the nature of the materials received, the material inward and
receiving inspection form is computer printed and issued to QC personnel for the
correctness of quality and dimensions.

The material inward and receiving inspection holds the name of the material
received, vendor details, the purchase order placed, purchase document details. The
Quality Inspection is carried out by the quality engineers and assures the quality of the
material received. The items found to be defective are sent back.

On the tested ok by the QC engineers, the materials are accepted into stores and
suitably stored for issue. The materials inward and receiving inspection report is duly
filed and retained by the stores personnel as a document for future reference.

If the materials are found to be defective, the received materials are sent back to
the vendor. Rejection goods report is generated by the stores in charge and the same is
forwarded to purchase department.

The operations are classified as:

 Receipt Of Materials
 Material Inward And Receiving Inspection
 Inspection
 Storing Of Materials/Purchase Return And Rejection Goods
 Report

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STORES ISSUE

The production, service and machine shop makes a request entry in the system to
procure the materials required from stores. The physical stock available in the stores at
the time of requisition is made known to the requestor so as to decide the quantity
requested. On generation of the request a person physically moves to the stores to collects
the requests made.

MATERIAL BELOW ROL

The stores personnel view the request in his system and issue the material and
data punches the quantity issued as a mark issued. The stocks are immediately reduced
from the stores by the quantity issued. In the event of nonavailability or shortage of
materials, the stores personnel indicate the same to the purchase department for
procurement.

The stores personnel are aided with the above reports so as to verify himself the
correctness of the physical stock at his disposal. The purchase manager also views the
reports at any given time and plans for regular procurements of those materials which
have come down the re-order level.

The above said operations are classified as:

 Stores Inwards
 Stores Issue
 Material Below Rol

Various files such as purchase requisition slip; approved vendors, vendor rating,
monthly indent, pattern list, new vendors, drawing files, vendors alphabetically arranged,
proforma details, and monthly requirements are maintained for reference.

The purpose of stores department is to store the raw materials which are needed
for the various departments in the organization. It is collected with the help of Purchase
Requisition Slip and the materials are given to the departments according to the necessity.

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The materials which are given to the department is lessened from the stores and it is
recorded. The raw materials are collected and stored in the store room. A minimum
quantity is kept in the stores.

 Cast Iron : 1 tonne


 Winding Wire : 5000 mtrs
 Copper : 500 kg
 Shaft : 2 tonnes
 Pipe Rod : 500 kg
 Pipe Sheet : 1000 kg
 Stamping : 500 kg
 Bolts and Nuts : 1000 kg
 Sleeve : 500 nos
 Bushes : 1000 nos
 Impeller : 2000 nos

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THE ORGANIZATION CHART OF STORES DEPARTMENT

Stores Manager

Asst. store
Manager

Store keeper
Store keeper
(component MRS Assistant
(process store)
store)

PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT

The production is the most important department in the organization and is paid
utmost attentation. The employees involves in the production adhere to the organization
on contract basis and are paid based on the number of pumpsets they manufacture.

The production of the components are carried out using both CNC and lathe
machines. The CNC machines are imported from Korea and are used in case of mass
production and Lathe machines are obtained from Kirloskar. Two CNC machines are
operating in the main unit, one with single spindle and the other double spindled. In case
of double spindled CNC machine, two separate processes are carried out and two separate
monitors are there to control them. Auto door function is also there in double spindled
CNC machine.

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PRODUCTION IN-PROCESS

The production of in-house machined components are planned based on


forecasting taking into account the previous week productions pending orders and stocks.
Materials needed to produce as per production plan are acquired from the stores and
issued to the operator and the same is recorded in inprocess inspection note book.

 Production Planning: This includes acquiring the raw materials from the stores
department according to the order received from the sales department.
 Quality Control: The raw materials should be in good quality as per the
standards set by the company, otherwise the products turned to be poor quality.
Therefore the raw materials should be undergone the quality control process.
 Acquisition And Issue Of Materials : The issue of materials after checking is
given to the department for the production process
 Production: The production process is continued with various steps. They are as
follows:
 Pressing
 Welding
 Winding
 Fitting
 Painting
 Stocking of Finished Goods: The finished goods are stocked in order to meet the
orders from the customers and suppliers.

ASSEMBLY PROCESS

The schedule is prepared according to the order. The stocks of the finished
product, store stocks and machined components are taken into account. Based on the
schedule, production log book entry is done by the production engineer. Pump
assembly details work instructions are also included in the production log book entry.

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The pump and motor are assembled based on procedures. The fitter ensures the
perfect functioning of the product. Pump serial No. is generated by the welder at the
initial process. Then it goes for final inspection

The operations are classified as follows:

 Production Schedule
 Pump Assembly Details Work Instructions
 Production Log Book Entry
 Assembly Of Pump/Motor
 Final Inspection

The purpose of production department is to convert the raw materials into finished
Pumps or Motors with high quality standards.

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PRODUCTION PROCESS

PRODUCTION
PLANNING

QUALITY
CONTROL

ACQUISITION AND
ISSUE OF RAW
MATERIALS

PRODUCTION
PROCESS

PRESSING

WELDING

WINDING

FITTING

PAINTING

TESTING

STOCK OF FINISHED
GOODS

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THE ORGANIZATION CHART OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT

Production
engineer

Machine shop
Winding in in charge & Painting in Packing in Maintenance
charge assembly in charge charge in charge
charge

FINANCE DEPARTMENT

Finance department is fully computerized and that enables fast recording


editing and alteration of records. They are responsible for arranging finance and monitor
the cash flow and allocation of fund to each department of the company, and they are
responsible the controlling over all finance.

The transactions are also accounted as per law in force Sales Tax, Income Tax,
Central Excise Duty, Tax Deducted at Source and service tax etc. Training will be
provided in computers and accounting packages for the new comers and existing
employees whenever required. Accounts department is also responsible for maintaining
good relationship with the dealers, customers, suppliers, Government bodies and public
etc.

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During the mid‟s the company policies such as dealership policy and distribution
policy was very attractive, so the dealers were able to easily get done their needs from the
company so as to cater their customers. The company realized the competitive markets as
no submersible are in the field. Inorder to cater their dealers and customers the company
has amended its policy so as to strengthen their services such as timely delivery, zero
stock at dealer point, twelve hours clearance of serviced warranty and after warranty
pumpsets. This effectiveness they have achieved by adopting the modern administrative
tool ISO. Since accredited as an ISO company in the year 2000, the company‟s growth is
remarkable as the staff, worker and as the whole company itself is driven to the ISO
system

Functions of finance department

 To raise necessary funds for company business operation


 To arrange finance for each departments of the company
 Prepare budget for every year
 Take control measures in order to check the accounts
 Maximize wealth of GEECO Pumps
 Preparing the balance sheet of the company for every finance
Year

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ORGANIZATIONAL CHART OF FINANCE DEPARTMENT

Joint Managing
Director

Administrative
Officer

Manager
Accounts

Auditor

Data Entry
Clerk

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MARKETING DEPARTMENT

The main feature of the marketing department of GEECO is that the publicity and
the advertisement they give for the product is very low. Their main strength is Reference
Marketing. At present, the organization is engaged in wall paper advertisements, paper
advertisements and radio advertisements.

GEECO have a wide dealer network spread all over the country. They are trained
to provide technical assistance to select suitable pumps to meet the requirements of
customers. Apart from the umpteen private customers all over the country, they have
regular patronage from various Governments. The main customer is Crompton greaves

Notable among them are

 Tamilnadu Water Supply and Drainage Board


 Kerala Water Authority
 Andhra Pradesh State Irrigation Department
 Public Health Engineering Department of Rajasthan
 Southern Railways and various Collectorates all over Tamilnadu

The amount for the pumpsets ranges from Rs. 2500 to Rs. 1.5 lakhs. Their sales
for one month are more than 100 pumpsets. They give 1 year warranty period. Their main
attraction is the First ISI mark holder in India and First Launcher in Open Submersible
Pumps.

The companies have only 35 dealers all over India. There will be All India
Dealers Meet and State Dealers Meet for the dealers conducted in each year. The meet
includes taining, fixing targets, prizes for achieving the target and entertainment also.
Prizes will be Gold coins and Cash prizes.

Target for Sales Executives: Rs. 5 lakhs per month

Target for Dealers: Min – Rs.10 lakhs per annum

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Max – Rs.1 crore per annum

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF MARKETING


DEPARTMENT

Marketing
Director

Marketing
Manager

Business
Development Sales Manager
Manager

Sales Executives

The marketing department design suitable formats to procure feedback, suggestions and
complaints periodically based on the earlier analysis reports. Feedback of the reports is
collected through Market Survey, Questionnaires or Direct Meeting with the customers.

The operations are classified as :

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 Feedback Planning
 Feedback
 Analysis
 Feedback Analysis Report

QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT

The purpose of Quality Control department is to check whether the

Products are produced according to the right standard as specified by the ISO Standards.
The quality control takes place in a sequence which is as follows:

Process Sheet : In this before the processing a particular material is tested whether it has
good quality and what all process it should undertake i.e. how many cuttings are there,
tools used, speed needed, operations included in the process, jigs, fixtures used etc….

Inprocess Inspection: It is conducted during the process itself because this can lessen
the wastage of the products due to fault or damage. A record is maintained for this
inspection which includes description, operation, quality inspected, quality rejected
etc…. In every 10 piece the quality of 1 piece is checked.

Inspection approval Card: This is the inspection which is made for the materials which
have bought from outside like bolts, nuts, bushes, sleeves etc……..

Inprocess Material for Scrap: In this process the rejected materials which are off less
standard or quality are tested whether it can be reused after reprocessing. The record is
kept for this also which includes the reason for rejection, quantity rejected, whether it can
be reprocessed or not.

Quality Control Department also does the Machine Maintenance. The machine
maintenance is recorded on the following basis:

Daily Maintenance: Oiling the machine, pressure maintenance in the machine, air-
condition temperature, applying grease, lubrication of supply system etc…

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Fortnight Maintenance: Clean air conditioner filters, change coolant water, check belt
tension etc.

Six Months Once Maintenance: Check or Clean oil tanks

Yearly Maintenance : Replace all filters, Change CPU battery etc.

Two Years Once Maintenance: Overhaul the machine

Maintenance Record Details

Major faults, sudden accidents, break down which happens in the organization are
recorded with detail description, reasons, defaults and it is analysed in detail for further
avoidance of such happenings in the company.

In each stage of the process, quality is checked then it goes to the next stage so
that damages are much less.

THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF QUALITY CONTROL


DEPARTMENT

Quality Manager

Quality
Inspector

Foreman Foreman

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HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT

The human resource department in the company can be divided into three:

 Training
 Recruitment
The GEECO pump on the whole consists of 240 workers, 42 staff and in the
managerial level there are 4 senior managers. The workers are both in the contract basis
and permanent workers. In 240 workers, 120 are contract basis and 120 are company
workers.

Again 240 workers can be classified into skilled, semi skilled, unskilled workers.

 Skilled – 80
 Semi skilled – 120
 Unskilled – 40
The company workers get incentives for not being absent and overtime. The staff
apart from this gets festival bonus annually and 15 days paid up leave for 1 year and they
can encash the leave too. In workers there are 230 men and 10 women and in the case of
staff there are 31 men and 11 women.

Training

The training manager assesses the need for training with the help of documented
reports and if he finds necessary, arranges for the training with the confirmation of the
MD. The suitable faculty handles the class to impart the necessary training. External
training conducted by reputated institutions, is also attended by the staff on the approval
of the MD, recommended by manager

The feedback of the training is obtained from the trainee detailing the faculties
performance, arrangements and other information. This serves as a document of refernce
for the organization to improve the quality of training in future. The trained participants

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are evaluated on their performance by the end of training or after a particular period and a
report of the same is submitted to the MD.

The training operations are classified as:

 Requirement Identification
 Request Assessment & Approval
 Training
 Training Report
 Training Appraisal
 Trainee Report

Recruitment

The Manpower requirement is identified by the top management or department


heads with a view to ensure the activities are performed to the designed quality system is
forwarded as a requisition for manpower to the manager, training for further action.

The training manager assesses the need with assistance from concerned
department authorities and on conformance prepares a document detailing the required
skills, education, experience etc... And proposes the same for MD‟s approval.

The training manager identifies the suitable candidates and calls for a personal
interview, by a perusal of CV‟s. The CV‟s are gathered and interview panel is formed for
the suitable candidates to conduct a formal interview. Selected candidates are appointed
after the approval of the MD. Candidates, if necessary should undergo training for a
prescribed period of time.

The recruitment processes are classified as:

 Manpower Recruitment Identification


 Request Assessment & Approval
 Interview Call
 Recruitment
 Requirement Report

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CHAPTER - 5
SWOT ANALYSIS

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SWOT Analysis

SWOT is an acronym for Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats. It is a


part of strategic business process. SWOT analysis is broken into two parts because of the
different nature of information required each. These parts of environmental analysis for
identifying opportunities and strength and corporate appraisal for identifying strength and
weakness.

STRENGTH

 Good Infrastructure:
The design department uses the most modern CAD solutions to design with
cutting edge technology. The unit is sufficiently support by high precision
engineering tools like CNC machines and special purpose machines. This enable
us to produce quality products Fully integrated computers that tracks and controls
the process within the organization helps in reducing the lead time, effective
utilization of available resources and better customer relations
management.Various functional departments of the firm are linked through
computer networks, which speedens up processes with accuracy and facilitate
immediate responses to satisfy customer's needs.
 Location of the Plant:
The factory is situated on the highways at Kavundampalayam just 3 Kms
away from the main Bus Station and around 6 Kms from the Railway Station.
This makes an easy availability of raw materials from different areas and
customers can also reach the head office to make the orders.
 Well equipped Quality Systems:

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The entire team at GEECO has been trained to focus on quality at every
stage. This has earned it numerous awards of excellence and recognition.
 Intra & inter department communication are effective:
The communication procedures used in the company are very effective. They
convey all the informations using notices, memos, letters etc. They also conduct
monthly meetings to take decisions and to convey messages.

 Expertised manpower:
Both the workers and managers are experts in their field with a long period of
experience. It improves efficiency and helps to increases the productivity
 Wide range of products.

WEAKNESSES

 Lack of availability of raw materials in the peak season.


During peak season (March, April & May) there will be a high demand for
their products. But they are unable to meet this demand because of the non
availability of large amount of raw materials.
 Fails to meet competition in the market due to less number of dealers.
They have only 30 dealers allover India it reduces their competitive advantage.
But the competitors are having large number of dealers.

 Promotional activities are less.


Their promotional activities like advertising and personal selling are limited to
the local area.

 Rash usage of machinery by workers. Proper care is not employed


 Less safety measures

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OPPORTUNITIES

 The company can diversify into new product lines


 Embracing the Latest Technology:
GEECO pump is adopting the latest technology in the machines which is used
to make the products and speedens the process with accuracy and facilitate
immediate responses to satisfy customer's needs.

THREATS

 Tough competition
They face tough competition from Kirloskar Copeland, CRI Pumps, Sharp
Pumps, Aqua Sub Pumps, Suguna Motors & Pumps, Texmo Pumps and
Mahendra Pumps, who are the major players in the pump industry.

 Importing of pump by china at low rate.

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CHAPTER - 6
FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS

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FINDINGS

 The company started on 1954 by Mr. Govardhan


 Its area of operations are Tamilnadu and Andhrapradesh
 Flat organization structure
 There are seven departments in the company

 Flat structure.
 Healthy intra & inter department communication
 Promotional activities are less
 The use of safety gadgets such face masks are not compulsory
 Less Number of dealers
 Less supervision is needed as the company is possessing expertise employees
 The quality control department is having good quality control techniques and
standards.
 Over time allowance is not only for the workers but also for the staff working
in the company.

SUGGESTIONS

 The use of safety gadgets such a face mask should be made compulsory so as to
minimize respiratory problems or diseases.
 Promotional activities should be increased so as to enhance better brand image.
 Improve the number of dealers by providing incentives
 Company should take initiatives for social activities.

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CONCLUSION

The study gave a wide exposure towards the practical aspects regarding the
functioning of a manufacturing organization. The training primarily focused on the
identification of various departments in the organization and their respective roles in the
functioning of the organization. Various information regarding Company Profile,
Products, Production Process, Quality Control, Stores Department, Organizational
Structure of each department were collected. Finally a SWOT analysis was also
performed to identify the Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats of the company.

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REFERENCES

 I.M Pandey : “Financial Management”, Vikas Publications, 2006


 K.Aswathappa, : “Human Resource Managent”, Tata Mcgraw-Hill Publishing
Company Ltd, 2006
 Philip Kotler, Kevin Lane Keller, Abraham Koshy, Mithileshwar Jha, , New Delhi
:“Marketing Management”, Pearson Education, 2009
 S.N Chary, “Production & Operations Management”, Tata Mcgraw-Hill Publishing
Company Ltd, New Delhi, 2008
 http://www.geecopumps.com

 http://www.wikipedia.com

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